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Bach Ho

Data

Origin: Viet Nam


Synonyms: White Tiger

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1990.


API Gravity
38.6

OGJ 99

0.04

OGJ 99

17

OGJ 99

33

OGJ 99

Temperature (C)
40
50
60

10
7
5

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Asphaltenes
Waxes

0
27

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Boiling Range (C)


<C5
Naphtha (C5-149)
Kerosene (149-232)
Gas oil (232-342)
Residue (>342)
Residue (>369)
Residue (>509)
Residue (>550)

0
10
14
23
52
47
18
14

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

2
2

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

0.07

OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Yield on Crude (volume %)

Metals (ppm)

Nickel
Vanadium
Other Elements (weight %)

Nitrogen

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-1

Bachaquero
Data

Origin: Venezuela

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
16.8

OGJ 99

2.40

OGJ 99

11

OGJ 99

-23

OGJ 99

1,362

OGJ 99

1
2
4
2
2
6
4
9
70

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Pour Point (C)
Saybolt Viscosity (SUS)

Temperature (C)
38
Yield on Crude (volume %)

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C4
Light naphtha (28-93)
Heavy naphtha (93-149)
Naphtha (149-177)
Kerosene (177-204)
Gas oil (204-260)
Gas oil (260-287)
Gas oil (287-343)
Residue (>343)

B-2

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Badak
Data

Origin: Indonesia

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
41.3

OGJ 99

0.08

OGJ 99

39

OGJ 99

-26

OGJ 99

Temperature (C)
38

OGJ 99

Waxes

OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-3

Bahrgansar/Nowruz
Data

Origin: Iran
Synonyms: SIRIP Blend

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
27.1

OGJ 99

2.45

OGJ 99

OGJ 99

-33

OGJ 99

Temperature (C)
38

20

OGJ 99

Boiling Range (C)


Light naphtha (C5-66)
Naphtha (66-150)
Kerosene (150-250)
Gas oil (250-350)
Residue ( >350)

4
9
13
14
59

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Nickel
Vanadium

25
72

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Yield on Crude (weight %)

Metals (ppm)

B-4

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Barrow Island
Data

Origin: Australia

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published sometime between 1984 and 1992.
API Gravity
36.7
36.8

ESD 93
OGJ 99

Equation(s) for Predicting Evaporation


%Ev = (4.67 + 0.045T)ln(t)
Where %Ev = weight percent evaporated; T = surface temperature (C); t = time (minutes)

ESD 96

Sulphur (weight %)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
17
32
48

0.04
0.05
0.03
0.05
0.06

ESD 97
OGJ 99
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97

< 0.1
< 0.1
< 0.1
< 0.1

ESD 99
ESD 99
ESD 99
ESD 99

< -30
42
80
> 95

ESD 94
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

0.8522
0.8410
0.8807
0.8700
0.9010
0.8906
0.9178
0.9075

ESD 93
ESD 93
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 94
ESD 94

Water Content (weight %)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
17
32
48
Flash Point (C)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
17
32
48
Density (g/mL)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
17
32
48

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15
0
15

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-5

Barrow Island
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Pour Point (C)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
17
32
48

< -65
-30
-62
-46
-27

ESD 95
OGJ 99
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

4
2
7
4
20
11
54
23

ESD 93
ESD 93
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 94
ESD 94

3
2

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

61
36
27
23

ESD 95
ESD 99
ESD 99
ESD 99

Dynamic Viscosity (mPas or cP)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
17
32
48

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15
0
15

Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Temperature (C)
10
100
Chemical Dispersibility (volume %)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
17
32
48

B-6

Corexit 9500

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Barrow Island
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Evaporation (weight %)
0

17

32

48

Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes
Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes
Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes
Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes

64
32
4
0
0
66
30
4
0
1
61
35
4
0
1
59
36
6
0
1

ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 93
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 98
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 98
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 98

Adhesion (g/m)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
17
32
48

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

6
11
20
24

SD = 2
SD = 1
SD = 2
SD = 7

ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

B-7

Barrow Island
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Volatile Organic Compounds (ppm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0

17

32

48

Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs
Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs
Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs
Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs

129
2,224
450
3,801
8,775
6,604
15,379
5
1,048
507
4,893
10,718
6,453
17,171
0
28
31
318
4,323
377
4,700
0
17
13
42
52
72
124

ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97

27.1
26.2
29.0
28.3
30.5
29.8
31.5
31.0

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

Surface Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
17
32
48

B-8

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15
0
15

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Barrow Island
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Oil/Salt Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
17
32
48

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15
0
15

15.1
15.9
13.1
14.9
11.5
12.7
11.7
12.1

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

16.8
18.1
16.1
16.3
15.2
15.3
15.7
14.3

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

Oil/Fresh Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
17
32
48

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15
0
15

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-9

Barrow Island
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Boiling Point Distribution (weight %)

Evaporation (weight %)
0

17

32

48
B-10

Boiling Point (C)


80
100
120
140
160
180
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
120
140
160
180
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
160
180
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
200

4
9
14
19
24
31
37
55
71
82
88
93
96
98
99
3
6
12
19
26
47
66
78
86
92
96
98
99
1
5
11
35
58
73
83
90
94
96
98
99
1

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Barrow Island
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Boiling Point Distribution (weight %)

Evaporation (weight %)
48

Boiling Point (C)


250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650

18
45
65
78
87
92
96
98
99

ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

Boiling Range (C)


Gasoline (C5-65)
Light straight run (65-100)
Naphtha (100-150)
Heavy naphtha (150-200)
Kerosene (200-250)
Diesel (250-300)
Gas oil (300-350)
Heavy gas oil (350-370)
Residue (370+)

3
8
14
16
17
15
10
3
15

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Yield on Crude (volume %)

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-11

Basrah Heavy
Data

Origin: Iraq

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
24.7

OGJ 99

3.50

OGJ 99

-30

OGJ 99

Temperature (C)
10

86

OGJ 99

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C4
Light naphtha (C5-65)
Heavy naphtha (65-175)
Kerosene (175-225)
Gas oil (225-360)
Heavy gas oil (360-460)
Residue (>460)

1
3
12
7
22
14
42

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Yield on Crude (weight %)

B-12

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Basrah Light
Data

Origin: Iraq

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
33.7

OGJ 99

1.95

OGJ 99

-15

OGJ 99

Temperature (C)
10

15

OGJ 99

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C4
Light naphtha (C5-65)
Heavy naphtha (65-175)
Kerosene (175-225)
Gas oil (225-360)
Heavy gas oil (360-525)
Residue (>525)

