Participial Adjective

What Is a Participial Adjective?
The participial adjectives are a major subclass of adjectives.They can be distinguished
by their endings, either –er or –ing. Some exceptions to the rules include
misunderstood and unknown, which also function like these special adjectives even
though they do not end in –ed. They are called participial adjectives because they have
the same endings as verb participles.

What Is their Function in a Sentence
These adjectives are really meant to function like any other adjective: they help to
describe a noun. They might come from a verb form, or they might merely imitate the
structure, but they always function as a descriptive adjective. Let’s look at some
examples of participial adjectives in sentences below. After each example, the
adjective is placed in parentheses. Some example sentences have more than one

The tempting cookie platter made my mouth salivate. (tempting)
The fascinating book was a thrilling read. (fascinating, thrilling)
The interesting story made a compelling point. (interesting, compelling)
Sally was bored by the conversation. (bored)
I am tired today, and my work is really tiring. (tired, tiring)
My frustrating experience at the restaurant made me angry. (frustrating)
I have been agitated long enough. (agitated).

These adjectives form a very large portion of all of the adjectives in the English
language and help us be more accurate in our description of people, places, things, and
experiences when we speak and write.

Examples of Adjectives Which Come From a Verb
You might be wondering, what is the origin of all of these adjectives? Why do we have
so many of these strange words that look like certain verb forms? Some of the
participial adjectives that end in –ed have a corresponding verb form, whereas some
participial adjectives do not.
In other words, some adjectives only look like they come from verbs – and we still call
them participial adjectives. In this way, “excite” becomes “excited” and “determine”

such as “drug-induced coma” or “energy-saving technology. annoying serves as the participial adjective but it is treated differently in each case. These include annoying. •It was more annoying to me that he did not show up for the party. exasperating. BERRUS MAGALLÓN JAVIER ISAAC 3RO MECÁNICA . •He is extremely annoying. gratifying. extremely. “drug” is the noun put with “induced. using the adjective “annoying:” •Annoying •Very annoying •Extremely annoying •Less annoying •More annoying •Most annoying In all of these forms. less.becomes “determined”. there is no “to talent” that forms the participial adjective “talented. For more examples go online to find practice worksheets and more complex definitions of these adjectives. worrying. misleading.” the participle. thrilling. Inventing a Participial Adjective Some participial adjectives have no corresponding verb form since they are made by putting a noun with a participle. This can be accomplished by using the words very.” In the former example. or by forming comparative and superlative forms. and time-consuming. Modifying Participial Adjectives These adjectives do not just come in one form. You can modify participial adjectives to increase or decrease their intensity and use them to compare different nouns. “energy” is the noun put with “saving. Look at the examples below.” the participle. •The most annoying thing was that she did not speak up. However. Look at a few ways we can use the above treatments of “annoying:” •She was so annoying.” It is more common that the participial adjectives that end in –ing have a corresponding verb form. In the latter example.

Traffic is very (frustrate) frustrating to me. Working for 12 hours with no break is (tire) tiring for most people. Computers are (interest) interesting to Jennifer. The birthday party was (surprise) surprising to Jack. The professor's lecture was a little (bore) boring . BERRUS MAGALLÓN JAVIER ISAAC 3RO MECÁNICA . They make me sleepy. I'd like to meet him. Jason is an (interest) interesting person.EXERCISES The animals were (fascinate) fascinating to the children. The nature film was (fascinate) fascinating . I almost fell asleep! Trying to learn another language can be (tire) tiring sometimes. Some movies are very (bore) boring . The news is very (surprise) surprising to me.