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Type PMI90, 245 kV, up to 90 kA

Dead Tank Circuit Breaker

Dead Tank Circuit Breaker Type 245PMI90

ABB has a long history of supporting utilities


needs for expanded dead tank breaker
performance in response to the growing
demands of a continuously evolving power
grid. ABB offered the first 80 kA rated
modern SF6 dead tank breakers in 1998,
helping to sustain existing substations during
the midst of a significant increase in power
demands.
Today, ABB has once again raised the bar
for dead tank breaker performance with the
introduction of the 245PMI90 model, offering
the industrys only 90 kA interrupter in a fullytested and certified dead tank configuration.

Why 90 kA?
Line burdens will continue to increase as more generation is added
to the grid. A major driver is the growing number of states that are
enacting mandatory Renewable energy Portfolio Standards (RPS).
To help fulfill RPS commitments, utilities are purchasing increasingly
greater proportions of their marketable electricity from independent
power producers (IPP), much of which is derived through wind
turbines. The proliferation of IPPs is seen as a certainty as wind farms
become more competitive with generation modes based on traditional
resources, and as encouraged by environmental regulations and/or
governmental support.
Incremental generation by IPPs may not only stress existing
transmission lines beyond their safe power delivery capacity, it may
also unfavorably alter the electrical characteristics of ones system,
rendering existing breakers unable to safely perform routine switching
and interrupting duties. Breakers having enhanced interrupting ratings
offer a ready solution to systems with rapidly increasing short circuit
demands. Added generation may also unfavorably increase system
reactance, resulting in X/R ratios well in excess of the ANSI standard
value of 17. As a result, existing breakers may fail to properly
interrupt certain faults, even if their rated capability is not exceeded.
That challenge may be best solved by appropriately over-sizing
the breakers interrupting capability. For example, depending on
the disparity of system X/R from standard, a 90 kA breaker may be
required to properly interrupt faults on a 63 kA system.
With the introduction of ABBs 245PMI90 breaker, utilities now have a
formidable solution to address line switching and protection demands
necessitated by replacement of obsolete equipment, or by a power
grid over-stressed as a result of added generation and/or excessive
X/R ratios.

Type PMI90, 245 kV, up to 90 kA Power Circuit Breaker | 3

Type PM circuit breaker family


With over 25,000 breakers delivered to date spanning
voltages up to 800 kV, the ABB type PM dead tank
circuit breakers remain the most purchased brand in the
industry. This is due to their low cost of ownership and
strong performance, backed by industry-leading service
and support.

Insulating medium
The type PM uses SF6 as the insulating medium.
Through innovative design, manufacturing techniques
and monitoring technologies, ABB has invested in
reducing SF6 leaks. The PM line utilizes less SF6 than
competitive designs.

Single-piece interrupter
Our single-piece modular interrupters utilize
state-of-the-art technology that minimizes
line-to-ground insulation components
and allows for simplified removal and
replacement.

Shipping
The type 245PMI90 is shipped to site for domestic
deliveries on a double-drop air ride trailer. It
comes assembled, less mechanisms, with positive
SF6 pressure. The breaker is disassembled and
packaged for applications which require higher
insulation ratings or for non-domestic shipments.

4 | Type PMI90, 245 kV, up to 90 kA Power Circuit Breaker

Bushings
ABB offers a host of bushing options for our
customers including a full line of silicone based
polymer insulators through 800 kV. ABB
utilizes tapered designs, where feasible, to
reduce the SF6 volume in our customers fleet.

Bushing current transformers


ABB utilizes slipover BCT designs for our dead
tank product line which allow for cost effective
and efficient removal or exchange without
removing the bushings.

Tanks
Single-piece tanks are ultrasonically cleaned,
then leak tested in a vacuum sealed
chamber using highly accurate helium mass
spectrometer leak detection. Tanks are ASME
pressure vessel tested and given a number
stamp for certification.

Control cubicle
ABB prides itself on offering generously-sized
control cubicles at workable heights to vastly
improve access to the equipment over its
lifetime.

Type PMI90, 245 kV, up to 90 kA Power Circuit Breaker | 5

Technical data

Rated per ANSI and IEC standards


Maximum continuous voltage

kV

253

Operating frequency

Hz

60

Interrupting time

2 cycles

Lightning impulse withstand voltage


Phase to phase, phase to ground, and across open contacts

kV Peak

Full wave lightning impulse (BIL)

kV Peak

Switching impulse close / open

kV Peak

Power frequency withstand voltage


60 Hz 1 minute wet withstand

kV

350

Continuous current

2000, 3000, 4000, 5000 (1)

Close and latch current

kA

234

Short circuit breaking current

kA

90 (4)

Minimum operating gas pressure @ 20 C

psig

72

Normal operating gas pressure @ 20 C

psig

87

Permissible ambient temperature

-30 to +40 (2)

