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UNITEP NATIONS SPCIAL

6S'SION ON D|SART{AN,|6trI

March

for
Nuclear
Disarmainent
and
HUman NeedS

June 12

MABCH

because the world nuclear stockpile contains


50,000 weapons and is growing rapidly.

MARCH

because billions of dollars continue to be cut from


socialprograms to pay for new weapons systems.

MARCH

because all out nuclear war could kill 150,000,000


Americans and at lcast that many Russians.

MARCH

because military spndlng is inflationary


andcrates the lewsl jobs per dollar spnt.

MARCH

because as long as nuclar weapons xist


anyconflid can lead to a nuclear exchange.

MARcH

because Presidnt Reagan is building the Nufton bomb,


Trident Submarine, and Cruise Missile.

MARCH

because military spending is laking money away from food,


housing, educadon and healthcare.

MARCH

because Alexander Haig says that a nuclar war is winnabl.

MARCH

To Freeze and Beverce the Noclear Atmc Race.

MARCH

New York City


Unlted Nations

& Central Park

To

Redtfect Fu''d. Ftom the rlt tary

Eudt t to li..t

Hlr',m.n

N..d..

MARCH In Soltd.ng Wth fre Europe.n


Dhatmament Movemerl

June 12 R.lly Commlttee


E53 Broadway. Sulte 2109 New York,
(212)460-8980

X.y. fbOOg

Urg6I! at rfte U. N.
Srrtfrnatbna'l

Dcspite itr \!eakncs\cs, the Unircd Nurn)nsdcser'-es


credit for thc litk)wing:

?e.ace

Dr'nrk ircrr Jr\(r'lly rrJ.uhirnrirl,l^unr)

Aadcmg

among its lncnrbcrs. it has su.vilccilbr morc


lhan l0 )ears. rhus dcnrcnslrating widcsprerd

l.

l.

ru.o:-'n,r.,'n,'llh,

ncuJI',rr!l'hul,'r:!ntz!ti

AyEDtARDSCXUIIAGHER

Thc Ccneral Asrenrbly p.ovidcs x lbnm wherc


cr1 !,'r.e rl.
rn) nrll,)n F'q(rlul ('r
aspirarion\. concems. rnd complainls, thus
bring;ng 3 d$irrbl,.: and hcrlthy. bur olien
rbu\cd. openners to inlcrnrli(rnul alirirs.
Allcmari!c.rpproache\ to world problcms rre

$(Jk

:
:-

5.

'

as

uell

a weklong
sminar on hot to mate pace
Thesennar was give! by the lnter.
nalional Peace Academy, ehrcb, aclomat! pan'crpahng in

as slrcngths and

cordiry ro diplornab and $holaE. is


rh. oly orEani4tion of i5 kind
- orc
Urat teaches lop drploftats and mili.
tary nen aroud !h eorld th ans ol

ages member-states to nse above narrow national interests and act in th cornjnon long-term

interests ofthe worldcommunity.

p.acemaling od peacekePiq.
lr! sminaE aE Elect. is publica-

wirhout rhe United Nalions world cooperalion


qould ne much lc\; rJ\ Jn,eJ. II rhe Unrre.l )JLon.
a

lnvadd

and th"ir assigtuneot


was ro lind a peactul solutim io the
crisk Th xerci* 6igft sen o.dr
nar-v enft8n. except lor @e thing: the
sludenF wer real UDiled Nanons drP

pointing the way to neded reiorms.


Finally, th United Nadons occaionallyencour-

lvere suddenly to vanish.


a subsrirute.

riahs, dre coutry

Sdnty C@cil

Inuhilalcrul acrn)n. nonmilirary iniriarives. and


third pany interventions.
Thc United Nrtions systcm p.omotes Md lests
mcrhoJ\ oicoopcralion among nrtion slalcs by

rdl:rling wcrknesser

tu iffili6 rb.r sh.red a


nE, h a disFrte over w.ter

$. othc! aild slired a dah lbal w.s


-Ili Li $rd.nlr sere ro prerdd Lhey
Y6! Ed!a5 ol tie Udt.d Nations

ircqu!ntl) innirrcd wnhin the U.N. \y\lenr:

.t.

EE nclional sceDano i!rclved

tio6 are requi.d radtnt in mdy


toimrn nt!, and its actiitiB have
made it th. uollicial f.ining ifftirut
lor Unit.d Natio6 Fackeping

great clamo.would arise flo.

iorca. In 10 taF, th academy has


.@red a cor. ol moE rbar 2,000
alunni !n uppr levels ol gov.hrcnts
who sp2k the sam laryuage ald u-

Dc\pire rhe.c $ urrlnred credl'. rhe l-nire,l Narion..


includins ils family ofspecialized asencies and
reSional orsanizalions. is iailing miserably lo deal
adequarely rnd promptlywirhlhe issues confronting ir.
Hence rhc urgency of not only continuing bul intensitying elibns ro improve the capaciiy ol worldo.gan'
izalion to de.rl whh globalproblms.

drstand lh same proces.es in trying

'Th. lnrcrn tlond Peace Ald.my


fi{s tlF t p btweD shlt *e do oft!
cirlly i.rc ar thc united Nations and
rhat tov.mm.f,ts

(Irom par?hlet: Ul'l Reforn and


G 1ol^ a1 ;,:ana-enert by C. :.ax?eI1

do

ollicially in their

o*n colltries," said Briau E. urqu.


brn, U l.d N.rioor Undcr S...tary

G.ci!] lor sFcid Politid atlaiF.

SlalTetf-

UAINL THE 5T6NE5 NELT


I

don't ?,ant to run or.r the moltnlains onltmare; I 'ont to nake o


big ttedtlt. . . . I uiLI keep tr uard until the stones mlt. . . .
God marle the uhite nnn a1ln Ga.l 1r.a,lc thc Apn.he, nnd the Apnche
has just ns mtch right to tlrc .alottA as the thitc ].nnn. I uanL to
nake a beatlt that uiLL last, so lhdt bath cdn trarel otet the coltnlty
and hdue na trouble.

-Iltls',rr

oF

rEF ToNrD A..\drLs

-3-

Other Activities Relating To SSD


l.

- Cultural Task Force 1212-749-66201

Cultural
*,June

5, 6, 7: Theater for the New City- a series of disarma[nt plays


theatrical productions.

*June

6:

Bread and Puppet Pageant and the InternatJona'l Orchestra and


Choruses- A collaboration effort between musical and theatrical
groups. Pageant/puppet show to the iast rovenent of Beethoven,s
9th Synphony. Cast of 450, songsheets provided.

*All night dance fe stival for

disarmarcnt- Battery Park (date

International (International Task Force


rJune

4-5:

*June

7:

*June 8- l l
*June
3.

and

to

be announced)

21?-749-3810)

International Symposium on the Morality and Lega'lity of l{uclear


lJeapons- Lawyers Comi ttee -on Nuclear Policy and InternatJonal
Peace Bureau (212-877 -8952\

International rEeting to fornulate proposals for the U.N. Special

Session on

DJ

sarnamnt.

International Peace Activists Conference- Delegates from


organlzations around the wor'ld

l3: Internati

ona

0pen

Air

peace

Gathering

Reliaious (Religious Task Force 212-858-5882)

*June I I

*June

International Religious Convocation- Inter-rellgious celebra


bringing together spiritual leaders fron around ihe world to
pray with one voice for future generations.

on

8-10: International Religious

Conference- A conference of religious


leaders, congregation nembers, and religious activists c;n.ing
together to share, worship, and strategize towards bui'lding;
massive, international religious peace npvenent.

*llitness For Survival: local religious events in the inner cJty corrnuni ty
led by local reiigious leaders with international
delegates

4.

to link nilitary

spending and hunan needs.

orqani

zation Events

*June

2-4i

*June

7:

Plowshares Coffee House-

7:

llelcom Rally for llorld Peace llarchers- All day vigil at the
The five different walks will arrive in NYC (212-864-2030)

*June

!.lomn of the I'lor'ld in Action for peace- l,lofin fron the U,S. and
around the wor'ld will met to discuss the concerns of wo[n and
to fornulate wonenrs denands for peace, (lJomen's Int,l League
for Peace and Freedon, 215-583-7liO)

literature.

5. Clvil Disobedience:

(Fellowship

lpeting p'lace, speakers,

of Reconciliation,

programs,

glC-SSS-+OO])

U.N.

