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1.

Choose the most appropriate phrase from the options given below to complete the following

sentence.

India is a post-colonial country because

(A) it was a former British colony

(B) Indian Information Technology professionals have colonized the world

(C) India does not follow any colonial practices

(D) India has helped other countries gain freedom

Answer: (A)

2.

(A) you said

(B) did you say

(C) did you say that

Answer: (B)

3.

Column 1

Column 2

(1) eradicate

(P) misrepresent

(2) distort

(3) saturate

(R) use

(4) utilize

(C) 1:Q, 2:R, 3:S, 4:P

Answer: (A)

(D) 1:S, 2:P, 3:R, 4:Q

4.

(A) 90

(B) 100

(C) 110

Answer: (B)

Exp:

10 + 190 200

20 180

9

:

90 110

100

5.

(D) 120

19

19

(A) 3.464

(B) 3.932

(C) 4.000

(D) 4.444

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Answer: (C)

Exp:

let = 12 + 12 + 12 + .... = y

12 + y = y

12 + y = y 2

(y 4)(y + 3) = 0

y = 4, y = 3

6.

The old city of Koenigsberg, which had a German majority population before World War 2,

is now called Kaliningrad. After the events of the war, Kaliningrad is now a Russian territory

and has a predominantly Russian population. It is bordered by the Baltic Sea on the north and

the countries of Poland to the south and west and Lithuania to the east respectively. Which of

the statements below can be inferred from this passage?

(A) Kaliningrad was historically Russian in its ethnic make up

(B) Kaliningrad is a part of Russia despite it not being contiguous with the rest of Russia

(C) Koenigsberg was renamed Kaliningrad, as that was its original Russian name

(D) Poland and Lithuania are on the route from Kaliningrad to the rest of Russia

Answer: (B)

7.

The number of people diagnosed with dengue fever (contracted from the bite of a mosquito)

in north India is twice the number diagnosed last year. Municipal authorities have concluded

that measures to control the mosquito population have failed in this region.

Which one of the following statements, if true, does not contradict this conclusion?

(A) A high proportion of the affected population has returned from neighbouring countries

where dengue is prevalent

(B) More cases of dengue are now reported because of an increase in the Municipal Offices

administrative efficiency

(C) Many more cases of dengue are being diagnosed this year since the introduction of a new

and effective diagnostic test

(D) The number of people with malarial fever (also contracted from mosquito bites) has

increased this year

Answer: (D)

8.

(A) 2, 4

(B) 2, 14

(C) 4, 52

(D) 14, 52

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Answer: (D)

x 2 2x + 3 = 11

Exp:

(x 4)(x + 2) = 0 x = 4, x = 2

Values of x 3 + x 2 x

For x = 4

Value = 52

for x = 2

Value = 14

Option D = 14,52

9.

The ratio of male to female students in a college for five years is plotted in the following line

graph. If the number of female students doubled in 2009, by what percent did the number of

male students increase in 2009?

Ra

tio

of

m

al

e

to

fe

m

al

Answer:

Exp:

3.5

3

2.5

2

1.5

1

0.5

0

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

140%

m

m

=3

= 2.5 m=2.5f

f

f

m'

=3

2f

m ' = 6f

m ' m

=

m

3.5f

% =

100

2.5f

7

= = 1.4

8

% = 140%

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10.

At what time between 6 a.m. and 7 a.m will the minute hand and hour hand of a clock make

an angle closest to 60?

(A) 6: 22 a. m.

(B) 6:27 a.m.

(C) 6: 38 a.m.

(D) 6:45 a.m.

Answer: (A)

Exp:

Angle by minutes hand

60 min 360

1min

360

= 6

60

8min 48o

Angle by hours hand

60 min = 30o

30

22

60

= 11

22 min

Total Angle=48+11=59o.

6.22am

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1.

Which one of the following statements is true for all real symmetric matrices?

(A) All the eigenvalues are real.

Answer: (A)

Exp:

2.

Consider a dice with the property that the probability of a face with n dots showing up is

proportional to n. The probability of the face with three dots showing up is_________.

Answer: 1/7

P ( n ) = k.n where n = 1 to 6

Exp:

we know

P ( x ) = 1 K [1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6] = 1

x

K=

1

21

required probability is P ( 3) = 3K =

3.

( A)

Answer:

Exp:

1

7

( B) 0

occurs at x equal to

( C) 1

( D)

(C)

f1 (x) =

2

3 ( x 1)

is positive, x > 1 or x in (1,1 + h )

f has local min ima at x = 1 and the min imum value is '0'

4.

