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APPOLO STUDY CENTRE


COMBINED CIVIL SERVICES - I
GROUP I SERVICES
(PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION)
GENERAL STUDIES - DEGREE STANDARD

CURRENT AFFAIRS
UNIT II - CURRENT EVENTS - SYLLABUS
HISTORY Latest diary of events National National
symbols Profile of StatesDefence, national security and
terrorismWorld organizationspacts and summitsEminent
persons & places in newsSports & gamesBooks & authors
Awards & honoursCultural panoramaLatest historical
events India and its neighbours Latest terminology
Appointmentswho is who?
POLITICAL SCIENCE - Indias foreign policy Latest court
verdicts public opinion Problems in conduct of public
elections Political parties and political system in India
Public awareness & General administration Role of
Voluntary organizations & Govt., Welfare oriented govt.
schemes, their utility
GEOGRAPHY

Geographical
environment and ecology

landmarksPolicy

ECONOMICS Current socioeconomic


economic policy & govt. sector

on

problemsNew

SCIENCE Latest inventions on science & technology


Latest discoveries in Health Science Mass media &
communication
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IMPORTANT DAYS AND YEARS


INTERNATIONAL YEARS
2016
 International Year of Pulses
2015
 International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies
 International Year of Soils
2014





International Year of Solidarity with the Palestinian People


International Year of Small Island Developing States
International Year of Crystallography
International Year of Family Farming

2013
 International Year of Water Cooperation
 International Year of Quinoa
2012
 International Year of Cooperatives
 International Year of Sustainable Energy for All
2011





International Year for People of African Descent


International Year of Chemistry
International Year of Forests
International Year of Youth (12 August 2010 11 August 2011)

2010
 International Year of Biodiversity
1990
 International Literacy Year
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1985
 Year of The United Nations
1975
 International Women's Year
1974
 World Population Year
1971
 International Year for Action to Combat Racism and Racial Prejudice
1970
 International Education Year
1968
 International Year for Human Rights
1967
 International Tourist Year
1965
 International Co-operation Year
1961
 International Health and Medical Research Year
1959 / 60
 World Refugee Year

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INTERNATIONAL DECADES (1990 ONWARDS)


DECADE

IMPORTANCE

1990s

International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction

1997-2006

First United Nations Decade for Eradication of Poverty

2001-2010

International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Nonviolence for Children


United Nations Literacy Decade

2003-2012
2005-2014

United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable


Development

2005-2015

Water for Life Decade

2010-2020

United Nations Decade for Deserts and the Fight against


Desertification
United Nations Decade on Biodiversity

2011-2020
20142024
20152024

United Nations Decade of Sustainable Energy for All


International Decade for People of African Descent

IMPORTANT NATIONAL & INTERNATIONAL DAYS


S.NO

DAY

DATE

JANUARY
1.

Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas

2.

National Youth Day (Birthday of Swami January 12


Vivekananda)
Army Day
January 15

3.

January 9

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4.

Election Commission Day

January 17

5.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Birthday

January 23

6.

National Girl Child Day

January 24

7.

National Voters Day

January 25

8.

Republic Day (India)

January 26

9.

Martyr's Day
World Leprosy Eradication Day

January 30

FEBRUARY
10.

National Science Day

February 28

MARCH
11.

National Defence Day

March 3

12.

National Security Day

March 4

13.

March 8

14.

International Women's Day


International Literacy Day
World Consumer Day

March 15

15.

World Disabled Day

March 20

16.

World Forestry Day

March 21

17.

World Water Day

March 22

18.

World Meteorological Day

March 23

19.

National Day of Bangladesh

March 26

APRIL
20.

World Health Day

April 7

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21.

Jallianwala Massacre Day

April 13

22.

World Heritage Day

April 18

23.

Earth Day

April 22

MAY
24.

World Red Cross Day

May 8

25.

National Technological Day

May 11

26.

World Hypertension Day

May 17

27.

Anti-Terrorism Day

May 21

28.

World Biodiversity Day

May 22

29.

World No. Tobacco Day

May 31

JUNE
30.

World Environment Day

June 5

31.

World Refugee Day

June 20

32.

International Olympic Day

June 23

33.

International Day Against Drug Abuse June 26


and Illicit Trafficking (by U.N. from
1987)

JULY
34.

World Population Day

July 11

35.

Malala Day
UN declared on her 16th Birthday

July 12

36.

Nelson Mandela International Day

July 18

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AUGUST
37.

Independence Day (India)

38.

National Sports Day (Birth Day of August 29


Dhyanchand)

39.

International Day of the Victims of August 30


Enforced Disappearances
From 21st December 2010

August 15

SEPTEMBER
40.

Teacher' Day (Birth


Radhakrishnan)

Day

of

S. September 5

41.

World Literacy Day

September 8

42.

World Ozone Day

September 16

43.

International Day of Peace

September 21

44.

World Rabies Day

September 28

OCTOBER
45.

World Teacher's Day

October 5

46.

World Food Day

October 16

47.

United Nations (UN) Day

October 24

NOVEMBER
48.

National Education Day of India

November 11

49.

World Diabetes Day

November 14

50.

National Pass Day

November 16

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51.

Universal Children's Day

November 20

DECEMBER
52.

World AIDS Day

53.

International Day of the Abolition of December 2


Slavery

54.

World Disabled Day

December 3

55.

Navy Day

December 4

56.

International Anticorruption Day

December 9

57.

Kisan Diwas (Birthday of Ch. Charan December 23


Singh)

December 1

Njrpa jpdq;fs;
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[dthp
24

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[dthp 24 Njrpa thf;fhsh;jpdk;. Inclusion


ru;tNjr <uepy jpdk; 2013
gpg;utup 2 cyf <uepy jpdk;
<uepyk; kw;Wk; ePu; Nkyhz;ik
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jpdk;
2013
gpg;utup 21 ru;tNjr jha;nkhop ru;tNjr
jha;
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f
s;
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gpg;utup 28 Njrpa mwptpay; Njrpa mwptpay; jpdk; 2013: kugZ
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kw;Wk;
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jpdk; (ru;.rp.tp. uhkd; mtu;fs; khw;wg;gl;l
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jpdk;
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khu;r; 8 ru;tNjr ngz;fs; jpdk
ru;tNjr ngz;fs; jpdk; 2013
The
Gender
Agenda:
Gaining
Momentum
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khu;r; 21 cyf td jpdk;

cyf tdjpdk; 2013


gy;Yapu; gd;ik kw;Wk;
khw;wk;

gUtepiy

khu;r; 22 cyf ePu; jpdk;

cyf
ePuj
; pdk;
2013
Water
Cooperation
khu;r; 23 cyf thdpiy jpdk;
cyf thdpiy jpdk; 2013
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chpikfs;
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24>
2013

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ngz;
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i
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child)
cyf Rfhjhu jpdk; 2013 - Vg;uy; MNuhf;fpakhd
,jaj;Jbg;G:
MNuhf;fpakhd ,uj;j mOj;jk;
7
cyf G+kp jpdk; 2013 - Vg;uy; 22
gUt epiy khw;wj;jpd; Njhw;wk;
Njrpa ghJfhg;ghd jha;ik jpdk; Every Women counts
2013
2013 - Vg;uy; 11
gj;jphpf;if rh;tNjr gj;jphpf;if Rje;jpu jpdk; 2013 Safe to Speak: Securing Freedom
of Expression in all Media
Nk 22 rh;tNjr gy;Yaph;gd;ik rh;tNjr gy;Yaph;gd;ik jpdk; 2013:
ePh; kw;Wk; gy;Yaph;gd;ik
jpdk;
Nk 31 rh;tNjr Gifapiy rh;tNjr Gifpaiy xopg;G jpdk;
2013
Ban
Tobacco
Advertising,
xopg;G jpdk;
Promotion and Sponsership
Nk 3 rh;tNjr
Rje;jpu jpdk;

Julu 18 Nelson Mandela Take Action: Insipre Change


International Day
2009 November Makeevery Day
a Mandela Day
June 11- World Population Focus
is
Day
Pregenancy

on

Adolescent

Auguest 29- National Sports Birth Anniversary of Indian


Day
Hockey Legent DhyanChand
Scheme: Come and Play
September 21
Day of Peace

International Theme: Education for Peace


Established in 1981 by resolution
36/67

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September 28 World Rabies Theme: Rabies Understand it to


Day
defeatit.
Established in 2007 death
anniversary of Louis Pasteur
December 1 World Aids Day

Theme: Gettuny to Zero


From 1988
Means: Zero new infections, Zero
discrimination, Zero AIDS related
deaths

December 9 International Theme: Act against corruption


Anticorruption Day
today
October
2003
UN
general
assembly reslouter of 58/4 of 31st
October 2003

2011 CENSUS OF INDIA


Census
 Shri C.Chandramouli is the Registrar General and commissioner of 2011
Indian census.
 Population Day Feb. 9
Census report
 Provisional data from the census was released on 31 March 2011.
Population
Total
1,210,193,422

Literacy

Density of population

Males

623,724,248

Females

586,469,174

Total

74.04%

Males

82.14%

Females

65.46%

per km2

382

Sex Ratio

per 1000 males 943 females

Child Sex ratio (06 age group)

per 1000 males 940 females

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 According to the report published by the Census India in Mar., 2011, the
total population of the country was 1,210,193,422. A total of 181 million
people increased from the previous Census of 2001.
The mostly populated states of India are:
1. Uttar Pradesh
2. Maharashtra
3. Bihar
4. West Bengal
5. Andhra Pradesh
6. Madhya Pradesh
7. Tamil Nadu
 The country covers just 2.4 % of the total earth's surface but is
responsible for 17.5% of the total population on earth.
Top Six Population Countries
Percent(%) of World
Country
Population
China
19.4
India
17.5
USA
4.5
Indonesia
3.4
Brazil
2.8
Pakistan
2.7
Top highest Population in India as per India Census
2011
Density
Name
Population
(1000)
1.
INDIA
1,21,01,93,422
382
2.
Uttar Pradesh
19,95,81,477
828
3.
Maharashtra
11,23,72,972
365
4.
Bihar
10,38,04,637
1,102
5.
West Bengal
9,13,47,736
1,029
6.
Andhra Pradesh 8,46,65,533
308
7.
Madhya Pradesh 7,25,97,565
236
8.
Tamil Nadu
7,21,38,958
555
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kf;fs;njhifAk; vOj;jwpTk;
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ehl;bd; kf;fs;njhif ,e;jpahtpy; cs;s cj;ju gpuNjr khepyj;jpw;F
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; pngw gpwg;G tpfpjk;
mjpfkhfTk;> ,wg;g tpfpjk; FiwthfTk; ,Uf;Fk;.
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; paila gpwg;Gtpfpjk;
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kf;fspd;
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,e;jpa kf;fs; njhif 2011


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(19>95>81>477).
 mjpf kf;fs; njhif nfhz;l A+dpad; gpuNjrk; khepyk;: nly;yp
(1>67>53>235).
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 kpff; Fiwe;j kf;fs;; njhif nfhz;l khepyk; : rpf;fpk; (6>07>788)
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P (64>429)

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943 (1000 Mz;fSf;F 943 ngz;fs;).
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1000.
 Mz; ngz; tpfpjk; kpff; Fiwthf cs;s khepyk;: `hpahdh:
`hpahdh 877/1000.
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lhkd
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GJjpy;yp 11>297 / r.fp.kP.
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puNjrk 17 /
r.fp.kP.
 kf;fs; neUf;fk; kpff; Fiwe;
; A+dpad; gpuNrjk; me;jkhd; epNfhgh; 46
Fiwej
/ r.fp.kP.

vOj;jwpT (Literacy)
(
 ,e;jpa kf;fspd; vOj;jwpT tpfpjk; 74.04%
74.04
 Mz;fs; 82.14%
 ngz;fs; 65.46%
 kpf cah;ej
;
vOj;jwpT ngw;w khepyk;: Nfush (93.91%) (Mz;fs;
96.02%> ngz;fs; 91.98%.
 kpf Fiwe;j vOj;jwpT ngw;w khepyk;
khepyk;: gPfhh;
hh (63.82%) (Mz;fs; 73.39%)
(ngz;fs; 53.83%)
 kpf cah;ej
;
vOj;jwpT ngw;w A+dpad; gpuNjrk;: ,yl;rj;jT
P
(92.28)
(Mz;fs; 96.11%> ngz;fs; 88.25%).
 kpff; Fiwe;j vOj;jwpT ngw;w A+dpad; gpuNjrk; : jhj;uh ehfh; `Ntyp
77.65% (Mz;fs; 86.46%> ngz;fs; 65.93%)

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15 | P a g e
,e;jpa kf;fs;njhif 1901 - 2011
tUlk;
kf;fs;njhif
1901

23,83,96,327

1911

25,20,93,390

1921

25,13,21,213

1931

27,89,77,238

1941

31,86,50,580

1951

36,10,88,090

1961

43,92,34,771

1971

54,81,59,652

1981

68,33,29,097

1991

84,63,62,688

2001

102,87,37,436

2011

121,05,69,573

2011 nrd;r];: kf;fs; njhif


khepyk;/
kj;jpa
gFjp

nkhj;j
Ml;rp kf;fs;
njhif

,e;jpah

121,05,69,5
73
mUzhryg;gpu 13,83,727
Njrk;
Njrk;
mNrhk;
3,12,05,576
Me;jpug;gpuNjr 8,45,80,777
k;
cj;jh;fhz;l;
cj;jpug;gpuNj
rk;
xb~h

1,00,86,292
19,98,12,34
1
4,19,74,218

fh;ehlfk;

6,10,95,297

Mz;fs;

ngz;fs;

Mz;>
ngz;
tpfpj
k;

kf;fs;
neUf;f
k;

kf;fs;
njhi
f
tsh;r;
rp

62,31,21,8
43
7,13,912

58,74,47,7
30
6,69,815

943

382

17.7

938

17

26.0

1,59,39,44
3
4,24,42,14
6
51,37,773
10,44,80,5
10
2,12,12,13
6
3,09,66,65
7

1,52,66,13
3
4,21,38,63
1
49,48,519
9,53,31,83
1
2,07,62,08
2
3,01,28,64
0

958

398

17.1

993

308

11.0

963
912

189
828

18.8
20.2

979

270

14.0

973

319

15.6

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16 | P a g e
F[uhj;

6,04,39,692

Nfusk;

3,34,06,061

Nfhth
rl;B];fh;

1458,545
2,55,45,198

rpf;fpk;
jkpo;ehL

6,10,577
7,21,47,030

jphpGuh
ehfhyhe;J
gQ;rhg;

36,73,917
19,78,502
2,77,43,338

gPfhh;

10,40,99,45
2
11,23,74,33
3
25,70,390
7,26,26,809

kfhuh~;buk;
kzpg;G+h;
kj;jpag;
gpuNjrk;
kpNrhuk;
Nkfhyah
Nkw;F
tq;fhsk;

10,97,206
29,66,889
9,12,76,115

uh[];jhd;

6,85,48,437

[k;K
& 1,25,41,302
fh~;khP ;
[hh;ff
; z;l;
3,29,88,134

3,14,91,26
0
1,60,27,41
2
7,39,140
1,28,32,89
5
3,23,070
3,61,37,97
5
18,74,376
10,24,649
1,46,39,46
5
5,42,78,15
7
5,82,43,05
6
12,90,171
3,76,12,30
6
5,55,339
14,91,832
4,68,09,02
7
3,55,50,99
7
66,40,662

2,89,48,43
2
1,73,78,64
9
7,19,405
1,27,12,30
3
2,87,507
3,60,09,05
5
17,99,541
9,53,853
1,31,03,87
3
4,98,21,29
5
5,41,31,27
7
12,80,219
3,50,14,50
3
5,41,867
14,75,057
4,44,67,08
8
3,29,97,44
0
59,00,640

919

308

19.3

1084

860

4.9

973
991

394
189

8.2
22.6

890
996

86
555

12.9
15.6

960
931
895

350
119
551

14.8
-0.6
13.9

918

1,106

25.4

929

365

15.0

992
931

115
236

18.6
20.3

976
989
950

52
132
1,028

23.5
27.9
13.8

928

200

21.3

889

124

23.71

1,60,57,81
9
1,18,56,72
8
33,82,729

949

414

22.4

879

573

19.9

972

123

12.7

`hpahdh

2,53,51,462

`pkhr;ryg;
gpuNjrk;
me;jkhd;
epNfhgh;
,yl;rj;jT
P
rz;bfh;

68,64,602

1,69,30,31
5
1,34,94,73
4
34,81,873

3,80,581

2,02,871

1,77,710

876

46

6.9

64,473
10,55,450

33,123
5,80,663

31,350
4,74,787

947
818

2,149
9,258

6.3
17.2

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17 | P a g e
lhkd;
&
ilA+
jhj;uh
ehfh;`Ntyp
GJr;Nrhp
jpy;yp

2,42,911

1,50,301

92,946

618

2,191

53.54

3,43,709

1,93,760

1,49,949

774

700

55.9

12,47,953
1,67,87,941

6,12,511
89,87,326

6,35,442
78,00,615

1,037 2,547 28.1


868
11,320 21.2

2011 nrd;r]; juthpirapy; khepyq;


khepyq;fs;
ju
thpir
1.
2.

kf;fs;njhif

3.
4.

gPfhh;
kfhuh~;buk;
Nkw;F tq;fhsk; Me;jpuk;

5.

Me;jpuk;

cj;jpug;gpuNjrk;

kf;fs;
neUf;fk;
gPfhh;
Nkw;F
tq;fhsk;
Nfusk;
cj;jpu
gpuNjrk;
`hpahdh

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

kj;jpa gpuNjrk;
jkpo;ehL
uh[];jhd;
fh;ehlfk;
F[uhj;
xb~h
Nfusk;
[hh;fz;l
; ;

[k;K& fh~;kHP ;
F[uhj;
fh;ehlfk;
xb~h
rl;B];fh;
jkpo;ehL
gPfhh;
Nkw;Ftq;fhsk;

jkpo;ehL
gQ;rhg;
[hh;ff
; z;l;
mNrhk;
Nfhth
kfhuh~;buk;
jphpGuh
fh;ehlfk;

14.
15.
16.
17.

mNrhk;
gQ;rhg;
rl;B];fh;
`hpahdh

mUzhrygpuNjrk;
[hh;ff
; z;l;
mNrhk;
`pkhr;rygpuNjrk;

18.

21.

[k;K
& cj;jh;fhz;l;
fh~;khP ;
cj;jh;fhz;l;
gQ;rhg;
`pkhr;ry
`hpahdh
gpuNjrk;
jphpGuh
Nfusk;

F[uhj;
Me;jpuk;
xb~h
kj;jpa
gpuNjrk;
uh[];jhd;

22.

Nkfhyah

Nkfhyah

23.

kzpg;G+h;

kzpg;G+h;

24.
25.

ehfyhe;J
Nfhth

kpNrhuk;
ehfyhe;J

19.
20.

gug;G

cj;jpu gpuNjrk; uh[];jhd;


kfhuh~;buk;
kj;jpag;gpuNjrk;

cj;jh;fhz;l;
rl;B];fh;

vOj;jwpT
Nfusk;
kpNrhuk;
jphpGuh
Nfhth
`pkhr;ry
gpuNjrk;
kfhuh~;buk;
rpf;fpk;
jkpo;ehL
ehfyhe;J
kzpg;G+h;
cj;jh;fhz;l;
F[uhj;
Nkw;F
tq;fhsk;
gQ;rhg;
`hpahdh
fh;ehlfk;
Nkfhyah
xb~h
mNrhk;
rl;B];fh;

Nkfhyah

kj;jpa
gpuNjrk;
[k;K
& cj;jpu
gpuNjrk;
fh~;khP ;
`pkhr;ry
[k;K&
gpuNjrk
fh~;khP ;
kzpg;G+h;
Me;jpuh
ehfyhe;J
[hh;ff
; z;l;

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26.

jphpGuh

rpf;fpk;

uh[];jhd;

27.

mUzhry
gpuNjrk;
kpNrhuk;

rpf;fpk;

kpNrhuk;

28.

rpf;fpk;

Nfhth

29.
30.

GJr;Nrhp
rz;bfh;

me;jkhd;
GJr;Nrhp

mUzhry
gpuNjrk;
rz;bfh;
GJr;Nrhp

mUzhry
gpuNjrk;
gPfhh;

31.

me;jkhd;

jhj;uh & ehfh;

32.
33.

jhj;uh & ehfh;


lhkd; & ilA+

rz;bfh;
lhkd; & ilA+

34.

,yl;rj;jT
P

,yl;rj;jT
P

,yl;rj;jT
P
lhkd;
&
ilA+
& GJr;Nrhp

lhkd;
ilA+
,yl;rj;jT
P
rz;bfh;
jhj;uh
& me;jkhd;
ehfh;
me;jkhd;
jhj;uh
&
ehfh;

2011 nrd;r]; khepy thhpahf vOj;jwpT ngw;Nwhh;


khepyk;
,e;jpah
mUzhry;
mNrhk;
Me;jpuk;
cj;jh;fhz;l;
cj;jpug;gpuNjrk;
xb~h
fh;ehlfk;
F[uhj;
Nfusk;
Nfhth
rl;B];fh;
rpf;fpk;
jkpo;ehL
jphpGuh
ehfyhe;
ehfyhe;J
gQ;rhg;
gPfhh;
kfhuh~;buk;
kzpg;G+h;

nkhj;jk;
76,34,98,517
7,66,005
1,91,77,977
5,05,56,760
68,80,953
11,43,97,555
2,67,42,595
4,06,47,322
4,10,93,358
2,81,35,824
11,65,487
1,53,79,922
4,44,952
5,18,37,507
28,04,783
13,42,434
1,87,07,137
5,25,04,553
8,15,54,290
17,68,181

Mz;fs;
43,46,83,779
4,39,868
1,05,68,639
2,82,51,243
38,63,708
6,82,34,964
1,50,89,681
2,25,08,471
2,34,74,873
1,37,04,903
6,15,823
88,07,893
2,51,269
2,80,40,491
15,01,369
7,23,957
1,04,36,056
3,16,08,023
4,52,57,584
9,60,015

ngz;fs;
32,88,14,738
3,26,137
86,09,338
2,23,05,517
30,17,245
4,61,62,591
1,16,52,914
1,81,38,851
1,76,18,485
1,44,30,921
5,49,664
65,72,029
1,93,683
2,37,97,016
13,03,414
6,18,477
82,71,081
2,08,96,530
3,62,96,706
8,08,166

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kj;jpag;gpuNjrk;
4,28,51,169
kpNrhuk;
8,48,175
Nkfhyah
17,85,005
Nkw;F tq;fhsk;
6,15,38,281
uh[];jhd;
hd;
3,82,75,282
[k;K & fh~;khP ;
70,67,233
[hh;ff
; z;l;
1,83,28,069
`hpahdh
1,65,98,988
`pkhr;ry;
50,39,736
me;jkhd;
&
2,94,281
epNfhgh;
,yl;rj;jT
P
52,553
rz;bfh;
8,05,438
lhkd; & ilA+
1,88,406
jhj;uh
ehfh;
2,23,230
`Ntyp
GJr;Nrhp
9,57,309
GJjpy;yp
1,27,37,767

2,51,74,328
4,38,529
9,13,879
3,38,18,810
2,36,88,412
42,64,671
1,18,82,519
97,94,067
27,52,590
1,64,377

1,76,76,841
4,09,646
8,71,126
2,77,19,471
1,45,86,870
28,02,562
74,45,550
68,04,921
22,87,146
1,29,904

28,023
4,65,346
1,24,643
1,42,521

24,530
3,40,092
63,763
80,709

4,97,378
71,94,856

4,59,931
55,42,911

Largest Vs Smallest distribution


 Largest State (Area)

Rajasthan

 Smallest State (Area)

Goa

 Largest Union Territory (Area)

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

 Smallest Union Territory (Area)

Lakshadweep

 Largest District (Area)

Kachchh (Gujarat)

 Smallest District (Area)

Mahe ( Pondicherry )

 Highest Population State

Uttar Pradesh

 Lowest Population State

Sikkim

 UT with Highest Population

Delhi

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 UT with Lowest Population

Lakshadweep

 State with Highest Population


Density
 State with Lowest Population
Density
 UT with Highest Population
Density
 UT with Lowest Population
Density
 State with Highest Female Sex
Ratio
 State with Lowest Female Sex
Ratio
 UT with Highest Female Sex Ratio

Bihar
1,102
Arunachal Pradesh
17
Delhi

 UT with Lowest Female Sex Ratio

Andaman & Nicobar Islands


Kerala
1,084
Haryana
879
Pondicherry
1,037
Daman & Diu
618

2011 TAMIL NADU CENSUS


 Census 2011 was held in two phases
 House listing and Housing census April to Sep, 2010
 Population Enumeration 9th to 28th Feb 2011
Population

Literacy

Density of population
Sex Ratio
Child Sex ratio (06 age group)

Total
7,21,38,958
Males
3,61,58,871
Females
3, 59,80,087
Total
80.33%
Males
86.81%
Females
73.866%
555
per km2
per 1000 males 996 females
per 1000 males 946 females

Decadal population growth 15.60% (TN)

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Population
Top four District of population
 Chennai
 Kancheepuram
 Vellore
 Thiruvallur

Least Four District of population


 Karur
 Ariyalur
 The Nilgiris
 Permabalur

Literacy Rate:
Top Four Districts
 Kanyakumari 92.1%
 Chennai 90.3%
 Thoothukkudi 86.5%
 The Nilgiris 85.7%

Least Four Districts


 Krishnagiri 72.4%
 Viluppuram 72.1%
 Ariyalur 72.0%
 Dharmapuri 64.7%

PROFILE OF STATES
STATES AND ITS CAPITALS
S.NO
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

STATES
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chhatisgarh
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu & Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Madhya Pradesh

CAPITAL
Hyderabad
Itanagar
Dispur
Patna
Raipur
Panaji
Gandhinagar
Chandigarh
Shimla
Srinagar
(Summer),
(Winter)
Ranchi
Bangalore
Thiruvananthapuram
Bhopal

Jammu

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15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.

Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Orissa
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Telangana (2014)
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttaranchal
West Bengal

Mumbai
Imphal
Shillong
Aizawl
Kohima
Bhubaneswar
Chandigarh
Jaipur
Gangtok
Chennai
Hyderabad
Agartala
Lucknow
Dehradun
Kolkata

UNION TERRITORY AND ITS CAPITALS:


S.NO
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.

UNION TERRITORY
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Chandigarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Lakshadweep
Delhi
Pondicherry

CURRENT
GOVERNORS
MINISTERS OF STATES
STATE
 Andhra Pradesh
 Arunachal
Pradesh
 Assam

CURRENT
GOVERNORS
 E. S. L. Narasimhan
 Nirbhay Sharma
 Janaki

Ballabh

CAPITAL
Port Blair
Chandigarh
Silvasa
Daman
Kavaratti
Delhi
Pondicherry

AND

CHIEF

CURRENT
CHIEF
MINISTERS
 N.
Chandrababu
Naidu
 Nabam Tuki
 Tarun Gogoi

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Patnaik
D. Y. Patil
Shekhar Dutt
Bharat Vir Wanchoo
Margaret Alva

 Bihar
 Chhattisgarh
 Goa
 Gujarat






 Haryana

 Jagannath Pahadia

 Himachal
Pradesh
 Jammu
Kashmir
 Jharkhand
 Karnataka
 Kerala

 Urmila Singh
and

 Narinder Nath Vohra


 Syed Ahmed
 K. Rosaiah
 Sheila Dikshit

 Madhya Pradesh

 Ram Naresh Yadav

 Maharashtra
 Manipur
 Meghalaya
 Mizoram
 Nagaland
 Odisha








 Punjab

 Shivraj Patil

 Rajasthan

 Tamil Nadu

 Margaret Alva
 Shriniwas Dadasaheb
Patil
 K. Rosaiah

 Telangana

 E. S. L. Narasimhan

 Sikkim

 Tripura
 Uttar Pradesh
 Uttarakhand
 West Bengal

K. Sankaranarayanan
Vinod Kumar Duggal
Krishan Kant Paul
Kamla Beniwal
Ashwani Kumar
S. C. Jamir

 Vakkom
Purushothaman
 Aziz Qureshi
 Aziz Qureshi
 D. Y. Patil







Jitan Ram Manjhi


Raman Singh
Manohar Parrikar
Anandiben Patel
Bhupinder Singh
Hooda
 Virbhadra Singh
 Omar Abdullah





Hemant Soren
Siddaramaiah
Oommen Chandy
Shivraj
Singh
Chouhan
 Prithviraj Chavan
 Okram Ibobi Singh
 Mukul Sangma
 Pu Lalthanhawla
 T. R. Zeliang
 Naveen Patnaik
 Parkash
Singh
Badal
 Vasundhara Raje
 Pawan
Kumar
Chamling
 Jayalalithaa
 K. Chandrashekar
Rao
 Manik Sarkar
 Akhilesh Yadav
 Harish Rawat
 Mamata Banerjee

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CURRENT LIEUTENANT-GOVERNORS AND ADMINISTRATORS OF


UNION TERRITORIES
UNION TERRITORY
 Lieutenant
Governor
of
Delhi
 Lieutenant
Governor
of
Puducherry
 Lieutenant
Governor
of
Andaman
and
Nicobar Islands
 Administrator of
Chandigarh
 Administrator of
Dadra and Nagar
Haveli
 Administrator of
Daman and Diu
 Administrator of
Lakshadweep

LIEUTENANTGOVERNORS

CURRENT
MINISTERS

CHIEF

 Najeeb Jung

 Vacant

 Virendra Kataria

 N. Rangasamy

 A. K. Singh

 Shivraj Patil
 B. S. Bhalla
 B. S. Bhalla
 H. Rajesh Prasad

NATIONAL SYMBOLS
S.NO
SYMBOL
1. National Flag
2.

National
Emblem

3.

National
Anthem

DATE
Adopted by the constituent assembly on July
22, 1947
Adopted by government of India on Jan
.26.1950 - taken from Ashokas pillar located
in Saranath (Varanasi).
Adopted by the constituent Assembly on Jan
24, 1950, recited for the first time at the
Calcutta session of the congress on Dec27,
1911.

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25 | P a g e
4.

5.
6.
7.
8.

National Song

Bande Mataram taken from Ananadmath ,


the famous creation of Aurbindo Ghosh, sung
for the first time at the congress session in
1896.
National
Adopted by the Govt. of India on March 22,
Calendar
1957, based on the Saka Era.
National
The majestic Tiger (Panthera tigris) is the
Animal
National Animal of India.
National Bird
Indian peacock, it is fully protected under the
Indian wildlife (protection) Act, 1972.
The Name of India is known as Bharat (Art 1)
the Country

IMPORTANT HEADS OF INDIA


CONSTITUTIONAL OFFICES
No
1.
2.
3.

Name

Office
President of India
Vice President of India
Chief Justice of India

Pranab Mukherjee
Mohammad Hamid Ansari
Rajendra Mal Lodha

POLITICAL OFFICIALS
No
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Name

Office
Prime Minister of India
Speaker of the Lok Sabha
Deputy Speaker of the Lok
Sabha
Leader of Opposition in the
Lok Sabha
Chairman of the Rajya Sabha
Deputy Chairman of the Rajya
Sabha

Narendra Modi
Sumitra Mahajan
To be announced
Ghulam Nabi Azad
Mohammad Hamid Ansari
P.J. Kurien

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DEFENCE AND SECURITY


NO
1.

Chief of Army Staff

2.

Chief of Air Staff

3.

