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# Unit-1: Feedback amplifier

## Session -1 Feed back and its types

Activity:
1.Video show for positive feedback (Content)
2.Quiz: (Conclusion)
1. Define positive feedback?
If the feedback signal is in phase with input signal, then the net effect of the
feedback will increase the input signal given to the amplifier. This type of feedback is
said to be positive or regenerative feedback.
2. Define negative feedback?
If the feedback signal is out of phase with the input signal then the input
voltage applied to the basic amplifier is decreased and correspondingly the output is
decreased. This type of feedback is known as negative or degenerative feedback.
3. Draw the block diagram of feedback amplifier?
4. What is meant by amplifier?
This amplifies the weak (small amplitude signal) signal, but no chance in frequency and
phase.
5. Define loop gain.
A=1
6. Define feedback factor.
Ratio of feedback output signal to input signal
7. Define open loop gain and closed loop gain.
Open loop gain is the voltage without feedback
Closed loop gain is the voltage gain with gain

Session -2
Effects on negative feedback
Recap: Group quiz
Activity: We can divide the learners into two teams and instruct each team to prepare 5
questions on the Feedback and its types. After 5 minutes of preparation, each team will
ask the other team the questions prepared and we can facilitate the score.

## Brainstroming: Comparison of positive and negative feedback

Leaner asked to fill the expression on the gain, bandwidth, noise effect for negative and
positive feedback.
Conclusion: Tit for Tat
We can divide the learners into two teams and instruct each team to prepare 5 questions
on the Effects on negative Feedback. After 5 minutes of preparation, each team will ask
the other team the questions prepared and we can facilitate the score.
Sample questions and answers:
1.Definesensitivity?
Sensitivity is defined as the ratio of percentage change in voltage gain with
feedback to the percentage change in voltage gain without feedback.

## 2. Give the properties of negative feedback.

Negative feedback reduces the gain
Distortion is very much reduced
3. What is the effect on bandwidth?
Increase
4. What is the effect on input impedance?
Increase
5. What is the effect on output impedance?
Decrease

Session -3
Types of negative feedback and Voltage and current series feedback Topology
Activity:
1.Chart activity and Group Discussion:
Learners divided into groups and concept learned by group discussion.
2.Quiz(Conclusion):
1.Whatarethetypesoffeedback?
Voltage-series feedback
Voltage-shunt feedback
Current-series feedback
Current-shunt feedback

## 2. What is the effect on input impedance for voltage series feedback?

Increase
3. What is the effect on output impedance for voltage series feedback?
Decrease
4. What is the effect on input impedance for current series feedback?
Increase
5. What is the effect on output impedance for current series feedback?
Increase
6. Draw the block diagram of voltage series feedback?
7. Draw the block diagram of current series feedback?

Session -4
Voltage and current shunt feedback Topology
Activity:
1.Video show for Voltage shunt feedback method
2.Chart activity and Group Discussion:
Learners divided into groups and concept learned by group discussion.
3.Quiz(conclusion):
1. Which feedback type is called current amplifier?
Current shunt amplifier
2. What is the effect on input impedance for voltage shunt feedback?
Decrease
3. What is the effect on output impedance for voltage shunt feedback?
Decrease
4. What is the effect on input impedance for current shunt feedback?
Decrease
5. What is the effect on output impedance for current shunt feedback?
Increase
6. Draw the block diagram of voltage shunt feedback?
7. Draw the block diagram of current shunt feedback?

Session -5
Activity:
1.Group activity to solve the problem (Case study analysis)
Learners are divided in to 3 per group and give a problem to be solved for each
group. Leaners instructed to solve the problem.
2. Review for case study analysis
Review the answers for given all problems.
Problems in Four negative feedback topologies (Tutorial)
1. A voltage series feedback amplifier has a A=500, Ri=3k, Ro=20k
And =0.01. Calculate the voltage gain Af, Rif, Rof of the amplifier with feedback.
Af = 83.3
Rif = 18k
Rof = 3.33k
2. An amplifier has a A = 400, f1 = 50HZ, f2 = 200KHZ and a distortion of 10% without
feedback. Determine the amplifier Af, f1f, f2f and Df when a negative feedback is
applied with feedback ratio of 0.01.
Af = 80
F1f = 10HZ
F2f = 1MHZ
Df = 2%
Session -6
Method of identifying topology and Analysis of voltage series feedback amplifier
Recall by keywords (conclusion):
Sampling network
Voltage sampling
Current sampling
Mixing network
Series mixing
Shunt mixing
Open loop gain
Feedback ratio
Loop gain

