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Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian

Version April 2012

Gold First
Wordlist English / German / French / Italian
Page

Act.

Headword

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

Unit 1
6

live

adj

lav

live (Konzert)

sur scne

dal vivo

gig

gg

Auftritt, Gig

concert (de rock), engagement

concerto

He prefers going to a live concert instead of listening


to the album at home.
The band are doing a gig in Sheffield on Nov 12.

6
6
6
6
6

1
1
2
2
2

fan
particular
computer
DVD
have friends round

fn
ptkjl
kmpjut
divdi
hv frends rand

Fan
bestimmte/r,s, besondere/r,s
Computer
DVD
Freunde zu Besuch haben

fan
particulier
ordinateur
DVD
inviter/avoir des amis chez soi

fan
particolare
computer
DVD
avvere visite

He's a big fan of Elvis Presley.


In this particular case, no one else was involved.
The information is stored on the computer.
The film is now on DVD.
I had some friends round for dinner last night.

6
6

2
2

guitar
theatre

n
n

gt
t

Gitarre
Theater

guitare
thtre

chitarra
teatro

6
6
6
7

2
4
4
5

yoga
relax
close
tend

n
v
adj
v

jg
rlks
kls
tend

Yoga
entspannen
nah
neigen zu

yoga
relcher, se dtendre
proche
avoir tendance

yoga
rilassare
vicino
tendere a

Her brother plays the guitar in a band.


We went to the theatre to see The Lion King last
week.
She does yoga every Monday.
I just want to sit down and relax for a bit.
My brother and I are very close.
People tend to need less sleep as they get older.

7
7
7

5
7
7

switch off
bring up
activity

swt f
brng p
ktvti

abschalten
groziehen
Aktivitt, Unternehmung

dconnecter
lever
activit

distrarsi, riposarsi
allevare
attivit

I switch off by listening to music.


He was brought up by his grandparents.
My free time activities include hiking and climbing.

vary

veri

(sich) verndern

varier, changer

variare, cambiare

My taste in music varies, depending on my mood.

8
8

2
2

subculture
like-minded

sbklt
lakmandd

Subkultur
gleichgesinnt

bond

bnd

sich zusammentun

sous-culture
sottocultura
dans les mmes dispositions, du con la stessa mentalit
mme avis
s'attacher , crer des liens entre unirsi

The article is about music subcultures.


The festival was a chance to meet like-minded
people.
New mothers need time to bond with their babies.

on its way out

n ts we at

im Begriff, unmodern zu werden

en voie d'extinction

scomparire

8
8

2
2

average
reaction

adj
n

vrd
rikn

durchschnittlich
Reaktion

moyen,ne
raction

mediocre
reazione

impression

mpren

Eindruck

impression

impressione

8
8

2
2

behaviour
base something on

bhavj
bes sm n

Verhalten
sich auf etwas grnden

comportement
se fonder sur qc./tre bas sur

comportamento
basarsi su qc

mod

md

"mod" la abbreviazione per


"modernista"

style-conscious

Mod (Kurzform fr "Modernist";


les "Mods" (Modernistes)
Anhnger einer bestimmten
Lebensform im England der 1960erJahre)
stilbewusst
branch

I think buying music on CD is on its way out - I


download everything now.
He's an average student.
What was Jeff's reaction when you told him about the
job?
I got the impression that she wasn't very happy with
her job.
It is important to reward good behaviour.
Their impressions were based on the clothes they
wore.
The mods used to listen to soul music.

8
8
8
8
8
8

2
2
2
2
2
2

roam around
scooter
passing
rocker
identify
grease

herumstreifen, herumstromern
Motorroller
vorbeifahrend, vorbeikommend
Rocker
identifizieren
Pomade od. Haargel auftragen,
gelen

vagare per
motorino
che passa
rockettaro
identificare
lubrificare

Pearson Schweiz AG

n
adj
n
n
phrasal v

phrasal v
phrasal v
n
v
n
adj
v
n phrase

n
phrasal v
n

adj

tal kns

v phrase
adj
adj
n
v
v

rm rand
skut
ps
rk
adentfa
gris

rder, vadrouiller
scooter
qui passe/nt
rocker
identifier
graisser les cheveux

essere conscio di stile/alla moda

The style-conscious mods of the 1960s dressed very


neatly.
The dogs are allowed to roam around.
The mods rode around on their scooters.
Michael watched the passing cars.
The rockers used to fight with the mods.
The aircraft were identified as American.
The rockers used to grease their hair.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

8
8

2
2

punk
terrorise

pnk
terraz

Punk
erschrecken, Angst einflen

punk
terroriser

punk
terrorizzare

n
phrasal v

grni
km krs

Gromutter, Oma
wirken, Eindruck vermitteln

mamie
apparatre comme qn. de

nonna
dare l'impressione, emergere

Punks would dye their hair pink.


My dog likes terrorising rabbits when we go out on
walks.
My granny made me this jumper.
He comes across as a very intelligent sensitive man.

8
8

2
2

granny
come across

be associated with

v phrase

bi sietd w

in Verbindung gebracht werden

tre associ

associarsi

adj

kltrl

kulturell

culturel,le

culturale

n
adj
adj

trab
lus
brd

Gruppe, Gruppierung
locker
breiter aufgestellt; weiter gefasst

groupe, groupement
lche
le plus large possible

gruppo
libero, leggero
vasto

v
v
v

kses
strim
danld

zugreifen auf
streamen (Internet)
herunterladen

accder
couter en ligne
tlcharger

accedere
stream (Internet)
scaricare

There are some problems associated with this type of


treatment.
There are very real cultural differences between our
two societies.
Tribes today are looser and broader than before.
The tribes today are looser than before.
The show aims to reach the broadest possible
audience.
Music is accessed very differently these days.
Today records are streamed or downloaded.
The games can be downloaded free from the internet.

cultural

8
8
8

2
2
2

tribe
loose
broad

8
8
8

2
2
2

access
stream
download

explore

kspl

entdecken

explorer

esplorare

Nowadays it is easy to explore all kinds of music.

openness

pnns

Offenheit

ouverture (d'esprit)

franchezza

8
8
8
8

2
2
2
2

observe
participate
pride
aggression

v
v
n
n

bzv
patspet
prad
gren

beobachten
teilhaben, teilnehmen
Stolz
Aggression

observer
participer
fiert
agression

osservare
partecipare
orgoglio
aggressione

statement

stetmnt

Aussage, Erklrung

dclaration

dichiarazione

8
8

2
2

odd
aspect

d
spekt

seltsam
Aspekt

bizarre
aspect

strano
aspetto

An openness to music is now a natural part of being


young.
Scientists have observed a drop in ozone levels.
Some members refused to participate.
He wore his medals with pride.
Television violence can encourage aggression in
children.
The type of car you drive makes a statement about
you.
It was an odd thing to say.
He believes that the political aspect was exaggerated.

exaggerate

gzdret

bertreiben

exagrer

esagerare

It's difficult to exaggerate the importance of sleep.

8
8

2
2

desire
mass

n
adj

dza
ms

Wunsch, Verlangen
massen-

dsir
de masse, en masse

desiderio
di massa

undergound

adj

ndgrand

underground (Musik)

underground

undergound (musica)

8
8
8

2
2
2

metal
hip-hop
restricted to

n
n
adj

metl
hphp
ristrktd t

Metal (Musik)
Hip-hop (Musik)
begrenzt auf

metal
hip-hop
limit

metal (musica)
hip-hop (musica)
limitato a

audience

dins

Publikum

le public

pubblico

8
9

powerful
expand

adj
v

pafl
kspnd

stark, krftig
sich ausdehnen, grer werden

puissant
se dvelopper

potente, forte
espandersi

She expressed a desire to visit us.


Email has made mass mailings possible at the touch
of a button,
The most underground metal or hip-hop can be found
not just on the internet.
He likes listening to heavy metal music.
The kids in the area are all into hip-hop.
The biggest change to pop tribes is that they are no
longer restricted to young people.
The show attracts a regular audience of about 20
million.
Their motorbikes were very powerful.
Sydney's population expanded rapidly in the 1960s.

consequence

knskwens

Folge, Konsequenz

consquence

conseguenza

mainstream

menstrim

Hauptstrmung, Mainstream

le courant dominant

mainstream

Many believe that poverty is a direct consequence of


overpopulation.
All kinds of music are now found in the mainstream.

make up for

phrasal v

mek p f

kompensieren, wiedergutmachen

compenser, pallier

compensare

I'll buy you dinner to make up for being late.

9
9
9

4
4
4

taste
stage
adulthood

n
n
n

test
sted
dlthd

Geschmack
Stadium
Erwachsenenalter

got
stade, phase
ge adulte

gusto
stadio
et adulta

He asked about my taste in music.


He's doing really well at this stage in his career.
It's a stage people go through before adulthood.

Pearson Schweiz AG

Headword

Part of Speech
n
v

adj
n
v

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Headword

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

experience

iksprins

verspren, erfahren

prouver

subire

n
n
n

trk
kset
lk

Musikstck
Kassette
Fehlen, Abwesenheit

morceau
cassette
manque

brano
cassetta
mancanza

vzbl

sichtbar

visible

visibile

vlp

sich berschneiden

concider

sovrapporre

rebellious
overtime
editor
sick leave

adj
n
n
n

rbeljs
vtam
edt
sk liv

rebellisch
berstunden
Redakteur/in
Urlaub wegen Krankheit

rebelle
heures supplmentaires
rdacteur/trice
cong de maladie

ribelle
straordinario
redattore
essere in malattia

3
3
3

appear
appear
think about

v
v
v

p
p
nk bat

scheinen, scheinbar etw. tun


auftreten
berlegen, ber etw. nachdenken

paratre
apparatre
penser

sembrar essere
apparire
pensare a

If you experience any fever or dizziness, contact your


doctor.
There are ten great tracks on their new album.
My parents used to listen to music on cassettes.
There is a lack of information available about climate
change.
The outline of the mountains was clearly visible
through the window.
Youngsters are finding that their music taste overlaps
with their parents'.
All teenagers are rebellious in some way.
We're working overtime to get the job finished.
The music editor is on sick leave this week.
I'm going on leave this afternoon, I'll be back next
week.
It appears to be time for us to go.
She has already appeared in a number of films.
I think about my ex-boyfriend a lot.

9
9
9

4
4
4

track
cassette
lack

visible

adj

overlap

9
10
10
10

4
1
1
1

10
10
10
10
10

3
3

think
depend on somebody

v
phrasal v

nk
glauben, denken
dpend n smbdi auf jemanden angewiesen sein

penser
dpendre de qn.

pensare, credere
dipendere da qu

I think you're being unfair.


I'm depending on him to organise everything.

10

depend on

phrasal v

dpend n

abhngen von

dpendre de

dipendere da

10
10
11

3
3
1

taste
taste
take off

v
v
phrasal v

test
test
tek f

schmecken
kosten von, probieren
Schwung bekommen, abheben

avoir un got
goter
dcoller

sapere di
assaggiare
decollare

11
11

1
1

take after
take up

phrasal v
phrasal v

tek aft
tek p

jmd. hnlich sein


anfangen mit etw.

tenir de
se mettre

assomigliare a qu
cominciare

11
11
11
11

1
1
4
7

take over
take back
be familiar with
promote

tek v
tek bk
bi fmli w
prmt

bernehmen (Aufgabe)
zurcknehmen
vertraut sein mit
Werbung machen fr

prendre le relais de qn.


retirer
connatre
faire de la publicit pour

assumersi
ritirare
avere dimistichezza con qc
fare pubblicit per

Choosing the right bike depends on what you want to


use it for.
This cake tastes delicious, well done!
Joe's tasting the soup.
Mary was a bit jealous when Jack's career started
taking off.
Jenni really takes after her mother.
Roger took up painting for a while, but soon lost
interest.
Tom took over after the band's manager left.
You'd better take back that unkind remark.
Are you familiar with this type of machine?
Is this a good way for artists to promote their music?

11

drum up

phrasal v

drm p

susciter

11

session

sen

die Werbetrommel rhren,


Interesse wecken fr
Sitzung, Session

11
11
11
11

7
7
7
7

unique
sell out
available
snare drum

junik
sel at
velbl
sne drm

einzigartig
restlos verkaufen, ausverkaufen
erhltlich, verfgbar
kleine Trommel, Snare

unique
tout vendre
disponible
caisse claire

11

release

rlis

verffentlichen, herausbringen

faire sortir

battere la grancassa/fare grande The organisation is using the event to drum up new
pubblicit di qc
business.
session (musica)
Josh Freese is a very successful session drummer
based in Los Angeles.
unico
Every person's fingerprints are unique.
esaurirsi
Sorry, tickets for tomorrow's show have sold out.
disponibile
Tickets are available from the box office.
tamburo
A fan was allowed to take one of Josh Freese's a
snare drums home.
pubblicazione
The new game will be released online in February.

12
12
12

1
1
1

varied
personal
recommendation

adj
adj
n

verid
psnl
rekmenden

abwechslungsreich
persnlich
Empfehlung

vari
personnel
recommandation

vario
personale
raccomandazione

12
12
12

3
3
3

stuff
be into something
mainly

n
prep phrase
adv

stf
bi nt sm
menli

Zeug, Sache
etw. mgen, auf etw. stehen
hauptschlich

truc(s)
aimer qc.
surtout

roba
piacere qc
soprattutto

12
12

3
3

share
share files

e
e falz

teilen, austauschen
Dateien austauschen

partager
partager des fichiers

condividere
scambiare file

Pearson Schweiz AG

phrasal v
phrasal v
adj phrase
v

adj
phrasal v
adj
n
v

v
n phrase

session

My music tastes are quite varied.


Italian food is my personal favourite.
I often discover bands through personal
recommendations.
I've got some sticky stuff on my shoe.
I'm into the same music as my friends.
The workforce at the hospital is mainly made up of
women.
The three of us shared a taxi home.
I don't buy much new music - I just share my friends'
files

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

12

Headword
show off

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

phrasal v

u f

angeben, sich wichtig machen

se la pter

vantarsi

s'en faire

importarsene (molto)

He couldnt resist showing off his skills on the tennis


court.
I dont usually bother with Twitter or Facebook.

rater

perdere

12

2/audio bother

12

2/audio miss out

phrasal v

ms at

sich aus einer Sache etwas


machen
verpassen

12

2/audio come out

phrasal v

km at

herauskommen

sortir

uscire

12

2/audio have in common with

n phrase

hv n kmn w

gemeinsam haben mit

avoir en commun

avere qc in comune con qu

12

2/audio sociable

sbl

gesellig

sociable

socievole

12

2/audio be obsessed with

bi bsest w

besessen sein von

tre obsd par

avere l'ossessione di qc

My little brother is quite shy, whereas my older


brother's very sociable.
A lot of young girls are obsessed with how they look.

12

2/audio influence

nfluns

Einfluss

influence

influenza

Several factors are likely to influence this decision.

12

2/audio creative

adj

krietv

kreativ

cratif

creativo

dz

Jazz

jazz

jazz

I think artists are at their most creative when they are


just starting out.
My parents used to go to a jazz festival every year.

adj
v phrase

Prepare food in advance so you dont miss out on the


fun!
Artists will tell you when they've got a song coming
out.
I found I had a lot in common with these people.

13

jazz

13
13
13
13
13

2
2
2
2
2

insurance broker
at heart
fondly
haircut
personality

n
n
adv
n
n

nrns brk
t ht
fndli
hekt
psnlti

Versicherungsmakler
im Innersten seines Herzens
gewogen, mit Zuneigung
Haarschnitt
Persnlichkeit

courtier en assurances
au font
affectueusement, tendrement
coupe (de cheveux)
personnalit, charactre

broker di assicurazioni
nel cuore
affettuosamente
taglio di capelli
personalit

13
13

2
2

roots
hang around with

n
phrasal v

ruts
h rand w

Wurzeln
zusammen sein mit

racines
tre avec

radici, origine
frequentare qu

14

perform

pfm

auffhren

jouer, chanter

rappresentare

14

extend

kstend

verlngern

prolonger

prolungare

14

in advance

n dvns

im Voraus

l'avance

in anticipo

Sarah Collins is an insurance broker.


Let's face it, we're all romantics at heart.
It's a time that I look back on fondly.
Punks often had outrageous haircuts.
Unfortunately, the illness can lead to changes in
personality.
Recently I've decided to return to my punk roots.
The people I hang around with are much older than
me.
Chenier and the band are performing at the Silver
Palace tomorrow.
Kasabian have extended their tour to include extra
dates.
The tickets are expected to sell out far in advance.

14

stage

sted

Bhne

sur scne

palcoscenico

She is on stage for most of the play.

16

characteristic

krktrstk

Eigenschaft

caractristique

caratteristica

16

change your mind

tend j mand

changer d'avis

cambiare idea

16

accurate

adj

kjrt

deine Meinung ndern, es dir


anders berlegen
exakt

Natural imagery is a defining characteristic of his


work.
He father tried to persuade her to change her mind.

exact, prcis

preciso, accurato

16

title

relative

adj

reltv

relativ, jeweilig

relatif

relativo

16

title

relative

reltv

Verwandte/r

parent / ma famille

parente

17

caution

kn

Vorsicht

prudence

cautela, attenzione

17

comfort

kmft

Komfort, Behaglichkeit

confort

comodit

The guide tries to give a fair and accurate description


of each hotel.
The relative methods of both approaches have to be
considered.
I spent the holidays at my relatives' house in the
countryside - it was lovely.
We must proceed with caution, and not make hasty
decisions.
The temperature in the pool was too low for comfort.

17

comfortable

adj

kmftbl

bequem, komfortabel, gemtlich

confortable

comodo

The bed was so comfortable, I didn't want to get up!

17
17

5
5

drama
dramatic

n
adj

drm
drmtk

Aufregung, Drama
aufregend, dramatisch

drame
dramatique

dramma
drammatico

17

emotion

mn

Gefhl

motion

emozione, sentimento

Maggie's life is always full of drama.


Some of the most dramatic events in American
history happened here.
Her voice was full of emotion.

Unit 2

Pearson Schweiz AG

v phrase

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Headword

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

17

emotional

adj

mnl

emotional, gefhlsbetont

motionnel,le

emotivo, emozionato

denrsti

Grozgigkeit

gnrosit

generosit

adj

denrs

grozgig

gnreux

generoso

She provided emotional support at a very distressing


time for me.
I shall never forget the generosity shown to me by the
people of Bataisk, in Russia.
She's always very generous with birthday presents.

17

generosity

17

generous

17
17
17

5
5
5

harm
harmful
hope

n
adj
n

hm
hmfl
hp

Schaden, Unheil, Unglck


schdlich
Hoffnung

mal, danger
nuisible
espoir

male
nocivo
speranza

17

meaning

min

Bedeutung, Sinn

sens

senso, significato

17
17
17

5
5
5

pessimist
pessimistic
prediction

n
adj
n

pesmst
pesmstk
prdkt

Pessimist
pessimistisch
Vorhersage

pessimiste
pessimiste
prdiction

pessimista
essere pessimista
pronostico

17
17

5
5

predictable
reliability

adj
n

prdktbl
rlabnlti

vorhersehbar, voraussagbar
Verlsslichkeit, Zuverlssigkeit

prvisible
fiabilit

prevedibile
attendibilit, fidatezza

17
17

5
5

reliable
sympathy

adj
n

rlabl
smpi

zuverlssig
Mitgefhl

fiable
compassion

fidato, attendibile
comprensione, compassione

17
17
17
17
17

5
5
5
8
8

sympathetic
love
lovable
oversimplify
sum somebody up

smpetk
lv
lvbl
vsmplfai
sm smbdi p

mitfhlend
Liebe
liebenswert
stark vereinfachen
jmd. mit einem Wort beschreiben

sympathique
amour
adorable
simplifier l'excs
faire le portrait de qn.

compassionevole
amore
adorabile, amabile
semplificare troppo
caratterizzare

17
17

8
8

outlook
inconsistent

n
adj

atlk
nknsstnt

Einstellung
uneinheitlich

conception, vue
inconsistant

atteggiamento
incoerente

17

contradictory

adj

kntrdktri

widersprchlich

contradictoire

contraddittorio

17

thrill-seeker

rlsik

Abenteuerlustige/r

casse-cou

persona avventurosa

17

neatly

adv

nitli

suberlich, ordentlich

soigneusement

accuratamente

17

alter

lt

sich verndern

changer

cambiare

17

misconception

msknsepn

ide fausse

idea sbagliata, malinteso

18

ideal

adj

aidl

Missverstndnis, falsche
Vorstellung
ideal

idal

ideale

18
18
18

1
4
4

sibling
competitive
jealousy

n
adj
n

sbl
kmpettv
delsi

Geschwister
wetteifernd, konkurrenzfhig
Eifersucht

frre et/ou soeur


qui a l'esprit de comptition
jalousie

fratello, sorella
competitivo
gelosia

18

combination

kmbnen

Kombination

combination

combinazione

nkrd

ermutigen

encourager

incoraggiare

tek srisli
pre
trit
mpkt
waz
dprest
nms

ernst nehmen
Druck
behandeln
Auswirkungen
klug
deprimiert
riesig

prendre au srieux
pression
traiter
impact
sage
dprim
norme

prendere qc sul serio


pressione
trattare
impatto, effetto
saggio
depresso
enorme

18

5/audio encourage

18
18
18
18
18
19
19

5/audio
5/audio
5/audio
5/audio
5/audio
2
3

Pearson Schweiz AG

take seriously
pressure
treat
impact
wise
depressed
enormous

Part of Speech

adj
n
adj
v
phrasal v

adv phrase
n
v
n
adj
adj
adj

Put that vase on a high shelf, away from harm.


Smoking is harmful to your health.
When I first arrived in New York, I was full of hope for
the future.
Her studies no longer seemed to have any meaning.
Dont be such a pessimist!
I try not to be too pessimistic.
The data can be used to make useful economic
predictions.
The snow had a predictable effect on traffic.
Reliability is rhe first quality I look for when choosing
a new car.
My uncle was a quiet and reliable man.
I have a lot of sympathy for her; she had to bring up
the children on her own.
She is a sympathetic friend.
What these kids need is love and support.
She's such a lovable child.
I don't want to oversimplify the situation.
I can sum him up in one sentence: He loves to have
fun.
He's got a wonderful outlook on life.
The team's performance has been so inconsistent
this season.
The public is being fed contradictory messages about
the economy.
The park's new roller coaster will please thrillseekers.
People cannot be neatly divided into personality
types.
Our friendship hasn't altered much over the years.
There is a popular misconception that too much
exercise is bad for you.
What do you think is the ideal number of children in a
family?
I'm an only child - I don't have any siblings.
He is a very competitive person.
Polly felt a sharp pang of jealousy when she saw Paul
with Suzanne.
A combination of tact and authority was needed to
deal with the situation.
Fleur encouraged Dana in her ambition to become a
model.
It's only a joke - dont take it seriously.
The minister was under pressure to resign.
She treats me like one of the family.
We need to asses the impact of climate change.
I think you were wise to leave when you did.
She felt lonely and depressed.
They gave her an enormous bunch of flowers.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

19
19
19
19

3
3
3
3

terrified
exhausted
brilliant
furious

terfad
gzstd
brljnt
fjris

sehr groe Angst habend


erschpft
brillant, groartig
wtend

terrifi
puis
brillant
furieux

temere, avere paura di


esausto
brillante, geniale
furioso

dd
gftd
mkst filz
sbl ravlri

beurteilen
begabt
gemischte Gefhle
Geschwisterrivalitt

giudicare
di talento
sentimenti contrastanti
rivalit fra fratelli (e sorelle)

lebl

etikettieren, bezeichnen

juger
dou
sentiments contradictoires
la rivalit entre frres/frre et
soeur
tiqueter

Sid is terrified of heights.


I was exhausted by the end of the journey.
We think that's a brilliant idea.
Her family are furious that her name has been
published by the press.
You should never judge a person by their looks.
She was an extremely gifted poet.
I had mixed feelings about meeting Laura again.
A bit of sibling rivalry is completely normal.

19
20
20
20

6
1
4
4

judge
gifted
mixed feelings
sibling rivalry

20

label

etichettare

The college had unjustly labelled him a troublemaker.

20

efficient

adj

fnt

effizient

efficace

efficiente

admire

dma

bewundern

admirer

ammirare

20
21

4
2

determination
coach

n
n

dtmnen
kt

Entschlossenheit
Trainer, Privatlehrer, Coach

dtermination
entraneur/euse

risolutezza
allenatore

21
21

2
2

protective
look up to

adj
phrasal v

prtektv
lk p t

beschtzend
aufsehen zu jmd.

protecteur
admirer

protettivo
ammirare qu

21

capable

adj

kepbl

fhig

capable de

essere capace di

What is the most efficient way to organise the


project?
I really admire the way he brings up those kids on his
own.
Yuri shows great determination to learn English.
My swimming coach is fantastic - I've improved so
much this year.
He's very protective of his younger brother.
I've always looked up to Bill because of his courage
and determination.
I dont think he's capable of carrying all those boxes.

20

21

arty

adj

ti

knstlerisch (begabt)

artiste

con pretese artistiche

21
21

2
2

conventional
set your heart on

knvennl
set j ht n

konventionell
sich etwas in den Kopf setzen

conventionnel
se fixer de

convenzionale
mettersi in testa

21
21

2
2

desperately
courage

desprtli
krd

unbedingt, verzweifelt
Mut

imprativement
courage

in ogni caso, assolutamente


coraggio

21

make it

mek t

etwas schaffen

arriver qc

riuscirci, farcela

21
21
21
21
21
21
21

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

talented
novelist
broadcaster
get rid of
turn up
value
intellect

tlntd
nvlst
brdkst
get rd v
tn p
vlju
ntlekt

talentiert, begabt
Romanautor
Radiosprecher
etw. loswerden
auftauchen, ankommen
wertschtzen
Intellekt

dou
romancier/ire
journaliste de radio
se dbarrasser de qc.
venir, arriver
apprcier
intelligence

dotato di talento
romanziere
conduttore televisivo
sbarazzarsi di qc/qu
comparire, arrivare
valutare
inteletto

21
21

2
2

incredible
establish yourself

adj
v

nkredbl
stbl jself

incroyable
s'tablir

incredibile
imporsi

21

the public eye

adj

e pblk a

unglaublich
sich durchsetzen, eine Position
einnehmen
im Blick der ffentlichkeit

expos l'opinion publique

sotto l'occhio del pubblico

21
21

2
2

cheque
rescue

tek
reskju

Scheck
retten

chque
sauver

chque
salvare

21
21

2
2

underground
mature

ndgrand
mtj

U-Bahn
reif, erwachsen

mtro
adulte

metropolitana
maturo

21

sort out

phrasal v

st at

ordnen

ranger

sistemare

21
21
21

2
2
2

filing
get away
founder

n
phrasal v
n

fal
get we
fand

Ablage, Akten
loskommen von
Grnder

classement
s'enfuir
fondateur/trice

schedatura
andarsene
fondatore

Pearson Schweiz AG

Headword

Part of Speech
adj
adj
adj
adj
v
adj
adj phrase
n

adj
n phrase
adv
n
v
adj
n
n
adj
phrasal v
v
n

n
v
n
adj

My cousin is very arty - he loves to paint, draw and


sculpt.
He is conventional in his approach to life.
She had set her heart on becoming a hairdresser.
I desperately wanted to act too.
Gradually I lost the courage to speak out about
anything.
If we run, we should make it before the show starts.
Her brother is a talented actor.
John Grisham is a very successful novelist.
Will Self is a famous novelist and broadcaster.
It's time we got rid of all these old toys.
Steve turned up late, as usual.
Shelly valued her privacy.
I've always admired her intellect and her ability to
speak her mind.
The view is just incredible.
He had three years in which to establish himself as
Prime Minister.
I would hate to have a job in the public eye, I'm far
too shy.
They sent me a cheque for 100.
Survivors of the crash were rescued by helicopter.
She got lost on the underground.
Cara still cant accept that I'm now a mature woman
with children.
We need to sort out our camping gear before we go
away.
We need to sort out the filing system.
I just wanted to get away from everything.
Rupert Young is the founder of a charity.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Headword

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

21

depression

dpren

Depression

dpression

depressione

phrasal v
n

gv 'p
terwe

aufgeben
Rabauke

quitter
casse-cou

rassegnarsi
teppista

Lucy has suffered from depression in the past, but


counselling has helped her a lot.
I give up: tell me what the answer is.
His car was wrecked by a couple of young tearaways.