All the values of the multi-valued complex function 1i, where i = 1 , are

(A) purely imaginary

Answer: (B)

Exp:

= ei( 2k)

1i = e ( 2k)

All values are real and non negative

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d2y

dy

+x

y = 0 . Which of the following is a solution

2

dx

dx

to this differential equation for x > 0?

(A) e x

(B) x 2

(C) 1/x

(D) ln x

Answer: (C)

Exp:

d2 y

dy

+x

y = 0 is cauchy Euler equation

2

dx

dx

d

( 2 1) .y = 0 where =

and z = log x, x = e z

dz

A.E : m 2 1 = 0 m = 1,1

x2

Solution is y = C1e Z + C 2 e Z =

C1

+ C2 x

x

1

is a solution

x

6.

Two identical coupled inductors are connected in series. The measured inductances for the

two possible series connections are 380 H and 240 H . Their mutual inductance in H is

________

Answer: 35H

Exp:

1. Aiding then L equation = L1 + L2 + 2M.

2. Opposing then L equation = L1 + L2 2M

L1 + L2 + 2M = 380 H

(1)

L2 + L2 2M = 240 H

(2)

From 1 & 2, M = 35H

7.

The switch SW shown in the circuit is kept at position 1 for a long duration. At t = 0+, the

switch is moved to position 2 Assuming V02 > V01 , the voltage VC ( t ) across capacitor is

'2'

SW

R

V02

V01

C

VC

(A)

( B)

(C)

( D)

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Answer: (D)

Exp:

VC ( t ) = ( Initial final )e

VC ( t ) = V01 1 e

RC

01

+ final value

Initial value is

R

t

VC ( t ) = V01 1 e RC

V02

VC ( t ) = V01 [ V02 V01 ] 1 e

8.

2RC

A parallel plate capacitor consisting two dielectric materials is shown in the figure. The

middle dielectric slab is place symmetrically with respect to the plates.

10 Volt

1

2

d/2

d

If the potential difference between one of the plates and the nearest surface of dielectric

interface is 2Volts, then the ratio 1 : 2 is

(A) 1 : 4

Answer:

Exp:

(B) 2 : 3

(C) 3: 2

(D) 4 : 1

(C)

Q = CV C1 = V2

C 2 V1

cons tan t

C=

A

d

1 V2

=

2 V1

1 V2

1

=

V2 =

( V ) 6 = 1 (10 )

2 V1

1 + 2

1 + 2

3

31 + 3 2 = 51 1 =

1 2

10V

8V

2

2V

0V

1 : 2 = 3 : 2

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H`( s) =

1

s ( s + 4)

If the input to the system is cos(3t) and the steady state output is Asin ( 3t + ) , then the value

of A is

(A) 1/30

(B) 1/15

(C) 3/4

(D) 4/3

Answer:

(B)

Exp:

Given H ( s ) =

H ( j) =

1

s (s + 4)

1

2 + 16

cos ( 0 t )

y ( t ) = H ( j) = cos ( 0 t + )

H ( j )

where = H ( j)

= 0

A = H ( j) =

0 = 3

A=

10.

1

3 9 + 16

1

15

1

Consider an LTI system with impulse response h(t) = e 5t u ( t ) . If the output of the system is

y ( t ) = e 2 t u ( t ) e 5t u ( t ) then the input, x(t), is given by

( A ) e3t u ( t )

Answer: (B)

Exp:

x (t )

( B) 2e 3t u ( t )

1

s+5

y ( t ) = e 3t e5t u ( t ) Y ( s ) =

X (s) =

( D ) 2e 5t u ( t )

y (t )

h (t )

h ( t ) = e5t u ( t ) H ( s ) =

H (s) =

( C) e5t u ( t )

Y (s)

1

1

s+3 s+5

X (s)

Y (s)

( 5 + 5 ) ( s + 3) = 2

H (s)

( 5 + 3)( s + 5) s + 3

x ( t ) = 2e 3t u ( t )

1

s+5

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Assuming an ideal transformer,. The Thevenins equivalent voltage and impedance as seen

from the terminals x and y for the circuit in figure are

1

x

sin ( t )

1: 2

( A ) 2sin ( t ) , 4

( C) 1sin ( t ) , 2

( B) 1sin ( t ) , 1

( D ) 2sin ( t ) , 0.5

Answer: A

Exp:

xy = Voc

in xy

=

xy = oc = 2 sin t

1

2

2

2

R xy = 100 4

1

th = 2sin t

R th = 4

12.

autotransformer as shown in the figure.

