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SKY-SAP2007

Design S/ W of SK Total Strengthening Materials

Manual of Design S/W of SK Total Strengthening Materials


1. Install SKYSKY-SAP
The installation of SKY-SAP is progressed as follows:
1. Insert a CD of the SKY-SAP program into a CD-ROM drive.
2. Execute Setup.exe of the CD-ROM drive.
3. A dialog box to designate a folder for the installation of the files appears. A user can
install SKY-SAP in the designated default folder or designate your own folder by use
of the button,Find(R)
Find(R).
).
4. Once SKY-SAP is completely installed in the folder designated by a user, a dialog box
informing installation completed appears.

2. Start SKYSKY-SAP
Once the installation is completed, SKY-SAP is saved in the program group of SKYSKYSAP
SAP in the Start menu. The saved SKY-SAP can be executed by use of Windows
explorer or by use of the Start menu.
The method of using Windows explorer is to find the folder in which SKY-SAP is installed
in the Windows explorer and double-click the file of SKY-SAP.exe in the folder. The
method of using the Start menu is to click the Start button on the task bar of Windows
95/98/2000/NT/XP, select the Program menu, and then, click SKY-SAP in the group
menu of SKYSKY-SAP.

< Scene of SKY-SAP executed >

3. Use SKYSKY-SAP
3.1 Set Environment

Select Design
Design -> Option
Option or click.
Enter the set values that will be applied to examination of FRP strengthening internal
force. The set values are design code, display unit, and reinforcement bar.

Design Code

Set the design code for reinforced concrete. Applicable design codes are KBC-S 05,
KCI-USD03 (Build), KCI-USD03, KCI-USD99 (Build), KCI-USD99, ACI318-05,
ACI318-02, and ACI318-95.

Display Unit

Set the display unit to be applied. Applicable units are SI Unit, MKS Unit, and US Unit.

Reinforcement Bar

Set DB of reinforcement bars. Applicable reinforcement bar DB are KS/JIS, ASTM,


BS/EN, GB, CSA, and ROUND.

Reduction Factor
Enter the reduction factor. It can be directly input by a user or through the factor value
determined by the design code.

3.2 Input FRP Strengthening Design Data for RC Beam

Select Design
Design -> Beam
Beam or click
Title
- Enter the title of a beam member.

Member Force
- Enter the member force for design.
- Mu: Enter the factor bending moment that works on the beam member. In case negative
moment works, enter (-) value. In case positive moment is entered, it calculates,
thinking that the top of the member is compressed and the bottom is stressed. In
case negative moment is entered, it calculates, thinking that the top of the member
is stressed and the bottom is compressed.
- Vu: Enter the factor shear force working on the beam member.

Section
- Enter the measurements of the section for the beam member.
- H: Enter the whole height of the beam member.
- B: Enter the width of the beam member.
- hf: Enter the height of the flange for the beam member.
- bf: Enter the width of the flange for the beam member.

Material
- Enter the strength of concrete and reinforcement bars
- fc : Enter the compression strength for concrete design code
- fy : Enter the yield strength for reinforcement bar design code
- fys : Enter the yield strength for stirrup design code

Reinforcement Bar
- Enter the data of the main reinforcement bar
- Q`ty : Enter the quantity of the reinforcement bars for the top and the bottom
- Size : Select the size of the reinforcement bars for the top and the bottom
- dT : Enter the distance from the top edge to the center of the reinforcement bar
for each edge.
- dB : Enter the distance from the bottom edge to the center of the reinforcement
bar for each edge.
- Enter the data of the stirrup reinforcement bar
- Size: Select the size of the stirrup reinforcement bar
- Spacing: Enter the space for the stirrup reinforcement bars

FRP Sheet Strengthening


- Enter the data of FRP sheet strengthening. A total of 3 types can be entered. By
use of the button of Select Sheet, it is possible to automatically enter thickness,
strength, allowable strain, and reduction factor.

- Location: Enter the location to strengthen. The locations of (T) and (B) are for
bending strengthening, and (S) is for shear strengthening.
- Width: Enter the width to strengthen
- Thick: Enter the thickness of the FRP sheet strengthening
- Strength: Enter the strength of the FRP sheet strengthening
- Allowable Strain: Enter the allowable strain
- Reduction Factor: Enter the reduction factor of the FRP sheet strengthening

Select Sheet
- It is possible to enter the physical properties of FRP. It automatically calculates the
physical properties and the reduction factor of FRP.
- Product : Select the type of product, sheet or plate, and then, select the product
name of the FRP sheet strengthening.
- Ply : Enter the quantity of sheet strengthening
- Line : Enter the quantity of plate strengthening
- Result: It automatically calculates thickness, strengthen, allowable strain, and
reduction factor of the FRP sheet strengthening based on the selected data.

