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How-To Guide

Converting Tables Using Report DB6CONV (Version 5.30 or


Higher)
For SAP Systems on IBM DB2 for Linux, UNIX, and Windows
Target Audience
Consultants
Administrators
Others

Customer
Document version 4.0 11/22/2013

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Contents
1 Introduction ......................................................................................... 5
2 Performing a Conversion Using Report DB6CONV ......................... 8
2.1 Defining a Conversion Job in DB6CONV ............................................. 8
2.2. Using External Conversion Jobs for SAP NetWeaver BW ............... 13
2.3 Maintaining the Conversion Parameters ............................................ 14
2.4 Maintaining the Conversion Queue of a Mass Conversion .............. 14
2.5 Excluding Tables from Conversion .................................................... 17
2.6 Starting a Conversion Job ................................................................... 17
2.7 Monitoring a Running Conversion ...................................................... 18
2.8 Available Actions on the Conversion Overview Screen ................... 18
2.9 Displaying Old Conversion Logs ........................................................ 21

3 Conversion Steps Performed by Report DB6CONV ...................... 22


3.1 Offline Conversion Steps .................................................................... 22
3.2 Online Conversion Steps ..................................................................... 25

4 Insert Time Clustering (ITC) Tables and Candidates ..................... 27


Appendix: Additional Information ...................................................... 29
Available Information on the Conversion Overview Screen ................... 29
Document History ...................................................................................... 33

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1 Introduction
This document describes how you can convert a single table or multiple tables using report
DB6CONV. Table conversion in this document means that you move one or more tables
within the same tablespace or to another tablespace as fast and efficient as possible using
DB2 means without explicitly changing the table structure.

This document only applies to report DB6CONV Version 5.30 or higher.You


can find the most current version of report DB6CONV attached to SAP Note
1513862.
For information about the changes applied to this document, see the Document
History [page 33].

Features
The following are the main features of report DB6CONV:
Single table conversion with one process or mass conversion (conversion of multiple
tables) with one or more parallel processes.
You can perform a conversion in one of the following modes:
ONLINE
The table to be converted is still accessible for INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
operations during the conversion.
OFFLINE logged
The table to be converted is only accessible for read-only operations and the
data transfer from the source to the target table is recorded in the database
logs.
OFFLINE not logged
The table to be converted is only accessible for read-only operations and the
data transfer from the source to the target table is not recorded in the database
logs.
You can define conversions using either target tablespaces or target data classes.
As of DB2 V9.1, DB6CONV supports data compression.
You can set the compression attribute for target tables. The compression rate is
optimized by means of sampling.
As of DB2 V9.7, DB6CONV supports index compression.
For target tables, you can set the compression attribute separately for data and
indexes.
As of DB2 10.1, DB6CONV supports the following new features:
o

Adaptive compression for table data

Hidden columns

Insert time clustering (ITC) tables

As of DB2 10.5, DB6CONV supports column-organized tables.

Activities
You use report DB6CONV, for example, if you want to:

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Circumvent the tablespace size limit


You can use DB6CONV to move tables that have reached the page size-dependent
size limit for tablespaces to another tablespace that has a larger page size. For
example, a table is moved from a tablespace with a page size of 4 KB to a tablespace
with a page size of 8 KB, 16 KB, or 32 KB.
Move tablespaces to new tablespaces using reclaimable storage

This feature is only available if your database is DB2 V9.7 or higher.


Replace LONG VARCHAR columns with inline LOBs for all tables, which is referred to
as LONGLOB conversion throughout this document.

This feature is only available if your database is DB2 V9.7 or higher and your
SAP system has at least SAP basis 7.0 or higher.
Convert regular tables to ITC tables

This feature is only available if your database is DB2 10.1. or higher and if the
database is not using the DB2 pureScale feature.
Add or change the distribution key of a BW table
Convert InfoCubes from using row-organized tables to using column-organized tables
and vice versa.

This feature is only available if your database is DB2 10.5 or higher.

Usage Requirements
At least DB2 UDB for UNIX and Windows Version 8.2 or higher
At least SAP basis release 6.20 or higher

For conversions with DB2 releases lower than DB2 UDB Version 8.2 and SAP
systems lower than 6.20, you can only use report DB6CONV version 4.10 as
described in SAP Note 362325.

Constraints
Report DB6CONV version 5 or higher is not part of the standard SAP delivery. The
latest version is available as an attachment to SAP Note 1513862.
The attached archive DB6CONV_V<version>_<timestamp>.SAR contains the
following:
The data- and the co-file of the corresponding DB6CONV transport that you
have to import into the SAP system
File DB6CONV_V<version>_<timestamp>_README.TXT
This read-me file provides instructions that you must follow to import DB6CONV
version 5.x into an SAP system that contains data from a DB6CONV version up
to and including version 4.10.

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The transport consists of the following objects:


Reports DB6CONV and DB6CONVP
Include DB6CONV_ITC_SUB
Tables DB6CONVT, DB6CONVL, DB6CONVQ, and DB6CONVE
Report DB6CONV can only move tables of the AS ABAP. Moving other kinds of
tables, for example, of an SAP Java system is not supported by DB6CONV.
Report DB6CONV cannot perform explicit structure changes when moving a table.
Implicit structure changes to tables, such as the conversion of LONG VARCHAR
columns to VARCHAR columns or LONG VARCHAR columns to columns of type LOB,
are performed depending on the release level of the ABAP Dictionary and the kernel
database shared library dbdb6slib.

