IMMIGRANT CONTRIBUTIONS

TO MINNESOTA’S ECONOMY

ÅBOUT THE PARTNERSHIP FOR A NEW AMERICAN ECONOMY:
The Partnership for a New American Economy brings together more than 500 Republican, Democratic and
Independent mayors and business leaders who support sensible immigration reforms that will help create jobs
for Americans today. Visit www.renewoureconomy.org to learn more.

ABOUT THE MINNESOTA BUSINESS IMMIGRATION COALITION:
The Minnesota Business Immigration Coalition is a group of organizations who support comprehensive federal
reform including secure borders. Each member of the MNBIC has recognized that as baby boomers retire and
Minnesota's labor force growth slows, immigrants play an increasingly critical role in Minnesota's workforce
and its overall economic growth. As a result, the MNBIC supports a reform package that modifies immigration
policies without creating more obstacles for workers to connect with employers.
Download a full copy of the MNBIC's 2013 report "The Economic Contributions of Immigrants" here:
http://www.mnbic.org/images/letters/immigrantsinmn_13.pdf.
The Minnesota Business Immigration Coalition includes the Minnesota Chamber of Commerce, Minnesota
Agri-Growth Council, Minnesota Nursery & Landscape Association, Hospitality Minnesota, Minnesota Milk
Producers Association, Midwest Food Processors Association, Minnesota Restaurant Association, and Minnesota Lodging Association.

ABOUT AMERICAS SOCIETY/COUNCIL OF THE AMERICAS (AS/COA):
Americas Society/Council of the Americas (AS/COA) unite opinion leaders to exchange ideas and create
solutions to the challenges of the Americas today. Americas Society (AS) fosters an understanding of the
contemporary political, social, and economic issues confronting the Western Hemisphere. Council of the
Americas (COA) is the premier international business organization whose members share a common
commitment to economic and social development, open markets, the rule of law, and democracy. Recognizing
the link between U.S. immigration and overall hemispheric relations, AS/COA launched its Immigration and
Integration Initiative in 2007 to bring together key constituencies in new gateway cities and produce research on
the economic benefit of immigrants in the United States. Learn more at www.as-coa.org/immigration-and-integration-initiative.

IMMIGRANT CONTRIBUTIONS
TO MINNESOTA’S ECONOMY
Minnesota boasts a long history of welcoming immigrants. From the earliest days of statehood to today,
immigrants from all over the world have come to Minnesota, adding to its prosperity and vitality through their
economic and cultural contributions. Building upon the Minnesota Business Immigration Coalition’s landmark
report, “The Economic Contribution of Immigrants in Minnesota,” this fact sheet provides an updated look at the
growing—and crucial—role that Minnesota’s immigrant communities play in strengthening the state’s economy.

HOW IMMIGRANT EARNINGS SUPPORT
THE STATE’S ECONOMIC GROWTH
The more income an immigrant family makes, the more it is able to contribute to the economy overall. Such
added income is often reflected in a larger Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and tax base in the region where
immigrants live, as well as strengthened national entitlement programs. That means the money families earn,
or their purchasing power, is critical to a state’s economic wellbeing. In this brief, we define purchasing power as
the net household income available to a family after paying federal, state, and local taxes, or the disposable
income of a given household.
This brief utilizes an updated method to calculate the purchasing power of immigrants that allows for a more
detailed, and in-depth analysis of immigrant wages than was available in previous studies. This method of
analyzing the income of immigrants produces a surprising finding: Although long recognized as an important
part of Minnesota’s economic picture, immigrants have far higher amounts of disposable income than has been
reported before. Our work finds that the purchasing power of immigrants in Minnesota totaled more than
$7.7 billion in 2013 alone.1
Immigrants also contribute more in tax contributions to Minnesota than previously realized, and do more
to sustain critical entitlement programs like Social Security and Medicare. In 2013, immigrants in Minnesota
contributed more than $1.2 billion in state and local taxes, helping fund public services all over the state.2
Immigrants also contributed more than $1.5 billion to Social Security and Medicare through their wage and
earnings contributions that year.3 The overall role of immigrants in the state’s economy has also resulted
in meaningful GDP gains in recent years. In 2012, immigrants contributed more than $22.4 billion to the
Minnesota’s GDP. That means they accounted for 7.5 percent of the total GDP in the state that year.4

