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Carrasco Mayo, Beatriz

García Casillas, Julia
Kiwak, Natalia
Martínez Pérez, Tamara

ST. ERKENWALD
LINES 338 to 352
And with reverence a rowme he raʒt hyr for ever.
I heere ϸerof my hegh God and also ϸe, bysshop,
Fro bale has broʒt us to blis, blessid ϸou worth!
Wyt this cessyd his sowne, sayd he no more,
Bot sodenly his swete chere swyndid and faylid
And all the blee of his body wos blakke as ϸe moldes,
As roten as ϸe rottok ϸat rises in powdere.
For as sone as ϸe soule was sesyd in blisse,
Corrupt was ϸat oϸir crafte ϸat covert ϸe bones,
For ϸe ay-lastande life ϸat lethe shall never
Devoydes uche a vayneglorie ϸat vayles so litelle.
Þen wos lovyng oure Lord with loves uphalden,
Meche mournyng and myrthe was mellyd togeder.
Þai passyd forthe in procession and alle ϸe pepull folowid,
And all ϸe belles in ϸe burgh beryd at ones.

Translation
And with reverence he granted them a space forever.
Therefore I praise my high God and also you, bishop,
from anguish he has brought us to bliss, blessed be you!
With this his voice ceased, he said no more,
but suddenly his sweet face faded away and disappeared
and all the colour of his body was as black as clods,
as rotten as the decayed matter that rises in powder.
Because as soon as the soul was seized in bliss,
Corrupt was that other matter that covered the bones,

18th ðę̅əәr > ðeəәr > 4.Fronting. WITH OE wiþ [wiθ] >1. ę̅vəәr > 3. Shortening because it is a gramatical word. Epenthetic əә.E. <ever> [‘evəә] 1. evəәr > 4. ME ðę̅r > 2.E. <with> [wɪð] 1. 3. 2.E.Voicing because it is a grammatical word. Voicing because it is a grammatical word. e. ME revəәrəәns > P.E. Great Vowel Shift EVER OE <ǣfre> [æ:vre] > 1. –r > ø ÞEROF OE <þǣr> [θ æ:r] > 1.E. They passed forth in procession and all the people followed. and all the bells in the town rang out at once. 20th evəә > P. reverence 1. <and> [ænd] 1. 4. 20th ðeəә > P.F. PHONOLOGIC ANALYSIS AND OE and [and] > ME and > 1. <there>[ðeəә] 1. REVERENCE O.because the everlasting life that shall never cease eliminates each vainglory that avails so little. <he> [hi:] 1. ME wið > P.Mod.E. much mourning and mirth was mingled together. eModE hi: > P.E ðę̅r > 3. Then our loving Lord was upheld with loves. <reverence> [‘revəәrəәns] 1. . Weakening due to lack of stress HE OE hē [he:] > ME hē ̣ > 1. Loss of the vowel of the 2nd syllable due to lack of stress. ME ę̅vr > 2. 1653 ænd > P.

Southern development. Loss of w next to a back vowel in unstressed monosyllable or weakly stressed syllables. Vocalization. <my> [maɪ] 1. Great Vowel Shift HEGH OE hēh [he:χ] > 1.E.OE all > 2. l. . Reduction of diphthongs 2. 5. Successful -r 3. <so> [səәʊ] 1.E. Diphthongization 5.E.Mod. 18th soʊ > 5.E ov > P. sǫ̅ > 3.gliding 3. 3.E.2. ōl > P. Centralization of the first element of the diphthong.E of > P. eModE mai > P. hi:ih > 4. L. R-gliding 4. h > ø GOD OE God [god] > ME god > P. –r > ø OE <of >[of] > 1. ME ov > e. 19th səәʊ > P.Mod. <high> [haɪ] 1. H-gliding 3. GVS 6. hi:h> 5.Vocalizacion 4.GVS 4. Voicing OE <of >[of] > ME of > e.E sọ̅ > 4. haih > 6. ME swō > 2.E. ME aul > 5. hi:h > hi:jh > 3. awl > 4. 2. Simplification of geminates 4. <of> [ɒv] (preposition) 1. 17th hai > P. OE <swā> [swa:] > 1. awll > 3.E.Mod. 18. <all> [ɔ:l] 1. Assimilation 5. <God> [gɒd] ALSO OE eall [æll] > 1. ME hẹ̅h > 2. eModE.E. Palatal umlaut 2. e. Monophthongization. <off> [ɒf] (adverb) MY OE mī [mi:] > ME mī > 1.

