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FLXIS Fluoro 23cm 1k2 IITV Subsystem

Product
Specification

Document No. 4522-010-00141 - Version 1.2

Manufacturer:
Argus Imaging B.V.
Jan Campertstraat 15, Building W
6416 SG, Heerlen
The Netherlands
www.argus-imaging.com

Copyright 2006 - 2010 Argus Imaging B.V.


All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form, by print, photoprint, microfilm or any other
means without the written permission from Argus Imaging B.V.

Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
CHAPTER 2 Functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
CHAPTER 3 Architecture & Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
3.1 Product Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3.2 External Subsystem Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
CHAPTER 4 Performance Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
CHAPTER 5 Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
5.1 Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5.2 Mechanical Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
CHAPTER 6 Standards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
CHAPTER 7 Maximum Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
7.1 Environmental Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
7.2 Reference Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
CHAPTER 8 Spare Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
CHAPTER 9 Revision History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17

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FLXIS Fluoro 23cm 1k2 II TV Subsystem


Product Specification

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General Description

CHAPTER 1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION


The FLXIS Fluoro Image Intensifier/TV (IITV) products consist of a highly
integrated II/camera/Image Processing(IP) subsystem with compact design. It is
easy to integrate into system environments due to its flexible interfacing concept
with respect to subsystem control.
FLXIS Fluoro provides an image detection solution for medical X-ray systems that
operate mainly in the fluoroscopy domain. The camera, camera optics and Image
Intensifier deliver high performance imaging results. This is realized by the use of
state of the art imaging technology and optics designed for medical imaging
purposes. Image quality is further improved by using the (optional) on-board
image processing. The on-board image processing is available in multiple flavors
supporting the specific imaging application purposes of the customer's X-ray
system.
The combination of a sensor with high dynamic range and the noise reduction
inside FLXIS image processing allows to create an image noise perception known
from Vidicon / Saticon imaging tubes. In addition, high image sharpness will
remain due to the use of solid state sensor technology. The noise reduction
features a motion detection method which is pixel based instead of image frame
based. Non-moving objects will have optimal noise reduction even when there are
moving parts within the same image. Combined with the 10 bits output
resolution this results in an optimal image quality in medical imaging applications.
FLXIS features built-in subsystem control. The subsystem control supports an
application intuitive control interface between X-ray system and IITV subsystem.
It also assures optimal tuning of all components in the imaging chain based on
man-independent and fully automated parameter calibrations. As system
integrator you can now build your applications without requiring extensive
knowledge of the subsystem's implementation. Automatic calibrations further
greatly reduce installation and maintenance down time and it assures reproducible
image quality and dose levels over years. The subsystem control concept comprises
years of experience in medical imaging and now allows you to obtain optimal
imaging performance in a simple way without requiring extensive knowledge of
the fundamental imaging concepts in Image Intensifier/TV detection chains.
The unit supports two methods for mounting to the geometry: at the front ring at
the entrance side of the container or at the lateral side.
All the components in FLXIS Image Intensifier/TV have been designed for use in
medical imaging systems.

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General Description

FLXIS Fluoro 23cm 1k2 II TV Subsystem


Product Specification

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Functionality

CHAPTER 2 FUNCTIONALITY

Feature

Supported

Anti-scatter grid (60 lp/cm)

12 bit 1k2 30fps fluoro camera with automatic offset calibration

Sensitivity regulation via motorized iris

Doserate regulation signal (ABC) based on video signal measurements in a circular measuring field (60%).
Includes white clipping and measuring field area correction feature.1

II zooming (23 cm / 17 cm / 14 cm)

Synchronization: slave or master (with programmable frame speed)

Analog video output 1280x1024 75Hz/76Hz progressive (SXGA)

Image processing packages

Remark

Option

Standard:

Last Image Hold (LIH), Automatic Gain Control (AGC),


white clipping, white compression, graphic overlay
Fluoroscopy package:

Option

edge enhancement, flip horizontal/vertical,


noise reduction with motion detection & image invert
Surgery package:

Fluoroscopy package + electronic rotation (1 resolution)


Plus package:

(on top of Fluoroscopy package or Surgery package):


contrast/brightness control, zoom/pan,
memory for storing 25 images (grab LIH, grab from run),
reviewing images (adjustable IP settings)
9

Option

Depends on
the selected IP
package.