<Sheet Selection>

<Plate Selection>

< FRP Physical


Physical Properties >
Item

Width

Thickness

Strength

Allowable

(mm)

(mm)

(MPa)

Strain (%)

500

0.111

3550.0

1.5

Carbon Wrap SK-N300

500

0.167

3550.0

1.5

Aramid Wrap SK-A280

300

0.194

2100.0

2.1

Aramid Wrap SK-A415

300

0.288

2100.0

2.1

Aramid Wrap SK-A623

300

0.433

2100.0

2.1

Aramid Wrap SK-A830

300

0.576

2100.0

2.1

Glass Wrap SK-G920

500

1.26

560.0

2.2

CFRP Strip SK-CPS0512

50

1.2

2800.0

1.7

CFRP Strip SK-CPS0812

80

1.2

2800.0

1.7

CFRP Strip SK-CPS1012

100

1.2

2800.0

1.7

CFRP Strip SK-CPS0514

50

1.4

2800.0

1.7

CFRP Strip SK-CPS0814

80

1.4

2800.0

1.7

CFRP Strip SK-CPS1014

100

1.4

2800.0

1.7

AFRP Strip SK-AP0512

50

1.2

1650.0

2.5

AFRP Strip SK-AP0812

80

1.2

1650.0

2.5

AFRP Strip SK-AP1012

100

1.2

1650.0

2.5

AFRP Strip SK-AP0514

50

1.4

1650.0

2.5

AFRP Strip SK-AP0814

80

1.4

1650.0

2.5

AFRP Strip SK-AP1014

100

1.4

1650.0

2.5

Carbon Wrap SK-N200

Calculate Button
- It performs the function of examining the internal force of the member.
- Examining the internal force of the member: It examines the internal force before
and after strengthening, and also examines the strain happening on the FRP sheet
by use of the input load and the measurements of the member and the FRP sheet
strengthening.

3.3 Input FRP Strengthening Design Data for RC Slab

Select Design
Design -> Slab
Slab or select
Title
- Enter the title of a slab member.

Member Force
- Enter the member force for design.
- Mu : Enter the factor bending moment that works on the slab member. In case negative
moment works, enter (-) value. In case positive moment is entered, it calculates,
thinking that the top of the member is compressed and the bottom is stressed. In
case negative moment is entered, it calculates, thinking that the top of the member is
stressed and the bottom is compressed.

Section
- Enter the measurements of the section for the slab member.
- D : Enter the whole thickness of the slab
- W : Enter the width of the slab. In the case of strengthening the whole width of the
slab, enter the same width as that of the FRP sheet strengthening. In the case of
strengthening at regular intervals, enter the intervals of the FRP sheet
strengthening.

Material
- Enter the strength of concrete and reinforcement bar.
- fc : Enter the compression strength for concrete design code.
- fy : Enter the yield strength for reinforcement bar design code.

Reinforcement Bar
- Enter the data of the reinforcement bar
- Top Bar : Enter the measurements and the intervals of the top bar
- Bot Bar : Enter the measurements and the intervals of the bottom bar.
- Cc : Enter the distance from the edge of concrete to the center of the reinforcement
bar

FRP
FRP Sheet Strengthening
- Enter the data of FRP sheet strengthening. By use of the button of Select Sheet, it is
possible to automatically enter thickness, strength, allowable strain, and reduction
factor.
- Width : Enter the width to strengthen.
- Thickness : Enter the thickness of the FRP sheet strengthening
- Strength: Enter the strength of the FRP sheet strengthening
- Allowable Strain: Enter the allowable strain.
- Reduction Factor : Enter the reduction factor of the FRP sheet strengthening.

Select Sheet
- It is possible to enter the physical properties of FRP sheet. It automatically
calculates the physical properties and the reduction factor of the FRP sheet.
- Product : Select the type of product, sheet or plate, and then, select the product
name of the FRP sheet strengthening.
- Ply : Enter the quantity of sheet strengthening
- Line : Enter the quantity of plate strengthening
- Result: It automatically calculates thickness, strengthen, allowable strain, and
reduction factor of the FRP sheet strengthening based on the selected data.

<Sheet Selection>

<Plate Selection>

< FRP Physical


Physical Properties >
Item

Width

Thickness

Strength

Allowable

(mm)

(mm)

(MPa)

Strain (%)

500

0.111

3550.0

1.5

Carbon Wrap SK-N300

500

0.167

3550.0

1.5

Aramid Wrap SK-A280

300

0.194

2100.0

2.1

Aramid Wrap SK-A415

300

0.288

2100.0

2.1

Aramid Wrap SK-A623

300

0.433

2100.0

2.1

Aramid Wrap SK-A830

300

0.576

2100.0

2.1

Glass Wrap SK-G920

500

1.26

560.0

2.2

CFRP Strip SK-CPS0512

50

1.2

2800.0

1.7

CFRP Strip SK-CPS0812

80

1.2

2800.0

1.7

CFRP Strip SK-CPS1012

100

1.2

2800.0

1.7

CFRP Strip SK-CPS0514

50

1.4

2800.0

1.7

CFRP Strip SK-CPS0814

80

1.4

2800.0

1.7

CFRP Strip SK-CPS1014

100

1.4

2800.0

1.7

AFRP Strip SK-AP0512

50

1.2

1650.0

2.5

AFRP Strip SK-AP0812

80

1.2

1650.0

2.5

AFRP Strip SK-AP1012

100

1.2

1650.0

2.5

AFRP Strip SK-AP0514

50

1.4

1650.0

2.5

AFRP Strip SK-AP0814

80

1.4

1650.0

2.5

AFRP Strip SK-AP1014

100

1.4

1650.0

2.5

Carbon Wrap SK-N200

Calculate Button
- It performs the function of examining the internal force of the member.
- Examining the internal force of the member: It examines the internal force before
and after strengthening, and also examines the strain happening on the FRP sheet
strengthening by use of the input load and the measurements of the member and
the FRP sheet strengthening.

