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HW#8 Solutions

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at a radius of 5.29 1011 m. According to this model, what is the magnitude of the magnetic

field at the proton due to the orbital motion of the electron? Neglect any motion of the proton.

Picture the Problem The centripetal force acting on the orbiting electron is the

Coulomb force between the electron and the proton. We can apply Newtons 2nd

law to the electron to find its orbital speed and then use the expression for the

magnetic field of a moving charge to find B.

Express the magnetic field due to the

motion of the electron:

Apply

mac to the

0 ev

4 r 2

electron:

ke2

ke2

v2

r2

r

mr

B and simplify to obtain:

radial

0 e

4 r 2

ke2 0e 2

mr 4r 2

k

mr

B

4 10

N/A 2 1.602 10 19 C

4 5.29 10 11 m

8.988 109 N m 2 / C 2

9.109 10 31 kg 5.29 10 11 m

12.5 T

21

A single conducting loop has a radius equal to 3.0 cm and carries a current equal to

2.6 A. What is the magnitude of the magnetic field on the line through the center of the loop and

perpendicular to the plane of the loop (a) the center of the loop, (b) 1.0 cm from the center, (c)

2.0 cm from the center, and

(d) 35 cm from the center?

0 2R 2 I

Picture the Problem We can use Bx

to find B on the axis of the

4 x 2 R 2 3 2

current loop.

B on the axis of a current loop is

given by:

0 2R 2 I

Bx

4 x 2 R 2 3 2

obtain:

Bx 10 7 N/A 2

2 0.030 m 2.6 A

2

0.030 m

2 32

1.470 10 9 T m 3

0.030 m

2 32

1.470 10 9 T m 3

loop:

B0

B0.010 m

0 0.030 m

2 32

54 T

1.470 10 9 T m 3

0.010 m

0.030 m

2 32

46 T

B0.020 m

1.470 10 9 T m 3

0.020 m

0.030 m

2 32

31T

B0.35 m

1.470 10 9 T m 3

0.35 m

0.030 m

2 32

34 nT

34 Three long, parallel straight wires pass through the vertices of an equilateral triangle

that has sides equal to 10 cm, as shown in Figure 27-53. The dot indicates that the direction of

the current is out of the page and a cross indicates that the direction of the current is into the

page. If each current is 15 A, find (a) the magnetic field at the location of the upper wire due to

the currents in the two lower wires and (b) the force per unit length on the upper wire.

Picture the Problem (a) We can use the right-hand rule to determine the

directions of the magnetic fields at the upper wire due to the currents in the two

2I

lower wires and use B 0

to find the magnitude of the resultant field due to

4 R

these currents. (b) Note that the forces on the upper wire are away from and

directed along the lines to the lower wire and that their horizontal components

I2

F

2 0

cancel. We can use

to find the resultant force in the upward

4 R

direction (the y direction) acting on the top wire.

(a) Noting, from the geometry of the

wires, the magnetic field vectors

2I

B2 0

cos30i

4 R

horizontal and that their y

components cancel, express the

resultant magnetic field:

Substitute numerical values and

evaluate B:

B 2 10 7 T m/A

A

20.15

cos 30

10 m

each of the lower wires exerts on the

upper wire:

Noting that the horizontal

components add up to zero, express

the net upward force per unit length

on the upper wire:

Fy

evaluate

:

I2

F

2 0

4 R

0 I 2

cos30

4 R

0 I 2

2

cos30

4 R

I2

4 0

cos30

4 R

Fy

Fy

4 10 7 T m/A

015.10Am cos30

2

42

A solenoid is 2.7-m long, has a radius of 0.85 cm, and has 600 turns. It carries a

current I of 2.5 A. What is the magnitude of the magnetic field B inside the solenoid and far from

either end?

Picture the Problem We can use B 0 nI to find the magnetic field inside the

solenoid and far from either end.

The magnetic field inside the

solenoid and far from either end is

given by:

B 0 nI

evaluate B:

600

2.5 A

B 4 107 N/A 2

2.7 m

0.70 mT

45

[SSM] A long, straight, thin-walled cylindrical shell of radius R carries a current I

parallel to the central axis of the shell. Find the magnetic field (including direction) both inside

and outside the shell.

Picture the Problem We can apply Ampres law to a circle centered on the axis

of the cylinder and evaluate this expression for r < R and r > R to find B inside

and outside the cylinder. We can use the right-hand rule to determine the

direction of the magnetic fields.

Apply Ampres law to a circle

centered on the axis of the

cylinder:

Evaluate this expression for r < R:

B

d 0 I C

C

same everywhere on this circle.

Evaluate this expression for r > R:

Binside 0

Binside d 0 0 0

Boutside d B2R 0 I

Boutside

0 I

2R

The direction of the magnetic field is in the direction of the curled fingers of your

right hand when you grab the cylinder with your right thumb in the direction of

the current.

50

Figure 27-57 shows a solenoid that has n turns per unit length and carries a current I.

Apply Ampres law to the rectangular curve shown in the figure to derive an expression for the

magnitude of the magnetic field. Assume that inside the solenoid the magnetic field is uniform

and parallel with the central axis, and that outside the solenoid there is no magnetic field.

Picture the Problem The number of turns enclosed within the rectangular area is

na. Denote the corners of the rectangle, starting in the lower left-hand corner and

proceeding counterclockwise, as 1, 2, 3, and 4. We can apply Ampres law to

each side of this rectangle in order to evaluate B d .

C

closed path C as the sum of the

integrals along the sides of the

rectangle:

B

d

C

B

d

12

B

d

23

B

d

34

B

d

41

Evaluate

B

d :

12

either zero (outside the solenoid) or

B

d aB

12

B d B d 0

23

41

B

d 0

34

obtain:

76

B

d aB 0 0 0 aB

C

0 I C 0 naI

B 0 nI

Picture the Problem Because point P is on the line connecting the straight

segments of the conductor, these segments do not contribute to the magnetic field

at P. Hence, we can use the expression for the magnetic field at the center of a

current loop to find BP.

Express the magnetic field at the

center of a current loop:

0 I

2R

where R is the radius of the loop.

center of half a current loop:

evaluate B:

1 0 I 0 I

2 2R

4R

4 10

N/A 2 15 A

40.20 m

7

connected by straight segments, as shown in Figure 27-65. A current of 3.0 A exists in this

circuit and has a clockwise direction. Find the magnetic field at point P.

Picture the Problem Let the +x direction be into the page and the numerals 20

and 40 refer to the circular arcs whose radii are 20 cm and 40 cm. Because point P

is on the line connecting the straight segments of the conductor, these segments

do not contribute to the magnetic field at P and the resultant field at P is the sum

of the fields due to the two semicircular current loops.

Express the resultant magnetic

field at P:

Express the magnetic field at the

center of a circular current loop:

BP B20 B40

(1)

0 I

2R

where R is the radius of the loop.

1 0 I 0 I

2 2R

4R

center of half a circular current

loop:

I

I

B20 0 i and B40 0 i

4 R20

4 R40

I

I

BP 0 i 0 i

4 R20

4 R40

0 I 1

4 R20 R40

BP

0.20 m 0.40 m

4

or

7.1T i

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