Sample Vessel #3

96" Horizontal Vessel
Pressure Vessel Calculations
May 21, 2002

Aquacare Inc.
10 East Airport Road
Huntsville, Ontario

Laurence Brundrett
Charles Liu

P. Eng.

M. Eng.

Pressure Vessel Engineering Ltd.
PVE-Sample 3
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Table of Contents
Contents
Cover
Table of Contents
Summary
Material Properties
Pipe and Shell
Elliptical Head
0.75" Coupling In Top Shell
6" Nozzle B
6" Nozzle C
6" Slip On Flange B & C
Manway D & E
Manway F
1.5" Coupling In Bottom Shell
Weight and Volume
Lifting Lug
Zick
Hor. Vessel Forces
Flexible Saddle Stress
Flexible Saddle

21-May-02

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Pressure Vessel Design Summary

21-May-02
Aquacare Inc.
Sample Vessel #3
96" Horizontal Vessel
PVE-Sample 3
PVE-Sample 3

96
120
640
Water
6393
46324
46324
Maximum Internal pressure, psi

Maximum External Pressure, psi At Temperature, ºF

0
Minimum Temperature, ºF

150
Test Pressure, psi

-20

SA-516 70
20,000
0.063
no
no
none
0
ASME VIII-1
2001
none
IID
none

150
At Pressure, psi

75

At a Minimum Temperature of: ºF For a Minimum Duration of:

98
3
1.5

Customer
Vessel
Part Number
Drawing
Job

Outside Diameter [inch]
straight Shell (not including straight flange on heads)
Volume [cuft]
Fluid
Weight Empty [lbs.]
Weight Full
Weight Under Test

75
Maximum Temperature, ºF

Page 3 of 24

60

30 min.

Maximum Allowed Working Pressure
Maximum Design Metal Temperature
Hydrostatic Test

Seismic Zone
Foundation Factor
Primary Material of Construction
Allowable Stress
Minimum allowed thickness per UG-16(b)
Material Normalized
Material Impact Tested (not required per UG-20(f))
Radiography required
Corrosion Allowance
Code
Edition
Addenda
Materials

UG-22 Loadings Considered
Yes
(a) Internal pressure
(a) External pressure
Yes
(b) Vessel weight full, empty and at hydro test
(c) Weight of attached equipment and piping
Yes
(d)(1) Attachment of internals
Yes
(d)(2) Attachment of vessel supports
(d) Cyclic or dynamic reactions
(f) Wind
(f) Snow
Yes
(f) Seismic
(g) Fluid impact shock reactions
(h) Temperature gradients
(h) Differential thermal expansion
(i) Abnormal pressures like deflagration

Code Cases Required

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Material Properties

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ASME VIII, IID 2001 edition no addenda

Sample Vessel #3

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ver 1.28

Design Pressure
75.0
0.0
Water
8
1.00
Design Pressure =

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UG-22(a)
<- P, internal operating pressure at top of vessel (psig)
<- mPa, external operation pressure
<- Operating Fluid
<- h, fluid height (ft)
<- rho, fluid density (1.0 for water)
P + 0.4331*rho*h
= 75 + 0.4331 * 1 * 8

Hydro Test

(UG-99(b))
Test Press = P * 1.3 * MR

= 75 * 1.3 * 1

mDp = 78.5

pressure measured at top of vessel
mTp = 97.5

Material Properties

(ASME IID)
150 <- mTemp, design temp ºF
Where Used
Material

SA-516 70 Plate
SA-105 Forging
SA-106 B Seamless Pipe
SA/CSA-G40.21 44W

Head and Shell
Flanges/couplings
Nozzles
Saddle

Test at ambient temp
Strength Max ºF
Ambient Design
Strength Strength Ratio
20000
20000
1.000
1000
20000
20000
1.000
1000
17100
17100
1.000
1000
17100
17100
1.000
650

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Min Ratio (MR) =

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<- vessel

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www.pveng.com

Use a Test Pressure of 98 PSI

1.000

Ext
Graph
CS-2
CS-2
CS-2
CS-2

Pipe and Shell ver 2.33

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ASME Code VIII Div I 2001 edition no addenda

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Dimensions:
96.000
0.313
120.000
120.000
0.000

Do
t

<- Do - Outside Diameter
<- t - Nominal Wall Thickness
<- Le - Effective Length
<- Length for volume and weight
<- Corr, Corrosion Allowance

Long Seam

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www.pveng.com

Sample Vessel #3 <- Vessel
3/8" Rolled Plate Shell <- Description

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Page 5 of 24

21-May-02

Length

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Material and Conditions:
SA-516 70 <- Material
20,000 <- S, Allowable Stress Level (psi)
0.7 <- El - Longitudinal Efficiency (circ. stress)
0.7 <- Ec - Circ. Connecting Efficiency (longitudinal stress)
0.0% <- UTP, Undertolerance allowance (%)
496.12 <- Volume (cubic ft)
0.000 <- UTI, Undertolerance allowance (inch)
3,202.2 <- Material Weight (lbs cs)
78.5 <- P, Interior Pressure
0.0 <- Pa, Exterior Pressure
Variables:
UT =
nt =
Ri =
LDo =

t*UTP+UTI
t-Corr-UT
Do/2-nt
Le/Do

Interior Pressure UG-27 (c) (1,2)
ta = P*Ri/(S*El-0.6*P)
tb = P*Ri/(2*S*Ec+0.4*P)
tmin = Max(ta,tb) <= nt
PMaxA = (S*El*nt)/(Ri+0.6*nt)
PMaxB = (2*S*Ec*nt)/(Ri-0.4*nt)
PMax = Min(PMaxA,PMaxB)
tr1 = P*Ri/(S*1-0.6*P)

= 0.313*0+0
= 0.313-0-0
= 96/2-0.313
= 120/96

undertollerance
nominal thick
effective inside radius

UT =
nt =
Ri =
LDo =

= 78.465*47.687/(20000*0.7-0.6*78.465)
ta =
= 78.465*47.687/(2*20000*0.7+0.4*78.465
tb =
Acceptable
tmin =
= (20000*0.7*0.313)/(47.687+0.6*0.313) PMaxA =
= (2*20000*0.7*0.313)/(47.687-0.4*0.313) PMaxB =
Acceptable PMax =
= 78.465*47.687/(20000*1-0.6*78.465)
tr1 =

Shell stress relief -UCS-79(d), UNF-79(d), UHA-44(d)
Rf = (do-t)/2
= (96-0.313)/2
% elong = (50*t/Rf)*(1-0)
= (50*0.313/47.844)*(1-0)
% elongation =
5.0% <- Max Elongation
Yes <- Cold formed
0.3% <- Elongation
Required
no <- Vessel carries lethal substances (Yes/no)
no
no <- Impact testing is required (Yes/no)
no
no <- Greater than 10% reduction in thickness
no
no <- Formed between 250 and 900 Degrees F
no
no <- Shell is greater than 5/8" thick before forming
no
Stress Relieve ?

0.000
0.313
47.687
1.250
0.268
0.133
0.268
91.5
184.3
91.5
0.188
47.8435
0.3
no
no
no
no
no
no
no

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Elliptical Head ver 2.16

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ASME Code VIII Div I 2001 edition no Addenda

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21-May-02
www.pveng.com

Sample Vessel #3 <- Vessel
3/8" Thick Semi Elliptical Head <- Component
Dimensions:
96.000
23.859
0.313
0.282
0.000
1.500

<- Do, outside diameter
<- h
24.14 <- ho
<- tb, thickness before forming
<- tf, thickness after forming
<- Corr, corrosion allowance
<- Skirt, straight skirt length

Material and Conditions:
SA-516 70 <- material
20,000 <- S, allowable stress level (psi)
0.85 <- E, efficiency
78.5 <- P, interior pressure
0.0 <- Pa, exterior pressure
Variables:
D=
ho =
D/2h =
Do/2ho =
K=
Kone =
Kzero =
t=
Ro =

ho

h

Sperical Limit
Skirt

Thick
D
Do

Calculated Properties:
116.440 <- Approximate blank diameter
945.3 <- Approximate weight for steel, (lbs)
72.06 <- Volume (cuft, includes skirt)
76.35 <- Spherical Limit (0.8 * D)

Do-2*t
= 96-2*0.282
h+t
= 23.859+0.282
D/(2*h)
UG-37 & Ap 1-4(c)
= 95.437/(2*23.859)
Do/(2*ho) UG-37 & Ap 1-4(c)
= 96/(2*24.141)
Interpolated value from table 1-4.1
D/2h
interior
Interpolated value from table UG-37
D/2h
spherica
Interpolated value from table UG-33.1
Do/2ho exterior
tf-corr
= 0.282-0
Ko*Do
UG-33(d)
= 0.895*96

D=
ho =
D/2h =
Do/2ho =
K=
Kone =
Kzero =
t=
Ro =

Interior Pressure App 1-4(c)(d), UG-37 1(a)
TMinI = (P*D*K)/(2*S*E-0.2*P) <= t
TMinI (min thickness) =
= (78.465*95.437*1)/(2*20000*0.85-0.2*78.465) <= 0.282
PMax = (2*S*E*t)/(K*D+0.2*t) >= P
PMax =
= (2*20000*0.85*0.282)/(1*95.437+0.2*0.282) >= 78
TSpI = (P*D*Kone)/(2*S*E-0.2*P)
TSpI (required sphere zone thick) =
= (78.465*95.437*0.9)/(2*20000*1-0.2*78.465)
Head stress relief UCS-79(d), UNF-79(d), UHA-44(d)
% elong = ((75*t)/h)*(1-0)
= ((75*0.282)/23.859)*(1-0)
% elong =
5.0% <- Max Elongation
Yes <- Cold Formed
1.0% <- Elongation
Required
no <- Vessel carries lethal substances(Yes/no)
no
no <- Impact testing is required (Yes/no)
no
no <- Formed between 250 and 900 Degrees F
no
no <- Greater than 10% reduction in thickness
no
no <- Head is greater than 5/8" thick before forming
no
Stress Relieve ?