Session -7
Analysis of voltage and current series feedback amplifier
Recap: Group quiz
Form a group that group contain 5 leaners from class and other leaners from whole
class asking questions the group.
Recall by keywords (Conclusion):
Sampling network
Voltage sampling
Current sampling
Mixing network
Series mixing
Open loop gain
Feedback ratio
Loop gain
Emitter follower
Voltage amplifier
Session -8
Activity:
1.Group activity to solve the problem (Case study analysis)
Learners are divided in to 3 per group and give a problem to be solved for each
group. Leaners instructed to solve the problem.
2. Review for case study analysis
Review the answers for given all problems.
Problems in Voltage and current series feedback amplifier (Tutorial)
1. For emitter follower, it has Rs = 600.RL = 2k, hfe = 80, and hie = 5k. calculate
Ai, Ri, Av, Ro and Rof.
Ai = 81
Ri = 167k
Av = 0.97
Ro = 69.13
Rof = 66.83

2.The current series feedback types of transistor amplifier has the following parameters:
R1 = 20k, R2 = 29k, hie = 2k, RL = 1k, Re = 100 and hfe = 80. Calculate A, , Rif, Af.
A = -40
= 0.1
Rif = 10.1k
Af = -7.92
Session -9
Analysis of voltage shunt feedback amplifier
Recap: Group quiz
Form a group that group contain 5 leaners from class and other leaners from whole class
asking questions the group.
Recall by keywords (Conclusion):
Sampling network
Voltage sampling
Mixing network
Shunt mixing
Open loop gain
Feedback ratio
Loop gain
Session -10
Analysis of current shunt feedback amplifier
Recap: Group quiz
Form a group that group contain 5 leaner from class and other leaner from
whole class asking questions the that group leaners.
Recall by keywords (Conclusion):
Sampling network
Current sampling
Mixing network
Shunt mixing
Open loop gain
Feedback ratio
Loop gain
Current amplifier

Session -11
Activity:
1.Group activity to solve the problem (Case study analysis)
Learners are divided in to 3 per group and give a problem to be solved for each
group. Leaners instructed to solve the problem.
2. Review for case study analysis
Review the answers for given all problems.
Problems in Voltage and current shunt feedback amplifier (Tutorial)
1. For CE amplifier with voltage shunt feedback, it has the following values of circuit
parameters: Rs = 600.RL = 2k, hfe = 80, and hie = 5k, Rb = 40k calculate Av, Rif, Avf,
Rof and Rof.
Av = -30.48
Rif = 1013.172
Rof = 4.66k
Rof = 1.4k
Avf = -19.14
2. An amplifier has a A = 125 and a BW = 250k. A). If 4% negative feedback is
introduced, find the new BW and gain. B). If the BW is to be restricted to 1MHZ.
find the feedback ratio.
BWf = 1.5MHZ
Af = 20.83
= 2.4%
Session -12
Stability of negative feedback amplifier
Activity: conclusion
Group Quiz:
1. Give the effect of negative feedback on amplifier characteristics.
Characteristics
Type of feedback Voltage gain Bandwidth Input resistance Output resistance
Current-series
Decreases
Increases
Increases
Increases
Voltage-series
Decreases
Increases
Increases
Decreases
Voltage-shunt
Decreases
Increases
Increases
Decreases
Current-shunt
Decreases
Increases
Increases
Increases
2. Define phase margin.
Angle of 180 degree minus the magnitude of the angle of A at which magnitude
of A is unity.
3. Define gain margin.

## Value of magnitude of A in dB at the frequency at which phase angle of A is

180 degree.
4. Draw gain and phase margins
5. What is the use of Nyquist diagram?
Used to plot gain and phase shift as a function of frequency on a complex plane.