100 V

1100 V

1000 V

Answer: 550kVA

Exp:

Given,

1000V

100V

3

50 10

I2 =

= 500

100

( kVA ) A.TFr = 1100 500 = 550 kVA

I 2 = 500A

50 kVA,

1100 V

1000 V

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frequency f1. If the load is partially removed, the frequency becomes f2. If the speed of the

generator is maintained at 1500 rpm in both the cases, then

(A) f1 f 2 > 50 Hz and f1 > f 2

Answer: (C)

Exp:

Initially self excited generator supply power to a load at f1 . If load is partially removed then

slightly speed increase, also frequency f 2

f 2 > f1

But both cases f1f 2 < 50 Hz

14.

A single phase induction motor draws 12 MW power at 0.6 lagging power. A capacitor is

connected in parallel to the motor to improve the power factor of the combination of motor

and capacitor to 0.8 lagging. Assuming that the real and reactive power drawn by the motor

remains same as before, the reactive power delivered by the capacitor in MVAR is

____________.

Answer: 7MVAR

Exp:

Let P1 =12mW

cos 1 = 0.6 pf

To improve pf, cos 2 = 0.8

( Qc ) del by capacitor = ?

cos 1 =

P1

12 106

S1 =

S1

0.6

S1 = 20 MVA

When capacitor is connected then

cos 2 =

0.8 =

P1

( Re al power drawn is same )

S2

12 106

S2

S2 =15MVA

Re active power ,Q 2 = S22 P12 = 9MVAR

But motor should draw the same reactive power.

( Qc )del by capacitor = 16 9 = 7 MVAR

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A three phase star-connected load is drawing power at a voltage of 0.9 pu and 0.8 power

factor lagging. The three phase base power and base current are 100MVA and 437.38A

respectively. The line-to line load voltage in kV is ___________.

Answer: 117-120

Exp:

VL L (kV) = ?

We know that, S = 3 VL .I L

100 106 = 3.VL .I L

VL =

100 106

3 437.38

VL = 132.001kV

But it is drawing power at a voltage of 0.9 pu

Vpu =

Vactual

VBase

Vactual = VL L = Vpu VB

16.

(A) limit the short circuit current through the line.

(B) compensate for the series reactance of the line under heavily loaded condition.

(C) limit over-voltages at the load side under lightly loaded condition.

(D) compensate for the voltage drop in the line under heavily loaded condition.

Answer: (C)

17.

4

. The steady state error

s + 0.4s + 4

2

Answer: 0

Exp:

18.

x 1

x =

2

e t

A

( ) t

e

1 0 x1 1

1 1 x + 1 u is

et

et

B

( ) 2t

t e

et

et

C

( ) t

te

et

e t

D

( )

0

te t

et

Answer: (C)

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1 0

1

Given A =

B=

1 1

1

[SI A ]

s 0 1 0

=

0 s 1 1

1

( s 1)

1

[SI A ] = 1

2

( s 1)

1

( s 1)

0

1

e At = L1 ( SI A )

et

e At = t

te

19.

et

The saw-tooth voltage wave form shown in the figure is fed to a moving iron voltmeter. Its

reading would be close to ______________

100 V

20 ms

40 ms

Answer: 57.73

Exp:

100 V

20 m sec

t

40 m sec

Moving iron meter reads RMS value only RMS value of saw-tooth waveform is

Meter reads =

max

3

100

3

= 57.73 volts

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While measuring power of a three-phase balanced load by the two-wattmeter method, the

readings are 100W and 250 W. The power factor of the load is ______________.

Answer: 0.802

Exp:

In two-wattmeter method,

The readings are 100 W & 250 W

Power factor = cos

3 1 2

= cos tan 1

1 + 2

3 (150 )

= cos tan 1

350

= 0.8029

21.

Which of the following is an invalid state in an 8-4-2-1. Binary Coded Decimal counter

(A) 1 0 0 0

(B) 1 0 0 1

(C) 0 0 1 1

(D) 1 1 0 0

Answer: (D)

Exp:

In binary coded decimal (BCD) counter the valid states are from 0 to 9 only in binary system

0000 to 1001 only. So, 1100 in decimal it is 12 which is invalid state in BCD counter.

22.

The transistor in the given circuit should always be in active region. Take VCE(sat ) = 0.2 V .

VEE = 0.7 V. The maximum value of RC in which can be used is __________.

RC

+

5V

Rs = 2k

= 100

5V

Answer: 22.32

Exp:

IB =

5 0.7

= 2.15mA

2k

IC = 0.215A

RC =

5 0.2

= 22.32

0.215

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20

V. Considering all possible

2

values of RL, the minimum value of RS in to avoid burnout of the Zener diode is

________.

RS

20

V ~

2

5V

1/ 4W

RL

Answer: 300

Exp:

Vm = 20V

Pz = Vz Iz I z =

R S ( min ) =

24.