95.44
24.14
2.000
1.988
1.000
0.900
0.895
0.282
85.896
0.220
Okay
100.3
Okay
0.169

1.0
no
no
no
no
no
no
no

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Coupling ver 2.02

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ASME Code VIII Div I 2001 edition, no addenda

Sample Vessel #3 <- Vessel
3/4" Class 3000 Half Coupling A <- Description

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UW16.1Z1M 21-May-02

Page 7 of 24

www.pveng.com
COD
POD

Shell:
0.313 <- t, Shell Wall Thick (inch)
1.500 <- D, Shell Opening Diameter (inch)
78.5 <- P,design Pressure (psi)
Coupling:
3/4 inch 3000#
SA-105
20,000
0.250
0.000

F1
Outside
t

t1
Inside Vessel
D

<- Coupling
<- Coupling Material
UW-16.1 Z-1 (Modified) Coupling
<- Sn, Allowable Stress Level (Sn)
<- F1, Weld Size
<- Corrc, Coupling Corrosion Allowance (inch)
1.380 <- COD - Coupling OD
1.050 <- POD - Pipe OD
14.000 <- n, Treads Per Inch
0.219 <- pt, Corresponding sch160 Wall Thickness (inch)
12.5% <- UT, Under Tolerence (%)

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Geometry Restrictions Fig. UW-16.1
tcp = (COD-POD)/2-CORRC
Tmin = Min(0.75,tcp,t)
tcmin = Min(0.25,0.7*Tmin)
t1 = 0.7*F1
t1 > = tcMin

= (1.38-1.05)/2-0
= Min(0.75,0.165,0.313)
= Min(0.25,0.7*0.165)
= 0.7*0.25
= 0.175 >= 0.116

Tcp =
Tmin =
tcmin =
t1 =

0.165
0.165
0.116
0.175
Okay

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Required Coupling Wall Thickness B16.11 - 2.1.1 and UG-31 (C) (2)
Ro = POD/2-0.8/n
= 1.05/2-0.8/14
tp = (1-UT)*pt-Corrc-0.8/n
= (1-0.125)*0.219-0-0.8/14
Min Thick = P*Ro/(Sn*1+0.4*P)
= 78*0.468/(20000*1+0.4*78.465

Okay

Ro = 0.468
tp = 0.134
trn = 0.002

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Pressure Weld Stress UW-18(d) - Pressure Load only
UW-16(f)(3)(a)(3)(b)
Load = COD^2*(PI()/4)*P
= 1.38^2*(PI()/4)*78.465
Load =
Weld Area = pi()*((COD+F1)^2-COD^2)/4
Weld Area =
= pi()*((1.38+0.25)^2-1.38^2)/4
Max Stress = Min(Sn,Sv) * 0.55
= Min(20000,20000) * 0.55
Max Stress =
Weld Stress = Load / Area
= 117 / 0.591
Weld Stress =

117
0.591
11000
199
Okay

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Nozzle Reinforcement ver 3.53

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ASME Code VIII Div I 2001 edition no addenda

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Shell:
SA-516 70 <- Shell material
20,000 <- Sv, shell allowable stress level, PSI
1.00 <- Eone, efficiency of shell at nozzle
0.282
0.220
0.000
0.000
0.063

<- Vt, shell wall thick, uncorroded, UT removed
<- tr, required shell wall thickness int. press.
<- trE, required shell wall thickness ext. press.
<- sca, shell corrosion allowance
<- tmin16b, Min allowed wall per UG-16(b)

Nozzle:
SA-106B <- Nozzle material
17,100 <- Sn, allowable stress level (Sn)
1.00 <- E nozzle

OD Nozzle
Nt

Shell
Vt

Leg43

<- Do, outside diameter
<- dh, id of hillside nozzle
<- Nt, wall thick, uncorroded
<- UTp, undertolerance (%)
<- nca, nozzle corrosion allowance

Full
Penn.

Leg41

78.5 <- P, internal design pressure
0.0 <- Pa, external design pressure
6.625
6.500
0.432
12.5%
0.000

Leg43
t
Leg41

Nozzle

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21-May-02
Page 8 of 24
Manual dh for hillside nozzles
Automatic Limit Diameter
Curved Shell or Head Section

Sample Vessel #3 <- Vessel
6" SCH 80 Nozzle B <- Desc

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UW16(c)mod

www.pveng.com

Proj

UW-16.1 (c) modified

2.000 <- L, exterior Projection
1.000 <- Ip, interior projection
Reinforcing:
0.313
0.313
1.000
Variables:
UT =
Rn =
t=
ti =
tn =
fr1 =
fr2 =
h=
tcLeg41 =
tcLeg43 =
F=

<- Leg41, size of weld fillet
<- Leg43, size of weld fillet
<- F
Nt*UTp
Do/2 - (Nt-nca) + UT
Vt-sca
Nt-2*nca
Nt-nca
MIN(Sn/Sv,1)
MIN(Sn/Sv,1)
MIN(Ip-sca,2.5*t,2.5*ti)
Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,tn,t))
Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,t,tn))
Min(Fenterered, 1)

= 0.432 * 0.125
Undertolerance
= 6.625/2 - (0.432-0) + 0.054
Effective Radius
= 0.2817 - 0
Effective Shell Thickness
= 0.432 - 2 * 0
Nom Thick of Int. Proj.
= 0.432-0
Avail. Nozzle Thick. No UT
= MIN(17100/20000, 1)
= MIN(17100/20000, 1)
= MIN(1-0,2.5*0.282,2.5*0.432)
= Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,0.432,0.282))
= Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,0.282,0.432))

UT =
Rn =
t=
ti =
tn =
fr1 =
fr2 =
h=
tc41 =
tc43 =
F=

0.054
2.935
0.282
0.432
0.432
0.855
0.855
0.704
0.197
0.197
1.000

Pipe Required Wall Thickness - trn from internal, trnE from external pressure
LDo = L/Do
LDo = 0.302
Dot = Do/trnE
trn = (P*Rn)/(Sn*E - 0.6*P) <= tn-UT
= (78.5*2.935)/(17100*1 - 0.6*78.5)
trnE = (3*Do*Pa)/(4*B) <= tn-ut
= (3*6.625*0)/(4*1)

Dot = 0.000
trn = 0.014
trnE = 0.000

Acceptable
Acceptable

Geometry Constraints:
0.7*Leg41 >= tc41
0.7*Leg43 >= tc43

>=
>=

Acceptable
Acceptable

0.7*0.313 >= 0.197
0.7*0.313 >= 0.197

0.219
0.219

Area Replacement: Fig UG-37.1
Pressure From:
A = 1.0*d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1-frone)
A Required (internal) =
= 1.0*6.5*0.22*1 + 2*0.432*0.22*1*(1-0.855)
Ae = 0.5*(d*trE*1 + 2*tn*trE*1*(1-frone))
A Required (external) =
= 0.5*(6.5*0*1 + 2*0.432*0*1*(1-0.855))
A1 = max(d, 2*(t+tn)) * (E1*t-F*tr)-2*tn*(E1*t-F*tr)*(1-fr1)
A1 =
= max(6.5, 2*(0.282+0.432)) * (1*0.282-1*0.22)-2*0.432*(1*0.282-1*0.22)*(1-0.855)
A1e = max(d, 2*(t+tn)) * (Eone*t-F*trE)-2*tn*(Eone*t-F*trE)*(1-frone)
A1e =
= max(6.5, 2*(0.282+0.432)) * (1*0.282-1*0)-2*0.432*(1*0.282-1*0)*(1-0.855)
A2 = min((tn-trn)*fr2*Min(5*t,2*L) , (tn-trn)*fr2*Min(5*tn,2*L))
A2 =
= min((0.432-0.014)*0.855*Min(5*0.282,2*2) , (0.432-0.014)*0.855*Min(5*0.432,2*2))
A2e = min((tn-trnE)*frtwo*Min(5*t,2*L) , (tn-trnE)*frtwo*Min(5*tn,2*L))
A2e =
= min((0.432-0)*0.855*Min(5*0.282,2*2) , (0.432-0)*0.855*Min(5*0.432,2*2))
A3 = Min(5*t*ti*frtwo, 5*ti*ti*frtwo, 2*h*ti*frtwo)
A3 =
= Min(5*0.282*0.432*0.855, 5*0.432*0.432*0.855, 2*0.704*0.432*0.855)
A41 = Leg41^2*frTwo
A41 = 0.313^2*0.855
A41 =
A43 = (Leg43-nca)^2*frtwo
A43 = (0.313-0)^2*0.855
A43 =
Actual Area =
Acceptable Actual-Required =

