},III\IISTTRUI

EDUCATIEI
SI iNViTA}IiNTULUI

Prof.d. :t10.l. CRUDU
(cooflhoator)
gsI. locr.ing.l, $fEFiflEsCU.
lucr.
b0.0, PAt{uRU.$;i hcr. In! L. PAIAGHAII
Ssf.

Irffiilififfi
IffilItrlilill
ltfiiilt
REDUCTOARE
CU
ROTIDINTATE

rDr r uqADr Dr clr 'A r r qD/ occ; , sucuqlSlr - 193r

Crpiblnl

1. CONSIDARATII

GENBRAI-E

PRMND

pislor
dr. C,trsatrfE
,f,4. C msE ucJi uD i *l or

|rlu
pE u dE m@i c
...-..,..,.,..
4.{.1. Da|rn
rorilo' ditrFr.
prtn Lr.hiB
44.2. Eldai.
MiE
.,1. pica.td pFtumE
peludc
pau d.rffi3F
4.5. CoGtucls
ei6.lc
a.d CoMhcjir
orlslor
&d

PROIECTAREA

C.piblul 2. REDUCTOARE CU ROTI DINTATE
a,L
2.2,
2. r.
2. , 1.
2. 5.

C6b6iJdtii
R.d!dor!.
R.d u d o a ' .
Re d r o l r *
R.' l u . b R

e6sd.
d roli di'J.t. ci['&ic.
......,-..-,,..
d r o l i d in F .6 n i!.
..................
a s n g r oj. E.l*.....................
p l r . B r e y d n .E!r d .
....,.,.....,.....,
i@-iriniLic.
si mdeE & u

Gpno|ll

3. ITATERIALE

FOLOSTTE IN CONSTRUq|IA

1.1, Mero:.rc fobrn- poh
] . 1, 1 . O l c l u i . . . .

emtir

6'ilr

cc!a.]-

c.ndirii

r.hrtc.

. . . . . . . . . - -.

-.-.-.,.....,-..,..-....-.-.

REDUCTOARELOR

..........,.

di't re

3 .ri. r on. . . . . . . . .
].rJ. Maa:ak n"r.Mr
3.r.4. MlLeridc ncdelic....
3.2, Ma'erhle c.iti/:'e t.ud
ct.culra artorild
3. J . Mr' e r i s l e u L i l i a r . p m h d .flr }
a R*| o r .............
J.4. Rczi.rote dmi!ibil.
Crritolul

4, DATE

't.l. Din.nsiw
4.2, Dim.nliu;

DE PROIECTARE

@etu'v.
lhirE Dm.l

PBNTRU

CU Rt LME}IJT

griils

immllunip'idc'p.r.
priNiprjr
r.l&.
Dih.Dtiur
pl rciprlc
sni(o-cilindne
Din.nsiai
2. 12. Mo b r c d u d e r . c u . n g r m jc d lin .lt;c. Dim e sim i p r iftill l c
2,13, Mo&r.dndoe
cilirdo-n.ldtc.
Dincnsiuai princip.l.
clgiblnl

\. lllARE

REDUCTOARE

p. hstrd.
o nrndri
l. !t
tl. Carcrrd
'sh!n
d mle
5.2, C.r! d $i!ilo.
F t gIrd. tubiilor
53. ArcsG rurm.ndG
p€nh tr]mEiDr dlnolilo.
5.,1,El@mtc 66lfuiv.
5,5. Proiet c I'siarr
d nlmoti

COMPONENTE

rod dinFE
...,
-..,,
..,,...,,,,.

70
7r
39

ALE REDUCA ORGANELOR
CoMPONENTE
C:piblul6,
PRBCIZIA
DB EXEC{'IIE
TOA R E T-OR ..,..,,. -,..,- 6.1, P K ti r
de .:.dl i .
r us @i c l or
.,,..,,.........-......
6.r.1. -.,ns@i.
c in&ia
6,1,2 Ansmj.
{nic
61.1 Ansr.di. hd.*..--. ., -. .. . . . , , , .. .
6.2 C.ri.F
stpnf.td
orstn h' ,L oo9i"i
. . .....
sshirnft
6.t. Tol.fu!.
ti .b6r6i dc fornn *i d. p@4n ri blfrt.
,.. . . ... . -. . ....
fl.t inili€tii & iol.ru$ obliiltc !ri. .t hid
t4 At Ei t diffisiui
.. ...
6.5,R €q)|]ndi ri pdd.L*(c.tl sj .l or--..--....,.....,.
-...,.

13o
134

Crpiblul
$I ORGANE

(

7. I'NGSBA

7.r. Ulc@
72. UtrstF

sstluitc
la:leror

BIBLIOGRAFIE

REDUCTOARELOR
o

Dlm6i

SI TRANSMISIILOR

, ,. . . . , ,. .

CU ROTI

DINTATE....

173

C APITOLUL

T

CONSIDBRATTI GENERALE PRTVIND PROTECTAREJI
Acttvft ea de proiedde iD coblruclit

de datiri

6;t{i
d,i;.". n. p.i*ri"*ee ynq prc.d.us
o ted
tietde s5 aibt la disPoatre
".oiectaomt
;nd Drodusul cc tlebuie Proieciat'

eie @ soP fe ratiar@

Pe'*":dfJ'f,

uou pro-

**frg.trJf*

cu aiulorul
Du €ste iDtoldrads posibil sii se determine 'Durait' djoflJui'
"nusai
r*a."*i *i* poatrEi@re*,"til,,ti::i.'"1'*l"1Ya':";Ti::1.""';

ii.ira-o.''.
ded

aceasB 6I<

posibit,

ueoli

dettr'udea

ffi 'n;;mf:rgg":,'j: ;:.,*f'j}:;,.Tfi:tli'fi,ii'#i;',
q
l$#"',r:d:ltrF;':'":h':ln"':;F4;xxJt'i;"i6:i!:Tpff
*};r;J#xHl*$,r"t#:r;-r:u:ir:*1;#r'{:i:
f 1;
q
*u r',ieopeIi ys rmcedo d*ros'lt in .trccul' de eI€
#;"i';;ii;;J
pf
@i
uul
o
ruccur
teblic
*ui
o'i, iot*,ri*"
lr"1'o"9t;,,yeo-':
Fo'lus
*i
2 aveao..lda c:T$ '. i l5
baze^znpe
*
,'tr;ro.ul' invcst?roruluidcpr2ctici;;r(i;'i'urr"
'rtii"lifei
lDr'''l.a r
rn
t%
';
real;zarc
.".*rar.
Proiedtr,
il;;rt,r.,
dro
siokri"-lrii d'reroi'odir(tia
in
@n'rizrn
i;ils,''i-. ;iii"i;;;,
e",inca
6q:,::',:*
-'.
exrst'-Dte
a
celo.
P';'e'i
a" speiaiitirc sau -e'it;.
lii;;.*"
'. l"1i}aoq
dc invccriffare) @c' Y'f opD-tg:a
I-"gimriei rsi a sPiriturui
a. il;i*t
iii'ii'"r"

de.re;riz.::t1"r',itff,r'r""."H*,ffl.f,l#.",1:
c! psibi,adre
#";,l;J"-ar"r"diEelsiuane
s-a
Prmdpdc
c€ s-au st bilit
se poare
fufliorale astf€l.ca
desi mmpoqcnu !rn€,a prdu@rs actsur fcne slabiliie diEensiulile contfucu(e'
'l'
picsn
rreblie
*op FbFu fiecrr'
f"
fr.;"-or^..
rri't **1t" i"lT
"""" *pi"ri6 p. po4i!;i,.t'aun'Erul icrmic
c"l;ft"
;;il;;
'tcLonstrucl'c . Kezrirde
panc
a
raz'i
ulrjm'
a
cobstiruie
atca
r,i..,
6*25
-h dcscDcie
rcp'ziml
s'
pieseloi
carc
r
ti
este forna cdstucden
faze
-""""4;"i
;i;;;;

::f'rl:'il'Li"hx#';
:':ff'E
r#;.'i::u*::';"#:x,tr"',*,""?
;ki
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T""l'i'"lil'"ffff;"
2 o,a"r.-:!Y,"-et!!!#il ':ff*$"u
:ru:Tili
?:T'Ji#f'.t#J"t:.1*":T*'*^'
::'i";:ir"i:,
;:*ixKT,*'
ateProdsuluia-t proiqtez'a'.acte etcnerrc
p,'rile compooeDlr
i,ii'liii"
ro'
"L" -^i'";.p.-'ii"a de Ia fo'rne!: lor sslaetric'' retd. apoir'-ro'trre
i,lt,lii"'riu.'l*,

Pre:

$ffili:;
rqps"
*":r:trh..]";i:v#'",i?,1,T,"'l:.ifl
"eg:b.::"-"-l,i

Dilor", si ,,!ade io spaliu -torb'l' p'es'rol
for'na ro!Slru.ctY:9:"ijl,:
cidi a forEeror seoEehce ate ples'ror, s }, nodul ir iarc
Dontare'
8i care vor n solru*rue
sa
;;i;;-s;;;.k;.
Pmlzirt-.cqm .s-dtrurse
cd' pieca le va sul'n
d1
6olicitLi
f'luri
P'
dife'nek
ca
de
fote,
+i
mccaaie si"6uxr,t

:J'lr';
tL'i,TJ#,f
.;#i"."0:,:s.H::;,.'id
:j.{t#t#"1iffi
,:"*i;HJil'i1.;":f.r',i.s':.xtr#":Jtrtr'T#Hl;
proceurur ##*m*,,f,i"
-g-"bi. oiri"rit.
@DP$ativi
sorut ri
-:i.".$i'::
iiji-L"u,ii
'eultatcre
-'poi-asliare
j.f T.'H:""'J"::"'"yo;.*''ii'iT'*i#j"#
."riltr-..:kT;;:;tr'5**t'.y';:ri?.'e:;:tiilY--4{[ip.':!.**
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tt"'J:tii;"*-":i'"nr-*;lt;"+fi
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m,.S,ls,lilrt:'H?fr
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rt"xj:"1",1

CA P I T O LUL

2

REDUCTOARECU ROTI DINTATE
2.T. CONSTDERATII

GENERALE

'Ira$misiile mcedce dintre motor
ti MgiE de luau enr6c sau ni6.o,fun vite:r,
respeciiv, EoDdrul iiaalmis; modifcn tEiectoria sau @acrtrul miscnrii; oodfici s€sul
sau pluul de mitsre! legleazn !i Dodficn coffiruu
snmp{z; mitorta ti momen"itea; ni$caEa la llrai multe @riDi
tele de taosmis pe la mai mult€ ooroare sau dis&ibuie
sru orgare de lucru; p.otej@a o.Suele mginn Dotode coffm supms{rcirilor.
TraosDi5iile mecab.ie pot ii prh dsreDee \i prin Gec.re. Tla.smisiile prin uglttEe
(rou dDtate) o rapon de rfu\ditere coDsrair &oorare'E @@5e ilchis se Dutr
redu(toareci.d redu rurlr /r
l))i,dplifqroee
cisd aar6c rurtia (t . l). Cuid
ac$tea oemit vdiatje de vitez!- ii EeDt< se Dunesc arii de sire..
Reduflodele pot 6.u ura, doua 5au mi multe tlepLe dc red@re" mGnuire fe q
slba.ssambleialate,6e cr, ftcr'od paft diD ansmblul-uei Drid
lD fiDqie de pozicu rori dintate
Frle relauve ale sborelui molor ri coDdc r.dunodelc se (ustruis.
cilildrice /ci!d ccle dou, axc riDt paraleie $u @ri,le, pldga l), .u rori (nice (planri 2
tr piaor. 3) si loii preudo,onice (plu$ I, ciDd .ej doi rbori sior concutenri sau inn-

riE

2.r. R.duda' o

Mi

dinDr. lilindrie

u o ue'pd

cirai) su i! oobi@rn de roli conice eu .nsrenaje melete cu roi .ilinddce (la rapoete
dc tresdtae
llEi).
Rcduct@ele @ o .capti au la bun alsreDje cilhdrice, conice sau pseudoconice ti
Dd@te oontste id @@se (fi8. 2-1, 2-8,2.9)- Vanaate de reductoarco doun $epte
sior irdiate ia frAvtle 2-2, 2-3, 2.4 2.5, 2-6,2.###BOT_TEXT###,2-ll,2.12,
ia! cu ftei tr€pte ltr
frgaile 2-7, 2-13pot fi: cilindiice, coDicer elicoidale, ps€udocoReduct@cle, dupi tipul a8@iuluL
c, Dd@tc su combinare.
Dupd potfia axclor rodlor diftate distilsem reducrode .u axe fixe ti reductoa.e cu
gi reductoare planerde).
axe nobie (rcductode difq6tiaL
Redrcto@le @ roti dinlatc au o laryn utiliae
datoiird a\dtai€lor pe care le p.eposib ite! d€ realiae a uo. trusmisii cu incnrcili
ztutn: Epqt de trsEiter€
osret,
de la dtiva ncq,roDi la ilctucnri f@rt€ ttEi, gaba.it rcdus ;i redament ridi@t, intresinpE qi i.ftini etctiaft
C.r dezavantaie se mentione€26: @st reiativ.idi€r,
exeatie ri nontaj de precite, producerca de ?goBot, t@ri
ti vibr4ii etc.

tsig.2.2_ R€dn.b.u

!.!i dinare.irin.Li.e

cn dinli nt.rinrri in daui rcprc:

I! lhimut LimD se uriliz-€azi De s@n di! ce ln e Eai larr.6 reducroarete Dlan larc
(fig.2.14) ce adgr;i Eaosnisn ni rmdaueute orepleitoaft
L rapoaie de rr;rsdit re
s'rri !i Aabarit redG.
Reductoa:ele pot 6 de u gercral su sp€cialc. R€ductoarele de u Bo.lal au or
o carcasd iDdeDddoE
siocu hnt cin@ric - d(i u raDon de FassmircE uic-si
dc uz seDcrd nu hFa Aduc|o,rel. cu ;rstquic
ri Gchis6.' In er.egori! reduaweic
aodce qi Edote cc ru dele h aftn ponde deit oriz@tsfi sarr ve{icali ri BFctiv
umhiul diffre axe difcrit de 90".

Fis.2.3.

Reducbr

a

roti dinFre cilitr&ic

d

djDti i.

2.2. REDUCTOARE CU ANGRGNAJIE CILINDRICE
Redu(!@e le o aosdaie cilind.icc siDt celc
de put ri 9i Epodte d; ttaosDitft c s-pot re2l;a
tiDi.tun si eleetiei ir uztue sDe.iafizte. Itr Drsctici
pi"a l" iooooo rw, Ia vite; perifsie
a roflo.