Pz

= 50mA

Vz

20 5

= 300

50mA

A step-up chopper is used to feed a load at 400 V dc from a 250 V dc source. The inductor

current is continuous. If the off time of the switch is 20 s, the switching frequency of the

chopper is kHz is __________.

Exp:

Given chopper in step up chopper

Vs

1 D

250

250

400 =

1 D =

1 D

400

3

D=

= 0.375

8

but Toff = (1 D ) T

Vo =

20 106 = 1 3

)T

T = 32 sec

1

1

=

= 31.25 Hz

T

32 106

f = 31.25kHz

Then f =

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In a constant V/f control of induction motor, the ratio V/f is maintained constant from 0 to

base frequency, where V is the voltage applied to the motor at fundamental frequency f.

Which of the following statements relating to low frequency operation of the motor is TRUE?

(A) At low frequency, the stator flux increases from its rated value.

(B) At low frequency, the stator flux decreases from its rated value.

(C) At low frequency, the motor saturates.

(D) At low frequency, the stator flux remains unchanged at its rated value.

Answer: (B)

Exp:

V

control, at low frequency, the voltage also applied to the induction motor

f

is low. Hence the stator flux also decreases from its rated value.

During constant

26.

8 ( y/2 ) +1 2x y

dx dy , we make the substitution

0

y/ 2 2

y

2x y

u=

and v = . The integral will reduce to

2

2

( A ) 0 0 2 u du

4

( C) 0 0

4

(

( D) (

) dv

) dv

u du ) dv

( B) 0 0 2 u du

u du dv

Answer: (B)

Exp:

u=

2x y

y

........(1) and V = ........ ( 2 )

2

2

y

y

u = 0 ; x = +1 u =1

2

2

y =0 v =0 ; y =8 v = 4

x=

x

u

Jacobian transformation; J =

y

u

x

v 1

=

y 0

v

1

=2

2

( y 2 ) +1

4

1

2x y

dx

dy

=

( u ) J du dv

0

v=0 u =0

y2 2

( 2u du ) dv

1

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0.2,

f ( x ) = 0.1,

0,

for x 1

for 1 < x 4

otherwise

Answer: 0.4

Exp:

5

0.5

= f ( x ) dx + f ( x ) dx + f ( x ) dx

1

0.5

Opposite

Hypotenuse

1

28.

The minimum value of the function f ( x ) = x 3 3x 2 24x + 100 in the interval [-3. 3] is

(A) 20

(B) 28

(C) 16

(D) 32

Answer: (B)

Exp:

f 1 ( x ) = 0 x 2 2x 8 = 0

x = 2, 4 [ 3,3]

Now f ( 3) = 118 ; f ( 3) = 28

and f ( 2 ) = 128 ; f ( 4 ) = 44

f ( x ) is min imum at x = 3 and the min imum value is f ( 3) = 28

29.

Assuming the diodes to be ideal in the figure, for the output to be clipped, the input voltage vi

must be outside the range

10 k

Vi ~

1V

(A) 1V to 2V

(B) 2V to 4V

10k

2V

Vo

(C) +1V to 2V

(D) +2V to 4V

Answer: (B)

Exp:

vi

(Not clipped).

2

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The

voltage

across

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v t ( t ) = A1 sin ( 1t 1 ) + A 2 sin ( 2 t 2 )

1

expressed

1H

VC ( t )

20sin10t ~

is

10sin 5t

1F

(A) 2.0 and 1.98

(B) 2.0 and 4.20

(C) 2.5 and 3.50

Answer: (A)

Exp: By using super position theorem,

1. C1 ( t ) When 20 sin 10t voltage source is acting,

1

1

j c

Network function H ( j) =

1

10

( j + 1)

R+

j c

c1 ( t ) =

2.

1

20 sin (10t tan 1 (10 ) )

101

c2 =

10 0 1

0.2 j

1 0.2 j

c2 =

2 j

1 0.2 j

c2 ( t ) =

2

1 + ( 0.2 )

.sin ( 5t 2 )

c2 ( t ) = 1.98 sin ( 5t 2 )

VC ( t ) = 2sin (10t 1 ) + 1.98 ( 5t 2 )

By comparing with given expression,

31.

A1 = 2.0

A 2 = 1.98

The total power dissipated in the circuit, show in the figure, is 1kW.

10 A

2A

X c1

XL

R

Load

ac source

X c2

200 V

The voltmeter, across the load, reads 200 V. The value of XL is _________.

