Part 2

.From Transistors Part 1 • Transistors are used for amplification. • They have been referred to as a ThreeTerminal Amplifier with one terminal being common to the other two terminals and is usually grounded. • Transistors behave as a resistor whose ohmic value is varied by the AC input signal.

Transistors Part 2 • In Transistors Part 2 we will discuss: – Transistor configurations – Transistor voltage feedback – Transistor current feedback – Push-Pull & Darlington circuits .

.Transistors Part 2 • Transistors as an amplifier can be classified by: Circuit Configuration Signal Levels Class of Operation The Type of Transistor Used • This presentation will discuss the circuit configuration.

.Transistors Part 2 • Configurations are: CE-Common Emitter CC-Common Collector (Emitter Follower) CB-Common Base • The most commonly used configuration the transistor is in when used as an amplifier is the common emitter.

Transistors Part 2 .

• CC-Common Collector has the input signal applied to the base terminal.Transistors Part 2 • CE-Common Emitter has the input signal applied between the base terminal and ground. . and the output is taken from the emitter terminal leaving the collector common to the base and emitter. and the output terminal is taken between the collector terminal and ground.

and power gain.There is a 180⁰ phase reversal between the input and output signals with the voltage gain having a negative value. .Transistors Part 2 • - Basic features of CE Amplifiers Typically the input impedance is about 1-kΩ The output impedance is approximately 5-kΩ The circuit provides voltage. current. current gain is usually equal to βac .000. Power gains range as high as 10.

Transistors Part 2 • Basic features of CC Amplifiers . .The voltage gain is approximately equal to 1. . . but less voltage gain than that of the CE amplifier.The input circuit can have very high impedance. . .No phase reversal between the input and output voltage.The output impedance is relatively low.Provides good current gain.

This leaves the base common to both the emitter and collector. • The base-emitter junction is forward biased while the base-collector junction is reverse biased.Transistors Part 2 • The CB-Common Base Amplifier has the input signal applied to the emitter and the output signal coming from the collector. .

. . .The input has very low impedance between 1-Ω and 50-Ω.Transistors Part 2 • Basic features of CB Amplifiers .Provides good voltage and power gain.The output has medium impedance about 1-kΩ. .No phase reversal between the input and output voltage.

. .Current Feedback is the use of a resistor in series with the emitter. or with the same circuitry but adding an additional resistor and reversed biased VBB between the base and ground. . VCC.Voltage Feedback is used with two resistors between the collector and base and a single voltage source.Transistors Part 2 • Feedback-Stabilizes the DC bias of the transistor for better amplification of signals.

Transistors Part 2 • Current Feedback circuit: .

Transistors Part 2 • Voltage Feedback Circuit: .

Transistors Part 2 • With AC signals we can use feedback to control the oscillations of the amplifier. or inverse) Feedback reduces gain and prevents oscillations. • Out-of-Phase (Negative. . When feeding energy from the output to the input may be either in phase or out of phase with the input signal. • In-Phase (Positive) Feedback increases the gain of the amplifier. if sufficient. lapse the amplifier into oscillations. and may.

Transistors Parts 2 • Current Feedback circuit .

a Negative Feedback .Transistors Part 2 Series or Current Inverse Feedback Shunt or Voltage Feedback a.k.

Transistors Part 2 Push-Pull Output set as CE Darlington CC Connection .

Class A .Field Effect Transistors (FETs) • Transistors Part 4 .Class B .Transistors Part 2 • Transistors Part 3 .Class AB .Class of Operation (Load-Line Analysis) .Class C .Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCRs) .