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12 October, 2013

Internet of Things
Author/ ID: Tomas Zloch
Email: tomas.zloch@huawei.com

Content
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IoT Concepts and Development

Huawei Enterprise IoT

Solution and Products

IoT Concepts and Mass Market

Interconnection between things changed


the world.
Now, 99% things are not connected to
networks.
! The Internet of Things connects people to people,
people to things, and things to things.

Extension from M2M to Cloud Platform

VS.

The intelligent circuit (IC) card system


in
public transportation is a local

Machine
Machine (M2M) network.
to

The
intelligent card system on
M2M
mobile
phones is a WAN extended

to
the cloud
platform.

M2M

IoT Trend --- Wide connect, Large Platform, Intelligent Application


Application
Platform
Network
Gateway
Sensor
Terminal

Application
Platform
Network
Gateway
Sensor
Terminal

Non-IP

Non-IP

The key is in the application, not in the


terminal, but without IP network there
will be no IoT

Various bus communication modes are


migrated over IP, and networks are
more standard and convenient.

IPv4 addresses are exhausted, and


IoT development adapts to IPv6.

IPv4

Content
1

IoT Concepts and Development

Huawei Enterprise IoT

Solution and Products

Huawei IoT vision: M2M to Matrix---M3

010101010101010101
010101010101010101
0101
010101010101010101
01

Separated local M2M


The real IoT is not limited to M2M, it should be wide-area connectivity matrix of all things:
M2M to Matrix, Thats M3
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Huawei IoT vision: M2M to Matrix---M3

010101010101010101
010101010101010101
0101
010101010101010101
01

Management
010101010101010101010
Analysis
1010101010101010101
01010101010101010101

Remote

Separated local M2M

Decision making

Matrix

The real IoT is not limited to M2M, it should be wide-area connectivity matrix of all things:
M2M to Matrix, Thats M3
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Gap Between M2M and IP During Migration to M3


Common communication
methods in M2M

RF

Serial ports, bus

TCP/IP

ZigBee

3G
WAN

PLC

Local networks connected in


various ways

All IP

!No uniform standards are provided for M2M communication. The connections on the Internet are
implemented by using convertors or gateways.
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Ultimate Goal of M3 Everything Has an IPv6 Address

Internet of PCs
The 4.2 billion IPv4 addresses have
been exhausted. The technologies
such as NAT/NAT44 are used to
address this issue. Currently, these
technologies are mainly used for
interconnection between PCs.

Mobile Internet
There are more than 6 billion terminals in
the world, and the quantity is dramatically
increasing. Most of the terminals have
the IP capability.

IoT
Over than 99% things have not been
connected to the Internet. In future, more
than 10 trillion connections will be set up.
IPv6 provides 3.4 x 1038 (340 trillion trillion
trillion) unique IP addresses, which meet the
requirements of IoT.

IPv6 has a huge address space, and can provide a unique ID for everything.
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Huawei IoT Solution --- MSC over IP


IP

M2M Gateway

IoT H-E

Matrix Cloud

MSC

The gateway and Head-End OSP construct a plug-and-play channel to cross the gap,
creating value for customers.
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Huawei IoT Solution --- MSC over IP


IP

M2M Gateway

MSC

Collect data
from MSC

IoT H-E

Matrix Cloud

The gateway and Head-End OSP construct a plug-and-play channel to cross the gap,
creating value for customers.
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Huawei IoT Solution --- MSC over IP


IP

M2M Gateway

IoT H-E

MSCoIP

MSC

Collect data
from MSC

Matrix Cloud

The gateway and Head-End OSP construct a plug-and-play channel to cross the gap,
creating value for customers.
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Huawei IoT Solution --- MSC over IP


IP

M2M Gateway

IoT H-E

MSCoIP

MSC

Collect data
from MSC

Matrix Cloud

The gateway and Head-End OSP construct a plug-and-play channel to cross the gap,
creating value for customers.
10

Huawei IoT Solution --- MSC over IP


IP

M2M Gateway

IoT H-E

MSCoIP

MSC

Collect data
from MSC

Matrix Cloud

The gateway and Head-End OSP construct a plug-and-play channel to cross the gap,
creating value for customers.
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Huawei IoT Solution --- MSC over IP


IP

M2M Gateway

MSCoIP

MSC

IoT H-E

MSCoIP

Collect data
from MSC

Matrix Cloud

The gateway and Head-End OSP construct a plug-and-play channel to cross the gap,
creating value for customers.
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Huawei IoT Solution --- MSC over IP


IP

M2M Gateway

MSCoIP

MSC

IoT H-E

MSCoIP

Collect data
from MSC

MSC data
flow

Matrix Cloud

The gateway and Head-End OSP construct a plug-and-play channel to cross the gap,
creating value for customers.
10

Huawei IoT Solution --- MSC over IP


IP

M2M Gateway

MSCoIP

MSC

IoT H-E

MSCoIP

Collect data
from MSC

MSC data
flow

Matrix Cloud

The gateway and Head-End OSP construct a plug-and-play channel to cross the gap,
creating value for customers.
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Content
1

IoT Concepts and Development

Huawei Enterprise IoT

Solution and Products

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How to get the IP.

Campus LAN solutions

FTTx (GPON)

No active devices, long distance, less fibers

Without cables?

Indoor (WiFi)

Outdoor (eLTE)
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Indoor Settled Deployment


Internet

Aggregation switch
AC
Access
switch

Application Scenario

Wireless offices for enterprises, classrooms, lobbies, and exhibition


halls

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Indoor Distribution
Internet
Aggregation
switch
AC

!
Coupler

Weak-current
well

2G/3G signal source

Combiner

Ceiling-mounted
antenna

Power
splitter

Indoor distributed AP

Power splitter
Ceiling-mounted
antenna

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Application Scenario

Hotel rooms and school dormitories that have 2G/


3G antenna system deployed.
An indoor distributed AP uses the line where 2G/3G
signals are transmitted.