21
21

2
2

give up
tearaway

21

self-conscious

adj

selfkns

befangen, gehemmt, schchtern

conscient de sa personne etc

imbarazzato

Jerry's pretty self-conscious about his height.

22
22

4
4

regret
upset

v
adj

rgret
pset

bereuen
aufgebracht

regretter
contrari

pentirsi di
adirato

on tour

n t

auf Tournee

en tourne

essere in tourne

Dont do anything you might regret.


Anna looks upset - have you spoken to her this
evening?
The Moscow Symphony Orchestra is here on tour.

22
22
22

4
4

split up
supportive

splt p
sptv

sich trennen
untersttzend, eine Sttze seiend

se sparer
d'un grand secours

separarsi da qu
dare aiuto/supporto

Steve's parents split up when he was four.


My family were very supportive throughout my illness.

22
22
22
22

2/audio
2/audio
2/audio
2/audio

adj
adj
phrasal v
prep phrase

skeri
kjut
get n
bi w du

unheimlich
s, niedlich
zurechtkommen
es wert sein, etwas zu tun

effrayant
mignon
bien s'entendre
valoir

spaventoso
carino
andare d'accordo
valere la pena

The book is both scary and funny.


That's really cute outfit.
I've always got on well with Henry.
A lot of the small towns in this area are worth visiting.

22

2/audio argumentative

adj

gjmenttv

streitlustig

argumentateur

litigioso, polemico

He quickly becomes argumentative after a few drinks.

22
23

2/audio step-father
3
convinced

n
adj

stepf
knvnst

Stiefvater
berzeugt

beau-pre
convaincu

patrigno
convinto

My step-father has three daughters.


I was convinced that we were doing the right thing.

23
23

2/audi inspirational
2/audio patient

adj
adj

nsprenl
pent

inspirierend
geduldig

inspirateur
patient

ispirante
paziente

kmden

Unterbringung

logement

alloggio

plesmnt
prpri-t
wd bi gretfl f

Vermittlung, Platzierung
angemessen, angebracht
wre dankbar, wenn

placement
appropri
je vous serais reconnaissant de

collocamento
appropriato
sarebbe grato se

Jones is an inspirational figure in Welsh rugby.


You'll just have to be patient and wait until I'm off the
phone.
The price for a package holiday includes flights and
accommodation.
The centre provides a job placement service.
It would not be appropriate to discuss this now.
I'd be grateful if you could send me more details.

scary
cute
get on
be worth doing

phrasal v
adj

24

accommodation

24
24
24

1
1
1

placement
appropriate
would be grateful if

24
24
25
157
157

1
1
1
3
3

suburb
prompt
doorstep
confident
independent

n
adj
n
adj
adj

sbb
prmpt
dstep
knfdnt
ndpendnt

Vorstadt, Stadtrand
unverzglich
Trschwelle
selbstsicher
unabhngig

banlieue
rapide
seuil
sr, confiant
indpendant,e

fuori citt, periferia


rapido, pronto
gradinodella porta d'ingresso
sicuro di s
indipendente

157
157
157
157
157
157
157
157
157

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

shy
organised
practical
in charge
spontaneous
deadline
imaginative
focus
thoughtful

adj
adj
adj
n phrase
adj
n
adj
v
adj

a
gnazd
prktkl
n td
spntenis
dedlan
mdntv
fks
tfl

schchtern, scheu
gut organisiert
praktisch
verantwortlich
spontan
Frist
mit viel Fantasie
sich konzentrieren auf
aufmerksam, umsichtig

timide
organis
pratique
responsable
spontan
dlai
plein d'imagination
concentrer
gentil, prvenant

timido
ben' organizzato
pratico
responsabile
spontaneo
scadenza
creativo, con fantasia
focalizzare
attento, gentile

157

realistic

adj

rlstk

realistisch

raliste

realistico

Dont you get bored living in the suburbs?


Prompt payment is requested.
He stood on the doorstep, straightening his tie.
Despite her disability, Philippa is very confident.
Now that my sons are more independent, I have more
time for myself.
He was a quiet, shy man.
He is a very organised person.
I try to be practical when planning business trips.
He asked to speak to the person in charge.
The crowd gave a spontaneous cheer.
He missed the deadline for applications.
I like people who are imaginative.
He needs to focus more on his career.
It was really thoughtful of you to remember my
birthday.
It's just not realistic to expect a promotion so soon.

157
157

3
3

cautious
argument

adj
n

kss
gjmnt

vorsichtig
Streit

prudent
dispute

cauto
litigio, disputa

You're too cautious when making decisions.


She had a big argument with her husband.

1
1

interest
education

n
n

ntrst
edken

Interesse
Bildung

intrt
ducation

interesse
educazione

Her interests include walking and golf.


Education is very important to me, so I'm training to
be a teacher.

n
adj
adj phrase

Unit 3
26
26

Pearson Schweiz AG

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Headword

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

26
26
26

1
1
3

career
possession
attitude

n
n
n

kr
pzen
ttjud

Karriere
Eigentum, Besitz
Haltung, Einstellung

carrire
biens
attitude

carriera
possesso
atteggiamento

adj
adj

stnt
rspnsbl

erstaunt
verantwortungslos

tonn
irresponsable

essere sorpreso
irresponsabile

fascinated
out of touch

adj
n

fsnetd
ut v tt

fasziniert
keinen Kontakt/Bezug haben zu

captiv, fascin
tre dconnect

affascinato
non essere pi in contatto

3
3

affectionate
unimpressive

adj
adj

feknt
nmpresv

liebevoll, zrtlich
bescheiden, wenig eindrucksvoll

affectueux
insignifiant, banal

affettuoso
moderato, non impressionante

He realised that his acting career was over.


I packed my oldest possessions in a suitcase.
As soon as they found out I was a doctor, their whole
attitude changed.
I was astonished by the result.
When it comes to money, Dan is completely
irresponsible.
I was fascinated by the article.
I'm out of touch with modern celebrity culture - I don't
understand it at all.
Jo is very affectionate towards her.
Her test results were unimpressive.

26
26

3
3

astonished
irresponsible

26
26

3
3

26
26
26
26

3
3

infrequent
inflexible

adj
adj

nfrikwnt
nfleksbl

selten
unflexibel

rare
inflexible

raro
inflessibile

26

unexpected

adj

nkspektd

unerwartet

inattendu

inaspettato

I make infrequent trips to the gym.


Her inflexible attitude towards change has been a
problem.
The experiment produced some unexpected results.

27

bury your head

beri j hed

enterrer sa tte

immergersi la testa

I buried my head in my pillow

27

catch on television

kt n tlvn

seinen Kopf verbergen od.


vergraben
im Fernsehen ansehen

attraper la tl

guardare in televisione

27
27
27
27
27
27

2
2
2
2
2
2

enrich
passion
fare
abroad
borrow
despite

v
n
n
adv
v
prep

nrt
pn
fe
brd
br
dspat

bereichern
Leidenschaft
Reisekosten
im Ausland
(aus-)leihen
trotz

enrichir
passion
prix du billet
l'tranger
emprunter
malgr

arricchire
passione

27

relieved

adj

rlivd

erleichtert

soulag

sollevato

Try to catch the European Cup Final on television


tomorrow.
Owning a pet can greatly enrich your life.
He has a passion for football.
Air fares have shot up by 20 percent this year.
I've never lived abroad before.
Can I borrow your pen for a minute?
Despite all our efforts to save the school, the
authorities decided to close it.
She looked very relieved when she heard the news.

27

madness

mdns

Wahnsinn

folie

pazzia

27
27

2
2

fortunate
confuse

adj
v

ftnt
knfjuz

heureux,se
confondre avec

fortunato, contento
confondere

27

obsession

bsen

glcklich
verwechseln,
durcheinanderbringen
Besessenheit

obsession

ossessione

27
27
27
27
27

2
2
2
2
2

dream
log on to
sensible
employee
employer

n
phrasal v
adj
n
n

drim
lg n t
sensbl
mpl-I
mpl

Traum
anmelden, einloggen
vernnftig
Angestellte/r
Arbeitgeber

rve
se connecter
raisonnable
salari
employeur,se

sogno
entrare nel sistema
ragionevole, sensato
impiegato
datore di lavoro

27

straightforward

adj

stretfwd

einfach

simple

semplice

27
27
27
27

2
2
2
2

sob
hurt
disappointment
enthusiasm

v
adj
n
n

sb
ht
dspntmnt
njuzizm

schluchzen
verletzt
Enttuschung
Begeisterung

sangloter
bless
dception
enthousiasme

singhiozzare
ferito
delusione
entusiasmo

Installing the program on your computer is very


straightforward.
He began sobbing noisily.
I'm so sorry if you were hurt by my comments.
He could see the disappointment in her eyes.
They greeted the speakers with great enthusiasm.

27
27

2
2

hug
community

v
n

hg
kmjunti

umarmen
Gemeinde

treinte
commune

abbracciare
comunit, vicinato

We hugged and promised to stay in touch.


The new arts centre will serve the whole community.

27
27

2
2

tease
be absorbed

v
v

tiz
bi bsbd

necken
in Anspruch genommen werden

taquiner
tre absorb

prendere in giro
essere intento a

Dont get upset, I was only teasing.


They are delighted to become absorbed by
something outside home.

Pearson Schweiz AG

v phrase
v

all'estero
prestare
nonostante

It would be madness to drive all that way on your


own.
I've been fortunate to find a career that I love.
I always confuse you with your sister - you look so
alike.
The game pachinko became a national obsession in
Japan.
He has the strangest dreams.
You need to log on to access your emails.
She seems very sensible.
The company has over one hundred employees.
The shoe factory is the largest employer in this area.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

27

explosion

kspln

Ausbruch

explosion

scoppio

Explosions of joy are normally thin on the ground.

27
27

2
2

thin on the ground


celebration

n n grand
selbren

dnn gest
Feier

mince sur le terrain


fte, clbration

essere scarso
celebrazione

wtns

Zeuge sein/werden

tre tmoin

essere testimone, testimoniare

dmp
skwil
spt
natme
penlti utat

feucht
quieken, kreischen
spritzen
Alptraum
Elfmeterschieen

humide
pousser des cris aigus
jaillir
cauchemar
sance de pnalties

umido
strillare
uscire a fiotti
incubo
calci di rigore

n
v

n swet
trembl

nassgeschwitzt
zittern

tre en sueur
trembler

essere in un bagno di sudore


tremare

Taxis seem to be thin on the ground.


If you follow a football team, there are celebrations all
the time.
Witness the behaviour that tennis brings about at
Wimbledon.
Wipe the table with a damp cloth.
The children squealed with delight.
Water spurted through the whole in the dam.
My little sister used to have terrible nightmares.
Liverpool's match against AC Milan went to a penalty
shoot-out.
I woke up from the nightmare in a cold sweat.
His lip started to tremble and then he started to cry.

27

witness

27
27
27
27
27

2
2
2
2
2

damp
squeal
spurt
nightmare
penalty shoot-out

27
27

2
2

in a sweat
tremble

27
27
27

2
2
2

define
wealth
rehearsal

v
n
n

dfan
wel
rhsl

ausmachen, definieren
Reichtum, Wohlstand
Probe

dfinir
fortune, richesse
rptition

definire
ricchezza
prova

distraction

dstrkn

Ablenkung

distraction

distrazione

27
27

2
3

let down
emphasise

phrasal v
v

let dan
emfsaz

im Stich lassen
betonen

re abandonn
mettre l'accent sur

lasciare in asso
sottolineare

27

stressful

adj

stresfl

anstrengend, belastend

stressant

stressante

What defines us as human is not only language.


The country's wealth comes from it oil.
We only had a couple of rehearsals before the
performance.
I prefer studying in the library as there are too many
distractions at home.
He had been let down badly in the past.
The report emphasises the importance of improving
safety standards.
Moving to a new house is a very stressful experience.

27

27
27
27
27
28
28
28

3
5
5
5
1
1
1

domestic
worried
annoyed
embarrassed
mad about
pony
colleague

adj
adj
adj
adj
adj
n
n

dmestk
wrid
nd
mbrst
md bat
peni
klig

heimisch, privat
besorgt
verrgert
verlegen, geniert
verrckt nach
Pony
Kollege/in

familial
soucieux
fch
gn
fou de
poney
collgue

domestico
preoccupato
arrabbiato
imbarazzato
essere pazzo/fanatico di
pony
collega

Unfortunately his domestic life wasn't very happy.


She gave me a worried look.
I'll be annoyed if we don't finish by eight.
Lori gets embarrassed if we ask her to sing.
I've been mad about horses for most of my life.
I used to have a pony when I was young.
She discussed the idea with some of her colleagues.

28

persuade

pswed

persuader

convincere

I finally persuaded her to go out for dinner with me.

28
28
28
29
29
29
29

1
4
6
1
3
3
3

keep up
relevant
so far
regard
therapy
mood
volume

phrasal v
adj
adv
v
n
n
n

kip p
relvnt
su f
rgd
erpi
mud
vljum

berreden zu etw., berzeugen von


etw.
weitermachen
relevant
bisher
betrachten
Therapie
Stimmung, Laune
Lautstrke

continuer
utile, pertinent
pour l'instant
considrer
thrapie
humeur
volume

continuare
pertinente, importante
finora
considerare
terapia
umore
volume

29
30
30
30
30

3
1
1
1
1

cheerful
luxury
boutique
accessory
worth the money

adj
n
n
n
n phrase

tfl
lkri
butik
ksesri
w mni

frhlich
Luxus
Geschft, Boutique
Accessoire
sein Geld wert

joyeux,se
luxe
boutique
accessoire
valoir la dpense

allegro
lusso
boutique
accessorio
valere i soldi

I used to speak French, but I havent kept it up.


We received all the relevant information.
So far we have not had to borrow any money.
I have always regarded you as a friend.
Music for me is a kind of therapy.
You're in a good mood this morning!
Can you turn the volume on the TV up? I can't hear it
properly.
Danny is always very cheerful.
He was leading a life of luxury in Australia.
She runs a boutique hotel in Brighton.
She bought accessories to match her dress.
The food was expensive but it was worth the money.

30

good value for money

n phrase

d vlju f mni

en avoir pour son argent

buono controvalore

The lunch special is really good value for money.

30

waste of money

n phrase

west v mni

ein guter Gegenwert, von guter


Qualitt fr das Geld
Geldverschwendung

gaspillage d'argent

spreco di denaro

30

put your money


where your mouth is

n phrase

pt j mni we j
ma z

den Worten Taten folgen lassen

faire suivre l'acte la parole

lasciare seguire le parole con i


fatti

The beach holiday was a total waste of money - it


rained every day.
If you think it's such a good idea, why dont you put
your money where your mouth is?

Pearson Schweiz AG

Headword

Part of Speech
n
adj phrase
n
v
adj
v
v
n
n

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Headword

30

have money to burn

30

30

30
30
30

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

n phrase

hv mni t bn

Geld wie Heu haben

avere denaro a bizzeffe

John won the lottery, so now he's got money to burn.

not made of money

n phrase

nt med v mni

kein Krsus sein

avoir de l'argent ne savoir


qu'en faire
ne pas tre cousu d'or

non essere un creso

n phrase

hv m mni n
sens
t v mni
bi w ftjn
mni z tat

das Geld aus dem Fenster werfen

jeter l'argent par les fentres

avere pi denaro che inteletto

2
2
2

have more money


than sense
short of money
be worth a fortune
money is tight

I can't buy a new car - I'm not made of money, you


know.
He's got more money than sense.

knapp bei Kasse


ein Vermgen wert sein
Geld ist knapp

court de monnaie
valoir une fortune
l'argent est serr

essere a corto di denaro


valere un patrimonio
denaro scarso

30

make ends meet

n phrase

mek endz mit

ber die Runden kommen

joindre les deux bouts

farcela a stento

30

live within your means

n phrase

lv wn j minz

mit seinen Mitteln zurechtkommen vivre selon les moyens

farcela con i propri mezzi

30
30
30

3
3
3

in debt
on a budget
give away

n phrase
n phrase
phrasal v

n det
n bdt
gv wei

verschuldet
mit knappem Budget
verschenken

endett
petit budget
faire don de

indebitato
con un budget ridottissimo
regalare, dare via

30
30

3
3

credit card
standard of living

n
n

kredt kd
stndd v lv

Kreditkarte
Lebensstandard

carte de crdit
niveau de vie

carta di credito
standard/tenore di vita

31
31

6
6

charity
profit

n
n

trti
prft

Hilfsorganisation
Gewinn

organisation caritative
profit

organizzazione di beneficenza
profitto

nhert
stl
rpdli

erben
Stand, Bude
schnell

hriter de
stand
rapide

ereditare
bancarella
rapidamente

tek tam at

sich eine Auszeit nehmen

prendre un cong

prendere time out/tempo libero

n phrase
adj

ldz v
stsfa-

reichlich, viel
befriedigend

un mucchio di
soddisfacente

n
n
n
adj
adj

ln
kes
pvti
prenl
prvldd

Darlehen
Fall
Armut
einsatzbereit, betriebsfhig
privilegiert

plein de
satisfaisant, qui apporte de la
satisfaction
prt
cas
pauvret
oprationnel,le
privilegi

adj phrase
n phrase
adj phrase

31
31
31

9
inherit
5/audio stall
5/audio rapidly

31

5/audio take time out

31
31

5/audio loads of
5/audio satisfying

31
31
31
31
31

5/audio
5/audio
5/audio
5/audio
5/audio

31

5/audio appreciate

priiet

anerkennen, wertschtzen

re rendre compte de

apprezzare

31
31

5/audio finance
5/audio security

v
n

fanns
skjrti

finanzieren
Sicherheit

financer
scurit

finanziare
sicurezza

31

5/audio yacht

jt

Yacht

yacht

yacht

n
n

grduen
sermni

Abschlussprfung
Zeremonie

obtention d'un diplme


crmonie

laurea
cerimonia

loan
case
poverty
operational
privileged

v
n
adv
n

prestito
caso
povert
disponibile
privilegiato

33
33

4
4

graduation
ceremony

33

whereas

conj

werz

wohingegen

alors que

mentre

34
34

1
2

publish
eye-catching

v
adj

pbl
aikt

verffentlichen
auffllig

publier
qui ne passe pas inaperu

pubblicare
che attira lo sguardo, vistoso

34
34
35

2
3
1

precious
user-friendly
treasure

adj
adj
n

pres
juzfrendli
tre

wertvoll
benutzerfreundlich
Schatz

prcieux,se
convivial
trsor

prezioso
facile da usare
tesoro

Pearson Schweiz AG

I'm a bit short of money this month.


That watch must be worth a fortune.
Money was tight, but we didn't mind because we were
doing what we loved.
When Mike lost his job, we could barely make ends
meet.
You should teach your children to live within their
means.
Nearly half the students said they were in debt.
Travellers on a budget might prefer to camp.
He gave most of his money away to animal charities.
Can I pay by credit card?
Young people today have a higher standard of living
than their grandparents' generation.
Several charities sent aid to the flood victims.
She sold her business and bought a farm with the
profit.
He inherited a fortune from his grandmother.
His business started on a market stall.
Sarah rose rapidly in her company, and became a
manager when she was just 25.
In between jobs, Liz always took time out to return to
her first love, travelling.
Dont worry, there's loads of time.
I find working in my garden very satisfying.
I had to take out a loan to buy my car.
In many cases standards have improved.
Our foundation helps people living in poverty.
The new system became operational in March.
Students from a privileged background have an
advantage at university.
We appreciate that caring for children is an important
job.
The concerts are financed by the Arts Council.
Parenting is about giving your child security and love.
I dont think a yacht or a Ferrari would bring them
happiness.
After graduation, Nancy became an art teacher.
We really enjoyed the opening ceremony of the
Olympic Games.
The old system was fairly complicated, whereas the
new system is really very simple.
They are publishing the dictionary on CD-ROM.
The title of an advertisement needs to be eyecatching.
We cannot afford to waste precious time.
I need to find a user-friendly guide to computers.
The British Museum is full of treasures - many of the
objects are priceless.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Headword

35

resource

36

36
36

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

rzs

Ressource, Vorkommen

ressource

risorsa

Canada has vast mineral resources.

volcano

vlken

Vulkan

volcan

vulcano

1
1

desert
mountain range

n
n

dezt
mantn rend

Wste
Bergkette

dsert
chane de montagnes

deserto
catena montuosa

Pompeii was destroyed when the volcano erupted in


79AD.
This area of the country is mostly desert.
It's a land of high mountain ranges and deep valleys.

36
36
36
36
36
36

1
1
1
1
1
1

tropical
penguin
seal
polar bear
South Pole
expedition

trpkl
pegwn
sil
pl be
sa pl
ekspdn

tropisch
Pinguin
Robbe
Eisbr
Sdpol
Expedition

tropical
pingouin
phoque
ours polaire
ple Sud
expdition

tropicale
pinguino
foca
orso polare
Polo Sud
spedizione

36
36
36

1
title
title

survive
battle
nature

v
v
n

svav
btl
neit

berleben
kmpfen
Natur

survivre
lutter
nature

sopravvivere
combattere
natura

37

record

rekd

Rekord

record

record

37
37

2
2

break a record
mentally

n
adv

brek rekd
mentli

einen Rekord brechen


mental

battre le record
mentalement

battere un record
mentalmente

37

physically fit

adv

fzkli

krperlich fit

en bonne forme physique

fisicamente

37
37
37

2
2
2

fit
route
run out of

ft
rut
rn at v

fit
Weg, Route
jemandem geht etwas aus

en forme
chemin
se retrouver court de qc.

in forma
via
finire

37
37

2
2

doubt
leader

dat
lid

bezweifeln
Anfhrer

douter
chef, leader

essere in dubbio
leader

37
37
37

2
2
6

ambition
bravery
get your head round

n
n
n phrase

mbn
brevri
get j hed rand

Ehrgeiz
Mut, Unerschrockenheit
etwas begreifen

ambition
courage
comprendre qc

ambizione
bravura, coraggio
comprendere qc

37

n phrase

km fes t fes w direkt mit etwas konfrontiert sein

se retrouver face face avec qc. mettere qc/qu di fronte

37
37
37

6
6
6

n phrase
v phrase
v phrase

pt j ft n t
si a t a
kt smbdiz a

ins Fettnpfchen treten


einer Meinung sein
jemandes Blick auf sich ziehen

mettre les pieds dans le plat


tre d'accord
attirer l'attention de qn.

fare una topica


condividere il parere di
accentrare l'attenzione/sguardi

37
37

6
6

come face to face


with
put your foot in it
see eye to eye
catch somebody's
eye
keep an eye on
keep a straight face

n phrase
n phrase

kip n a n
kip stret fes

aufpassen, im Auge behalten


keine Miene verziehen

garder un oeil sur


garder son srieux

tenere sottocchio
restare impassibile

She had always had an ambition to be a pilot.


His bravery saved the woman's life.
I just cant get my head round what's been going on
here.
It was the first time he had come face to face with
death.
I've really put my foot in it this time.
We didnt exactly see eye to eye.
As he drove through the city, a billboard caught his
eye.
Mary will keep an eye on the kids this afternoon.
I couldnt keep a straight face when she said that.

37

get cold feet

et kld fit

avoir les jetons

tirarsi indietro, avere paura di

The plan failed after sponsors got cold feet.

37
37

6
6

can't face
put your foot down

knt fes
pt j ft dan

kalte Fe bekommen, Angst


kriegen
nicht aushalten knnen
ein Machtwort sprechen

trouver qc insupportable
taper du pied

non stare pi nei propri panni


fare la voce grossa

rvju
vetrn

Kritiken schreiben
Veteran

faire la critique de
vtran

recensire
veterano

I can't face going out tonight - I'm far too tired.


You'll just have to put your foot down and tell him he
cant stay out on school nights.
Mark Kermode reviews new films for the BBC.
Leo Stone is a veteran of several polar expeditions.

pl

polar-

polaire, du ple

polare

Unit 4

adj
n
n
n
n
n

adj
n
phrasal v
v
n

adj phrase
v phrase
n phrase

She is young and physically fit, so she has a good


chance of completing the marathon.
I swim twice a week to try and keep fit.
They took the most direct route home.
They ran out of money and had to abandon the
project.
I doubt we'll ever see him again.
His air of confidence makes him a natural leader.

37
37

3/audio review
3/audio veteran

37

3/audio polar

37

3/audio descendant

dsendnt

Nachkomme

descendant

discendente

As our climate warms up, the polar ice caps will begin
to melt.
He was a direct descendant of Napoleon Bonaparte.

37

3/audio compass

kmps

Kompass

compass

bussola

Worsley took the compass Shackleton used.

Pearson Schweiz AG

v
n

They travelled through tropical rain forests.


The film Happy Feet was about penguins.
There were a lot of grey seals on the rocks.
There are no polar bears in Antarctica.
They travelled across the ice to the South Pole.
Ernest Shackleton's expedition to the South Pole is
very famous.
Everyone except Shackleton survived the trip.
We battled through the storm back to the house.
We grew up in the countryside surrounded by the
beauties of nature.
The American team set a new world record in the
sprint relay.
They were trying to break a world record.
It's important to prepare mentally for a trip like this.

adj

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

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Headword

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence
Juan ran the marathon in just under three hours.
Honestly, the town centre is absolute hell on Saturday
afternoons.
The team had a map and modern navigation
equipment.
It seemed impossible that anyone could endure such
pain.
One of Shackleton's team fell seriously ill, which
luckily the 21st century team was spared.
There were incredibly dangerous crevasses on the
Beardmore Glacier.
They reached the Antarctic plateau.
The plateau was more difficult to cross than the
glacier.
The climax of the story is when they arrive at the
place that Shackleton turned back.
Dr King was a great orator and an inspiring leader.