Option

See Chapter 3
for specific
details.
Depends on
the selected IP
package.

Extra Interfacing options:

remote control user interface,


direct control user interface,
RS-644 digital video interface to PC,
DVI (1280x1024) digital video interface to monitor,
dual monitor output (live and reference) both on analog and DVI output
11

Option

Extra IP options:

extended memory option (125 images),


vascular package (subtract, trace, gain, offset, pixelshift)
10

Option

Automatic calibrations:
II focusing, subsystem sensitivity
Semi-automatic calibrations:
II diameter

Select
package(s).

1 Measuring field diameter is 60% of image diameter. Measuring


field-area corrections allow to compensate for the impact of
lead shutters in the measuring field, resulting in improved
image quality.

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Functionality

REMARKS: 1. Sensitivity regulation is realized via a motorized iris.


Via commands at the control interface the subsystem
can automatically adapt to a wide range of X-ray dose
to ensure optimal sensor light conditions for optimal
image quality.
2. Calibrations are designed to yield man-independent
calibration results. Some calibrations are fully
automated, other calibrations are designed such that
man-independent results are achieved when following
the calibration guidelines as defined by Argus Imaging
B.V. Man-independent calibration assures a high image
quality level which remains constant over time and
over products.

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Product Specification

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Architecture & Interfaces

CHAPTER 3 ARCHITECTURE & INTERFACES


3.1 Product Architecture
The FLXIS Fluoro Image Intensifier/TV subsystem architecture is depicted in the
figure below.

X-ray

CLA

IIA

video live (analog)


CB

IB

video ref (analog)


<optional>
export
<optional>

FLXIS signal interfaces


digital video [1k2]
sync:
<optional>
CTRL_I [in]
CTRL_O [out]

power
(24V DC)

ABC

FIGURE 3-1

command control
(RS-232 or CAN-open)
FLX05-0084

FLXIS architecture overview (Fluoro 1k2)

Explanation of terminology:
Term

Description

Remark

IIA

Image Intensifier Assembly

Includes Image Intensifier Tube, container,


High-Tension power supply.

CLA

Camera Lens Assembly

Includes camera with CCD sensor and compact camera optics with integrated iris.

CB

Control Board
(Subsystem Controller)

PCB for controlling IIA, CLA, and IB

IB

Interface Board

All signal interfacing to the subsystem is


handled via this board. The board may also
provide image processing functionality (see
packages).

IIA, CLA, CB and IB are all integrated into a compact unit which needs to be
mounted into the geometry (e.g. C-arm).

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Architecture & Interfaces

The control interfaces (Command Control, Sync, ABC) to the system


environment as depicted can be either integrated in a system environment or be
adapted to a system environment via optional interface extension modules. These
extension modules allow in an easy way to operate the subsystem via hard wiredcontrol lines (such as footswitch signal, II-format zoom), or to provide control via
a remote control module, or combinations thereof.
3.2 External Subsystem Interfaces
Functional Interface

Purpose/ Description

FLXIS Command Control Interface

Controls the IITV subsystem on command basis for


both clinical and field service applications.
Implementation: Serial (RS-232), CAN link to PC, or
Direct Control Module (digital signal lines)

FLXIS ABC interface

Analog signal for dose control purposes

FLXIS synchronization interface

Digital signal(s) for image acquisition synchronization


control

FLXIS power interface

Provide power to the IITV subsystem; 24 VDC

FLXIS video interface

Video output signals to the system1:


Standard:

analog:

SXGA (1280x1024 @ 75Hz)