1
4
16
8
23
25
23

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Yield on Crude (weight %)

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-13

Basrah Medium
Data

Origin: Iraq

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
31.1

OGJ 99

2.58

OGJ 99

-30

OGJ 99

Temperature (C)
10

41

OGJ 99

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C4
Light naphtha (C5-65)
Heavy naphtha (65-175)
Kerosene (175-225)
Gas oil (225-360)
Heavy gas oil (360-520)
Residue (>520)

2
3
15
8
22
22
28

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Yield on Crude (weight %)

B-14

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

BCF 24
Data

Origin: Venezuela

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
23.4
23.5

ESD 91
OGJ 99

Equation(s) for Predicting Evaporation


%Ev = (1.08 + 0.045T)ln(t)
Where %Ev = weight percent evaporated; T = surface temperature (C); t = time (minutes)

ESD 96

Sulphur (weight %)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
9

1.85
2.07
2.04

OGJ 99
ESD 93
ESD 93

< -43
67
> 95

ESD 91
ESD 92
ESD 92

ESD 91

0.9229
0.9129
0.9442
0.9342
0.9496
0.9399

ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91

-51
-42
-21
-18

OGJ 99
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91

Flash Point (C)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
9
17
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Density (g/mL)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
9
17

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15

Pour Point (C)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
9
17

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-15

BCF 24
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Dynamic Viscosity (mPas or cP)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
9
17

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15

356
125
2,153
557
8,729
1,629

ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91

Temperature (C)
38

192

OGJ 99

Corexit 9500
Corexit 9527
Dasic LTS
Enersperse 700

12
20
0
5

ESD 94
ESD 93
ESD 93
ESD 93

Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes
Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes

43
37
13
7
4
41
36
14
8
3

ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 98

Saybolt Viscosity (SUS)

Chemical Dispersibility (volume %)

Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Evaporation (volume %)
0

Adhesion (g/m)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
9

B-16

35
59

SD = 1
SD = 2

ESD 96
ESD 96

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

BCF 24
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Volatile Organic Compounds (ppm)

Evaporation (volume %)
0

Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs
Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs

530
1,680
580
2,420
3,260
5,210
8,470
100
430
390
1,590
3,040
2,510
5,560

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94

29.2
28.2
30.1
29.6
30.5
30.9

ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91

24.9
21.3
22.7
20.2
22.5
20.0

ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91

28.1
21.5
28.0
23.8
28.1
24.2

ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91

Surface Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
9
17

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15

Oil/Salt Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
9
17

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15

Oil/Fresh Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
9
17

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-17

BCF 24
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Boiling Point Distribution (weight %)

Evaporation (weight %)
0

B-18

Boiling Point (C)


40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
120
140
160
180
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700

1
2
2
4
5
7
9
11
13
19
26
35
43
52
60
68
76
82
88
1
1
3
4
6
13
20
30
39
49
58
66
73
80
87

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

BCF 24
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Yield on Crude (volume %)

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C4
Light naphtha (28-93)
Heavy naphtha (93-149)
Naphtha (149-177)
Kerosene (177-204)
Gas oil (204-260)
Gas oil (260-288)
Gas oil (288-343)
Residue (>343)

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

2
4
5
3
3
8
5
10
62

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

B-19

BCF 24
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Metals (ppm)

Evaporation (volume %)
0

Barium
Chromium
Copper
Iron
Lead
Magnesium
Molybdenum
Nickel
Titanium
Vanadium
Zinc
Aluminum
Barium
Cadmium
Calcium
Chromium
Cobalt
Copper
Iron
Lead
Magnesium
Manganese
Mercury
Molybdenum
Nickel
Selenium
Strontium
Tin
Titanium
Vanadium
Zinc

< 0.3
<2
< 0.6
<4
<3
7
< 0.6
30
< 0.6
290
< 0.6
<5
< 0.3
< 0.5
48
<2
<1
< 0.6
5
<3
<1
< 0.3
< 15
< 0.6
24
21
0.4
< 15
< 0.6
248
< 0.6

Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92

Aqueous Solubility (mg/L)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
9
(a) fresh water

Temperature (C)
Room temperature

16
3

(a)
(a)

ESD 91
ESD 91

11

(a)

Harris 94

Acute Toxicity of Water Soluble Fraction (mg/L)

Test Organism
48h LC50
Daphnia magna
(a) results based on GC purge-and-trap analysis

B-20

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Beatrice
Data

Origin: North Sea, UK

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
38.7

OGJ 99

0.05

OGJ 99

39

OGJ 99

13

OGJ 99

7
5

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

4
4
4
7
9
26
35
14

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Temperature (C)
40
50
Yield on Crude (volume %)

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C5
Light naphtha (20-70)
Naphtha (70-100)
Heavy naphtha (100-150)
Kerosene (150-205)
Middle distillate (205-343)
Gas oil (343-565)
Residue (>565)

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-21

Bekapai
Data

Origin: Indonesia

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
40.0

OGJ 99

0.08

OGJ 99

13

OGJ 99

-21

OGJ 99

Temperature (C)
38

OGJ 99

Asphaltenes

OGJ 99

1
8
25
16
52
14

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

< 0.5
< 0.5

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)


Yield on Crude (weight %)

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C4
Gasoline (C5-100)
Naphtha (100-185)
Kerosene (185-230)
Gas oil (185-375)
Residue (>375)
Metals (ppm)

Nickel
Vanadium

B-22

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Bekok
Data

Origin: Malaysia

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
49.1

OGJ 99

0.02

OGJ 99

52

OGJ 99

-3

OGJ 99

Temperature (C)
38

OGJ 99

Waxes

OGJ 99

3
7
27
16
26
22

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Nickel
Vanadium

<1
<1

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Nitrogen

0.01

OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)


Yield on Crude (volume %)

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C4
Light naphtha (C5-63)
Heavy naphtha (63-165)
Kerosene (166-232)
Distillate (232-343)
Residue (>343)
Metals (ppm)

Other Elements (weight %)

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-23

Belayim
Data

Origin: Egypt

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
27.5

OGJ 99

2.20

OGJ 99

45

OGJ 99

OGJ 99

51

OGJ 99

OGJ 99

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C4
Naphtha (C5-82)
Naphtha (82-160)
Kerosene (160-230)
Gas oil (230-350)
Residue (>350)

2
5
10
9
18
54

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Nickel
Vanadium

55
79

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Temperature (C)
20
Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Waxes
Yield on Crude (volume %)

Metals (ppm)

B-24

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Belida
Data

Origin: Indonesia

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1994.


