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EXPERIMENT

1.
20 Paisa Coin(Indian), made in 1938:
Experiment
Observation
Inference
Zero Group:
Coin treated with NaOH solution.
No ammoniacle smell obtained. NH4+ ion
absent
Group I:
Coin treated with dil. HCL
No white precipitate obtained. Pb2+,Ag2+ion abs
ent
Group II:
Coin treated with dil. HCL followed by H2S gas. No any ppt. obtained. Cu2+, As
3+ ion absent
Group III:
Coin treated with NH4OH followed by NH4Cl solution.
White ppt. obtained.
Al3+ ion indicated
Confirmatory test for Al3+:
Lake Test:
White ppt. obtained treated with dil. HCl then with NH4OH followed by blue
litmus.
Blue lake type substance floating on surface
Al3+ ion confirmed

Group IV:
Coin treated with NH4OH followed by H2S gas.
No precipitate formed.
Co2+,Ni2+,Mn2+ and Zn2+ are absent.
Group V:
Coin treated with (NH4)2CO3 in presence of NH4Cl.
No white precipitate obtained.
Ba2+,Ca2+ and Sr2+ are absent
Group VI:
Coin treated with NH4Cl, NH4OH(in excess) and (NH4)2HPO4.
White ppt. obtained.
Mg2+ ion indicated

RESULT
Twenty Paisa Coin of India contains Aluminium(Al3+)and Magnesium(Mg2+).

made in 1987: Experiment Observation Inference Zero Group: Coin treated with NaOH solution. obtained treated with acetic acid and potassium iodide solution. White ppt. obtained Cu2+ ion indicated Potassium ferrocyanide test: Black ppt. Cu2+ ion confirmed. HCL followed by H2S gas Black ppt. obtained treated with acetic acid and potassium ferrocyanide solution . obtained Zn2+ ion indicated Confirmatory test for Zn2+: Sodium hydroxide test: White ppt obtained treated with sodium hydroxide solution drop-wise. A chocolate brown precipitate was obtained.S. Pb2+.Two rupee coin(Indian). HCL No white precipitate obtained. Al3+ ion absent Group IV: Coin treated with NH4OH followed by H2S gas. HCL followed by H2S gas Black ppt.One Cent coin(U. NH4+ ion absent Group I: Coin treated with dil.A).2. No ppt. obtained soluble in NaOH.Ag2+ion abs ent Group II: Coin treated with dil. Potassium Iodide test: Black ppt. obtained Cu2+ ion indicated Confirmatory test for Cu2+: Potassium ferrocyanide test: Black ppt. Gelatinous white ppt. No ammoniacle smell obtained. Cu2+ ion confirmed. obtained Fe3+. HCL No white precipitate obtained. . NH4+ ion absent Group I: Coin treated with dil. 3.A contains Zinc (Zn2+) and Copper(Cu2+). made in 2003: Experiment Observation Inference Zero Group: Coin treated with NaOH solution. A white precipitate was formed in the brown coloured solution.S. Pb2+. No ammoniacle smell obtained.Ag2+ion abs ent Group II: Coin treated with dil. Group III: Coin treated with NH4OH followed by NH4Cl. obtained treated with acetic acid and potassium ferrocyanide solution . Bluish w hite ppt obtained Zn2+ ion confirmed RESULT One Cent coin of U. Zn2+ ion confirm ed Potassium ferrocyanide test: White ppt obtained treated with potassium ferrocyanide solution.

One rupee coin(Indian). 4. Confirmatory test for Cu2+: Group III: Coin treated with NH4OH followed by NH4Cl. Black ppt. Fe3+ ion indicated Confirmatory test for Fe3+: Potassium ferrocyanide test: Reddish brown ppt. No ammoniacle smell obtained. . Fe3+ ion confirm ed RESULT Two Rupee Coin of India contains Iron(Fe3+). Cu2+ ion confirmed. obtained treated with ammonium hydroxide solution followed by few drops of dimethyl glyoxime.Ag2+ion abs ent Group II: Coin treated with dil. As 3+ ion absent Group III: Coin treated with NH4OH followed by NH4Cl solution. obtained Fe3+. obtained treated with acetic acid and potassium iodide solution. Reddish brown ppt. obtai ned. obtained treated with potassium ferrocyanide solution. made in 2010: Experiment Observation Inference Zero Group: Coin treated with NaOH solution. Prussian Blue colouration was obtained. Potassium Iodide test: Black ppt.A chocolate brown precipitate was obtained. HCL No white precipitate obtained. No any ppt. obtained. Ni2+ ion confirmed RESULT Two Rupee Coin of India contains Copper (Cu2+) and Nickel (Ni2+). NH4+ ion absent Group I: Coin treated with dil. obtained Ni2+ ion indicated Confirmatory test for Ni2+ : Dimethyl glyoxime test: Black ppt. Al3+ ion absent Group IV: Coin treated with NH4OH followed by H2S gas. A bright rose red precipitate was obtained. No ppt. HCL followed by H2S gas. Cu2+ ion confirmed. Pb2+. Cu2+. A white precipitate was formed in the brown coloured solution.

A Two Rupee Coin India One Rupee coin India Ions present India 1938 Al3+.S. Mg2+ 1987 Cu2+ and Zn2+ 2003 Cu2+ and Ni2+ 2010 Fe3+ .RESULT Type Country Year Twenty Paisa Coin One Cent Coin U.