Chief of Naval Staff


Director
General,
Border
Security Force
Director
General,
Central
Reserve Police Force
Director
General,Central
Industrial Security Force
Director, Central Bureau of
Investigation
Director, Intelligence Bureau
Director General, National
Investigation Agency

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

NAME

OFFICE

General Bikram Singh


Air Chief Marshal Arup
Raha
Admiral Robin Dhowan
D K Pathak
Dileep Trivedi
Arvind Ranjan
Ranjit Sinha
Syed Asif Ibrahim
Sharad Kumar

HEADS OF GOVERNMENTAL DEPARTMENTS


No
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Name

Office
Deputy Chairman of the Planning
Commission
Chief Election Commissioner of India
Chairperson, National Human Rights
Commission
Chairman, National Commission for
Minorities
Chairman, National Commission for
SC
Chairman, National Commission for
ST
Chairperson, National Commission for
Women
Chairman,
Atomic
Energy
Commission
Chairman, ISRO

Montek
Singh
Ahluwalia
V. S. Sampath
Justice
K.G.
Balakrishnan
Sh. Naseem Ahmad
P.L.Punia
Dr
Oraon

Rameshwar

Ms. Mamta Sharma


Ratan Kumar Sinha
K. Radhakrishnan

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27 | P a g e
10.
11.

Chairman, Union Public Service


D P Agrawal
Commission
Chairman,
National
Knowledge
Sam Pitroda
Commission

HEADS OF FINANCIAL BODIES


No
1.
2.

Name

Office
Finance Commission of India
Governor of Reserve Bank of India

Y V Reddy
Raghuram Rajan

BUREAUCRATS
No
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Name

Office

National Security Advisor


Ajit kumar dowal
Attorney General of India
Mukul Rohatgi
Comptroller and Auditor General of
Shashi Kant Sharma
India
Solicitor General of India
Ranjit kumar
Principal Scientific Adviser
R. Chidambaram

TAMIL NADU
Established
Bounded by
Capital
Largest city
Districts
Total area
Total Population
(2011)
Population Rank
Density
Literacy

26 January 1950
Tamil Nadu is bounded by Andhra Pradesh and
Karnataka on west by Kerala, on the east, by the
Bay of Bengal and on south by the Indian Ocean.
Chennai
Chennai
32
130,058 km2 (50,216 sq mi)
72,138,958
6th
550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
80.3 per cent (2011 census)

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Official language
Flower
Tree
Bird
Animals

Important facts

Neighbouring
States
Sea
Neighbouring
Country

Tamil
Kandhal
Palmera Palm
Emerald Dove
Nilgiri Tahr
i. It was one of the first of British settlements in India.
ii.Tamil Nadu is home to man natural resources,
Hindu temples of Dravidian architecture, hi stations,
beach resorts multi-religious pilrime sites an
UNESCO world heritage sight.
iii. Its economy depends largely on agriculture.
iv. Chennai, Tuticorin and Ennore are the major ports
in the State Tamil Nadu.
v. Major industries in Tamil Nadu are cotton textiles,
chemical fertilizers, paper and its products, diesel
engine, iron and steel, railway wagons and coaches
etc
Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh Puducherry (UT)
Bay of Bengal and Indian Ocean
Sri Lanka

ANDHRA PRADESH
Nick Name
Established

Bounded by

Rice Bowl of India


1 October
1953;
(first
established)
2 June 2014; (re-organised)
Bound
on
the
north
by Orissa
&
Chhattisgarh, on the west by Maharashtra &
Karnataka, on the south by Tamil Nadu and on the
east by the Bay of Bengal with a coastline of 974
km.
13 total
160,205 km2

Districts
Total area
Total
population
49,386,799
2011
Population Rank
10th

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Density
Literacy
Official
State
Language
Emblem
Principal Languages
Song
Dance
Animal
Bird
Flower
Tree
Sport

Important facts

308/km2 (800/sq mi)


67.41% (2011)
Telugu
Poorna kumbham
Telugu, Urdu
Maa
Telugu
Thalliki
by Sri Sankarambadi Sundaraachari
Kuchipudi
Black Buck
Indian Roller
Water lily
Neem
Kabaddi
i. With the passing of the States Reorganisation Act,
1956, there was a merger of Hyderabad State and
Andhra State, and consequently Andhra Pradesh
came Mo being on 1 November 1956. It is
historically called the "Rice Bowl of India".
ii. It is well known globally for its variety of rocks
and minerals and is called Ratna Garbha.
iii. It stands first in value of minor mineral
production and second in total value of mineral
production in the country.
iv. The Hyderabad Information Technology
Engineering Consultancy City (HITEC City) is the
largest information technology park in India.
v. Andhra Pradesh has the second-longest coastline
of 972 km among the state of India.

TELANGANA
Established
Districts
Lok Sabha constituencies
Total
Area rank
Population (2011)
Total

2 June 2014
10
17
114,840 km2 (44,340 sq mi)
12th
35,193,978

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Rank
Density
Literacy
Official language

12th
310/km2 (790/sq mi)
66.50%
Telugu, Urdu

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KERALA
Established
Bounded by
Capital
Districts
Total area
Total
Population
(2011)
Population Rank
Density
Literacy
Official languages
Animal
Bird
Tree
Flower

Important facts

Neighbouring
States/UTs

1 November 1956
Kerala is situated in the south-west corner of India
and bordered in the north and north east by
Karnataka, in the east by Tamilnadu and in the
west by Lakshadweep.
Thiruvananthapuram
14
38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi)
33,387,677
13th
860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
93.91% (ranked 1st in India)
Malayalam, English
Elephant
Great Hornbill
Coconut
Kanikonna
i. When independent Indian amalgamated smalls
states together Travancore and Cochin
states were integrated to form Travancore-Cochin
State on 1 July 1949. However, Malabar
remained under the Madras province. Under the
State's Re-organisation Act 1956.
ii. Travancore-Cochin state and Malabar were
united to form Kerala state on 1 November
1956.
iii. Kerala has highest literacy rate (93.9%) and
highest sex ratio (1084) in India.
Iv. Kerala has the highest Human Development
Index in India, higher than that of most developed
countries.
v. Kerala is very rich in cash crops especially spices.
vi. Calicut is the major port.
Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Lakshadweep

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KARNATAKA
Established

Bounded by

Capital
Total area
Total
Population
(2011)
Population Rank
Density
Official language
Literacy
Tree
Bird
Flower

Important facts

Neighbouring States
Sea

1 November 1956
The State is located in the mid-western part of the
Deccan plateau and lies to the south of Goa and
Maharashtra, West of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil
Nadu, north of Kerala, east of Arabian Sea with a
coastline of nearly 400 km.
Bangalore
191,791 km2 (74,051 sq mi)
61,130,704
8th
320/km2 (830/sq mi)
Kannada
75.60% (16th in states, 23rd if Union Territories are
counted)
Sandal
Indian Roller
Lotus
i. After Independence, Mysore state was created in
1953, wherein all the Kannada dominant areas
under different dispensations were unified and the
enlarged Mysore state carved in 1956 and was
renamed Karnataka in 1973,
Bengaluru is the most famous IT destination.
ii. Karnataka is famous for its sandal soap and
sandal wood oil.
iii. It stands first In the production of electronic
equipments and raw silk.
iv. New Mangalore id the major port.
v. Many's of India's premier science and technology
research centres such as ISRO, Central Power
Research Institute, BEL and the Central Food
Technological Research Institute are headquartered
in Karnataka.
Kerala, Goa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil
Nadu
Arabian Sea

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GUJARAT
Established
Bounded by
Districts
Total Area
Total
Population
(2011)
Population
(2011)Rank
Density
Official
Spoken languages
Literacy
Bird
Animal

Neighbouring
States/UTs
Neighbouring
Country

1 May 1960
The State is bounded by the Arabian Sea on the
west, Pakistan and Rajasthan in the north and
north-east respectively. Madhya Pradesh in the
south-east and Maharashtra in the south.
33 total
196,024 km2 (75,685 sq mi)
60,383,628
9th
310/km2 (800/sq mi)
Gujarati
English, Hindi, Kutchi, Sindhi
80.18 %
Greater Flamingo
Asiatic
i. The present state of Gujarat came into being on 1
May 1960.
ii. Gujarat has become the first state in India to start
a separate department of 'climate change' to tackle
the issue of global warming.
iii. Gujarat has become the first state in India to
come with solar policy in 2009, with a view to give
boost to the solar energy sector.
Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh. Daman
and Diu. Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Pakistan Sea ,Arabian Sea

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34 | P a g e

MAHARASHTRA
Established

Bounded by

Capital
Districts
Total area
Total
Population
(2011)
Population
(2011)
Rank
Density
Literacy
Sex Ratio
Official languages
Language
Song
Dance
Animal
Bird
Flower
Tree
Sport

Important Facts

1 May 1960 (Maharashtra Day)


Arabian Sea guards the western boundary of
Maharashtra,
while
Gujarat and Madhya
Pradesh are on the northern side. Chhattisgarh
covers eastern boundary of the state. Karnataka
and Andhra Pradesh are on its southern side.
Mumbai
35 total
307,713 km2 (118,809 sq mi)
112,372,972
2nd
370/km2 (950/sq mi)
82.9% (6th)
922 (2001)
Marathi
Marathi
Jai Jai Maharashtra Majha
Lavani
Indian Giant Squirrel
Yellow-footed Green Pigeon
Lagerstroemia
Mango
Kabaddi
i. The administrative evolution of the state of
Maharashtra is the outcome of the linguistic
reorganisation of the States of India, effected on 1
May 1960.
ii. It is the industrial powerhouse of India.
iii. The world famous film industry Bollywood is in
Maharashtra, located in the economic capital of
India, Mumbai.
iv. Mumbai and Jawaharlal Nehru port are the
major ports.

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35 | P a g e
Neighbouring States
Sea

Gujarat, Madhya
Pradesh,
Karnataka, Goa, Dadra and
Nagar Haveli. Chhattisgarh
Arabian Sea

Andhra Pradesh.

MADHYA PRADESH
Established
Bounded by
Capital
Districts
Total Area
Total
Population
(2011)
Population Rank
Density
Literacy
Sex Ratio
Official languages
Language
Dance
Animal
Bird
Fish
Flower
Tree
River
Sport

Important Facts

1 November 1956
Madhya Pradesh is bounded in north by Uttar
Pradesh, east by Chhattisgarh south by
Maharashtra and west by Gujarat and Rajasthan.
Bhopal
50
308,252 km2 (119,017 sq mi)
72,597,565
6th
236/km2 (610/sq mi)
70.60% (2011)
930 (2011)
Hindi
Hindi
Rai
Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii / Swamp Deer)
Dudhraj
Mahseer
Lily
Banyan
Narmada
Malkhamb
It came into being on 1 November 1956. It was
reorganised on 1 November 2000 to , create a new
Chhattisgarh state.
It is the second largest Indian State in size.
M.P. has topped in the country in the
implementation of National Rural Employment
Guarantee Scheme.

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Madhya Pradesh, often called the heart of India, is a


state in Central India.
It is the second largest state by area and sixth
largest state by population. It is primarily an
agricultural state.
Pachmori Biosphere Reserve in Saipura range
and Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve are two of the
17 biosphere reserves in India.
Neighbouring States

Maharashtra, Gujarat. Rajasthan , Uttar Pradesh.


Chhattisgarh

PUNJAB
Established
Capital
Total area
Area rank
Total
Population
(2011)
Density
Literacy
Official languages
Animal
Bird
Tree
Neighbouring States

1966-11-01
Chandigarh
50,362 km2 (19,445 sq mi)
19th
27,704,236
550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
76.68%
Punjabi
Blackbuck
Northern Goshawk
Sheesham
Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana,
Rajasthan

Neighbouring
Country

Pakistan

Important facts

Agriculture is the largest occupation in Punjab; it is


the largest single provider of wheat to India.
Per hectare yield is maximum in Punjab.
Bhakra dam (on Sutlej) is the highest dam of
India.
Punjab is the only state in India with a majority
Sikh population.

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37 | P a g e

Various small-scale industries are operational in


Punjab such as bicycle parts, sewing machine, hand
tools and machine tools etc.

ASSAM
Established
Districts
Total Area
Total Population
(2011)
Population (2011)
Rank
Density
Literacy

1912 (Assam Province - British India), 15 August


1947; 66 years ago (Assam - Independent India)
27
78,550 km2 (30,330 sq mi)
31,169,272
14th
400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
73.18%

MIZORAM
Established
Districts
Total Area
Total Population (2011)
Population (2011) Rank
Density
Literacy

20 February 1987
8
21,087 km2 (8,142 sq mi)
1,091,014
27th
52/km2 (130/sq mi)
91.58%

ARUNACHAL PRADESH
Established
Largest city
Area Total
Area rank
Total Population (2011)
Population (2011) Rank
Density
Literacy
Official languages

20 February 1987
Itanagar
83,743 km2 (32,333 sq mi)
15th
1,382,611
27th
17/km2 (43/sq mi)
66.95%
English

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MEGHALAYA
Established
Districts
Total Area
Total Population (2011)
Population (2011) Rank
Density
Literacy

21 January 1972
11
22,429 km2 (8,660 sq mi)
2,964,007
23rd[
130/km2 (340/sq mi)
75.84%

MANIPUR
Established
Districts
Total Area
Total Population (2011)
Population (2011) Rank
Density
Literacy

21 January 1972
9
22,327 km2 (8,621 sq mi)
2,721,756
22nd
120/km2 (320/sq mi)
79.85%

DELHI
Settled
Incorporated
Capital formation
Area
National Capital
Territory
Land
Water
Population (2011)
National Capital
Territory Population
(2011
Density
Important Facts

1638
1857
1911
1,484.0 km2 (573.0 sq mi)
1,590.0 km2 (614.0 sq mi)
18.0 km2 (6.9 sq mi)

12,565,901
11,297/km2 (29,259.12/sq mi)
In 1911, Delhi became the centre of all activities after
the capital was shifted from Kolkata (Calcutta). It
was made a Union Territory in 1956.
Delhi is the largest metropolis by area and the

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39 | P a g e

second largest metropolis by population in India.


It is the eight largest metropolis in the world by
population.
Delhi is the largest commercial centre of Northern
India and is the largest centre of small industries.
Delhi has greater number of vehicles than the
total vehicles of Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai put
together.
Neighbouring States

Haryana , Uttar Pradesh

PUDUCHERRY
Established

Bounded by

District(s)
Total area
Total Population
Density
Official languages

Important Facts

1 July 1963
The territory of Pondicherry comprises
Yanam,
Puducherry,
Karaikal
and
Mahe.Yanam
is situated adjacent to the East Godavari
district of Andhra Pradesh. Pondicherry is
bordered in the east by the Bay of Bengal
and on three sides by Tamil Nadu and
about 150 km south of it in the east coast
lies Karaikal. Mahe is situated on the
Malabar coast of Western Ghats and is
surrounded by Kerala.
4
492 km2 (190 sq mi)
1,244,464
2,500/km2 (6,600/sq mi)
French, Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu
In September, 2006, the territory changed
its official name from Pondicherry to
Puducherry, which means 'New Village' in
the Te language.
It is a former French colony consisting of
four district Puducherry, Karaikul, Yaman
andMahe.

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mtUf;F rh;tNjr mwptpay; r%fk; toq;fpaJ. rp.vd;.Mh;. uhTf;F
2004,y; ,e;jpa mwptpay; tpUij kj;jpa muR toq;fpf; nfsutpj;jJ.
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nrt;tha;f; fpufj;Jf;F kq;fs;ahd; tpz;fyj;ij ntw;wpfukhf tpz;zpy;
Vtpa jpl;lj;Jf;Fg; gpd;Gykhf ,Ue;J nray;gl;lth;.

ntdpRyhtpd; Nfg;hpnay;yh I];yh; gpugQ;r mofp


gl;lk; ntd;whh;:
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; Nfg;hpnay;yh I];yh; gl;lj;ijf; ifg;gw;wpdhh;.
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 ,u~;ahtpd;> kh];Nfhtpy; eilngw;WtUk; cyfj;jlfsg; Nghl;bapy;
[ikf;fhtpd; cird; Nghy;l; 100kP vDk; ge;ja J}uj;ij 9.77
tpdhbfspy; Xb rhk;gpad; gl;lk; ntd;Ws;shh;.
 200 kP xl;lj;jpYk; Kjyplk; gpbj;jhh; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.
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uFuhk;uh[d;
 gpujkhpd; Kjd;ik nghUshjhu MNyhrfh; jpU. uFuhk; Nfhtpe;j; uh[d;
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fhyk; %d;W Mz;Lfs; MFk;.
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cyfpw;F mwptpj;jth;. hprh;t; tq;fp tuyhw;wpy; ,sk; tajpNy (50 taJ)
,g;gjtpia ngw;Ws;shh;.
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gzpahw;wpAs;shh;.

Jh;fh ehf;ghy; rf;jp


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murhy; jw;fhypf gzpePff
; k; nra;ag;gl;Ls;shh;..

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nfhs;stpy;iy.

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rz;il Nghl;bapd; ghap]; mzpfs; gphptpy; jq;fk; ntd;wth;.

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[pkg
; hg;Nt mjpguhf KfhNg kPzL
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mUe;jjp gl;lhr;rhh;ah vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

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8tJ Kiwahf ungy; elhy; rhk;gpad; gl;lj;ijf; ifg;gw;wpdhh;.
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njd; JUtj;ijf; fle;J ,sk; tajpy; rhjid


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Mizaj;jpd; Gjpa jiytuhf epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shh;.
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xa;.tp.nul;b
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1959

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1954

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; p

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SUSHMA SINGH
 Sushma Singh is the fifth Chief Information Commissioner of India. She
succeeded Deepak Sandhu and became the second woman to be
appointed as the Chief Information Commissioner.

JUSTICE R.M. LODHA


 Sworn in as 41st Chief Justice of India
 He succeeds Chief Justice P. Sathasivam

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NISHI VASUDEVA
 First woman to head a blue ship PSU when she took over as the
chairman and managing director of Hindustan Petroleum corporation
limited (HPCL) (1st March 2014)

PUNEET TALWAR
 Appointed as Assistant Secretary of State for Political Military Affairs
 He becoming the second Indian American to join the state department

N. RAMACHANDRAN
 President of the Indian Olympic Association

MICHELLE BACHELET
 Sworn in as the President of Chile
 She becoming the first women in her country

R. CHANDRASHEKAR
 Took over as the President of Information Technology trade body NASS
Commission (National Association of Software and Service Companies)

JANET YELLAN
 The US Senate has on 6th January Confirmed Janet Yellan as new leader
of the Federal Reserve.
 She is the first woman to lead the central bank in its 100 year History.

SHEIKH HASINA (AWAMI LEAGUE)


 Sworn in as the PM of Bangladesh for the 3rd time.
 She defeated Jatiya Party

ARIEL SHARON
 Israels former PM died on 11th January
 He served as the 11th PM of Israel
 He was a commander in the Israeli Army from its concern in 1948
 Nick name The Bull Dozer

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49 | P a g e

AMAR KANT
 Noted Hindi Writer died on 17th Feb

KHUSHWANT SINGH
 Noted English author and Journalist died on 20th March in New Delhi at
the age of 99
 Train the Pakistan, I shall not hear the Nightingale, Delhi
 Penguin books in 2002 published his autobiography. Truth, Love and
a Little Malice
 He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1974 but returned it in 1984 to
protest the storming of Golden Temple in Amirstar by the Indian Army
 In 2007, he was awarded the Padma Vibushan the 2nd highest Indian
recognition

V.K. MURTHY
 Dada Sahed Phalke awardee, died on 7th April in Shankarapuram
 He was famous for his camera work in Guru Dutts Classica like Pyaasa
and Sahib, Bibi Aur Ghulam.
 He was the 1st cinematographer to be chosen for the prestigious Dada
Saheb Phalke award for 2008.
 He received the International Indian Film Academy Lifetime
Achievement Award in 2005
 In 1959, he won the Film fare Best cinematographer Award.

BHUTAN KING JIGMA KHESAR NAMGYEL


WANG CHUCK
 Visited India from 6 -10 Jan 2014
 His second visit in 12 months
 He was also the chief guest at Indias Republic Day Celebration in
January 2013

BAHRAINS
KHALIFA

KING

HAMAD

SIN

IS

ALI

 Visited from 18-20 Feb 2014


 Singed 3 agreements to boost bilateral ties between the two countries.
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SACHIN TENDULKAR
 5th most Admired Person in the world
 Microsoft founder Bill Gates has been named as most admired person
on the planet
 The list of 30 people compiled after a pull in 13 countries, including
India.
 Worlds most admired people poll was conducted by You Gov for The
Times by surveying almost 14,000 people

IN FORTUNES MOST POWERFUL BUSINESS


WOMEN LIST
 Pepsico CEO India Nooyi & ICICI Bank Managing Director Chanda
Kochhar among Fortune Magazines List of so must powerful women
in business Global edition.
 The list was released on 7th Feb, has been topped by General Motors
CEO Mary Barra the first woman to run a global automaker

116 YEAR OLD MISAO OKAWA


 The Oldest Living Person in the world
 From Osaka, Japan

JAMIE EDWARDS
 A 13 year old UK Student has became the youngest person in the world
to build a nuclear fusion reactor (on 5th March)
 A pupil at Pen wortham Prior Academy, in Lancashire created the
reactor from scratch with help from his school.
 He breaking the record of US Student Taylor Wilson, who was 14 when
he created nuclear fusion in 2008
 He was able to build a reactor which can smash together two hydrogen
atoms to make an atom of helium

KOYAL RANA
 She was crowned as the new Miss India in 51st Femina Miss India 2014 at
Mumbai.

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PLACES IN NEWS
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FIRST WILDLIFE SKYWALK OF INDIA TO


COME
UP
IN
MAENAM
WILDLIFE
SANCTUARY, SIKKIM
 The first wildlife skywalk of India will be coming up in Maenam
wildlife sanctuary, Sikkim. The State Government of Sikkim proposed to
construct 22 km rope-way from Maenam sanctuary to skywalk which
would be built on edge of Bhalleydhunga steep face.
 This will also have rain shelter as well as public conveniences. Maenam
wildlife sanctuary in Sikkim is 65 km south from Gangtok, the capital of
the state. It is a popular tourist destination as well.

GOOGLE LAUNCHES 360 DEGREE ONLINE


VIEW OF ANGKOR WAT IN CAMBODIA
 Under street view project
 The Angkor wat project was developed with the help of the Apsara
Authority of the kingdom of Cambodia
 APSARA National Authority is an Organisation Created for the
Protection and Maintenance of Angkor Wat Largest temple Complex
in the world

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TATA HQ BECOMES FIRST HERITAGE


BUILDING TO GET GOLD RATING
MUMBAI
CITY

RANKED

WORLDS

CHEAPEST

 According to the world wide cost of Living Index


 The intex compiled by the Economists Intelligence Unit (EIU) found
that Asia was home to many of worlds Cheapest cities.
 Singapore topped a list of 131 cities globally to become the worlds
most expensive cities to live in 2014
 In 2013 Tokyo, new Tokyo fell to sixth place this year

MALAYSIA AIRLINES FLIGHT MH


CRASHED IN SOUTH INDIA OCEAN.

370

 It disappeared from radar an hour after taking off on 8th March 2014
from Kuala Lampur bound for Beijing
 Malaysian PM Najib Razak 24th March 2014 announced that the
aircraft crashed in the middle of the South Indian Ocean. (239 People)
 It was based on news analysis by British Satellite firm Immarsat, which
provided satellite data and UKs Air Accidents Investigation Branch

DELHI RANKED 22ND IN GLOBAL FASHION


CAPITAL LIST
 New york -1st - Survey by Global
 Paris 2nd
- Language Monitor (GLM)
 London 3rd retuned on 19th Feb 2014
 Mumbai 45th

ODISHS
CHILIKA
LAGOON
NAMED
DESTINATION FLYWAYS BY UNWTO.
 By UN world Tourism Organisation
 The lagoon was named so for its sustainable and resilient destination for
migratory birds
 It is the only site to be selected from Asia. And included in a list of eight
such sites
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 The Destination Fly ways initiative of UNWTO aims at Promotion of


Sustainable Tourism

SPORTS & GAMES


LONDON OLYMPICS 2012
 Summer Olympic games 2012 inaugurated at Olympic Stadium at the
Olympic Park in East London on 27 July 2012.
 The games, which will conclude on 12 August 2012, will see nearly
10500 athletes from 204 National Olympic Committees participating in
as many as 26 sports events.
 London was selected to host the 30th Summer Olympics on 6 July 2005
after it defeated bids from Moscow, New The York City, Madrid and
Paris during the 117th IOC Session in Singapore.
 London also got a distinction to host the modern Olympic Games three
times. The city had previously host the games in 1908 and in 1948.
Below are some of the major facts related to London Olympics 2012
 100 heads of states were present at the three and a half hour long
opening ceremony
 More than 10000 performers participated in the opening ceremony
 The opening ceremony was directed by celebrated Hollywood director
Danny Boyle
 Motto of the London Olympics is - Inspire a Generation
 10500 athletes from 204 National Olympic Committees participating in
as many as 26 sports events
India at London Olympics 2012
 Champion wrestler and the winner of bronze medal in Beijing Olympics
2008, Sushil Kumar was the official flag bearer of 83-member Indian
contingent at the opening ceremony of Olympics.
 India has sent 83-member team in the London Olympics 2012, which is
the highest ever sent by Indian Olympic Association in the Olympics.
 On August 12, 2012, London bade a flamboyant and madcap farewell to
the Olympic Games with a romp through British pop and fashion,
bringing the curtain down on more than two weeks of action that ended
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with USA topping the sporting world with 46 gold medals.


 Many will remember London 2012 for the record-breaking exploits of
American swimmer Michael Phelps, who took his life-time medal haul
to 22 including 18 golds, making him the most decorated Olympian in
history. His tally helped the United States to the top of the Olympic
table with 46 golds to second-placed Chinas 38, reversing the order of
the Beijing Games in 2008
Records:
Men Athletic
Event
4100 m relay

Athletics

Country

NestaCarter

Jamaica (JAM)

MichaelFrater
YohanBlake
Usain Bolt
Pole vault

Renaud Lavillenie

France (FRA)

100 metres

Usain Bolt

Jamaica

800 metres

David Rudisha

Kenya (KEN)

20 km walk

Chen Ding

China (CHN)

50 km walk

Sergey Kirdyapkin

Russia (RUS)

Athletics
Tiki Gelana
Sally Pearson
TiannaMadison
AllysonFelix
BiancaKnight
Carmelita Jeter
Elena Lashmanova
Tatyana Lysenko

Country
Ethiopia (ETH)
Australia (AUS)
United States

Women Athletics:
Event
Marathon
100 metres hurdles
4100 m relay

20 km walk
Hammer throw

Russia (RUS)
Russia (RUS)

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56 | P a g e
Medal List 2012:
Rank
NOC
1
2
3
4
5
55

United
States (USA)
China (CHN)
Great Britain
(GBR)
Russia (RUS)
South Korea
(KOR)
India (IND)

Gold

Silver

Bronze

Total

46

29

29

104

38

27

23

88

29

17

19

65

24

25

32

81

13

28

History of India in Olympics


 The first authentic Indian team took part at the 1920 Antwerp Olympic
Games in athletics and wrestling.
 A National Olympic Committee was finally formed in 1927.
 India's greatest successes at the Olympics have come in mens hockey.
They won every mens title from 1928 to 1956.
 In 1960 they reached the final but lost to Pakistan to end the sequence.
 India were an ever present on the mens hockey medal podium until
1976 and their last gold medal success in this sport came at the Moscow
1980 Olympic Games.
 Indian shooters have challenged for medals in the new millennium.
Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore won silver in the mens double trap in
Athens 2004.
 Shooter Abinav Bindra became Indias first individual gold medalist
when he won the 10m air rifle at the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games.
 At the 1900 Olympic Games in Paris, Norman Pritchard had won silver
medals in the mens 200m and the now discontinued 200m hurdles. He
was the first medal winner born in India but confusion surrounds his
nationality as India was then under British rule.
India Performance in 2012 Olympics:
 Indias tally of two silver and 4 bronze medals was its best tally in
Olympics. 81 athletes from India had competed in 13 sports.