0.197
0.197
Internal
1.460

External

0.000
0.391
1.796
0.504
0.520
0.520

0.520

0.084
0.084
1.583
0.123

0.084
0.084
3.004
3.004

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Sample Vessel #3 6" SCH 80 Nozzle B
Nozzle
Tstd = Standard pipe wall thickness from chart
Swre = tr * Pa / P
= 0.22 * 0 / 78.465
Nact = Nt * (1-UTp)
= 0.432 * (1-0.125)
Tt = 0.8/Nth
= 0.8/0

21-May-02

Req. Exterior pressure
Actual Wall Thick.
Ug-31(c)(2) threads

Page 9 of 24
Tstd =
Swre =
Nact =
Tt =

0.280
0.000
0.378
0.000

UG-45
UG45 = Max(UG45a, UG45b) <= Nact
= Max(0.014, 0.22) <= 0.378

UG45 = 0.220
Acceptable

UG-45(a)
UG45a = Max(trn,trnE) + Nca + Tt
Max(0.014,0) + 0 + 0

UG45a = 0.014

UG-45(b)
UB45b = Min(UG45b1, UG45b2, UG45b3, UG45b4)
= Min(0.22, , 0.22, 0.245)

UB45b = 0.220

UG-45(b)(1)
UG45b1 = Max(tr + Sca, Tmin16b + Sca)
Max(0.22 + 0, 0.063 + 0)

UG45b1 = 0.220

UG-45(b)(2)
UG45b2 = Max(Swre + Sca,Tmin + Sca)
Max(0 + 0,0.063 + 0)

UG45b2 =

UG-45(b)(3)
UG45b3 = Max(UG45b1,UG45b2)

= Max(0.22,)

UG45b3 = 0.220

UG-45(b)(4)
UG45b4 = Tstd*0.875 + Nca

= 0.28*0.875 + 0

UG45b4 = 0.245

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Nozzle Reinforcement ver 3.53

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ASME Code VIII Div I 2001 edition no addenda

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Shell:
SA-516 70 <- Shell material
20,000 <- Sv, shell allowable stress level, PSI
0.70 <- Eone, efficiency of shell at nozzle
0.282
0.220
0.000
0.000
0.063

<- Vt, shell wall thick, uncorroded, UT removed
<- tr, required shell wall thickness int. press.
<- trE, required shell wall thickness ext. press.
<- sca, shell corrosion allowance
<- tmin16b, Min allowed wall per UG-16(b)

Nozzle:
SA-106B <- Nozzle material
17,100 <- Sn, allowable stress level (Sn)
1.00 <- E nozzle

Do
Nt

Leg41
te

Ring
g

78.5 <- P, internal design pressure
0.0 <- Pa, external design pressure
6.625
6.020
0.432
12.5%
0.000

Leg41
Leg42

Nozzle

31

21-May-02
Page 10 of 24
Manual dh for hillside nozzles
Automatic Limit Diameter
Curved Shell or Head Section

Sample Vessel #3 <- Vessel
6" SCH 80 Nozzle C <- Desc

22

30

UW16(h)M

www.pveng.com

Leg42
Shell

Vt

Dp

<- Do, outside diameter
<- dh, id of hillside nozzle
<- Nt, wall thick, uncorroded
<- UTp, undertolerance (%)
<- nca, nozzle corrosion allowance

t

Weld to connect
to reinforcing pad

UW-16.1 (h) - modified

2.000 <- L, exterior Projection
Reinforcing:
SA-516 70
20,000
12.000
0.313
0.313
0.250
0.282
Variables:
UT =
Rn =
Dp =
t=
ti =
tn =
fr1 =
fr2 =
fr3 =
fr4 =
F=

<- Reinforcing plate material
<- Sp, allowable stress level
<- Dp, outside diameter
<- te, reinforcement thick
<- Leg41, size of weld fillet
<- Leg42, size of weld fillet
<- LegG, depth of groove
Nt*UTp
Do/2 - (Nt-nca) + UT
Min(2*d,DpEntered)
Vt-sca
Nt-2*nca
Nt-nca
MIN(Sn/Sv,1)
MIN(Sn/Sv,1)
MIN(Sn/Sv,Sp/Sv,1)
MIN(Sp/Sv,1)
1.000

= 0.432 * 0.125
Undertolerance
= 6.625/2 - (0.432-0) + 0.054
Effective Radius
= Min(2*6.02,12)
Effective Reinforcing
= 0.2817 - 0
Effective Shell Thickness
= 0.432 - 2 * 0
Nom Thick of Int. Proj.
= 0.432-0
Avail. Nozzle Thick. No UT
= MIN(17100/20000, 1)
= MIN(17100/20000, 1)
= MIN(17100/20000, 20000/20000,1)
= MIN(20000/20000,1)

Pipe Required Wall Thickness - trn from internal, trnE from external pressure
trn = (P*Rn)/(Sn*E - 0.6*P) <= tn-UT
= (78.5*2.935)/(17100*1 - 0.6*78.5)
trnE = (3*Do*Pa)/(4*B) <= tn-ut
= (3*6.625*0)/(4*1)
Geometry Constraints:
0.7*Leg41 >= 0.7*min(0.75,te,tn)
0.7*0.313 >= 0.7*Min(0.75,0.313,0.432)
0.7*Leg42 >= 0.5*Min(0.75,te,t)
0.7*0.25 >= 0.5*Min(0.75,0.313,0.282)
UG45 = Long form calculations are not shown in this view

0.219
0.175

UT =
Rn =
Dp =
t=
ti =
tn =
fr1 =
fr2 =
fr3 =
fr4 =
F=

0.054
2.935
12.000
0.282
0.432
0.432
0.855
0.855
0.855
1.000
1.000

trn = 0.014
trnE = 0.000

Acceptable
Acceptable

>=
0.219
>=
0.141
UG45 = 0.220

Acceptable
Acceptable
Acceptable

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Sample Vessel #3 6" SCH 80 Nozzle C

0.0135

0.22035

21-May-02

Area Replacement: Fig UG-37.1
Pressure From:
A = 1.0*d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1-frone)
A Required (internal) =
= 1.0*6.02*0.22*1 + 2*0.432*0.22*1*(1-0.855)
Ae = 0.5*(d*trE*1 + 2*tn*trE*1*(1-frone))
A Required (external) =
= 0.5*(6.02*0*1 + 2*0.432*0*1*(1-0.855))
A1 = max(d, 2*(t+tn)) * (E1*t-F*tr)-2*tn*(E1*t-F*tr)*(1-fr1)
A1 =
= max(6.02, 2*(0.282+0.432)) * (0.7*0.282-1*0.22)-2*0.432*(0.7*0.282-1*0.22)*(1-0.855)
A1e = max(d, 2*(t+tn)) * (Eone*t-F*trE)-2*tn*(Eone*t-F*trE)*(1-frone)
A1e =
= max(6.02, 2*(0.282+0.432)) * (0.7*0.282-1*0)-2*0.432*(0.7*0.282-1*0)*(1-0.855)
A2 = min((tn-trn)*fr2*min(5*t,2*L) , (tn-trn)*(Min(2.5*tn+te,L)*fr1*2)
A2 =
= min((0.432-0.014)*0.855*min(5*0.282,2*2) , (0.432-0.014)*(Min(2.5*0.432+0.313,2*2)*0.855*2)
A2e = min((tn-trnE)*frtwo*Min(5*t,2*L) , 2*(tn-trnE)*Min(2.5*tn+te,L)*frone)
A2e =
= min((0.432-0)*0.855*Min(5*0.282,2*2) , 2*(0.432-0)*Min(2.5*0.432+0.313,2)*0.855)
A5 = (Dp - d - 2tn)te*fr4
=(12 - 6.02 - 2*0.432)*0.313*1
A5 =
A41 = Leg41^2*frThree
A41 = 0.313^2*0.855
A41 =
A42 = Leg42^2*frfour
A42 = 0.25^2*1
A42 =
Actual Area =
Acceptable
Actual-Required =
Internal Weld Load: (UG-41)
WmaxI = (A - A1 + 2*Tn*Fr1*(E1*t-F*tr))*Sv, min0
Max value for weld loads
= (1.354 - 0 + 2*0.432*0.855*(0.7*0.282-1*0.22))*20000
W 1-1 =
=
W 2-2 =
=
W 3-3 =
=