API Gravity
45.1

OGJ 99

0.02

OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Water Content (volume %)

5.8

(a)

OGJ 99

(a) water and sediment


Hydrogen Sulphide (weight %)

<0

OGJ 99

0.8012

OGJ 99

16

OGJ 99

8
6

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

3
37
19
20
15
7

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Copper
Iron
Nickel
Vanadium

< 0.5
2
< 0.5
<1

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Nitrogen

0.02

OGJ 99

Density (g/mL)

Temperature (C)
15
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Temperature (C)
21
27
Yield on Crude (volume %)

Boiling Range (C)


Light ends (C1-C5)
Naphtha (37-193)
Kerosene (193-266)
Heavy distillate (266-385)
Gas oil (385-513)
Residue (>513)
Metals (ppm)

Other Elements (weight %)

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-25

Belridge Heavy
Data

Origin: California, USA

Notes

Reference ID

API Gravity
13.6

ESD 92

Equation(s) for Predicting Evaporation


%Ev = (0.03 + 0.013T)sqrt(t)
Where %Ev = weight percent evaporated; T = surface temperature (C); t = time (minutes)

ESD 96

Sulphur (weight %)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
3

1.03
1.03

ESD 93
ESD 93

2.4
0.1

ESD 98
ESD 98

> 90
> 90

ESD 92
ESD 92

0.9849
0.9746
0.9871
0.9770

ESD 92
ESD 92
ESD 92
ESD 92

2
4

ESD 92
ESD 92

92,600
12,610
156,200
17,105

ESD 92
ESD 92
ESD 92
ESD 92

Water Content (weight %)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
3
Flash Point (C)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
3
Density (g/mL)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
3

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15

Pour Point (C)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
3
Dynamic Viscosity (mPas or cP)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
3

B-26

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Belridge Heavy
Data
Emulsion Formation
Evaporation (volume %)
0

Visual stability
Viscosity (mPas)
Complex modulus (mPa)
Water content (wt %)
Visual stability
Viscosity (mPas)
Complex modulus (mPa)
Water content (wt %)

Notes

Reference ID

entrained
42,000
140,000
54
entrained
47,000
200,000
60

ESD 98
ESD 98
ESD 98
ESD 98
ESD 98
ESD 98
ESD 98
ESD 98

4
9
0
0
7

ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 98

28
39
30
3
1
29
38
30
4
1

ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 97

Chemical Dispersibility (volume %)

Evaporation (volume %)
0

Corexit 9500
Corexit 9527
Dasic LTS
Enersperse 700
Corexit 9500

Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Evaporation (volume %)
0

Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes
Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes

Adhesion (g/m)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
3

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

88
83

SD = 6
SD = 2

ESD 96
ESD 96

B-27

Belridge Heavy
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Volatile Organic Compounds (ppm)

Evaporation (volume %)
0

Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs
Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs

110
0
0
0
0
110
110
90
0
0
0
0
90
90

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94

NM
31.2
NM
32.9

ESD 92
ESD 92
ESD 92
ESD 92

NM
20.0
NM
30.4

ESD 92
ESD 92
ESD 92
ESD 92

NM
25.1
NM
NM

ESD 92
ESD 92
ESD 92
ESD 92

Surface Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
3

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15

Oil/Salt Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
3

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15

Oil/Fresh Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
3

B-28

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Belridge Heavy
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Boiling Point Distribution (weight %)

Evaporation (volume %)
0

Boiling Point (C)


160
180
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
180
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700

1
1
2
9
17
28
39
52
62
71
79
86
91
1
2
8
17
28
39
52
62
71
78
84
89

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96

0.3
<2
< 0.6
40
<3
5
< 0.6
70
< 0.6
86
< 0.6

Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92

Metals (ppm)

Barium
Chromium
Copper
Iron
Lead
Magnesium
Molybdenum
Nickel
Titanium
Vanadium
Zinc
Acute Toxicity of Water Soluble Fraction (mg/L)

Test Organism
48h LC50
Daphnia magna
(a) results based on GC headspace analysis
Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

> 0.07

(a)

Harris 94

B-29

Bent Horn
Origin: Northwest Territories, Canada

Data

Notes

Reference ID

Data for sample taken from the tanker Imperial Bedford on September 10, 1985 at the Port of
Montreal.
API Gravity
41.3

EETD 85

0.82

EETD 86

-9

EETD 85

0.8298
0.8181
0.8589
0.8472
0.8738
0.8619

EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85

-18
-7
8

EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85

54
24
14,750
60
110,000
5,820

EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85

25
15
15

ESD 95
EETD 89
EETD 89

Sulphur (weight %)
Flash Point (C)
Density (g/mL)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
20
33

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15

Pour Point (C)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
20
33
Dynamic Viscosity (mPas or cP)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
20
33

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15

Chemical Dispersibility (volume %)

Corexit 9500
Dasic LTS
Enersperse 700

B-30

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Bent Horn
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Evaporation (weight %)
0

20

Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes
Asphaltenes

94
5
0
0
7
0

EETD 86
EETD 86
EETD 86
ESD 91
ESD 91
EETD 89

Volatile Organic Compounds (ppm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0

21

Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs
Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs

100
150
50
500
1,290
800
2,090
0
90
50
460
1,620
600
2,220

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94

Surface Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
20
33

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15

27.7
26.2
33.1
28.2
NM
25.0

EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85

53.5
38.5
32.1
2.2
NM
7.4

EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85

Oil/Salt Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
20
33

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-31

Bent Horn
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Oil/Fresh Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
20
33

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15

48.0
39.1
42.3
16.6
NM
15.4

EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85

Boiling Point Distribution (weight %)

Boiling Point (C)


60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700

B-32

1
1
3
6
9
12
15
19
28
38
47
56
64
72
78
84
88
91

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Bent Horn
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Metals (ppm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0

20

Barium
Chromium
Copper
Iron
Lead
Magnesium
Molybdenum
Nickel
Titanium
Vanadium
Zinc
Barium
Chromium
Copper
Iron
Lead
Magnesium
Molybdenum
Nickel
Titanium
Vanadium
Zinc

< 0.3
<2
< 0.6
56
<3
3
< 0.6
<1
< 0.6
< 0.6
< 0.6
0.6
<2
< 0.6
19
<3
16
0.9
<1
< 0.6
< 0.6
2

Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92

Aqueous Solubility (mg/L)