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 Sushil Kumar became the first Indian to get back-to-back Olympic


medals. He won silver medal in 66kg Freestyle Wrestling. He had won a
bronze medal in the Beijing Olympics.
 Subedar Vijay Kumar Sharma of 16 Dogra Regiment bagged silver
medal in 25m rapid fire pistol event.
 Yogeshwar Dutt, 2010 CWG gold winner, won India its fourth Bronze
medal in 60kg freestyle Wrestling.
 Five-time world champion MC Mary Kom won a bronze medal in
womens boxing (51 kg) event. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna (2009), Arjuna
Award (2003) and Padamshree (2006) awardee, Mary Kom is the first
Indian women boxer to qualify for Olympics. The 29-year-old boxer
from Manipur came back from a two-year sabbatical after the birth of
her twins to clinch her fourth successive world title in 2008, a feat that
got her the sobriquet Magnificent Mary.
 Ace marksman Gagan Narang opened Indias account in London
Olympics by clinching a bronze medal in the men's 10 meter air. The
burly Indian, who narrowly missed the final in Beijing, raised his gun
above his head as his many compatriots in the crowd cheered loudly at
the country's first medal of the Games. Beijing Games gold medalist
Abhinav Bindra, however, could not defend his title and crashed out of
the event.
 Saina Nehwal won womens singles bronze in badminton when her
opponent Wang Xin of China broke down with a knee injury after
taking the opening game. Nehwal, ranked fifth in the world, became
only the second Indian woman to win a medal in an individual Olympic
sport. 22-year-old Irfan from Kerala did not win any medal but
produced the best effort by an Indian in an Olympic walking event,
finishing 10th in the 20km race, with a national record to boot. In
Hockey, India finished last in their group. This was the first time in
Olympic history that India lost all their group matches.
SITES OF WINTER OLYMPIC GAMES
Year
Place
1924
Chamonix, France
2010
Vancouver, Canada
2014
held at Sochi in Russia from 7th
to 23rd February 2014.
 India, for the first time, participated in the second Commonwealth
games held in London in 1934.
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59 | P a g e
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60 | P a g e

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AUSTRALIAN OPEN 2014


WINNER

EVENT
Men's Singles

Stanislas Wawrinka

Women's Singles

Li Na

Mixed Doubles

Kristina Mladenovic /
Daniel Nestor

Men's Doubles

ukasz Kubot
Robert Lindstedt

Womens Doubles

Sara Errani /
Roberta Vinci

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61 | P a g e

M];jpNuypah Xgd; 2014


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

M];jpNuypah Xgd; - 2014 ntw;wpahsh;fs;


s
Mz;fs; xw;iwah;
];lhdp];y];
tht;hpd;fh
(Rtpl;rh;yhe;J)
ngz;fs; xw;iwah;
yPeh (rPdh) Kjy; Kiw
ngWfpwhh;.
fyg;G ,ul;ilah;
fpwp];bdh
khy;b
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(gpuhd;]);
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; rl; (];tl
P d;)
kfsph; ,ul;ilah;
rhuh vuhdp (,j;jhyp) uhgh;
Nlhtpd;rp (,j;jhyp)

AUSTRALIAN OPEN 2013


EVENT

WINNER

Men's Singles

Novak Djokovic

Women's Singles

Victoria Azarenka

Mixed Doubles

Jarmila Gajdoov /
Matthew Ebden

Men's Doubles

Bob Bryan /
Mike Bryan

Womens Doubles

Sara Errani /
Roberta Vinci

2014 FRENCH OPEN


EVENT

WINNER

Men's Singles

Rafael Nadal

Women's Singles

Maria Sharapova

Mixed Doubles

Anna-Lena Grnefeld /
Jean-Julien Rojer

Men's Doubles

Julien Benneteau /

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62 | P a g e
douard Roger-Vasselin
Womens Doubles

Hsieh Su-wei /
Peng Shuai

2013 FRENCH OPEN


EVENT

WINNER

Men's Singles

Rafael Nadal

Women's Singles

Serena Williams

Mixed Doubles

Lucie Hradeck /
Frantiek ermks

Men's Doubles

Bob Bryan /
Mike Bryan

Womens Doubles

Ekaterina Makarova /
Elena Vesnina

2014 WIMBLEDON CHAMPIONSHIPS


EVENT

WINNER

Men's Singles

Novak Djokovic

Women's Singles

Petra Kvitov

Mixed Doubles

Nenad Zimonji /
Samantha Stosur

Men's Doubles

Vasek Pospisil /
Jack Sock

Womens Doubles

Sara Errani /
Roberta Vinci

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2013 US OPEN (TENNIS)


EVENT

WINNER

Men's Singles

Rafael Nadal

Women's Singles

Serena Williams

Mixed Doubles

Andrea Hlavkov /
Max Mirnyi

Men's Doubles

Leander Paes /
Radek tepnek

Womens Doubles

Andrea Hlavkov /
Lucie Hradeck

 VIJAY
AMRITRAJ
HONOURED
COMMITMENT AWARD

WITH

DAVIS

CUP

 JOSHNA CHINAPPA WON WINNIPEG OPEN TITLE

DEEPIKA
KUMARI
NAMED
SPORTSPERSON OF THE YEAR

FICCI

MS DHONI WON UNITED KINGDOMS 2014


ASIAN AWARD
SRILANKA WON ICC TWENTY20 WORLD
CUP 2014

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64 | P a g e

ghh;Kyh - 1 fhh;ge;jak;
 nrgh];bad; ntl;ly; Kjyplk;
Kjyplk;

 ghh;Kyh 1 fhh; ge;jak; nkhj;jk; 19 Rw;Wfis nfhz;ljhFk;. ,jd; 19tJ Rw;whd nfhhpad; fpuhz;lg
; phP ge;jak; mq;Fs;s Nghd;fhkpy; ele;jJ.
,g;Nghl;bapy; n[h;kdp tPuUk;> elg;G rhk;gpaDkhd nrgh];bad; ntl;ly;
Kjyplk; ngw;whh;.

cyf tpyt
; pji
; j Nghl;bapy;
ntd;w ,e;jpa kfsph;

rhk;gpad;

gl;lk;

 Nghye;jpy; eilngw;w cyf Nfhg;ig (epiy 4) tpy;tpj;ijg; Nghl;bapy;


,e;jpa kfsph; jPgpfh Fkhhp> gk;gahyh Njtp> hpkpy; GHpA+yp MfpNahh;
mlq;fpa ,e;jpa mzp jq;fk; ntd;wJ.
 cyf Nfhg;igia ,Wjp Nghl;bapy; ,e;jpa mzp nfhhpahit tPoj
; j
; p
njhlh;eJ
; 2-tJ Kiwahf jq;fk; ntd;wJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

ANJU BOBBY GEORGE DECLARED WORLD


ATHLETICS GOLD MEDALLIST FOR 2005
 Long jumper became the 1st Indian track and field athlete to win a gold
medal in a major world event after (IAAF) up graded her 2nd place finish
at the 2005 Monaco world Athletics Championships final to the top
sport
 Dope Violation by a Russian Competitors Tatyana Kotava
 Helsinki world championship 2005 4th place

NETHERLANDS WON HOCKEY WORLD


LEAGUE 2014
 Defeating Newzealand by 7-2 in New Delhi 1st ever HWL
 Beligium 5th, India 6th

SOUTH AFRICA WON ICC UNDER 19 WORLD


CUP 2014
 Defeated Pakistan by six wickets
 At Dubai
 South Africa bowler Corbin Borsch Man of the Match
 South Africa captain Aidenmarkram Player of the tournament
 Next ICC under 19 Cricket world cup will be played in 2016 in
Bangladesh
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ARVIND BHAT WON GERMAN OPEN TITLE


 Shuttlur defeater Hans-Kristian Viltinghus of Denmark
 At Mullheim an der Ruhr, Germany
 He became only the 2nd Indian Shuttlur to win a GP Gold title outside
India
 Indian Chief National Coach Pallela Gopichand had reached the final
way back in 1999

SOUTH AFRICA CAPTAIN GRAEME SMITH


ANNOUNCED RETIREMENT
 Longest Serving captain for South Africa
 117 tests 109 captain
 Allan Border of Australia Previous record

PANKAJ ADVANI WON NATIONAL SNOOKER


TITLE
SRILANKA WON ASIA CUP 2014
 Defeated Pakistan by 5 wickets

MIZORAM WON SANTOSH TROPHY 2014


 68th edition National Foot ball Championship

KARNATAKA WON VIJAY HAZARE TROPHY


2014
 Defeated Railways Eden garden, Calcutta

MUMBAI INDIAN WON 2013 IPL TITLE


 Man of the match
 Most Valuable player
 Orange cap
 Purple cap
 Youngest Player
 Fair play award

Kieron Polload (Mumbai)


Shane Watson (Rajasthan)
Michael Hussey (Chennai)
Dwayne Bravo (Chennai) 32 Wickets
Sanju Samson (Rajasthan)
Chennai

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 Best Catch of the
Season

Gurkeerat maan Singh


(Kings eleven Punjab)

LAUREUS WORLD SPORTS AWARDS (2013)


 World sportsmen of the year
 World sportswomen of the year
 World Team of the year
 World Break through of the year
 World Comeback of the year
 World Action sportsman of
the year
 World sportsperson of the year
with a Disability

Usain Bolt
Jessica Ennis
European Ryder cup team
Andy Murray
Feliz Sanchez

Feliz Baungartener

Daniel Dias

FOOTBALL
LIONEL MESSI
 1st four time winner of the FIFA player of the year
 World record with 91 goals last year (292) for Barcelona & Argentina
 Before Gerd Muellers 85 goals for Bayern Munich & Germany in 1971

BOOKS & AUTHORS


S.NO

BOOK

AUTHOR

1.

Olympics : The India Story

2.
3.

Sania
Nehwal:
An
Biography
M. F. Husain: A pictorial Tribute

4.

Barack Obama : The Making of the Man David Maraniss

5.

The Better Angels of Our nature

Boria Majumdar, Nalin


Mehta
inspirational T. s. Sudhir
Pradeep Chandra

Steven Pinker

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67 | P a g e
6.

Steve Jobs

7.

The lady and the Peacock: The Life of Peter Popham


Aung San Suu Kyi

8.

Bring up the bodies

Hilary man

9.

Sachin: a hundred hundreds now

V. Krishnaswamy

10.

The Rivered Earth

Vikram Seth

11.

Anna: 13 days the awakened India

Ashutosh

12.
13.

Pax Indica
Last Man in Tower

Shashi Tharoor
Aravind Adinga

14.

Joseph Anton: A memoir

Salman Rushdie

15.

What young India wants

Chetan Bhagat

16.

Big Egos Small Men

Ram Jethmalani

17.

Nehru Invention of India

Sashi Tharoor

18.
19.

Present Tense Living on the Edge


Still Counting the Dead (jkpopy;
jkpopy;)

Namita Gokhale
gpuhd;]p]; `huprd;

20.

Yuvi

kf;fhud;l; nta;dr
; q;fu;

21.

Economic Policies and Indias Reform xa;.tp.nul;b


Agenda New Thinking
Atuh[; rpq;
The test of my life

22.

Walter Isaacson

24.

Walking with lions, Tales from a Nf.el;th;rpq;


Diplomatic Past
mUe;jjpuha;
Broken Republic

25.

My share of the Task: A Memoir

23.

General
Stanley
McChrystal
(Former
American

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26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.

34.
35.

www.tnschools.co.in

Commander
in
Afghanistan)
Khushwantnama: The lessons of my Kushwant Singh
life
Religion, Law, Society Across the Prof.
Tahir
Mohamood
Globe
Understanding Bhagat Singh
Prof. Chamanlal
Pascal Alan Nazareth
Gandhis Outstanding Leadership
Darel- E- Dil Likhun Kab Tak (In Urdu Rukhsar Amrohvi
& Hindu)
Ambedkar speaks
Dr. Narendra Jadhav
1857 1947: Forgotten Heros and Journalist Shivnath
Jha
Martyrs of Indias Freedom Movement
Disterssing Encarnets Real lif stories
M.K. Lokesh
(Indian Ambassador
of the UAE)
Dreze
and
An Uncertain Glory: India and its Jean
AMrathya Sen
Contradictions
The Monk as man
Bengal
writer
Shankar
(Book
on
Vivekananda)

NkhpNfhk;

vOjpa
md;gpNuf;fgps;
(Unbreakable) Rarhpij Gj;jfk;:
 kzpg;G+h; khepyj;ijr; rhh;ej
;
NkhpNfhk; Ie;J Kiw cyf Fj;Jr;rz;il
rhk;gpad; gl;lk; ntd;wth;. 51 fpNyh gphptpy yz;ld; xypk;gpf;fpy; ntz;fy
gjf;fk; ntd;w Kjy; ,e;jpag; ngz; ,tNu.
 2003 mh;[{dh tpUJ
 2009 uh[Ptf
; he;jp Nfy; uj;dh tpUJ
 2006 gj;k= tpUJ
 2013 gj;kG+~d;
Mfpa tpUJfisg; ngw;Ws;shh;.
 2009 rh;tNjr Fj;Jr;rz;il rq;fj;jpd; J}juhf epakpf;fg;gl;lhh;.

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www.tnschools.co.in

AWARDS & HONOURS


NOBEL PRIZES
 The will of the Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel established the prizes in
1895. The prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine,
Literature, and Peace were first awarded in 1901.
 The related Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences was created in
1968.Between 1901 and 2012, the Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic
Sciences were awarded 555 times to 863 people and organizations. With
some receiving the Nobel Prize more than once, this makes a total of 835
individuals and 21 organizations.

2012
 The Nobel Prize in Physics 2012
 Serge Haroche and David J. Wineland
 "for ground-breaking experimental methods that enable
measuring and manipulation of individual quantum
systems"
 The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2012
 Robert J. Lefkowitz and Brian K. Kobilka
 "for studies of G-protein-coupled receptors"
 The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2012
 Sir John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka
 "for the discovery that mature cells
reprogrammed to become pluripotent"

can

be

 The Nobel Prize in Literature 2012


 Mo Yan
 "who with hallucinatory realism merges folk tales, history
and the contemporary"
 The Nobel Peace Prize 2012
 European Union (EU)
 "for over six decades contributed to the advancement of
peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights
in Europe"
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 The Prize in Economic Sciences 2012


 Alvin E. Roth and Lloyd S. Shapley
 "for the theory of stable allocations and the practice of
market design"

NOBEL PRIZE 2013


The Nobel Winner
Prize in
Physics
Franois
Englert
Peter
Higgs

Chemistry

Physiology
or
Medicine

Literature
Peace

The
Sveriges

for
"for the theoretical discovery of a
and mechanism that contributes to our
W. understanding of the origin of mass of
subatomic
particles,
and
which
recently was confirmed through the
discovery of the predicted fundamental
particle, by the ATLAS and CMS
experiments at CERN's Large Hadron
Collider"

Martin
Karplus,
Michael
Levitt
and
Arieh Warshel
James
E.
Rothman,
Randy
W.
Schekman
and Thomas
C. Sdhof
Alice Munro

"for the development of multiscale


models for complex chemical systems"

"for their discoveries of machinery


regulating vesicle traffic, a major
transport system in our cells"

"master of the contemporary short


story"
Organisation "for its extensive efforts to eliminate
for
the chemical weapons"
Prohibition of
Chemical
Weapons
(OPCW)
"for their empirical analysis of asset
Eugene
F. prices"

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71 | P a g e
Riksbank
Prize
in
Economic
Sciences in
Memory of
Alfred
Nobel 2013

Fama,
Lars
Peter Hansen
and Robert J.
Shiller

NOBEL LAUREATES OF INDIA


Year

Laureates

Subject

1902

Ronald Ross

Medicine

1907
1913
1930

Rudyard
Kipling
Rabindranath
Tagore
C.V. Raman

Literature

Citizen of India

Physics

Citizen of India
Foreign citizens of Indian
origin

Har
Gobind
Medicine
Khorana

1979

Mother Teresa

1998
2001
2009

Foreign citizens born in


India
Foreign citizens born in
India

Literature

1968

1983

Origin

Peace

Subrahmanyan
Physics
Chandrasekhar
Economic
Amartya Sen
Sciences
V.S.Naipaul
Literature
Venkatraman
Chemistry
Ramakrishnan

Foreign born
India
Indian-born
citizen

citizen

of

American

Citizen of India
Indian born UK citizen
Indian
born
American
Citizen

PULITZER PRIZE
Awarded for
Country
Presented by
First awarded

Excellence in newspaper journalism, literary


achievements, and musical composition
United States
Columbia University
1917

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72 | P a g e

Indian origin people who won Pulitzer Prize


 Gobind Behari Lal a journalist and independence activist. He shared
the Pulitzer Prize in 1937
 Jhumpa Lahiri - She won Pulitzer Prize in 2000 for her debut short
story collection Interpreter of Maldies.
 Geeta Anand - She has written a book on medical investigation titled
The Cure which has been made into successful film Extraordinary
Measures.
 Siddhartha Mukherjee - The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography
of Cancer which led him to win Pulitzer Prize in 2011 in the general
non-fiction category.
 Vijay Seshadri On 14th April 2014, Pulitzer Prize committee
awarded his collection of poems 3 Sections with Pulitzer Prize.

Gypl;rh; tpUJ ngw;w mnkhpf;f tho; ,e;jpah;


 2014Mk; mz;bw;fhd ftpij gphpTf;fhd Gypl;rh; tpUJ mnkhpf;f tho;
,e;jpauhd tp[a; Nrhj;jphpf;F toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
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toq;fg;gLk; Gypl;rh; ghpirg; ngWk; 5 MtJ ,e;jpah; tp[a; Nrhj;jphp
vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

MAN BOOKER INTERNATIONAL PRIZE


Awarded for
Country
Presented by
Reward
First awarded
Award winners
Year
Name
2005
Ismail Kadare
2013
Lydia Davis

Best English (or available for translation into


English) fiction
United Kingdom
Man Group
50,000
2005
The inaugural winner was Albanian writer
Ismail Kadare.
Country
Language
Albania
Albanian
United States English

Literary tradition
Albanian literature
American literature

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TEMPLETON PRIZE
Awarded for
Country
Presented by
First awarded
YEAR
2012

2013

2014

Outstanding contributions in affirming life's


spiritual dimension, whether through
insight, discovery, or practical works.
United States
Templeton Foundation
1973
LAUREATE

NOTES
Spiritual leader of
His Holiness the 14th Dalai Tibetan Buddhism, and
Lama, Tenzin Gyatso
1989 Nobel Peace Prize
laureate
Nobel laureate, social
The Most Rev. Desmond
rights activist and
Tutu
retired Anglican
archbishop
Roman Catholic priest,
Tom Halk
theologian, sociologist

2013Mk; Mz;L rf;jp Gu];fhh; tpUJ


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75 | P a g e

2013
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tpUijg ngw;Ws;sdh; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.
 ngz; fy;tp Kd;Ndw;wj;jpw;fhf gpur;rhuk; nra;JtUk; ghfp];jhd; ,sk;
ngz; kyhyh A+#g; rhapf;F 2013Mk; Mz;Lf;fhd I.eh. kdpj
chpikfs; tpUJ toq;fp fTutpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

2013 RAMON MAGSAYSAY AWARD


 The Ramon Magsaysay Award is an annual award established in 1957
by the trustees of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund based in NewYork City
with the concurrence of the Philippine government.
 The Ramon Magsaysay Award is Asias highest honor and is widely
regarded as the regions equivalent of the Nobel Prize.
 It celebrates the memory and leadership example of the third Philippine
president, and is given every year to individuals or organizations in
Asia who manifest the same sense of selfless service that ruled the life of
the late and beloved Filipino leader.
 The first Ramon Magsaysay Awards were given on August 31, 1958 to
five outstanding individuals working in India, Indonesia, Philippines,
Republic of China (Taiwan) and Sri Lanka, and a Philippine-based
organization.
 Presentation Ceremonies are held annually in Manila on 31 August, the
birth anniversary of the late President.
Magsaysay awardees
Year

2012
2013
2013

Recipient

Nationality or Base
Country

Peace and International Understanding (PIU)


Ambrosius Ruwindrijarto
Indonesia
Ernesto Domingo
Philippines
Corruption Eradication
Indonesia
Commission
Uncategorized

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76 | P a g e
2012
2012
2012
2012
2012
2013
2013
2013

Chen Shu-chu
Kulandei Francis
Yang Saing Koma
Syeda Rizwana Hasan
Romulo Davide
Habiba Sarobi
Lahpai Seng Raw
Shakti Samuha

Taiwan
India
Cambodia
Bangladesh
Philippines
Afghanistan
Myanmar
Nepal

,isauh[hTf;F rq;fj
P ehlf mfhlkp tpUJ
 2012 Mz;Lf;fhd rq;fj
P
ehlf mfhlkp tpUJ ,iraikg;ghsh;
,isauh[h cs;gl 36 NgUf;F toq;fg;gl;L cs;sJ.
 ,ir> ehl;bak;> ehlfk;> nghk;kyhl;lk; Mfpa fiyj;Jiwfspy; rpwe;J
tpsq;Fk; fiyQh;fSf;F Mz;LNjhWk; rq;fj
P ehlf mfhlkp tpUJfs;
kw;Wk;
rq;fj
P
ehlf
mfhlkp
rpwg;G
tpUJfs;
(ngy;Nyh~pg;)
toq;fg;gLfpd;wd.
 ,e;j tpUJf;F Njh;eJ
;
vLf;fg;gl;lth;fspd; gl;baypy; ,e;J];jhdp
ghlfh;fs; uh[Nrfh; kd;#h;> m[a; Nghfd;fhh;> fh;ehlf ,irg;ghlfh;
X.v];. jpahfuh[d;> ik#h; vk;. ehfuh[h (taypd;)> Nf.tp gpurhj;
(kpUjq;fk;) gphpajh;rpdp Nfhtpe;j; (guj ehl;bak;) MfpNahUk; ,lk; ngw;w
,Uf;fpwhh;fs;.
 rq;fj
P
ehlf mfhlkp rpwg;G tpUJf;F gpugy flk; tpj;thd; b.vr;.
tpehaf;uhk;> taypd; ,irf;fiyQh; vd;. uh[k;> uj;jd; jpahk; cs;gl 40
fiyQh;fs; Njh;T nra;ag;gl;L ,Uf;fpwhh;fs;.

iyg; Mg; ig jpiug;glk; 4 M];fhh; tpUJfs;


ngw;wJ. mit:
1. rpwe;j ,af;Feh; : Mq;yP (Ang Lee)
2. rpwe;j jpiu tz;zq;fs; (Visual effect): gpy;nt];ld; Nfhgh;
3. rpwe;j xspg;gjpT (Best Cinemotagraphy): fpshbNah kpuhz;Nlh
(Cladio Miranda)
 Nldpay; NlyPtp]; (Daniel Day Lawis) ,Jtiu ,th; %d;W Kiw
rpwe;j ebfUf;fhd M];fh; tpUij ngw;Ws;shh;. (1989> 2007> 2012)
Mz;LfSf;F)
 xd;wpw;F Nkw;gl;l tpUJfis ngw;w glq;fs;
 iyg; Mg; ig (Life of Pi)
: 4 tpUJfs;
 mh;Nf (Argo)
: 3 tpUJfs;
 ny]; kpnrugps;]; (Less Miserabies)
: 3 tpUJfs;
 brd;Nfh md; nrapd;L
: 2 tpUJfs;
 ypq;fd; (Lincon)
: 2 tpUJfs;
: 2 tpUJfs;
 ];ifghy; (Sky Ball
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ABEL PRIZE
Awarded for
Country
Presented by
First awarded

Outstanding scientific work in


the field of mathematics
Norway
King of Norway
2003

 Belgian born pierre deligne has won one million dollar abel prize in
mathematics for his contributions to algebraic geomentry and their
transformative impact on number theory, representation theory and
related fields on march 20, 2013
mngy; ghpR 2013
 fzpjj; Jiwapy; rpwe;J tpsq;Fk; mwpQHfis nfsutpj;J
toq;fg;gLk; tpUNj mngy; ghpR MFk;. fzpjj;Jiwapd; Nehgy; ghpR
vd;W ngUikAld; miof;fg;gLk; ,g;ghpR 2013,y; ngy;[pak;
ehl;ilr; Nrh;ej
;
gpahh; biyd; (Pierre Deligne) mth;fSf;F
toq;fg;gl;lJ.
fle;j %d;whz;Lfspy; ,t;tpUijg; ngw;w fzpj Nkijfspd; gl;bay;
YEAR

LAUREATES CITEZENSHIP

CITATION
"for
seminal
contributions
to
algebraic geometry and
for their transformative
Belgian
impact
on
number
theory,
representation
theory,
and
related
fields"
"for
his
fundamental
G.
contributions to dynamical
Russian/American
systems, ergodic theory,
and mathematical physics"

2013

Pierre
Deligne

2014

Yakov
Sinai

 2003,y; mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gl;l ,t;tpUijg; ngw;w Kjy; egh; [Pd; gpahh;rh;


(gpuhd;]); .
 mngy; ghpirg; ngw;Ws;s xNu ,e;jpah; v];.Mh;. =epthr tujd; (2007)

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78 | P a g e

NjhdpfF
; rpwe;j tPuUf;fhd Mrpa tpUJ
 I.rp.rp. cyff;Nfhg;ig ,UgJf;F ,UgJ fphpf;nfl; Nghl;bapy; ,e;jpa
mzp ,Wjpg; Nghl;bf;F Eioe;jjd; fhuzkhfTk;> ,e;jpa mzpapd;
rhjidfSf;Ff;
fhuzkhf
,Ue;jjw;fhfTk;
mzpapd;
jiyth
kNfe;jpurpq; Njhdpf;F 2014Mk; Mz;Lf;fhd Mrpad; mTl;]l
; hz;bq;
mr;rt
P n
; kz;l; tpUJ toq;fg;gl;lJ.

DADASAHEB PHALKE AWARD


Type
Category
Description
Instituted
First awarded
Last awarded
Total awarded
Awarded by
Cash award
Medal
First awardee(s)
Recent awardee(s)

National
Indian Cinema
Lifetime Achievement Award
1969
1969
2013
45
Directorate of Film Festivals
1,000,000 (US$17,000)
Swarna Kamal (Golden Lotus)
Devika Rani
Gulzar (2013)

From Tamil Nadu


Sivaji Ganesan - 1996
K.Balachander - 2011

jhjh rhnfg; ghy;Nf tpUJf;F ghlyhrphpah; Fy;rhh;


Njh;T
 ,e;jpahtpd; cahpa tpUJfspy; xd;whff; fUjg;gLk; jhjhrhNfg; ghy;Nf
tpUJf;F ghlyhrphpah; Fy;rhh; Njh;T nra;ag;gl;Ls;shh;.
 2013 Mk; Mz;Lf;fhf jhjhrhNfg; ghy;Nf tpUJ ,e;jp ghlyhrphpaUk;>
jpiug;gl ,af;FeUkhd Fy;rhUf;F toq;fg;gLfpwJ. 79 tajhd Fy;rhh;
kpfr;rpwe;j ,e;jp ghly;fis vOjpAs;shh;. ,th; ,e;jp jpiug;glq;fisAk;
,af;fpAs;shh;.
 Fy;rhh; 2004 Mk; Mz;L rhfpj;a mfhlkp tpUJ> gj;k G+~d; tpUJ
kw;Wk; gy;NtW Njrpaj; jpiug;gl tpUJfs; gpypk;Ngh; tpUJ Mfpait
ngw;Ws;shh;.
 Kjd; Kjypy; Njtpfh uhzp 1969 tpUJngw;wth; ebif.

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79 | P a g e

INDIAS INTERNATIONAL PEACE PRIZE


GANDHI PEACE PRIZE
Category
First awarded
Total awarded
Awarded by
Cash award
First awardee(s)
Last awardee(s)

International
1995
13
Government of India
Rs. 10 million
Julius Nyerere (1995)
Chandi Prasad Bhatt (2013)

INDIRA GANDHI PRIZE


Awarded for
Location
First awarded

Outstanding contributions in peace


New Delhi
1986

,t;tpUJ toq;fg;gLk; Jiwfs;


 mwptpay; (science)
 fyhr;rhuk; (Culture)
 fy;tp (Education)
 ,yf;fpak; (Literature)
 r%fNrit (Social Service)
 gj;jphpf;if (Journalism)
 rl;lk; (Law) kw;Wk;
 nghJtho;fi
; fapy; rpwe;J tpsq;Fgth;fSf;F (Public Works) ,t;tpUJ
toq;fg;gLk;.
 Ie;J yl;rk; ghpRnjhif toq;fg;gLk;.

Year
1986
2013

Recipient
Parliamentarians
for Global Action
Angela Merkel

State/
Organization

Germany

Description
International Organisation
of Parliamentarians
Chancellor of Germany

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80 | P a g e

VQ;ryh
tpUJ:

nkh;fy;-f;F

,e;jpuh

fhe;jp

mikjp
mikjp

 2013 Mk; Mz;Lf;fhd ,e;jpuhfhe;jp mikjp tpUJf;F n[h;kd; gpujkh;


VQ;ryh nkh;fy; Njh;T nra;ag;gl;Ls;shh;.
 gpujkh; kd;Nkhfd; rpq; jiyikapyhf rh;tNjr mstpyhd eLth;fs;
nfhz;l FO> nkh;fiy ,e;j Mz;Lf;fhd ,e;jpuh fhe;jp mikjp
tpUJf;Fj; Njh;T nra;Js;sJ.
 rh;tNjr epjp neUf;fbapd; NghJ> INuhg;gpa gpuhe;jpaj;jpy; mtuJ
jiyik rpwg;ghf ,Ue;jikf;fhfTk;> n[h;kd; ehl;bd; nghUshjhu
Nkk;ghl;bw;F mth; Vw;W elj;jpa rpwg;ghd jiyikf;fhfTk; ,e;j tpUJ
toq;fg;gLtjhf Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sJ eLth; FO.
 n[h;kd; ehl;bd; Kjy; ngz; gpujkh VQ;ryh nkh;fy; vd;gJ
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

2828-tJ ,e;jpuh xUikg;ghl;L tpUJf;F vk;.v];.


Rthkpehjd;
 jkpo;ehl;il Nrh;ej
; tpQ;Qhdp vk;.v];. Rthkpehjd; ngahpy; nrd;idapy;
nghpa mstpy; Ntshz;ik Muha;rr
; p epiyak; nray;gl;L tUfpwJ.
vw;fdNt ,th; cyf czT tpUJ cs;gl Vuhskhd tpUJfs; ngw;wth;.
 jw;NghJ tpQ;Qhdp vk;.v];. Rthkpehjd; 2012k; Mz;Lf;fhd 28-tJ
,e;jpuhfhe;jp
epidT
Njrpa
xUikg;ghl;L
tpUJf;fhf
Njh;en
; jLf;fg;gl;Ls;shh;.
,t;tpUJngw;w gpugykhdth;fs;
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

mUzh Mrg; myp


gp.vd;. `hf;lh;
vk;.v];. Rg;Gyl;Rkp
v.gp.N[. mg;Jy;fyhk;
rq;fh; jahs; rh;kh
uh[Pt; fhe;jp
vk;.v];. Rthkp ehjd;

1987
1990
1990
1997
1997 ,we;j gpwF
1993 ,we;j gpwF
2012

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU AWARD


Type
Category
First awarded
Total awarded
Awarded by
Cash award
First awardee(s)

Civilian
International
1965
36
Government of India
2.5 million
U Thant

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81 | P a g e

Recipients
Year
1965
1969
1984
1991
2009

Recipient

Country

U Thant
Mother Teresa
Indira Gandhi (posthumous)
Aruna Asaf Ali
Angela Merkel

Burma
India
India
India
Germany

BHARAT RATNA
Civilian
National
An image of the Sun along with the words "Bharat
Description
Ratna", inscribed in Devanagari script, on a peepul
leaf
Instituted
1954
First awarded
1954
Last awarded
2013
Total awarded
43
Awarded by
Government of India
C. Rajagopalachari
First awardee(s)
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
C. V. Raman
C. N. R. Rao (2013)
Recent awardee(s)
Sachin Tendulkar (2013)
Bharat Ratna Award Recipients from Tamil Nadu
 C.V.Raman, Tamilnadu Scientist (1954)
 C Rajagopalachari, Tamilnadu Politician (1954)
 S. Radhakrishnan, Tamilnadu Politician (1954)
 K.Kamaraj, Tamilnadu Politician (1976)
 M.G.Ramachandran, Tamil Actor and Tamilnadu Politician (1988)
 A.P.J.Abdul Kalam, Tamilnadu Scientist and Former President of
India (1997)
 C.Subramaniam, Tamilnadu Politician (1998)
 M.S.Subbulakshmi, Tamilnadu Carnatic Singer (1998)
Type
Category

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82 | P a g e
,aw;
,aw;if va;jpa gpd;G ghujuj;dh tpUJ ngw;w
jkpoh;fs; ,Uth;
1.
1976
K. fhkuh[h;
2.
1988
M.G. ,uhkr;re;jpud;
ghuj
ghuj uj;dh tpUij ngw;w ,e;jpauy;yhjth;fs;
1.
md;id njurh
1980
2.
1990
Dr. ney;rd; kz;Nlyh
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

ghujuj;
ghujuj;dh tpUJ ngw;w
jpUkjp. ,e;jpuhfhe;jp
md;id njurh
mUzh Mrh/g; myp
M.S. Rg;Gyl;Rkp
yjh kq;Nf~;fh;

,e;
,e;jpa kfsph;
1971
1980
1997
1998
2001

,aw;
,aw;if va;jpa gpd;G ghuj uj;dh tpUJ
ngw;w ,e;jpa kfsph;
1.
mUzh Mrh/g; myp
1997

JNANPITH AWARD
Category
Description
Instituted
First awarded
Last awarded
Total awarded
Awarded by
First awardee(s)
Last awardee(s)

Literature (Individual)
Literary
in India
1961
1965
2012
53
Bharatiya Jnanpith
G. Sankara Kurup
Ravuri Bharadhwaja

award

TAGORE AWARD
 Tagore Award is an Indian award given in commemoration of the 150th
birth anniversary of the nobel prize laureate Rabindranath Tagore
(18611941) for the cultural harmony.
 Established in 2011 by Government of India, it is given to the artists and
poets who work on Cultural Harmony
 This award has a cheque equivalent to Rs 1 crore.
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83 | P a g e
 This award was given to Ravi Shankar in 2012
 The Tagore Award 2013 to Zubin Mehta (Music conductor)

VYAS SAMMAN


The Vyas Samman is a literary award in India, first awarded in 1991 . It


is awarded annually by the K.K. Birla Foundation and includes a cash
payout of Rs 250,000 (as of 2005).
To be eligible for the award, the literary work must be in the Hindi
language and have been published in the past 10 years.
 2013 - Vishwanath Tripathi for his memoir Vyomkesh Darvesh

SARASWATI SAMMAN


The Saraswati Samman is an annual award for outstanding prose or


poetry literary works in any Indian language listed in Schedule VIII of
the Constitution of India. It is named after an Indian goddess of learning
and is considered to be among the highest literary awards in India.The
award consists of Rs 10 lakh, a citation and a plaque.
The Saraswati Samman was instituted in 1991 by the K. K. Birla
Foundation. Candidates are selected from literary works published in
the previous ten years by a panel that included scholars and former
award winners.

BAILEYS WOMEN'S PRIZE FOR FICTION


 The Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction (previously called Women's
Prize for Fiction (2013), Orange Prize for Fiction (19962006 and 2009
12) and Orange Broadband Prize for Fiction (200708)) is one of the
United Kingdom's most prestigious literary prizes.
Awarded for
Sponsor
Location
Presented by
First awarded

Best full-length novel written in English by a


woman of any nationality
Baileys
Irish
Cream
(2014-)
Private
benefactors
(2013)[1]
Orange (19962012)
United Kingdom
Women's Prize for Fiction
1996

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84 | P a g e

Eimear McBride wins the 2014 Baileys


Womens Prize for Fiction
 Irish author Eimear McBride wins the 2014 Baileys Womens Prize for
Fiction with her astonishing debut, A Girl is a Half-Formed Thing.

