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Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 )

Statutory certificates for merchant


ships
Issued to implement various international and local conventions.
Issued by appropriate authority.

Convention
SOLAS 74
The Merchant Shipping (Safety Convention) Regulations 1984
The Merchant Shipping (Safety Convention) (Amendment) Regulations 2000

Certificates
Passenger Ship Safety Certificate
Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate
Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate
Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate
Safety Management Certificate
Document of Compliance

Convention
International Convention on Load Lines, 1966, as modified by the Protocol 1988.
The Merchant Shipping (Load Line) Regulations, 2000

Certificates
International Load Line Certificate

Convention
International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships,1969
The Merchant Shipping (Tonnage) Regulations 1985.

Certificates
International Tonnage Certificate (1969)

Other Safety Certificates

Convention
These additional safety certificates are an extension of the requirements of SOLAS 74 as
modified by the 1988 Protocol.

Certificates
International certificate of fitness for the carriage of dangerous chemical in bulk. (For
chemical tankers)
International certificate of fitness for the carriage of liquefied gases in bulk. (For gas
carriers)

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Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 )

Convention
MARPOL 73/78

Prevention of pollution of the sea act (chapter 243)


Prevention of Pollution of the Sea (Oil) (Amendment) Regulations 2000
Prevention of Pollution of the Sea (Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk) (Amendment)
Regulations 2000

Certificates
International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate
International Pollution Prevention Certificate for the Carriage of Noxious Liquid Substances in
Bulk.

Convention
International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1992
International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Oil Pollution
Damage, 1992
SINGAPORE’S M.S (CIVIL LIABILITY AND COMPENSATION FOR OIL POLLUTION)
ACT 1998

Certificates
CLC certificate

Certificate of class
Awarded to new or existing vessels.
On completion of special survey.
Reports of special survey have been submitted by surveyors.
Reports to be approved by the committee.
Then a certificate of class is issued.

Outlines of initial survey procedures for


classification:
Issuance and innovation of rules and regulations for classification.
Examination and approval of calculations, drawings, specifications, basic and detail lay out.
Materials used for construction, assembly process, finishing inspection and testing.
Quality assurance of welding and welders competency.
Supervision of the followings:
Component assembly.
Ship construction

Control and compliance with;


Classification rules

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Statutory requirements
Marine fitness.

Testing of:
Components and systems
Sea-trial performance

Verification and certification of:


Capabilities
Features and qualities.

Classification Societies
The construction of merchant ships is considerably influenced and regulated by a number of
organizations and their various requirements.

Classification societies, with their rules and regulations relating to classification, provide a set of
standards for sound merchant ship construction.
These rules have been developed over many years.
These rules are based on experience, practical knowledge.
These rules are based on considerable research and investigation.

Classification society is a private and non profit making body.

Roles of classification societies:


The classification societies operate by publishing rules and regulations relating to the structural
efficiency and the reliability of propelling machinery and equipment.

These rules are a result of years of experience, research and investigation into ship design and
construction.

They are in fact a set of standards.

A classification society exists to classify or `arrange in order of merit' such ships as are built
according to its rules or are offered for classification.

A classed ship is therefore considered to have a particular standard of seaworthiness.

They are authorized on behalf of government:


To inspect and survey the ships.
To ensure that the ships are being built to certain standards.
To ensure by subsequent surveys and inspection that the vessel has maintained her standard
with respect to:
Structural strength
Equipment

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Seaworthiness

All the major maritime nations have their own societies, examples include, Lloyds in the UK, and
ABS in USA.

Consultation takes place on matters of common interest through the International Association of
Classification Societies (IACS).

There is no compulsion on a ship owner to have his ship classed.

The insurance premiums depend upon the class of a ship - the higher the standard the lower the
premium.

A classed ship is shown to be of sound construction and a safe means of transport of cargo and
passengers.

Some other points to note regarding Classification


Societies
In making Rules for vessels, classification societies generally have to :-
Consider, technical, commercial and political factors
Be sufficiently flexible to handle changes which will be accepted by all those concerned with
ship safety.
Consider cost factors (especially in relation to safety standards)
Be independent of any political interest
Meet the requirements of the maritime community (to include, charterers, P&I clubs and others
who have interests in shipping).

Condition of class certificate


Provisional certificate
Interim certificate
Issued to a classed vessel.

Issued by classification society surveyor.