Temperature (C)
Room temperature
20 (approx.)
22
20 (approx.)
22

6
6
8
5
6

(a)
(a)
(a)
(b)
(b)

ESD 91
MacLean 89
Suntio 86
MacLean 89
Suntio 86

(a) fresh water; (b) salt water

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-33

Bent Horn
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Acute Toxicity of Water Soluble Fraction (mg/L)

Test Organism
Daphnia magna

1
(a)
1
(b)
3
(a)
Artemia spp.
4
(b)
2
(a)
48h LC50
Daphnia magna
2
(b)
4
(a)
Artemia spp.
5
(b)
(a) results based on fluorescence spectroscopy; (b) results based on GC purge-and-trap
analysis

48h EC50

B-34

MacLean 89
EETD 89
MacLean 89
EETD 89
MacLean 89
EETD 89
MacLean 89
EETD 89

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Bent Horn A-02


Origin: Northwest Territories, Canada

Data

Notes

Reference ID

Data from EETD 1985 are for drill stem testing sample of A-02 well, 1985.
API Gravity
41.5

EETD 85

Equation(s) for Predicting Evaporation


%Ev = (3.19 + 0.045T)ln(t)
Where %Ev = weight percent evaporated; T = surface temperature (C); t = time (minutes)

ESD 96

Sulphur (weight %)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
20
33

0.76
0.81
0.89

EETD 86
EETD 86
EETD 86

-14

EETD 85

0.8299
0.8177
0.8600
0.8484
0.8735
0.8615

EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85

-16
-2
11

EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85

25
12
NM
100
NM
525

EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85

Flash Point (C)


Density (g/mL)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
20
33

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15

Pour Point (C)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
20
33
Dynamic Viscosity (mPas or cP)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
20
33

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15

Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Asphaltenes
Waxes

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

0
9

ESD 91
ESD 91

B-35

Bent Horn A-02


Data

Notes

Reference ID

Volatile Organic Compounds (ppm)

Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs

390
770
140
1,550
2,660
2,850
5,510

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94

Surface Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
20
33

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15

27.4
25.4
31.1
27.9
NM
28.7

EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85

34.4
17.6
26.7
1.7
NM
2.3

EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15

30.0
26.6
38.9
13.8
NM
11.4

EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85

Total Distillate (volume %)


IBP
5
10
15
20
25
30
35

33
92
113
130
149
169
188
206

EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85
EETD 85

Oil/Salt Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
20
33

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15

Oil/Fresh Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
20
33
Distillation (C)

B-36

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Bent Horn A-02


Data

Notes

Reference ID

Metals (ppm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0

20

Aluminum
Barium
Cadmium
Calcium
Chromium
Cobalt
Copper
Iron
Lead
Magnesium
Manganese
Mercury
Molybdenum
Nickel
Selenium
Strontium
Tin
Titanium
Vanadium
Zinc
Barium
Chromium
Copper
Iron
Lead
Magnesium
Molybdenum
Nickel
Titanium
Vanadium
Zinc

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

<5
2
< 0.5
105
<2
<1
< 0.6
8
<3
39
0.4
< 15
< 0.6
7
17
0.2
< 15
< 0.6
< 0.6
3
1
<2
2
70
<3
24
1
<1
0.6
< 0.6
4

Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92

B-37

Berri
Data

Origin: Saudi Arabia


Synonyms: Arabian Light

Notes

Reference ID

API Gravity
37.2

OGJ 92

1.15

OGJ 92

-29

OGJ 92

Temperature (C)
16

OGJ 92

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C5
20-175
175-295
295-343
343-565
565-816

3
25
26
10
29
10

OGJ 92
OGJ 92
OGJ 92
OGJ 92
OGJ 92
OGJ 92

0.04

OGJ 92

Sulphur (weight %)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Yield on Crude
Weight %
Volume %

Other Elements (weight %)

Nitrogen

B-38

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Beryl
Data

Origin: North Sea, UK

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
36.5

OGJ 99

0.42

OGJ 99

36

OGJ 99

OGJ 99

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C5
Naphtha (16-49)
Naphtha (49-166)
Kerosene (166-218)
Light gas oil (218-343)
Heavy gas oil (343-535)
Residue (>535)

4
2
22
11
25
26
13

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Nickel
Vanadium

0.8
4

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Temperature (C)
15
Yield on Crude (volume %)

Metals (ppm)

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-39

Beta
Data

Origin: California, USA

Notes

Reference ID

API Gravity
13.7

ESD 91

Equation(s) for Predicting Evaporation


Short term (<5 days): %Ev = (-0.08 + 0.013T)sqrt(t)
Long term: %Ev = (0.29 + 0.045T)ln(t)
Where %Ev = weight percent evaporated; T = surface temperature (C); t = time (minutes)

ESD 97

Sulphur (weight %)

3.78

ESD 93

1.7

ESD 98

ESD 91

0.9829
0.9738

ESD 91
ESD 91

ESD 91

90,210
13,380

ESD 91
ESD 91

entrained
37

ESD 98
ESD 98

0
0
0
0

ESD 98
ESD 91
ESD 91
ESD 91

21
39
31
7
3

ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 91

Water Content (weight %)


Flash Point (C)
Density (g/mL)

Temperature (C)
0
15
Pour Point (C)
Dynamic Viscosity (mPas or cP)

Temperature (C)
0
15
Emulsion Formation
Visual stability
Water content (wt %)
Chemical Dispersibility (volume %)

Corexit 9500
Corexit 9527
Dasic LTS
Enersperse 700
Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes
Adhesion (g/m)

165

B-40

SD = 24

ESD 96

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Beta
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Volatile Organic Compounds (ppm)

Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs

110
280
220
500
1,170
1,110
2,280

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94

NM
32.2

ESD 91
ESD 91

NM
30.4

ESD 91
ESD 91

NM
34.1

ESD 91
ESD 91

1
2
3
4
5
6
11
16
22
29
38
46
55
65
74
81

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94

Surface Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Temperature (C)
0
15
Oil/Salt Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Temperature (C)
0
15
Oil/Fresh Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Temperature (C)
0
15
Boiling Point Distribution (weight %)

Boiling Point (C)


100
120
140
160
180
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-41

Beta
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Metals (ppm)

Barium
Chromium
Copper
Iron
Lead
Magnesium
Molybdenum
Nickel
Titanium
Vanadium
Zinc

1
<2
< 0.6
68
<3
25
< 0.6
112
2
146
< 0.6

Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92

Aqueous Solubility (mg/L)