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; hd MuQ;R ghpR
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Mq;fpy
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toq;fg;gLk;.
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njhlh;eJ
;
khw;Wg; ngahpy; toq;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ. mjd; Gjpa ngah;
Gjpdj;jpw;fhd ngz;fs; ghpR (Womens Prize for fiction).
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toq;fg;gLfpwJ.
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ehl;ltuhapDk; ghpR toq;FtJ.

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n[. mNrhfkpj;jpud;

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t. n[aNjtd;

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85 | P a g e
tpUJ
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2012
2011

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 NkYk; 2013Mk; Mz;L Kjy; Mz;LNjhWk; fk;guhkhazj;jpd; cahpa
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,yf;fpa Ngr;rhsUf;F nrhy;ypd; nry;th; tpUJk; toq;fg;gLk; vd
jkpof muR mwptpj;jJ. ,e;j Mz;bw;fhd fk;gh; tpUJ kw;Wk; nrhy;ypd;
nry;th; tpUJ ngw;w mwpQh;fspd; ngahpidAk; gl;baypy; fhzyhk;.
tpUJ ngw;w mwpQh;fs;
2013
2012
ftpQh; Kj;Jypq;fk;
m.m. kzthsd;
c.Nr.rh. k.Nt. gRgjp
nr. ,uhR

tpUJ
fgpyh; tpUJ
jkpo;jj
; hj;jh
tpUJ
jkpo;jj
; ha; tpUJ
nly;yp jkpo;rr
; q;fk;
fk;gh; tpUJ
Kidth; ghy ,ukzp
nrhy;ypd; nry;th; tpUJ k.Nyhfehafp

kJiu jkpo;rr
; q;fk;

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fpU~;zNkdDf;F gphpll
; d; rpwg;G nfsutk;
 gphpl;lDf;fhd Kjy; ,e;jpa Jizj; jiyth; fpU~;z Nkdid
nfsutpf;Fk; tpjkhf tlf;F yz;ld; gFjpapy; mth; trpj;j tPlb
; y;
ePyg; ngah;g; gyif (G@ /gpshf;) mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
 mtuJ epidthf yz;ldpy; mth; Kjd;Kjypy; tho;ej
; tPlb
; y; ePy
epw gpd;dzpapy; nts;is vOj;Jf;fspy; ngah; kw;Wk; thof;iff;
Fwpg;G tptuk; nghwpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. fpU~;z Nkddpd; kiwTf;Fg; gpd;>
,e;j nfsutk; mspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
 gphpl;ldpd; gpugyq;fSf;Fk; mth;fs; trpj;j tPLfSf;Fk; ,ilNaahd
G@gpshf; mikf;fg;gLfpwJ. 1929 Kjy;
gpizg;ig> epidT$h;eJ
;
1931-k; Mz;L tiuapyhd Nkdd; tlf;F yz;ldpy; cs;s tPlb
; y;
trpj;jhh;. gphpl;ldpy; jq;fpapUe;jNghJ yz;lid ntFthf Nerpj;j
mth;> r%f>
murpay; gzpfspy; jd;id ntFthf <LgLj;jpf;
nfhz;lhh;.

ASIAN NOBEL PRIZE


 The Tang Prize Foundation is being set up by Samuel Yin
 The first Tang prizes would be awarded every two years, beginning in
2014.
Fields:
 Sustainable Development
 Bio-medical Science
 China Linguistic Research
 Rule of Law

Mrpa Nehgy; gupR Gjpa tpUJ epWtg;gl;Ls;SJ


 ijthd; ehl;L njhopyjpguhd Nrkpay; ,d; mtu;fs; 1.36 kpy;ypad;
kjpg;gpyhd tpUJ xd;iw epWtpAs;shu;. Nehgy; gupirtpl gupRj;
njhifapy; mjpf kjpg;G nfhz;l ,J (Nehgy; gupRj; njhif 1.2
kpy;ypad; lhyu;) Mrpa Nehgy; gupR vd;W miof;fg;glTs;sJ.
 2014
Mk;
Mz;by;
njhlq;fp
,uz;lhz;LfSf;F
xU
Kiw
toq;fg;glTs;s ,t;tpUJ fPof
; f
; hZk; ehd;F JiwfSf;F toq;fg;gLk;.
 ePbj;j Nkk;ghL (Sustainable Development)
 capup kUe;jf mwptpay; (Bio-medical Science)
 rPd nkhopapay; Ma;Tfs; (China Linguistic Research)
 rl;lj;jpd; Ml;rp (Rule of Law)

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,irf; fiyQh; mk;[j; myp fhDf;F uh[Pt;


fhe;jp Njrpa rj;ghtdh tpUJ
 gpugy rNuhl; ,irf; fiyQh; mk;[j; mypfhDf;F ,e;j Mz;Lf;fhd
uh[Pt; fhe;jp Njrpa rj;ghtdh tpUJ mwptpf;fg;gl;lJ.
 kj ey;ypzf;fj;Jf;fhfg; ghLgLk; gy;NtW Jiwfisr; Nrhe;j
; th;fSf;F
Mz;LNjhWk; ,t;tpUij Kd;dhs; gpujkh; uh[Pt; fhe;jpapd; gpwe;j
jpdj;jpy; (Mf];l; 20) fhq;fpu]; fl;rp toq;fp tUfpwJ.
 Vw;nfdNt md;id njurh> gp];kpy;yh fhd;> KfkJ A+D];> jP]j
; h
Nrjy;thl;> Rthkp mf;dpNt~;> `h;~; ke;jh; Rdpy; jj;> jpyPg; Fkhh;>
nksyhdh t`AjPd; fhd;> Nf.Mh;. ehuhazd; cs;spl;Nlhh; ,t;tpUijg;
ngw;wJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

KNUTH PRIZE
 The Donald E. Knuth Prize is a prize for outstanding contributions to
the foundations of computer science, named after Donald E. Knuth.
 The Knuth Prize is awarded since 1996 and includes an award of $5000.
 The prize is awarded by ACM SIGACT and by IEEE Computer Society's
Technical Committee on the Mathematical Foundations of Computing.
Prizes are awarded in alternation at the ACM Symposium on Theory of
Computing and at the IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer
Science, which are among the most prestigious conferences in theoretical
computer science.
Winners
1996 - Andrew Yao
2013 Gary Miller
Knuth ghpR 2013
; pf;F rpwe;j Muha;r
; r
; papy; <LgLgth;fis
 fzpdpj;Jiwapd; tsh;rr
Cf;Ftpf;Fk; tifapy; toq;fg;gLk; tpUNj Knuth ghpR MFk;. 1996
Mk;
Mz;L
Kjy;
toq;fg;gl;L
tUk;
,t;tpUJ
2013,y;
mnkhpf;fhitr; Nrh;ej
; Nfhp yp kpy;yh; mth;fSf;F toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
fle;j %d;whz;Lfspy; ,t;tpUjpidg; ngw;wth;fspd; gl;bay;
Year Winner
2011 Ravi Kannan
2012 Leonid Levin
2013 Gary Miller

Country
India
Russia America
America

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ASIAN LITERARY PRIZE


Awarded for
Location
Presented by
First awarded

Best novel written by a citizen of an


Asian country, either published in
English or translated into English[1]
Asia (limited)
Man Group (2007-2012)
2007

2007
 Chinese writer Jiang Rong won the inaugural prize with his work, Wolf
Totem
2012
 The winner, Tan Twan Eng for The Garden of Evening Mists, was
announced March 15, 2013

nlk;gpspld;
tpUJ
2013
mth;fSf;F toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ

nj];khd;l;

Ll;L

 mnkhpf;fh- Mq;fpNyh njhopyjpguhd nlk;gps;ld; mth;fspd; epidthf


njhlq;fg;gl;Ls;s
nlk;gps;ld;
mwf;fl;lis
%yk;
,t;tpUJ
toq;fg;gLfpwJ.
 1972 Mk; Mz;L epWtg;gl;L> Mz;LNjhWk; toq;fg;gl;LtUk; ,t;tpUJ
2013y;
njd;dhg;gphpf;fhtpd;
r%fey
Mh;tyUk;>
Xa;T
ngw;wghjphpahUkhd nj];khd;l; Ll;L (Desmond tutu) mth;fSf;F
toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
 njd;dhg;gphpf;fhtpd; Kjy; fWg;gh; ,dg; ghjphpahh; vDk; ngUikiaf;
nfhz;l ,th;> Mg;gphpf;f fz;lj;jpy; epytpa fUg;gh;fSf;F vjpuhd
,dntwpf;
nfhs;iff;F
vjpuhf
jd;
tho;ehs;
KOtijAk;
mh;gzpj;jNjhL> tWik> va;l]
; >; fhrNeha; Nghd;wtw;wpw;F vjpuhfTk;
Nghuhb tUfpwhh;.
 mnkhpf;fhtpy; Kd;dhs; mjpgh; [pk;kp fhh;ll
; h;> [.ehtpd; Kd;dhs;
nghJr; nrayhsh; Nfhgp md;dhd; cs;spl;l cyfj;jiyth;fs;
,ize;J elj;Jk; kdpj Nea mikg;ghd j vy;lh;]; (The Elders)y;
,tUk; cWg;gpdh; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.
,th; ,aw;wpAs;s E}y;fs;:
- No Future without forgiveness
- God is not a Christian and other provocation
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,th; ngw;Ws;s tpUJfs;:
1. mikjpf;fhd Nehgy; ghpR (1984)
2. rpl;dp mikjp tpUJ (1999)
3. fhe;jp mikjp tpUJ (2007)
fle;j %d;W tUlq;fspy; ,t;tpUJ ngw;wth;fspd; gl;bay;
Mz;L
2012
2011

egh;
14tJ
jyha
yhkh
(nld;rpd; fpahl;Nlh)
j yhh;L hP]; M/g; Y}l;Nyh

2010

gpuhd;rp];Nfh N[. mayh

ehL
jPngj;
,e;jpahtpy;
trpf;fpwhh;)
,q;fpyhe;J tpz;ntsp
Ma;thsh;)
];ngapd;

nlk;gps;ld; tpUJ ngw;w ,e;jpah;fs;


1973
1975
1990
1997

md;id njurh
rh;tgs;sp ,uhjhfpU~;zd;
ghgh Mk;Nj
ghz;Luq; rh];jphp mjthNy
(Swadhyay Movement)

I.eh.nghJ Nrit tpUJ 2013


ck;kd; rhz;bf;F toq;fg;
fg;gl;lJ

Nfus

Kjy;th;

 ,t;tpUJ xt;nthU Mz;Lk;> cyf Nrit jpdkhd [{d; 23 md;W


toq;fg;gLk;.
 2003Mk; Mz;L Kjy; toq;fg;gl;L tuk; ,t;tpUJ> 2013y; Mrpa
grpgpf; kz;lyj;jpw;fhd tpUjpw;F Nfus Kjy;th; ck;kd; rhz;b
mth;fs; Njh;en
; jLf;fg;gl;Ls;sh;.
 cyf kf;fs; Nrit jpdk; - [{d; 23

RAJIV GANDHI KHEL RATNA


 The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna (RGKR) is Indias highest honour
given for achievement in sports. The words "Khel Ratna" literally
mean "sports gem" in Hindi. The award is named after the late Rajiv
Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India.
YEAR
201011
201112
201112
201213

NAME
Gagan Narang
Vijay Kumar
Yogeshwar Dutt
Ronjan Sodhi

FIELD
Shooting
Shooting
Wrestling
Shooting

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DRONACHARYA AWARD
 Dronacharya Award is an award presented by the government of India
for excellence in sports coaching.
 The award comprises a bronze statuette of Dronacharya, a scroll of
honour and a cash component of Rs.500,000.
 The award was instituted in 1985
YEAR
NAME
FIELD
2013
Poornima Mahato
Archery
2013
Mahavir Singh
Boxing
2013
Narinder Singh Saini
Hockey
2013
K P Thomas
Athletics
2013
Raj Singh
Wrestling

ARJUNA AWARD
Civilian
Sports (Individual)
1961
1961
2012
Govt. of India
500,000

Type
Category
Instituted
First awarded
Last awarded
Awarded by
Cash award
Field: Sports
















Athletics
Ball Badminton
Basketball
Boxing
Carrom
Chess
Cricket
Hockey
Kabaddi
Powerlifting
Swimming
Table Tennis
Tennis
Volleyball
Weightlifting

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List of Arjuna Award 2013


A total of 14 personalities got the Arjuna Awards 2013 which are as
follows:
1. Virat Kohli (Cricket)
2. Chekrovolu Swuro (Archery)
3. Renjith Maheshwary (Athletics)
4. P V Sindhu (Badminton)
5. Kavita Chahal(Boxing)
6. Rupesh Shah (Snooker)
7. Gaganjeet Bhullar (Golf)
8. Saba Anjum (Hockey)
9. Rajkumari Rathore (Shooting)
10. Joshna Chinappa(Squash)
11. Mouma Das (Table Tennis)
12. Neha Rathi (Wrestling)
13. Dharmendra Dalal (Wrestling)
14. Amit Kumar Saroha (Athletics)

DHYAN CHAND AWARD


 Dhyan Chand Award is India's highest award for lifetime
achievement in sports and games, given by the Government of India.
The award is named after the legendary Indian hockey player Dhyan
Chand. The award was initiated in 2002. The award carries a cash
prize of INR 500,000, a plaque and a scroll of honour.
Complete List of Awardees
Name
Awarded
Sports/Games
Aparna Ghosh
2002
Basketball
Mary
D'souza
2013
Athletics
Sequeira
Syed Ali
2013
Hockey
Anil
2013
Wrestling
Girraj Singh
2013
Para-Sports

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SAHITYA AKADEMI AWARD


Literature (Individual)
Literary
award
in India
1954
1955
2014
Sahitya Akademi, Government of
India

Category
Description
Instituted
First awarded
Last awarded
Awarded by

rhfpja
; mfhnjkp
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Njhy; Njh;T
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gphpTfspy; tpUJ ngWNthh; Njh;T nra;ag;gl;ldh;.

2013; mfhnjkp tpUJ


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nkhopapYk; rpwe;j gilg;Gfisj; Njh;en
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tpUJf;F vOj;jhsh; Nutjp vOjpa gtsk; je;j ghpR vd;w rpWth;
,yf;fpak; Njh;en
; jLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
jkpo; vOj;jhsh; N[h.b. F&];-f;F rhfpj;a mfhjkp tpUJ
 N[h.b.F&]; vOjpa nfhw;if vd;w ehtYf;F 2013 Mk; Mz;Lf;fhd
rhfpj;a mfhjkp tpUJ toq;fg;gLfpwJ. (,tuJ Kjy; ehty; Mop #o;
cyF jkpof murpd; tpUijg; ngw;wJ).
Sahitya Akademi Award winners for Tamil language
Year
1955
2011
2012
2013

Work
Tamil Inbam (Essays)
Kaval Kottam (Novel)
Thol (Novel)
korkai (Novel)

Author
R. P. Sethu Pillai
Su. Venkatesan
D.Selvaraj
Joe D Cruz

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jhrpyj
; hh; gpNukyjhTf;F fy;gdh rht;yh tpUJ
 mhprp flj;jy;fhuh;fis Jzpr;rYld; tpul;bg; gpbj;j fd;dpahFkhp
khtl;lk; tpstq;NfhL tl;l toq;fy; mYtyh; Rrp gpNukyjhTf;F
JzpT kw;Wk; rhfrr; nraYf;fhd fy;gdh rht;yh tpUjpid
Kjyikr;rh; toq;fpAs;shh;.

jp iul; iyt;ypTl; tpUJ


 1980-Mk;
Mz;L
RtPld;
ehl;L
njhopw;Kiw
];lhk;
Nrkpg;gtUk;>
gj;jphpf;ifahsUk; N[fg; thd; A+f;];Fy; (Jacob Von Uexkull) vd;gth;
Nehgy; ghpR FWfpa gphpTf;F kl;LNk toq;fg;gLtjhy; mtw;wpd; Nehf;fk;
FWfpajhf ,Ug;gJNghy; cs;sjhYk; NkYk; njhopw;kakhd ehLfspd;
rKjhaj;jpy; Vw;gLk; Gjpa kdpj gpur;rpidfSf;F NghJkhd msT top
Njbf;nfhs;tjhYk; tphpthd (gue;j) Nehf;fkpy;yhjJNghy; czh;ej
; hh;.
 1980-y; jp iul; iyt;ypTl; tpUJ xh; thlif `hypy; itj;J
toq;fg;gl;lJ. Ie;J Mz;LfSf;Fg;gpd; ];tl
P d; ghuhSkd;w `hypy; tpUJ
toq;Fk; tpohtpid itj;Jf; nfhs;s miog;G te;jJ. ,jd;gb md;W
Kjy; kf;fs; jp iul; iyt;ypTl; tpUJ Nehgy; ghprpd; khw;whf (Alternative
Nobel Prize) kf;fshy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;lJ.
 ghpRj; njhifahf $50>000 mnkhpf;f lhyh; toq;fg;gLfpwJ.
jp iul; iyt;ypTl; tpUJ ngw;w ,e;jpa mikg;G kw;Wk; jdpegh;fs;
1984
RaNtiy ngz;fs; mikg;G / vyhgl; (Self-employed
womens Association/Ela Bhatt)
1985
Nehfad; / u[;dp Nfhjhhp (Lokanyan / Rajni Kothari)
1986
ylhf; #w;w#opay; Nkyhz;ik FO / n`ydh ehh;ngh;f;
- `hl;r; (Lodak Ecological Development group / Heten
Norberg Hodge)
1987
rpg;Nfh ,af;fk; (Chipko Movement)
1991
eh;kjh gr;rhNth md;Nlhyd; (Narmada Bachao Andolan)
(NBA)
1993
te;jdh rpt (Vandana Shiva)
1994
lhf;lh; n`r; Rjh;rd; (VGKK)
1996
Nfush kf;fs; mwptpay; ,af;fk; (Kerala Sashthra
Sahithya Parishad) (Peoples science Movement of
Kerala)
2004
Rthkp mf;dpNt~; / m];fhh; myp vd;[pdpah; (Swami
Agnivesh / Asghar Ali Engineer)
2006
&j;kNdhukh (Ruth Manora)
2008
fpU~;zk;khs; [fdehjd; kw;Wk; rq;fuypq;fk; [fdehjd;
(LAFTI)

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mikjpff
; hy tPur;nray; tpUJfs;:
mikjpf;fhy tPur;nray; tpUJfs;
tpUJfs;: (Peacetime gallantry))

 mNrhf rf;u tpUJ (Ashok


Chakra)
(
 fPhj
; j
; p rf;fu tpUJ (Kirti
Chakra)
(
 nrsh;ah rf;fu tpUJ (Shaurya
Chakra))
(
 mNrhfr; rf;fu tpUJ Kjypy; 1952 [dthp 4y; Jtf;fg;gl;lJ.

fPhj
; j
; p rf;fu tpUJ:
tpUJ
 fPhj
; j
; p rf;fu tpUJ mNrhfh; rf;fu tpUJ tFg;G II vd ,e;jpaf;
FbauRj; jiytuhy; 1952 [dthp 4y; Vw;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. ,t;tpUJ
eilKiwf;F te;jJ Mf];l; 15> 1947 ypUe;J.
 Mdhy; 1967 [dthp 27y; ngah; khw;wk; ngw;W fPhj
; j
; p rf;fu tpUJ vd
MdJ.
fPhj
; j
; p tpUJ ngw;wth;fs;:
 2013
Lt CDR. Abilashtomy ,e;jpaf; flw;gil nyg;bdl; - mkpyh];
Nlhkp.
 2013
- Nk[h; kNf];Fkhh;> ,e;jpa ,uhZtk;
 2013 - ,d;]n
; gf;lh; - yypj; Nrhdhthy; (,we;j gpd;) m];]hk; NghyP];
fkhz;Nlh gl;lhypad;
 2012 Nk[h; - mDg;N[hrg; kd;[hyp gPfhh; nu[pnkd;l;
 2009 S.P. tpNdhj;Fkhh; NrhNg (,we;j gpd;) ,e;jpa NghyP]; rh;t]
P );
 ,Jtiuapy; mNrhfr; rf;fu tpUJ kw;Wk; fPhj
; j
; p rf;fu tpUJ
,uz;ilAk; ngw;w xNu tPuh; fh;dy; ePyfz;ld; n[ar;re;jpud; ehah
(Colonel J.J. Nair)

Nfhy;ld; FNshg; tpUJ - 2014


 2014 Mk; Mz;L yh]; VQ;r]py; eilngw;wJ. ypahh;dNlh bfhg;hpNah
rpwe;j ebfuhfTk;> mnkhpf;fd; `]y; rpwe;j jpiug;gkhfTk; ,lk;
ngw;wd.
 M];fh; tpUJf;F mLj;jg;gbahf fUjg;gLk; cah;ej
; tpUjhFk;.
 M];jpNuypa ebif vk;kh jhk;rDf;Fk; rpwe;j Jiz ebiff;fhd
tpUJ n[dpgh; yhud;Rf;Fk; toq;fg;gl;lJ.
 ,t;tpohtpy; cyf mofpahf ,Ue;j ebif gphpaq;fh Nrhg;uh fye;J
nfhz;lhh; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

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PRIZE AND AWARDS REVIEW


 Malala Received 2013 UN Human Rights Prize. South Africas late antiapartheid icon Nelson Mandela and former US President Jimmy Carter
are among the eminent recipients of the prize which is conferred every
five year
 General Bikram Singh awarded the USs Legion of Merit. The award is
given the services chiefs and officers for exceptionally meritorious
conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements.
He is the 5th Indian armed forces officers to have received the award
after field marshal K.M. Kariappa and 1st India chief of Army Staff Gen.
Rajendra Singhiji
 Indian Missile Scientist Sivathanu Pilali received Russias Order of
Friendship award. Along with him, Senior BJP leader Murali Manohar
Joshi has also been bestowed upon the Russian award, which is the
highest award given by the country to foreign citizens
 Bihar Health Worker Martha Dodray gets UN Frontline workers Global
Leadership Award for Polio work.
 Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad being managed by
GMR Group has been adjudged the Best Cargo Airport of the Year.
This is the Second year in row.
 Mala Yousafzai was received a human rights award named after the
Russian Journalist, Anna Politlkovskaya. The award was presented by
RAW IN WAR (Reach All Women in WAR)
 The International Press Institute award for Excellence in Journalism 2013
has chosen Television Journalist Karan Tahpar for outstanding
Journalistic work done during 2012.
 Malala yousafzai won EUs Sakharov Human Rights Prize 2013. The
Sakharvo prize for the free speech is awarded by European Parliament
annually in memory of Soviet Physicist and dissident Andrei Sakharov.

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 The Infosys Prize 2013 in Life Science is awarded to Dr. RajeshS.


Gokhale, Director CSIR Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology,
for his work in the field of lipid metabolism in tubercle bacilli.
 The Bangladesh Friends of Liberation war Honour was conferred on
former Indian President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, former prime minister
Gulzarilal Manda and former Indian defence Minister V.K. Krishna
Menon
 Russian President Vladimir Putin nominated for 2014 Noble Peace Prize
by Russian advocacy group for his key role in preventing a US Missile
strike on Syria and initiatives to dismantle Damascus Chemical
weapons.
 Nuozealan author Eleanor Colton at the age of just 28 years became the
youngest ever winner of the 2013 Man Booker Prize for her novel The
Luminaries. The luminaries is also the longest work to win the prize in
the history of 45 years of Man Booker Prize (832 page).
 South Africas Greg du Toit Named wildlife photographer of the year
2013
 14 year old photographer from India Udayan Rao Pawar won the award
as Young wildlife photographer of the year 2013
 Lata Mangeshkar honoured with the first Yash Chopra Memorial
Award.
 Malala yousafzai awarded Honorary Masters Degree at Edinburgh
University
 Indian Climate change Activist Priti Rajagopalan wins Commonwealth
youth award
 Aung San Swu kyi received EUs Sakharov prize after 23 year. She was
chosen by European Parliament in 1990. The Sakharov Prize for
Freedom of Thought was established in December 1988 by European
Parliament
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POLITICAL PARTIES AND


POLITICAL SYSTEMS IN INDIA
,e;jpahtpd; ngupa
ngupa kf;fsitj; njhFjp
-

gug;gstpy; - ylhf; njhFjp ([k;K & fh~;kuP );


thf;fhsu; mstpy; - cd;dht; (cj;jpug;gpuNjrk;)

,e;jpahtpd; kpfr; rpwpa kf;fsitj; njhFjp


-

gug;gstpy; : rhe;jp rTf; (nly;yp)


thf;fhsu; mstpy; : yl;rj;jT
P

jkpofj;jpd; ngupa rl;lg;Nguit njhFjp


-

gug;gstpy; : tpy;ypthf;fk;
thf;fhsu; mstpy;
o Nrhspq;fey;Yhu; (fhQ;rpGuk;)
o nfsz;lk;ghisak; (Nfhit)
o Mtb (jpUts;@u;)

jkpofj;jpd; kpfr;rpwpa rl;lg;Nguit njhFjp


-

thf;fhsu; mstpy; : fPoN


; t@u; (ehfg;gl;bdk;)

jkpofj;jpy; cs;s upru;t; njhFjpfspd; vz;zpf;if 46


jho;jj
; g;gl;ltu;fs; : 44
goq;Fbapdu; : 2
Nre;jkq;fyk; (ehkf;fy;)
Vw;fhL (Nryk;)

GOVT., WELFARE ORIENTED


GOVT. SCHEMES THEIR UTILITY
tWik xopgG
; cyf tq;fp Gjpa ,yf;F
 cyfpypUe;J tWikia xopj;jpl cyf tq;fp Gjpa ,yf;if
eph;zapj;Js;sJ. mjd;gb 2020-f;Fs; tWikg;gpbapy; cs;sth;fs;
vz;zpf;ifia 9% khf Fiwf;f ,yf;F eph;zapf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
 cyf mstpy; Rkhh; 40 Nfhb rpWth;fs; xU ehisf;F 1.25 lhyh; vd;w
tUkhdj;jpy; caph; thOk; nfhba tWik epiyapy; cs;sdh;.
 tWikapy; cs;sth;fspd; vz;zpf;ifia cyf mstpy; 9%khf
Fiwf;f ,yf;f eph;zapf;fg;gl;Ls;sjd; tpisthf 2030-k; Mz;Lf;Fs;
cyfpypUe;J tWikia Kw;wpYk; xopg;gJ vd eph;zapf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
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,e;jpahtpy; mjpf gl;r tWik cs;s
(rjtPjj;jpy;)
khepyk;
fpuhkk;
efuk;
gPfhh;
55.3
39.4
m];]hk;
39.9
26.1
cj;jpug;gpuNjrk;
39.4
31.7
xbrh
39.2
25.9
kj;jpag;gpuNjrk;
42.0
22.9
,e;jpahtpy; Fiwe;jgl;r tWik cs;s
(rjtPjj;jpy;)
khepyk;
fpuhkk;
efuk;
,khr;ry gpuNjrk; 9.1
12.6
Nfush
12.0
12.1
gQ;rhg;
14.6
18.1
jkpo;ehL
21.2
12.8
`hpahdh
18.6
23.0

khepyq;fs;
s
nkhj;jk;
53.5
37.9
37.7
37.0
36.7
khepyq;fs;
nkhj;jk;
9.5
12.0
15.9
17.1
20.1

EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMMES OF INDIA


AT A GLANCE
S.No Programme/Plan/
Year
of Objective/Description
Institution
beginning
1
Community Development
Overall development of rural
1952
Programme (CDP)
areas with people's participation.
2

3
4

Intensive
Agriculture
Development Programme 1960-61
(IADP)
Intensive Agriculture Area
1964-65
Programme (IAAP)
High
Yielding
Variety
Programme (HYVP)
1966-67

To
provide
loans,
seeds,
fertilizers, tools to the farmers.

Indian
Tourism
Development Corporation Oct. 1966
(ITDC)

To arrange for the construction of


Hotels and Guest Houses at
various places of the country.

To develop special harvests.


To increase the productivity of
food grains by adopting latest
varieties of inputs for crops.

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6

Green Revolution

Nationalisation of 14 Banks

8.

Twenty Point Programme


(TPP)

National
Institution
Rural
Development (NIRD)

10

11

12

13

14

To increase the production of


food grains, specially wheat (The
architects
were
Dr.M.S.
1966-67
Swaminathan in India and
Nobel
laureate Dr. Norman Borlaug in
the world).
To
provide
loans
for
19
July,
agriculture, rural development
1969
and other priority sectors.
1975

Poverty eradication and raising


the standard of living.

1977

Training,
investigation
and
advisory organisation for rural
development.

of

To make the poorest of the poor


of the villages economically
1977-78
independent (only in Rajasthan
State).
Training Rural Youth for Aug. 15, Programme for training rural
Self
Employment 1979
youth for self-employment.
(TRYSEM)
National
Rural
To
provide
profitable
1980
Employment Programme
employment opportunities to the
(NREP)
rural poor.
National Fund for Rural
To grant 100% tax rebate to
Development (NFRD)
donors and also to
provide
Feb. 1984 financial assistance for rural
development projects.
Antyodaya Yojana

Formation of Securities and


To safeguard the interest of
Exchange Board of India
April 1988 investors in capital market and to
(SEBI)
regulate the share market.

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15

National Renewal Fund

16

Mahila Samridhi Yojana

17

Child Labour Eradication


Scheme

18

Kasturba Gandhi Education


Aug.
Scheme
1997

19

Swarna Jayanti Shahari


Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)

For the employees of the public


sector.

1992
Oct.
1993

Aug.
1994

2,

To encourage the rural women to


deposit in Post Office Savings
Account.

labour
from
15, To shift child
hazardous industries to schools.

15,

Dec. 1997

To establish girls schools in


districts having low female
literacy rate.
To provide gainful employment
to urban unemployed
and
under employed poor through
self employment or wage
employment.
To provide 10 kg food grains to
senior citizens (who do not get
pension).

20

Annapurna Yojana

21

Swarna
Jayanti
Gram
For eliminating rural poverty
Swarozgar Yojana (SJGSY) April 1999 and
unemployment
and
promoting self employment.

22

Jan Shree Bima Yojana

March
1999

Aug.
2000
23

24

Pardhan
Mantri
Gramodaya
2000
Yojana
Antyodaya Anna Yojana
Dec.
2000

Providing Insurance Security


10, to
people living below the
poverty line.
To fulfill basic requirements in
rural areas.
25,

To provide food security to the


poor.

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25

Pardhan
Mantri
Gram
Dec.
Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)
2000

26

Swajaldhara Yojana
2002

27

Hariyali Pariyojana

2003

28

Janani Suraksha Yojana


April
2005

29

Bharat Nirman Yojana

25,

To connect all villages with


nearest pucca road.
Started in Dec. 2002, for ensuring
drinking water supply to all
villages by 2004.

Inaugurated on January 27, 2003


by the Prime Minister. It aims
at tackling the problems of
irrigation and drinking water,
along
with
boosting
tree
plantation
programme
and
fisheries developments in rural
areas.
Takes the place of National
12, Maternity Benefit Scheme. It will
be a part of the National Rural
Health Mission (NRHM).

Dec.
2005

Development
of
Rural
infrastructure
including
six
16,
components : Irrigation, Water
supply,
Housing,
Road,
Telephone and Electricity.

30

Rajeev Gandhi Grameen


Vidyutikaran Yojana
2005

Electrification of all villages and


habitations.

31

National
Rural
Employment
Guarantee
Programme (NREGP)
Feb.
2006

The provisions are the same as


for food for work programme.
The scheme was enforced in 200
2, districts of the country to begin
with.
To provide atleast 100 days
wages employment in rural areas
in a year. The scheme is 100%
centrally sponsored.

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32

Rashtriya Swasthya Bima


Yojana

33

Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana

34

Rajeev Awas Yojana

35

Pradhanmantri
Gram
Yojana

36

2007

2007

2009
Adarsh

Dilli Annashree Yojana

2010

2013

Health Insurance to all workers


in unorganized sector
Insurance cover to the head of
the family in rural landless
households.
To make India slum free in 5
years.
Integrated
development
of
scheduled castes dominated
villages in the country.
It is a food security programme
that aims to ensure people do not
go hungry.