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Answer: 17.34

Exp: Total power dissipated in the circuit is 1kW.

P = 1kW

1000 = I2 .1 + I 2 .R.

1000 = ( 2 ) .1 + (10 ) .R.

2

R = 9.96

Z=

V

200

= 20

I

10

Z = R 2 + XL2

X 2L = ( Z ) R 2

2

X 2L = ( 20 ) ( 9.96 )

2

X L = 17.34

32.

( )

The magnitude of magnetic flux density B at a point having normal distance d meters from

0I

(in SI units). An infinitely

2nd

extended wire is laid along the x-axis and is carrying current of 4 A in the +ve x direction.

Another infinitely extended wire is laid along the y-axis and is carrying 2 A current in the +ve

J,

K

to be unit vectors along x, y and

y direction 0 is permeability of free space Assume I,

z axes respectively.

an infinitely extended wire carrying current of l A is

( 2,1,0)

2A

1

I amps

d

B=

0I

2 d

4A

1

Assuming right handed coordinate system, magnetic field intensity, H at coordinate (2,1,0)

will be

(A)

3

k weber / m 2

2

( B)

4

iA/m

3

( C)

3

kA/m

2

( D)

0 A/m

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Answer: (C)

Exp:

H = Hx + Hy

Hx =

I

4

2

a =

ax ay ) = az

(

2

2 (1)

Hy =

I

2

1

a =

ay ax ) =

az

(

2

2 ( 2 )

2

H=

33.

1

1 3

az

2 =

2 2

X1 ( k + 1) a

a 1 X1 ( k )

X 2 ( k + 1) a + 1 a X 2 ( k )

It has initial condition X1 ( 0 ) = 1; X 2 ( 0 ) = 0 . The pole location of the system for a = 1,

are

(A) 1 j0

(B) 1 j0

(C) 1 + j0

(D) 0 j1

Answer: (A)

Exp: from the given difference equation,

a 1

a

A=

a + 1 a

The pole locations of the system for a = 1.

1 0

Then A =

2 1

SI A . ( s 1) = 0

2

S = 1 j0

34.

An input signal x ( t ) = 2 + 5sin (100t ) is sampled with a sampling frequency of 400 Hz and

applied to the system whose transfer function is represented by

Y (z)

X (z)

1

N

1 z N

1

1 z

where, N represents the number of samples per cycle. The output y(n) of the system under

steady state is

(A) 0

(B) 1

(C) 2

(D) 5

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Answer: (C)

Exp:

x ( t ) = 2 + 5sin (100t )

1

x ( n Ts ) = 2 + 5sin 100 n.

400

= 2 + 5sin n , N = 8

4

Y ( e j )

X ( e j )

1 1 e jN

= H ( e j )

j

N 1 e

x [ n ] = x1 [ n ] + x 2 [ n ]

due to x1 [ n ]

y1 [ n ] = H ( e j )

r =0

= x1 [ n ]

y1 [ n ] = 2

y 2 [ n ] = H ( e j )

H ( e j )

=

4

sin n + H ( e j )

4

=

4

=0

y [ n ] = y1 [ n ] + y 2 [ n ]

y[n] = 2

Thus at steadystate y[n] = 2

35.

A 10 kHz even-symmetric square wave is passed through a bandpass filter with centre

frequency at 30 kHz and 3 dB passband of 6 kHz. The filter output is

(A) a highly attenuated square wave at 10kHz

(B) nearly zero.

(C) a nearly perfect cosine wave at 30kHz.

(D) a nearly perfect sine wave at 30kHz.

Answer: (C)

Exp: 10 KHz even symmetric square wave have frequency component present

10KHz, 30KHz, 50KHz, 70KHz

[only odd harmonics due to half wave symmetry]

Since bandpass filter is contered at 30KHz, 30KHz component will pass through

filter output is nearly perfect cosine wave at 10 KHz

Cosine in due to reason that signal in even signal.

36.

A 250 V dc shunt machine has armature circuit resistance of 0.6 and field circuit resistance

of125 . The machine is connected to 250 V supply mains. The motor is operated as a

generator and then as a motor separately. The line current of the machine in both the cases is

50 A. The ratio of the speed as a generator to the speed as a motor is ____________.

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Answer: 1.27

Exp: Given:

2A

50A

2A

50A

48A

52A

250V

125

250V

125

Generator

Motor

E b = V Ia R a

E b = V + Ia R a

= 250 48 0.6

=

Ng

Nm

= 250 + 52 0.6

= 281.2V

221.2V

= ?

