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Indian Abacus

Racers
Tutor Training Manual

Abacus Mental Arithmetic Education for Brain Skills

LEVEL 4

Published by
Indian Abacus Private Limited,
Global Head Office:
No. A1 1857, 13th Main Road, 6th Avenue,
Anna Nagar West, Chennai 600 040.
Tamilnadu, India.
First Edition: March, 2014
Patent pending: India & International (US)
Indian Abacus Digital
Indian Abacus Non Digital
Indian Abacus Digital for Tutor
Indian Abacus Non Digital for Tutor

Copyright:
Racers Tutor Training Manual
This publication is copyrighted

All rights reserved by Indian Abacus Private Limited,


No part of this publication should be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any
means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the owner
and the publisher. This book may not be lent, resold, hired out or otherwise disposed of by way of trade in any form
of binding or cover other than that in which it is published, without the prior consent of the owner / publisher.

ISBN NO.: 9789383795109

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Index

INDEX
S. No.

Contents

Page No

1st week Lesson plan and Guidelines

2nd week Lesson plan and Guidelines

3rd week Lesson plan and Guidelines

4th week Lesson plan and Guidelines

11

5th week Lesson plan and Guidelines

14

6th week Lesson plan and Guidelines

17

7th week Lesson plan and Guidelines

20

8th week Lesson plan and Guidelines

23

9th week Lesson plan and Guidelines

26

10

10th week Lesson plan and Guidelines

29

11

11th week Lesson plan and Guidelines

32

12

12th week Lesson plan and Guidelines

35

13

Notes

38

RACERS

Lesson Plan
Week 1

Activities to be followed for 1st one hour session

S.No.

Activity class work

Time
(Min)

Mixed Formulae: Book A Page nos. 1,2,3 & 4


Book B Page nos. 1,2,3 & 4

Speed Writing

Multiples of 5 sequentially forward and backward


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Image Flash

Reading the Slider Images

Oral Sums Practice

10

Abacus Sums: 1,2&3D 4R & 1,2&3D 6R


Continuous Numbers 1 to 110
Do 1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 .... 6105 on the abacus.

Fingering Practice

10

5
6

Oral Sums Practice

10

Book Practice

10

Speed Writing

Continuous Numbers 110 to 1


Do 6105 110 109 108 107 .. 0 on the abacus.
Repeated no. +101/Addition of any three different digits
repeatedly on the abacus. Add 101 repeatedly for the duration
of one minute.
Repeated no.- 12/ Subtraction of any two different digits
repeatedly on the abacus. Set 2400 on the abacus and subtract
12 repeatedly until you reach zero.
Abacus Sums: 2&3D 4R & 2&3D 6R
Class work: Book A Page nos. 1 & 2
Multiples of 5 sequentially forward and backward
0510152025, 3035404550, 5045403530, 2520151005

Activities to be followed for 2nd one hour session


8

Image Flash

Oral sums practice

1
35

Reading the Slider Images


Mental Sums: 2D 4R & 2D 6R
Fixed Numbers: Addition of three same digits repeatedly
on abacus. Do +111 repeatedly for the duration of one minute.

10

Fingering Practice

10

Fixed no. 11/Subtraction of any two same digits repeatedly


on the abacus. Set 2200 on the abacus and subtract 11
repeatedly until you reach zero.
Horizontal Addition: Add 123456789 horizontally on the abacus
for 9 steps until you reach the value1111111101 on the abacus.
Horizontal Subtraction: Set 1111111101 on the abacus and
subtract 123456789 horizontally for 9 steps until you reach zero.

11

Oral Sums Practice

10

Abacus Sums: 3D 3R & 3D 5R

12

Book Practice

10

Class work: Book A Page nos. 3 & 4

Random Numbers: 3 digits 10 rows


Listening and Writing exercise

RACERS

13
Speed Writing
Indian Abacus Tutor Training Manual
Book Practice
14

Indian Abacus Tutor Training Manual

Home Work: Book B Page nos. 1 4

Guidelines
Week 1

Book Practice:
Book A Page nos. 1,2 & 3
Book B Page nos. 1,2 & 3

1.

Speed Writing:
Speed writing practice is aimed at writing numbers at a fast pace, neatly and legibly by the children. Speed
writing initially may affect neat and legible handwriting of numbers. But with steady practice the skill to write at
good speed neatly and legibly is attained. Since practice is a must for every child, children shall write numbers
as per tutors instructions within a set time. After a month of practice the children will be able to write fast,
neatly and legibly. Abacus Tutors should ensure legibility & neatness first and subsequently speed.
Speed writing of numbers Multiples of 5 sequentially forward and backward

I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.
2.

