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GE

Digital Energy

Perception Desktop
Transformer Monitoring Software
v1.14

User & Installation Guide

PERDUG

GE Proprietary

v1.00

2013-12-18

Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION TO PERCEPTION DESKTOP............................................................................ 5
Overview...................................................................................................................................... 5
Software Family ........................................................................................................................ 5
Whats New in v1.14 ............................................................................................................... 6
Desktop Features ..................................................................................................................... 6
Prerequisites .............................................................................................................................. 7
Customer Support.................................................................................................................... 7
Conventions and Terminology ............................................................................................ 7
Layout of this Manual ............................................................................................................. 8
USING PERCEPTION DESKTOP..................................................................................................... 9
Usage Concepts........................................................................................................................ 9
Fleet Overview ......................................................................................................................... 12
Transformer Summary ......................................................................................................... 12
Ranking Assets ........................................................................................................................ 13
Menu Options .......................................................................................................................... 15
Connect to a Database ........................................................................................................ 17
Connecting to Perception Server ............................................................................. 18
Disconnecting from Perception Server ................................................................. 19
Connect to a Local Perception database ............................................................. 20
Connect to an Older Version KPD Local Database for the First Time ........ 21
Closing a Local Database ........................................................................................... 22
Customisation ......................................................................................................................... 22
Adding Assets.................................................................................................................. 22
Renaming Assets ........................................................................................................... 23
Deleting Assets ............................................................................................................... 24
Organising Assets .......................................................................................................... 25
Adding a Wallboard ...................................................................................................... 26
Setting up Asset Properties ................................................................................................ 29
Transformer Properties ............................................................................................... 29
Device Properties........................................................................................................... 31

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Device Properties Intellix BMT 300 ...................................................................... 36


Setting up the Device ................................................................................................... 37
Data Download from Devices through Perception Desktop ................................. 38
Data Download via USB communication support ..................................................... 39
Importing and exporting data........................................................................................... 40
Import ................................................................................................................................ 40
Export ................................................................................................................................. 41
Downloading Service Logs ................................................................................................. 42
Worksheets .............................................................................................................................. 43
Default Device Charts........................................................................................................... 45
Trend Chart .............................................................................................................................. 46
Create a new Trend Chart .......................................................................................... 48
Add Measurements to the Chart ............................................................................. 49
Remove Measurements from the Chart ............................................................... 49
Change Y Scale method .............................................................................................. 50
Add Annotations ............................................................................................................ 51
Rename a Chart ............................................................................................................. 52
Status Tab ........................................................................................................................ 52
Data Table Tab ............................................................................................................... 53
Rate of Change Alarm .......................................................................................................... 54
Total Dissolved Combustible Gases (TDCG) Chart ..................................................... 56
Key Gas ...................................................................................................................................... 57
Gas Ratios ................................................................................................................................. 58
Transfix Ratio Alarm Trending........................................................................................... 61
Duvals Triangle ...................................................................................................................... 62
Japanese ETRA Charts ......................................................................................................... 64
Models ........................................................................................................................................ 65
General Controls ............................................................................................................ 67
BMT 300 Polar Charts ........................................................................................................... 69
Intellix BMT 300 Bushing Monitor Tab Polar Charts ...................................... 69
Intellix BMT 300 Partial Discharge Tab Polar Charts .................................... 75
Transformer Status Report ................................................................................................. 77
Workflow Scheduler .............................................................................................................. 82
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Launching External Applications ..................................................................................... 83


INSTALLATION & INITIAL SETUP................................................................................................ 87
Overview.................................................................................................................................... 87
Installation of Package ........................................................................................................ 87
Firewall Settings ..................................................................................................................... 91
Set up connection to Perception Server database.................................................... 91
Connecting to the Perception Server for the first time ............................................ 91
Trusting the Perception Server Certificate ........................................................... 96
Create new local database ................................................................................................ 97
APPENDIX A: Installing the TRANSPORT X driver in Windows 7 ................................... 99
Installing Mobile Device Center ........................................................................................ 99
Installing TRANSPORT X .................................................................................................... 102
APPENDIX B: Troubleshooting .............................................................................................. 109
APPENDIX C: Model Descriptions ......................................................................................... 111
Japanese ETRA Models ..................................................................................................... 111
Multi-Host Models ............................................................................................................... 112
Transformer Dynamic Loading Model ................................................................ 112
Insulation Ageing Model .......................................................................................... 113
Moisture and Bubbling Model ................................................................................ 114
Apparent Power Model (MVA) ................................................................................ 115
Winding Hot-Spot Temperature Model .............................................................. 115
Temperature Model ................................................................................................... 116
Hydran Reading .......................................................................................................... 116
Transformer Status Model....................................................................................... 117

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INTRODUCTION TO PERCEPTION DESKTOP


Overview
Perception Desktop is a software product designed to assist power plant
personnel in the maintenance and management of oil insulated equipment used for
the transmission and distribution of electrical power. It is used primarily for
diagnosing fault conditions as well as trending measurements taken from
transformers, circuit breakers and tap-changers.
The software uses data from either manual or automated programs of regular
sampling and condition analysis of equipment insulating oil and other performance
data. The software uses a number of well-established and recognized empirical
diagnostic rules to present the information on the condition of insulating oil used in
electrical equipment to the user. This can aid the user in the running of a
maintenance programme and the identification of potential fault conditions.
Although Perception is an expert analysis and information system, it is only an
aid and should not be regarded as a replacement for the knowledge of someone
who is an expert in the analysis of insulating oil used in electrical equipment and the
operation of oil filled power equipment.

Software Family
There are 3 members of the Perception family:

Perception Desktop

Perception Server

Perception Desktop User Guide

The main application within the Perception


family. Perception Desktop resides on your PC,
and provides customized access to the centrally
located asset database. It provides advanced
diagnostic profiles on the obtained device data,
a one page transformer report containing key
transformer information as well as the facility to
launch external applications from within
Perception Desktop. Additionally, Perception
Desktop can operate standalone or as part of a
larger centralized asset management suite in
conjunction with Perception Server.
The pinnacle of transformer asset management
software. Perception Server provides a fleet
wide network overview via a wallboard display,
automatic data downloading with configurable
scheduling, email notifications of device
condition changes and a TOA4 data export
facility. It uses a centralized data storage
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Perception Workflow

location utilizing SQL Server to which Perception


Desktop links seamlessly via secure OPC UA
communications.
The newest member of the Perception family.
The workflow designer uses common
flowcharting techniques to express transformer
diagnostic processes as a model. These models
are known as workflows and in turn are used to
drive the Perception dashboard. The Designer
brings easily modifiable workflow-enabled
capabilities to the Perception software suite
allowing you to customize the diagnostic
process and determine how data is presented
on the Perception dashboard.

Note: If Perception Express was previously used, it is recommended that it be


removed because Perception Desktop includes all of this functionality and more.

Whats New in v1.14

Fleet Overview a top-level overview of the entire transformer fleet that


indicates the overall status and health of the fleet at a glance.
Ranking the Asset Explorer now includes a ranking tab that lists all
transformers in ranking order according to a calculated Risk Index.
Transformer Dashboard summarises key measurement details for an
individual transformer and its risk and ranking history.
Workflows avail of the flexibility provided by Perception workflows to
customise and drive the data shown on the Perception dashboard, such
as defining how ranking is calculated.
CSV Import / Export comprehensive import and export capabilities and
the ability to define custom CSV formats.
Expert Analysis Email provides an automatic means for more detailed
transformer data to be sent to designated experts within or outside the
organisation whenever an alarm is raised.

Note: If you are upgrading to v1.14 Perception Desktop/Server from an


earlier version, please contact GE Support before commencing as depending
upon the size and complexity of the existing database, you may require a
service visit to make the transition.

Desktop Features
Perception Desktop offers the following:

Can be used as a stand-alone application or as a client application in a


large centralized Perception Server environment
Wallboard facility gives an overview to the entire fleet

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Trend graphs for any measured parameters, including polar charts for
Bushing Monitors and Partial Discharge (Intellix BMT 300)
Current status and data history displays
Configure the data upload frequency from remote monitors
Pre-set trend and diagnostic graphs for dissolved gases
User-configurable trend graphs for any monitored parameters
Gas Ratio trend charts
Pre-set fault monitoring displays utilising Gas ratios (IEC60599 & IEEE
C57.104, Transformer Condition, Rogers Ratio and Doernenburg Ratio),
Duvals triangles and Japanese ETRA standards
One page transformer report facility that provides an overview to key
information on a transformers condition based on the dissolved gas
measurement analysis and user input
Intellix MO150 & Hydran M2 models
Facility to launch external applications from within Perception Desktop

Prerequisites
The minimum PC and system requirements for Perception Desktop are:
Operating System:

Windows 7 with .NET Framework 4.5

CPU:

1 GHz Processor

Memory:

1 Gb RAM

HDD:

500 MB free

Graphics Card:

64 MB graphics, update to the latest driver for your


hardware to ensure that it can provide all the facilities of
NET Framework 4.5

Customer Support
E-Mail:

Ge4service@ge.com

North America toll-free:

1-800-361-3652

Worldwide:

1-514-339-2801

Conventions and Terminology


Conventions

Onscreen options and Software Buttons: bold, italic and in inverted


commas, eg Next
Electronic formats of this document have cross reference links:
o Figures: A cross reference between the figure number in the text
and the figure itself.

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o Section and Chapter Headings: A hyperlink between a reference to


another Section or Chapter and the actual Section or Chapter
heading.
Terminology:

Particular to Perception:
KPD file suffix for a Perception Database file (stored in a SQL format)
TOA file suffix for a device configuration file (stored in a CSV format)
DGA Dissolved Gas Analysis

General:
CSV Comma Separated Variable, an industry-standard neutral data
exchange format.
SQL Structured Query Language, an industry-standard database
format.

Layout of this Manual


The chapters that detail the installation and authorization of the software are in
the second half of the manual, starting at page 87, as it is a process that should
have to be carried out only once.
The software user guide is in the first half of the manual, starting at page 9, to
allow for easier reference.

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USING PERCEPTION DESKTOP


Usage Concepts
Perception Desktop connects to a database that contains the sampling data
from your monitoring devices. The database can be stored on your PC (known as a
local database), or stored in a remote location when used in conjunction with
Perception Server (known as a network database). If the database is local, it can
only be accessed by users on your PC.
When used in conjunction with Perception Server, there are 3 user categories,
Observer, Supervisor or Architect.

Observer: You have read only permissions, so can view the data for any
of the devices, in any of the available screens. However, you cannot
make any alterations to the data or alter any device settings.
Supervisor: You have full read-write permissions, so can alter device
settings and even delete a device entirely.
Architect: You have all the Supervisor permissions plus you can
manipulate workflows including scheduling workflows.

If you have a local database on your PC, then you will always have full
permissions for that database.
For network databases, your user status is controlled by the Perception Server
administrator. A supervisor or Architect role on the network database can make
alterations that affect all users of the database. In particular, they can alter the
data upload schedule, change the device hierarchy and delete devices and their
data. Therefore its important to limit the assignment of such roles to those that can
be trusted with such functionality and actually require this functionality.
Wherever the database is stored, local or network, it is the Perception Desktop
application that downloads the data from the monitoring devices, whereas
Perception Server is used to manage access to a network database.

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Figure 1: Perception Desktop Screen Areas

The main screen areas of the Perception Desktop are:

The Asset Explorer (highlighted by the blue rectangle in Figure 1). This
shows the hierarchy of the assets in the database. In the same way as
Windows Explorer, clicking on a node with a side arrow opens up the
node to show the layer beneath it. Clicking on a device makes that the
device that is being viewed in the database. (in this case
GE_Trans_Dis_114A), indicated by the light grey highlighting around it). If
you have supervisor user status or above, you can use the Asset Explorer
to create, move and delete assets and devices. The asset icons have a
status indicator:
o Green Tick: All monitored parameters within bounds.
o Amber Exclamation Mark: A parameter(s) has
exceeded the High or Low thresholds.
o Red Cross: A parameter(s) has exceeded the HighHigh or Low-Low or Ratio thresholds.
o Purple: Indicates that there is uncertainty in the
latest measurement accuracy or the latest
measurement is considered to be in error. Refer to
the device data table.