Enables the vessel to proceed to voyage when as per surveyor:


The vessel is fit.
In efficient condition.

Certificates will embody surveyor’s recommendation for continuance of class.

Subjected to the confirmation of the committee.

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Issued in the event of:


Seaworthiness of the vessel in question due to:
Collision
Grounding
Any maritime accident by which vessel sustained damage to hull/ machinery.

Repair done as required.

If surveyor thinks that the ship is only safe to proceed to next port for a cheaper or more
thorough repair, an endorsement to be made on interim certificate as:
“The vessel is safe for intended passage until the next port for further repair and examination.”

Load line certificate


Overview
Issued under international loadline convention.
Validity: 5 years.
Issued by classification society.

Survey items
Stability booklet
Weather tightness of hatch ways and hatch openings
Machinery space openings
All openings on the weather deck
All ventilators on deck and their coamings.
All airpipes and their coamings.
All cargo ports and similar openings.
All scupper inlets and discharges from enclosed spaces.
Side scuttles, freeing ports.
Construction of deckhouses, superstructures and their bulwark and railings on the
freeboard deck.
Condition of walkway
Structural alteration that could effect strength of the ship.
Record of particulars issued with loadline certificate.

Preparation for loadline survey


For a loadline survey, information for preparation may be found from "Condition of
assignment" issued along with loadline certificate.

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Followings items to be checked:


Stability booklets available and endorsed by surveyor.
Vessel's structural strength is sufficient:
The decks or hulls are not badly corroded.
There is no crack on deck or hull.
Hatch ways and hatch openings are weather tight.
Machinery space openings weather tight.
All ventilators on deck and their coamings are in good condition.
All openings on the weather deck are weather tight.
Cargo ports and other similar openings below freeboard deck are watertight.
Non-return valves, overboard discharging valves are operational.
Pumping arrangements in steering flat and forepeak tanks are in good condition.
Portholes, funnel flaps, sky lights in good condition and operational.
Bulwarks, railings are in good condition.
Deck line, loadline and draft markings are well painted.

Company's ISM manual provides guidance and checklist for loadline survey.

Cargo ship safety construction


certificate
Overview
Issued under SOLAS convention.
Validity: 5 years.
Issued by classification society.

Survey items
Structural strength
Water tight doors
Bilge pumping and drainage arrangements
Electrical equipment and installation
Emergency sources of electrical power
Electric and electro hydraulic steering gears
Precaution against shock, fire and other hazards of electrical origin
Fire protection arrangements
Boilers and machinery

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Means of going astern


Shaft
Boiler feed system
Steam pipe systems
Air pressure systems
Cooling water systems
Fuel, lubricating and other oil systems
Means of communications
Steering gear
Anchor chain and cables
Means of escape
Means of stopping machinery
Shutting off fuel suction pipes
Closing of openings

Additionally
For tankers 10000GT and over
Two hydraulic steering gear control system
Alarms for low level hydraulic fluids
Independent means of restraining rudder.
For specialized tankers and UMS ships, additional items.

Preparation for safety


construction survey
Before safety construction survey, followings to be checked:

Structural strength of the vessel is good. No part of deck or hull is not badly corroded.
Water tight doors are in good condition. Remote and local controls working properly.
Bilge pumping and drainage arrangements are in good condition.
Electrical equipment and installation
Emergency sources of electrical power
Electric and electro hydraulic steering gears
Precaution against shock, fire and other hazards of electrical origin
Fire protection arrangements, fixed and portable fire fighting equipment are well
maintained and in good operational condition.
Boilers and machinery
Means of going astern
Shaft
Boiler feed system in good condition.
Steam pipe systems in good condition.
Air pressure systems are in good condition.
Cooling water systems are in good condition.
Fuel, lubricating and other oil systems are in good condition.
Means of communications are in good condition.

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Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 )

Steering gear
Anchor chain and cables
Means of escapes are well maintained and in good condition.
Means of stopping machinery
Shutting off fuel suction pipes
Closing of openings
For specialized tankers and UMS ships, additional items.

Checklist and preparation for safety construction survey may be found in


company's ISM manual.

Cargo ship safety equipment


certificate
Overview
Issued under SOLAS convention.
Validity: 5 years.
Issued by classification society.

