MEHB221

Fluid Mechanics Lab

2012

Prelab Questions - Experiment 1: Performance of Pelton Wheel Turbine
Name: ______________________________

Section (Group): ______________

SID:

Date: _______________

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1. What is Pelton Wheel Turbine? State an example of its application. [2 marks]
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2. Describe the working principle of the Pelton Wheel turbine. [2 marks]
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3. Why is it necessary to wait for the speed of the buckets to stabilize before taking the
readings? [1 mark]
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4. What is the weight of the weight hanger? [1 mark]
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1. How do you measure the flow rate in this Experiment? [1 mark]
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6. What is a tachometer? How can you achieve a better accuracy? [2 marks]
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7. What is the equation use to calculate the theoretical efficiency of Pelton Wheel
Turbine? [1 mark]
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[1 marks] __________ __________ . State the theoretical value of C for venturi meter. Write the Continuity equation and Bernoulli theorem equation used in this experiment? [3 marks] 2. [1 marks] _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 6.MEHB221 Fluid Mechanics Lab 2012 Prelab Questions . [1 mark] _____________________________________________________________________ 5. What is C? How do you calculate C? [2 marks] _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 4. State whether the discharge valve is open or close based on the level of the manometer tubes in the diagram below. Define Total Head. How do these equations explain the change in velocity and pressure along the venturi meter? [2 marks] _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 3.Experiment 3: Characteristic of Venturi Meter Name: ______________________________ Section (Group): ______________ SID: Date: _______________ _______________ 1.

Write the equation [1 mark] 3. What is ‘Moody diagram’? [2 marks] _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ . Write the equation to calculate f [1 marks] 7. What is the relationship between pipe friction coefficient ‘f’ and ‘λ’? [1 marks] _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 5. What are the factors affecting head loss? [2 marks] _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 4.Experiment 5: Head Loss Due to Pipe Friction Name: ______________________________ Section (Group): ______________ SID: Date: _______________ _______________ 1. Define head loss. How many pipes (with different diameter) are used for this experiment? And what is the diameter of the pipes? [2 mark] _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 6.MEHB221 Fluid Mechanics Lab 2012 Prelab Questions . What equation can be used to calculate head loss due to pipe friction in a circular pipe? [1 mark] _____________________________________________________________________ 2.

[3 marks] _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 3. What is a pump? Name 2 types of pump. Centrifugal pump is one of the most widely used pumps for transferring liquids.MEHB221 Fluid Mechanics Lab 2012 Prelab Questions .Single Pump Name: ______________________________ Section (Group): ______________ SID: Date: _______________ _______________ 1. What is pump shutoff head? [1 marks] _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 5. Give 2 reasons why this is true.Experiment 7: Pump Performance . [2 marks] _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 4. [2 marks] _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 2. Explain the working principle of a centrifugal pump (including the energy changes in the process). What is ‘priming’? Why priming is required if a liquid being pumped from a reservoir located below a centrifugal pump? [2 marks] _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ .