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Section A
(20 marks)
Answer all questions by circling the correct answer.


Diagram below shows a structure of chloroplast. Which of the parts labeled A, B, C and D
contain chlorophyll?


When vegetables are cut into small pieces, the juice that is released comes from
A. chloroplast


B. secretory vesicles

B. cardiac

B. Parenchyma

D. tendon

C. Xylem

D. Sclerenchyma

Which of the body systems helps regulate body temperature and intercepts external stimuli?
A. Endocrine


C. skeletal

Sclereids and fibers are examples of which plant tissue?
A, Collenchyma


D. cell vacuoles

Muscle that is striated and involuntary is
A. smooth


C. lysosomes

B. Circulatory

C. Nervous

D. Integumentary

Diagram below shows a model of the plasma membrane.

What is X?
A. Cholesterol

B. Pore protein

C. Phospholipid

D.Carrier protein

No energy is needed and the carrier protein changes back to its original shape. I. III. II. IV and III B. IV. Substances which are not soluble in lipids will accumulate outside the plasma membrane. Which of the following shows the appearance of the spinach strip after being immersed in distilled water and 15% sucrose solution? 8. The molecules bind to the active site of the carrier protein. I and IV C. The protein changes its shape to allow the molecules to pass through the plasma membrane. Diagram below shows a strip of spinach after being immersed in a 5% sucrose solution. A. Arrange the following statement in the correct order to show the process of facilitated diffusion. II and III D. II. IV.3 7. III. II. IV. III and I Which of the following comparisons between haemolysis and plasmolysis are true? . I. 9. I. II.

III and IV. II. II and IV only D. I. 11. Osmotic pressure III. I and III only D. III and IV only B. I. III and IV Diagram below shows three types of protein structure. . I. Which of the following is the correct example? X Y Z A Enzyme Keratin Haemoglobin B Keratin Haemoglobin Enzyme C Enzyme Haemoglobin Keratin D Keratin Enzyme Haemoglobin The following information shows starch molecules undergoing process X. pH II.4 10. Which of the following affects the internal environment? I. Glucose level IV. I. Temperature A. II. Haemolysis Plasmolysis I Occurs in hypertonic solutions Occurs in hypotonic solutions II Occurs in erythrocytes Occurs in plant cells III Cells burst out Protoplasm and cell vacuole shrinks IV Water diffuse out from the cell Water diffuse into the cell A. 12. II and III only B. I. II and III only C. II and III only C.

5 What is process X? A. The components labeled J. K. Y A Dilute hydrochloric acid Sodium bicarbonate B Dilute hydrochloric acid Sodium chloride C Sodium bicarbonate Dilute hydrochloric acid D Sodium chloride Dilute hydrochloric acid The figure below shows a pair of nucleotides. What is X and Y? X 14. 15. Photosynthesis B. L and M are? J K L M A Deoxyribose Adenine Cytosine Phosphate group B Deoxyribose Cytosine Guanine Phosphate group C Ribose Adenine Thymine Phosphate group D Ribose Thymine Guanine Phosphate group Which of the following carbohydrates is a monosaccharide? . D. Hydrolysis 13. C. Condensation Polymerization The figure below shows the steps to determine the presence of a non-reducing sugar.

G1 and mitotic telophase Which of the following statements is true? A. B. Sister chromatids are separated at mitotic anaphase. Fructose D. The diploid chromosomal number of a cat is 38. The larger the organism B.6 A. Early mitotic prophase and mitotic telophase B. 16. What will the result be? A B C D 18. 20. Sister chromatids are joined at the centromere at mitotic prophase. 19 C. Maltose Inability to duplicate DNA Large cells containing many nuclei A decrease in the chromosome number Most cells lack the nucleus The more chromosomes an organism has: A. anaphase I and anaphase II. None of these choices At which of the following stages of mitosis do human skin cell have the same DNA content? A. prophase I and prophase II. D. G1 and early mitotic prophase D. Lactose C. B. The more highly evolved the organism D. If one of the homologous chromosome pairs does not separate during meiosis I. G1 and G2 C. Homologous chromosomes are recombined in mitotic anaphase and anaphase I. Sucrose 18 B. 17. C. . The more complex the organism C. Crossing-over occurs during meiosis I and meiosis II. 37 D 38 In certain fungi and algae. 19. how many chromosomes can be found in the gametes? A. the cells undergo mitosis repeatedly without undergoing cytokinesis.