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o Blue: Indicates the device has experienced a fault


and requires a service
The device status is repeated up the asset tree so that an Area ,
Substation or Transformer indicates the worst status of all its sub-ordinate
devices.

The Device Area (highlighted by the green rectangle in Figure 1). This
shows the data in the database of the device that has been selected in
the Asset Explorer.
Each device has its own tabs of information (highlighted in the red
rectangle in Figure 1). The tabs that are available depend upon the type
of device. Note: Pressing the x on a tab will remove it from the panel. If
it is a standard display, it can be retrieved by using the View menu item,
overleaf. If it is a custom display, then it would have to be recreated
manually, see Create a new trend chart on page 48.
A Wallboard option is available at Area, Substation or Transformer level.
This displays all assets in that Area, and their status on a map. This can
be used as a continuous monitor display in a control room. When used in
conjunction with Perception Server the information displayed in the
wallboard changes as the condition of the assets change during
automatic data download. An example is below at Figure 2.

Figure 2: Example of Wallboard Display

See the section Adding a Wallboard on page 26 for how to set up the
wallboard for an area.

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Fleet Overview
If you select the top-level database node in the Asset hierarchy, a fleet overview
page displays with useful information summarising the health of the entire fleet.

Figure 3: Fleet Overview

Transformer Summary
If you select a transformer, Perception activates the Dashboard tab. The
Dashboard tab displays a page with useful information summarising the
measurement data and ranking history for that particular transformer via two sub
tabs Devices Summary and Ranking Graph.

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Ranking Assets
The Ranking page in the Asset Explorer automatically ranks
assets according to an algorithm in the Perception workflow
to calculate an overall health index. Assets are colour-banded
accordingly with the least healthy transformers listed at the
top in red and the healthiest in green at the bottom. Unranked
transformers appear at the bottom of the list without a colour
band. A transformer is unranked if it is not associated with the
relevant Perception workflow, has no measurement devices
connected to it or there is no measurement data e.g. a new
install with the first measurement cycle yet to occur.
Ranking movement at each periodic refresh is denoted by
colour-coded arrows. A red up-pointing arrow denotes that
the transformer has moved up in ranking order, a green downpointing arrow denotes that it has moved down in ranking
order and a blue double-headed horizontal arrow denotes no
change in ranking order. Note: Rest your mouse on any
transformer to reveal its actual health index.
Figure 4: Ranking

To review the Risk and Ranking history for an individual transformer, select the
transformer to activate the transformer Dashboard. Then select the Ranking Graph
tab as illustrated in Figure 20.

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Figure 5: Risk and Ranking

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Menu Options
The menu options below are linked to their description within the user manual.
File

Connect: Connects to a Perception Server, see page 18.


Disconnect: Disconnects from a Perception Server, see page 19.
New Database: Creates a new local database, see page 97.
Open Database: Opens an existing local database, see page 20.
Close Database: Close a local database, see page 22.
Exit: Closes the database, and exits Perception Desktop

View

New: Adds a new worksheet tab to the Device area of the screen. You can
select from one of the standard display tabs:
o Properties.
o Dashboard
o Data Table.
o Status.
o TDCG. (Transfix Device*)
o Trend Chart.
o Key Gas. (Transfix Device*)
o Gas Ratios. (Transfix Device*)
o ETRA. (Transfix Device*)
o Ratio. (Transfix Device*)
o Duvals Triangle. (Transfix Device*)
o Models (Hydran M2 and Intellix MO150):
Dynamic Loading
Insulation Aging
Moisture And Bubbling
MVA
WHST
Transformer Status Model (Intellix MO150 only)
Temperature Model (Hydran M2 only)
Hydran Readings (Hydran M2 only)
o Bushing Monitor. (Intellix BMT 300 Device)
o Partial Discharge (Intellix BMT 300 Device)
You cannot have 2 properties or status worksheets. However, if you select
any of the other options a new worksheet is added, these new worksheets

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can be used to hold custom views which differ from the original worksheet
created when the device is first added. See Create a New Chart on page 48
for how to add trending parameters to the blank trend chart.
*Excluding MiniTrans, Intellix MO150 & Hydran M2 due to limited number of
gases
Refresh. This refreshes the screen display

Tools

External Tools External applications can be launched from Perception


Desktop via the Tools menu option. Allowing users to create shortcuts to
applications and standards documents regularly used and referenced.
Download Service Logs: Allows you to download factory and service logs
from a Transfix either remotely via the network or directly from the Transfix
via USB connection to your PC.
Workflow Scheduler: Allows you to enable scheduling for workflows.
Options This opens a communications dialog where you can select which
local modem to use when downloading data to a local database from a
device. The modems listed here are also the ones used when you launch
setup for any of the devices in the asset explorer that are configured to use
modem communications.

Actions

Export Export data to a CSV file


Import Import data from a CSV file

Help

About: Shows the current build version of your Perception Desktop and
information tabs containing the:
o Release notes.
o The License Agreement.
o The installed components, with their individual version number.
Transformer Technical Services: Contact details for further information and
support.

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Figure 6: The About Display

Connect to a Database
Perception Desktop allows the user to connect to a Perception Server
environment or to a local database.
For full details of the advantages of using Perception Server please contact a GE
sales representative
Note: You can only be connected to one database at a time. Thus, before you
can connect to a new or different database, you must first disconnect from your
current database.
Note: If you are upgrading to v1.14 Perception Desktop/Server from an earlier
version, please contact GE customer support before you commence as depending
upon the size and complexity of the existing database, you may require a service
visit to make the transition.

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Connecting to Perception Server


To connect to a Perception Server instance, select the File menu, and then
Connect, as shown in Figure 7 below.

Figure 7: Connect menu option

The Server database Login dialog is displayed, as shown in Figure 8 below:

Figure 8: Server Database Login Dialog

The Server field will show the Perception Server that you will be connected to.
The browse button (
) launches the Configure a Server Connection wizard.
This wizard is used to establish the connection with the Perception Server host
server. Enter your assigned user name and password, and press the OK button.
If you have forgotten your user name and/or password, you will have to contact
your network administrator, who can re-issue them to you.
Note: If the Server Administrator has allowed it, you may be able to sign on as
an Anonymous user. This would be accessed by the Authentication drop down.
If you are able to sign on as an Anonymous user, then you do not require a User
name or a Password. However, you will only have Observer status and thus only
read-only permissions.

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If you receive a Connection Error, as shown in Figure 9 below, then the client
does not trust the server certificate. See the Chapter Trusting the Server
Certificate on page 96 for how to correct this error.

Figure 9: Connection Error Report

Disconnecting from Perception Server


To disconnect from Perception Server, select the File menu and then the
Disconnect option, as shown in Figure 10 below:

Figure 10: Disconnect menu option

This action closes the connection to the Perception Server, and clears the Asset
Explorer of all assets.

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Connect to a Local Perception database


To connect to a local Perception database that is on your PC, select the File menu,
and then Open, as shown in Figure 11 below.

Figure 11: Open Local File Menu Option

This displays the list of local databases available (file suffix kpd); an example is
shown in Figure 12 below.

Figure 12: List of Available Local Databases

Select the local database that you wish to open and press Open.

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Connect to an Older Version KPD Local Database for the First Time
When you open an older Perception Local database* for the first time (i.e. after
upgrading to v1.14); it will be upgraded to the v1.14 format. You will be prompted as
shown in Figure 13 below.

Figure 13: Upgrade Local Database Format

If you click the Yes button, then the local database will be upgraded to
Perception v1.14 format. A progress bar will appear, but note that the upgrade can
take an appreciable time, depending upon the size of the database. If you click the
No button, then the Load action will be aborted.
Note: The upgraded database can no longer be read by older versions of
Perception. During the upgrade process, a backup copy is created, still in original
format, with the KPD file extension changed to 3325 as a file extension; the
number represents the original database schema version number. If you wish to
use this database for historical/archival reasons, then it can be read into an older
Perception version. Before attempting to do so, change the database filename, or
move its location and change its file extension back to KPD.
*This is not suitable for SEI files from Perception 0. For details of how to upgrade a
SEI database please contact ge4service@ge.com or a GE technical engineer.

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Closing a Local Database


To disconnect (or close) from a local database, select the File menu and then
the Close option, as shown in Figure 14 below.

Figure 14: Close menu option

This action closes the local database, and clears the Asset Explorer of all assets.

Customisation
The Asset Explorer within Perception Desktop is used to visualise the network of
transformers and devices being monitored, and can be configured to display a
hierarchy of areas, substations, transformers and devices. This Chapter covers the
customization of the Asset Explorer.
Note: When used in conjunction with Perception Server, you have to be
supervisor status or above to be able to make any changes to the Asset Explorer.
Any changes that you make will be visible to all other users of the database at the
next refresh, which is normally within a few seconds.

Adding Assets
To add an asset to the Asset Explorer, right click on the database node, or asset
node under which the new asset will sit and select New, then select an asset to add.
You have the option of adding a new Area, Substation, Transformer, or Device.

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Figure 15: Add a new asset to the Asset Explorer

The new asset is added to the top of the Asset Explorer. You should now
complete the properties of the asset by going to either:

Transformer Properties, on page 29 or


Device Properties on page 31.

Renaming Assets
To rename an existing asset, right click on it, and select Rename:

Figure 16: Rename an asset in the Asset Explorer

The asset is renamed in the Asset Explorer.


Note: When used in conjunction with Perception Server, the renaming of the
asset will be visible to all other users of the database within a few seconds.

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Deleting Assets
To delete an asset from the database, right click on it, and select Delete, as
shown in Figure 17 below.

Figure 17: Delete an asset in the Asset Explorer

Warning: This action will delete the asset from the database entirely including
all data downloaded from that device.
Warning: The deletion of an asset will also delete all its sub-ordinate assets.
Thus, if you are reorganising the hierarchy into new groupings, ensure that you
move all of the subordinate assets to new areas within the Asset Explorer before the
deletion of a grouping.
Before the asset is deleted, you must confirm your action

Figure 18: Confirm the deletion of the asset

Selecting Yes deletes the asset; selecting No leaves the asset where it is.

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Organising Assets
The assets in the Asset Explorer can be grouped using drag and drop methods.
You can move individual assets, or move a tree of assets under another asset in the
asset tree depending on the hierarchical level selected.
To move an asset, hover the mouse pointer over the asset, and click and hold the
left mouse button. Drag the asset to its new position in the Asset Explorer hierarchy
and release the left mouse button.
Before the asset is moved, you must confirm your action

Figure 19: Confirm the move of the asset

Selecting Yes moves the asset; selecting No leaves the asset where it is. In the
example shown in Figure 20 below, the asset SubStation1 has been moved from
being at an equal level to Area1, to being sub-ordinate to and part of Area1.

Figure 20: Assets have been moved

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Adding a Wallboard
At an Area, Substation or Transformer level, you can add a wallboard to give
you an instant overview of the status of all sub-ordinate assets.
The image used for the wallboard background is user defined; the image can be
a BMP, JPEG, GIF or PNG file.
The wallboard configuration is tied to the PC hosting Perception Desktop. When
used in conjunction with Perception Server, each separate client PC with an instance
of Perception Desktop connecting to Perception Server must have its own wallboard
configuration setup.
To add a wallboard, hover your cursor over the area name in the Asset Explorer,
right click, and select wallboard as shown in Figure 21 below.

Figure 21: Adding a Wallboard

An open file dialog will be displayed, browse to the location of the image that you
wish to use and then select the image file. A new tab will appear in the right hand
workspace titled Wallboard. The selected image will be displayed at minimum zoom
within the workspace, with the area assets randomly placed on the map.
It is highly recommended that the resolution of the image file used matches the
display resolution of the monitor the wallboard will run on. I.e. if the monitor
displaying the wallboard has a resolution of 1920x1080 then the image file used
should have the same resolution of 1920x1080 pixels.