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Write the numbers as mentioned above in the book, row by row for the duration of one minute.
Direct View: Simple writing looking at what is written on the note book
Indirect View: Writing of numbers without looking at what is written
Left Hand Writing: The same number writing practice using left hand.
Left handers must write the numbers using right hand.

Image Flash: Reading the Slider images.


Image Flash is the activity which is done to give larger scope for the students to read the Abacus slider
images representing values using which the students could have extended practice and also better
assessment of their skills in reading the values of images at a speed. Flash Cards were used earlier, but with
the advent of Indian Abacus program now the students have scope to view limitless number of images on
abacus itself. With the usage skills to read the constantly changing image values, students experience better
challenges which ultimately enhance their Visiospatial memory skills, necessary to perform better in doing
faster and accurate mental arithmetic skills by image of Abacus. Speed and accuracy in performing Mental
Arithmetic by image of Abacus indirectly reflect their concentration & memory skills.
The Abacus Tutor during Image Flash session alerts the students to focus on the activity of reading the
values of slider images. The Abacus tutor would after saying Start manipulates the sliders of the tool
Indian Abacus Tutors continuously to make the students read the images one after the other and write
down the numbervalue of each of such images flashed on the Tutor's Abacus and they should write the
number values on their note books. The Abacus Tutor actually writes down a series of numbers Single,
double, triple, 4 digits, as the case may be, on a paper first and during the activity Abacus Tutor would
manipulate the sliders looking at the numbers she wrote down which the students read and write.
Advantages of Image Flash over the Flash Cards usage:
Limitless numbers could be given for practice & assessment.
Every time students get new set of numbers, as against the Flash Cards which are same all through.
Students could follow the Tutor's manipulation of Sliders giving scope to correct the fingering.

RACERS

Guidelines
Week 1

3.

Oral sums Practice: 1,2&3 digits 4 rows & 1,2&3 digits 6 rows
Oral sums called out to the students to calculate and give the correct answers is a must and the time to be
allotted has to be properly implemented. Listening to the sums called out to do the same and to give answers,
not only enhances the Listening skills, but also enables the memory to become stronger, as apart from looking
& touching to solve the sums, the hearing sense also adds, which result in visualization, concentration &
memory reflection of brain skills.
Call out random numbers to children and instruct them to compute the called out numbers on their abacus
and write the answers in the fingering section of the book.

4.

Fingering Practice:
Continuous Numbers +1 to +110
Do 1 +2 +3 6105 on the abacus.
Using 9th column to start, on the abacus add the numbers from 1 to 110 sequentially using required formulae
in the 9th column until you reach the value 6105 on the abacus.
Continuous Numbers: 110 to 1
Do 110 109 108 ..0 on the abacus.
Using 9th column to start, set 6105 on the abacus and subtract numbers on the reverse from 110 to 1 using
required formulae until you reach zero.
Repeated no + 101/Addition of any three different digits repeatedly on the abacus.
Do addition of 101 repeatedly for the duration of one minute.
Using 9th column to start, set 101 on the abacus. (Add 100 in the 11th column and add 1 in the 9th column)
repeatedly using the required formulae for the duration of one minute.

RACERS

Repeated no 12/Subtraction of any two different digits repeatedly on the abacus.


Using 9th column to start, set 2400 on the abacus and subtract 12 repeatedly using required formulae until
you reach zero (subtract 10 in the 10th column and subtract 2 in the 9th column).
5

Oral Sums Practice: 2&3 digits 4 rows & 2&3 digits 6 rows
Call out Random numbers to children and instruct them to compute the called out numbers on their abacus
and write the answers in the fingering section of the book.

6.

Book Practice:
Class work: Book A Page nos. 1 & 2.

7.

Speed Writing:
Speed writing of numbers Multiples of 5 sequentially forward and backward 0510152025
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I.
Write the numbers as mentioned above in the book row by row for the duration of one minute.
II.
Direct View: Simple writing looking at what is written on the note book
III.
Indirect View: Writing of numbers without looking at what is written
IV.
Left Hand Writing: The same number writing practice using left hand.
V.
Left handers must write the numbers using right hand.

8.

Image Flash: Reading the Slider Images (Refer Page nos. 2)

Indian Abacus Tutor Training Manual

Guidelines
Week 1

9.

Oral Sums Practice: Mental Sums: 2 digits 4 rows & 2 digits 6 rows
Call out random numbers to the children and instruct them to compute the called out numbers mentally by
visualizing and moving the sliders of abacus mentally according to the numbers and write the answers in the
fingering section of the book.

10.