Njrpa Cuf Ntiytha;gG


; j; jpll
; k;:
 Njrpa Cuf Ntiytha;gG
; j;jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; toq;fg;gLk; Ntiy
ehl;fshd 100 ehl;fs; 150 ehl;fshf mjpfhpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
 twl;rp fhyq;fspy; fpuhkg;Gw gFjpfspy; cs;s kf;fSf;F Ntiytha;gG
;
mspf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf kfhj;kh fhe;jp Cuf Ntiy tha;gG
;
cj;juthjj; jpl;lj;ij kj;jpa muR nray;gLj;jp tUfpwJ.
 ,j;jpl;lj;jpd;fo
P ; Mz;Lf;F 100 ehl;fs; Ntiy toq;fg;gLfpwJ.
,j;jpl;lj;jpy; fpuhkg; Gwq;fspy; cs;s Fsq;fis J}h; thUjy;>
rhiyfs; mikj;jy; cs;spl;l gzpfs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;wd.
 ,e;j Mz;L njd;Nkw;F gUtkio rhptu nga;ahjjhy; ehl;bd; gy;NtW
gFjpfspy; twl;rp epyTfpwJ. fh;ehlfk;> kfhuh~;buh> F[uhj;> uh[];jhd;
Mfpa khepyq;fSf;F &. 33 Mapuk; Nfhb xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
 vdNt
,e;j
Mz;by;
Cuf
Ntiytha;gi
; g
150
ehl;fshf
mjpfhpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

kfhj;kh fhe;jp Njrpa Cuf Ntiy cWjpj;


jpll
; k; (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural
Employment Guarantee Scheme)
 Njrpa Cuf Ntiy cWjp rl;lk; - 2005> ehlhSkd;wj;jhy; ,aw;wg;gl;L
me;j Mz;L nrg;lk;gh; 5,y; FbauRj; jiythpd; xg;Gjy; ngwg;gl;lJ.

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jpl;lj;jpd; gad;ghLfs;:
 ePhe
; piyfis mjpfhpg;gLj;Jjy; kw;Wk; epiyg;gLj;Jjy;
 fpuhkg;Gwj;jpypUe;J efh;gG
; wj;jpw;F tWikapd; fhuzkhf Fb ngah;jy;
Fiwe;Js;sJ.
 Njrpa mstpy; fpuhkg;Gwj;jpy; ruhrhp Cjpak; ,j;jpl;lj;jpd; %yk; &. 65
ypUe;J &. 115 Mf cah;eJ
; s;sJ. ,jd; %yk; fpuhkg; Gwj;jpy;
tptrhag; gzpahsh;fspd; Cjpa Nguk;NgRk; tha;gG
; cah;eJ
; s;sJ.

ngz;fspd; ghJfhg;G kw;Wk; rk cupik


njhlu;ghf kj;jpa/jkp
jkpof muR ,aw;wp
wA
p s;s gpw
rl;lq;fspd; njhFg;G
 rjp xopg;Gr; rl;lk; 1829
 rhujhr; rl;lk; 1929 (Foe;ijj; jpUkzj; jilr;rl;lk;)
 Njtjhrp xopg;Gr; rl;lk; 1930
 tujl;riz jLg;Gr; rl;lk; 1961 (1984y; jpUj;jg;gl;lJ)
 ,e;J jpUkzr; rl;lk; 1955 (1967y; jkpof muR ,jpy; jpUj;jk;
nra;J>
Rakupahij
jpUkzq;fSf;F
rl;l
mq;fPfhuk;
mspj;Js;sJ)
 ,e;J thupRupikr; rl;lk; 1956 (1989y; jkpof muR jpUj;jk;
nra;J ngz;fSf;F guk;giu nrhj;jpy; rkgq;F fpilf;f top
nra;Js;sJ).
 ,e;J tpjitfs; kWkzr;rl;lk; 1956
 kfg;NgW eyr;rl;lk; 1961
 rkkhd Cjpar; rl;lk; 1976
 ngz;fis mehfuPfkhf gpujpepjpj;Jtg; gLj;Jtijj; jLj;jy;
rl;lk; 1986
 fz;zpakw;w Kiwapy; rpj;jupg;gJ (jilr;) rl;lk; 1989
 njhl;by; Foe;ijj; jpl;lk; 1992
 kfhj;kh fhe;jp Cuf Nriy tha;gG
; j; jpl;lk; 2005
 tPlL
;
Ntiyahl;fs; eyd; kw;Wk; r%fg; ghJfhg;Gj; jpl;lk;
2010
 FLk;g td;Kiwj; jLg;Gr; rl;lk; 2005
 nfsutk;> ghuk;gupak; vDk; ngaupy; elf;Fk; Fw;wq;fisj;
jLj;jy; rl;lk; 2010.

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LATEST COURT VERDICTS


RECENT AMENDMENT BILLS
111th Amendment Bill:
The Constitution (One hundred and Eleventh Amendment) Bill, 2009
was introduced in the Lok Sabha on November 30, 2009 by Sh.
Sharad Pawar, Minister of Agriculture, Consumer Affairs and Public
Distribution System. The Bill adds a new Directive Principles of State
Policy stating that the State shall endeavour to promote voluntary
formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and
professional management of co-operative societies. The bill is
passed by both the Houses in 2011.
114th amendment Bill:
To increase the retirement age of High Court judge from 62 to 65.
When passed, the Constitution (114th amendment) Bill, 2010 will
amend Articles 217 and 224 to substitute the words Sixty-two years
with sixty-five years. The two Articles deal with the appointment
and retirement age of judges. The Union Cabinet gives its nod for
legislation to raise the retirement age of High Court judges from 62 to
65 on 30 July 2010.
115th Bill 2011
The Constitution (One Hundred and Fifteenth Amendment) Bill, 2011
seeks to introduce the Goods and Services Tax to give concurrent
taxing powers to both the Union and States.
The bill suggests the creation of Goods and Services Tax council and
a Goods and Services Tax Dispute Settlement Authority.
116th Bill 2011:
It seeks to provide, inter alia, for:
 Insertion of Articles 323C and 323 D in the proposed part XIVB of the
Constitution.
 Setting up the institution of Lokpal for the Union with powers of
superintendence and direction relating to holding a preliminary
inquiry causing investigation to be made and prosecution of offences
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in respect of complaints made to them under any law for the


prevention of corruption made by the parliament as an autonomous
and independent body.
 Appointment of chairperson and such number of members, their
conditions of service and tenure, as parliament may by law
determine.
 Similar dispensation for the institution of Lokayuktas at the level of
States.
117th Bill 2012
The Constitution (One Hundred Seventeenth Amendment) Bill, 2012
was introduced in the Rajya Sabha on September 5, 2012 by Mr. V
Narayansamy, Minister of State for Personnel, Public Grievances and
Pensions.
The Bill provides that all the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
notified in the Constitutional shall be deemed to be backward.
Article 335 of the Constitution states that the claims of the Scheduled
Castes and Scheduled Tribes have to be balanced with maintaining
efficiency in administration. The Bill states that provision of the
amendment shall override the provision of Article 335.
Current Status: Pending

The Constitution (118th Amendment) Bill, 2012 (Insertion of new article


371J)
 The Constitution 118th Amendment Bill, 2012 was introduced in the
Lok Sabha on September 7, 2012 by the Minister of Home Affairs, Mr.
Sushil Kumar Shinde. The Bill was referred to the Standing
Committee on Home Affairs (Chairperson: Mr. M. Venkaiah Naidu),
which is scheduled to submit its report by the first week of the
Winter Session of the Parliament.

A resolution to make special provisions for the HyderabadKarnataka Region was passed by the Legislative Assembly and
Legislative Council of Karnataka in March 2012. The resolution aims
to establish an institutional mechanism to develop the region and
promote inclusive growth. It aims to reduce inter-region and interdistrict disparity in the State of Karnataka. This Bill was introduced
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in Parliament to give effect to this resolution.

The Bill seeks to insert Article 371J in the Constitution to empower


the Governor of Karnataka to take steps to develop the HyderabadKarnataka Region. As per the Statements of Objects and Reasons of
the Bill, this Region includes the districts of Gulbarga, Bidar, Raichur,
Koppal, Yadgir and Bellary.
The President may allow the Governor to take the following steps for
development of the region: (i) setting up a development board for the
Region; (ii) ensure equitable allocation of funds for development of
the Region; and (iii) provide for reservation in educational and
vocational training institutions, and state government positions in the
Region for persons from the Region.

Lokshaba passed the Lokpal and Lokayukata Bill, 2011


 The lokpal consists of a chairperson and a maximum of eight members
of which 50% shall be judicial members
 The Lokpal chairperson or member shall not be connected with any
political party and one member will an eminent Jurist nominated by the
president

Nehl;lh Njh;jy; Mizak; mwptpjJ


; s;sJ
 kpd;dZ thf;Fg; gjpT ,ae;jpuj;jpy; Ntl;ghsiu epuhfhpf;Fk; chpikia
toq;Fk; Nehl;lhrpd;dk; nrt;tf tbtpyhd gl;ldpy; Nehl;lh vd;W
Mq;fpyj;jpy; nghpa vOj;jpy; vOjg;gl;bUf;Fk;. ,J rl;lkd;wj;
Njh;jypy; ,sk; rptg;G (gpq;f); epwj;jpYk;> ehlhSkd;w kf;fsitj;
Njh;jypy; nts;is epwj;jpYk; ,Uf;Fk; vd;w Njh;jy; Mizak;
mwptpj;Js;sJ.
 ehL KOtJk; xNu khjphpahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf (NOTA)
vd;w Mq;fpy vOj;J rpd;dq;fspd; thpirapy; ,lk; ngWk; Ntl;ghsh;fs;
ngah; thpirg; gl;bay; filrpapy; Nkw;nfhz;l ahUk; ,y;iy vd;w
thrfk; me;je;j gpuhe;jpa nkhopfspy; ,lk; ngWk;.
 rl;lkd;w> kf;fsitj; Njh;jy;fspy; Ntl;ghsh;fis epuhfhpf;Fk; chpik
thf;fhsh;fSf;F cz;L vd;W cr;rePjpkd;wk; rpy khjq;fSf;F Kd;G
jPhg
; g
; spj;jJ. ,ijj; njhlh;eJ
;
etk;gh;> brk;ghpy; nly;yp> kj;jpag;
gpuNjrk;> rj;j]
P f
; h;> uh[];jhd;> kpNrhuhk; rl;l kd;wj; Njh;jy;fspy;
Nehl;lh trjp mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gLk; vd;W Njh;jy; Mizak; mwptpj;jJ.

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epyk;
ifafg;gLj;jy;
epiwNtwpaJ

kNrhjh

ghuhSkd;wj;jpy;

 ghuhSkd;wj;jpy; epyk; ifafg;gLj;Jjy; kw;Wk; ,og;gL


P
toq;Fjy;
njhlh;ghd kNrhjh jhf;fy; nra;ag;gl;L epiwNtw;wg;gl;Ls;sJ.
 ifafg;gLj;jg;gLk; epyj;jpd; chpikahsh;fSf;F epahakhd ,og;gL
P k;>
tsh;rr
; p jpl;lj;jhy; ghjpf;fg;gLk; kf;fSf;F kWtho;Tk; mspg;gjw;fhf
,k;kNrhjh nfhz;L tug;gl;Ls;sJ.

fhtpup
eLtu;
kd;w
ntspaplg;gl;lJ:

,Wjpj;

jPug
; G
;

murpjopy;

2007 Mk; Mz;L ntspahd fhtpup eLtu;kd;w ,Wjpj; jPug


; g
; pid Vwj;jho
MW Mz;Lfs; fopj;J fle;j gpg;utup 19> 2013 md;W kj;jpa murpd;
murpjopy; ntspaplg;gl;Ls;sJ.
murpjopy; eLtu; kd;w jPug
; g
; pd; tptuk; :
 fhtpup ejpapy; ,Ue;J fpilf;Fk; nkhj;j ePu; msT :
740 b.vk;.rp. mjpy;>
jkpofj;jpw;F 419 b.vk;.rp.
fu;ehlfj;jpw;F 270 b.vk;.rp.
Nfusk; 30 b.vk;.rp.
GJr;Nrup 7 b.vk;.rp.
nkhj;jk; 726 b.vk;.rp

THE JUSTICE VERMA PANEL


The Justice Verma panel, which is a 3-member commission created to
review the laws for sexual crimes submitted the report to the
Government of India on 23 January 2013. Justice Verma panel was
created after the brutal gang rape of the Para-medical student on 16
December 2012. Former Chief Justice of India, Justice JS Verma headed
the commission and reviewed the laws on sexual crimes which exist
already.
The report was prepared by the panel in its 30-day deadline. The former
CJI described that there were more than 80000 suggestions from the
length and breadth of India as well as abroad after 5 January 2013 was
declared as the deadline for receiving comments from common man in
order to refurbish the present legislation that deals with the sex
offenders.
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108 | P a g e
The Justice Verma panel recognised failure of governance as primary
cause of sexual crimes. The panel additionally criticised the police,
government and also the public for the lack of interest and also
recommended changes in the entire society.
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RASHTRIYA BAL SWASTHYA KARYAKRAM


 UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi on 6 February 2013 launched a new
health initiative called Rashtriya Bal Sawsthya Karyakram at Palghar
town in Thane district of Maharashtra. The Rashtriya Bal Swasthya
Karyakram, is a part of the National Rural Health Mission of the Union
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
 Aims at early detection and management of the 4Ds prevalent in
children. These are
 Defects at Birth
 Diseases in Children
 Deficiency conditions
 Developmental Delays including Disabilities.

GEOGRAPHICAL LANDMARKS
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UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE


 As of 2014, 1007 sites are listed: 779 cultural, 197 natural, and 31 mixed
properties, in 161 states parties. By sites ranked by country, Italy is
home to the greatest number of World Heritage Sites with 50 sites,
followed by China (47), Spain (44), Germany (39) and France (39).
Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List (32)
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Cultural
 Agra Fort (1983)
 Ajanta Caves (1983)
 Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989)
 Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park (2004)
 Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (2004)
 Churches and Convents of Goa (1986)
 Elephanta Caves (1987)
 Ellora Caves (1983)
 Fatehpur Sikri (1986)
 Great Living Chola Temples (1987)
 Group of Monuments at Hampi (1986)
 Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (1984)
 Group of Monuments at Pattadakal (1987)
 Hill Forts of Rajasthan (2013)
 Humayun's Tomb, Delhi (1993)
 Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986)
 Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya (2002)
 Mountain Railways of India (1999)
 Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi (1993)
 Rani-ki-Vav (the Queens Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat (2014)
 Red Fort Complex (2007)
 Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003)
 Sun Temple, Konrak (1984)
 Taj Mahal (1983)
 The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (2010)
Natural
 Great Himalayan National Park (2014)
 Kaziranga National Park (1985)
 Keoladeo National Park (1985)
 Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (1985)
 Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks (1988)
 Sundarbans National Park (1987)
 Western Ghats (2012)

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GEOGRAPHICAL INDEX REGISTRATION


PROTECTION LAW FROM TAMILNADU

AND

 A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on certain


products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin
(e.g. a town, region, or country). India, as a member of the World Trade
Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods
(Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 has come into force with effect
from 15 September 2003.
In TamilNadu
S.NO
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.

GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATION
Salem Fabric
Kancheepuram Silk
Bhavani Jamakkalam
Madurai Sungudi
Coimbatore Wet Grinder
Thanjavur Paintings
Temple Jewellery of Nagercoil
Thanjavur Art Plate
E. I. Leather
Salem Silk (Salem Venpattu)
Kovai Cora Cotton
Arani Silk
Swamimalai Bronze Icons
Eathomozhy Tall Coconut
Thanjavur Doll
Nilgiri(Orthodox) Logo
Virupakshi Hill Banana
Sirumalai Hill Banana
Madurai Malli
Pattamadai Pai (Pattamadai Mat)
Nachiarkoil Kuthuvilakku (Nachiarkoil
Lamp)
Chettinad Kottan
Toda Embroidery

TYPE
Handicraft
Handicraft
Handicraft
Handicraft
Manufactured
Handicraft
Handicraft
Handicraft
Manufactured
Handicraft
Handicraft
Handicraft
Handicraft
Agricultural
Handicraft
Agricultural
Agricultural
Agricultural
Agricultural
Handicraft
Handicraft
Handicraft
Handicraft

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24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.

Thanjavur Veenai
Salem Mango
Tirunelveli Halwa
Dindigul Lock
Sivakasi Crackers
Madurai Idly

Handicraft
Agriculture
Food
Manufacturing
Manufacturing
Food

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS
HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE
 Rajya Sabha on 25 February 2013 approved the Sexual Harassment of
Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Bill. The
bill seeks protection for women in all type of organised, unorganized as
well as Private Sectors, including the sexual harassment of domestic
help as well as agricultural workers.
 The Bill was passed by Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament in
September 2012.

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v];.uj;jpdNty;
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MwhtJ rk;gsf;FO
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sri Krishnan)
2013 Kjy; 2016 mNrhf;Fkhh; khj;J}h;
VohtJ rk;gsf;FO
(Ashok kumar Mathur)

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INDIAS GROWTH PROJECTED TO RISE TO


7.1% BY 2016-17
 World banks Global Economic prospects (GEP)
 To rice to over 6% in fiscal 2014-15, increasing to 7.1 to fiscal 2016-17.

RAJASTHAN BANS FDI IN MULTI BRAND


RETAIL
 It was 2nd state after Delhi to withdraw approval for FDI in multi brand
retail

TATA GROUP
BRAND

INDIAS

MOST

VALUABLE

 Worlds 500 most value brand by brand Finance Global 500


 With a value of US $ 21.1 billion
 US based technology giant Apple has retain its top position US $ 105
billion
 Samsung US $ 79 billion
 Tata has retained its top place among Indian brands.
 Global ranking has also improved from 39th in 2013 to 34th now.

INDIAS FIRST POST OFFICE SAVING BANK


ATM INAUGURATED IN CHENNAI
 At Head post office in Thyagaraja Nagar

BILL GATES TOPS FORBES BILLIONAIRE


LIST
 Forbes magazines annual billionaire list
 Includes 56 India based billionaires
 In India Mukesh Ambani 18.6 billion
 Bill Gates - $ 76 billion (1st)
 Mexicos telecommunication mogul carlos slim Helu - $ 72 billion (2nd)

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SBI LAUNCHES SBI E-PAY TO FACILITATE


ELECTRONIC TRANSACTION
 SBI e pay a payment aggregator service to facilitate electronic (eCommerce/m-commerce)transactions between merchants, customers
and various financial institutions in the country
 Indias largest lender in the first bank in India to start its own online
aggregator services

GUJARAT RANKED
ECONOMIC FREEDOM

TOP STATE IN

 The 2013 Economic Freedom of the states of India (EFSI) report which
was to authorised by Swaminathan S. Anklesaria Iyer. Laveesh
Bhandari and Bibek Debroy
 Gujarat Index Score 0.65 (Scale from 0 1.0)
 Tamil Nadu Index score - 0.54 among 20 largest states.

RBIS FIRST BI-MONTHLY MONETARY


POLICY STATEMENT 2014-2015
 Reporate 8.0%
 Cash Reserve Ratio 4.0%

COMMITTEES
1
2
3
4
5

Vijay
Kelkar
Committee
Justice
Verma
Committee
G.Padmanabhan
Committee
Mukul
Mudgal
Committee
Uday
Kumar
Committee
Anil

for Fiscal Consolidation

to suggest ways to make rape


laws stronger in the country
to help Boast bank Finance for
Exports
to probe wal Mart lobbying
activities
to act as singh window clearance
for international and Domestic
Film Projects.
Swarup to re-start stalled projects

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116 | P a g e

Committee
K.M.chandrashekhar
Committee
Arvind Mayaram

Harshvardhan Patil

10

Virginius Xaxa

13

Justice Sodhi

to frame Rules for Foreign


Investors
Recommends rise in FDI limit in
Various Sectors
Agricultural marketing

To arises status of S.T.


75% of population
11 Narhiket Mor
To frame vision for financial
inclusion
12. Justice
Rajana To deal with sexual Harassment
Prakash Desai
complaints

14
Arvind Mayaram
15
16

Justice Bilal Nazaki

Justice BN SriKrisha

17
18

Justice DK Jain

Justice JS Verma

Insider trading regulations


SEBI (Prohibition of Insider
Trading) Regulations 1992
FDI relaxation
to Define FDI and FII
Functioning of Haj Committee
Telengana
Financial sector legislative
reform commission: to get
the need of unifying SEBI,
IRDA, PPFRDA and FMC
into a single regulator
20th Law commission of India
Delhi Gangrape.Dead. was a
part of the nine-judge bench in
1994 which gave the landmark
verdict in the S R Bommai case
relating to proclamation of
Presidents Rule under Article
356 of the Constitution in

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Karnataka. Presidential rule can


be invoked only after parliament
approval.Chief Justice of
India,he was also a former
Chairman of National Human
Rights Commission. and the 1st
Chairperson of News
Broadcasting Standards
Authority.
IPL Spot fixing. Formed by
SC
Walmart Lobbying, by
Corporate Min.

19
Justice Mukul
Mudgal
20
21
22

KK Vohra
MBN Rao

By RBI for loan products


For setting up All-womens bank
Parliamentary Standing
Committee on Finance-Report on
Guidelines of new banking
licenses

Yashwant Sinha

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118 | P a g e
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SECTOR
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119 | P a g e
 rkPgj;jpy; etuj;dh me;j];J ngw;w epWtdk; Mapy; ,e;jpah epWtdk;
(2010).
etuj;dh me;j];J ngw;w epWtdq;fspd; gl;bay;
 BPCL, HAL, HPCL, MTNL, NALCO, NMDC, NLC, OIL, PFCL,
Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd., Rastriya Ispat Nigam Limited,
Rural Electrification Corporation Ltd., Shipping Corporation of India
Ltd.,

kpdpuj;dh me;j];J:
 nghJj;Jiw epWtdq;fspy; Nghl;bj; jpwid Nkk;gLj;jTk;> epu;thfk;
kw;Wk; nray;ghl;Lj; jpwid mjpfupf;fTk; 2002Mk; Mz;L Kjy; kpdp
uj;dh me;j];J toq;fg;gl;L tUfpwJ.

kpdpuj;dh 1:

 fle;j %d;W Mz;Lfspy; njhlu;eJ


; yhgj;jpy; ,aq;FtJ my;yJ
 fle;j %d;W Mz;Lfspy; VNjDk; Xu; Mz;by; 30 Nfhbf;Fk; Nkyhd
epfuyhgj;ij <l;LtJ.
 ,j;jifa kpdpuj;dh 1 me;j];ji
; jg; ngw;w epWtdq;fs; jq;fsJ epfu
kjpg;gl
P b
; w;F ,izahd msT my;yJ 500 Nfhb> ,uz;by; vJ
Fiwthd kjpg;gN
P lh mj;jifa kjpg;gl
P b
; w;F ,izahd KjyPLfis
me;epWtdq;fs; jd;dpr;irahf murpd; mDkjpapd;wp KjyPL nra;ayhk;.
 Nk 31> 2013 epytug;gb nkhj;jk; 53 epWtdq;fSf;F kpdpuj;dh
1 me;j];J toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
 North Eastern Electric Power Corporation (NEEPCO) - epWtdk;
rkPgj;jpy; kpdpuj;dh 1 me;j];ijg; ngw;wJ.

kpdpuj;dh 2:

 fle;j %d;W Mz;Lfspy; epWtdk; njhlu;eJ


;
yhgj;jpy; ,aq;f
Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; kpifahd epfu kjpg;G ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.
 kpdpuj;dh 2 me;j];ji
; jg; ngw;w epWtdk; jdJ epfu kjpg;gpy; 50
rjtpfpjk; my;yJ 300 Nfhb ,uz;by; vJ rpwpa kjpg;Ngh me;j
mstpw;fhd
KjyPLfis
,e;epWtdq;fs;
murpd;
mDkjpapd;wp
nray;gLj;j KbAk;.
 kpdpuj;dh 2 me;j];J ngw;w epWtdq;fspd; vz;zpf;if 16 (Nk 31
2013 epytug;gb)

BHEL & GAIL f;F kfuj;dh me;j];J


 BHEL (Bhel Heavy Electricals Ltd), GAIL (Gas Authority of India Limited)
Mfpa ,uz;L nghJj; Jiw epWtdq;fs; kfuj;dh me;j];ij ngw;wJ.

kfuj;dh me;j];jpd; gad;fs;


 kfuj;dh me;j];J ngw;w nghJj;Jiw epWtdq;fs; jdJ ,yhgj;jpy; &. 5000
Nfhb tiu murpd; (mDkjpapd;wp) cjtpapd;wp KjyPL nra;ayhk;.
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120 | P a g e
 rpy eph;thf Rje;jpuk; KjyPlL
; tiuaiwfis jsh;T nra;Ak;.

kfuj;dh ngw jFjpfs;:


 fle;j 3 tUlq;fspy; tpw;gid (Turn over) msT &. 25>000 Nfhbf;F Nky;
,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.
 fle;j 3 Mz;Lfspy; epfu yhgk; (Net Profit) &. 5000 Nfhbf;F Nky; ,Uf;f
Ntz;Lk;.
 fle;j 3 Mz;Lfspy; KjyPl;lhsh;fspd; gq;F (Net worth share capital +
Reserve + Profit & Loss) & 15>000 Nfhbf;F Nky; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.

LATEST INVENTIONS ON SCIENCE AND


TECHNOLOGY & DEFENCE
 Spiral galaxy IC.2233
by NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope
- one of the flattest galaxies
- 40 m light years away from earth
- discovered by British astronomer Isaac Roberts in 1894.

 Worlds largest solar telescope:


- in Ladakh
- 2m class
- by Indian Institute of Astro physics Bangalore
- to study suns atmosphere.
 Lakshya Missile
- Indias indigenously developed
- Launched from Integrated Test Range Odisha .
- 25m in length
- 100 km away from the target to the missile.
 NGC 6872-Largest known Spiral Galaxy
- term of astronomers from US, Chile & Brazil.
- 5 times bigger than our own milkyway.
- 212m light years away in the southern constellation Pavo.
- distance between NGC 6872s two huge spiral arms is 5,22,000
light years compared to about 1,00,000 light years
APPOLO STUDY CENTRE 044 24339436 / 42867555/ 9840226187

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121 | P a g e

 New molecule for cancer treatment


- by Dr.Sathees C. Raghavan IIS -1 bangalore
- Sathees as SCR7
 Worlds 1st Global Renewable Energy Atlas.
- International Renewable energy agency Abu Dhabi.
- offers open access information on scalar .A wind power
throughout the world.
- it includes information on clean energy resources in 37
countries.
 worlds largest offshore wind farm
- by Japan.(shut down.54 nuclear reactors)
- to replace Fukushima nuclear plant.
 INS Saryu inducted into Indian Navy
- indigenous naval offshore patrol vessel
- built by Goa shipyard limited.
 k-5 ballistic missile
- medium range , ballistic missile
- strike range of around 1500km from an underwater platform in
Bay of Bengal.
- developed by DRDO.
 Rudra inducted into the Army
- 1st indigenously built weapon system integrated advanced light
helicopter
- by Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd.
 Rajratan- Indian coast guard ship commission
- On shore patrol vessels (indigenously)
- built by garden reach shipbuilders and Engineers , Kolkota.
- 50m long., maximum speed of 34 knots.
 Asteroid 2012 DA 14 passed very near to earth.
 PSLV-C 20 launched SARAL and 6 other satellite.
APPOLO STUDY CENTRE 044 24339436 / 42867555/ 9840226187

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122 | P a g e
- Launched from satish Dawan space centre in sriharikota.
- it was the 23rd mission of PSLV satellite for Argos3 & altika.
- SARAL studying the ocean from space.
o information on seasonal fore casting
o animal migration study
o locating buoys and fishing vessels.
o collecting environmental data such as ocean temperature
profiles & currents.
- UniBRITE & BRITE from Austria.
- AAUSAT-3 Denmark / Argos earth sea atmosphere
- STRaND U.K
- NEOSSAT & SAPPHIRE(mini) Canada
- 1st space telescope (New earth space survellience satellite)
- SARAL is the 56th satellite to be launched by PSLV.
 Pinaka Rockets (Indigenous)
- a multi barrel rocket launcher
- base at chandipur on sea about 15 km from Balasore.
- range 40 km
- it can fire 12 rockets in 44 seconds.
 Large meteorite found in Antarctica
- 18 kg meteorite in eastern Antartica.
- the largest found in that area in 25 years.
- Japan has become the 1st country in the world to extract natural
gas from frozen methane hydrate.
o estimated around 1.1tn cubic meters in the offshore
deposits.
o equal to the gas consumption of japan in more than 10
years.
 Worlds largest radio telescope in chile.
- radio telescope in Alta cama desert.
 UAE inaugurated worlds largest CSP solar power plant.
- 100 megawatt solar plant shams 1
- in desert of abhu Dhabi.
- covering area of 2.5 sq.km
APPOLO STUDY CENTRE 044 24339436 / 42867555/ 9840226187

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123 | P a g e
 India successfully test fired worlds 1st underwater supersonic
cruise missile
- submarine launched version of Brahmos supersonic cruise
missile
- 290km range in the Bay of Bengal
- from coast of southern port of Visakhapatnam.
 NTPC commissioned New Solar power project in Andaman &
Nicobar.
- 5MW solar photo voltaic power project at port Blair.
- 1st grid connected solar pfoto voltaic project.
- 1st green field renewable solar PV project of NTPC.
 New Indian ship ASWC Kiltan launched in Kolkata.
- INS Kiltan is an anti submarine warfare corvelte.
- built by the garden reach ship builders and engineers , Kolkata.
- it takes its name from the kiltan island. a coral island that is
part of Indias archipelagic of Lakshadweep.
 Worlds 1st solar plane to fly across US.
 Indian Astonomer discovered Blue super Giant star.
- Dr.Duo Ananda Hota & taivenese colleague Dr. Youichi
Obyama.
- located in the constellation virgo.
- This star is in small IC 3418 milky way galaxy
- about 5.5 billion light years away from earth.
 China Tested Self developed biofuel flight.
- Biofuel made from palm oil & recycled cooking oil.
- Airbus A320 operated by china eastern airlines
- landed at shanghai hongqiao International airport 85 minutes
Journey.
- produced by Sinopec leading oil refiner.
- 4th country after US, France, Finland.
 Ratavirus vaccine developed in India.
- to eradicate the rotavirus diarrhea in infants.
- by department of biotechnology & Bharat Biotechnology.
APPOLO STUDY CENTRE 044 24339436 / 42867555/ 9840226187

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124 | P a g e

 Pilatus PC-7 MK-II


- Basic Trainer Aircraft
 Japan Unveiled 500 kmph Bullet Train
- between Tokyo and Nagoya in 2027.
- it will links 2 cities in 40 minutes.
- the Early Tsunami warning system installed at Rangachang in
Andaman and Nicobar islands. can alert in 3 minutes Indian
National centre for ocean information services Hyderabad.
 IAF gets C-17 Globe master III Airlifters.
- it purchased from the US
- agreement signed with US in 2011.
 China Super Computer Tianhe -2 named worlds fastest
computer.
- developed by University of Defence technology china.
- speed 54.9 quadrillion operations per second
- it means milky way -2
- it replaced US machine called Titan which was earlier said to
be the fastest computer of the world.
 Japan to send Kirobo; The Talking robot into space.
- humanoid robot named Kirobo
- worlds first communication experiments between a human
and a robot in space.
- developed by Toyota motor corporation, the University of
Tokyo & venture firm Robo Garage.
- 13 inches tall & weighing 2.2 Pounds.
- it will launch aboard an H-11B rocket.
 NASAs launched IRIS Spaceraft.
- Interface region imaging spectrograph space craft from
Vandenberg Air force base, California.
- to study the solar atmosphere.