Terminology Used in This Document


Throughout this document, the following naming conventions apply:
Database Name

Short Name

IBM DB2 Version 10.5 for Linux, UNIX, and Windows

DB2 10.5

IBM DB2 Version 10.1 for Linux, UNIX, and Windows

DB2 10.1

IBM DB2 Version 9.7 for Linux, UNIX, and Windows

DB2 V9.7

IBM DB2 Version 9.5 for Linux, UNIX, and Windows

DB2 V9.5

IBM DB2 Version 9.1 for Linux, UNIX, and Windows

DB2 V9.1

The term mass conversion is used as a synonym for:


Tablespace conversion
LONGLOB conversion
Conversion of ITC candidates to ITC tables
Reconversion of ITC tables to regular tables
External conversion

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2 Performing a Conversion Using Report


DB6CONV
The following sections provide information about:
Defining a Conversion Job in DB6CONV [page 8]
Using External Conversion Jobs for SAP NetWeaver BW [page 13]
Maintaining the Conversion Parameters [page 14]
Maintaining the Conversion Queue of a Mass Conversion [page 14]
Excluding Tables from Conversion [page 17]
Starting a Conversion Job [page 17]
Monitoring a Running Conversion [page 18]
Available Actions on the Conversion Overview Screen [page 18]
Displaying Old Conversion Logs [page 21]

2.1 Defining a Conversion Job in DB6CONV


To define a conversion job, call transaction SE38 in your SAP system. In the Program field,
enter DB6CONV and choose the Execute pushbutton. The Conversion Overview screen
appears providing information about the conversion jobs. For more information, see
Available Information on the Conversion Overview Screen [page 29].
On the Conversion Overview screen, choose the New Conversion pushbutton. On the New
Conversion screen, you can choose to do one of the following:
Convert a single table
Convert all or only some tables of a tablespace (in this procedure referred to as
tablespace conversion)
Perform a conversion on database level. The following scenarios exist:
LONGLOB conversion (as of DB2 V9.7)
Conversion of ITC candidates to ITC tables (as of DB2 10.1)
Reconversion of ITC tables to regular tables (as of DB2 10.1)

For single tables and tablespaces, you can perform conversions using either
target tablespaces or the target data class. For more information, see
Performing a Conversion Using the Data Class [page 11].

Performing a Table or Tablespace Conversion


The following procedure applies to the conversion of a single table as well as to the
tablespace conversion because most parameters to be specified are identical on the Single
Table Conversion and the Tablespace Conversion tab page:
...

1. In the field Name of the Table to Be Converted or Name of the Tablespace to Be


Converted, enter the name of the table to be converted, or choose the tablespace to be
converted from the dropdown list.

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2. In the field Target Data Tablespace, choose the appropriate target tablespace for the
table or tablespace to be converted from the dropdown list.
3. In the field Target Index Tablespace, choose the appropriate target index tablespace of
the table or tablespace to be converted from the dropdown list.
4. Optional:
In the field Target Long Tablespace, choose the appropriate long tablespace for the
table or tablespace to be converted from the dropdown list.
5. For DB2 10.1 or higher and if the database is not using the DB2 pureScale feature:
a. In the Insert Time Clustering field, choose the appropriate option for the table or
tablespace to be converted from the dropdown list. The default value is Keep
Current Status, that is, the cluster attribute of the table or of all tables in a
tablespace is kept.
b. Optional and only available for single table conversions:
If you want to display the ITC characteristics of the table and check or modify
the choice that you made in the previous step a., choose the ITC Status
pushbutton.
6. Optional and only available for mass conversions:
If you want to display and maintain the list of tables that are part of the tablespace
conversion, choose the Conversion Queue pushbutton.
In the Conversion Queue dialog box, you can view and maintain the queue of tables to
be converted as described in Maintaining the Conversion Queue of a Mass Conversion
[page 14].
7. Specify if you want to perform the conversion online or offline (by default, the offline
radio button is selected):
If you choose the Online radio button, specify the following parameters:
Use COPY_WITH_INDEXES
If you select this option, all indexes of the target table are created before
the data transfer.
If you deselect this option, all indexes of the target table are created after
the data transfer. This may result in a shorter total time for the data
transfer itself, but in a higher temporary space request for the creation of
the indexes.
By default, this option is preselected.
Stop Before Switch
If you select this option, the online conversion for a single table is
stopped before the switch from source to target table. This switch causes
a short downtime for the table to be converted. With this option, you can
estimate the point in time when the switch (and thus the short downtime)
takes place more precisely than when the complete table conversion is
performed.
By default, this option is not preselected.

The option Stop Before Switch is only available for the conversion of a single
table.

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If you choose the Offline radio button, specify the following parameters:
Data Transfer not Logged
This is the fastest conversion method available in DB6CONV.
If you select this option, the data transfer itself is not logged. Therefore,
you have to back up at least the target tablespace after the conversion.
By default, this option is not preselected.
Sort Data by Primary Key
If you select this option, data is sorted according to the definition of the
primary key when data is being transferred to the target table. The result
is identical to the result of the following command:
db2 reorg table <tabname> index <primary key>
By default, this option is not selected. If there is no primary key, this
option is not relevant.
COMMIT Size (MB)
This option is only relevant if you did not select the Data Transfer not
Logged checkbox.
While the data transfer step is being logged, table data is split into data
blocks using a unique index. Each block should have the same size and
should not exceed the value that you specified in the COMMIT Size (MB)
field.
After the data of each data block has been transferred to the target table,
a COMMIT is issued to avoid a log full situation. The total size of
database logs must be at least equal to or higher than the specified
COMMIT size multiplied by the number of batch jobs that you specify to
run in parallel.
The default COMMIT size is 300 MB.
Without a unique index, table data is split according to the non-unique
index with the highest FULLKEYCARD. Therefore, an equal block size or
a maximum block size of the specified COMMIT size cannot be
guaranteed.
8. DB2 V9.1 or higher only:
Specify the compression status that the tables and indexes will have after the
conversion by choosing the relevant option from the dropdown list in the Compression
for Data and Compression for Indexes fields.
9. Specify if you want the source table to be dropped after the conversion by selecting the
checkbox Delete Source Table after Conversion.