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Figure 22: Wallboard, with Area Assets

To configure the map to suit your display requirements:

Left mouse click whilst the cursor is within the map allows you drag the
map sideways or up/down.
Scroll wheel whilst the cursor is within the map zooms in and out.
Left mouse click whilst the cursor is over the asset location circle (the
cursor changes to a hand) and you can drag the asset to a new location
on the map.
Right click whilst hovering over the asset location circle gives the option
to display the location circle as a square. This can be used to distinguish
different asset locations type.
Right click whilst the cursor is within the map displays a menu of display
options:
o Dialogs: Show all or hide all asset dialogs. Each monitoring
devices name and status is shown against the asset.
Notes:
1. An individual asset dialog can be toggled between displayed
and not displayed by a double click of the cursor on the asset
location circle.
2. The size of the dialog display box can be altered by placing the
cursor over the lower right hand corner of the dialog box. The
cursor changes to a double headed arrow and left click plus
drag will alter the dialog box size.

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3. Left click whilst in the dialog box will enable you to drag the
dialog box around the map to a suitable display position.
4. The sizes and positions of the dialog boxes are remembered.
5. The title of the dialog box can be edited by right clicking within
the dialog box and choosing Edit title.
o
o
o
o

Change map file: opens a file browser to select a new map file.
Legend: displays or hides the legend for the asset status.
Show time: displays the current date and time in a separate dialog.
Full screen: Shows the wallboard in a full screen mode. To revert
to normal display, press Escape or right click again and select Exit
full screen.

A fully configured Wallboard in full screen mode is shown at Figure 23 below;

Figure 23: Wallboard Configured

If the condition of any of the devices listed under the wallboard node change to
reflect an alarm, service or bad sample condition the wallboard node colour will
change alerting the user to a problem in that area, substation or transformer.
When used in conjunction with Perception Server containing devices with
automatic download schedules, the colour of the wallboard nodes automatically
updates to reflect condition updates.

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Setting up Asset Properties


Transformer Properties
When a transformer is selected in the Asset Explorer, a Properties tab is
available in the right hand part of the Perception Desktop screen, as shown below in
Figure 24.
The Properties tab is used to configure the transformer. Since transformers do
not have data that can be automatically downloaded, the Transformer information
has to be manually entered.

Figure 24: Transformer properties

The sections within the properties tab are explained below.

Transformer Name

The Transformer Name is a free text field where you can change the default
name of the transformer and enter more descriptive text below.

Figure 25: Transformer Name


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Main Transformer Details

The main transformer name plate details are entered below and allow the
identity and corresponding details to be stored in the database.

Scroll to the right to enter primary and secondary Bushing details.

Figure 26: Transformer details

Voltage Sides

The Voltage Sides section allows information on the transformers Voltage Sides
to be stored in the database. To add a Side to the description, click the Add button.

Figure 27: Voltage Sides

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Compartments

The Compartments section allows information on the transformers


compartments to be stored in the database. To add a Compartment to the
description, click the Add button.

Figure 28: Transformer Compartments

If you want to delete a Compartment, click on the compartment line to be


deleted and then click the Remove button.
Having completed the Transformer properties, you should now add the
monitoring devices that are associated with the transformer. See:

Adding a new Asset above. And


Completing Device Properties below.

Transformer measurement data can be imported via a TOA formatted CSV file
(See importing and exporting data on page 40).

Device Properties
Reminder: When used in conjunction with Perception Server, you have to be of
Supervisor status or above to make any changes to device properties.
When a device is selected in the Asset Explorer (E.g., a Transfix 1.6), a Properties
tab is available in the right hand part of the Perception Desktop screen, as shown in
Figure 29 on the next page.
The Properties tab is used to configure the device.

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Figure 29: Device Properties

The Properties tab contains a number of sections, which are explained below:

Identity

The Identity section details the identity of the device

Figure 30: Device Identity Confirmation

The Identity section contains two read-only fields:


Device Type: The device type is defined by the type of asset added using the
Asset Explorer (see Adding Assets on page 22).
Serial Number: The serial number is populated when the first download is
performed from the device

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Communications

The Communications section allows the communication method to be defined


and configured.

Figure 31: Device Communications Configuration

Note: When used in conjunction with Perception Server, you specify the
communications with the device here as the Perception Desktop is the
controlling application. The Perception Server carries out the actual data
download, but Perception Desktop specifies all of the parameters.

The communications section contains the three header fields shown in Figure 31,
regardless of the type of device. Dependent upon your selection in the Media field,
other configuration entry fields may be displayed:
Media: Media defines what type of connection will be used to connect to the
device. Available options are:
o Network
Network adds two more options to the Communications section:

Hostname (or IP address): The devices host name or IP


address.
MODBUS/TCP Port: The MODBUS/TCP port defines what port is
used when connecting using the host name or IP address
(default value is 502).

o Modem
Modem adds one more option to the Communications section:

Phone Number: The phone number of the modem in the


device.

o Serial
Serial adds eight more options to the Communications section:

Slave Address: The address of the device on a multi-drop


network.
Protocol: The MODBUS protocol to use to communicate with
the device.

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COM Port: The local COM port to use when connecting to the
device.
Baud Rate: The maximum speed at which the device talks.
Data bits: The number of data bits in each character being
sent.
Parity: Turn on error correction.
Stop Bits: Use the hardware to detect stop bits (end of
messages), and re-synchronize the character stream.
Flow Control: Allow the transmission of data to be paused /
resumed.

Protocol: If a Hydran M2 or Intellix MO150 device is selected an additional


protocol field appears on the properties worksheet. This field is used to select the
protocol method used to communicate with the device. Perception Desktop
supports both DNP3 and Modbus protocols.
Connection Timeout: This field defines the time to wait before reporting a
connection timeout. Enter a value in seconds.
Note: A default value is created in this field when you select the Media type.
Password: The password of the device.

Auto-Download

When used in conjunction with Perception Server Auto-Download options


become available in the device properties. If you are connected to a local database,
then you can only carry out manual downloads, see page 38.
The Auto-Download section allows the connection to, and downloading from
devices to be automatically scheduled. The schedule settings are unique to the
device it is configured for, allowing for a staggered download schedule to be
implemented.

Figure 32: Device Auto-Download

Enabled: A check box that enables/disables the scheduling of downloads from


the device.
Schedule: Defines the download schedule, which can be defined by specific days
and specific times. The terminology used is Unix Cron. The key field descriptors
are:

If the * option is chosen, then an every has been chosen.


If 0 option is chosen, then that is at at the top of

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For examples, see Table 1 overleaf:


Mins Hours

Week
Days

Would result in a download at

30

08

08:30 every day

Mon

On the hour, every hour on Mondays

Wed

At 0:00 on every Wednesday

On the hour, every hour, every day of the week.


Table 1: Cron Examples

Next Scheduled Time: Time of the next scheduled download.

Auto-Export

Figure 33: Device Auto-Export

When used in conjunction with Perception Server, the Auto-Export option


becomes available in the device properties. You can enable the auto export to occur
at scheduled intervals. The Perception Server export table is empty by default which
results in the default Perception export format. To define a custom CSV format, you
must define the export table with appropriate mappings for the data using the
Perception Server Configuration Tool. See exporting data on page 41. The data is
automatically exported to the following location:
C:\Windows\ProgramData\GE_Energy\Perception
Note: Use the shortcut %programdata%to access C:\Windows\ProgramData.

Email

When used in conjunction with Perception Server, e-mail notification options


become available in the device properties.
Note: This is device specific, so if you need to be on the distribution email list for
a number of devices, you should complete this field for all of the devices,
required individually.

Figure 34: Device Email


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The Notification E-Mail Address defines the email address of the person who
receives condition alerts or communication issue notification emails for that
device. To add more than one e-mail address to the list, separate the
addresses with ;. If on subsequent data downloads the condition of the
device changes or Perception Server fails to communicate with the device, an
automatic email is generated and sent to the recipients specified in this field.
The Expert E-mail Address (if enabled in Perception Server) defines the email
address of the person who receives enhanced alarm notification emails. The
e-mail is a comprehensive account of a transformers details so that any
expert within or outside the organisation has all the necessary detail at hand.
This includes transformer nameplate details, triggered alarm information for
High High, Low Low, Digital Alarms and ROC alarms. It also includes ambient
temperature, top oil temperature and load currents information. A CSV
attachment with data records for the device in alarm is also included.
Device Connection

The Device Connection section displays the state of automated downloads to the
user.

Figure 35: Device Connection

State: Displays the current state of the connection to the device, E.g.:
o
o
o
o

Connecting,
Connected,
Downloading
Disconnected.

Progress: A progress bar shows the overall progress of a download, if one is in


progress.
Response: Textual error message showing the last communications error that
has occurred. This may be from a previous communications session.
Last download time: Updated with the last download time.

Device Properties Intellix BMT 300


The Intellix BMT 300 has an additional field in the Device Connection pane, called
Service Alarm. This field reports the nature of a service alarm that has been
flagged by the Intellix BMT 300. The possible alarms are listed below:

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o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o

High Comms cpu temperature status


High FPGA temperature status
Field Devices Comms Error
Rejected Phase Packet Status
Rejected PD Packet Status
Low Bushing Current Warning Status
Power System Frequency Warning Status
Inter cpu CANBUS device error status
High Bushing Adapter Temperature Status
Modbus comm. error status
No Signal warning status
Bushing R Failure Warning status

If the Intellix BMT 300 has any of these alarms triggered, the Blue service icon will
show on the device icon in the asset explorer. An example is shown at Asset
Explorer Key, on page 10.

Setting up the Device


Once the communications settings have been established, then the devicespecific setup can be run. To set up the device, right click on the device in the Asset
Explorer and select Setup

Figure 36: Set up the device

This will load a set up utility specific to the device.


Note: If you are connecting to the device via Modem or Serial then the Setup
option must be performed on an instance of Perception Desktop running on the
Perception Server, as it will be using the local Perception Desktop resources to
communicate with the device.

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Data Download from Devices through Perception Desktop


To download data from a device, the data is manual downloaded by right
clicking on the device in the asset explorer and selecting Download, as shown
below in Figure 37.

Figure 37: Select 'Download' from the device's menu

When used in conjunction with Perception Server the data can be scheduled to
automatically download (see Auto-Download* section above on page 34).
The data can still be manually downloaded during scheduled download intervals
by triggering a manual download on the device.
This starts the download. Notice that the device icon in the Asset Explorer gains
a spinning blue icon showing that the download is in progress. Also, if the
Properties tab is open, the progress bar in the device connection section will show
the download progress, as highlighted by the blue ellipse in Figure 38.

Figure 38: Downloading data from a device

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Data Download via USB communication support


Downloading from a Transfix device via USB must be performed via the
Transconnect application running on the PC.
Note: The Transconnect application is automatically installed with Perception
Desktop. It is usually located in the Programs/GE Energy directory.
The process is:

Close Perception Desktop.


Open the Transconnect application. (Start, All Programs, GE Energy,
Perception, Transconnect)

Connect your PC to the Transfix via a USB port.


You should see the device listed in a window, as shown in Figure 39 overleaf.
Figure 39 : TransConnect USB File Window

When connected to the Transfix device, the option to download the latest
records will be available.
The data is stored in a temporary folder called FileWatcher.
Exit the Transconnect application.
Upon the next launch of Perception Desktop, the downloaded data will be
automatically imported from the FileWatcher folder into the database
that Perception Desktop is connected to upon launch.

Note: If you have a copy of Perception Express on your PC and launch that
before Perception Desktop, then the downloaded data will be imported to the
Perception Express database. As Perception Desktop has all of the facilities
of Perception Express, it is recommended that any prior copies of Perception
Express are removed.
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Importing and exporting data


Import
You can import transformer measurements from a standalone CSV file.
Perception recognises three CSV formats out of the box as below, but you can also
define any custom CSV format using the Perception Server Configuration Tool:

Perception
Transconnect
TOA4

You may wish to do this if the communications link to the device has been
interrupted and you have physically visited the device to obtain the data.
In Perception Desktop, from the Actions>Import menu, select Import File,
as shown below in Figure 40.

Figure 40: Import file menu option

An Open file dialog is displayed allowing the data file to import to be selected
Select the name of the import file, and press the Open button to import the file into
the database, as shown in Figure 41 below.
If the device already exists, then the data is automatically added to the device. If
it is a new device for the database, then a new device will be created at the highest
level node. You will then have to move it to the correct location in the asset
hierarchy, see Organising the Assets on page 25.