Optional:

analog:

- SXGA (1280x1024 @ 76Hz),


and/or
- dual monitor output (ref. monitor)

digital:

- RS-644 (12 bits @ 30fr/s max.), or


- GigabitEthernet and/or
- DVI (60Hz) with/without dual monitor

1 For details, see Video Interface Configurations specification.

Mechanical/ Electrical Interface

Purpose/ Description

Mounting of the geometry part

Mechanical interfacing to the stand

Control Interface extensions (optional)

Purpose/ Description

Direct Control Module

Enables
interfacing to existing hardware signal interfaces;
interfacing to optional remote control module.

Remote Control Module

Allows to control a limited set of parameters.

NOTE: Detailed specification of the external subsystem


interfaces is provided in separate documents.

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Performance Data

CHAPTER 4 PERFORMANCE DATA

FLXIS Fluoro 23cm 1k2 II TV Subsystem


Nominal entrance field

size1

Min
23 cm mode

Max

230

Emission spectrum on II output screen (phosphor type)


DQE2

Typ

Unit
mm

P20
23 cm mode

62

%
2

mm

23 cm mode

3*

Integral distortion5

23 cm mode

23 cm mode
17 cm mode
14 cm mode

2.0

Resolution -45/+45 6

Tolerance angular rotation on monitor

-2

Eccentricity subsystem on monitor3


S-distortion

nominal4

Contrast Ratio7
Field

2.6
3.3
4.0

lp/mm

15:1

size8

Vignetting9
Camera dynamic

range10

Camera framespeed

progressive

23 cm mode

210

214

mm

23 cm mode

65

80

1k x 1k

60

>60

dB

1k x 1k

Camera integration time11

Digital video output bit depth


Camera Blemishes

30

frames/
sec

800

ms

12

bits

160

nGy/im

Sensor blemishes are


digitally corrected

Subsystem dose12

23 cm mode

Expected lifetime (2000 hr/yr usage)

10

Year

*) With mu-metal entrance plate smaller than 0.5 degrees.

Notes on performance data (see table before)


1

According to IEC 1262-1, paragraph 3.1.10

DQE of the II taking into account the input cover plate of the image intensifier housing, according to
IEC 1262-5, paragraph 3.1.11

Eccentricity is the distance between centre of the image and centre of clean circle.

S-distortion measured at 0.05 mT ambient axial direction of the subsystem

According to IEC 1262-4, paragraph 3.1.10

Measured in image centre, with Funk38 resolution phantom, according to IEC

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Performance Data

Notes on performance data (see table before)


7

Measured according to IEC 1262-6 (diameter of lead-pil 25mm)

Entrance size displayed on monitor, with SID = 100 cm, according to IEC 1262-1, paragraph 3.1.4

Vignetting defined as luminance at 90% of image diameter, compared to image center, according to
IEC 1262-3, paragraph 3.1.10

10

Valid at 40C sensor temperature and for 0 ms sensor integration time

11

For integration times longer than 40ms, but shorter than 800ms, some degradation of image quality performance may occur and drop below the specified value (camera blemishes for example)

12

The FLXIS subsystem will be able to realize an optimal video level working point within the entire specified
dose range, without using AGC.
Dose per image can be converted to doserate per second.
Example 1: Continuous fluoro 25 frames/sec
Doserate per second range = 25 * dose per image range, this is 0.125 Gy/s - 4.0 Gy/s.
Note: Max. integration time is 40ms per image.
Example 2: Pulsed fluoro 12.5 frames/sec
Doserate per second range = 12.5 * dose per image range, this is 0.063 Gy/s - 2.0 Gy/s.
Note: Max. integration time is 80ms per image.