1. Purchasing power is calculated as aggregated household income, including wage, social security, supplementary security, and retirement income, minus the average federal, state,
and local tax incidence for a household in Minnesota, or 28.9 percent of gross income.
2.  Data on household incomes was derived from the 2013 American Community Survey. The estimated average federal tax incidence of 17.4 percent was taken from a 2001
Congressional Budget Office study. The 8 percent% state and 3.5 percent% local tax incidence estimate was taken from a 2013 Minnesota Department of Revenue report.
3. Adopting the methodology used in several other studies, such as the Center for American Progress’ “Improving Lives, Strengthening Finances: The Benefits of Immigration Reform to
Social Security” and the Partnership for a New American Economy’s “Staying Covered: How Immigrants Have Prolonged the Solvency of One of Medicare’s Key Trust Funds and
Subsidized Care for U.S. Seniors,” flat tax rates of 12.4 percent for Social Security contributions and 2.9 percent for Medicare contributions were used in tandem with estimates for
aggregated foreign-born household income from wage earnings and Social Security income to calculate immigrant contributions to each fund.
4.These figures derive from the author's calculations based on 2008-2010 ACS PUMS sample immigrants’ share of wage income and self-employment income
(approx. 7.5%) and BEA (2014) Advance 2013 and Revised 1997–2012 Statistics of GDP by State, June 11.

TOTAL POPULATION

FOREIGN-BORN

PURCHASING POWER OF SELECT POPULATIONS IN MINNESOTA, 2013

TOTAL PURCHASING POWER OF RESIDENTS:

$7.7 BILLION

$110.8 BILLION

IS THE PUR CHAS ING
POWER OF F OR EIGN-BOR N
R ES ID ENTS

MEDICARE AND SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS OF FOREIGN-BORN RESIDENTS, 2013
FOREIGN-BORN
RESIDENTS
ACCOU NT FOR:

$1 . 2 BI L L I ON
T OT AL CONT RIB UT I ON
BY FORE IGN- B OR N
RE SI DEN T S

$295 MILLIO N
TO TA L CO NTRI BU TI O N
BY FO REI GN-BO RN
RES I D EN TS

7.5%
SOCIAL
SECURITY

MEDICARE
$3. 9 BI L L I O N
T OT AL CONT RIBUT ION
BY ST AT E RE SIDE NT S

$ 1 6 . 9 B I L L I ON
T OT A L C ON T R I B UT I ON
B Y S T A T E R ES I DEN T S

OF MEDICARE
CONTRIBU TION S

7.1%
OF SOCIAL SEC UR IT Y
CONTRIBU TION S

7.4%
OF MINNESOTA' S
P OP U LATION

STATE AND LOCAL TAX CONTRIBUTIONS OF SELECTED MINNESOTA POPULATIONS, 2013
$8 67 M I L L I ON

$379 MILLIO N

AM OUNT PA I D B Y
FORE IGN- B OR N
RE SI DEN T S

A MO U N T PA I D BY
FO REI GN-BO RN
RESI D EN TS

LOCAL TAX
CONTRIBUTIONS

STATE TAX
CONTRIBUTIONS

$5 . 4 BI L L I O N

$1.2 BILLION
TOTAL AMOU NT OF S T AT E
& LOCAL TAXES P AID
BY FOREIGN-BORN
RESIDENTS

$ 1 2 . 4 B I L L I ON

AM OUNT PAID BY ALL
ST AT E RE SIDE NT S

A M OUN T P A I D B Y A LL
S T A T E R ES I DEN T S

FOREIGN-BORN RESIDENT’S CONTRIBUTION TO MINNESOTA’S GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, 2012

7.5%
$22.4 BILLION
FOR EIGN-BOR N R ES ID ENTS
C ONTR IBUTION TO GD P

$298.2 BILLION
TO T AL ST AT E G DP

FOREIGN- B O R N
RESIDENT S
CONTRIBU T ION
TO GDP

IMMIGRANTS HELP MINNESOTA’S
POPULATION KEEP GROWING
Immigrants accounted for nearly 29 percent of Minnesota’s population growth from 2000 to 2013. During that
time, the foreign-born population grew from 260,463 people to 403,514—an increase of nearly 55 percent in a
13-year period. For comparison, that growth rate outpaced the trend in nearby Wisconsin, where 21 percent of
population growth was due to immigrants, and the foreign-born population increased by a little over 41 percent
during the same period. Given the large number of baby boomers retiring each year, such immigrants—who are
younger on average—are critical to keeping states like Minnesota young, healthy, and growing.5

TOTAL POPULATION

POPULATION TRENDS IN MINNESOTA

POPULATION TRENDS IN WISCONSIN

2000-20 1 3

2000-2013

4,919,479

5,742,713

5,420,380

260,463

403,514
2000

5,363,675

193,751

2013

FOREIGN-BORN

274,687
2000

2013

28.6% OF MINNESOTA'S POPULATION GROWTH IS DUE TO IMMIGRANTS,
WHILE 21.4% OF WISCONSIN'S IS.