APPOLO STUDY CENTRE 044 24339436 / 42867555/ 9840226187

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125 | P a g e
 ISRO PSLV C-22
- IRNSS 1A navigation satellite.
- 23rd consecutively successful mission of PSLV.
- Height 44m
- weight 320 tonnes
- satellite weight 1425 kg
 Worlds 1st Human Liver created from Stem Cells.
- Japenese scientists Takanori takebe & Hideki Taniguchi at
yokohama city university.
- generation of Vascularised and functional human liver from
human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPScs) by
transplantation of in vitogrown liver buds( rudimentary liver).
 U.K Inaugurates worlds largest off shore wind farm.
 Joint Sea 2013 Naval Drills
- between China & Russia navel forces.

 Neptunes 14th moon discovered.


- NASA
- is designated S/2004 N1.
 worlds largest virus discovered by French researches.
- French National Centre for Scientific research Scientists.
- 1 Micrometre big upto ten times the size of other viruses,(Ten
years back these scientists found a new virus mimi viruses.
- the size of each virus must be 2500 genes.
- 93% of genes in the virus new for the world.
- named Pandoraviruses.
 Advanced weather Satellite INSAT 3D
- launched from Kourou in French Guiana using European
launch vehicle, Ariane -5.
- also
launched

Alphasat

Europes
largest
telecommunication satellite.
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126 | P a g e
- it will give a push to the weather forecasting as well as help in
facillitaing disaster warning services.
- Tat motors limited (TML) & ISRO developed the 1st hydrogen
powered automobile bus of India.
GSLV D5
Expansion: Geosynchronous satellite launch vehicle-D5
Flight : D5
Launched date: 19 August 2013
Variant : Mk II
This variant uses an Indian cryogenic engine and is capable of
launching 2500 kg into geostationary transfer orbit. Previous GSLV
vehicles (GSLV Mk.I) have used Russian cryogenic engines
Launch pad : Second
Payload: GSAT 14
Payload Mass: 1980kg
Second flight of GSLV with indigenous cryogenic upper stage (CUS)
developed by ISROs Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC) at
Mahendragiri, Tamil Nadu.
All GSLV launches have been conducted from the Satish Dhawan
Space Centre in Sriharikota.
IRNSS-1A: INDIAS FIRST EVER DEDICATED NAVIGATION
SATELLITE
 In a landmark journey into a new era of space application, India
successfully launched its first dedicated navigation satellite, IRNSS1A, using the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle on the night of 1-2 July,
2013.
 The launch vehicle, PSLV-C22, bearing the 1,425-kg navigation
satellite, blasted off the launch pad at the Satish Dhawan Space
Centre, Sriharikota at the scheduled lift-off time of 11.41 p.m. on 1st
July, 2013.
 About 20 minutes after the lift-off at 12.01 a.m. (2nd July, 2013), the
PSLV-C22 completed its task of injecting the IRNSS-1A into a sub
geosynchronous transfer orbit with a 284-km perigee(nearest point to
the Earth) and 20,650 km apogee (farthest point from the Earth) with
an inclination of 17.86 degree with respect to the equatorial plane.

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127 | P a g e
 It was the first time in the history of ISRO that a satellite was
launched in the night and mission literally took two days Monday
and Tuesday.

,e;jpa flw;gil gad;ghl;bw;fhf [prhl; - 7


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 gpnuQ;R fadhtpy; cs;s VTjsj;jpy; ,Ue;J ,e;jpa flw;gil
gad;ghl;bw;fhf
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7
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nraw;iff; Nfhs; tupirapy; Vtg;gLk; Kjy; nraw;iff; Nfhs;
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epiy epWj;jg;gLk;.
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fz;fhzpg;G gad;ghl;il toq;fTk; cjTk;.
 2 gpv];vy;tp XL C 25 - 25 mf;Nlhgu; 2013 (kq;fs;ahd;)
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128 | P a g e

nrt;tha; fpufj;Jf;F nraw;iff;Nfhs; mDg;g


,yf;F
 kPjN
; jd; thAitf; fz;lwpAk; fUtp kw;Wk; njh;ky; ];ngf;NlNuh kPll
; h;
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 15
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fUtpfs; mDg;gg;gLfpd;wd.
 etk;gh; khjk; ,e;j nraw;iff;Nfhis Rke;J nry;Yk; uhf;nfl; G+kpapy;
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2014-k; Mz;L nrg;lk;gh; khjk; nrt;tha; fpufj;ij milAk;. ,e;j
jpl;lj;jpd; kjpg;g &. 45 Nfhb MFk;.
MwhtJ ehL ,e;jpah
1. mnkhpf;fh
2. u~pah
3. INuhg;gh
4. [g;ghd;
5. rPdh
6. ,e;jpah
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jpwd; ntsp cyFf;Fj; njhpatUk;.

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; py; gha;ej
; J ,d;rhl; - 3b
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,e;jpah> Mhpa gl;lh> gh];fuh njhlq;fp mDrhl;> ];Ll; rhl;> [_f;D vd
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- rjP~j
; htd; tpz;ntsp ikak;
tpz;ntsp epiyak;
Nkyhsh;
- Nf. ,uhjhfpU~;zd;
(jiyth;)

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129 | P a g e

kq;fs;ahd; tpzf
; yk;:
 mnkhpf;fh> u~;ah> INuhg;gpa tpz;ntsp Kfik Mfpait kl;LNk nrt;tha;
fpufj;Jf;F tpz;fyj;ij ntw;wpfukhf mDg;gpapUf;fpd;wd. rPdh> [g;ghd;
Mfpa ehLfspd; jpl;lk; Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;jJ.
 ,e;j epiyapy; nrt;tha; fpufj;Jf;F tpz;fyk; (kq;fs;ahd;) mDg;Gk;
jpl;lj;ij ,];Nuh cUthf;fpaJ. kdpjh;fs; caph; thoj; Njitahd kPjN
; jd;
thA nrt;tha; fpufj;jpy; cs;sdh vd;gij Muha;tJjhd; ,e;jj; jpl;lj;jpd;
Kf;fpa Nehf;fk;. ,e;j tpz;fyj;jpd; nkhj;j vil 1>350 fpNyh MFk;.
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; h;fs; gazpj;J
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tpz;fyk; nry;Yk;. nrt;tha; fpufj;Jf;F mUfpy; (Perigee) 300 fpNyh
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INuhg;gpa A+dpad; ehLfspd; thpirapy; ,e;jpahTk; ,lk;ngWk;.

INAS 322 (DRUV)


 ,e;jpahtpd; Kjy; etPd vil Fiwe;j n`ypfhg;lh;fs; (Helicopter
squadron) nfhr;rpapy; ,e;jpa flw;gilf;F toq;fg;gl;lJ. JUt;
(Druv) vd ngahplg;gl;l ,e;j etPd uf n`ypfhg;lh;fs; NjLjy;
kw;Wk; kPlG
; g; gzpfSf;fhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gl cs;sJ.
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kw;Wk; Nfhth Mfpa flw;gilfSf;F toq;fj; jpl;lkplg;gl;Ls;sJ.

INS Rdd;ah:
 ,e;jpa flw;gil INS Rdd;ah vd;w Nuhe;Jf; fg;giy
flw;gFjpf;fhd fz;fhzpg;G gzpapy; epakpj;Js;sJ.
 ,e;jpa ngUq;flw; gFjpapd; CLUty; kw;Wk; flj;jiy
ghJfhg;gpid cWjp nra;tNj ,j;jpl;lj;jpd; Fwpf;NfhshFk;.

njw;F
jLj;J

NEUTRINO OBSERVATORY IN TAMILNADU


 jkpo;ehL Njdp khtl;lj;jpy; cs;s nghl;bGuk; fpuhkj;jpy; ,e;jpah
rhh;ej
; epa+l;hpNdh Ma;Tf;$lk; mikf;fg;gl cs;sJ.
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 INO xU Jfs; ,aw;gpay; Muha;rr
; p jpl;lk;
 thd;ntsp epa+l;hpNdh Fwpj;J 1300 kPll
; h; Mok; cs;s Fifapy;
Muha;rr
; p nra;tjhFk;.
 ,e;jpahtpd; kpfg;nghpa Jfs; ,aw;gpay; Muha;rr
; p jpl;lk;
 2015Mk; Mz;L epiwtilAk;
 ,j;jpl;lk; epiwNtw;wg;gLk; NghJ cyfj;jpd; kpfg;nghpa fhe;jk;
mikag;ngw;wjhf ,e;jpah rhh;ej
; epa+l;hpNdh Ma;Tf;$lk; ,Uf;Fk;
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130 | P a g e

caph; njhopyE
; l;gk;
 ngq;f@hpy; cs;s ,e;jpa mwptpay; fofj;jpd; lhf;lh; rjP~; rp. uhkd;
jiyikapyhd FO> Gw;WNehiaf; Fzg;gLj;Jtjw;fhd Gjpa %yf;$W
xd;wpid fz;Lgpbj;Js;sJ.
 rjP~; v];rpMh; & 7 vd ngahplg;gl;Ls;s ,e;j %yf;$W> Gw;WNeha;ff
;
,g;NghJ mspf;fg;gl;LtUk; rpfpr;irapy; nghpa mstpyhd Gul;rpia
Vw;gLj;Jk; vd tpQ;Qhdpfs; fUJfpd;wdh;.
 gp.v];.vy;.tp. rp 20 rus; cs;spl;l VO nraw;iff; NfhSld;
ntw;wpfukhf Vtg;gl;lJ (25.2.2013)
 fly; kw;Wk; tspkz;ly Ma;TfSf;fhf ,e;jpah gpuhd;]; $l;L
Kaw;rpapy; cUthd rus; nraw;iff; Nfhs; kw;Wk; ntspehl;ilr; Nru;ej
;
6 FW rpW nraw;iff; Nfhs;fs; Kjypa 7 nraw;iff; Nfhs;fs; ,];Nuh
epWtdj;jpd; gpv];vy;tp rp-20 uhf;nfl; %yk; gpg;utup 25> 2013 md;W
ntw;wpfukhf tpz;zpy; nrYj;jg;gl;lJ.
 Me;jpuh khepyk; =`upNfhl;lhtpy; mike;Js;s rjp~;jthd; tpz;ntsp
ikaj;jpd; Kjy; VTjsj;jpy; ,Ue;J Vtg;gl;l ,J gpv];vy;tp
uhf;nfl;bd; njhlu; ntw;wp tupirapy; 22tJ ntw;wpfukhd gazkhFk;.
 1993 nrg;lk;gu; 20y; Kjd;Kiwahf mDg;gg;gl;l IMu;v];-1, vDk;
nraw;iff; Nfhis Rke;jgb nrd;w gpv];vy;tp 4 uhf;nfl; kl;Lk;
Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;jJ.

nuf;];
cyfpd;
kpdd
; Ztpay; kdpjd;

Kjy;

KO

capu;

 gpupl;ld; ehl;ilr; Nru;ej


; upr;ru;L thf;fu; kw;Wk; Nkj;a+ Nfhld; Mfpa
,uz;L tpQ;Qhdpfspd; jiyikapyhd FO cyfpd; Kjy; KOikahd
capu; kpd;dZtpay; kdpjid cUthf;fpAs;sdu;. (World First
Complete Bionic Man).
 nuf;]; vdg; ngauplg;gl;Ls;s ,e;j kdpjd; 6.5 mb cauj;jpy; gOg;G
epwf;fz;fSld; $ba Kfj;ijf; nfhz;Ls;sJ.
 Kfj;ijj; jtpu kw;w cWg;Gfs; iffs;> fhy;fs;> fZf;fhy;fs;>
cs;SWg;Gf;fshd
EiuaPuy;>
fizak;>
gpj;jePug
; i
; g
Mfpad
nraw;ifahf nghUj;jg;gl;L kpd;dZ njhopy;El;gj;jpd; %yk; ,aq;Fk;
tifapy; cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
 ,yz;ld; mwptpay; mUq;fhl;rpafj;jpy; ghu;itf;F itf;fg;gl;l ,e;j
capup kpd;dZ kdpjid cUthf;Ftjw;fhd nkhj;j nryT 1 kpy;ypad;
mnkupf;f lhyu;fs; MFk;.

u~;ahtpd;
caphp
nrYj;jpaJ

nraw;iff;

Nfhs;

tpzz
; py;

 u~;ahtpd; tpz;ntsp Ma;T ikak; Mh;gpl;ly; Nehth Mh;f; (Orbital


Noah Ark) vDk; caphp nra;wi
; ff; Nfhis tpz;zpy; nrYj;jpaJ.
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131 | P a g e
 f[f];jhd; ehl;by; cs;s igf;fhD}h; VTjsj;jpypUe;J NrhA];-2 vDk;
uhf;nfl; %yk; Vtg;gl;l ,e;j Nehth Mh;f; caphp nraw;iff;NfhSld;>
BION M1
vDk;
caphpapy;
Muha;rr
; p
ngl;lfKk;
,izj;J
mDg;gg;gl;lJ.
 tpz;ntspapy;
epfOk;
caphpay;
khw;wq;fis
Muha;tjw;fhf
,g;ngl;lfj;jpy;> 45 Rz;nlypfs;> 8 kq;Nfhypa ghiytd vypfs;> 15
gy;ypfs;>
ee;ijfs;>
kPd;
Kl;ilfs;>
nrb
nfhbfs;
kw;Wk;
Ez;Zaph;fisAk; ,izj;J mDg;gg;gl;Ls;sJ.

epytp
ytpy; jz;zh
P ; ,Ug;gij ehrh fz;Lgpbj;jJ
 epytpy; jz;zhP ; ,Ug;gij re;jpuhad; jpl;lj;jpd; %yk; ehrh
fz;Lgpbj;jJ. fle;j 2009-k; Mz;L re;jpuhad; - 1 jpl;lk;
ntw;wpfukhf epiwNtw;wg;gl;lJ.
 me;j tpz;fyj;jpy;> %d; kpduyh[p Nkg;gh; (vk;3) vd;w rhjdk;
nghUj;jg;gl;bUe;jJ. me;j glj;jpd; cjtpahy;> epytpy; jz;zhP ;
,Ug;gij fz;Lgpbj;jhf mnkhpf;f tpz;ntsp Muha;rr
; p epwtdkhd
ehrh njhptpj;Js;sJ.
 re;jpudpd;
G+kj;jpaNuif
mUNf
gy;ypay;l]
; ;
vd;w
gs;sk;
Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. me;j gs;sj;jpd; ikag;gFjpapy; fzprkhd mst
i`l;uhf;rp]; ,Ug;gij fz;lwpe;Js;sdh;. ,jd; %yk;> me;j
gs;sj;jpy; cs;s ghiwfspy; jz;zhP ; ,Ug;gij fz;Lgpbj;Js;sdh;.

,e;jpah - Neghsk;
,uhZtg;gapwr
; p

ehLfSf;fpilNa

$l;L

 ,e;jpah kw;Wk; Neghsk; ,ize;J vf;]; #h;ah fpuz;lh; py;]; - IV (Ex


Surya Kiran Drills VI) $l;L ,uhZtg; gapw;rp mikf;f cs;sJ.
 Ughz;b`p (Rupandehi) khtl;lj;jpYs;s ry;[`z;b (Salijhandi)
vd;Dk; ,lj;jpy; ,uhZtg;gapw;rp mspf;f cs;sJ.
 ,jw;FKd;G 2013y; cj;jufhz;l; khepyj;jpy; cs;s gpj;Njhu`hh;f;
(Pithoragarh) khtl;lj;jpy; #h;ah fpuz; - V (Surya Kiran Drills V)
,uhZtg; ga;wprp eilngw;wJ.
ngah;
vz;
1.
Nghy;l; FUN~j;uh
(Bold
Kurukshetra))
2.
fhh;l;
rf;jp
flw;gil (Guard
(
Sakthi)
3.
rj;U[Pj;

ehLfs;
,e;jpah
rpq;fg;G+h;

gphpT
uhZtk;

,e;jpah
,e;NjhNd

,e;jpah
mnkhpf;fh

uhZtk;

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132 | P a g e

4.
5

(Shatrujeet)
tUzh (Varma)
)
(
,e;jpuh (INdra)
(

,e;jpah-gpuhd;]; flw;gil
,e;jpah
flw;gil
u~;ah

Gjpa flw;gil jiyik


jiyik jsgjpahf
uhgpd; Nf. Njhtd; nghWg;Ngw;G:

ml;kpuy;

 flw;gilapd; Gjpa jsgjpahf ml;kpuy; uhgpd; Njhtd; nghWg;Ngw;whh;. 59


tajhFk; uhgpd; Njhtd; ehl;bd; 22 MtJ flw;gilj; jsgjp Mthh;.
mth; tUk; 2016 Mk; Mz;L Nk khjk; tiu flw;gilj; jsgjpahfg;
gjtp tfpg;ghh;.
 flw;gilapy;
njhlh;eJ
;
tpgj;Jf;fs;
epfo;ej
;
jd;
vjpnuhypahf
flw;gilj; jsgjpahf ,Ue;j b.N[. N[h~p fle;j gpg;uthp 26 Mk; Njjp
gjtp tpyfpdhh;.
 ,jidaLj;J Jizj; jiyikj; jsgjpahf ,Ue;j uhgpd; Njhtd;
nghWg;G jiyikj; jsgjpahfg; nghWg;Ngw;whh;.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

,e;jpaf; flw;gilapd;
ilapd; Kf;fpa eltbf;iffs; (Operations)
(
Mg;gNu~d;
tp[a; NfhthTf;F vjpuhf gilnaLg;G - 1961
(Viljay)
Mg;gNu~d; l;iunld;l; ghfp];jhDf;nfjpuhf gilnaLg;g 1971
(Trident)
Mg;gNu~d;
igjd; fpof;fpe;jpag; ghfp];jhDf;F vjpuhf
1971
(Python))
Mg;gNu~d;
fhf;l]; 1988Mk;
Mz;L
khyj;jt
P py;
muRf;F
vjpuhd fpsh;rr
; pahsh;fis xLf;fpajw;fhd
(Cactus)
,e;jpaf; flw;gilapd; eltbf;if
Mg;gNu~d;
R$d; 2006y; ,];Nuy; - nygdhd; rz;ilapd;
NghJ ,yq;iftho;kf;fs; Neghs kf;fs;>
(Sukoon))
,e;jpah;fs; Nghhpy; rpjpykile;jth;fis
nygdhd; ehl;bypUe;J ,e;jpaf; flw;gil
fhg;ghw;wpaJ. ,tw;iw mikjp kw;Wk;
rhe;jk; vd;Dk; ngahpy; Mg;gNu~d; R$d;
vd;wJ.

gpUj;tp 2 kw;Wk; gpuk;Nkh]; VTfiz Nrhjidfs;


ntw;wp
 500 fpNyh mZ MAjk; jhq;fpr; nrd;W 350 fp.kP tiuapyhd ,yf;ifj;
jhf;Fk; rf;jp nfhz;l gpUj;tp 2 VTfiz xbrh khepyk; re;jpg;G+h;
VTjsj;jpy; ,Ue;J ntw;wpfukhf Nrhjid nra;ag;gl;lJ.
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133 | P a g e
 filrpahf gpUj;tp 2 VTfiz Nrhjpf;fg;gl;lJ.
[dthp 2014
mf;Nlhgh; - 2013
Mf];l; - 2013
xypiatpl Ntfkhf> 290 fp.kP tiu nrd;W jhf;ff;$ba gpuNkh];
VTfizapd; Nkk;gLj;jg;gl;l ufj;ij uh[];jhd; khepyk; nghf;uhdpy;
,uhZtk; ntw;wpfukhf Nrhjid nra;jJ.

DEFENCE, NATIONAL SECURITY AND


TERRORISM
JOINT MILITARY EXERCISES
INDIA AND U.S.:
India and U.S. have joint military exercises in all forms..
Malabar: It is Naval exercise takes place in India and U.S.
alternatively
Yudh Abhyas: It is Army exercise takes place in India
alternatively
Red flag: It is Air Force exercise takes place in only in Nevada
Desert of U.S.
Cope: Its Army exercise in U.S
INDIA FRANCE:
VARUNA: Joint exercise in Air Force
INDIA AND U.K.
GARUDA: Air Force
INDIA AND MALDIVES
EKUVERIN: IN all forms but mostly in Army
INDIA AND MANGOLIA
NOMADIC ELEPHANT: Mostly in Army
INDIA AND CHINA
HAND IN HAND: In all forms
INDIA AND SRI LANKA
SLINEX: Joint exercise in Navy

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134 | P a g e
INDIA AND SOUTH EAST ASIA (ESPECIALLY SINGAPORE)
SIMBEX: Joint exercise in Navy
INDIA AND THAILAND
Maitree: focus being on counter-insurgency operations in
urban and rural terrain
INDIA and RUSSIA -- INDRA 2012 - anti terrorism activity

INS SINDHURAKSHAK TRAGEDY











INS Sindhurakshak was a Russian-made Kilo-class diesel-electric


submarine of the Indian Navy.
Commissioned on 24 December 1997, it was the ninth of the ten Kiloclass submarines in the Indian Navy.
The submarine suffered a minor fire incident in 2010 and a major one on
14 August 2013, which resulted in its sinking at Mumbais naval
dockyard.
At the time of its sinking, there were reportedly 18 crew members on
board and all are feared dead.
Of the 18 crew members inside at the time of explosion, three were three
officers and 15 sailors.
The severely disfigured bodies of five sailors were recovered on 16th
August, 2013 from the submarine.
Another submarine, which was docked next to INS Sindhurakshak, also
caught fire from the radiation of the explosion.

INS ARIHANT
 Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh launched Indias first
indigenously-built nuclear powered submarine INS Arihant.
 On July 26, 2009, at ship building centre of the Eastern Naval Command,
Viskhapatanam, becoming only the sixth country in the world to do so.
 Three submarines of the class are expected to be in commission with the
Indian Navy by 2015.
 INS Arihant is entirely built in India with Russian assistance.

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135 | P a g e

ASTRA MISSILE
 Astra is an active radar homing beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile
(BVRAAM) developed by the Defence Research and Development
Organisation (DRDO), India.
 Astra is designed to be capable of engaging targets at varying range and
altitudes allowing for engagement of both short-range targets (up to
20 km) and long-range targets (up to 80 km) using alternative
propulsion modes. As of May 2011, the missile is undergoing
developmental trials
 Weight 154Kg
 Length 3570mm
 Diameter 178mm
 Warhead 15kg (33lb) HE Fragmentation directional warhead
 Operational Range- 80-110km
m];jpuh
 Nk 21> 2011y; xhprh khepyk; ghy#hpy; cs;s re;jpg+h; VTjsj;jpypUe;J
,e;j m];jpuh VTfiz ntw;wpfukhf Nrhjid nra;ag;gl;lJ
 ,e;j VTfiz %yk; xypiatpl Ntfkhf nry;Yk; vjphpfs; tpkhdj;ij
$l jhf;fp mopf;f KbAk;
 vjphp tpkhdj;ij NeUf;F Neuhf my;yJ Juj;jp jhf;fp mopf;f ,e;j
VTfiz rf;jp ngw;Ws;sJ
 ePsk;: 3.8 kPll
; h; / vil 160 fpNyh
 15 fpNyh vil nfhz;l ntbnghUis jhq;fpr; nry;Yk; ty;yik
nfhz;lJ
 15 fp.kP cauj;jpypUe;J ,e;j VTfiz nrYj;jg;gLk; nghOJ 110 fp.kP
J}uj;jpy; cs;s ,yf;if jhf;fp mopf;Fk; jpwd; cilaJ
 flypypUe;J ,e;j VTfiziar; nrYj;Jk; gl;rj;jpy; 44 fp.kP. J}uj;jpy;
cs;s ,yf;if jhf;fp mopf;fty;yJ.

AGNI MISSILE
 The Agni Missile is a family of medium to intercontinental range
ballistic missiles developed by India, named after one of the five
elements of nature. The first missile of the series, Agni-I was developed
under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program and tested
in 1991.
 After its success, Agni missile program was separated from the IGMDP
upon realizing its strategic importance.
 It was designated as a special program in India's defence budget and
provided adequate funds for subsequent development. As of 2008, the
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Agni missile family comprises three deployed variants while two more
variants are under testing:
Agni missile range
Name
Type
Range
Agni-I
MRBM
700 1,250 km
Agni-II
IRBM
2,000 3,000 km
Agni-III
IRBM
3,500 5,000 km
Agni-IV
IRBM
3,000 4,000 km
Agni-V
ICBM
5,000 8,000 km
Agni-VI
ICBM
8,000 10,000 km
Agni I
 Type: Medium Range Intermediate Range
 Weight: 12000kg
 Length: 15m
 Diameter: 1.0m
 Engine: single stage
Agni II
 Type: Intermediate-range ballistic missile
 Weight: 16,000 kg
 Length: 21 m
 Diameter: 1.0m
 Engine: Two-and-half-stage
Agni III
 Type: Intermediate-range ballistic missile
 Weight: 48,000 kg
 Length: 17 m
 Diameter: 2.0m
 Engine: Two stage solid propellant engine
Agni IV
 Type: Intermediate-range ballistic missile
 Length: 17 m
 Diameter: 2.0m
 Engine: Two stage solid propellant engine
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137 | P a g e
Agni V
 Type: Intermediate-range ballistic missile
 Weight: 50,000 kg
 Length: 17 .5 m
 Diameter: 2.0m
 Engine: Three stage solid fuel
mf;dp -5 VTfiz ,uz;lhtJ Nrhjid ntw;wp
 Rkhh; 5 Mapuk fp.kP njhiytpYs;s ,yf;if Jy;ypakhf jhf;ff;$ba
jpwd; gilj;j mf;dp-5 fz;lk; tpl;L fz;lk; ghAk; VTfiz
,uz;lhtJ Kiwahf ntw;wpfukhf Nrhjid nra;J ghh;ff
; g;gl;lJ.
 b.Mh;.b.X. tbtikj;Js;s ,e;j VTfizahdJ> fle;j Mz;L Vg;uypy;
Kjypy; Nrhjid nra;ag;gl;lJ. ,g;NghJ ,uz;lhtJ Kiwahf
Nrhjid nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.
 mf;dp VTfiz thpirapy; mf;dp 1 MdJ 700 fp.kP J}uj;jpw;Fk;>
mf;dp 2 MdJ 2 Mapuk; fp.kP J}uj;jpw;Fk; mf;dp 3 kw;Wk; mf;dp
4 MdJ 2500 fp.kP Kjy; 3>500 fp.kP J}uj;jpw;F NkyhfTk; gwe;J
nrd;W ,yf;Ffis jhf;ff;$ba jpwd; gilj;jpUe;jd.
mf;dp 5 VTfiz ,uz;lhtJ Nrhjid
Nrhjid ntw;wp
VTfiz ngah; tif (Type)
(
(Missile
Name)
eLj;ju J}u VTfiz
mf;dp 1
(Short Range Ballistic
missile)
,ilj;J}u
VTfiz
mf;dp 2
(Medium
Range
Ballistic missile)
,ilj;juJ}u VTfiz
mf;dp 3
(Intermediate Range
Ballistic missile)
gphpj;tp 1
eLj;juJ}u VTfiz
mf;dp 4

mf;dp 5

,ilj;juJ}u VTfiz
Intermediate
Range
Ballistic missile)
fz;lk; tpl;Lf; fz;lk;
ghAk;
VTfiz
(Intercontinental
Ballistic missile)

,aq;Fk;
J}uk;
(Maximum Range))
700 fp.kP cgNahfj;jpy;
cs;sJ (Opperationally
deployed)
2500 fp.kP cgNahfj;jpy;
cs;sJ.
500 fp.kP
cs;sJ.

cgNahfj;jpy;

150 fp.kP cgNahfj;jpy;


cs;sJ.
400
fp.kP
Nrhjid
nra;ag;gLfpwJ.
(Successfully Tested)
5500
fp.kP
Nrhjid
nra;ag;gLfpwJ.

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138 | P a g e
mf;dp 6

fz;lk; tpl;Lf; fz;lk; 10>000


fp.kP
ghAk; VTfiz
cUthf;fg;gLfpwJ
(Under development)

mf;dp 6
 mf;dp 6 fz;lk; tpl;L fz;lk; ghAk; VTfiz 2017-18y;
gad;ghl;bw;F tUk;.
 fz;lk; tpl;L fz;lk; gha;eJ
;
xNu VTfizapy; gy ,yf;Ffisj;
jhf;fp
mopj;jpLk;
tifapyhd
(mf;dp
VI VTfiz
etPd
njhopy;El;gj;jpy; cUthfp tUfpwJ).
 ,e;jpa ghJfhg;G Muha;rr
; p kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jp epWtdk; kw;Wk; ghuj;
ildkpf;]; ypkpnll; epWtdk; ,ize;J jahupj;J tUfpwJ.
 VTfizapd; ghAk; Jhuk; 6000-8000 fpNyhkPll
; u; MFk;.
 ,e;j VTfiz ,uhZtg; gad;ghl;bw;F tUk; gl;rj;jpy;> ,j;jifa
VTfizfis nfhz;Ls;s mnkupf;fh kw;Wk; u~;ah ehLfspd; gl;baypy;
,e;jpahTk; ,izAk; vd;gJ ngUikf;Fupa jftyhFk;.

INDIA-BANGLADESH: SAMPRIT III


 Sampriti III is the name of Indo-Bangladesh combined military exercise
that was carried out recently. It was a fortnight long India-Bangladesh
combined Military Exercise started in Sylhet.
 A 25 member team (led Major S.Y Mahadhik) of the Indian army is
taking part in the combined exercise with a team of the Bangladesh
army. At the Jalalabad Cantonment of the Bangladesh Army, the
exercise is being planned. The exercise to conclude on October 22, 2011
rk;gpupjp III : ,e;jpa tq;fhsNjr ,uhZtj;jpdupd; $l;Lg;gapw;rp
 ,e;jpa tq;fhsNjr ,uhZtj;jpdUf;F ,ilNaahd $l;Lg; gapw;rp
fle;j gpg;utup khu;r; khjq;fspy; eilngw;wJ. ,Uehl;Lg; gilapd;
ghuh#l; gpuptpdu;> tpkhdg; gilapdu;> jiug;gil gpuptpdu; MfpNahu;
gq;Nfw;w ,g;gapw;rp rk;gpupjp III vDk; ngaupy; eilngw;wJ. ,g;Nghu;
gapw;rp cj;jpug;gpuNjr khepy Mf;uhtpy; eilngw;wJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

K--15 rhfhhpff
; h vd;w B--05 VTfiz Nrhjid
ntw;wp
 flYf;F mbapy; mZ ePh%
; o;fp fg;gypy; ,Ue;J Vtg;gl;L vjphpfspd;
fg;giy Jy;ypakhf jhf;fp mopf;Fk; jpwd; nfhz;l rhfhhpf;fh vDk;
K15 uf ghyp];bf; VTfizapd; (FwpaPlL
; g; ngah; B-15) Nrhjid
ntw;wpfukhf elj;jg;gl;lJ.
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139 | P a g e
 tq;fhstphpFlh fly; gFjpahd tprhfg;gl;bdk; flw;fiuapy; flYf;F
mbapy; 50 mb Moj;jpy; epWj;jg;gl;l INS mhp`e;j; vDk; mZrf;jp
ePh%
; o;fp (,e;jpa njhopy;El;gj;jpy; cUthd ,e;jpahtpd; Kjy;
ePh%
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140 | P a g e
;
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Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;lJ.