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Product Specification

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Configuration

CHAPTER 5 CONFIGURATION
5.1 Components
This product contains the following components:
23 cm HRC Image Intensifier Assembly

Color aesthetic cover: mushroom1


Includes:
23 cm HRC image intensifier insert
23 cm intensifier container
23 cm high-voltage power supply
Camera Lens Assembly
Includes:
1k2 camera with compact optics and motorized iris
Control Board (CB)
Interface Board (IB)
Aesthetic EMC-closed cover on top of Image Intensifier container
Color aesthetic cover: mushroom1
Mounting plate
Optional: Anti-scatter grid; SID: <customer dependent>
Optional: RS-644 board
Optional: DVI board

1. UN-D 1633, Mushroom 40383; F 12; Gn 10

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Configuration

5.2 Mechanical Data


FLXIS Fluoro 23cm 1k2 IITV Subsystem

Min

Typ

Total subsystem length

Max

Unit

455

mm

Overall diameter

297

mm

Net mass

29

kg

Frontal mounting version

Lateral mounting version

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Product Specification

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Standards

CHAPTER 6 STANDARDS
The unit has been designed to meet the following standards:
IEC 60601-1
IEC 60601-1-2 (RF Emissions according to Class B - 6dB)1
IEC 60601-1-3
UL 60601-1
CSA C22.2 no. 601.1-M90
DHHS CFR title 21 subchapter J sections 1020.30 & 1020.32
CE classification Class II b rule 10

For other standards for other regions, certification occurs on system level. Argus
Imaging B.V. can provide technical files to support this.

1. If the DVI option is used, RF Emissions are according


to Class B.

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Standards

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Maximum Ratings

CHAPTER 7 MAXIMUM RATINGS


7.1 Environmental Conditions
Operational*
Temperature

+10C to +35C for performance (40C for safety)

Humidity

20% to 80% (no condensation)

Air pressure

70kPa to 110kPa

Vibration

10Hz to 150Hz, max. 2g with amplitude 0,15mm

Shock

max. 10g, pulse time 6-10ms

Transport
Temperature

-25C to +70C

Humidity

5% to 95%

Air pressure

70kPa to 110kPa

Vibration

10Hz to 150Hz, max. 2 g with amplitude 0,15 mm

Shock

max. 10 g pulse time 6 - 10 ms

*) These conditions comply with the IEC (68) recommendations.


For further information please contact Dunlee (see address
information on back of frontpage).

7.2 Reference Conditions


The subsystem will be fit for use under the conditions described above.
The reference conditions for the requirements defined in this specification are:
Temperature

23 C

Air pressure

100 kPa

Relative humidity

50 %

CAUTION
OPERATION AND/OR STORAGE OF THE INTENSIFIER UNDER
CONDITIONS CLOSE TO THE MAXIMUM LIMITS FOR EXTENDED TIME
PERIODS MAY RESULT IN DETERIORATION IN THE PERFORMANCE.

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Maximum Ratings

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Spare Parts

CHAPTER 8 SPARE PARTS


The following components can be ordered for field replacement.
Item Description
23 cm HRC Image Intensifier insert
23 cm Image Intensifier container
Color aesthetic cover: mushroom1
Power unit for 23 cm HRC Image Intensifier
Camera Lens Assembly
Control Board (CB)
Interface Board (IB)
Entrance Shield
Top and side cover
Optional: Anti-scatter grid; SID: <customer dependent>
Optional: RS-644 board
Optional: DVI board

1) UN-D 1633, Mushroom 40383; F 12; Gn 10

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Revision History

CHAPTER 9 REVISION HISTORY

Date

Version

Remark

April 2005

0.1

Provisional version

Aug 2005

0.2

Provisional version

Oct 2005

1.0

Final version

March 2006

1.1

Update on version 1.0

April 2006

1.2

Chapter 6: Remark added about EMC.

August 2006

1.3

Updated version

June 2008

1.0

Updated version, changed OEM-066-05-0002 into 4522-010-00141


re-starting with version 1.0

June 2008

1.1

Updated version

June 2010

1.2

Updated version, change in manufacturers name & address

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Revision History

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