June 14- Elockade the Bonbmkers- blockade at the U. .


missions of ure s nuitiir-niiions iwi iii-emprri s
on ir,e
U.S.) to.disrupt nuclear diplonacy as usual (C.0. Task
Force 212-228-0450).

ii

U,$ I'IUCI,EAfi

Adrvuieifrh"afi

oq

l,l/ITtI ECYPT OAIi'lS

6ee'. Dat@r

o+ Nuctr.a.r AtE.ek'

w{SH|NGToN
Facrng slrft
'Apr - the
ouestronrnt rn Conqress.
Reaqan
,,ihinistratron says rls Dlan to dDtov

!lX

mrssrles rn srronger srlos and burtit

r_considerable
new bomber
,la.k

rs

essentral ro.ounre.

daneer" of nuclear at,

in the next fewj,ears_

The Senate Arhed Srvices Commitwas oprrnq heannqs today on

te

Presidelt Reag!ir's prcpoiat to d;Dlov


100 MX rnissils. rehforce vacantTira;

Fonner Prestdent Cartcr had scrac


lor (h. B.l and advocal;
shultlirS 200 Mx miss,tes amonu 2 400
shelters in the Wsr to co.c.,i rh.,r
intended to lorce thc Soviets ro salur',
the are. with4.0c{ nuclarwarheads to
w'pe out .lt rh MXs

TN.r.

sr. John

aDFar,,,

''srlo stuftirS. Th Teias Roubtican

pres

would

Oefense

S<reraiv

car.,r

W wetnbrge. ro Justi y lhe u: of irx.


ed silG .nd explarn "*hether we can

alfordrwo nee bomberlrosrams at the

ln

inteR|cws sunday, wernberq.!

called the plan

ol

vast lrrensrhenrr--c'

U.S. mrlitary mrsht, whrte hrs


p.edcssor at the Pentaqon. Earotd
Bro*n. dismissd as .bette! than
_Because

oI the failure to kep

stratgic fo.ces modernized aDd


becaus of th ln8rh of llhe ( tak$ ro
bDnr nev svslems on. ther vill be a
pe.iod in th lhiddl of rbis decade
when we

vill

b vulnerabl and wilt

hav a period oI considrabl dangrWeinberge! said on CBS' ..Face the Na-

tion.
_That is why it is
absolutety esntiat
to sta.l noe eith lhe modrnization add

slreng!h.ning
Iorces.'hesaid,

of thes.

siratgic

Brcwn. rntedie*ad on !h Aac

gram

Issues ard Answec.

better than rcrhrng....lt

De

" 3ard-.ilfs

wrl produ.e

gRate. symherry brwan the unrr.d

States and the Soviers. Thai dasn't

inakc me very comlortabte. I do.r't


worry abour a U,S. tiEt strike. bcaus
isnl Eorng (o happn, I do woFy

sFibt!.r;ydrd

VASAINGTON. Sepr. 12
a8rG.
-mar.-!iars
Da ro supply Eg/pr
wir!-r{n
,rd
iio rcchnolos
tcclnolosr b
to dvelop a nuclar
.nSrF/ proSErn pGsd a crucial Uouse

pFsram. tver rh; bress i


derided Reagatr s MX pt.n sundav ;s

w,th steallh

and a !orm. Navy screrary sard he

Ay aARaAR,t CRoSSETTE

cheiman oa th.

arrned sdices Cohmrn2.

on the NBC

Sen. John Warne._ R-Va.. chairha,


ol the subcommitte on nuctear rorc3

in Three House Panels

i shel.rahe" svsrem

silos fo. at teast 36 ot thniand build too

B-r bombers white wor*rnp on a olane


equ'pmenr io fortSov'ei

Accord on Supply of Reactors


and Fuel ls Given Support

Ped plahs

wh.reabdts.

gres.

Winbrger

''lsnt a

sulcodEitr. t.si rhb weet ,nit

F:rr
rn.

sid th.

weakenina,

Reagan plan

ir's a

vasL

He said th Tilan silc eourd b remIorced to withsrand up ro 5.0m pounds


pe. square inch ol blast pressure.

.lrhosl l0 iimes what Carter prop.sed


lornee shelters in Nevada and Uiah.

Broan arSued rhar the $viers will


hav. nuclear sarheads by l9&t o. l9a5
accurate enoueh to bl6sl a cavily all
around lhc s e ard addd: You can t

mcll n'3 b..n sctduied

harder . shelter enouAh s rher wrtl


suN. being rn thecrarertrcm a nuctear

nucleara(ack

Uuisrd

we are

''Some sy thlt is lust a stop.eap.


tlrc delen* *creta.y sad. .AIl deht,
bul il s an aqlullybrg gap ahd s vi.y

Th.

't

it,

deisate

lisbcd by rbe

ov.r strrteEic ;apons

thcdeal thF

rri

act,

&d suDoli6
ted

ot

Siai6 hav.

Dc.r susp.nd.d since tarr v.r.


Slatc Deanhenr otliciab and C6E

radar pl.ns loS.udr Areb'., Bolh the


State Foreign Relalons and Hous
Forfrgn Alfatrs commr es are likety
to vole asainst

1918

cl.ir tud ltoE rhe U

as th b.ttte buitds ove.


Reagan's pmp@d sal. of AWACS
begins

.n

bclu.Ung M6jco, Mom.co.: Banpra:


d6n, P.ru, Colombia ard rndd6i.'
Sitrcc l5l, r! Usir.rl Sra!.s har ako
Dad an agr.henr ro supDlv nuclea! tuel
to a[dta, rhici E sad ro iavc rhe larE
.st ducl.lr prosraE i! rh. Uid *od;ttit! rorf po*s rcactors. tour llsedti
r!.ctoB and tour oorc r!_acrors ud.r
consduction. But tndia ha3 .ltused to
acclpt salealard r.{ui!!r!.rrs drat!

tor. rumb.olyears."

!o stoo

(h! S.rE-t..

Ecnr *irh E8yDt had bc.n


lda! discussiot sln . t97a.
lq?r lr
lt rnnn!!
loUow!
ac.ords *il'll orte! dv.toDid erio;-

Th.

proposi.8 to make them invulnrable

v'tal

in

U!d.! Dbcuir!.[ Srrc.

w.inbe.ger concded (here is no way


to p.nhanerrly guarante rhat m6srtes
in a known silocould b pmr.ctd from
Sovret

"a
r@dcd ror apPlwd by conqEaiii rcgarded a! a dodeli;f ftL

pac:t

nrr oucttrr.rfin acordr


TDc .ccord \ioutd chrath. %v re
urc.s,a& o( po*er Mciors lnd nu;ta!
ruclunder Aheri@n conrFts. hw.3aF
Prwcd Thursday art.r r idd han;-,
oY tntE IIou5 Foftin ri.iE .nk-_
u{c, on mrematonal^ S.currv ,!d
i1EHtr5.ifi#i',g5i"Hs:
r.tcDtlric Attaic, oD Inrem.tiomi E6
mtai. c Poticy dd rradc, ;o ;;E;;
,!d tnc Middt. !isr.
ThG arcord to.s ro the ForttEl
AJtaiE
uolalar(.e
iEell rhis wk_-Cd,.E.
srour:ltler sey oey c:lecr rc sciou
por.clro!ts to be iaisert in rhe
comditle
o. E ln. Uo6c, No acQon on ihe alE

an un.rtain lateihCon,

said it laces

PACT

gr6slqD:l

3ourcs say

rhcr! is tirrr.

nop. or savirA dre Indian a.6rrt Trrd


s:y rhc EEDtia! a8rtrn.nt c.mor *
u!.d as a Dod.l tor ![Gioriario, ba
caus. India vlu nm a8r!! 6 conrols oD
spant tuei .rd rlll no! Drohj!. ro nrt.

wek.

aboutaSovret fl.st strtke. '

ou tunhcrDucle.r

deb;. o8.