4.E. Fronting.E. <brought> [brↄ:t] 1. 1653 hæv> P. <to have> [hæv] 1. BROƷT OE brōht [bro: χt] > 1. β > v 3.Weakening of the vowel of the second syllable due to lack of stress. ME brō ̣wχt > 2. <to> [tʊ] 1. Monophthongization bc followed by [χt].E. 1640 ʌs > P. ME us > 2. <bishop> [bɪ∫əәp] 1. eModE tū > 2.E. h gliding 2.GVS BLIS OE bliðs [bliðs] > 1. brō ̣uχt > 3. Late shortening post 1640 OE tō [to:] > ME tō ̣ > 1. Vocalization 3.E. Loss of χ US OE ūs [u:s] > 1. ME hav > 3.E.E. lOE haβ >2. ME blis > P. eModE tū > P. ME bi∫əәp > P. HAS OE haefð OE habban [haββan] > 1. <too> [tu:] 1. <bliss> [blɪs] . tu > P.BISHOP OE bisċop [bi∫op] > 1. 2. Loss of endings. GVS 2. 17th brōχt > 4. Simplification of geminates. Shortening because it is a grammatical word 2. Centralization and loss of lip rounding TO OE tō [to:] > ME tō ̣ > 1. 17th brōt > P.<us> [ʌs] 1.

<these> [ði:z] 1.E. 2. 1640 bʌt > P. Voicing because it is a grammatical word.. BLESSYD OE blētsian [ble:tsian] (verb) > 1. Great Vowel Shift CESSYD OF cesser [se:s] ME sẹ̅s > 1.E. Open Syllable Lengthening.E. eModE ðau > P.E. <bless> [bles] 1. eModE ði:z > P. Shortening because it is a grammatical word . Pre eModE but > 3. Great Vowel Shift HIS OE his [his] > 1. Voicing because it is a grammatical word.E. Assimilation because of the law of the least effort. <his> [hɪz] 1. ME mǭr > 2. 2. Assimilation because of the law of the least effort.1.E. P. r >ø BUT OE būtan [bu:tan] > 1. Loss of endings 2. 2. Loss of the final phonemes due to analogy with the loss of the infinitive ending. <but> [bʌt] 1. 2. THIS OE þise [θize] > 1. Successful –r 3. GVS. Shortening before two consonants and loss of ending. [si:s] <cease> 1. ÞOU OE þū [θu:] > 1. ME blets. South development. ME ðẹ̅z >2. <more> [mɔ:] 1.bles > P. <thou> [ðaʊ] 1. ME būt > 2. Loss of endings.> 2. ME hiz > P.Voicing of final [s] because it is a grammatical word MORE OE māra [mɑ:ra] > 1. ME ðu: > 2. eModE mǭr > 3. eModE sẹ̅s > sīs> P.E.

eModE sūdəәn > 3.3. [blæk] <black> 1. 1640 sʌdəәn > P. SWETE OE swēte [swe:te] > ME swẹ̅te > 1. [raɪz] <rise> 1.E. fẹ̅l > 3. <body> [bɒdɪ] 1. GVS FAYLID O.E.. Centralization and loss of lip rounding.E.ME rīz > 2. Weakening due to lack of stress. .. Diphthongization BODY OE bodiġ [bodij] > 1. Vocalization and assimilation. GVS 3.e. RISES OE <rīsan> [ri:zan] > 1. eModE fæ̅ l > 17. ME bodii > bodi > P.E. fę̅l > 18. 2. Early shortening 4.Mod. eModE swi:t > P. <sudden> [‘sʌdəәn] 1.. ME fail > fāl > 2.Loss of endings. Fronting ROTEN OE <rotian> ME 1. rot > P.E. BLAKKE OE blæc [blæk] > ME blak > 1. Centralization and loss of lip rounding SODENLY OF sodain 1. pre 1640 sudəәn> 4. raɪz > P. GVS 3.E.E. eɪ and ā 2.Fr faillir 1. [rɒt] <rot> 1. 19 feɪl > PE [feɪl] <fail> 1. Loss of endings. <sweet> [swi:t] 1. ME sọ̅dəәn > 2. Merger of aɪ. 1653 blæk > P.