Room temperature

(a)

ESD 91

>4

(a)

Harris 94

(a) fresh water


Acute Toxicity of Water Soluble Fraction (mg/L)

Test Organism
48h LC50
Daphnia magna
(a) results based on GC purge-and-trap analysis

B-42

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Bintulu
Data

Origin: Malaysia

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
26.5

OGJ 99

0.13

OGJ 99

20

OGJ 99

-5

OGJ 99

OGJ 99

28
104
135
169
199
227
245
259
273
285
290

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

0.05

OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Temperature (C)
56
Distillation (C)

Total Distillate (volume %)


IBP
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
47
Other Elements (weight %)

Nitrogen

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-43

Bombay High
Data

Origin: India

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
39.4

OGJ 99

0.17

OGJ 99

33

OGJ 99

30

OGJ 99

OGJ 99

Waxes

11

OGJ 99

Boiling Range (C)


Naphtha (C5-150)
Kerosene (140-240)
Gas oil (240-370)
Vacuum gas oil (370-550)
Residue (>550)

19
19
26
29
5

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

< 0.3
1
0.3

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Temperature (C)
40
Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)
Yield on Crude (weight %)

Metals (ppm)

Iron
Nickel
Vanadium

B-44

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Bonny Light
Data

Origin: Nigeria

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
36.7

OGJ 99

0.12

OGJ 99

Temperature (C)
38

OGJ 99

Waxes

OGJ 99

2
21
17
27
20
33

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

3
<2

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Yield on Crude
Weight %
Volume %

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C4
Naphtha (C5-149)
Kerosene (149-232)
Gas oil (232-342)
Heavy gas oil (369-509)
Residue (>342)

Metals (ppm)

Nickel
Vanadium

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-45

Bonny Medium
Data

Origin: Nigeria

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
25.2

OGJ 99

0.23

OGJ 99

-27

OGJ 99

Temperature (C)
38

12

OGJ 99

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C4
Naphtha (C5-149)
Kerosene (149-232)
Gas oil (232-343)
Heavy gas oil (369-509)
Residue (>342)

1
6
13
34
26
46

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

7
<1

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Yield on Crude
Weight %
Volume %

Metals (ppm)

Nickel
Vanadium

B-46

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Boscan
Data

Origin: Venezuela

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
10.9
10.1

ESD 92
OGJ 99

Equation(s) for Predicting Evaporation


%Ev = (-0.15 + 0.013T)sqrt(t)
Where %Ev = weight percent evaporated; T = surface temperature (C); t = time (minutes)

ESD 98

Sulphur (weight %)

5.50
4.60

OGJ 99
ESD 93

57

ESD 92

1.0030
0.9930

ESD 92
ESD 92

21
10

ESD 92
OGJ 99

Temperature (C)
0
15

8,826,000
485,500

ESD 92
ESD 92

Temperature (C)
38

90,000

OGJ 99

25
35
22
18
4

ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 92

Flash Point (C)


Density (g/mL)

Temperature (C)
0
15
Pour Point (C)

Dynamic Viscosity (mPas or cP)

Saybolt Viscosity (SUS)

Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes
Adhesion (g/m)

818

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

SD = 61

ESD 96

B-47

Boscan
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Volatile Organic Compounds (ppm)

Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs

120
180
120
300
720
720
1,440

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94

Boiling Point (C)


120
140
160
180
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700

1
1
2
2
3
6
9
15
21
28
36
46
55
64
73

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94

Boiling Range (C)


Light naphtha (28-93)
Heavy naphtha (93-149)
Naphtha (149-178)
Kerosene (178-204)
Gas oil (204-260)
Gas oil (260-288)
Gas oil (288-343)
Residue (>343)

1
1
1
1
4
3
6
83

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Boiling Point Distribution (weight %)

Yield on Crude (volume %)

B-48

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Boscan
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Metals (ppm)

Aluminum
Barium
Cadmium
Calcium
Chromium
Cobalt
Copper
Iron
Lead
Magnesium
Manganese
Mercury
Molybdenum
Nickel
Selenium
Strontium
Tin
Titanium
Vanadium
Zinc

70
0.5
< 0.5
470
<2
<1
2
56
<3
16
0.5
< 15
5
117
< 15
2
< 15
< 0.6
1,320
5

Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92

Acute Toxicity of Water Soluble Fraction (mg/L)

Test Organism
48h LC50
Daphnia magna
(a) results based on GC headspace analysis

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

>1

(a)

Harris 94

B-49

Bow River Blended


Data

Origin: Alberta, Canada

Notes

Reference ID

Flash Point (C)

< 12

Twardus 80

22

Twardus 80

0.9000
0.8990
0.8960
0.8930
0.8890
0.8850
0.9230
0.9380

Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a

-39
-27
-15
-3

Mackay 82a
Twardus 80
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a

88
74
62
45
67
34
28
43
24

Mackay 82a
Twardus 80
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Twardus 80
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Twardus 80
Mackay 82a

Fire Point (C)


Density (g/mL)

Evaporation (volume %)
0

10
20

Temperature (C)
0
5
10
15
20
25
20

Pour Point (C)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
10
20
Dynamic Viscosity (mPas or cP)

Temperature (C)
0
5
10
15
20
25

B-50

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Bow River Blended


Data

Notes

Reference ID

Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Evaporation (volume %)
0

10

20

Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes
Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes
Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes

70
21
4
5
3
67
22
3
8
6
63
26
4
8
9

Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a

15.0

Twardus 80

26.8
23.9
27.8

Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a

Room temperature

29.0

Twardus 80

Total Distillate (volume %)


0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80

46
115
185
265
310
350
370
385
390

Twardus 80
Twardus 80
Twardus 80
Twardus 80
Twardus 80
Twardus 80
Twardus 80
Twardus 80
Twardus 80

Surface Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Room temperature
Oil/Salt Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (volume %)
0
10
20

Temperature (C)
Room temperature

Oil/Fresh Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)


Distillation (C)

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-51

Bow River Heavy


Data

Origin: Alberta, Canada

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
26.7

OGJ 99

2.10

OGJ 99

OGJ 99

-50

OGJ 99

Temperature (C)
40

18

OGJ 99

Boiling Range (C)


C3-C4
Naphtha (C5-190)
Kerosene (190-277)
Distillate (277-343)
Gas oil (343-565)
Residue (>565)

2
20
13
11
33
23

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Nickel
Vanadium

21
54

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Yield on Crude (volume %)

