“GREENING OF DATA CENTERS”

Abstract
Cloud services are emerging as an essential component of the enterprise IT infrastructure. The
cloud physical infrastructure comprises the data center (DC) infrastructure (i.e. computing,
storage, and general IT resources) as well as the network connectivity interconnecting DCs with
each other and users. Data centers, which are used to provide the infrastructure and resource pool
for cloud computing, consume a large amount of energy. Energy consumption trends of data
centers due to significant increase in data applications over the years have grown considerably.
Future energy consumption predictions of these data centers are even bigger concerns. To reduce
this energy consumption, and hence, carbon footprint and green house gas emission of cloud

.. CONTENTS 1.3 3.1 Live VM Migration i 1. and information technology in general.. energy-efficient methods of operation have to be investigated and adopted.. Modeling :The System Architecture …………………………………………………..4 .1 1.…….... Therefore in this study we will focus on the dynamic utilization of green and brown energy as well. In this study...2 2..……………………………….. References . Introduction …………………………………………………………………. Use of renewable energy resources (RES or green energy) in amalgamation with non renewable energy resources (brown energy) can provide a promising solution in efficient utilization of energy and environmental concerns in operation of data centers. we introduce the renewable-energy-aware cloud service and virtual machine (VM) migration to relocate energy demand using dynamic and flexible cloud-resource-allocation techniques and help overcome the challenges of renewable energy.………………………………………………….2 Renewable Energy (RES) Aware Migration………………..………………….computing...... …. Since green energy is volatile and intermittent in nature.

This increasing demand. in servers. Future trend is towards more number of such data applications that are going to increase the demand for cloud infrastructures. genomics. and other large datasets.  Extraction of these resources is a highly specialized task and expensive too. storage equipments and networking infrastructures. in turn. This increase in energy consumption will be backed up by electric grids that are powered by fossil fuel based brown energy. . is going to contribute in increased energy consumption and hence. carbon footprint and green house gas emission. financial.1. Some points regarding brown energy resources:  These resources are scarce in nature. Introduction Since cloud infrastructures now days are providing data intensive applications such as medical informatics.

 These resources can be harnessed easily using solar farms. these resources do not cause pollution when utilized. Architecture Fig 1 shows the system architectureFig for1 System this study. .  Require considerable capital investment when harnessed for electricity production. From above mentioned points regarding green energy resources. Some points regarding green energy resources:1  These resources are plentiful in nature. From above stated points we can say that.e. Pose environmental threats due to emission of green house gases on combustion. wind farms etc. using brown energy for powering cloud infrastructure in near future will burden the cloud service providers with huge capital investment and will also pose environmental concerns. it can be concluded that these energy resources have the capability to make their considerable share in powering data centers along with brown energy resources in an efficient and environment friendly manner.  Require one time capital investment for establishing harnessing plants. Where the DCs will be backed up with amalgamation of both green and brown energy resources with emphasis on the use of green energy resources.  Environment friendly in nature i.

no more VMs can be placed).  A VM migration over WAN is carried out by first establishing a network connection between source and destination locations. etc.e. Here. . 1. Migration of a VM 22 over the WAN generates significant amount of traffic and involves complex processes of network resource allocation.fuel based brown energy site and relocate the demand at a renewable energy site. VM network setting reconfiguration. Cloud bursting is a technique where an enterprise normally employs local servers to run applications and dynamically harness cloud servers to enhance capacity during periods of workload stress. then transferring the memory and disk storage states and finally re-configuring the VM and resuming the activity at the destination site. In our study. VMs are placed in data centers with access to RES first and when these data centers are exhausted (i. 2.1 Live VM Migration Basically live VM migration is used to achieve „cloud bursting‟. for service and cloud providers. migrating VMs to reduce brown energy consumption is more pragmatic from a business perspective as providers have more flexibility and control in migrating VMs than electricity from one location to another.  Migration of services in this way is easier and cheaper than transmitting green energy over the grid. geographical load balancing. 1. VM state transfer. we are using live VM migration technique for the following reasons:  VM migration provides the opportunity to reduce energy demand at a fossil.Further in this introduction we will explore the methodology utilized to make a green cloud infrastructure environment.  Additionally. VMs are placed in data centers with no access to renewable energy.2 Renewable Energy (RES) Aware Migration  Under RES aware control and management of the cloud infrastructure with VM and service migration. we describe a model that captures important aspects of a VM migration. IT consolidation within a single data center. etc. such service migrations require a substantial downtime while the VM state is copied and network reconfiguration is performed before resuming service. Modeling: The System Architecture Traditionally. which incurs significant losses.

P. pp. Vereecken. an iterative copy phase is started. 441–458.. Vermeulen. 4.” in Proc. Colle. B. no. Audenaert. Dhoedt. S. 12. Chowdhury. Demeyer. To cater for the modified or „dirtied‟ memory during this initial full copy period and the subsequent transfer periods. . [2] Y.2008. Demeester. and B. P.” IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials. M. July 2010. Mukherjee. “Worldwide energy needs for ICT: The rise of power-aware 3 networking. An important aspect of live VM migration is to keep existing client connections to the VM alive during and after migration i. “Energy efficiency in telecom optical networks. First. vol. the migration is seamless and does not impact client’s perception References [1] M.e. W. Zhang. Service is always available at the source location during this phase.. When a certain predefined stop condition is met. Tornatore. In each iteration of this phase. Develder. the iterative copy phase is stopped and VM is halted for a short duration for the final memory copy. the dirtied memory after the last iteration is copied to the destination.  Transfer of memory states occur in three phases.C. Transferred data amount at each iteration depends on the memory modification (or dirtying rate) and the provisioned network bandwidth. D. B. a full memory copy is performed. ANTS. and P. Pickavet.

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