Survey items
Life saving appliances
Fire fighting appliances
Navigation lights and shapes
Means of making sound signals
Pilot ladders and associated equipments
Mechanical pilot hoists
Echo sounding installations
Gyro compass installations
Radar installation
Magnetic compass
Speed and distance measuring equipment
ARPA
Rate of turn indicator

Preparation for safety


equipment survey
Refer to form-E, attached to certificate which reflects items of that certificate
appropriate for the ship.
Items will include LSA, FFA, Pilot hoist, bridge equipments and navigation lights.

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Preparation of life saving equipments:


Muster list updated and posted in conspicuous position.

Life jacket donning instructions displayed in conspicuous places.

Emergency stations directed by arrows.

Life boat and associated equipments are maintained and in good condition.
Life boat engine tested.
FO flash point not more than 43°C.
L/B engine power supply (battery charging) is maintained.
Life boat davit, embarkation arrangements, launching arrangements, brakes are in
good condition.
Life boat fall in good condition. Renewed or changed end for end if required.
Lifeboat markings, reflecting tapes in good condition.

Life raft serviced annually. Marked as per SOLAS.

Launching instructions of all survival crafts are displayed near the craft.

No. of lifebuoys are as per SOLAS. Their markings, symbols, life lines, smoke signals
are in food condition.

Bridge pyrotechnics are adequate, in good condition as per SOLAS.

Emergency lights and general alarm are in good condition.

Preparation of fire fighting equipments


Fire control plans displayed in conspicuous places.

Copies of fire plans are available in fire wallet.

Fire detection system in good condition.

Main and emergency fire pumps in good condition.

Fire hoses, nozzles, fire hose boxes in good condition and stowed properly.

International ship shore connection in proper place. Location is marked properly.

Fixed fire extinguishing system in good condition.

Portable fire extinguishers in good conditioned, properly maintained, marked and


uses appropriate color as per SOLAS.

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Fire main system, isolating valves, hydrants in good and operational condition.

Location of firemen's outfit marked. All associated equipments ar adequate as per


SOLAS and in good condition.

Number of firemen's outfit, BA sets, air bottles are adequate as per SOLAS.

Other items:
Navigation lights, shapes, sound signaling appliances in good condition.

Magnetic compass in good condition and deviation curve, compass error book are
properly maintained.

Radar, ARPA, echo sounder, gyro compass, position fixing equipments, log, rate of
turn indicator in good condition.

Adequate and up to date charts and publications are onboard.

Pilot ladder or mechanical hoist in good condition.

Cargo ship safety radio


certificate
Overview
Issued under SOLAS convention.
Validity: 5 years.
Issued by classification society.

Survey items
VHF radio telephony
VHF DSC Tx and Rx
MF/HF radiotelephony, NBDP
MF/HF DSC
INMARSAT
NAVTEX receiver
EGC receiver
EPIRB, battery expiry date
SART, battery expiry date
Two way VHF radio telephony apparatus
Main and emergency sources of power
Battery, battery charging system.
General operators certificate.
GMDSS log book.

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Preparation for safety radio survey


Refer to form R, attached with the certificate. It contains the survey items.

Following items to be in good operational condition:


VHF radio telephony
VHF DSC Tx and Rx
MF/HF radiotelephony, NBDP
MF/HF DSC
INMARSAT
NAVTEX receiver
EGC receiver
EPIRB, battery expiry date
SART, battery expiry date
Two way VHF radio telephony apparatus
Main and emergency sources of power
Battery, battery charging system.
General operators certificate.
GMDSS log book.

IOPP certificate
Overview
Issued under MARPOL 73/78 convention.
Validity: 5 years.
Issued by classification society.

Survey items
Following items are as per MARPOL convention and in good working order:
Structure, equipment, system fittings and arrangements of the ship.
Equipment and associated pump and piping system.
Oil discharge monitoring and control system.
Crude oil washing system.
Oil water separating equipment.
Oil filtering system.

Preparation for lOPP survey


For a IOPP survey, followings items to be checked:

Oil record book properly filled up and endorsed.


Oil discharge monitor and control system in good working condition.
Oily water separators and oil filtering equipment in good working condition.

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Pumping and piping systems are in good condition.


SOPEP is updated and endorsed.
Anti-pollution gear is sufficient.
Company's ISM manual provides guidance for preparation and checklist for IOPP
survey.

ENHANCED SPECIAL SURVEY


Bulk carriers and tankers required to undergo an enhanced survey program.