37
37

3/audio marathon
3/audio hell

n
n

mrn
hel

Marathon
Hlle

marathon
enfer

maratona
inferno

37

3/audio navigation

nvgen

Navigation

navigation

navigazione

37

3/audio endure

ndj

ertragen

supporter

sopportare

37

3/audio spare

spe

jmd. etw. erspare, jmd. verschonen pargner qc. qn.

risparmiare

37

3/audio crevasse

krvs

Spalte

crevasse

crepaccio

37
37

3/audio plateau
3/audio glacier

n
n

plt
glsi

Hochebene, Plateau
Gletscher

plateau
glacier

altopiano
ghiacciaio

37

3/audio climax

klamks

Hhepunkt

point culminant

culmine

37

3/audio inspiring

adj

nspar

inspirierend

enthousiasmant

stimolante

37

3/audio memorable

adj

memrbl

unvergesslich

mmorable

indimenticabile

37
37

3/audio relief
3/audio reputation

n
n

rlif
repjten

Erleichterung
Ruf, Ansehen

soulagement
rputation

sollievo
reputazione

We want to make this a truly memorable day for the


children.
I felt a huge surge of relief and happiness.
That judge has a reputation for being strict but fair.

37
38
38
38
38
38

3/audio
1
1
1
1
1

hr
prekd
set f
kbn kruz
sel
bl p

hros
faire naufrage
se mettre en route
yacht de croisire
naviguer
se prparer

eroe
naufragare
partire
cabinato
navigare
alzarsi

His father was a war hero, a former fighter pilot.


They were shipwrecked off the coast of Africa.
I'll set off early to avoid the traffic.
He set off from Florida in his cabin cruiser.
Three tall ships sailed past.
It looks as if there's a storm blowing up.

38

launch

Held
Schiffbruch erleiden
sich auf den Weg machen
Kajtboot
segeln
heraufziehen, sich
zusammenbrauen
in Gang setzen

lancer

avviare

38
38
38

4
4
6

noodle
ashore
life guard

n
adv
n

nudl

lafgd

nouille
vers le rivage, terre
sauveteur

pasta
a riva
salvataggio

39
39
39
39
39
39

1
1
1
3
5
5

shelter
bare
raft
fishing rod
in the wild
threat

n
adj
n
n
n
n

elt
be
rft
f rd
n wald
ret

Nudel
ans Ufer
Rettungsschwimmer,
Strandwchter
Unterschlupf, Schutzdach
blo, unbedeckt
Flo
Angel
in der Wildnis
Bedrohung

The Canadian police plan to launch an investigation


into the deal.
Serve the meat with rice or noodles.
Seals come ashore to breed in the spring.
He works as a lifeguard at the local swimming pool.

abri
nu
radeau
canne pche
l'tat sauvage
menace

rifugio
nudo, scoperto
zattera
canna da pesca
allo stato libero
minaccia

They are in need of food and shelter.


She felt the warm sun on her bare arms.
They built a raft to escape from the island.
He has just bought a new fishing rod.
There are very few pandas living in the wild now.
The fighting is a major threat to stability in the region.

40
40
40

1
1
1

shock
frostbite
hypothermia

n
n
n

k
frstbat
hapmi

Schock
Erfrierung
Unterkhlung

choc
engelure
hypothermie

shock
congelamento
ipotermia

40
40

4
4

panic
faint

v
v

pnk
fent

in Panik ausbrechen
in Ohnmacht fallen

paniquer
s'vanouir

essere panico
svenire

He was suffering from shock.


I nearly got frostbite.
When they found the climbers, they were suffering
from hypothermia.
He panicked when the car went out of control.
Several fans fainted in the blazing heat at the festival.

40

incident

nsdnt

Ereignis

incident

incidente

Roads were sealed off because of a major incident.

40

multiple

adj

mltpl

mehrfach

multiple

multiplo

40

deafness

defns

Taubheit

surdit

sordit

She's published multiple articles on the subject of


conservation.
Deafness is not a barrier to enjoying films or music.

40

variation

verien

Schwankung,Unterschied

variation, diffrence

differenza

Pearson Schweiz AG

hero
shipwrecked
set off
cabin cruiser
sail
blow up

n
v
phrasal
n
v
v
v

lnt

At this time of year there's not much variation in


temperature - it's always warm and dry.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


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Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

40
40

6
6

soaking
dense

sk
dens

triefend nass
dicht

tremp
dense

essere molto bagnato


denso

trenl ren

sinflutartige Regenflle

pluie torrentielle

pioggia torrenziale

I got caught in the storm and am soaking wet.


The jungle was so dense, we worried that we would
lose our way.
The torrential rain last night caused severe flooding.

40

torrential rain

40

freeze

friz

erstarren

se figer

intirizzire

I froze and listened; someone was in my apartment.

40
40

7
7

storm out of
like lightning

stm at v
lak latn

hinausstrmen
blitzschnell

partir furibond
fulgurant

correre fuori con rabbia


fulmineo

bi asi w
klad v
fes lak nd

jmd. gegenber khl sein


sich umwlken, verdstern
eine grimmige Miene

froid
s'assombrir
l'air furieux

essere freddo verso qn


oscurarsi
un viso atroce

vlnt
wn

Lawine
Warnung

avalanche
avis

valanga
avvertimento

adj

nstnt

sofort, augenblicklich

immdiat

immediato

He stormed out of the room.


Mitch moved like lightning and caught the little girl
before she fell.
She was icy with me and refused to say hello.
His face clouded over in disappointment.
The boss had a face like thunder when he arrived this
morning.
Luckily nobody was injured in the avalanche.
The weather forecast gave warnings of severe
flooding this evening.
We had an instant connection, as soon as we met.

40
40
40

7
7
7

be icy with
cloud over
a face like thunder

41
41

2
2

avalanche
warning

41

instant

41
41
41

2
2
2

curl up
packed
lose it

phrasal v
adj
v

kl p
pkt
luz t

sich einrollen
sehr voll
durchdrehen

se pelotonner
plein de
pter les plombs

arannicchiarsi
pieno di
andare in tilt

41

be out of your mind

n phrase

bi at v j mand

den Verstand verloren haben

tre fou

essere impazzito

41

upside down

adv

psad dan

kopfber, umgedreht

l'envers

sottosopra

41
41

2
2

over the moon


misfortune

n phrase
n

uv mun
msftn

berglcklich
Pech, Unglck

sur un petit nuage


malheur

felicissimo, esultante di gioia


sfortuna

41
41
41

2
2
2

trivial
drown
tremendous

adj
v
adj

trvil
dran
trmends

trivial, banal
ertrinken
gewaltig

insignifiant
noyer
norme

triviale
affogare
tremendo

41
41
41

2
2
2

pitch
violent
anxious

n
adj
adj

pt
valnt
ks

Pech
gewaltsam
ngstlich

brai
violent
inquiet

pece
violento, forte
pauroso

41
41
41

2
2
2

despairing
unbearable
vision

adj
adj
n

dsper
nberbl
vn

verzweifelt
unertrglich
Vision

dsespr
insupportable
vision

disperato
insopportabile
visione

41
41

2
2

grab
rail

grb
rel

packen
Reling, Gelnder

saisir
balustrade

afferrare
sbarra

41
41
41
41

2
2
2
2

shiver
afloat
vividly
after-effect

v
adj
adv
n

v
flt
vvdli
ftrfekt

zittern, frsteln
ber Wasser
lebhaft
Nachwirkung

grelotter
sur l'eau
trs bien
rpercussion

tremare dal freddo


a galla
bene
effetto secondario

To get the plant out of the pot, turn it upside down


and give it a gentle knock.
She's over the moon about her new job.
It was a terrible misfortune, but we're trying to be
positive.
She writes about such trivial subjects.
Many people drowned when the boat overturned.
Suddenly, there was a tremendous bang, and the
whole building shook.
The night was as black as pitch.
There was a violent storm last night.
He was a bit anxious about the safety of the
machinery.
She gave me a despairing look.
The pain was almost unbearable.
He had a clear vision of how he hoped the company
would develop.
I grabbed my bag and ran to catch the train.
Several passengers were leaning against the ship's
rail.
Jake stood shivering in the cold air.
Somehow we kept the ship afloat.
I can vividly remember the day we met.
I'm still not sure how long the after-effects will last.

41
41
41
41
41

2
2
2
2
2

tornado
twister
goods
howl
shudder

n
n
n
n
v

tned
twst
gdz
hal
d

Tornado
Tornado, Wirbelsturm
Gter
Heulen
beben

tornade
tornade
marchandises
hurlement
trembler

tornado
tornado
merce
ululare
vibrare

John survived a tornado in Mississippi.


Did you hear about the twister in Iowa last week?
The goods train thundered past the towns.
The howl of the wind was terrifying.
The ground shuddered as the tornado swept through.

41

trailer

trel

Anhnger, Wohnwagen

caravane, remorque

roulotte

The rain against the side of the trailer sounded like


machine-gun fire.

Pearson Schweiz AG

Headword

Part of Speech
adj
adj
adj phrase
v
v phrase
n phrase
adj phrase
phrasal v
n phrase
n
n

v
n

I just wanted to curl up and go to sleep.


My mouth was packed with snow.
She completely lost it with one of the kids in the
class.
He must have been out of his mind to employ her.

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Page

Act.

Headword

41
41

2
2

snap
consciousness

41

end up

41
41
41
41

2
2
2
2

concussion
lung
cracked
rib

41

shattered

41
41
41
41

2
2
2
2

surgeon
sew
drizzle
lightning

41
41

2
2

dull ache
lightning bolt

41
41

2
2

wound
complex

41

calculation

42
42
43

4
4
1

43
43

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

snp
knsns

abbrechen
Bewusstsein

craquer
conscience

spezzare
coscienza

end p

(an einen Ort) verschlagen werden se retrouver

gettato

knkn
l
krkt
rb

Gehirnerschtterung
Lunge
gebrochen
Rippe

commotion crbrale
poumon
cass
cte

commozione cerebrale
polmone
rotto
costola

zertrmmert

bris

in frantumi

A twig snapped under my feet.


David lost consciousness at 8 o'clock and only woke
up a few hours later.
He came round for a coffee and we ended up having
a meal together.
He was rushed into hospital with concussion.
Smoking can cause lung cancer.
He escaped with a cracked rib and bruising.
I think I might have broken a rib when I fell off my
horse this morning.
The cup fell off the shelf and shattered on the floor.

n
v
v
n

sdn
s
drzl
latn

Chirurg
nhen
nieseln
Blitz

chirurgien
coudre
bruiner
clairs

chirurgo
cucire
piovigginare
fulmuni

The surgeons managed to save his life.


She sewed the two sides together.
The rain isn't too bad - it's only drizzling.
I find storms with thunder and lightning really exciting.

dl ek
blt

dumpfer Schmerz
Blitzschlag

douleur sourde
la foudre

dolore sordo/monotono
lampo

wund
kmpleks

Wunde
komplex, schwierig

blessure
complexe

ferita
complesso

klkjlen

Berechnung, Rechnung (math.)

calcul

calcolo

skid
emergency
(be) unsuccessful

v
n
adj

skd
mdnsi
nsksesfl

rutschen, schleudern
Notfall
erfolglos sein

draper
cas d'urgence
chouer

slittare
emergenza
(essere) sfortunato

1
1

discouraged
impossible

adj
adj

dskrdd
mpsbl

entmutigt
unmglich

dcourag
impossible

scoraggiare
impossibile

She had a dull ache in her back.


There's not much left of the house after it was struck
by a bolt of lightning.
A nurse cleaned and bandaged the wound.
It was a very complex relationship between two
complex people.
Diana looked at the bill and made some rapid
calculations.
The car skidded as she turned onto the highway.
Lifeguards are trained to deal with emergencies.
We have been unsuccessful in finding a new
manager.
A lot of players get discouraged and quit.
It's impossible to be accurate about these things.

43

misunderstand

msndstnd

falsch verstehen, missverstehen

mal comprendre

capire male, fraintendere

43
43

1
2

advantage
disadvantage

n
n

dvntd
dsdvntd

Vorteil
Nachteil

avantage
inconvnient

vantaggio
svantaggio

43
43
43

2
2
2

misread
likely
unlikely

v
adj
adj

msrid
lakli
nlakli

falsch lesen
wahrscheinlich
unwahrscheinlich

mal lire
probable
improbable

leggere male
probabile
poco probabile

43
43
43
43

2
2
2
2

impatient
regular
irregular
incapable

adj
adj
adj
adj

mpent
regjl
regjl
nkepbl

ungeduldig
regelmig, regulr
unregelmig
nicht in der Lage, unfhig

agac, impatient
rgulier
irrgulier
incapable

impaziente
normale, regolare
irregolare
incapace

43

heatstroke

hitstrk

Hitzschlag

coup de chaleur

insolazione

43
44
44

6
1
2

dizzy
tap
eventually

adj
v
adv

dzi
tp
ventuli

schwindlig
klopfen
schlielich

avoir la tte qui tourne


taper
finalement

vertiginoso
bussare
col tempo, alla fine

44

flood back

fld bk

wieder hochkommen
(Erinnerungen)

remonter la surface

tornare

Heatstroke often occurs when the body is unable to


control its temperature.
I hate heights - they make me feel dizzy.
I went up and tapped on the window.
He eventually escaped and made his way back to
England.
Memories of my time in Paris flooded back.

2
2
2

snack
organic
be allergic to

snk
gnk
bi ldk t

Imbiss
kologisch, bio
allergisch sein gegen

casse-crote
biologique
tre allergique

spuntino
biologico, ecologico
essere allergico a qc

Drinks and light snacks are served at the bar.


The shop sells organic food.
I'm allergic to feathers.

v
n
phrasal v
n
n
adj
n

adj phrase
n
n
adj

They misunderstood our instructions and went the


wrong way.
Younger workers tend to be at an advantage.
The disadvantage of the material is that it fades in
strong sunlight.
The doctor must have misread the notes.
Snow showers are likely tomorrow.
The weather is unlikely to improve over the next few
days.
He turned away with an impatient gesture.
Our regular opening hours are 10a.m. to 7p.m.
They work irregular hours.
He seemed incapable of understanding how she felt.

Unit 5
46
46
46

Pearson Schweiz AG

n
adj
adj

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Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Headword

46
46
46
46

3
3
3
3

diet
strict
vegetarian
vitamin

46
46
46
47
47
47
47
48
48
48
48

3
3
3
5
5
5
5
1
1
1
1

48

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

n
adj
adj
n

dat
strkt
vedterin
vtmn

Ernhrung, Nahrung
streng
vegetarisch
Vitamin

alimentation
strict
vgtarien,ne
vitamine

nutrizione
rigoroso
vegetariano
vitamina

She doesnt eat a very healthy diet.


He follows a strict vegetarian diet.
Let's go to the new vegetarian restaurant.
Try to eat foods that are rich in vitamins and minerals.

well-balanced
salt
dairy-free
honey
curry
rice
chicken
can't stand
chilli
spice
flavour

adj
n
adj
n
n
n
n
v
n
n
n

welblnst
slt
deri fri
hni
kri
ras
tkn
knt stnd
tli
spas
flev

(gut) ausgewogen
Salz
ohne Milchprodukte
Honig
Curry
Reis
Huhn
nicht mgen, nicht ausstehen
Chili
Gewrz, Wrze
Geschmacksrichtung, Geschmack

quilibr
sel
sans produits laitiers
miel
curry
riz
poulet
ne pas supporter
piment rouge
pice
got

bilanciata
sale
senza prodotti di latte
miele
curry
riso
pollo
non supportare, non piacere
peperoncino
spezia
sapore, gusto

He makes sure he has a well-balanced diet.


This might need some salt and pepper.
She's on a dairy-free diet at the moment.
Honey is a good natural sweetener.
She ordered chicken curry for lunch.
Serve the meat with plain boiled rice.
Were having roast chicken for dinner tonight.
I cant stand bad table manners.
Some people cant stand the taste of chilli.
I love food which has lots of spice in it.
Which flavour do you want - chocolate or vanilla?

addictive

adj

dktv

schtig machend

ce qui cre une dpendance

d dipendenza

48

for the sake of

f sek v

zuliebe

dans l'intrt de

per, a favore di

48
48

2
2

bitter
caffeine

bt
kfin

bitter
Koffein

amer,re
cafine

amaro
caffeina

Scientists say that chocolate can actually be


addictive.
He moved to the the seaside for the sake of his
health.
Lemon cordial is bitter but refreshing.
Avoid drinks with caffeine in them before bedtime.

48
48

2
2

ingredient
culture

ngridint
klts

Zutat
Kultur

ingrdient
culture

ingrediente
cultura

48
48
48
49
49

2
2
2
4
4

recipe
acquired taste
sensation
benefit
evidence

respi
kwad test
sensen
benft
evdns

Rezept
anerzogener Geschmack
Gefhl
Nutzen, Vorzug
Beweis, Beleg, Anzeichen

recette
qu'il faut apprendre aimer
sensation
avantage
preuves

ricetta
gusto acquistato
sensazione
beneficio
prova

r
rst

roh
Forschung, Recherche

cru
recherche

crudo
ricerca

n phrase
adj
n
n
n
n
v phrase
n
n
n

49
49

6
raw
4/audio research

49

4/audio jaw

Kiefer

mchoire

mascella

49
49

4/audio chew
4/audio leisure

v
n

tu
le

kauen
Freizeit

mcher
loisir

masticare
tempo libero

49

4/audio debate

dbet

Diskussion

discussion

dibattito, discussione

49
49

4/audio rot
4/audio hunter

v
n

rt
hnt

verrotten
Jger

pourrir
chasseur

imputridire
cacciatore (-trice)

49

4/audio digestive

dadestv

Verdauungs-

digestif

digestivo

49

4/audio brain

bren

Gehirn

cerveau

cervello

49
49

4/audio take place


4/audio tradition

n phrase
n

tek ples
trdn

stattfinden
Tradition

se drouler
tradition

tenersi, aver luogo


tradizione

The development of cooking resulted in our digestive


systems becoming much smaller.
Our brains are much more developed than other
animals'.
The next meeting will take place on Thursday.
It's tradition that the eldest son inherits the property.

49
49

4/audio divide
4/audio ice age

v
n

dvad
as ed

aufteilen
Eiszeit

diviser
re glaciaire

dividere
era glaciale

The book is divided into six sections.


During the ice age, most of Britain was uninhabited.

Pearson Schweiz AG

adj
n

Combine all the ingredients in a large bowl.


In our culture, it is rude to ask someone how much
they earn.
Have you got a recipe for tomato soup?
Chillies are an acquired taste.
I felt a tingling sensation in my fingers.
I never had the benefit of a university education.
At present we have no evidence of life on other
planets.
Cabbage can be eaten raw.
It's a good idea to do lots of research before you buy
a house.
Our jaws aren't strong enough to chew huge
quantities of plants like chimpanzees.
The meat's so tough I can hardly chew it.
Most people now enjoy shorter working hours and
more leisure time.
We had a really good debate about politics over
dinner.
The trees were cut and left to rot.
When humans learned to preserve meat, it meant
hunters didnt have to bring back meat so often.

adj
n

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Page

Act.

Headword

Part of Speech
n

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

smlrti

hnlichkeit

ressemblance

somiglianza

I can see the similarities between you and your sister.


The atmosphere is more casual in a self-service
restaurant.
Will the dinner be very formal? Should we dress up
smartly?
Bad dreams are fairly common among children.
He has become a food critic.
They suggested he grab some hummus from his
usual Greek takeout.
He eats too many takeouts.
Always wear reflective clothes when you ride your
bike at night.
There was only half a jar of peanut butter left.
I don't really like olives - they're so salty.
There were jars of artichokes on the walls.
To my surprise it turned out that I was wrong.
A year before, he had been turned away from the halfempty restaurant.
Unaccompanied children are not allowed on the
premises.
The restaurant was full, but the waitress squeezed
him in.
We were very impressed by the standard of his work.

49

4/audio similarity

49

4/audio self-service

adj

selfsvs

Selbstbedienungs-

libre-service

self-service

49

4/audio formal

adj

fml

formell

officiel

formale, cerimoniale

50
50
50

1
2
2

common
critic
hummus

adj
n
n

kmn
krtk
hums

blich, verbreitet
Kritiker
Hummus

courant
critique
houmous

comune
critico
hummus

50
50

2
2

takeout
reflective

n
adj

tekat
rflektv

Essen zum Mitnehmen


reflektierend

emporter
rflchissant

cibo da asporto
riflettente

50
50
50
50
50

2
2
2
2
2

jar
olive
artichoke
turn out
turn somebody away

j
lv
ttk
tn at
tn smbdi wei

Glas(gef)
Olive
Artischocke
sich herausstellen
jmd. abweisen

pot, jarre
olive
artichaut
se rvler
dtourner

barattolo di vetro
oliva
carciofo
rivelarsi
rifiutare qu

50

unaccompanied

nkmpnid

ohne Begleitung

non accompagn

non accompagnato

50

squeeze somebody in

skwiz smbdi n

caser

stipare qu

51

impress

mpres

noch unterbringen, obwohl es voll


ist
beeindrucken

impressionner

impressionare

51
51
51

2
2
2

stare
cash
strike up

v
n
phrasal v

ste
k
strak p

anstarren
Bargeld
anfangen, beginnen

regarder fixement
espces
entamer

fissare
denaro contante
cominciare, iniziare

51
51
51

2
2
2

mousse
arugula
leather-bound

n
n
adj

mus
rugjl
leband

Mousse, Crme
Rucola
in Leder gebunden

mousse
roquette
reli en cuir

mousse, crema
rucola
rilegato in pelle

51
51
51
51
51
51
51
51

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

softish
overly
sickly-sweet
insulting
complimentary
tripe
stew
intestine

adj
adv
adv
adj
adj
n
n
n

sft
vli
skli swit
nslt
kmplmentri
trap
stju
ntestn

recht weich, eher soft


bermig
bers, knstlich s
beleidigend
kostenlos
Kutteln
Eintopf
Innereien

leger
trop, excessivement
doucetre
insultant
gratuit
tripes
ragot
abats

leggero, molle
troppo
dolciastro
offensivo
in omaggio
trippa
minestrone, stufato
interiora

51

foodie

fudi

Feinschmecker

gourmet

buongustaio

51
51
51
51
51
51

2
2
2
2
2
2

chef
extend a greeting
cuisine
cool
violinist
media

ef
kstend grit
kwzin
kul
valnst
midi

Chefkoch
(frmlich) begren
Kche
toll, cool, selbstbewusst
Geiger/in
Medien

chef
saluer
cuisine
cool
violiniste
mdia

chef
salutare
cucina
grande
violinista
i media

51

contestant

kntestnt

Kandidat, Mitbewerber, Mitstreiter

concurrent

concorrente

51

tender years

adj

tend jz

zartes Alter

les tendres annes

giovent

51

publication

pblken

Verffentlichung

publication

pubblicazione

Despite his tender years, he is now reviewing some


of the city's top restaurants.
He spent his holiday writing reviews for publication.

51

keen

kin

begierig

fervent, motiv

avere voglia di fare qc

He told me he was keen to help.

Pearson Schweiz AG

n
n
n
phrasal v
phrasal v
adj
phrasal v

n
n
v
n
adj
n
n

n
adj

She stared at me in disbelief.


You can pay with cash or with a credit card.
I struck up a conversation with the girl sitting next to
me.
I had chocolate mousse for dessert.
He recommended they try the arugula salad.
He owned a leather-bound volume of Shakespeare's
plays.
The restaurant played softish jazz music.
I'm not overly fond of cats.
There were no sickly-sweet smiles.
He made several insulting remarks.
Please accept this complimentary dessert.
He was given a complimentary tripe stew.
He didnt know what was in the stew.
You can eat intestines - they're delicious with onions
and peppers.
My boyfriend is a real foodie, he loves to cook and to
eat out.
He's the chef at the new French restaurant.
The chef came over to extend a greeting.
He knew a little about traditional Italian cuisine.
She's pretty cool.
His younger sister is a brilliant violinist.
The scandal was widely reported in the national
media.
He was a contestant on a TV game show.

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Page

Act.

Headword

51
51
51

4
4
4

reserve
celebrity
fuss

51

turn somebody off

51

51

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

rzv
slebrti
fs

reservieren
Berhmtheit
Aufheben, Wirbel

rserver
clbrit
histoires

riservare
famoso
rumore (per nulla)

I'd like to reserve a table for two.


He's a national celebrity.
Josie made a fuss because the soup was too salty.

phrasal v

tn smbdi f

jmd. abschrecken

dtourner

distogliere qn

turn something down

phrasal v

tn sm dan

etwas absagen, ablehnen

rejeter

rifiutare

Any prospective buyer would be turned off by the


sight of rotting wood.
They offered her the job but she turned it down.

turn on somebody

phrasal v

tn n smbdi

sich jmd. zuwenden

se tourner vers qn

rivolgersi a qu

52

feast

fist

Festmahl

festin

banchetto

52
52
52
52
52

1
1
1
3
3

provide
monkey
jungle
wedding
sugared

v
n
n
n
adj

prvad
mki
dgl
wed
gd

bereitstellen
Affe
Dschungel
Hochzeit
gezuckert

fournir
singe
jungle
mariage
sucr

prevedere
scimmia
giungla
matrimonio
zuccherato

52

almond

mnd

Mandel

amande

mandoria

52

anniversary

nvsri

Jahrestag, Geburtstag

anniversaire

anniversario

52
52
52
52
52

3
3
6
6
6

thrilled
reception
curious
consume
estimate

adj
n
adj
v
v

rld
rsepn
kjris
knsjum
estmet

begeistert
Empfang
neugierig
zu sich nehmen
schtzen

excit
rception
curieux
consommer
estimer

entusiasta
ricevimento
curioso
consumare
stimare

52
53
53
54
54
54
54
54
54

6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

aggressive
atmosphere
junk food
location
avoid
legendary
overpriced
outstanding
tempt

adj
n
n
n
v
adj
adj
adj
v

gresv
tmsf
dk fud
lken
vd
ledndri
vprast
atstnd
tempt

aggressiv
Atmosphre
minderwertige Nahrung
Lage (geograph.)
vermeiden
legendr
berteuert
herausragend
locken, verlocken

agressif
atmosphre
malbouffe
endroit
viter
lgendaire
trop cher
frappant, remarquable
tenter

aggressivo
atmosfera
porcherie
luogo, posto
evitare
leggendario
costa troppo
eccezionale
attirare, convincere

54
54
54

1
1
1

veggie
stodgy
bland

adj
adj
adj

vedi
stdi
blnd

vegetarisch (ugs.)
schwer (verdaulich)
fade

vgtarien
bourratif
fade

vegetariano
pesante
inspido

54

downside

dansad

Nachteil

inconvnient

svantaggio

54

literally

ltrli

wortwrtlich

littralement

parola per parola

58

performance

pfmnd

Auffhrung

interprtation, reprsentation

rappresentazione

58
58

1
2

performer
obvious

n
adj

pfm
bvis

Knstler, Interpret
offensichtlich

artiste
vident

artista
ovvio

58

additional

adj

dnl

zustzlich

supplmentaire

supplementare

58
58
58

2
3
3

considerable
circus
stress

adj
n
n

knsdrbl
sks
stres

beachtlich, betrchtlich
Zirkus
Stress

considrable
cirque
stress

considerevole
circo
stress

v
n
n

n
adv

Peter turned on Rai and screamed, 'Get out of my


sight!'
The king promised to hold a great feast for all his
people.
Tea and biscuits will be provided.
I'm a bit scared of monkeys.
He lived in the Amazon jungle for several years.
She's busy planning her daughter's wedding.
They gave away sugared almonds to all the wedding
guests.
Dont forget to stir in the ground almonds and coconut
milk.
Jack and Kim celebrated their twentieth wedding
anniversary in January.
We were thrilled to hear about the baby.
It's an ideal location for a wedding reception.
Puppies are naturally curious animals.
Alcohol may not be consumed on the premises.
The tree is estimated to be at least 700 years old.
Jim's voice became aggressive.
The hotel had a lovely relaxed atmosphere.
He eats too much junk food.
His apartment is in a really good location.
I'd always avoided visiting the Hard Rock Caf.
Her singing was legendary.
I thought the food was overpriced.
His performance was outstanding.
The new programme is designed to tempt young
people into studying engineering.
I ordered the veggie burger.
The pudding was very stodgy.
Because of her illness, she's on a very bland diet at
the moment.
The downside of the book is that is it written in a
rather boring style.
The Olympic Games were watched by literally billions
of people.

