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A750-04-880

Issue F Original

Instruction Manual
ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 EHR
and SHR Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps

Declaration of Incorporation
We,

Edwards,
Crawley Business Quarter
Manor Royal,
Crawley,
West Sussex, RH10 9LW, UK

declare under our sole responsibility, as manufacturer and person within the EU authorised
to assemble the technical file, that the machine(s)

Liquid Ring Vacuum Pump, ATEX Category 1


EHR2102S, EHR2170S, EHR2190S, EHR2290S, EHR2390S, SHR1300S, SHR2300S, SHR1400S,
SHR2400S, SHR1750S, SHR2750S, SHR1950S, SHR2950S, SHR21200S, SHR11500S, SHR21500S,
SHR11850S, SHR21850S, SHR12500S, SHR22500S

to which this declaration relates is intended to be incorporated into other equipment and not to
function independently. The machine(s) must not be put into service until the equipment into
which it is incorporated has been brought into conformity with the provisions of the Machinery
Directive, 2006/42/EC.
The machine(s) are in conformity with the following standard(s) or other normative
document(s)
EN1012-2:1996+A1:2009
EN12100:2010
EN13463-1:2009
EN13463-5:2003

Compressors and Vacuum Pumps Safety requirements Part 2:


Vacuum pumps
Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk
assessment and risk reduction
Non-electrical equipment for use in potentially explosive
atmospheres Part 1: Basic method and requirements
Non-electrical equipment intended for use in potentially explosive
atmospheres Part 5: Protection by constructional safety c

and fulfils all the relevant provisions of


94/9/EC

ATEX Directive on use in Potentially Explosive Atmospheres

II 1 G c IIC T4 Internal
II 2 G c IIC T4 External

13.12.2012, Burgess Hill


C. Bailey, Global Technical Manager Systems Engineering

Date and Place

This product has been manufactured under a quality system registered to ISO9001

Document Template: 02B01010 Attachment 5 Iss. 1

P200-05-480 Issue B

The relevant essential requirements of the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC Annex 1 have been applied
and fulfilled so far as practicable for this partly completed machinery. The relevant technical
documentation has been compiled in accordance with Annex VII Part B. In response to a reasoned request
by the national authorities, Edwards Ltd undertakes to provide relevant information on the partly
completed machinery (via email).

Declaration of Incorporation
We,

Edwards,
Crawley Business Quarter
Manor Royal,
Crawley,
West Sussex, RH10 9LW, UK

declare under our sole responsibility, as manufacturer and person within the EU authorised
to assemble the technical file, that the machine(s)

Liquid Ring Vacuum Pump, ATEX Category 2


EHR2102C, EHR2170C, EHR2190C, EHR2290C, EHR2390C, SHR1300C, SHR2300C, SHR1400C,
SHR2400C, SHR1750C, SHR2750C, SHR1950C, SHR2950C, SHR21200C, SHR11500C,
SHR21500C, SHR11850C, SHR21850C, SHR12500C, SHR22500C

to which this declaration relates is intended to be incorporated into other equipment and not to
function independently. The machine(s) must not be put into service until the equipment into
which it is incorporated has been brought into conformity with the provisions of the Machinery
Directive, 2006/42/EC.
The machine(s) is in conformity with the following standard(s) or other normative
document(s)
EN1012-2:1996+A1:2009
EN12100:2010
EN13463-1:2009
EN13463-5:2003

Compressors and Vacuum Pumps Safety requirements Part 2:


Vacuum pumps
Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk
assessment and risk reduction
Non-electrical equipment for use in potentially explosive
atmospheres Part 1: Basic method and requirements
Non-electrical equipment intended for use in potentially explosive
atmospheres Part 5: Protection by constructional safety c

and fulfils all the relevant provisions of


94/9/EC

ATEX Directive on use in Potentially Explosive Atmospheres

II 2 G c IIC T4 Internal
II 2 G c IIC T4 External

13.12.2012, Burgess Hill


C. Bailey, Global Technical Manager Systems Engineering

Date and Place

This product has been manufactured under a quality system registered to ISO9001

Document Template: 02B01010 Attachment 5 Iss. 1

P200-05-500 Issue B

The relevant essential requirements of the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC Annex 1 have been applied
and fulfilled so far as practicable for this partly completed machinery. The relevant technical
documentation has been compiled in accordance with Annex VII Part B. In response to a reasoned request
by the national authorities, Edwards Ltd undertakes to provide relevant information on the partly
completed machinery (via email).

Declaration of Incorporation
We,

Edwards,
Crawley Business Quarter,
Manor Royal,
Crawley,
West Sussex, RH10 9LW, UK

declare under our sole responsibility, as manufacturer and person within the EU authorised
to assemble the technical file, that the machine(s)

Liquid Ring Vacuum Pump, ATEX Category 3


EHR2102D, EHR2170D, EHR2190D, EHR2290D, EHR2390D, SHR1300D, SHR2300D, SHR1400D,
SHR2400D, SHR1750D, SHR2750D, SHR1950D, SHR2950D, SHR21200D, SHR11500D,
SHR21500D, SHR11850D, SHR21850D, SHR12500D, SHR22500D

to which this declaration relates is intended to be incorporated into other equipment and not to
function independently. The machine(s) must not be put into service until the equipment into
which it is incorporated has been brought into conformity with the provisions of the Machinery
Directive, 2006/42/EC.
The machine(s) is in conformity with the following standard(s) or other normative
document(s)
EN1012-2:1996+A1:2009
EN12100:2010
EN13463-1:2009
EN13463-5:2003

Compressors and Vacuum Pumps Safety requirements Part 2:


Vacuum pumps
Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk
assessment and risk reduction
Non-electrical equipment for use in potentially explosive
atmospheres Part 1: Basic method and requirements
Non-electrical equipment intended for use in potentially explosive
atmospheres Part 5: Protection by constructional safety c

and fulfils all the relevant provisions of


94/9/EC

ATEX Directive on use in Potentially Explosive Atmospheres

II 3 G c IIC T4 Internal
II 3 G c IIC T4 External

13.12.2012, Burgess Hill


C. Bailey, Global Technical Manager Systems Engineering

Date and Place

This product has been manufactured under a quality system registered to ISO9001

Document Template: 02B01010 Attachment 5 Iss. 1

P200-05-520 Issue B

The relevant essential requirements of the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC Annex 1 have been applied
and fulfilled so far as practicable for this partly completed machinery. The relevant technical
documentation has been compiled in accordance with Annex VII Part B. In response to a reasoned request
by the national authorities, Edwards Ltd undertakes to provide relevant information on the partly
completed machinery (via email).

A750-04-880 Issue F

gea/00214/07/12

Section

Page

Introduction ....................................................................................... 1

1.1
1.2
1.2.1
1.3
1.3.1
1.3.2
1.3.3
1.3.4
1.4

Scope and definitions ................................................................................................... 1


The liquid ring pump .................................................................................................... 2
ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 pumps ...................................................................................... 2
ATEX Directive: 94/9/EC (Europe): ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 pumps only ..................................... 3
Introduction .............................................................................................................. 3
Temperature classification ............................................................................................. 3
Normal operation ........................................................................................................ 5
Abnormal operation ..................................................................................................... 5
Applications ............................................................................................................... 6

TECHNICAL DATA ................................................................................. 7

2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.6.1
2.6.2
2.7

Operating and storage conditions ..................................................................................... 7


Mechanical data .......................................................................................................... 7
Performance .............................................................................................................. 7
Noise and vibration data ...............................................................................................10
Lubrication Data ........................................................................................................10
Sealing liquid and seals flush liquid supplies ....................................................................... 10
General requirements ..................................................................................................10
Use of water based sealing liquid/seals flush liquid ..............................................................11
Materials of construction ..............................................................................................12

INSTALLATION ................................................................................... 15

3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.5
3.5.1
3.5.2
3.5.3
3.5.4
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.8.1
3.8.2
3.8.3
3.9
3.10
3.11
3.11.1
3.12
3.12.1
3.13
3.14
3.15
3.16
3.16.1
3.16.2

Installation requirements ..............................................................................................15


General requirements ..................................................................................................15
ATEX specific requirements: ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 pumps ..................................................15
Safety ..................................................................................................................... 16
Use of flammable sealing/seals flush liquids: ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 pumps ............................. 17
Pumping system design ................................................................................................17
General ................................................................................................................... 17
Oxygen monitoring: ATEX Category 2 and 3 pumps only .........................................................17
Sealing liquid and seals flush supply system design ...............................................................18
Introduction ............................................................................................................. 18
Total recirculation sealing liquid and seals flush supply system ................................................ 21
Partial recirculation sealing liquid and seals flush supply system .............................................. 21
Once-through sealing liquid and seals flush supply system ......................................................21
Unpack and inspect .....................................................................................................21
Locate the pump ........................................................................................................22
Fit the motor or drive/transmission ................................................................................. 22
Introduction ............................................................................................................. 22
Fit a motor ............................................................................................................... 22
Fit a drive and transmission ...........................................................................................23
Connect the pump to earth (ground) ................................................................................ 23
Connect the sealing liquid and seals flush pipelines ..............................................................24
Connect the pump inlet and outlet .................................................................................. 24
Introduction ............................................................................................................. 24
Connect the process inlet .............................................................................................24
Connect the process outlet ...........................................................................................25
Fit and connect the temperature transmitter (if necessary): ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps ..............25
Connect the electrical supply to the motor ........................................................................ 25
Check the direction of pump rotation ............................................................................... 26
Check the leak tightness of the system ............................................................................. 26
General requirements ..................................................................................................26
Use of flammable sealing/seals flush liquids: ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 pumps ............................. 27

Edwards Limited 2012. All rights reserved.


Edwards and the Edwards logo are trademarks of Edwards Limited.

Page i

Contents

Contents

A750-04-880 Issue F

Contents

OPERATION ...................................................................................... 29

4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4

General operation safety ..............................................................................................29


Start-up .................................................................................................................. 29
Cavitation and fluid hammer ......................................................................................... 30
Shut-down ................................................................................................................ 30

MAINTENANCE ................................................................................... 31

5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8

Safety information ......................................................................................................31


Maintenance plan .......................................................................................................31
Inspect the pipelines and connections .............................................................................. 32
Check the ATEX safety devices for correct operation: ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps ......................32
Calibrate the ATEX safety devices: ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps ............................................. 33
Replenish the bearings with grease .................................................................................. 33
Overhaul the pump .....................................................................................................33
Fault finding ............................................................................................................. 33

STORAGE AND DISPOSAL ....................................................................... 35

6.1
6.1.1
6.1.2
6.1.3
6.2

Storage ................................................................................................................... 35
Preparation .............................................................................................................. 35
Short-term storage .....................................................................................................35
Long-term storage ......................................................................................................36
Disposal ................................................................................................................... 36

SERVICE AND SPARES ........................................................................... 39

7.1
7.2
7.3

Introduction ............................................................................................................. 39
Service .................................................................................................................... 39
Spares ..................................................................................................................... 39

SAFETY RELATED PARTS OF CONTROL SYSTEMS ............................................ 41

8.1
8.2

Introduction ............................................................................................................. 41
Manual reset ............................................................................................................. 41
For return of equipment, complete the HS Forms at the end of this manual.