V it donn E!r.r
Fis

Fis- 2.4. Reducbr

a

reti dinJrE cild&ice

@i ralDt dir€ darorid eabei lde.i
o aiut;rul lor cit ti a posjbilirl-ii
s. indlDec reducroale pe.tlu pute, i
pinn h 200 m/s.

m dinli lacUdli

i! doln tr.pr.:

2.5. Redld

Fig- 2.6. R.dutu

d

a

tu!

din!.!.

reti dinFrc

cilhdrie

cnin.l'ic.

o

o

diDJi in V,:!dou!

dinJi inclimJi

in doi

t pc o

te9ie

t.ptc

ri !ftor

divizi.:

vdidli:

3.d cele a dhli drcpJi ri inciiui Ia rcductoarele mici ID soeDl s Fefern ro-tile dinrare iu dinli drepti.3 ('rEinM 8). . c.ri@a ri.apo.?. Veiata din 6gua Rcducloftle cu doui t. din cauza tehnologiei ti 9i ni.ili&tri. 6.u da.J rapo1rll de ftal1sirere si dimensiuniie pdncipale. . la redudoare cu trei tlcprc t : lto . de prafsirtri. oni.dlor a rofi dintAle .. a mort iuhi lor mai simplu.lilaii si in v se lemmanda Ia abjetraj< lilcqlioar.dttu! d rct diq{. La reducroift-car.97.cn: .tril danturn depind\de ura . raponul de tEsmitere . la reducr@e cu dorii t eple . R.l reducideloi depinde d.i€ dezvoltad. aoi in Fin cir id !5rile -si d indust..! Fig. t : lp .da Easmiliei Rotile dinlrLe cu didti dlep|l_6se .aprl (ipoid.c. . 180 (ldinD *.tatd.t At?ti.rl radantei cl rofi cu dioti drepti s.. cind ongqea se faa pritr barbotde 9i piai ln 950 tV'. em ce permite fabric{a iq sedc a c.. 2.!b: cu o Eclpri: todele cu dl8elsiutri mri pe ci. Reddo.ro.dffidaEll @ o Ecaptr (69. Ia redu{'i Fis. cidd urgerea este fo.. duru'a exr. oB8 Fis. 2. 2. 2-9..) @icl s ti.rre de transoirere i . cu rand..e slDt stadddiz e 9i tipizate nrir I.1 .2. o @epti: dou cilir.e m pri@. ir doui r. q98 b rofi di!.1 . .rej Ir drij de vileze (u rou deplaqahilr elc. vneze perifdice redM. 5i rap@ne de nNnirtr. Rodle djnmre c indrice o dind i!. la vitezeprriferjc rui.56 (trdimM 2OO).u inclinad Si 0..r) sant folosire penrru putdi pid h 5r5 krw.gt. Redcror cn roli din!:t.2 * folG. 60). 56.rui hrerioara..rare cu dinfi ln V. Rotile diDkre tu dirF i6 v sr folo\r\c.?.".sdor si utilizarea la reduct@re de diver* pure. Reducr@relEru dsr@ie oIDdriA oot n osruire ru rori diDt. .lcii. d dinli cuti itr fri r.r.ecooabda: l. Fis.F..re ax.9a. Nutull de tEpte ..te h .re ctriodice clr diDti &epF. ctDd nu apd socuri rj zgomor. . cu rtitrti ircliEli.Re&rcioarele ciiiodli.. Raadamentll 6rc 0.L..2. f@ne rs.bili$b4e per'feii@ ! rcF !i de dsriD. rsdd@i. R. Sin stddddizate distanta iD. indiMtlsau i! v.97. : 7.€pte se execftn practic in par$ wihte.q99 i! ez. in tuul ou s€ admir fo4e adzle io dbori si 'are iag.tet de 0.

R.].*'i"iiii"''&i a"l'a" '"''* l*"il."d.'...I "'.ransmire'e l: Jel ?l.ii" .:. alor d@i psecbr de rop' liii*" i..br: dori dlre cilhdric': .t 'o.f.*iiffi ii-*i:. 2 r2..o frsua 2 3' Fis.::"d.""r*.'"i :*ii*."*".*'.:iL1::".:f..L"Yff".]ff...r". 2."l.i'"" *Ti"ri.i.T#"f-"X?.'i.'! aiop i" v' vdiatrtad.:i-.". il-.f..'rfl:'-ru1*i"1.fi *#":ii.tJ"#:r'*. Redldor Ph.. d pntu @pd @nid 9i c'l'ldt' Fic.i.:"$: dout d: rnrsE F- zl3..'#::s.dudor i! Gi t."f:'.pic.'ag""potiiueeinbarar:1'*. ut-" H"H"flH'?.rudsq-*':3.*.:T... de.::'fs'lX: .*tr"'iy.boreluj La puteri mr ruri ii rrp€tte de lrarsDtr( -?r5 Fia co d si 3 dou orina relFi ri4l si cd de icrne orianal): cilin:1ri.?l.Ti #"{ft .:i:'.-'l.5 (cu rsorel' Idcnrale3 pt dDlr se rePd 3 celc aleser@ corsplEntoue -npoani s. Redlrroi i! dcu Eepte' fl motor.T"## :i1fu #."rczuhemd.'?"'ff.a matsiaielo.r4.1".ps*u rapod.

40J !u u . Acsre reductosreLuprild un u8rd.sr.stui dezavaDtai.ffoaele..e di@mi.5..RE SI DTFERENTIAIE mi re r e t .5.re. fs.96. EsD.n. 2.mi.ce (veianleir dr. oertu 'oldrudea sc..98 0.. caci Ia rolile cu dinli iDcrio.rj.ru. sufciot. . t2 mis.i reduse (P < 60 kW). . .Ea.u hiooide-li ee anbele roli por 6 rdoour.imi realizatn 6re orc : 69 r/s.r' sau curbi..e cu ditrp hdirsi.e poare eLaD!.a2.bi.5.99-La red. se nunesc redu<1@c Dlaleirre. Ir s. . NEDUCTOANE PLANETA. neuDiforDitars scitrii iD lungui frncdui diDt€luj cr.15. sirt ireteEre rorije orice cu diDri drepri.10j 2.rB: 2.d o.dudoar.u_mai mult uepte. I! liBUru li8ura 2. .iod unele abatrri sle pasului sau Drofiiului ru produc rc iac&cnti iacdrcnri di@di. Erjsrn isn o$r. Decanismul de diEqtie at automobnelorerc. .i intre stjrele cu u. ii zqe DoL Rodle codce cu <iiori drepri sirr rodre senlibilr la Utare(fis.). iar la lransmisii cire@tice i.iile cu rod diDtste l. o roli duble (l-1. chd ru si por e:eoiu roli cu di. Acesk reductodc sitrr urilizale penru r.rc de sc. cu pri@ rftaD1i @Di@.lritj?arij ta ljDnn s rsiauteln rastdte ra grrlEe tr o uDgse. diotilo.. I mA).u rursrje joasta .20. portlDfe .dupA for@ delcllui | Otaria. su d. t<oFle dilFre ooice cu diori culbi se recomode s se utilzr la virgzr de Ia 3 b. l0OOti chisr mai mult)..reDlide . . se uul izeazam. acesta se folose$e roldeaua le Dritu EerDri deod@ de oDscirar€a oorraoia nn mi"a.rii sub sarcind. diotii se {lelijtr. dsroriLaaluecdri.ud@ice . b urira uzui A. 2.ore*pun2aroar.2. Datoriti uurii io€vitlbite a dilfilor.s"li ii de sG oDus.e rd Ead si a. sosreujele melcarese por clasj6ca: iD trerDra a doua roti diltare Lu diflj'bcliD"ri $ i! rleaDraitrtii cire doua rori dint:k ciliDdri. Dupi forn.smisie .ui'rsrijir prelucrare. ri proflul melcuJuii r roii mclc. di! repre re. irs6.ene redufl@re silr r(ottudare potru puieri Eici ! miilocii.erelaie Ds..14). 'D general atunci ciDd. ciod re impue uritiaea uui ansrsai oDic. si r.i.e rare.ilor sj a oosibiliu.13!e da uD reduclorio rlei ucpr. Ir rcductoareiede Durerenare. na$d agricole. se impune ull gabarit redus (in special la are ia@ci9at ) s{u cind se cere lln mers sile4ios.unelre.4--4).orabilea d( fcr s'fAS 6845-75 Da!ie' arborilor arupra rot'lo' . REDUCTOARE CU ROTI DINTATE CONICE { . la trssnisiile nuhiplicatoare (roaia melcad esre mot@) mponul de tnrsmitqe niDim esr€ i: l/r5. di! eu:a ioflEDlei Def..l2 2.3. 4.. iDcth*e.g?. . Vitezs pedfericn mrf.!oa!a eloboidata odca Io pncticn cea Mi rispDdita veiaEte rste.2-2) (l-r. Se folosesre dc obicei ca.15. A\t1et i! A\del Asdel iD 6grile trgu ile 6su de 2.40 m s. mE'@1! diiile de lufl ale dirtjlor sinr bulr iff:rul. oai mulre roti au a:r geometricamobila Rolile Rolde conice @nice o cy dDri drgpF \e qinfi drepri se folGesc folcrsc la virde viree Deriterie redse {o < 2. 180 ei drq rs D ra i d r. roTilar arnbelor n.utui.pre.9..arj es|rpr(?(nRedu(roareleciliDd iice cu u ei rreDre(6e. ti. Redudoarelepluetae (fu. la d.2.I5rr) au u siDslr srad de irobilirare.10. molj\ peDuu cee 6.98.cdv diferenliale(6s. o qslerea distanFlcr diDrie 2. -.8).!orir5 rcpsniris ndrului sr'diDriirctij" Acasra aluDeereifpune._oupa rorma rolu merGLc Reductoar€le coDice se folosesc iD cuut rmsDirerii Duterii intrc sbori cu axe @rrDreDlep{uu rapodre de rran\mjr€rei i . l)landarc $ rlif. @i ala ciDd rorile codce lu6@n dBcrris sau intr-o baie de ulei ce n! . Acerte redudode \int codbinrtij ale vaierelor msrrx(-tiv.a .e a \e -d n e i a l 2 i o D D . l0 ob Fig.u mclc cilhdric .fene de mortei mobni <i def.Datorita rigidftntii rcduse a $borelui motd iDt€fDeijie.r d. . tipeile ie Rotiie rcnice o djltr inclilati pot lucra la vireze periffia piDn I. . flad.R. dc i!@cisaF trind de 90".5).drij i defo.Delc ciiirdric I Scbemeled in figurx 2.re largd io consFuqia de natini !i apante e: ma$ni de ridier si tJdsporlat.k vdidte di de reduoor're redudoft in id doui rmde. Cm de obieio diDlaEicodcn 6k iD oDsoli (fe. se oodifrA repantia sarcinn de-a lunstl liDiei de conrad. 2. Rddamtrn'l acesrorrcducrqe *re 0. .. Acesle aDgtelaje se urilizeaz.i roara meleLa. o reda.bda dir frg|d.7t tc utj]izeze Ia DDoen€ de rlarui rae t -40./.azemeleubo. PCDUUvireze periferjc Di m. se por uiiLia a. iar cele difer.m. hnimi a melcului r@ : 40000 ror/min. de obiqi. Ete se foloresclodeosebrla algrerlje o ffii mrri.ot de 0f6. {iird. 2.j rar. .097.12 darc Eei vuiore si.cducdtMe..ll sj 2.la de reduflor cu roti cilindrice c! douir trpre (u ebori vsri.ucFn unde s{ dus la putsi de cca 10OOtW. reme.nriale doud srade ae mobi .b pinn la i5.. . DeDru raooane de rrabsErirqe t . i! schinb produc cer Dai leduse incnr@ aialn diftle toa.i stloci cind oistruc1ia @asidi irlpuor utjlzarea lor. 2. Realuctolrele o msttDie oercate atr o ut iza.4. DG cauzs randm€nrului relariv Dicr alsioajele mel€te se folosec pdtru pute. Ia u Epdt de riansaite.poarre dr E. 6 ri dus. 180.u un rudueor da 0. fl turi. L aces' ci slnt de preferar rode cobice cu dinii iD. de reducro&e o CoLn 2.maliai Filiere..2.fecie d.. Tr. REDUCTOARE CU ANGRENAJE MELCATE axe ti a puterilor ce se Fansmi!..dre. la se priha treapta este coDci. b rc utitiaze. Silr usre@ie sileolioase. . iDr.12 sior .d a m e d d c 0 8 7 .d.0.liza!. Acebt reductor pmire rerizeer unq rapoane de tralsDirere tMi (lr naDshisii de puLerc de obiei i 80. id rMti. iwene (69.. iDquli$r \(u melc ti r@ra melcard)unqhiul O l{se respindjre o au reducromle o $q ue iodeir.maririale ulilorDe a sdcibij re r.!@ti cilinalrice o dinti incliuri I -roata mel@la I _roa6 globoidlE t .

'd.li: *11i..T.1."5":L:-r.?i s'ffi*"jifi .* prsnrur'e$<c-r' rtausmiure ."'.'io."i"' i.1s.""'j'.c!c!."" t] _ ..sy. 2-1s. di! frsu 2."-*ilx:l*1":m-*. obicei md dintate i"*.:-::: sii'Lirlij'*-il" nunnrul de -p.r^* .e.+Fl-l I lY4.4I ..:::.'il*'ff .:i::"r'-'.. RedudG!.f*ii'. de tip 2K-lt por 6 'ritiare si Ia ilvesdea sebculuide cota!'e rr . ?.-.lty.fl: "i":#.:iiiT'#'"fi ts maGrundrq .ii.l'lY.ar r."":1T.J lL:?fI *-n.'"?lJi"'il..a"-' a". i' "*"[i"d'Jt ..*n"le cte R$e c.Tfilfi reductor€ difacdliarc s€ folosesc aproePe ct ::tH::11"d:.#s*".1:'f*T "::.:H1""'ii:ff':iii 3lii""'"T. I tt4 E]'..ff ?ir#"".bmuruirz-di'_-mriveade.er e:.'T'TiH.'f:.i$'.".ffi ri":'#l'1. gabdir nai s'aJe la 'cce!.*" @cos*usie.li.cntur bratur de litcm K)' Pon.f "'fl1-i5 tutst"I seDo'|ea?.f fril'#.*..n "*T:i. i: .#.0-*.1'^.'" .u?.d"ctmt '..ii:':"4:5n'"::i'"lr. ..1.ui..regetet tipdui de teddcror Ptaletd l e:e]oaa'e erc a" gir*i.I).J# 1".R.X1.es'E cu ceaa sote- dif.:'".Ifii"i".. *mi ui oi*i'.is:u'. coodus/ va aveevitez' unsbiuru..?F.'*i ": i:f"t1f".ti.ae eiusui' ca: randanedr sca^t' d.i-"J'T.::x-C"*Ln'ru:gw:m:m.. o" sreuratc' d' @Ddiliile de deorie' de Eoorai i ..'"fr #'J'.s"$ 'ii..i 1r". Fi!.careducr "'ff t.'tr. purere il.-a"-"i'L '-^.eDa..ducrorPlan.'"i# ii'ili'.:".-.J!'J'+i{uiuH.#.1'". tliiM Tillg''.lirulur r.'*"*'" #lif.'"i "iJ".ideuans.."r "-r"''*: . cab{nmajredus.':xilf :f !T.&v.lor planebr !p K-tl-V Fie."t'.T'JHJ"ffi jrlitil-"r*--."""".J*frf:i"bf.16J cu barc ce i.r?. t-nn1 fi-F= ' " ffi "1.-r.""*. J:ttJi*'.: -roli c€otrale(urui ss d.. ..x.1Fl -rj '.:.ilti.e etc Nu se recomanda t".d@it.::rr.?HlillfJJ::'i:'..{'ffi "H*.+ I t!.!41TiL.*"sl'"::*x . air"'-rfu 'bii dinn€.*.Fn!i'L P1r.l.:ri-x .:" !E "f u..rs " PrT.:'i rFlilr:i$: o'"*'-*. g.-ng't'i.lf . 2-16.fl ".r*it'.. -r*r.'F" mre.ur rb C I .Tffi iilri!ii'."T?:ffi -".lui ie-al t'en@-'leEeDr cenud' I' c€lelah arbore *i.i. _ -t- .'-t cobstru'datonti 4) 2 16' des urilizst este cel di! 6sua *."'n-j"#'##".i o si-lotut reduci.."'.k".*::. de Putd€' ut iaea rui h rransBisn !p 2K-H' tip 3K' Eg..od.illl."" sisr:ffi*!tr'.. . Fig.il. 2.':. "l -*"T"1"Hi'"*":.f ". "''.F-'a'" t*'.li:1?S::: S:'tr'Ti'11'.#.i{..Hil:Yffi :"ry..'"*ff. Rcdu.. :'r[ rin'1"r."'.."s.:1"".rff'.ficuhdli de Don6' -ln'i. "'63. R.ra d.

