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Class 1 Oral Answers ( Part 23 )

Take over command as a master

Go to company office and meet technical superintendents, discuss about:
Ship particulars
Trading areas
Company’s and charterer’s instructions
Voyage instruction, type of charter
Special instruction for maintenance and survey
Complete change of command form- marine-40 in duplicate.
Obtain authorization slip issued by MPA which to be attached to cert of registry and letter of
On the way to master’s accommodation, form an initial impression of the ship’s general condition
and maintenance by observing exterior conditions such as: draft marks, load line marks, condition
of hull, deck, superstructure, rigging of accommodation ladder, safety net, LSA & FFA
Meet outgoing master and hand over letter of appointment and authorization slip.
Go through the hand over note, ship’s condition report, manning level, company and charterer’s
Sight all the statutory certificates as per MSC 2/2001, any survey due, maintenance/preparation
for each survey.
Go through the filing system and all types of log books.
AOA & last port clearance
Crew welfare and watch arrangements, any crew change/ repatriation in this port/ next port.
Watch arrangement.
Take over all stores, ROB of FO/DO/GO/FW, provisions, medical stores as per scale, narcotics
under master’s control.
Cash balance onboard, ship’s account, satellite radio accounts.
Ask master about port rotation, trading areas, general condition of ports, present cargo work,
ship’s stability, estimated time of completion, cargo plan, departure draft, trim, GM etc.
Detail of cargo gears, anchors, deck machineries, hatches and their conditions, maintenance
condition and schedule.
Crew familiarization process, basic trainings, onboard training programs, drills etc.
Go to bridge with master, familiar with bridge and navigation equipments, their operational
conditions and deficiencies, maneuvering characteristics of the vessel in various conditions,
passage plans, charts and publications, GMDSS equipment familiarization and their operations.
Latest weather report received, weather expected in voyage.
Enter new master’s name in OLB. Also the change over of command including the list of
documents onboard in OLB, signed by both masters.
Enter new master’s particulars, sign off/on in AOA, attach change of command form Marine-40 in
certificate of registry.
Ensure approved copy of stability booklet is available.

Take over a vessel as a chief officer

Class 1 Oral Answers ( Part 23 )

After joining:
Report to master, hand over appointment letter/ introductory letter, CoC and other certificates,
sign article of agreement.
Meet the outgoing C/O.
Go through handing over note.

Initial familiarization:
Emergency stations and duties.
Ship’s dimension, lay out, particulars.
LSA and FFA plans
Normal loading and discharging procedures.
Stability booklet and hydrostatic data.
Damage Stability booklet.
Oil record books, entries.
Garbage record books, entries.
How to input data
How to get result
Where is the back-up disc
Computer being used is approved
Any password for operating/installing the program
Piping diagram: ballast, FW, bilges.
Capacity plans
Lashing plans
Cargo securing manuals
Stowage plan
Bridge equipment, navigation equipments, emergency steering procedures.

Deck maintenance
Planned maintenance schedule
Current state of maintenance
Status of deck stores, equipments. Take inventories of various deck stores, lashing gears.
Any requisition made or to be made.
Go through mate’s log book.

Surveys and certificates

Status of various statutory certificates, expiry, validity.
Any survey due, perpetrations required.
Chain register, entries in chain register.
Certificates for lifting gears, attached equipments, wires and ropes etc.
Operational manuals.

Lifting and mooring equipments

Condition of lifting machineries and mooring equipments.

Class 1 Oral Answers ( Part 23 )

Any outstanding repairs.

Ports, voyages
Peculiarity of ports, stevedores working hours, interaction with shore personnel, lifting of stores,
water, bunker, provisions.
Port regulation, restrictions, cargo documents required, draft restrictions, day-night
Shore leave, gangway, watchman.
Pilferage by shore gang.
Deck watch, anchor watch, piracy watch arrangements.

Staff matters
Morale of crews, ability and weakness.
Work rotation, overtime system.
Officer-crew relationship.
Efficiency and performance of other duty officers regarding cargo operation.

Jobs regarding to training and assessments
ISM files to maintain
ISM documents to send to company, their frequencies.
Condition of deck, hatches, hatch covers, lifting machineries.
Hold ventilation systems
Anti-pollution and bunkering procedures
Emergency procedures
Report any discrepancy to master
Sign take over document

Additional points
In dry dock Refrigerated ships
Special types of ships Ro-ro ships
Container ships Tankers (Oil, chemical and
Bulk carriers gas)

In dry dock
Docking plan.
Dry dock repair list.
Repair works to be done onboard and by dry dock personnel.
Surveys to be done on dry dock.
Safety regulations, hot works, chemical washings, men entry to enclosed spaces.
Emergency contacts/ actions.
Power and water supply, telephones.
Take over drain plugs.
Sewage and garbage disposal arrangements.

Class 1 Oral Answers ( Part 23 )

Status of LSA, FFA, anything sent ashore.

Instructions to duty officers and crews.
Undocking stability calculations, tank conditions.
Closing-opening arrangements of hatches.

Special types of ships

Container ships
Bay plans
Stowage of containers
Stowage of IMDG containers, cargoes.
Stowage of refer containers
Container lashing gears
Normal stacking height

Bulk carriers
Ballasting-deballasting rates
Grain loading booklet
High density cargo loading procedures
Load density of deck, tank tops.
Capacities of load/discharge top side tanks.

Refrigerated ships
Check condition of compressors
Check any deficiencies in maintaining temperatures
Insulations of compartments in good condition.
Brine seals of tween deck.
Conditions of gratings and dunnages.