MIN((A2 + A5 + A41 + A42)*Sv,WmaxI)
Weld load
MIN((0.504 + 1.601 + 0.084 + 0.063)*20000,26740)
Min((A2 + A3 + A41 + A43 + 2*Tn*t*frone)*Sv,WmaxI)
Weld load
Min((0.504 + 0 + 0.084 + 0 + 2*0.432*0.282*0.855)*20000,26740)
Min((A2 + A3 + A5 + A41 + A42 + A43 + 2*Tn*t*fr1)*Sv,WmaxI)
Weld load
Min((0.504 + 0 + 1.601 + 0.084 + 0.063 + 0 + 2*0.432*0.282*0.855)*20000,26740)

External Weld Load: (UG-41)
WmaxE = (Ae - A1e + 2*Tn*Fr1*(E1*t-F*tr))*Sv, min0
= (0 - 1.162 + 2*0.432*0.855*(0.7*0.282-1*0.22))*20000
W 1-1 =
=
W 2-2 =
=
W 3-3 =
=

Max value for weld loads

MIN((A2e + A5 + A41 + A42)*Sv,WmaxE)
Weld load
MIN((0.52 + 1.601 + 0.084 + 0.063)*20000,0)
Min((A2e + A3 + A41 + A43 + 2*Tn*t*frone)*Sv,WmaxE)
Weld load
Min((0.52 + 0 + 0.084 + 0 + 2*0.432*0.282*0.855)*20000,0)
Min((A2e + A3 + A5 + A41 + A42 + A43 + 2*Tn*t*fr1)*Sv,WmaxE)
Weld load
Min((0.52 + 0 + 1.601 + 0.084 + 0.063 + 0 + 2*0.432*0.282*0.855)*20000,0)

Component Strength (UG-45(c), UW-15(c))
A2 shear = PI()/2*(Do-tn)*tn*Sn*0.7
g tension = PI()/2*Do*LegG*Min(Sv,Sn)*0.74
A41 shear = PI()/2*Do*Leg41*Min(Sn,Sp)*0.49
A42 shear = PI()/2*DP*Leg42*Min(Sv,Sp)*0.49

= PI()/2*(6.625-0.432)*0.432*17100*0.7
=PI()/2*6.625*0.282*Min(20000,17100)*0.74
=PI()/2*6.625*0.313*Min(17100,20000)*0.49
= PI()/2*12*0.25*Min(20000,20000)*0.49

Failure mode along strength path (Greater than Weld Load, see App L-7)
S1-1 = A42s + A2s >= W1-1
= 46181 + 50304 >= 26740
S2-2 = A41s + gt >= W2-2
= 27292 + 43433 >= 15917
S3-3 = gt + A42s >= W3-3
= 43433 + 46181 >= 26740

Page 11 of 24
Internal
1.354

External

0.000
0.000
1.162
0.504
0.520
1.601
0.084
0.063
2.252
0.897

1.601
0.084
0.063
3.430
3.430

WmaxI = 26,740
W 1-1 = 26,740
W 2-2 = 15,917
W 3-3 = 26,740

WmaxE = 0
W 1-1e = 0
W 2-2e = 0
W 3-3e = 0

A2s =
gt =
A41s =
A42s =

50,304
43,433
27,292
46,181

Acceptable

S1-1 = 96,485

Acceptable

S2-2 = 70,725

Acceptable

S3-3 = 89,614

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B16.5 Slip On Flange

Select Flange
SA
Forged
SA 105
150
6.00

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21-May-02

www.pveng.com

Page 12 of 24

Sample Vessel #3 <- Comments
6" Class 150 RFSO Flange B & C <- Description

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25

Ver 1.35

ASME B16.5-1996 ASME VIII A2001 edition no addenda

F2

<- Category
<- Material Type
<- Material
<- Pressure Class
<- Nominal Size

F1
F2
F1
F1

F2

Nozzle
0.432 <- tn, Nozzle Wall Thickness (inch)
0.014 <- tnr, Required Nozzle Wall Thickness (inch)

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Operating Conditions
150 <- T, temperature ºF
78.5 <- P, pressure, psig
0.000 <- Corr, corrosion allowance
Flange Welds: VIII UW-15 (c)
0.250 <- F1, pipe fillet size
0.250 <- Setback
0.250 <- F2, flange fillet size F2
17100 <- Sp, allowable stress, pipe
20000 <- Sf, allowable stress, flange
Geometry constraint: VIII UW-21 (b)
c = Min(tn,tx)
tx = 2*tnr
wtmin = 0.7*c
wt = 0.7*MIN(F1,F2)
= 0.7*MIN(0.25,0.25)
Maxsetback = c+0.25
Setback = 0.250
Weld Strength:
Min Sa =
Max Weld Stress =
Weld Load =
Weld Area =
=
Weld Stress =

Max press @100ºF [p1] 285
Max press @150ºF [p2] 273

Acceptable
Nominal - C-Si
Table - 2-1.1
Max Temp ºF - 1000
Pod, pipe OD - 6.625

= Min(0.432,0.027)
= 2*0.014
= 0.7*0.027
weld throat

= 0.027+0.25

MIN(Sp,Sf)
=
Sa * 0.49
=
Pod^2*pi*P/4
=
Pod*pi*(F1-corr + F2)
6.625*pi*(0.25-0 + 0.25)
Load/Area
=

MIN(17100,20000)
17100 * 0.49
6.625^2*pi*78.465/4

2704.808/10.407

c=
tx =
wtmin =
wt =

0.027
0.027
0.019
0.175
Acceptable

Maxsetback = 0.277
Acceptable
Min Sa =
Max S =
Load =
Area =

17,100
8,379
2,705
10.407

Stress = 260
Acceptable

26

Nozzle Reinforcement ver 3.53

27

ASME Code VIII Div I 2001 edition no addenda

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21-May-02
Page 13 of 24
Automatic dh - not hillside
Manually enter Limit Diameter
Curved Shell or Head Section

Sample Vessel #3 <- Vessel
12" Manway D & E With 3/4"x4" Ring <- Desc
Shell:
SA-516 70 <- Shell material
20,000 <- Sv, shell allowable stress level, PSI
1.00 <- Eone, efficiency of shell at nozzle
0.282
0.169
0.000
0.000
0.063

<- Vt, shell wall thick, uncorroded, UT removed
<- tr, required shell wall thickness int. press.
<- trE, required shell wall thickness ext. press.
<- sca, shell corrosion allowance
<- tmin16b, Min allowed wall per UG-16(b)

Nozzle:
SA-106B <- Nozzle material
17,100 <- Sn, allowable stress level (Sn)
1.00 <- E nozzle

OD Nozzle
Nt

Shell
Vt

Leg43

<- Do, outside diameter
<- dLr, Limit radius <= d
<- Nt, wall thick, uncorroded
<- UTp, undertolerance (%)
<- nca, nozzle corrosion allowance

Full
Penn.

Leg41

78.5 <- P, internal design pressure
0.0 <- Pa, external design pressure
17.500
8.110
0.750
12.5%
0.000

Leg43
t
Leg41

Nozzle

22

UW16(c)mod

www.pveng.com

Proj

UW-16.1 (c) modified

1.000 <- L, exterior Projection
1.000 <- Ip, interior projection
Reinforcing:
0.313
0.313
1.000
Variables:
UT =
Rn =
t=
ti =
tn =
d=
fr1 =
fr2 =
h=
tcLeg41 =
tcLeg43 =
F=

<- Leg41, size of weld fillet
<- Leg43, size of weld fillet
<- F
Nt*UTp
Do/2 - (Nt-nca) + UT
Vt-sca
Nt-2*nca
Nt-nca
Do-2*tn
MIN(Sn/Sv,1)
MIN(Sn/Sv,1)
MIN(Ip-sca,2.5*t,2.5*ti)
Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,tn,t))
Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,t,tn))
Min(Fenterered, 1)

= 0.75 * 0.125
Undertolerance
= 17.5/2 - (0.75-0) + 0.094
Effective Radius
= 0.282 - 0
Effective Shell Thickness
= 0.75 - 2 * 0
Nom Thick of Int. Proj.
= 0.75-0
Avail. Nozzle Thick. No UT
= 17.5 - 2*0.75
Opening Dia.
= MIN(17100/20000, 1)
= MIN(17100/20000, 1)
= MIN(1-0,2.5*0.282,2.5*0.75)
= Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,0.75,0.282))
= Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,0.282,0.75))