We know that

Ng

Nm

=

37.

www.gateforum.com

Eg

Eb

( flux is constant )

Ng

281.2

= 1.27

221.2

Nm

the figure. The motor rotates in clockwise direction when the rotor windings are closed.

3 phase ac,fHz

f2

Pr ime

mover

fr

f1

If the rotor winding is open circuited and the system is made to run at rotational speed fr with

the help of prime-mover in anti-clockwise direction, then the frequency of voltage across slip

rings is f1 and frequency of voltage across commutator brushes is f2. The values of f1 and f2

respectively are

(A) f + fr and f

(B) f - fr and f

(A) f - fr and f+ fr

(D) f - fr and f

Answer: (A)

Exp: Whenever the Rotor winding is open circuited and rotating in anti-clockwise direction then the

( Ns + N r ) P

frequency of voltage across slip rings is f1 =

120

f1 = f + f r

At the same time frequency of voltage across commutator brushes if

NP

f2 = s = f

120

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A 20-pole alternator is having 180 identical stator slots with 6 conductors in each slot. All the

coils of a phase are in series. If the coils are connected to realize single-phase winding, the

generated voltage is V1 . If the coils are reconnected to realize three-phase star-connected

winding, the generated phase voltage is V2 . Assuming full pitch, single-layer winding, the

ratio V1 / V2 is

1

3

( A)

( B)

1

2

( C)

( D)

Answer: (D)

Exp:

Total slots = 180

4 Total no. of conductor = 180 6 =1080

4 the ratio of voltage generated when the coils are connected in 1 to when the coils are

connected in 3 , Y-connection.

i.e.,

39.

( V1 ) 1

( V2 ) 3

= 2

For a single phase, two winding transformer, the supply frequency and voltage are both

increased by 10%. The percentage changes in the hysteresis loss and eddy current loss,

respectively, are

(A) 10 and 21

(C) 21 and 10

Answer: (A)

Exp:

Given1 Transformer

V and f are increased by 10%

% Wn = ?

%We = ?

Here

40.

Wn f

V

is constant

f

We f 2

Wn n f

We f 2

We 1.21f 2

Wn also 10%

We by 21%

A synchronous generator is connected to an infinite bus with excitation voltage Ef = 1.3 pu.

The generator has a synchronous reactance of 1.1 pu and is delivering real power (P) of 0.6

pu to the bus. Assume the infinite bus voltage to be 1.0 pu. Neglect stator resistance. The

reactive power (Q) in pu supplied by the generator to the bus under this condition is

_________.

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Answer: 0.109

Exp:

X s = 1.1P.u

P

= 0.6 pu

V =1.0 pu

Q =?

We know that, P =

EV

sin

Xs

1.31

sin

1.1

= 30.5

V

Q =

[ E cos V ] = 0.109

Xs

0.6 =

41.

There are two generators in a power system. No-load frequencies of the generators are 51.5

Hz and 51Hz, respectively, and both are having droop constant of 1 Hz/MW. Total load in the

system is 2.5 MW. Assuming that the generators are operating under their respective droop

characteristics, the frequency of the power system in Hz in the steady state is __________.

Answer: 50

Exp:

Given, two generators in a power system has no load frequency of 51.5 & 51 Hz.

drop constant=1Hz/mW

Total load=2.5 mW

generator '2 '

f = x1 + 51.5

f = x 2 + 51

x1 + 51.5 = x 2 + 51

x1 x 2 = 0.5

...(1)

By solving (1) & (2) x1 =

3

= 1.5

2

f = 1.5 + 51.5 = 50 Hz

42.

The horizontally placed conductors of a single phase line operating at 50 Hz are having

outside diameter of 1.6 cm, and the spacing between centers of the conductors is 6 m. The

permittivity of free space is 8.854 1012 . The capacitance to ground per kilometer of each

line is

(A) 4.2 10-9F

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Answer: (B)

Exp: Given, diameters of conductor =1.61m

radius, r = 0.8cm

Spacing between conductors, d=6m

Permitivity 0 = 8.8510-12

capacitance to ground per km = ?

2o 2 8.85 1012

=

= 8.4 1012

6

d

ln ln

2

r

0.8 10

19

C / km = 8.4 10 F

C =

43.

A three phase, 100 MVA, 25 kV generator has solidly grounded neutral. The positive,

negative, and the zero sequence reactances of the generator are 0.2 pu, 0.2 pu, and 0.05 pu,

respectively, at the machine base quantities. If a bolted single phase to ground fault occurs at

the terminal of the unloaded generator, the fault current in amperes immediately after the

fault is _________.