Required as per regulation-2, CH-XI of SOLAS convention.

Aspects as per ABS rules


A specific survey program in written format must be worked out in advance.

Dry docking is required to complete a vessel's special survey of hull.

All tank coatings are to be evaluated periodically.

Tanks having poor coating conditions to be evaluated more frequently.

Close up survey to be carried out to check the condition of critical members of ships
structure. This includes:
Transverse web frame rings.
Deck and bottom transverses.
Transverse and longitudinal bulkheads.
Girders and stiffeners.
Cargo and ballast tanks and cargo hold stiffening members.
Forward cargo hold framings.
Cross deck structures and hatch covers.
Coamings in bulk carriers.
Surveyor may extend close up survey if deemed necessary.
Areas of substantial corrosion (which includes areas have a wastage of greater than
75% of the allowable margin) require further thickness and an extended close up
survey.

Vessel to keep record of


Thickness measurement report.

Survey report

Executive hull summary.

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HARMONIZED SYSTEM OF
SURVEY AND CERTIFICATION
A harmonized system of survey and certification covering
international shipping regulations adopted by the International
Maritime Organization enters into force on 3 February 2000.

The system covers survey and certification requirements of the


followings codes and conventions:
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974
The International Convention on Load Lines, (LL) 1966
The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from
Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto
(MARPOL 73/78)
The International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships
Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC Code)
Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying
Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (BCH Code)

Purpose
Harmonize periods between surveys of all statutory certificates
issued to cargo ships.

Certificates to have a uniform period of validity of five years.

One or more of the following surveys require for maintenance of


certification.
Initial survey.
Annual survey.
Intermediate survey.
Periodical survey.

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Renewal survey.
Additional survey.

Features
One year standard interval between surveys, which could be any of
the followings:
Initial survey
Annual survey
Intermediate survey
Periodical survey.
Renewal survey
Renewal survey may be completed within three months before the
expiry of the certificate with no loss of its period of validity. Time
window of six months for other surveys.
A maximum period of validity of five years for all cargo ship
certificates.
A maximum period of validity of one year for all passenger ship
certificates.
Three months extension for cargo ship certificates, one month for
short voyages.
If a certificate is extended, the period of validity of new certificate
starts from the expiry date of last certificate.
At least two inspections of ship's bottom in a five year period,
maximum interval between the inspections should not be greater
than thirty six months.
A combined cargo ship safety certificate that will replace existing
safety equipment, safety construction and safety radio certificate.
No more unscheduled inspections.
Annual surveys are mandatory.
Intervals between surveys of cargo ship's safety equipment will be
changed to interval of two and three years in stead of two years.

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Intermediate surveys are required for all ships under the cargo ship
safety construction certificate.
Inspections of the outside of ship's bottom required for all cargo
ships.
Intermediate surveys for the cargo ship safety construction
certificate can be held within three months of either the second or
third anniversary date.
There is a provision for combined cargo ship safety certificate.

Certificates related to HSSC


Passenger Ship Safety Certificate, including Record of Equipment

Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate

Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate, including Record of


Equipment

Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate, including Record of Equipment

Cargo Ship Safety Certificate, including Record of Equipment

International Load Lines Certificate

International Load Lines Exemption Certificate

International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate

International Pollution Prevention Certificate for the Carriage of


Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk

International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous


Chemicals in Bulk

International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied


Gases in Bulk

Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in


Bulk

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View more about harmonized system for survey and


certification.

HARMONIZED SYSTEM OF SURVEY


AND CERTIFICATION
A harmonized system of survey and certification covering international shipping
regulations adopted by the International Maritime Organization enters into force on 3
February 2000.
The system covers survey and certification requirements of the followings codes and
conventions:
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974
The International Convention on Load Lines, (LL) 1966
The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as
modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78)
The International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying
Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC Code)
Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in
Bulk (BCH Code)
Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk
(IGC Code).

Purpose
Harmonize periods between surveys of all statutory certificates issued to cargo ships.

Certificates to have a uniform period of validity of five years.

One or more of the following surveys require for maintenance of certification.

Initial survey.
Annual survey.
Intermediate survey.
Periodical survey.
Renewal survey.
Additional survey.