Pipe Required Wall Thickness - trn from internal, trnE from external pressure
LDo = L/Do
LDo = 0.057
Dot = Do/trnE
trn = (P*Rn)/(Sn*E - 0.6*P) <= tn-UT
= (78.5*8.094)/(17100*1 - 0.6*78.5)
trnE = (3*Do*Pa)/(4*B) <= tn-ut
= (3*17.5*0)/(4*1)
Geometry Constraints:
0.7*Leg41 >= tc41
0.7*0.313 >= 0.197
0.7*Leg43 >= tc43
0.7*0.313 >= 0.197
UG45 = Long form calculations are not shown in this view

0.219
0.219

UT =
Rn =
t=
ti =
tn =
d=
fr1 =
fr2 =
h=
tc41 =
tc43 =
F=

0.094
8.094
0.282
0.750
0.750
16.000
0.855
0.855
0.705
0.197
0.197
1.000

Dot = 0.000
trn = 0.037
trnE = 0.000

Acceptable
Acceptable

>=
0.197
>=
0.197
UG45 = 0.169

Acceptable
Acceptable
Acceptable

Area Replacement: Fig UG-37.1
Pressure From:
A = 1.0*d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1-frone)
A Required (internal) =
= 1.0*16*0.169*1 + 2*0.75*0.169*1*(1-0.855)
Ae = 0.5*(d*trE*1 + 2*tn*trE*1*(1-frone))
A Required (external) =
= 0.5*(16*0*1 + 2*0.75*0*1*(1-0.855))
A1 = max(dLr, 2*(t+tn)) * (E1*t-F*tr)-2*tn*(E1*t-F*tr)*(1-fr1)
A1 =
= max(8.11, 2*(0.282+0.75)) * (1*0.282-1*0.169)-2*0.75*(1*0.282-1*0.169)*(1-0.855)
A1e = max(dLr, 2*(t+tn)) * (Eone*t-F*trE)-2*tn*(Eone*t-F*trE)*(1-frone)
A1e =
= max(8.11, 2*(0.282+0.75)) * (1*0.282-1*0)-2*0.75*(1*0.282-1*0)*(1-0.855)
A2 = min((tn-trn)*fr2*Min(5*t,2*L) , (tn-trn)*fr2*Min(5*tn,2*L))
A2 =
= min((0.75-0.037)*0.855*Min(5*0.282,2*1) , (0.75-0.037)*0.855*Min(5*0.75,2*1))
A2e = min((tn-trnE)*frtwo*Min(5*t,2*L) , (tn-trnE)*frtwo*Min(5*tn,2*L))
A2e =
= min((0.75-0)*0.855*Min(5*0.282,2*1) , (0.75-0)*0.855*Min(5*0.75,2*1))
A3 = Min(5*t*ti*frtwo, 5*ti*ti*frtwo, 2*h*ti*frtwo)
A3 =
= Min(5*0.282*0.75*0.855, 5*0.75*0.75*0.855, 2*0.705*0.75*0.855)
A41 = Leg41^2*frTwo
A41 = 0.313^2*0.855
A41 =
A43 = (Leg43-nca)^2*frtwo
A43 = (0.313-0)^2*0.855
A43 =
Actual Area =
Acceptable Actual-Required =

Internal
2.734

External

0.000
0.895
2.226
0.859
0.904
0.904

0.904

0.084
0.084
2.826
0.093

0.084
0.084
4.202
4.202

26

Nozzle Reinforcement ver 3.53

27

ASME Code VIII Div I 2001 edition no addenda

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21-May-02
Page 14 of 24
Automatic dh - not hillside
Automatic Limit Diameter
Curved Shell or Head Section

Sample Vessel #3 <- Vessel
12" Manway F With 3/4"x4" Ring <- Desc
Shell:
SA-516 70 <- Shell material
20,000 <- Sv, shell allowable stress level, PSI
1.00 <- Eone, efficiency of shell at nozzle
0.313
0.188
0.000
0.000
0.063

<- Vt, shell wall thick, uncorroded, UT removed
<- tr, required shell wall thickness int. press.
<- trE, required shell wall thickness ext. press.
<- sca, shell corrosion allowance
<- tmin16b, Min allowed wall per UG-16(b)

Nozzle:
SA-106B <- Nozzle material
17,100 <- Sn, allowable stress level (Sn)
1.00 <- E nozzle

OD Nozzle
Nt

Shell
Vt

Leg43

<- Do, outside diameter
<- Nt, wall thick, uncorroded
<- UTp, undertolerance (%)
<- nca, nozzle corrosion allowance

Full
Penn.

Leg41

78.5 <- P, internal design pressure
0.0 <- Pa, external design pressure
17.500
0.750
12.5%
0.000

Leg43
t
Leg41

Nozzle

22

UW16(c)mod

www.pveng.com

Proj

UW-16.1 (c) modified

1.000 <- L, exterior Projection
1.000 <- Ip, interior projection
Reinforcing:
0.375
0.375
1.000
Variables:
UT =
Rn =
t=
ti =
tn =
d=
fr1 =
fr2 =
h=
tcLeg41 =
tcLeg43 =
F=

<- Leg41, size of weld fillet
<- Leg43, size of weld fillet
<- F
Nt*UTp
Do/2 - (Nt-nca) + UT
Vt-sca
Nt-2*nca
Nt-nca
Do-2*tn
MIN(Sn/Sv,1)
MIN(Sn/Sv,1)
MIN(Ip-sca,2.5*t,2.5*ti)
Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,tn,t))
Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,t,tn))
Min(Fenterered, 1)

= 0.75 * 0.125
Undertolerance
= 17.5/2 - (0.75-0) + 0.094
Effective Radius
= 0.313 - 0
Effective Shell Thickness
= 0.75 - 2 * 0
Nom Thick of Int. Proj.
= 0.75-0
Avail. Nozzle Thick. No UT
= 17.5 - 2*0.75
Opening Dia.
= MIN(17100/20000, 1)
= MIN(17100/20000, 1)
= MIN(1-0,2.5*0.313,2.5*0.75)
= Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,0.75,0.313))
= Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,0.313,0.75))

Pipe Required Wall Thickness - trn from internal, trnE from external pressure
LDo = L/Do
LDo = 0.057
Dot = Do/trnE
trn = (P*Rn)/(Sn*E - 0.6*P) <= tn-UT
= (78.5*8.094)/(17100*1 - 0.6*78.5)
trnE = (3*Do*Pa)/(4*B) <= tn-ut
= (3*17.5*0)/(4*1)
Geometry Constraints:
0.7*Leg41 >= tc41
0.7*0.375 >= 0.219
0.7*Leg43 >= tc43
0.7*0.375 >= 0.219
UG45 = Long form calculations are not shown in this view

0.263
0.263

UT =
Rn =
t=
ti =
tn =
d=
fr1 =
fr2 =
h=
tc41 =
tc43 =
F=

0.094
8.094
0.313
0.750
0.750
16.000
0.855
0.855
0.783
0.219
0.219
1.000

Dot = 0.000
trn = 0.037
trnE = 0.000

Acceptable
Acceptable

>=
0.219
>=
0.219
UG45 = 0.188

Acceptable
Acceptable
Acceptable

Area Replacement: Fig UG-37.1
Pressure From:
A = 1.0*d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1-frone)
A Required (internal) =
= 1.0*16*0.188*1 + 2*0.75*0.188*1*(1-0.855)
Ae = 0.5*(d*trE*1 + 2*tn*trE*1*(1-frone))
A Required (external) =
= 0.5*(16*0*1 + 2*0.75*0*1*(1-0.855))
A1 = max(d, 2*(t+tn)) * (E1*t-F*tr)-2*tn*(E1*t-F*tr)*(1-fr1)
A1 =
= max(16, 2*(0.313+0.75)) * (1*0.313-1*0.188)-2*0.75*(1*0.313-1*0.188)*(1-0.855)
A1e = max(d, 2*(t+tn)) * (Eone*t-F*trE)-2*tn*(Eone*t-F*trE)*(1-frone)
A1e =
= max(16, 2*(0.313+0.75)) * (1*0.313-1*0)-2*0.75*(1*0.313-1*0)*(1-0.855)
A2 = min((tn-trn)*fr2*Min(5*t,2*L) , (tn-trn)*fr2*Min(5*tn,2*L))
A2 =
= min((0.75-0.037)*0.855*Min(5*0.313,2*1) , (0.75-0.037)*0.855*Min(5*0.75,2*1))
A2e = min((tn-trnE)*frtwo*Min(5*t,2*L) , (tn-trnE)*frtwo*Min(5*tn,2*L))
A2e =
= min((0.75-0)*0.855*Min(5*0.313,2*1) , (0.75-0)*0.855*Min(5*0.75,2*1))
A3 = Min(5*t*ti*frtwo, 5*ti*ti*frtwo, 2*h*ti*frtwo)
A3 =
= Min(5*0.313*0.75*0.855, 5*0.75*0.75*0.855, 2*0.783*0.75*0.855)
A41 = Leg41^2*frTwo
A41 = 0.375^2*0.855
A41 =
A43 = (Leg43-nca)^2*frtwo
A43 = (0.375-0)^2*0.855
A43 =
Actual Area =
Acceptable Actual-Required =