Ro-ro ships
Power operated W/T doors working properly
FFA in all decks in good condition
Electrical wiring maintained
Cargo securing arrangements
Bow door closing/opening arrangements and alarms
Lighting arrangements

Operation of cargo pumps, eductors
Cargo piping system
Ballast piping and pumping system
IG system and lines
Gas detection system, operation, calibration.
Cargo tank washing procedures

Class 1 Oral Answers ( Part 23 )

Procedures for loading different grades

Crude oil washing system (crude carriers)


For chemical tankers

Cargo compatibility and segregation
Special precautions required for certain cargoes.
Cargo tank washing procedures
Previous cargoes

For gas carriers

Vapor lines, reliquefaction lines
Reliquefaction plants
Cargo change over procedures
Cargo conditioning procedures
Cargo loading and discharging procedures in various ports

LNG ships
Type of tanks.
Controlling boil off.
Tank insulation.
Inerting procedures of primary and secondary barriers.

Types of anchors
Patent stockless anchor
Have no stock.
The entire head, including arms and flukes, is able to pivot about the end of the shank.
The angle of rotation is limited by stops.
The angle of rotation is 45º from the axis of the shank.
The weight of head is at least 60% of the total weight of the anchor.

Can be hove to right home into the hawse pipe.
Can be quickly secured.
Ready for instant letting go.
Has good holding power (3 to 4 times of its weight in good holding ground).

Class 1 Oral Answers ( Part 23 )

Moving parts may be chocked with sea bed materials.
This may cause the fluke to fail to re-trip.
The anchor may be broken out from the holding position.
Unstable because no stock.
When dragging under heavy load, it may rotate through 180°.
Anchor to be weighed and sighted regularly.

Admiralty cast anchor type AC14

Accepted as a standard merchant ship anchor.
Tested in practically to every type of seabed.
An anchor of great stability.
Has stabilizing fins at the head extremities.
Able to change direction rapidly and without loss of pull.
Has a holding power 2½ to 3 three times of an stockless anchor.

Hang off an anchor (detach

Necessary if required to use free end of cable.
Used when making fast to a buoy.
First joining shackle of cable, usually 2 - 4 meters from anchor, is opened.

When using through panama lead:

The anchor is stowed between gypsy and hawse pipe.
The anchor is secured by wire lashing.
The cable is passed through fairlead by using chain hooks.

When using through hawse pipe:

If cable is passed through the hawse pipe, anchor to be removed and secured
on ship's side.
The anchor is lowered at cockbill.
A slip wire (24mm wire rope for a 5t anchor) passed from bitts situated near
hawse pipe, anchor shackle and back to deck.
Both parts are hove taut and secured with maximum flare.
Another wire (No2) of same dia passed from bitts through the cable forward of
the joining shackle, led to the nearest winch.
No2 wire veered (slacked) slowly so that the anchor swings aft.
When both the wires are taut, or when weight is transferred to slip wire, no2

Class 1 Oral Answers ( Part 23 )

wire is cast off.

Cable now can be broken and used.

Cares of anchors and cables

Use anchors alternately whenever possible.
Wash down after use.
A thickly encrusted anchor may be trailed awash at a slow speed.
Regular coating of Stockholm tar or special chain paint.
Pivoting mechanism to be regularly lubricated with thick grease.
Re-test or heat treatment if required. (Normally it is not done unless

Wash regularly after use.
Chain lies in the chain locker becomes brittle.
Range in dry dock or whenever a suitable occasion arises.
Transpose first 2 or 3 shackles (ie, change to inboard side) or change end for
Remark the cable.
Examine cables for wear and tear.
Renew if more than 10% of bar diameter is wore down.
Every links to be sounded with hammer for a clear ring.
Loose studs in wrought iron to be recaulked or renewed.
If links are replaced or repaired, cable to be tested for its statutory proof load.
Regular coating of Stockholm tar or special chain paint.

Joining shackle:
At survey, joining shackles to be opened and re-examined thoroughly.
Clean, grease and assemble the parts.
Lead pallets to be checked regularly.

Chain locker:
Thoroughly cleaned out.
Scale if necessary.
Coat with anti-corrosive paint.
Cable securing fittings to be thoroughly overhauled.

IMO Publications

Class 1 Oral Answers ( Part 23 )

Related to cargo
Name of publication Edition
Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk
2001 IC260E
Cargoes (BC Code)
Code Safe Practice for Cargo Stowage &
2003 IA292E
Securing (CSS Code)
Guidelines for the Cargo Securing Manual 1997 I298E
IMDG Code (2 volumes inc. Amendment
2002 ID200E
IMDG Code Supplement 2002 ID210E
IMO/ILO Packing Guidelines (CTUs) 1997 IB284E
INF Code - 2000 IB270E
International Convention for Safe
1996 IA282E
Containers (CSC)
International Grain Code (IGC) 1991 I240E
Multimodal Dangerous Goods Form 1999 IB222E
Safe Loading and Unloading of Bulk
1998 I266E
Carriers (BLU) Code
Safe Practice for Ships Carrying Timber
1991 I275E
Deck Cargoes
Safe Transport of Dangerous Cargoes in
1995 IA290E
Port Areas
Safe Use of Pesticides in Ships 1996 IB267E
Wall Chart: IMDG Labels, Marks and Signs 2001 IA223E

Other IMO publications


Publications as per categories

Basic Documents and Resolutions
Maritime Safety
Facilitation of Travel and Transport
Legal Matters
Maritime Environment Protection
Marine Technology
IMO Model Courses
Electronic Publications (CD-ROM)
Training (STCW)
SOLAS (related publications)

Class 1 Oral Answers ( Part 23 )