Figure 41: Import a TOA file

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The file is imported into the database, and imported assets are displayed in the
asset tree. Its position in the asset tree hierarchy can be adjusted as described in
the chapter entitled Organising Assets, above.
Note: Nameplate information saved to the database is not time stamped. If a
TOA file contains several rows of nameplate information for one device the first row
for each compartment is saved. See the chapter on Transformer Nameplate
information above.
A progress bar is displayed during the import. The import may take several
minutes depending on the size of the file. An import summary dialog is displayed
when the import completes with a link to the corresponding log file. The log file is
saved in the same location as the import CSV file and records details of the import
including any errors.
If the Transformer already exists in your asset explorer it will be updated with the
new data contained in the CSV file.
To import data into a Transformer which already exists in the asset explorer,
ensure the following columns in the csv file match the details held in Transformer
properties page:

Equipnum The name of the Transformer


Serialnum The serial number of the Transformer
Apprtype Device type (TRN for Transformer)

Note: While an Import is in progress, you cannot delete or rename other assets
in the Asset Explorer.

Export
You can export transformer measurements for the entire fleet or for selected
transformers or devices. Perception saves the dataset as a CSV file that conforms to
one of the following standards, but you can also define any custom CSV format
using the Perception Server Configuration Tool:

Perception
Transconnect
TOA4

This is useful if you wish to export the data into another system to perform
custom analysis.
In Perception Desktop, from the Actions>Export menu, select Export Selected
as shown in

Figure 42. Note: You can also right click the device to access a shortcut menu option.

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Figure 42: Export Selected menu option

A Save Exported File As dialog is displayed allowing the data to be saved as a


CSV file as shown in Figure 43.

Figure 43: Export to a CSV file

Downloading Service Logs


Service & Factory Logs can be downloaded from some devices, either remotely
over a network, or directly from a Transfix via a USB connection. To configure the
download, use the menu option Tools>Download Service Logs... The dialog
shown in Figure 44 opens. Note: You can also right click the device to access a
shortcut menu option.
It defaults to a network source. Use
the top dropdown to select USB if you
are at the Transfix site. The dialog
changes to that shown in Figure 45 on
the next page.
For a network source, you have to
supply the IP address and enter the
secure POTM code. To obtain the POTM
code, please contact GE customer
services. Enter the destination folder on
your PC, or use the Browse button (
) to navigate to the destination
folder.

Perception Desktop User Guide

Figure 44: Download Service Logs Default Dialog

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For a USB direct connection, you just


have to supply the destination folder on
your laptop. Note: You must use the USB
port inside the Transfix, behind the Control
panel.
This file can then be sent to GE
customer services for analysis.

Figure 45: USB Download of Service Logs

Worksheets

Perception Desktop contains a number of worksheets that are used to visualise


the data and diagnose faults using the various tabs at the bottom of the screen as
illustrated by the example shown in Figure 46.

Figure 46: Selecting a Worksheet

The worksheets are as follows:

Data Table: The Data Table lists the individual samples for each parameter.
You can select the data range and the parameters to suit. See Data Table
Tab on page 53.
Status: The Status tab lists latest downloaded value of the measured
parameters and their status against the alarm thresholds, see page 52.
Note: The alarm thresholds can be set by launching the device setup in
Perception Desktop.
Total Dissolved Combustible Gasses (TDCG): The TDCG chart displays a
stacked chart containing the temporal values of each gas, and also the
cumulative values for all gasses. See page 56 for an example.
Trend Chart: Line charts are used to display the raw data for user selected
measurements. Multiple trend charts can be created, each displaying
different sets of gasses or peripherals. See a description on page 46 and
how to change the displayed parameters on page 49.
Key Gas: IEEE C57-104 offers diagnosis through calculating the relative
proportions (in percent) of these key gases to the rest of the gases in the
transformer. See the example Key Gas display on page 57.
Gas Ratios: Displays the proportions of key gasses on a 3 dimensional cube
lattice or a table, using ratios defined by IEC 60599, IEEE C57.104, Rogers
Ratio and Doernenburg Ratios. See example Gas Ratios display on page 58.
Ratios: Trends any gas ratios that have been set up for Transfix devices. You
can also add your own custom gas ratio. See Ratio Alarm Trending at page
61.
Japanese ETRA Analysis: An alternative visualisation and diagnostic tool.
Diagrams A & B are available. See ETRA Charts at page 64.

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Duvals Triangle: Describes how the concentrations of dissolved gases or free


gases may be interpreted to diagnose the condition of oil-filled electrical
equipment in service and suggests future action. An example Duvals Triangle
display is at page 62. You have the choice of 4 different formats of Duvals
triangle: Classic; LTC (oil filled) and Duvals 4 & 5 low temperature triangles.
Models: Provide diagnostics using state of the art mathematical transformer
models based on IEEE or IEC standards. Calculated using monitored transformer
characteristics taken by the Intellix MO150 and Hydran M2. See Models on page
65.
Bushing Monitor: This tab is only activated for the Intellix BMT 300 device. It
shows a polar plot of Bushing leakage current and phase angle. See Bushing
Monitor Polar Charts on page 69. You can also switch to a Histogram view. This
shows a histogram version of the polar plot to give the user an idea of the
measurement point densities on the graph. See Polar Plot Histogram on page 72.
Partial Discharge: This tab is only activated for the Intellix BMT 300 device. It
shows a polar plot of Partial Discharge. See Partial Discharge Polar Charts on
page 75.

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Default Device Charts

Key Gas

Gas Ratio

Ratios

Transfix 1.5

Taptrans

Dualtrans

Multitrans

Minitrans

Hydran M2

Intellix
MO150

Transformer

Intellix BMT
300

Bushing
Monitor
Partial
Discharge

TDCG

Models

Data
Table

ETRA

Status

Transfix 1.6

Duvals
Triangle

Trends

When a new device is added to Perception Desktop, a default set of charts will be
enabled when the device is selected in the asset explorer.

Table 2: Default Diagnostic Charts by Device Type

More trends can be added by the user, see the chapter entitled, Create a New
Chart on page 48 below.

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Trend Chart
The trend chart is typical of all of the diagnostic charts. It can be configured to
show groups of gasses or other available measured parameters, with multiple
versions of the chart being open concurrently.

Figure 47: Dissolved Gas Trend Analysis

Key to the Chart areas:

- Select the date range for the X axis of the chart. Whenever you place your
cursor within the grey plotting area, a vertical date line follows the cursor,
with the precise date & time reported in the yellow box.

- The Legend for the measured parameters. The


value below each item is the value of the item at
the yellow box date & time () time on the X axis.
If the cursor is not within the plot area, then the
values are as at the right hand end of the plot
lines. To change the plotted colour of an item, a
double left click on the legend colour launches a
format dialog, as shown right.

- The Y axis values for the selected item from the legend. Although all of the
parameters are plotted, they have, by default, individual scales. Other

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scaling methods are selectable. See Change Y Scale Method on page 50 for
full details.

- The slider smoothes the trend lines, the left position (shown) has least
smoothing. Sliding the control to the right introduces progressively more
smoothing. This can be useful in removing spikes and revealing the general
trend of the parameters.
If you right click when your cursor is within
the plot area, an options menu is
displayed, as shown in Figure 48, to the
right.

Chart: changes the method of


scaling the Y axis. This is described
in detail at Change Y Scale Method
on page 50.
Auto scale returns the Y axis
scaling to default.
Appearance alters the appearance
of details within the trend chart.
Reset Zoom returns the trend plot
Figure 48: Right Click Menu
to display all points between the
start and finish dates.
View alters whether the legend is displayed or not.
Annotations allow you to place notes on the trend chart. This is
described in detail at Add Annotations on page 51.
Print prints the trend graph to your printer.
Print Preview allows you to configure the print output and see the
effects before printing.
Copy copies the trend chart to the Windows Clipboard, so that it can
be pasted into another application, for instance a document.
Save creates a png image of the trend chart that can be saved as a
picture.
Add/Remove Measurement Points allows you to select/deselect
which parameters form those available are plotted on the trend
graph. See Add Measurements to the Chart on page 49 for details.

Tip: You can zoom into part of a plot, an example is shown in Figure 49
overleaf. Place the cursor in the grey plotting area at the top left X-Y
position of the desired zoom area. Then left click and drag your mouse to
the bottom right of the desired zoom area (as illustrated by the red
arrow). When you release the mouse button, the plot range will be
zoomed in.

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Figure 49: Zooming in Plot Area

The zoom can be reversed by left clicking and dragging back in the opposite
direction to the red arrow.
It can also be reset by right click the mouse and selecting the Reset Zoom option,
which is the 4th option from the top in the menu shown in Figure 48.

Create a new Trend Chart


To open a new trend, under the View menu, select New and then the type of
new chart, for this example it will be a new Trend Chart.

Figure 50: Open a new dissolved gas chart

This action opens a new blank trend chart that can be configured to display
groups of measurements.
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Add Measurements to the Chart


To add measurements to a trend chart, right click anywhere within the trend
chart tab, and select Add/Remove Measurement Points. Check the measurements
to be trended in the chart, as shown in Figure 51 below.

Figure 51: Add measurements to the trend chart

Notes:

The measurement parameters offered are device specific: a Transfix will


offer gas measurements; a Intellix BMT 300 will offer discharge and phase
measurements.
The Total Dissolved Combustible Gasses (TDCG) from the TDCG worksheet
is one of the parameters available in a general trend graph.

Remove Measurements from the Chart


To remove measurements from a trend chart: right click anywhere within the
trend chart tab, and then select Add/Remove Measurement Points. Uncheck the
measurements to be removed from the chart, as shown in Figure 52 overleaf.

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Figure 52: Remove measurements from the trend chart

Change Y Scale method


A number of Y scale methods are available for the trend chart. Right click the
cursor anywhere within the trend chart, then select the Chart option from the
menu. (This is the top item in the menu shown in Figure 52 above.) The options
offered are:

Common: All parameters are on a common Y scale. Small concentrations


will be squeezed together at the bottom of the chart.
Individual: The default method. Each parameter is plotted with its own
vertical scale, which gives some vertical separation to the trend lines. The
parameter selected from the legend then has its Y scale indicated on the
Y axis.
Log: All items plotted together, but the Y axis is logarithmic. This
separates out the parameters at the lower end of the chart, but will have
the effect of squashing the high value parameters.
Conditional: Only parameters that have alarmed during the selected
time period are plotted on the graph.

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Add Annotations
You can add annotations to a trend graph, see the sequence below.
Place the cursor at the position on the X axis
(time) where you wish to place an annotation.
Note: the time repeater at the top of the
graph that may assist in accurate placement
of the annotation. See Figure 55.

Figure 53: Annotations

Right click and select Annotations > New. See


figure
Enter the desired text in the text box that
appears on the X axis. Figure 55

Click outside the text box when finished to


commit text. See Figure 55
Other controls:

Figure 54: Adding Annotations

The annotations can be hidden by right click


then Annotations > Hide All.
Hidden annotations can be revealed by right
click then Annotations > Show All.
An individual annotation can be edited or
deleted by right clicking whilst the cursor is
within the annotation text box. You are then
offered the choices of Edit or Delete
Note: When used in conjunction with
Perception Server, annotations created will
appear on the trend chart of the device on all
connected Perception Desktop clients.
Figure 55: New Annotation
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Rename a Chart
To rename a trend chart, right click on the trend chart tab itself, and then select
Rename, as shown below in Figure 56 .

Figure 56: Rename the trend chart

Status Tab
The Status Tab shows the latest downloaded parameter values and is the
suggested view to start with when investigating an alarm occurrence. The alarming
parameters are highlighted with the latest downloaded data date. An example is
shown below at Figure 57.

Figure 57: The Device Status Tab

The High-High and Low-Low alarms are highlighted in red, the High and
Low alarms in amber. The ROC column indicates whether a Rate of Change alarm

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has been set for that item. If the ROC alarm is activated, the Status column will
show ROC.
Ratio alarm measurement points are also displayed if they are configured on the
device.

Data Table Tab


The Data Table Tab lists the data that has been received between the main data
range that has been selected. You can add and remove the measurements by right
clicking within the display area, as shown in Figure 58, below.

