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Name: _________________________________________________

Last
First
M.I.
Physics 20800 CCs

Student ID _***-**-______________

Final Examination

Spring 2011

May 25, 20011


General Instructions
1. Write down your full name on all the pages.
2. The test has 6 problems. Answer all.
3. State all assumptions. Show all work. Use proper units.
4. Work in the designated space for each part of a problem. If you need additional space write on the
back of the same problem page making sure that you write the Problem number and the part number
of the problem clearly.
Some useful formulae
v = (/)1/2

v = f

y (x, t) = ym sin (kx t) (traveling)

na sina = nb sinb

y(x, t) = 2ym sin kx cos t (standing)

I = I0 cos
2

f = R/2

(1/p) + (1/i) = (1/f)

(1/f) = (n 1) (1/r1 - 1/r2)

d sin = m

R = Nm

a sin = m

F = q1q2/(40r2)

E = q/(40r2)

E .dA = q/0

Q = CV

V = q/(40r)

m = -i/p

U = q1q2/(40r)

E = -dV/dr
U = CV2/2

R = l/A

V = iR

R = R 1 + R2 + R3 +

R-1 = R1 -1 + R2-1 + R3-1 +

C = C1 + C2 + C3 +

C-1 = C1 -1 + C2-1 + C3-1 +

F = qv x B

F = IL x B

= -dB/dt

B =

Z = [R2 + (XL XC)2]1/2

= IA

= x B

B .dA

VL = -L(di/dt)

XL = DL

XC = (DC)-1

P = i2R

B . ds = 0 ienclosed

= (LC)-1/2

Useful Constants
e = 1.6 X 10-19 C

0 = 8.85 X 1012 C2/N.m2

0 = 4 X 107 T.m/A

c = 3 X 108 m/s

Score:
1. _______
2. _______
3. _______
4. _______
5. _______
6. _______

(40)-1 = 9.0 X 109 N.m2/C2

Name: _________________________________________________
Last
First
M.I.

Student ID _***-**-______________

1. Mechanical Waves and Sound


A. In an experiment to demonstrate standing waves, one end of a string is attached to a tuning fork with frequency 120
Hz. The other end of the string passes over a
120 cm
pulley and is connected to a suspended mass M
as shown in the figure. The value of M is such
that there are 4 loops in the standing wave
pattern. The length of the string from the tuning
fork to the point where the string touches the top
Tuning Fork
Pulley
of the pulley is 120 cm. The mass of 50 cm of
the string is 50 mg.
M
(a) Find the wavelength of the standing wave.
(4 pts.)

(b) Determine the speed of transverse waves along the string. What is the value of M? (4+4 pts.)

(c) Assume that the string is stretched along the x-axis, and a point on the string at an antinode moves a total
vertical distance of 4 mm during one complete cycle. Write down the equation of the traveling waves that give
rise to the standing wave pattern in this experiment. (8 pts.)

B. (Not related to A) Two loudspeakers, S1 and S2, are driven by the same amplifier and emit sinusoidal sound waves
of frequency 860 Hz in phase. Point P is 12.0 m from S1 and 13.4 m from S2. Is the sound intensity at point P
maximum or minimum? Justify your answer. Take speed of sound in air to be 344 m/s. (10 pts.)

Name: _________________________________________________
Last
First
M.I.

Student ID _***-**-______________

2. Optics (Part A and Part B are not related)


A. An upright object is placed a distance in front of a converging lens equal to twice the focal length f1 of the lens. On
the other side of the lens is a converging mirror of focal length f2 separated from the lens by a distance (2f1+2 f2) as
shown in the figure.

f2
f1

2f1

(2f1 + 2f2)

(a) Find the location, and the relative size of the final image as seen by an eye looking toward the mirror through
the lens. (9+ 3 pts.)

(b) Is the image real or virtual? Justify your answer. Draw a neat ray diagram in the figure above showing the
formation of image. (2+4 pts.)

B. A 5-mm long transmission diffraction grating has 2500 lines.


(a) Green light of wavelength 500 nm is normally incident on the grating. What is the maximum number of bright
fringes that can be observed with this grating? (6 pts.)

