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MCQ Questions

1. Which ion has the most shells that contain electrons?


a. Al3+
b. Be2+
c. N3d. S22. Which substance contains covalent bonds but also conducts electricity?
a. brass
b. graphite
c. iodine
d. steel
3. Which electron arrangement is that of a metallic element?
a. 2, 1
b. 2, 4
c. 2, 5
d. 2, 7
4. Which molecules have the same number of protons?
a. O2 and N2
b. Cl2 and Br2
c. CO2 and SO2
d. CH4 and NH3
5. Metals have positive ions in a 'sea of electrons'. Which metal atom provides most electrons
for the sea?
a. aluminium
b. magnesium
c. sodium
d. zinc
6. Which substance does not have a macromolecular structure?
a. diamond
b. graphite
c. silicon dioxide
d. sodium chloride
7. Which atom has the same electronic configuration as the strontium ion?
a. calcium
b. krypton
c. rubidium

d. selenium
8. Element X has an electronic structure 2.8.8.1.
Element Y has an electronic structure 2.8.6.
What is made when X and Y react?
Type of compound

Formula

a.

covalent

X2 Y

b.

covalent

XY2

c.

ionic

X2 Y

d.

ionic

XY2

9. What is the formula of uranium(VI) oxide?


a. U6O
b. U2O3
c. UO3
d. UO6
10. Graphite is used to make
a. glass
b. cutting tools
c. electrical wiring
d. electrodes
11. Which compound has both ionic and covalent bonds?
a. ammonium chloride
b. carbon dioxide
c. ethy ethanoate
d. sodium chloride
12. Elements X and Y react to form an ionic compound of formula XY. What could be the
proton (atomic) numbers of X and Y?

a
b
c
d

X
3
6
8
12

Y
8
8
16
16

13. An atom of an element contains 17 protons, 18 neutrons and 17 electrons. What is the
atomic structure of another isotope of this element?

protons neutrons electrons


17
20
17

b
c
d

17
18
20

18
18
18

16
17
17

14. Which of the following has the highest electrical conductivity?


a. aqueous sugar solution
b. solid graphite
c. solid sodium chloride
d. gaseous carbon dioxide
15. Which of the following ions has the same number of electrons as a krypton atom, atomic
number 36?
a. chlorine
b. rubidium
c. sodium
d. xenon
16. Which of the following is a compound?
a. air
b. carbon
c. oxygen
d. steam
17. In which set do the three particles each have the same total number of electrons?

a
b
c
d

ClFK+
Li+

BrNe
Ca2+
Na+

INa+
BrK+

18. An ion X+ has 23 nucleons and 10 electrons. What does the nucleus of the ion X + contain?

a
b
c
d

protons
12
11
10
9

neutrons
11
12
13
14

19. The table shows information about particles X and Y.

number of
protons
X 9
Y 17

number of
neutrons
10
20

electronic
structure
2, 8
2, 8, 8

Which statement is correct for both X and Y?


a. they are atoms of metals
b. they are atoms of noble gases
c. they are isotopes of the same element
d. they are negative ions
20. Which substance could be sodium chloride?

substance melting point/oC conduction of


electricity when
liquid
a
-114
none
b
-114
none
c
180
none
d
808
good

conduction of
electricity when in
aqueous solution
none
good
insoluble
good

21. Chemical bonding involves the rearrangement of


a. molecules
b. atoms
c. electrons
d. ions
22. Solid carbon dioxide (dry ice) is used as a refrigerating agent because it readily changes
directly from the solid state into the gaseous state at a low temperature. Based on the above
information, what is the main intermolecular bonding in CO2 (s) likely to be?
a. covalent bonding
b. ionic bonding
c. hydrogen bonding
d. Van der Waals forces
23. Which of the following does not contain covalent bonds?
a. graphite
b. gold
c. ice
d. diamond
24. Which atom has the same electronic configuration as the strontium ion?
a. calcium
b. krypton
c. rubidium
d. selenium

25. How does a magnesium atom form a bond with an oxygen atom?
a. by giving one pair of electrons to the oxygen atom
b. by sharing one pair of electrons, provided by the magnesium atom
c. by sharing two pairs of electrons, both pairs provided by the oxygen atom
d. by sharing two pairs of electrons, each atom donating one pair of electrons
26. In which of the following pairs do the elements form a compound by sharing electrons?
a. carbon and chlorine
b. lithium and iodine
c. neon and oxygen
d. potassium and bromine
27. Which substance does not have a macromolecular structure?
a. diamond
b. graphite
c. silicon dioxide
d. sodium chloride
28. Which substance has the highest melting point?
a. diamond
b. lead(II) bromide
c. methane
d. water
29. Substance X has a melting point higher than 500C. It is insoluble both in water and in
organic solvents. It conducts electricity both when solid and when molten. What could X be?
a. copper
b. magnesium oxide
c. poly(ethene)
d. silica
30. Which of the following describes the structure of diamond?
a. a giant structure of atoms bonded covalently
b. a regular arrangement of oppositely charged ions
c. layers of rings of atoms
d. positively charged ions surrounded by a sea of electrons