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12/14/12

Fractions into decimals -- A complete course in arithmetic

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ARITHMETIC
Table of Contents | Home | Introduction
197

Lesson 24

FRACTIONS
INTO DECIMALS

In this Lesson, we will answer the following:
1. What is a decimal fraction?
2. If the denominator is not a power of 10, how can we change the fraction to a decimal?
Frequent decimals and percents: Half, quarters, eighths, fifths.
Section 2
3. What is a general method for expressing a fraction as decimal?
Exact versus inexact decimals.
1. What is a decimal fraction?

It is a fraction whose denominator we do not write but we understand to be a power of 10.
The number of decimal digits to the right of the decimal point, indicates the number of zeros
in the denominator.

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two 0's in the denominator.000 Starting at the right of 614. in Lesson 10 we introduced the division bar. And so on. 100 Example 4. separate five decimal digits. 49 100 Write this mixed number as a decimal: 6 49 Answer.49.8 = 8 10 One decimal digit.08 = 8 100 Two decimal digits. 6 100 = 6. We simply replace the common fraction 49 with the decimal . Example 3.themathpage. Example 1. one 0 in the denominator. .00614 100.008 = 8 1000 Three decimal digits. . The number of decimal digits indicates the power of 10. Write as a decimal: 614 100.000 614 = .000 = . The five 0's in the denominator is not the number of 0's in the decimal Alternatively. .000 Answer.htm 2/9 . 9.0012 Answer.12/14/12 Fractions into decimals -.com/ARITH/f ractions-into-decimals-1. three 0's in the denominator. see Lesson 3. Five 0's in the denominator indicate five digits after the decimal point. and in Lesson 4 we saw how to divide a whole number by a power of 10.A complete course in arithmetic For the vocabulary of decimals.0012 = 9 12 www.49 The whole number 6 does not change. Example 2.00614 100. Write this mixed number with a common fraction: 9. 614 = 614 ÷ 100.

com/ARITH/f ractions-into-decimals-1. 5 4 8 = = .000 Again. 2.we can make it 100 -. Write Solution. 25 Solution.A complete course in arithmetic Answer. We replace the decimal . Example 6. The denominator 10.by 5. Example 7.0012 = 9 12 10. 9. Example 5. The decimal . then.0012 with the common fraction 12 . www.and 4 -.and 7 -. Write 9 as a decimal. multiply the numerator by 4.htm 3/9 . We must also. but we can easily make it a power of 10 -. how can we change the fraction to a decimal? Make the denominator a power of 10 by multiplying it or dividing it.by 2.000 has four 0's.12/14/12 Fractions into decimals -. 4 as a decimal. 7 200 7 35 = = .000 decimal digits.035 200 1000 We can make 200 into 1000 by multiplying it -.themathpage. Write as a decimal: Answer.0012 has four 10. If the denominator is not a power of 10.by multiplying it by 4. the whole number does not change. 25 is not a power of 10.8 5 10 We can make 5 into 10 by multiplying it -. This accounts for fractions whose denominator is already a power of 10.

8 200 8 4 = = .htm 4/9 .5 by 100. 7 3. which in www. is 5 out of how many? Answer.03 400 100 We can change 400 to 100 by dividing it -. Upon using the division bar: 11 55 = 20 100 = . Example 11.5 = . on dividing 3. Express 11 ÷ 20 as a decimal. We can change .com/ARITH/f ractions-into-decimals-1.5%.12/14/12 Fractions into decimals -. Example 8. Solution.by 4. we can change 200 into a power of 10 by dividing it by 2. Write as a decimal: Answer. 8 _8_ 4 = = = .5% into the decimal .005 (Lesson 4). then. from a smaller denominator to a larger by multiplying (Example 5). We can do this because 8 also is divisible by 2. .04 200 100 Here. We therefore had to multiply 11 by 5 also.035.A complete course in arithmetic Alternatively.and 12 -.themathpage. again.55 We made 20 into 100 by multiply it by 5. Write as a decimal: Answer. To summarize: We go from a larger denominator to a smaller by dividing (Examples 8 and 9). 12 400 12 3 = = . a) We know that 5% is 5 out of 100 (Lesson 4). Example 10.04 200 2 × 100 100 Example 9. 200 100 = . Or. on dividing both terms by 2.

