By Authority Of

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Legally Binding Document
By the Authority Vested By Part 5 of the United States Code § 552(a) and
Part 1 of the Code of Regulations § 51 the attached document has been duly
INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE and shall be considered legally
binding upon all citizens and residents of the United States of America.
HEED THIS NOTICE: Criminal penalties may apply for noncompliance.

e
Document Name:

ASTM A572: High-Strength Low-Alloy
Columbium-Vanadium Steels of Structural Quality

CFR Section(s):

24 CFR 200, Subpart S

Standards Body: American Society for Testing and Materials

Official Incorporator:
THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR

OFFICE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER
WASHINGTON, D.C.

.

5. For this or other applications where notch-toughness requirements are indicated. 2. 1. Current edition approved Nov. 1979.78. basicoxygen.4 The maximum thicknesses available in the grades and products covered by this specification are shown in Table I.1 The steel shall be made by one or more of the following processes: open-hearth. plates. both the grade and type must be specified.AMERICAN NATIONAL ANSljASTM A 572 79 STANDARD - American Association State Highway aod Transportation Officials. and bars.1 The heat analysis shall conform to the requirements prescribed in Table 2 and in 5. Stainless Steel and Related Alloys. This specification has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense and-for listing in the DoD Index of Specifications and Standards. and for riveted. When such a designation is desired. Part 4. Where designation of one of these elements or combination of elements is desired.1 Material furnished under this specification shall conform to the applicable requirements of the current edition of Specification A 6. Scope 1. Chemical Requirements 5.66. 4. 2. buildings. 1. sheet piling.3 subject to the product analysis tolerances in Specification A 6. General Requirements for Delivery 3. reference is made to Supplementary Requirement Sl in which these elements and their common combinations are listed as to type.1 ASTM Standard: A 6 Specification for General Requirements for Rolled Steel Plates. and other structures. or combinations thereof. Originally published as A 572 . When the steel is used in welded construction. 5. Grades 60 and 65 are intended for riveted or bolted construction of bridges. and nitrogen. bolted. the year of last revision. Standard AASHTO No.3. NOTE-The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. and Bars for Structural Use 2 3. in the case of revision.requirement. Published January 1980. Process 4. 533 j . or welded construction of bridges.02 on Structural Steel. Last previous edition A 572 .1 This specification covers four grades of high-strength low-alloy structural steel shapes.: M 223 Standard Specification for HIGH-STRENGTH LOW-ALLOY COLUMBIUMVANADIUM STEELS OF STRUCTURAL QUALITy l This Standard is issued under the fixed designation A 572. 5. they shall be negotiated between the purchaser and the producer. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. Grades 42 and 50 are intended for riveted. within the limitations noted in Section 5.3 The use of columbium. Sheet Piling. vanadium. shall be at the option of the producer unless otherwise specified. Applicable Documents 1. or welded construction in other applications.2 For welded bridge construction notch toughness is an important . 'Annual Book of ASTM Standards. 1.2 The steel shall conform on product analysis to the requirements prescribed in Table 2 and 5. or electric-furnace.3 Alloy content shall be in accordance with one of the following types: 1 This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-Ion Steel. the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or. bolted. and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee AO 1. welding procedure shall be suitable for the steel and the intended service. Shapes. 5.