Figure 58: Data Table - Add Parameters

The selected parameters are displayed in one of 5 colours:


White:
Amber:
Red:
Pink:
Blue:

Data sample normal.


Data sample caution (ie has exceeded a high or low threshold).
Data sample is Alarming (ie has exceeded a high-high or low-low
threshold).
Uncertainty in the measurement accuracy.
Data sample is considered to be in error.

Examples are shown in Figure 59 on the next page.

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Figure 59: Data Sample Colours

Rate of Change Alarm


The Rate of Change Alarm is designed to alert the user if there is a gradual change
in the gas levels of the Transformer over a set period of time. The user will receive
notification in the Status worksheet.
When used in conjunction with Perception Server with e-mail notification
configured, an alarm notification email, (see page 36 for how to set it up), similar to
that shown in Figure 60 below will be sent to the designated recipients.

Figure 60: Example Rate of Change Alert Email

To set up the ROC limits, launch the device setup option from the asset explorer.
In the Alarms tab, you can set the maximum Rate of Change in ppm/hours for
Caution and Alarm; see the example at Figure 61 overleaf.
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Figure 61: ROC Settings in TransConnect

The ROC time window measurement unit is days and the default is one hour, as
shown in the ROC Time Window field, highlighted above. The minimum number of
samples within the time window used to calculate the ROC is set in the ROC
Minimum Samples field. If you set the number to >1, then an isolated
measurement should not trigger the ROC alarm, it will take a more persistent
change to trigger the alarm.

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Total Dissolved Combustible Gases (TDCG) Chart


The Total Dissolved Combustible Gases (TDCG) Chart is a pre-set chart, which has
very similar controls as the basic Dissolved Gas Trend Analysis chart discussed
above. The key differences are:

It is a pre-set chart; you cannot change the selection of the gasses.


The values are stacked upon each other, so that you can see the relative
proportions of each gas.
The Change Compartment option in the right-click menu allows to you
to change the phase/compartment of the device being displayed.
Note: Once you have settled on your selection of parameters, it is
suggested that you rename the chart to indicate which
compartment/phase is being displayed.

Figure 62: TDCG Chart

By scanning left and right, you can home in on spikes or adverse trends in the
total gas concentrations.
Tip: Use this graph to find the date range of interest. If you then set the From
and To dates in this view; they get carried over to the other views, so that they are
all displaying the same peaks.

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Key Gas
The Key Gas tab compares the concentrations of key gasses against thresholds
for 4 deterioration conditions:

Arcing from load current.


Corona, Partial discharge.
Overheated oil.
Overheated paper.

See the example at Figure 63 below.

Figure 63: Key Gas Graphical Displays

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The largest set of readings from the selected date range is displayed; the actual
date of the readings is shown in the centre of the four graphs, highlighted in the blue
rectangle of Figure 63.
The bar graphs are indicating the percentage that each gas is of the total of the
6 gasses being presented. For each gas, the coloured bar indicates the actual
percentage and the buff bar indicates the threshold percentage used in the fault
condition indication. The numeric values of the percentages are above the
staggered bars, as shown by the red rectangle in Figure 63.
The figure in the centre of each graph, highlighted in the green rectangle, is the
percentage of confidence in the most likely fault condition of the four. This will be
influenced by the number and extent of the parameters exceeding their thresholds.

Gas Ratios
The Gas Ratios tab displays the concentrations of gases in a 3 axis cube graph.
The position of the plot points is indicative of certain fault conditions.

Figure 64: Gas Ratios Tab

The method of plotting the gas ratios can be selected in the Ratios dropdown,
highlighted by the blue rectangle in Figure 64 above. The choices are IEC 60599,
IEEE C57.104 or a Ratios Table.
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The trend range that is plotted from the main date range is shown in the time
line bar, highlighted by the red rectangle. The plot points (highlighted by the green
rectangle) are similarly coloured from cyan to dark blue along the time line.
Note: The span of the timeline plotted is the latest available reading within the
main date range, and the last 50 readings prior to that.
You can rotate the cube by clicking the left mouse button to one side of the cube,
and then dragging the mouse.
Note: When you open the Gas Ratios tab, the last plot point in the timeline is
automatically selected, and its values displayed in the Selected Point drop down. If
you select another plot point node, then black dotted lines project its position onto
the cube surfaces and the Selected Point drop down is updated. The selected point
info on the legend is also updated. A diagnosis for the selected point is displayed, as
highlighted in the Selected Point drop down in Figure 64.
The IEEE C57.104 version of the Gas Ratios is shown below in Figure 65.

Figure 65: IEEE C57.104 Version of Gas Ratios

In addition, the Ratios Table option indicates the IEC 57.104 Transformer
Condition, Rogers Ratio and Doernenburg Ratio, with their resultant diagnoses for
the selected point. Figure 66 on the next page is an example of the Ratios Table
display.

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Figure 66: Ratios Table View of Gas Ratios Worksheet

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Transfix Ratio Alarm Trending


The Ratio workbook displays any gas ratio and their alarm limits that are set on a
Transfix Device on a trend chart.

Figure 67: Ratios Trend Graph

When displaying a preset ratio retrieved from the device, the fractional formula
ratio is greyed out, though it can be seen which gases are used in the ratio.
To create your own custom ratio, use the Ratios drop down to select Custom
Ratio. Select which gases you require on the numerator and denominator. When
this is plotted, there is no appropriate alarm limits to plot, so just the ratio is plotted,
as shown below in figure 69.

Figure 68: Custom Ratio Trend Plot


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Duvals Triangle
Duvals Triangle is an alternative method of mapping the gas concentrations to
possible fault conditions. The Duvals Triangle tab layout is very similar to the Gas
Ratios described in the previous paragraphs. The Duvals Triangle is available in 4
different formats, using the Duvals Triangles drop down:

The Classic.
LTC the Type 2 for Load Tap Changer (mineral oil filled).
Type 4 Low temperature faults, using different gasses from the Classic.
Type 5 Low temperature faults, using the same gasses as the Classic.

Note: The Low Temperature faults Duvals Triangles should only be applied to
faults identified by the Classic Duval Triangle as possible faults PD, T1, or T2, and
should be viewed only as a complement of information for the Classic Duval
Triangle.
At Figure 70 below, an example of the Classic Duvals Triangle is shown.

Figure 70: Duval's Triangle Tab

A data point can be selected either from the plot on the Duvals Triangle, or by
sliding along the time line at the bottom of the display. Both the time line and the
plot points are coloured from cyan (earliest) to deep blue (latest). The Selected Point
dropdown reveals the plot data and the diagnosis for the selected point (Electrical &
Thermal fault for this example). The other versions of the Duvals Triangle for the
same data point are shown at Figure 71 overleaf.
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LTC
Example Diagnosis: T2
severe thermal fault
(300<T<700 C, coking

Type 4 Low
Temperature Faults
(using Hydrogen, Methane
& Ethane)
Example Diagnosis: S
Stray gassing of mineral
oil

Type 5 Low
Temperature Faults
(using Methane, Ethylene
& Ethane)
Example Diagnosis: C
Hot spots with
carbonization of paper
(T>300 C)

Figure 71: Other Versions of Duval's Triangle

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Japanese ETRA Charts


The ETRA tab displays gas ratios according to the Japanese ETRA standards:

Diagram A classifies overheating and discharges.


Diagram B categorises the discharges.

The tab format follows the same display and control conventions as the Gas
Ratios and Duvals Triangle tabs:

The type of diagram is selected from the ETRA diagrams dropdown.


The plot points and time line go from cyan (earliest) to deep blue (latest).
The selected plot point has dotted lines to the axes to enable the ratio
values to be read off.
The Selected Point dropdown has the plot point source data values and
the diagnosis.

Diagram A:
Classification of
Overheating &
Discharges
Example Diagnosis: D Discharges

Diagram B: Details of
Discharges
Example Diagnosis: PD
Partial Discharges (Low
Energy)

Figure 72: The ETRA Displays


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Models
The Intellix MO150 and Hydran M2 devices provide an array of parameters (such
as current, voltage, temperature, moisture etc). The Perception Desktop utilises
algorithms (or models) to combine these parameters to calculate and infer other
transformer conditions and displays the graphical models.
The models available in Perception Desktop are:

Dynamic Loading. This provides the operator with a continuous


estimation of the capacity of the transformer to continue safe operation
under temporary overloading conditions. A brief description of the model
is at Appendix C: Multi Host Models, starting on page 112.
Insulation Ageing. Monitors the key parameters that lead to the
breakdown of the insulation paper in the transformer windings. A brief
description of the model is at Appendix C: Multi Host Models, starting on
page 113.
Moisture and Bubbling. Monitors the water content in the oil and the
current oil temperature compared to the temperature at which bubbles
would form in the oil (dependent upon the atmospheric pressure). A brief
description of the model is at Appendix C: Multi Host Models, starting on
page 114.
Apparent Power in MVA. This continuously monitors the load carried by
the transformer. A brief description of the model is at Appendix C: Multi
Host Models, starting on page 115
Winding Hot-Spot Temperature (WHST). This model uses a number of
parameters to estimate the temperature of the hottest spot in the
winding, as opposed to the general winding temperature. A brief
description of the model is at Appendix C: Multi Host Models, starting on
page 115.

In addition, there are device-specific sensor reading history graphs:


Hydran M2 Only

Temperature Model. Displays the history of various key transformer


temperatures.
o RH sensor temperature.
o Heater power (in % of full power).
o Top oil temperature.
o RH sensor hourly average temperature.
o Hydran sensor temperature.
o Base plate temperature.
Hydran Readings. Displays the history of various key Hydran readings.
o Hydran reading in ppm.
o Hydran reading hourly trend, in ppm

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o Hydran reading daily trend, in ppm


o Hydran sensor temperature.
Intellix MO150 Only

Transformer Status Model. This model provides a display of the main


sensors feeding the Intellix MO150. It can accommodate up to six analog
and/or digital signals and/or model outputs.
o Temperature sensors
o Current transformers (CTs) for load current
o Hydran intelligent transmitter
o Aquaoil 400 relative humidity-in-oil analyser
o Electric or acoustic partial discharge (PD) detectors
o Geomagnetically-induced current detectors.

The individual models are selected by the appropriate tab in the Models
worksheet.
Figure 73 below shows a typical format for a model display tab: a trending graph
with gauges to indicate the spot values.

Figure 73: Example of a Model Display

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General Controls
The general controls for the Models worksheet are:

All of the available parameters for that model are plotted on the trend
graph, unless they are positively de-selected.
To de-clutter the trend graph, individual parameters can be de-selected
from the plot by clicking the coloured square so that it toggles to the
large size, see the example at Figure 74 below. The upper screen shot has
all parameters plotted. The lower screen shot has had the purple plot deselected

Figure 74: Example of De-Selecting a Parameter

Note: If you hover the cursor over a coloured square, a description of the
parameter is shown in a pop up. The colour of the square also matches
the colour bar beneath the appropriate gauge.

The gauges indicate the most recent reading in the selected date range,
unless the cursor is within the graph area, when they indicate the value at
the cursor position.

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The gauges indicate the parameter value. The value is also repeated in
digital form at the 6 oclock position within the dial. If there is no digital
number, then there are no values (as opposed to the value zero).
Some gauges may have green, yellow and red borders on their
circumference. This indicates the normal, low and high operating ranges,
if they have been set at the Hydran M2/Intellix MO150 device. See
examples at Figure 75 below.

Figure 75: An Example of the Gauge

Some models have user-selected averaging period (at the source device).
If that is the case, the Text parameters, between the Gauges and the
Graph Plot show the settings for the averaging periods,

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BMT 300 Polar Charts


The Polar Charts are only available with Intellix BMT 300 devices. There are 2
sets of polar charts:

Bushing Monitor
Partial Discharge

Each is available on a separate tab. The use of polar charts is to better identify
and quantify which bushing (%C1 and %PF) or phase (PD) is being affected with
respect to the other two. External factors such as temperature and load variations
affect all three bushings (and thus all three phases) equally. When data is plotted on
the polar charts, the temperature and load variations are negated and have no
effect on the output that is displayed on the polar charts. Each plot point represents
the sum of all three bushings OR phases. The radius of the plot gives its magnitude
(e.g. % change) and the angle on the polar chart gives a visual indication of which
bushing(s) are affected.