Unit 6

Pearson Schweiz AG

Their performance of Mozart's Concerto in E flat was


finely controlled and dramatic.
He was a better songwriter than performer.
The obvious way of reducing pollution is to use cars
less.
Additional information can be obtained from the
centre.
We've saved a considerable amount of money.
He had always wanted to be a circus performer.
Your headaches are due to stress.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Headword

58

talent

59
59
59

8
8
8

59

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

tlnt

Talent

talent

talento

production
script
set

n
n
n

prdkn
skrpt
set

Stck, Inszenierung, Auffhrung


Skript, Text
Bhnenbild

production
texte
dcor de thtre

produzione
sceneggiatura
scenario

landscape

lndskep

Landschaft

paysage

paesaggio

59
59
59
59

9
9
9
9

graffiti
still life
abstract
portrait

n
n
adj
n

grfiti
stl laf
bstrkt
ptret

Graffiti
Stillleben
abstrakt
Portrt

graffiti
nature morte
abstrait
portrait

graffiti
natura morta
astratto
ritratto

He has a lot of talent, and his work is fresh and


interesting.
It was a wonderful production.
They write all their own scripts.
I'm working on the set for the new Shakespeare
production.
My parents have several landscape paintings on their
walls.
The walls are covered in graffiti.
I find his still life paintings very realistic.
He does abstract paintings mostly.
She's been commissioned to paint Jackson's portrait.

59

10

on display

n dsple

ausgestellt

expos

in esposizione, esposto

60

costume

kstjm

Kostm

costume

costume

60
60
60

3
3
3

chat show
comedy
festival

n
n
n

tt
kmdi
festvl

Talkshow
Komdie
Festival

talk show
comdie
festival

talk show
commedia
festivale

60
60
60
60

3
3
3
3

venue
retire
exhibitioin
content

n
v
n
n

venju
rtai
eksbin
kntent

Veranstaltungsort
in Rente gehen
Ausstellung
Inhalt

lieu
prendre sa retraite
exposition
biens mobiliers

posto di manifestazione
andare in pensione
esposizione, mostra
contenuto

60

state

stet

uern, erklren

dclarer

spiegare, dichiarare

60

1/audio futuristic

adj

fjutrstk

futuristisch

futuriste

futurista

60
60

1/audio stunning
1/audio contrast

adj
v

stn
kentrst

stupfiant
contraster

straordinario
contrastare

60

1/audio hoodie

hdi

berwltigend
kontrastieren, einen Gegensatz
bilden
Kapuzenpullover, -jacke

sweat capuche

maglione con cappuccio,hoodie

60

1/audio compose

kmpz

komponieren

composer

comporre

60
60
60

1/audio threatening
3/audio be starving
3/audio queue

adj
v
v

retn-
bi stv
kju

drohend
sehr hungrig sein
Schlange stehen

menaant
mourir de faim
faire la queue

minaccioso
morire di fame
fare la coda

60
60

3/audio premiere
3/audio star

n
v

premie
st

Premiere
eine Rolle haben, auftreten

premire
jouer le rle principal dans

60

3/audio alongside

adv

lsad

zusammen mit, neben

ct

prima
entrare in scena, sostenere una
parte
insieme con

60

3/audio contemporary

adj

kntemprri

zeitgenssisch

contemporain,e

contemporaneo

60
60

3/audio it's a shame


3/audio challenging

ts em
tlnd

es ist schade, dass


anspruchsvoll

quel dommage que


difficile

un peccato che
esigente

60

3/audio audition

dn

audition

recitare/cantare in prova

blkbst

Vorsprechen, Vorsingen,
Probespiel
Blockbuster

superproduction

successo di cassetta

ni
ddtl

Nische
digital

niche
digital

nicchia
digitale

62

blockbuster

62
62

2
5

niche
digital

Pearson Schweiz AG

n phrase
adj

adj
adj

Mapplethorpe's photographs were first put on display


in New York.
The film had wonderful costumes and spectacular
sets.
I saw Tom Cruise on a chat show last night.
He wrote a very successful TV comedy.
She always goes to the Swansea Festival of Music
and Arts.
We need to book a venue for the party.
Most people retire at 65.
We went to the new exhibition of her paintings.
Most of the gallery's contents were damaged in the
fire.
Rembert again stated his intention to resign from
Parliament.
The futuristic sports stadium is the pride of the city.
You look absolutely stunning in that dress.
The snow was icy and white, contrasting with the
brilliant blue sky.
Young people today all seem to wear jeans and
hoodies.
Barrington has composed the music for a new
production of A Midsummer Night's Dream .
His voice sounded threatening on the phone.
I was starving when I got home.
Some of the people queuing for tickets had been
there since dawn.
The new film has its premiere next week.
Clint Eastwood starred in The Good, the Bad and the
Ugly .
Brad Pitt starred alongside his wife in the last film.
There is an exhibition of contemporary British designs
at the museum.
It's a shame that you have to leave to soon.
Teaching young children is a challenging and
rewarding job.
I've got an audition for the Bournemouth Symphony
Orchestra on Friday.
Have you seen the latest Hollywood blockbuster?
Niche' films are doing well these days.
Digital technology has had a huge effect on the film
industry.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

62

access

kss

Zugang

accs

accesso

ksesbl

zugnglich, offen, erreichbar

accessible

accessibile

zati

Angst, ngstlichkeit

grandes inquitudes

angoscia, timore, paura

n
adj

rmns
rmntk

Romanze
romantisch

romance
romantique

romanza
romantico

n
adj
v
n

skses
sksesfl
tuz
ts

Erfolg haben
erfolgreich
whlen, aussuchen
Wahl

russir
russi
choisir
choix

avere successo
di successo
scegliere
scelta

entertain

entten

unterhalten

divertir

divertirsi

entertainment

enttenmnt

Unterhaltung

divertissement

divertimento

Access to the papers is restricted to senior


management
We need a health service that is accessible to
everyone.
There is considerable anxiety among staff about job
losses.
Michelle married him after a whirlwind romance.
Tom is very romantic and always sends her red roses
on her birthday.
The experiment was a big success.
The operation was successful.
It took us ages to choose a new carpet.
You have a choice of hotel or self-catering
accommodation.
She entertained the children with stories, songs and
drama.
The town provides a wide choice of entertainment.

62

accessible

62

anxiety

62
62

6
6

romance
romantic

62
62
62
62

6
6
6
6

succeed
successful
choose
choice

62

62
62
62

6
6

grow
growth

v
n

gr
gr

wachsen, zunehmen
Wachstum

augmenter
croissance

crescere
crescita

Sales of new cars grew by 10 percent last year.


There has been a rapid growth of world population.

62
62

6
6

produce
separate

v
v

prdjus
seprt

produzieren
trennen

produire
se sparer

produrre
separare

Costner produced and directed the film.


At this point the satellite separates from its launcher.

62

separation

sepren

Trennung

sparation

separazione

62
62
63
63
63
63

6
6
2
2
2
2

supply
supply
shoot
distribute
vastly
tighten one's grip on

spla
spla
ut
dstrbjut
vstli
tatn j grp n

liefern, bereitstellen
Vorrat, Angebot, Lieferung
drehen (Film)
verteilen
in hohem Mae
besseren Zugriff bekommen auf

fournir
rserves
tourner
distribuer
considrablement
resserrer sa prise sur

This is the zone of separation between the warring


factions.
mettere a disposizione
Paint for the project was supplied by the city.
scorta
I've only got a week's supply of tablets left.
girare
The movie was shot in New Zealand.
distribuire
The man is distributing leaflets to passers-by.
in alto grado, grandemente
This book is vastly superior to his last one.
ottenere un migliore accesso per The military have tightened their grip on the capital.

63
63

2
2

sell-out
at the expense of

n
n

selat
t i kspens v

ausverkauft sein
auf Kosten von

complet
aux dpens de

esaurito
a scapito di

63
63
63

2
2
2

near miss
box office
media-hyped

n
n
v

n ms
bks fs
midihapt

Beinahe-Fehlschlag
Abendkasse
von den Medien hochgespielt

presque un chec
caisse
du matraquage publicitaire

63
63
63
63
63
63
63
63

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

handy
alphabetically
conservative
cancel
approve
demand
option
raise your game

adj
adv
adj
v
v
n
n
v phrase

hndi
lfbetkli
knsvtv
knsl
pruv
dmnd
pn
rez j gem

pratique
par ordre alphabtique
conservateur
annuler
apprcier
demande
choix
passer la vitesse suprieure

63
63

2
2

guarantee
delight

v
v

grnti
dlat

praktisch
alphabetisch
konservativ
annullieren
gutheien
Nachfrage
Optionen
sich mehr anstrengen, mehr
Einsatz bringen
garantieren
erfreuen

63
63
63

2
2
2

format
offering
climate

n
n
n

fmt
fr
klamt

Format
Darbietung
Klima

format
album, offre, proposition
climat

63
64

2
1

consumer
project

n
v

knsjum
prdekt

Verbraucher
Projekt

consommateur/trice
projet

Pearson Schweiz AG

Headword

Part of Speech
n
adj
n

v
n
v
v
adv
v phrase

garantir
faire plaisir

The concert was expected to be a sell-out.


The growth in short breaks is at the expense of longer
package holidays.
quasi un fiasco
Several of his films have been near misses.
cassa
Collect your tickets at the box office.
gonfiato dai media
Many people only go to see the media-hyped
blockbusters.
pratico
It's very handy having a light above your desk.
alfabetico
All the iTunes files are arranged alphabetically.
conservatore, tradizionale
He has a conservative attitude to education.
annullare
Our flight was cancelled.
approvare
I dont approve of cosmetic surgery.
domanda, richiesta
There is a huge demand for new housing.
opzioni
There are a number of options available.
sforzarsi ancora pi, essere in full So the media industry must raise its game now.
immersion
garantire
I guarantee you'll love this film.
far piacere a
Her fabulous recipes will delight anyone who loves
chocolate.
format, formato
You can see the film in a wide variety of formats.
rappresentazione
This is the latest offering from Nanci Griffith.
clima
Small businesses are finding it hard to survive in the
present economic climate.
consumatore (trice)
Consumers will soon be paying higher air fares.
progetto
They project films onto the wall in that restaurant.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Headword

64
64
64
65
65
65
65
65
65
65

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2

screen
monitor
avatar

65

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

get 1
get 2
get 3
get 4
get 5
get 6
gadget

n
v
n
v
v
v
v
v
v
n

skrin
mnt
vt
get
get
get
get
get
get
gdt

Bildschirm
berwachen
Avatar
erfassen, begreifen
jdm. dazu bringen, etw. zu tun
haben
werden
nehmen
bekommen
Gert

cran
surveiller
avatar
comprendre
faire faire qn.
avoir
tre, devenir (ici: s'ennuyer)
prendre
recevoir
gadget

schermo
controllare, monitorare
avatar
capire, comprendere
indurre qn a fare qc
avere
venire, essere (passivo)
prendere
ricevere
macchina, apparecchio

He went on staring at the television screen.


The temperature is carefully monitored.
Your thoughts will be able to control your avatar.
I dont think she got the joke.
We couldn't get him to sign the agreement.
I never get the time to read these days.
She soon got bored with the job.
Let's get the bus to the airport.
We get a lot of junk mail.
I've just bought a neat gadget for sharpening knives.

hoverboard

hvbd

Schwebebrett

aroglisseur

volopattino

65

tarmac

tmk

Teer

macadam

catrame

Michael Fox used a hoverboard in the film Back to


the Future .
Careful! They've just put new tarmac on the driveway.

65
65

2
2

roll
vacuum cleaner

n
n

rl
vakjum klin

Brtchen
Staubsauger

petit pain
aspirateur

panino
aspirapolvere

He had a bacon roll for breakfast.


She went over the carpet with the vacuum cleaner.

65

commercially

adv

kmli

im Handel

65

ttskrin teknld Touchscreen-Technologie

65
65
65
65
66

2
2
2
2
1

touchscreen
technology
fiction
astonishing
amazing
predict
outline

commercialement; ici: disponible in commercio, in vendita


dans le commerce
la technologie de l'cran tactile
tecnologia di touch screen

n
adj
adj
v
v

fkn
stn
mez
prdkt
atlan

Erzhlliteratur, Fiktion
verblffend
erstaunlich
vorhersagen
skizzieren, erlutern

romans, fiction
tonnant
extraordinaire
prdire
exposer brivement

finzione
stupendo
sorprendente, stupendo
predire, pronosticare
schizzare, spiegare

66

potential

adj

ptensl

potenziell

potentiel

potenziale

Robotic vacuum cleaners are already commercially


available.
Touch-screen technology has revolutionised the way
we use computers.
I prefer reading fiction to biographies.
Their success is astonishing.
He's an amazing player to watch.
Sales were five percent lower than predicted.
The new president outlined plans to deal with crime,
drugs, and education.
There is a potential problem with the new equipment.

66

recommendation

rekmenden

Empfehlung

recommandation

raccomandazione, consiglio

We will review the case and make recommendations.

66

consult

knslt

jmd. um Rat fragen

consulter

chiedere consiglio a qu

66

widen

wadn

erweitern

largir

estendere, allargare

66
66

1
1

appeal
raise concerns

n
n

pil
knsn

Reiz
Bedenken hervorrufen

fascination, charme
causer des inquitudes

attrativa, fascino
suscitare dubbi

66
66

1
1

pay your way


outweigh

v
v

pe j we
atwe

sich bezahlt machen


berwiegen

tre rentable
l'emporter sur

valere la pena, convenire


predominare

67

stand-up comedy

stndp kmdi

Stegreifkomdie

stand-up

commedia a soggetto

I need to consult my lawyer before we go ahead with


the sale.
They are trying to widen the discussion to include
environmental issues.
The film has great appeal for young audiences.
The incident has raised concerns over safety at the
power station.
A new boiler would pay its way within two years.
The benefits of the scheme outweigh the
disadvantages.
He started doing stand-up comedy in small clubs.

67
67

2
2

interval
series

n
n

ntvl
siriz

Pause
Serie

entracte
srie

intervallo, pausa
serie

We can get some drinks in the interval.


The new crime series is very good.

68
68
68
68

1
1
1
1

emigrate
presume
routine
single out

emgret
przjum
rutin
sgl at

auswandern
annehmen, vermuten
Routine, geregelter Ablauf
herausgreifen, auswhlen

migrer
supposer
routine
singulariser

emigrare
presumere, suporre
routine
scegliere, prendere

68

rush

Hektik, Eile

hte

fretta

68
68

1
1

fizzy
precisely

fzi
prsasli

sprudelnd, aufgeregt
exakt

excit, ptillant
prcisment

fizzante, traboccante
esattamente

He emigrated to Australia as a young man.


I presume he will be there by six o'clock.
John's departure had upset their daily routine.
I don't see why he should be singled out for special
treatment.
I knew there would be a last-minute rush to meet the
deadline.
She was fizzy with excitement.
He arrived at precisely four o'clock.

Unit 7

Pearson Schweiz AG

v
v
n
phrasal v
n
adj
adv

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

68

lose your nerve

luz j nv

die Nerven/den Mut verlieren

perdre son sang-froid

I wanted to ask him the question, but I lost my nerve.

v
v
v

rmand
had
kl

(jmd.) erinnern
verbergen
umbringen, hier auch: schmerzen

rappeler qn de faire qc
cacher
tuer

sfiduciarsi, scoraggiarsi, perdere


la calma
ricordare qu
nascondere
ammazzare

68
68
68

1
1
1

remind
hide
kill

68

wear a look

we lk

einen Gesichtsausdruck haben

expression faciale / air

avere una espressione del volto

His face wore a welcoming smile.

68
68
68
68
68
68

1
1
1
1
1
1

strained
be taken aback
tone
hallway
small talk
resume

strend
bi tekn bk
tn
hlwe
sml tk
rzjum

angespannt
bestrzt, verblfft sein
Tonfall
Flur, Korridor
oberflchliche Unterhaltung
wieder aufnehmen

tendu
tre dconcert
ton
couloir
faire la conversation
reprendre

teso
costernato
inflessione
corridoio
small talk
riprendere

Nina's voice sounded strained.


Emma was taken aback by his honesty.
Her tone was sharp with anger.
She followed her mother into the hallway.
We stood around making small talk.
She hopes to resume work after the baby is born.

68

unbidden

adv

nbdn

ungebeten, unaufgefordert

sans le vouloir

non richiesto, spontaneamente

The thought came to her unbidden.

68
68
68
68

1
1
1
1

arrangement
bustle
dread
unfamiliar

n
n
n
adj

rendmnt
bsl
dred
nfmli

Vorbereitung
Geschftigkeit
Furcht, Grauen
unbekannt, fremd, unvertraut

prparatifs
agitation
terreur
inconnu, tranger

preparativi
viavai
timore, orrore
estraneo, sconosciuto

1
3

bright
adjust

adj
v

brat
dst

heiter, frhlich
anpassen

vif, vive
s'adapter

sereno, allegro
adattare

69

departure

dpt

Abreise

dpart

partenza

Have you made all your travel arrangements?


There was a lot of bustle and talk.
The prospect of flying filled me with dread.
She stood on the deck to gaze at the unfamiliar
surroundings.
Her voice was bright and cheerful.
It took a few seconds for her eyes to adjust to the
darkness.
I saw Simon shortly before his departure for Russia.

68
69

69
69
70
70

3
3
5
5

get over something


emotion
clubbing
blind as a bat

get v sm
mn
klb
bland z bt

ber etwas hinwegkommen


Emotion, Gefhl
in Nachtclubs ausgehen
blind wie ein Maulwurf

se remettre de
motion
aller en bote
myope comme une taupe

71
71
71
72
72

3
2/audio
2/audio
1
1

luxurious
eco-friendly
weird
monastery
breathtaking

adj
adj
adj
n
adj

lgzjris
kfrendli
wd
mnstri
bretek

luxuris, Luxusumweltfreundlich
seltsam
Kloster
atemberaubend

luxueux
cologique
trange
monastre
stupfiant

superare qc
emozione, sentimento
andare a ballare/al nightclub
quasi cieco/non essere capace di
vedere bene
lussuoso, di lusso
non inquinante
strano
monastero
che mozza il fiato

72
72

1
1

magnificent
mysterious

adj
adj

mgnfsnt
mstris

wundervoll
geheimnisvoll

magnifique
mystrieux

meraviglioso
misterioso

72

peaceful

adj

pisfl

friedlich, ruhig

paisible, calme

calmo, pacifico

72
72
72

1
1
3

remote
spiritual
imaginary

adj
adj
adj

rmt
sprtul
mdnri

entlegen, abgelegen
spirituell
imaginr

lointain
spirituel,le
imaginaire

isolato, fuori mano


spirituale
immaginario

72

paradise

prdas

Paradies

paradis

paradiso

72

utopia

jutpi

Utopia

utopie

utopia

73
73

1
7

source of income
domestic

n
adj

ss v km
dmestk

Einkommensquelle
Inlands- (hier: -flug)

source de revenu
intrieur national

fonte di guadagno
(volo) nazionale

73
73

7
7

direct
season ticket

adj
n

drekt
sizen tkt

direkt
Saisonkarte

direct,e
abonnement saisonnier

diretto
biglietto stagionale

73

return ticket

adj

rtn

Rckfahrkarte

billet aller-retour

biglietto di andata e ritorno

Pearson Schweiz AG

Headword

Part of Speech
n phrase

adj
phrasal v
n
n
n
v

phrasal v
n
n
adj

Remind me to buy some milk tonight.


She laughed to hide her nervousness.
It kills me to see him working so hard.

She never got over the death of her son.


Her voice was full of emotion.
She usually goes out clubbing at the weekend.
I'm blind as a bat without my glasses.
We stayed in a luxurious hotel.
I only buy eco-friendly products.
A really weird thing happened last night.
The monastery has a magnificent library.
The view from my bedroom window was absolutely
breathtaking.
She looked magnificent in a long red dress.
Benson later disappeared in mysterious
circumstances.
We had a peaceful afternoon without the children.
She lives in a remote border town.
Painting helps fill a spiritual need for beauty.
As she listened, she played an imaginary piano on
her knees.
The hotel felt like paradise after two weeks of
camping.
To outsiders it seemed to be a mountaintop utopia.
His job was his only source of income.
You can get a domestic flight to the north of the
country.
Which is the most direct route to London?
He bought a season ticket for his train journey to
work.
They didnt buy return tickets.

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Page

Act.

Headword

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

73

open ticket

adj

pn tkt

billet ouvert

biglietto aperto

sightseeing
package tour
guided tour
excursion

n
n phrase
n
n

satsi
pkd t
gadd t
kskn

Fahrkarte ohne bestimmtes


Reisedatum
Besichtigung
Pauschalreise
Fhrung
Exkursion, Ausflug

visite, tourisme
voyage organis
visite guide
excursion

visita, giro turistico


viaggio tutto compreso
visita guidata
escursione

round trip
out of this world
in a world of your
own
have the world at your
feet
mean the world to
somebody
mythical
synonym
popularity
screenplay

n
n phrase
n phrase

rand trp
Hin- und Rckreise
at v s wld
berirdisch
n wld v j n in deiner eigenen Welt

aller-retour
extraordinaire, surnaturel,le
dans un monde part

viaggio d'andata e di ritorno


soprannaturale
nel tuo proprio mondo

n phrase

hv wld t j
fit
min wld t
smbdi
mkl
snnm
ppjlrti
skrinple

die Welt liegt dir zu Fen

avoir le monde ses pieds

hai il mondo ai tuoi piedi

He gave her an open ticket to Australia in case she


changed her mind.
She went on a sightseeing tour around the city.
They got a cheap package deal to Tenerife.
You will be taken on a guided tour of the palace.
Included in the tour is an excursion to the Grand
Canyon.
It's a round trip of about 90 miles.
The scenery is absolutely out of this world.
She was a shy child who seemed to live in a world of
her own.
He is a bright young lad with the world at his feet.

73
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7
7
7

73
73
73

7
8
8

73

73

fr jemanden Ein und Alles sein

valoir tout l'or du monde pour qn essere tutto per qu

Lee thinks the world of that dog.

73
73
73
73

1/audio
1/audio
1/audio
1/audio

mythisch
Synonym
Beliebtheit
Drehbuch

mythique
synonyme
popularit
scnario

mitico
sinonimo
popolarit
sceneggiatura

fntsi

Fantasie

fantaisiste

fantasia

adj

hmnis

harmonisch

harmonieux

armonico

adj

fetfl

verhngnisvoll

fatal

fatale

valns

Gewalt

violence

violenza

The Minotaur is a mythical creature.


Shut' is a synonym for 'closed'.
The popularity of the internet has soared.
He's written the screenplay for the new Robert de
Niro film.
He lived in a fantasy world of his own, even as a
small boy.
He read a fantasy about somewhere that was
peaceful and harmonious.
When his rent was raised, he made the fateful
decision.
There is too much violence on television these days.

73

1/audio fantasy

73

1/audio harmonious

73

1/audio fateful

73

1/audio violence

73

1/audio material

adj

mtril

materiell

materiel,le

materiale

73
73

1/audio wisdom
1/audio humanity

n
n

wzdm
hjumnti

Weisheit
Menschheit

sagesse
humanit

saggezza
umanit

73

1/audio scenery

sinri

Landschaft

paysage

paesaggio

The spiritual life is more important that material


possessions.
He is a man of great wisdom.
We want a clean healthy environment for all
humanity.
The best part of the trip was the fantastic scenery.

73

1/audio kingdom

kdm

Knigreich

royaume

regno

According to this legend, Shambhala was a kingdom.

73
73
73
73

1/audio
1/audio
1/audio
1/audio

v
v
adj
n

ct f frm
dmnet
ksdentl
ndken

abgeschnitten von
beherrschen, dominieren
zufllig
Anzeichen

dconnect de, coup de


dominer
accidentel,le
indice

tagliato/lontano di
dominare
per caso
indizio, segno

73

1/audio authentic

adj

entk

echt

authentique

vero, autentico

73
73
73

1/audio claim
1/audio investment
1/audio reliant

v
n
adj

klem
nvestmnt
rlant

behaupten, vorgeben
Investition
abhngig von

prtendre
investissement
dpendant

preimpostare
investimento
dipendere da qu/qc

73

1/audio live up to

lv p t

(etw.) erfllen

tre la hauteur de

mantenere qc

The kingdom was cut off from the outside world.