Do not select this option if, for example, you want to compare the source table
with the target table after the conversion. In this case, you have to manually
drop the source table at a later point in time.
By default, this option is preselected.
10. Specify if you want statistics to be created for the converted table(s) by selecting the
checkbox Update Statistics After Conversion.
The target table for a conversion is newly created during the conversion. Therefore,
there are no statistics available directly after the conversion. With this option, statistics

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are generated for the converted single table or for all tables of the target tablespace
during the last step of the conversion.
By default, this option is preselected.
11. Save your entries.
(For mass conversions, a message window appears providing a summary of the saved
queue, that is, the total number of entries as well as the number of deleted, excluded,
and rejected objects. Confirm this message window.)
The Conversion Overview screen appears and the new conversion job is displayed
with status PLANNED in the Conversion Jobs area.
12. Optionally, you can check and maintain the conversion parameters and the conversion
queue as described in Maintaining the Conversion Parameters [page 14] and
Maintaining the Conversion Queue of a Mass Conversion [page 14].
13. Start the conversion job [page 17].

Performing a Conversion Using the Data Class


Instead of specifying a target data tablespace and a target index tablespace for a table
or tablespace conversion, you can also perform a conversion specifying the target data
class. The table is then converted to the target tablespaces that are related to the
specified target data class in tables TADB6 and IADB6.

Procedure
1. On the New Conversion screen, choose the Specify Target Data Class pushbutton.
2. In the field Name of the Table to Be Converted or Name of the Tablespace to Be
Converted, enter the name of the table or choose a tablespace from the dropdown list.
3. Choose the target data class from the dropdown list.
4. Proceed as described in step 5 to 12 in the above procedure Performing a Table or
Tablespace Conversion [page 8].

Performing a Database-Level Conversion


The different types of database-level conversions are described in the following. You can
combine them, that is, run them simultaneously by selecting the relevant checkboxes on the
Database-Level Conversions tab page.
Depending on your database version, the available scenarios vary.

Database-level conversions can only be applied to tables that are known to


the ABAP Data Dictionary.

Performing a LONGLOB Conversion

LONGLOB conversion with DB6CONV is only available as of DB2 V9.7 and


for SAP systems with SAP basis of 7.0 or higher that contain tables with
LONG VARCHAR columns.
As of DB2 V9.7, inline LOBs were introduced providing faster access to data than LONG
VARCHAR columns. During a LONGLOB conversion with report DB6CONV, new tables
are created with inline LOB columns instead of LONG VARCHAR columns.

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During the LONGLOB conversion, all tables with LONG VARCHAR columns are
collected in the conversion queue and are converted within their own tablespaces.
To perform a LONGLOB conversion, choose the Database-Level Conversions tab page
and select the checkbox Replace LONG VARCHAR Columns by LOB Columns
(LONGLOB Conversion). Then proceed as described in step 6 to 13 in Performing a
Table or Tablespace Conversion [page 8].

Converting ITC Candidates to ITC Tables

This option is only available as of DB2 10.1 and if the database is not
using the DB2 pureScale feature.

DB6CONV can create a list of tables that might be candidates for a conversion to ITC
tables. For information about how ITC candidates are chosen, see Insert Time Clustering
(ITC) Tables and Candidates [page 27].
To convert ITC candidates to ITC tables, choose the Database-Level Conversions tab
page and select the relevant checkbox. Then proceed as described in step 6 to 13 in
Performing a Table or Tablespace Conversion [page 8].

Reconverting ITC Tables to Regular Tables

This option is only available as of DB2 10.1 and if the database is not
using the DB2 pureScale feature.

To reconvert ITC tables to regular tables, choose the Database-Level Conversions tab page
and select the relevant checkbox. Then proceed as described in step 6 to 13 in Performing a
Table or Tablespace Conversion [page 8].

Naming Convention for Database-Level Conversions


After saving, all database-level conversions are named <DLCONV>_###, where # can either
have the value X (that is, selected) or O (that is, not selected).
The values reflect the selection of the different types of database-level conversions in the
following order:
...

1. LONGLOB conversion
2. ITC conversion
3. ITC reconversion
Examples:
Naming

Description

<DLCONV>_XOO

Only LONGLOB conversion was selected.

<DLCONV>_OXO

Only ITC conversion was selected.

<DLCONV>_XOX

Combined selection of LONGLOB conversion


and ITC reconversion

al
D

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2.2. Using External Conversion Jobs for SAP NetWeaver BW


In DB6CONV, you can also run conversion jobs for SAP NetWeaver BW that perform the
following:

Convert InfoCubes from using row-organized tables to using column-organized


tabes or vice versa (as of DB2 10.5)
Repair distribution keys
The conversion jobs for SAP NetWeaver are generated by tools outside report DB6CONV.
Such an externally defined conversion job is then listed in DB6CONV as External object type.
The object name of the corresponding conversion job starts with <EXT>_.
The following conversion jobs and tools are available:
Conversion
Task

Name of Conversion
Job

Tool to Generate the Conversion Job

Relevant
SAP
Notes

Convert
InfoCubes
from using
roworganized
tables to
using
columorganized
tables

<EXT>_<C>_ followed
by the name of the
InfoCube to be
converted

Report SAP_CDE_CONVERSION_DB6

1889656

Convert
InfoCubes
from using
columnorganized
tables to
using roworganized
tables

<EXT>_<R>_ followed
by the name of the
InfoCube to be
converted

Report SAP_CDE_CONVERSION_DB6

1889656

Repair
distribution
keys for fact
tables

<EXT>_REP_PK_IC

Function module
RSDU_CHKREP_PKEY_ALL_CUBES_DB6

1574965,
648432

Repair
distribution
keys for
ODS tables

<EXT>_REP_PK_ODS

Function module
RSDU_CHKREP_PKEY_ALL_ODS_DB6

1574965,
648432

Repair
distribution
keys for
PSA tables

<EXT>_REP_PK_PSA

Function module
RSDU_CHKREP_PKEY_ALL_PSA_DB6

1574965,
648432

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For more information, see the database administration guide SAP NetWeaver Business
Warehouse 7.0 Administration Tasks: IBM DB2 for Linux, UNIX, and Windows at:
http://service.sap.com/instguidesnw --> <Your SAP NetWeaver Main Release> -->
Operations --> Database-Specific Guides.

