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What is an Ecosystem?

An ecosystem includes all of the living things (plants, animals and organisms) in a
given area, interacting with each other, and also with their non-living environments
(weather, earth, sun, soil, climate, and atmosphere). In an ecosystem, each
organism has its' own role to play.
Kids of Ecosystem:
These are the primary types of ecosystems:
Natural ecosystems: Natural ecosystems work themselves without the influence
of mankind like desert, forest, pond, river, or lake.
Artificial ecosystems: Humans have made some ecosystems for their own benefit.
These are artificial ecosystems. They can be crop fields and gardens, dams, and
Micro Ecosystem
A small-scale and experimental ecosystem like in a laboratory- or field- based. It
derived directly from nature, when samples of pond water are maintained.
Components of Ecosystem
An ecosystem is has two major components which are abiotic and biotic. An
Energy cycles through the abiotic and biotic components maintain balance within
the ecosystem.
Abiotic or non-living components
The abiotic parts of an ecosystem include the non-living components, such as air,
water and the basic compounds of the environment. Climatic factors include the
physical characteristics of the environment, such as, light, atmospheric temperature
and wind.
Biotic or living components

IMPORTANCE OF ECOSYSTEM/Life without Ecosystem We know that no living organism can live in isolation. A number of species interact with each other to maintain the energy cycle of the ecosystem balanced. This means the absence of one member can affect all parties of the ecosystem. Not only they are dependent on one another. This creates a complete balance in nature amongst living organisms. Decomposers Decomposers are the living component of the ecosystem that breaks down waste material and dead organisms. but also each of them exist in a certain proportion. Consumers Consumers are living organisms in the ecosystem that get their energy from consuming other organisms. water and minerals from water bodies and soil are again taken up by green plants along with solar energy to make their food. carnivores eat other animals and omnivores eat both. The biotic members of an ecosystem depend on each other. . All living beings depend on other living beings in the biological community. This leads to continuous functioning of the ecosystem. It transforms carbon dioxide and oxygen into sugars. Plants and photosynthetic bacteria are all examples of producers. PROCESS OF FUNCTIONING OF THE ECOSYSTEM The carbon dioxide from air. Classification of Biotic Component Producers Producers are the living organisms in the ecosystem that take in energy from sunlight. The consumers are further subdivided by what they eat: Herbivores eat producers. This process is repeated again and again. Examples of decomposers include earthworms and many species of fungi and bacteria. We cannot survive without producers in nature. Decomposers represent the final step in many of the cyclical ecosystem processes.The biotic component of the ecosystem comprises living organisms.