Fingering Practice:
Fixed Number Practice: +111
Do addition of 111 repeatedly for the duration of one minute.
Using 9th column to start, set 111 on the abacus. (Add 100 in the 11th column and add 10 in the 10th column
and add 1 in the 9th column) repeatedly using the required formulae for the duration of one minute.
Fixed Number Practice: 11
Set 2200 and do 11 repeatedly until you reach zero.
Using 9th column to start, set 2200 on the abacus. (Subtract 10 in the 10th column and subtract 1 in the 9th
column) repeatedly using the required formulae until you reach zero.
Horizontal Addition:
Starting from the 15th column, add 123456789 horizontally on the abacus until you reach the value
1111111101 on the abacus. (set 1 in the 15th column, set 2 in the 14th column, set 3 in the 13th column,
set 4 in the 12th column, set 5 in the 11th column, set 6 in the 10th column, set 7 in the 9th column, set 8 in
the 8th column and set 9 in the 7th column). Add the same number in the same column for nine times until
you reach the value 1111111101 on the abacus.
Horizontal Subtraction:
Starting from the 16th column set 1111111101 on abacus and Subtract 123456789 horizontally until you reach
zero on the abacus. (Subtract 1 in the 15th column, 2 in the 14th column, 3 in the 13th column, 4 in the 12th
column, 5 in the 11th column, 6 in the 10th column, 7 in the 9th column, 8 in the 8th column and 9 in the 7th
column). Subtract the same number in the same column for nine times until you reach zero on the abacus.

11.

Oral Sums Practice: 3 digits 3 rows & 3 digits 5rows


Call out random numbers to the children and instruct them to compute the called out numbers on their abacus
and write the answers in the fingering section of the book.

12.

Book Practice:
Class work : Book A Page nos. 3 & 4

13.

Speed Writing:
Random Numbers Listening and Writing exercise
Dictate 3 digits 10 rows numbers continuously and instruct the children to write the same in the speed writing
section of the book as the digits are being called out. After the first line is completed, say 'next' and then dictate
another set of 3 digits 10 rows numbers, in this way dictate at least 10 sets of numbers.

14.

Book Practice:
Home Work : Book B Page nos. 1 4

RACERS

Lesson Plan
Week 2

Activities to be followed for 1st one hour session

S.No.

Activity class work

Time
(Min)

Mixed Formulae: Book A Page nos. 5,6,7 & 8


Book B Page nos. 5,6,7 & 8

Speed Writing

Multiples of 2 sequentially forward and backward


0204060810,1214161820,2018161412,1008060402

Image Flash

Reading the Slider Images

Oral Sums Practice

10

Abacus Sums: 1,2&3D 4R & 1,2&3D 6R


Continuous Numbers: 1 to 120
Do 1 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +7 +8 +9 +10 ....7260 on the abacus

Fingering Practice

10

5
6

Oral Sums Practice

10

Book Practice

10

Speed Writing

Continuous Numbers: 120 to 1


Do 7260 120 119 118 117 .. 0 on the abacus.
Repeated no. +102/Addition of three different digits
repeatedly on the abacus. Add 102 repeatedly for the duration
of one minute.
Repeated no. 13/ Subtraction of any two different digits
repeatedly on the abacus. Set 2600 on the abacus and subtract
13 repeatedly until you reach zero.
Abacus Sums: 2&3D 4R & 2&3D 6R
Class work: Book B Page nos. 5 & 6
Multiples of 2 sequentially forward and backward
0204060810, 1214161820, 2018161412, 1008060402

Activities to be followed for 2nd one hour session


8

Image Flash

Reading the Slider Images

Oral sums practice

35

Mental Sums: 2D 4R & 2D 6R


Fixed Numbers: Addition of three same digits repeatedly on the
abacus. Do +222 repeatedly for the duration of one minute.

10

Fingering Practice

10

Fixed no. 22/Subtraction of two same digits repeatedly


on the abacus. Set 4400 on the abacus and subtract 22
repeatedly until you reach zero.
Horizontal Addition: Add 123456789 horizontally on the abacus
for 9 steps until you reach 1111111101 on the abacus.
Horizontal Subtraction: Set 1111111101 on the abacus and
subtract 123456789 horizontally for 9 steps until you reach zero.

11

Oral Sums Practice

10

Abacus Sums: 3D 3R & 3D 5R

12

Book Practice

10

Class work: Book B Page nos. 7 & 8

Random Numbers: 3 digits 10 rows


Listening and Writing exercise

RACERS

13
Speed Writing
Indian Abacus Tutor Training Manual
Book Practice
14

Indian Abacus Tutor Training Manual

Home Work: Book A Page nos. 5 8

Guidelines
Week 2

Book Practice:
Book A Page nos. 5,6,7,8
Book B Page nos. 5,6,7,8
1.

