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Lab 3 Report

Cody Zasada and Parker Dougherty
3/06/13

The source voltage and the inductor/capacitor voltage were both monitored and measured using the oscilloscope.6 25.00474 -0.00000 0 4.8531 628318.50796 -1.18531 62831. Figure 1. the RL Circuit in Figure 1 and the RC Circuit in Figure 2 were both constructed on a breadboard and connected to the function generator.00000012 0.0 -43.59 6.75398 -1.56 6.11 6.680 0.0 RC Circuit Vs Frequency (Hz) 100 1000 10000 100000 1000000 10000000 Table 1.8531 628318.10200 -0.000 0.84 7.8 46.6 6.00018 0.2 -79.8 18.496 0.158 0.38230 ɸ (deg) 0. Lab Data: RL Circuit Vs Frequency (Hz) Vl Peak-to-Peak Peak-to-Peak RMS Voltage RMS Voltage (V) Voltage (V) Voltage (V) (V) 10 100 1000 10000 100000 18.000013 0 ω 62.316 Δt lag (s) 7.08000 Δt lag (s) 0.2 .6 19.4 20.1 ɸ (rad) 0.43982 1.11 0.20000 -0.0000025 0.0007 0.11100 0. Observations about the influence of frequency on AC impedance will be made.011 0.0 -57.52500 4.0 20.120 14.600 1.0 19.58 6. A 10 VPP signal with frequencies varying from 10 Hz to 10 MHz was sent through each circuit and the data was recorded in Table 1.13097 0.000024 0.47 20.4 -90.2 20.52 4.016 0.000000022 ω 628.57080 -0. In order to study this relationship.000 12.69115 0.00000 -1. Figure 2.2 64.31 62831853.4 19.74000 7.6 -86. Vc Peak-to-Peak Peak-to-Peak RMS Voltage RMS Voltage (V) Voltage (V) Voltage (V) (V) 20.1 Introduction/Procedure: The purpose of this lab is to understand the AC features of the inductors and capacitors.26500 0.05250 -0.18531 62831.8318531 628.6 20.531 ɸ (rad) 0.00016 0.00531 -1.79 6.3 7.81681 0.400 20.531 6283185.8 0.52000 -0.58 6.00000 ɸ (deg) 39.616 2.8 19. The actual values of the inductor and capacitor were measured using an RLC meter and recorded as well.318531 6283.59 6.318531 6283.

6395j = -41.82267j ZL = 607.4e0. Calculating the inductance of the inductor using 10 kHz measurement: VL = 14.15% . the following values were calculated.6819j = -49.1 mH Capacitance .80% .64 mH 13.67656j ZC = 447.02813e.331 µF Calculated Percent Value Error 9.357 µF 7.9e-1.2371e-0.64 mH Calculating the capacitance of the capacitor using 1 kHz measurement: VC = 12.31e1.81681j IL = 0.677 + 605.14j C = .88j L = 9.357 µF Error Analysis: Measured Value Inductance 11.649 – 445.2 Data Processing/Data Analysis: Using the reference equations given in the lab report.6e-1.00531j IC = 0.

This confirms our expectations. since the job of an inductor is to resist current change. In the case of inductors. Using the reference equations given in the lab handout. some conclusions can be drawn about how inductors and capacitors act when varying frequencies are sent through them. In the case of capacitors. It was observed that inductors tended to have higher impedance at higher frequencies. varying frequencies were run through the RL and RC circuits and the lab data was recorded. the numbers in Table 1 indicate the inductor holds more of the circuit’s voltage at higher frequencies. This leads to the conclusion that the lab data is relatively accurate. At higher frequencies. This behavior also determines which component most of the circuit’s voltage is located across. After studying the lab data. the numbers in Table 1 indicate the capacitor holds more of the voltage at lower frequencies. .3 Conclusion: In an effort to better understand how frequency influences ac impedance. the inductor holds less of the circuit’s voltage. there seems to be so many charges going through the capacitor that it acts almost like a wire. At low frequencies. while capacitors tended to have higher impedance at lower frequencies. the capacitance and inductance were calculated within a reasonable amount of error.