143,051
NEW FOREIGN-BORN
MINNESOTA RESIDENTS

500,900
TOTAL NUMBER OF
NEW MINNESOTA
RESIDENTS

54.92%

28.6%

POPULATION CHANGE
EXPLAINED BY IMMIGRATION
(All data is from 2012-2013)

10.18%
GROWTH RATE OF
FOREIGN-BORN
POPULATION

RATE OF CHANGE
IN TOTAL
POPULATION

7.4%
TOTAL POPULATION
THAT WAS
FOREIGN-BORN
(2013)

5. Dowell Myers, “Immigrants’ Contributions in an Aging America,” Communities and Banking (2008), http://csii.usc.edu/documents/myers_immigrants_contribution.pdf.

THE ROLE OF IMMIGRANTS IN THE LABOR FORCE
Immigrants punch above their weight class in some of Minnesota’s largest industries. For instance,
in manufacturing, the state’s second-largest industry, more than one out of every five workers was foreign-born
in 2012. In education and health services, the largest industry in the state, they made up almost one in every four
workers that year. In other major sectors, including professional services (the fourth largest industry) and arts,
entertainment, and accommodation (the fifth largest), they made up more than one in 10 workers that year.6
In such industries, immigrants often fill critical workforce gaps or bring with them specialized skills or training.
In manufacturing in particular, immigrant workers often help fill critical workforce gaps. One 2011 study,
for instance, found that 67 percent of manufacturing employers nationally reported having moderate to severe
difficulty finding enough qualified, available workers to fill positions.7 Many rural parts of the state also have
trouble finding enough qualified doctors or nurses to fill positions.8 Skilled immigrants often help fill such jobs,
ensuring that firms like hospitals and parts manufacturers have the workforce they need to keep expanding on
American soil, creating more positions for U.S.-born workers in the process. Such workforce challenges can slow
down company expansion, and result in fewer jobs for all workers on U.S. soil.

ROLE OF IMMIGRANTS IN KEY INDUSTRIES IN MINNESOTA, 2012

EDUCATION & HEALTH SERVICES

TOTAL WORKERS

MANUFACTURING

23.5%

PROFESSIONAL SERVICES

RETAIL TRADE

20.5%

54,131 FOREIGN-BORN WORKERS
674,932 TOTAL WORKERS

8.1%

47,269 FOREIGN-BORN WORKERS
379,443 TOTAL WORKERS

ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT & ACCOMMODATION

13.1%

18,584 FOREIGN-BORN WORKERS
316,468 TOTAL WORKERS

FINANCE, INSURANCE & REAL ESTATE

11.0%

30,164 FOREIGN-BORN WORKERS
258,011 TOTAL WORKERS

6.3%

25,411 FOREIGN-BORN WORKERS
217,199 TOTAL WORKERS

CONSTRUCTION

14,546 FOREIGN-BORN WORKERS
199,817 TOTAL WORKERS

TRANSPORTATION

3.0%

AGRICULTURE, MINING & UTILITIES

3.2%

6,897 FOREIGN-BORN WORKERS
153,529 TOTAL WORKERS

2.4%

7475 FOREIGN-BORN WORKERS
106,514 TOTAL WORKERS

WHOLESALE TRADE

2.0%

4,641 FOREIGN-BORN WORKERS
81,955 TOTAL WORKERS

FOREIGN-BORN WORKERS

5,531 FOREIGN-BORN WORKERS
85,619 TOTAL WORKERS

INFORMATION

1.3%

3,054 FOREIGN-BORN WORKERS
53,517 TOTAL WORKERS 

6. All industry figures are derived from the authors’ analysis of the 2008-2012 American Community Survey IPUMS sample.
7. Deloitte and the Manufacturing Institute, “Boiling Point? The Skills Gap in US Manufacturing” (2011). Available here: http://www.themanufacturinginstitute.org/~/media/A07730B2A798437D98501E798C2E13AA.ashx.
8. Mike Cronin, MinnPost, “Minnesota Responds to Rural Doctor Shortage with Teams, Training, and Telemedicine,” (Aug. 11, 2014). Available here: http://www.minnpost.com/health/2014/08/minnesota-responds-rural-doctor-shortage-teams-training-telemedicine.