Reronr,reucg oF lggtcAR Pr-A^ns 'be-low o, ver?ga-"


ayBENr" FtrXIIrI{
.sFc.lo.t!.ll'Y.irb.

d6 ad

cor

arrt, I "b.loF rv!rir.-'


rlti opa'rchr rtrutrd@.
HoP-cv.!, $! rlpon-said m Dtan! Fs
Tt l9prdsfr ol r! Flrormerd or nrao losl ttrar '.!loe rvtaS,,
o(
ila cdrltr/! 50 oFr.{!A ,[lct ar llil
llCsrdrdS
srdr dgDitlcrlt
tlcut 9r!bt.dr.s 6 Fa..
.r
pliaDc.

tlrc Dnta.ridr eld ovarr.ll

*'rSCncTOH, S.DL t2 IE NE
- fid r
crairR.gut tory CoflElrsioa!
cdlrin d iD a 3t.1ft tltfr rart c6c.m abql! tic saiety ot its crd.
PrllB
uo.el surv y cooperitrS e. rtt ol!l. &.r
a sdEdutad to ba Ets.ntcd ((i tb; dru6d opar".rlor.
a!c. ot tD. cr!ra'!'.3 o6Erlri! !161. luu cdnEl$ldl
rErt E6rL I1B N,
Tb. lEIDn sbD3 ltum lhe arae's

ffiTJFr,:,S.F"*,H*g:f
"hior

YfitTlE ioblrirld t.Dvt dre.


list!
fti. or rs
av!rr8." h sud .ri8 a! ;aD Tt d(ErEa
'lit;-pt " 2E oi 12
"abov. ave.rge:
aSeocnt c6tml, E tnt oace, l.db. Fttcat, ar -ay.n8c,,'.!d
F tot .!
Lli, or30 F!.

soqld a.do Dtir. ad@td afrd. fu;


acdd.r!.t rie ThI! Mil; rst
Fr6
'dcd.u.
ror h llirc! Ir9. ard Eflcas
tlo[i

rber

cdltld

in

tat. l!I,l ard

1980.

UNMP|oVMNT AND
fte PeFffAfroN DUDGT
Conrr;rry rc pop!l.r itrd lonBicld bclicfr, a rjg,
lerc I ot mi I itoty spcDdi nq c rea res u nem playmen t.

.\.. .n.rL\.,.,r tr:,.)(-. traErr.,,u.f 97t. rr.


c.ttct 1i\t t ntl on uol iob loss tlattunhi.le, when
rllc nlilitdty buJgct areraqtd ubout SE] bi io", vas

about 8.iA,000 iohs.


This rcsrlL conrcs from a rr.!ilstical rnaL!ris of lhc
ncq.iL vc imp.rct oI mi it:rr.} sp0ndin! upon lnrior

r\,..r,-,/

(Ir".rt. _,.,.t., .u..

durrb e g!ol\, risidcit rl .Lnd norr-resjlcntiil cod.


rtru.t on nitl ,rn{] o.,rl govcrnmcnt 0xpenlilurcs,
.( .i.J.. ('.' r'.
r r'L tu .h, c..

- d rr,.1..., . ,',11. r..Dr1,n .I lr $.\' .-r, lhdr


whcn \pcrrdifr or thc nrilit.rl w.nt up, .xpcnditurc!
ul rr. . !.i . - c-r(; -c, \c r.l {n 1\ cc ,idcfi.irc pcrccflr.rc\. Thc prc5cdr.rnulfs ! lrinr atcs

lhc Lr\pcndrt!r0\ l(rOilonc bcr\vccn 1968 Jncl 1972


trcc.dis. ol tir. S80 bjlllo,r mjlitJr) budScts ln!o iobs
lorcrorlc (lu.ir! thcrc v!rr\.
Thc e\lrfr (n rh! loL) o5rc5 $'Js ud.\poctcd.
t\!r rt\.si\ n,rlcs, c{,fL.r nitr8 60li of thc US pc,p!LJtio r, ore rrotu lob' th.!i thcy Bain. Evcry rnJior
ifdu.lrlr nrlc ;n thc nr! on wl!h thc otrly cxc0ptions
01 TJ\,rt JNd Ctrllidn r lost iobs nron vcry hcnvily.
\c\! Yo I llofc r!fcrcd .r nct lo\r of.126,000 iobs.

\li.hl!,.rn,

Itrb\. Uoll

Ll i.o s, Jnd Ohio


Lril Ncw En,.:.r.d,

logcrhcr lo!1 492,000


all of lhc Midd c Arlanric

rnd Jll of !h. North Ccntra stales lon hcavil\,.


'lhi\ \vrs in soltc of thc fict thit some of these srrles
h.r.l subsrintitrj militrrr conrrnctr:ud hrge bases.
fh. neqatiw tntpact of Pentdgon spending upon theit
S!JLcs,

induttrial bast tar aur\reighe.l the iob\ the) goined


thrcuqh nlilitd,\' t an tructt ond bascs.

l-n,

%nr*

*o.vtr
D

writes:

""r*"ott
phyeician,
Ae a""a,'
I contend that nuclear
technology threatens life on our planet
with extinction. If present tten&
continue, the air we breathe, the food
*e eat, and the water we drink will
soon b contaminated with enough
radioactive pollutant! to 1106 a
potential health hazard far greater than
any plague humanity hat ever experienced. Unknowingly exposed to these
radioactive poirons, rcme of ue may be
developing cancer right now. Othero
may be pasoing damaged genes, the basic
chemical units which tranrmit
hcieditary characteristica, to fu ture
geaerationr. And more of ul will
inevitably be affected unleso we bring
about a &astic teveroal of our goverrt'ment'e pronuclear policiear

r . .'n,r.r. ) .p(rd;r;.ho$' rr.

orher sidc"',i,\vhcn \ ou lool

r! r m!p. Thc

Sourh rnd

hcrvjlv. Lcss ifdLrllrialircd, on thc wholc,


lhorc iLllc! \!hich hilc both militar)'indunry and
West gdin

arSc basc! g!i,r mrny morc iobs lhan thcy losc. Tcxas,
Gcor,t a, ;,nd Ciliidnla lo8crhcr show a nct Srin of

285,000 iobs.

l'ro:1 Feport: T..e Er,ptt/ pork

:arre. by ..,rjon Andercoi-J-

tNulear

Madness by Dr. Helen Caldicon, D. L BanaE


Books, 1980. CopyriSht l9?8, l98O bv Heten M.

C,ldi.;F

4L

ie j.nvolved when j.t comes to deterninine the markets that


supply the Jobs. ( Siefan Paeti )
Once the toothDaate i6 out of the tube, j.tie h8.rd to get it back
1n aca1n. (H.R. Haldenan )
All ought to be nade to taste the soup.
Everyone

limitation
A call to arms
'
Thousqnds at U.S, Colleges
Open an Antinuclear Dtiue

Nationwide,
sessrons

warn

of N-danger
3v Richard H. Stewart
a;d Kenneth J. cooPer

Globe Staff

Amld warnings that the world


s movlne closer to uuclear devas'

.uss
'

across the nation Yesterday.


SDonsors hoped rhe nuclear'
reaclirns. fashroned after the anil-

!ietnam war teach-ins of the


960s. \rould Drovlde the lmpetus

lor a national ;ove'nent aimed at


('e2 ponry.

At 4atherlngs ln 42 states as
well as-in Canada and Europ' spe-

Amerlca s nuclear arsnal


$ere lolned bY mllltary officers

docto;s. Dotltlcrans, cler$tmen'


btrsrness;en, students and even

The;allonal event was orAanized bv the Cambrldge-based


Lnlon o'f Concerned Sclentlsis.
uhlch DurDoselv selected Veteran s
Dav - kno;n a; Almlstic DaY un
r'l i9 - for the nattonal convocaA sDokesman for the orgatriza-

tlon said a telePhone Poll would b

mad of th DarticlPatlng cam_


i',seq todav io determlne how
;anv peopf were attracted to the
mm.ds convocatlons natlonwlde'
ti,iany speakers as well as the
smnsors of the convocations' ex-

ihe hope that Yesterday s


;vents would stlmulatea Public d_
bate on tbe lssue of nuclear escalaD;essd

''Publlc lnvolvement !n the ar@

ntioll"--csst"u"L_Ln"s
LacBle,alrllhs-l)ast
dEtade, '-inslsted Paul warnke
cn-ntef negotrator in the SALT Il
talks in the Carter Admlnlstmtlon

E- Sdt

TEACH'IN, Page

l0

u,rril IDort! ver! tel.ptroned tn tomor Abourhalftle particlparis at Eany of


iow a[(i Frtday. But Eory w. Kerdall th s.slons wer !!ond rc be "noF
rho |rstkated plarning lor rh8 day a cougepeople"olmiddlesgeandolder.
Dnstderd ollh scleftilB' 8roup, caued
ihe turnout a "nmaway success."

dent;f

of utm" .o

rsted !send., indlclted a growtng vho tescn . phy{c! at Malsachl3.tts


iw.rns! lhat the lhlat ot nucl.lr Institut of Tchnologr, called thce
deEolrtl8ddl! r "modl," bul there
wsrbnsbr.
Tom Ayra. me ot tb coodlnatod ol wa! plaLnly an.flort bday to mal6 arrhe cani ! nc.rhg!, sald h. could Auarents lor contmlot Ncllrw.apora
make Do csdmste ol total annalorc. ac.DtrhletoElddlcAssdcai!.

curbjng the bullduP of nuclear

.lallsts sDoke at semhars and debates desiened to edDcate the PUb_


1,. on the danqers Inherent ln an
accler aling a r;s race betwen the
I s and the-Sovit Union
Some scintists who have flgdred Dromlnntly in the develop-

Fltdsr.pTrrr

y
5

'allor. a catl for public support lor


irms control echoed from l5l cam-

U-Tboulsrds
l5l
ol
al
pI!l
lor

\l ASHINGTON, Nov.