Internal
3.041

External

0.000
1.980
4.940
0.954
1.004
1.004

1.004

0.120
0.120
4.178
1.137

0.120
0.120
7.188
7.188

15

Coupling ver 2.02

16

ASME Code VIII Div I 2001 edition, no addenda

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19

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Page 15 of 24

Sample Vessel #3 <- Vessel
1 1/2" Class 3000 Half Coupling G <- Description

22

20

UW16.1Z1M 21-May-02
www.pveng.com

Shell:
0.313 <- t, Shell Wall Thick (inch)
2.625 <- D, Shell Opening Diameter (inch)
78.5 <- P,design Pressure (psi)
Coupling:
1 1/2 inch 3000#
SA-105
20,000
0.313
0.000

COD
POD
F1
Outside

t1
<- Coupling
Inside Vessel
<- Coupling Material
<- Sn, Allowable Stress Level (Sn)
D
<- F1, Weld Size
UW-16.1 Z-1 (Modified) Coupling
<- Corrc, Coupling Corrosion Allowance (inch)
2.500 <- COD - Coupling OD
1.900 <- POD - Pipe OD
11.500 <- n, Treads Per Inch
0.281 <- pt, Corresponding sch160 Wall Thickness (inch)
12.5% <- UT, Under Tolerence (%)

47
49
50
51
53
56
61

Geometry Restrictions Fig. UW-16.1
tcp = (COD-POD)/2-CORRC
Tmin = Min(0.75,tcp,t)
tcmin = Min(0.25,0.7*Tmin)
t1 = 0.7*F1
t1 > = tcMin

= (2.5-1.9)/2-0
= Min(0.75,0.3,0.313)
= Min(0.25,0.7*0.3)
= 0.7*0.313
= 0.219 >= 0.21

Tcp =
Tmin =
tcmin =
t1 =

0.300
0.300
0.210
0.219
Okay

78
79
80
81
82

Required Coupling Wall Thickness B16.11 - 2.1.1 and UG-31 (C) (2)
Ro = POD/2-0.8/n
= 1.9/2-0.8/11.5
tp = (1-UT)*pt-Corrc-0.8/n
= (1-0.125)*0.281-0-0.8/11.5
Min Thick = P*Ro/(Sn*1+0.4*P)
= 78*0.88/(20000*1+0.4*78.465)

Okay

Ro = 0.880
tp = 0.176
trn = 0.003

83
84
85
86
87
92
93
94
99
100

Pressure Weld Stress UW-18(d) - Pressure Load only
UW-16(f)(3)(a)(3)(b)
Load = COD^2*(PI()/4)*P
= 2.5^2*(PI()/4)*78.465
Load =
Weld Area = pi()*((COD+F1)^2-COD^2)/4
Weld Area =
= pi()*((2.5+0.313)^2-2.5^2)/4
Max Stress = Min(Sn,Sv) * 0.55
= Min(20000,20000) * 0.55
Max Stress =
Weld Stress = Load / Area
= 385 / 1.306
Weld Stress =

385
1.306
11000
295
Okay

t

Vessel Weight and Volume

21-May-02

Page 16 of 24

Sample Vessel #3 <- Vessel
Volume:
1.00 <- Fluid Specific Gravity
72.06 <- Head each (cuft)
496.12 <- Shell (cuft)

Construction:
945.29 <- Head (ea, lbs)
3202.22 <- Shell
1300 <- Misc

144.11
496.12
======
640.24
3988.03
4789.29
39,931

2 heads

<- cuft
<- Imp Gallons
<- US Gallons
<- fluid wt
39,931

1890.58 2 heads
3202.22
1300
=======
6,393 <- lbs

6,393
======
Total
46,324 lbs

1
2

Lifting Lugs ver 1.3

Sample Vessel #3 <- Vessel
Liftlug calculations <- Description

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Page 17 of 24

21-May-02

www.pveng.com

Load Case 1
OR

Dimensions (all units inch and lb):
3,196 <- Load, vessel weight empty
8.000 <- W, width
0.750 <- Thick, lug thickness
2.500 <- H, hole height
1.500 <- Dia, hole diameter
2.500 <- OR, outside radius
0.250 <- Weld, leg size

Dia
Load Case 2
H

SA-516 70 <- Material
20,000 <- SA, allowed stress in tension
All of load assumed carried by one lug
Weld
All load cases analyzed independently
Never load lug perpendicular to face
W
Contour lug to fit vessel
Do not move or support vessel with this lug when full or pressurized
SB = SA * 1.5
SS = SA * 0.8
SSw = SA * 0.49

= 20000 * 1.5
= 20000 * 0.8
= 20000 * 0.49

Max bending stress SB = 30,000
Max Shear Stress SS = 16,000
UW-15 Max Weld Shear SSw = 9,800

Tensile Stress (case 1)
A1 = Thick*(OR-Dia/2)
A = A1 * 2
Stress = Load / A <= SA

= 0.75*(2.5-1.5/2)
= 1.313 * 2
= 3196.4 / 2.625 <= 20000

Pin Bearing Stress (case 1 and 2)
Area = Dia * Thick
Stress = Load / Area <= SA

Acceptable

A1 = 1.313
A = 2.625
Stress = 1,218

= 1.5 * 0.75
= 3196.4 / 1.125 <= 20000

Acceptable

Area = 1.125
Stress = 2,841

Bending Stress (case 2)
Moment = Load * H
I = Thick * W^3 / 12
c = W/2
Stress = M*c/I <= SB

= 3196.4 * 2.5
= 0.75 * 8^3 / 12
= 8/2
= 7990.999*4/32 <= 30000

Moment =
I=
c=
Acceptable Stress =

Shear Stress (case 2)
Area = W*Thick
Stress = Load/Area <= SS

= 8*0.75
= 3196.4/6 <= 16000

Acceptable

Area = 6.000
Stress = 533

Acceptable

Circ = 18.5
Area = 4.625
Stress = 691

Weld Stress (case 1)
Circ = W*2+Thick*2+Weld*4 = 8*2+0.75*2+0.25*4
Area = Circ * Weld
= 18.5 * 0.25
Stress = Load / Area <= SSw = 3196.4 / 1.125 <= 9800

7,991
32.000
4.000
999

Weld Stress (case 2)
Moment = Load * H
= 3196.4 * 2.5
Moment = 7,991
I = (Thick +2*weld)* (W+2*Weld)^3 / 12 - I2
I = 31.971
= (0.75 +2*0.25)* (8+2*0.25)^3 / 12 - 32
c = W/2 + Weld
= 8/2 + 0.25
c = 4.250
Stress = M*c/I <= SSw
= 7990.999*4.25/31.971 <= 9800 cceptable Stress = 1,062

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28

Zick Analysis - Unstiffened Vessel ver 1.02
www.pveng.com

L.P. Zick - 1951

Sample Vessel #3 <- vessel
Saddle Support Calculations <- Item
123.000
48.000
24.000
120.000
12.000
12.000
0.313
0.313
23,162
78.5
SA-516 70
20,000
38,000
11,500
0.70

Page 18 of 24

21-May-02

L

<- L - Length (inch)
<- R - Radius of Shell (inch)
<- H - depth of Head
<- Theta - Saddle Contact Angleº
<- b - Saddle Width (inch)
<- A - Overhang (inch)
<- ts - Nominal Shell Thickness (inch)
<- th - Nominal Head Thickness (inch)

Q

<- Q, Load on one saddle (lbs)
<- P, Design Pressure, (psi)
<- Shell Material
<- Sa, Allowable Shell Stress (psi)
<- Sy, Yield Point (psi)
<- Comp Limit for Shell, psi
<- E, Circ Joint Efficiency

Q

R

K Factors - From Charts
K1 = 0.335
K2 = 1.171

K4 = 0.880
K3 = 0.319

K5 = 0.401
K6 = 0.013

K7 = 0.760
K8 = 0.603

Stress - Longitudinal Bending - Tension

S1a top saddle =
=
31 S1b bot. saddle =
32
=
33
S1c midspan =
34
=
35
S1max =
36
S1from Press. =
37
S1total =
38
S1Limit =