Features
One year standard interval between surveys, which could be any of the followings:

Initial survey
Annual survey

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Intermediate survey
Periodical survey.
Renewal survey

Renewal survey may be completed within three months before the expiry of the
certificate with no loss of its period of validity. Time window of six months for other
surveys.

A maximum period of validity of five years for all cargo ship certificates.

A maximum period of validity of one year for all passenger ship certificates.

Three months extension for cargo ship certificates, one month for short voyages.

If a certificate is extended, the period of validity of new certificate starts from the expiry
date of last certificate.

At least two inspections of ship's bottom in a five year period, maximum interval
between the inspections should not be greater than thirty six months.

A combined cargo ship safety certificate that will replace existing safety equipment,
safety construction and safety radio certificate.

No more unscheduled inspections.

Annual surveys are mandatory.

Intervals between surveys of cargo ship's safety equipment will be changed to interval
of two and three years in stead of two years.

Intermediate surveys are required for all ships under the cargo ship safety construction
certificate.

Inspections of the outside of ship's bottom required for all cargo ships.

Intermediate surveys for the cargo ship safety construction certificate can be held within
three months of either the second or third anniversary date.

There is a provision for combined cargo ship safety certificate.


Certificates related to HSSC
Passenger Ship Safety Certificate, including Record of Equipment

Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate

Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate, including Record of Equipment

Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate, including Record of Equipment

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Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 26 )

Cargo Ship Safety Certificate, including Record of Equipment

International Load Lines Certificate

International Load Lines Exemption Certificate

International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate

International Pollution Prevention Certificate for the Carriage of Noxious Liquid


Substances in Bulk

International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk

International Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Liquefied Gases in Bulk

Certificate of Fitness for the Carriage of Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk

View more about harmonized system for survey and certification.

Load line mark


Deck line is 300mm long, 25mm wide. Marked on the ship's side.
Distance between summer load line(S) and deck line is the summer freeboard.
Maximum permissible freeboard is upper edge of each line.
Timber load line also shown.
The loadlines, including timber loadlines will appear al below.

International Maritime Organization -


IMO
Introduction
IMO was established (in 1948) as a specialized agency of the United Nations.
Its objective was mainly to evolve international machinery to improve safety at sea.
Since it came into being, it’s main area of work has been to improve maritime safety and
prevent the pollution of the marine environment.
This is reflected in its motto of `safer shipping and cleaner seas’.

Structure
The Organization consists of:
Assembly

Council

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Four main Committees

The Maritime Safety Committee


The Marine Environment Protection Committee
The Legal Committee
The Technical Co-operation Committee.

There is also

A Facilitation Committee
A number of Sub-Committees

These additional committees support the work of the main technical committees.
Assembly
This is the highest Governing Body of the Organization.

It consists of all Member States and it meets once every two years in regular sessions.

May also meet in an extraordinary session if necessary.

The Assembly is responsible for:

Approving the work program.


Voting the budget
Determining the financial arrangements of the Organization.

The Assembly also elects the Council.


Council
The Council is elected by the Assembly for two-year terms beginning after each regular
session of the Assembly.

The Council is the Executive Organ of IMO and is responsible, under the Assembly, for
supervising the work of the Organization.

Between sessions of the Assembly the Council performs all the functions of the
Assembly, except the function of making recommendations to Governments on
maritime safety and pollution prevention.

Other functions of the Council are to:

Co-ordinate the activities of the organs of the Organization;


Consider the draft work program and budget estimates of the Organization and submit
them to the Assembly;
Receive reports and proposals of the Committees and other organs and submit them to
the Assembly and Member States, with comments and recommendations as
appropriate;

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Appoint the Secretary-General, subject to the approval of the Assembly;


Enter into agreements or arrangements concerning the relationship of the Organization
with other organizations, subject to approval by the Assembly.
Council members
The IMO Convention provides that in electing the Members of the Council the Assembly
shall observe the following criteria:
(a) Ten shall be States with the largest interest in providing international shipping
services;
(b) Ten shall be other States with the largest interest in international seaborne trade;
and
(c) Twenty shall be States not elected under (a) or (b) above which have special
interests in maritime transport or navigation and whose election to the Council will
ensure the representation of all major geographic areas of the world.