2.3 Maintaining the Conversion Parameters


For any conversion job, you can display or maintain the conversion parameters as follows:
For a new conversion, you can specify the parameters for the conversion job on the
New Conversion screen (not applicable for external conversions).
For conversions with status PLANNED, you can display or maintain the current
conversion parameters by choosing the Details pushbutton on the Conversion
Overview screen.
Exception: For tablespace conversions, you cannot change the option that you have
chosen in the Insert Time Clustering field anymore.
For conversions with any other status than PLANNED, you can only display the
conversion parameters by choosing the Details pushbutton on the Conversion
Overview screen.

2.4 Maintaining the Conversion Queue of a Mass Conversion


For a mass conversion, you can display or maintain the current queue of tables to be
converted as follows:
For a new conversion, you can display or maintain the initial conversion queue while
specifying the parameters for the conversion job by choosing the Conversion Queue
pushbutton on the New Conversion screen (not applicable for external conversions).
For conversions with status PLANNED, you can display or maintain the current
conversion queue by choosing the Details pushbutton on the Conversion Overview
screen and then the Conversion Queue pushbutton on the Details for <object name>
screen.
For conversions with any other status than PLANNED, you can only display the
conversion queue by choosing the Details pushbutton on the Conversion Overview
screen and then the Conversion Queue pushbutton on the Details for <object name>
screen.
For tablespace conversions, all tables that reside in the specified tablespace and that have
the table schema of the AS ABAP system are initially displayed in the conversion queue in
alphabetical order. A message window is displayed if the tablespace contains tables with a
table schema other than the table schema of the AS ABAP system.
For LONGLOB conversions, all tables that have the table schema of the AS ABAP system
with at least one LONG VARCHAR field are initially displayed in the conversion queue in
alphabetical order independently of their tablespace location.
For ITC conversions, all ITC candidate tables are initially displayed in the conversion queue
in alphabetical order independently of their tablespace location.
Similarly, for the reconversion of ITC tables to regular tables, all ITC tables are initially
displayed in the conversion queue in alphabetical order independently of their tablespace
location.

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The following information is displayed in the Conversion Queue dialog box:


Column

Description

Queue No.

Position of a table in the queue


Tables are converted during a mass conversion according
to their queue number

Excluded

X indicates that an entry in the exclude list exists for this


table.
When you save the queue, excluded tables are removed
from the queue.
For more information, see Excluding Tables from
Conversion [page 17].

Table Name

Name of the table

Size [KB]

Size of the table to be converted in KB based on current


database statistics
The displayed value is based on the following formula:
(<value of syscat.tables-npages> times
<pagesize of the source tablespace>)
A value of 1- indicates that no statistics exist for the
corresponding table. Therefore, its size is unknown.

Without current statistics, the real size of a table


can deviate from the size specified here.
Status

For conversions currently being defined or with status


PLANNED, the status for each table of the conversion
queue is set to NEW. Once a conversion job has started,
the status for the tables in the queue changes accordingly,
for example, to RUNNING or ABORTED.

For DB2 10.1 or higher and if the database is not using the DB2 pureScale feature:

Column

Description

Clustering

Indicates whether or not the table is clustered before the


conversion.
Possible values:
NO: Table is not clustered
MDC: Table is clustered by dimensions
ITC: Table is clustered by insert time

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ITC

Conversion strategy using insert time clustering. You can


choose between the following values and, if necessary,
overwrite your previous selection for the mass conversion:
YES:
Table will be clustered by insert time after the
conversion (independent of the status before). This is
the default value for ITC candidates in the following
scenarios:
Tablespace conversions where the ITC setting
is Yes for Candidates
ITC conversions
NO:
Table will not be clustered by insert time after the
conversion (independent of the status before). This is
the default value for:
Tablespace conversions where the ITC setting
is No
ITC reconversions
KEEP:
Status of insert time clustering will not change during
the conversion. This is the default value for:
Tablespace conversions where the ITC setting
is Keep
Tables that are no ITC candidates in tablespace
conversions where the ITC setting is Yes for
Candidates
LONGLOB conversions

If you need detailed information about ITC candidates, you can display the following columns
by choosing the ITC Status pushbutton:
Column

Description

Deleted Objects

Number of deleted archiving objects for the table


This field is empty if the table is not considered an ITC
candidate by DB6CONV.

Archiving Object

Archiving object(s) for this table

Extent Size

The extent size (in KB) of the table

For more information, see Insert Time Clustering (ITC) Tables and Candidates [page 27].

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Available Actions in the Conversion Queue Dialog Box


In the Conversion Queue dialog box, you can perform one of the following actions by
choosing the appropriate pushbutton:
Re-sort the tables in the conversion queue
If the conversion queue is sorted, for example, by name or data size and the resulting
new order is to be used for the upcoming mass conversion, you have to adapt the
queue number accordingly by choosing the Re-sort pushbutton. Without re-sorting, the
tables are converted based on the old queue numbers. The re-sort is logged in the
conversion log of the appropriate conversion job.
The Re-sort pushbutton is disabled when the conversion is started.
Delete tables from the conversion queue
You can delete a table from the conversion queue by selecting it from the list and
choosing the Delete pushbutton. These tables are no longer part of the upcoming mass
conversion. The table deletion is logged in the conversion log of the appropriate
conversion job.
The Delete pushbutton is disabled when the conversion is started.
For DB2 10.1 only and if the database is not using the DB2 pureScale feature:
Display additional ITC-related columns (see table above).
Change the displayed ITC option for individual tables by selecting the
appropriate value from the dropdown list.
Refresh the conversion queue
The Refresh pushbutton is disabled until the conversion is started.

