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example of Reinforced Concrete Beam Design ACI 318-08

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You are on page 1of 11

Given:

fc = 6000 psi

fy = 60 ksi

Required:

Assumptions:

Monday, August 6, 12

1.

2.

section 10.2.3)

3.

4.

Next, well calculate d, the depth from the extreme compression fiber to the center of reinforcement in the tensile zone.

d = h Clear Spacing dstirrup dreinforcement/2

d = 24 1.5 0.5 - .75/2

d = 21.625

Monday, August 6, 12

Next, we want to use equilibrium to solve for a, the depth of the Whitney stress block:

As a side note, the Whitney stress block refers to the method ACI provides for approximating the stress in concrete under a given strain. This

method was developed by an engineer name Charles Whitney, and was adopted by ACI in 1956

From the rules of equilibrium we know that C must equal T

C=T

C = 0.85 x fc x b x a

T = fs x As

fs = stress in the steel (we make the assumption that the steel yields, and will later

confirm if it does).

Monday, August 6, 12

Solve for a:

Now that we know the depth of the stress block, we can calculate c, the depth to the

neutral axis.

a = 1.294

1 is a factor that relates the depth of the Whitney stress block to the depth of the

neutral axis based on the concrete strength. It is defined in 10.2.7.3

1 = 0.65 0.85 - ((fc 4000psi)/1000)) x 0.05 0.85

1 = 0.85 ((6000psi 4000psi)/1000) x 0.05 = 0.75

c = a / 1 = 1.294/0.75

c = 1.725

With c, we can calculate the strain in the steel using similar triangles. With this strain

calculated, we can check our assumption that the steel yields, and determine if the

section is tension controled

c/c = d/(c + t)

t = (d x c)/c c = (21.625 x 0.003)/1.725 0.003

t = 0.0346

Monday, August 6, 12

Check our assumption that the steel yields, and determine if the section is tension controlled:

E = fy/y

E = Youngs modulus which is generally accepted to be 29,000 ksi for steel

fy = steel yield stress

y = yield strain

y = 60ksi / 29,000 ksi = 0.00207 < 0.0346 therefore our assumption that the steel yields is correct and the stress in the steel may be taken

as 60 ksi at failure

Per ACI section 10.3.4 a beam is considered tension controlled if the strain in the extreme tension steel is greater than 0.005.

The calculated steel strain in our section is 0.0346 is greater than 0.005 therefore this beam section is tension controlled.

Monday, August 6, 12

Next, lets determine if the beam section satisfies the minimum steel requirements of ACI:

As, min = ((3 x square root(fc))/fy) x bw x d (200/fy) x bw x d

As a side note, the 200/fy minimum controls when fc is less than 4,500 psi

As, min = ((3 x squareroot(6,000 psi))/60,000psi) x 12 x 21.625

As,min = 1.01 in2

As = 3 x 0.44 in2 = 1.32 in2 > 1.01 in2 therefore we satisfy the minimum steel requirements of ACI

Monday, August 6, 12

Using moment equilibrium, we can calculate the moment capacity by taking the moment about the center of the tensile force, or the center of the

compressive force.

Mn = x T x (d a/2)

= 0.9 for a tension controlled section per ACI 9.3.2.1

T = Asfy

Mn = 0.9 x 1.32 in2 x 60 ksi (21.625in - 1.294in / 2)

Mn = 1,495 kip*in = 124.6 kip*ft

Monday, August 6, 12

Lets check our solution by calculating the moment capacity about the center of the tensile force.

Mn = x C x (d a/2)

= 0.9 for a tension controlled section per ACI 9.3.2.1

C = 0.85 x fc x b x a

Mn = 0.9 x 0.85 x 6 ksi x 12in x 1.294in (21.625in - 1.294in / 2)

Mn = 1,495 kip*in = 124.6 kip*ft

Our solution checks out!

Monday, August 6, 12

Per ACI equation 11-2:

Vn = (Vc + Vs)

= 0.75 per ACI section 9.3.2.3

Vc = shear capacity of the concrete section

Vs = shear capacity of the stirrups

Vc = 2 x x squareroot(fc) x bw x d (ACI eqn 11-4)

= modification factor for lightweight concrete (See ACI section 8.6.1)

Vc = 2 x 1.0 x squareroot(6,000 psi) x 12 x 21.625

= 40,200 lb

Vs = (Av x fyt x d)/s (ACI eqn 11-15)

Av = 2 x 0.2 in2 (there are 2 legs at each stirrup location

Vs = (0.4 in2 x 60,000 psi x 21.625 in) / 12 in

= 43, 250 lb

Monday, August 6, 12

Vn = (Vc + Vs)

Vs = 0.75 x (40,200 lb + 43,250 lb)

Vn = 62,600 lb = 62.6 kip

Monday, August 6, 12

info@civilpe.net

Check us out on the web at http://www.civilpe.net

Monday, August 6, 12

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