Speed Writing:
Speed writing of numbers Multiples of 2 sequentially forward and backward

0204060810
1214161820
2018161412
1008060402

2.

Image Flash: Reading the Slider Images (Refer Page nos. 2)

3.

Oral Sums Practice : 1,2&3 digits 4 rows & 1,2&3 digits 6rows
Call out random numbers to the children and instruct them to compute the called out numbers on their abacus
and write the answers in the fingering section of the book.

4.

Fingering Practice:
Continuous Numbers +1 to +120
Do 1 +2 +3 7260 on the abacus.
Using 9th column to start on the abacus, add the numbers from 1 to 120 sequentially using required
formulae in the 9th column until you reach the value 7260 on the abacus.
Continuous Numbers: 120 to 1
Do 120 119 118 ..0 on the abacus.
Using 9th column to start, set 7260 on the abacus and subtract numbers on the reverse from 120 to 1 using
required formulae until you reach zero.
Repeated no +102/Addition of any three different digits repeatedly on the abacus.
Do addition of 102 repeatedly for the duration of one minute.
Using 9th column to start, set 102 on the abacus. (Add 100 in the 11th column and add 2 in the 9th column)
repeatedly using the required formulae for the duration of one minute.
Repeated no 13/Subtraction of any two different digits repeatedly on the abacus.
Using 9th column to start, set 2600 on the abacus, subtract 13 repeatedly using required formulae until you
reach zero (subtract 10 in the 10th column and subtract 3 in the 9th column).

5.

Oral Sums Practice: 2&3 digits 4 rows & 2&3 digits 6 rows
Call out random numbers to the children and instruct them to compute the called out numbers on their
abacus and write the answers in the fingering section of the book.

6.

Book Practice:
Class work : Book B Page nos. 5 & 6

7.

Speed Writing:
Speed writing of numbers Multiples of 2 sequentially forward and backward
0204060810
1214161820
2018161412
1008060402

RACERS

Guidelines
Week 2

8.

Image Flash: Reading the Slider Images (Refer Page nos. 2)

9.

Oral Sums Practice: Mental Sums: 2 digits 4 rows & 2 digits 6 rows
Call out random numbers to the children and instruct them to compute the called out numbers mentally by
visualizing and moving the slider images of abacus mentally according to the numbers and write the answers in
the fingering section of the book.

10.

Fingering Practice:
Fixed Number Practice: +222
Do addition of 222 repeatedly for the duration of one minute.
Using 9th column to start, set 222 on the abacus. (Add 200 in the 11th column and add 20 in the 10th column
and add 2 in the 9th column) repeatedly using the required formulae for the duration of one minute.
Fixed Number Practice: 22
Set 4400 and do 22 repeatedly until you reach zero.
Using 9th column to start, set 4400 on the abacus. (Subtract 20 in the 10th column and subtract 2 in the 9th
column) repeatedly using the required formulae until you reach zero.
Horizontal Addition:
Starting from the 15th column, add 123456789 horizontally on the abacus until you reach the value
1111111101 on the abacus. (set 1 in the 15th column, set 2 in the 14th column, set 3 in the 13th column, set 4 in
the 12th column, set 5 in the 11th column, set 6 in the 10th column, set 7 in the 9th column, set 8 in the 8th
column and set 9 in the 7th column). Add the same number in the same column for nine times until you reach
the value 1111111101 on the abacus.

RACERS

Horizontal Subtraction:
Starting from the 16th column set 1111111101 on abacus and subtract 123456789 horizontally until you reach
zero on your abacus. (Subtract 1 in the 15th column, 2 in the 14th column, 3 in the 13th column, 4 in the 12th
column, 5 in the 11th column, 6 in the 10th column, 7 in the 9th column, 8 in the 8th column and 9 in the 7th
column). Subtract the same number in the same column for nine times until you reach zero on the abacus.
11.

Oral Sums Practice: 3 digits 3 rows & 3 digits 5 rows


Call out random numbers to the children and instruct them to compute the called out numbers on their abacus
and write the answers in the fingering section of the book.

12.

Book Practice:
Class work: Book B Page nos. 7 & 8

13.

Speed Writing: Random Numbers Listening and Writing exercise


Dictate 3 digits 10 rows numbers continuously and instruct the children to write the same in the speed
writing section of the book as the digits are being called out. After the first line is completed, say 'next'
and then dictate another set of 3 digits 10 rows numbers, in this way dictate at least 10 sets of numbers.

14.

Book Practice:
Home Work: Book A Page nos. 5 8

Indian Abacus Tutor Training Manual