(b) What is the resolving power of the grating? Will this grating be able to resolve sodium D-lines of wavelength
589 nm and 589.6 nm in the first order? Justify your answer. (3+3 pts.)

Name: _________________________________________________
Last
First
M.I.

Student ID _***-**-______________

Problem 3. Electric Field and Electric Potential


A solid conducting sphere with radius a is concentric with a conducting spherical shell of inner radius b and outer radius
c. Both the sphere and the spherical shell are insulated from the surroundings. The inner solid sphere has an excess
charge of +q, while the shell has no net excess charge.
(a) Use Gausss law to derive expressions for the electric
field magnitude for the regions r<a, a<r<b, b<r<c,
and r>c. Make a plot of electric field magnitude as a
function of r. What is the surface charge density on the
outer surface of the spherical shell? (3+3+3+3+4 pts.)

c
b

+q
a

(b) Use the electric field in part (a) to calculate the electric
potential everywhere, that is, in the regions: r>c,
b<r<c, a<r<b, and r<a, assuming that the potential is
0 at r = infinity. Graph the electric potential as a
function of r. Draw an equi-potential surface in the b<r<c region, and an electric line of force between the shell
and the sphere in the figure above. (3+3+3+3+4 +2+2 pts.)

(c) The r = c surface is now grounded. Find an expression for the capacitance of the spherical capacitor. (4 pts)

Name: _________________________________________________
Last
First
M.I.

Student ID _***-**-______________

4. Magnetic Field and magnetic Force


The adjacent figure shows an end view of two long, parallel wires perpendicular to the x-y plane, each carrying a current
I, but in opposite directions.
(a) Copy the diagram and draw vectors to show the B field of
each wire, and the net B field at point P. (3 pts.)

(b) Derive an expression for the magnitude of the net B at P. The expression will include a, I, and the variable x.
Write an expression for the vector B using the unit vector notation. At what value of x is the magnitude of B a
maximum, and what is the maximum value? (8+2+4)

(c) Suppose a third long, straight wire parallel to the other two passes through P, and that each wire carries a
current I = 6.0 A. Assume a = 40 cm and x = 60 cm. Find the magnitude and direction of the magnetic force per
unit length of the third wire, if the current in it is directed into the plane of the figure. (6 pts.)

Name: _________________________________________________
Last
First
M.I.

Student ID _***-**-______________

Problem 5. Electromagnetic Induction


The conducting rod ab is free to slide without friction on the U-shaped metal rails shown in the figure. The entire
arrangement is in a uniform magnetic field of magnitude 0.8 T, directed into the plane of the figure.
(a) Find the magnitude of the emf induced in
the rod when it is moving towards right
with a speed 7.5 m/s. (6 pts.)

(b) In what direction does the current flow in the rod? Justify your answer. (2 pts.)

(c) If the resistance in the circuit abcd is 1.5 (assumed to be constant), find the magnitude and direction of the
force required to keep the rod moving to the right with the uniform velocity of 7.5 m/s. (5 pts.)

(d) What is the rate at which energy is dissipated by the circuit? (3 pts.)

Name: _________________________________________________
Last
First
M.I.

Student ID _***-**-______________

Problem 6. AC Circuit
An ac source supplies a voltage v(t) = 30 V sin t to a series RCL circuit. The effective values of the circuit elements
are: R = 4 C = 8 F, and L = 6 mH. However, the circuit designer had to combine two resistors of equal resistance in
parallel, and two capacitors of equal capacitance in parallel to obtain the specified effective resistance of 4 and
capacitance of 8 F, respectively.
a)

What is the resistance of each resistor? (2 pts.)

b) What is the capacitance of each capacitor? (2 pts.)

c)

Find the value of the angular frequency for which the current amplitude in the circuit will be a maximum? What
is that current amplitude? Find the root-mean-square current in the circuit at that frequency. (4 +2+2 pts.)

d) Find the maximum voltages across the resistor, capacitor, and inductor at the frequency in part (d), and show
those in a neat, to the scale, phasor diagram. (2+2+2+3 pts.)