Metals (ppm)

B-52

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Brae
Data

Origin: North Sea, UK

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
33.6

OGJ 99

0.73

OGJ 99

-6

OGJ 99

14

OGJ 99

OGJ 99

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C4
Gasoline (C5-95)
Naphtha (C5-149)
Kerosene (149-232)
Gas oil (232-342)
Residue (>342)

2
9
21
15
21
39

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Nickel
Vanadium

0.4
3

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Temperature (C)
10
Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Asphaltenes
Yield on Crude
Weight %
Volume %

Metals (ppm)

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-53

Brass River
Data

Origin: Nigeria

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
40.9

OGJ 99

0.09

OGJ 99

48

OGJ 99

OGJ 99

Temperature (C)
21

39

OGJ 99

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C4
Gasoline (16-93)
Naphtha (93-149)
Naphtha (149-204)
Kerosene (204-260)
Gas oil (260-343)
Heavy gas oil (329-593)

2
11
17
12
17
16
25

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

2
2

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Pour Point (C)
Saybolt Viscosity (SUS)

Yield on Crude (volume %)

Metals (ppm)

Nickel
Vanadium

B-54

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Brega
Data

Origin: Libya

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
40.4

OGJ 99

0.21

OGJ 99

44

OGJ 99

-1

OGJ 99

6
4

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

12
11
17
20
28
9

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Temperature (C)
21
38
Yield on Crude (volume %)

Boiling Range (C)


Light naphtha (20-100)
Heavy naphtha (100-150)
Kerosene (150-235)
Light gas oil (235-343)
Heavy gas oil (343-565)
Residue (>565)

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-55

Brent Blend
Data

Origin: North Sea, UK

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1995.


API Gravity
38.3
37.8

OGJ 99
ESD 94

Equation(s) for Predicting Evaporation


%Ev = (3.39 + 0.048T)ln(t)
Where %Ev = weight percent evaporated; T = surface temperature (C); t = time (minutes)

ESD 96

Sulphur (weight %)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
14
26
40

0.40
0.39
0.38
0.44
0.52

OGJ 99
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97

0.4

OGJ 99

< -30
27
71
> 95

ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

OGJ 99

0.8472
0.8351
0.8334
0.8751
0.8624
0.8930
0.8796
0.9125
0.8996

ESD 94
ESD 94
OGJ 99
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

Water Content (weight %)


Flash Point (C)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
14
26
40
Hydrogen Sulphide (weight %)
Density (g/mL)

Evaporation (weight %)
0

Temperature (C)
0
15

14

0
15
0
15
0
15

26
40

B-56

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Brent Blend
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Pour Point (C)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
14
26
40

-42
-6
5
9
12

OGJ 99
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

16
6
47
14
264
39
1,758
11,380
86,300
256

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

Dynamic Viscosity (mPas or cP)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
14
26
40

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15
0

15

(a)
(b)
(c)

Shear rate = (a) 100/s; (b) 10/s; (c) 1/s


Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Temperature (C)
20
30

6
15

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

45
15
25

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94

Chemical Dispersibility (volume %)

Corexit 9527
Dasic LTS
Enersperse 700

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-57

Brent Blend
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Evaporation (weight %)
0

14

26

40

Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes
Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes
Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes
Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes

72
23
4
1
0
7
61
31
7
2
7
56
35
7
2
8
53
34
11
2
9

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 97
OGJ 99
ESD 98
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 98
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 98
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 98

Adhesion (g/m)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
14
26
40

B-58

12
20
36
53

SD = 1
SD = 3
SD = 2
SD = 8

ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Brent Blend
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Volatile Organic Compounds (ppm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0

14

26

40

Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs
Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs
Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs
Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs

2,280
6,851
2,715
8,703
11,923
20,550
32,473
921
5,915
2,959
9,711
14,025
19,577
33,602
0
220
380
2,290
5,680
2,890
8,570
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96

28.0
25.5
29.0
28.0
30.4
29.4
DNF
30.5

ESD 95
ESD 94
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

Surface Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
14
26
40

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15
0
15

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-59

Brent Blend
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Oil/Salt Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
14
26
40

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15
0
15

24.9
22.5
21.7
22.7
23.4
25.0
DNF
23.5

ESD 95
ESD 94
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

25.7
22.7
22.8
23.2
23.9
24.8
DNF
23.8

ESD 95
ESD 94
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

Oil/Fresh Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
14
26
40

B-60

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15
0
15
0
15

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Brent Blend
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Boiling Point Distribution (weight %)

Evaporation (weight %)
0

14

26

Boiling Point (C)


40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
140
160
180
200
250

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

3
4
4
5
19
22
25
29
32
42
52
62
70
78
85
91
95
97
99
1
3
6
10
14
18
22
33
44
55
65
75
83
89
93
97
99
1
3
7
11
23

ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
B-61

Brent Blend
Data

Notes

Reference ID

Boiling Point Distribution (weight %)

Evaporation (weight %)
26

40

Boiling Point (C)


300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700

36
49
60
71
80
87
93
96
99
6
20
36
50
64
75
84
91
96
99

ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C5
IBP-150
150-230
230-350
350-375
375-550
>550

6
21
13
23
4
23
14

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

1
6

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Yield on Crude (weight %)

Metals (ppm)

Nickel
Vanadium

B-62

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Bu Attifel
Data

Origin: Libya

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
43.6

OGJ 99

0.03

OGJ 99

OGJ 99

32

OGJ 99

3
9
9
12
11
21
21
15

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Pour Point (C)
Yield on Crude (volume %)

Boiling Range (C)


Light ends (IBP-71)
Light naphtha (71-143)
Heavy naphtha (143-199)
Kerosene (199-260)
Diesel (260-335)
Light gas oil (335-413)
Heavy gas oil (413-500)
Residue (>500 )

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-63

Buchan
Data

Origin: North Sea, UK

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
33.7

OGJ 99

0.84

OGJ 99

OGJ 99

Temperature (C)
20

20

OGJ 99

Boiling Range (C)


C1-C4
Gasoline (C5-95)
Naphtha (C5-149)
Kerosene (149-232)
Gas oil (232-342)
Gas oil (342-369)
Gas oil (369-509)

2
9
20
14
21
4
20

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Nickel
Vanadium

4
19

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Yield on Crude
Weight %
Volume %

Metals (ppm)

B-64

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Bunker C Fuel Oil


Synonyms: Fuel Oil No. 6
Residual/Heavy Fuel Oil
Data from Shell 1999 were taken from MSDS Number 362-100.

