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Converting Micromolars (uM) to PartsPer-Million (PPM) When Using PGR’s
In chemistry, micromolarity (uM / µM) describes the number of particles dissolved in
the solution, is a very scientific unit of measure, so it makes sense that many scientists
would use this unit when performing PGR studies. For the everyday botanist, however
this can be quite irritating when trying to look through papers to get a gauge on how to
use a PGR on a desired species.

In this guide we’ll be using bamboo (Bambusa arundinaceae) for the target plant and
Gibberellic Acid (GA3) for the PGR as our examples. Bamboo makes a good example to
show the high end of micromolar unit conversion usages, as bamboos tend to be quite
stiff and counter-absorptive, while Gibberellin A3 is a great multi-use PGR that is widely
trusted and used.

Since we do our PGR dissolution tables in PPM here this conversion method is
necessary. Converting µM to PPM is a somewhat simple matter of multiplying the
molecular weight by the µM value. To get there scientifically however can be somewhat
confusing and here’s how it works:

The molecular weight (aka molar mass) corresponds to the weight of a chemical
compound (note the purity of a product is rather irrelevant at this point). In the case of
GA3 it’s generally considered to be 346.1504. The value of molar mass is achieved by
assessing GA3′s molecular formula, which is C19H22O6. That is 19 carbon, 22 hydrogen
and 6 oxygen atoms. The strict precise atomic weight of carbon is 12.0107, hydrogen
1.00794 and oxygen is 15.9994. Calculating these into (the strict precise) molar mass
goes like this: (19*12.0107=228.2033) + (22*1.00794=22.17468) + (6*15.9994=95.9964)
= 346.37438.

All of that can be quite confusing so luckily we have an easy reference list:

Molar concentration (substance concentration) describes the number of particles dissolved in the solution. which is one thousandth of the concentration of a 1 M solution.000 parts. one part in 106. and a value of 1 × 10−6. Parts per million (ppm) denotes one part per 1.000 * 100% = 0. . This is equivalent to one drop of water diluted into 50 liters.000.000. A 1 mM solution has 6.000 ppm). 1/1.0001% (or 1% = 10.022 —10^20 particles dissolved in each liter of solution.

18. while too much can actually inhibit the growth feature and may even give opposite the desired results. So 10 uM is 1751 PPM and 100 uM is 17. although 10 uM should be plenty effective. Many of the graphs below illustrate this effect.NOTE: We’re working on an easy calculator the make this conversion even easier for everyone. . It would appear in this case that the most ideal sweet spot might fall somewhere near 50 uM. So for this example we’ll now use Indole-3-Acetic Acid (IAA). Before moving on to our example graphs it’s critically important to point that with each PGR and each species there exists a dosage “sweet spot”. Too little of the PGR will have no effect on the plant. It’s molecular weight is 175.518 PPM.

23712] 10 uM would bring us to 2032 PPM vs.Now with Chlorophyll A graph. looking at Indole-3-Butyric Acid (IBA) [molar mass = 203. . although this is an irrelevant exercise considering IBA is used for rooting.323 in the high range. In this instance the sweet spot would be in excess of of 100 uM. not upper plant growth. 20.