Centralization of the 1st element of the diphthong. ME waz > 2. 2. Voicing of s because it is word final position.E.–r > ø SOULE OE <sāwol> [sa:wol] > 1.E.Mod. ọ̅ðəәr > e. GVS 3.Mod. Assimilation.GVS 3. Early shortening.2. Weakening of the vowel of the 1st syllable due to lack of stress. 2. 4. e. Loss of w when it is next to a back vowel in an unstressed syllable. 19th səәul > P.GVS POWDERE OF poudre ME <poudre> [pu:dre] > 1. 3. Weakening of the vowel of the 2nd syllable due to lack of stress. OÞIR OE <ōþer> [o:ðer] > ME 1. 4. [ʌðəә] <other> 1. Centralization and loss of lip rounding. 2. 18th soul > 4.E.E sọ̅l > 3.E woz > P. 20th ʌðəә > P. [kəә’rʌpt] <corrupt> 1. 20 paudəә > PE <powder> [paʊdəә] 1. CORRUPT OF corrupt ME <corrupt> > 1. Centralization and loss of lip rounding. <soul> [səәʊl] 1.E.. Creation of an epenthetic əә 2. Diphthongization. [wɒz] <was> 1. 1640 ʌðəәr > 5. Loss of the vowel of the second syllable due to lack of stress. –r > ø . pre 1640 uðəәr > 4. ME sǭl > 2. GVS. kəә’rupt > 2. 2. South development of ā. eModE paudəәr > 3. WAS OE wæs [wæs] > 1. e.E. ūðəәr > 3. Rounding influence of w. 2. pu:dəәr> 2. 1640 kəәrʌpt > P. 5.Mod.

E.Mod. 19th –r + consonant > ø BONES OE <bān> [bɑ:n] > ME 1.E. GVS SHALL OE <sceal> [ʃæal] > 1.E. 1640 kʌvəәrt> 3. nę̅vr > 2.COVERT OF couvrir ME <couvert> [ku:vert]> 1. <bone> [bəәʊn] 1. GVS 3.E. 3. South 2.E. 20th nevəә > P. Shortening because it is a grammatical word. 2. 2. –r > ø VAYNE OF vaine ME 1. 4. bọ̅n > 3. Diphthongization 4. Centralization of the 1st element of the diphthong LIFE OE <līf> [li:f] > ME līf > e. 1653 ʃæl > P.E. nę̅vəәr > 3.Mod. kuvert> 2. Epenthetic əә.E vǣn > 17th vę̅n > 18th vẹ̅n >19th vein > P. <life> [laɪf] 1.E.E. Fronting a > æ NEVER OE <nǣfre> [næ:vre] > ME 1. e. <never> [nevəә] 1. lOE ʃal > ME ʃal > 2. nevəәr > 4. bǭn > e. [‘kʌvəәt] <covert> 1. 3. vaine > vāne > 2. Reduction of diphthongs 2. 2.Mod.Early shortening. laɪf > P. <shall> [ʃæl] 1. 19th kʌvəәt > P.Centralization and loss of lip rounding. <vain> [veɪn] . Loss of the vowel of the 2nd syllable due to lack of stress. 18th boun > 4. 19th bəәun > P.

[lɔ:d] <lord> 1. ME ūr > 2. -v.E. Epenthetic əә. LOVYNG OE lufian [luvian] > 1. 2.ME hǫ̅ld > 3. 19th lǫ̅d > P. eModE lǫ̅rd > 4. h + consonant > ø.E. [aʊəә] <our> 1.ModE luv > 2. Successful –r LITELLE OE lȳttlan [lü:tlan] > 1. 18. Merger ai.gliding 4. 1640 lʌv > P. Assimilation 3. Centralization and loss of lip rounding OE healdan [hæaldan] > 1. Loss of endings 2. [ʌp] <up> 1. Centralization and loss of lip rounding. Loss of the vowel of the second syllable due to lack of stress. Early shortening pre Great Vowel Shift. 20. auəәr > 4. ME li:tl > lītl > 2. –r disappeared in 20th LORD OE hlāford [χlɑ:vord] > 1. 2. Successful r 4. 19th həәuld > P.> ø. litəәl > P. lǫ̅rd > 3. R. ā. East development of ȳ>i: . eModE aur > 3. OURE OE ūre [u:re] >1.E. e. 1640 ʌp > P. Loss of endings. r +cons disappeared UPHALDEN OE up [up] > ME up > 1. [lɪtl] <little> 1. 2.Mod. [həәʊld] <hold> . ME luv > e.E glǫ̅ri > P. ei.E.1. lOE hāldan > 2. 18th hould > 5.E. auəә > P. [glɔ:rɪ] <glory> 2. [lʌv] <love> 1.E. eModE họ̅ld > 4. Loss of endings. South development. GVS GLORIE AN glorie ME glǫ̅ri > 2. Great Vowel Shift 3. ME lǫ̅ord > 2. 2.E.

