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Input - Reading Text / Codes

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All data could be input to a computer using a keyboard, but this would often be a slow process, and mistakes would be made. Sometimes speed and accuracy is required...

MICR Reader
Magnetic Ink Character Recognition (MICR) is a technology that allows details from bank cheques to be read into a computer quickly and accurately. The cheque number and bank account number are printed at the bottom of each bank cheque in special magnetic ink using a special font. These numbers can be detected by an MICR reader.

OMR Scanner
Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) is a technology that allows the data from a multiple-choice type form to be read quickly and accurately into a computer. Special OMR forms are used which have spaces that can be coloured in (usually using a pencil). These marks can then be detected by an OMR scanner. Common uses of OMR are multiple-choice exam answer sheets and lottery number forms.

OCR Scanner
Optical Character Recognition (OCR) is a software technology that can convert images of text into an actual text file that can then be edited, e.g. using word-processing software). The result is just as if the text had been typed in by hand. OCR is typically used after a page of a book has been scanned. The scanned image of the page is then analysed by the OCR software which looks for recognisable letter shapes and generates a matching text file. Advanced OCR software can recognise normal handwriting as well as printed text - this is usually called handwriting recognition.

Barcode Reader / Scanner
A barcode is simply a numeric code represented as a series of lines. These lines can be read by a barcode reader/scanner. The most common use of barcode readers is at Point-of-Sale (POS) in a shop. The code for each item to be purchased needs to be entered into the computer. Reading the barcode is far quicker and more accurate than typing in each code using a keypad. Barcode can be found on many other items that have numeric codes which have to be read quickly and accurately - for example ID cards.

As peo ple gra dual ly req uire d com pute rs to und erst and addi tion al char acte rs and non prin ting char acte rs the ASC II set bec ame rest ricti ve. As with mos t tech nolo gy, it took a whil e to get a sing le stan dar d for thes e extr a char acte rs and hen ce ther e

E xt en de d A S CI I C o de s

Bottom of Form

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der Le goe arn s ho re w d to Top Ma of ke For m Mo Bott ne om yof Onl For m ine fro m two Su cce ssf ul int ern et ma rke ter s wh o are will ing to sh are the ir sec ret s.

ASCII 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Hex 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F

Symbol NUL SOH STX ETX EOT ENQ ACK BEL BS TAB LF VT FF CR SO SI

ASCII 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Hex 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1A 1B 1C 1D 1E 1F

Symbol DLE DC1 DC2 DC3 DC4 NAK SYN ETB CAN EM SUB ESC FS GS RS US

ASCII 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47

Hex 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 2A 2B 2C 2D 2E 2F

Symbol (space) ! " # $ % & ' ( ) * + , . /

ASCII 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63

Hex 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 3A 3B 3C 3D 3E 3F

Symbol 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 : ; < = > ?

ASCII 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79

Hex 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 4A 4B 4C 4D 4E 4F

Symbol @ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O

ASCII 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95

Hex 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 5A 5B 5C 5D 5E 5F

Symbol P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [ \ ] ^ _

ASCII 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111

Hex 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 6A 6B 6C 6D 6E 6F

Symbol ` a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o

ASCII 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127

Hex 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 7A 7B 7C 7D 7E 7F

Symbol p q r s t u v w x y z { | } ~ 

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