Answer: 15500

Exp: Single line to ground fault,

Fault current in If = 3Ia1

positive sub transient circuit,

Ea

Ia1 =

z1 + z 2 + z 0

1 + jo

j0.2 + j0.2 + j0.05

1

=

= j2.2223pu

j0.45

=

Fault current ( If

Base current =

) = 3 Ia1

= ( 3 j2.222 )

100 106

3 25103

= j6.666 pu

= 2309.4 pu

If = 15396A

44.

G ( s) =

K

s ( s + 2 ) s2 + 2s + 2

is connected in a negative feedback configuration with a feedback gain of unity. For the

closed loop system to be marginally stable, the value of K is ______

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Answer: 5

Exp: The characteristic equation 1 + G(s) = 0

1+

k

=0

s ( s + 2 ) ( s 2 + 2s + 2 )

s 4 + 4s3 + 6s 2 + 4s + k = 0

RH Arry:

S4

S3

S2

1

4

5

6 k

4 0

k 0

20 4k

5

S0

k

S1

20 = 4 k k = 5

45.

G ( s) =

5 (S + 4)

s ( s + 0.25) s2 + 4s + 25

The values of the constant gain term and the highest corner frequency of the Bode plot

respectively are

(A) 3.2, 5.0

(B) 16.0, 4.0

(C) 3.2, 4.0

(D) 16.0, 5.0

Answer: (A)

Exp: G ( s ) =

5(s + 4)

s ( s + 0.25 ) ( s 2 + 4s + 25 )

s

5 4 1 +

4

G (s) =

2

s

4

s

s [ 0.25] 1 +

25 1 + .s +

0.25 25

5

s

3.2 1 +

4

G (s) =

s

4

s2

s 1 +

1

+

.s

+

25

0.25 25

n = 5 highest corner frequency

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dX

= PX + Qu

dt

y = RX

has the matrices P, Q and R as follows:

1 1

0

P=

Q = R = [ 0 1]

0 3

1

(A) Controllable and observable

(B) Not controllable but observable

(C) Controllable but not observable

(D) Not controllable and not observable

Answer: (C)

1 1

0

Exp: Given P =

Q=

0 3

1

For controllability:

0 1

Q C = [ Q PQ ]

1 3

Q C 0 controllable

For observability:

Q 0 = R T

0 0

P T .R T

1 3

Q 0 = 0 Not observable.

47.

Suppose that resistors R1 and R2 are connected in parallel to give an equivalent resistor R. If

resistors R1 and R2 have tolerance of 1% each., the equivalent resistor R for resistors R1 =

300 and R 2 = 200 will have tolerance of

(A) 0.5%

Answer: (B)

Exp:

(B) 1%

R 1 = 250 1%

RT =

(D) 2%

R1R 2

R1 + R 2

R 2 = 300 1%

% E RT =

(C) 1.2%

R T = 136.36

R T

100

RT

R R R R 2

= T . 1 + T .

100

R2 R2

R1 R1

R 1 =

R1. R1

R . R 2

= 2.5; R 2 = 2

100

100

=

.

+

.

= 1%

300 300

250 250

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48.

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Two ammeters X and Y have resistances of 1.2 and 1.5 respectively and they give full

scale deflection with 150 mA and 250 mA respectively. The ranges have been extended by

connecting shunts so as to give full scale deflection with 15 A. The ammeters along with

shunts are connected in parallel and then placed in a circuit in which the total current flowing

is 15A. The current in amperes indicated in ammeter X is __________.

Answer: 10.157

Exp: X and Y ammeters are connected in parallel

Shunt Registration of X and Y meters:

1.2

15 103

150

R shx =

15A

R shx = 0.01212

R shy

1.5

1.2

R shy

1.5

=

15 103

250

R shx

I mx = 150 mA

I my = 250 mA

R shy = 0.02542

Current through X ammeter is

=

0.02542

15

0.01212

+ 0.02542 )

(

= 10.157 ampers

49.

An oscillator circuit using ideal op-amp and diodes is shown in the figure

R

+ 5V

3k

1k

Vo

5V

1k

The time duration for +ve part of the cycle is t1 and for-ve part is t 2 .The value of

e

t1 t 2

RC

will be___________.

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Answer: 1.3

Exp:

UTP = + Vsat + ( LTP Vsat ) e t1

5

5

=5+

5 e t1

4

2

5

15 t1

5=

e

4

2

where

1 5

UTP = 5 =

4 4

LTP = 5

1 5

=

2 2

3.75 = 7.5 e t

0.5 = e t1

t1 = 0.69

LTP = Vsat + ( LTP + Vsat ) e t 2

5

5

= 5 +

+ 5 e t 2

2

2

5

5 2.5 = 5 + ( 2.5 ) e t 2

2

7.5 = 2.5e t 2 e t 2 = 3

t 2 = 1.098

50.