Reduclorul dir 68ura 2.16,a (cu doua aDgreDaje
e) Derdnc, d.6seDetre.
'Drq'oDai ridier dcir t.du(rorur
realizareade rapoarresuri dc u$direre, Ia tio mdamenr
din fgura 2.16,. rcu doue aDsreD,jee eriGFl. Torug, l' eici, L rapoarr. n'si de rraDs
RedLlctoarele
plsDehre rip 3x(fi9.2.17) stur f@n. oDp.cre ri au u rdd.b.Dr
y si 2x-ll
d€i bu$ decit r.ductoarele d. ip K-Hr.Drderlate ln faB 2-16..
$ e, inse dai scdzut dcdr r.ducrotele difereDdsledir fislt; 2.t6,4 $i /. "
Reductorul pl.tretff np K-H-V
(6s. 2.18) psmhe re3rizllca de
tlFi de
traDtmitere (i < 7l tt chiar Insi Dulr), ilri Desirn o prelucrare Si un 'aDoa're
$;Etrmr terDic
Peotru a realizr rspoane tndi de rr€Dsmjkre ls rud.benre rrdier. s reot'fudd
a se _trhlta trmDisij (onpM
diD baj muh< redudoffe tip 2K-Ir
(fis. 2.16, a). Sc
por d.e asbelea com aa_aDgr@)e ptarcrare cu dgldaie ouiruirc, priDeje fiiDd foton $eapta dc tuetE loali.
Vitezele ushiulaie ale cLrlorelor Eecanisaului difcrerriat de tip 2l<-r
(6s. 2.16),
06 @, ti or siDr leSrte intre €le prin rclati!
-n

Zr

(2.r)

ulde,; rst€
de t!@sDire.ede ta.tdetrrur (d) ta etenorut (r) .o rrpofl o
'aporrul
viteza usbiulari
a el€metrruhiaIJ).
ih oro,l"r. i,isioeter4 ad€se, sefoloserrevat@Tobeht2.1 rca ab$rud a raDortului dc rn$Dire:
R.l.tii
d. c.Icd r nrbftIui
&
tusEttft
I! Eirctoe
pLn b.
@ o ft.era

2,.
(2.2\
-'
Relatiilc Detrbu stab nea EDonului de tfusDtere la rcdudorele olaEctde cl o rf@Drn$irl dalc
ir tab<lul 2.I , la niductwclc ddedrc cll doun
trepte i! rabelul 2.2, iAr p€DtruieducroareleiDFsoarcpi.vizut o frine rr $i Tr in rab.lul 2.3.
li;l-pstup

2.6. R.EDUCTOARE CILINDRICE, GONICO.
CILINDRICE $I IIEICAIO.CILINDRICE
DE UZ GENERNL. CONDITII TEIINICE
(Extias STAS 684$-n tt STAS 75CO-72)
Pieseletumrt€ ditr fonti sau otcl tebuie se c(rcpgrdi p!!F!9.il9r dio STAS 568-75 $i repectiv
STAS 6G74. Abarerile limir, la di;eBiini
si

''n

ternic de rorm.Iizare la temp€hnla
de .c? gm"C, urmat de
m BaiameDt tcrmic de deteF
sio.arc la tell]peEt@ de 600. . .
650'C.
Pies€le tunat.
dio br@z a
steiu !i bsd o almidu r.eprelcderilor
b.ic sn orespudn
di! STAS 1972-76 $i r€.pectiv
STAS 198/2-75. Abaterile liBita
la dimosirri
ri adaosEilc de
preluctalc t ebuie sn orBpudn
STAS 6287-67.
Piesele foirte pot tr obriNte
din ltusoEi f senifabdc*e (blumui, brsr,
tasle ctc.) din mircilc de olelui irdic..e ln STAS
500/2-74 STAS 880{6 ti STAS
791-66. Picscle foliate u€buie sn
iddcpliftasci
coditiile
tcb.ice
generale de elftate ,'@ti@ate ir
STAS r097/r-74 dacn nu existi
afte pffiiptii
rebdce FnFu
prescle rerEcrir€. A&otuile
de
pElulrue
{i abaterilc linirt l.
pisb
foiate lracr trcbuic sn 6€
o.f()n
STAS 2l7l-70; cl. s.
m indica lD denelc mifabri-

R&dl

tL drcrr

. nDdului

.L

tuEtt

E

t@pr.eilFc!dolnti.'e

2

t.-4!te)

korzEile
sub fordn de D!odusc taDiMte tebuie 6n ind;plin.en otrdiiil. e genenle, sn aibi
(:dctesrlctre
me@Drc. $pee
tul prcdusdor flitc Oacj rable,
beui erc.) mentiomte ir STAS
93-76 penEu bt@i
cu staniu
lanirabil, rGpectiv STAS m1.75
p@tru bmlEri
cu alumiDiu
5

Defectele suduilor si rdedielea
acestota trebDie si s€ idcadreze i!
liDitele tudi@re in documetr&tia
de qsrie.
Arsadblu.ile sudate
eor 6 .snpuse, dupa
operage oe suo&e, uu 'ddDi
Eatamelt

adiosuile de preluffie Lebuie sd Nr6DDd, S'IAS
1592/l-?4p€nFu pi*le rurnare di! fo;rn si STAS
h reducroaElc de u qssal
159212-74 peatu piesele tmare did otel. Piesete cu mi Dtljte trepte, semur de
iDportartcr t@re din otel, dupn ricire, debaur'arc iftlim.e
a dintilor !a fi asdel
ales, incit sn asigure mmpersa!€a
tr evotualn remedie'e, se \or slpune uui ftramerr

Tabeld 2.2
t. rduc-

i. t . o, *
2

or'6ciu cu 6ler uqtru lcrSsea driulLi) asrfil dPlasat idait ule;d si se
-un
r'"'#S:';i"'i'ff
redlctorulo e(cli
flita a fi Dece(rt o alta oFeraE</muiarea sau trr lrus
lii -u ffsairdiotor
,,14"3T^9"ffi
f
i'-",'3:T|i'i':':l'i"':'3+i'i.if"%T.fi
uleiului;
dEt
al
de
cooice
acerenaiere
$isrAS646r-6r
la co!-

"rirrru

"lE til,l",ii.5r-l$"'fi ,**a* -*u._

Dn capac la pdtea superioarn a crctse! swind la umplerea N ulei .si
trolul inraiolului;
su isele de tidiere oec*ae trusponarij rrdudoruluii
-muchii
- la reduct@e dr dioosiuni mn, se prevad dispoTirivede 'en're'
-

."!;'q5.#6'p,,";"-ry1ilF'{"i',"ii:m:*'::'ir.l"yr:.16r*,.*,,1
rorilor diofare 9i melole pe arbor sc Ya-alegi
de ciJire tuperfio,ti e dartlrit 6r' oblisrtorie $ c nea zooo
'?n ezLri tratimeorutui
-,
dirtelui. buitate, 8lnruitor drDrwii PiDioottlui Eebuie sE
a.-*iii-l
o;;*rrr;

;:j"-*"*il:i,tl,x.,:,Ti
g;'ffi'fs #r[:Ti'j:
1T1oH"#iff";Tfl
'"'A 1::::i*""t:-fri;:i"r"Ttffi

ale ,rbonlo., ftu5 ca ac€stea sn
auca h solicftnri suplimcdare ia
or8a6elcredd.torului eu la briurddea

coDdrldor

de

Lonbfl

rasirerortrebuiesn pmitn dihtari
consiru4ia
R.rrrn dc etsd r hDortdui & tu3bn*
iE.

pl..r.rrF

add't 23
rt E&.-

ir'ffi

di re diati.
&lcasa redu.ro.ului trebuie si
6e etd$n ta imbin*i ti diverse
Biuri (dopui fitetlte, iEdicatoare
SuDrafelele DeDrelDctstedin
inte'i;rul cadsei, ale ror or
diD!.te si cle akor piese se vor
loosi cu loDsearezirtentt la ulci,
de'culor€ iteschiss, de Feferi4n
albn.
La doDrdea redu.toluhi sevor
resDecta, itr lifirele tole.arlelo.
pr€scrise, toate cotele iDd;cie ir
aocumenrati. de execu-tie.
Se recomDdd lncilzirca i! bli
de ulei sau pdn curend de hductie
. Dieselor.i urmra2, a se,smble
la_ @14 astiel iocit !i se e\iF
Eodificaret cancrer;ticrlo. Deaoice ale materi.lelor r€spectiveRodliul ansreDaiuluisef.ce s
ulei de rodaillo rlmpul fuqic
ddrn sub sarciin, tempeiarua
nlEnnni in baie va fr cu maximu
50"C peste temperamra mediului
ambiant, f5rd sn depigeasc! 70"C
Cirrstrucia redud@relor trebuie s, asigure resp€ctarea rormelor dc tehnica secuitifn
-si
Redudo

l ftebuie sn fre pre-

,
h

t
12

tr
t7

2.7. RAPOARTE

DE TRANSMITERE

lD STAS 6ol2-6s (tabel 2.4) !. dau r.Podtele de rran<ditere-p€irru argePle ciuo.ur r vor tr
dric. @dce si Dcl@te, folcitc lo coDstrucEia de Inalini. valor'le cllt
orcfciare teior du tirr lt !i actee valorilor di! iitul Iu
' Rlooartele de tFAsrttere;ai
I.ari q cele din ubelul 24 s' obFo prE. tmxrlfca
mi diLi @ Mu ('l) se obln rolorD'I va'or:r'
eic,
rapoairele
eestoE @ lo' l0o, l0o0
diferne q r€iom
t" pncEcn se ilrilbesc i
iovers€ did tabel l*.
'aPoarte
rJ'
\
I
-t=i.
de ransmirde bral rezulL} di! rcDdirijle furc
de cele staDd{diar;. o*ftr"i *p.m't
se alrge lumirul de-rlePte'
de FcEitere
iapornrlui
de
mari.oer
tL-te. 1" n o.!'e
ln edeid ra o D€(ecbe de roli ditrla(e raporrul de ttdsmjrse ma'n esL
fi'",i"ai"
s"bdiij o*pr ti-i* econodice inn-o trqFa se PoatecoDsidera
Loral,se va lua u nuFar
i < 6 ln n.inciDiu
b6nu
realaea moonului de rrbmitde
-.t'"i,i"
bcir raporul de trsDcrairereal 6ectei. Eepre f $'r)':Q" c9bj
de r'eDre mini;,;;del
dnA r' s 6 (itr mod el.eDliooal , < l0). Rlpoane de Ear:utere
reaDrn, sioi iopse de coodifij de LocrrucrieJ cod roala. outara rtce
inL+ sireG
com* * Dji5. tespectiv,i (volantui automobilelo" Plaq lu@nra-|a mal3rd''
ol
-."i qqe| edi !rak.l ac! pt @elf dedi! . bef et c. ) . Ladabnear apor t u- lu. d
se rcolnardjL e nus?|I!l de dinli ai roE oDduse si !u tie u! multrplu rltieg ar !uma.rului de di.d si piniooului Petrru a evita ccilariile irEeprute fl a asgura uzura tD''-O**mo**
*oon"tui de rraasrEtse tolal pe tteptelercductorulu 5r potre 'xeclta
DrDird di la difdie co.did cu !'l!t: redreold egali ' tlalcuruor
t'ettfelor Pru scublor, eolu.md total al ro$ior sd fie Eidim. reatiTdea ulgsu turuor
fddd.
.sa}i iD baia de ulo etc
'*il-s:;ff--;;T,;
se rePanizeazE pe tlePre dupt tipul reducJ.-J.i-;a'.
'?
Asdcl la rcducrom o iloui Fepre raportul psrru piim^ rnaptd se recoMndi:
r.ductcle olildnc€ cu scbem. oesi.lurara \ng zz' z'r:
-f,

i,:(1,20..-1,25)vi;

"..&3*-t'
,;{TIIll
ti-:

-",lfdqrt}
H,=L'='-

tl

i,"*',Vr,P')

-la

r€ducto&€ cilildric.

@!iBl.

a
-

(2.6)

(Ei8 2.a):
, , >'ll;

(2.7\

i'<y;

(2.8)

la lcductoare codce<ilindrie:

13

mr ave" ibPreuni nPortul:

PriDa $i a treta rEpre
ntpd'..

&

(.tu

t6!.Dtcr

ST/IS

6|)ll-6Al

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Sc r'or al.s. de Eeferinqe vaiorilc Npri!5e iD $irur I {tab 2 5)'n
loclr vslorii 155'
3r5 lij a valirii 160
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2.9. REDUCTOARE
STAS 6850-m

CILINDRICE

- DIMENSIUNT

PRINCIPALE

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*l $l putcr!: -- - FE|ro 2:t il zs p'ot'" rcducrdrelccu -r traPta io"es". sirurli ln una dio Pozr.dtrbr cili. e 2m si r2t'etcte - .llr#J"msff":*':".#I rn**..ilr.Tab'tul 2 t0 ffitrtrff*t'l'X'*.l*"p..'.-l '.*'SlJ.t 13J .trT't"Tffi - Gs dcpra.|+:Ie'rr o Fig.cb"'ror --1 160 j - d itolt r:'D& dt' zlu_ool n o I u to .ffii-.*. J.i:?i:""". :u.r.rW .T?Hlt*fl"fl *'S:.5 ii' 1500 strtu . r.."Io o l' . 2.nut .rzsI o'e I t'sr I t6' OBSIR\. iHti*rurrro ".'.'"f :*:n:: ilili"i""li.e ri de+3i.c @ 4i Gtr sir tlr4or_ I o.""r" ra rap.22 R.ATIB -Plcjrc midL @qpdi! I Md'i ?'r h il'@' 14.t.+i"JTl.'Hn1"-fi-"gr-'::*.. oJ25 22.H'*'p*""**T DDt'rtr Prct cupl{. e P-reYr de -'O-inensiui:e ie gabuit' de fira" ti d'. acesrcia 217 232 . -flji"':it'#.I:t I hffi.c{pla|t ri nas rl|'!i'n' . tracmirere dcmi'ir estede t2'5% ra redueoarere 're *d:l". - 'Iltndtre -d. ""ti":'t::.Ta"r."r."'.i.

| 0. dG !!dr.@ de in brregine carcas ri@II' top bgcaE sutt aia axt Belculu orizoutatci dbel€ a:e este: arlor. PRINCIPAIE (Eltras Eelcate de uz 8€ffral SE rd$dul strbil€{e dimeasiunilc priociPale ale redu.tE ?-12 -dr I roo 2.up€ste pr.melcate GsE (s€ria Ml-001)i aEb€le ase GizoDtale' ara fflcului oriaDdn Si M rcF del@te vertrcara (befla r^bwr/' lM2-OOl)i ala bdqiui .tEelq placa de-lprijitr idedione ire 90'" lssire cu .s | 5F 296 | 4.rd MELATE I !' @lici f.62 | 9.13 5.re' sPntEr arbo. rFlr.e lzA | 5et I rgt | 52.DIMENSTUNI d€ rioo d/nh."tta *-" r*p..Dl!o.ltE .rc{. -l simboliae dersuPm axet.F t5 2.1 2J1 Plt .aP3 de ctp|.i 6irdc & .! @icap. 'uLDenE '-ehi"t r'up€ po. oBsBRvATtt -Peilc 2.r' 1 413 1 1) 7 J"06 l.dst-Gro d C{*i6 ttd r!.irrr. b i. 95 | 1.5 llto B 95 E L | | 6. 35 l4 r.$oi.e.6 115 N t?o 150 ".!drdd ihti- 6 drt cr&' rdh T64d 3E!-Ol T6&n 3E1_{.10. REDUCTOaRE STAS 7g16-7r) 22 18 26 2A 'Fr-.

