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Project and Disaster

Homework assignment No 02:
Construction Industry Statistics and Facts in India

Somsankar Mondal
Amulya Burdanur Pramesh
Raheef Rasheed Aowal
Adeeswaran Kalaiselvan

1.0 Statistics of Construction Industry workforce in India

5 million jobs in near future. 2 . About 10% of the skilled worker of above figures.46 million jobs (20082009) and has the potential to add another 2. The current pool of the construction workforce in India comprises mainly unskilled workers. Despite such significance to the Indian economy. Around 20 million of labour migrated from India to other country worldwide. migrated to overseas each year for higher remuneration. The Planning Commission of India has projected that the construction sector will require another 47 million people in the workforce over the next decade (FICCI 2010:13).According to Doloi. The below table showing the construction industry workforce divided into different category. Iyer and Rentala construction industry has generated 31. Source: Report on ‘Human Resource and Skill Building Requirements in the Building. Below table showing incremental requirement for key Skills in construction sector in India by 2022. there is no specific policy for skill building in the construction sector. Construction and Real Estate Services.’ National Skill Development Corporation. The Indian construction industry comprising infrastructure and real estate sectors employs over 26 million casual workers and is the country’s second largest employer after agriculture.

(iv) Highly Skilled: A highly skilled worker is one who is capable of working efficiently and supervises efficiently the work of skilled employees.0 Definition of Unskilled. (ii) Semi-skilled: A semiskilled worker is one who does work generally of defined routine nature wherein the major requirement is not so much of the judgment. which require the experience of little of no independent judgment or previous experience although familiarity with the occupational environment is necessary. He must posses a thorough and comprehensive knowledge of the trade.2. 3 . Semi-skilled. skill and but for proper discharge of duties assigned to him or relatively narrow job and where important decisions made by others. Skilled & Highly Skilled Workers (i) Unskilled: An unskilled employee is one who does operations that involve the performance of simple duties. His work may thus require in addition to physical exertion familiarity with variety of articles or goods. craft or industry in which he is employed. His work is thus limited to the performance of routine operations of limited scope. (iii) Skilled: A skilled employee is one who is capable of working efficiently of exercising considerable independent judgement and of discharging his duties with responsibility.

The workers face medical hazards. The sanitation and hygiene of the construction site and the temporary shed are very poor. No education qualification is specified as such for workers for joining the construction sector. Those who are performing only advisory duty they can be employed even upto 70 years. The labourers are divided into three categories: unskilled. such as selling wares on the road or working at phone booths. Industries require professional skill which is not abundant among them. earning for skilled/unskilled labour for extra time is twice the normal rate.3. The labour recruitment system on big worksites is so tight that once you leave the site. it is very difficult to get work again independently. road construction and marble work for beautification. skilled and specialized. repair shops or small restaurants. The majority of the labourers here are ‘unskilled’ and help in masonry work.0 The social position of construction workers in India: Areas Age Education Earning Employment aspects Labour Laws Migration Trends Challenges Statistics and explanations The minimum age for joining the industry is estimated to be roughly between 20-24 years. They were susceptible to many water borne and respiratory diseases. This is usually achieved through middlemen who get their share in the cut from the companies who are in need of labour. and building new houses. The most common method of employment is mass transport of work force from states with minimal wages for labour. In India a large group of unskilled labours works in the rural area as agriculture labourer as soon as the season ends. During phases when there are no construction projects in an area most workers resort to agriculture. for meeting their house hold expenditure. The participants must be 10th passed to be eligible for vocational training. There have been several violations of the Minimum Wages Act but lesser in the construction sector as mostly the wages are on a daily basis and is fixed before taking up the work. The task is also different for different sites. The maximum age for retirement is usually 60 years. earning for skilled/unskilled labour for regular time is 45 USD/month Avg. The minimum age for vocational training is 14 years. Companies do not hire usually people above 50. Limited provision of drinking water and the labourers 4 . The specialized labourers are the ones doing tasks such as flooring. common jobs include breaking down old houses. they shift to the construction industry which increases their employment level in the industry by doing so they generate income. Avg. Many of the labourers switch from construction work to other jobs like pulling rickshaws. small renovation projects. Inadequate safety equipments. The skilled labourers are masons and have higher status in this hierarchy. The average working hours per day is 9 hours with 30 minutes rest per 5 hours There are no laws which prohibit firing of construction workers.

tanker lorry water and public water supply. The wage structure of the construction labour is also found inadequate considering their labour.have to depend on bore well. 5 . The labourers do not get healthy food from the construction site.