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DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.

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EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-01

Q.1. What does this tracing (Recording) indicate? Give its clinical importance.
Q.2. Define ALL OR NONE LAW in relation to this experiment.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-02

Q.1. What does this tracing (Recording) indicate? Enumerate various sequential
changes occurring in muscle when this type of phenomenon takes place.
Q.2. What is the clinical significance of this phenomenon for ATHELETS ?

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-03

Q.1. What does this tracing (Recording) indicate? Give its clinical importance in
relevance of the medical physiology.
Q.2. Write about MOTOR -UNITS , their recruitment & their functional types.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-04

Q.1. Identify the above tracing (Recording) . Give its clinical importance.
Q.2. Write about WCL, Vagal-tone & Vagal-escape.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-05

Q.1. Identify the above tracing (Recording) . Give its physiological importance.
Q.2. Why are the human muscles just as active in winter as in summer? Also
write about HEAT-RIGOR.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-06

Q.1. Identify the above tracing (Recording) . Give its physiological importance.
Q.2. Explain in brief the physiological basis of this tracing. Also write about
SUMMATION & BENEFICIAL EFFECT.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-07

Q.1. Identify the above tracing (Recording) . Explain how the information
obtained from this tracing, are applicable to general scheme of body function?
Q.2.Write about the cause & significance of LATENT-PERIOD & Physiologicalcurve .What is the role of the LOAD suspended from the lever?

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-08

Q.1. Identify the above tracing (Recording). Explain each of A,B & C in brief. Give
the relevance of this recording for human (medical) physiology.
Q.2. Why are cardiac muscles never TETANIZED? Also write in brief about the
RIGOR-MORTIS.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-09

Q.1. Identify the above tracing (Recording). Explain each of the A,B &C points in
brief. Give the relevance of this recording for human cardiac-physiology.
Q.2. Define the :- (a) Active tension,(b) Optimum load,(c) Pre-load & (d)After load.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-10

Q.1. Identify the above tracing name out the points:- c, d & f and the phases
(A),(B) &(C) .
Q.2. Discuss in brief the ionic basis, significance, factors affecting the slope &
duration of phase-(A).

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-11

Q.1. Identify the tracing and explain in brief the phases; a-b, b-c, c-d, & d-e .
Q.2. Give the normal duration & potential difference between the points c & d.
Also write in brief about the REFRACTORY-PERIOD & its significance in relation
to human skeletal & cardiac muscular physiology.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-12

Q.1. Identify & explain the above tracings. What will be the difference in the
work-done if equal amount of load is applied in both the curves & why?
Q.2. Write down the differences in muscle curves , recorded in an isolated nervemuscle preparation in pre-loaded & after-loaded conditions as above.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-13

Q.1. Identify the above tracings and give its physiological basis & importance.
Q.2. Mention in brief the various effects of increasing the load in this condition.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-14

Q.1. Identify the above tracings and give its physiological basis.
Q.2. Calculate the work-done in ergs; if l=2cm,L=20cm,H=5cm and Load=40g.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-15

Q.1. Identify the above tracings and give its physiological basis.
Q.2. Give in brief the classification of nerve& muscle fibers , in relevance to above.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-16

Q.1. Identify the above tracings and give its physiological basis. Also give its
relevance to the human cardiac physiology.
Q.2.Why the work done by the muscle fiber under the free-load increase initially
with increase in load and then decrease afterwards?

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-17

Q.1. Identify the above tracings (A) & (B). Explain their normal amplitude &
duration.
Q.2.Mention the factors affecting spike-frequency & amplitude of above tracings.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-18

Q.1. Identify the above tracing and give its physiological basis.
Q.2. What is its clinical significance for human Cardiac-Physiology?

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-19

Q.1. Identify & explain above tracings, giving its physiological basis & importance.
Q.2. What is IDIO-VENTRICULAR RHYTHM? What are its complications ? Also
name out the most commonly involved pacemaker tissue in this I-V Rhythm?