Intellix BMT 300 Bushing Monitor Tab Polar Charts


The Bushing Monitor Tab presents two polar charts displaying the following
parameters:

The change in the Bushing Capacitance\C1 (%) change over time.


The change in the Bushing Relative Power Factor (%) change over time.

An example is shown in the thumb nail below at Figure 76.

Figure 76: Thumbnail of Intellix BMT 300 Polar Charts

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The tab has the following controls, see Figure 77:

The date range to display can be set by the calendars at the top left of the
pane (highlighted by the blue box in Figure 77). The date range is also
repeated in the colour bar at the bottom of the pane (highlighted by the
red box in Figure 77). The earliest plot point is in cyan, ranging to deep
blue for the most recent plot point.
You can reset the date range to the default of all available data points,
ending in the most recent, by pressing the Reset Dates button, which is
in the blue box in Figure 77.
The slider, highlighted by the red box in Figure 77, allows you to zoom in
and out in the polar chart. The effects of zooming and restricting the date
range are shown in Figure 78, on the next page.

Figure 77: Bushing Monitor Polar Charts - Controls

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Zooming in and restricting the date range, as shown in Figure 78, makes
tracking the parameter over time more visible.

Figure 78: Bushing Monitor Polar Chart - Zoomed In

Both the left and right pane controls in the tab are independent allowing the
user to view different data or date ranges at the same time.

If you right-click whilst inside the plot area, you get options on changing
what to display, as shown in Figure 79 below.
o You can select Primary or Secondary Bushings as the source.
o You can also change the measurement parameter. Thus, you
could set both polar charts to Power Factor (say) and have
different date ranges or zooms side by side.

Figure 79: Right-Click Menus

The Plot option in the menu gives you the choice of Polar or Histogram
view. See Figure 80 on the next page for an example.

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Figure 80: Histogram View of the Polar Chart

In Figure 80:

The left hand pane has been changed to histogram view, the right hand
pane is the same data selection and zoom, but in plain polar view.
The colouration of the histogram pixels indicates the density of
measurements at that point. This is useful when there are a large
number of plot points: the plain polar view indicates the range of values,
the histogram the commonality of the values. The histogram view can
also be zoomed to give greater density detail.
The graph button highlighted in the green box of
Figure 77, and shown right, leads to a trend chart of
the values displayed in the polar chart. The button is
shown enlarged to the right. See Figure 81 overleaf
for an example of the resulting trend charts.
The ? button gives a description of what the Polar Plot or Trend Plot is
currently depicting.

Capacitance Alarms
The Intellix BMT 300 is shipped from the factory with the following default alarm
settings for % capacitance change:
A change in capacitance within 5% from original capacitance nameplate value,
signifies that the bushing is acceptable and in good health. The polar chart
representation will be shaded in green.
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First Level: A change in capacitance between 5% and 10% from original


capacitance nameplate value signifies that the bushing characteristics have
changed and the bushing needs to be monitored more carefully. The polar chart
representation will be shaded in yellow.
Second Level: A change in capacitance of 10% or greater from original
capacitance nameplate value signifies that the characteristics of the bushings have
significantly changed and that the bushing should be removed from service for
further internal diagnoses. The polar chart representation will be shaded in red.
Figure 81 shows an example with alarm settings at 0.5% and 2% capacitance.

Figure 81: Bushing Monitor Polar Chart - Alarms

Relative Power Factor Alarms


The Intellix BMT 300 is shipped from the factory with the following default alarm
settings for % relative power factor change:
A change in relative power factor up to 150% from original power factor
nameplate value, signifies that the bushing is acceptable and in good health.
First Level: A change in relative power factor between 150% and 200% from
original power factor nameplate value signifies that the bushing characteristics
have changed and the bushing needs to be monitored more carefully.
Second Level: A change in relative power factory of 200% or greater from
original power factor nameplate value signifies that the characteristics of the
bushings have significantly changed and that the bushing should be removed from
service for further internal diagnoses.

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Figure 82 shows a trend chart with the %relative power factor change and
default alarm limit set points. This provides an indication of the movement of the
measurements over time.
Note: The default alarm set points for both the % capacitance change and the
%relative power factor change alarms are user adjustable and can be changed via
the BMT 300 configuration software detailed in the BMT 300 user manual.

Figure 82: Trend Chart for Power Factor and Alarms

Note: the displayed parameters are pre-set, but many of the display features can
be altered in a similar manner to the standard trend graph, as outlined at Trend
Charts on page 46.
You can return to the Polar Chart source view by pressing
the left hand button of the 2 buttons that are in the top right
hand corner of the pane (shown enlarged in Figure 83)
Figure 83: Return to
Polar View

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Intellix BMT 300 Partial Discharge Tab Polar Charts


The Partial Discharge tab displays polar charts concerning the partial discharges
detected by the Intellix BMT 300. The layout differs from the Bushing Monitor tab, in
that there are 3 polar charts; one in a major pane, two in minor panes, as shown in
Figure 84 below. The polar plot that is in the major pane is in focus and major
controls act on this display.

Figure 84: Partial Discharge Type Polar Plots

The three polar plots that are displayed are the:

Partial Discharge Count.


Partial Discharge Index (PDI); measured in mW.
Partial Discharge Value; measured in pico Coulombs (pC).

The display controls act on the polar chart that is displayed in the major
pane. Either of the polar charts in the minor panes can be moved to be the major in
focus pane by clicking the double arrow icon at the top left hand corner of its
display pane (ringed by a blue circle in Figure 84 above). The display controls are:

The date/time range to display is selected at the top left of the header of
the major pane. The date range is also repeated in the colour bar at the
bottom of the pane. The earliest plot point is in cyan, ranging to deep
blue for the most recent plot point.
Pressing the Reset Dates button resets the date range to include all
available data.
The zoom of the radial scale is changed by the zoom slider underneath
the polar chart.
Note: The changes only apply to the major pane; the two plots in the
minor pane remain at default un-zoomed and timeframe. Changes persist
when moved out and back into focus.

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By right clicking whilst inside the plot


area of the major pane, you can choose
whether to display time line or histogram.

Pressing the graphing button at the top right corner of the


major window pane toggles the display to a trend graph of the
parameter that is in major window pane polar chart. An
example is shown below in Figure 85.

Figure 85: Trend Graph from a PD Polar Chart

The device High and High-High alarms thresholds are plotted as amber
and red lines, respectively.
You can switch back to the three-polar chart display by
pressing the polar chart icon at the top right hand corner
of the display.

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Transformer Status Report


The transformer status report is a facility to produce a one page document
containing the key overview details of a transformer based on the data held in
Perception Desktop.
To generate the report, right click on a qualifying asset in the asset tree.
Transformers, Transfix*, Hydran M2 & Intellix MO150 devices all support this feature.

Figure 86 Transformer Status Report context menu option

Under the report option you will see the device selected as well as any qualifying
child devices listed. Selecting a device will launch the Report Configuration Wizard.

Figure 87: Transformer Report Wizard

Includes multitrans/minitrans/taptrans/dualtrans.

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The Name and Logo of the Company can be entered in the Organization
Details section, see Figure 88 below for an example. The recommended
dimensions for the logo are 128x128 pixels.

Figure 88: Example of Organisation Details

The details that the report will contain are configured in the Report
Configuration section.

The Date Range sets the date range that the data will span within the
report.
Duvals Triangle dropdown allows you to select which of the four duvals
triangle options to display on the report.
Gas Ratio dropdown allows you to select which of the 2 gas ratio
diagnostics is added on the report.
Note: The diagnostic information provided by the Gas Ratio is printed on
the report above the conclusion. The Gas Ratio diagram is not displayed
on the report.

The Select Trend Chart drop down contains a list of the trend charts
available for the report. If you have multiple trend charts in the device
workbook area, these will appear here. You can choose to use one of the
predefined trend charts or create a custom trend chart and select which
variables to display. Figure 89 on the next page shows the variable
selection list being used.

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Figure 89 Report Wizard Custom Chart

Clicking the Reset button will reset all the options back to the default setting.
Clicking the Report button will generate the report on screen. An example of a
single page report is shown overleaf at Figure 90. A description of the further
customisation options of the report follows the figure.

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Figure 90: Generated Report

The top section of the report contains the:


Date Range of the data contained in the report.
The company details.
The location and monitor information of the asset as is in the asset
explorer.
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The status of the asset (in alarm or not), and


The date the report was generated.

The Report contains 3 user text-entry fields: The Overview; Body (above the
Diagnostics charts) and Conclusion.
The Trend Chart section shows the trend chart selected in the report wizard and
the data table to its right lists the measurement point information depicted in the
trend chart.

You can select a point in the trend chart by left clicking within the chart.
This will draw a red line on the trend chart and also populate the
Selected section of the data table.
The scale on the trend chart is set to individual scale and is based on
the first measurement added to the chart.
The Current column in the data table contains the latest measurement
point information in the selected date range.
The Status column shows the current alarm status of the displayed
measurement points.

The Diagnostic section shows the tank that was selected for the report in
brackets beside the Diagnostic title. The Duvals Triangle, most probable Key Gas
chart and TDCG chart are also displayed with their corresponding key diagnosis
under each chart. There is also a statement which shows the corresponding key
diagnosis from the Gas Ratio.
Click the Save button to save the completed report as a png format image file
allowing the report to be emailed.
The Print button sends the report to your configured printed and the Close
button will close the report.
Note: report details are not stored, so closing the report will remove any selected
point information as well as the user added text.

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Workflow Scheduler
Workflows can be scheduled from Perception Desktop via the Tools menu.

Figure 91: Tools menu

Clicking the Workflow Scheduler option launches the Workflow Scheduler dialog.

Figure 92: Workflow Scheduler dialog

To enable scheduling, select the Enabled checkbox and then specify when the
workflow should run. For example, every 6 hours of every day is specified as follows.

Figure 93: Workflow Scheduler enabled

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Launching External Applications


External applications can be launched from Perception Desktop via the Tools
menu.

Figure 94 - External Tools Menu Option

Clicking the External Tools option launches the External Tools Configuration
form.

Figure 95 External Tools Configuration Form

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To create a new entry click the Add button as highlighted in Figure 95, the Title
and Path fields will be highlighted with red boxes to indicate they are required fields,
see Figure 96 below for an illustration.

Figure 96: After clicking Add

Enter the Title for the external tool and the path of the executable, there is a
browse button to the right side of the path field to allow users to browse to the
executable location. An example of adding Windows Notepad as a tool is shown
below at Figure 97

Figure 97: Notepad External tool entry

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You can also add an argument parameter to the external tool; the argument can
be a command or file to open when the external application is launched. An
example is shown below at Figure 98.

Figure 98: Notepad with Argument

Clicking the OK button on the window will add the configured external tools to
the Tools menu option, as shown below in Figure 99.

Figure 99 Tools Menu option with Notepad added to external tools

When you click these options from the Tools menu, the external tool will be
launched independently from Perception Desktop.

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To delete an external tool entry:

Launch the External Tools form from the Tools menu.


Select the external tool entry you want to delete and click delete.
You will be prompted to ask if you are sure you want to delete the
selected tool. Clicking Yes will remove the tool completely; selecting
No will leave the tool listed.

Figure 100 Deleting an External Tool

Clicking Yes removes the tool from the External Tools form; clicking Ok then
commits this change so the external tool is no longer listed on the Tools menu. See
Figure 101 below.

Figure 101 Tools Menu Option, with Notepad removed


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INSTALLATION & INITIAL SETUP


Overview
There are 3 main steps to installing and setting up Perception Desktop:

Installing the Perception Desktop software on your PC.


o Note: If your PC is shared with other users, you can select to install
Perception Desktop to be available to yourself only, or all users of
the PC.
Authorizing the software to run.
o This requires you to register your company details and the unique
software license code with GE Digital Energy. You receive an
authorization code back that allows the Perception Desktop to run.
Set up the connections to the Perception databases or Perception Server.
o You can connect to local databases that have been sourced
through Perception Express.
o If you install TRANSPORT X software on your PC, you can also
incorporate data from the TRANSPORT X portable range.

Installation of Package
To install Perception Desktop, insert the Perception Desktop CD into your PCs CD
drive and double click setup.exe.

Figure 102: Welcome to the Perception Desktop Setup Wizard

Select Next to go to the next step; the License Agreement.


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Figure 103: License Agreement

If the License Agreement is unacceptable, then select I do not accept the terms
in the License Agreement and press the Next button. This will cancel the
installation.
If you accept the License Agreement, then select I accept the terms in the
License Agreement and press the Next button.

Figure 104: Select Installation Folder

Select the installation folder, the default folder is shown in Figure 104 above.
Note that you can restrict the installation to just yourself as a user, or everybody
who uses the PC (options circled in blue on Figure 104 above).
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Click Next to confirm the selections and move to the next step.

Figure 105: Confirm Installation

Click Next to initiate the installation, Back to backtrack and change some of
the selections, or Cancel to cancel the process entirely.
If you select Next, then the installation commences and a progress bar
indicates the progress so far. The installation may take some minutes.

Figure 106: Installing Perception Desktop

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Successful completion of the Perception Desktop installation is reported as


shown in Figure 107 below.

Figure 107: Installation Complete

You can now elect to additionally, either:

Launch Perception Desktop directly. Or,


Install TRANSPORT X, Intellix BMT 300 and TransCom Software.
TRANSPORT X is the data storage software supplied with the portable
TRANSPORT X products. It is used to read the data from the portable
devices on to your PC. Perception Desktop can automatically interface
with the TRANSPORT X software to incorporate that data into the main
Perception database. In order to successfully use this option, the
TRANSPORT X device must already be installed on your PC first, see the
TRANSPORT X device manual for details. See the section on Installing
TRANSPORT X, located at the end of the manual, immediately before the
FAQ section.
TransCom is the software used to support Transfix 1.0/1.5 devices in the
Perception applications.
Intellix BMT 300 option installs the Intellix BMT 300 Monitor Configuration
software.

In which case select the relevant option. Finally, press Close.


Note: You are advised to use Windows Update to check that your PCs .NET
framework is up to date before running Perception Desktop for the first time.
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Firewall Settings
In order for the Perception Desktop to successfully connect to Perception Server,
Perception Desktop must be allowed to communicate through your Firewall. Your
Firewall program is usually accessed from the Windows Control Panel. In the
advanced settings for Perception Desktop, ensure that ports 4840 & 62541 are open
for inbound connection on the Perception Server firewall.

Set up connection to Perception Server database


Perception Desktop allows the user to connect to a Perception Server or to a
local (file based) database.

Connecting to the Perception Server for the first time


Having installed and authenticated the Perception Desktop software, you should
now establish a connection to Perception Server
Open Perception Desktop, from the File menu, select Connect. See Figure
108 on the next page.

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Figure 108: Connect menu option

This displays the Login dialog shown below.

Figure 109: Login dialog

Press the button to the right of the Server field (labelled ). This launches the
Configure a Server Connection wizard, shown in Figure 110 overleaf.

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Figure 110: Configure a Server Connection wizard

Enter the computer name or IP address of the Perception Server, and then press
the Next button.

The-Server Name

Figure 111: Enter Discovery Server

Select the Discovery Server to use, and press the Next button.
A list of valid Perception server instances found will be displayed, as illustrated in
Figure 112 on the next page.

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urn:servrname:Perception.Server.AAA-123ABCD

Figure 112: List of Perception Databases

Select the database that you wish to establish a connection with: and then press
the Next button to proceed to the next step.
You are then presented with a set of options on the security settings. Those
shown below in Figure 113 are the default settings. Consult with your network
administrator to confirm if any of the settings should be changed.

Figure 113: Configure Security Options

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Make any changes that are required to the security settings and then press the
Next button to continue.
The confirmation of the server connection settings is then displayed. Press the
Finish button to complete the server configuration and to continue to the next
stage in the process.

The server address/PerceptionServer

Figure 114: Server Connection Configuration Complete

Next, you should select the Authentication method to be associated with this
connection. Your IT administrator will have defined which authentication methods
are available to you and advise you on which to select. Figure 115 below illustrates
the dialog.

The serveraddress/PerceptionServer

Figure 115: Enter User Name & Password

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Finally, enter the user name and password that have been allocated to you by
the administrator, and press the OK button to continue.
When connecting for the first time, you will receive a communications error, as
shown below. This is because the client does not trust the server certificate.

Figure 116: Server Certificate Not Trusted

To correct this see Trusting the Server Certificate below.


Note: If you receive this error, then you should contact your Perception Server
administrator as they will have to correct a similar trust certificate error at the
server. Both you as the client and the server will have to be corrected before the
connection will be successful.

Trusting the Perception Server Certificate


To trust the server certificate, the certificate must be moved from the rejected
certificate store and added to the trusted certificate store.
Open file manager, and navigate to:

C:\ProgramData\GE_Energy\Perception\RejectedCertificates

You will see a certificate with the format:


Perception.Server.<computer name>[key]
Where:
<computer name> is the computer name of the server, and
[key] is the public certificate key.
Move this certificate from the rejected certificates folder to the trusted
certificates folder:

C:\ProgramData\GE_Energy\Perception\TrustedCertificates\certs

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Create new local database


To create a new local database to operate with Perception Desktop, click on the
File menu and select New Database, as shown below.

Figure 117: New menu option

A new file dialog is displayed, allowing the location and name of the local file to
be defined. Enter the name of the local file, and press the Save button.
Note: The file type is a Perception Desktop File, with suffix kpd.

Figure 118: Save the local database

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The new database is displayed in the Perception Desktop Asset Explorer window,
as shown below in Figure 119.

Figure 119: Local database created

See the Section on Using Perception Desktop for methods for adding data to
the local database and trending data within it.

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APPENDIX A: Installing the TRANSPORT X driver in


Windows 7
Transport X is a portable device that can be used to visit the assets and sample
the oil by direct connection to the assets. The TRANSPORT X device is then brought
back to the office and connected via USB to your PC. The data collected from the
assets is then transferred to your PC and the Perception will load the data into the
server database.
The TRANSPORT X device must be installed in the same way as any plug and play
device attached to a PC.

Installing Mobile Device Center


The generic Microsoft Mobile Device Center must be downloaded from the
Microsoft website.
Navigate to:
http://www.microsoft.com/download/en/details.aspx?displaying=en&id=14
As part of the download process, you will have to allow the Microsoft Validation
to take place. More information about the Validation requirements can be obtained
by a click here link on the web page, just above the Quick details line.

Figure 120: Mobile Device Center Validation

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After the validation process click Download.

Figure 121: Mobile Device Center Download

Then click the Run button on the next screen: Security Warning.

Figure 122: File Installer Security Warning

At the second warning screen below, click the Run Button.

Figure 123: File Installer Second Warning

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The following series of screens are then displayed during the installation:

Figure 124: Installation Progress Screens

The following screen appears at the end of the process:

Figure 125: Mobile Center Configuration

The screen on the next page may appear during the process, or at the end. If it
does, press the Close button, as the TRANSPORT X device will be manually installed
in the next step.

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Figure 126: Device Driver Not Installed

Installing TRANSPORT X
To connect the TRANSPORT X (running Windows CE 5.0 or 4.2) to a computer
running Windows 7, follow the steps below:

Power up the device.


Connect the device to your computer with the supplied USB cable.
You will see a Found New Hardware screen.
If you had already installed or attempted installing a driver, you can rightclick Computer, choose Manage and go to Device Manager.
If the device appears under Mobile Devices, then use the Update Device
Driver utility.
Select the option to locate and install software (Hardware and Sound in
Figure 127).

Figure 127: Control Panel - Hardware & Sound

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In Devices and Printers, select Device Manager (see Figure 128).

Figure 128: Control Panel - Device Manager

Expand Other devices to display Kelman Transport X (see Figure 129).

Figure 129: Control Panel - Expanding "Other Devices"

Right-click Kelman Transport X.


Select Update Driver Software (see Figure 130).

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Figure 130: Update Driver Software

On the Windows Permission Request screen, click on Continue.


On the next screen, select Browse my computer for driver software
(see Figure 131).

Figure 131: Select Search Location

Select Let me pick from a list of device drivers on my computer (see


Figure 132 overleaf).

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Figure 132: Pick from a List

Select Mobile devices, then Click the Next button (see Figure 133).

Figure 133: Select Mobile Devices

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Clear the checkbox that says Show compatible hardware.


In the Manufacturer column, choose Microsoft.
In the Model column, choose Microsoft USB Sync.
Click the Next button (see Figure 134).

Figure 134: Microsoft USB Sync Drivers

Select Connect without setting up your device.


In the Update Driver Warning window, click on Yes (see Figure 135).

Figure 135: Update Driver Warning Window

The Installing Driver Software Progress screen is displayed (see Figure


136 overleaf).

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Figure 136: Update Driver Progress Bar

When the driver has successfully updated the following window is


displayed (see Figure 137).

Figure 137: Successful Driver Update

A successful connection is indicated by a green checkbox and the word


Connected on this screen (see Figure 138).

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Figure 138: Successful Connection with TRANSPORT X

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APPENDIX B: Troubleshooting

Failure to Connect to the Server

see Trusting the Server Certificate on page 96.


Perception Service does not
appear in Desktop Discovery
wizard.

This can be caused by a number of incorrect


configurations.
Ensure IP Address or Hostname of Perception
Server is correct.
Ensure the UA Discovery Server service is
running, check in services.msc.
Ensure the Perception Server Service is running,
check in services.msc.
Ensure the SQL Service is running, check in
services.msc.
Ensure the Kelman database is configured in the
Perception Server Config Tool.
Ensure the Microsoft Distributed Transaction
Coordinator service (MS-DTC) has started on the
PC running the Perception Server. If it was not
running you may need to restart the Perception
Server and UA Local Discovery Server services
after starting.
Ensure MS-DTC is configured correctly:
Windows Server 2008
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/817064

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Ensure the Perception Server and Discovery


Server certificates exist in the trusted certificate
folder and that they are configured correctly
within the services configuration files. To correct
configuration run the Perception Server installer
and select the repair option.
Security parameters not
appearing at the end of the
Perception Server discovery
connection wizard.

Ensure the ports required by the Perception


applications are not blocked by a firewall (ports
4840 & 62541).

The Gas Ratios 3D graph does


not appear on the Gas Ratios
workbook.

Ensure you have the latest drivers for you


graphics card.

When you launch Perception


Desktop the application or
activation window is blank.

Ensure you have the latest drivers for you


graphics card.

Users are no longer able to log


in even though usernames and
passwords are correct.

This can occur if a new server certificate has


been created on the Perception Server host. To
correct the issue you need to delete and re-add
the users.

HydranM2: Exception raised


when configuring HM2 via
Perception Setup

Intermittent issue. The workaround is to use the


Multihost software instead to configure the
device.

While importing CSV files into a


local KPD file, the browsing
performance of Asset Explorer
is slow.

This may be hardware performance related.


Wait until the KPD import completes. This is not
an issue using SQL Server.

Perception Desktop Freezes


when you open a KPD database
or try to connect to Perception
Server.

Delete the Perception folder located in:

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%APPDATA%\GE_Energy
(Note %APPDATA% points to the Roaming
application data folder)

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APPENDIX C: Model Descriptions


Japanese ETRA Models
Reference source: Latest Diagnostic Methods of Gas-in-oil Analysis for Oilfilled Transformer in Japan; Proceedings of 13th International Conference on
Dielectric Liquids (ICDL 99), Nara Japan 20-25th July 1999.
An extract of the summary and introduction are reproduced below:
DGA is one of the most widely used diagnostic techniques for detecting and
evaluating types of faults in a transformer. The first edition of Supervision and
Maintenance by DGA standardized by the ETRA in 1980 has been widely used for oil
filled transformers in Japan. The standard, however, lacked diagnoses for some
cases and had no detection limits nor precision requirements for DGA. Therefore,
the ETRA started to investigate the actual status of conventional diagnosis by DGA in
Japan and overseas. Also, DGA data have been investigated on about 1300
operating transformers which are now in service including some which have
experienced inner faults. As the result, a new "Supervision and Maintenance by
DGA" which is the second edition was released in February 1999. This paper
summarizes this standard.
"

Regarding gas analysis methods in oil which are used presently in Japan,
torricelli, toepler pump, vacuum piston and stripping methods are used for the
extraction of dissolved gases in oil and gas chromatography is used for analysis of
the extracted gases. Review of the analysis sensitivity of each gas in 12 laboratories,
showed the detection and determination limits had some scattering among the
laboratories. By considering the detection limits that were standardized in IEC 567
(1992) and the determination limits which are necessary to improve the precision of
present diagnoses by DGA, the detection limit was defined as 3 times the noise level
and the determination limit was defined as 5 times the detection limits. The
repeatability and reproducibility were evaluated by the Round Robin Test with the
three gas-in-oil-standard samples and the sample oils taken from transformers in
service. By using the evaluation formula of repeatability which was prescribed by
IEC 567 (1992) and the detection limit, it was found that the repeatability for each
gas at each laboratory satisfied the evaluation formula at a 93.9% probability. It
was found that the repeatability and reproducibility of the stripping method were
better than those of the other extraction methods.
The paper then defines some new gas correlations that have prognostic utility.

