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: Norsyakinah Binti Rasiman

ID number

: D20112051842



Type of Assignment

: Individual

Lecturer’s name

: Mr. Nuzsep Almigo

the journal review were about the research on Aviation Psychology taken from three journals entitled Workload Influence on Fatigue Related Psychological and Physiological Performance Changes of Aviators (Jin Ma. 2011). Niemczyk. For further research. ARTICLE B This study mainly conducted to know about the relationship between the pilot personalities and the weather condition that they have to encounter. Ru-Meng Ma. Martinussen. 114 experienced a flight on which weather was a concern. 2010) as (Article B : Appendix B) . however the CFF test produced the scores that shown fatigue evaluation occured. O’Hare. As a result. stated that there was no significant change in the FAI scores. To sum up. Role Playing in Flight Instructor Training: How Effective Is it? (Crow. ARTICLE A This article mainly discuss about the condition of aviators after certain workload which may causing them having physical and mental fatigue. The result that come out from the research was . Ka Bian. In order to know the effect. and 106 reported no flights on which weather was entered or a major concern (Martinussen. Xi-Wen Liu. etc. 2009) as (Article C: Appendix C) . 2014) called as (Article A: Appendix A). O’Hare. Wiggin. CFF test can be one of the effective test to be use as the instrument. Situational and Personal Charactecteristics Associated With Adverse Weather Encounters By Pilots (Hunter. Andrews. Fitzgerald. there were experiments done on selected aviators as the participants by using Fatigue Assessment Instrument (FAI) and Critical Flicker Fusion Frequency (CFF) test. CFF test was the easiest way to detect either workload influence on the performance changes of aviators after done with flight simulator INTRODUCTION In this assignment. mental changes and as well as their psychophysiological state being affected after finishing simulated flight. Wiggin. The numbers of sample involved was 364 participants and were divided into three groups which 144 reported flying into weather.

3 obtained through questionnaires which has shown that the pilots can be classified into three groups. it stated that . near-weather. for better result in training they have been suggested that the training environment should be modified and in the training . It is important to recognize these differences because instructor trainees are being trained in a role-playing environment similar to the instructor group teaching their peers (Crow. and no weather groups and based on four scales. it can be shown that there were significant difference between the two groups in their rate per minute (RPM) of behavioral measurements. and then ask questions to probe the students understanding. and highest scores on the pilot judgment scale. while in-weather group has shown the vice versa. 2009) . ARTICLE C This study aims to investigate the behaviors of flight instructor trainee towards the actual students versus peer students who role-playing as a student. least number of hazardous events. From the discussion part. in-weather. hazardous events. Overall. compared to (17%) of the near-weather group. Wiggin. Fitzgerald. used true statements to guide their thinking. more pilots in-weather group (28%) reported that they would be much more careful in the future regarding weather. there were no differences among the groups on their risk perception scores. ask a question and reduce workload. Andrews.” Therefore. After going through the data analysis of the results using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA). The methodology used was observation of their behaviors through video recording of student pilots while flying. direct instruction. Martinussen. risk perception and pilot judgment. the behavior of the instructor trainee’s changed depending whether their student was an actual student or a role-playing peers as the group of instructors that taught actual students seemed to give commands to direct the students. O’Hare (2011) stated that “the no weather group has the most conservative personal minimums. Interestingly. Niemczyk. demographic variables. Future research should overcome the limitation which is better understanding is needed to ensure the causal factor between situational during the flight control and personal characteristics of the pilot itself. The result were classified into a few categories which were providing direct. From that. The participants were the instructors-in-training that were working toward obtaining their Certified Flight Instructor (CFI) certificate.

Zhi-Hong Wen. Role Playing in Flight Instructor Training: How Effective Is it? International Journal of Applied Aviation Studies.1016/j.0087121. Hunter. Further research or training may be one of the best way to figure out new invention or ways to reduce accident made by human error or improve the quality of aviators. Situational and Personal Charactecteristics Associated With Adverse Weather Encounters By Pilots. (2010). (2014). Air Force Research Laboratory. CONCLUSION In conclusion. Wen-Dong Hu.1371/journal.2010. emotion and cognition as they have to overcome or face an unexpected situation or turbulence during flying. Ru-Meng Ma.007. doi:10.4 structure should be consist of three persons in the training team which are CFI. Zuo-Ming Zhang. REFERENCES Brent Crow. David O’Hare. Workload Influence on Fatigue Related Psychological and Physiological Performance Changes of Aviators. instructor trainee and a student. . Xi-Wen Liu. These related to the relationship of psychological aspect of the aviators or the pilots when handling or control the flight which also have correlate with physiological aspect as to be a professional pilot the person have to own best fit in physical. Monica Martinussen.aap.pone. United States: Elsevier Ltd doi:10.08. Ka Bian. all three journal are discussing regarding human factor that will affect the aviation field such as fatigue due to workload in training. Mark Wiggin. Spain: PLoS One. Patricia Fitzgerald. David R. Dee Andrews. Xiao-Jing Li. trainers environment either actual or role playing. (2009). personalities and weather condition. Jin Ma. Marry Niemczyk.