.). Melcii tip ZR I Si ZK 2 preitta usor.melc tiir ZN 2 (cu "::. .2t.4 : 3lJ . L t d!d.._:1"^ aT.YUj-\.idd (!dia lMl-0Ot. de rcctilicat)i 6 .d@ tuIdt d di@|l dft * r .Reductoar€te de tualie nelqte pot rvs sbo. i . t-T[ il ?t 1.13.. ..eelc tii ZK 2 G@eFt c! &e. profl re. OaSBRVATIE.f Cifr.r\ 1l-r .tiliaiu i! ssliuq lormrri F gol)i 4 . rff\ 5 -+i*JLT. Ctasficarea ang.i-' pdb !di6i.r. confcid STAS 2741-68. Penuu r€duct@rc o dist nta diDte de rt : Iuo-ruo mm prc6rrd iniu in s6fiuDeaxi5ri).. notiv drFu dificdt6ri la €r€cuse. @fon STAS 644S3. opLF.m.enajitor mel@tc cjlindiicc Poate 6 fdcutl duPn tipul mdclrui din bgrelaj. Abaterea liDi6 de la npottd de tr&smit€!€ noDinar 6tc :t3%.|. rt +++ 3 er€b .t!{ +fi lt_--T--_ f g lP T fl.ir s+i""ea Dornte pc did. 2. Er rMi-ool.2al&rhd rrd { sJ4iF d dnuFrdirG e dr*ljr.lc .i"r" 5 . R.2.n dcger cmice su Piaht de r.fisff tt ** r! orre !"n' ' 'rY *a + + t + F H+. Redu&orclc ucti:rc o olsra|a dioEc d.6-75 ti uune: Melcul d€ dD ZA (odc arhimedic) o Drofil rcctiliniu io sccliue didt se secutn oe estc fqnc d€s utiliat.i.atifcao Melsl tlp ZN I de Fofl rectiliriu i r-o sectime pepeodicdare pc dic..lc ri. .l. sia lM2{l +i sie 1M:H0I).a dc rcfe Melcd dc tip ZN 2 nu 6te i€co. definjt prin STAS 68.:i: # ti'i iii. arhl@ /-\ dl 19J liF ilc mdr* /r\ a f utiiizat. Fis.. cu-din€-siut1l--e-rctfqo figudi 2. .1-\ dl Fic.n de cuPle situai h lE dh Pozilile prevnate ln tabclul 2..roo.dtnd* PonF.t ftsj dis sar Piar.borilq d.23 fi ub€lul2. .ile liEitd la paralelisul acestcia fa!5 de pldll de rerzd. ZK I {sodri cu sclln dubli @ni.. Abaterile liEitn !t€ in{riDn axei It !i abate.8o tm s qecltd i! l'ei earirlte . Elcilti rioborud.5oooq.I4.

.:dd to Eo Dt4!.' rbtt o 'ltre i |rrqDl) (utl'd)l i lir':t-'o! 4rd& rc .[..".* _ l'* .'] 30o | ?70 l 5m lt .r".i-.+-a rn 4 inpii. t ..ttl 2 ]i DlFdrturrr.= .F.F r!'. f .l.T..-f I ###BOT_TEXT###quot;' *l I 460 il" ' ""1't '""1j r.b.6Eror cte Doid.'. 2ro I l .d.* .td Ddcbr d 'li't'n!' iti!&' r! 5fl'm6' I-10O .' " 1" * l .I tul l-. i.tu 1.ioici -'. f-!--- l* i-*i-- Lrra i"fl.[.l. I l . i il *.drdr.* ""r l. f'.l . rl''" / .i t'..o o ." a. rErndt ' rr e6!. FinclF:.i. ilr pd* d' orP- i . 11ia [.l-. i.

titblF diah€ . . .L i.dmbr Fir.bdEl 2.oanele de FaosEide $i putsile nomilate pettnr rcducloatelemelcateo:lirdric!. 2.dimensiunilesc dau: s.In 216 5@mi' . pr. l : / : r00 .flo mm. Fis.drc.bF dt!ft . Rcdudor m. di. 2. .18.nir. rM3{D1.ria lM3-ool iD figura2.249i trbdul 2. in r.lcat o dLdt m. airt Pr€zeotate rEr'ci-r. R!. too @ si.25!i tab<lul2. R. .*'dd r3*.ria lMl{or iu fsura 2. diG d.\iute de STAS 70X-77. eri.15.25. 1M2_0O1.5d ..26.rc I = rm' T&.16:s. roo.i.26ri trb€lul 217. 2.ldt d . sia lM2'oor i! 6gora Dtmd.

d. DrtrdFr. .h.i cooic la irtrc ri N angoaie citiDdrie ln celelahe r'. NE)UCIOAXE CONICO-CILINDRICE (Errt s dq'd c-tolos I.Pte.G . schena: Simbolizarca rcesto.. ltr cele ce urme.d s€iiau date Drivbd tr|s..gletr.tttuF .r. drlpEd MCci 2.r.3o | 0ro I 0. -1in.doddd m.r.od.8.tlt dllc r25 aol50 63 130 lrool 125l160l 610 | 10?o l16.1? /.DlEd.id. _ DIMENSIUNI PRINCIPALE la t4 Mtz dc u gcn€ral sht clt douil 3au-Eei trepte cu un Reductoorde conio{ilitr&icc r. tur$' nadni a dbor€lui de ittrare fiird '. 1500 rd/mi!. 35 mird.r Td.9o{ 1J0 | 2.30lro. tuEl!4 d l|oaaiL noarirr. Tat lul 2.13 nq. . Acestea se redizeazi cu raPoarlr .?0 131.dddftld n l4 e it. rtc nammitei: i .rpndd g. reductoare (dupi STAS 68a853) se ftcc duPE Ml6 Rlponul Cor. .1500 lovmir.70 D 552 E e520 ?6.1O o. r..ilr . Ncl'tl'r Cldl'lne) L i!!]c d.90 51.ei mi de rru8Dirft .l 2. .?0 OBSRvATIE-Pqbti.5ODm.3o 315 34.40.11. d.i redeaoalele cu doun Fepte.

?.19 d.m ttp 2 CII-N .|.r.&e ioic ai cotric cste executat dio otelui alirte & inbuit4ne' Aryremi lepuiie. 2.t'd. Edlddstdu conio-{:llbdtte tlD 2 CE-N Tab.a+cL iL ittfu.20.. csptte (ns. dantuE 6te itr arc de celc sau iocliMts. L _q 3i !0- i! 4! '.. iar Puterile oomirare h arborere de i re in tabelul 2. rdr.n. Preilc tili 1) @iqF.27 $e alau wiarte codst uctivc: ctt dborele dc i tatc Plh' @ lsd 6au doun cap€tc de cupl$c (fis.lot b Fig. i. cu E s$su €pdt DlEa. rtdllldt e r miHilildlie d.ful 2.l-N: z-o d & ictic pli!! t- 0e qlt 9q q @ rdid6. rn i mdi. Dimemiuoile de gab&it.ld 2. F nr disranf. L n q . Peatru ugere se foloeesc uleiui de ttesdisii aditiEte @ adirivi d. iD clas de F€cizie 7. D. 2. a) si cu arbotclc dc i€ii. Rodle cilindrice $€ deote din otelui aliate de cementde dom-rnolibdeq re. L. tip . de pliodere $i dc cuphft dit datc h tab€ld 2.I. nitru.i@ .tiF rutdtr.ilinitrte Tab.ductoar€le @ distlnla dht e a:e h h€apta cilirdtici pidi Ia 320 mm iDdusiv. T 90 EP 2).cf.tificare i! cla6a de prcctzic 6. .In fisur! 2. €rdcili plesiule rex. 1' Vrnle olt@dive .r9. Allglenaiele ciliDdrice sint o dilti tudi!4i p€!t!u r. 8 s h ia zt pz noElrd. Crrcasele sirt exedtate dir Fc 200. 2.e tubuLt.27.

. dti!&ie (6!.r (rooral.tlt 2. r!r@t.lul 2. r jo: r 5 | t t 4 | 4 | 1t : 5. cu earorie ciliDdri.ei( rl-tr'. OBS.DIMEN(Ei..ck in .tidr..94 @H v!4 ffi ffi r legqd i: | -bu'!d n.21 Vrride it Mh.act ..l.t. ir. .1' o.21.22 c. t- M4dd r... d MoTtmulrcRrur l )LA l'c^ l ?n-A o mut alort ti tFt Txm terG sr mEA l rGA ffi@ @ffi ux2lJ lE:.l . caflcteristicnc accstora ir tabelul 222.snc) c!.v l e 1"..a€ dupd caralog I.oiccroilnut aclio.ar se fle toid. di! Eb.icld ulal{4 6a/R-J3) l*at r GA c h&t. MotMcle elecrrice folosik slDr de u senerd asincooe. Motdlduct@telc sint cu nDoarr. d€ tiarsDitere t: 8.1.nsrdaje cilindrice siDt ina'icat€ in trb€lut 2.. iD dou! sau Fei heDte.5.!rdii.ffi fi- nir.oili !ip!l_de prorectie IP 44.l 1 3 3 l4 r5t r . u I 1..75 I 1 1 l7 r "- .i lu l ''F o .2. si iecriica.i. u gderal sirr fo|@le dirtr-u Dotor el. l0(n ni l50o rot/dir qi co purri DiDe h 30 XW. 5 ''""FT.dl!.aw trir cuplaie cllsde.rtrto ri u rcducror de tustie..t l '' l zz.". ratul a!rcle ctc.e. 3 -bu:o" golne- I @ REt M()rcRULUI (IW] 'I {{ t TREls $ PUTIREA rR .5 | Lr 5 l 5.aora StAlt 6 'do.I2.: C. fli rcrorul 'b scunclr. .iltiik . Td. Eifaar.i s| 6 lz l 2a ?r . Fi.re s tuR . Vrimtcle de Eont i ale motorcductoareror fl .71.t.L mdEdrcbGld 6 UFI . CuDlriea DotorcductG rului (dbwle de i.risirc | 2-bt@ @ lv45l f--f-l ffi GA . -1. MOTONEDUCTOARE SruNI PRINCIPAIE.d. .r nobrdk|lckr F slip. F" | l.F I . Tat. t+ots l z z 1i. i . Ncl'tu! Ctnlrtna) Motdeducr@ele d. CU ANGRENAIiE CILINDRICE ... cu tDratii de 750. l " [t w..

r .tul 2. jar peErtu cle a Fei uePre Dtf. ggbcd'rM.5[500. Errrttrl de ttdsEitqc.5 /l 0 OO-H 05 Motareductot fd.23. !L f! L r52 i !r j ) r29 tn t79 i cu tdlp6 .5 !Wl5$ 54 I \l X\I llllr. l.u flantA Fg.71.lcctric (pro'e. l.25 ti puter€3. & crlctt rt Lgttut F ft mde. trepr. a ..eductot .nduiL in"rabelcie2. . 2I-Ar lt-A rJ zN-rr %1 7K 71.26.25 si 2.2U' 2.23 hic.id m . Di..V05 -rP ciii d dg@r.5.Lri.fi.ul . i_grgJ I J I : *-:)-e -t3 I t'- I I * I -+A t3 Ll. ootare se Gdjct Eerime notoredu.fia 2.mdrime P-A.dsiunjL ___!L !L 2 P -A-1 6 -7 . EPortul de rEGEim rot/ni!. protacfi! ltrotorului IP-q. i.ddotEL tiDuiL G-A.Dororeduclor cu rrej treple' Darim€a R-A. vsiafla de mmt iVo5: elecric 5. rn 2 Fepe' .clun 11. a) t . mro. vdiuta dc doolr.rsretaie citinjrie (6g. i protecti! motorului .24.261. a . 'i_E_[. H 05: 3 R-A. rrlorrul de rr4smitrte 16. i.5 lwrl000 rot/tnit.rdrl ti Ei tlpE d d€@i.Dime$iunile de sebffit !i dc clplare are mtoEductoarelor d . 2. "lEl. t l". 7. tu.Botoreduclor cu douit Lrepre.torului (@trforo tabclelor 2. 1 2 t1 1 0 t1 3 0 I Molo. rroreclia mororului IP_44. 23.21). 2. silt dare ia |dbel'L 2-21s) 2. $b. mororul ele. lP 44 nt r indid) si EiaDra Liedonlli (cooforu t b€ldui 2. d.nt i I.2a) b dou.

fuq r '..l5 l Jfr l 4:}51* .i.rc.ut Dotc.Ir@riutL . :.21 r! d.lc tt r. DfficaoeL .l "r .a| ztzl 3?o -t" rr. iL rrnlt || Lrtt!.lu[..al 2R_a . 33012415l41330120 .t. ?a-ai !I|.t. lrr-& 3N-A.d.t.t.|. | 3os . o &ruF lEEr &. 515 1000 ' -l | a5 l 2a3l 3a7l.T.0-A drl'dlie ll d tFrr. rd lm126513o012414 4 .L Bt .a tF6 qE q &tbrr..t 2s-a drn#+ Td&n 2. ttEdr.rld*rd.d lt@. 3 r? l 4 6 Al t6 l r| { )l 5 t00 *" tl*l:t & tt" B2 t Jm ) 4 5 o t1 4 t 7 | 1 l M l 22 | looo 1165 1317 15.

lul 2. rot !.idr.i.T. C.llT."-^1"* :l--*t-t* t8t 3R....27.dlcrEilc dllnilrc6. rT-a ri ru-A @e tiri ...baj Delst.t. catrtog I.. t5 112 .1".t"l. i.' -]l -^l'l'.'d.l .r. (Etr.A %' la 50 | t+l ll l t6l 3r-A 3401q 63 | ".l. iIOTOnE)DCTOARB CIPALB.:fi'. Fcepl.l3. de in$sc fiird cu ss'@i cili!&ic.ptun DIMENSIUNI PRIN- ctDptr._l.t r. Cdacldisticile dc bazi ale acEtor motorcduciosre sint dstc i! hb.M 2a it Fl'rdt DimdriuntL .l - .ld 5 5 54 .n tarr.-. T. .) Motorcduct@rclc cilind. tR-A.rttE! dobErbtul.1-l.o-rdclcatc dc uz gelrctar drt cu doun tlcpte de reducere. -.].E 2..tst. tt-i I '"...l6c 1 ll 55 56 7$ 5?1 612 2t u ll .tah. N. urd.!'re b EI hr& -|'.6@pra r dou o a!8r.s d{pi CILINDRO-MEICATE.

