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# Level-2

Compulsory

Mechanical (MVAC)
Installation (1)

No.

(Q-2) Refer to the attached Drawing D-1 and answer the following question regarding pipe support
(6 points)
Following is the Formula for Selection of Support Material by deflection value
3
L'=K WL /E I
4
(L'=cm, L=cm, W=kg, I=cm )
(A)

(2 points)

## 1 What is L in above formula?

Length of angle support (width of hanger)
2 What is L' in the above formula?
deflection of angle support
3 What is K in the above formula?
Constant value
4 What is W in the above formula?
weight, lording on the support
5 What is E in the above formula?
Young's modulus or modulus of longitudinal elasticity
6 What is I in the above formula?
geometrical moment of inertia or moment of inertia of area

(B)

## Calculate and answer the questions with following conditions.

Pipe ASTM A53 Sch.40 ERW
Pipes are filled with water
Disregard the weight of U bands and nuts.
Disregard the weight of Steel Angles.
Refer the Specification of Pipe to the attached table.
Refer the Specification of Steel Angle to the attached table.
E = 2100000kg/cm2
K = 0.0177
Specific Gravity of water =1ton/m 3
W=4m x (2x (42.55+34.922+60.29+54.6)+21.77) =1625.976

(2 points)
Kg

(2 points)
2 Select Angle not to exceed the defrection of 0.3% (6.6mm)
L' = 0.0177 x 1625.976 x (220)3 / 2,100,000 / I =0.66
Therefore, geometrical moment of inertia I =
I = 0.0177 x 1625.976 x (220)3 / 2,100,000 / 0.66 =221.1 cm4
Support is double angles, therefore, minimum geometrical moment will be 110.6cm4.
From attached angle data, angle will be 90 x 90 x 10mmT

Attachment-1
Hanger L=2200mm
1/10L

1/5L

200mmD. X 2

1/5L

1/5L

1/5L

1/10L

250mmD. X 2
Air Pipe
125mmD.
Hanger Rod

Steel Angl

Nut

## Data of Steel Product (Steel Angle)

Center of Gravity :
Standard Dimension :mm
Sectional Specific
cm
Weight
:
r1
r2 Area : cm2
A
x
B
t
Cx
Cy
kg
25 x
25
3
4
2
1.427
1.12
0.719
0.719
30 x
30
3
4
2
1.723
1.36
0.844
0.844
40 x
40
3
4.5
2
2.336
1.83
1.09
1.09
40 x
40
5
4.5
3
3.755
2.95
1.17
1.17
45 x
45
4
6.5
3
3.492
2.74
1.24
1.24
45 x
45
5
6.5
3
4.302
3.38
1.28
1.28
50 x
50
4
6.5
3
3.892
3.06
1.37
1.37
50 x
50
5
6.5
3
4.802
3.77
1.41
1.41
50 x
50
6
6.5 4.5
5.644
4.43
1.44
1.44
60 x
60
4
6.5
3
4.692
3.68
1.61
1.61
60 x
60
5
6.5
3
5.802
4.55
1.66
1.66
65 x
65
5
8.5
3
6.367
5
1.77
1.77
65 x
65
6
8.5
4
7.527
5.91
1.81
1.81
65 x
65
8
8.5
6
9.761
7.66
1.88
1.88
70 x
70
6
8.5
4
8.125
6.38
1.93
1.93
75 x
75
6
8.5
4
8.727
6.85
2.06
2.06
75 x
75
9
8.5
6
12.69
9.96
2.17
2.17
75 x
75 12
8.5
6
16.56
13
2.29
2.29
80 x
80
6
8.5
4
9.327
7.32
2.18
2.18
90 x
90
6
10
5
10.55
8.28
2.42
2.42
90 x
90
7
10
5
12.22
9.59
2.46
2.46
90 x
90 10
10
7
17
13.3
2.57
2.57
90 x
90 13
10
7
21.71
17
2.69
2.69
100 x
100
7
10
5
13.62
10.7
2.71
2.71
100 x
100 10
10
7
19.00
14.9
2.82
2.82
100 x
100 13
10
7
24.31
19.1
2.94
2.94
120 x
120
8
12
5
18.76
14.7
3.24
3.24
130 x
130
9
12
6
22.74
17.9
3.53
3.53
130 x
130 12
12 8.5
29.76
23.4
3.64
3.64
130 x
130 15
12 8.5
36.75
28.8
3.76
3.76
150 x
150 12
14
7
34.77
27.3
4.14
4.14
150 x
150 15
14
10
42.74
33.6
4.24
4.24
150 x
150 19
14
10
53.38
41.6
4.4
4.4
175 x
175 12
15
11
40.52
31.8
4.73
4.73
175 x
175 15
15
11
50.21
39.4
4.85
4.85
200 x
200 15
17
12
57.75
45.3
5.46
5.46
200 x
200 20
17
12
76
59.7
5.62
5.62
200 x
200 25
17
12
93.75
73.6
5.86
5.86
250 x
250 25
24
12
119.4
93.7
7.1
7.1
250 x
250 35
24
18
162.6
128
7.45
7.45