S1a = -208

29

((Q*A)(K1*Rvar^2*ts))*(*(1-(1-A/L+(Rvar^2-H^2)/(2*A*L))/(1+(4*H)/(3*L))))

30

(23162.1340737743*12/(0.335*48^2*0.313))*(1-(1-12/123+(48^2-24^2)/(2*12*123)/(1+(4*24)/(3*123)
(23162.1340737743*12/(0.603*48^2*0.313))*(1-(1-12/123+(48^2-24^2)/(2*12*123)/(1+(4*24)/(3*123)

41
42

((23162.1340737743*123/4)/(3.14*48^2*0.313))*(1+(2*(48^2-24^2)/123^2/(1+(4*24)/(3*123))-(4*12/123))

Max(S1a, S1b, S1c)
P*R/(2*ts)
S1max + S1p
Sa * E

=
=
=
=

Max(-208, -115, 249)
78.4648*48/(2*0.313)
249 + 6016
20000 * 0.7

A = 0.125/(R/t)
Max Comp = max(S1b, S1c)

44

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56

S1max = 249
S1p = 6,016
S1total = 6,265
S1Limit = 14,000
Acceptable

Stress - Longitudinal Bending - Compression

43

45

S1c = 249

((Q*L/4)/(Pi()*Rvar^2*ts))*(1+(2*(Rvar^2-H^2)/L^2/(1+(4*H)/(3*L))-(4*A/L))

39
40

S1b = -115

((Q*A)(K8*Rvar^2*ts))*(*(1-(1-A/L+(Rvar^2-H^2)/(2*A*L))/(1+(4*H)/(3*L))))

= 0.125/(48/0.313)
= Max(-115, 249)

A = 0.00082
Max Comp = 249
Comp Limit = 11,500
Acceptable

Stress - Tangential Shear - Shell
S2a in Shell =
=
S2b in Shell =
=
S2c in Shell =
S2d in Head =
S2e (A>R/2) =
S2f (A<=R/2) =
S2 =
S2 limit =

((K2*Q)/(R*ts))*((L-2*A)/(L+4/3*H)
((1.171*23162.1340737743)/(48*0.313))*((123-2*12/(123+4/3*24)
((K3*Q)/(R*ts))*((L-2*A)/(L+4/3*H)
((0.319*23162.1340737743)/(48*0.313))*((123-2*12/(123+4/3*24)
(K4*Q)/(R*ts)
= (0.88*23162.1340737743)/(48*0.3
(K4*Q)/(R*th)
= (0.88*23162.1340737743)/(48*0.3
max(S2a, S2b)
= max(1153, 314)
max(S2c, S2d)
= max(1357, 1357)
Use S2f
0.8*Sa
= 0.8*20000
S2

S2a = 1,153
S2b = 314
S2c =
S2d =
S2e =
S2f =
S2 =
limit =

1,357
1,357
1,153
1,357
1,357
16,000
Acceptable

60

Sample Vessel #3 Saddle Support Calculations

21-May-02

Page 19 of 24

61
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Stress - Circumferential Bending - Saddle Horn
S4a (L >= 8R) =
=
S4b (L < 8R) =
=
S4 =
S4 limit =

(Q/(4*ts*(b+1.56*sqrt(R*ts))))-((3*K6*Q)/(2*ts^2))
S4a = 3,611
(23162.1340737743/(4*0.313*(12+1.56*sqrt(48*0.313))))-((3*0.013*23162.1340737743)/(2*
(Q/(4*ts*(b+1.56*sqrt(R*ts))))-((12*K6*Q*Rvar)/(2*L*ts^2))
S4b = 6,212
(23162.1340737743/(4*0.313*(12+1.56*sqrt(48*0.313))))-((12*0.013*23162.1340737743*48
Use S4b
S4 = 6,212
1.5*Sa
= 1.5*20000
S4 limit = 30,000
Acceptable

Stress - Circumferential Bending - Bottom of Shell
S5 = Q*K7/(ts*(b+1.56*sqrt(R*ts)))
= (23162.1340737743*0.76)/(0.313*(12+1.56*SQRT(48*0.313)))
S5 limit = 0.5*Sy
= 0.5*Sy

S5 = 3116
S5 limit = 19,000
Acceptable

1
2
3

Horizontal Vessel Loads ver1.0
Moss - Pressure Vessel Design Manual

5
6

10
11

Environment:
0
0
1.0
10
3
1.00

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43

46

H max

F ixed

Fl
Q

Q
R

<- Exposure Factor (E)
<- Wind velocity (mph)
<- Wind Importance factor (I)
<- Highest height above ground, ft (Hmax)
<- Seismic Zone
0.116 <- Coefficient
<- Slide Pad Coeficient of Friction (Cf)

Q = W/2

= 46324.2681475486 / 2

Ft

Q = 23,162

Wind
Kz =
Gh =
Area L =
Area T =
Qz =
WL =
WT =

0.00
ANSI A58.1 1982
0.00
ANSI A58.1 1982
pi*R^2/144
= 3.14 * 48 ^ 2 / 144
AreaL + D*L/144
= 50 + 96 * 123 / 144
0.00256*Kz*(I*V)^2 = 0.00256 * 0 * (1 * 0)^2
AreaL*0.6*Gh*Qz
= 50 * 0.6 * 0 * 0
AreaT*0.6*Gh*Qz
= 132 * 0.6 * pi*R^2/144 * 0

Area L =
Area T =
Qz =
WL =
WT =

50
132
0.0
0
0

Seismic
SL = C*W
ST = C*Q

= 0.116 * 46324.2681475486
= 0.116 * 23162.1340737743

SL = 5,374
ST = 2,687

Thermal Expansion
ET = 0
EL = Cf*Q

= 0.116 * 23162.1340737743

EL = 23,162

Combined Forces
Q = Fg
Ft = Max(WT,ST)
Fl = Max(WL+EL,SL)

= Max(0 , 2687)
= Max(0 + 23162 , 5374)

44
45

Mov ing

Gravity

21
22
23

L
Weight

48.0 <- R, Radius (inch)
96.0 <- D
123.0 <- L, Length (inch)
46,324 <- W, Largest Weight (lbs)

9

20

On line help

Vessel:

8

12

www.xlpv.com

Sample Vessel #3 <- Vessel
Support Loads <- Item

4

7

Page 20 of 24

21-May-02

No slide pads used - both ends bolted

Q = 23,162
Ft = 2,687
Fl = 23,162

1
2
3
4

Flexible Saddle Peak Stress 1.1
L.S. Ong - Journal PVT Nov 1995

www.laurencebrundrett.com

Sample Vessel #3

<- vessel

21-May-02

Page 21 of 24
Check latest version

Saddle Supports

<- Item

5
6
7

tc

8

A

11

A

Bp

9
10

C

tp
90º

174º
150º

OD

tp

12
13
14
15

See program "Flexible Saddle" for the proper design of this saddle

16
17
18

Dimensions
96.000
0.375
0.375
96.000
12.000
12.000
23,162

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36

Length = C + 2*A
R = (OD-tc)/2
AlphaA =
AlphaB =
AlphaC =
AlphaS =
Ka =
Kb =
Kc =
Ks1 =
Ks2 =
Ks =

39
40
41
42
43

47
48
49

= 96 + 2*12
= (96 - 0.375)/2

Length = 120.00
R = 47.81

(A/R)*Sqrt(tc/r)
(Bp/R)*Sqrt(tc/r)
(C/R)*Sqrt(tc/r)
AlphaB^0.33*(tp/tc)

= (12/47.8125)*Sqrt(0.375/47.8125)
= (12/47.8125)*Sqrt(0.375/47.8125)
= (96/47.8125)*Sqrt(0.375/47.8125)
= 0.022^0.33*(0.375/0.375)

AlphaA =
AlphaB =
AlphaC =
AlphaS =

0.022
0.022
0.178
0.281

Ka =
Kb =
Kc =
Ks1 =
Ks2 =
Ks =

0.339
1.725
0.970
0.211
0.618
0.618

From graph "Fig. 1 - Support location factor"
From graph "Fig. 2 - Support width factor"
From graph "Fig. 3 - Support spacing factor"
From graph "Fig. 4 - Stress reduction factor at wear plate"
From graph "Fig. 4 - Stress reduction factor at wear plate"
Max(Ks1,Ks2)
= Max(0.211 , 0.618)

Stress
Basic Stress = (Q/t^2) * sqrt(tc/r)
= (23162.1340737743 / 0.375^2) * sqrt(0.375 / 47.813)
Stress = Basic Stress * Ka * Kb * Kc * Ks
= 14587 * 0.339 * 1.725 * 0.97 * 0.618

50
51
52

Fixed
Fixed

Lookup Factors (interpolated)

38

45

2Beta = 120º
Alpha = 12º

Graph Factors

37

44

<- OD - Outside Diameter (inch)
<- tc - Nominal Wall Thickness (inch)
<- tp - Wear Plate Thickness (inch)
<- Saddle Spacing - C (inch)
<- Overhang - A (inch)
<- Width - Bp (inch)
<- Weight on one saddle, Q (lbs)

Improved saddle horn stress S4, replaces zick calculation S4.

