Group Photo Sharing

Jieyin Cheng, Elke Daemen , Pinar Erik Paker, Roel Vossen, LeeChin Yeo
User-System Interaction
Eindhoven University of Technology
P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
E-mail: {J.Cheng, E.M.L.Daemen, P.ErikPaker, R.J.Vossen , L.C.Yeo }

Ever since digital camera becomes popular, people tend to
have thousands of photos easily. They want to share their
photos with family and friends. However, it is always
difficult to sort the photos in an organized way to make the
sharing more easily and fun. Moreover, privacy might be in
concern while sharing photos in a group. We designed six
different group photo sharing concepts to gain deeper
insight into how people share photos. Six usability
interviews were conducted with twelve participants for this
purpose. The results from the interviews were used for
developing a final design. Further studies should be carried
out in order to obtain more detailed feedback of the final


During the brainstorming session, we came out with six
different design concepts. The interface displays would be
on a desk top, mouse and keyboard are used for uploading
or browsing the photos. The six concepts are discussed as
Concept 1: Cubes


Group photos sharing

Figure 1. Cubes

This concept has as many cubes as the members in the
group photo sharing system. The photo of each member is
shown on every cube. Each member is also recognizable
through his/her own color. Every cube has 5 free surfaces.
Each surface will represent one category like family, hobby,
etc. The member can then choose how many sub categories
he/she wants. For example, in the family category, he/she
can have four sub categories like brother's wedding,
Christmas party, mother's birthday and birth. Each of the
sub categories is clickable. All the photos for that sub
category will be shown when the sub category is clicked.
We used the degrees of interest technique here. You can
choose the person you are interested in and then browse
further to the category you want to see.


Digital camera becomes more popular nowadays and it is
easy to get more than hundreds of photos just after one trip.
How to organize these photos is an interesting and
challenging problem, especially when people what to share
these photos with their friends and families. There are
several ways to solve this problem, such as MSN space
( )and Flickr online photo sharing
( However, these solutions are
unorganized and rather dull to use under certain
circumstance. For instants, viewing other people's photos
might turn out to be an unpleasant experience due to the
difficulty of finding particular interesting photos.

Concept 2: World Map
Design Statement

We design a platform which enables small groups to share
their photos in an easy, organized and pleasurable way.
This platform not only support online access like normal
online photo sharing system but also put more focus on
small groups' usage. Our target users can be a group of
classmates or colleagues who want to share their personal

Figure 2. World map

The second concept is based on a map. In this concept we
used the technique of distortion and the magic lens. Every


By using degree of interest. if you click on the red center of the pie chart with names. chart on the right) and these photos will be rotating. (Figure 4. Since the photos will be rotating in each category rapid serial visual presentation was used. another pie comes with name. On this chart you can click on any of 2 . Magnifying glass is used to zoom in on the map and look at a specific tree of one person. They represent the traveling of all the members in the group. Rainbow Figure 4: Friends' pie The Rainbow concept used rainbow's bows to represent each member in the group. The photos of that specific category are placed on the branch. The world map indicates where the member has been by placing a 'tick' symbol on that country. brother's wedding. if an icon 'traveling' is selected. If you click on the rain an umbrella appears. Memories sharing In the photo calendar. For example. Photo calendar Figure 3. friends. If you want to view you need to click on the small photos and that photo will appear fixed and enlarged in the center. the desired information is presented via degree of interest. For this concept we used stepped interaction. the chart in the middle in Figure 4 will appear. etc. If you rotate by your cursor the two pie charts above in Figure 5 to the desired category and person. new photos will be uploaded.member in the group photo sharing system is displayed on the country of origin. There can also be sub branches on the tree that can represent sub categories within a category. password and catalog option. if it rains on a specific country on the map that means somebody has recently visited there and they uploaded their photos. The member is represented by a tree with his/her photo on it and rooted in the country where the member comes from. If you click on the names on the pie chart. etc. There are also airplanes on the map. As can be seen in Figure 6. If these options are filled. hobby. If you click on USA you will find the photos taken in USA for the person you clicked before. The width of the each section of the umbrella shows the amount of the photos under that name. in the family category you can have sub category like mother's birthday. If there In this concept a pie chart is used to illustrate each member in the group. Concept 5: Photo Calendar Concept 3: Memories Sharing Mem ber : Lee Chin Figure 5. a world map is displayed. In Figure 4 on the upper left chart. In both charts on the right and in the middle in Figure 4. Concept 6: Rainbow Concept 4: Friend's Pie Figure 6. On the umbrella there are the names of the people visited that country. Each category has its own sub categories and menus. In this concept stepped interaction is used since the user can reach the photos by selecting relevant categories. a detailed view of all the photos he/she wanted to show the other members will be shown. By clicking on the 'tick' symbol you can see the photos that the member took there and you can scroll through them. party. Every branch of each tree represents a category that the member defines. you can click on the names of the people and view their photos. such as family. all the members who went to Canada are shown. you will be viewing specific person's photos in a specific theme and year. If their photos are clicked. the irrelevant details will be removed from many photos. and adjust the year in the list of the years. When the airplane in Canada is clicked. The memories sharing concept has five different categories. the categories to view the photos. For example.