Interrupter enclosure

dead tank

Configuration

3 pole units on common frame

Design

outdoor

Expected lifetime

yrs

30

Dimensions (H x W x D)

ft / m

15.8 x 16.5 x 12 / 4.8 x 5 x 3.7

Typical weight, including capacitors and CTs but without SF6 gas

lbs / kg

15,000 / 6,804 (3)

Weight, SF6 gas

lbs / kg

230 / 105

Capacitor switching class

C2

Operating mechanism
Type

spring-hydraulic, type HMB-4.2

Energy storage

spring column, disc spring

Standard operating duty

CO-15s-CO
O-0.3s-CO-180s-CO

Seismic rating

0.5g value per IEEE 693

Above are not necessarily limiting values; further information available upon request.
Notes
(1)
5000 A requires porcelain bushing insulators
(2)
Requires tank heaters on applications with ambient temperatures less than 30 C
(3)
Typical weight includes porcelain bushings and the maximum BCT load
(4)
30-nF shunt capacitor required on each source side bushing for ITRV fault performance, and 30-nF load-side shunt capacitance per pole required for 90% short line fault interrupting performance

(1)
(2)

1050 kV optionally available


460 kV optionally available

6 | Type PMI90, 245 kV, up to 90 kA Power Circuit Breaker

Physical specifications

Dimensions
23
(605)

192 3/16 (5023)


111 (2820)

SHIPPING AND INSTALLED WIDTH

MAX. DIMENSION FOR BUSHING REMOVAL

97 15/16 (2487)

97 15/16 (2487)

PHASE TO PHASE

PHASE TO PHASE

151 3/4 (3855)


MAX. DIMENSION FOR BUSHING REMOVAL

108 1/4 (2749)

ADDITIONAL HEIGHT
REQUIRED FOR
BUSHING REMOVAL

SHIPPING LENGTH

99 1/4 (2522)
84 3/4 (2152)
METAL TO METAL

85 5/8 (2175)
METAL TO METAL

189 3/8
(4810)
INSTALLED
HEIGHT

64 (1635)
BUSHING STRIKE

174 3/4
(4439)
TOP OF
TERMINAL
PAD

165
(4191)

213 7/16
(5421)
MIN.
DIMENSION
FOR
BUSHING
REMOVAL
AFTER
INSTALLATION

HEIGHT
TO
LIVE
PARTS

162
(4114)

111 11/16
(2837)

SHIPPING
HEIGHT

MINIMUM
BUSHING
HEIGHT

54
(1372)
MINI MONITOR

80 11/16
(2050)
CL OF
BREAKER

40 3/4
(1035)

30 1/2
(774)

OPERATIONS
COUNTER

BOTTOM
OF
CABINET

23 11/16
(602)

57 1/16 (1449)
41 1/8
(1044)

145 1/16 (3684)

142 1/16 (3609)


CLEARANCE TO REMOVE INTERRUPTER

Line-to-ground capacitors may be required for certain


applications. Consult an ABB representative for more details.

Physical data
Dimensions and weights
Height - shipping / installed

13 6 (4114 mm) / 15 10 (4810 mm)

Width - shipping / installed

16 6 (5023 mm) / 16 6 (5023 mm)

Length - shipping / installed

9 1 (2749 mm) / 12 1 (3684 mm)

Footprint of frame

5 10 (1771 mm) x 8 (2438 mm), M30 (1 1/4 diameter bolts)

Phase spacing / centerline to centerline

8 2 (2487 mm) / 3 7 (1092 mm)

Minimum height to live parts

13 9 (4191 mm)

Typical installed weight with porcelain bushings and maximum CTs

15,000 lbs (6804 kg)

Total weight of SF6 gas per breaker with standard bushings

230 lbs (105 kg)

Total weight of SF6 gas at shipping weight

42 lbs (19.1 kg)

Certifications

2GNQ010070

ISO 9001

Revision 8

ISO 14001

2GNE010035

Revision 13

2GNE010068

OHSAS 18001

Revision 9

Type PMI90, 245 kV, up to 90 kA Power Circuit Breaker | 7

Protection and control interfaces

Typical electrical drawings


21

(+)

(+)

5A

52X1

9B

9A

5B
52Y1

23-1

42-2

42-1
120 / 240
VA C

88-2

88-1

42-1

42-3

42-2

88-3

MECH
HEATER
70 W

MECH
HEATER
70 W

MECH
HEATER
70 W

42-3

CABINET
HEATER
75 W
CABINET
HEATER
75 W

CABINET
HEATER
75 W

125 / 250 VDC

11A

11B

11C

52A

52A

52A

52B
125 / 250 VDC

52Y1

52Y1
52B
52B

CABINET
HEATER
75 W

52A

52A

52A

52TC1

52TC2

52TC3

52Y1

(-)