Illustrations
Figure
1
1

Page ii

Page
Recommended sealing liquid and seals flush supply system configurations: sheet 1 of 2 ...................19
Recommended sealing liquid and seals flush supply system configurations: sheet 2 of 2 ...................20

Edwards Limited 2012. All rights reserved.


Edwards and the Edwards logo are trademarks of Edwards Limited.

A750-04-880 Issue F

Table
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Page
Temperature rises in seals flush liquids .............................................................................. 4
Maximum particle sizes ................................................................................................. 6
Operating and storage conditions ..................................................................................... 7
Mechanical data .......................................................................................................... 7
Performance Data ....................................................................................................... 7
Typical performance data and sealing liquid flow rates: single stage pumps .................................. 8
Typical performance data and sealing liquid flow rates: two stage pumps .................................... 9
Noise data ................................................................................................................ 10
Vibration data ...........................................................................................................10
Sealing/seals flush liquid supply data ............................................................................... 11
External seals flush liquid flow rate ................................................................................. 12
Materials of construction: process contact parts: EHR (S/C/D) pumps ........................................ 12
Materials of construction: process contact parts: SHR (S/C/D) pumps ......................................... 13
Maximum radial shaft loads and maximum inlet/outlet loads and moments ................................. 16
Maintenance plan .......................................................................................................32
Fault finding ............................................................................................................. 34

Associated publications
Publication title
Vacuum pump and vacuum system safety

Edwards Limited 2012. All rights reserved.


Edwards and the Edwards logo are trademarks of Edwards Limited.

Publication number
P400-40-100

Page iii

Contents

Tables

A750-04-880 Issue F

This page has been intentionally left blank.

Page iv

Edwards Limited 2012. All rights reserved.


Edwards and the Edwards logo are trademarks of Edwards Limited.

A750-04-880 Issue F

Introduction

1.1

Scope and definitions

This manual provides installation, operation and maintenance instructions for the Edwards ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3
Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps (abbreviated to liquid ring pump(s) or pump(s) in the remainder of this manual).
ATEX Category 1 model pumps are denoted by a S suffix on the pump designation, ATEX Category 2 model pumps
are denoted by a "C" suffix on the pump designation and ATEX Category 3 pumps are denoted by a "D" suffix on the
pump designation. For example, "SHR 2400C" specifies an ATEX Category 2 SHR 2400 pump.
Throughout this manual, the "(S/C/D)" annotation specifies that the related data or other information applies to both
the standard model pump and the corresponding ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 model pumps.
You must use your pump as specified in this manual.
Read this manual before you install and operate your pump. Important safety information is highlighted as WARNING
and CAUTION instructions; you must obey these instructions. The use of WARNINGS and CAUTIONS is defined below.

WARNING
Warnings are given where failure to observe the instruction could result in injury or death to
people.

CAUTION
Cautions are given where failure to observe the instruction could result in damage to the equipment, associated
equipment and process
The units used throughout this manual conform to the SI international system of units of measurement.
The pump identification and rating plate (refer to the System Manual) provides specific details about the pump,
including: pump type; part number and serial number; and so on.

Edwards Limited 2012. All rights reserved.


Edwards and the Edwards logo are trademarks of Edwards Limited.

Page 1

Introduction

A750-04-880 Issue F

Introduction

The following IEC warning labels appear on the pump:

Warning - refer to accompanying documentation.

Protective earth (ground)

Ear defenders must be worn. (Only fitted to pumps which generate noise levels (at 1 metre) > 85 dB(A):
see Section 2.4.)

1.2

The liquid ring pump

1.2.1

ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 pumps

The ATEX Category 1 EHR and SHR liquid ring pumps have been specifically developed to meet the requirement for
pumps capable of pumping an explosive atmosphere with an internal area classification of Zone 0, without the need
for protective devices such as flame arrestors.
The ATEX Category 2 EHR and SHR liquid ring pumps have been specifically developed to meet the requirement for
pumps capable of pumping an explosive atmosphere with an internal area classification of Zone 1, without the need
for protective devices such as flame arrestors.
The ATEX Category 3 EHR and SHR liquid ring pumps have been specifically developed to meet the requirement for
pumps capable of pumping an explosive atmosphere with an internal area classification of Zone 2, without the need
for protective devices such as flame arrestors.
The pumps are certified as Category 1, 2 or 3 equipment under the ATEX Directive (94/9/EC); for the certifications
to be valid, the pumps must be installed exactly as specified in this manual.
The pumps have been designed using the principle of constructional safety, which ensures that potential ignition
sources are eliminated during normal operation for ATEX Category 3, in the event of an expected malfunction for
ATEX Category 2 and in the event of a rare malfunction for ATEX Category 1.
The pumps are suitable for pumping a wide range of flammable and non-flammable gases and vapours, subject to the
restrictions specified in Section 1.3.4.
ATEX Category 1 pumps have mechanical seals and will be supplied configured for external seals flush supplies.
ATEX Category 2 pumps have mechanical seals, and can be supplied configured in one of two ways:

Configured for external seals flush supplies.

Configured with internal seals flush supplies, provided internally from the sealing liquid ring. These pumps
are suitable for use on clean applications only.

If you have an ATEX Category 2 pump configured for external seals flush supplies, you must provide a seals flush
supply for each seal.
ATEX Category 3 pumps have mechanical seals. Each seal has its own seals flush supply, provided internally from the
sealing liquid ring.
ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 pumps are suitable for use only on the application for which this pump is supplied. Please
consult Edwards for any changes in application.

Page 2

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Edwards and the Edwards logo are trademarks of Edwards Limited.

A750-04-880 Issue F

ATEX Directive: 94/9/EC (Europe): ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3


pumps only

1.3.1

Introduction

The pump must be incorporated into a larger system on which the internal atmosphere has an area classification of
Zone 0 (for ATEX Category 1 pumps) or Zone 1 (for ATEX Category 2 pumps) or Zone 2 (for ATEX Category 3 pumps).
Such systems will be certified in accordance with the above Directive, and must be identified by an ATEX system
rating label.
For certification to be valid, the pump must be installed exactly as specified in this manual.
ATEX Category 1 pumps are fitted with an ATEX rating label containing the following information:
II 1 G c, IIC T4 Internal
II 2 G c, IIC T4 External

ATEX Category 2 pumps are fitted with an ATEX rating label containing the following information:
II 2 G c, IIC T4 Internal
II 2 G c, IIC T4 External

ATEX Category 3 pumps are fitted with an ATEX rating label containing the following information:
II 3 G c, IIC T4 Internal
II 3 G c, IIC T4 External

The notations used in these ratings are as follows:


specifies that the pump can be used in a potentially explosive atmosphere.

II

Equipment group II (non-mining)

Equipment category 1

Equipment category 2

Equipment category 3

Suitable for potentially explosive gas atmospheres

1.3.2

Complies with constructional safety protection strategy

IIC

Suitable to pump gas group IIC

T4

Gas auto-ignition temperature: see Section 1.3.2.

Temperature classification

The temperature classification applied to the pump relates to the auto-ignition temperature of flammable materials
that can be pumped.
The pump has a T4 classification and is suitable for pumping flammable materials that have an auto-ignition
temperature greater than 135 oC. Refer to Section 2 of this manual for the necessary pump operating conditions.

Edwards Limited 2012. All rights reserved.


Edwards and the Edwards logo are trademarks of Edwards Limited.

Page 3

Introduction

1.3

A750-04-880 Issue F

Introduction

The T4 temperature classification is achieved by limiting the temperature of the sealing liquid ring and of the seals
flush liquid (supplied to each of the mechanical seals) to 70 oC. The maximum temperature rise which can occur in
the seals flush liquid is 30 oC (assuming that a non-flashing hydrocarbon liquid is used: see Table 1). Therefore, the
maximum external temperature of the seals is 100 oC, which is within the T4 classification requirements.
The maximum operating temperature of the pump is determined by:

The temperature of the sealing liquid supply.

The temperature rise of the sealing liquid in the pump, due to power absorbed by the liquid ring to effect gas
compression.

The temperature rise of the sealing liquid in the pump, due to the condensation of vapours which enter the
pump.

The temperature rise in the seals flush liquid to the mechanical seals, due to friction between the stationary
and rotary parts of the seals.

If you use a total recirculation sealing liquid supply system (see Section 3.5), your cooler must be suitable for the
temperature rises that will occur.
Conservative estimates of the temperature rise for different seals flush liquids are shown in Table 1 (see below). Note
that mineral oil is included in Table 1 for comparison purposes only; you cannot use mineral oil as the seals flush
liquid, due to the resulting high temperature rise.
Table 1 - Temperature rises in seals flush liquids
Maximum temperature
rise *

Liquid
Water/flashing hydrocarbons

20 oC

Non-flashing hydrocarbons

30 oC

Mineral oil

70 oC

* With maximum rotation speed of 3600 r min-1.


You cannot use mineral oil as seals flush liquid!
The liquid ring pumps are virtually isothermal machines and, for applications that use water as the sealing liquid, the
temperature rise across the pump is approximately 5 oC. The temperature rise is directly proportional to the specific
heat of the sealing liquid; for a liquid which has a specific heat which is half that of water, the temperature rise will
be approximately 10 oC.
With the T4 temperature classification, limiting the sealing liquid ring to a maximum temperature of 70 oC and
limiting the temperature of the gas at the pump inlet to 70 oC allows for a temperature rise of 38 oC in the sealing
liquid; this will never occur, provided that the sealing liquid supply is maintained.
On ATEX Category 1 pumps with external seals flush supplies, you must configure your system so that the seals flush
supplies cannot be interrupted during pump operation (refer to Section 3.5):

You must fit flow switches in the seals flush pipelines of all systems.

You must fit either of the following:

If you use a sealing liquid reservoir to provide the seals flush supplies, fit a level switch to the reservoir.

If you do not use a sealing liquid reservoir to provide the seals flush supplies, fit a pressure switch to the
seals flush manifold.

On ATEX Category 2 pumps with external seals flush supplies, you must configure your system so that the seals flush
supplies cannot be interrupted during pump operation (refer to Section 3.5):

You must fit flow switches in the seals flush pipelines of all systems.

