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Fractions

12/14/12
into decimals. Exact v ersus inexact. -- A complete course in arithmetic

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in
ARITHMETIC
Table of Contents | Home | Introduction
29

Lesson 24 Section 2

FRACTIONS INTO DECIMALS
Exact versus inexact
Back to Section 1

In the previous section we saw the most frequent
and therefore the most important decimal and percent equivalents. Nevertheless, we now ask the
following:

3. What is a general method for changing a fraction to a decimal?
4
11
Divide the numerator by the denominator.

Example 1. Write
Solution.

4
as a decimal.
11

4
= 4 ÷ 11. As they said in the Little Red School House,
11

"Let 4 fall into the house "

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" Since we are dividing 11 into 40 again. Such actual infinities have no practical effect on calculations in arithmetic or calculus. and add a 0 onto the dividend.12/14/12 11 does not go into 4. now. Therefore if we www. we see that this division will never be exact. That 0. we mean.com/ARITH/f ractions-into-decimals-2. 4 And so we cannot express 11 exactly as a decimal.363636. It asserts that in the mathematics of computation and measurement. We cannot even begin. and the more decimal digits we write. What is more. Why not? Because a decimal. (Lesson 12) "11 goes into 40 three (3) times (33) with 7 left over. Write 0 in the quotient.htm 2/6 . place a decimal point. has a name." 11 That explanation is an example of mathematical realism. We will have 36 repeated as a pattern: 4 = 0. "11 goes into 70 six (6) times (66) with 4 left over. if the decimal really did not end.363636 never ends is a doctrine that need not concern us because it serves no useful purpose. .themathpage. 11 By writing three dots (called ellipsis). to be useful. It is not that we will never finish naming an infinite sequence of digits. "No decimal for 4 11 will ever be complete or exact. the closer we will be to 4 . it would not be a number. . However we can approximate it with as many decimal digits as we please according to the indicated pattern. what exists is what we actually observe or name.

1 a) Show the decimal pattern that generates. Write 5 Answer. 11 Which fractions will have exact decimals? Only those in which the factors of the denominator are made up of 2's and/or 5's. But the decimal for ¼. 8. But 4 as a value for . when expressed as decimals.364 4 as a decimal. Example 3.A complete course in arithmetic want to use that number as a decimal. 9 goes into 10 one (1) time with 1 left over.Fractions 12/14/12 into decimals. The decimal . 11 which is . Inexact decimals nevertheless exhibit a pattern of digits. 20. it is inexact. 50. Exact v ersus inexact. 9 goes into 10 one (1) time with 1 left over. According to what we just saw: 4 11 5 5. Again. 11 Fractions.363636 in and of itself is exact. 40. we must approximate it.htm 3/6 .364 Exact versus inexact decimals We say then that any decimal for 4 is inexact. They are fractions with these denominators: 2. is exact.themathpage. 16. and so on. 5.3636363636.25.com/ARITH/f ractions-into-decimals-2. -. 4. then. 10. Let us approximate it with three decimal digits (Lesson 12): 4 11 0. www. The pattern for 4 is . 11 Example 2. 25. will be either exact or inexact. 9 9 goes into 1 zero (0).

9 9 Solution. .we will keep getting 1's in the quotient.760 Example 5. 1 = 0. Press 73 ÷ 96 = Displayed is 0. 52 (Lesson 20. . Press 2 9 ÷ 5 2 = .7604166 Therefore. In a class of 52 students. Divide 73 by 96.111111. Calculator problem. . Example 4. This division will never be exact -. Exact v ersus inexact. 96 Answer. . 9 9 c) Round off 8 to three decimal digits. . then 29 were women. Question 10.8888888.889. Write as a decimal: 73 . = 0. Answer.) b) Use a calculator to express that fraction as a decimal.Fractions 12/14/12 into decimals. -. 9 8 9 0. Since 29 out of 52 were women. a) What fraction were women?Search YouTube Free Downloader Answer. .A complete course in arithmetic And so on. 29 were women. See Problem 15 at the end the Lesson. 9 1 8 b) Use that value for to find the value of . 8 1 = 8 × = 8 × 0. to three decimal digits.111111. 73 96 .

look at what we have done: 29 out of 52 = 29 = 29 ÷ 52 52 .558.558 = 55.558 = 55. To change a number to a percent. We will return to this in Lesson 30.com . or Continue on to the next Lesson.rr.) In summary. . Copyright © 2012 Lawrence Spector Questions or comments? E-mail: themathpage@nyc.8% "Out of." with a calculator. c) What percent were women? Answer. Please "turn" the page and do some Problems. Even $1 will help.See 0.5576923 This is approximately . always signifies division: Division of a smaller number by a larger. Section 1 of this Lesson Introduction | Home | Table of Contents Please make a donation to keep TheMathPage online.8% (Lesson 4. multiply it by 100.

-.themathpage. Exact v ersus inexact.htm 6/6 .com/ARITH/f ractions-into-decimals-2.Fractions 12/14/12 into decimals.A complete course in arithmetic www.