Ix
Iy
Iu
0.797
0.797
1.26
1.42
1.42
2.26
3.53
3.53
5.6
5.42
5.42
8.59
6.5
6.5
10.3
7.91
7.91
12.5
9.06
9.06
14.4
11.1
11.1
17.5
12.6
12.6
20
16
16
25.4
19.6
19.6
31.2
25.3
25.3
40.1
29.4
29.4
46.6
36.8
36.8
58.3
37.1
37.1
58.9
46.1
46.1
73.2
64.4
64.4
102
81.9
81.9
129
56.4
56.4
89.6
80.7
80.7
128
93
93
148
125
125
199
156
156
248
129
129
205
175
175
278
220
220
348
258
258
410
366
366
583
467
467
743
568
568
902
740
740
1180
888
888
1410
1090
1090
1730
1170
1170
1860
1440
1440
2290
2180
2180
3470
2820
2820
4490
3420
3420
5420
6950
6950
11000
9110
9110
14400

: cm4
Iv
0.332
0.59
1.45
2.25
2.7
3.29
3.76
4.58
5.23
6.62
8.09
10.5
12.2
15.3
15.3
19
26.7
34.5
23.2
33.4
38.3
51.7
65.3
53.2
72
91.1
106
160
192
234
304
365
451
480
589
891
1160
1410
2860
3790

## radius of gyration of area : cm

ix
iy
iu
iv
0.747
0.747
0.94
0.483
0.908
0.908
1.14
0.585
1.23
1.23
1.55
0.79
1.2
1.2
1.51
0.774
1.36
1.36
1.72
0.88
1.36
1.36
1.71
0.874
1.53
1.53
1.92
0.983
1.52
1.52
1.91
0.976
1.5
1.5
1.88
0.963
1.85
1.85
2.33
1.19
1.84
1.84
2.32
1.18
1.99
1.99
2.51
1.28
1.98
1.98
2.49
1.27
1.94
1.94
2.44
1.25
2.14
2.14
2.69
1.37
2.3
2.3
2.9
1.48
2.25
2.25
2.84
1.45
2.22
2.22
2.79
1.44
2.46
2.46
3.1
1.58
2.77
2.77
3.48
1.78
2.76
2.76
3.48
1.77
2.71
2.71
3.42
1.74
2.68
2.68
3.38
1.73
3.08
3.08
3.88
1.98
3.04
3.04
3.83
1.95
3
3
3.78
1.94
3.71
3.71
4.67
2.38
4.01
4.01
5.06
2.57
3.96
3.96
5
2.54
3.93
3.93
4.95
2.53
4.61
4.61
5.82
2.96
4.56
4.56
5.75
2.92
4.52
4.52
5.69
2.91
5.38
5.38
6.78
3.44
5.35
5.35
6.75
3.42
6.14
6.14
7.75
3.93
6.09
6.09
768
3.9
6.04
6.04
7.61
3.88
7.63
7.63
9.62
4.9
7.49
7.49
9.12
4.83

