Izvijanje-EUROCODE3

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Izvijanje-EUROCODE3

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Compression Members

resistance of the sections to uniform compression

force (Nc,Rd)

(6.9)

compression loads and due to their slender nature,

they are prone to buckling. The behaviour of a

column will depend on its slenderness as shown in

Figure 1

on cross-section classification. For Classes 1, 2

and 3:

(6.10)

(6.11)

M0 =1.0

Figure 1 Behaviour of columns is determined by their

slenderness

the strength is related to the material yield stress fy.

Nmax = Npl = Aeff fy

1. Get fy from Product Standards

2. Get from Table 5.2

3. Substitute the value of into the class limits in

Table 5.2 to work out the class of the flange

and web

outstand, web in bending and web in

compression results to get the overall section

class

factors

Eurocode 3 Approach

To take into account the various imperfections

which the Euler formula does not allow for, the

Eurocode uses the Perry-Robertson approach. This

is approach is the similar to that used in BS 5950.

Table 1 shows the checks required for both slender

and stocky columns:

Slender

column

> 0.2

Stocky

Column

< 0.2

stocky columns

Cross-Section Resistance

EN 1993-1-1 Clause 6.2.4 Equation 6.9 states that

the design value of the Compression force (NEd)

classification, please refer to the Cross-section

Classification handout.

Cross-section

Summary

Resistance

Check

2. Choose a section and determine the section

classification

1,2 and 3 sections, and equation 6.11 for Class

4 sections.

by ensuring equation 6.9 is satisfied.

The effective area of the cross-section used for

design of compression members with Class 1, 2 or

3 cross-sections, is calculated on the basis of the

gross cross-section using the specified dimensions.

Holes, if they are used with fasteners in

connections, need not be deducted.

EN 1993-1-1 Clause 6.3.1 Equation 6.46 states

that the design values of the Compression force

(NEd) must be less than the buckling resistance of

the compression member (Nb,Rd)

(6.46)

Non-dimensional Slenderness

For sections with Classes 1, 2 and 3:

(6.50)

or

(6.51)

or

resistance is dependent on the cross-section

classification. For sections with Classes 1, 2 and 3:

where

(6.47)

Imperfection Factor,

(6.48)

M1 =1.0

determine the required buckling curve from Table

6.2 and refer to Table 6.1 to get the value of :

Buckling Curves

Buckling Curve

Imperfection

Factor

section geometry. Table 6.2 in EN 1993-1-1

provides guidance on a range of sections.

a0

0.13

0.21

0.34

0.49

0.76

Reduction Factor,

The effective length of a member will depend on its

end conditions. EC3 gives no direct guidance on

calculating the buckling length, therefore it is

acceptable to use those given in BS 5950 Table

13. Some typical effective lengths are given in

Figure 3.

(6.49)

where

Alternatively, may be read from Figure 6.4 in the

Eurocodes by using and the required buckling

curve.

Pinned Pinned

Fixed - Fixed

Fixed - Pinned

conditions

Ncr is the elastic critical buckling load for the

relevant buckling mode based on the gross

properties of the cross section

1.

2.

3.

4.

Choose a section and determine the class

Calculate the effective length Lcr

Calculate Ncr using the effective length Lcr, and

E and I which are section properties

5. Calculate

6. Determine by first determining the required

buckling curve from Table 6.2 and then reading

off the required value of from Table 6.1.

7. Calculate by substituting in the values of

and

8. Calculate by substituting in the values of

and

9. Determine the design buckling resistance of

the member by using equation 6.47 or 6.48

and substituting in the value of

10. Make sure that the conditions of equation 6.46

are satisfied.

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