AC

IP network

! Weakcurrent well

PoE switch
HFC
Signal
combiner

AP6310SN
CATV antenna

1/2 power splitter

resources but complex wall structure and scenarios where cabling is


difficult and settled APs cannot be deployed to provide signal
coverage services.

! Guest
room

WOC panel

Application Scenario

Hotels, apartments, and dormitories that have sufficient CATV cable

!Corridor

Policy center

!Equipmen
t room

Indoor WLAN over CATV Deployment

Product Highlight
Extra cabling is not required, without penetration loss. This
deployment mode ensures high-quality indoor signals.

The WOC uses the existing CATA network, which simplifies


deployment and reduces deployment costs.

Coaxial cable

Ethernet
optical fiber

Ethernet twisted
pair cable

CATV antenna

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5W1H Context-Aware
1

Who: Who access the network (employees or guests)?

Where: Where the access location is (R&D network


non-R&D network, or home)?

When: When is the access (during working hours


or non-working hours)?

Whose: Whose device (enterprise device or


BYOD device)?

What device accesses the network (PC, iOS


device, or Android device)?

How: How the device accesses the network


(via wired networks, wireless networks, or VPN)?

Policy Center
Wired

Users

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Wireless

Users

Users

Users

WLAN RFID Positioning


AeroScout
RF tag

Tag or terminal
The tag is carried by
users or bound to the
asset and transmits RF
signals.

AeroScout
engine

AP

Wi-Fi network
The AP collects tag or terminal
information and transfers them
to the location engine for
computing.

Real-time tracking and Historical trace recording


locating

Location engine
The location engine
calculates the location of the
tag or terminal based on the
RF signal strength.

Application Scenario

Monitoring platform
The location information is
displayed visually. The WLAN
RFID applies to asset and
people tracking and provides
track analysis.

Restricted zone alarming

Proactive alarming

Hospitals: Locate patients and medical assets,


and track medical care processes.
Logistics: Track important assets, goods, and
tools.
Mining and manufacturing industries: Track
personnel to enhance safety, track devices,
and allow manufacturing visualization.
Working Mechanism
APs/ACs collect tag information and send the
information to the location engine.
Three locating APs provide location of tags
with a precision less than 5 m.

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Terminal Type Identification


! Identifying the manufacture and
terminal type
! Service policies based on terminal
type
Manufacturer A laptop

Manufacturer
B - laptop

Manufacture C
mobile phone

Manufacture D
tablet computer

The AC identifies the manufacturer and


terminal type based on the MAC address,
HTTP user agent information and the
DHCP option.

Automatic adaption of the


authentication page based on
terminal type to cater user habits
Service policy selection based on
terminal type, such as VLAN, ACL,
and bandwidth limit

Switch
AC

AP

! Service policies for different types of


terminals with the same account
Laptop

Delivers different service policies to


different types of terminals with the
same account, to implement refined

Mobile phone

Tablet computer

user rights control.

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Authentication packets carrying

Policy center

AP

! Delivering service policies based


on terminal type
Delivers service policies based on
terminal type. The service policies
include service VLAN, ACL, bandwidth
limit, and user isolation.

Outside the city/building?

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Huawei eLTE Solution: High Performance Mobile Broadband

High Performance Mobile Broadband


High Performance
Mobile Broadband

Broadband: DL 100Mbps, UL 50Mpbs


Fast: High-speed coverage >430KM/H
Far: Ultra long-distance coverage>100KM

Huawei
eLTE Solution
Worlds 1st Broadband
Trunking Solution

High Adaptation to
Industry Requirements

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Ultra Broadband to Support Video Surveillance Service


E2E Video Surveillance

Application Scenarios
Indoor or Outdoor Video Surveillance

storage
server
Management
Disk Array
client

TV wall
All-in-one IP Camera

Decoder
Control client

firewall

eA660 for Vehicle Data Service

Transpor
t
DBS3900

IP camera + CPE

CPE

DBS3900

DBS3900

Resolution

Number of cameras per


sector(20MHz)

Code Rate(Mbps)

TDD (DL:UL 2:2)

TDD (DL:UL 1:3)

CIF

0.5

38

59

4CIF/D1

1.1

19

29

720P

14

1080P

Flexible mobile video surveillance to enable fast deployment and reduce investment
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Broadband: DL 100Mbps, UL 50Mbps

Ultra Broadband: downlink 100Mbps, and uplink 50Mbps


Low time delay: user plane delay <5ms and control plane delay <100ms

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LTE Performance Better Than WiMAX in Poland KP Field Test

LTE DL & UL data rate higher than WiMAX in different positions in Poland KP field test (LTE TDD @10Mhz, 4*4
MIMO, WiMAX @10Mhz)

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LTE?
One Cabinets

Multiple Cabinets

One Box

Too much for only


5 eNodeB

LTE core network: HSS,


MME, SGW, PGW

LTE core network: HSS,


MME, SGW, PGW

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LTE core network: HSS,


MME, SGW, PGW

Tiny Core Network Suitable for Small Coverage


2U height, weight< 6.85kg with full configuration
Capacity: maximum 4000 users, 30 eNodeBs, 2Gbps/4Gbs
with 1+1 redundancy, 512 concurrent trunking groups
Power feeding -48V DC (-38.4V DC -57V DC)
eBBU

Power consumption: 110W


Working temperature: -20+50 (long term), -50+55

eSCN230
eRRU

(short term)

eBBU

Micro Core Network for Easy Deployment, and Cost Effective


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HUAWEI ENTERPRISE ICT SOLUTIONS A BETTER WAY

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