The cathedral dominates the city.
These similarities aren't accidental.
Dark green leaves are a good indication of healthy
roots.
They serve authentic French food in the new
restaurant.
He claimed to be a doctor, but it wasn't true.
Each of us put in $5,000 as an investment.
Most companies are now reliant on computer
technology.
The film has certainly lived up to my expectations.

cut off from


dominate
accidental
indication

n phrase
adj
n
n
n
n

phrasal v

74

abundance

bndns

berfluss

abondance

abbondanza

74

geyser

giz

Geysir

geyser

geyser

74

dependent on

dpendnt n

abhngig von

tre dpedant de

dipendente da

74

lava

lv

Lava

lave

lava

Pearson Schweiz AG

adj phrase
n

One quality the team possessed in abundance was


fighting spirit.
Iceland's main attraction is its volcanoes and
geysers.
Norway's economy is dependent on natural
resources.
The Blue Lagoon is a naturally heated pool of
seawater in the middle of a lava field.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


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Headword

75
75

4
4

foggy
ghost

76

anticipate

76

make matters worse

76

76

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

fgi
gst

neblig
Geist

brumeux
fantme

nebbioso
anima, spirito

I hate driving in foggy conditions.


They say the young girl's ghost still haunts the house.

ntspet

erwarten, annehmen

prvoir, s'attendre

aspettare, attendere, presumere

n phrase

mek mtz ws

zu allem bel

pour aggraver les choses

per il colmo delle sventure

The schedule isnt final, but we dont anticipate many


changes.
The team has lost the last two games and, to make
matters worse, two of its best players are injured.

on top of that

n phrase

n tp v t

damit nicht genug

en plus (de a)

non basta

whats more

phrase

wts m

und auerdem

de plus

e inoltre

77

spot

spt

entdecken, ausmachen, erblicken

apercevoir

scoprire

77
77
77
77
77
77
77
77

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

refer
charming
seafront
in tune with
overestimate
awesome
cottage
clapboard

v
adj
n
n
v
adj
n
n

rf
tm
sifrnt
n tjun w
vestmet
sm
ktd
klpbd

zurckkommen auf
charmant
direkt am Meer
in bereinstimmung mit
berschtzen
fantastisch
Huschen, kleines Landhaus
Schindel

recourir
charmant,e
bord de mer
conformment , en accord
surestimer
fantastique, gnial
maison de campagne
clin

ritornare a
affascinante
lungomare, alla spiaggia
in conformit a
sopravvalutare
fantastico
casetta
scandola

77
77

2
2

misty
chilly

adj
adj

msti
tli

neblig
khl

brumeux
froid

nebbioso
fresco

78

profession

prfen

Beruf

profession

professione

78

social-networking

slnetwk

1
1

counsellor
vertical farmer

n
n

kansl
vtkl fm

communiquer sur les rseaux


sociaux
conseiller
agriculteur vertical

collegamento sociale in rete

78
78
78
78

1
1

robotics
engineer

n
n

rbtks
endn

mit anderen ber soziale


Netzwerke in Kontakt treten
Berater, Anwalt
Ein Landwirt, der vertikalen Anbau
betreibt
Robotik
Ingenieur

robotique
ingnieur

consulente, avvocato
agricoltore che coltiva
verticalmente
robotica
ingegnere

78

virtual

vtul

virtuell

virtuel,le

virtuale

78
78
78

1
1
2

lawyer
spaceship
qualification

lj
spesp
kwlfken

Anwalt
Raumschiff
Qualifizierung

avocat
aronef
qualification

avvocato
nave spaziale
qualificazione

dmnd
sabbli

anspruchsvoll
Cybermobbing

demandeur, exigeant
cyberintimidation

esigente
mobbing in Rete

adj
n
v

On top of everything else I have to go to work next


Saturday.
I've been fortunate to find a career that I love and,
what's more, I get well paid for it.
I spotted a police car behind us.
We agreed never to refer to the matter again.
Harry can be very charming.
The hotel is right on the seafront.
The industry is changing in tune with demand.
He tends to overestimate his own abilities.
Their last concert was really awesome.
We're staying in a holiday cottage in Dorset.
The town has very pretty cottages and clapboard
houses.
It was a cold, misty morning.
The bathroom's a bit chilly.

Unit 8
Do you know what profession you want after
university?
Social networking sites are very popular these days.

78
78

5
demanding
2/audio cyber-bullying

78

2/audio trend

trend

Trend

tendance, mode

trend, tendenza

78
78

2/audio occur
2/audio counselling

v
n

k
kansl

sich ereignen
Beratung

se produire
conseil

operarsi, svolgersi
consultazione

78
78

2/audio online
2/audio pattern

adj
n

nlan
ptn

online, auf dem Internet


Muster

en ligne
schma

online
modello, modo abituato

She's seeing a counsellor about her problems.


Vertical farmers will be able to get food from the farm
to the supermarket in less than two hours.
He's studying robotics at university.
He works as a robotics engineer, making robots for
medical uses.
The website allows you to take a virtual tour of the art
gallery.
I'll have to speak to my lawyer first.
He's learning to be a spaceship pilot.
Were looking for graduates with qualifications in
maths or science.
Climbing is physically demanding.
Unfortunately, cyberbullying seems to be on the
increase.
Lately there has been a trend towards hiring younger,
cheaper employees.
The explosion occurred at 5.30 a.m.
You should use the debt counselling service they've
set up.
I prefer to shop online.
The child showed a normal pattern of development.

78

2/audio affordable

adj

fdbl

bezahlbar, finanzierbar

abordable

pagabile

Building robots is slowly becoming more affordable.

78

2/audio recruit

rkrut

rekrutieren

recruter

reclutare

We're having difficulty recruiting enough qualified


staff.

Pearson Schweiz AG

adj
n
n
n
adj
n

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Headword

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence
Each individual receives two genes, one inherited
from each parent.
Employers hire skilled people on fixed-term contracts.

78

2/audio individual

ndvdul

Individuum

individu

individuo

78

2/audio hire

ha

einstellen, beschftigen

engager

impiegare

78
78
78
79
79
79

2/audio
2/audio
2/audio
6
6
6

destination
pollution
recycle
work
job
satisfaction

n
n
v
n
n
n

destnen
plun
risakl
wk
db
stsfkn

Reiseziel
Verschmutzung
recyceln
Arbeit
Arbeitsstelle
Befriedigung

destination
pollution
recycler
travail
emploi
satisfaction

destinazione
inquinamento
riciclare
lavoro
lavoro
soddisfazione

79
79

6
6

employment
occupation

n
n

mplmnt
kjpen

Anstellung, Arbeitsplatz
Beruf, Ttigkeit

travail, emploi
mtier, profession

impiego, posto
professione, lavoro

Allow plenty of time to get to your destination.


The costs of pollution must be considered.
We take all our bottles to be recycled.
There is a lot of work at this time of year.
Do you enjoy your job?
She got great satisfaction from helping people to
learn.
She was offered employment in the sales office.
Please state your name, address and occupation.

79

employment agency

Stellenvermittlung, Arbeitsagentur

bureau de placement

agenzia di lavoro

The employment agency found me a job in sales.

79
79
79
79

7
7
7
7

work out
work out well
work out
work out

phrasal v
phrasal v
phrasal v
phrasal v

mplmnt
ednsi
wk at
wk at wel
wk at
wk at

berechnen
gut laufen
trainieren, Sport machen
berlegen, ein Problem lsen

calculer
s'arranger
faire de l'exercice
rsoudre

calcolare
andare a gonfie vele
allenarsi
risolvere un problema, riflettere

79
79

7
7

worked up
work around
something

adj
phrasal v

nerv
contourner

arrabbiato
risolvere un problema in altro
modo

80

litter

wkt p
verrgert
w rand sm die Arbeit anderweitig erledigen;
ein Problem auf andere Art lsen,
umgehen
lt
Abfall

See if you can work this bill out.


Financially things have worked out well for us.
I work out at the gym three of four times a week.
We need to work out who would be the best person
for the job.
You shouldnt get worked up about it.
John wont be here on the 15th so we'll have to work
round that.

dtritus

immondizia

People who drop litter can be fined in some cases.

80

security camera

skjrtikmr berwachungskamera

camra de surveillance

video sorveglianza

He was seen on a car park security camera.

80

criminal

krmnl

Kriminelle/r

criminel,le

criminale

80
80

2
2

deal with
firefighter

phrasal v
n

dil wi
fafat

sich um etw. kmmern


Feuerwehrmann

s'occuper de
pompier

attendere a qc
vigile del fuoco

80
80

2
3

unemployed
actually

adj
adv

vnmpld
ktuli

arbeitslos
eigentlich

au chmage
en fait

disoccupato, senza lavoro


in relt, veramente

81
81
81

1
1
2

accuse
apologise
advise

v
v
v

kjuz
pldaz
dvaz

beschuldigen, anklagen
entschuldigen
Rat geben

accuser
accusare
s'excuser
scusarsi
conseiller, donner des conseils dare un consiglio

Police have described the man as a violent and


dangerous criminal.
Dont worry, I'll deal with this.
Firefighters perform a valuable service to
communities.
I've only been unemployed for a few weeks.
Actually, on second thoughts, I dont think I want to
go out tonight.
He was accused of murder.
You should apologise for being so rude.
She needed someone to advise her.

81

deny

dna

leugnen

nier

negare

I never denied that there was a housing problem.

81
81
81
81

2
2
2
2

explain
offer
recommend
suggest

v
v
v
v

ksplen
f
rekmend
sdest

erklren
anbieten
empfehlen
vorschlagen

expliquer
offrir
recommander
suggrer

spiegare
offrire
racomandare
proporre

81

warn

wn

warnen

avertir

avvertire

81
81
81
81

1/audio
1/audio
1/audio
1/audio

82
82

2
2

He carefully explained the procedure.


My dad offered to pick to us up.
I recommend you get some professional advice.
Her mother suggested that she should go and see
the doctor.
Salmon farmers are warning of the severe crisis
facing the industry.
We stopped at Alice's house for a brief visit.
The interviewer was a senior lawyer.
You should memorise the key information.
Find out as much as you can about your prospective
employer.
Doctors say it's too risky to try and operate.
The games are suitable for specific age groups.

Pearson Schweiz AG

brief
interviewer
memorise
prospective

adj
n
v
adj

brif
ntvju
memraz
prspektv

kurz
Interviewer
sich merken
zuknftig, voraussichtlich

bref
intervieweur/euse
mmoriser
potentiel, futur

breve
intervistatore (-trice)
ricordare qc
futuro

risky
specific

adj
adj

rski
spsfk

riskant
speziell, genau festgelegt

risqu
particulier

rischioso
specifico

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Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

82

sacrifice

skrfas

Opfer

sacrifice

sacrificio

adj
adj
n
adj

prmtv
fleksbl
prarti
gztk

primitiv, einfach
flexibel
Prioritt
exotisch

primitif,ve
flexible
priorit
exotique

semplice, primitivo
flessibile
priorit
esotico

The minister stressed the need for economic


sacrifice.
They live in a very primitive environment.
Our new computer software is extremely flexible.
The club's main priority is to win the League.
The five people talk about working in exotic locations.

82
82
82
82

2
2
2
2

primitive
flexible
priority
exotic

82
82
82

2
2
2

surgery
blood pressure
stretch somebody

sdri
bld pre
stret smbdi

Praxis
Blutdruck
jmd. fordern

cabinet du mdecin
tension artrielle
demander qc qn

studio medico, ambulatorio


pressione sanguigna
richiedere impegno da qu

82
82

2
2

apply
practise

v
v

pla
prkts

sich bewerben
praktizieren

poser sa candidature
pratiquer

sollecitare
praticare

82

multi-task

mlttsk

mehrere Dinge gleichzeitig tun

faire plusieurs choses la fois

essere multitasking

82

the bush

der Busch

la brousse

savana

82

snake bite

snek bat

Schlangenbiss

morsure de serpent

morso di serpente

82
82
82

2
2
2

travel bug
administrative
backpacking

n phrase
adj
n

trvl bg
dmnstrtv
bkpk

febbre della partenza


administrativo
viaggiare con lo zaino

82

stumble across

phrasal v

stmbl krs

Reisefieber
le virus du voyage
Verwaltungsadministratif,ve
mit dem Rucksack unterwegs sein partir en voyage avec son sac
dos
stoen auf etw.
tomber sur qc.

82

blog

blg

Blog

blog

blog

82
82
82

2
2
2

burst
graphic designer
redundant

v
n
adj

bst
grfk dezan
rdndnt

platzen
Grafiker, Designer
arbeitslos

bouillir de qc
graphiste
licenci

scoppiare
grafico (-a)
disoccupato, senza lavoro

82

hit on the idea

phrasal v

ht n i ad

auf eine Idee kommen

l'ide est venue qn.

venire ad un'idea

82
82
83
83
83
83

2
2
2
2
2
2

lifestyle
unsettling
freelance
agonising
correspondent
issue

n
adj
adj
adj
n
n

lafstal
nsetl
frilns
gnaz
krspndnt
su

Lebensstil
beunruhigend
freiberuflich
qualvoll
Korrespondent
Aspekt, Thema, Punkt

mode de vie
troublant
free-lance
dchirant
correspondant,e
problme, question

83

settle in

phrasal v

setl n

tre l'aise

83

enormity

nmti

einziehen, sich
einleben/eingewhnen
ungeheures Ausma

83

previously

adv

privisli

zuvor

auparavant

modo di vivere
inquietante
fare il libero professionista
penoso, tormentoso
corrispondente
aspetto, questione, argomento,
punto
andare ad abitare, ambientarsi in, It takes a few months to settle into life at college.
abituarsi a
enormit, gravit, atrocit
Even now, the full enormity of his crimes has not
been exposed.
precedentemente
Almost half the group had previously been teachers.

83
83

2
2

entirely
frustrated

adv
adj

ntali
frstretd

vollkommen
frustriert

entirement
frustr

completamente, totalmente
frustrato

83

survival

svavl

berleben

survie

sopravvivenza

83

be faced with

bi fest w

mit etw. konfrontiert sein

se trouver face

mettere qu di fronte a qc

83

runway

rnwe

Rollbahn, Start-/Landebahn

piste d'aviation

83

iceberg

asbg

Eisberg

iceberg

pista di
rullaggio/decollo/atterraggio
iceberg

Pearson Schweiz AG

Headword

Part of Speech

n
n
v phrase

n
v phrase

normit

incorrere in qc.

Surgery is from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. on weekdays.


The nurse will take your blood pressure.
The work's too easy. The students aren't being
stretched enough.
She applied for a job with the local newspaper
He has been practising medicine for over 30 years.
The successful applicant for this job must be able to
multitask.
We doctors are dropped off by plane at remote
houses in the bush.
A lot of people need the doctor because of snake
bites.
She's got the travel bug.
The job is mainly administrative.
They decided to go backpacking.
Researchers have stumbled across a drug that may
help patients with Parkinson's disease.
I wrote a blog about my experiences working as a vet
in South Africa.
I could have burst with excitement.
He works as a graphic designer.
Seventy factory workers were made redundant in the
resulting cuts.
Then we hit on the idea of asking viewers to donate
money over the net.
Regular exercise is part of a healthy lifestyle.
I found it an unsettling experience.
She does freelance work from her home.
She had to make an agonising decision.
Our correspondent in Thailand sent this report.
What are the main issues raised in this article?

Our situation is entirely different.


He gets frustrated when people dont understand
what he's saying.
The doctors gave him a one in ten chance of survival.
I was faced with a lot of work when I came back from
holiday.
He had to land the plan on an ice runway.
Seeing giant icebergs for the first time blew my mind.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


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Act.

83

83

Headword

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

jmd. umhauen

poustoufler, stupfier

lasciare senza fiato

Seeing her again really blew my mind.

Herausforderung

dfi

sfida

The company is ready to meet the challenges of the


next few years.
I decided to enrol on the 'Art for Beginners' evening
class.
The average salary for a teacher is $39,000 a year.

blow somebody's
mind
challenge

bl snbdiz
mand
tlnd

83

enrol

nrl

anmelden (Kurs)

inscrire

iscrivere

83

salary

slri

Gehalt

salaire

salario

84
84

2
2

teenager
fingers crossed

tined
fgz krst

Jugendlicher
die Daumen halten

l'adolescent
croiser les doigts

giovane
incrociare le dita

84

vacancy

veknsi

unbesetzte Stelles, Stellenangebot poste vacant

posto vacante

My work is involved with looking after teenagers.


Were keeping our fingers crossed that she's going to
be OK.
There are still two vacancies on the school board.

85

engineering

endnr

Ingenieurwesen, Maschinenbau

ingnierie

ingegneria

He wants to go into engineering.

85
85
85
85

1
1
1
2

journalist
journalism
musician
creation

n
n
n
n

dnl-st
dnl-zm
mjuzn
krien

Journalist
Journalismus
Musiker
Entwicklung, Ausarbeitung

journaliste
journalisme
musicien
cration

giornalista
giornalismo
musicista
creazione, sviluppo

85
85
85
85

2
2
2
2

create
advice
adviser/advisor
tourism

v
n
n
n

kriet
dvas
dva
trzm

schaffen, erzeugen
Rat
Berater
Tourismus

crer
conseil
conseiller
tourisme

creare
consiglio
consigliere
turismo

85

tourist

trst

Tourist

touriste

turista

He's a well known journalist.


Luca has a successful career in journalism.
Her son is a talented musician.
I'm involved in the creation of a new course at
college.
Her behaviour is creating a lot of problems.
You should have followed my advice.
He needs to speak to his financial adviser.
The country depends on tourism for much of its
income.
Cambridge is always full of tourists in the summer.

85

application

plken

Bewerbung

demande d'inscription

concorso

85

applicant

plknt

Bewerber

candidat

aspirante, concorrente

85

representation

reprznten

Vertretung

reprsentation

rappresentanza

85
85
85
85

2
2
2
2

representative
childhood
politics
politician

n
n
n
n

reprzenttv
taldhd
pltks
pltn

Vertreter
Kindheit
Politik
Politiker

reprsentant
enfance
politique
homme/femme politique

rappresentante
infanzia
politica
politico

85

confide

knfad

anvertrauen, vertraulich mitteilen

confier

confidare

85
85
85
85
86
86

3
3
5
5
1
1

permit
permit
licence
code
recent
position

v
n
n
n
adj
n

pmt
pmt
lasns
kd
risnt
pzn

erlauben
Genehmigung
Lizenz
Code
neu, krzlich
Position, Stelle

permettre
permis
licence
code
nouveau, rcent
poste

permettere
permesso
licenza
code
recentemente
posizione, lavoro

86

demonstrate

demnstret

zeigen, vorfhren

dmontrer

dimostrare

87
87

2
2

crisis
resign

n
v

krass
rzan

Krise
kndigen

crise
dmissionner

crisi
licenziarsi

He confided to his friends that he didnt have much


hope for his marriage.
You are not permitted to park here.
A permit is required for fishing in the canal.
The dealers applied for an export licence.
The code is what makes the game work.
This is his most recent book.
Bill took up his new position as Senior Manager in
October.
This section will attempt to demonstrate how the
Bank of England operates.
The country now faces an economic crisis.
I decided to resign, because I wasn't happy at work.

87

the press

pres

die Presse

la presse

la stampa

The press have been very nasty about him.

1
1
3

role model
sprinter
persuasion

n
n
n

rl mdl
prnt
pswen

Vorbild
Kurzstreckenlufer
berredung

exemple, modle
sprinteur
persuasion

esempio
scattista
persuasione

I want to be a positive role model for my sister.


Usain Bolt is a sprinter.
After a little persuasion, Debbie agreed to see the film
I wanted.

n
n phrase

The university welcomes applications from overseas


students.
He was one of 30 applicants for the manager's job.
Minority groups need more representation in the
Government.
He works as a sales representative.
I had a very happy childhood.
He has always been interested in politics.
Several politicians are trying to get the minority vote.

Unit 9
88
88
88

Pearson Schweiz AG

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Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

88
88

3
4

cheetah
grounded

tit
grandd

Gepard
realistisch, vernnftig

gupard
raliste, terre--terre

ghepardo
restare autoctono

His manager says he runs like a cheetah.


Simmons says that her family keeps her grounded.

88

legend

lednd

Legende

lgende

leggenda

Roger Federer is a tennis legend in his own lifetime.

89

track and field

trk n fild

Leichtathletik

athltisme

atletica leggera

2
2

concentrate
hold a light to

v
n phrase

knsntret
hld lat tu

se concentrer
arriver la cheville de qn

concentrarsi
non essere all'altezza di qu

89
89
89

2
2
2

one-off
scoliosis
spine

n
n
n

wnf
skliss
span

sich konzentrieren
jemandem das Wasser reichen
knnen
einmalig
Skoliose
Wirbelsule

I prefer watching track and field events to the other


sports.
Adrian was finding it difficult to concentrate.
Nobody can hold a light to Usain Bolt.

89
89

exceptionnel
scoliose
colonne vertbrale

unico
scoliosi
spina dorsale

89
89

2
2

warm-up
rival

n
n

wmp
ravl

Aufwrmbungen
Rivale

chauffement
rival

riscaldamento
rivale

89
89

2
2

explode
tension

v
n

kspld
tenn

explodieren
Anspannung, Spannung

exploser
tension

esplodere
tensione

89

laid-back

adj

ledbk

gelassen

dcontract

calmo, rilassato

89

uptight

adj

ptat

verspannt, nervs, aufgeregt

tendu, coinc

teso, nervoso

Usain Bolt is a one-off.


Usain Bolt suffered from scoliosis.
As a young man he damaged his spine in a car
accident.
Bolt looks really calm at warm-up.
This gives the company a competitive advantage over
its rivals.
She exploded with grief and anger.
The tension was becoming unbearable, and I felt
quite uncomfortable.
I dont know how you can be so laid-back about your
exams.
You have to learn to laugh instead of getting uptight.

89
89

2
2

medallist
undisciplined

n
adj

medl-st
ndsplnd

Medaillengewinner
undiszipliniert

mdaill
indisciplin

vincitore (-trice) di medaglia


insubordinato, senza disciplina

He is an Olympic gold medallist.


People said that Bolt was undisciplined.

89
89

2
2

party
criticise

pti
krtsaz

feiern
kritisieren

faire la fte
critiquer

festeggiare, celebrare
criticare

89

hold somebody back

hld smbdi bk jmd. aufhalten, zurckhalten

empcher qn de faire qc

impedire a qcn. di fare qc.

89
89

2
2

respect
beg

n
v

rspekt
beg

Respekt
betteln

respect
supplier

rispetto
supplicare

89

image

md

Bild, Vorstellung

image

immagine

89
89
89
89
89

2
2
2
2
2

easy-going
tense
blank
stride
mechanics

adj
adj
adj
n
n

zig
tens
blk
strad
mknk

unbekmmert
angespannt, nervs
nichtssagend, ausdruckslos
Schritt
Mechanik, Funktionsweise

insouciant
tendu
bahi, absent
pas
mcanisme

89
89

2
2

generate
hamstring

v
n

denret
hmstr

crer
tendon du jarret

89

uncommunicative

adj

nkmjunktv

hervorbringen
Kniesehne, hintere
Oberschenkelmuskulatur
wenig mitteilsam

spensierato
teso, nervoso
insignificante, inespressivo
passo
meccanica, modalit di
funzionamento
creare
tendine del ginocchio

They also said that Bolt partied too much.


Rowena does nothing but criticise and complain all
the time.
My mum held my brother back from rushing into
drama school.
I have the greatest respect for Jane's work.
She begged and pleaded with them until they finally
agreed.
You have an image of celebrities' lives as perfect and
easy.
Her easy-going nature made her popular.
Is anything wrong? You look a little tense.
Zoe looked at me with a blank expression.
Paco reached the door in only three strides.
The mechanics of this process are quite complex.

peu communicatif,ve

poco comunicativo

89

self-important

adj

selfmptnt

wichtigtuerisch

fanfaron

borioso

Tom was uncommunicative, and kept himself to


himself.
He was a self-important and pompous little man.

89
89

2
2

opinionated
fulfil

adj
v

pnjnetd
flfl

eigensinnig
erfllen

obstin
raliser

ostinato, testardo
avverarsi, realizzarsi

I found him very arrogant and opinionated.


Visiting Disneyland has fulfilled a boyhood dream.

89
89
89
89

2
5
5
5

potential
competitive streak
overcome
setback

ptenl
kempettv strik
vkm
setbk

Potential
wettbewerbsfreudige Ader
berwinden
Rckschlag

potentiel
l'esprit de comptition
vaincre
revers de fortune

potenziale
voglia di competizione
superare, vincere
rimbalzo

She has the potential to become a champion.


Sports people need to have a competitive streak.
He struggled to overcome his shyness.
The team's hopes of playing Europe suffered a major
setback last night.

Pearson Schweiz AG

Headword

Part of Speech
n
adj

v
v
phrasal v

n
n phrase
v
n

The program would generate a lot of new jobs.


He pulled a hamstring in training.

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Headword

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

89
89
89

5
5
5

adj
n phrase
n

89

motivated
set a goal
make a go of
something
stamina

mtvetd
set gl
mek g v
sm
stmn

motiviert
sich ein Ziel setzen
etw. zu einem Erfolg machen

motiv
se fixer un objectif
faire marcher qc.

motivato
mettersi un traguardo
fare qc con sucesso

Durchhaltevermgen

rsistance, endurance

resistenza

The students are all highly motivated.


It helps if you set yourself clear goals.
This year I'm going to make a go of my dancing
career.
Elaine has the stamina and determination to succeed.

89
89

5
5

single-minded
commitment

adj
n

sglmandd
kmtmnt

zielstrebig
Hingabe, Engagement

tenace, rsolu
engagement

determinato
impegno

89

cope with

v phrase

kp w

fertig werden mit etw.

s'arranger de qc

venire a capo di

89
89

6
6

aim for
take on

v phrase
phrasal v

am f
tek n

anstreben
es aufnehmen mit

viser
dfier

perseguire
competere

89
89

6
6

give in to
face up to

phrasal v
phrasal v

gv n t
fes p t

cder
faire face

90

dedication

dedken

nachgeben
sich einer Sache stellen, etwas
einsehen
Hingabe, Einsatz

dvouement

cedere
essere disposto ad assumersi
una cosa
passione, fervore, zelo

90
92

3
3

as far as I know
fortune

z f z a n
ftn

soweit ich wei


Glck

(pour) autant que je sache


chance

per quanto ne so
fortuna
servizi
campione (-essa)
successo, exploit

v phrase
n

He worked with single-minded determination.


I was impressed by the energy and commitment
shown by the players.
She feared she wouldnt be able to cope with two new
babies.
We're aiming for a big improvement.
Nigeria will take on Argentina in the first round of the
World Cup on Saturday.
Dont give in to the temptation to argue back.
I finally faced up to my lack of commitment, and
ended my gym membership.
To reach a high level of skill requires talent,
dedication, and a lot of hard work.
As far as I know, they're arriving on Saturday.
I had the good fortune to work with a brilliant Head of
Department.
The hotel has its own pool and leisure facilities.
What is it that makes a champion?
We try to celebrate the achievements of our students.

92
92
92

3
facilities
2/audio champion
2/audio achievement

n
n
n

fslti
tmin
tivmnt

Einrichtungen
Meister, Champion
Erfolg, Leistung, Errungenschaft

quipements
champion
russute

92

2/audio blame

blem

jmd. die Schuld geben fr etw.