ME gadəәr > 2. 3. th. Tendency of short vowels to be lengthened when followed by s. 17. <to> [tʊ] 1.E. məәrθ > 5. 19.E. West development of y >u 2. ss. 5. MYRTHE OE myr(i)ġð [mürjθ] > 1. 1653 gædəәr>3. Diphthongization 5. Loss of the liquid next to an affricate. Great Vowel Shift 4. v. mutʃ > 4. təәgedəәr > 3.E. Merger of -er. Loss of r+ consonant TOGEDER OE <togedere> [togedere] > ME 1. 4. 3.Fricatization due to proximity to r 4. [mɜ:θ] < mirth> 1. f. 2. ME mutʃel > 2. East development of y 2.Epenthetic əә 3. ME mirjθ > 2.South development. r. <gather> [gæðəәr] 1. mɜ:θ > P. 18. Weakening due to lack of stress. ir.E.Weakening of the vowel of the first syllable because of lack of stress. Loss of endings. tu > P. təәgedr > 2.Loss of endings. Centralization and loss of lip rounding. miriθ > 3. mutʃ > 3. Centralization of the first element of the diphthong MECHE OE myċel [mütʃel] >1. [təә’geðəәr] <together> 1. mɜ:rθ > 6. mirθ > 4. ur and sometimes or. Loss of endings. r+ consonant 6.1. 2. 17th təәgeðəәr > 4. Lengthening of short vowels followed by a liquid or nasal plus a homorganic consonant. gæðəәr> P. 20th təәgeðəә > P. GVS 2. Vocalization 3. Late shortening post 1640 OE gædere [gædere] > 1.–r > ø OE tō [to:] > ME tō ̣ > 1. [mʌtʃ] <much> 1. eModE tū > 2. Law of the least effort 4. 1640 mʌtʃ > P. .E. Weakening and loss of the vowel of the second syllable due to lack of stress.

[pi:pəәl] <people> 1. 19. TODAY WE SPELL THE WORD SWEET. <æ> appeared for the last time in 1258 in the Oxford Provisions. r. pẹ̅pl > pẹ̅pəәl > 3.Norman convention (ANC).E.Fricatization due to proximity to r. i. Simplification of geminates. < ōþer > 3. r+ consonant. fɔ: rθ > 2. By ANC these fricatives came to be represented by means of the letters <th> in ME. <pass> [pæs] 1. < passer > 2. voiced and voiceless.. GVS BELLES OE belle > 1. Loss of endings 2. In OE we have the letters < ð> and <þ> to represent the interdental fricatives.E. 3.e. < þou >. v. Fronting FORTHE OE forþ > [forθ] > ME forθ] > 18th 1.e. Fronting. i. 2.2. . i. <shall>. ss. 2. th. Tendency of short vowels to be lengthened when followed by s. L. fɔ:θ > P. In ME by ANC diacritic <e> was used to indicate that the vowel of the previous syllable was long.Loss of the vowel of the second syllable due to lack of stress. Epenthetic /əә/ 3. f.E. OE <æ> was substituted in ME by <a> by Anglo.Loss of ending GRAPHIC ANALYSIS 1.OE bele > ME bel > P. PASSYD OFr passer ME pas > 1653 2. <forth>[ fɔ:θ] 1.e: <swēte> THIS IS NOT A GOOD EXAMPLE.E. 2.ModE pīpəәl > P.: < þerof >. WITHOUT A FINAL E. pæs > P.Simplication of geminates.: <and>. [bel] <bell> 1. E. r + consonant > ø PEPULL OF <peuple> ME pẹ̅ple [pe:ple] > 1.

This phoneme is represented in P. SEMANTIC ANALYSIS 1. into the presence of. 2.: more 7.e. i. or o+consonant+ e i. The diagraph <sc> could represent two different sounds: [ʃ] followed by a front vowel or [sk] followed by a back vowel. In OE <mid> tmeant “with. < ġ > represented [j]. i. in conjunction with. <þū> thou. etc. When “to” was followed by genitive it also meant “at”. By ANC the voiced labio.E. the OE preposition <on> lost the meaning of the preposition <in>.dental fricative [v] came to be represented by means of the letter <v>.4. in turn lost its “against” meaning. There are traces of the old <with> in words such as withdraw. withstand.E. towards. by means of the letter <y> by ANC. OE preposition <on> had the meaning of the present preposition <on> and <in>. through. We have traces of OE <mid> in the word <midwife> “the one who is with a woman at the time of birth”. On the other hand <with> meant “againtst”.e. for.e. together with.: < lufian> 6. When the preposition <in> was re-introduced in ME. From OE <tō> we have in P. In ME by ANC ǫ̅ came to be represented by means of the letters <oa>.: <bisċop> 5. is the old form of “you” and is still used in religious language and dialectally. . In PE [ʃ] is represented by <sh> and [sk] <sc> or <sk> BY ANC. When “to” is followed by dative usually means: “as. in company with. 4. by means of”. <to> and <too>. to”. 3. In ME <mid> was introduced from French with the meaning of “middle” (for instance in words such as <midday>. This is the reason why OE <mid> was lost and its meaning was taken by <with> which.