(mm) . SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS The following supplementary requirement shall apply wh'en: specified in the:order or contract: SI.01-0.05 6 0.. . 0. (200 mm). ..060 %. yield point steels covered by Specification A 36.2 The composition limits of Section 5 shall apply. [1.most closely approximating a geometric pr'ogression pattern between 36 000 psi. 31..tio of vanadium to nitrogen shall be"4 to I. for High-Yield-Strength... nitrogen.d by Specification A 514.01 to 0. Heat Analysis.." b C I"· .1. . d Nitrogen (0. S18.Maximum Thickness or Size Yield Point. QJ1enched and Tempered AII'oy Steel Plate.2 For material under 1'i6 in.1 The material as represented by the test specimens shall conform to the tensile properties given in Table 3.005-0. (\. Grades 42.suitable for Welding. S14. all. and the minimum ra. . one of the types listed below shall be specified.8 31.015 max%») when added as a' supplement to vanadium shall be reported.004::0.for any of these types. ' .1 Tensile Properties: 6.02-0.4 5.o the following unless killed steel is furnished: .Dl5 max " Columbium when added either singly or in combination with vanadium shaH be restricted t. The type in addition to the grade must be shown qn the Standardized supplementary requirements for use lit the option of the purchasedire listed in Specification A 6. 0.05 max. min. and 60 are the yield point levels. Product analysis limits ~ 0. 534 . Mechani~al Requirem~nts .15 0. % Elements Type I-Columbium" Type 2-Vanadium Type 3-Columbium" (0. yield strength .0. specified in Table '3. 50. MaximumTensile Strength. Bend Test. not available not available "In the above tabulation. %) plus vanadium' Type 4-Nitrogend (with vanadium) 6.5 mm) iri thickness or diameter. Those which are considered suitable' for use with this specification are listed below bYtitle. (19)' liz (13) Group 1 60 and 65 Product analysis limits". vanadium. or combinations thereof). 6.1. " Type l-Col:umbium Type 2-Nanadium. 345 415 450 in.-.15 0. Type 3~Columbiurn and vanagiulll Type 4-Vanadium and nitrogen S 1.16 when columbium and vanadium are used in combination. nesses.imum Product Thickn~ ...' S!ructural Shape Maximum Plate Size Groupings ana Bar ThickGrades (Specification A 6. . " • See Specification A 6." mm - f52.. min. (0. a S 1.a: deduction from the percentage of elongation in 8 in.. (7. in.8 min) of the specified thickness or diameter below 1'i6 in.steels coven. min.1 Wh~n purchaser prefers to designate the speGific elements.8. T~bleN Groups'1 and 2 42 and'50 'I..8 Structural Shapes Groups' all all 1 and 2 1 Sheet Piling all . TABLE 1 Ma. Types order. Grade Plates and Bars psi 42" 50" 60" 65 42000 50000 60000 65 000 MPa 290 .25 % shall be made for each decrease of ·\-52 'in:. for Structural Steel" and 100 000 psi. (columbium.A 572 6.of 1.

1'/.··"d -% Grade psi 42 50 60 65 42 50 60 65 000 000 000 000 MPa psi MPa in 8 in.. (50 mm) of 19 % minimum applies.05 0. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsible technical commillee.35 1.50 % (0. This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical commillee and must be reviewed every five years and if not revised.40 0.04 0. thickness. 1916 Race St.~~l~ TABLE 2 A 572 Chemical Requirements' (Heat Analysis) Silicon' Diameter Thickness.1 mm) in diameter. the test specimen is taken in the transverse direction. minimum by heat analysis of 0. Philadelphia.40 0. b Manganese.35 1.8) :.40 65 0.35 0. (38.75 % product analysis) shall be required for all plates over "Is in.20 % by heal analysis (0. (12. (mm) Grade 6 (152) 2 (51.21 0.18 % product amilysis)'.80 % (0. (9.1-mm) Thick. either reapproved or Withdrawn. min Tensile Requirements" Tensile Strength.04 0. (31.40 0. (610 mm). max. The American Society for Testing and Materials takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentioned in this standard. Sulfur. and less in thickness. you may appeal to the ASTM Board of Directors.45 % product analysis) shall be required for plates "Is in.7-31. Sheet Piling.5 mm) in thickness.04 0.40 0. and the risk of infringement of such rights.'" (12.7)' Carbon. (38. Failing satisfaction there.40 % by heat analysis must be negotiated.23 0. is entirely their own responsibility. and three percentage points for Grades 60 and 65.21 % and a maximum manganese of 1. The manganese to carbon ratio shall not be less than 2 to I.40 "Copper when specified shall have a minimum content of 0.40 0.05 0.15-0. shall be made by a killed steel practice.05 0. Shates to 42 Ib/ft (634 kg/m).05 0. (38. TABLE 3 Yiel. • Elongation not required to be determined for floor plate. 535 . in.05 0. and for all other products. (610 mm).' Phosphorus. See 11. min Minimum Elongation.04 0. the elongation requirement is reduced two percentage points for Grades 42 and 50. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should make your views known to the ASTM Commillee on Standards.. % 42 50 60 65 0. Manganese.65 % is permissible with the balance of the elements as shown in Table 2. % % % % Plates to 1'h-in.26 0. or Distance Between Parallel Faces.2 of SpecificationA6.35 1. max. % range.d Point. max. or distance between parallel faces. An alternative chemical requirement with a maximum carbon of 0.1 mm) Thick and Shapes Over 426 Ib/ft (634 kg/m) max. or200mm in 2 in.23 1. ' . For wide flange shapes over 4261b/ft elongation in 2 in.8) >'''-1'/. Pa. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards and should be addressed to ASTM Headquarters. max. and Barsd Plates Over 1'12in. Silicon content in excess of 0. d For plates wider than 24 in.26 1. d Bars over 1'/2 in. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights. .15-0.65 0. which you may aI/end. a minimum of 0. 19103. or 50 mm 290 345 415 450 60000 65 000 75 000 80000 415 450 520 550 20 18 16 15 24 21 18 17 a For piates wider than 24 in.04 0. . which will schedule a further hearing regarding your comments.