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-20

Q.1. Identify & explain above tracings, giving its physiological basis & importance.
Q.2. Name out various tissues showing this kind of response in relevance to the
human physiology. Also tell about the MOTOR-UNIT & its types.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-21

Q.1.In above tracing, what do the abbreviations ES & CP stand for? Also define
them & explain their cause properly.
Q.2.In relevance to human medical physiology, what is importance of CP? Also
mention the factors affecting it.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-22

Q.1. What will be effects if NICOTINE & ATROPINE are used in above experiment?

Q.2. What will be the changes in above tracings if 1% solutions of CaCl2, 1% KCl ,
& 1% NaCl are applied separately at different points? Explain the mechanism.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-23

Q.1. Identify the above tracing & explain A,B,C & D ; with clinical significance.
Q.2. Name out the phase of SMT of previous stimulus ,in which the next impulse
falls for each of A,B,C & D. Also tell about SUMMATION & SUPERPOSITION.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-24

Q.1. Identify the tracings & explain the underlying mechanism in brief.
Q.2. What is the composition of Amphibian RINGERS Solution? For above tracings
what are the extreme tolerable values of temperature?

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-25

Q.1.Identify and describe in brief the above tracings A , B & C.


Q.2. Name out S ,a & v. What is the clinical significance of this experiment in
relevance to human physiology?

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C, JODHPUR (RAJ.)


EXPERIMENTAL SPOT NO:- S-26

Q.1. Identify the above recording. Explain the underlying mechanism.


Q.2. Name out and explain in brief the different sub-phases of contractile
response in (B) diagram in above tracings.

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY, DR. S.N.M.C., JODHPUR (RAJ.)


-: SPOT-CARDS ( EXERCISE-KEY) IN EXPERIMENTAL LAB FOR PRACTICALEXAM :MBBS-1ST YEAR (BATCH-56)

(Session:- 2014-15)

Dated:- .

SEAT
NO.

EXERCISE
(1)

EXERCISE
(2)

S-01
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S-05
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S-16

Force of contraction v/s Stimulus strength


Fatigue
Tension v/s No. of stimuli
Frogs cardiogram
Effect of Temp. on SMT
Stair-case effect
SMT
Tension v/s Frequency of stimulus
Tension v/s Length of fiber
Action potential in Pacemaker tissues
Ventricular muscle Action potential
Pre-load & after-load, work-done difference
Shortening v/s Load in After-loaded condition
Work-done in Isotonic contraction
Nerve conduction velocity
Pre-loaded condition

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S-18
S-19
S-20
S-21
S-22
S-23
S-24

Smooth muscle action potentials


Stair-case phenomenon in frogs heart
Heart-block in frog
ALL OR NONE law in frogs heart
Extra-systole & compensatory-pause
Frogs cardiogram:-effect of Atropine &Nicotine
Tension v/s stimulus frequency
Effect of temp. on Heart-Rate of frogs heart

S-25
S-26

Normal cardiogram of Frog


Shortening of muscle v/s time;
Velocity of shortening v/s load

ALL OR NONE LAW


Significance for Atheletes
Motor-unit
WCL, Vagal-tone, Vagal-escape
Heat-rigor
Summation & Beneficial effect
Role of load in it
Tetany & Rigor-Mortis
Active tension,Optimum load, Pre-load &after-load
Pacemaker-potential
Refractory period & Significance
Difference in curves
Various effects of increasing load
Calculate work-done in ergs
Classification of fibers
Why increase in work done initially &decrease
then
Factors affecting frequency of spikes & amplitude
Use in human cardiac physiology
Idio-ventricular rhythm
Tissues showing it & Motor unit
Use of CP & factors affecting it
Effect of electrolytes(CaCl2, KCl, &NaCl)
Phase of previous SMT , next impulse falls in
Ringers sol. Composition, extreme limits of temp.
which can be tolerated
S, a, v & use for human CVS- physiology
Various sub-stages in contractions in figure-(B)

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S-28
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S-30
S-31
S-32
S-33
S-34

Laboratory In-charge:- Dr. , Sign=. HOD:- Dr. ND Soni ,

Sign =.

CHITS FOR SITTING ARRANGEMENT IN LAB.

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