Four main Committees


Maritime Safety Committee (MSC)
The MSC is the highest technical body of the Organization.
It consists of all Member States.
The functions of the Maritime Safety Committee are to:
Consider any matter within the scope of the Organization concerned with aids to
navigation, construction and equipment of vessels,
Manning from a safety standpoint,
Rules for the prevention of collisions,
Handling of dangerous cargoes,
Maritime safety procedures and requirements,
Hydrographic information,
Log-books and navigational records,
Marine casualty investigations,
Salvage and rescue and any other matters directly affecting maritime safety.
The Committee is also required to provide machinery for performing any duties
assigned to it by the IMO Convention or any duty within its cope of work which may be
assigned to it by or under any international instrument and accepted by the
Organization.
It also has the responsibility for considering and submitting recommendations and
guidelines on safety for possible adoption by the Assembly.

The Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC)


Consists of all Member States
Empowered to consider any matter within the scope of the Organization concerned with
prevention and control of pollution from ships.
Concerned with the adoption and amendment of conventions and other regulations and
measures to ensure their enforcement.

Sub-Committees:
The MSC and MEPC are assisted in their work by nine sub-committees which are also
open to all Member States.
They deal with the following subjects:

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Bulk Liquids and Gases (BLG)


Carriage of Dangerous Goods, Solid Cargoes and Containers(DSC)
Fire Protection (FP)
Radio-communications and Search and Rescue (COMSAR)
Safety of Navigation (NAV)
Ship Design and Equipment (DE)
Stability and Load Lines and Fishing Vessels Safety (SLF)
Standards of Training and Watchkeeping (STW)
Flag State Implementation (FSI)

Legal Committee
Empowered to deal with any legal matters within the scope of the Organization.
Consists of all Member States of IMO.
Empowered to perform any duties within its scope which may be assigned by or under
any other international instrument and accepted by the Organization.

Technical Co-operation Committee


Considers any matter within the scope of the Organization concerned with the
implementation of technical co-operation projects for which the Organization acts as the
executing or co-operating agency.
Any other matters related to the Organization’s activities in the technical co-operation
field.
The Technical Co-operation Committee consists of all Member States of IMO.

Facilitation Committee
A subsidiary body of the Council.
Deals with IMO’s work in eliminating unnecessary formalities and “red tape” in
international shipping.
Participation in the Facilitation Committee is open to all Member States of IMO.

Port state control


Established to ensure compliance of various international regulations by merchant
vessels engaged in international trades.
Established by the maritime administration of a country in whose port the vessel is in.
They are empowered to inspect the ship.
They can check operational procedures.
They can verify competency of officers or crews.

Flag state control


Maritime administration of a country under whose flag the vessel is flying.
Established to ensure compliance with various local and national regulations by
merchant vessels.
They are empowered to inspect the ship.
They can check operational procedures.
They can verify competency of officers or crews.

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SOLAS certificates
Convention
SOLAS 74
The Merchant Shipping (Safety Convention) Regulations 1984
The Merchant Shipping (Safety Convention) (Amendment) Regulations 2000
Certificates
Passenger Ship Safety Certificate

Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate

Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate

Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate

Safety Management Certificate

Document of Compliance
Other Safety Certificates These additional safety certificates are an extension of the
requirements of SOLAS 74 as modified by the 1988 Protocol.
Certificates
International certificate of fitness for the carriage of dangerous chemical in bulk. (For
chemical tankers).
International certificate of fitness for the carriage of liquefied gases in bulk. (For gas
carriers).

ENHANCED SPECIAL COATING


Painting system.
Used in tankers and bulk carriers.
Prolongs their life at sea.
Coatings can sustain an uninterrupted service of up to 20 years.
Coatings can be used to ships decks, cargo tanks, ballast tanks, cargo holds, under
water hull and topsides.
Painting to be carried out under special supervision.

IN WATER SURVEY
Accepted in lieu of one of the two docking surveys required in a five years period.
Applicable for ships where in water survey (IWS) notation is assigned.
It is to provide the information normally obtained from docking survey.
Consideration is only given to an in water survey where a suitable high resistance
paint has been applied to the underwater hull.
In water survey requires following satisfying conditions:

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Size (beam) of the ship.


High resistance paint.
In water visibility.
Suitable draft.
Clean hull.
Good communications between the diver and the surveyor.
Done by a recognized firm.
Personnel involved are competent.

MARKS ON ANCHOR
Following marks necessary on an anchor:
Makers name or initials
Serial no
Weight
Anchor certificate no.
Letters indicating the certifying authority

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