2.5 Excluding Tables from Conversion


You can display and maintain the list of tables that are excluded from conversion by choosing
the Exclude List pushbutton on the Conversion Overview screen.
On the Exclude List screen, the name of the object to be excluded is displayed as well as a
comment. As long as an entry for a table exists, this table is excluded from table conversion
with report DB6CONV.
To add a table to the exclude list, choose the Add pushbutton and enter the name of the table
to be excluded as well as a comment why it is to be excluded.
To remove a table from the exclude list, select it from the list and choose the Remove
pushbutton. Afterwards, the table can be converted again by report DB6CONV (unless it is
again automatically added to the exclude list by report DB6CONV).

2.6 Starting a Conversion Job


1. On the Conversion Overview screen, start the conversion job by selecting the planned
job from the list and choosing the Start pushbutton.
2. In the Start Conversion dialog box, specify the following parameters:
The number of parallel jobs used during the conversion (only available for mass
conversions)
The value can range from 1 up to <number of batch jobs configured in system>.

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If you want the conversion job to start immediately, choose the radio button
Start Batch Job(s) Immediately.
If you want the conversion job to start at a specified time, choose the radio
button Schedule Batch Job(s).
3. Confirm your entries by choosing the OK pushbutton.
If you specified a certain date and time for the conversion to start, the status of the
conversion job changes from PLANNED to SCHEDULED on the Conversion Overview
screen. As soon as the conversion starts, the status changes from SCHEDULED to
RUNNING.
If you specified the conversion to start immediately, the status of the conversion job
changes from PLANNED to RUNNING.

2.7 Monitoring a Running Conversion


You can monitor the progress of a running conversion using the information displayed in the
Comment field on the Conversion Overview screen.
Since there is no automatic refresh, you have to manually refresh the information to always
have the most current information displayed.
For a single table conversion, the Comment field contains the number of the conversion
step that is currently being executed. For the data transfer step, the number and percentage
of currently transferred table rows is also displayed.
For a mass conversion, the Comment field displays information based on the following
formula:
<x>/<y> tables (<z> KB)
where:
<x> stands for the number of tables that were already successfully converted
<y> stands for the total number of tables in the conversion queue at the start of the
mass conversion
<z> stands for the size of data in KB that was successfully moved
The tables that are implicitly converted during a mass conversion are displayed in the Tables
from Mass Conversion area including their status.

2.8 Available Actions on the Conversion Overview Screen


Once you have planned and started a conversion job, you can perform the following actions:
Pause a conversion
Continue a conversion
Replay a conversion
Abort a conversion
Reset a conversion
Change the number of parallel jobs
Display the conversion log
Delete conversion logs

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Pausing a Conversion
This pushbutton is only available for mass conversions with status RUNNING.
You can interrupt a mass conversion with status RUNNING by selecting the respective
conversion job and choosing the Pause pushbutton. All parallel jobs of the selected mass
conversion stop after each currently ongoing table conversion, which is part of the mass
conversion has finished. You have to manually reset or continue the paused conversion later
on.

Continuing a Conversion

This pushbutton is only available for aborted single table conversions or


aborted or paused mass conversions.
To continue an aborted single table conversion or an aborted or paused mass conversion,
select the appropriate batch job and choose the Continue pushbutton in the Conversion Jobs
area.
For a mass conversion, you have to consider the following:
An aborted single table conversion that was started by a batch job of a parent mass
conversion is automatically continued unless you reset or continue the conversion on table
level earlier by selecting the appropriate table from the list in the Tables from Mass
Conversion area and choosing the appropriate pushbutton.
When you continue a mass conversion, you can also change the number of parallel jobs that
you specified when starting the conversion.

Replaying a Conversion

This pushbutton is only available for ONLINE conversions of single tables with
status PAUSED.
For online conversions of a single table that were defined with the Stop Before Switch option,
the conversion is stopped after the initial data copy, and the conversion status is set to
PAUSED. Continuing a paused conversion will at first apply data modifications of the original
table to the target table (replay) and switch the table afterwards. The more data there is to be
replayed, the longer it takes until the table is finally switched. Therefore, we recommend that
you perform regular replay actions using the Replay pushbutton before continuing the
conversion.

Aborting a Conversion

This pushbutton is only available for single table conversions with status
RUNNING.
You can abort the conversion of a single table by either selecting an entry in the Conversion
Jobs area or in the Tables from Mass Conversion area and choosing the Abort pushbutton.
We recommend that you only use this option in emergency cases, for example, if a
conversion is running too long.

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Resetting a Conversion

This pushbutton is only available for aborted single table conversions or


aborted or paused mass conversions.
You can reset an aborted single table conversion or a mass conversion by selecting the
appropriate job from the list and choosing the Reset pushbutton in the Job Conversion area.
For a single table conversion, resetting a table restores the state of the table from before the
conversion if the table has not yet been renamed.
For a mass conversion, you have to consider the following:
Resetting a mass conversion simply empties the queue of the marked mass conversion and
resets table conversions with status ABORTED that belong to this mass conversion. Then, all
tables that have already been successfully converted reside in the target tablespace. All
tables that have not yet been converted remain in the source tablespace.

Be aware that a conversion reset is always executed immediately and with only
one parallel process. This means that you cannot schedule a reset job to start
at a specific time.