Data

Notes

Reference ID

For additional fuel specifications refer to ASTM D396.


API Gravity
14.1
12.3

API 81
EETD 88

Equation(s) for Predicting Evaporation


Short term (<5 days): %Ev = (0.35 + 0.13T)sqrt(t)
Long term: %Ev = (-0.21 + 0.045T)ln(t)
Where %Ev = weight percent evaporated; T = surface temperature (C); t = time (minutes)

ESD 96

Sulphur (weight %)

2.40

API 81

0.1

ESD 98

Water Content (weight %)


Flash Point (C)

98
174
> 62

EETD 88
Twardus 80
Shell 99a

> 257

Twardus 80

0.9800
0.9941
0.9760
0.9904
0.9730
0.9867
0.9690
0.9830
< 1.0290
0.9710
0.9660
0.9788
0.9650
0.9749
0.9718

Mackay 82a
EETD 88
Mackay 82a
EETD 88
Mackay 82a
EETD 88
Mackay 82a
EETD 88
Shell 99a
API 81
Mackay 82a
EETD 88
Mackay 82a
EETD 88
EETD 88

Fire Point (C)


Density (g/mL)

Temperature (C)
0
5
10
15

16
20
25
30

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-65

Bunker C Fuel Oil


Data

Notes

Reference ID

Pour Point (C)

15
6
7

EETD 88
Mackay 82a
Twardus 80

10
15
20
25

73,500,000
1,037,000
28,700,000
45,030
5,980,000
3,180

Twardus 80
ESD 93
Twardus 80
ESD 93
Twardus 80
Mackay 82a

Temperature (C)
50

211 to 640

Shell 99a

Dynamic Viscosity (mPas or cP)

Temperature (C)
0

Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Emulsion Formation
Evaporation (weight%)
Visual stability
Viscosity (mPas)
Complex modulus (mPa)
Water content (wt %)

entrained
110,000
720,000
26

ESD 98
ESD 98
ESD 98
ESD 98

Chemical Dispersibility (volume %)

Corexit 9500
Corexit 9527
Dasic LTS
Enersperse 700

7
0
0
0

ESD 98
EETD 89
EETD 89
EETD 89

Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes

24
55
15
6
7
12
55

Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
Mackay 82a
ESD 91
ESD 91
Mackay 82a

NM
NM
27.0

EETD 88
EETD 88
Twardus 80

Surface Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Temperature (C)
0
15
Room temperature

B-66

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Bunker C Fuel Oil


Data

Notes

Reference ID

Oil/Salt Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Temperature (C)
0
15

NM
NM

EETD 88
EETD 88

NM
NM
40.0

EETD 88
EETD 88
Twardus 80

Oil/Fresh Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Temperature (C)
0
15
Room temperature
Boiling Point Distribution (weight %)

Boiling Point (C)


160
180
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700

1
1
2
5
8
13
20
28
33
38
51
68
81

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94

< 0.3
<2
1
35
<3
24
< 0.6
9
< 0.6
42
2

Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92

0.34

API 81

Metals (ppm)

Barium
Chromium
Copper
Iron
Lead
Magnesium
Molybdenum
Nickel
Titanium
Vanadium
Zinc
Other Elements (weight %)

Nitrogen

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-67

Bunker C Fuel Oil


Data

Notes

Reference ID

(a)
(a)
(b)

Suntio 86
Murray 84
Anderson 74

Aqueous Solubility (mg/L)

22
Unknown
20

0.4
2
6

(a) distilled water; (b) salt water


Acute Toxicity of Water Soluble Fraction (mg/L)

24h LC50

48h LC50

96h LC50

B-68

Test Organism
Neanthes arenaceodentata
Capitaella capitata
Mysidopsis almyra
Palaemonetes pugio
Penaeus aztecus
Menidia beryllina
Fundulus similis
Cyprinodon variegatus
Neanthes arenaceodentata
Capitaella capitata
Mysidopsis almyra
Palaemonetes pugio
Penaeus aztecus
Menidia beryllina
Fundulus similis
Cyprinodon variegatus
Neanthes arenaceodentata
Capitaella capitata
Palaemonetes pugio
Penaeus aztecus
Menidia beryllina
Fundulus similis
Cyprinodon variegatus

>6
>6
6
3
4
4
4
5
5
1
0.9
3
4
3
2
4
4
0.9
3
2
2
2
3

Rossi 76
Rossi 76
Anderson 74
Anderson 74
Anderson 74
Anderson 74
Anderson 74
Anderson 74
Rossi 76
Rossi 76
Anderson 74
Anderson 74
Anderson 74
Anderson 74
Anderson 74
Anderson 74
Rossi 76
Rossi 76
Anderson 74
Anderson 74
Anderson 74
Anderson 74
Anderson 74

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Bunker C Fuel Oil (Alaska)


Data
Notes
Synonyms: Fuel Oil No. 6
Residual/Heavy Fuel Oil
This oil was analyzed as part of a project entitled "Assessment of the Freshwater
Biodegradation Potential of Oils Commonly Transported in Alaska". The sample was collected
from a crude oil tankship at berth, Valdez Marine Terminal.

Reference ID
Blenkinsopp 97

API Gravity
11.4

ESD 96

Equation(s) for Predicting Evaporation


Short term (<5 days): %Ev = (-0.13 + 0.013T)sqrt(t)
Long term: %Ev = (0.31 + 0.045T)ln(t)
Where %Ev = weight percent evaporated; T = surface temperature (C); t = time (minutes)

ESD 98

Sulphur (weight %)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
8

0.53
0.56

ESD 97
ESD 97

0.2
< 0.1

ESD 98
ESD 98

83
> 95

ESD 96
ESD 96

0.9954
0.9891
1.0111
1.0050

ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96

-2
23

ESD 96
ESD 96

79,100
8,706
7,500,000
280,000

ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96

Water Content (weight %)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
8
Flash Point (C)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
8
Density (g/mL)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
8

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15

Pour Point (C)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
8
Dynamic Viscosity (mPas or cP)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
8

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15

(a)

(a) shear rate = 0.25/s

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-69

Bunker C Fuel Oil (Alaska)


Data
Emulsion Formation
Evaporation (weight%)
0

Visual stability
Viscosity (mPas)
Complex modulus (mPa)
Water content (wt %)
Visual stability
Water content (wt %)

