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STA 215 Test #1 Solutions

Last Name: ________tions_________ First Name:________Solu________ Student #:______________________

TA (circle one)
Eman

Tutorial (circle)

Thomas

Wael

Sudipta

Narges

Wed 11-12
Wed 12-1
Wed 1-2
Wed 5-6

Mon 4-5
Tues 12-1
Tues 1-2
Wed 4-5

Tues 9-10
Tues 10-11

Mon 4-5
Mon 5-6

Wed 9-10
Wed 10-11

Time allowed: 50 minutes.

Aids: non-programmable calculator

Check that you have all the consecutively numbered pages of this test, up to the last page which
contains a normal table. Please give all probabilities and proportions to four decimal places unless
they are unnecessary zeroes.

Best marks go to best answers, as a general rule, particularly where some explanation is requested, so
try to be complete but also clear and concise; a lot of nonsense can decrease your grade.
Show your work and answer in the space provided (or indicate clearly where to look), and in
ink. Pencil may be used, but then remarks will not be allowed.

Marks are shown in brackets at the end of the question parts, and are distributed as follows:
Question
Max
Grade

1
10

2
10

3
5

4
10

Total
35

Good luck!!

1) Choose one appropriate graphic from the following list that best displays the information
collected in each question. You may use some words more than once, or not at all. Some
questions have more than one possible answer; try to choose the best.
[10]
Bar Chart
Frequency Table
Dotplot
Pie Chart

Contingency Table

Boxplot

Histogram

Normal Probability Plot

Stemplot

Pictogram

Venn Diagram

Normal Percentile Table


Cumulative Distribution

Side-by-side boxplot
Scatterplot

a) A medical researcher wants to compare two drugs, to see which one lowers blood pressure
the most. Use a
Side-by-side boxplot

(1 mk for Bar Chart)

b) An engineer wants to see if the number of employees on shift at a factory is related to the
number of items produced during the day. Use a
Scatterplot

c) For a class of 525 students, we would like to look at the distribution of marks from the
prerequisite class. Use a
Histogram

(1 mk for Stemplot or Dotplot or Frequency table)

d) A sociologist wants to see if there is a relationship between Pet Ownership (Dog, Cat, Other,
None) and Stress Level (High, Medium, Low) for several adults in their forties. Use a
Contingency Table

(1 mk for Bar Chart)

e) A member of the athletic staff wants to learn what type of people are using the gym at UTM.
At lunch time, they walk around and count the members who are either (Running, Lifting
weights, or Stretching). Use a
Bar Chart

(1 mk for Pie Chart)

2) The following table shows the relationship between the number of students who recently
accessed Portal and their lecture section.
[10]
Lec101
Lec102

Today
128
39
167

Yesterday
138
81
219

2 days ago
52
22
74

3 or more days ago


29
12
41

347
154
501

a) How many students from Lec101 accessed Portal today?


128

b) How many students accessed Portal 2 days ago?


74

c) What proportion of all students are from Lec102?

154
= .
501

d) What proportion of all students are from Lec101 and accessed Portal today?
128
= .
501
e) What proportion of all students from Lec101 accessed Portal yesterday?
138
= .
347

f) What proportion of all students who accessed Portal yesterday are from Lec101?
138
= .
219

g) Do you think that Lecture Section and Portal Access Day are independent? Explain why or why
not. (3 mks)
(1)
(37% 25%)(2)
,
h) Which lecture section seems to be keener (more recent) as far as accessing Portal is concerned?
101 ;

3) Grab-bag. Circle the best answer.

[5]

a) For a right-skewed distribution, which statistic will be highest?


Mean

Median

Mode

Q1

Trimmed Mean

b) Which of the following is not a measure of centre?


Mean

Median

Q1

Mode

Trimmed Mean

c) Which of the following is not a measure of spread?


Maximum

Range

Variance

IQR

Standard Deviation

Identify the type of variable described in the next two questions


d) The amount of time (in minutes) for a student to complete their test.
Categorical

Ordinal

Interval

Ratio

e) The tutorial section (101, 102, 103 ) to which you belong.


Categorical

Ordinal

Interval

Ratio

4) Assume that the amount of calories (Kcal) consumed per day by a person (in North America) is
Normally distributed with a mean of 2200 and a standard deviation of 600. (2 mks each)
[10]
a) What proportion of North Americans consume less than 2000 Kcal / day?
( < 2000) = <

2000 2200
= ( < 0.33)
600

= 1 (0.33) = 1 0.6293 = .

b) What is the probability that a random North American consumes more than 2500 Kcal / day?
( > 2500) = >

2500 2200
= ( > 0.50)
600

= 1 (0.50) = 1 0.6915 = .

c) The nutrition labels often include daily vitamin needs for diets of 2000 Kcal and 2500 Kcal.
What proportion of North Americans fall between this range?
(2000 < < 2500) = (0.5) (0.33)

= (0.5) 1 (0.33) = 0.6915 0.3707 = .


d) Suppose we classify a person as malnourished if they eat fewer calories than 90% of the rest
of the population. How many calories (or fewer) would you need to eat to get this
classification in North America?
() = 0.1 1 () = 0.9 = 1.28
= 1.28
= + = 2200 + 600(1.28) =

e) Do you think the Normal model is appropriate for caloric intake? If so, give supporting
evidence. If not, say why it might not be appropriate, and describe an alternative distribution.
(1)

(, )
(1)( 6000 )