Dsvid D. Brunll, dirctor of the arhs


ol students and la4ulB member3 rt
college campus. amund the cnrntry contml proJd rl llre sclentilts' unlon,
called th. pm8r.m 1'$ lirst stp in
!tap- a relch-in today on lhe thftat
nuc-iearwar, o!bingwhat tcplarulql
leallnha to bring qle 44ttqtra[evel of
mdnulm nrtton educstion
-concem about tfie DrBDct ofnuirle5r
w-a-r-lroo li Enceiifol tie ipputclig{t
rram to ge;etate popdar aedarlds
g! it o3lDeqnlyy5Drcent-lo,say,I)
5 *rcerit
nucl;liams rducdon. diito3ybeot
hultharjlonrlnuclesramsrducdon.
;utharionrr
--!o, sat,3x)
PlaDrung ior !h 'Convocauon on the- or5oprc.t."
Thrlt ot Nucle.! War" wt5 bgutr or
At llllFllllotvedlb'.-r(hrc--about.
ttu motrrb! a8o by tbe prtncipal sDon- L!!0 peoplc_!4q:d.d a.neeftA d.l
Ecribd a! the l,argest 10 the East, tso
sor, th. UDlo[ ol conc.med sci.nilsts,
BosloFbrled smup with 100,q)(l mem- Nobl laullts, Italls Bth and Roard
bers rhlt was lormd in lgf and oI} HoffEair. $d m othr m.mbts oI
thc taculry tldorsd lh corNoctttoo.
Ducl.ar Dosr.
Dcs
- Smksmen
lor the smup, whlch also Both ttl Eood lnd tlle rnebrtc wr
has ![ ofltce hr, satd the wid6presd ootably d|lersnt lmm tll. 1960'3 !tuDarticilatlon by cdpus SEoups in:t rtdtleddmo rrauofi aSalIEt contirarat. riven or y the broaalest 3u8- uiDa Ole s.t tn Vl.ham. Pttt. Kodrll,

'US agency urged campaign


thysteria'
antinuke
to counter
WASHINGTON - 'lhe Arms Control
and Dlsarmament Agency lasi monlh

totheWblte House that the RaAdministration should begtn an immdlate media campaign to deal with
''the growing stridency and hysterla otproposd

gan

the antlnuclear weapons movement.

In a memorandum liom

Rostovr, dlrector of ACDA, to

Eugene v.

wllllam

P.

Clark, the natlonal scurity adviser, the


agency sald that Cround Zero Week. a
nat,ohal educatlonal campalgn on the
dangers of nuclear war. would produce
an "eruption of the lssue of nuclear war. '
A copy of the memorandum was snt
anonymously to the washhgton Post,
and ltsauthentlclty wasconfirmed by the

it follow.
"Thc press and electronlc mdla wlll
be full of demagoguery and emotlon as
Journatlsts hungrlly lntervlew tearful.
agcncy. Portlon6 of

mothers and slf'rlghteously indlgnant


clergymen agalnst a mushroom cloud
backqround.' the ACDA memo Predlcled
To- counteract thls publiclty. ACDA
DroDosed a series of op'ed arllcles and
ietevtsron appearances by frlends of the
Administratton and statemenis by Adminlslration offlclals. The memo proposed that thes appear daily from April
l7 to 26, starting before and nding ?fter
Ground Zero Wek activities.

The White Hous apparently rlected

the speclfic advlce contalned ln the.Rostow memorandum, chmslng not to rJact


extenslvely to Cround zero wcek Some of
the general ideas the memo containd for examplc, ushg vlc Presldent C,eorge
Bush as an Admlnlstration spokesnlan to
respond to thc antlnuclear wca.pons
movement - werc usd. Nonc of the specrftc events dscrlbd ln the proirogd
schedule that follows occurred. asTer-as
the Washlngton Post corrld determlnc.

|,leltrrral

,dADINC ANAI,YSN

therers.tone, of affcct, or feel-i.ng of th"


- Soanil
voicc,
thatrE connected very rnuch with-the rhvthn
of the fanguagc --whc ther it'r a natural rhythn of
languagc or whethe! itrs a forccd artificial_ bureaucratic dry rhythn affccted by the nulttple nachlncry,
alfected by itr b"Lng pasred through nany typeyritci.r
wh"thcr itrs an authcntic hunan peieonal vo-iie talkir
or whcther ltrs a voj.ec that has bcen flltercd throu
so nany nachincc that thc hunan rhythrn has bcen loct.
li{o6t pub11c cpecch is pscudo-cvcnt ln the !ens?
that it.i! not the product of a litcral hunan bclng;
itrs litcrelly non-hunan. It's pasccd through so
nany hand! an<l se tl!311y nachincs thet it no longer
rcprcscnts a hunan organlsn inspirj.ng and cxpiring,
lnhallng and cxhaling, rhythnically, The scirtcnce
atructurc no Longer has any rclatlon to any affct
that could be traccal along thc linee of rinhalation
and crhalation--ln other rordr, sad to say, the
voicc can finaUy be scparated fron thc body. Il
the voicc 1r eonplctely r"parateil lron the body, 1t
ncans thet thc rhythn {i11 bc tuckcd up, it ncan!
the aflect ryi11 bc filck.d up, it neanE tt no longc!
haa any hunan content, actua11y. It probably ncans
it docsnrt ncan anythlng, cvcn, finally--by ncan,
anything that could be. connectcd baclr io tire-physical u!1vcr6e or thc hunan unlvcrBc.

IS CAI,I,ED I,ACKINO
Study Finds Students Failing
to Go Beyond a Superficial

,
.
'

Assessment of Content
ayEDTARDB. FTSXE
A tedrally ltnanced study ha! con-

cluded that wldle Anertcan schoolchiL


'dren ar lamtng to Fad a wide rfige
of malelials, th !la!t malorlty do nor
lde!lop adequ.te lhiDHng sHlls or lhe
ability ro lnrearct whar $y r3d byond a superflcial level.
In a report relessd yelerday, th.

'Nrrinnrl

Ar*ch6r nl Fdn.rlllml

Proale*e lourd thal more rhar r(I),0l!


student! isted la$ yar dmonstratd
"very lew srjls lor exahtdnA rhc nature ol $e ida! that t[ey rale away
trom their readln8."

Moreovr, student! loday ar lss


itiUlu.l thar thetr co{rterpans ol a dc-

sd ago in a$$rdng literary slections


and l6s broeledgeable ahout such llter-

sry claistcs ar "Too Sawyer" ard the

:story ot Robin Hood.

The Natlonsl. &sslmeri

o( NLifrciaL VoLc ?

ur8ed

tchools aroud the country to pur mor


srphasls on writlla, stnrctured aligcLsstols and "prcblem solvttg" r.rcrse3
ln order to DrDar studnt! lo lrmcdoD

(I"or,r 41!9n_!!9!!g!!I by A11cn Gln;bcr!

G6fr ;6;-Ia-bcom"rh;-rai-dr

@j'
,-

Crucld N.cd

l'

We can ignore

2't-Dg)

it-

or we can use
our intelligent minds
to inform us
of the &ngers
we must avoid.

Se.r

a world overloaded *ith lntorma1c,[, both a busrna! and a p.rsonal adyanlaae will ao to thos lndividuab who

"In

cdn sort th whelt from the chafi, the

iatortant lnlo.mation from th. triy-

Such ag arc your habi

THE TRU9H SHAI,L

9,

tual thoughtc,

Bo

rill

bc thc

charac

te! of your nlnd,

sEr YE !REE, 3U1 FIRS{ IT SHAL.I MAKX YE

MI SERABI,E.

