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BASIC GSM CALL FLOWS:

1. Location Update

MS BTS
BSC MSC/VLR
| Signal strength |
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| BCCH |
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| RR Channel Request |
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| RACH |
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| RR Immediate Assignment |
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| AGCH
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| SABM (Location update request) |
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| SDCCH
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| UA (Location update Request) |
BSSMAP complete layer 3 Info | |
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| Authentication Request |
Authentication Request |
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| Authentication Response |
Authentication Response |
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| Cipher Mode Command |
Cipher Mode Command |
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| Cipher Mode Complete |
Cipher Mode Complete |
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| Location Update Accept |
Location Update Accept |
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| TMSI Relocation Complete |
TMSI Relocation Complete |
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| BSSMAP Clear Command |
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| RR Channel Released |
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| BSSMAP Clear Complete |
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| RR Disconnect
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| RR UA
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Location Update(contd.)

MSC/VLR HLR
OLD VLR
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| Send Identification
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| MAP Update Location |
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MAP Cancel Location |
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MAP Cancel Location |
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| MAP Insert Subscriber Data |
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| MAP Insert Subscriber Data Ack. |
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| MAP Update Location Ack. |
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