TMtt 2.6 r-_l t8 o.?s .n 1:ob.oo l rom 12 25 t25 LZ5 I.khure) {di@) I o.t t 2-27 |cc.

orr- -. tbl -1 r25 o.b.diwr4 227 (tu^N.72 1 2..r7 ono oFo 25 -32loaoitom fll .-r5m "-tI I on3 o'as I i r5!o I5{o ** r w tr-.) 1500 .Td.U T. 3.hd +t t5 . dNb b n'd (urot 29 .27 (.51 o.* t____:=--1 t6 o. - 1000 25 _--T - rio"ai-"*.o* I l .*-l---zl 1'?5 1 -*.

l. I! ordie o.1 . cu trspta citiDatrici dispusn venical.drdo!ftror c bdF-EdEr.: t: hpd M2llM . varialtele de motrtai siqr hdicate td rabelul 2.e axe la tr€pta melcatt).Motoleduct@.ele cilindro-mel@re se rcrti?szn cu oftl sau doun capere de oplm la ictie.28. pozifia alei treprci cilinldce (H . puter€e d ruElia notorutui electtic.3 7 l 1 5 0 0 T t 1 0 PP!NDEREAPRIN FLAN'A IF) otlsm!.63x 80 x 0 .37 twl500 rot/oiD. corforE STAS 6S4S-63.mitor€ducro! o doui tlept€. r I poritiit. peDtrr $otoleductoarcl€ cu tslpd ri h Ebelul 2-3O pentru Eotoleducro€rete cu faE n. Erentlr Ae not6e: . de f{are f de cuplare lnDr darc in rab€lul 2. cu i@pta de bazi (nebt4 j:80.rbr. DiheDsivdte de sabdit. 6. PR IN D ER EAPR !N TAL PAl T) .cuie a hotorurui eletric Gxorectia Ip aa Du se loerfim€azn) nodul dc fixare $ pozitia selor. sprhde Nmirul dc tepte (2).r. .rc aoror. niriEer Feptei dc bazn (disrar4a didi. pozili2 ddor de cwtlE o: M 2V M Vsira & oon(. V -rerrrcrh) pEciarca cn Eeapta a doua este Delcati (M).ea motoeducroedo! cilirdteb€lcate (M).otal de r.lDitcie cu Dotor de 0. d talp4 modur dc tuarc I.. SiEboliza.nrali.or.. rfbr siD5. vdiota de s. cu distants diatre ue 63 m!r. mportut. Epomn tutal de rrarsmitele.

ti.2t0o 22BA) 23tU 3 64.Ll Dlld.ltbrl F!tu iITI|M.drcto&. 12 5A 28 50 w 02 2& 5a 5a i33 3q3 a2 a 82 9 z) t2 49fr 25 tq' a &t 223 &2/t022 t25f550 2e5 232 23 2t2 224 t8 22 a 215 22t a 6 6{ct 1E. td r.30 dora I ao .Td.tt .25/550 z. & !$Itt 6tuibcrG ri r.5@ 37 .iuiL & !ab.ni&Eddt ld.tt l 229 Dl-6. GI2V}i-D s 2.'h M'III^-F nf.b o lr&a Td. tnlGr.2 132tt2 .T (M/|M-T) .M/D>N at) 182 225 t32 223 295 295 24 205 275 zo 230 t:]2 156 2m t30 225 525 125 2t2 102 212 .L.!&&I D.lGiI.

dtris'brb ta obose.6osims d $u modulul dsttuii z $ remP€rarua de revetue Grosrmcs se ia'$ cocid.tir: (3.J i! al doilea Laz -e*. deli urilizara lor p€ ro rcfi djnidcn.p.8D A KCU) (do. resFctiv 16 Ds (rx-nt'u OLC 45)' oidulele -![axime uriliz fiiDd de 5. materiale.r. 4 dcosebne. d. pnmui caz' * i! in cGideratie srcsimq :einifabri@rului lami@t MU foriat. faci. nd. i8 MC lo ri li CN 30. av'hd HRC-r.E.olel u PUr. Asrfel la strarui cdburate la otelui nc. 'aloare€ 6"r : 2.35 0.ct' o. uoc otelui aoere. OLC 55r precM si o!. de cooLacr.1 se indici -\i duritatilr pcibile de obljour h beere.luile slab arirte d Mtr (r5 M I7). > '10 esre (3.l.roril. se recoMdE olcluile rab€lul 3. i! fuictie d. Cnelurile'dbon * folo6esc. poate fi utilizrt * l1nttudn utitzaiee Cr-Mo).. d-D d.2 sbt Drezentale v.4> . larBi d.tunci cird seEifabri€(ul de srosimi de @ mum l0 mm la qre se pot (periro OLC 5t.Mo ie pret@n.eoGdaorur.lorile did piecu si ale caiactoisticilor . C{-Ni sau Cr-Ni-Mo.-bd se foloiesc oleiuite de iDbuDiolne dirre se oleluilc @boo o q4' 0.i orelurila de Ditrurs!€ destinare Gbricariei de . G-Mo. de experienF l(:uutati dio Ltstu TibjDd seama de irdieriile din irE mastrn. ahe duited in tu(1ie de dimeruiunile 9i cooditjle de te\e' nire. Orelu il.a^l ciDd se f.trciale dio ca's puremicei rddirtc de 6sude la rdciree a iet de rPa. de ereu (fucriol]t resiE de luclu do*bii ln ora ooasFa se uriliza. d< 12-16 o. pe scar5 lalse! oteluiltEeatiate cu o.ce intii 'robbi:tarirea li aPd se.r HRC.ste cargadisticile oceoie ninine ale olelurilor d. MATERIALE UTILIZATE PENTRU EXECUTIA ROITLOR DINTATE 3. Rrneotare a{es'ea Lpsr dttelor siot oreatarc in tabelul 1.i !u se pl6cri. Cr (4o C lo). simplB iEbutildtite. i.C ri olelulile cu 0.l.D(ru olclurile lendure in irare inburlar. Cr-Ni o eldruala cianurure:oleluile G-N. .1. mare cflibiliratc si 35 MS 12 dc cetbilitatc mar rcdusa.4e. Io Drimul ..a a saidern calbilitdlii dc .xceF!i.5.fia: 6'* : r'8 HRC Aviod i! vede.le corstructoare de nabi crest€.t) V. ninitr oreturi de lJDbuita&i co orm SIAS 88066 ti STAS 791-f.r 'n $i ceLtr.o.Ia roU diDlate cu Dodu..eal olcluilor produ* d. o c2nibilitateEre (41 MoC ll.2 sior determimie pe epruverede 25 mm (pennu @aded$rcite stedudizat() (co )i ep uveLenckde cJ dirmanul de l0 tm PeDttu cle de oboseala si d J.|tir. '/lO BC lO.r HRC. 'ld ce pris. Cr-Mo (J3 MoC ll./ nd siit ildi@te Pstru C)lhc suoe.4i MoC il). u @acter resuis. Prop e6!'1.< 'lo' ar. s . o. de Divclul cdit tiv iD contitrun de uin.lortta(@ omu' DsiDe de 2rF12 oE).rare.zistertn eie oreldlilo' se4 ca ulM. aprosp€ dcloc Cr-Ni-M. ru M!. u 'rabda'dc ri ci oklul D@te 6 uaDr si l. pre{un ri de krdioFle Dode6.luitor otelurilor dc Ditluare fabriate iD len (38 MoCA 09).MC 12. Ct-Mo' Cj-Ni se utiliz(zi uneori aDLcirdu-se o c{ire suDerfici.3) la sratlr! @buate -si citite la o!€lui . resDectiv 8 ms lo e prn qtr otelur e aMte. ln uftiDn aoi a '6ceput asimilarc{ oreluilor {20 '|t{oN 35) $t C{-Ni-Mo (18 MoCN 06. |l ste elcr. Oleluri.lalE.d imbuiatipe. Rolilr dinrarese pot cxe(uts dios{ Sami foan.toDietc (sGimi trExiD.e superfcial l. r!re.&i!H mup. ' lo Lua noestn.1.1. coor. o ldq:r rtlpiDdirc au cirp:iratoleluile Cj-MD-Ti (21 -fMC L1 2A olduile TMC 12) si c-r-]\. siderurgiatoDaDdci. ah neE or ct @nfib oich. mdrci dc orelui narer dive$ittt.' @ modulul stuoci ci.1. r. sisreiutjce.dRELOR 3.ie im@re uti&*e -irlNitod.t) 6d : O24 IlB' iar pedtru srratuile c5li. ale @acloisticilor me@oiR al. odari o aefleree Itosimii rmodululu'r. HRC > 40 o rel. sub 40 HRC) poat.e @ duritate3 in stde iobbataliL.liare su tlab ari .mic iD. iir rrueltl 3.oti dblarc o la rcmpenrun piDn b 2oo-25{rq.C AP I TOLUI- 3 MATERIAIE FOLOSITB IN CONSTRUCTIA REDUCTO.4-'{Fg. De eDcDe inlo@ito! al o!.di! tsbetul 3. uor h ubelul ]. DAi disra rodhra red@d rurotuului d.d oleturile 4l MoC ll ri 40 BC l0 d. i2r la ele aliete o G-rUo.-cr. mi rd Cr-Ni (41 CN l2).e(cu du.6 (dc!.6 .Ie obosqld o6uodddi2re iabelul J. C (oLC 45.-!.61. 18 MoCN l})dc sp€ci"linte. In c onvsre n"h teNue.. 2l MoMC 12) ur iziri rc$riM '!iDd Ni-Mo 15 C 08.45oo C slab aliai.onPlcx aliaE cind HRC'k od : 3.b-Mo iI5 M. .it cl|Io ar fi: otilul cu bor (4o BC lo)J olelul narcr 16 M l? la fabriqlia de roli di!!ate) ti oldut J5 MS 12 (@. Olelurile d@liate $i cele aliare cu Cd. sc dn id rabdul . c-r. O sirlalie s." 45 M 16 ((ff se prct@i maj bile de. din sradedizate in domdui olelwilor penFu roli diEFte. *t.1.4 Rczisr.DF la obo*ala d. resp€dv moddle a6t@ au c ibdiliLti a. o.lculati li ru rel.xecult duPi Ldrerradsnruru.

ot-eor .*?''f olerur fh'i"f1. .4--€ b/r).rc aild ri sd$L rdnd' h. vn.1'ta:*1". lrd 3P€F 12 tr'lt -tr lltr-r> Ps@ d tocJ c@tidc 6ri.'"ot"-"1. ffi . Idii (' . 5-lfn.'i nure f3. eiez.is' .u risi bliciot 3p4itc.ii .tilie & tuqiodG lad * frtci@ rotrd odrn@!ue'!d'&G tui. iri^ c! b'9q5j crr 4ti or 5or c l0 i M-r6i .tc Dilocii ri dci M.P{'ne vita Pdifdic' n/s)r pE.r Ek' tu <-5 6/3).:'.derec6lrjluturi! 'a'bo! flffi.1. !<ddia isi tlc 6iF rpd- 9i PG (vn."lgff .:.3-12 Gr. srudE d.diu oli.t2 dh). ffiffiffi'#ffi'*ffi r..tif'rie FUdm Fd..l}ti+xr*'gt*g .l:*ti.. . p€iui tp.#3Rffif{dj'{fJd. vit.a r" "."hr""'s:1:-:. .il l*.i"iJ.r.ed.. 6c fd. .-5) bb"'ndi.c' . !!c!iui 3p6i6d vi14 PEiui Mc.'.':if'H H"l'*H".*". M.. . P..'ft.ffiT#n'ffiF$}ffiil HRC 1r5 l5ol (3.f-':d.5 ri"'ii^tal"G'""i'.#t *trrffiffi ffi s5 lro iar la $Etui ddEat. diittt" (.nr *td shb rctkiFk.A.''6oe m*edac6 .*3ifg"i:ffi?.i*Xr""'l.hu blud?j r' .'. c:lboqitruate Rmd mclcrd - pcbB - p6@ vt@ vn a (eu nrri c.:*:iif:HHTS:i: 11"'J"Tl-ifiH#i:'es!:r#'i'trfl 4::.S'fl""'..lu.Fsd qrbon 4 ..itffi J"AH"?".S1S.ri:c {ol-c Jt i olc Hnct '5itJ old 4M'o s L (..:"r?:11"1 S'"W ".5_iia ti wHsffi:1ffi?+ffi .*.z.z diro.-fi.X"?:tr"TSHffi.{#*#trH"trffi".*f*:*.{t"g:trf". 6tu.d' i e $ nftruatc o'r : 2'8 IiRC' Sr"i'i.".:u"#'**J'u"3'"::'#i 3s*ifi .iok.t"* "#""."i-i P' ac6tr aditr.

-:?E!i-s:l!'*"-*.ci6e bid j o 3 rm loc sls-B_rolio6t .:""..h?..li dbon obid&E d or5--{"% 6f'-ri.

Mult urili4t cste olclul 4l MoC ll (iEbunftngt iD Dr.r3. 1 _ .t id sD6id De.trt-mdule . Culcterilticne mecalie p. . loare oreluile dc iDbEnld$e si..lte. d. acoarc snot bisto6@i.cieLdc . a< r< 20 4 0 < d < I0 0 j 2 0 < '< 300 . C. MatetiaLlc nef. @E {poi Prio carn.t ri.8).te silt indicate io tab.riere cus a' 6: nkhelul. fol()6e iD sDeirl e mterirl de antif. obGala de in@ in shrul $pe!6cirr. s.i . Dofilnid.ic. P6t!u tnlocuirea m€talelor se foloscsc ir ultimul 3.omce duPd recorFoor. siff prezcrt te in rabclul 3.r . rori d.adcrisricitc niradce ni oc .l. Cind sc ctr mndi:rii dc sile. t5 lrl . Ealcabile perlirjce rtabelul 3. IE aos.lit se ililiz.t . M. crooul.i ri rd.E*ntui dit tea.oiere 6 umlrc a tcsiuild Cdn.lrt picfeEr.a loorei' iD\i poarc fi ntuirn ti piiD eldenre de. dc oDpBiuc \..lul J. i! osEuclq coe sc obriic o duiretc de l4{i-3oo H3 si o lMe rezistebtd la tracdur.roa€ se folosec la aEgretajele lnel@te. dc E0-loo"C ri in @Ddilii in @a lipsetrc uojAdit<i Dot fi ut]liz. cd*ii supcrficide es'c ibbunlntitca aPli@rn duPn orclus{dlc dc dcsr$eri.1 .ilor. spe eu ulci.tl io STAS 60G?4 si STAS 1?7!7d. Pot folci folt le .6sii o6is'ujr cu cm6t latrtdar. k rabndo rodlor di4arc slab solicitatc.Ot. Pdtru rorile diDtsle cu modolut t < 3 la 180-200"C). naaryilo! de 55.lK. h ftlcd. l6tI' @r.ictiue l. d..le broizurilot reco@Ddate p€ntru elecuCa rotilor mel€tc sinr indicate iu tabclul 3. sinl D.z)' D' asueia. schiE! 3.10. cu Eichelul sau o ambelc . P'iDcipalclc ca$ctcrttici Ec. DrcDner.@oandate pertru croq! de Broozuilc d stdiu sttr'rccomandat€ pdttu vit.z.Fu roar.tc olelulilor ruMte. rezin. molibdenul' Fcnuu inbit'm..re l| t. otclul OLC 45 (c{il tr ul.tsE iic 5TA5-568-75 siDt daie tui tlbclul 3.d si Drin rsocidq Nlibdcuului o comul. ti iqi nodmce dioeisiunile td urna absorbti. adausid itr $oDul realiz&ii uor Dnpri.azn artiLiciiuc rolilor 6elc. . n {doG. 16< d< 4t.i Dri! inducric aue I! o duritarc .5 s @ui olel fttntlq ca'e modulclc iolilor decutste diD foDri du+i. alulecuc qi preiui @lruct iaici B. mclqla. Preilol 'b.tiottarc svdc !.D hduade sau cu flacnri. .rlilc d. 3.l.lc cu sr.4. cdentale cu Doubdd au @ rqai bud celibilit rc io 6trat (o se dedtinc ridi.re au proPrietiti de ulor' suD6i@e..9).iabil) cu driritates iut'c 54 ei 60 HRC. FoDte. si b clc$.DlE E8!e t coroziue +i 3e tt. a sFatuiui ondc Cltibjliiar€'Eur.lul c@tue iltre 0.incipate .3 ri q7% C Trarffinhn icrDic oDtib aDterio.e.r Drir indwric :3u cu Aacarn @Ddue la o dsilar.2. funcrioeazi ra.dulorde anoniz€R. qsdr Dr. id ueori dr maoSad ti nichcl.zisrentala uum a flar(urilor diltilo! depide ia mde mdsurede tttucru.aaice ate foEtelor c!. co-otirurul de-carbon db sr'!t ritbuic sl te medriDut b limidc q8--o'9%. utilizabn. sau footel. uri d.60 hRc.i adaos de ter. rl 1 d <1 6 @ j r <3 'r n r20-tm lt50-tml rr | 5 .lecordpuddtoec hotc.i d.tlti ti ttr bi.6. dno materiareh Dlasria dc tiDol lcnolirului. suP<rfrciali dc hinimu 50. itse P@1ru lilrze aici sau Ecdii ile alulrecac.arilc . R.t rd.1.gri c&.l.rR rczistcDlci l.61 HRC ' ComDozitia chi$ic{ a ordulilq irdic. !o&a (d) ta (t) ti rdlEailF -odorEr 5 !. cind ot. MAterialc 4sctdtc.7' L secral sc foloo€tte Fc 250 la tapt p€rtt! &e rezistmre ddlciDii ditrclui estc juEntatc din c.tc.utii !ar. Sc fol66c lo gderal broDtui c.1.vrte PeDtlu ifirea Dti. rcmatrenr.oozulile s aluidu s.. Fostele 6int folositc la a!8Emic o fucriooar. rotilor dinlar..l6. Bron. rocuilot cu o buud rezisrenll se folos6c foDrelc cu safi li'dulai (labelur 3. Iisnofolului polie$e.