0u rn,f ,fur, zo1ron

"l

ily-.fltnl

It is fTorn thj6 conbinntion of slrnggle for a nen otder that is already


on and th emerging 6earch for an alternntive franer.ork of ideas rnd institutions
that can provi.de the ongoing stluggle lith a sense of direction and purpose
that a nch historical epocll is likely to energe, As xas nentioncd earlier, it
is going to be a difficult and lortuous slruggle. The conditions may be
propitious, but the process is by no nreans assured. It colls for a liidespread
novement for clange-- in the developing countries, in thc centres of industrial
and milittry po*cr, in the variotrs r.orld bodies, and in the framework of
public opinion, attjtldes and belie{! at various lcrels, Such a movefipnt
aiIl have to encompass both lhc b6sic perception of the human condition in
our lirne and the slrategies for redisigning it. It xilt involve botl !o
rlnte]lectual Ffforl , itimod at r:corienting bosic concepts and interpretations
of the objcctive real.i1y, and a political cffort, aimed at sltering thc frane$ork

ive rcalily itself,


frlrlhermore, such a dovcnnt ti11 have to be directed pr.incipally at tro
major components of the present scena).io of tension betueen and xithin societies
and, of course, cunulative injustice: (1) lt!(i nrir race snd the militarizatit;i\
of reeim6 and social structrrfes; and (2) th structure of economjc exploitation
and fjalitical donination, Ihe battle tbr denilitnriztion and an ertuitable
and just order nust firsl be fought and xon in the minds of tc.rrc, Hithout it,
t'hatever gains rnay be nade l,rill be illusory, or ephenpr:,1, cir both. Demilit arizat ion
of tlre mind is a nccessary prerequisite of demil.itarization of regions and regines.
liithout it, tbere will be no guarantee that even if sodE de-escalation of
the arms race took place, it $ouId not soon be reversed.. Sinilarly, the sttuggle
for econornic equity and political autonoov rnust be waged at the level of
consciousness and norniative perception as !,,eIl as in concrete situations of
encounters of porer and resources. Without it, theie will be no guarantee that
even if a jrLet social order rras cre6ted, it rould not soon be toppled.
( fr.on ToLa.rds a Just World by Rajni Kothari, p. 20)

of

ob.iect

The loss

of

Cacophony

enemies dos

is

Expericnce

hard

not conpen6ate us for the loss of friends. (Abrahan Lincoln)

to s$allo$.

(Duke

is $hat cnables you to

Elfington)

recognize a mislake lhen you nrake

it again,

(Ear1 l{ilson

IRIVENTIi{G NlJCl,lliAR

Yrr.R

'lhe pievention of any human behivior necessarily implirls the substitutioo

of another behavior in its pl-ace, and prevcnting nuclear xar is no different'


Besides prevcnting the existing thre.t bt$reen the uS and tle USSR tien, it
is also nccessory to begin developing 6r) idca for another "$ay ot living;'r
a lday tlarl r.ill dispro\,e the nccssily ol'protecting resources by blo{ing off
a stli)ngrrrs leg arnd tllen laving him to die of leukenia.
There norn exists an organization called "Soldiers for Pcace' thel
recognizes that peol)l.e all over the iorld are knth tedgcable of a r'av r:rf
lil'e rhich disprovos the nccessity ol'protecting resources by fc,rce. TLis
uay of lifc encourirge-< 6nd [Erpcttrtes the altitudes of sharin!' 1t!|li1, aDd
love, !n(l is knolin as rrliving togcthor.'r Man]t of us can alrrndy 1es1i f)'
to thc abilitl, of pcoplr: to 1i\,.! lolrther }Jith ottcr people.
US anrl llxj llSSP.
"sotdi.ers {br Peacc" froloses that people both in thelargetnotrgh lbr
cooporat(! to creale a year-long studenl er'ehainge
lrogr'afl
'l-'arn
l.iih
coch othcr.
ttie'leople in both countries to tregin to--1V llo$ lo tiv.r
to
lerrn
strdent'lrould bc
ftc irir5ict of the uork-study proglan of
to l.ivt $ith thc peoF te arou,d i|'{]n. and 1o'learn to live !'ilhin the society
of Lhich rl.rair-t it psrt, This uorltd also bc a .learning expcricnce for the
peop'l.e arodnd the sttldentst and thc socielyi the.y !"o!ld ltavc to lcarn ltor.
to live hith the studnt as uell,
If any economic system has a claim on the ho'nil !rcc, it is onl)'
after people in all counlries hivc Iearncd 10 live h'ith ci'ch other that lre
uil1 knoN ehat system that is. lf $e kilI each othcr instead' l.e t.ill novfr
koow anything. Itrs begin learnjng horJ to live r.ith oa('h other,
(Fron an easay on Sol.dlere for leace by Siefan Paeti)

THE

Y0!toV7enn

r }(tat ie the Xightles drean you, John?


LENNCN: ilell, you make your own drean. Thatrs the Beatl-es story,
lsnrt it? That!B Yokors story. lhatre what I'n eaying now.
Produce your own dreen, If you want to save Peru, go care Peru.
It's quite posslble to alo enything, but not lf you put lt on the
leaders and the parklng neters. lonrt expect carter or Reagan or
John lennon or Yoko Ono or Bob lylan or Je8us Chrlst to cone and
do lt for you. Tou have to ilo it yoursel"f.
4hatre what the g?eat neetera and nlbtreE8es have been eaylng
ever aitrcc time begar. They can poiDt the way, leave Bignpoets and
l1ttle inrtructlonr ln varioua books that are nor{ called holy
anal worshlppcil for thc cover of thc book and not rhat it says, but
the ingtructlons ere all there for all to see' have a]"vrayr bee!
and alvays vtll be. lherere nothlng ncw under the run. A1l the
road.e lead to Rone. And pcople eannot provlde tt for you. I
can't wa](e you up. I9g can rake you up. I canrt cure you. Igs
can cure you. (Pron thc Playboy lntcrviews wlth John l,ennon
PLAYBCY

and Yoko Lno by Davld-Fh-6

Coalrlion lor a New Foreign and M litary Polrcv

What a Trillion and a Half Dollars


for the Pentagon
Will Mean for You
president Reagan has Iaunched the largest peace-time military build-up in our nation's history. The
i-nir"cial programs to payior this will fundamentally change government's role in our
Uitli"nr
societv. leavinq millions of poverty-st r ic ken and low-income Americans without adequale income anc,
t'"utiii or"r..tLn. While tai curs will bear a large share of the responsibility for the tremendous pressure
l Luag"t ou",. the nexr few vear s, rhe planned growth in military spending will add almost as much
"nlt
to the feaeiuL Uudget as rhe tax cuts will iake away. Some of the trade-offs this military build-up will
entail are:
1982 Mass
The 51.6 billion it costs !o buitd one Trident Nuclear . . . Could resiore lhe $ti3 billion cut from FY

*t

Transit subsidies

a ( omprehensile len-year
cu(
oil imporls by 20lo 15 Petcent
efforl
to
enerqy-erficiency
...

The $40 bill;on for the 100 B-1 bombers


requested by President Reagan. .
The 5457 million going for 12 more F-15 fiShter planes

The $2.1 billion ir cosrs to build one cVN-71

Carrier

Nuclear

Cruiser program . .

AEcls

The $400 million authorized for development of the

ll

missile system

Fundc roraling one-thirteenlh of the tY 1982 mililarv


<pending in(rease over l98l leveh {$5 billionl . .