TRAINING AND EDUCATION
Immigrants in Minnesota were more likely to hold a graduate or professional degree than the native-born
population in 2013. We find that 14.7 percent of immigrants had such qualifications, compared to 10.5 percent of
the state’s U.S.-born residents. Following the national trend of immigrants clustering at the lower and higher
ends of the skill spectrum, immigrants in Minnesota were also overrepresented in lower-skilled occupations that
year as well. Nearly 15 percent of workers in service and production, transportation, and material-moving
occupations were immigrants in 2013. In many industries, immigrants are filling jobs that Minnesotans either
don’t want or are not qualified to hold.
TOTAL POPULATION

NATIVE-BORN

FOREIGN-BORN

SHARE OF SELECT SKILL POPULATIONS IN MINNESOTA MADE UP OF FOREIGN-BORN RESIDENTS
HIGH S CHOOL OR LE SS

GE D , S O ME C O L L E GE , A S S O C I A TE ’ S D E GRE E

11.4%

5.4%

B ACHELOR’S DE G R EE

GRA D U A TE E D U C A TI O N

7.3%

11.9%

TOT AL AGED 25 AN D AB O V E

8.4%
EDUCATION BREAKDOWN OF MINNESOTA'S FOREIGN-BORN AND NATIVE-BORN
10.5%

14.7%

GRADUATE
DEGREE

GRADUATE
DEGREE

18.7%
BACHELOR’S
DEGREE

21.7%

43.8%
HIGH SCHOOL
OR LESS

HIGH SCHOOL
OR LESS

BACHELOR’S
DEGREE

22.7%
GED, SOME COLLEGE,
ASSOICIATE’S DEGREE

32.3%

35.6%
GED, SOME COLLEGE,
ASSOICIATE’S DEGREE

14.7%

43.8%

10.5%

32.3%

OF THE FOREIGN- BORN
P OP ULATION HAS A
GRADUATE DEGREE

OF THE NATIV E- BORN
P OP ULATION HAS S UCH
TRAINING

OF THE FOREIGN- BO R N
P OP ULATION HAS A H I G H
S CHOOL DEGREE OR L E SS

OF THE NATIV E- BOR N
P OP ULATION DOES

NATIVE-BORN

FOREIGN-BORN

SHARE OF SELECT LOW-SKILLED OCCUPATIONS MADE UP OF FOREIGN-BORN RESIDENTS

SERVICE
OCCUPAT IO N S

SALES & O F F ICE
OCCUPAT IO N S

418,110
60,602 (14.49%)

627,165
37,598 (5.99%)

N A TU RA L RE S O U RC E S ,
C O N S TRU C TI O N & MA I N TE N A NC E
O C C U PA TI O NS
PRO D U C TI O N, TRA NS PO RTA TI O N
& MA TE RI A L MO V I NG
O C C U PA TI O NS

201,312
15,089 (7.50%)

320,035
50,708 (15.84%)

THE NEW AMERICAN FORTUNE 500 IN MINNESOTA
Minnesota has always had a proud tradition of being home to a large number of the country’s major companies
and employers. In 2014, the state was home to 18 Fortune 500 companies, placing it in the top 10 states with the
most such firms in the country. Almost 40 percent of these firms were founded originally by an immigrant or the
child of an immigrant. Together this list of companies, a group that includes 3M, Medtronic, and Hormel Foods,
employs more than 264,000 people globally. They bring in more than $100 billion in revenues each year.
Thrivent Financial, one of Minnesota’s Fortune 500 firms, has in many ways a typical entrepreneurial immigrant
story. Thrivent, a fraternal benefit society, was originally founded in 1902 by German immigrant Alfred Voecks
and three other colleagues. Concerned about the well being of their fellow Lutherans, they banded together to
build a financial services organization that would provide life insurance and protection to Lutheran families,
many of whom had recently immigrated to America. Thrivent today serves a wide range of clients, and brings in
$8.1 billion in revenue each year.9

THE MINNESOTA NEW AMERICAN FORTUNE 500
S HARE OF FIRM S F O U N D ED B Y AN IM M IG R AN T
O R CH ILD O F AN IM M IG R AN T
SH AR E O F F IR M S F O U N D ED B Y
AN IM M IG R AN T