r.4 aE. Pria adaos de snfit sru bisdturn dc molibdeD se imbuDiirils proprietElile de antifli4iune.i@e o rcli dirFtc db otelud Rotile dintare elecutatc diD t rtolir s?u lig. tr-b .lm oFdd t ! t t l d."- tucor*d'6& |furi . |l@c t chjlc louFl 66re .ll silr orezeDtate DrinciD.t plartic E na'siDea roF s.b dqt fdbld sTAs .. r. l.sc intre.auC rrB 63.t .reh c{Ecteristi.. Dlastice utiliate l. .otd.te elnhc .1.€'re C6cci.1".6Ecbi. se urilizeaze polandda calc are rei$entd Inate la tocuri.q. | m I ffi" t ". ra MocN tt 16 CNlt l0. ^.aicealc unor nlteriale mtfur airpte su io oDsEuclia dc natioi iD sereral.prEci de.l .rd.i meca.d4ld Pth.rr.itoi..""l "l "l .ll L I lc"btu 50-60 ra Mc ro. I-i. Fc xto t% . * ."a.a atlvr" 13. .d*.r l. l5ol53 - | 33 lrln3 2ro-50 | 56 | 6A | 60 5a | 60 | 50 z!ro-2al oESBRVATIB:nd-@G db{ (f|!t aftdi&)+crric+mic d arbuliad + dli€ + ffiia ia{- r. CB5MoO{C) obsti. Rotne diitale diD renolit sau ligDofol se D.. oboF.tsid'iui cresrd din plici fixat€ cu tulubui $u Eituite' cupri.@re. R.tiEs mrilor dir psrru e qcludc dct€dr@ otd ssu fonta se alese @i Dffe deit a rcrilor oemrrli.L c.t. f. I n cf5Mr.tati. ot ru o! br. Ei.!'d "-t'-1"'-t". . 5 CliNr 10 dc qrclr) (d.) - c- I I d:j-. cN 30. o.: l! dli FrDtct e. 15 MoMC l2j 2r TMc 12j 56---60 2r InoMC r2i 23 TMC 12 ta-{j.0 : .& s ddd! .rLd . oFrunor 115-125 | | .ofol pot ugtlD dc inbu[atitne cu durirnli pirn h 250 HB sau o ro$ dir fo a. . elasticitate Darc' coelicieni de frese ldlur. - 5.ltflt ol-c roj or-c lri 15 c 6.Lt!c n. .l cr3o $r r..ltrc 4 & otu "*". lD clnr uror vrteze nran oc arue€c tt ro cazur lulcFooair m Defl PEefDrc earesive.ia. (ATAS iqii la ubelut 3.t ot luilor | *.

..are dirncosiui reduse. Pdn i ** ':Mq I | *'* effi I t I r. l! ctzul arborilor put@ic $Ucitati h @e rint rcce. pr€flIl ti po6ibni.c'rG $iu dh orelud tumale (e€zi tab€lele 36 ti 39) dh fo.igiditzt€ este doDitEt. se execut! iD speciar db fotrtn $eu otd tuDat p!i! tul1ue dia forti dc rezistoF medi€ Fc r50.jfi". rezistdti Dai meie a fi$uilor ierea se pot rupue uui tratam€lt de d.etd.tut 3.irifi.'--: l f f i l "t=Pt rii..d. clon-dcbel cit ii orelui ('oE-marlgln ca: . OLC 60.12.7). supuse tlatal:renhtlui de iEbrttitire. PM"5n3 | p | 32 : In pndrd s to.iriloi de a Frca f durifcara fu sd6al arborn @c Du se riateazl temic se er€snI dh otelEi crrbon obisuir: O! 50. OLC 45. (sTAs 3-9 569-70) t-.k dc idlri sistatt .1a.40 CN rA 35 CN 15.rte iDdte fl cei putdtric $olicitai s secu6 ditr otelui de ceBentee de tipul OLC m. 15 C 07.@selor !c ermtl Fc 2m. Mrtcdrreh dc bdn p6tiu sbori si.2). &toEid faptufui ci citedul de ..bd.4. 36 t 33.6i6 . Fc 25O (wi t belul 3.Tob. elasticitare !oaF. . MAIERIATT UIILIZIITE PENTRU reCUTIA CARCASELON Grcasle. OL 70 TSTAS 5(xF?8) a clrq eractdistici pritrcigale sibr d.r troddr (STAA gtl-tt ctq f "5?= f i i f f i| .t0 C 10. de@ MATERIALE ftdn s&L UTILIZ.arc sup.rncAlii p. 2r TMC 12 erc./\TB PENTRU E:XECUTTA ARB()IIIII)R '2. coofo tr STAS 880-66 (tab€lul 3. * fotos€scoleluri aliate e (:.u iur4ii lualte ii fo.kl Tab.Lr..a Pdn tr." v ss 'iT lffil sd6.si iliate. I[ caz'n uor slicit ri pulemice carcasele se s.r c fte cu @€nfi de i!"Itn ftecvetr€. OL 60.L xd tr@rt fdt lor 6d.- r. 66ele @ddirrd l ..l E .E . Arbgrn pot. B Cr{ 35. darorftn r€zi$errci Si modulului d. PeEtlu dborii o o capacirlte pot tr folcire ofelodle @b@ de @litit€ OLC 35. 13 CN 45. Cnacterisiicile me€nice prircipalc siot atate i! rabelul 3.t ogduilc carbo.--- d|lffiE l"-"E"-t". Pcntru. | . 28 TMC 12 etc..L f@t Ic o i^*tl l.r.l!. Maiorjtatea c.te h tabclul 3.

.' -- |rdtn e.)m.rc rritdr.: -.Eltidr. ndlici @tifi.ld c@dr tu rd d!4.o.@ dG r.i | c" s" e z" l(e6znT) 2 I a ob*mri.r'. . @" 12 T\ * " " t" ^" h" 1l "--:-.6. dt" .t.C..h fom.hrn ..c.r "i' --amae TCldt in foo. o6litdc dj.|itr Ddnt d rtcind .r.r.@ri6ain: F-lrrd i.!! N-trlld. +ta. c- 3? .r.!. siDh. lrc_ it*. da6 STAS 19?-64. r'6 dn@ t@3d.L r. E.ts.

- ita-'i' e'. -ri e-e-l@ n *ix6 i.L oFrrdrc eE jlryLl:lllrl9g _-| I oL 32 lb (4 (6) (6) (6) (6) a l Ij l (5) oL 52 t 1 6 t2 oi"*si.rsre Prr'.r .d.* For difl' F Educ d ri6@ di" stls d' lj* 20 N/@a 5m/'-73' tz d'N/bs) .rFr.dr.L dn.

'Jffi"-'.mparari.m. cu cererurnate.-'forme rocfle sinple (ln @zul Prod(gd se -":ec.?4'o: iuric leTe' de <oordorigrc dEeridc li?..l-"r".'ai.LsLs:*1"..5 | !'l -sli.i@'r@rsi*tic* 31 .. lHii coBpredu. 6 -ra rle -! a . om mr')i d' scrie ft Nbaie .t .aie -"d.ffi8.r2.L:'ff1. : a l 1 * l 6+ ai .Y ru ff. slab ut are)i -din 'lcrtot produ(Ii'.t-r.r?.. .'lib ro-ri ."r | 6t-a.s r{.dc s'ri' rnice' oDsrrucsc s'ritl lr fr cxedtatc pot carca!'l' .Iir"Nln-'! ls4 r I c".n It e .li motfloul' "..ti PcDtru miqors'r G cazul productici n dividuar' sru. !u siot ls obosearn r" reraFle s.d.To*hlj*rt'l** pentru cdcure predinensionarr ohurc apreoxiEse '** -i su rclaF rmelm admisitni di! tabelul313 car('er{ttq11: cu in Labelde irdicar€ '*Ii"iuri."i. .V gr'utlgr ctl..ffi **"_.. o.de 'roduaia MEiF'. . ' e". irme e 0s T"'-T"i"l" Crnslruclile sdare au o qPaotat' de amoit Tcfr& gss 0J .rd I Rui'@lr & ruP.ra.'i 9qt a" crecnor c'lcure aprodmarive'se Pot rob$ -'.: HfrT%ffi"'sxl.fifiiu exteiiMla $i iDterioart s€ Poate ruc J" c"*iii'r d.'dc Flbarir.4.i.i * E. '*i"tolele ^#it*.-*t. 7o!E ADMISIBIIE 3.6 I t2JiF I 10-15 | z\-t" | l.lffiaffi":F. nEZISTENTE tjvc se Ki.i.r5 *#sffi "g*"ffi#ili:r"_*.b.

dr6idd l.n 6d 6-\: oA 6 .22.6r ilil€dE .r5)6.6 .l.o..<to 5A < at <7O | l"'@@d* Rhdc | d .ojo) .45)'.gi '.M.(0._ l ..09 c-r " ( r r ..ol..j r ( 0 .(o.o.0r5 (R.0.irsrbril..brii 3d.r| €itt{t. vrlod t' Scdiua EiniE pdEu ... o{ierbd *tiuG - (o.t rHtu d..?.r r ....t'..o .7 c I .) | (R..t tli oDdc l @..1t.Tatekl 3-15 R.".3)dr I r_r' .dDrdur. obo*.Ll ls|trtc I $ffiic 0'6 d{ 6.1 5 ) c_ 1 (0'r. latiua I. . dJbcn pdd st'l'd drtlt!trshidrtr..0..e ) c.d'i't d' i"'6tt h flaF r' R . o_r : {o5.!br tEfr td d 6 r. .!.. .' r .. r4!E k B.bEtm r. r-! ":a::::!:- .( o .r.r: o.: 6-r:(q35..6 ItItfu oFbn d.i ntE . l !.0 J3 ) d_n .. I 6_r.

DATE DE PROIECTARE PENTRU REDUCTOARE
4.I. DIMENSIUNI

SI ORGANE OOMPONENTE

CONSTRUCTIVE

prciecdrii reducloalelor ca roti cilindric€ !i corice
Did€lsiunile co$riucrive leede
sint ilatc ir figurile 4.1 . . - 4.4 si rabeld 4.1. De neotiolst cn h reducto{rele .tr doun
trepie sc sleg de obicei roli ori ingoste la ptinr t!@ptn Ar - (Op. . . O,4) ,4r tr rcF

Fia. ,!3

D&

@fui*

ldEu

Ed!e.

d

di.F.

dli!dd..

d

do!.l hpt.,

-ti
FiA. 4.r- Dn.

6chcriv.

|,s. 4.2. Dd._-sNhdr.

p.trh

r*rud

p.oh

redlmr

@ sd

dinlae

cili!.lic

d

o Eaprr-

fc:
o

r.d dirtJr. ode

N o reprJ,

a.4

DG

l]l]l)stl@nt

rcddc
ri:t
6
D.ad
@pE
a U-: B Eii

(rapb
dod trqE
dinFr. ctin&ic.).

I d

rcti

dinptc

tat lut 4.2
Dload{rt

Ditut

6 ei ,r

i l-rrirer

tic la rdb

iL

@!*t!diy.

di4.r!

h

rduddt

Al.s€

lor

pdd
a
15 @;
re(tiffi
lui
4:10
(F dcsp fimco. de ptdz.
s. il tui |lr*
dc de&rje ri Dofri
. r.drdulnt

!.der.

butucurui rcNd dEt E

S.
(a

p.
&Gmibi
bur
l4inii
€rd4.
Y!,r)
ti b eocric d. @GEuclia reUi

-

dia
d. dimdui
etqdn
Sc rles. nDqi
e:rci rpEie
dl4rrl
d. Nlhdii
rEh
rulb&ti
d. 3.in E ilos.

i
;

t

DtsbF

rnft

Dcbt
redc

-;-r-r
odid

Dirdtr

inle

rctl]e

Di@t
!i@d

rhoFtui

lrglreL

d

puctl.
elsid

i!€
i!

d. li o.s@L
h tucrd
it
d. b
a @i

F

hrc rcDle dinF. ti
a,t a@.i
rdu@dli

ltuaina
rboElui
(vcl6n
zd
nrd
Ditul!
drdclui

mo@.

drlltc

&
M

in!trni
h
..ducd!u

Ml!

-

ro. . . 15 bfi.

A > 12

/

d. 6rhoriLr)

er@

.

-

t,

md.

(25 . ..,

Rdrld

pii!

Sint

5 d.

.1, 8d.

y.LbiL

i.diedn

es6a

d .*.

FEbrli

coelor dG

ijfDrc

i!

fisud.

.1.

b&gids

iF

m€sn b€lclor a
lm ro dd
l:5...10
P.tu
.lr. Bituc
llci dn b{ir aderuIui.
d. ol]!@d,
d. urec
c n rLgE ia fu'qn
3iffilui
.ls Cn E di.r r' = ro-. 15 m)
dc qDrtucti.

ftrr.In

S. .t*F

epaofti

ri

Dituta d. ta .I@tul
rorfto! Dng b
qprdn hgtrului dh *dsi
pn4ii dir uboE
Lugine
rqzn .Iddtul
& r4i@

p. €rc e M-

rb.
4 @d. d e dib.rd
L: Q.2-r9
GI!i. S. .lcgc in fi.4i. d. runsim po.tiuii
-.ir.

Dnhla

dc l.

DhhF

lnr.

dplij

rciil.

tr eplcrl

bslrului

.

pd.i

ffi

nirii

sF

ri d. Fsi-

di.t @ 9i rbqi
S.

p.

'!

Sc .lcgc nmcri. .re ripul oakidli

d.@bi

p.

t@

d&lor

din

plrr.L

& ilerrtui

itr fucF.

d. .arbtul

d. bnrflitee

N.narul d. tuc.putui ,l

mi lere l. uepr. a dou & . (oJ . . . 0.5),4. A@sra in spe(irl la redudoarele cu
doun Eepre o dou dc aorcrfice" la we At
Ait (ve,i 69. 2.4) i la cde psr.u
a dour, o solude ijmpln este tbrr(ea
Earsmiterea mome.nrlui mai oare de h lispu
B A se neDtile ,cel.si la roare
lifini
rcCq ac.iei trepre. Gleodatn raponul *'
Feplele de twtir
al€ redudoruld ('6deosebi le tipuile de redudoue cu uei aae geoneirict;. roru
aDsrenaicEelcatr date coostructivedupa LM.M. Clrnpira se dau tn
_
b osenaie Delete bumin de inc.putui ale melelui * ia coBform rabdului 4 2
Valori nari se iau pe'ltlu Fa.smiaii de putete. Nu s r<ot'uda EL > 4. NuEerul de
ilc.purEi
zr * po.te alege ii ia tunclie de Domnrur de dinfi !i lotn nelcate:
anSrenaie cine4.rice au{i{.
de pursi Dici (P
20 CP)
z\ : I zz: 30- 50
z. : I zz: 50- 70
I dc purdi ndi (P > m CP)
2\ - 4 z, : 200- 3oo
sp.ci2lc d. rctioiae
- ocerisEe
(ms de @ritri-u.ltc
ctc.)
coNtrucfiz de autoDobile
,1 : 4.--{ (nax 9)
-io
ln tab€ht 4.3 sc dau valdile z, nr tun4ie de n", q ;i A, iod daatua loFi melcate
pot fi
6rc t:ri depla6€resau cu d.pl$ere Diainn ti sr:
I .,. a. Valorilc lui s:a
-

.rtc

di,ffir

llEldrd

al6c dupn tabclul4.4. Cu oc*.re
valcii q, dcate qi ligiditatea melcuhi. Gam, de nodrilc
n.:5-..r2*apt;ce
h D.lcn p..eazuF o .leai p€ntru asmblarca pe arbore s.u
la rorilc Ed@te o u nlonr t're d. dinti. Mnri.ea %lorn a Btc limitatid. deoare.e
sodi tddmtul,
ci6,re vnezr Fiifcrici
ti ere"t"t a
t.b€lul
Rclafia p€lEu @lalut diamcdului de ei.f dc strunine -8r";jut"i.
s dt ln tabelut 4.5,
pa4ii fletate a Eelcului h tabelul 4.7.-si
4.6 ir @ FoEu @rcuh lusibn
IAfimea rcF melete B (pl&ra 38) s desc itr funqie d. diametll1l ce'cului de virf
al melcului, asd.l:
- p€rEu z1 < 3, a < 0,7 Der
per.ru 4r :4
B < 0,67 D"l
ifi D6ln
ozuile
Mehiul .Icei de refe.iDta po.re fi luat di!
cele bai frc(ve.le
tabetur 4.6. In ezur ploiecririi uac argrenaje rDel@te cu aurof,Gare. u.shiul 0o
Febuie ales aploximati! d. dout ori rui mic deit @ghiul de frecare p drt i. hbelul 4.8.
Argrenaiele nclete cilirdrie N leadre de olutreqc aiDl cu autolilnare peDtru 00 t 6",
i{ la henrc o rulmeDri |Etru 0" + 4'30'.
h pE4etc + pine Ia':.r * du dive,* erople de redu.roare cu rofi cifildricc,
(uie
ri ru guub belc de u a6e'al su ru desdMrie speliah (consrrucF Da!€j.,
Eetatugice) irdustrie aliDdt rn, irdustri. chimicn); esemple de boor.j se d.u ib pLaDsde l@ si ll0.

