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12/14/12

Add mentally by rounding of f -- A complete course in arithmetic

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ARITHMETIC
Table of Contents | Home | Introduction
25

Lesson 5 Section 2

MORE ELEMENTARY ADDITION
Mental calculation by
Rounding off or Regrouping

A basic property of addition is the following:
A sum will not change if we both add and subtract the same number,
or if we add a number to one term and then subtract it from another.
18 + 7 = 25
18 + 7 + 2 − 2 = 25
(18 + 2) + (7 − 2) = 20 + 5 = 25
For that reason, subtraction is called the inverse of addition. Subtracting undoes the effect of
adding.
This property leads to the technique of rounding off.

4. How do we add mentally by rounding off?
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95." and so on.99. Say: "$4 plus $5 is $9. How much do you pay? Answer. 80.com/ARITH/mental-arithmetic-addition-2. 39 + 26 Search YouTube Free Downloader Round off 39 to 40. one or more numbers to the nearest whole number or multiple of 10.00." Example 5. Example 1." Why do we take off 15 cents? Because we added 5 cents to each $1. And $1. Say: "256 plus 100 is 356. 70.99 + $4. Say: "Three times $2. subtract from your answer whatever you added to each number to round it off. 57 + 25 = 60 + 22 = 82. 34 + 48 Example 4. 256 + 98.themathpage. take 1 from 26. 75." We rounded off 98 to 100 by adding 2.A complete course in arithmetic 256 + 98 Round off. can you start at 100 and count backwards by 5's? "100. Say "40 + 25 = 65.htm 2/4 . Example 3. Before looking at this next example. www. Take 3 from 25 and regroup it with 57. minus 15 cents is $5.95 each." We rounded off each one to the next whole dollar. Round off to $2." Example 6. To compensate we had to subtract 2. plus 6 is $15. But instead of subtracting 1 from the answer. Minus 3 cents is $14.00. minus 2 is 82. or approximate. But then we had to subtract 3 cents -because we added 1 cent to each number to round it off.00 is $6. minus 2 is 354. Regrouping.97. 95. $3.12/14/12 Add mentally by rounding of f -.00 minus 15¢ is 85¢. You buy three items that cost $1. To compensate. Example 4. 90.85. "34 + 50 is 84.99 + $5. Example 2. 85.

What is more.themathpage." Or. carry 1." With a little practice. "80¢ + 48¢ = $1.A complete course in arithmetic Example 7.93." Example 10. now add the whole dollars (3 + 6): "plus $9. For example.79 + $6. Add 4 + 59 + 26 It is not necessary to add the numbers as they appear. plus $9.30. Simple regrouping.00 is $10. $6. add the cents by rounding them both: $3.Add mentally by rounding of f -. this is faster than a calculator! We should point out that by mental calculation.htm 3/4 ." Counting is not a trick.00 is $10.49. 6+2+4+5+8 www. We may regroup them as we please. plus 59 is 89.30. $3. With dollars and cents. we do not mean visualizing what you would write.79 and another.49 "80¢ + 50¢ is $1. It is the written method that is the trick -.") In mental calculation you really count -.com/ARITH/mental-arithmetic-addition-2.28. write 8.35 Technique. minus 2¢ is $10.28". the technique is to add the cents first: "60¢ + 33¢ = 93¢" Now add the whole dollars (3 + 2): "plus 5 is $5. "9 + 9 is 18." Example 8. Example 9. .and the last number you say is the answer.58 + $2. One item cost $3.to get the right answer. these are not "tricks. .28. "4 + 26 = 30. (79 + 49. How much do you pay? Add the cents first.

rr.com/ARITH/mental-arithmetic-addition-2. Please "turn" the page and do some Problems.htm 4/4 . or Continue on to the next Lesson.12/14/12 Add mentally by rounding of f -.themathpage. Copyright © 2012 Lawrence Spector Questions or comments? E-mail: themathpage@nyc. Previous Section Introduction | Home | Table of Contents Please make a donation to keep TheMathPage online.A complete course in arithmetic Pick out the 10's: 6 + 2 + 4 + 5 + 8 = 10 + 10 + 5 = 25. Even $1 will help.com www.