If you use a sealing liquid reservoir to provide the seals flush supplies, you may also fit an optional level
switch to the reservoir.

Page 4

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A750-04-880 Issue F

if you use an external seals flush supply, you may also want to fit an optional pressure switch in the seals
flush supply pipeline.

On ATEX Category 2 pumps, if you use a sealing liquid which has a boiling point higher than 100 oC, the temperature
of the sealing liquid ring must be monitored by a temperature transmitter, set to shut down the pump when the
temperature reaches 70 oC: refer to Section 3.13.

1.3.3

Normal operation

WARNING
The pump relies on the principle of constructional safety to pump flammable gases and vapours
safely. To conform with constructional safety requirements, it is your responsibility to ensure that
particles larger than those specified in Table 2 cannot enter the pump at any time.
The ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 liquid ring pumps rely on the pumps constructional safety for the safe pumping of
flammable materials. In normal operation, as defined by this manual, the pump is safe for the pumping of flammable
materials where there is no risk that any particles larger than those specified in Table 2 could enter the pump at any
time, and so cause a potential ignition hazard.
Where there is no such risk, the pump can be used to pump flammable materials from gas group IIC, within the normal
parameters as defined in this manual.
The pump can be used with either flammable or non-flammable sealing liquids. Where flammable sealing liquids are
used, you must comply with the requirements of Section 3.3.
On ATEX Category 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies, the seals flush supplies must comply with the
requirements of Section 2.6. ATEX category 2 pumps configured for internal seals flush supplies must only be used
on clean applications.
The materials of construction of the pump are specified in Section 2.7. Before you use the pump, you must ensure
that these materials are compatible with the gases and vapours you will pump.

1.3.4

Abnormal operation

WARNING
Misuse of the pump as described below is strictly prohibited.

Pumping gases with temperatures greater than the system temperature classification (see Section 1.3.2).

Pumping hydrocarbon oxides.

Pumping oxidants.

Pumping pyrophoric gases.

Pumping gases that tend to self-decompose, or that are chemically unstable.

Pumping gases that contain particles larger than those specified in Table 2.

Use with oxygen enriched atmospheres.

Use of the pump with mineral oil as the seals flush liquid.

Use of the pump with a sealing liquid or seals flush liquid which does not comply with the requirements of
Section 2.6.

Pumping of, or use of, the pump in the presence of explosive dust atmospheres.

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Page 5

Introduction

A750-04-880 Issue F

Introduction

Use of the pump in ambient conditions other than those specified in Section 3.

Use of an ATEX Category 2 pump configured for internal seals flush supplies on applications which are not
clean.
Table 2 - Maximum particle sizes
Maximum size of particles (mm) that
can be allowed to enter the pump

Pump

Metallic
particles

Non-metallic
particles

EHR 2102S/C/D, 2170S/C/D

0.03

0.3

EHR 2190S/C/D, 2290S/C/D, 2390S/C/D

0.03

0.3

SHR 1300S/C/D, 2300S/C/D, 1400S/C/D, 2400S/C/D

0.035

0.4

SHR 1750S/C/D, 2750S/C/D, 1950S/C/D, 2950S/C/D

0.05

0.4

SHR 21200S/C/D, 11500S/C/D, 21500S/C/D,


11850S/C/D, 21850S/C/D

0.05

0.5

SHR 12500S/C/D, 22500S/C/D

0.07

0.5

1.4

Applications

The pumps are suitable for use in distillation, filtration, evaporation, drying, stripping, solvent recovery and
deaeration processes in a wide range of industries and applications.
You must ensure that the pump is suitable for your application.
If you have any doubts as to the suitability of the pump for your application, refer to the Edwards guidelines on
vacuum pump and vacuum system safety (see the Associated Publications at the end of the contents list at the front
of this manual).

Page 6

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A750-04-880 Issue F

TECHNICAL DATA

2.1

Operating and storage conditions

TECHNICAL DATA

Table 3 - Operating and storage conditions


Ambient operating temperature range

-20 to 40 oC

Ambient storage temperature range

-30 to 50 oC

Maximum ambient operating humidity

90%

Maximum operating altitude

1000 m

Maximum inlet gas temperature

70 oC

2.2

Mechanical data
Table 4 - Mechanical data

Dimensions
Mass
Process and sealing liquid connections
Ingress Protection (IP) rating

Refer to your System Manual


Refer to your System Manual
Refer to your System Manual
IP54

Maximum flatness deviation for mounting *


EHR 2102S/C/D, 2170S/C/D

0.1 mm m-1

EHR 2190S/C/D, 2290S/C/D, 2390S/C/D

0.1 mm m-1

SHR 1300S/C/D, 2300S/C/D, 1400S/C/D, 2400S/C/D

0.1 mm m-1

SHR 1750S/C/D, 2750S/C/D, 1950S/C/D, 2950S/C/D

0.1 mm m-1

SHR 21200S/C/D, 11500S/C/D, 21500S/C/D, 11850S/C/D,


21850S/C/D

0.2 mm m-1

SHR 12500S/C/D, 22500S/C/D

0.4 mm m-1

* Refer to Section 3.7.

2.3

Performance

Note:

The performance data specified in Tables 5 to 7 applies to pumps used with water as the sealing liquid.
Additional performance data may be supplied in your System Manual if you have specifically ordered your
pump for use with a different sealing liquid.

Note:

The "Maximum sealing liquid flow rate" data specified in Tables 6 and 7 may include seals flush liquid which
flows into the sealing liquid ring on pumps without a closed-loop seals configuration. Refer to your System
Manual for the specific details of your pump system.
Table 5 - Performance Data

Maximum inlet capacity

See Tables 6 and 7

Maximum outlet pressure

1.1 bar absolute, 1.1 x 105 Pa

Shaft power

See Tables 6 and 7

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Page 7

A750-04-880 Issue F

TECHNICAL DATA

Table 6 - Typical performance data and sealing liquid flow rates: single stage pumps
Typical performance
Pump(s)

Speed *
r min-1

MP kW

100 mbara
1.0 x 104 Pa

200 mbara
2.0 x 104 Pa

800 mbara
8.0 x 104 Pa

m3 h-1

kW

m3 h-1

kW

m3 h-1

kW

Maximum
sealing
liquid
flow rate
m3 h-1

50 Hz operation
SHR 1300S/C/D

1470

15

263

12.3

382

12.3

470

10

2.7

SHR 1400S/C/D

1470

18.5

430

13.9

540

14.5

655

14

2.7

SHR 1750S/C/D

980

30

630

28

1000

28

1145

20

6.5

SHR 1950S/C/D

980

37.5

800

37

1450

37

1550

25

7.0

SHR 11500S/C/D

735

75

1100

64

2000

64

2300

46

12.0

SHR 11850S/C/D

735

90

1300

84

2400

83

2950

66

14.0

SHR 12500S/C/D

585

110

3000

96

4000

96

4300

68

16.0

SHR 1300S/C/D

1740

18.5

306

17

460

17

550

12.6

2.7

SHR 1400S/C/D

1740

22

475

18.5

675

19.5

780

19

2.7

SHR 1750S/C/D

1150

45

700

37

1150

37

1400

28

9.0

SHR 1950S/C/D

1150

55

850

50

1720

50

1900

38

9.5

SHR 11500S/C/D

880

110

1100

97

2250

97

2600

72

14.0

SHR 11850S/C/D

880

160

1500

126

2630

126

3200

96

14.0

SHR 12500S/C/D

585

110

3000

96

4000

96

4300

68

16.0

60 Hz Operation

Nominal pump rotational speed.


Motor power.
Performance specifies the suction capacity (m3 h-1) and shaft power (kW) for the
specified inlet pressures (100 mbara, 200 mbara and 800 mbara).

Page 8

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A750-04-880 Issue F

Typical performance
Pump(s)

Speed *
r min-1

MP kW

33 mbara
3.3 x 103 Pa

100 mbara
1.0 x 104 Pa

200 mbar
2.0 x 104 Pa

m3 h-1

kW

m3 h-1

kW

m3 h-1

kW

Maximum
sealing
liquid
flow rate
m3 h-1

50 Hz operation
EHR 2102S/C/D

2850

52

3.8

98

3.9

102

0.7

EHR 2170S/C/D

2850

5.5

102

165

172

5.5

0.9

EHR 2190S/C/D

1470

5.5

144

4.4

194

192

5.5

1.6

EHR 2290S/C/D

1470

7.5

230

6.2

290

6.8

285

7.2

1.8

EHR 2390S/C/D

1470

11

300

7.8

390

8.7

385

9.5

1.8

SHR 2300S/C/D

1470

18.5

370

13

450

13.3

430

13.4

2.7

SHR 2400S/C/D

1470

22

510

14.5

620

16.2

570

18.5

2.7

SHR 2750S/C/D

980

45

750

32.5

1200

35

1240

37

9.0

SHR 2950S/C/D

980

55

1100

37

1630

38.5

1660

42

9.5

SHR 21200S/C/D

735

75

1350

40

1950

43

1850

50

14.0

SHR 21500S/C/D

735

75

1750

56

2500

59

2400

61

14.0

SHR 21850S/C/D

735

90

2600

65

3250

72

3300

80

16.0

SHR 22500S/C/D

585

132

4110

85

4450

93

4150

105

21.0

EHR 2102S/C/D

3450

7.5

52

5.5

112

5.5

122

0.9

EHR 2170S/C/D

3450

11

102

7.5

201

7.5

212

8.8

1.1

EHR 2190S/C/D

1740

7.5

145

210

214

7.5

1.8

EHR 2290S/C/D

1740

11

250

330

9.4

330

9.8

2.3

EHR 2390S/C/D

1740

15

300

11

425

12

425

12.8

2.3

SHR 2300S/C/D

1740

21

360

18

520

18.2

500

18.4

2.7

SHR 2400S/C/D

1740

35

500

19.5

700

21.7

660

24.7

2.7

SHR 2750S/C/D

1150

55

800

37.5

1400

42

1420

45.4

9.0

SHR 2950S/C/D

1150

63

1170

42.5

1850

46

1920

52

9.5

SHR 21200S/C/D

880

85

1450

57

2250

65

2200

71

14.0

SHR 21500S/C/D

880

125

1950

87

2900

92

2950

97

14.0

SHR 21850S/C/D

880

150

2900

100

3700

110

3800

119

16.0

SHR 22500S/C/D

585

132

4110

85

4450

93

4150

105

21.0

60 Hz Operation

Nominal pump rotational speed.


Motor power.
Performance specifies the suction capacity (m3 h-1) and shaft power (kW) for the
specified inlet pressures (33 mbara, 100 mbara and 200 mbara).