3.4 Input FRP Strengthening Design Data for RC Column

Select Design
Design -> Column
Column or click
Title
-

Enter the title of a column member.

Member Force
- Enter the member force for design
- Pu

: Enter the factor contractile load working on the column member.

- Mux, Muy : Enter the factor bending moment working on the column member.
- Vux, Vuy : Enter the factor shear force working on the column member.

Section
- Enter the measurements of the section for the column member
- D : Enter the height of the column member.
- B : Enter the width of the column member.
- KLu : Enter the efficient buckling length.

Material
- Enter the strength of concrete and reinforcement bar.
- fc : Enter the compression strength for concrete design code
- fy : Enter the yield strength for reinforcement bar design code
- fys : Enter the yield strength for hoop design code

Reinforcement Bar
- Enter the data of the main reinforcement bar.
- Dis : Enter the distance from the concrete edge to the center of the
reinforcement bar.
- Size : Select the size of the reinforcement bar.
- Q`ty : Enter the quantity of the reinforcement bars
- Row : Enter the number of the rows where reinforcement bars are arranged
- Hoop : Enter the size and the space of tied reinforcement bars
* Select Tie and Spiral in case the column is circular.

FRP Sheet Strengthening


- Enter the data of FRP sheet strengthening. A total of 2 types can be entered. By
use of the button of Select Sheet, it is possible to automatically enter thickness,
strength, allowable strain, and reduction factor.

- Location: Enter the location to strengthen. The location of horizontal is for


strengthening by the column confinement effect, and vertical is for bending
strengthening.
- Thickness : Enter the thickness of the FRP sheet strengthening
- Strength : Enter the strength of the FRP sheet strengthening.
- Allowable Strain: Enter the allowable strain.
- Reduction Factor: Enter the reduction factor of the FRP sheet strengthening.

Select Sheet
- It is possible to enter the physical properties of FRP. It automatically calculates the
physical properties and the reduction factor of FRP.
- Product : Select the type of product, sheet or plate, and then, select the product
name of the FRP sheet strengthening.
- Ply : Enter the quantity of sheet strengthening

- Line :Enter the quantity of plate strengthening


- Result: It automatically calculates thickness, strengthen, allowable strain, and
reduction factor of the FRP sheet strengthening based on the selected data.

<Sheet Selection>

<Plate Selection>

< FRP Physical


Physical Properties >
Item

Width

Thickness

Strength

Allowable

(mm)

(mm)

(MPa)

Strain (%)

500

0.111

3550.0

1.5

Carbon Wrap SK-N300

500

0.167

3550.0

1.5

Aramid Wrap SK-A280

300

0.194

2100.0

2.1

Aramid Wrap SK-A415

300

0.288

2100.0

2.1

Aramid Wrap SK-A623

300

0.433

2100.0

2.1

Aramid Wrap SK-A830

300

0.576

2100.0

2.1

Glass Wrap SK-G920

500

1.26

560.0

2.2

CFRP Strip SK-CPS0512

50

1.2

2800.0

1.7

CFRP Strip SK-CPS0812

80

1.2

2800.0

1.7

CFRP Strip SK-CPS1012

100

1.2

2800.0

1.7

CFRP Strip SK-CPS0514

50

1.4

2800.0

1.7

CFRP Strip SK-CPS0814

80

1.4

2800.0

1.7

CFRP Strip SK-CPS1014

100

1.4

2800.0

1.7

AFRP Strip SK-AP0512

50

1.2

1650.0

2.5

AFRP Strip SK-AP0812

80

1.2

1650.0

2.5

AFRP Strip SK-AP1012

100

1.2

1650.0

2.5

AFRP Strip SK-AP0514

50

1.4

1650.0

2.5

AFRP Strip SK-AP0814

80

1.4

1650.0

2.5

AFRP Strip SK-AP1014

100

1.4

1650.0

2.5

Carbon Wrap SK-N200

Calculate Button
- It performs the function of examining the internal force of the member.
- Examining the internal force of the member: It examines the internal force before
and after strengthening, and also examines the strain happening on the FRP sheet
strengthening by use of the input load and the measurements of the member and
the FRP sheet strengthening.

4. See Result
4.1
1 See the Result of Beam Strengthening

4.2 See the Result of Slab Strengthening

4.3 See the Result of Column Strengthening