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Worksheet 4.

Excess reagent stoichiometry


NAME:

CLASS:

INTRODUCTION
This set of stoichiometry questions includes problems involving excess and limiting reactants.
No.

Question

Answer

Nitrogen monoxide can be produced in


the laboratory by the reaction of dilute
sulfuric acid with aqueous sodium nitrite
according to the equation:
6NaNO2(aq) + 3H2SO4(aq)
4NO(g) + 2HNO3(aq) + 2H2O(l) + 3Na2SO4(aq)

If a chemist wishes to generate 100 g of


nitrogen monoxide gas and has available
1.39 mol dm3 NaNO2 solution and
2.225 mol dm3 H2SO4 solution, what is
the minimum volume of each that should
be used in the preparation?
2

Sodium metal reacts vigorously with


water to produce a solution of sodium
hydroxide according to the equation:
2Na(s) + 2H2O(l) 2NaOH(aq) + H2(g)
Determine the concentration of sodium
hydroxide solution that would result from
the complete reaction of 8.35 g of sodium
in 180 cm3 of water.

Ethane burns readily in oxygen to


produce carbon dioxide and water. A
sealed container is filled with 2.0 mol of
ethane and 9.0 mol of oxygen gas, and the
gaseous mixture is ignited.
a Write an equation, including states,
for this combustion reaction.
b Which gas is the limiting reagent?

10.0 g of chromium(III) oxide is


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Pearson Education Australia (a division of Pearson Australia Group Pty Ltd) 2008.
This page from the Chemistry: For use with the IB Diploma Programme SL Teachers Resource may be reproduced for classroom use.

Worksheet 4.8

Excess reagent stoichiometry


No.

Question

Answer

dissolved in 120 cm3 of 0.774 mol dm3


potassium bromate (KBrO3) solution
according to the equation:
5Cr2O3(s) + 6KBrO3(aq) + 4KOH(aq)
5K2Cr2O7(aq) + 2H2O(l) + 3Br2(aq)
Determine which reagent is in excess and
thus calculate the mass of bromine
formed in the reaction.
5

45.5 cm3 of 0.968 mol dm3 tin(II)


chloride solution is added to 58.2 cm3 of
1.223 mol dm3 ammonium hydroxide
solution to generate a precipitate of tin(II)
hydroxide.
a Write an equation, including states,
for this precipitation reaction.
b What mass of precipitate is
produced?

One of the major commercial uses of


sulfuric acid is in the production of
phosphoric acid and calcium sulfate. The
calcium sulfate is used as a component in
fertilizers. The equation for this reaction
is:
Ca3(PO4)2(s) + 3H2SO4(aq)
3CaSO4(s) + 2H3PO4(aq)
Determine the masses of both reactants
(calcium phosphate and sulfuric acid) that
would be required to produce 100 kg of
calcium sulfate, assuming the process is
only 75% efficient.

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Pearson Education Australia (a division of Pearson Australia Group Pty Ltd) 2008.
This page from the Chemistry: For use with the IB Diploma Programme SL Teachers Resource may be reproduced for classroom use.