38.9%
11.1%

R E V E N UE A N D EM P L OY EES OF M INNESO TA FO R TU NE 500 FI R MS FO U ND ED BY
IMMIG R A N T S OR T HE IR C HIL DR E N

$104.34 BN
$25.92 BN
*FIRMS F O U N D E D B Y
IMMI G R AN T S
OR CHILD O F AN
IMM IG R AN T

*F IR M S F O U N D ED B Y
IM M IG R AN T S

264,524

68,565

F U L L TI ME E MPL O YE E S I N F I RMS
F O U N D E D BY I MMI GRA NTS O R THE
C HI L D RE N O F I MMI GRA NTS

F U L L TI ME E MPL O Y E E S
I N F I RMS F O U N D E D
BY I MMI GRA NTS

*Revenue in the last 12 Months

9. Our Heritage, Thrivent Financial [Website]. Accessed Oct. 22, 2014, available here: https://www.thrivent.com/aboutus/ourorganization/history.html.

HOW IMMIGRANTS SUPPORT THE
STATE’S HOUSING MARKET
As the Partnership for a New American Economy (PNAE) and the Americas Society/Council of the America
(AS/COA) have reported in past research, immigrants in many parts of the country play a valuable role
maintaining—and increasing—housing values. This is because immigrants often move to areas formerly in
decline. By occupying vacant housing units and playing roles in their communities as entrepreneurs and
taxpayers, immigrants can often revitalize home values, and attract more native-born residents to the area.
One 2013 study by PNAE and AS/COA, for instance, found that every time 1,000 immigrants arrive in a given
county, an additional 270 native-born individuals move there in response within the next decade.10
Looking at data from 2000-2012, we find that this same dynamic is at work in Minnesota. During that period,
the share of homeowners in Minnesota who were immigrants grew from 3.3 percent to almost 5 percent.
A breakdown of 17 areas within the state shows that in many areas this resulted in a meaningful increase in
housing values between 2008 (the height of the housing crisis) and 2012.11 On average, adding one immigrant
to a Minnesota county during that period raised the value of the average home there by 12.4 cents.12 Although
that figure sounds small on its face, when multiplied by the number of immigrants arriving in a given area,
it can result in meaningful increases. In some parts of the state, most notably the Hennepin County area around
Minneapolis, the value of the average home rose by more than $2,000 between 2008 and 2012 due solely to
the arrival of immigrants. In other areas that saw an outflow of immigrants, housing values fell by more than
$1,200 during that period, compounding the impact of the financial crisis.

10. Jacob Vigdor, Partnership for a New American Economy and Americas Society/Council of the Americas, “Immigration and the Revival of American Cities” (Sept. 12, 2013).
Accessed Oct. 22, 2014, available here: http://www.renewoureconomy.org/research/immigrants-boost-u-s-economic-vitality-through-the-housing-market/.
11. Data for these estimates are derived from the 2008 and 2012 American Community Survey Public Use Micro Sample (PUMS) available at census.gov. Median house values are
expressed in 2013 dollars.
12. Data for these estimates are derived from the 2008 and 2012 American Community Survey Public Use Micro Sample (PUMS) available at census.gov. Median house values are
expressed in 2013 dollars.

