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Embedded systems 7842522786/9948887244/9346934699

A REAL TIME PADDY CROP FIELD MONITORING SYSTEM BASED ON ZIGBEE
NETWORK
AIM:
The main aim of this project is to implement Real Time Paddy Crop Field Monitoring
System Using ZIGBEE Wireless Sensor Network.

PURPOSE:
The purpose of this project is to implement a highly enabled paddy crop field
monitoring system using ZIGBEE Wireless Sensor Network without human interactions.
BLOCK DIAGRAM:
TRANSMITTER SECTION:
Temperature
sensor

Power Supply

Zigbee

Micro

Transceiver
ttttttTtTRTRTRA
NSCEIVER

Humidity sensor

Controller
Water level
sensor

RECEIVER SECTION:

Power supply

Zigbee
Micro

GSM

Transceiver

Controller

PC

DESCRIPTION:
Email: info@purpletechnosolutions.com

www.purpletechnosolutions.com

9030880909/101/202/505/606

Embedded systems 7842522786/9948887244/9346934699

Sensors are the essential device for precision agricultural applications. In this paper
we have detailed about how to utilize the sensors in paddy crop field area and explained about
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), Zigbee network, Protocolstack, zigbee Applications and the
results are given, when implemented the zigbee network experimentally in real time
environment. This paper proposed idea about monitoring the crop field area without human
interaction. The fundamental concept of this paper is to provide a highly enabled monitoring of
crop field.
Wireless sensor network (WSN) consists of a large number of low cost sensor nodes
which are deployed in the sensing area. They can sensor, sample and process the information
gathered from the sensing area, and transmit it to the observer. WSN can be applied to many
fields such as environment monitoring, intelligent transportation, smart home and soon.
WSN can eliminate the cost of installation, maintenance and eliminates connectors.
Potential benefits includes fewer catastrophic failures, conservation of natural resources,
improved manufacturing productivity, improved emergency response, and enhanced homeland
security.
A WSN (wireless sensor network) generally consists of base station (or) gateway that
can communicate with a number of wireless sensors via a radio link. Power unit produces the
power. Data Processing unit have the microcontroller, which is the fully responsible to get
sensed data and transmit over another network. The microcontroller performs tasks, processes
data and controls the functionality of other components in the sensor node. Sensing unit has the
sensors and analog to digital converter (ADC) to convert analog sensed signal to digital signal.

ZIGBEE TECHNOLOGY:
Zigbee is new wireless technology guided by IEEE 802.15.4 Personal Area Network
standard. It is primarily designed for the wide range controlling applications and to replace the
existing non-standard technologies. It currently operates in 868 MHz band at a data rate of
20Kbps in Europe, 914MHz band at 40kbps in USA, and the 2.4GHz ISM bands Worldwide at a
maximum data-rate of 250kbps. It is used to verify whether user’s truncation is possible or not.
One of the main advantages of this ZIGBEE communication is that it provides a noise free

Email: info@purpletechnosolutions.com

www.purpletechnosolutions.com

9030880909/101/202/505/606

Embedded systems 7842522786/9948887244/9346934699

communication, the amount of noise added in this type of communication is very less compared
to the other wireless communications.

GSM:
GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is the technology that underpins most of the
world's mobile phone networks. The GSM platform is a hugely successful wireless technology
and an unprecedented story of global achievement and cooperation. GSM has become the
world's fastest growing communications technology of all time and the leading global mobile
standard, spanning 218 countries. GSM is an open, digital cellular technology used for
transmitting mobile voice and data services. GSM operates in the 900MHz and 1.8GHz bands
GSM supports data transfer speeds of up to 9.6 kbps, allowing the transmission of basic data
services such as SMS.

SOFTWARES:
1. Embedded C
2. Keil IDE
3. Uc-Flash or ISP

4. Express PCB
HARDWARE COMPONENTS:

Power Unit

Micro Controller

Zigbee Transceivers

Temperature sensor

Humidity sensor

Water level sensor

GSM

Email: info@purpletechnosolutions.com

www.purpletechnosolutions.com

9030880909/101/202/505/606

Embedded systems 7842522786/9948887244/9346934699

Personal Computer

Result:By this project we can implement a highly enabled paddy crop field monitoring system
using Zigbee Wireless Sensor Network without human interactions.

Email: info@purpletechnosolutions.com

www.purpletechnosolutions.com

9030880909/101/202/505/606