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Page 9

TECHNICAL DATA

Table 7 - Typical performance data and sealing liquid flow rates: two stage pumps

A750-04-880 Issue F

TECHNICAL DATA

2.4

Noise and vibration data


Table 8 - Noise data
Typical continuous A-weighted
emission sound pressure level
(dB) plus uncertainty *

Pump
EHR 2102S/C/D, 2170S/C/D

80 3

EHR 2190S/C/D, 2290S/C/D, 2390S/C/D

80 3

SHR 1300S/C/D, 2300S/C/D, 1400S/C/D, 2400S/C/D

80 3

SHR 1750S/C/D, 2750S/C/D, 1950S/C/D, 2950S/C/D

82 3

SHR 21200S/C/D, 11500S/C/D, 21500S/C/D, 21850S/C/D

82 3

SHR 12500S/C/D, 22500S/C/D

82 3

Nominal pump rotational speed.


Measured at 1 metre free field.
Table 9 - Vibration data
Vibration velocity levels
mm s-1 rms *

Pump
EHR 2102S/C/D, 2170S/C/D

4.5

EHR 2190S/C/D, 2290S/C/D, 2390S/C/D

4.5

SHR 1300S/C/D, 2300S/C/D, 1400S/C/D, 2400S/C/D

4.5

SHR 1750S/C/D, 2750S/C/D, 1950S/C/D, 2950S/C/D

4.5

SHR 21200S/C/D, 11500S/C/D, 21500S/C/D, 21850S/C/D

4.5

SHR 12500S/C/D, 22500S/C/D

4.5

Zone boundary A/B according to ISO 10816-1; clause 5.3.1 and Annex. B.

2.5

Lubrication Data

You must use a high quality lithium-based grease according to DIN51825 K2K-30. Refer to manufacturers MSDS when
using this grease.

2.6

Sealing liquid and seals flush liquid supplies


WARNING
The sealing liquid and seals flush liquid must comply with the requirements specified below. If they
do not, the ATEX certification of the pump and of your system will be invalid, and there may be a
risk of fire or explosion when you operate the pump.

2.6.1

General requirements

ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies require a sealing liquid supply and seals
flush liquid supplies. ATEX Category 2 pumps configured for internal seals flush supplies and ATEX Category 3 pumps
only require a sealing liquid supply, as the seals flush supplies are provided internally from the sealing liquid ring.

Page 10

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A750-04-880 Issue F

If you use a flammable sealing liquid and do not monitor the oxygen concentration, then your pump is ATEX
Category 1 internal. For ATEX Category 2 or Category 3 pumps, you must check the leak tightness of your
system after installation (see Section 3.16) and monitor the oxygen concentration at the process outlet
during operation (see Section 3.4.2).

On ATEX Category 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies, if the sealing liquid is not the same as
the seals flush liquid, the two liquids must be compatible.

The liquid(s) must be compatible with the process gases and vapours pumped, and with the materials of
construction of the pump (see Section 2.7).

The liquid(s) must not contain any particles larger than those specified in Table 2.

The pressure of the sealing liquid and (on ATEX Category 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies)
the seals flush liquid supplies must be adequate to overcome pressure losses through the supply pipelines.
The pressure of each supply (at the corresponding inlet port on the pump) must be > 0.05 bar (5 x 103 Pa)
above the outlet pressure.

When the vapour pressure of the sealing liquid is close to the process inlet pressure, the liquid sealing ring can start
to boil and this may result in cavitation. (Cavitation occurs when vapour bubbles formed at the process inlet are
transferred to the process outlet, where the bubbles collapse under pressure with potentially destructive force.)
You should therefore ensure that the temperature of the sealing liquid supply is as low as possible. If the temperature
of the process gas is > 70 oC, consult Edwards Application Engineers for advice.

2.6.2

Use of water based sealing liquid/seals flush liquid

If you use a water based sealing liquid or seals flush liquid, where ambient temperatures can fall close to 0 oC or
below, take appropriate precautions to ensure that the liquid does not freeze and damage the pump.
Such precautions may include the addition of ethylene glycol anti-freeze to the liquid, in concentrations to suit the
climatic conditions. You must not use other types of anti-freeze.
Table 10 - Sealing/seals flush liquid supply data
Sealing liquid/seals flush liquid * pressure

> outlet pressure + 0.05 bar, 5 x 103 Pa

Sealing liquid/seals flush liquid * auto-ignition temperature > 160 oC


Sealing liquid

Maximum viscosity

1 x 10-5 m2 s-1

Maximum density

1200 kg m-3

Minimum conductivity

1000 S m-1

Maximum flow rate

See Tables 6 and 7

Maximum temperature

70 oC

ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies only.
Contact your supplier or Edwards if you want to use a sealing liquid with higher density/viscosity.

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Page 11

TECHNICAL DATA

Your sealing liquid and (if necessary on ATEX Category 2 pumps) seals flush liquid supplies must meet the following
requirements:

A750-04-880 Issue F

TECHNICAL DATA

Table 11 - External seals flush liquid flow rate


Nominal flow rate to
both seals
1 min-1 *

Minimum flow rate to


both seals
1 min-1 *

EHR 2102S/C/D, 2170S/C/D

8.0

6.0

EHR 2190S/C/D, 2290S/C/D, 2390S/C/D

9.0

7.0

SHR 1300S/C/D, 2300S/C/D, 1400S/C/D, 2400S/C/D

14.0

11.5

SHR 1750S/C/D, 2750S/C/D, 1950S/C/D, 2950S/C/D

17.0

14.5

SHR 21200S/C/D, 11500S/C/D, 21500S/C/D, 21850S/C/D

22.0

20.0

SHR 12500S/C/D, 22500S/C/D

28.0

26.0

Pump

Flow rates are nominal only and based on standard materials of construction and non-flashing hydrocarbon
seals flush liquid with specific heat (Cp) of 1.8 kJ kg-1K-1 and specific gravity (SG) of 0.8. For specific
applications, different materials of construction and seals flush liquid with lower specific heat and specific
gravity please refer to the System Manual or consult Edwards.

2.7

Materials of construction
Table 12 - Materials of construction: process contact parts: EHR (S/C/D) pumps

Component

Cast iron

Spheroidal graphite (ductile) iron

Casings

Grey cast Iron

Spheroidal graphite (ductile) cast iron

Impellers

Spheroidal graphite (ductile) cast iron

Spheroidal graphite (ductile) cast iron

Shaft

Stainless steel 420

Stainless steel 420

Distance piece

Stainless steel 316

Stainless steel 316

Shaft seals
- Faces
- Elastomers
- Metal parts
- Springs

Single mechanical
Silicon carbide vs carbon
FPM
Stainless steel 316
Stainless steel 316

Single mechanical
Silicon carbide vs carbon
FPM
Stainless steel 316
Stainless steel 316

Fasteners

Carbon steel / Stainless steel 316

Carbon steel / Stainless steel 316

Gaskets

Compressed fibre

Compressed fibre

Sealant

Polyester urethane

Polyester urethane

Manual valves
- Body
- Seals

Ball
Stainless steel 316
PTFE

Ball
Stainless steel 316
PTFE

Stainless steel fitted

Stainless steel

Casings

Grey cast iron

Stainless steel 316

Impellers

Stainless steel 316

Stainless steel 316

Shaft

Stainless steel 420

Stainless steel 316

Distance piece

Stainless steel 316

Stainless steel 316

Shaft seals
- Faces
- Elastomers
- Metal parts
- Springs

Single mechanical
Silicon carbide vs carbon
FPM
Stainless steel 316
Stainless steel 316

Single mechanical
Silicon carbide vs carbon
FPM
Stainless steel 316
Stainless steel 316

Fasteners

Carbon steel / Stainless steel 316

Stainless steel 316

Gaskets

Compressed fibre

Compressed fibre

Page 12

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A750-04-880 Issue F

TECHNICAL DATA

Table 12 - Materials of construction: process contact parts: EHR (S/C/D) pumps (continued)

Component

Stainless steel fitted

Stainless steel

Sealant

Polyester urethane

Silicone

Manual valves
- Body
- Seals

Ball
Stainless steel 316
PTFE

Ball
Stainless steel 316
PTFE

Aluminium bronze

Super duplex stainless steel

Casings

Nickel aluminium bronze

25% Chrome duplex stainless steel*

Impellers

Nickel aluminium bronze

25% Chrome duplex stainless steel*

Shaft

Monel

25% Chrome duplex stainless steel*

Distance piece

Monel

25% Chrome duplex stainless steel*

Shaft seals
- Faces
- Elastomers
- Metal parts
- Springs

Single mechanical
Tungsten carbide vs carbon
Nitrile
Monel
Monel

Single mechanical
Tungsten carbide vs carbon
Nitrile
25% Chrome duplex stainless steel*
Hastelloy

Fasteners

Monel

25% Chrome duplex stainless steel*

Gaskets

Compressed fibre

Compressed fibre

Sealant

Polyester urethane

Polyester urethane

Manual valves
- Body
- Seals

N/A

N/A

PREN = % Cr + 3.3% Mo + 16% N 40


Table 13 - Materials of construction: process contact parts: SHR (S/C/D) pumps
Component

Cast iron

Spheroidal graphite (ductile) iron

Casings

Grey cast Iron

Spheroidal graphite (ductile) cast iron

Impellers

Spheroidal graphite (ductile) cast iron


*

steel

Spheroidal graphite (ductile) cast iron


Stainless steel 420* / Alloy steel

Shaft

Stainless steel 420 / Alloy

Shaft sleeves

Stainless steel 316

Stainless steel 316

Distance piece

Stainless steel 316

Stainless steel 316

Shaft seals
- Faces
- Elastomers
- Metal parts
- Springs

Single mechanical
Silicon carbide / Stellite** vs carbon
FPM / EPDM**
Stainless steel 316
Stainless steel 316

Single mechanical
Silicon carbide / Stellite** vs carbon
FPM / EPDM**
Stainless steel 316
Stainless steel 316

Valve plates**
- Body
- Balls / gaskets

Ball
Carbon steel
EPDM

Ball
Carbon steel
EPDM

Fasteners

Carbon steel / Stainless steel 316

Carbon steel / Stainless steel 316

Gaskets

Compressed fibre

Compressed fibre

Sealant

Polyester urethane

Polyester urethane

Manual valves
- Body
- Seals

Ball
Stainless steel 316
PTFE

Ball
Stainless steel 316
PTFE

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Page 13

A750-04-880 Issue F

TECHNICAL DATA

Table 13 - Materials of construction: process contact parts: SHR (S/C/D) pumps (continued)
Component