Changing the Number of Parallel Jobs


This pushbutton is only available for currently running mass conversions.
You can change the number of parallel jobs of a running mass conversion dynamically
without stopping it by selecting the appropriate conversion job from the list and choosing the
+/- Jobs pushbutton.
You might want to change (that is, increase or decrease) the number of parallel jobs, for
example, in the following situations:
You accidentally defined not enough or too many parallel processes.
Another important process requires more batch processes than the currently running
conversion.

Displaying the Conversion Log


You can display log information about any conversion job independently of whether it is
running or whether it has finished. To do so, select the appropriate entry on the Conversion
Overview screen and choose the Conversion Log pushbutton. Alternatively, you can doubleclick the appropriate entry:
If you double-click an entry in the Tables from Mass Conversion area or an entry with
object type Table in the Conversion Jobs area, the conversion log for the conversion of
this particular table is displayed.
If you double-click an entry of object type Tablespace or LONGLOB in the Conversion
Jobs area, a summary log is displayed for this mass conversion containing information
about the conversion queue and the batch jobs.
If you double-click a line containing Conversion Job <batch job name> in the summary
log for this mass conversion, you switch to the summary log of that specific batch job
that contains information about the single table conversions started by this batch job
(parent). If you double-click a line containing Conversion of table <table name> in the
summary log of that specific batch job, the conversion log of that specific table is finally
displayed.

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Deleting the Conversion Log

This pushbutton is only available for conversions with status FINISHED,


RESET, or PLANNED.
By choosing the Delete pushbutton, you can delete the detailed conversion logs of a single or
multiple selected conversions.

2.9 Displaying Old Conversion Logs


If version 5 of report DB6CONV was successfully imported into an SAP system that already
contains conversion data from older conversions (that is, from DB6CONV versions lower than
version 5), this old conversion data is not listed on the Conversion Overview screen.
To display the list of old conversions, choose the Conversions before V5 pushbutton that is
only available if old conversions exist. You can then display detailed log information about a
conversion job by selecting an entry from the list and choosing the Conversion Log
pushbutton.
To delete an old conversion, select an entry from the list and choose the Delete pushbutton.

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3 Conversion Steps Performed by Report


DB6CONV
3.1 Offline Conversion Steps
In the following, the steps and relevant actions of an offline conversion are described.

If a deferred table is converted offline, only steps 0, 6, and 8 are executed.

Step 0
Actions:
Checks whether the conversion is possible
Writes the following information to the detailed conversion log:
A header section containing the conversion parameters
For example, the target tablespaces are listed together with their database
partition group and database partition number.
The data class and data, index, and long tablespaces of the source table
together with their database partition group and the data partition number
The page sizes of the source and target tablespaces
Detailed information about the table size and the compression status (only for
DB2 V9.1 or higher)
The structure (DESCRIBE TABLE) of the source table (only when a conversion
is started)
The table type of the source table
The possible values are TRANSP, POOL, or CLUSTER.
All indexes of the table with index name, uniqueness, index type, and index
fields
The kernel release and database release

Step 1 (skipped for DB2 V9.7 or higher)


Actions:
Deletes all views that reference the table to be converted
Writes the names, view texts, and the total number of deleted views to the detailed
conversion log file

Step 2
Actions:
Reads and modifies the entries for the table to be converted in the DDSTORAGE table
Renames the original table from <TABLE> to QCM<TABLE>

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Creates three triggers on QCM<Table> to prevent INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE


operations on the table during conversions
The trigger names are <TAB>_T_INS, <TAB>_T_UPD,and <TAB>_T_DEL. For DB2
versions lower than DB2 V9.7 and table names with more than 12 characters, the trigger
names are DB6CONV<#####>_T_INS/UPD/DEL, where <#####> is a unique number.
Creates a view with the original name <TAB> on table QCM<TAB>
This view references all fields of table QCM<TAB>. The existence of the view in
combination with the triggers mentioned earlier allows read-only access for table <TAB>
during the conversion and ensures that <TAB> cannot accidentally be created during the
conversion by SE11 activation or transports.
Re-creates all views that have been deleted in step 1 (for DB2 releases lower than
V9.7) or revalidates all views related to the table that is being converted (for DB2 V9.7
or higher)
For each action, the corresponding information is written to the detailed conversion log.

Step 3
Action:
Creates the target table QCM8<TABLE> with the field sequence of the original table
QCM<TABLE> as well as the storage parameters (for example, row compression,
distribution key, hashing) according to the entries for the table to be converted in the
DDSTORAGE table
Writes the CREATE TABLE statement to the detailed conversion log

Step 4
Action:
Generates alternative index names that are related to the target table (that is, performs
an index mapping):
For each index that exists on the source table QCM<TAB>, an alternative index name is
generated for target table QCM8<TAB>. If an alternative name cannot be determined,
the index to be created is temporarily named DB6CONV_<#>, where <#> is a unique
number.
Writes the information about the index mapping and the CREATE INDEX statements to
the detailed conversion log
In the detailed conversion log, the number of newly created indexes is displayed and
compared to the number of indexes that were defined for the original table.

Step 5
Action:
Counts the current number of table entries for the tables QCM<TABLE> and
QCM8<TABLE> and writes them to the detailed conversion log
Transfers data as follows:
When tables are converted with content but without the option Data Transfer
not Logged, the table entries are portioned by a unique index according to the
specified COMMIT Size. Each of these blocks is copied to the target table. The
corresponding SQL statement is written to the detailed conversion log. After
each block, a COMMIT is issued and the number of table entries of the last
block, the total number of table entries that were copied so far, the duration of

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the last block, and the expected remaining runtime for the remaining blocks are
displayed. You can monitor the progress in the Comment field on the
Conversion Overview screen where the number of already copied table rows
is displayed.
When tables with content and with the option Data Transfer not Logged are
converted, the data is copied in one block. The corresponding SQL statement is
also written to the detailed conversion log.
In this case, you cannot monitor the conversion progress in the detailed
conversion log. However, the number of already copied table entries is displayed
in the Comment field on the Conversion Overview screen.
If the table has more than 20 MB and is to be compressed, at first 20 MB of data is
transferred by using means of sampling. Then, a compression dictionary is built
before the table is truncated and all table entries are transferred.
If the table is smaller than 20 MB, the complete table content is transferred to the
target table. Afterwards, the compression dictionary is built.
Finally compares the new number of table entries in table QCM8<TABLE> with the
number of table entries in table QCM<TABLE>. This number is written to the detailed
conversion log.