92

3/audio span

spn

Zeitspanne

attribuer la responsabilit de qc dare la colpa a qn


qn
espace de temps
spazio di tempo

92
92

3/audio strive
3/audio improvement

v
n

strav
mpruvmnt

sich bemhen
Verbesserung

s'efforcer
amlioration

darsi d'attorno, sforzarsi


miglioramento

92

3/audio account for

phrasal v

kant f

die Ursache fr etw. sein

expliquer, justifier

essere la causa/ragione di

92

3/audio standards

stndd

Niveau

niveau

livello

It'll be difficult to hire that many new staff in such a


short time span.
I was still striving to be successful.
There's been a big improvement in the children's
behaviour.
Recent pressure at work may account for his
behaviour.
We have very high standards here at the restaurant.

92
92
92

3/audio nourish
3/audio exceptional
3/audio expert

nr
ksepnl
ekspt

hegen
auergewhnlich
erfahren, sachkundig

nourrir
exceptionnel,le
spcialis

nutrire
straordinario
esperto, versato

We need to nourish our hopes and dreams.


He's an exceptional student.
The police are expert at handling situations like this.

92
92
92

3/audio tuition
3/audio rate
3/audio factor

tjun
ret
fkt

Unterricht
Tempo
Faktor

cours
rhythme
facteur

lezioni
velocit
fattore

92
92
92
92
92

3/audio
3/audio
3/audio
3/audio
3/audio

kntrbjut
kjpad
endls
pramri skul
nevtbl

beitragen
beschftigt
endlos
Grundschule
unvermeidlich

contribuer
occup
infini
cole primaire
invitable

contribuire
occupato
infinito
scuola elementare
inevitabile

93

compete

kmpit

wetteifern

rivaliser

competare, gareggiare

93

competitive

adj

kmpettv

wetteifernd, wettkampf-

de comptition

competetivo

93

competing

adj

kmpit

konkurrierend

en concurrence

in competizione

I had to have extra tuition in maths.


Children learn at different rates.
The rise in crime is mainly due to social and
economic factors.
Stress is a contributing factor in many illnesses.
Her time was occupied with the children.
The possibilities are endless.
She was a teacher at Matthew's primary school.
It's inevitable that doctors will make the occasional
mistake.
She and her sister are always competing for
attention.
Competitive sports encourage children to work
together as a team.
There was disagreement between the competing
teams.

Pearson Schweiz AG

contribute
occupied
endless
primary school
inevitable

v
adj
adj
n
n
n
v
adj
adj
n
adj
v

I'm not sure who's to blame here.

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Page

Act.

Headword

93

referee

93
93

1
1

93

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

refri

Schiedsrichter

arbitre

arbitro

They couldnt agree on who was to be the referee.

perfection
perfectionist

n
n

pfekn
pfeknst

Vollkommenheit
Perfektionist

perfection
perfectionniste

perfezione
perfezionista

imperfection

mpfekn

Unvollkommenheit, Fehler

imperfection

imperfezione

93
93
93
93

1
1
1
1

gymnast
athletics
athlete
athleticism

n
n
n
n

dmnst
letks
lit
letszm

Turner
Leichtathletik
Athlet
Athletik

gymnaste
athltisme
athlte
athltisme

ginnasta
atletica leggera
atleta
atletismo

93
93

3
3

superstitious
superstition

adj
n

supsts
supstn

aberglubisch
Aberglaube

superstitieux,se
superstition

superstizioso
superstizione

93
93

3
3

wristband
lucky charm

n
n

rstbnd
lki tm

Armband
Talisman

bracelet
talisman

braccialetto
talismano

My father expected perfection from all of us.


Many top athletes are perfectionists who drive
themselves to excel.
There are always slight imperfections in every
gymnast's performance.
His daughter is a world-class gymnast.
She's talking to her athletics coach.
I was a natural athlete as a child.
It requires more athleticism to be a ballet dancer than
a footballer.
Some people are very superstitious.
There is an old superstition that walking under a
ladder is unlucky.
He always wore a red wristband.
He wouldnt go anywhere without his lucky charm.

93

argue

gju

behaupten

allguer, dbattre

affermare

93

obsessive compulsive
disorder

bsesv kmplsv
dsd

Zwangsstrung

trouble obsessionnel compulsif

disturbo forzato/ossessivo

93

ritual

rtul

Ritual

rituel

rituale

93
93
93

3
3
3

indulge in
irrational
oddly

v phrase
adj
adv

ndld n
rnl
dli

nachgeben
irrational, unvernnfrtig
seltsamerweise

cder
irrationnel,le
curieusement

cedere
irrazionale
stranamente

93
94
94
94

3
1
3
3

goalpost
ladder
piece of luck
wish somebody luck

n
n
n phrase
v phrase

glpst
ld
pis v lk
w smbdi lk

Torpfosten
Leiter
Glck
jmd. Glck wnschen

poteau de but
chelle
chance
souhaiter bonne chance qn

montante della porta


scala a pioli
fortuna
fare gli auguri a qn

94

can't believe your luck

n phrase

knt bliv j lk

n phrase

i tempi fortunati sono passati

snbdiz lk rnz
at
ms n ptjunti eine Gelegenheit auslassen

I couldnt believe my luck as my number was called


out.
Finally my luck ran out and they caught me.

94

somebody's luck runs


out
miss an opportunity

je n'arrive pas croire ma


chance
la chance a tourn

Sono proprio fortunato!

94

ich kann nicht glauben, welches


Glck ich habe
jds. Glcksphase ist vorbei

manquer une occasion

perdere un'occasione

Dwyer never missed an opportunity to criticise her.

94
94
94
94

4
4
4
4

94
95

Graf's opponent in today's final will be Sukova.


Brazil was beaten 2-1.
We missed our sales targets last month.
The achieved/reached their target with just days to
spare.
We didnt deserve to win.
They met while they were doing a scuba diving
course.
Successful people often aren't very good at dealing
with failure.
Meeting them doesnt commit us to anything.
Weather conditions prevented them from attempting
the jump.
I seem to recall I've met him before somewhere.

n phrase
n
v
n
n

pnnt
bit
tgt
tiv / rit tgt

Gegner
schlagen
Ziel
ein Ziel erreichen

adversaire
battre
but
atteindre son but

avversario
battere
bersaglio
raggiungere un traguardo

5
4

opponent
beat
target
achieve/reach a
target
deserve
scuba diving

v
n

dzv
skub dav

verdienen
Tauchen

mriter
plonge sous-marine

meritare
immersione

96

failure

felj

Misserfolg, Fehlschlag

chec

insuccesso, fallimento

97
97

1
3

commit
attempt

v
v

kmt
tempt

binden, verpflichten
versuchen

obliger, engager
essayer

obbligare
tentare

97

recall

rkl

sich erinnern

rappeler

ricordarsi

98

favouritism

feivrtzm

Gnstlingswirtschaft

favoritisme

favoritismo

98

damaging

adj

dmd

schdlich

dsastreux, nuisible

dannoso

It is argued that encouraging children to be


competitive puts them under too much pressure.
He's got obsessive compulsive disorder. That's why
he keeps washing his hands every few minutes.
Often superstition presents itself in the form of a
ritual.
Eve had never been one to indulge in self-pity.
He's becoming increasingly irrational.
Oddly enough, someone asked me the same
question only yesterday.
Some players even talk to the goalposts.
She climbed up the ladder.
What a piece of luck that he arrived when he did.
He shook my hand and wished me luck.

Unit 10

Pearson Schweiz AG

I think that favouritism is very damaging to a


friendship.
The loss of jobs was damaging to morale.

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Headword

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

98

selfishness

selfns

Egoismus

goisme

egoismo

Selfishness is something I cannot accept in people.

98
98

1
1

dishonesty
favour

n
n

dsnsti
fev

Unehrlichkeit
Gefallen

malhonntet
service

disonest, insincerit
favore

pk p we j left f mach dort weiter, wo du aufgehrt


hast
defntli
definitiv, ganz sicher
va
ber, mittels

reprendre l o on s'est arrt

continua dove smettevi

sans aucun doute


via

di sicuro
per

I really dislike dishonesty in other people.


Could you do me a favour and tell Kelly I can't make
it?
Well meet again in the morning and we can pick up
where we left off.
The hotel fitness centre is definitely worth a visit.
I regularly contact my friends via social networking.

98

98
98

1
1

pick up where you left


off
definitely
via

98

loyalty

llti

Treue

loyaut

fedelt

98
98

1
1

trust
self-aware

n
adj

trst
selfwe

confiance
qui se connat bien

fiducia
autocritico, autocosciente

outgoing

adj

atg

Vertrauen
selbstkritisch, seiner selbst
bewusst
kontaktfreudig

98

ouvert et sociable

socievole

99
99

4
4

self-centred
self-confident

adj
adj

selfsentd
selfknfdnt

ichbezogen
selbstbewusst, selbstsicher

gocentrique
qui a de l'aplomb

egocentrico
sicuro di s

99

selfless

adj

selfls

selbstlos

altruiste

altruistico

99
99

4
4

self-satisfied
self-sufficient

adj
adj

selfstsfad
selfsfnt

selbstzufrieden
eigenstndig, selbstversorgend,
selbstgengsam

content, suffisant
autonome

soddisfatto di s
autosufficiente

v phrase
adv
prep
n

99
99

5
share
8/audio conduct

v
v

e
kndkt

teilen
durchfhren

partager
faire

dividersi
condurre

99
99

8/audio promote
8/audio catch up

v
phrasal v

prmt
kt p

befrdern
nachholen, aufholen

promouvoir
rattraper

promuovere
recuperare

99

8/audio foursome

fsm

Quartett, Vierergruppe

groupe de quatre

quartetto

99
100
100

8/audio at short notice


1
unless
1
even if

n phrase
conj
adv phrase

t st nts
nles
vn f

kurzfristig
auer, sofern nicht
selbst wenn

court terme
moins que
mme si

con poco preavviso


a meno che
anche se

Elizabeth understood her husband's loyalty to his


sister.
At first there was a lack of trust between them.
It's important to be self-aware.
We're looking for someone with an outgoing
personality.
He's the most self-centred person I know.
We need to employ someone who is self-confident
and charming.
She displayed a selfless devotion to others less
fortunate than herself.
A self-satisfied smile settled on his face.
Australia is 65 percent self-sufficient in oil.

100

as long as

adv phrase

z l z

solange, sofern

tant que

finch, a condizione che

100
100

1
2

otherwise
provided

adv
conj

waz
prvadd

andernfalls
vorausgesetzt

sinon
condition que

altrimenti
supposto che, a condizione che

100

whether

conj

we

ob

si

se

101
101

1
1

actual
present

adj
adj

ktul
preznt

tatschlich
gegenwrtig

rel, exact
prsent

infatti
presente

The three of us shared a taxi.


We are conducting a survey of consumer attitudes
towards organic food.
Helen was promoted to senior manager.
When I got home I phoned Jo to catch up on all the
gossip.
Jim and Tina made up a foursome with Jean and
Bruce.
The trip was planned at short notice.
I can't sleep unless I have a bath before bed.
She's going to have problems finding a job even if
she gets her A levels.
You can go out to play as long as you stay in the
back yard.
Put your coat on, otherwise you'll get cold.
He can come with us, provided he pays for his own
meals.
I don't know whether I'm free on Friday or not Can I
check and get back to you?
I'm not joking. Those were his actual words.
At the present time we have no explanation for this.

101
101
101
101

1
1
1
2

current
typical
individual
current affairs

adj
adj
adj
n

krnt
tpkl
ndvdul
krnt fez

actuel
typique
individuel
actualit

del momento, attuale


tipico
individuale
attualit

In its current state, the car is worth 1,000.


This painting is typical of his work.
Each individual leaf on the tree is different.
She's interested in current affairs.

101

n phrase

fare compagnia a qn

2
2
2

kip smbdi
kmpni
kmpnjnp
sl-az

tenir compagnie

101
101
101

keep somebody
company
companionship
socialise
workmate

derzeitig, momentan
typisch
einzeln, individuell
aktuelle Nachrichten,
Zeitgeschehen
jmd Gesellschaft leisten
Gesellschaft
Kontakte knpfen
Arbeitskollege/in

compagnie
socialiser
collgue

compagnia
socializzare
collega

Mum was out so I stayed at home to keep my


younger sister company.
My granny just got a cat, for companionship.
Some people don't enjoy socialising.
He often goes out with this workmates.

Pearson Schweiz AG

n
v
n

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Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

101
101
101

2
2
2

undemanding
loneliness
complicated

ndmnd
lnlins
kmplketd

wenig anspruchsvoll
Einsamkeit
kompliziert

peu exigeant
solitude
compliqu

poco esigente
solitudine
complicato

prpn

Anteil

proportion

parte, quota

kwentns

Bekanntschaft

connaissance

conoscente

n phrase

meik fn v

sich lustig machen ber

se moquer de

prendere in giro qn, ridere di qc

She's looking for am undemanding job.


Loneliness is a common problem for the elderly.
The situation is very complicated, but I think I
understand it now.
The proportion of women graduates has increased in
recent years.
She was a casual acquaintance of my family in
Vienna.
I'm not making fun of you. I admire what you did.

102

proportion

102

acquaintance

102

make fun of

102
102

1
1

survey
reveal

sve
rvil

Umfrage
enthllen, bekanntgeben

enqute
dvoiler, rvler

inchiesta
rivelare, svelare

bi wi v
crp p
kt
ple krkt
vn

etw. wert sein


auftreten
schockiert
eine Figur spielen
Version

mriter, tre digne de


survenir, apparatre
choqu
jouer un rle/personnage
version

valere
sorgere, succedere
scioccato
atteggiarsi un personaggio
versione

We conducted a survey of parents in the village.


The author of the book will be revealed in the
newspaper tomorrow.
A couple of other books are worthy of mention.
You'll have to wait. Something's cropped up.
I was deeply shocked by the news.
People often play a character online.
I think I preferred the television version to the novel.

102
102
102
102
102

1
1
1
1
1

be worthy of
crop up
shocked
play a character
version

102

alternative

ltntv

Alternative

alternative

alternativa

Is there a viable alternative to the present system?

102

distance

dstns

Abstand

distance

distanza

For some, a professional distance between their


'work' selves and their 'social' selves is necessary.

102
102

1
1

disapproving
concept

dspruv
knsept

missbilligend
Vorstellung, Konzept

dsappprobateur
concept

di disapprovazione
concetto

He gave her a disapproving look.


I like the concept that we are citizens of the world.

102

distinction

dstkn

Unterscheidung

distinction

distinzione

minfl
ntrkn

wichtig, von Bedeutung


Interaktion

utile
interaction

significativo, importante
interazione

kstend
pdet

austauschen
Aktualisierung

changer
mise jour

scambiare
aggiornamento

rt
l

gehetzt
oberflchlich, flach

htif
superficiel

in fretta
superficiale

enmi
elmnt
dbl
sril kl
digrfkli

Feind
Element, kleines Stckchen
Kauz, Exzentriker
Serienmrder
geographisch

ennemi
lment, part
excentrique
meurtrier en srie
gographiquement

nemico
pezzettino
tipo strano, stravagante
serial killer
geograficamente

There is often no clear distinction between an allergy


and food intolerance.
They want a chance to do meaningful work.
Meaningful human interaction requires time and
effort.
We exchanged phone numbers.
The report provides a brief update on the progress of
the project.
We did have a meeting, but it was a bit rushed.
If he's only interested in your looks, that shows how
shallow he is.
She's a dangerous enemy to have.
There's an element of truth in your argument.
He' a bit of an oddball.
The police have finally caught the serial killer.
The friends might be spread wide geographically.

102
102

1
1

meaningful
interaction

adj
n

102
102

1
1

exchange
update

v
n

102
102

1
1

rushed
shallow

102
102
102
102
102

1
1
1
1
1

enemy
element
oddball
serial killer
geographically

n
n
n
n phrase
adv

102
102

1
1

the net
awkwardness

n
n

net
kwdns

das Internet
Unbeholfenheit, Unbehaglichkeit

internet
ct gnant

Internet
goffaggine, scomodit

You can find more information on the net.


Making friends online, avoids the social awkwardness
that can occur when trying to make new friends.

102

sustain

ssten

aufrecht erhalten

maintenir

mantenere

She found it difficult to sustain the children's interest.

102

cut out

phrasal v

kt at

weglassen

supprimer, omettre

tralasciare, lasciare andare

102
102

1
1

buzz around
soulmate

v phrase
n

bz rand
slmet

umherschwirren
Seelenverwandte/r

courir, circuler
me soeur

svolazzare, circolare
spirito affine

The benefit is clear - you cut out all the boring small
talk.
There are always stories buzzing around.
Some people say they've met their soulmate online.

102

die out

phrasal v

dai at

aussterben

disparatre

estinguersi

Pearson Schweiz AG

Headword

Part of Speech
adj
n
adj

n
v
adj phrase
phrasal v
adj
n phrase
n

adj
n

adj
adj

The wild population of koalas is in danger of dying


out.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


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Headword

102

notion

102
102
102

1
1
1

figure
countless
disabled

102

102
102

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

nn

Begriff, Vorstellung, Idee

ide, notion

idea

n
adj
adj

fg
kntls
dsebld

Zahl
unzhlig
behindert

chiffre
je ne sais combien de fois
handicap

quantit, numero
innumerevole
minorato

housebound

adj

hasband

an das Haus gebunden

confin la maison

legato alla casa

1
1

naive
social misfit

adj
n phrase

nav
sul msft

naiv
Auenseiter

naf
inadapt social

ingenuo
outsider

103
103
103

2
2
2

amusing
ridiculous
functional

adj
adj
adj

mjuz
rdkjls
fknl

lustig
lcherlich
funktional

amusant
ridicule
fonctionnel

divertente
ridicolo
funzionale

103
103
103
103

2
2
4
4

genuine
worthwhile
quick-tempered
strong-willed

adj
adj
adj
adj

denjun
wwal
kwktempd
strwld

echt
lohnenswert
aufbrausend, jhzornig
willensstark, eigensinnig

authentique
qui en vaut la peine
fougueux
obstin

sincero
vale la pena
collerico
determinato, ostinato

103

avoir la tte dans les nuages

4
4
4

hv j hed n
kladz
levlhedd
ldfnd
kandhtd

abgehoben, ein Trumer sein

103
103
103

have your head in the


clouds
level-headed
old-fashioned
kind-hearted

besonnen
altmodisch
gutherzig, gtig

pondr
dmod
bnin, complaisant

avere la testa tra le nuvole,


essere un(a) sognatore (-trice)
ponderato, riflessivo
fuori moda
cordiale, benevolo

104

bond

bnd

Bindung

lien

legame

105
106
106
106
108
108

5
2
2
2
6
6

theme park
tube
keep an eye out for
well-built
unimaginable
noticeboard

m pk
tjub
kip n a at f
wel blt
nmdnbl
ntsbd

Themenpark
U-Bahn
die Augen offen halten nach
gut gebaut
unvorstellbar
Mitteilungstafel

parc d'attraction
mtro
faire attention
bien bti, robuste, costaud
inimaginable
panneau d'affichage

parco a tema
metropolitana
fare attenzione a
ben fatto
inimmaginabile
insegna di notizia

The traditional notion of marriage goes back


thousands of years.
Government figures underestimate the problem.
That film clip has been shown countless times.
If you are elderly or physically disabled, massage can
be beneficial to you.
Without the internet, many housebound people would
have no social contact at all.
Jim can be so naive sometimes.
I was very conscious of being a social misfit at
school.
I dont find his jokes at all amusing.
That's a ridiculous idea.
Those buildings are sensitively designed, they're not
purely functional.
She is the most genuine person I've ever met.
I thought it was worthwhile to clarify the matter.
My sister has always been quick-tempered.
I was a strong-willed child, and insisted on having my
own way.
My brother tends to have his head in the clouds. He's
the dreamer in the family.
She is extremely level-headed and sensible.
The idea seems rather old-fashioned now.
She's such a kind-hearted person, I wish I was more
like her.
There is a strong emotional bond between mother
and child.
I used to love going to theme parks.
It's best to travel by tube.
Keep an eye out for rabbits in the field.
My brother is tall and well-built.
He has unimaginable wealth.
She saw a message on the hospital noticeboard.

108

astronaut

strnt

Astronaut

astronaute

astronauta

France's space centre was looking for astronauts.

108
108

6
7

spectacle
ultimate

n
adj

spektkl
ltmt

Spektakel
hchstes

spectacle
final, ultime

spettacolo
massimo

The Northern Lights are an amazing spectacle.


Our ultimate objective is to have as many female
members of Parliament as there are male.

110
110
111
111
111
111

2
6
2
2
2
2

mountaineer
triathlon
conquer
inspiration
peer
spark a debate

n
n
v
n
n
v phrase

mantni
traln
knk
nspren
p

Bergsteiger
Triathlon
bezwingen
Inspiration
Kolleg, (Alters-)genosse
eine Debatte auslsen

alpiniste
triathlon
conqurir
inspiration
collgue
susciter un dbat

alpinista
triathlon
scalare
ispirazione
coetaneo, -a
provocare una discussione

111
111

2
2

drop somebody off


assemble

phrasal v
v

drp smbdi f
sembl

jmd. absetzen (mit dem Auto)


sich versammeln

dposer
rassembler

far scendere qu
riunirsi

111
111

2
2

refer to somebody
comprise

v phrase
v

rf t smbdi
kmpraz

sich bezeichnen
umfassen, enthalten, haben

se nommer
comprendre

autodefinirsi
contenere, comprendere

111

stepmother

stepm

Stiefmutter

belle-mre

matrigna

The article is about a young mountaineer.


I've never done a triathlon.
He is the youngest climber to conquer Everest.
The beaches at Cape Cod were her inspiration.
Staff members are trained by their peers.
His age sparked a debate on whether teenagers
should be allowed to do these things.
Ill drop you off on your my home.
A large crowd had assembled outside the American
embassy.
They refer to themselves as Team Jordan.
The house comprises two bedrooms, a kitchen, and a
living room.
She has a good relationship with her stepmother.

111

be on track

bi n trk

im Plan sein

en bonne voie

essere in progetto

We're still on track for 10 percent growth.

n phrase
adj
adj
adj
n
n
n
n phrase
adj
adj
n

Unit 11

Pearson Schweiz AG

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

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Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

111

continent

kntnnt

Kontinent

continent

continente

dbl laf

Doppelleben

double vie

doppia vita

ntens

stark, hoch

intense

forte, grande

ksdn

Sauerstoff

oxygne

ossigeno

v
n
v
n
n
n
n
n
adj

drg
dravwe
lt
dvent
g
res
deked
rsepn
sl

ziehen
Einfahrt, Auffahrt
verstreut herumliegen
Abenteuer
Ausrstung
Rennfahrer
Jahrzehnt
Empfang
Solo-, allein

faire traner, tirer


alle
joncher
aventure
matriel
coureur, pilote
dcade
rception
solo, seul

tirare
ingresso, rampa d'accesso
essere sparso
avventura
equipaggiamento
corridore automobilista
decennio
accoglienza
solo

sel
glb
kntrvsi
priskul
nebhd

Segler
Erde
Streitigkeiten
Vorschulkind
Nachbarschaft

voilier
globe
controverse
enfant l'age prscolaire
quartier, voisinage

terra
polemica
bambino in et prescolare
vicinato

He has climbed all the highest mountains on the


world's seven continents.
Marje had no idea that her husband was leading a
double life.
Young people today are under intense pressure to
succeed.
He had to get used to low oxygen levels high up on
the mountain.
Inge managed to drag the table into the kitchen.
They walked up the driveway to the big house.
Clothes littered the floor.
Were going on an adventure tomorrow.
We'll need some camping gear.
They have been professional racers for years.
Things have changed a lot on the last decade.
His ideas met with a hostile reception.
He is the youngest solo sailor to sail around the
world.
We were both experienced sailors.
He sailed around the globe.
The judge's decision provoked controversy.
My little brother will be a pre-schooler next year!
Be quiet! You'll wake up the whole neighbourhood.

111

double life

111

intense

adj

111

oxygen

111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111
111

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

drag
driveway
litter
adventure
gear
racer
decade
reception
solo

111
111
111
111
111

2
2
2
2
2

sailor
globe
controversy
pre-schooler
neighbourhood

111
111

2
2

111
111
111

2
2
2

tricycle
diagnose somebody
with
disorder
painful
immobility

traskl
dagnz smbdi
w
dsd
penfl
mblti

Dreirad
etwas bei jmd. diagnostizieren

tricycle
diagnostiquer qc chez qn

triciclo
diagnosticare qu

He used to win neighbourhood tricycle events.


She was diagnosed with breast cancer.

Erkrankung
schmerzhaft
Bewegungslosigkeit

troubles, maladie
douloureux
immobilit

malattia
doloroso
immobilit

He suffers from a rare disorder of the liver.


Is you arm very painful?
The months of immobility seem to have encouraged
him to make adventure sports into a lifestyle.

111

hyper-

hap

ber-

hyper-

iper-

Jordan doesn't have Paul's hyper-competitive gene.

111

gene

din

Gen

gne

gene

summit

smt

Gipfel

sommet

cima

mouth

ma

ein Wort mit den Lippen formen

articuler silencieusement

111

vague

adj

veg

vage

vague

articolare una parola con le


labbra
vago

Information is transferred by genes in much the same


way as it is by words.
Many people have now reached the summit of Mount
Everest.
She silently mouthed the words 'Good luck'.

111

111

111
111

2
2

driven
philosophy

adj
n

drvn
flsfi

ehrgeizig, getrieben
Philosophie

obsd
philosophie

ambizioso
filosofia

111

sour

sa

vergllen, verbittern

gter

avvelenare, guastare

Julia was vague about where she had been and what
she had been doing.
He claims he is not a driven workaholic.
The company explained their management
philosophy.
An unhappy childhood has soured her view of life.

111

deadly

adj

dedli

lebensgefhrlich

prilleux

pericolosissimo

He climbed one of the world's deadliest mountains.

111
111

3
3

background
wilderness

n
n

bkgrand
wldns

Herkunft, Vorgeschichte
Wildnis

origines
provenienza, antecedente
rgion dserte, contre sauvage regione selvaggio

You have to understand his background.


They entered a wilderness race.

111
111
112
113
113

3
3
5
2
2

calling
justification
broke
educate
educational

n
n
adj
v
adj

kl
dstfken
brk
edjket
edjkenl

Berufung
Rechtfertigung
pleite
unterrichten
Bildungs-

vocation
justification
fauch
enseigner
de l'enseignement

Paul finally felt like he had found his true calling.


There is no justification for holding her in jail.
I'm fed up with being broke all the time.
I have always wanted to educate young children.
The educational development of children is very
important.