1

$188
2

$62

3

$327

THE IMP AC T O F IMMIGRAN T S
O N HO ME V ALUES IN
17 MINNESO TA AREAS 1 3

4
7

8

$2111 $1781

10

$270

11

$1222

5

6

$194

$53

$1423

13
12

9

$299

$405
15

$93
17

16

$74

$37

$510

14

$127

A R E 14

MEDIAN HOME
PRICES 2012

MEDIAN HOME
PRICES 2008

CHANGE IN FOREIGN
BORN SINCE 2008

MEDIAN HOME PRICES
WITHOUT IMMIGRANT
CONTRIBUTION

1

$1 26 , 83 1

$12 9,8 44

1516

$12 6,643

2

$ 1 52, 1 9 7

$162 ,305

504

$152 ,135

3

$ 1 52, 1 9 7

$18 3,946

-2 642

$152 ,52 5

4

$ 1 77, 56 3

$2 48 ,8 68

-98 59

$178 ,78 5

5

$ 24 3 , 51 5

$308 ,38 0

1568

$2 43,32 1

6

$ 202, 9 3 0

$2 60,770

1148 1

$2 01,507

7

$ 202, 9 3 0

$2 70,509

17037

$2 00,8 18

8

$ 1 82, 6 3 7

$2 43,458

14368

$18 0,8 56

9

$228, 29 6

$2 8 1,32 9

2 411

$2 2 7,997

10

$ 1 4 2, 051

$162 ,305

2 176

$141,78 1

11

$1 21 , 758

$108 ,2 03

431

$12 1,704

12

$ 1 52, 1 9 7

$18 3,946

-754

$152 ,2 91

13

$ 1 9 2, 783

$2 16,407

32 72

$192 ,378

14

$1 4 7, 1 24

$162 ,305

102 8

$146,997
$18 2 ,12 7

15

$ 1 82, 6 3 7

$18 3,946

4115

16

$1 26 , 83 1

$143,911

-2 96

$12 6,8 68

17

$ 9 5, 3 77

$91,973

595

$95,303

13.The housing data are derived directly from US Census geographic classifications of PUMAs (Public Use Microdata Areas). In some cases we have aggregated the PUMAs so they are
comparable across years, due to Census re-classification of PUMAs in 2010. The smaller sample and relatively few observations in smaller geographic regions do not allow us to breakdown
the regions into smaller geographic areas.
14. See appendix A for a breakdown of the geographic areas.expressed in 2013 dollars.

CONCLUSION
The contributions that immigrants make to Minnesota are as diverse as the state’s immigrant populations
themselves. Their impact as taxpayers and workers can be felt in a whole range of sectors of our economy
and our state—from the jobs in the workforce that go filled because of their unique skill sets to the major
Fortune 500 firms that wouldn’t exist without their creativity and entrepreneurial vision. This brief makes clear
that immigrants are a critical part of Minnesota’s success story. Our ability to succeed depends in part on the
ability of new generations to come here, and like those immigrants before them, continue to achieve the
American dream.

A P PEN DIX A
L I ST OF C OUN TIES IN GEOGRA P H IC A RE AS
The areas consist of PUMAs (Public Use Microdata Areas) and/or aggregate PUMAs, which comprise one or
more counties, as classified by the US Census.
AREA 1
Clay County
Kittson County
M a r s h a l l C o u n ty
N o r m a n C o u n ty
Pen n i n gt o n C o un ty
Po l k C o u n t y
Red La k e C o u nty
Ro s e a u C o u n t y

AREA 2
B ec k e r C o u n t y
B el t r a m i C o u nty
C l ea r w a t er C oun ty
H u b b a r d C o u n ty
La k e O f Th e W o o ds
County
M a h n o m en C o unty

Pin e Co un ty
Po pe Co un ty
S herbu rne Co u nty
S t. Lo uis Co un t y
S tearns Co un ty
S tev ens Co un ty
S wif t Co u nty
T o dd Co u nty
T rav erse Co un t y
W aden a Co un ty
W ilkin Co u nty
W righ t Co u nty

AREA 4
A n o ka Co u nty

AREA 5
S co tt Co un ty
Carv er Co u nty

AREA 3
Ai t k i n C o u n t y
B en t o n C o u n t y
B i g S t o n e C o un ty
Carlton County
Cass County
C h i s a go C o u n ty
Cook County
C r o w W i n g C o un ty
D o u gl a s C o u n ty
Grant County
Isanti County
Itasca County
K a n a b ec C o u nty
K o o c h i c h i n g Co u nty
La k e C o u n t y
M i l l e La c s C o u nty
M o r r i s o n C o u nty
O t t e r T a i l C o u nty

AREA 6
D ako ta Co u nty

AREA 7

AREA 11

AREA 17

Brown County
Chippe wa County
La c qui Pa rle County
Lincoln County
Lyon County
R e dwood County
Y e llow Me dicine County

Cottonwood Count y
Fa riba ult County
Ja ck son County
Ma rtin County
Murra y County
Noble s County
Pipe stone County
R ock County
Wa tonwa n County

AREA 12
Blue E a rth County
Nicolle t County
Wa se ca County

AREA 13
Goodhue County
Le Sue ur County
R ice County

AREA 14
Fillm ore County
Houston County
Wa ba sha County
Winona County

Hen nepin Co u nty

AREA 8

AREA 15
Olm ste d County

Ramsey

AREA 9
W ashin gto n Co unty

AREA 10
Kandiy o h i Co u nty
M cLeo d Co u nty
M eeker Co u nty
Renv ille Co u nty
S ibley Co u nty

AREA 16
Dodg e County
Fre e born County
Mowe r County
Ste e le County