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Multi-Host Models
Reference source: GE Multi-Host Manual, part# 18415

Transformer Dynamic Loading Model


The purpose of this model is to provide the transformer owner and operator with
a continuous estimation of the capacity of the transformer (and its associated
components) to continue safe operation under overloading conditions.
Starting with current conditions of oil temperature and ambient temperature
and using a steady load of a given magnitude, the model computes how long this
load can be carried until a limit condition is reached. The implementation of this
model in the Hydran M2 with Models and Intellix Intellix MO150 Devices is also
known as Time vs. Steady Load.
This model is intended for short-duration overloads, as when a parallel
transformer is removed from service for maintenance for a few hours or less. Model
computations are made with the assumption that the transformer is operating on
the top-cooling mode.
Computations of the top oil and winding temperatures are carried out according
to Section 7.2 of IEEE C57.91-1995, Guide for Loading Mineral-Oil-Immersed
Transformers. A similar calculation method is described in Section 8.2.2 of IEC
60076-7, Loading Guide for Oil-Immersed Power Transformers.
Calculation starts with a load of 1.1 p.u. and actual values for Ambient
Temperature and Top Oil Temperature (from sensors). The ambient temperature is
assumed to remain constant for the period of overload being considered. The actual
top oil temperature will be used as a starting point for oil temperature calculation at
each load level.

Calculations are done with this load level (1.1 p.u.) and with a time
increment of 0.1 hour (6 minutes) until one of the Limiting Factors (or
Overload Limit) is exceeded or when the acceptable duration exceeds 12
hours (720 minutes).
The calculation is then repeated with a load of 1.2 p.u. and the acceptable
duration is determined (less or equal to 720 minutes) again along with the
Limiting Factor that was first reached.
This calculation is repeated until a load of 2.0 p.u. is reached.
For each Load level, the time duration to reach the limit is recorded along
with the Limiting Factor that was first reached.
If the 12 hours (720 minutes) were reached but no Limiting Factor was
exceeded, the Limiting Factor is shown as Duration.
If the Hydran M2 with Models and Intellix Intellix MO150 Devices are
working in the on-line mode of operation, then the computation is
repeated every 10 minutes using the actual sensor values.

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If the Hydran M2 with Models and Intellix Intellix MO150 Devices are
working in the off-line mode of operation, then the output screen reflects
the values computed during the last on-line operation.

Insulation Ageing Model


Winding insulation is made of oil-impregnated cellulose material. In order to
properly fulfil its function, this material must have a certain mechanical strength
and flexibility. These properties depend on the length of the cellulose chain
constituent of the paper and pressboard. With time and temperature, these long
polymer chains break down into shorter segments, a process called
depolymerisation. The practical effect is that the paper loses its flexibility and tensile
strength to become a brittle material. The winding is continuously submitted to
clamping forces and vibrations. Moreover, during short-circuit on the system, these
forces are increased tremendously and if the insulating paper is too brittle, it may
rupture under the pressure and create a weak point in the insulation that will later
allow flashover between adjacent turns when a voltage surge occurs on the
transformer.
This insulation aging process is irreversible. It is also the main factor
determining the transformers end of life. The rate of aging of cellulose insulation
material is a function of the following factors:

Insulation temperature at the hot spot: The effect of temperature is the


most important, as described in the IEEE and IEC Loading Guides. The
effect of temperature on aging is a function of the type of paper. It is
therefore important to state in the configuration page the type of paper
used for winding insulation.
Water content in the winding insulation paper: It is assumed that the
aging acceleration factor is directly proportional to the water content
with 0.5 % as reference value for dry paper. The water content in winding
insulation is computed in the Moisture Content in Insulating Barrier
model. The effect is more severe on normal Kraft paper than on
thermally-upgraded paper and it can be practically neglected on Aramid
paper.
Oxygen content of the insulating oil: This oxygen content can be inferred
from the type of oil preservation system. The IEEE Loading Guide
recommends using an aging acceleration factor of 2.5 for free-breathing
conservators while the sealed-type transformers and those with a
membrane in the conservator are practically oxygen-free.

The following Model Output Text Parameters are displayed in the Insulation Ageing
Model:
Thermal Aging Acceleration Factor: It considers only the hot-spot current
temperature.

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Moisture Aging Acceleration Factor: It considers only the effect of moisture


in paper.
Global Aging Acceleration Factor: This is the actual aging rate or aging
acceleration factor, considering the cumulated effect of temperature,
moisture and oxygen in oil.
Cumulative Aging: This field indicates the aging cumulated since the
commissioning of the system, adding the Previous Aging if this value was
configured on the Insulation Aging Model configuration page. The value is
expressed in days of operation at rated temperature; for instance, a
transformer with thermally upgraded paper operating 24 hours at 117 C will
undergo 2 days of normal aging at rated temperature.
Service Time: This field indicates the number of days the transformer has
been in service since the commissioning of the system, adding the Previous
Service Time if this value has been configured.

Moisture and Bubbling Model


The moisture content of the oil and the solid insulation is a serious concern for
power transformers, especially for aging units. Extensive drying procedures are
applied at the manufacturing stage and sustained efforts are deployed in service to
maintain a high level of dryness. However, with time, water can penetrate through
various paths such as the air breather and leaky gaskets. Aging of cellulose also
releases some water. Moisture tends to accumulate in the solid insulation and leads
to several detrimental consequences, namely:

Acceleration of insulation aging.


Risk of water vapour bubbles being released from the winding insulation.
Reductions of dielectric strength of insulating barriers.
Risk of water condensation in transformer oil at low temperatures.

Moisture content assessment is too often derived from a single oil sample
submitted to a Karl Fischer test in laboratory. This is a valid approach for oil
evaluation but it does not allow evaluation of the moisture content in the solid
insulation as the rate of water exchange between the oil and the paper has to be
considered. On-line monitoring of moisture in oil allows the integration of
temperature variations and the computation of a dependable value for moisture
content in the various components of the solid insulation system, even if they are at
different temperatures and characterized by different diffusion rates.
The most critical part of the winding insulation is the top of the winding that
operates at the hot-spot temperature. This is the area where the aging is most
severe, and the effect of the water content can be computed. The determination of
the critical temperature for bubble evolution takes into account the atmospheric
pressure, the oil pressure above the hot-spot area, and the amount of gas dissolved
in the oil.

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The moisture sensor continuously monitors the oils temperature and relative
moisture saturation at the sensor location. A filtering is applied to remove the effect
of cyclic heating created by the sensor to ensure oil circulation. This filtered value is
used to calculate the absolute value of the water content in the oil, the temperature
of water condensation, and the relative saturation at the reference temperature.
Since the oil and winding temperature varies continuously, this moving target is
used with an integrating algorithm taking into account the diffusion time constant
and the temperature. The calculated value of the water content in the winding
insulation allows prediction of the bubbling temperature. It is also used in the
Insulation Aging model (described above).

Apparent Power Model (MVA)


The primary function of this model is to continuously monitor the load carried by
the transformer in MVA (Mega Volt-Amperes). The Apparent Power can be
computed on the primary, secondary, and tertiary windings, depending on the input
configuration. The historic maximum MVA value is retained with a time stamp and
can be reset.
The current signal is a mandatory input, whereas the voltage signal is configured
as a fixed value. Since voltage variations occurring in service and tap changer
operations are not taken into consideration, the MVA is an approximate reading, and
used only for display purposes.

Winding Hot-Spot Temperature Model


The rating of a transformer is closely linked to the winding temperature as it
governs the insulation aging rate and bubbling release threshold (both estimated by
other models described above). This winding temperature can also raise an alarm if
excessively high values occur. In the industry standards, the winding temperature
limit is defined as a temperature rise above the ambient air temperature. The
cooling system is designed to ensure that at full load, the average winding
temperature rise does not exceed the industry-accepted value (usually 65 C).
However it is not the average winding temperature that is of most interest but
rather the temperature in the hottest area (the hot-spot temperature). This
temperature cannot be measured directly as it is not possible to insert
thermocouples in a winding that is to be put in service. It is possible to use fibre
optic temperature sensors that do not interfere with dielectric strength but this
procedure is costly and is usually limited to the validation of the manufacturer
calculation methods. Therefore the traditional method was to use a Winding
Temperature Indicator to fulfil that function.
A more accurate and reliable evaluation of the hot-spot temperature can be
provided, using the equations provided in the IEEE and IEC Loading Guides:

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IEEE C57.91 - 1995, IEEE Guide for Loading Mineral-Oil-Immersed


Transformers
IEC 60076-7 - 2005, Power Transformers - Part 7: Loading Guide for OilImmersed Power Transformers

In the computation methods described in these Loading Guides, a key value is


the temperature difference between the winding hot-spot and the top oil at rated
conditions. This value is normally provided by the transformer manufacturer after
suitable validation of their computation method. In the Winding Hot-Spot
Temperature model, this rated value is corrected to account for actual load current
and winding thermal time constant. The computed hot-spot temperature rise is
then added to the measured top oil temperature to provide the actual winding
hottest-spot temperature.
The winding hot-spot temperature is computed separately for each winding. The
highest value of winding hot-spot temperature is identified and used to raise an
alarm signal on the transformer. The hottest winding might not always be the same,
depending on the load on the tertiary winding and on the position of the tap
changer.
For autotransformers, the winding hot-spot temperature is calculated for the
series winding (H), the common winding (C) and the tertiary winding (Y). The current
in the common winding is calculated by subtracting the secondary load current
minus the primary load current.

Temperature Model
The Temperature Model is specific to the Hydran M2, it displays a trend for the
temperature readings taken for the thermal sensors supported on the Hydran M2.
The following values are displayed:

Tank #1 %RH Sensor Temperature C (Relative Humidity)


Sensor #1 Heater Power in %
Top Oil Temperature C
Tank #1 %RH Sensor Temperature C Hourly Average (Relative Humidity)
Sensor #1 Hydran Sensor Temperature C
Sensor #1 Base Plate Temperature C

Hydran Reading
The Hydran Reading worksheet is specific to the Hydran M2, it displays the
Hydran gas level readings taken from the device as well as the Hydran Sensor
Temperature.
The gas levels are displayed as actual level in PPM, Hourly Trend in PPM and
Daily Trend in PPM.

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The Hydran Sensor Temperature is displayed in Degrees Celsius.

Transformer Status Model


The Transformer Status Model is specific to the Intellix MO150, it combines
information from other models calculations into one worksheet.
The following information is displayed:

Top Oil Temperature C


Ambient Temperature C
Tank #1 %RH Level (Relative Humidity)
Tank #1 Hydran Level
Tank #1 H2O PPM Hourly Average
Highest Winding Hot Spot Temperature C
Highest (P.U) (Per unit load on the most loaded winding)
% Moisture Content In Winding Paper
% Moisture Content in Insulating Barrier

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Digital Energy
Lissue Industrial Estate East Lissue Road
Lisburn BT28 2RE United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 2892 622915
gedigitalenergy@ge.com
GEDigitalEnergy.com
GE, the GE monogram, and Perception are trademarks of the General Electric Company.
GE reserves the right to make changes to specifications of products described at any time
without notice and without obligation to notify any person of such changes.
Copyright 2013, General Electric Company. All Rights Reserved.

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