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DEFENCE & TECHNOLOGY QUICK


REVIEW
Indian mission to Mars blasts off successfully.
Note:
 Only the United States, Russia and the European Space Agency have
been successful in this mission.
 The United States is the only Mars, the most recent being Curiosity
which touched down in August 2012.
 Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chairman K.
Radhakrishnan
 The satellite is scheduled to reach the Mars orbit in September 2014
and is designed to circle the Red Planet in an elliptical orbit of 366
km X 80000 km.
 Primary objectives of the Mars mission are to demonstrate Indias
technological capability to send a satellite to orbit around Mars and
conduct meaningful experiments such as looking for signs of life,
take pictures of the red planet and study Martian environment.
 INS Vikramaditya set to join Indian Navy. INS Vikramaditya is a Kiev
class aircraft carrier which was commissioned by Russian Navy in 1987
under the name Baku.
 India developed a new tactical surface-to-surface missile Pragati which
has a range between 60-170 km. The Pragati missile is based on the
Prahaar missile and it has been developed by the DRDO for the Army.
 Scientists discovered a new planet called Kepler 78b which has a similar
mass and density to that of Earth.
 The Indian Navy on 15 October 2013 inducted into service its largest
offshore patrol vessel (OPV), INS Sunayna, at the Southern Naval
Command.
 Indian Navy on 6 November 2013 inducted the fourth generation
advanced jet trainer aircraft Hawk 132 at a ceremony held at the Naval
Air Station INS Dega at Visakhapatnam.

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 Navy commissioned Advanced Light Helicopter squadron.
 Russia successfully launches Proton-M rocket with a European
communication satellite. The Proton-M rocket is Russias most popular
for commercial satellite launches.
 Peace Mission -2013 is a anti-terror jointly Military drill conducted by
Russia and China.
 NASA space craft has detected chemical Propylene on Saturns moon
Titan. According to NASA this is the first definitive detection of the
plastic ingredients on any moon or planet, other than Earth.
 India has agreed to resume military supplies to Nepal and will soon
deliver a multi- role Advanced light helicopter to it.
 India & Nepal joint military exercise: Surya Kiran held in Uttrakhand.
 Russia is helping Bangladesh to construct its first nuclear power plant in
Dhaka. The $2bn project is funded by $ 500ml of Russian credit and is
expected to be fully completed by 2022.
 Helina is an upgraded version Nag missile.
 Nassem Al Bahr is the Naval exercise between India & Oman. The ninth
Naval exercise begins in the North Arabian Sea.
 INS Sindhurakshak a Russian -made diesel-electric submarine of the
Indian Navy. The submarine a minor fire incident in 2010 and a major
one on 14 August 2013, which resulted in its at Mumbai's naval
dockyard
 Indo-Russian INDRA 2013 military exercise is scheduled to take place in
October 2013 at Mahajan field firing range of Rajasthan in India.
 China launches Fifth manned space mission: Shenzhou-10
 Tsunami Warning System installed at Rangachang in Andaman and
Nicobar Islands
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 "IRNSS-1A, India's first ever dedicated Navigation satellite launched


blasted off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota.
 China launched a communications satellite called Zhongxing-11
 Pakistan successfully test-fired the nuclear-capable Hatf-IV (Shaheen-1)
ballistic missile (900 Km range)
 Russia launched the bio-satellite (BION -M) called orbital Noah's
 Missiles: Nuclear-capable 'Agni V' tested for second time. 'Agni-V' longrange ballistic missile. Strike range of more than 5000 km Note: In the
Agni (Surface to Surface missile) series, India at present has Agni-1 with
700 km range, Agni -2 with 2000 km range, Agni-3 and Agni-4 with 2500
km to more than 3500 range. Agni V more than 5000km. Prithvi: 1.
Prithvi I - 150km 2. Prithvi II 350km 3. Prithvi III - 350km - 600km
 Luzon channel is the channel b/w Taiwan & Philippines.
 LADEE is the name of new spacecraft on Moon launch by NASA.
 China became the World's Fifth- Largest Arms Exporter.
 Indias first defence satellite GSAT -7 launched from Kourou spaceport
in French Guiana on Friday. GSAT-7 is Indias first dedicated spacecraft
for Defence applications.
 Indian Navy successfully test-fired the 290 km range Brahmos
Supersonic Cruise Missile, capable of carrying a conventional warhead
of 300 kg, from a warship off the Goa coast.
 Naval Offshore Patrol Vessel INS Saryu inducted into Indian Navy.
 Cochin Shipyard launched Aadesh the First Fast Patrol Vessel for Coast
Guard..
 K-5 ballistic missile(strike range around 1500 kms) successfully test fired
from an underwater platform in Bay of Bengal.
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 Indian Army gets its first indigenously made Rudra attack chopper.
 ISRO has launched Indo-French satellite 'SARAL'(410-kg) with the Polar
Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C20 from Sriharikota.
 "EKUVERIN 2012" an India-Maldives joint military training exercise
organized in Belgaum.
 US and South Korea did Joint Annual Military Drills called Key Resolve
on 11 March 2013. apart from Key Resolve, another joint drill called Foal
Eagle was on its way since the starting of March 2013.
 Nepal & United States Conducted joint Military Exercises called Shanti
Prayas -2 or Peace Initiatives in Panchkhal
 French Nuclear of Areva Reactors will be 1st Tested in China before
supplying the production to Jaitapur in Maharashtra.
 Russia launched European telecom satellite SES from Kazakhstan's
Baikonur space centre.
 China launches a communications satellite, Zhongxing-11
 Indian National Defence University for training and research in military
studies will be set up in Gurgaon.
 India's first International regional navigational satellite IRNSS -1A
launched from Satish Dhawan Space centre.

GSLV D5 ROCKET CARRYING COMMUNICATION


SATELLITE GSAT 14 SUCCESSFULLY LAUNCHED.
 ISRO 5th Jan launched its heavy-duty rocket Geosynchronous
Satellite Launch Vehicle Development 5 (GSLV D5)
 It having indigenous Cryogenic engine that placed 1982 Kg GSAT 14
Communication Satellite into Orbit
 49.13 m tall
 Lifted off from Satish Dawan Space Centre, Sriharikota
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145 | P a g e
 Now India Become the 6th Nation to possess the cryogenic engine
technology
 US, Russia, France, Japan and China

WORLDS FASTEST ORGANIC TRANSISTOR


DEVELOPED
 Worlds fastest thin-film organic transistor that could operate more
than five times faster than previous
 Researchers from the University of Nebraska Lincoin and Stanford
University.

ASTRONOMERS DISCOVERED TWO NEW EXO


PLANETS
 A term of Astronomers from Harvard Smithsonian center for Astro
Physics. Have discovered two new extra solar planets circling a dim,
red dwarf star about 200 lights - year from our planet
 One of the planet, dubbed KOI 314C, weighs the same as earth, but
around 60% larger in diameter
 The 2nd planet, named KOI 314b is about the same size as KOI 314C.
but significantly denser, weighting about 4 times as much as earth
 The team discovered the planet using data from NASAS Kepler space
craft.

BRAHMOS MISSILE SUCCESSFULLY TEST


FIRST IN SALVO MODE
 290 Km range 6th Feb Test fired from Naval warship INS Trikand in
Salvo mode in the Arabian Sea.
 For 1st time, it was fired in Salvo mode off the coast of Karnataka with in
interval of 3 seconds off the cost of Goa

AUSTRALIAN ASTRONOMERS DISCOVERED


OLDEST KNOWN STAR IN UNIVERSE.
 A team of Scientists at the Australian National University on 11th Feb
 The Stat Known as SMSS J031300.30-670839.3 is in the milky way galaxy
and some 6000 light years from the Earth
 The star was formed shortly after the Big Bang 13.7 billion years ago
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146 | P a g e
 The star was discovered using the ANU Sky Mapper telescope at the
siding spring observatory.

INDIA SUCCESSFULLY TEST FIRED AKASH


MISSILE
 Surface to air missile from a defence base in Odisha for the 3rd time.
 Earlier test fired from the same base on 21st and 24th Feb. 2014.
 Indigenously developed missile, with a 27km range and effective
ceiling of 15km
 Chandipur in the Coastal District of Balasore, 230 km from
Bhubaneswar

RESEARCHERS REVIVE 30,000 YEAR OLD


GIANT VIRUS FROZEN IN SIBERIA
 The virus, researchers report is till infectious, but affects only a certain
type of amoebae
 The study on the virus pithovirus siberium was conducted by Iean
Michel Calvenie, from the National Centre of Scientific Research at the
University of Aixmarseille and Colleagues.

WORLDS FIRST 3D FINGER PRINT DEVELOPED


BY INDIAN- AMERICAN SCIENTIST
 A team of Michigan state university computer scientist led by IIT
Kanpur alum Anil Jain built the 1st 3D. Model of human finger print
called Phantomon.
 They developed the 3D image by 1st making a 2D image of a fingerprint
and then mapping it to a 3D finger Surface

INDIAN NAVY INDUCTED OFF SHORE


PATROL VESSEL INS SUMEDHA
 At Goa on 7th March
 It is 3rd ship of the indigenous Naval offshore Patrol Vessel Project to be
inducted in to Indian Navy
 It designed and built by Goa Ship yard limited.
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ASTRONOMERS DISCOVER HYPERGIANT STAR


1300 TIMES THE SIZE OF OUR SUN
 This is the biggest yellow star has spotted
 It is named as HR 5171.
 This star is 12,000 light year away

WORLDS TOP MOST POLLUTED CITY


 2014 WHO Report

INDIA TEST FIRED NEW UNDERWATER NUCLEAR


MISSILE
 A submarine launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM) with longer range then
that of the existing one of 750 km n the quest towards building a
credible nuclear weapons triad
 The new SLBM with range over 2,000km, tentatively dubbed k-4, was
tested from a submersible Pontoon in the Bay of Bengal
 This is the longest range missile in the underwater category to have
been developed by India
 Launch from a submarine and integration of the three types of
capabilities will mean completion of the nuclear triad, which is available
only with few countries like US, France, Russia and China

SOLAR IMPULSE 2 PLANE UNVEILED IN


SWITZERLAND
ISROS PSLV C 24 SUCCESSFULLY LAUNCHED
INDIAS SECOND NAVIGATION SATELLITE
IRNSS 1B
 Indian Regional Navigation Satellite system 1B into space
 It was launched through PSLV C 24 rocket from the satish Dhawan
space centre at Sriharikota

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SCIENTISTS DISCOVERED GENE BEHIND BRAIN


DEVELOPMENT
 Key gene for the development of human brain has been discovered by
Scientists from the University of Adelaide
 The study shows how mutations in the gene called USP9X are linked
to intellectual disability

WORLD ORGANIZATIONS
FACTS AND SUMMITS
HEADS OF IMPORTANT ORGANIZATIONS
ORGANISATIONS
No.

Acrony
ms
1. FAO

2. IAEA

3. IFAD

4. ILO

5. IMO

6. IMF

Agency
Food and
Agriculture
Organization
International
Atomic Energy
Agency
International Fund
for Agricultural
Development
International
Labour
Organization
International
Maritime
Organization
International
Monetary Fund

International
Telecommunicatio
n Union
8. UNESCO United Nations
Educational,
7. ITU

Headquar
Head
ters
Italy
Jos Graziano
da Silva

Establis
hed
1945

Austria

Yukiya
Amano

1957

Rome,
Italy

Kanayo F.
Nwanze

1977

Geneva,
Switzerlan
d
London,
United
Kingdom
Washingt
on, D.C.,
USA
Geneva,
Switzerlan
d
Paris,

Guy Rider

1919

Koji Sekimizu

1948

Christine
Lagarde

1945

Hamadoun
Tour

1865

Irina Bokova

1946

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9. WB

Scientific and
Cultural
Organization
World Bank

World Intellectual
Property
Organization
World
WMO
Meteorological
Organization
UNODC United Nations
Office on Drugs
and Crime
UND I O United Nations
Data and
Information
Organization
UNOCH Office for the
Coordination of
A
Humanitarian
Affairs
UNOOS United Nations
Office for Outer
A
Space Affairs
International
ISA
Seabed Authority
Comprehensive
CTBTO
Nuclear-Test-Ban
Treaty
Organization

10. WIPO

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.
17.

18. OPCW

19. UNIDIR

Organisation for
the Prohibition of
Chemical Weapons
United Nations
Institute for

France

Washingt
on, D.C,
USA
Geneva,
Switzerlan
d
Geneva,
Switzerlan
d
Vienna,
Austria
Kampala,
Uganda

Jim Yong Kim

1945

Francis Gurry

1974

David Grimes

1950

Yuri Fedotov

1997

Louis R.
Rutinduka

2013

New
John Holmes
York, USA (Britissioner
for Human
Rights)
Vienna,
Mazlan
Austria
Othman

Geneva,
Switzerl
and

Kingston,
Jamaica
Vienna,
Austria

Nii Allotey
Odunton
Lassina Zerbo

1994

Hague,
Netherlan
ds
Geneva,
Switzerlan

Ahmet
zmc
Theresa
Hitchins

1958

1997
(prepar
atory
commis
sion)
1997

1980

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150 | P a g e
Disarmament
Research
United Nations
20. UNU
University
21. UNITAR United Nations
Institute for
Training and
Research
22. UNRISD United Nations
Research Institute
For Social
Development
23. UNICRI United Nations
Interregional
Crime and Justice
Research Institute
International
24. ISC
Centre for Science
and High
Technology
25. INSTRA International
Research and
W
Training Institute
for the
Advancement of
Women
26. UPEACE University for
Peace
International
27. ICTP
Centre for
Theoretical Physics
Innocenti Research
28. IRC
Centre International Child
Development
Centre
International Civil
29. ICSC
Service
Commission

d
Tokyo,
Konrad
Japan
Osterwalder
Geneva,
Carlos Lopes
Switzerlan
d

1969

Geneva,
Peter Utting
Switzerlan OIC
d

1963

Turin,
Italy

Sandro
Calvani

Trieste,
Italy

1965

1968

1988

Sergei Zelenev 1979


Santo
Domingo, OIC
Dominica
n Republic
San Jos,
Costa Rica
Trieste,
Italy

Francisco
1980
Rojas Aravena
Katepalli R.
1964
Sreenivasan

Florence,
Italy

Marta Santos
Pais

New
John P.
York, USA Hamilton

1988

1975

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ARCTIC SUMMIT
 The first Arctic Summit, organised by The Economist, was held in Oslo
in March 2013.

COP -11
 The Eleventh Conference of Parties to (CoP-11) to the Convention on
Biological Diversity (CBD) and the sixth Meeting of Parties to the
Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety was held at Hyderabad from 1-19
October 2012.
 The Government of India also hosted the high-level segment to CoP-11
at the same venue from 17-19 October 2012.
 The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was inspired by the
world community's growing commitment to sustainable development.

FIFTH BRICS SUMMIT


 The 2013 BRICS summit was the fifth annual BRICS summit, an
international relations conference attended by the head of states or
heads of government of the five member states Brazil, Russia, India,
China and South Africa. The summit was held in Durban, South Africa
in 2013. This completed the first cycle of BRICS summits.
 South Africa hosted the fifth BRICS Summit from 26 to 28 March 2013 at
the Durban International Convention Centre (ICC). This will complete
the first cycle of BRICS summits.
SUMMI PARTICIPANT DAT HOST
HOST
LOCATIO
T
S
E
COUNTR LEADER
N
Y
First
BRIC
June Russia
Dmirty
Yakaterin
16Medvedev Burg
2009
Second
BRIC
April Brazil
Luiz
Brasilia
16
InacioLula
2010
Da Siva
Third
BRICS
April China
Hu Jintao Sanya
142011
Fourth
BRICS
Marc India
ManMoha New Delhi
h -29
n Singh
2012
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Fifth

BRICS

Sixth

BRICS

Seventh

BRICS

Marc
h

26, 27
2013
1517
July
2014
2015

South
Africa

Jacob
Zuma

Durban

Brazil

Dilma
Rousseff

Fortaleza

Russia

Vladimir
Putin

Ufa

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khehl;L ikaf;fU : Brics and Africa : Partnership for Development,
Integration and Industrialisation
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3RD BIMSTEC SUMMIT 2014


 Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and
Economic Cooperation
 held in Myanmar (Bay of Initiative for Multi Sectoral Technical
Economic Co-operation)
 from 1-4 March14 in Nay Pyi Taw capital of Myanmar
 Theme partnership from Harmony and Prosperity
 Members: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri lanka, spl.
envoy from Tailand
 Signed the M.o.Association on the Establishment of BIMSTEC
Permanent Secretariat in Dhaka
 1st Bangkok 31st July 2004
 2nd New Delhi 13th Nov 2008

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153 | P a g e

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kw;Wk; nghUshjhu xj;Jiog;Gf;fhd $l;likg;G gpk;]n
; lf; MFk;.
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economic cooperation) tq;fhs tphpFlh gy;Jiw njhopy;El;g kw;Wk;
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; d. mjd;gpwF gpk;]n
; lf;
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G20 SUMMIT
Year
2008
2012
2013
2014
2015

Summit Dates
November
1st
1415
7th
June 1819
September
8th
56
November
9th
1516
10th

TBA

Country
United
States
Mexico
Russia

City
Washington,
D.C.
Los Cabos
Strelna, Saint
Petersburg

Australia Brisbane
Turkey

Host leader
George W. Bush
Felipe Caldern
Vladimir Putin
Tony Abbott

TBA

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APPOLO STUDY CENTRE 044 24339436 / 42867555/ 9840226187

cWg;G

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154 | P a g e
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G8 SUMMIT
SUMMIT DATE

June 25
Canada
26, 2010
May 26
France
27, 2011
May 18 United
19, 2012 States

HOST
LEADER
Stephen
Harper
Nicolas
Sarkozy
Barack
Obama

Huntsville,
Ontario
Deauville, BasseNormandie

39th

June 17 United
18, 2013 Kingdom

David
Cameron

Lough
County
Fermanagh

40th

June 45,
2014

Vladimir
Putin

Sochi

36th
37th
38th

HOST
COUNTRY

Russia

LOCATION HELD

Camp David
Erne,

SAARC SUMMIT
SUMMIT
16th
17th
18th

DATE
2829
April 2010
1011
November
2011
2013

COUNTRY

HOST

HOST LEADER

Bhutan

Thimphu

Jigme Thinley

Maldives

Addu

Mohammed Nasheed

Kathmandu

Khil Raj Regmi

Nepal

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155 | P a g e

ASSOCIATION
OF
NATIONS
ASEAN SUMMIT

SOUTHEAST

ASIAN

SUMM
DATE
COUNTRY
HOST
IT
16th
89 April 2010 Vietnam
Hanoi
2831 October
17th
Vietnam
Hanoi
2010

Nguyn Tn Dng

18th

78 May 2011

Indonesia

Jakarta

Susilo
Bambang
Yudhoyono

19th

1419
November
2011

Indonesia

Bali

Susilo
Bambang
Yudhoyono

20th

34 April 2012

Cambodia

Phnom
Penh

Hun Sen

21st

1720
November
2012

Cambodia

Phnom
Penh

Hun Sen

22nd

24-25
2013

23rd

9-10
2013

April

October

Brunei

Brunei

Bandar
Seri
Begawan
Bandar
Seri
Begawan

HOST LEADER

Nguyn Tn Dng

Hassanal Bolkiah

Hassanal Bolkiah

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; fj;ij vl;Ltij ,yf;fhf nfhz;L nray;gLfpwJ.

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; f
APPOLO STUDY CENTRE 044 24339436 / 42867555/ 9840226187

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156 | P a g e
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ehLfspd; nrayfkhf tpsq;Fk;.

MEKONG GANGA COOPERATION


 A cooperation of six member states: India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos,
Cambodia and Vietnam to promote the sphere of tourism, culture and
education.
 It aims at strengthening traditional bonds of Friendship.

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tUk; 2013 mf;Nlhgh; 7 Kjy; 11 tiuapyhd Njjpfspy; [g;ghdpd;
kpdpkl;lh efhpy; $Lth; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

NATO SUMMIT
 NATO Summit 2014: Britain. (Britain last hosted the summit in 1990,
when Margret Thatcher was Prime Minister).
 2012 Summit- Chicago (United States)

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157 | P a g e

NUCLEAR SECURITY SUMMIT


 2nd Summit 2012 Seoul (South Korea)
 3rd Summit 2014(Next) : Netherland

NEW MEMBER
 United Nation South Sudan new member country. Total
193 members
 WTO Yemen new member country. Total 160 members.
 World Bank & IMF South Sudan new member country.
Total 188 members
 European Union Croatia new member country. Total 28

COMMONWEALTH SUMMIT
 Malta to Host Next Commonwealth Summit in 2015: Malta, a Southern
European country was on 17 November 2013 unanimously chosen as the
host of the next Commonwealth summit in 2015.
 Note: This is second time for Malta to host the Commonwealth summit.
Before this, Malta hosted Commonwealth Summit in 2005.
Year
Date
Country
Town
Retreat
Chairperson
Waters Edge, Sri
1517
Sri
Mahinda
2013
Colombo Jayawardenepura
November Lanka
Rajapaksa
Kotte





2015 Malta
2017 Vanuatu
2019- Malaysia

SCO SUMMIT
 13th Summit 2013 -Bishkek
Khurshid (Foreign Minister)

(Kyrgyzstan)

 12th Summit 2012 -Beijing.


Minister)

Attended

by:

Attended

SM

by:

Salman

Krishna(Foreign

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158 | P a g e

~hq;fha; $l;LwT mikg;G (SCO)


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kw;Wk; uhZt typikia Vw;gLj;j gpd;tUk; Ie;J ehLfshy; Vw;gLj;jg;gl;lJ.
1. rPdh (China)
2. f[f];jhd; (Kazakhstan)
3. u~;ah (Russia)
4. j[pfp];jhd; (Tajikistan)
5. c];ngfp];jhd; (Uzbekistan) 6tJ ehlhf 2001y; ,ize;jJ.
SCO ghh;itahsh;fs;:
1. Mg;fhdp];jhd;
4. kq;Nfhypah

2. ,e;jpah
5. ghfp];jhd;

3. <uhd;

WORLD AGRICULTURAL FORUM CONGRESS


 World Agricultural Forum Congress (WAF) will be organized at
Hyderabad

3RD NUCLEAR SECURITY SUMMIT 2014


 on 24 & 25 March 2014 in the Hague, Netherlands.
 attended by 58 world leaders

WORLD GREEN ECONOMY SUMMIT 2014


 1stheld in Dubai
 Theme Global Partnership, Sustainable Future

6tJ rh;tNjr vjphf


; hy vhprf;jp cr;rp khehL
2013
 GJg;gpf;fj;jf;f vhprf;jp cw;gj;jpapy; <Lgl;Ls;s gy;NtW ehLfspd;
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vkpnul;]; ehl;bd; jiyefh; mGjhgpapy; [dthpapy;; eilngw;wJ.
 khehl;bd; ikaf;fU: Powering the future of energy innovation and
investment

SUMMITS REVIEW
 UN Human Rights forum held in Beijing (CHINA)
 31st meeting of Health Ministers of WHO South- East Asia countries
held in India
 Arab league Summit 2013 - Doha.
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 6th IBSA Summit2013 New Delhi


 United Nation conference on Sustainable Development(2012)
 The international biodiversity meet Hyderabad
 UN biodiversity meet in 2014 -South Korea
 58th Commonwealth Parliamentarian conference (2012) held in Col
 (2013).
 Organization of Islamic Co-operation (OIC) summit (2013) Cairo
(Egypt)

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 ,e;j mikg;gpy; ,e;jpah> ghfp];jhd;> <uhd; Mfpa ehLfs; 2005 Mk;
Mz;L ghh;itahsuhf ,izf;fg;gl;ld. 2010-Mk; Mz;by; eilngw;w
v];rp.x. khehl;by; Gjpa cWg;G ehLfisr; Nrh;gg
; jw;fhd jil
ePff
; g;gl;lJ.

101ST SESSION OF INDIAN SCIENCE


CONGRESS
 held at Jammu University, Jammu
 from 3-7 Feb 2014
 Theme Innovations in Science and Technology for Inclusive
Development
 PM inaugurated 10th time

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 khehl;L ikaf;fU: ,e;jpa vjph;fhyj;ij tbtikg;gjpy;
(Science for shaping the future of India)

mwptpay;

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160 | P a g e
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 2013Mk; Mz;bd; khehl;Lld; ,ize;J Foe;ijfs; mwptpay; khehL
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for the development of the country
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development
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mth;fisj; jiytuhff; nfhz;L xb~htpy; eilngWk;. ,jd;
ikaf;fU: Innovations in Science, IT & Technology

11tJ ntspehL tho; ,e;jpah;fs; khehL 2013


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 khehl;bd; rpwg;G tpUe;jpdh;: uh[;Nf];th; g+h;ahf;> nkhhp~pa]; mjpgh;
 khehl;bd; ikaf;fU: Engaging Diaspora The India Growth story
 Fwpg;G: 10MtJ gpuNtrpa ghujpa jpth]; khehL 2012y; nly;ypapy;
[dthp 7 9k; Njjpfspy; eilngw;wJ. ,jd; rpwg;G tpUe;jpdh; fkyh
gpurhj; gpN]~h;> bhpdplhl; kw;Wk; NlhghNfh ehl;bd; Kjy; ngz; gpujkh;.
 ,jd; ikaf;fU:
U The Global Indian : Inclusive Growth

2014 12th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas New Delhi


 from 7-9 Jan2014 at Vigyan Bhawan
 Theme Engaging Diaspora connecting across Generations
 inaugurated by PM
 Malaysias Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Y.B. Datuk
Seri Palanivel Chief Guest

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161 | P a g e

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cyf jz;zhP ; jpd tpohtpy; 2014 Mk; Mz;Lf;fhd tho;fi
; ff;fhf
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162 | P a g e
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RECENT NATIONAL AND STATE


ISSUES
National cyber security policy 2013
To safe guard physical & business assets of the country
Aims at facilitating creation of secure computing environment and
enabling adequate trust & confidence in electronic transactions

Ordinance on Food security


6% of population over subsidized grains every month
5kgs of food grains every month at highly subsidized rates of
1.3rupees/kg.
Pregnant women 6000 rupees /per month for 6 month

Aviation, women varsities in Raebareli


1st ever all women university Indira Gandhi. (500 crores)
1st National aviation(Under Min. of Civil Aviation) university Rajiv
Gandhi (202 crores)

Free medical Treatment for Pregnant Women


Under the Janai Suraksha yojana Scheme.
Free medical & ambulance facilities from conception to delivery
Free consultation from doctors at government hospital for 45 days from
delivery and infants will be given free treatment at the hospitals for 1
year

Indian Telegram Service Stopped.


163 year old ends on 14July
Started on 1850 on experimental basis between kolkatta and Diamond
Harbour.
1851 opened for use by the British
1854 opened to public

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Bengaluru
International
Airport
Kempegowda International Airport

renamed

as

Hiriya kempegowda ruler under Vijaynagar Empire


Ruled most parts of Karnataka during 16th century.
Founder of Bengaluru. He built Bengaluru Fort & moved his capital
from Yelahanka to the new Bangaluru

Acid Attacks on women Non-bailable offence


All state government to pay Rs. 3lakh compensation to acid attack
victims
Directed to frame rules for regularity sale of acid with in 3 months
Cannot be sold to a person who is below the age of 18 years

Union Tourism Minister


Campaign(July 24)

launched

Clean

India

Minister K. Chiranjeevi
At Tajmahal
To increase tourist arrivals to the country and to improve quality of
services and provide a hygienic environment in and around tourist
destinations
Taj Mahal Second heritage site
1st Qutubminor by ITD Corporation June 2012
ONGC has agreed to adopt and up keep the environs of Tajmahal
complex.
ONGC also agreed to adopt five more monuments including Ellora &
Elephant caves in Maharastra, Red Fort in Delhi, Golkonda in
Hyderabad, Mahabalipuram in TN.

Himachal Pradesh Declared 1st smoke free state in


India
Section 4 of the cigarettes and other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA)
2003.
State achieved 85.45% compliance

Karnataka Launched Anna Bhagya Scheme


30kg of rice/month will be given to BPL at Re1/kg
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Government spend Rs 4,300 crore/year on the scheme
C.M Siddaramaiah June 13

Latest Statistics Data on Tourism in India


Total number of domestic tourist visit during 2012
Andhra Top tourist Destination
2. Tamil Nadu, 3. Uttar Pradesh, 4. Karnataka, 5. Maharastra
6. Madhya Pradesh, 7. Rajasthan, 8. Uttarkhand, 9. Gujarat
10. West Bengal

Foreign Tourists Visits


1. Maharastra, 2. Tamil Nadu, 3. Delhi, 4. Uttar Pradesh, 5. Rajasthan
6. West Bengal, 7. Bihar, 8. Kerala, 9. Karnataka, 10. Himachal Pradesh

1st Textile Park inaugurated in Bagru near Jaipur.


Named Jaipur Integrated Texcraft Park Private Limited. (JITPPL), also
known as Jaipur Bloc.
Bagru is known for its traditional textiles. Various styles of hand block
printing and related skills
1st part in India that will cater to the segment of hand block printing

Himachal Pradesh Government Launched Video Chat in


Prisons
In all six prisons of the state.
Would help family & friends save time & money on travelling to prisons
to meet the inmates
Even foreigners can avail this facility
Enabling the courts to utilize the video conference facility between the
jails and the courts

Government of Odisha Announced Rice for Olive Ridley


Conservation scheme
To help the fisher man families affected by seven month ban on marine
fishing at Odisha Coastal Areas.

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Roshini Scheme Launched in Naxal affected districts


By GOI
A placement linked skill development scheme
Targeting 50,000 men & women. Mostly tribes
24 worst affected districts
The Three year initiative aims at skilling and placement of 50,000 youth
from 24 Naxal affecting districts in nine states.
Funding 75:25 ration between centre & state

Indias First Dedicated Air Ambulance Launched


Indias First state of the art Air Ambulance. Flying Doctors India was
launched in New Delhi
The new aircraft is tailor made and equipped with a intensive care unit
on a aircraft
The goal is to provide Critical case even when a patient is in transit

50Lakhs Child Labours in India

By National Sample Survey Organisation report (NSSO)


1st Uttarkahand 17.5 Lakh
2nd West Bengal 5.5 Lakh
3rd Rajasthan 4.05 Lakh
4th Gujarat 3.9 Lakh
This figures on the eve of the world day against child labour (June12)

Union Government Banned Ants Diabetes Drug


3 major medicine the widely prescribed, pioglitazone, painkillers
analgin, anti depressant deanxit.

1st All woman police station opens in Arunachal Pradesh


In Itanagar.

Indias 1st All Women post office


All women, public bank
March 8th in New Delhi by communication & IT minister
At Shastri Bhavan the hub of central government offices in Central
Delhi.
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Priyadarshi Awas Yojana.


By Haryana in Karnal
To provide offerdable housing facility to the people living in rural area
Eligible under Indira Awas yojana & who get 100 square yard plot
under mahatma Gandhi Gramin. Dasi yojna would also be included in
the scheme.

West Bengal tops chart for crime against women.


By national crime records Bureau (NCRB)
1. West Bengal is the most unsafe place for women
2. Andhra Pradesh, 3. Uttar Pradesh, 4. Rajasthan, 5. Madhya Pradesh 6.
Maharastra

Education Commisonerates for Tribals.

By Maharastra Government.
To provide education to students of the tribal community
Named by Adivasi Shikshan Ayuktalay
Head Office will be in Nashik

Gas based power plant in Tripura.


1st Gas based power plant at palatana in Tripura
1st Such Power Company in India to be awarded with clean
Development Mechanism by UN Frame work convention on climate
change.
Rs. 9000 crore project set up by ONGC

GVKs Ratle Hydel Plant in J&K


850MW Ratle hydro electric power plant on the River Chennab in J&K
Nations 1st hydroelectric Project that was bid out through tariff based
international competitive bidding
Will cost Rs. 5,500 crore
The project was awarded to GVK power which offered. The lowest tariff
for generating power.