= 14587

Stress = 5109
Max circ stress in the saddle region

1
2
3

Flexible Saddle ver1.0
Moss / Ong

Page 22 of 24

21-May-02
www.laurencebrundrett.com

Check latest version

Sample Vessel #3 <- Vessel

4

Saddle Design- 44w cs <- Item

5

tc
R

6
7

Wp

8
9

tp

10

174º
150º

90º

typ
tp

11
12

Hc

13

Ts / 2
Ts / 2

tb

14

tb

15
16
17

Ts / 2

Es

tb

typ
2 x tp

Ts
Bp

A

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Xb

Vessel Dimensions:
96.000 <- Vessel OD (R x 2)
0.313 <- Shell Thickness (tc)
66.000 <- Height (Hc)

Fg

Vessel Loads:
23,162 <- Fg
2,687 <- Ft
23,162 <- Fl

Saddle Dimensions:
0.375
12.000
0.375
0.750
5
16,600

<- Wear plate thickness (tp)
<- Wear plate width (Bp)
<- Support Thickness (Ts)
<- Base Thickness (Tb)
<- Ribs
<- IID Allowable Stress (Sa)

Fl
Ft

Calculated Dimensions
R=
Rk =
B=
Hb =
Hx =
A=
Xb =
h=
Es =
Wp =

OD/2
R + tp + ts
2 * Rk*Cos(15º)
Hc - RkSin(15º) - tb
B-2HbTan(15º)
Hx + 2*tp
Bp/2 - 2*Tp - Ts/2
Hc - R + tc
(A-4*tb-ts)/(n-1)
0.7*Min(Ts,Tp)

= 96 / 2
R=
= 48 + 2*0.375
Rk =
= 2 * 48.75 * 0.9659
B=
= 66 - 48.75 * 0.2588 - 0.75
Hb =
= 94.178 - 2 * 52.633 * 0.2579
Hx =
= 65.972 - 2 * 0.375
A=
= 12 / 2 - 2 * 0.375 - 0.375/2
Xb =
= 66 - 48 + 0.313
Saddle hgt inside shell =
Es =
= 0.7*Min(0.375,0.375)
Min allowed Wp =

48.000
48.750
94.178
52.633
65.972
67.000
5.063
18.313
15.906
0.26

SA*1.5
= 16600 * 1.5
Bending Stress Limit Fb =
SA*0.8
= 16600 * 0.8
Shear Stress Limit Fs =
Bp - 2Tp
= 12 - 2 * 0.375
Gt =
Sqrt((5.012*Fl/(Ts(n-1)*Fbmax)*(h + a*0.255))
Okay
Gtmin =
SQRT((5.012 * 23162 /(0.375*(5-1))*24900)*(18.313+67*0.255))

24900
13280
11.25
10.5

Constraints
Fbmax =
Fsmax =
Gt =
Gtmin =
=

59
60
61
62
63

Sample Vessel #3 Saddle Design- 44w cs

21-May-02

Foundation Load
Ba = A * Bp
Bs = Fg / Ba

= 67 * 12
= 23162 / 804

Base Area - Ba = 804
Foundation Stress - Bs = 29
Okay
Max 500 psi for concrete

64
65
66
67
68
69

Moment of Inertia - Saddle Splitting
Width = Bp + 1.56*SQRT(VarR*Ts)
= 12 + 1.56*SQRT(48*0.375)

70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80

Page 23 of 24

Shell
Wear Plate
Saddle
Base
Sum
C1 =
I =
=
A5 =

Width
18.62
12.00
0.38
12.00

Height
0.31
0.38
16.88
0.75
18.3

Shell Effective Width = 18.6
Area
5.83
4.50
6.33
9.00
25.66

Y
18.16
17.81
9.19
0.38

Sum(Ay)/Sum(A)
= 247.5 / 25.7
SumAY2 + SumIo - Ci*SumAy
3884.3 + 150.7 - 9.6 * 247.5
SumA-AShell
= 25.7 - 5.8

A*Y
106
80
58
3
247

A*Y2
1921
1428
534
1
3884

Io
0.0
0.1
150.2
0.4
150.7

Centroid C1 = 9.6
I = 1647.8
A5 = 19.8

81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89

Tension Stress - Saddle Splitting
Fh = K1*Fg
Tension = 2*Fh/A5

= 0.206 * 23162.1
= 2 * 4771 / 20

Saddle Splitting force Fh = 4771.4
Tension = 481

Bending Stress - Saddle Splitting
d = Hc - 0.827*R
M = 2*fh*d
fb = MC1/I

= 66 - 0.827 * 48
= 2 * 4771 * 26.3
= 251014 * 10 / 1648

d = 26.3
M = 251014
fb = 1469

90
91
92
93
94

Base plate thickness
M2 = Q*Bp/8
Z = A*tb^2/6
fb2 = M/Z

= 23162*12/8
= 67*0.75^2/6
= 34743 / 6.2813

M2 = 34743.2
Z = 6.281
fb2 = 5531

95
96

Moment of Inertia - Longitudinal Direction

97

Saddle
Half Ribs
Half Ribs
Sum

98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105

Width
66.3
0.4
0.4

Thick
0.4
5.1
5.1
10.5

C3 = Sum(Ay)/Sum(A)
= 230.1 / 43.8
I = SumAY2 + SumIo - C2*SumAy
= 1348.3 + 8.4 - 5.3 * 230.1

Area
24.8
9.5
9.5
43.8

Y
5.3
2.5
8.0

A*Y
130.4
24.0
75.6
230.1

A*Y2
684.8
60.8
602.8
1348.3

Io
0.3
4.1
4.1
8.4

Centroid C3 = 5.3
I3 = 148.7

106
107
108

Support Shear - Longitudinal Load
Shear L = FL / area

= 23162 / 44

Shear L = 528

109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116

Bending Stress - Longitudinal Load
Lr =
Ls =
Lave =
M3 =
fb3 =

h+0.29*R-tb-ts
Hc-R-tb-ts-tp
(Lr + Ls)/2
fl*Lave
MC2/I2

= 18.313 + 0.29 * 48 - 0.375 - 0.75
Longest Rib - Lr =
= 66 - 48 - 0.75 - 0.375 - 0.375 Shortest Rib - Ls =
= (31.1 + 16.5)/2
Lave =
= 23162 * 23.8
M3 =
= 551351 * 5 / 149
fb3 =

31.1
16.5
23.8
551351
19463

119

Sample Vessel #3 Saddle Design- 44w cs

21-May-02

Page 24 of 24

120
121

Moment of Inertia - Transverse Direction

122

Saddle
Ribs 1
Ribs 2
Ribs 3
Ribs 4
Ribs 5

123
124
125
126
127
128

Width
0.4
10.1
10.1
10.1
10.1
10.1

Thick
65.972
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375

Area
24.7
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8

Y
32.986
31.813
15.906
0.000
-15.906
-31.813

A*Y
816.1
120.8
60.4
0.0
-60.4
-120.8

A*Y2
26918.5
3842.6
960.6
0.0
960.6
3842.6

Io
8972.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

816.1

36525.0

8973.1

129
130
131
132
133
134
135

Sum

136

43.7

137
138
139
140

C4 = Sum(Ay)/Sum(A)
= 816.1 / 43.7
I4 = SumAY2 + SumIo - C4*SumAy
= 36525 + 8973.1 - 18.7 * 816.1

Centroid C4 = 18.7
I4 = 30267.2

141
142
143

Support Shear - Transverse Load
Shear T = FT / area

= 2687 / 44

Shear T = 61

144
145
146
147

Bending Stress - Traverse Load
M4 = ft*Lave
fb4 = MC3/I3

= 2687 * 23.8
= 63957 * 19 / 30267

M4 = 63957
fb4 = 39

148
149
150

Gravity Load
Lg = Fg/Area

= 23162.1340737743 / 44

Lg = 530

151
152

Combined Loading

153
154

Baseplate Stress

155

Stress
fb2
fb

Value
5531
1469

Limit
Fbmax
Fbmax
Okay

Limit
24900
24900
sum

Ratio
0.22
0.06
0.28

Stress
Tension
fb
Shear L
fb3
Shear T
fb4
Lg

Value
481
1469
528
19463
61
39
530

Limit
Sa
fbmax
FsMax
fbmax
FsMax
fbmax
Sa
Okay

Limit
16600
24900
13280
24900
13280
24900
16600
sum

Ratio
0.03
0.06
0.04
0.78
0.00
0.00
0.03
0.95

156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169

Saddle and Rib Stress