Stainless steel fitted

Stainless steel

Casings

Grey cast iron

Stainless steel 316

Impellers

Stainless steel 316

Stainless steel 316

Shaft

Stainless steel 420 / Alloy steel

Stainless steel 316

Shaft sleeves

Stainless steel 316

Stainless steel 316

Distance piece

Stainless steel 316

Stainless steel 316

Shaft seals
- Faces
- Elastomers
- Metal parts
- Springs

Single mechanical
Silicon carbide / Stellite ** vs carbon
FPM / EPDM**
Stainless steel 316
Stainless steel 316

Single mechanical
Silicon carbide /Stellite** vs carbon
FPM
Stainless steel 316
Stainless steel 316

Valve plates**
- Body
- Balls / gaskets

Ball
Carbon steel
EPDM

Ball
Stainless steel 316
PTFE

Fasteners

Carbon steel / Stainless steel 316

Stainless steel 316

Gaskets

Compressed fibre

Compressed fibre

Sealant

Polyester urethane

Silicone

Manual valves
- Body
- Seals

Ball
Stainless steel 316
PTFE

Ball
Stainless steel 316
PTFE

Aluminium bronze

Super duplex stainless steel

Casings

Nickel aluminium bronze

25% Chrome duplex stainless steel

Impellers

Nickel aluminium bronze

25% Chrome duplex stainless steel

Shaft

Monel

25% Chrome duplex stainless steel

Shaft sleeves

Monel

25% Chrome duplex stainless steel

Distance piece

Monel

25% Chrome duplex stainless steel

Shaft seals
- Faces
- Elastomers
- Metal parts
- Springs

Single mechanical
Tungsten carbide vs carbon
Nitrile
Monel
Monel

Single mechanical
Tungsten carbide vs carbon
Nitrile
25% Chrome duplex stainless steel
Hastelloy

Fasteners

Monel

25% Chrome duplex stainless steel

Gaskets

Compressed fibre

Compressed fibre

Sealant

Polyester urethane

Polyester urethane

Manual valves
- Body
- Seals

N/A

N/A

SHR1300, 2300, 1400, 2400, 1750, 2750, 1950, 2950


SHR21200, 11500, 21500, 11850, 21850, 12500, 22500

SHR1300, 2300, 1400, 2400, 1750, 2750, 1950, 2950, 21200, 11500, 21500, 11850, 21850
** SHR12500, 22500

PREN = % Cr + 3.3% Mo + 16% N 40

Page 14

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A750-04-880 Issue F

INSTALLATION

3.1

Installation requirements

3.1.1

General requirements

The following requirements apply to all pumps:

The pump is supplied as a bare shaft pump. To operate the pump, you must fit a motor, or connect the pump
to a drive with the characteristics set out in Section 2.

You must use a suitable transmission system between the drive and the pump, to ensure that radial loading
on the pump input shaft is kept to a minimum. The loadings must be less than the maximum radial loadings
given in Table 14. The transmission system can take the form of a coupling or a belt drive.

If a sealing liquid and seals flush supply system is not already fitted, you must install the pump in one of the
system configurations specified in Section 3.5.

The pump may be noisy during operation (see Section 2.4). Where necessary, you must either install the
pump in an acoustic enclosure, or ensure that people wear suitable protective equipment (such as ear
defenders) when they are close to the operating pump.

3.1.2

ATEX specific requirements: ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 pumps

WARNING
The pump must be installed in accordance with the requirements detailed below.

ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 pumps must be installed in accordance with the installation requirements set out in this
manual. This is essential for the ATEX Category 1, 2 or 3 certification to be valid. The following requirements must
be met:

The motor must comply with the requirements of the applicable ATEX Directives (94/9/EC and 99/92/EC) in
order for the external ATEX certification to apply.

The transmission system must comply with the requirements of the applicable ATEX Directives (94/9/EC and
99/92/EC) in order for the external ATEX certification to apply.

Your vacuum system design must ensure that the inlet of the pump is protected from the ingress of particles
larger than those specified in Table 2. Unless your design ensures that such particle ingress cannot occur, use
upstream filters.

On ATEX Category 1 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies, you must ensure that the seals flush
supplies cannot be interrupted during pump operation, and configure your system to stop the pump in the
event of seals flush supply failure. You must therefore fit a flow switch in each of the seals flush supply
pipelines and a pressure switch in the seal flush supply manifold or a level switch if you are using a reservoir.
The flow switches must be high integrity devices and must be fail to safety in accordance with Annex II
Section 1.5 of Directive 94/9/EC. You must connect the switches to an ATEX safety control circuit,
configured to stop the pump in the event of seals flush liquid supply failure.

On ATEX Category 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies, you must ensure that the seals flush
supplies cannot be interrupted during pump operation, and configure your system to stop the pump in the
event of seals flush supply failure. You must therefore fit a flow switch in each of the seals flush supply
pipelines. The flow switches must be high integrity devices and must be fail to safety in accordance with
Annex II Section 1.5 of Directive 94/9/EC. You must connect the switches to an ATEX safety control circuit,
configured to stop the pump in the event of seals flush liquid supply failure.

The maximum loads and moments imposed by your system pipelines on the inlet and outlet connections must
not exceed those specified in Table 14.

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Page 15

INSTALLATION

A750-04-880 Issue F

INSTALLATION

All pumps are fitted with earth (ground) studs. You must use these studs to connect the pump to a suitable
earth (ground) to prevent a potential ignition source: refer to Section 3.9.

ATEX Category 2 pumps configured for internal seals flush supplies must only be used on clean applications.

On ATEX Category 2 pumps, if you use a sealing liquid which has a boiling point higher than 100 oC, the pump
must be fitted with a temperature transmitter that measures the sealing liquid temperature. This
transmitter must be used to switch off the pump in the event that the sealing liquid temperature exceeds
70 oC. You must connect the temperature transmitter to an ATEX safety control circuit, configured to stop
the pump in the event of high sealing liquid temperature. Note also that:

The temperature transmitter must be a high integrity device and must fail to safety in accordance with
Annex II Section 1.5 of Directive 94/9/EC.

3.2

Safety
WARNING
If you use a water-based sealing liquid, harmful bacteria (such as Legionella) could propagate
inside the pump and sealing liquid supply system. Take suitable precautions to inhibit bacterial
growth and to ensure that untreated bacteria-bearing mist is not discharged from the system.

WARNING
Obey the safety instructions listed below and take note of appropriate precautions when you
install the pump.

A suitably trained and supervised technician must install the pump.

Wear the appropriate safety-clothing when you come into contact with contaminated components.

If your pumping system has already been used, vent and purge it before you start installation work.

Ensure that the installation technician is familiar with the safety procedures which relate to the sealing/
seals flush liquid(s) and to the products handled by the pumping system.

Disconnect the other components in the pumping system from the electrical supply/drive system so that they
cannot be operated accidentally.
Table 14 - Maximum radial shaft loads and maximum inlet/outlet loads and moments

Drive shaft
diameter:
mm

Maximum
radial shaft
load: N

Maximum
external load
on inlet/
outlet
connection:
N

EHR 2102S/C/D, 2170S/C/D


EHR 2190S/C/D, 2290S/C/D, 2390S/C/D

25
35

2000
3200

280
440

170
270

SHR 1300S/C/D, 2300S/C/D, 1400S/C/D, 2400S/C/D


SHR 1750S/C/D, 2750S/C/D, 1950S/C/D, 2950S/C/D
SHR 21200S/C/D, 11500S/C/D, 21500S/C/D,
11850S/C/D, 21850S/C/D
SHR 12500S/C/D, 22500S/C/D

40
60
80

4100
5800
9400

570
880
1330

350
540
810

110

14500

1770

1080

Pumps

Page 16

Maximum
external
moment on
inlet/outlet
connection:
Nm

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A750-04-880 Issue F

Use of flammable sealing/seals flush liquids: ATEX Category 1, 2


and 3 pumps

Small amounts of the sealing/seals flush liquid can leak out from the mechanical shaft seals into the bearing housing.
If you use a flammable sealing liquid in the pump, the atmosphere inside the pump will become saturated with a
flammable vapour.
If oxygen or air is introduced into the pump, it is possible for the internal atmosphere to become potentially
explosive, independently of the flammability of the pumped process gases/vapours. This could cause the flammable
zone inside the pump to be different from the flammable zone in the process pipelines.
To ensure that the flammable zone inside the pump is not changed, you must:

Ensure that the system is leak tight: refer to Section 3.16.

After each process pumping cycle, use an inert gas purge to vent the system to atmospheric pressure. This
will ensure that when the next evacuation cycle is started, the oxygen concentration is either 2% by volume
below the limiting oxygen concentration or 60% of the limiting oxygen concentration if it is less than 5% by
volume.

3.4

Pumping system design

3.4.1

General

WARNING
Obey the safety instructions listed below and take note of appropriate precautions when you
install the pump.

The gases to be pumped must not contain particles larger than those specified in Table 2. If necessary,
incorporate an inlet filter in the inlet pipeline to the pump, to prevent the ingress of solids into the pump.

Make sure that the process outlet pipeline cannot become blocked. If you have an outlet-isolation valve,
make sure that you cannot operate the pump with the valve closed.

Install a non-return valve in the inlet pipeline, to prevent the reverse-flow of sealing liquid into your system
when the pump is switched off.

Provide for a purge of inert gas when you shut down the pumping system, to dilute dangerous gases to safe
concentrations.

Design your pumping system such that, if it is shut down automatically, it cannot restart automatically
without being reset manually.

3.4.2

Oxygen monitoring: ATEX Category 2 and 3 pumps only

If you use a flammable sealing liquid or a flammable seals flush liquid and you cannot carry out a pressure rise test
to determine the leak tightness of the system (see Section 3.16), your pumping system must be configured so that
the oxygen concentration at the process outlet is constantly monitored.
If an oxygen concentration exceeding the values specified in Section 3.3 is detected, your system must be configured
to:

Introduce an inert gas into the system to reduce the oxygen concentration,
or:

Shut down the pump.

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Page 17

INSTALLATION

3.3

A750-04-880 Issue F

INSTALLATION

3.5

Sealing liquid and seals flush supply system design

3.5.1

Introduction

WARNING
You must not start the pump if the level of sealing liquid is above the pump centre line. To avoid
this, configure the pump as shown in Figure 1, detail A, B or C and start-up the pump as described
in Section 4.2.
Your pump may be supplied with a sealing liquid and (for ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps configured for external seals
flush supplies) seals flush supply system fitted, configured in one of three ways, as described in Sections 3.5.2 to
3.5.4.
If your pump is not supplied with such a system, you must install the pump in a supply system which:

Supplies sealing liquid to the pump.

On ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies only, provides seal flush supplies
to the seals in the pump, to cool the seals and ensure that the seals temperature remains within the
temperature classification of the pump (see Section 1.3.2).

Your supply system must be configured in one of the following three ways (shown in Figure 1):

Total recirculation system: see Section 3.5.2.

Partial recirculation system: see Section 3.5.3.

Once-through system: see Section 3.5.4.

If you need to install an ATEX Category 1 or 2 pump configured for internal seals flush supplies in a supply system,
your system design must ensure that:

The sealing liquid supply to the pump is clean.

If you need to install an ATEX Category 1 or 2 pump configured for external seals flush supplies in a supply system,
your system design must ensure that:

The seals flush pipelines provide seals flush liquid supplies to cool the seals in the pump.

On ATEX Category 1 the seals flush supplies cannot be interrupted; during pump operation. The supply
pipelines must incorporate flow switches in each of the seals flush supply pipelines and a pressure switch in
the seal flush supply manifold or a level switch if you are using a reservoir: refer to Sections 3.5.2 to 3.5.4
for more details.

On ATEX Category 2 the seals flush supplies cannot be interrupted; during pump operation. The supply
pipelines must incorporate flow switches in each of the seals flush supply pipelines: refer to Sections 3.5.2 to
3.5.4 for more details.

The sealing and seals flush liquid supplies to the pump are clean.

Page 18

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A750-04-880 Issue F

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Page 19

INSTALLATION

Figure 1 - Recommended sealing liquid and seals flush supply system configurations: sheet 1 of 2

A750-04-880 Issue F

INSTALLATION

Figure 1 - Recommended sealing liquid and seals flush supply system configurations: sheet 2 of 2

A. Total recirculation system


B. Partial recirculation system
C. Once-through system

1. External seals flush supply *


2. Seals flush supply valve
3. Seals flush pressure switch
4. Sealing liquid seals flush supply pipeline
5. Seals flush flow switch
6. Seals flush pipelines #
7. Priming/drain valve
8. Liquid ring pump
9. Liquid ring supply pipeline
10. Sealing liquid supply flow indicator
11. Temperature gauge
12. Flow regulating valve
13. Cooler
14. Sealing liquid reservoir
15. Float operated fill/top-up valve

16. Liquid ring supply valve


17. Liquid ring supply
18. Level switch
19. Discharge outlet/vent
20. Overflow
21. Pump outlet pipeline
22. Outlet temperature gauge
23. Temperature transmitter
24. Non-return valve
25. Pump inlet
26. Pressure gauge

* Alternative options.
Only applicable to ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies; on
ATEX Category 2 pumps configured for internal seals flush supplies, the seals flush supplies are
provided internally from the sealing liquid ring.
Mandatory safety device on ATEX Category 1 and optional safety device on ATEX Category 2
pumps configured for external seals flush supplies where the seals flush supplies are not
provided from a sealing liquid reservoir.
Mandatory safety devices on ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps configured for external seals flush
supplies.
# There are two seals flush pipelines: one for each seal in the pump.
On ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies fitted with total and
partial recirculation systems, this is an optional safety device if the seals flush supplies are
provided from the sealing liquid reservoir.
Mandatory safety device on ATEX Category 1 pumps and ATEX Category 2 pumps which use a
sealing liquid which has a boiling point higher than 100 oC and total recirculation systems.

Page 20

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A750-04-880 Issue F

Total recirculation sealing liquid and seals flush supply system

A total recirculation system minimizes waste sealing liquid from the pump. Such a system may be particularly
effective when used in a solvent removal or drying process, where process vapours are condensed inside the pump;
the sealing liquid used can be the same as the condensed process vapours. In this configuration a loss of cooling liquid
to the heat exchanger could cause the service liquid temperature and hence any contact surfaces to exceed the
maximum allowable surface temperature. A temperature probe is therefore always fitted and should be set to trip
the pump at 70C.
Refer to Figure 1, detail A. The sealing liquid discharged at the pump outlet is separated from the pumped gases and
vapours in the sealing liquid reservoir (14), connected to the pump process outlet pipeline (19).
The sealing liquid is then recirculated to the pump through a cooler (13). This removes the heat of compression and
any latent heat of condensation from the recirculated sealing liquid.
On ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies, the sealing liquid reservoir (14) can be
used to provide the seals flush supplies, or an external seals flush supply (1) can be used.

3.5.3

Partial recirculation sealing liquid and seals flush supply system

Refer to Figure 1, detail B. In a partial recirculation system, part of the sealing liquid discharged at the outlet is
recirculated through the pump (8).
The sealing liquid discharged at the pump outlet enters the sealing liquid reservoir (14), connected to the pump
process outlet pipeline (19).
Fresh sealing liquid is supplied to the reservoir (14), through the float operated fill/top-up valve (15).
A mixture of fresh and recovered sealing liquid from the reservoir is then supplied to the sealing ring in the pump
(through the supply pipeline: 12, 11, 10, 9).
On ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies, the sealing liquid reservoir (14) can be
used to provide the seals flush supplies, or an external seals flush supply (1) can be used.

3.5.4
Note:

Once-through sealing liquid and seals flush supply system


Because of the potential environmental impacts, we do not recommend the use of once-through systems.

Refer to Figure 1, detail C. In once-through systems, the sealing liquid is supplied directly to the liquid ring in the
pump (8), through a suitable supply pipeline (17, 16, 12, 26, 11, 10, 9).
The used sealing liquid is discharged with the pumped gases and vapours through the outlet pipeline (21) into your
exhaust-extraction system.
On ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies, the sealing liquid supply (17) can be
used to provide the seals flush supplies, or a separate external seals flush supply (1) can be used.

3.6

Unpack and inspect

1. Remove all packing materials and protective covers and check the pump. If the pump is damaged, notify your
supplier and the carrier in writing within three days; state the Item Number of the pump together with your
order number and your supplier's invoice number. Retain all packing materials for inspection. Do not use the
pump if it is damaged.
2. Look at the pump identification plate (refer to the System Manual) and check that the pump is suitable for use in
your system. If the pump is not suitable for use in your system, do not continue to install the pump: contact your
Supplier or Edwards.
If the pump is not to be used immediately, replace the protective covers. Store the pump in suitable conditions, as
described in Section 6.1.

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Page 21

INSTALLATION

3.5.2

A750-04-880 Issue F

INSTALLATION

3.7

Locate the pump


WARNING
Use suitable lifting equipment to move the pump, as described below. If you do not, you can injure
yourself or damage the pump. Refer to the System Manual for the mass of the pump.

Ensure that the operating location is clean and free from debris and oil.
You must ensure that when the pump is in its required operating location, all of the mounting feet are in the same
plane, flat on the mounting platform. The platform must be firm and level, with a maximum flatness deviation less
than that specified in Table 4.
Do not use shims or spacers under the mounting feet to level the pump.
1. Use slings around the bearing housings or casing flanges (refer to the System Manual) to connect suitable lifting
equipment to the pump.
2. Use the lifting equipment to move the pump to its required operating location on the mounting platform, then
disconnect the lifting equipment.
3. Fit suitable bolts through the fixing bolt holes in the mounting feet, to secure the pump in position. Refer to the
System Manual for the locations and sizes of the fixing holes.

3.8

Fit the motor or drive/transmission

3.8.1

Introduction

The pump is supplied as a bareshaft pump. You must therefore fit a suitable motor (refer to Section 3.8.2), or fit a
suitable drive and transmission (refer to Section 3.8.3).

3.8.2

Fit a motor

WARNING
On ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 pumps, your motor must comply with the requirements of the ATEX
Directive (94/9/EC). If it does not, the external ATEX certification will not be valid.
Fit your motor to the pump as specified in the manufacturers manual supplied with your motor. Ensure that the
motor is suitable for use with the pump.

Page 22

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A750-04-880 Issue F

Fit a drive and transmission

WARNING
On ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 pumps, your drive and transmission must comply with the
requirements of the applicable ATEX Directives (94/9/EC and 99/92/EC). If it does not, the external
ATEX certification will not be valid.

WARNING
Your drive and transmission system design must ensure that the maximum pump rotational speed
specified in Section 2.3 cannot be exceeded.

WARNING
You must fit suitable guards to protect people from rotating/moving parts.

You can use a coupling or a belt drive and transmission system to connect your drive to the pump.
Connect the components of the drive and transmission system to the pump drive shaft as described in the
manufacturers instructions supplied with the components.

3.9

Connect the pump to earth (ground)


WARNING
You must connect the pump earth (ground) stud, to prevent static electrical discharges. Such
discharges are potential ignition sources.

The pump is supplied with an earth (ground) stud fitted. You must connect this stud to a suitable earth (ground) to
prevent static electrical discharges during operation.
Refer to the System Manual for the size and location of the earth (ground) stud on the pump.

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Page 23

INSTALLATION

3.8.3

A750-04-880 Issue F

INSTALLATION

3.10

Connect the sealing liquid and seals flush pipelines


WARNING
Edwards cast iron pumps are treated with a corrosion inhibitor. To avoid contamination flush with
a suitable fluid.

WARNING
On an ATEX Category 2 pump configured for internal seals flush supplies and on an ATEX Category 3
pump, your system design must ensure that the sealing liquid supply cannot be interrupted when
the pump is operating

WARNING
On ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies, your system design
must ensure that the sealing liquid supply and the seals flush liquid supplies to the pump seals
cannot be interrupted when the pump is operating.
Connect the sealing liquid and seals flush system pipelines to the pump in accordance with the requirements shown
in the corresponding detail A, B or C of Figure 1.
Note that:

On ATEX Category 2 pumps configured for internal seals flush supplies or ATEX Category 3 pumps, you must
connect a sealing liquid supply pipeline to the pump.

On ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies, you must connect a sealing
liquid supply pipeline and seals flush liquid supply pipelines to the pump.

Refer to the System Manual for the sizes and locations of the sealing liquid and seals flush supply and drain ports.

3.11

Connect the pump inlet and outlet

3.11.1

Introduction

Take note of the following when you connect the pump process inlet and outlet:

For optimum pumping speeds, ensure that the pipeline connected to the process inlet is as short as possible.

The pipelines must have an internal diameter not less than the pump inlet/outlet diameter.

Support the pipelines to prevent loading of the inlet/outlet joints on the pump. The loads on the inlet and
outlet must not exceed the maximum loads specified in Table 14.

Use a suitable inlet trap or filter to prevent the entry into the pump of particles larger than those specified
in Table 2.

The inlet and outlet seals used must be compatible with the sealing fluid used, with the substances pumped,
and with the process/operating conditions.

3.12

Connect the process inlet

Use a suitable gasket as a seal and connect the pipeline from your vacuum system to the process inlet on the pump.
The gasket you use must be made of a material which is compatible with the process.

Page 24

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A750-04-880 Issue F

Connect the process outlet

WARNING
Your design must prevent the emission of dangerous gases and vapours into the surrounding
atmosphere.

CAUTION
Ensure that the maximum outlet pressure specified in Section 2.3 cannot be exceeded. If it is, the drive or motor
will trip and the pump will stop.
Use a suitable gasket as a seal and connect your outlet pipeline to the process outlet on the pump or on the sealing
liquid supply system (see Figure 1).
The gasket you use must be made of a material which is compatible with the process.

3.13

Fit and connect the temperature transmitter (if necessary):


ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps
WARNING
You must fit the temperature transmitter and connect it to the ATEX safety control circuit as
described below. If you do not, the ATEX certification of the pump will not be valid

Note:

You only need to fit a temperature transmitter to ATEX Category 2 pumps which are used with a sealing
liquid which has a boiling point higher than 100 oC or is used in a total recirculation system. Refer to
Section 3.5.2.

Fit and connect your temperature transmitter (not supplied) as described below. Refer to the general assembly
drawings in the documentation pack supplied with your pump, for the location of the temperature transmitter port.
Also refer to the instructions supplied with the temperature transmitter.
1. Remove the blanking plug (if fitted) from the temperature transmitter port on the pump.
2. Fit the temperature transmitter to the temperature transmitter port.
3. Connect the outputs of the temperature transmitter to your ATEX control circuit: refer to Section 3.1.2.

3.14

Connect the electrical supply to the motor


WARNING
Ensure that your electrical connections comply with all applicable local and national safety
standards.

If you have fitted a motor to the pump (as described in Section 3.8.2) connect the electrical supply to the motor in
accordance with the manufacturers instructions.

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Page 25

INSTALLATION

3.12.1

A750-04-880 Issue F

INSTALLATION

3.15

Check the direction of pump rotation


WARNING
Ensure that the pump rotates in the correct direction. If it does not, the pump and your vacuum
system can become pressurised when you operate the pump.

WARNING
If you remove a guard during the following procedure, ensure that you do not come into contact
with the shaft, the coupling/belt or the drive system when you operate the pump. If you do, you
may be injured by the rotating components.

WARNING
Do not continue to operate the pump without sealing liquid in the pump. If you do, there may be
a risk of damage to the pump.
Check the direction of rotation of the pump as follows:
1. Edwards preferred method would be to visibly check the fan on the motor for direction of rotation. If this is not
possible, temporarily remove any guard over the drive coupling or belt.
2. Observe the pump drive shaft while you start up the pump (refer to Section 4.2), then shut down the pump
(refer to Section 4.4) after a few seconds.
3. Check that the pump drive shaft rotated correctly in the direction shown by the arrow on the pump.
4. If the direction of rotation was incorrect:

If you have fitted a drive and transmission system: check the drive and transmission system and reconfigure
in accordance with the manufacturers instructions.

Perform the direction of rotation check from Step 2 again, to ensure that the pump now rotates in the
correct direction.

5. If you have removed the guard over the drive coupling or belt (as in Step 1 above), refit the guard.

3.16

Check the leak tightness of the system


WARNING
Ensure that the system is leak tight. If you do not, there will be a risk of explosion during operation.

3.16.1

General requirements

Check the leak tightness of the system and seal any leaks found after you have installed the pump, to prevent leakage
of substances out of the system and leakage of air into the system:
For ATEX Category 1, 2 or 3 pumps, the system must be leak tight to limit any air leakage into the system to a level
which obviates the risk of fire or explosion.

Page 26

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A750-04-880 Issue F

Note:

Use of flammable sealing/seals flush liquids: ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 pumps


The acceptable pressure rise limit depends on your application. Contact Edwards for advice.

If you use a flammable sealing/seals flush liquid (see Section 3.3), you must ensure that the system is sufficiently
leak tight, otherwise there will be a risk of explosion during pump operation.
Carry out the pressure rise test as follows:
1. Evacuate the process system to a pressure just lower than the normal operating pressure.
2. Isolate the process system from the pump, as close as possible to the pump process inlet.
3. Record the process system pressure over a fixed time.
4. If the pressure rise exceeds the acceptable limit for your system, identify and seal the leaks into the system,
then repeat the test to ensure that the system is now leak tight.
If you are unable to perform a pressure rise test, your system must be configured to perform continuous oxygen
monitoring: see Section 3.4.2.

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Page 27

INSTALLATION

3.16.2

A750-04-880 Issue F

This page has been intentionally left blank.

Page 28

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A750-04-880 Issue F

OPERATION

Note:

4.1

The procedures in the following sections assume that your sealing liquid supply system is as shown in
Figure 1, detail A, B or C.

General operation safety


WARNING
Obey the safety instructions and precautions listed below. If you do not, there may be a risk of
injury or death to people, or damage to the pump.

Do not expose any part of your body to vacuum.

Do not operate the pump with the process inlet or outlet open to the atmosphere.

Do not operate the pump without sealing liquid in the pump.

During operation, prevent accidental contact with the hot pump. Note that if you use hot sealing liquid (up
to 70 oC), the temperatures of the pump process outlet and seal surfaces will be higher than the temperature
of the sealing liquid supply.

Do not continue to operate the pump under cavitation conditions. If you do, the pump can be severely
damaged (see Section 4.3).

Never disconnect any of the connecting pipelines (for example, the sealing liquid supply pipeline) when the
pump is operating.

Where necessary, wear ear defenders. The pump can be noisy during operation (refer to Section 2.4).

4.2

Start-up
WARNING
Do not operate the pump without sealing liquid in the pump. If you do, there may be a risk of
explosion.

WARNING
Do not start the pump full of water as this could damage the pump.

1. Refer to Figure 1, detail A, B or C. Open the sealing liquid supply valve (16) and the priming/drain valve (7).
Wait until liquid flows from the priming/drain valve (7). The pump is now primed. Close sealing liquid supply
valve (16) and then close the priming/drain valve (7).
2. Ensure that all isolation-valves (if fitted) in the process outlet pipeline are open.
3. Ensure that the flow regulating valve (12) is closed.
4. On ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies only: open the seals flush supply
valve (2).
5. Start the pump.
6. Open any isolation-valves (if fitted) in the process inlet pipelines.

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Page 29

OPERATION

A750-04-880 Issue F

OPERATION

7. Slowly open the flow regulating valve (12) until the required sealing liquid flow rate is obtained. Refer to
Tables 6 and 7. Edwards recommend that a flow meter is installed.

4.3

Cavitation and fluid hammer


WARNING
Do not operate the pump without sealing liquid in the pump. If you do, there may be a risk of
explosion.

Under cavitation conditions, the pump will be unusually noisy during operation. Cavitation conditions occur when the
process inlet pressure is close to the vapour pressure of the sealing liquid (see Section 2.6), and can result from:

Operation of the pump with an insufficient non-condensable gas load. (For example, operation of a pump
which is over-sized for the application, or operation of the pump when an isolation valve in the process inlet
pipeline is closed).

Operation of the pump with insufficient sealing liquid in the pump.

Operation of the pump with the sealing liquid supply temperature too high.

However, the pump may also be unusually noisy during operation due to fluid hammer. Fluid hammer is a pressure
surge or wave resulting when a fluid in motion is forced to stop or change direction suddenly. This can occur when
the flow rate of sealing liquid into the pump is too high.
Refer to Figure 1. If the pump is unusually noisy during operation, slowly close the sealing liquid supply flow
regulating valve (12):

If the pump quietens down, the noise was due to fluid hammer. You can now continue to operate the pump
as normal.

If the pump continues to operate noisily, or if the noise level increases, the pump is operating under
cavitation conditions:
Immediately shut down the pump (refer to Section 4.4). Do not continue to operate the pump, or it may be
severely damaged.

4.4

Shut-down
WARNING
Ensure that it is safe to shut down the pump before you use the following procedure.

1. Refer to Figure 1. Fully close the sealing liquid supply valve (16).
2. Close any isolation valves in the process inlet pipeline.
3. Immediately stop the pump.
4. Close any isolation valves in the process outlet pipeline.
5. On ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies only: close the seals flush supply
valve (2).

Page 30

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A750-04-880 Issue F

MAINTENANCE

5.1

Safety information
WARNING
Obey the safety instructions given below and take note of appropriate precautions. If you do not,
you can cause injury to people and damage to equipment.

A suitably trained and supervised technician must maintain the pump. Obey your local and national safety
requirements.

Ensure that the maintenance technician is familiar with the safety procedures which relate to the sealing/
seals flush liquid(s) and the products processed by the pumping-system.

Allow the pump to cool to a safe temperature before you start maintenance work.

Isolate the pump and other components in the pumping system from the drive system so that they can not be
operated accidentally.

Recheck the pump rotation direction (see Section 3.15) if the electrical supply or the drive and transmission
system has been disconnected/reconnected.

Do not reuse seals if they are damaged.

The pump and sealing/seals flush liquid(s) will be contaminated with the materials that have been pumped
during operation. Ensure that the pump is decontaminated before maintenance and that you take adequate
precautions to protect people from the effects of dangerous substances if contamination has occurred.

Do not touch or inhale the thermal breakdown products of fluorinated materials which may be present if the
pump has been heated to 260 oC and above. These breakdown products are very dangerous. Fluorinated
materials in the pump may include greases and seals. The pump may have overheated if it was misused, if it
malfunctioned or if it was in a fire. Edwards Material Safety Data Sheets for fluorinated materials used in the
pump are available on request: contact your supplier or Edwards.

If the pump has been used with a water-based sealing liquid, ensure that you take suitable precautions
against any harmful bacteria which may be inside the pump or sealing liquid supply system.

Leak-test the system after maintenance work is complete if you have connected or disconnected any process
inlet or outlet joints; seal any leaks found.

5.2

Maintenance plan
WARNING
On ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 pumps, you must maintain the pump using the schedule given in
Table 15, and as described in Sections 5.3 to 5.7 of this manual for the ATEX certification to remain
valid.

The plan in Table 15 details the maintenance operations required to maintain the pump in normal operation.
Instructions for each operation are given in the section shown.
On ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 pumps, you must maintain the pump in accordance with (or more frequently than) the
frequencies specified in Table 15.
When you maintain the pump, use Edwards spares: refer to Section 7.3.

