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1.

Introduction to PDP
Concepts of PDP
Power supply

Driving circuit

P/S

* UV : ultraviolet ()

UV radiation Phosphor
Visible Light
R

Visible
emission

Generation
Conversion
Transportation

PDP?
Fluorescent Lamp and PDP

PDP
.
*
2 0.1mm
Principle of PDP light emission is the same as fluorescent lamp.
, .
2 pieces of glass plates are placed with a small gap of 0.1mm, which is
100volt ,
filled with discharge gas, and one of the glass plate has a transparent
.
electrode. When 100 and several ten V of voltage is applied to the
R,G,B
electrodes, discharge starts and generates UV light. This UV light
.
reaches to the other glass plate on which phosphors (R,G,B) are pasted,
and the phosphors convert UV light to visible light.

PDP

< Fluorescent lamp >

< PDP >

History of PDP
3rd Generation

2nd Generation
1st Generation

Size : 30-80 inch


Price : Under $10/inch
Definition : CRT Grade
Efficiency : 2-5 lm/w
FAN Noise : No Fan
Use : Public

Size : 30-60 inch


Price : $10~$20/inch
Definition : CRT Grade
Size : 20-50 inch
Preceding
Efficiency : 1-2 lm/w
Price : $20~$30/inch
FAN Noise
Definition : PJTV
New Production
:
Under
30db
/
No
Fan
Size : 20 inch
Efficiency : 1-1.2 lm/w
Technique
Use
:
High-Income
bracket
Price : $30~$50/inch
FAN Noise : 35-45 db
Business
Efficiency : 0.5-1 lm/w Use : High-Income
bracket / Business Establishing Mass
Use : Business
Production Technique
Upgrading Mass
Upgrading Basic
Production Technique
Technique

1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Merits & Demerits of PDP


< Merits >

< Demerits >

- Thin Type TV

- High Power Consumption

- Large Scale : 80 possible

- Low Brightness

- Light Weight (42 Scale)

- High Cost

: PDP 30kg / CRT: over 100kg

- Low Lighting Efficiency

: LCD 40 32Kg

- Image Retention

- Wide Angle-viewing

- Operation Temperature high

- High Definition

- Acoustic Noise of Driving

: cell pitch 0.1mm


- Not-Sensitive to Magnetic Field
- Full-color
- Good Non linearity

: No need for TFT like LCD

Manufacturing &
Structure of Panel

2. Manufacturing & Structure of Panel


Cell Structure of Panel
Bus electrode

Front panel

Dielectric
MgO layer
Barrier

Address
Electrode

ITO electrode
Phosphors

Back panel

Cell Structure of Panel

Electro Arrangement of PDP(SDI Panel - SD)


R1

G1 B1

R2

G2

B2

R3

R852

G852

B852

Y1
X
Y2

Black Stripe

Y480
X

Refer e n ce
- A1,A2, , , : Add r es s Electr od e
- Y1,Y2, , , : Scan & Sus tain Electr od e
- X
: Com m o n & Sustain Electr od e

Function of each PDP Cell Components

Transparent Electrode
- Forming Electric Field
- Transmitting visible Light

Gas
- Discharge
- UV Generation
Dielectric Layer
- Current Limiting
- Transmitting visible Light
- Storing wall charge

Bus Electrode
- Path of Discharge
Current
- Preventing
Voltage Drop

MgO Thin Film


- 2nd Electron Radiation
- Forming wall charge
Phosphor Layer
- Conversion of
UV Visible Light

Address Electrode
- RGB Data Signal Input

Driving Circuit
- Discharge Switching

Process of Panel Manufacturing

Process of Panel Manufacturing

Effect of Wall Charge

Vw1

Vex+Vw1 >Vf : Discharge


Vex
Y

X
X

0V

0V

Vw2

Vex-Vw2 < Vf : No discharge


X

Vex < Vf : No discharge


Different Result with same input pulse Vex according to Wall Charge state

1 Sub-Field Image Process(ADS Address Data Separate)

Reset

Function
Sustain Erase
Wall Charge Set
Issue
Operation margin
Contrast
Short Time

Address

Sustain

Function
Select On Cell

Function
Discharge On Cell

Issue
High Speed
Low Voltage
Low Failure

Issue
High Efficiency
Low Voltage
ERC Performance

Driving Waveform Specification (P3 Alexander)


Reset

Address

Sustain

Y rising

Y sustain

Ramp

Pulse
Y falling
Ramp

Y scan
Pulse
X sustain
Pulse

Address
Pulse

A1,2.....
X
Y1,2....

Address(=Data) Electrode

Vs

85V

Ve

110V

Common & Sustain Electrode

Vset

95V

Va

79V

Scan & Sustain Electrode

Vscan

85V

Address Operation

In order to display picture,


select the cells.

Sustain Operation

Display cells through strong


Sustain discharge.

Combination of R,G,B Light


1 - Pixel
Level of Luminance

RED 4096 Levels

Green 4096 Levels

Blue 4096 Levels

68.7 Billion Colors

Luminance Control

Number
of Pulses

2048

Lights

2048

1 Picture Structure by 12 Sub-Field - 1

1 Picture Structure by 12 Sub-Field - 2

1 Picture Structure by 12 Sub-Field - 3

1 Picture Structure by 12 Sub-Field - 4

1 Picture Structure by 12 Sub-Field - 5

1 Picture Structure by 12 Sub-Field -

1 Picture Structure by 12 Sub-Field - 11

1 Picture Structure by 12 Sub-Field - 12

PDP Set Block Diagram


[Whole Block Diagram]
Y-Main B'd

Logic B'd

Data
DRAM
Input

Data

Data

Controller

Processor

X-Main B'd

Display

Driver
Timing

Driver
Timing

Scan

Controller

Timing

Row

PDP Panel

Driver
852 X 480 Pixels

X-Pulse

853 X 3 X 480 Cells

Generator

Y-Pulse
Generator
Column Driver

Clock :
Clock :

Clock :

20MHz

27MHz

60MHz

40MHz

Power B'd

Power Supply

LVDS
main-Board

Deinterlacer

Audio
Processor

Scalar

Video
Decoder

Video
S/W

AD
Converterr

TMDS
Receiverr

Comb
Filter

Image
Enhance
rImage

Micom

Tuner

AC Power
Source
220V

PDP Dot Module SPEC SDI module


Item
A Zone
Product

B Zone

Type

Remark

Special Management Items


1) It is Cell-Defect if there are dark, bright,

Dark

Bright

Flickering

flickering cells over 2 points within


42"
(SD)

TOTAL

42"
(HD)

1.5cm in the boundary section.

Dark

2) Before vibration/dropping test, it should

Bright

be decided whether the module is good

Flickering

/ badness first.

TOTAL

And after vibration/dropping test,

10

Dark

if Cell-Defect happens more than

Bright

preceding descriptions on Specification,

Flickering

50"

TOTAL

10

Dark

Bright

Flickering

63"

TOTAL

10

it is Cell-Defect module.

A-Zone / BZone Size

W
H/4

Zone B

H/2

Zone A

H/4

W /4

W /2
F igure-5. M easuring A rea

W /4