Pearson Schweiz AG

Headword

Part of Speech

n
n
n
n
n
n
v phrase
n
adj
n

prefix

vocazione
giustificazione
essere al verde
insegnare
educativo

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


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Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

113
113

2
2

terrify
terror

terfa
ter

Angst einjagen
Angst, Schrecken

terrifier
terreur

terrorizzare
paura, terrore

Spiders terrify me - I can't be near them.


People fled in terror as fire tore through the building.

113
113

2
2

terrifying
strengthen

adj
v

terfa-
stren

furchteinflend
strker werden

terrifiant
se renforcer

orrido, terribile
intensificare

n
adj
adj
v

stre
str
krtkl
ndend

Kraft, Strke
stark
kritisch
gefhrden

force
fort
critique
mettre en danger

forza
forte
critico
mettere in pericolo

dend

Gefahr

danger

pericolo

He told her of his terrifying experience.


Our friendship has steadily strengthened over the
years.
She didnt even have the strength to stand up.
He was a big strong man.
Many parents are strongly critical of the school.
If you don't wear a seatbelt, you are endangering
yourself and others.
The refugees believe that their lives are in danger.

113
113
113
113

2
2
2
2

strength
strong
critical
endanger

113

danger

113
113
113

2
3
3

dangerous
blood
cheat

adj
n
n

dendrs
bld
tit

gefhrlich
Blut
Mogler, Betrger, Falschspieler

dangereux
sang
tricheur,euse

Swimming in the sea at night can be dangerous.


I hate the sight of blood.
My sister is such a cheat at cards.

experience
be frozen
length

n
adj
n

ksprins
frzn
le

Erfahrung
gefroren sein
Lnge

exprience
gel
longueur

pericoloso
sangue
baro, truffatore (-trice),
imbroglione
esperienza
essere ghiacciato
lunghezza

113
113
113

3
3
3

113
113

3
3

memory
modern

n
adj

memri
mdn

Gedchtnis
modern

mmoire
moderne

memoria
moderno

113

in aid of

n ad v

als Hilfe fr

au bnfice de

come aiuto per

She has a terrible memory for names.


Such companies must change if they are to compete
in the modern world.
We're collecting money in aid of cancer research.

113

well-being

welbi

Wohlbefinden

bien-tre

benessere

113
113

4
4

flu
put to the test

flu
pt t test

Grippe
testen

grippe
tester

influenza
mettere alla prova

113
114

4
2

weight
brave

n
adj

wet
brev

Last
mutig

poids
courageux

peso
coraggioso

114
114
114
114

2
2
2
2

determined
exciting
exhausting
skilful

adj
adj
adj
adj

dtmnd
ksat
gzst
sklfl

entschlossen
aufregend
anstrengend
geschickt, gewandt, gebt

rsolu
excitant
fatigant
adroit

determinato
eccitante
faticoso
abile, dotato

114

risk-averse

adj

rskvs

risikoscheu

qui craint le risque

114
114
114

4
4
4

reassure
slippery
ignore

v
adj
v

ri
slpri
gn

beruhigen
glatt, rutschig
ignorieren, bergehen

rassurer
glissant
ne pas tenir compte de

avverso al rischio, rifiutare il


rischio
calmare
scivoloso
ignorare

114

headgear

hedg

Kopfbedeckung

couvre-chef, casque

copricapo

114

harness

hns

Gurt, Gurtzeug

ceinture, baudrier

cintura, cinghia

114
114
114

4
4
4

snowboarding
free-running
hormone

n
n
n

snbd
frirn
hmn

Snowboarden
Free Running
Hormon

snowboard
parkozur
hormone

rock-surf
free-running
ormone

114

adrenalin

drenl-n

Adrenalin

adrnaline

adrenalina

114
114

4
4

basically
stimulation

beskli
stmjlen

im Grunde genommen
Anreiz, Antrieb

essentiellement
stimulation

sostanzialmente
stimolazione

Pearson Schweiz AG

Headword

Part of Speech
v
n

n
v phrase

adv
n

You've got a lot of experience of lecturing.


The ground is frozen for most of the year.
We measured the length and width of the living room.

We are responsible for the care and well-being of all


our patients.
Steven's still in bed with flu.
We put 15 rain jackets to the test, and chose the best
one.
She felt a great weight of responsibility.
It was brave of you to speak in front of all those
people.
Gwen is a very determined woman.
I've got some exciting news for you.
It had been an exhausting day.
After a few years, he became very skilful at drawing.
Shareholders are more risk averse than they used to
be.
Teachers reassured anxious parents.
In places, the path can be wet and slippery.
You cant ignore the fact that many criminals never
go to prison.
Each sport has different safety equipment, from
headgear to harnesses.
She always wears a safety harness when she climbs.
His favourite sport is snowboarding.
Free-running is an extreme sport.
Hormones are released when the body experiences
stress.
There's nothing like a good horror film to get the
adrenalin going.
Basically, I'm just lazy.
People who do extreme sports have a need to seek
excitement and stimulation.

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Act.

Headword

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

114

destructive

adj

dstrktv

zerstrerisch

destructeur

distruggente

committed
devoted
concerned

adj
adj
adj

kmtd
dvtd
knsnd

engagiert
anhnglich, zugetan
besorgt, beunruhigt

dvou
loyal
inquiet

impegnato
affezionato
preoccupato per

What is good for the individual can be destructive to


the family.
The party has a core of committed supporters.
Isabella was devoted to her brother.
She is concerned about how much junk food I eat.

115
115
115

1
1
1

115

worried

adj

wrid

(ngstlich) besorgt, beunruhigt

soucieux

preoccupato per, inquietato per

I'm really worried about my brother.

115
115
115

1
1
3

timid
enthusiastic
complain about

tmd
njuzistk
kmplen bat

schchtern
enthusiastisch
sich beschweren ber

timide
passionn
se plaindre de

timido
entusiastico
lamentarsi di

115

inaccurate

adj

nkjrt

unzutreffend

inexact

inesatto

115
115
115
115

3
3
3
3

insist on
admit to
be involved in
prevent from

v
v
adj
v

nsst n
dmt tu
bi nvlvd n
prvent frm

beharren auf
etw. zugeben
beteiligt sein
abhalten von

insister sur
avouer
participer
empcher de

insistere in
ammettere
essere coinvolto in
impedire a

115
115

3
3

v
v

compter sur
fliciter qn de

affidarsi a
congratularsi con qu

4
4
4
4

phrasal v
phrasal v
phrasal v
phrasal v

rla n
kngrtlet
snbdi n
bk f
kl f
g f
pt f

sich verlassen auf


jmd. gratulieren zu

115
115
115
115

rely on
congratulate
somebody on
back off
call off
go off
put off

I was a timid child.


All the staff are enthusiastic about the project.
Residents are complaining about the amount of traffic
in the area.
A lot of what has been written about him is
inaccurate.
She kept insisting on her innocence.
Dana admitted to taking the last biscuit.
More than 30 firms were involved in the project.
His back injury may prevent him from playing in
tomorrow's game.
I knew I could rely on David.
She congratulated me warmly on my exam results.

zurckweichen
abblasen, absagen
hochgehen
aufschieben

reculer
annuler
dtoner, exploser
reporter

retrocedere
disdire, annullare
esplodere
differire, aggiornare

115
115

4
4

see off
tell off

phrasal v
phrasal v

si f
tel f

begleiten, verabschieden
ausschimpfen, tadeln

dire au revoir
rprimander

congedare
sgridare

115
115

4
5

wear off
flooding

phrasal v
n

we f
fld

nachlassen, abklingen
berschwemmung

s'attnuer
inondation

calmarsi, diminuire
inondazione

116

hobby

hbi

Hobby

passe-temps

hobby

117

boxer

bks

Boxer

boxeur

boxeur

117

long-term

ltm

langfristig

long terme

a lungo termine

117

yachtswoman

jtswmn

Seglerin

navigatrice

velista

117
118
118
118

2
1
1
1

fearless
brochure
hut
fee

fls
br
ht
fi

furchtlos
Prospekt
Htte
Gebhr

sans peur, intrpide


brochure
cabane
frais

impavido
prospetto
capanna, rifugio
quota, tasse

118
118

1
3

porter
tent

n
n

pt
tent

Gepcktrger
Zelt

porteur
tente

portabagagli
tenda

118
119

3
2

deposit
premier

n
n

dpzt
premi

Anzahlung
Premierminister

versement initial
premier ministre

acconto
primo ministro

119

treacherous

adj

tretrs

trgerisch

fallacieux

pericoloso, illusorio

119
119
119
119

2
2
2
2

moody
homesick
tower
strap yourself into

mudi
hmsk
ta
strp jself nt

launisch
an Heimweh leidend
berragen
sich anschnallen an

de mauvaise humeur
avoir le mal du pays
s'lever au-dessus de
attacher qn /s'attacher

lunicato
avere nostalgia di (casa)
superare
allacciarsi

Pearson Schweiz AG

adj
adj
v phrase

adj
n
adj
n
n
n

adj
adj
v
v phrase

She backed off and then turned and ran.


The trip to Italy might be called off.
The bomb went off at 6.30 in the morning.
The match has been put off until tomorrow because
of bad weather.
They've gone to the airport to see their son off.
Shelley was one of those kids who was always
getting told off at school.
As the day went on, my sleepiness wore off.
The heavy rain has led to serious flooding in some
areas.
Susan's hobbies include reading, cooking and drama.
Boxers have to be very controlled and calm, as well
as strong, if they want to win.
I took out a long-term loan to pay for my university
course.
A yachtswoman has to be very fit and well-trained.
These dogs are absolutely fearless.
I've picked up a few holiday brochures to look at.
You will stay in a mountain hut.
You can use the gym and pool for a fee of 35 a
month.
You price includes the services of a porter.
We looked for a flat spot where we could pitch our
tent.
We put down a deposit on the house.
She was congratulated by the Australian Premier.
Strong winds and loose rocks made climbing
treacherous.
Keith had seemed moody all morning.
At first she was a little homesick.
He towered over his mother.
Are the kids strapped in?

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


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Page

Act.

Headword

119

bunk

120
120

1
2

120

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

bk

Koje

couchette

cuccetta, fodero

She had to strap herself into her bunk.

prison
punish

n
v

przn
pn

Gefngnis
bestrafen

prison
punir

prigione
punire

discourage

dskrd

entmutigen

dcourager

scoraggiare

120
120

2
2

crime
rehabilitate

n
v

kram
rihbltet

Verbrechen
rehabilitieren

crime
rhabiliter

crimine
riabilitare

120

shoplifting

plft

Ladendiebstahl

vol l'talage

taccheggio

120
120

3
3

armed
robber

adj
n

md
rb

bewaffnet
Ruber

arm
voleur

armato
rapinatore, ladro

120
120

3
3

steal
terrorist

v
n

stil
terrst

stehlen
Terrorist

voler
terroriste

rubare
terrorista

The thief was sent to prison for six months.


My parents punished me by taking away my
computer.
My father is a lawyer, and he discouraged me from
entering the field.
He insisted that he had not committed a crime.
Do you think criminals should be rehabilitated into
society?
She had been falsely accused of shoplifting in a
clothing store.
The prisoners were kept under armed guard.
Armed robbers broke into the shop and demanded
money from the till.
He stole money from his parents.
Twenty people were killed in the latest terrorist attack.

120

fine

fan

Geldstrafe

amende

multa

She was ordered to pay 150 fine, plus court costs.

120

community service

kmjunti svs

gemeinntzige Arbeit, Sozialdienst travaux d'intrt gnral

servizio sociale/civile

120
120

3
3

sentence
serve a sentence

sentns
sv sentns

Strafe
eine Strafe verben

peine
purger une peine

sentenza, pena
scontare una pena

120
120

3
3

overnight
curfew

vnat
kfju

ber Nacht
Hausarrest

pour la nuit
arrestation domiciliaire

per una notte


arresto domiciliare

120

electronic tag

elktrnk tg

elektronische Fessel

bracelet lectronique

braccialetto elettronico

120

former

adj

fm

frhere/r

antrieur

precedente

He was ordered to do 100 hours of community


service.
She received an eight-year prison sentence.
Her husband is serving a two-year sentence for creditcard fraud.
Pam's staying overnight at my house.
The government imposed a night-time curfew
throughout the country.
When he got out of prison he had to wear an
electronic tag.
Their farm had been reduced to half its former size.

adv

wlli

bereitwillig

volontiers

premurosamente

Unit 12

n
n phrase
adv
n
n phrase

120

5/audio willingly

120
120

5/audio convert
5/audio construct

v
v

knvt
knstrkt

umwandeln
errichten, bauen

convertir
construire

cambiare, convertire
costruire

120
120

5/audio obey
5/audio admittedly

v
adv

be
dmtdli

gehorchen
zugegebenermaen

obir
il est vrai

ubbidire
com' stato ammesso

120
120
120

5/audio honeymoon
5/audio courtyard
5/audio cell

n
n
n

hnimun
krtjd
sel

Hochzeitsreise
Hof
Zelle

voyage de noces
cour
cellule

viaggio di nozze
cortile
cella

120
120

5/audio fingerprint
5/audio hunk

n
n

fgprnt
hk

Fingerabdruck
Brocken, groes Stck

empreinte digitale
gros morceau

impronta digitale
briciolo/pezzo grande

120

5/audio sum up

sm p

zusammenfassen

rsumer

riassumere

120

5/audio comparable

kmprbl

vergleichbar

comparable

paragonabile

phrasal v
adj

Sixty percent of voters said they would willingly pay


higher taxes for better health-care.
The converted the spare bedroom into an office.
There are plans to construct a new road bridge
across the river.
The little boy made no effort to obey.
This has led to financial losses, thought admittedly on
a fairly small scale.
We went to Italy on our honeymoon.
Everybody was lined up in the courtyard.
He spent the night in the cells at the local police
station.
His fingerprints were all over the place.
Dinner consisted of a hunk of dry bread and black
tea.
To sum up, you must take regular exercise in order to
have a healthy heart.
A car of comparable size would cost far more abroad.

121
121

7
7

arrest
suspect

n
n

rest
sspekt

Festnahme
Verdchtige/r

arrestation
suspect

arresto
sospetto (-a)

121

witness

wtns

Zeuge

tmoin

testimone

The police made an arrest yesterday morning.


Two suspects were arrested today in connection with
the robbery.
Police have appealed for witnesses to come forward.

121

court

kt

Gericht

tribunal

corte, tribunale

It could not be proved in a court of law.

Pearson Schweiz AG

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Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

121

judge

dd

Richter

juge

giudice

adj

scharf

svre

mordace

The trial judge specifies the number of years to be


spent in prison.
His theory met with harsh criticism from colleagues.

121

harsh

121
121
121
121
121

7
7
7
10
10

trial
defendant
guilty
verdict
catch in the act

n
n
adj
n
v

tral
dfendnt
glti
vdkt
kt n i kt

Prozess
Angeklagte/r
schuldig
Urteil
auf frischer Tat ertappen

procs
accus
coupable
verdict
prendre qn sur le fait

processo
accusato (-a)
colpevole
verdetto, giudizio
cogliere qu sul fatto/in flagrante

121

10

catch your breath

kt j bre

reprendre son souffle

respirare profondamente

conviction
lead
prohibit

n
n
v

knvkn
lid
prhbt

durchatmen, wieder zu Atem


kommen
Verurteilung
Hinweis
verbieten

121
121
122

10
10
4

condamnation
indication, piste
interdire

condanna
acenno
proibire

122
123
123
123
123
124
124

4
1
2
2
2
1
2

jury
cybercrime
identity theft/fraud
hacking
libel
genre
unwillingness

n
n
n
n
n
n
n

dri
sabkram
aidentti eft
hk
labl
nr
nwlns

die Geschworenen
Cyberkriminalitt
Identittsdiebstahl
Hacken (Computer)
Verleumdung
Genre
Widerwille, Weigerung

jury
cybercriminalit
vol d'identit
piratage informatique
diffamation
genre
rticence

giuria
cybercrime
furto di identit
hacking
diffamazione
genere
renitenza, aversione

124

be fond of

adj phrase

bi fnd v

etwas lieben, mgen

apprcier

essere affezionato di qc

124

disbelief

dsblif

Unglubigkeit

incrdulit

incredulit

124

disinterested

adj

dsntrstd

uninteressiert

indiffrent

disinteressato

124
124
124
124
124

2
2
2
2
2

stalk
meek
cowardice
pacifism
intervene

v
adj
n
n
v

stk
mik
kds
psfzm
ntvin

belauern, sich heranschleichen


sanft
Feigheit
Pazifismus
einschreiten

chasser, pier
docile
lchet
pacifisme
intervenir

avvicinarsi di soppiatto, spiare


mite
vigliaccheria
pacifismo
intervenire

124

unfold

nfld

sich entfalten, sich abspielen

se drouler

svolgersi

Id grown fond of the place and it was difficult to


leave.
The reaction to the murders was one of shock and
disbelief.
I tried to engage her in conversation, but she seemed
disiterested.
Our cat stalks mice through the garden at night.
He was always so meek and quiet.
His cowardice was made his an outcast.
She was a great believer in pacifism.
The army will have to intervene to prevent further
fighting.
He had watched the drama unfold from a nearby ship.

124

mode

md

Art

mode

modo

They have a relaxed mode of life that suits them well.

124

promenader

prmnd

Spaziergnger

promeneur

passeggiatore

124
124
124
124
124
124
124

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

brutal
spoil
impromptu
faux
immunity
voyeur
detached

adj
v
adj
adj
n
n
adj

brutl
spl
mprmptju
f
mjunti
vwjr
dttt

brutal
verschandeln, verunstalten
aus dem Stegreif
falsch/e
Immunitt
Voyeur
unbeteiligt, distanziert

brutal
abmer
improvis
faux
exemption lgale
voyeur
dtach

brutale
deturpare
improvvisare
falso, imitato
immunit
voyeur
non coinvolto, distante

124

intellectual

adj

ntlektul

intellektuell

intellectuel

intellettuale

124
124
124

2
2
2

bellow
yell
parade-ground

n
n
n

bel
jel
pred grand

Gebrll
Schrei
Exerzierplatz

hurlement
cri
place d'armes

urli
grido
piazza d'armi

124

brandish

brnd

schwenken, fuchteln mit

brandir

brandire, gesticolare

The beach was crowded with promenaders enjoying


the sunshine.
It was a brutal attack on a defenceless old man.
The whole park is spoiled by litter.
The band gave an impromptu concert.
She was wearing faux pearls around her neck.
They were granted immunity from prosecution.
We had become passive voyeurs of violence.
He appeared to be totally detached from the horrific
nature of his crimes.
This is a job that requires considerable intellectual
effort.
His voice rose to a bellow.
She let out a yell when she saw me.
His father would shout at him in his parade-ground
tones.
A man leapt out brandishing a kitchen knife.

Pearson Schweiz AG

Headword

Part of Speech

The trial is due to start next week.


We find the defendant not guilty.
The jury found her guilty of murder.
The verdict was 'not guilty'.
The gang was caught in the act of unloading stolen
goods.
He leant against a tree until he had caught his breath.
They had no previous convictions.
The police are following a lead.
Smoking is strictly prohibited on trains and inside the
station.
The jury found him not guilty.
How seriously to do you take cybercrime?
I was the victim of identity theft once, it was awful.
There is a problem with computer hacking.
Holt sued the newspaper for libel.
Crime fiction is now one the best-selling genres.
His unwillingness to pay the fine landed him in court.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


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Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

124

victory

vktri

Sieg

victoire

vittoria

n
adv
n
adj
v
adj

bl
nstktvli
hm
nsen
dk
weti

Schlag
instinktiv
Hammer
verrckt
sich ducken
schwer, wuchtig

coup
d'instinct
marteau
fou
se baisser
lourd

botta, colpo
istintivamente
istintivamente
pazzo, matto
piegarsi
pesante

spin
token

v
adj

spn
tkn

sich (schnell) drehen


Alibi-

tourner
symbolique pour la forme, alibi

girarsi, rotare
alibi-

The court's decision represents a victory for all


women.
She died from a heavy blow to the head.
He acted instinctively to save the man.
He swung the bag in hammer-throw fashion.
The whole idea sounds absolutely insane to me.
If she hadnt ducked, the ball would have hit her.
The weighty edge of the bag hit the man on the
shoulder.
The plane's propellers were spinning.
You're our token man,' one of them said.

124
124
124
124
125
125

2
2
2
2
2
2

blow
instinctively
hammer
insane
duck
weighty

125
125

2
2

125
125
125

2
2
2

culprit
missile
anonymous

n
n
adj

klprt
msal
nnms

Tter
Rakete, Wurfgeschoss
anonym

coupable
missile
anonyme

reo (-a)
missile, proiettile
anonimo

125

figure

fg

Gestalt

figure

figura

125
125

2
2

pretend
bully

v
v

prtend
bli

vorgeben; so tun, als ob


drangsalieren, einschchtern

simuler, faire semblant


intimider, maltraiter

pretendere, fingere
vessare, intimidire

Police finally managed to catch the culprit.


Demonstrators threw missiles at the police.
Martin tried to make himself an anonymous figure in
the queue.
Through the window I could see the commanding
figure of Mrs Bradshaw.
Let's pretend we're on the moon.
Dont let them bully you into working on Saturdays.

125

cling on to

phrasal v

kl n t

sich an etwas festklammern

re raccrocher

aggrapparsi a qu/qc

He clung on to the hope that she would forgive him.

125
125

2
2

arc
annihilation

n
n

k
nalen

Bogen
Zerstrung, Vernichtung

arc
anantissement

arco
distruzione

125
125

2
2

hand-clap
follow through

n
phrasal v

hndklp
fl ru

Applaus
applaudissement
etw. durchziehen, zu Ende bringen aller au bout de

applauso
terminare

125

set aside

phrasal v

set sad

beiseite legen

mettre de ct

mettere da parte

125
126

3
1

road rage
break-in

n
n

rd red
brekn

aggressive Fahrweise
Einbruch

violence au volant
cambiolage

furia al volante
scasso

The sun moves across the sky in an arc.


We must divert the flood waters to avoid total
annihilation of the village!
They gave Martin a slow hand-clap.
The project went wrong when the staff failed to follow
through.
Both sides agreed to set aside the question of
independence.
Road rage seems to be on the increase.
Since the break-in we've had all our locks changed.

126
126
126
126
127
127
127
127

3
3
3
3
1
1
1
1

ache
short-sighted
optician
shed
go off1
go off2
go off3
go over

v
adj
n
n
phrasal v
phrasal v
phrasal v
phrasal v

ek
tsatd
ptn
ed
g f
g f
g f
gu v

schmerzen
kurzsichtig
Optiker
Schuppen
schlecht werden
aufhren etw. zu mgen
ausgehen, erlschen
ber etw. drbergehen

faire mal
myope
opticien
remise
s'abmer
ne plus aimer qc
s'teindre
examiner en dtail

dolere
miope
ottico
capannone
guastarsi, deteriorarsi
finire di piacere
spegnere
controllare

127
127
127

1
1
1

go on1
go on2
go ahead

phrasal v
phrasal v
phrasal v

gu n
gu n
g hed

weitermachen
vor sich gehen, geschehen
etw. in Angriff nehmen

continuer
se passer
y aller

continuare
svolgersi, succedere
abbordare

127

go down

phrasal v

g dan

hinunterfahren, sich abschalten

se dbrancher

disinserire, spegnere

127
127

1
1

sour
revise

sa
rvaz

sauer
revidieren

aigre
rviser

acito
cambiare

127

in the footsteps

n ftsteps

in die Fustapfen treten

marcher sur les traces de qn

seguire le orme di qn

127

fictional

adj

fknl

fiktiv

imaginaire

fittivo

127

detective

dtektv

Detektiv

dtective

detective

Pearson Schweiz AG

Headword

Part of Speech
n

adj
v
n phrase

His feet were aching from standing so long.


I need glasses because I'm short-sighted.
I visited the optician yesterday.
I keep all the tools in the garden shed.
The milk's gone off.
Many women go off coffee during pregnancy.
Suddenly, all the lights went off.
I went over my report to make sure I had included
everything.
He went on working until he was 91.
I dont know what's going on.
They've decided to go ahead with the plans to build
50 new houses on the site.
If one of the file servers goes down, you lose the
whole network.
Rachel sampled the wine. It was sour.
The college has revised its plans because of local
objections.
He is a doctor and expects his son to follow in his
footsteps.
The novel is set in the fictional German town of
Kreiswald.
Sherlock Holmes is a famous fictional detective.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Headword

127

novel

127
128
129

4
5
1

129

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

nvl

Roman

roman

romanzo

flock
plead
offence

v
v
n

flk
pld
fens

in Scharen herbeistrmen
pldieren
Straftat, Vergehen

affluer
plaider
infraction

affluire
chiedere
delitto, trasgressione

solve

slv

lsen

rsoudre

solvere

The novels of Charles Dickens are famous around


the world.
People have been flocking to the exhibition.
He's probably going to plead guilty.
His solicitor said he committed the offence because
he was heavily in debt.
More than 70 percent of murder cases were solved
last year.

130
130
130
130
130

1
1
2
2
2

resemble
feature
blindness
clue
assume

v
n
n
n
v

rzembl
fit
blandns
klu
sjum

hneln
Merkmal
Blindheit
Hinweis, Indiz
annehmen, vermuten

ressembler
caractristique
ccit
indice
supposer

assomigliare
segno caratteristico
cecit
indizio
suporre

He grew up to resemble his father.


Her eyes were her best feature.
Some people suffer from 'face blindness'.
Police have found a vital clue.
I didnt see your car, so I assumed you'd gone out.

131

disability

dsblti

Behinderung

handicap

handicap

131

misleading

adj

mslid

irrefhrend

trompeur

che trae in inganno

131

condition

kndn

Leiden

maladie

malattia

131
131
131
131

2
2
2
2

embarrassing
pretty
facial
be thrown

mbrs
prti
fel
bi rn

peinlich
ziemlich
Gesichtsaufgeschmissen sein

embarrasant
assez
facial
perdu

imbarazzante, spiacevole
quasi
facciale
stare fresco

131
131

2
2

beard
contact lens

bd
kntkt lenz

Bart
Kontaktlinse

barbe
lentille de contact

barba
lenti a contatto

131
131
131
131
131
131

2
2
2
2
2
2

greet
flatmate
studio
jewellery
tricky
identical

v
n
n
n
adj
adj

grit
fltmet
stjud
dlri
trki
aidentkl

gren
Mitbewohner
Studio, Bro
Schmuck
trickreich, knifflig, schwierig
identisch

saluer
colocataire
studio, bureau
bijoux
difficile
identique

salutare
coabitatore (-trice)
studio
gioielli
complicato, delicato
identico

131
131
131
131
131

2
2
2
2
2

client
obviously
faintly
occurrence
stand out

n
adv
adv
n
phrasal v

klant
bvisli
fentli
krns
stnd at

Kunde
offensichtlich
schwach, leicht
Ereignis, Vorfall
hervorstechen, herausragen

client
videmment
faiblement
fait
sortir de l'ordinaire

cliente
evidentemente
debolmente
avvenimento
sporgere

Public places are becoming more accessible to


people with disabilities.
The article was misleading, and the newspaper has
apologised.
People suffering from this condition should not
smoke.
She asked a lot of embarrassing questions.
I'm pretty sure he'll say yes.
Victor's facial expression didn't change.
I can be completely thrown if someone has their hair
coloured.
His beard has gone very grey this year.
I've thrown my glasses away now that I've got contact
lenses.
Belinda greeted her warmly.
She's got two flatmates now.
Andrea works in a design studio.
She wears a lot of gold jewellery.
I can get you tickets for the show but it'll be tricky.
The sisters were identical in appearance and
character.
He's got a meeting with an important client.
Were obviously going to need more help.
She smiled faintly.
Flooding is a common occurrence in the area.
Three of the cars we tested stood out from the rest.