its decimal will be half of . 1 2 1 4 3 4 1 8 3 8 5 8 7 8 1 Let us begin with . 2 1 5 = = .000. But 1 1 is half of .0005 = 5 . Question 3. 8 4 1 3 2 3 . The student should know them.50 -1 4 = .05% is 5 out of how many? Answer. 1000 .) The following are the only fractions whose decimal equivalents come up with any frequency. 1 8 . Therefore.50. Frequent decimals In the actual practice of arithmetic.25 = .turn is equal to the fraction 5 . . then 4 4 3 = 3 × . Example 7.5 or .25 Since 3 1 = 3 × . 10. 1 1 1 . 4 4 2 Therefore.75 4 Next. 2 10 Next. . . But is half of . changing a fraction to a decimal is an extremely rare event.05% = . 1000 Therefore.5% = 5 . b) .5% is 5 out of 1000.05% is 5 out of 10.000 Compare Lesson 18. (We change a fraction to a percent directly: Lesson 27.

7 = 7 × .A complete course in arithmetic 8 8 4 Therefore. (Lesson 9) Therefore.com/ARITH/f ractions-into-decimals-1.2 -2 1 = 2 × = 2 × . 3 = 3 × .875 8 These decimals come up frequently.12/14/12 Fractions into decimals -. The student should also know the decimals for the fifths: 1 2 = = .125.125 = .125. its decimal will be half of . 5 = .250 -1 = .25 or . 8 7 × 125 = 7 × 100 + 7 × 25 = 700 + 175 = 875. Therefore.themathpage. 7 = .4 5 5 www.125 8 The decimals for the rest of the eighths will be multiples of .625 8 Finally.2 5 10 The rest will be the multiples of .2 = .375 8 Similarly. The student should know how to generate them quickly.125. 5 1 will be 5 × = 5 × . Since 3 × 125 = 375.htm 6/9 . 8 8 5 × 125 = 5 × 100 + 5 × 25 = 500 + 125 = 625.

8 5 Example 12.125 = .htm 7/9 ." Then repalce Example 14. . . Therefore. (Lesson 21. will be contained in 3 three times as many times.A complete course in arithmetic 3 = 3 × .25.themathpage. or . How many times is .6 5 4 = 4 × . 1 with . And is contained in 1 four times.5 2 2 "2 goes into 7 three (3) times (6) with 1 left over. It will 4 be contained 3 × 4 = 12 times. 4 Example 13.5. Write as a decimal: 8 3 4 3 Answer.12/14/12 Fractions into decimals -.2 = .75.75 4 The whole number does not change.) 4 4 1 Therefore.25 contained in 3? 1 1 Answer. Simply replace the common 3 fraction with the decimal .25 = . 8 = 8.2 = . 2 How many times is . First change an improper fraction to a mixed number: 7 1 = 3 = 3. . And is contained in 1 eight times. Example 15.com/ARITH/f ractions-into-decimals-1. 8 8 8 www. . Write as a decimal: 7 2 Answer.125 contained in 5? 1 1 1 Answer.

3 3 However.5% 8 1 = . Again.com/ARITH/f ractions-into-decimals-1.125. the student should know these.themathpage.25 YouTube = 25%Free Downloader 3 = .75 4 = 75% 1 1 = .50 2 1 4 Search= = 50% . 8 5 8 = . neither one be expressed exactly as a decimal.5% (Half of .12/14/12 Fractions into decimals -. As for 1 2 and . 1 3 . we can easily derive the percent: Move the decimal point two digits right.875 = 87. Question 3.5% 7 = .2 5 www.) 8 4 3 = .667 and See Section 2.125 = 12.333 2 3 .5%.htm = 20% 8/9 .625 = 62. It will be contained 5 × 8 = 40 times. They come up frequently. Frequent percents From the decimal equivalent of a fraction. will be contained in 5 five times as many times. See above. 1 = .375 = 37.A complete course in arithmetic or .

Even $1 will help.com www. Copyright © 2012 Lawrence Spector Questions or comments? E-mail: themathpage@nyc. the student should know 1 1 = 33 % 3 3 2 2 = 66 % 3 3 (Lesson 16) At this point. Introduction | Home | Table of Contents Please make a donation to keep TheMathPage online.12/14/12 Fractions into decimals -.8 5 = 80% In addition.themathpage.htm 9/9 . or Continue on to the next Section.4 5 = 40% 3 = .6 5 = 60% 4 = .A complete course in arithmetic 2 = .com/ARITH/f ractions-into-decimals-1. please "turn" the page and do some Problems.rr.