Title: A cottage industry in food processing and fruit drying (value addition). Implementing organization: Zinunula Buwere farmers group Motto: Contact person: Value addition for better market price. Mrs. Teopista Lukwago P.O. Box 6560, Kampala Phone: +256-772-821-427 Account no: 0121026927101 Stanbic bank – Mpigi branch Higenyi Milton Caritas-Kampala Katuka project P.O. Box 14125 Mengo – Kampala Mobile: E-mail: Target group: +256-772-856795 20 women members of Zinunula Buwere farmers group Project duration: Starting time: Project cost: Local contribution: External funding: 6 months This will depend on the time the project will be Funded UGX 10,114,000= UGX 5,385,000= UGX 4,729,000=

Collaborating agency and extension officer in the area:

Background Zinunula Buwere farmers group was formed in 2001 and was officially registered by the department of culture and women in development of Mpigi district authority as a Community Based Organization. The group is located in Buwere village – Nabiteete. parish 3 km north of Buwama town which is 64km on Kampala-Masaka Highway in Mpigi district. The group has a total of 20 women members involved in the growing of various crops for food and surplus for income. They also rear livestock like local poultry, piggery and dairy cows on a small scale zero grazing system. All this is done to improve on their household food security and income. The group was formed with the aim of bringing these women together and help each other in various aspects, pool resources together for collective investment and collective bargaining power in marketing. This togetherness was also to enable them access services easily by service providers as well as financial assistance from funders to improve on their activities. Since 2002, the group has had training by both Katuka project extension officer and the area government officer in both crop and livestock management practices and have now gained knowledge and skills in production practices. This has enabled them to greatly improve their production but the problem is with marketability of products which are in most cases perishable and fetch little income especially at the time of harvest when markets get flooded and low prices offered. Much as these farmers get technical training in production skills from the trainers like Katuka staff and government extension workers, they are not provided with financial backing which is required in the marketing aspect. This financial backing is particularly required to enable these farmers add value (process) to their produce in order to get a better price and or to turn the

perishable produce into forms which can store for a longer period while waiting for the market price to improve. Situation analysis Members of Zinunula Buwere farmers group are engaged in the growing of horticultural crops like pawpaws, avocados, pineapples, passion fruits,Goose berries and vegetables of local and exotic types for market to earn income. However, the growing of these crops together with others depends on rainfall as they have no irrigation facilities. During rainy season, is when everybody goes in for the same crops and they mature at the same time thereby flooding the market resulting in low prices. At the same time these crops are perishable and cannot be stored for some time to wait for a better price. Therefore in fear of losing all totally, they are just sold at a give way price thereby the farmers getting low or no profit at all. Worse still the cost of farm inputs like seed and labour remain expensive. This has made these women to think of an alternative of solving the perishability problem by processing (adding value) their produce into other products which can store for a longer period and yet can fetch better prices. In this intervention they intend to add value to their fruits by making juice, jam, and wine for both local and export markets. However, their major problem is lack of adequate capital to buy processing equipment and preservatives. They also need some further training especially is good quality processing. Justification The group is already experienced in the making of jam and have secured a certificate of quality standard from the Uganda National Bureau of Standards (UNBS) in jam making. They are in the struggle to secure other certificates of

quality for other products like juice and wine. The products so far produced are on market demand locally and if more investment can be made, production will increase to meet the local demand and the surplus can be exported under a certified quality standard for even a better price, hence good income to empower these women financially. With financial empowerment, investment in other income generating projects will be encouraged thereby improving the livelihoods of their households. Problem statement The rural people in Uganda derive their livelihood through agriculture production and which agriculture is not well developed in terms of scales of production and marketing. The knowledge and skills acquired by the farmers through training are practiced on a small scale due to limitations in land sizes and investment capital. The little that is produced is affected by the government policy of market liberalization whereby the buyer is the one to determine the price. The collapse of the cooperative societies in Uganda likewise affected negatively the marketing of farmers produce. There is lack of transport in rural areas to take produce to markets, either due to poor roads or due to high transport charges levied by the transporters. Therefore the bulk of the produce is bought at a very low farm gate price by the middlemen. Secondly, the farm inputs are bought at high prices and the farmer does not reach the break-even point. Thirdly, the farmers have been selling their produce individually and under such circumstances the farmer is cheated due to lack of market information together with limited supply of the particular produce. Worse still because of the produce being perishable, it is sold at a give away price. And now through training and awareness building in both production and

marketing skills, farmers have come up to form groups so that they produce similar commodities and sell in bulk collectively with a stronger bargaining power. They have also decided to add value to their produce by processing into other products which can sell at better prices and can store for longer periods. In this way they are targeting both the local and export markets. They want also to be linked directly to the consumer markets and eliminate the middle men. Project aim The project aim is to acquire processing equipment and more trained skills in processing to meet the standard quality recommendable by the Uganda National Bureau of Standards (UNBS) for all the products. Once this is achieved then the group can access all markets available both locally and externally. The project specific objectives  To equip the group members with good processing skills to meet the consumer standards.  The group to acquire processing equipment to enable them take up this project as a business on a sustainable basis.  To improve the income levels of the participating households for other investments.  To create another form of market outlet for the farmers produce.  To reduce on the perishability of the farmers produce through processing (value addition). Opportunities  The group is determined to take up this project as a business.  The raw materials are locally grown in the area by the same group