modulus of section
: cm3
Zx
Zy
0.448
0.448
0.661
0.661
1.21
1.21
1.91
1.91
2
2
2.46
2.46
2.49
2.49
3.08
3.08
3.55
3.55
3.66
3.66
4.52
4.52
5.35
5.35
6.26
6.26
7.96
7.96
7.33
7.33
8.47
8.47
12.1
12.1
15.7
15.7
9.7
9.7
12.3
12.3
14.2
14.2
19.5
19.5
24.8
24.8
17.7
17.7
24.4
24.4
31.1
31.1
29.5
29.5
38.7
38.7
49.9
49.9
61.5
61.5
68.1
68.1
82.6
82.6
103
103
91.8
91.8
114
114
150
150
197
197
242
242
388
388
519
519

Standard

BS1387

Method of Production
Specification
Description
Tensile Strenth=Mpa
Yield Point
=Mpa

Nominal Size

Pipe Size

mm
8
10
15
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
1,000
1,100
1,200
1,350
1,500
1,600
1,650
1,800
2,000
2,200
2,400
2,500
2,600

ERW

ERW
SGP

L/M/H

ERW
(API 5L)
A/B

320-460
195

330 / 415
205 / 240

294
-

BS1387

ASTM A53

ERW

ERW

ERW

ERW

Medium

Heavy

STD

XS

320
195

320
195

330
205

330
205

13.60
17.10
21.40
26.90
33.80
42.50
48.40
60.30
76.00
88.80
114.10
139.65
165.10

17.10
21.30
26.70
33.40
42.20
48.30
60.30
73.00
88.90
114.30
141.30
168.30
219.10
273.00
323.80
355.60
406.40
457.20
508.00
609.60
660.40
711.20
762.00
812.80
863.60
914.40
1,016.00
1,117.60
1,219.20
1,371.60
1,524.00
1,625.00
1,825.80
2,032.00

## Test Pressure P(Kpa)=2000ST/D

S=Fiber stress(Mpa) =60% of Yield Point
T=Wall Thickness(mm)

17.30
21.70
27.20
34.00
42.70
48.60
60.50
76.30
89.10
114.30
139.80
165.20
216.30
267.40
318.50
355.60
406.40
457.20
508.00
558.80
609.60

JIS 3452
ERW
SGP

ASTM A53

ERW/SAW

ERW/SAW

ERW/SAW

ERW/SAW

ERW/SAW

ERW

SCH40

SCH30

SCH20

Sch60

SCH80

STD

2.90
2.90
3.20
3.20
4.00
4.00
4.00
4.50
4.50
5.00
5.40
5.40
5.40

2.31
2.77
2.87
3.38
3.56
3.68
3.91
5.16
5.49
6.02
6.55
7.11
8.18
9.27
9.52
9.52
9.52
9.52
9.52

2.31
2.77
2.87
3.38
3.56
3.68
3.91
5.16
5.49
6.02
6.55
7.11
8.18
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70

9.52
9.52
9.52
9.52
9.52
9.52
9.52
9.52
9.52
9.52
9.52
9.52
9.52
9.52
9.52

12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70

ERW
SGP
XS

## ASTM A53, BS1387, JIS3454

ERW/SL

ERW/SL

ERW/SL

A SCH40

A SCH30

SCH80

294
Pipe Wall Thickness (T=mm)

2.30
2.30
2.60
2.60
3.20
3.20
3.20
3.60
3.60
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.00

JIS 3452

2.35
2.65
2.65
3.25
3.25
3.25
3.65
3.65
4.05
4.50
4.85
4.85
5.85
6.40
7.00
7.60
7.90
7.90
7.90
7.90
7.90