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Rajasthan Launched A scheme for Energy Conservation


Mukhyamantri Bijli Bachat Lamp Yojana
Will provide 2 CFL bulbs free of cost to all electricity consumers of
villages & BPL consumers in urban areas.
It will continue till Aug2013
State Government spent 100 crore on this scheme
Purpose of the scheme is to save energy and conservation of
environment

Arogyavani
Health information help line service in Karnataka
The call centre has the provide information on the nearest Government
Hospital before providing a private sector alternative.
Main objective of this facility is to assist people living in rural or remote
area who face difficults in accessing the services of qualified doctors and
to provide information on any health problem

Mobile Subscribes largest in UP, T.N


1. UP, TN, MH, AP, Bihar
India worlds second largest mobile phone marker in terms of
subscribers
Data from Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)
861.66 million connections as on Feb 2013

Gandhi Heritage sites mission


Objectives of conserving and restoring the heritage, sites associated with
Father of Nation.
Assigned with the identification collation and assessment of the
information of Gandhi Heritage Material.

Indias 1st yoga university in Gujarat


In Ahmedabad, Lakulish yoga university, established by life mission
Trust of Gujarat. 1st ever such private sector self finance institution in the
country.

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2 Major Port in WB, AP by cabinet approved through


public private partnership
Dugarajapatnam Nellore district, AP
Sagar Island WB

Criminal Law Amendment Bill 2013


Anti rape Bill
Passed by LS 19-3-2013
RS 21-3-2013
Punishment for offences like acid attacks stalking and Voyeurism

GOI approved the project for creation of National


Optical Fiber Network (NOFN)
Connection all 2, 50, 000 gram panchayats.

Sexual Harassment of women at workplace (prevention,


Prohibition and redressal) Bill 2013 passed
A violation of womens right to gender equality life and liberty
Affecting their economic Empowerment and the goal of inclusive
growth

Indias first automatic toll collection system


In Maharastra

TN. Rs. 7000Cr. Underground Hydel Power Station

Nilgiri distrits.
1st Unit of North Chennai Thermal Power Plant
3rd Unit of Vallur Project
2500 MW each of Tutucorin power project
Generating powers between March to may 2014.

68 millions Indians living in slums


1st Such Census Report by the Registration General of India
19 Cities with million plus population, 25% of house holds live in
slums
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A Majority 71% of these are located in 6 states MH, AP,TN, WB, MP
& UP

Spice Park in M.P

In mawan area of Guna district

Three High Courts (23rd march 2013)


Tripura Justice Deepak Gupta
Manipur Justice Abhay Manohar Sapre
(Judge of Chattisgarh High Court)
Mehalaya Justice Meena Kumari

The 1st state to Introduce e- GPF


Arunachal Pradesh
Online access to 34,000 GPF accounts
CM Nabam Tuki

All Juvenile crimes 64% by 16-18 years old age group


By National Crime Records Bureau data

Parliament attack case convict Afzal Guru hanged

In 2001 parliament attack


In Delhis Tihar Jail
Death sentence given by Supreme Court in 2004
Mercy petition rejected on 23rd Jan 2013
The code name of the secret operation was Three Star

Rashtirya Bal Swasthya Karyakram


A new children health care project, a tribal block in Thane District in
M.H
It is part of National Rural Health Mission
Improving overall quality of life of children through early detection of
birth defective diseases and deficiencies

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Indias 1st Geothermal plant in Chattisgarh

Chatisgarh Government signed MoU with NTPC


In newly formed Balrampur district
Plant will come up at Tata Pani in Balrampur
District located in extreme northern region of the states

Land Acquisition Act to come into effect from 2014


January 1
 Union Cabinet approved a Committee on Babhli Barrage issue
 Appointed of a three member supervisory committee headed by a
representative of the central water commission
 On construction of Babhli Barrage issue
 One member from Andhra Pradesh
 One member from Maharastra.

Recent State Elections (Five)


 Chhattisgarh (Phase I) & (Phase II), 90 member State Assembly
 Madhya Pradesh 230 members
 Rajasthan 200 members
 Delhi 70 members
 Mizoram 40 member

Five States Assembly Elections 2013


 Chattisgarh Total 90 seats
 BJP
 Madhya Pradesh Toal 230 seats
 BJP
 Rajasthan Total 200 seats
BJP
 Delhi Total 70 seats
 Aam Admi Party
 Mizoram Total 40 seats
 INC
 Mizoram Peoples Conference - 1
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Foundation stone Laid for 1st Mega Food Park in Uttar


Pradesh
 Shaktiman mega Food Park in Jagdispur (the 1st in the north India) of
Amethi district in Uttar Pradesh

President approved development Board for Hyderbad


Karnataka Region.
 President issued an order, allowing the Karnataka Governor to establish
a separate development board for the Hydrabad Karnataka region
under Article 371 J of the constitution
 The region comprises Gulbarga, Bidar, Raichur, Koppal, yadgir and
Bellary districts
 The order was issued under the state of Karnataka (Special
Responsibility of Governor of Karnataka Hyderabad Region) order,
2013. under Article 371J of the constitution.

A New Plastic Park in Odisha


 Union Government sanctioned setting up of a plastic park in siju village,
Kujanga Tehsil of Jagatsinghpur District in odisha.
 The plastic park is to be set up by a special purpose vehicle called
Paradeep Plastic Park Limited

NSSO Released Latest Survey Report on Employment


and unemployment in India
 Survey has revealed that the unemployment rate during the 5year
period ending 2009-10 has fallen from 3.8% to 2.8% across cities and
towns
 Surveybased on the eighth quinquennial survey on employment and
unemployment conducted in the 66th round of NSS during July 2009 to
June 2010
Unemployment rate ( 2009 -10)
1. Agra 5.5%
2. Parna 13.2%
3. Ludhiana 6.3%
4. Kanpur 7.7%
5. Meerut 3.9%
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Lowest rate of unemployment
1. Bhopal 0.1%
2. Surat 0.6%
3. Indore 0.8%
The proportion of employed men in 2009 10
1. 73% - Class 1 cities
2. 74% - Class 2 towns
3. 76% - Class 3 towns
The proportion of employed women in 2009 -10
1. 17% - class 1 cities
2. 18% - class 2 towns
3. 21% - class 3 towns

Prime Minister Inaugurated Sardar Vallabhai Patel


National Museum in Ahmedabad
 Gujarat CM laid the foundation stone of Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patels
Statue.
 Laid the foundation of the Statue of Unity a 182 metre tall statue
(Worlds Largest Statue)
 On his 138th birthday anniversary at Sardar Sarovar Dam Site in Bharuch
district in Gujarat
 This statue which is being constructed at a cost of Rs. 2074 crore
 It will be double of the height of the statue of Liberty (13meters) in the
USA
 The statue is to be build on an island called Sadhu Bet on the river
Narmadha in Gujarat
 The Spring Temple Buddhas Statue in China is the closed rival at a
height of 153 metre

Kannur declared First Zero Landless District in the


country
Indias 1st private Rapid metro service started operation
from Gurgaon
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Union government approved for legislative Council in


Assam
 According to Article 169 of Constitutions of India
 The legislative council will have 42 members

Supreme Court Judgement on Homo sexuality


 Supreme Court of India upheld the constitutional validity of Sec of
of IPC making gay sex an offence punishable with upto
imprisonment
 A bench of Justice G.S. Singhvi and S.J. MuchkoPadhaya set side
Delhi High Courts Verdict which had in 2009 decriminalised gay
among consenting adults in private

Cabinet approved The


Disabilities Bill 2011

Rights

of

Persons

377
life
the
sex

with

 The Bill is a comprehensive measure that covers a whole spectrum of


problems from physical disabilities to mental illness and multiple
disabilities.
 It will replace the persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunity
Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act of 1995
 The Bill has been prepared on the basis of recommendation made by
sudha kaul committee

Cabinet approved The Prevention of Communal and


Targeted Violence (Access to Justice and Reparations)
Bill 2013
 The aimed to prevent and tackle the communal violence in the country
and punish the perpetrators of the violence

Gujarat Scores Low on Educational Development


Index
 It has slipped from 12th to 28th position in primary level
 From 8th to 14th rank in upper primary level
 Maharastra which retained the 8th rank
 Tamil Nadu which remains at the 3rd place
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Government launched Indias


Adolescent Health Programme

1st

comprehensive

 Named Rastriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK) in New Delhi


 The programme will include a sharp focus on adolescents sexual health.
 The RKSK defines an adolescent as a person with 10-19 years of age in
Urban and rural areas includes both girls and boys, married and
unmarried, poor and effluents, whether they are in school or out of
school

National Urban Health Mission


 Launched in Bangalore to provide timely quality health services to the
urban poor.
 The scheme will now be introduced as a Sub mission under the NHM
 The mission will be implemented in 779 cities and towns, each with a
population of more than 50,000 and cover over 7.75 crore people.

Total E- Literacy project in Kerala


 PM launched the total E-Literacy project.
 Implemented by PN Ranicker Vigyan Vikas Kendra in
Thiruvananthpuram
 This would act as the corner stone of the Kerala model of development
 The programme was aimed at achieving total e-literacy in the State in 33
months. Marching from total literacy to complete literacy

M.H Government Launched Unique Blood on Call


Scheme
 Maharastra C.M. Prithiviraj Chavan rolled out Jeevan Amrut Yojana
(blood on call scheme) across the State
 The ambitious plan is aimed at facilitating blood supply to patients
scheduled to undergo surgeries and medical procedures at cheaper rate
by dialling a dedicated helpline no 104
 Under the scheme, the request for blood will have to be placed by
hospital

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Chattisgarh Government launched Toll Free Number


1100 for Graft Complaints
 Where people could lodge graft-related complaints against the state
government officials
 Now the people can just dial 1100 to lodge complaints regarding
corruption

Anu Vidyut Pariyojana launched in Haryana


 PM laid the foundation of 2800MW nuclear power plant in Fatehabad
district of Haryana
 It will have four units of 700MW each it will be built at a cost 23502
crores
 NPCIL will build these reactors
 This is the first time Haryana will have nuclear project

Maulana Azad Taleem e Balighan Scheme


 Launched Min. of state for HRD Dr. Shashi Tharoor under Sakshar
Bharat at New Delhi
 The programme aims to impart functional literacy, Vocational Skill
development and continuing education to one crore Muslim adults with
outlay of Rs. 600 crore

Indias First monorail Service Inaugurated in Mumbai


The monorail service that will link the city to major station will begin its
first phase of 8.93 kms between wadala and chembur in the eastern
fringes of the commercial capital

Odisha Lokayukta Bill 2014 Passed in Assembly


 With provision of keeping CM, ex. CM, other ministers and public
servants under the purview of a six member anti-corruption panel
 The bill has provision similar that of the central Act which was passed in
Parliament in December 2013

Chhattisgarh Government to set up a Law commission


 To suggest changes in laws as per the geographical and social
requirement of the stat
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The Union Cabinet cleared reservation for Jat


community by under the central list of OBC category
in 9 northern states.
 The central list of OBCs for the states of Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana,
Himachal Pradesh, M.P, Rajasthan, UttarKhand, UP & Delhi

Maulana Azad Sehat Scheme


 For the benefits and welfare of minorities of India
 Sehat card will be issued by every student of the Institution Financially
aided by Maulana Azad Education Foundation

National Food Security Act Comes into Force in M.P


 Total Population of 75% people will be covered under the Act.

Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Launched in UP


 The Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry and U.P Government
Launched in Lucknow
 U.P is poised to go through a transformation in terms of
Industrialisation and generation of employment
 This is because U.P is the meeting point of Eastern and Western
Corridors

Assam Becomes 1st Indian State to observe Child


Protection Day -- On 4th march 2014.
Arunachal Pradesh Assembly Passed Lokayaukta Bill
2014
 With provision of keeping the CM, other ministers MLAs heads of
Panchayats and Municipalities Trusts and Public Servants under the
Purview of a six member anti-corruption panel

2014 LokSabha and Assembly Elections


 16th Loksabha Elections
 9 Stages
 15th Lok Sabha to expire on 31 may 2014.
 Four States Assembly election also announced Sikkim, Odisha, A.P and
Arunachal Pradesh
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 This is the first Lok Sabha Poll in which the Voters can reject all
candidates by choosing the NOTA options.
Turnout
Leader
Party
Alliance
Leader's seat
Last election
Seats won

66.38%
Narendra Modi
BJP
NDA
Vadodara
(vacated)
Varanasi
116
NDA: 159
BJP: 282
NDA: 336

Rahul Gandhi
INC
UPA

J. Jayalalithaa
AIADMK

Amethi

Did not contest

206
UPA: 262
INC: 44
UPA: 58

9
37

Nagaland and Assam First States to get Plastic Photo Identity


Card
 It was announced by the Deputy Election Commissioner Sudhir Tripathi
in Kohima on 12th March 2014

J & K becomes 1st state to declare Poll Booth as No


Smoking zones
India Supreme Court recognizes Transgender as Third Gender
 The apex court claimed transgender as socially and economically
backward
 The court also directed Union and States government to adopt measures
for bringing the community into the mainstream by providing adequate
healthcare, education and employment

Shompens of A & N islands casted votes for the first


time for Loksabha
 In Great Nicobar on 10th April
 Shompens- one of the stone age tribes casted the votes for the Lok
Sabha Constituency of Bay islands

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Mizoram Government refused to Repatriate Bru Refuges within


3 months
 Refused to repatriate all the Bru refugees lodged in Six Tirupura relief
camp within three months
 Earlier the state government has agreed to the demand of the NGO co
ordination committee
 After the end of ongoing election process
 The Bru Refugees also called Reang Refugees
 They are original inhabitants of mammit Sub Division of Aizawl District
of Mizoram
 They started arriving in North Tripuras Kanchanpur subdivision since
29th October 1997.

High Content of Manganese detected in Sedaulin


Resuvoir of Goa
S.C. lifts mining Ban in Goa

Telungana triggers demands for more states.


WB Gorkha Janmukti Morcha demands Gorkhaland
Assam Karbi Anglong state Bodoland
Mayavathi govt Purvanchal, Bundelkhand, Awadh pradeh, paschim
pradesh
Ajit Singh Harit Pradesh. (Rastriya Lok Dal)
Uma Bharathi Bundelkhand
MP Jagdambika Pal eastern UP
West Vidarbha

National Teeka Express


by Ghulam Nabi Azad
Aims at protecting children from life threatening childhood diseases.
Under Routine Immunization Programme

MP government to slash VAT on ATF to 5 %


Fourth state in India
Vat on Aviation Turbine fuel
Reduced 23% to 5% in the state
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Ghen Bhitra Janta agitation in West Bengal


Gorkha Mukti Morcha organizes this agitation
Means people Inside Homes
Hills of Darjeeling district

World largest solar park in Rajasthan


At Bhadla in Jodhpur Rajasthan
Established 10,000 hectare land
1000MW Capacity
Asian Development Bank will provide Rs 30,000cr loan for transmission
lines of this solar park
Three more solar parks are proposed to be established in Jaisalmer,
Barmer and Bikaner district with the help of the Clinton foundation

Wild life Protection Amendment Bill 2013


Wild life protection Act 1972
Seek heavier penalties to check wild life related crimes and
Aim to make Indian laws consistent with the conversion on
International Trade in Endangered species of wild flora and fauna
(CITES)

Draft on National Sports Development Bill 2013


To bring all the national sports federations and the BCCI under the RTI
Act and seeking views of general public and all the stake holder
Aimed at discouraging sports fraud, including match-fixing, in relation
to national and international sporting events.

Government nod to Judicial Appointments Commission

CJ of India Head
2 Judges of S.C
Law minister
2 persons as members and secretary (Justice) in the law ministry as
member secretary

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Births and Death & Bill in Rajya Sabha
The Registration of Births and deaths (Amendment) Bill 2012
Head of the family, name of Priest, name of police officials concerned
should be mentioned in the information sheets

First Indigenous Aircraft Carrier launched


Built by the cochin shipyard limited,
Warship will be fitted with long Range surface to Air missile system
with multi function radar and close in weapon system
M:G 29K fighter jets, light combat Aircraft & helicopter
India joined the select club of nations like US, France, Russia & the U.K
who are capable of designing and building 40,000 tonne aircraft carriers
The much delayed INS Vikramaditya also having a displacement of
45,000 tonnes is likely to be handed over to the navy by Russia
Extensive sea trials in 2016. Will be commissioned by 2018. The time
when Viraat would have clocked the time for its decommissioning.

Agni V to be operational by 2015


By 2015 (after 3 successful test firing)
Intercontinental ballistic missile
Range of 5,000 km

Appointment of new chief Justices


Jharkand R. Banumati
Delhi N.V. Ramana (Acting CJ of A.P)
Megalya PC. Pant

Japans biggest warship since ww II


It bears strong resemblance to a conventional aircraft
The ship dubbed Izumo
250m long

Germany to recognize Undetermined as gender


1st country in Europe to join a small group of nations which recognize a
third or undermined sex when registering births

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From Nov 1 babies born in Germany without clear gender
determining physical Characteristics may get birth certificates registered
without a reference to their sex.

Tshering Tobgay
Bhutans new PM to maiden Visit to India

Nurial Maliki
Iraqi PM came to India

India bans hunting of shark


India has banned hunting sharks for their fins in a move to prtect
endangered species
The practice has exploded world wide due to demand from china due to
demand from china where shark fin soup is considered a delicacy
India lists several of the dozens of shark species in its water as
endangered including hammerheads, broad fins and whale sharks.

Cabinet appoves TUFS for XIIth plan


For implementation and continuation of the technology up gradation
fund scheme (TUFS) during the XII plan period. With major focus on
power looms with a total outlay of Rs. 11,200 crores.
The scheme is aimed to promote indigenous manufacturing of textile
machinery

SJSRY to be restructured:
Proposal for restructuring of the centrally sponsored scheme of Swarna
Jayanti Shahari Rozgar yojana in 12th plan and as the National Urban
Livelihood Mission (NULM) with an allocation of approx Rs. 6,405
crores
The mission of NULM is to reduce poverty and vulnerability of the
Urban poor households by enabling them to access gainful self
employment and skilled wage employment opportunities

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NPCDCS to be expanded to all districts


The national programme for prevention and control of cancer, Diabetes,
Cardio Vascular diseases and stroke (NPCDCS) will be expanded to all
districts in the country during the 12th plan
National Tobacco central programme (NTCP)
Cricketer Rahul Dravid has been roped in as the Health ministrys
Ambassador for tobacco central programme

Rs. 1lakh crore education programme


Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) programme
To be spread over the 12th and 13th plan periods is to set up new
universities and upgrade existing autonomous colleges to universities
and to take up. Gross enrollment Ratio in higher education sector, the
existing 18% to 30%
The strategy also includes converting existing degree colleges to model
schools

Nagaland 1st to use VVPAT device for voting


Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) with electronic voting
machines for the by election to Noksen Assembly Constituency
It allows the voter to check whether his vote has been recorded with the
candidate, he had wished to vote for in the EVM

Tripura the most literate state in India


It achieved the first position in literacy with 94.65%
Kerala 93.91%
Tripura jumped to 1st position from 12th position in the 2001 census & 4
the position in 2011 census
Muzorum 91.58%
Arunachal pradesh 66.95% Second lowest literacy Bihar 63.82%

Sikkim to increase forest cover


Highest among all states
Greenest state in the country
3,359 sq.km 47.3% of state geographical area as compared to 21% of
the national coverage
5000sq.km very dense forest
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2,161 sq.km moderately dense


698 sq.km under open forests
It spent Rs. 10 crores on green mission
Around 45 lakhs indigenous trees, shrubs, herbs, climbers, creepers,
conifers and green foliages including fruits and medicinal plants have
been planted under the green mission to create a store house of genetic
diversity

UNESCO help for Darjeeling Railway


Darjeeling Himalayan Railway popularly known as Toy Train, it covers
88km stretch
It runs between new Jalpaiguri & Darjeeling
It is partially operational following a landslide back in 2010
UNESCO to provides $ 600,000 to restore the toy train service. It was
started in 1881

Delhi tops per capita income:


Highest per capita income in the country
Average per capita income of more than Rs. 2lakh/year in 2012-13

Pension Scheme for MGNREGS workers


Kerala Government proposes to introduce a pension scheme for workers
registered under the MGNREG Act
This is the 1st pension scheme to be launched for MGNREGS workers in
the country

Bills

Parliament passed whistleblower Protection Bill


 The bill aims to provide a regular mechanism to encourage person to
disclose information on corruption or will ful misuse power by Public
Servants and ministers
 The bill was passed by Lok Sabha in 2011 and was taken up by the
Upper House in 2012 for consideration

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Land Acquisition Bill passed (LS)


Right to Fair compensation and Transparency in land Acquisition
Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill 2012, will replace the existing
century old law
Highlights
Mandatory consent of at least 70% for acquiring land for PPF projects &
80% for acquiring land for private companies
Compensation 4 times market values in rural
2 times market values in urban
Wakj land will not be acquired under this law
Provides for compensation not only to the farmers but also to the land
less people who may lose their livelihood
Earlier law requires consulting Gram Sabhs while the new provides for
consent of gram sabha in case of land acquisition under the law

Bill to give PFRDA Statutory powers passed


Pension Fund Regulatory and development Authority Bill. Which seeks
to give statutory powers the interim regulator constituted by a executive
order in 2003
Highlights
FDI cap for pension sector, fixed at 26%
PF Subscribes will get the option to invest their money in schemes with
min. assured returns
At least 40% of subscribers money under the proposed pension fund
will have to be mandatorily annuitized.

Loksabha passes bill on waqf Properties


The waqf Amendment Bill, 2010
Bill against manual scavengers passed:
The prohibition of Employment as manual scavengers and their
Rehabilitation Bill 2012

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RECENT INTERNATIONAL ISSUES


Bolivian President Evo Morales assumes G77 Chairmanship
Bolivia was chosen head of the G-77 which actually groups 133
developing nations
To over the chairmanship from outgoing Fiji.
The organisation was created in June 1964. With the purpose of
formulation and promoting the new economic interest of southern
countries within the United Nations System.

Libya Destroyed All Chemical weapons.


It has completely destroyed the chemical arsenal it inherited from
Moamer Kadhaji

Matteo Renzi named new Italian Prime Minister.


The leader of Italys centre-left Democratic Party (PD)
He would be the countrys youngest ever Prime Minister

Arseniy Yatsenyuk Electedd As Ukraine Interim Prime


Minister.
The Ukrainian Parliament hass elected former opposition leader Arseniy
Yatsenyuk as the countrys Interim Prime Minister.

Saudi Arabia Declared Muslim Brother hood as a terrorist


Group
Saudi Arabia blacklisted the Muslim Brotherhood as a terrorist
organisation along with three other middle East-based Islamist groups
1. Kingdoms Branch of the Shiite Movement Hezbollah
2. Syria based militant groups the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS)
3. The al-Qaeda Linked al Nursa Front.

Sanchez Ceren Elected as El Salvadors President.


Former leftist rebel commander has won presidential election.
He could be the first ex-rebel to serve as President.

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Russia Recognizes Crimea As a Soveregin State.


Putin signed a decree on recognizing Crimea as a soverign state after the
Ukrainian region declared itself independent and applied to join Russia
following a week and referendum
G 8 Nations Suspended Russia from elite club of world powers.
The decree posted on the kremlins website
This announcement of suspension of Russia was made by Laurent
Fabius, the Foreign Minister of France.

EU Signed Landmark Political Deal with Ukraine:


EU Summit in Brussels

Maladives Ruling Coalition wins parliamentary Election


Maladives President Abdulla Yamcens party and its coalition partners
have won parliamentary election
He belongs to progressive party
Opposition Democratic Party Mohamad Nasheed former President
ousted from power in 2012

Philippines signs Deal with Muslim Rebels


The deal between the government of President Benigno Aquino and
Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) was signed in the capital manila.

Andrej Kiska Elected as Slovakia President


He becomes the Slovakias Fourth President since the country gained
independence after the Split of Czechoslovakia in 1993

Karim Massimov named as new PM of Kazakhstan


Viktor Oraban Re-elected as P.M of Hungary
China recruits Guardian Angels to Protest Embattled
Doctors.
Chinas Capital Beijing is taking a novel approach to protecting doctors
from growing levels of Violence from angry patients
Volunteer Guardian Angels
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The Campaign will recruit students, medical workers and other patients
to act as middleman between doctors and those in their case to defuse
disagreements and smooth over tension.

Sale of HIV self-Testing kits Legalised in the U.K


The new law allows individual to buy the self-testing kits available on
shops and self diagnose for HIV at home itself

State of food Insecurity in the world 2013 Report


(FAO)
by food and Agricultural organisation and the International fund for
Agricultural Development (IFAD) and world Food Programme (WFP)
2012-12 = 868 million people suffered from chronic hunger
2011-13 = 842 million people suffered from chronic hunger
Vast majority of hungry people in developing regions
15.7 million lived in developed countries.

Gambia decided to withdraw from the Common wealth.


It was established in 1949
West African country joined the common wealth of Nations in 1965
The Last country to be withdrawn from the common wealth was
Zimbabwe in 2003

Malatha Teshome Elected new President of Ethiopia


Switzerland Signed OECD Tax convention
It signed the multilateral tax convention on mutual administrative
assistance in tax matters.
It developed by the organisation for Economic Cooperation and
Development (OECB) & council of Europe.
Switzerland is the 58th country to sign the Convention

Five New members Elected to UN Security Council


The New Council members will replace Azerbaijan, Guatemala,
Morocco, Pakistan and Togo
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Taiwan and Singapore Signed Free Trade Agreement


It is the 1st trade agreement Taiwan was signed with a member of the
Association of Southeast Nations
Singapore is Taiwans 5th largest trade partner and 4th largest export
market

US named Nigerias Boko Haram Terrorist Group


The Nigerian Islamist group responsible for 2011 bombing of the UN
Head Quarters in Abjua, as a foreign terrorist organisation
Boko Haram means Western education is Sacrilege

Jordan Elected to UN Security Council as a Non-Permanent


Members:
To replace Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia has rejected its sent in protest at the UN Councils failure
to end the war in Syria and act on other Middle East issues
Jordan will now join with Lithuania, Chile, Nigeria and Chad.

Thailands PM
Parliament

Yingluck

Shinawatra

Dissolves

Israel, Jordan, Palestiniqus Signed water Sharing Agreement


It could protect the Dead Sea from rising demand for water in the region

Uruguay Becomes Worlds First Country to Legalize Marijuana


Trade.
It become 1st country in the world to make it legal to grow, sell and
consume Marijuana

India and World


India to reach 160 cr population by 2050
According to French Institute to Demographic Studies (INED) Survey
report

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Bangladesh and India inaugurated Joint Power Transmission


Plant
Both the PM jointly laid the foundation stone for 1220 Megawatt Maitri
Thermal Power Project
If being developed by Bangladesh India. India friendship power
company which in a Joint Venture of Indias NTPC and Bangladesh
Power Development Board

India and Japan singed MoU for Joint Study on High Speed
Railway Stations
On the 534km Mumbai- Ahmedabad route

India Singed MoUs with Seven Countries for Nalanda


University Project
With Australia, Cambodia, Singapore, Brunei, Newzealand, Lao PDR
and Myanmar

Global Hunger Index Report 2013

India has moved from 65 to 63 in the Global Hunger Index

India and Finland Signed an Agreement of Produce Ethanol.


In a 1st of its kind initiatives to promote use of clean technologies,
To produce indigenous ethanol and reduce countrys dependence on its
import.

Global Slavery Index 2013

By Australian Based rights organisation Walk Free Foundation (WFF)


14 million Indians are living in conditions of modern day Slavery
1st Mauritania, 2nd Haiti.
With about one in 10 children trapped in an exploitative system of Child
labour 30 million across the world.

Global tuber culosis report- 2013

By WHO
According to the report. TB killed 1.3 million people world wide in 2012
While India alone accounted for 26% of total TB cases Globally
India and South Africa accounted for about 1/3 of global TB deaths
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75% of total TB deaths occurred in the Africa and South East Asia
regions in 2012.

Global Gender Gap Index 2013


By Geneva based world Economic Forum
India ranked 101 out of 136 countries
Where as in 2012, India secured 105th position. In the Index of 135
countries
1st Iceland, 2nd Finland, 3rd Norway

India Russia Concluded Joint Military Exercise INDRA


2013
Held from 19-20 October at Mahajan field firing range of Rajasthan in
India
The Indo Russian Joint Military Exercise INDRA 2012 was held from
7-16 August at Burduny training range in the Siberian Republic of
Buryatin in Russia

Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Suraksha Yojana Scheme Launched


in Dubai
World Prosperity Index 2013
By London based Legatum Insititute
142 countries
India has Slipped by 5 places to 106the spot way below neighbouring
Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and China
1st Norway. China 51, Sri Lanka 60, Nepal 102, Bangladesh 103,
2nd Switzerland, 3rd Canada, 4th Sweden, 5th New Zealand
The 2013 Legatum Prosperity Index evaluates nations in eight
categories, including education, health, economy, safety and security

Global Corruption Perception Index 2013


By Transparency International
Denmark and New Zealand tied for first place with scores of 91
Afghanistan, North Korea and Somalia make up the worst performers
scoring just 8 points each
India maintained a status with 94 ranks both in 2013 and 2012.
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ICA allow India to Construct Kishenganga Project


The International Court of Arbitration at Hague has allowed India to
build Kishenganga Dam in the Occupied Kashmir. However the
neighbouring country has been ordered to provide half of the dams
water to Pakistan
The court also decided that India shall release a minimum flow of nine
cubic meters per second into the Kishenganga/Neelam River below the
Kishenganga hydro electric project (KHEP) at all times.
Indias 330 MW Kishanganga hydro electric Project world affect
Pakistans 969MW Nelum Jhelum hydro electric project
The issue of minimum flow was left unresolved by the partial award
issued on February 2013

India and US Signed a deal for six C-130J Super


Hercules

LATEST TERMINOLOGY
ABM - Anti-ballistic missile
AERB Atomic Energy Regulatory Board
AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
ASSOCHAM Associated Chambers of Commerce and
Industry of India
AAPI Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders
AGOC Asian Games Organisation Committee
ASEAN - Association of South East Asian Nations
APEDA Agricultural and Processed Food Products
Exports Development Authority
BARC - Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
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BIFR - Board for Industrial and Financial


Reconstruction
BCSBI Banking Codes and Standards Board of India
BIMSTEC Bay of Initiative for Multi-Sectoral
Technical Economic Cooperation
BSF Border Security Force
CERN - European Organization for Nuclear Research
CFO Chief Finance officer
CRR - Cash Reserve Ratio
CTBT - Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
CITU Centre of Indian Trade Unions
CSIR Council of Scientific and Industrial Researc
DSL Digital subscriber line
DTH - direct-to-home
ECG electrocardiogram
EEG- Electro Encephalography
ELISA Enzyme Linked Immuno Solvent Assay (Used
for AIDS testing)
ESMA- Essential Services Maintenance Act
ECOWAS Economic Community of West African
States
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation
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FIFA

Federation

International

de

Football

Association
FIPB Foreign Investment Promotion Board
FSLRC Financial Sector Legislative Reforms
Commission
GST- Goods and Service Tax
GPS Global Positioning System
GSLV Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle
HTML- Hyper Text Markup Language
HTTP- Hypertext Transfer Protocol
ICU Intensive care Unit
INMAS Institute of Nuclear Medicines
INTUC - Indian National Trade Union Congress
IOC - International Olympic Committee
IPR Intellectual Property Right
IRBM - Intermediate-range ballistic missile
ISO International standards organization
IABF Indian Amatuer Boxing Federation
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IMF International Monetary Fund

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IRNSS Indian Regional Navigational Satellite


System
LCA - Light Combat Aircraft
LTA- Light Transport Aircraft
NAA National Airports Authority
NCERT - National Council of Educational Research
and Training
NDRF National Disaster Response Force
NIFTEM - National Institute of Food Technology,
Entrepreneurship & Management
NMDC National mineral Development corporation
NPR National Population Register
NAFDAC National Agency for Food & Drug
Administration and Control
NASSCOM National Association of Software and
Services Companies
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NBFC Non Banking Finance Companies
OGL Open General License.
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting
Countries
PAN permanent Account Number
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SDR Special Drawing Rights (Created by the World


Bank)
SEBI Securities and Exchange Board of India
TARC Tax Administration Reform Commission
TCS Tata Consultancy Services
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization
WLL Wireless in Local Loop
WMD Weapons of Mass destruction
ZSI - Zoological Survey of India

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