One even mentioned going as far as naming individual photos. The results are summarized in the graph below.are new photos on a specific person's name the colored part will be blinking. USABILITY INTERVIEW METHODOLOGY Concerning viewing the photos of others our participants were interested to know what the context of the photos is. One participant quite remarkably stated that the way people organize photos for themselves does not necessarily have to be the best way for others to view them. In the first half of the questionnaire the participants indicated their preferences concerning sharing photos. to our knowledge. except for the sharing of photos. This concept uses scrolling as presentation method and also magic lens since you can magnify the bows of the rainbow. All of our participants had some experience with sharing photo's via e-mail. To gain deeper insight into what people think about our design concepts. Then we showed and explained all the design concepts to the participants. to sort them by event. After welcoming the participants. Each session took approximately 15 minutes. Our memory sharing concept scored best on all but one of the aspects of the questionnaire. mainly used ways that 3 . After the participants were clear about the design concepts. The best three platforms got respectively score one. Some used a theme or event based way of organization. Our participants were twelve current students of TU/e. so a photo on itself is less interesting as knowing what is happing before. the photos of that specific person in chronological order will appear. The organization of the photo's was quite diverse among our participants. You can scroll on the bow. People are interested to know about their friends' experiences. website (BLOG). Related to this is the need for knowing who is on the photo. after and during the photo. We designed six concepts without paying much attention on peoples sharing habits. Usability and Future Use After showing our six concepts to a group of twelve potential users. Open Ended Questions About Peoples Habits on Sharing Photos In order to probe for peoples sharing habits we devised a questionnaire. Each part of the bow represents an event and if you click on them. The results of the second half of the questionnaire all pointed in one direction. we asked them to rank their three favorite designs on seven aspects of understandability. to share photos with others and which platform they would use. though it is interesting to note that. This logically led us to decide to follow up on the concept of the memory sharing system. If you click on the bow. we asked the participants to fill in a short questionnaire about his/her habits on sharing photo. You can also turn the umbrella to see every person. so the lowest score indicates that a certain platform performs best and a higher score indicates that it performs worse. all digital cameras give the photos a date and time stamp when they create a digital file. This confirms our initial lack of attention to peoples actual sharing habits. Since each bow represents a person. Those participants who indicated they had little experience with sharing photos (2). Rating Scales on the Understandability. they were asked to rank the design concepts. Related to that is context based organization (one of our participants described it as "When and where it happened). We added the ranks. to sort them by time and location. The rest of the platforms shared rank four five and six. CDROM or DVD or simply the old fashioned way via printouts. For usability we asked them more specifically to rank the concepts on the ease of being able to understand them. Naturally this needed attention in future versions of the platform. This method also allowed us to easily correct for missing values. INTERVIEW RESULTS Questionnaire Results and Discussion The questionnaire consisted of two parts. how easy they thought it would be to view the photos. MSN-messenger. Five females and seven males took part in the interviews. each interviews consisted of two participants instead of one. the bow will be magnified as can be seen on the right of Figure 6. usability and future use. to sort them by social group. you can view all the photos about that event. their favorite categories in which to sort the photos and lastly whether or not they preferred to receive comments on their photos from people who have seen them. restricted viewing to a select group of people ranging from one person or a group of people sharing a network. Due to time constraints. two and three. Date and time was used as well as a means of organization. The data shows that the memories sharing concept scores relatively best on all concepts. Since the sharing photos function is an important one of our platform we will have to seriously consider improving this function. we set up a usability interview.

Sarawak 4 . such as. For example. Six various concepts were made in the first design phase. Performance of individual concepts We design a platform for small groups to share photos in an easy. In general. a world map is displayed.Figure 8. A final design was build up deriving from this concept. This concept has as well five different categories. Each category has its own sub categories and menus. We conducted six interviews with twelve people for feedback of these initial concepts. Final design CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK Figure 7. We had six concepts in total and for some participants it was difficult to keep track of them while answering. We used the memory sharing concept as a basis. The world map indicates where the member has been by placing a 'tick' symbol on that country. Based on the interview result. The results from interviews helped us to understand user's requirement and to develop the final design. How many themes do users want? Which themes do they prefer? We learned that it is better to not use too many concepts in one interview. as well as residue and breadcrumbs are more acceptable for navigation when they try to view photos. The concept is enhanced by using a camera metaphor. FINAL DESIGN Results from the interviews led us to decide to follow up on the concept of the memory sharing system. people like to share photos and a simple information navigation system is preferred. Stepped interaction. these are represented by the digital cameras. The functions on a camera like zooming and browsing are incorporated in the system. By clicking on the 'tick' symbol you can see the photos that the member took there and you can scroll through them. But we acknowledge that this is an initial study and much more needs to be done. if an icon 'traveling' is selected. organized and pleasurable way. Figure 8 shows the final design for the project. Further study should be conducted in order to obtain more detailed feedback of the final design. we picked up one of six initial concepts.