Step 6
Actions:
For real tables, the following steps are performed:
The dependent views are dropped again. (Skipped for DB2 V9.7 or higher.)
The view with the original name <TAB> is dropped.
The three triggers that were defined on the original table QCM<TAB> are
dropped.
The target table is renamed from QCM8<TAB> to <TAB>.
For deferred tables, the original view is dropped and re-created with the new target
tablespaces.

Step 7
Actions for DB2 versions lower than DB2 V9.7 FP4:
Re-creates all views using the converted table <TABLE> in accordance with step 1
Compares the number of re-created views to the number of views deleted in step 1
Actions for DB2 V9.7 FP4 or higher
Revalidates all views using the converted table <TABLE>

Step 8
Actions:
Changes the data class for the target table if you defined the conversion by specifying
a target data class. For deferred tables, this is the only action that is executed, the
rest of step 8 is skipped.
Deletes the original table QCM<TABLE> if you selected Delete Source Table After
Conversion when defining the conversion job

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After the original table has been deleted, the indexes of the converted table are
renamed to their original names (that is, to the names they had before the conversion).
The database statistics for the target table are updated if you selected Update
Statistics After Conversion when defining the conversion. If a statistics profile existed
for the original table, the same statistics profile is created for the new target table.DB2
V9.1 or higher only:
Displays detailed information about the table size and compression again so that you
can compare these values.
Displays again the structure of the target table

3.2 Online Conversion Steps


In the following, the steps and relevant actions of an online conversion are described.

An online conversion calls the following stored procedures for the online table
move depending on your database release:
For DB2 releases up to and including DB2 V9.5, report DB6CONV calls the
SAPTOOLS.ONLINE_TABLE_MOVE stored procedure.
As of DB2 V9.7, report DB6CONV calls the SYSTOOLS.ADMIN_MOVE_TABLE
stored procedure.
Since the steps performed by report DB6CONV for each of the stored
procedures are identical, they are only referred to as OTM in the following
(where OTM stands for online table move).
For more information about SAPTOOLS.ONLINE_TABLE_MOVE, see SAP
Note 1039544.
For more information about SYSTOOLS.ADMIN_MOVE_TABLE, see SAP Note
1543745.

Step 0
Identical to step 0 of an offline conversion

Step 1
Calls the OTM stored procedure for the table to be converted and the target
tablespaces with operation parameter INIT.
Creates all temporary objects needed for the online conversion, such as triggers, the
target table (if possible using the ABAP Dictionary), and the staging table.

Step 2
Calls the OTM stored procedure for the table to be converted and the target
tablespaces with operation parameter COPY.
Copies all data from the source table to the target table.
You cannot monitor the progress of the data transfer in the detailed conversion log but
in the Comment field on the Conversion Overview screen.

Step 3
Calls the OTM stored procedure for the table to be converted and the target
tablespaces with operation parameter REPLAY.

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Data that is modified after the start of the copy step is recorded in the staging table
and applied to the target table in subsequent REPLAY actions after the initial copy
step has finished.

If the conversion has been defined with the Stop Before Switch option, step 4 is
subsequently not executed and the status of the conversion job changes from
RUNNING to STOPPED.

Step 4
Calls the OTM stored procedure for the table to be converted and the target tablespaces
using operation parameter SWAP.
As a result, the source table is switched to the target table and the temporary objects that
were created during step 1 are deleted.

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4 Insert Time Clustering (ITC) Tables and


Candidates
As of DB2 10.1, you can create insert time clustering (ITC) tables. ITC tables are based on
the infrastructure for MDC tables and allow you to reclaim free space without reorganization
using the REORG command with the RECLAIM EXTENTS ONLY clause. In an ITC table,
records are clustered based on their insert time.
For an effective reclamation of free space for ITC tables, complete extents of the table must
be empty. Therefore, a regular table should only be considered an ITC candidate if records
that are inserted together are also deleted together. In an SAP system, this access pattern is
typical for tables from which data is archived. For example, a business object contract has an
associated archiving object. During archiving, usually all contracts up to a specific creation
date are written to the archive and afterwards deleted from the corresponding tables.

The fact that data is archived from a table does not necessarily mean that there
are empty extents after archiving. Often several criteria can be used to decide
which records should be archived. These criteria might not be based on the
creation time.
Based on the actual archiving session (see SAP transaction SARA
Statistics) in the
system, DB6CONV can create a list of tables that might be candidates for a conversion to
ITC tables. DB6CONV suggests tables that fullfill all of the following conditions:
The tables are part of an archiving object for which at least one completed archiving
session exists. A complete archiving session exists if data was archived and
afterwards deleted from several or all tables that belong to the archiving object.
The tables are not already ITC or MDC tables.
The tables are at least 1 GB in size.
In the Conversion Queue dialog box, the following information is displayed for the ITC
candidates:
The archiving object(s) to which the table belongs
If a table belongs to multiple archiving objetcs, all archiving objects are displayed.
The number of deleted archiving objects
This is an indication for the amount of data that was actually deleted in these tables.
The extent size (in KB) of the tablespace where the table resides.
Tablespaces in SAP installations usually come with an extent size of 32 KB (two 16 KB
pages). The higher the extent size, the less likely are completely empty extents after
deletions.

It is not guaranteed that deletions take place from all tables of an archiving
object. Therefore, the list of ITC table candidates can contain tables where
actually no deletions took place. These tables, however, are typically less than 1
GB in size.