AC schematic
42-1, 42-2, 42-3
88-1, 88-2, 88-3
23-1

52X1

9C

(-)

22

Primary DC trip
Motor contactor
Motor
Non-adjustable thermostat

9A 11A
9B 11B
9C 11C
52A
52TC1, 52TC2, 52TC3

52X1

52CC-1

63

(LOW GAS)

63

(LOW SPRING)

DC close - pole 1
Remote trip pole 1
Remote trip pole 2
Remote trip pole 3
Auxiliary switch contact
Trip coil

52X1
52Y1
52B
5A 5B
52CC-1
63

X relay, closing
Y relay, anti pump
Auxiliary switch contact
Remote close and reclose
Close coil
Permissive contact / alarm contact

Notes:
1) Secondary trip is same as primary
2) DC close for poles 2 and 3 is same as pole 1

Typical controls features


Accessory
Dual trip coils

Popular CT options
Tier 1

Tier 2

Tier 3

125 VDC

AC / DC transfer

Mini-monitor (Qty.)

Emergency trip

EB-27 CT terminal blocks

Cabinet light - door activated

20 A GFI (cabinet exterior)

20 A receptacle (panel mounted)

Non-insulated wire terminals

Circuit breakers

Push buttons

Undervoltage relays

DC visible disconnect

Local remote switch

Screw down device nameplates

Fiber optic merging unit


SF6 monitor

8 | Type PMI90, 245 kV, up to 90 kA Power Circuit Breaker

Accuracy
ANSI
Ratio

Relaying

Metering

IEC

600:5 MR

C-400 / C-800

0.3B-0.5

5P10@15VA

1200:5 MR

C-400 / C-800

0.3B-1.0

CLASS 0.5@30VA

2000:5 MR

C-400 / C-800

0.3B-1.0

10P20@50VA

3000:5 MR

C-400 / C-800

0.3B-1.8

CLASS 0.5@30VA

4000:5 MR

C-400 / C-800

0.3B-2.0

CLASS 0.2@15VA

Typical installations
The compact design of the 245PMI90 is ideal for new or existing
substation layouts for voltages up to 245 kV. The breaker fits
within many existing footprints and can be used to quickly address
the need for greater protection for minimal cost.
Those familiar with the PM line of breakers can typically install
and commission the breaker within 1-2 days, given a prepared
foundation. Mechanisms are installed at site using simple
couplings and pre-wired industrial plug connections.
The type PMI is also available with point-on-wave synchronous
switching controls for capacitors, reactors or transformer
applications.

HMB 4.2 mechanism


The moving contacts of each separate pole unit are driven by
a type HMB-4 spring hydraulic mechanism that is mounted at
one end of each interrupter tank. Mechanical energy is stored
in a column of compression disk springs, and it is translated
hydraulically to the poles operating shaft. Spring charge is
automatically maintained by the operation of a universal motor
and hydraulic pump. Each fully integrated mechanism is self
lubricating, hermetically sealed to the atmosphere and weather
protected, affording excellent reliability and long term stability and
is backed by an industry-best 10 year warranty.

Mechanism data
Model name

HMB 4.2

Type

Disk spring - hydraulic

Quantity per breaker

Operating sequence

CO-15s-CO
O-0.3s-CO-180s-CO

Stored operations

Charging source
Charging motor

Trip and close coils

Universal motor or hand crank


Available voltages

VDC

VAC

110 - 125
220 - 250

110 - 125
220 - 250

Power

650 W for

1000 W

Operating current

6 A @ 125
3 A @ 250

9 A @ 125
4.5 A @ 250

Starting current

30 / 20 A

40 / 25 A

Max recharge time

88 seconds

Available voltages

60 VDC
110-125 VDC
220-250 VDC

Current

3.5 A @ 125 VDC

Trip
Close

Type PMI90, 245 kV, up to 90 kA Power Circuit Breaker | 9

Notes

10 | Type PMI90, 245 kV, up to 90 kA Power Circuit Breaker

ABB Inc.
High Voltage Products - Dead Tank Breakers
100 Distribution Circle
Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania 15666, USA
Phone: +1 (724) 696-1500
Fax: +1 (724) 696-1502
www.abb.us/highvoltage

Note:
We reserve the right to make technical changes or modify the contents of this
document without prior notice. With regard to purchase orders, the agreed
particulars shall prevail. ABB does not accept any responsibility whatsoever for
potential errors or possible lack of information in this document. We reserve
all rights in this document and in the subject matter and illustrations contained
therein. Any reproductionin whole or in partsis forbidden without ABBs prior
written consent.
Copyright 2012 ABB.
All rights reserved.

Document Number: 2GNM110092 / January 2012

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