131
131
131
131

2
2
2
2

birthmark
plot
earplug
consciously

n
n
n
adv

bmk
plt
plg
knsli

Muttermal
Plot, Geschichte
Ohrstpsel
bewusst

tache de naissance
intrigue
embout auriculaire
consciemment

131

offend

fend

verletzen, beleidigen, krnken

offenser

neo
plot
tappo per le orecchie
consapevolmente,
coscientemente
offendere

Paul had a birthmark on his left cheek.


The plot was a little confusing.
I have to wear earplugs, otherwise I can't sleep.
She was probably not consciously aware of her true
feelings.
His remarks deeply offended many Scottish people.

131
131
131

2
2
2

trigger
reflection
hint

v
n
n

trg
rflekn
hnt

auslsen
Spiegelbild
Hinweis

dclencher
reflet
indice

provocare
riflesso
indicazione

The protests were triggered by spending cuts.


Can you see your reflection in the glass?
There have been hints that he may take up coaching.

131

strategy

strtdi

Strategie

stratgie

strategia

The police had a new strategy for dealing with crime.

131
131

4
4

come across1
come across2

phrasal v
phrasal v

km krs
km krs

auf etwas stoen


wirken wie

tomber sur
apparatre comme qn de

trovare qn/qc
dare l'impressione di, sembrare
come

I came across and old diary in her desk.


He comes across as a very intelligent sensitive man.

Unit 13

Pearson Schweiz AG

adj
adj
adj
v phrase
n
n

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Headword

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

131

come up with

phrasal v

km p w

entwickeln, sich einfallen lassen

trouver, inventer

sviluppare, farsi venire qc

Weve been asked to come up with some new ideas.

131
131
131

4
4
4

come round
come down with
come into

phrasal v
phrasal v
phrasal v

km rand
km dan w
km nt

sich einer Sache anschlieen


an etw. erkranken
erben

se laisser convaincre
attraper
entrer en possession

aderire ad una cosa


ammalarsi di qc
ereditare

4
4

come out
come up

phrasal v
phrasal v

km at
km p

herauskommen
bevorstehen, sich ereignen

tre communiqu
tre imminent

uscire, risultare
essere imminente, operarsi

132
132
132

1
1
1

fancy dress
wig
minor

n
n
adj

fnsi dres
wg
man

Verkleidung, Faschingskostm
Percke
geringfgig

dguisement
perruque
moindre

mascheramento
parrucca
insignificante, esiguo

133
134

2
1

speculate
go blank

v
adj phrase

spekjlet
g blk

spekulieren
der Kopf ist wie leer

spculer
avoir la tte vide

It took him a while to come round to the idea.


I think I'm coming down with a cold.
Shell come into quite a lot of money when her father
dies.
When are the exam results coming out?
With Christmas coming up, people don't have much
money to spare.
We're going to a fancy dress party tomorrow.
Everyone is wearing a wig at the party.
We have made some minor changes to the
programme.
She refused to speculate.
My heart began to race and my mind went blank.

131
131

134

lose your mind

v phrase

luz j mand

seinen Verstand verlieren

perdre la raison

speculare
la testa vuota, avere un
blackout
perdere la testa/essere impazzito Nicholas stared at her as if she'd lost her mind.

134

bear in mind

n phrase

be n mand

garder l'esprit

tenere a mente/conto

Thanks for your ideas. I'll bear them in mind.

134

be in two minds

bercksichtigen, im Gedchtnis
behalten
unentschlossen sein

tre indcis, irrsolu

essere indeciso

134

I was in two minds about whether or not to go out with


him.
It never crossed my mind that Lisa might be lying.

134

134

134

134
134

number phrase

bi n tu mands

cross somebody's
mind
slip somebody's mind

n phrase

jmd. in den Sinn kommen

traverser l'esprit de qn

venire in mente a qu

entfallen, vergessen

chapper qn

n phrase

sich beruhigen

se rassurer

dimenticare, uscire di mente,


sfuggire
calmarsi

sich ablenken

distraire qn de qc

stordirsi

3
3

put somebody's mind


at rest
take somebody's
mind off something
record
preserve

v
v

krs smbdiz
mand
slp smbdiz
mand
pt smbdiz
mand t rest
tek smbdiz
mand f sm
rkd
przv

protokollieren, aufzeichnen
erhalten, bewahren

noter
prserver

registrare
conservare, proteggere

134

maintain

menten

aufrechterhalten, behaupten

maintenir

mantenere

134

reflect

rflekt

nachdenken, reflektieren

rflchir

riflettere

134
135

4
1

consider
approximately

v
adv

knsd
prksmtli

in Betracht ziehen
annherungsweise, in etwa

considrer
environ

prendere in considerazione
approssimativo

135
135

1
1

remaining
significant

adj
adj

rmen
sgnfknt

verbleibend, restlich
wesentlich

restant
considrable

restante
essenziale, fondamentale

135

meaningless

adj

minls

bedeutungslos

insignifiant

insignificante

135

handful

hndfl

Handvoll

poigne

manciata

135
135

1
1

delete
fraction

v
n

dlit
frkn

lschen
Bruchteil

supprimer
fraction

cancellare
frazione

135
135
135

1
1
1

vacant
in reality
valuable

adj
n
adj

veknt
rilti
vljubl

frei, verfgbar
in Realitt
wertvoll

libre, disponible
en ralit
prcieux

vacante
in realt
di valore, prezioso

135
136
136

1
1
1

worthless
unsociable
support

adj
adj
n

wls
nsbl
spt

wertlos
reserviert, ungesellig
Untersttzung

sans valeur
peu sociable
support

senza valore, non vale nulla


poco socievole, riservato
appoggio, supporto

Pearson Schweiz AG

n phrase

n phrase

It had completely slipped her mind that Dave still had


a key to the house.
If you're worried, see a doctor to set your mind at
rest.
Going back to work helped take my mind off Ian's
illness.
I try to record every film I see in my diary.
It's so important to preserve our rainforests, as they're
home to millions of animals.
Britain wants to maintain its position as a world
power.
He had time to reflect on his successes and failures.
I seriously considered resigning.
The disease affects approximately 10 percent of the
adult population.
The few remaining guests were in the kitchen.
Please inform us if there are any significant changes
in your plans.
He said a few meaningless words to his hostess and
looked round the room.
The boy picked up a handful of stones and started
throwing them at us.
His name was deleted from the list.
I got these shoes at a fraction of the original price.
Only a few apartments are vacant.
In reality, violent crimes are still extremely rare.
Their most valuable belongings were locked in a safe
in the bedroom.
The house was full of worthless junk.
Her colleagues were unsociable.
Local people have given us a lot of support in our
campaign.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

136
136
136

1
4
4

Headword
volunteer
time flies
ahead of your time

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

n
v phrase
n phrase

vlnt
tam flaz
hed v j tam

Freiwillige/r
die Zeit verfliegt im Nu
seiner Zeit voraus

volontaire
le temps passe vite
tre en avance sur son temps

volontario (-a)
il tempo vola/fugge
avere precorso i tempi

Most of the relief work was done by volunteers.


They say time flies when you're having fun.
Colerige's understanding of the human mind was way
ahead of his time.
The article was written in straightforward, almost
conversational language.
This area of law is far from straightforward.

136

1/audio conversational

knvsenl

gesprchig, plauder-, Unterhaltung de conversation

loquace, di conversazione

136

1/audio straightforward

stretfwd

eindeutig, einfach, unkompliziert

simple

schietto, semplice

136

1/audio compromise

kmprmaz

Kompromiss

compromis

compromesso

136

1/audio conservation

knsven

Naturschutz, Erhaltung

conservation, protection

To stop the arguments they decided on a


compromise.
tutela della natura, conservazione She got a job with a conservation magazine.

136

1/audio pin number

n phrase

pn nmb

PIN-Nummer

code confidentiel

numero di pin

adj
n
n phrase

fgetfl
wlt
luz j temp

vergesslich
Portemonnaie, Brieftasche
die Beherrschung verlieren

perdre un peu la mmoire


portefeuille
s'emporter

smemorato
portafoglio
perdere il controllo/il calma

I couldnt remember the pin number for my credit


card.
He's become very forgetful recently.
I've only got about 10 in my wallet.
It was hot and I was beginning to lose my temper.

pldi

schulden
Entschuldigung

devoir
excuses

dovere
scusa

I owe Shaun a letter; I must write soon.


She finally received an apology from the company.

ba ksdnt
km
ktn
vs
strend

zufllig
Koma
Vorhang
Stimme
Fremde/r

par hasard
coma
rideau
voix
tranger

per caso
coma
tenda
voce
straniero (-a)

I met her quite by accident.


He was in a coma for nearly a week.
Ella drew the curtains and switched on the light.
He recognised her voice instantly.
Children must not talk to strangers.

ksnt
rg

Akzent
(mit den Schultern) zucken

accent
hausser les paules

He had a strong Irish accent.


I just shrugged my shoulders and ignored him.

137
137
138

2
2
1

forgetful
wallet
lose your temper

138
138

2
2

owe
apology

138
139
139
139
139

2
1
1
1
1

by accident
coma
curtain
voice
stranger

140
140

1
2

accent
shrug

140
140

2
2

eyebrow
cross your fingers

n
v phrase

abra
krs j fgz

Augenbraue
die Daumen drcken

sourcil
croiser les doigts

accento
prendere alla leggera, alzare le
spalle
sopracciglio
incrociare le dita

140

roll your eyes

v phrase

rl jr az

mit den Augen rollen

lever les yeux au ciel

roteare gli occhi

n
v

dest
kment

Geste
Bemerkungen machen ber

geste
faire des commentaires

gesto
commentare, fare un commento
di
essere stufo di
copiare

Jim raised his hands in a despairing gesture.


People were always commenting on his size.

pronunciare
scortese
essere conscio di, avere
coscienza di
privacy

v
n
n phrase
n
n
n
n

Unit 14
n
v

He's got thick bushy eyebrows.


She hung the washing out, then crossed her fingers
for a dry day.
Lucy rolled her eyes as Tom sat down beside her.

140
140

3
gesture
3/audio comment

140
140

3/audio fed up
3/audio copy

adj
v

fed p
kpi

etw. satt haben


kopieren

en avoir marre
copier

140
140
140

3/audio pronounce
3/audio rude
3/audio aware

v
adj
adj

prnans
rud
we

aussprechen
unhflich
sich bewusst sein, wissen

prononcer
impoli
au courant, conscient de

140

3/audio privacy

prvsi

Privatsphre

vie prive

140
140
140

3/audio exception
3/audio arrogant
3/audio helpline

n
adj
n

ksepn
rgnt
helplan

Ausnahme
arrogant
Hotline

eccezione
arrogante
hot line

140

3/audio interact

ntrkt

interagire, cambiarsi, cooperare

Lucy interacts well with other children in the class.

140

3/audio non-verbal

adj

nnvbl

sich austauschen,
zusammenarbeiten, zusammen
spielen
non-verbal

exception
arrogant
service d'assistance
tlphonique
communiquer

How do you pronounce your last name?


I didnt mean to be rude, but I had to leave early.
The children are aware of the dangers of walking
alone at night.
With seven people squashed in one house, you don't
get much privacy.
It's been cold, but today's an exception.
He was unbearably arrogant.
I work for a customer service helpline.

non verbal

non verbale, senza parole

140

3/audio body language

bdi lgwd

Krpersprache

langage corporel

linguaggio del corpo

Men may be more aware of non-verbal


communication.
It was obvious from Luke's body language that he
was nervous.

Pearson Schweiz AG

She felt tired and a bit fed up.


Could you copy this letter and send it out, please?

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Headword

140

3/audio awful

140
140

3/audio throat
3/audio native tongue

Part of Speech
adv
n
adj phrase

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

fl

sehr

trs

molto

rt
netv t

Hals
Muttersprache

gorge
langue maternelle

collo
lingua madre

These clues tell you an awful lot about someone's


personality.
She fingered the pearls at her throat.
Her native tongue is Spanish, but she also speaks
English and Portuguese.
I dont speak a word of French.
Don't tell her anything - she has such a big mouth.

141
141

6
6

not speak a word of


have a big mouth

v phrase
n phrase

nt spik wd v
hv bg ma

kein Wort sprechen


eine groe Klappe haben

ne pas parler un seul mot


avoir une grande gueule

parlare nessuna parola


fare lo sbruffone

141
141
141
141
141
141
141
141
141

6
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
8

forgive
tell the difference
tell a joke
tell a lie
talk rubbish
tell a secret
talk sense
talk to yourself
it goes without saying

v
v
n phrase
n phrase
n phrase
n phrase
n phrase
n phrase
v phrase

verzeihen
den Unterschied erkennen
einen Witz erzhlen
lgen
Unsinn erzhlen
ein Geheimnis sagen
vernnftig reden
Selbstgesprche fhren
selbstverstndlich

pardonner
voir la diffrence
raconter une blague
mentir
raconter des conneries
confier un secret qn
dire des choses senses
parler tout seul
cela va sans dire

perdonare
riconoscere la differenza
raccontare barzellette
mentire
dire schiocchezze
raccontare un segreto
ragionevole parlare
parlare fra s
naturalmente, senz'altro

141

idiom

Taten sagen mehr als Wort

mieux vaut agir que de parler

le azioni parlano pi delle parole

141

actions speak louder


than words
say the word

fgv
tel e dfrns
tel dk
tel lai
tk rb
tel sikrt
tk sens
tk t jself
t gz wat se
knz spik lad
n wdz
se wd

sag es einfach, und es wird getan

dis-le

dire semplice, ed fatto

141
141

8
8

say for yourself


generally speaking

se f jself
denrli spik

zu seiner Verteidigung sagen


allgemein gesprochen

avoir comme excuse


gnralement

dire in sua difesa


parlato in generale

141

speak your mind

spik j mand

sag, was du denkst

dire ce que l'on pense

dimmi cosa ne pensi

141

mumble

mmbl

murmeln

marmonner

mormorare

141

mutter

mt

nuscheln, murmeln

marmonner

farfugliare

141
142
142
142
143

9
1
2
2
5

whisper
unacceptable
applause
tip
paraphrase

wsp
nkseptbl
plz
tp
prfrez

flstern
inakzeptabel
Applaus
Trinkgeld geben
Umschreibung

chuchoter
inacceptable
applaudissements
donner de pourboire
paraphrase

sussurrare
inaccettabile
applauso
lasciare una mancia
perifrasi

144
144
144
144
144
144
144
144

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2

bark
growl
lick
sniff
mark its territory
wag its tail
psychologist
anthropologist

bk
gral
lk
snf
mk ts tertri
wg ts tel
sakldst
nrpldst

bellen
knurren
lecken
riechen, schnffeln
sein Territorium markieren
mit dem Schwanz wedeln
Psychologe/in
Anthropologe/in

aboyer
gronder
lcher
renifler
marquer son territoire
remuer
psychologue
anthropologue

abbaiare
ringhiare
leccare
annusare
marcare il suo territorio
scodinzolare
psicologo
antropologo

144
144
144
144
144
144
144
144
144
144

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

engaging
intensity
affection
devote
rat
crow
cockroach
irritation
puzzle
confirm

adj
n
n
v
n
n
n
n
n
v

nged
ntensti
fekn
dvt
rt
kr
kk-rt
rten
pzl
knfm

gewinnend
Strke
Zuneigung
sich widmen
Ratte
Krhe
Schabe, Kakerlake
rger
Rtsel
besttigen

charmant
intensit
affection
se consacrer
rat
corbeau
cafard
irritation
mystre, casse-tte
confirmer

attraente, simpatico
intensit
affetto
dedicarsi a
ratto
cornacchia
scarafaggio
irritazione
enigma
confermare

Elsie muttered something I couldnt catch and walked


off.
You don't have to whisper, no one can hear us.
I found her attitude totally unacceptable.
He left the stage to rapturous applause.
Did you tip the waiter?
If you don't know how to say something, try to use a
paraphrase.
The dog always barks at strangers.
The dog growled at me.
The dog jumped up and licked her face.
He opened the milk and sniffed it.
A dog uses urine to mark its territory.
Every time my dog sees me it wags its tail.
He is a psychologist who studies dog behaviour.
He is an anthropologist with several years experience
in the field.
He had an engaging smile.
The intensity of the hurricane was frightening.
Bart had a deep affection for the old man.
He devoted his energies to writing films.
A lot of people keep rats as pets.
There are two crows in the garden.
She screamed when she saw the cockroach.
The heavy traffic is a source of irritation.
She enjoys doing word puzzles.
New evidence has confirmed the first witness' story.

144

prejudice

predds

Vorurteil

prjug

pregiudizio

Women still face prejudice in the workplace.

Pearson Schweiz AG

v phrase
v phrase
adv phrase
v phrase

v
adj
n
v
n
v
v
v
v
n phrase
v phrase
n
n

I've tried to forgive him for what he said.


I can't tell the difference between the twins.
He told us a really good joke.
He told me a lie.
You do talk rubbish sometimes.
Let me tell you a secret.
She talks a lot of sense.
I often talk to myself.
It goes without saying that the internet is a good
source of information.
I've always thought that actions speak louder than
words.
Anywhere you want to go, just say the word.
What have you got to say for yourself?
Generally speaking, large breeds of dog are
becoming less popular.
He was a tough politician who wasn't afraid to speak
his mind.
He bumped into someone and mumbled an apology.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

Headword

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

144
144

2
2

signal
perspective

n
n

sgnl
pspektv

Signal, Zeichen
Perspektive

signal
perspective

segnale
prospettiva

At a prearranged signal the lights went out.


His father's death gave him a whole new perspective.

144

144

come along for the


ride
receptor cell

km long f
rad
rsept sel

einfach nur mit dabei sein

tre de la partie

partecipare a qc

A couple of friends had come along for the ride.

Rezeptorzelle

cellule rcepteur

cellula ricettiva

knve

vermitteln

exprimer

mediare

mating
scent
pack
puppy
hunting

n
n
n
n
n

met
sent
pk
ppi
hnt

Paarung
Duftmarke
Rudel
Welpe
Jagd, Jagen

accouplement
fumet
meute
petit
chasse

accoppiamento
scia
branco
cucciolo
caccia

2
2

welcome
exaggeration

v
n

welkm
gzdren

begren
bertreibung

accueillir
exagration

salutare
esagerazione

145

mammal

mml

Sugetier

mammifre

mammifero

145

take advantage of

tek dvntd v

ausnutzen

exploiter

sfruttare

145

range

rend

Bereich

gamme

zona

Sniffing objects gets smells to the brain via receptor


cells.
All this information can be conveyed in a simple
diagram.
Mating happens in the springtime.
Dogs like to leave their scent on lampposts.
He has done research into wild dog packs.
They've just got a six-month old puppy.
The puppies lick their mother's faces on return from
hunting.
I must be there to welcome my guests.
It would be an exaggeration to say that we were close
friends.
All mammals tend to produce the same kinds of
sounds.
Dont lend them the car - they're taking advantage of
you!
Your blood pressure is well within the normal range.

144

convey

144
144
145
145
145

2
2
2
2
2

145
145

145

pitch

pt

Tonhhe

hauteur, ton

altezza del suono

145
145

2
2

frequency
vocal

frikwnsi
vkl

Frequenz
Gesangs-, Sing-

frquene
vocal

frequenza
vocale

145

domesticate

dmestket

zhmen, domestizieren

domestiquer

addomesticare

145

reassurance

rirns

rconfort

rassicurazione

145
145
145
145

2
2
2
2

guidance
inspect
spy on
comings and goings

n
v
phrasal v
n phrase

gadns
nspekt
spai n
kmz n gz

Beruhigung, Besttigung,
Versicherung
Fhrung, Leitung
inspizieren, untersuchen
ausspionieren
Kommen und Gehen

conseil
examiner de prs
espionner
va-et-vient

guida
ispezionare
spiare
andare e venire

145
145
145

2
2
2

v
n
adj phrase

145
145

2
2

tire
character
contrary to popular
belief
wolves
interpret

ta
krkt
kntrri t ppjl
blif
wlf
ntprt

ermden
Charakter
entgegen der allgemeinen
Auffassung
Wlfe
interpretieren, deuten

se fatiguer
caractre
contrairement ce que l'on peut
croire
loups
interprter

stancare
carattere
contrariamente alla
opinione/credenza comune
lupi
interpretare

145

Hunde, die bellen, beien nicht.

il fait plus de bruit que de mal

cani che abbaiano non mordono

145

Die Katze aus dem Sack lassen

vendre la mche

spiattellare il segreto

Oh dear! I think I let the cat out of the bag.

145

fr Unruhe sorgen

lancer le pav dans la mare

causare agitazione

145

briller dans un petit groupe

avere un ruolo importante nel


proprio gruppo
avere un attacco

145

innerhalb seiner Gruppe eine


wichtige Rolle spielen
Zustnde kriegen, sehr aufgeregt
sein
zwei Fliegen mit einer Klappe
schlagen

So she really put the cat among the pigeons by


announcing she was getting married.
She was a big fish in a little pond at school.

145

hz bk z ws n
hiz bat
let kt at v
bg
pt kt m
pdnz
bg f n ltl
pnd
hv ktnz

Wolves hunt in packs.


His refusal to work late was interpreted as a lack of
commitment to the company.
Don't worry, her bark is worse than her bite!

Pearson Schweiz AG

n phrase
n phrase

n phrase

n
adj

n
v

his bark is worse than


his bite
let the cat out of the
bag
put the cat among the
pigeons
a big fish in a little
pond
have kittens

idiom

kill two birds with one


stone

idiom

idiom
idiom
idiom
idiom

kl tu bdz w
wn stn

piquer une crise


faire d'une pierre deux coups

prendere due piccioni con una


fava

Dogs can hear things at a higher pitch than humans


can.
Dolphins produce a high frequency sound.
Allison's vocal style is influenced by country and
blues music.
Dogs developed a wider vocal range as they became
domesticated.
Parents are looking for reassurance about their
children's safety.
I asked my manager for guidance on my career.
I got out of the car to inspect the damage.
She sent you to spy on me, didn't she?
Beds are arranged so that patients can watch the
comings and goings of visitors and staff.
As we neared the summit, we were tiring fast.
He has a cheerful but quiet character.
Contrary to popular belief, a desert can be very cold.

She's having kittens about what to do next.


That way we could kill two birds with one stone.

Gold First - Wordlist English / German / French / Italian


Version April 2012

Page

Act.

145

145

146

146

Headword

Part of Speech

Pronunciation

German

French

Italian

Example Sentence

rimbalzare contro qu/qc


avvicinarsi a qn difilato

Her comments to him were like water off a duck's


back.
Rob always makes a beeline for beautiful women.

water off a duck's


back
make a beeline

idiom

wt f dks bk an jmd. abprallen

idiom

mek bilan

schnurstracks auf jmd. zugehen

cela ne le/la touche absolument


pas
se diriger tout droit vers

v phrase

td smbdi w

jmd. einer Sache beschuldigen

accuser qn de

accusare qn di qc

Gibbons has been charged with murder.

charge somebody
with
breed

brid

se rproduire

allevare, riprodursi

146
147

4
1

cancer
ape

n
n

kns
ep

zchten, sich fortpflanzen,


abstammen
Krebs (Krankheit)
Menschenaffe

cancer
grand singe

cancro (malattia)
antropoide

147

genetic

adj

dnetk

genetisch

gntique

genetico

147

species

spisiz

Art

espce

spezia

147
147
147
147
147
147

1
1
1
1
1
1

reproduce
dolphin
whale
parrot
dissimilar
eager

riprdjus
dlfn
wel
prt
dsml
g

sich fortpflanzen
Delfin
Wal
Papagei
unhnlich
begierig, versessen auf

se rproduire
dauphin
baleine
perroquet
dissemblable
impatient

riprodursi
delfino
balena
pappagallo
dissimile, essere diverso da
essere fanatico di qc

All modern rabbits have been bred from the


European wild rabbit.
A lot of cancers can now be treated successfully.
But even apes can only produce a very small number
of sounds.
The colour of your hair is genetic, as it the colour of
your eyes.
There are several species of deer living in these
woods.
The turtles return to the coast to reproduce.
Dolphins can copy whistles.
Whales swim for months without stopping.
Parrots are famous for copying sounds.
Madonna's career is not dissimilar to Cher's.
I was eager to get back to work as soon as possible.

147

shed light on

v phrase

ed lat n

Aufschluss geben ber

clarifier

150

simplistic

adj

smplstk

vereinfachend

simpliste

spiegare qc a qu, dare


informazioni su
semplicistico

Recent research has shed light on the causes of the


disease.
This is a very simplistic approach to the problem.

150

westerner

westn

occidentale

150
150

5
6

glance
rooftop

v
n

glns
ruftp

jmd., der im Westen/im Abendland Occidental


aufgewachsen ist
flchtig blicken
jeter un coup d'oeil
Hausdach
toit

As a westerner, I was confused by some of the


Japanese traditions at first.
The man glanced nervously at his watch.
Spectators stood on rooftops to watch the parade.

150
150

6
6

invisible
resident

adj
n

nvzbl
resdnt

unsichtbar
Einwohner

invisible
rsident

invisibile
abitante

150

leap

lip

groer Sprung

saut

un salto grande

150

handstand

hndstnd

Handstand

quilibre sur les mains

verticale sulle mani

150

breakdancer

brekdns

Breakdancer

breakdancer

150
150

6
6

acrobatics
be at the forefront

krbtks
bi t ffrnt

Akrobatik
an der Spitze sein

acrobaties
tre l'avant-garde

breakdancer, uno che fa breakdance


acrobatica
essere in cima

157

adventurous

dventrs

wagemutig

aventureux,se

avventuroso, rischioso

Pearson Schweiz AG

v
n
n
n
adj
adj

n
n phrase
adj

tetto di casa

The plane is meant to be invisible to radar.


The town's residents were unhappy with the council's
decision.
With one leap, the dog flew from the riverbank into
the water.
He did an amazing handstand on the edge of the
roof.
He had always wanted to be famous breakdancer.
He combines his dance moves with acrobatics.
He now finds himself at the forefront of a young sport.
Andy isnt a very adventurous cook.