The SOP (sum of products) form of a Boolean function is (0,1,3,7,11), where inputs are

A,B,C,D (A is MSB, and D is LSB). The equivalent minimized expression of the function is

( A)

( C)

( B + C)( A + C) ( A + B)( C + D)

( B + C)( A + C) ( A + C)( C + D)

Answer: (A)

Exp:

(B + C)

( B + C)( A + C) ( A + C)( C + D)

( D ) ( B + C)( A + B) ( A + B)( C + D)

( B)

CD

AB

00

01

11

10

00

01

11

10

(C + D )

( A + B)

(A + C)

The equivalent minimized expression of this function is = ( B + C ) ( A + C )( A + B )( C + D )

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( A)

T

Clk

T flip

flop

Qn

( B)

Clk

K

Qn

T flip

flop

Qn

( C)

T

Clk

T flip

flop

Qn

Qn

( D)

Clk

K

T flip

flop

Qn

Qn

Answer: (B)

Exp:

Qn

Q n +1

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

1

1

1

0

0

0

1

0

1

0

1

1

1

1

1

0

1

0

1

JK

00

01

11

10

Qn

T = Q n J + Qn k

Analysis:

If you will observe the combinational circuit output expression which is the input for T flip

flop is not matching directly, so you should go through the option. If you will solve the

combinational circuit of option (B) then

T = ( J + Qn ) . K + Q n

Qn

= J.K + J Q n + K.Q n

Now, according to consensus theorem J-K will become redundant term, so it should be

eliminated.

Hence, T = JQ n + K.Q n , which in matching with our desired result and option-(B) is correct

answer.

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2000H

XRA A

2001H

MVI B,04H

2003H

MVI A, 03H

2005H

RAR

2006H

DCR B

2007H

JNZ 2005

200AH

HLT

At the end of program, register A contains

(A) 60H

(B) 30H

Answer: (A)

Exp:

(C) 06H

(D) 03H

Address location

Instruction

Operation

2000H

XRA A

[ A ] = 00H, CY = 0, Z = 1

2001H

MVI B, 04H

[ B] = 04H

2003H

MVI A, 03H

[ A ] = 03H

2005H

RAR

2006H

DCR B

one

2007H

JNZ 2005H

200AH

HLT

Accumulator

0

CY

Initial :

value

RAR

0

[B] = 03H

RAR

1

[B] = 02H

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RAR

1

B = 01H

RAR

0

[B] = 00H

53.

program will be over

A fully controlled converter bridge feeds a highly inductive load with ripple free load current.

The input supply ( v s ) to the bridge is a sinusoidal source. Triggering angle of the bridge

converter is = 30O . The input power factor of the bridge is_________.

is

+

VS ~

Load

Answer: 0.78

Exp: For fully controlled converter bridge

The input power factor (PF) = 0.9 cos

IPF = 0.9 cos30

IPF = 0.78

resistance and 16 mH inductance. The input supply is 230 V, 50 Hz ac. The maximum firing

angle at which the voltage across the device becomes zero all throughout and the rms value of

current through SCR, under this operating condition, are

(A) 300 and 46 A

(B) 300 and 23 A

(C) 450 and 23 A

(D) 450 and 32 A

Answer: (C)

54.

Exp:

Vs = 230V, 50 Hz

R = 5, L =16mH

The maximum firing angle at which the volt across device becomes zero is the angle at

which device trigger i.e. minimum firing angle to converter.

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XL

1 L

= = tan 1

= tan

R

R

2 50 16 103

= = tan 1

= 45.1

5

The

current

= , =

ITrms

1

=

2

flowing

SCR

is

Vm

sin ( t ) .dt

2

max

at

their

angle

ie.

when

Vm

2 230

=

2z

2 52 + 5.042

ITrms =

55.

The SCR in the circuit shown has a latching current of 40 mA. A gate pulse of 50 s is

applied to the SCR. The maximum value of R in to ensure successful firing of the SCR is

_________.

SCR

100V

500

200 mH

Answer: 6060

Exp:

I L = 40 mt

Width of gate pulse

t = 50 sec

When SCR in ON with given pulse width of gate

I = I1 + I2

I =

=

t

V

V

1 e +

R1

R2

L

200 103

=

R

500

6

40 103

100

=

500

50 10

3

1 e 0.410

+ 100

R2

R = 6060

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