Notes

Reference ID

entrained
28,000
130,000
35
none
6

ESD 98
ESD 98
ESD 98
ESD 98
ESD 98
ESD 98

Corexit 9500

14
6

ESD 98
ESD 98

Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes
Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Waxes

25
47
17
11
2
23
42
20
15
2

ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 98
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 98

Chemical Dispersibility (volume %)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
8
Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Evaporation (weight %)
0

Adhesion (g/m)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
8

B-70

85
421

SD = 9
SD = 55

ESD 96
ESD 96

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Bunker C Fuel Oil (Alaska)


Data

Notes

Reference ID

Volatile Organic Compounds (ppm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0

Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs
Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs

33
41
55
187
1,470
317
1,787
20
4
1
5
8
30
38

ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97
ESD 97

NM
32.5
NM
NM

ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96

NM
NM
NM
NM

ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96

NM
NM
NM
NM

ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96

Surface Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
8

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15

Oil/Salt Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
8

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15

Oil/Fresh Water Interfacial Tension (mN/m or dynes/cm)

Evaporation (weight %)
0
8

Temperature (C)
0
15
0
15

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-71

Bunker C Fuel Oil (Alaska)


Data

Notes

Reference ID

Boiling Point Distribution (weight %)

Evaporation (weight %)
0

B-72

Boiling Point (C)


160
180
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700

1
2
4
12
17
23
33
46
57
65
73
81
88
4
10
16
27
42
53
63
72
80
87

ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96
ESD 96

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Bunker C Fuel Oil (Irving Whale)


Data
Notes
Reference ID
Synonyms: Fuel Oil No. 6
Residual/Heavy Fuel Oil
The barge IRVING WHALE sank approximately 60 km northeast of North Point, Prince Edward
Island in September 1970. At the time of sinking the barge contained 4200 long tons (4,355,400
L) of bunker oil. On July 30, 1996 the IRVING WHALE was raised, still containing approximately
3000 tonnes of oil.
API Gravity
11.6

ESD 90

1.93

ESD 96

0.7

ESD 90

115

ESD 90

0.9985
0.9962
0.9918
0.9879
0.9844
0.9801

ESD 90
ESD 90
ESD 90
ESD 90
ESD 90
ESD 90

ESD 90

798,200
40,340

ESD 90
ESD 90

32
32
17
19

ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95
ESD 95

100
0
0
100
560
210
770

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94

Sulphur (weight %)
Water Content (weight %)
Flash Point (C)
Density (g/mL)

Temperature (C)
0
5
10
15
20
25
Pour Point (C)
Dynamic Viscosity (mPas or cP)

Temperature (C)
0
15
Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)

Saturates
Aromatics
Resins
Asphaltenes
Volatile Organic Compounds (ppm)

Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-73

Bunker C Fuel Oil (Irving Whale)


Data

Notes

Reference ID

Distillation (C)

Total Distillate (volume %)


IBP
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60

B-74

109
142
216
232
255
243
253
260
264
263
259
264
281

ESD 90
ESD 90
ESD 90
ESD 90
ESD 90
ESD 90
ESD 90
ESD 90
ESD 90
ESD 90
ESD 90
ESD 90
ESD 90

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Bunker C Light Fuel Oil


Data

Notes

Reference ID

Equation(s) for Predicting Evaporation


%Ev = (0.0035 + 0.0026T)sqrt(t)
Where %Ev = weight percent evaporated; T = surface temperature (C); t = time (minutes)

ESD 96

Chemical Dispersibility (volume %)

Corexit 9500
Corexit 9527
Dasic LTS
Enersperse 700

5
0
0
0

ESD 94
EETD 89
EETD 89
EETD 89

Volatile Organic Compounds (ppm)

Benzene
Toluene
Ethylbenzene
Xylenes
C3-benzenes
Total BTEX
Total VOCs

50
50
50
140
550
280
830

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94

1
7
19
38
54
64
69
72
76
83
89

ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94
ESD 94

< 0.3
<2
< 0.6
12
<3
5
0.9
31
< 0.6
157
< 0.6

Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92
Cao 92

Boiling Point Distribution (weight %)

Boiling Point (C)


200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
Metals (ppm)

Barium
Chromium
Copper
Iron
Lead
Magnesium
Molybdenum
Nickel
Titanium
Vanadium
Zinc

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-75

Bunker C Light Fuel Oil


Data

Notes

Reference ID

(a)
(b)

MacLean 89
MacLean 89

4
(a)
0.4
(b)
>2
(a)
Artemia spp.
> 0.3
(b)
> 0.4
(b)
48h LC50
Daphnia magna
>4
(a)
>2
(a)
Artemia spp.
> 0.3
(b)
(a) results based on fluorescence spectroscopy; (b) results based on GC purge-and-trap
analysis

MacLean 89
EETD 89
MacLean 89
EETD 89
EETD 89
MacLean 89
MacLean 89
EETD 89

Aqueous Solubility (mg/L)

Temperature (C)
20 (approx.)

4
2

(a) fresh water; (b) salt water


Acute Toxicity of Water Soluble Fraction
Test Organism
48h EC50
Daphnia magna

B-76

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

Bunyu
Data

Origin: Indonesia

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
31.7

OGJ 99

0.09

OGJ 99

OGJ 99

16

OGJ 99

Temperature (C)
38

OGJ 99

Waxes

OGJ 99

19
49
13
20

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Pour Point (C)
Kinematic Viscosity (mm/s or cSt)

Hydrocarbon Groups (weight %)


Yield on Crude (volume %)

Boiling Range (C)


Gasoline (C5-175)
Kerosene (175-300)
Gas oil (300-350)
Residue (>350)

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00

B-77

Burgan
Data

Origin: Kuwait/Iraq Divided Zone


Synonyms: Wafra

Notes

Reference ID

Data from OGJ 99 were originally published in 1983 as part of a series entitled "Guide to Export
Crudes for the '80s".
API Gravity
23.3

OGJ 99

3.37

OGJ 99

23

OGJ 99

-21

OGJ 99

134

OGJ 99

Boiling Range (C)


Light naphtha (IBP-93)
Heavy naphtha (93-224)
Kerosene (224-260)
Gas oil (260-327)
Residual oil (>327)

3
14
7
13
63

OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Nickel
Vanadium

7
34

OGJ 99
OGJ 99

Sulphur (weight %)
Reid Vapour Pressure (kPa)
Pour Point (C)
Saybolt Viscosity (SUS)

Temperature (C)
50
Yield on Crude (volume %)

Metals (ppm)

B-78

Properties of Crude Oils and Oil Products - 10/00