members, and other members of the community who can supply raw materials for processing.  Technical people are available from the collaborating agencies like Katuka project, NOGAMU and government extension office.  There is demand for the products in the local markets e.g. schools, hospitals, shops and supermarkets in Kampala and other towns.  The group is capable of reaching the market standards as evidenced so far by the certificate of quality secured for jam product from the Uganda National Bureau of Standards. Sustainability First of all, the group members are ready and willing to grow their own raw materials which they will use for processing into other products e.g. growing pawpaws, passion fruits, ovacadoes, pineapples, goose berries and others. The group will also be buying raw materials from the neighboring farmers. The trained farmers will be able to train their fellow farmers as more members are expected to join the group. Once the initial external funding is made to enable the group purchase the processing equipment and preservatives, they will be able to generate their own income to sustain themselves. The group will also be saving some money on the group account for the running of the group activities and micro-credit financing to group members as a revolving fund. Planned activities  Purchase of training materials, processing equipment and preservatives.  Collection of local raw materials.  Training farmers in juice, jam and wine making and proper packaging.  Farmers start real commercial processing themselves.  Monitoring activities.

 Marketing products.  Administration.

PROJECT WORK PLAN FOR 6 MONTHS Activity Purchase of training materials, processing equipment and preservatives Collection of local raw materials Training farmers in jam, juice and wine making Farmers start real commercial processing of products themselves Monitoring activities: a) extension officer b) professional personnel Marketing products Administration 1st month 2nd month 3rd month 4th month 5th month 6th month

xx xx xxxx xx xxxx xx xx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx



xxxx xxxx



xxxx xxxx


x x x xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx

PROJECT BUDGET Activity Requirements/resources Quantity Unit cost Community contribution Purchase of training materials, processing equipment, preservatives and raw materials a) b) Stationery:Newsprints Markers Masking tapes Processing equipment::Bottles for wine Bottles for jam Bottles for juice Bottle seals for juice & wine Labels Juice blender machine Jam blender machine Empty jerrycans Sauce pans Weighing scale Sieves Funnels Buckets Measuring cups Spoons Fuel for generator Oil for generator Charcoal stoves Air locks From external funding 1 ream 2 packet 2 pieces 200 200 200 400 600 1 1 10 5 1 2 2 3 6 4 60 litres 5 litres 3 5 5 tines 100 kg 50,000= 5,000= 3,000= 850= 850= 850= 200= 650= 1,500,000= 200,000= 4,000= 25,000= 500,000= 3,000= 3,000= 10,000= 500= 500= 2,600= 5,000= 20,000= 2,000= 10,000= 2,000= 50,000= 10,000= 6,000= 170,000= 170,000= 170,000= 80,000= 390,000= 1,500,000= 200,000= 40,000= 125,000= 500,000= 6,000= 6,000= 30,000= 3,000= 2,000= 156,000= 25,000= 60,000= 10,000= 50,000= 200,000=

c) Preservatives:- Pectin - Sugar

- Citric acid - Sodium benzoet - Wine yeast d) Raw materials - Pawpaws - Avocadoes - Pineapples - Passion fruits - Goose berries - Lemon - Charcoal

5kg 5kg 5 tins 500 kg 500kg 10 bags 5 bags 10 bags 5 bags 10 bags

12,000= 12,000= 10,000= 200= 1,000= 35,000= 70,000= 20,000= 25,000= 10,000= 100,000= 500,000= 350,000= 350,000= 200,000= 125,000= 100,000=

60,000= 60,000= 50,000=

Sub total Training the group in better quality processing of jam, juice and wine Sub total The group (members) start commercial processing of products (jam, juice and wine)

1,725,000= 1 trainer Transport for trainer Food for eating while processing 3 days 3 days 3 days per week x 14 weeks=52 days 20 members @ 2000= x 52 days 6 months x 20 litres Once per 50,000= 20,000= 20,000= 1,040,000=

3,129,000= 150,000= 60,000= 210,000=

Labour costs



Sub total Monitoring

3,120,000= Fuel for motorcycle for extension officer Fee for professional officer 2,600= 50,000=

312,000= 150,000=

month for 3 months Sub total Marketing Transport while looking for markets in Kampala Twice per month for 3 months =6 days Once per week for 14 weeks 3 times per week x 24 weeks 1 ream Once per month for 6 months 6,000= 20,000= 120,000= 462,000=

Transporting products to market Sub total Administration costs



540,000= Telephone (airtime) 5,000=


Stationery for report writing Typing and photocopying

8,000= 10,000=

8,000= 60,000=

Code numbers from Uganda national bureau of standards (UNBS) Payment for certificates of quality from UNBS Sub total Total GRAND TOTAL



2 products

70,000= 5,385,000=

140,000= 928,000= 4,729,000= 10,114,000=

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