V.ld

(2) I

al

. a ii ,! L fr4tt

i.d,

(4 l

5l

I

15) I 4 l

.t

I

(e)

o.) 116 | O3) |

I

20

t.

,') |
tro I

r Dl e l(rD I e l :r) |

3l

3 I!

cr) |

t2

$

n

5l

12

,o

1\t
tl

ltt

4

t2

lol
51

71

5l

u

tt

tlr

5l

7l
72
79

75

a

72

62

tvt

r) vrtodrr , llnt iodiori€

* * .€ter tr disrF

ift

e

p.l@

r.dtu

d. |lnln

(dtorE

sTAs 61155-6€)'

T.b.hl
V.lodle

r. Ccio@b
2. Co.6ci.niul

diec6.ri
diusl

co.6.rEt!lu

$bliliati
13 l*
4

q tn farcti.

slnt d. I'Ef...r'
d6riM
d.lciLdr

o

u

d. r!

lnc.pr

Tat ti
DI.o

&Dt & .tutl*
ir 6's$e
D.reb

Didjlst

t Zr

{i rc ntotrim

di.:

.tc@t

lfllcrpirs

46

€Ie melcul{i

.

4s

6 ,5

.t Ein
d. zr

eg 21

4.2. DIMENSIUNI

LINIARE

NOR-}iALE

(E:tras

STAS Zl-75)

STAS ?2-75 stabilente s'ruile de diE@inni liniee nolmde de u seeal (didetre,
luqioi, rdldmi etc.) ln jlkre|lul 0,1 .. . l0oo0 tu. Acestq s€ vor tdrizs ori de cite
orilsre posibii ri rational djll puDcr de vedse tehli. ti e@m'nic *'o speci,l penEu
saD ar
importante d;t pmcrul de vcdse tl iot$chimbsbjritltii
stabilr€a dimdsiuiior
tcle
fabricariei d€ serie (cote p.iDcipal€, dc sibdit, de .a6id*e, de mnta; dimdsisi
rate cL sisteDul ISO de toler$te €tc.).
DbosiuiJe
liniare .orode sc aleg ca pric'iDte din $irui de b8zi R, orc;punzr
de prefflirF Rl0, R20, R4O su iD @ de Dd$rtat.
rcare numerelo, Dormale, in orJlq
Dmsler i! ae.a$
dh $ulile R.. oresp@5ioa'e !'lorilor nai rotu.jire ale n'lll]trlor
ordire dr preferjlti (tab. 4.9).

4.3. CONSTRUCTIA

PIESELOR

TIJRNATE

Prb tuode se pot rtulia pres. foane cooplieir i de orice greur.re, scbr prGde
fihd r@rabil in cnrul Dielelor de serie t@e su cild @Dolerilar<r ibDme sesr ptocedeu.
mai nale dectr l, rra..ti@e,
Meraleleri alajele iuflale au o rsi"rul6 li onpBiure
de aceea nerruile, inttuiturile 9i alte elemelte siDiluc ti€buic ampias€te astf€l hcir se
fe solicitate nuDai la compreiute.

"'3*

e20 2/

83

2q3

ui a e vu 4l@. edtu
@E
i dih otEne,f/eh de dlizaret

a,&;d t.7
p&ln 6r@e

LuEtme

melcuht,

"4".

tn bu

4rIr{: !d
d5{r@j

Z din kbcl $ utqszl
Ob'@ti..
Ptu
bclcii Etj6€ti
$l()og
p dr
25 bmj peh
& >16|m
4 : lo . . 1 6 d 3 5 ,..,1 0
q : oencient iL dcllasre -slriict
a !tufilulu. ' m j

rtul

Co.ict

d.

.,s!'

ftic

I

/

a. ft.€ft
rt rr!'d
s! brog
o .btu

r

|

"
6"r?+'i|

0.r'--{,r2 |
o,o€---o,oe 1 ,r"34---foe

op65---o,o7i l
0,055---0,065 I
0,04H,055
0,04"-!,05
0,03-0,045

t43 ---.fl7'
fog',-f{l'
2'35',-to9',
fr1'-x52'
t@'-t's'

t !.!d
!d D.L

|
i

4p
I

r5

I

< r0 Im

o

T--r
tT=l
tI-Tlf--f
| | !_-_!
rr
Ll
l:l

ditr

6.l6rt
F{t
di! o!'|.

', -/'
,'5

&

r

I

e

04ry,9!, I l:!1: 4!1:
| o,o4-4,@
| r't6'-x0o
I o,@,(/l
0,013-4@6
o9r6-4pr
o,or4--{P2o

I rorg'-r"ar'
| r'o2'-l'29"
I o"55'-r"2'
| oP'a-r"oe'

_-blmde.
a
etdror
dc 6@E 6!TEd
df.idrnlui
lti €iEali
V.lo.'L
-"8'FIi
p.'&n
b |.34d. 6*
dn. drti luin.l h @iddF
dfEidui
lcc.t
d drditii
bu.-,1 de-id.t.
@t
mgr.
dld
dd
d.
rcb€olie
Pd
l*lR
ln i@t@ ci lItG
i.l. ardui d.ltuiui
ri .1. rcb ;.lcte
> 2 brt).
|mi ri@
d. fdrt /0,06...0,r2.
@i dici @sp@d
ryibril.
'

vie!

& d'*

* ded!.r

PeDtnr acE te suFafe!. se prevedc in d€*!e o indicalie tehrclogicn sf'ecialn, de exemplu:
oDP.cc'.
.,rurDat
'
G tori aniute €Rurate Drin uDarc (8e. 4.6 si Dlescle J4 si 35, coroanaii bJtucd
s.
,. soudificn
loudifici abi' dupir e &rul s a rdcii astfei ce aes(a ou @i poate ceda. deftr-butucul cit
crr
coroe !ii burlcul
mindtr-ae sau
etr 6suiirdu-se.
trsurindu+e- Pencu
Prddu a eviia
evita aceaste
acelsta se prer"ede
Drevedecorou
mindu-$
eai subli.i pGibil ir discul cit mai gros, su discul cu grosimea mai sare h butuc
d' mai mi.I tr .t)@Da.
cir
suprafelele Friferire lschte (6s 4 7) P€Dtru-aede (planr.le
SupEfe.ide
upEfe.iele
j7) tebuie
'l4i cvitare
lDue.ga suprarala
aroPe.ebue.ga
16 si
rebuie
sflda
a de luqu trebu 3i arope.e
ti 37)
'i dcoare( sc
(poalla ( tilt d)
(?ozifia
mrcr
nici
supraletc
supraf€fc
(poaia;
tri' d si
n
m,.olm
frid
tue.
rffie,
L
mlu(ruea
ulor
uror
r)
frird
Ia
Felu(fue3
*.
'
'l@ipeE
roaaoDera fird Mi ricn.
ln i:arr suprafetelor alstute (fu. 4.8) aestq tlebuie atezate la acelati liYel deoarece
scola de lucru se .egleszA o singlri datn.

n Rrr!, ,-60-'l"**r.[Tl

!-----7J!------J*llllll-rlllll.!

B
Fi!.

66

47. Pi*
t@
(nI!:r*rqi.,
.r@
,Lepl,'r!d).

6
6

srpr.f.F
ps
t!Ii;

(sd4:-sret'q
luPraf.t
Fis. 4.3, Pieg lllrud
It livct
dirqr.!
_
dF!!b..o@).

&

Suprafetele iEliEre (6g. 4.9) ftbuie evii.ic deodee pi€ ar uebui preluofln cu
sa !c
dispozitive spc.irt.. Itr geieral se r<omardn e sup€Jelelc @e se pleructe*
situare iD .elasi Dlsn su in plane pelpendiculaE.
rtlrule sd areqe b-ft.oclie de slbeirul ti greuratca piesei rurute
Gro6i-*
Dd.li'
Mrm setatului ii Dodul d€ forloue Perau glosil]g mioiEe a peredc rold Dcind.
tilor
oi6i:ld tu;are * oot adopu vaiorile iodietr in tabelul 4 10.
'
lo'cazut pieetor o oirfisuai'e mbplicati, PereE jDteriori tretuie se aibn o, erosime
minimn de 0,8 di. srosiDs pcrefilor erter,on) diD ca@ oDdrFrror

evita reEsurile c€ se forme zi i! Rsiuoil€ cu aslomereri d€ mareri.l (e:enplo
Peo$!
Idte c]l o ilcLirare corePun_
ttep$re
intertecTj,' diDne doi p.!efi) se prevad Feri
-si
SuDrafetele orizoDtlte rlebuie evitate $ iDto@ne cu suprafqr indiDte qc Perlort
bulelir de aer si iDDuitarilor sn se ridie -D Daselote (fis. 4 t. Daci toruti 6te rc.c"
lda o lupraftle ;rizo;ula' aeast, ttebuje sleaLi 'la Pa'ter i qi@i a fomei de turDate.

ru

F s, 4.5. t{ad t|:etl Gbgr*r4it;
drspd€d).

"w^

@

WA

i

Defo@tuNl

frtr

F's; /L9- srpd & r.dt
gttir, .DrEnF ii.9rdM
&ap..<ud).

tltld

(.rlnFtndisra;

Fis, 4.10, l&lin€aticF

lmlinftne 6uprafetelo! rcprelucr.te ale pi€selo. tutDate (fig. 410) se teco@Dd:l a
se adoDta dud rabelul 4.11.
€npreselor tr:rure se uiderefle asigmea uor seclui-coosulte,
k &oie.ti*
brurt! de lN o s€qtiue la ah'_ r!tre doue grotarea riophiurilor iscutire si . ncrilor
l'5(68 41l' a) |l o rscorsiEi dif;iirc (T+r) se eldrte o recordee P alrln daci lr<

tE rrdrt li TI at 710 7gt . .1.Io @t t.1.ro L @ a 0..oI | 360 | @ @r ^ @J &) oBS.o r.dcttDd&od tlt $t @ @l t3. I m | al0 l6t UrLE !6. 1.| Dri ddia E:ecdtl nl & do.t tDE 0 .rol ral ruo t@ lm t06 lt2 EJ x6 @ r50 6l lzl @l 6 @l A a I @ I@l I@ @ x5t5 E E @ E E @ @ El 7L 100 r.1ot l pol |.o too @ E"l l-qel f'J lr41 IE IF trtl til Irt 112 trl lrl tz r2t | *..: T@n @ ats E/At En E @ @t @ ttlt lffil .ol | 3.315 t@l EJ l5{) t4 llrol IE It EA tr6tl di! *Fl R .10@ B]ro Rt0 Rlo *..0o dil drdr n orc tli&.

5. ilot ta.F". 47 . sc adopG'tot duPA rabclul 413 dat h > 8.. a ir d.r4 b)t - ncsdarea iD Z a doi p€..ea$i Diesdluasl peotru evitalcr 'bstdtnr or locale ti obfir. Rdrdrr€ @L.dd. dterioart R .1r.. Fi& 4r5. L crzul cird rapordorir ca ra. se adopLl 5.g'.e din ol. di! f6nd s i i >1 Fi& a. d 9i r).*r rt6ts I ts-z.r2)''c1.fl.4.4.'il. tr cu grosixni esale sn fie drept (fig. 4.b) daca I/r > 1.re.L RlorrbIa .tr€!t. d. -.t | >u | oatE<) 1o. duoi trbelul 4. d-6d R@&d r doi lEtlti FaEdi@lri d scimi ii:fdic: r@d nFd fL>z 5/. pdiiu pic.stc mcordarc ou de rde de racordare sn fie dDi. FFdrd pi.a . Racordrs a trei iereri * poate re3liz3 fie ca ir figurl 4.-d r .-H )rE . ii : 4.-'s | .R.4r2. id t i <toi tE4i: t-o @d . dr3... . > 10. R@r&d sGjEi difqn : .efi citrd bshiur sftrio! rebu.Gid6 oLlmi . Nu s. ord C h :r.L T.t i D.re unor tleceri tul El.-.s I tj5-rp B< . . lsze de de i$i.rd6 otd | 'a. u!!hl ddior Pe be lctd @nsidcEnte se dau ddDle d€ m6rdi!i: ir t a doi perefi o grosiEi inesate (fis.o6iEe o. a.tcsror (6c 4.E +i cu o iazd iDt riode : @ 4ttut'@ld r:(tt6"'rF'El-! ia Ir dilcEdt€ nari iorie c.12'b)' nM de n c.i I r. cind. DcoFu piei.r.-n 6 d E F d !.3 At h > 4."-. .14a) -racorddu $a.'_fuIebdid d Fig. A..r5.luiaiu -l i l 4 j rl s l ttl - wN Tct Ld 1-13 Y. @i pd. dc-ngortut El.rot t!@' ir da. @ .<a t-d gtfu hel. .c 'ocriMrn ftL.o I . i' ean pieselor dir foDtI $ .cobedi fobsnca uo.13. d-e as€me@. rloi pati d . .1r.ll. penEu pi$cl€ dir fodri ri .4lZzl lirc ls colturl m@dar€{ 6e fie cu o rs. 4. <2 (ft*. Pdtru piese dlll otel..b". r.ti qu orel.t . diD oter.t 3t 3t 5l L '. (Gb..r(E<) 2t212 1:1G-1:2O I f4'-? r:50 I 1" l:10O | 30' Fig.r.C'se itr tuEri.ti prdLli Fis. fc'ca b ficura 4. . E. dh fontn $i .g ...kn412 Y:ld|l.. 5 c ir ezul @lo.q C L r. dioitece actstcs produc iryroieri b@le.