2.31
2.77
2.87
3.38
3.56
3.68
3.91
5.16
5.49
6.02
6.55
7.11
8.18
9.27
10.31
11.13
12.70
14.27
15.09

7.04
7.80
8.38
9.52
9.52
11.10
12.70

17.48

14.27

3.20
4.50
4.50
4.90
5.10
5.50
6.35
6.35
6.35
7.92
7.92
9.52
9.52
9.52
12.70

2.80
3.20
3.40
3.90
4.50
4.50
4.90
6.00
6.60
7.10
8.10
9.30
10.30
12.70
14.30
15.10
16.70
19.00
20.60

3.20
3.73
3.91
4.55
4.85
5.08
5.54
7.01
7.62
8.56
9.52
10.97
12.70
15.09
17.48
19.05
21.44
23.88
26.19

0.840
1.270
1.690
2.500
3.390
4.050
5.440
8.630
11.290
16.070
21.770
28.260
42.550
60.290
73.780
81.250
93.170
105.100
117.200

0.840
1.270
1.690
2.500
3.390
4.050
5.440
8.630
11.290
16.070
21.770
28.260
42.550
81.520
97.430
107.390
123.300
139.200
155.120

30.96

140.880
152.803
164.729
176.655
188.581
200.507
212.433
236.284
260.136
283.988
319.766
355.544
379.255
426.396
474.804

186.940
202.850
218.758
234.667
250.577
266.487
282.396
314.216
346.035
377.854
425.583
473.312
504.943
567.830
632.408

0.866
1.250
1.600
2.450
3.160
3.630
5.120
6.340
8.490
12.200
16.100
19.200
30.400
41.200
53.800
65.200
77.600
87.500
97.400
107.000
117.000

0.840
1.270
1.690
2.500
3.390
4.050
5.440
8.630
11.290
16.070
21.770
28.260
42.550
60.290
79.700
94.550
123.300
155.870
183.420
255.240

ASTM A53

STD
Reference
Water
Weight
W= kg/m

36.310
51.010
65.180
81.250
93.170
122.430
155.120

1.100
1.620
2.200
3.240
4.470
5.410
7.480
11.410
15.270
22.320
30.940
42.560
64.640
95.970
132.400
158.100
203.530
254.670
311.170

0.017
0.027
0.045
0.071
0.117
0.156
0.250
3.613
5.461
9.204
14.254
20.396
34.922
54.600
77.536
94.021
123.648
157.328
195.059

209.500

441.780

282.675
332.561
386.499
444.488
506.528
572.620
642.764
795.207
963.855
1,148.711
1,456.381
1,800.515
2,048.674
2,589.615
3,210.984

## D=Outside Pipe Diameter(mm)

Level-2
Compulsory

Mechanical (MVAC)
Installation (1)

No.

( 4 points )

## carbon steel pipe, 300mmdia

fixed concrete wall
< Conditions >
1. pipe length: 40m
2. pipe is firmly fixed at both ends by concrete wall, and can not moved
-3

## 3. coefficient of linear expansion of steel pipe

: (11.6 x 10 mm/m C)
3

## modulus of longitudinal elasticity of steel pipe

modulus of section of 300mm dia steel pipe
permissibe compressive stress of steel pipe

: (21 x 10 kg/mm )
: (493cm3)
: (900kg/cm2)

(Q-1) Get thermal stress if pipe temperature become 85oc from 15oC. (1.5 points)
= E x C x (t2 - t1)
3

-3

4

-5

## = 2.1 x 10 kg/mm x 1.16 x 10 mm/mm C x 70 C

= 17.052kg/mm

(Q-2) Get expansion value if one end of pipe is free under same conditions as the above
Q-1;
= L x C x (t2 - t1)

(1.5 points)

-3

2

## = 4 x 10m x 1.16 x 10- mm/m C x 7 x 10 C

= 32.48mm

(Q-3) Please answer if the above pipe should be provided with expansion joint or not
referring above Q-1, also state reason why.