The extra $13 billion spent on the xM-1 Tank


rhrough tsar d,.re to cost escalations . . .
The g121 million
planes

.. . Could save the Cuaranteed Studenl Loans program


from a S450 million cut
. . . Could restore fult funding for Medicaidlcut.bv 5900
million), and Aid to Families with Dependent Child'en (cut
bY $1.2 billion)

The $8.4 billion in cost escalalions, lo 1981, on the

Pershing

would pay the cost ol

it

cosls

to build two

KC-10A

. . . Would fund lhe comprehensive R&D needed to


produce 80 to '100-mile-peFgallon cars

... could restore the $352 mill;on cut from heahh


education and training programs
could restore full funding for Food stamps (cut by $1.7
billion), child Nulrition (cut by $1.5 billion), and
unemploymenl benefits (cut by S1.7 billion)
...

proSram . . . would

provide the funds needed to rehabilitate


New York City's lransit system (s6.8 billion) and sewer
system ($s.1 billion)

Ca.go

. . . Could save lhe National Endowments for the Arts and


Humanities from a total cut of $113 million

seenbtu:L

Ltntu

and nilitatisn cannot be wlped out 1n an unJust world' one '/ar


1n !/hi;h larse-6cale technology and ostentatlou consurnption standards
Jru
of bne segneit of the worlal nakea even moderate rates of developmeut
seBment unrealtzable' t{eanwhile '
iiriii"t-"T"ta ott e of llvlng in another
in
a nad rsee for nilitary and
lir"-t" tti itg-np or grot.l iesourcee
both peace and thc
North
nakes
iii"lt""jiit"lr iroweie gi-Lh:Ln the
r' po'reity-6i'G-eL obal 8cale {qualLy -unre al lzable ' rt
novenlente for disarmament and
"i"ii""tlit-"
is-essettial, tierefoie, to fint trte
for econonic Justicep' and technologlcal
a".iiitrr:lr.iion to the tot"t"nt"
1?)
;;;;;;--iF;"t
Towarals a Just r'.orld bv Rajni Kathari
r

it-

THE EARTH ONLY ENDURES


1ft0s hook

ls dedtrcahd
to fihe Dlmosaurso
wlho mdeBg warm us
0hat a spec[es
whlch eanno0 adap0
tu ehang[nq eood0tioos
wi[[ heeomo
@xtinc0.
lo Er, hr ti0 L -.c - b

tc-l'rt tulj-td.lo

.-bart-ks-.o,) ,i - cl - t.-b

. - t,r

t -lo

coskrrotti.8,.4ui
Thc old n)cn

only

trul-Y.

Civilization's FolJy: Million Species in Danger


a!'PHIEPST aEGOFI

Ir r,c

proldd

llnDrct

dl !h. rorld'! UritdSEtEcduc.t

16

crn dtlzlrts ln

i
rod slrEv, blu, !cl. fic r!..rch i $. ftid ro Fu.ct r!ci6, ir! lrl. itt
JtdJrrbk'rr!6ldd8n mdcnr !d inrcmrWASIINGmN, Nov. 2l Thc l...I- aid ot!6 ll!.l cdtlclt to !ua{r llll! tn'lEE
thul llstituliorB, ru.n ir the Woild
gnttng dGlpgcrnacc ol- lt ..n!!
ltlt th. Drelvaucr ot bio
tll D.cthi, rtd.h bt|n lat! irdr. Brnl,lo
UEdc! lrl(l tE rBullrru shrhrrr"d &y,
rl! rll.d to rLvlt! rctlos ihet loglc.l dlwdlt .' lltuc 0t glob.l ld.
ill- blologlcd dclrB {n dit rdtt tD. Urlr.d
curld td. ov.f rD.
. dait !a thc .Illdllravlrraolni.l !ln6 !.d dut! toSllt.'
nl! t .I!, !.r! doElru. or drF.r. Drllccrld o. 16! d .
cdly irrd lra.tnatlqdly, to arlruin oilltdr s!.rl.a lr crl'tco.. todly t'y tne
.{d.ol_.lb c.oturt D.c!ur. ol l!. d..
Ubdtrlrltyo( U..dh'a !@ rl.
sttrE 6 ot torEt3 ard odEr nrtrrd
lcrtnc. dl abhilcrl Dlnrnv, *d}
U.L,lrrttd ao Er.d f.rd.6td9
rolld bt tb slrt D.Filtat ad th -Al tb. ftllllt@ ot oi. .qlt!trac!. h.bit l!, Dd ol t!.8 l[ dctllcpba n I

tnilt!.dsnl Dr'deocnl FrdEffntr orkd @ $r Urtr.{ Sur.! I


Bloloa,3q ad onddt lrlit! rlttt. or- ro.rEr rald lc.&rltlp l! ld.adMra I
ddr !.ld G! dblFF rltlc. ol4.dr. lDdlrlcgu.ldirtbtolodcdrlldnrt . I
rl r EJlli ol brrtid'! r.rhrlura auid ll r1. .lro rt(ooElndcd rh.! Ul.l

A$act

lo3

l:i -

-TheWorld

Looks

ot...-

Coribbeon Aid
r"

tuensa cdtica, san salvadd lconsrvative): Reagan's


the
OAS...is
a serious and vigorous watning aboul llle daogers ot
speech at
(Feb. 26)
subversion now besieging Lalin

El SOltOdOf

America.

GUqtCmOlO

La Hora, Gualemala cily (conserualive): Reagan s message

...espouses a well-defined line of political aclon more ,acreaching lhan is

immedialely

apparenl.

HOndUrOS

(Feb.26)

El Hraldo. Tegucigalpa (conservalive)r IReagan's oAS address


(Feb. 27)

wasl a clarion call ol hope lor the Westetn Hemispherc'

NiCOfOgUO f"
Nicaguts

ElOZil

er"nsa, Managua {independenl): The plan lends lo deepen


(Feb 27)

|solalion.

,to,nat do Srasil nio de Janeiro {independent): The imporlanco ol

Reagan s praisewodhy intaative cannot be denid... lor fie eltods lo Cubanize


Central America. . . musl be counteted wilh the powerlul economic and political
(Feb. 28)
instruments ol the developed counlries,

AfOAntinO

La aensa. Buenos Ares {ndependenl) The Cahboean repre'

s;nts lor lhe u.s. a geopolitrcal comm menl wtn no lrm

I'md.

(Feb.28)

Toronlo star (independent): Reagan s proposed package...looks


good on lhe surlace....But lhe pieces ol lhe package simply doal add up to a
wolkable and realislic
lFeb.27)

COnOdO

solution.

Getrnolny

kanktunet atlgemeine,
cheaper m;n a Cenltal American

Fa

war.

ktu/. (conselalive): [The plan] is


Robed Held (Feb 26)

FlOnCe

Le Matk,Pa s (Socialisl): The plan conlirms lhe Fleagan Adminislra_


tion s witlingoess lo reduce ihe problem oi Central American violence lo only en
Heni de Bresson {Feb. 25)

ItOl!

lt O,anae. laian lcanservalive): The proposed aid. . . represenls a grand.


ge;erous ailempl by lhe U.S.-certainly compeble lo lhe Malshall Plan lor

Eurcpe-lo

help e

zonewhichis one ollhewolld'spoor*land most slralegically


Mauro Lucenlini (Feb. 27)

lmporlani.

U,SS.R. prrrar, uosco',

{communisl Pefty):The u s inilialive isthesameold


line ot polilical blackmail, economic pressure, and militarisljc w6ving ollhe'big
(Mar 2)
stick.'

JOpOn ,l"rr,;

Sr,irntrr, Tokyo (liberal): Presidenl Reagan's new Ca bbean

gamble.
(lron the ,!orld lfess HevtewJ
pian is quile a dangerous

Itr a poot sort of menoly that only works

Feb- 27)

backtrards.

- j-

Tha lrdlan Nas a Reljgtoue theMatr


$as a rcligious nan frorn his motherrs liomb. Fron

The Indian

noment

to the end of the second year of


Iife, whicl Nas the or.dinary duralion of lactation, it was suPposed by us that
the nlothrrs spiritual infLuencc counted fo! nost. Het attitude and secret
meditations hust be such as to instill into the receptive soul of the unborn
chitd the love of th "Grei,t Mysler.v'r and a sense of brolherhood ruith all creation'
Silence and isotation ar the rule of life fo! the expectant mother. She randers
Drayerful in the slillncss of Fleat lroods, or on tle bosonr of the untrodden
prairie, and to her poetic mind tle imnanent birth of hcr child Prefigures the
lAvent of a rkrst(!r_m;n-- a hero, or the tnother' of herocs--a thought conceived
in the Virgin bleast of primevai nature, and dreamcd out in a I u-"h that is
only broken by the sighing of the pine tree or tie l}riUing orchestra of a
disiant raterfalL. (iYom Thg So-gl:.9{-!l]."I-qdiqn by Clar'1es Alexander Eastman p. 28-29)
of her recognition of tie fact of

concp1ion

t.
i:

THE VISION

V)o atao have

4
to

t?J-/|4ion

our forefathers, and has been


"We also have a religion Nhici vas given
handed dolrn to us their children. It leacbes us to be thankfuL, to be united,
and to love one another " (Red Jacket_Seneca Nat ion)