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Page 31

MAINTENANCE

A750-04-880 Issue F

MAINTENANCE

Table 15 - Maintenance plan


Operation

Frequency

Refer to Section

Inspect the pipelines and connections

Weekly

5.3

Check the ATEX safety devices for correct operation *

Monthly

5.4

Calibrate the ATEX safety devices *

Yearly

5.5

Replenish the bearings with grease

Every 2000 hours

5.6

3 Yearly

5.7

Overhaul the pump


* ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps only

5.3
Note:

Inspect the pipelines and connections


Where possible, we recommend that you investigate the cause of any damage or corrosion, and implement
corrective measures to prevent any future damage of components.

Use the following procedure to inspect the pipelines and connections:


1. Inspect all of the process inlet pipelines and connections and check that they are not damaged or corroded and
that they do not leak. Repair or replace any damaged or corroded component and seal any leak found.
2. Inspect all of the process outlet pipelines and connections and check that they are not damaged or corroded and
that they do not leak. Repair or replace any damaged or corroded component and seal any leak found.
3. Inspect all of the electrical cables connected to the pump and check that they are not damaged and have not
overheated. Repair or replace any damaged or overheated cable.
4. Check that all electrical connections to the pump are secure. Tighten any loose connections.
5. Inspect all of the sealing liquid and seals flush liquid supply system components, pipelines and connections and
check that they are not damaged or corroded and that they do not leak.

5.4

Check the ATEX safety devices for correct operation: ATEX


Category 1 and 2 pumps
WARNING
You must regularly check the ATEX safety devices for correct operation as described below. If you
do not, the ATEX certification of your system will not be valid.

You must regularly check that the ATEX safety devices in your system operate correctly:
1. On pumps configured for external seals flush supplies only: check that the flow and pressure switches in your
seal flush supply pipelines or reservoir level switch (see Section 3.1.2) operate correctly to shut down your
system.
2. If your system incorporates a temperature transmitter, check that the temperature transmitter operates
correctly to shut down your system when the temperature of the sealing liquid ring in the pump is too high.

Page 32

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A750-04-880 Issue F

Calibrate the ATEX safety devices: ATEX Category 1 and 2


pumps
WARNING
You must regularly check the ATEX safety devices for correct operation as described below. If you
do not, the ATEX certification of your system will not be valid

You must calibrate the ATEX safety devices in your system every year, to ensure that the devices will operate
correctly. Calibrate the devices as described in the manufacturers instructions supplied with the devices.

5.6

Replenish the bearings with grease

For each bearing on the pump:


1. Use a suitable filling device to replenish the bearings with new grease. (As you force in new grease, old grease
and/or excess grease will be forced out of a bearing vent next to the grease point.)
2. Wipe away any grease from the bearing grease point and the vent.
You must use a high quality lithium-based grease according to DIN51825 K2K-30. Refer to the documentation pack
supplied with your pump for the locations of the grease points and bearing vents on the pump.

5.7

Overhaul the pump

ATEX Category 1, 2 and 3 pumps must be overhauled every three years, and the bearings in the pump must be
replaced as part of the overhaul.
Pump overhaul must be carried out at a Edwards Service Centre. Contact your supplier or your nearest Edwards
company to arrange for the overhaul.

5.8

Fault finding

A guide to fault conditions and their possible causes is provided in Table 16 to assist you in basic fault finding.
If you are unable to rectify a fault when you use this guide, call your supplier or your nearest Edwards Service Centre
for advice.

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Edwards and the Edwards logo are trademarks of Edwards Limited.

Page 33

MAINTENANCE

5.5

A750-04-880 Issue F

MAINTENANCE

Table 16 - Fault finding


Symptom

Check

Action

A drive protection device switches


off your drive after switch-on, or
a torque limiting device in your
drive and transmission system
trips.

Has the drive/transmission


overloaded?

Reduce the flow rate of sealing liquid to


the pump.

Excessive electrical current is


drawn by your drive and
transmission system during
operation.

Vacuum pumping performance is


poor.

Is the outlet pressure too high?

Reduce the outlet pressure.

Is the drive/transmission system


damaged?

Inspect and repair or replace as


necessary.

Are there deposits or particulates


inside the pump?

Contact your supplier or Edwards to


arrange for inspection and cleaning of the
pump.

Has the drive/transmission


overloaded?

Reduce the flow rate of sealing liquid to


the pump.

Is the outlet pressure too high?

Reduce the outlet pressure.

Is the drive/transmission system


damaged?

Inspect and repair or replace as


necessary.

Is the sealing liquid supply


inadequate, or is its temperature
too high?

Check that the sealing liquid supply is as


specified in Section 2.6.

Is the direction of pump rotation


incorrect?

Check the direction of pump rotation and


correct as necessary: refer to
Section 3.15.

Is there a leak in the process inlet Leak test the inlet pipeline and seal any
pipeline?
leaks found (see Section 3.16).
The pump is noisy during
operation.

Is the pump operating under


cavitation conditions?

Check that any isolation valves in the


process inlet pipelines are open.
There may be a loss of sealing liquid. On
ATEX Category 2 pumps configured for
external seals flush supplies, check for
correct operation of the flow switches in
your seals flush supply pipelines, and on
all ATEX category 2 pumps, check for
correct operation of the temperature
transmitter (if fitted, see Section 3.1.2),
which should have operated to shut down
the pump in these conditions.

Is the flow of sealing liquid to the


pump too high?

Check that the sealing liquid supply is as


specified in Section 2.6. If necessary,
reduce the flow rate of the sealing liquid
into the pump (see Section 4.3).

Is the pump damaged or in need of Contact your supplier or Edwards to


repair?
arrange for pump inspection.
-

Page 34

If you have made the checks/actions as


described above and you still cannot
identify the cause of a fault, or if you
cannot rectify a fault, contact your
supplier or Edwards for advice.

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Edwards and the Edwards logo are trademarks of Edwards Limited.

A750-04-880 Issue F

STORAGE AND DISPOSAL

6.1

Storage

6.1.1

Preparation

WARNING
If the pump has been used with a water-based sealing liquid, harmful bacteria may have
propagated inside the pump. Ensure that you wear the appropriate Personal Protective Equipment
(PPE) when you prepare the pump for storage

Use the following procedure to remove the pump from your system in preparation for storage:
1. Shut-down the pump as described in Section 4.4.
2. Where necessary, disconnect the drive and transmission system from the pump drive shaft: refer to the
manufacturers instructions supplied with your transmission system.
3. Purge your vacuum system and the pump with dry nitrogen and disconnect the pump from your vacuum and
discharge system.
4. Place and secure protective covers over the pump process inlet, outlet and sealing liquid connections, and (on
ATEX Category 1 and 2 pumps configured for external seals flush supplies only) over the seals flush connections.
5. Use suitable lifting equipment to move the pump to its storage area: refer to Section 3.7.
6. Store the pump as described in Section 6.1.2 or 6.1.3.

6.1.2

Short-term storage

If the pump is to be stored for no longer than two months:

Store the pump indoors, in cool, dry conditions, at an ambient temperature of not less than 5 oC.

Every 10 days or less, turn the pump drive shaft through three or four revolutions, to turn the pump and
prevent seizure.

When required for use, prepare and install the pump as described in Section 3.

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STORAGE AND DISPOSAL

A750-04-880 Issue F

STORAGE AND DISPOSAL

6.1.3

Long-term storage

WARNING
Ensure that you wear the appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) when you drain the
pump, if the contaminated sealing liquid is classified as hazardous, or if the pump has been used
with a water-based sealing liquid (in which case, harmful bacteria may have propagated inside the
pump)

If the pump is to be stored for two months or more:


1. Drain the sealing liquid from the pump.
2. Remove the protective covers from the process inlet and outlet.
3. Spray a suitable corrosion inhibitor through the process inlet and/or the process outlet, onto the internal
surfaces of the pump.
4. Refit the protective covers to the process inlet and outlet.
5. Cover the pump with plastic sheet or PVC film. Place suitable anti-condensation materials (such as desiccants)
inside the sheet/film.
We then recommend that, every 30 days or less:

You spray a suitable corrosion inhibitor through the process inlet and/or the process outlet, onto the internal
surfaces of the pump.

You turn the drive shaft through three or four revolutions, to turn the pump and prevent seizure.

When required for use:

Flush the pump with a suitable cleaning solution, to remove any corrosion inhibitor from the pump.

Prepare and install the pump as described in Section 3.

6.2

Disposal
WARNING
Ensure that you wear the appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) when you handle
sealing liquid or components which have been contaminated with dangerous substances, or handle
used water-based sealing liquid (which may contain harmful bacteria) or components
contaminated with this sealing liquid

Safely dispose of the pump, sealing/seals flush liquid and any components in accordance with all local and national
safety and environmental requirements.

Page 36

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Edwards and the Edwards logo are trademarks of Edwards Limited.

A750-04-880 Issue F

STORAGE AND DISPOSAL

Take particular care with the following:

Components that have been contaminated with dangerous substances.

Sealing/seals flush liquid that has been contaminated with dangerous substances.

Used water-based sealing liquid, or components contaminated with used water-based sealing liquid.

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Page 37

A750-04-880 Issue F

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Page 38

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A750-04-880 Issue F

SERVICE AND SPARES

7.1

Introduction

Edwards products, spares and accessories are available from Edwards companies in Belgium, Brazil, China, France,
Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Singapore, United Kingdom, U.S.A and a world-wide network of distributors.
The majority of these centres employ Service Engineers who have undergone comprehensive Edwards training
courses.
Order spare parts and accessories from your nearest Edwards company or distributor. When you order, state for each
part required:

Model and Item Number of your equipment

Serial number

Item Number and description of part.

7.2

Service

Edwards products are supported by a world-wide network of Edwards Service Centres. Each Service Centre offers a
wide range of options including: equipment decontamination; service exchange; repair; rebuild and testing to factory
specifications. Equipment which has been serviced, repaired or rebuilt is returned with a full warranty.
Your local Service Centre can also provide Edwards engineers to support on-site maintenance, service or repair of
your equipment.
For more information about service options, contact your nearest Service Centre or other Edwards company.

7.3

Spares

Refer to the documentation pack supplied with your pump for details of the spares available.

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Page 39

SERVICE AND SPARES

A750-04-880 Issue F

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A750-04-880 Issue F

SAFETY RELATED PARTS OF CONTROL


SYSTEMS

8.1

Introduction

Your safety-related control system must comply with all relevant European Directives and harmonised standards. The
functional safety of your safety-related control system must meet the minimum requirements for the combined
equipment group and category, and must perform the functions as described in previous sections of this manual.

8.2

Manual reset

The pump must not be able to automatically restart after a condition which has caused a trip clears.
Your control circuit must incorporate a manual reset device which you must use to manually reset the system in order
to start it again, after a trip has occurred.

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SAFETY RELATED PARTS OF CONTROL SYSTEMS

A750-04-880 Issue F

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