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More Information
Multidimensional and insert time clustering extent management in the IBM DB2 10.1
Information Center at:
http://pic.dhe.ibm.com/infocenter/db2luw/v10r1/index.jsp?topic=%2Fcom.ibm.db2.luw.a
dmin.partition.doc%2Fdoc%2Fc0054692.html
SAP Note 1700631: DB6: Using DB2 10.1 with SAP Applications
SAP Note 975352: DB6: Reorganizations in DB2 / Using DB2 Auto REORG

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Appendix: Additional Information


This section provides the following:
Available Information on the Conversion Overview Screen
Document History

Available Information on the Conversion Overview Screen


The Conversion Overview screen consists of the following areas:
Conversion Jobs
Tables from Mass Conversions
In the following, these areas are described in more detail.

Information Displayed in the Conversion Jobs Area


In this area, all conversion jobs that are known to DB6CONV are displayed. A conversion job
is a conversion that you have explicitly defined using DB6CONV or that has been defined
outside DB6CONV using a BW function module
For each conversion job, the following information is displayed:
Column

Description

Status

Status of the conversion job


The following values are possible:
PLANNED
SCHEDULED
PAUSED
RUNNING
ABORTED
FINISHED
RESET

Object Type

Type of object to be converted


The following values are possible:
Table
Tablespace
DLCONV
External

Object Name

Name of the object to be converted

Start Date

Start date of the conversion

Start Time

Start time of the conversion

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End Date

Date when the status of a running conversion job changed to


one of the following statuses:
PAUSED
ABORTED
RESET
FINISHED

End Time

Time when the status of a running conversion job changed to


one of the following statuses:
PAUSED
ABORTED
RESET
FINISHED

Duration
Size [KB]

Total runtime of the conversion job since its start (does not
include wait times)
For single table conversions:
Size of table to be converted in KB based on current
database statistics
The displayed value is based on the following formula:
(<value of syscat.tables-npages> times
<pagesize of the source tablespace>)
A value of 1- indicates that no statistics exist for the
corresponding table. Therefore, its size is unknown.
For mass conversions:
For status PLANNED: Total size of all tables of
the current conversion queue
For statuses other than PLANNED: Total size of
all tables of the conversion queue at the time the
mass conversion was started.

Jobs

Number of currently defined parallel processes for the


conversion job
A value of 1 is displayed for single table conversions and for
mass conversions with status PLANNED.
For mass conversions with status PLANNED, you can specify
the number of parallel jobs in the Start Conversion dialog box.
For mass conversions with a status other than PLANNED, the
number of parallel jobs can be changed as follows:
Manually when you continue an aborted or paused mass
conversion (in the Continue Conversion dialog box)
Dynamically while the mass conversion is running using
the +/- Jobs pushbutton on the Conversion Overview
screen
For more information, see Available Actions on the Conversion
Overview Screen [page 18].

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Online

X indicates an online conversion


If there is no value displayed, the conversion is performed
offline.

Comment

Information that is related to the conversion as such or to a


specific conversion step
For single table conversions with status RUNNING, the
current conversion step is displayed. While data is being
transferred, the progress of the data transfer is also
displayed.

For mass conversions, the progress of the conversion is


displayed as follows:
<x> /<y> tables (<z>KB)
where
<x> stands for the number of tables that have already
been successfully converted
<y> stands for the total number of tables in the
conversion queue at the start of the mass conversion
<z> stands for the size of data in KB that was
successfully moved

Information Displayed in the Tables from Mass Conversion Area


In this area, all table conversions are listed that have implicitly been started by the batch
process that you defined for the parent mass conversion job.
In this document, the term mass conversion includes the conversion of all tables of a
tablespace and the tables of a LONGLOB conversion. The mass conversion job itself is
displayed in the Conversion Jobs area.

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The following information is displayed in the Tables from Mass Conversion area :
Column

Description

Status

Status of the conversion job


The following values are possible:
PLANNED
SCHEDULED
PAUSED
RUNNING
ABORTED
FINISHED
RESET

Table Name

Name of the table that is converted

Start Date

Start date of the conversion

Start Time

Start time of the conversion

End Date

Date when the status of the conversion job changed


The following values are possible:
ABORTED
RESET
FINISHED

End Time

Time when the status of the conversion job changed


The following values are possible:
ABORTED
RESET
FINISHED

Duration
Size [KB]

Total runtime required for a conversion job with status


RUNNING (does not include wait times)
Displays the value of (<syscat.tables-npages> times
<pagesize of the source tablespace>) for the table to
be converted in KB
-1 indicates that no statistics exist for the corresponding table.
Therefore, its size is unknown.

Parent

Name of the batch process of the mass conversion job that


implicitly performed the conversion of a single table

Online

X indicates an online conversion

Comment

Information that is related to the conversion as such or to a


specific conversion step
For single table conversions with status RUNNING, the current
conversion step is displayed as well as the progress of the data
transfer.

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Document History
The following table provides an overview of the most important changes to this document:
Document
Version

Date

Description

1.0

November 12, 2010

Initial version

2.0

April 15, 2011

Document update due to new DB6CONV Version


5.07:
New object type for conversion jobs
(External)
Section Defining a Conversion Job Outside
DB6CONV was added

2.1

March 26, 2012

Document update due to new DB6CONV Version


5.15:
New online conversion step (chapter 3.2)

3.0

July 20, 2012

Document update due to new DB6CONV Version


5.20.
New features include:
Support of new DB2 release (DB2 10.1)
Separate data and index compression
Replay pushbutton for paused online
conversions

4.0

November 22, 2013

Document update due to new DB6CONV Version


5.30:
Support of new DB2 release DB2 10.5
Section 2.2 was changed (information
about the use of external conversion jobs
for SAP NetWeaver BW was added)

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