Irn going dovri to Yasljlrrrs farn. (Jona l;-itchel l)

Tt{e HUNDRTI-| MoNKEy STbRy


IIERE I

S lHE

STORY OF TI{E HUNDREDU{ ONKEY :

[ha Jalanesc nonkqy, Uaceca furcata, has bean oblrrvcal in thr


on ihc island of Korhllta'
vild for a pcriod ol oYc! 30 ycarr. ln 1952 ' potatoee
alrolpcd in.thc
rclcntlsts icre providing nonkcy! lith slcct
potatoes,
but
sana. The nonkcls llked tha tastc of the "aw sweet
thcv founil thc alirt unoLeagant.
An 18-nonth-old fenalc nancd Ino founal 3hc coulal lol-vc the prob]ctn
ln a nealby ltrean. shc taught this trlck
bv wasblna the potatoes
thcytL her rno{her. -Her playnatcs also 1clrneil this ner ray anal
teught thclr nothcrs, too. This cultural lnDovatlon wa! gtadually
plcieit up by vallous nonkcya bctorc thr cycs of the rci"ntirtsr
ictween i952 ana 1958, al-1 the young nonkcys lcarncd to walh the
sandy sveit potatoes to nakc than nore palatablc. Only the adult!
irro imitatca-thci! children lcarned thir oooial inprovcnent. Lther
adufts kept cating thc dlrty sw.et potatoca.
ihcn'somcthiig ctartl.iirg took placc' In thc autnn of 1958' a
washing Ewcct potatocs--thc
certaln nurrbet of [oshima monkcys w-re
guppos.
that vrhen thc Eun roSQ onc
us
l,ct
cxact nunbcr is not know.
who had lcaroed to
Koahina
lslaDd
on
noinint ifti"c ,""" 99 nonkcyr
-Lct's
that latcr that
further
suppoEc
wein t cir ewcct potatoes.
potatocs.
tHEN
to
waeh
nornins the hundr;ilth nonkcy lcarncd
taa taehlng
in
thc
tribe
cv.ryone
in nuintlgll 8y that eveniirg a]noEtIhr
hundr''lth
this
of
cnrrgy
addcal
potito"" teforc eati.ng-thcn.
breakthrough
"i"Ji somchow crcated an idcologicaf
nonkcy
thing obrsived by thcse, sclcntists
ilui notice. The nolt surprisingpotatoee
then sportancously..
vae thai ift. ftatft of wa8hing iweet
ano rne
Jumped over the sca-- Colonica of nonkcy3 on other ialands
their
swcct
bcgan wa-shing
i.iiii"a iroop of monkeys at Takasaklyalanumbcr
ara'rcneast
achlevca an
potatocs! Thue, vhen a certain c]litlcal
nlnd
to nind. (ALthough
fron
be
t"y
comnunicateil
ihj;';;;'""tani"-ciaiit-nunuer
rnay vary, the Hundrcdth lronkcy Phcnonenon neanE that
trre
a 1j-nitcd- trunbii of pcoplc know of I {rctt.way'.it nay.rnaln
"rtin-oofv
of theie pcoplc. But therr is aapoln-t-at
irti co""tio"e"ers property
to a new ararencss' f.ie1d
rhlch if onl-y onc irori pcieon tunee-inr?achca
almost evcryonc!)
so that his awarences
is- etrcngthcied
- youi awarcneas
i8 nGedcd in aaving th? world fron nuclcar war '
You nay be the "tlundredth MonkQyr'...;
cnergy to crcatc thc sharcd
i;; ;;i rurnrih the addcd coneci:ouencee
awarcnles of, thc urgcnt ncccssity to raptdly achievc a nuclcarI

tlcc wgrld.
(Irom !!f{u4:ggth

Freedom

UgIEgL by iicn Keves'

Jr. p.

10-19)

l nugt do'
of wtll ie th! ability- to do gladly that *hich
(carl G. Jung )

evcr s,lsc by chancc. (scneca)


Y/e need to dcvisc a syrtcm withln whlch pcacc will be nort rcwarding

No nan rraa

than

war.

(Margaret

llcact )

-ts-

TfrKE

A 6ItIIf

SIEP

thlnk that lovc ls 1ogt, and lotlow6 tullcd you! hcalt to frort-I r1l1 nclt yout h?art agaln.
Rcncnbc! the fecling ar a chlld, thcD you wokc up and. Dornlng !oi1cd'
thet ageln.
it'! tia"' it'r ttnc, it'a tlnc, you fcLt Ilkq
part'
lt'8 tin' you I'cBlDed
the
therc 1! Jult lto pcfcqntegc in r"lrcnbclj'ng
to l1vc again ard Lovc at lart-your ycrt"day b9h1!d-Conc-rlth nc lcevc your ye!tcrdey,
your
nind.
glant
outridc
ltcp
And takc a
you
you
thclc'r no rellc!,
ior
cay
You !ta!c ;t rc rith drstctrer,
you
harE.
no
do
lt
but eirl. I .rcar
won't
roou, Just looklng back ln riLcnt gLooD'
oon't grt-iheie in your tonely
ilama.that'! not rhcrc you bclonS-coDc rlth'Ec, I'11 taka you rh"re' thc ta.tc of 111 1! grcen'
th. torlilrr Jurt got to be 6ccn'
Anal
-- .vciyday, cvcryilay a1lyour yclt?rilay b'hild'
coni wiir nc,-tcivc your y?ltrrday,
yorE
njnd'
Anil takc I 8*D1t ltip outlidc
(Iron thc albun [a]"-a Ciant StcP by IeJ --]iah81)
Though you

D-!eEe!!g--E 9!c

..., thi! auggcsts thc follotiDg tornulation concernlng th? uscs ef


fact a.nd fictlolrl whilc the ura of fact grouDd! us 1D thc coDctctc
world around u3, and whllc lt j.s only Iton auch a bac" that cl-a!i' ty
of vLliou ln?vltably gtlscs' ria caDlot dcvelop eonccpts of fc"ling
ard ncanlDg arounil thc fectr rithout thc ucc of fictlor' vlthout
thc procr!r of olganlzilg rhat nj,ght b? t?d1ous lacts lnto cxpflcnccr
of dranatic lorcc.,...
(3rord an calay oD thc elgnlticancc ot flctlon by stcfa! FEstt)
thc vcly ncaninelers of

lifr

forccs a nar to

*i3H.l:; ;Xl"fiiitt".

- lL-

soNG

0r

rHE oPEN RCAA

Allolls! to that vhlch ia erdles8 as lt rBs beglnnlngless,


lo uDdergo nuch, traupg of deys, r;ots ;i-ni;;;;^-""
To Derge al.l ln the traveL they teDd to, and-th-'days ald nights
they teDil- tottern. !n the.strt of Buperior Journeys,
+9.11-t:,T:Tq". Enyrhere
but ,hat you m9y r.ach lt
pass tt,
*: concelve
:-": 19ln1oC'
'r-.o
no tlne, horever illatarlt, but what youaird
nay-reach
it
and pas6 it,
Io look up or alo?n Do road.but lt st"etches and Falts tor you,
however long but 1t stretches ana waiis-ior"ioul
_ see
no being, not eod,a or any, but you also g"o iftner,
1o
To
aee ao posesaion but you trlay poseeei it, enj;ying a1l without
raoor or purchase, abstracting the feast yet noi abstractj.ng
oDe particle ot it.
lo take_ -the brst of the falnerra.farn arid the rlch naD's elegant
villa, ald the chaste bteEsingc of ttre weii_rnar"i"a
frults ol orchard! and tlorerg of g.!a-"u, "ouifi,
_ ardtgthc
youcue
out ot the conpact
thlough,
1:
1+: bulLdlngE and
'ro carry
"iirJ"-""'v-o"-pasa
atreets rlth. you
afterward
you go,
whirever
fo gather the nlntls of nen out of th;ir lrafng-a" yt,i
_ then, to gather the love out of their treeri"."-- "r,"or.,nt""
'Jo ta](e your lovers on the road wlth you, for ali'that you leave
theE behind you,
To knoe thc unlvera itell as a roaal, ar nany :.oads, aE roads for
tlavel.lng
_

soul s.

AJJ palts-away

the progreEs of Eouls,


-forsolld
Arl. rellglon, alL
thlngs, 8rts, governnenta__ all that was or Ls
apparent- upaD this gLoba or any globe, fall; tnto
nlches and
corlers beforc the proc"asion
6t-eou:-i .tont iii; E?anal roads
-

of the universe.
(!ron "Song ol the Open Roail,' j.n Leavee of

Graes by lya].t whitnan p. 155-5i

Oyan Your
I thc albuu w111 cnd
tronc
wor1d...r'

PLI'YSOY

Ege,s

rtth the eh6nt rc h.a!d

today,

I.E NoNi "...0D! Pcopl..',


PT AYBOY: Alothcr kind o!--t ENNoN: Sublj.Eilll ncssab., rlght ( l aushlng)
?lAfBoY: I! th.t rhcD harit tiDr! ril,I bc over-- rhcn we bcconc or:c
wolld, on? !.oplc ?
IENNOI{: Eo, Dg, Do. Wcr!! gtc ,o!fd, olc pcoplr *h.thc! *. llkc
it or nat,-" Arc!'t r!? I D?a!j wc c.n pret.lrd Fc'!. alvlilcd

ilto racls aDd eountlirs rad. r. cal carr-!-6i-frretcadilg that


unt1l r. stop ADiDr lt. But th. lcallty 1! that 1t l!-one
rorld ard lt i! ona pcopLc.
PIAYBOY: lh? rtlp eltcr t'IDs.g1n6"...
LENNON: That's tic r.y lt 1!-r!d1y. .ldegiD.,, raial, ,'Wcll, ca!
yr posllbiy
inrsi!" it?" "Conlld.r thi!!,'
?LAItsOY : --Ti?f -i6rT-hiiTou' vc c o u s i a cr cd iill.
IrEllNol{: Nor that you'vc coDlldcrrd it...
PLAYBOY I Cp.! your .ycr.
(Pro! thr Playboy Iat.rvtcrE rith John Lruno! atrd yoko Cno by D. Shct!)

tdrrehfuL Thlnkinq

I agrcc rtth thet... -Ihat,c.rhrt !hr's tYo t.:-ttog ,. fo"


ycar!, sircc rc r.t. vlhat- d-o tbcy car:. iti--rircrr ruriifinJai.
fh. othc!
I sa, r!_srttc1c.
r"toj'n"Jlitcr? I ghov.d
you.. Itrl!-dry
glry.had p!.&ictrd 1t9 ir"
itriro
iiird-r."-."a rhai rortd
r?lntr
lcad.te lt; lfo, thry'!c .ff
i"VirU, "Ol, fdoi,--ltra happcnlng
"ou1d
tik!
hs. catdin- o"r-iaiJl -oi'rrratlvcr ii ra,
Ju.t
ha! st we}'s b"e! th! Ba!e. . Fbj.1. trrat iiia oi iitr"i" ri aiiu"iiy
e corrrclcj,d
rar, r?.atually creatlug ,J,1" ,"." aoint , -"
-fo!Dcacc.
coDnafrl!]! tor
lvhaD rr-.did ihc bcd_lnc, ,c told th. !.port?!s that
ald thcv
rcrpoad.d, "uh-huh, yeah, sure,
. . .', r"i ii'iida; i i"ii"r*iirJi=,
th" raportqnr eaid. bccaqs our connerclal ,cri oot loncthcLcs.,
It rar Jult l1ke a;othrr ff-conacrclai,
E";;;";v putr ttrln
down but cvervbodv tnoeg !5qn, ti"iJi"'t"-iiiill-iu""
-ioitiis
,n" product"-j
--il":"f
"iil'
c'r? dorns tlc c;rnc ti irg.
,,!.ace,,
on
tI" floDt pagc ol the pa!;!_Dcxt
to'aI1
.._
"J"a
-__
ti.-ii"di
about
war.
-iiiirri"iiiii:"iJ'"ii
IIAY3oY: 'rtth ioie. ti'"t -i
. o"" reaLity?
LErNoI|: that's
tt. Iou sot"f,ruf
lt.
(FroB the pLavboy
LIYNON:

Intervl;w8 tiitr

tha vary ncanlrglras qf llfr

John lenDon and

loko

Cno by

D. Sheff)

folc.s a nan to c!?s.t? hl! orn ncenlnr.


( stantcY (ubllck) -

-r2A SOLUTION: PLAN-NED ECONOMIC CONVERSION


Planned Econorhic Conrersion means using an exisrins mititarv facrl v
lile Por6mouth Nalal shrpyard. rorsocia y useful proauition. aionron ii

this lacrhty could b used for the buitding of fishing vessets or mals transrt
syslms For workers in the defense industry, conveEion rs a way to cop
wilh lhe boom and bust (ycle ofdefense producnon.
''We treed economic corvcisior progra ms so tnra one day those or os

sho depend upon military p.odu.tion lor ou. livelihood can thinl
about and rct on lhe

wrr.nd p.ace hsIes f.e f.om

atrd ecohomic iDsecuriir".

'

the fear ofjob loss

william winpisinger
President. Intermtional Asssiation
of Machinists and Aerospace workers

ECOr-Otl IC CONVE RSION IS lVORKL\*G

IN En"GLAND:
Lucas Aerospace has provided

the most successful model for

economic conversion to date. Lucas is the hrgest private industry itr


Britain and a prim defense contractor. AJter years of urexpected

layoffs due to lluctuationi in defense contract awards, workers


developd thei.ownplan. The plar included new products, marketing
statgies, and employment contrac6 dsigned to shift the company
away from military depndence.

IN MASSACHUSETTS:
"Biween 1961 and rg-/?, 75 communities and 68,000 jobs wre hit with a
major contract loss or military plantclosing. With federal adjustment
aid and planning to diversify the economies, 78.000 nw jobs were
created." Ecomhic cotrveEion is mo.e than just an ida. The two major udions .ep.esenting wo.kers in deterse industries there. Intermtional Associalion of MachiDists ad Aerospace Wo.keN (IAM) and
the Udited Auto Wo.keN IUAW) are both actively working toward

INCALIFORi"IA

Tt'e Mid Peniosula Conversion Project has pubiished a study with the
help of local communities and unions lhat draws a bluprint for converting more than 100 defense firms in the Santa Clara VaUey. The
project concludes thar the majcrity of skills used in dfense eork are
highly transfe.rable to civilian technical production.
INCONGRESS:
The gro"ndwork for economic conversion legislatlon began \rilh the
Defense Production Act more thaD 30 years ago. Recently, Representative Addabbo (D-NY) uged his coueagues to suppdt an economic
convGion fund withid tbeDepartmentof hbor.

''Th loss ofon. halfofon. percent in thcdcfease bldtet would no(


aftec( greatly ific Peltagon's ability to blly paperclips, bur ihal vasr

anount ol lloney is a lir.ral lifelinc to. lhossands ot Ahericatr

Rep. Addabbo
Chair, House DefensAppropriations Sub<ommittee

PORTSMOUTH: THE FIRST STEP


A local committee comprised of dfeme wo.kers, business teaders. town

oflicials and planners, citizens, represeDtatives of the Navy and uniod

membrs should be formed to thoroughly resarch the local economy and its
relationship to mililary spending. The goal of this committe would tJ to tay
th gmu.dwork for rsponsible econornic convetsion. We ir rh Sacoast
region nd to reorder our priorities lr,ith an eye toward converring our
tchnological and human wealth into socially useful and economicatly viable
p.oducts, resulting in a stronger conomic base.

(F!on a panphlct ploduc"d by tha S.acoact


Icac./Convereion Adyocatc! p.O. Box 1OB?
?ort!nouth, N.H. 01801)

lhe lrsult prov.s th. nlsdorn ol thc act.

-{l-

This book is not copyrighted.


You are asked to reproduce it in whole or in
part, to distribute it with or without charge,
in as many languages as possible, to as
many people as pnssible.

The rapid alerting ofall humankind to nuclear


realities is supremely urgent. If we ale wiped
out by nuclear destruction in the next few
years, how important are the things we are
doing todayl

the future, copies of DlEarnanent News wilL be available at


-ln
Sandra Craglnrs Health Restaurant anil Coffcehouse.
ri1l be
opellng ln nLil-June at 2?O State St. tn portgmouii. whlch
Eegt
wlshee to
you ln your peace of the future.
For nore

infor

Disarmament News 104 Lincoln Ave.

Portsnouth, NH 01801

All

lve were

saying is give peace a charlce.