4.ft.l.r6a) ti @ srosini isesal. Ai@&t6 7A'1 A.lr@ d. ca di. 4.pli@ r mb.4.n.R!r: [..20) iDsaisi (fig. b. * ia @rBrructiv.rnate. l'rltr rnerG. ro fuM 4.o)ct r.iane i:m siDr rr. l|2a ftd||(q Ddiilotr pie.h6 B.tr *a" 4 = Et.124) ri ciod sportul Ele > 2 (frE a.i*a.t@ de racire @ bai mici.ffi| Fk.|.rci !a<dd. R {j se adoDd ' dir rabclul 43q ie .a Prio l.r.14. Fis. Onotoitatea gGiEnor ti micaor. --*j"rgri y .tfrtudd@ Itttv l F'g: .liotut dE>25M *?. 416.u.r3.23.: o25 ctt r ..75 . n.lN roli. 4. ID In i'zur 6zn oid. : ci d: 3H5".scui!c. .-d lln ..>na*a cu | >tolacd a<6o" ' Rt= .in.20) se Ineroda slerelor $etoda sferelor iDsasc iDsaisc (tig. &w q *ry A. Sfda daximn ilsoi5a caEcigizezl lod-ut rcrdc rcrnic'c cu vrt@ .D il! 14 | ll | ------.tor p&!lc rui* la 9i6.qnq I .h / a doi pereti o stosiEi esale(ns. i! 6Eu. PenEu a ilusFa priDcipiile de rearizde .24) se adopd: ffi w %w^ c1/ rSct h < (o.tuos ^r@ t'i>+ Fig.25 d.t- @tu &r@ ffi M @t !cti: B.l@d4e. 4. jd iD ptarFlc 36 9i 37 a carcasetor ri.16.. piesctor iurn6Le i! pl.z) sior dar..d. p.+ tr Y $iGbi..ed|'5.2O. obrinure ptu ruirfie @ siurodl miff or.>1 A.diI@ d-tu |a@{ E/. a. a ropror r'lrure.ih'.rl5ele 34 si 15 se dau sop( de . X-25o/".ibrutioerdjilor ali_ tuati a lorr corecl alcasa. (fis. Se rst'ud4 pe qir po6ibil.ntr (fi*.. "**.Ir(edet.isria Droiee G" .<r..19)._D rd sfseror eeciae s5 Dr dif6e totfe ete iotre ele o mai mutr mult de ale 20-256.trfirnG . 4.al ' mDimcDsiuile miniDe ale aiu:Jd obi$uire nja. s€ Doaie vsifca dacn dicn eGine rroare vsi6q Fo6iDes F.16 r .e |rwi s€ fac eEuri cu diatner.rea pn4 d basive uebui( st slq id . r _o@ di 4L d. . . Da-:]a. $t tabclul 4. r6D.ct@ Frs.. a. R@.d: Iu @ul prrctror cu D€rui Ii tfrE 422) sN a irtersectriei i! cruce de p€reri (fig.. 4.>\i. Dimosiuile o. R ddd r/. {. b.racordd@ iD a trei poeli Gircrrict (6s.i ps.zj bos3i. *r.r. '!ddr/.. "uoi"are-.ctiv siEctrici (6e. Ir pie. .. @r.:fi]ff* raltulu.r souat"rc ^h@ti respectsea cu rtlictele a trecerilor Eeprare 9i eliEirrre3 !. seui cu/:6. DideEele miriDe sre gdurilor.apornn Ek <2 (frE 4. 4.e d > 50 Em ctud SrosiBq Frerelui esrc 8<5d Il piese di! foDri malebni se €reot.. B6pL prin fotlMe (fdri Di. 4.21 se prezirrd qmple de iDlocuirea pen or masive d Ddvsi !i in-T a rei pereli clnd .hA'/_^ I !E<25M I'lFie &rfr 4u on.t8). sint irdiqte io labdul 4-15. D.rZ R. piDctrsiodlc nenuilor $ por adoDta dir ub€tul 4.Troeu arr]idd Fk. r" t.

NA | -o5A q.ol l 4 o l 5 0 .loi S. d 6dql Dnd.d ca @i a. 125 1 3'r ...25.s trin foF . rdn ._l*l* so * 4-2254 S=125A i. _ l .1 .r.J. dl Asiguruea posibiliisg:ld de priDdere. lD limita posib iin$tor. |ljdE obliNt h pi. suFsfetele r$oLcitate por rIDiDe Dep.se prducrezl fitr. l) Reduerq Etuinii suFaf4€lor de p. 4. suprafcFle lD coitact -firl nircee rehtiv! a pielelor su.-l*l-.25A Fis. CONSTRUCTIA I rn Dn * r'It:'te f@ @*^ .q25A |'---'.A mnro d tttIirc 2. .ndtudtd d !t &lr lnt!& M. supnfetele d€ preluciat tr€buie sn fie ls acclati livel.ducnt p!tu adtucitui 8au supr-"tutlgri.o3A t. ar€zde 9i f&re pe naiina-uneakni .emitu.l H<5A d.'r.15 DlDoriloit.o. iieslle si aiei forme ch mai simple (plane cau dc remlufie) p€nEu pretuciar€ si cobtror d'roelslonar.qSA roo Tabslul 1-16 IriDa8iutL ihhin@ i e5 l105 r00 l110 30r-rocn &-tFA r. revu @ Efli. Elm. I Md Fi& 4. supralelclc h mir@e rebried .slicitate $u -sc plelucr€{zi at1slu hdeplinjnd {he (uditii .Tabrlat 1.elEale (bruk). boei.5 16 25 .d.-1-..ilriL otulre.Glui 4.tul ncc$ar.I - . rErild orrihrrr. ftrc.) Prehon c pliq atchiere sa fre rcdu8e la rtri.!.1.@ d ld6dL .XA S1?5A tr bih@ i"etattt d sdft obt'nft :tudr@ Fln PIESELOR PRELUCNAIE 1oo | 110 1m t 25 Jll0 lrro i-. c ffidive d.o5A roo IUECAMC sc vE avea ln vederE: h Droiectde3 pieselor cale r€ vor preluai pdr r$hi.]__--____]60 6oi6ol6o Io .-l- .2-4.4.e.l-* -l 4.

re. vrlorilc diD t bcr s rclere la Eodulul Dornal al duruiii la rcfile dirtarc oEic-ta modutul ttEiD sl dzDtuii.otijor drlate ciliD&ice cu Droft eK.. 4.]l (seqiuoile asEla i $esversali' aie rorilor plde de rrferinla o dup drep! i cx dilri bdimri) ri -b rabelul 4. blsnul de r. Toare dioeoliunile sinr daLep€ (ptansa 96). Rua noinale de racotdar€ (v€zi rab. . ib 6gu 4. Exdphi de ro@ ffidiv-E!@rosic.oDerice a dlDrurii . defilirea elerllearelor E@Nrrie se fac. Se admite folGie tudulelor 3p5 3. Se aalmite robsn€a razei dc Ectrdse mai marc a'ctli cea presaise.bws!i_fl_ pc supraf+ ilcli@tC b.rcfilul pe cilirdrul suplioora' araior dcdi- 2.lh l@ l&r ' GI@ d : ir . 426.4. Alege. L€ seorrrea aogretajelor ciliDdrice.l) sc Io scopul i.25 i r6i6ni|rq MM NM otfuiv-r.28.bstosid p6d opdtir & duiF. ude h < 0. w#^w_e Fis. fisua 4. .d6q Ls .ie sd pemirli exealldq prirlr-o srrsus prirds.02 dn Po.olile dioFte odc. irr iD cazul alareMjclor Delcrrc cti nclc (ilindric .|!tua loffor dirFte. ls ozui rcfild dinFte ciliDdric cu dini hclilatL b V... 426: sculei la locul de Dr.m" raza mnsurati in secliunea norrnald pe diffc.le.ferir!i).25 nm pofiu''E.puiuj de referirge Ct"| sau t.30 U. supnfara de referitrd esre u itan .la iDcri...Dr! avidd modulul r I blD fid la 50 tm se frce De c!€@ri@ ae EGridrr (STAS 821-75). dacd aeaqra'tru daueu. a cir mai mur(e oD@l! cu fteiff corgDreitoare: pe inrresa suD'aGtn trebuie 6i/) Pe.n de yal@ea mariint Drescisn.vlqd DGD. codic€ si suub-Ddc c i. 4.75 15 5 45 .L . tr c.e a$. rab€tui 4. Erchplc Fi& d27.. ry f f iK rurar.dr ul supliDcotd qr6id siDt ptatre. constructi. .tru iearizrree opemtiilo. D.75 Dm ti 4.bDiritiln condi-tiilor de lucru aic rofiLor di4atc se recomandi foiosna flaocirii de ep a dilCor seD. {.ane de referinte cili. 17) . *d . pspodicltr'toatci t) F €aulirea cu.1.a). sfrrd suPrdelef oe a$c \ry.4.rn i^ far de piarul di di'viz5e. Detuirer eleme$€lor g.ccibilirarea (6e. D€ lqt DLDiL dc referinG (STAS 6844-6]) Debrru n .ei de refqinti (6s.adial. prio 3lchi@ cu pmtt cvoteotic .biri. Franrurite diotilor rofii p.&ic modulul $ i.ea coeficirDrului oornal at iDildD.25 lrm pertru consEuqia dc autoEobilc ti a modulului 6.lv.tll@r mir prmri de. lu l:arl daorurilor oedeptast€ . si fluetd a Drofilului s€ q(utn r.45 n.32 t'D Elencrrele :eLnelrie ale roui plabe de refethF siEr dar.21).l dirl d Grdlui Sc prdern valorile db mloaD I.t. 4-r9) esre '^.r) Fq@ pBej kebu.19.iarit.1. a-os'eorrii @rccr<. Se recomardil ca acea$a sn fie cit Dai aDrooia. codform STAS E22-6r a' t! b.r r tu &d < ' | tl i d& dc forot ea ri pmit rl TI I r_ II lL r. iD fiAora 4.hift'presi* guatA .t8 ri ptaN 95.tilidilret <0.c. Dodulu.rre coiocidr d platrut de disi7.

r .Ic nsSC r!.ilind{ sMid $llio.is ile Fic. Crddi. s nunsc dephsnii sp€cific. 4.id 0t a dbd ii.:fit@- r.F 2l frlnlli 4 . r ''' toon de tf.slhi Fi& 43r.@t d.tose 6re di\rd1rt6 pe cilindrul suplimollr frra d! -planu! de_divizse al rorii plre de reftrinF. ffinicEi J6'm*: o'a nnt Forru supraf€lej de virf ri a strplafctei dc ftn4 reptezentad ln figua 4. +6 ') 4 : \ t 4 .di'|.sie u phr.1 o.sde de protu (r rlr z.drg a:o. 4-29. divia. . datonti specifcului coDsructiv . fiDd scobn erc. difle€ turDrr ld !6fti4 d. . rorn pLs. ' b praani e iDtitD6c daltuii oii. tfciDq- DiEd.. R€6 phrd d. hlii plr. ElddcL p. de nordE Unsnid .2) d. Cr.-.:tei!F .. supralara dc refcrinF d*tue rb coo ((mul de 'efey!a) <rryr ertenor cu r 1d'a cdrui sctet.LDd. r4rinf b f6d go' + @n)a .lfu d.) se fac cu re€p€crJJe. Udshid iustificarc s rolo6este dsffura sclrtatn h care ai : \a n n ..ran' Fig. E dtrF i! rctisc *i.

tuful onului de rcferilF 6re i! @ntrd olatmu dc auvzde..a. / o r '4 . d.t!'lL d.2:7 i.te ddiu d. €st€ iiforoaiivt.La damurile deplasate r.19 se apuce _siroln cvariplue de referio$ De <nul suDlit'Htar extaior. C.!. iar suprafap de ref€ri4i ii suprafata de divizare siot co ri (fis.infn lntrjiea 06 h frbd piciorulu de Fr. O. & tc6{r.@ d.19 perEd parameti definili pe cilindrul supulo lofl'l roF pl"ne de refdloF. i@rl Jenl d.re p'i! depl.o)th.rffiir d. .l uor mariDi dc ddturar. dimd.3rr'' U r . d3O.r€a attor forne fdidli de egaE ilUfime./: Depla@purui di elui (d) $ Desativt dad se sarea esrc p@irivi ciod * scrlttwn i'nlliGa scuiterzi picicur diftehn (r). 42!. .6a. r '6 G ari R:a mmtrlt @ind Dlra. !.r ' n. 'r n r .l! ri tudsdt.ocficidrn Er ri respectiv E.imilor p. . se foloceite ioata clasiplaos de refertud la (are suprafata de hrnd . t "-" h: Fig.escrise b (ab€lul 4.31.32)- r. Aleg. dintehi' GPectie liigit"a aa'nturi aephsate rangcDtal se nodincn nuDri Srci|rg 'iT"'*:i b .fdi4r parser DiMiuile or din tabelul 4..

- l?. 1 o.l6 1.3 l 0.VdciL Faodo .33 oA1 | o.60 l o$ 10.9o oJ4t or .t8 l 0..65 r.r a2t50t6 l5 €r €.0ro I (116 | oA 1o. 10. ls . lE l(.63 1o.4O c r.t6 rt2 0.06 c t I. l o.Eb. cFdd d€ {. DEf. r t 0J3 l0176 0. l q E.r:f.l7 r2r t31 1.6q 0 r5 l on2 l 0r.iciatilo' e.66 | 0ror I o. | 0n? 10.?o.rie . I UG I .?Liiiii cs linibtl d.66 c r)a q?o ot6o UG orr I oi5 zr2 oF6 0.L T 12 d. l 0.zt 0.L2 r. 64 I r .75 l orl l o.op.96 I OrO I 2.e q$ 0.€ loJo I I. 16 lo55 I 0J5 o J r 1 0 53 l 0J3 l oJ7 1o.c. m or3. l ql a onr loJo.r3 I o!5 I r.15 097 2-t5 o.3011. | 0.ar rt5 l.6 Io+4.4t I.33 | 0J0' I r.04 loJo I lJo lojo I r.a3 rr15 ' Mlridd d.42 I I 1 0 3 1 0 tr4 1 o 3 9 0144 | 0/4 ora I o.36 2.c . 7.60 0.| 0.6.13 l.r2 I 2. 0..o3 t.1.5. l € .

/ |uo" .03 (lO -zr. .reuFi relizrea irtre axe .rezisten{n naxiDn h iftovoiere $i esalizarea rc"istenielor di4ilor la Pioion ti matn din aelati suterial (1).t. ln uttima urerne.o@dn: ISO T C 60.. ilt funclie de [mirul ui DorEal (Z': t": qi < 30 coNtruc.DdiDi ude fcepe sr se rermlla a!4re'uq.r6ior (s elcf..-.r de splijiD' $ prcynd odorm fAurii 4-34.fsind. e8eorate Prn aicisre' trebN rGpedate o sre ile standarde in visoare. u8lis nu si"iuraolicri la: ulehiuiie c e sir! legaie Prin relarn de calcul o rlte dil. la-uzud $i 8ripart. s p'rferi codcjuiea X esre de6riG (onform figuiii 4.1 . acestease vor srabili prh dl}:uotaiu Tegiturile pe'|tEu ep€te +i trorsoaDe de arbori (fis. rrducet€a atuaarii dintre flancuile activar 6eFere.l.dr.*.". irterri.tia ansremi 11 - Formele de racordare rle rborilo! i! reptE ln c?al b crre nu ste n4esar sE s€ prevadd ur u$. ugbiffilc "l"loPil f- I "?' I l*t- _t-l=l r 5. Ac€st stardsd c dererminale de conurilor (@Didd!i Dornale). (r1+ "J g.CoDtururilede bl@rc penajt si se repMte tordrtaleavarEtrtelorde argreintre ele {i tr se alqgi wridr" naie po. ale arborilor ln nePle itr ln fsua 435 silt bdieie principalele forbe de r.ficieoqor dephstuilor specfi. prefdetial. cu z1 > lo.192-62) I ":' I | I r.rezieeold.obDotreDre alc redudodelo.03 < 60. -Ittducrate Di6ele.J31 D -d -- i?torile dir -sirul I.a|E.'f. peotru stsbilirea dt Inai corecd o vslcilor co. | 270" 'r*' .arii pieselm.ordee peatru spriiione piqelor (rofi de tue. io cursui opsedn. Pstru ale pieselor 4.i l.mcoodid tebolosice.': 0.rdisc i! tinpu.26. .25 (pla!$a 98.itre in Puctelc .. or ar€rflajdui erc. a n s re @ jz N d epl usat. Ele6eDtc corstiuctiw Fin aF.Roa& cvasill'n! de i.di!tste o g. Ru d.23.2.garele asaEblste plin Pr6de (fi9.ert ""--l *' l-I ll''. egalil:rea aluaer or sp€. plarla l0l Si plalta r02).ibil. Sird I est. rj t' se utiliz@e @Dturu e de bll)qe penFu dilqile petecbi de rori dinrare.tc io tab€lul 4-20 ti corespud critedlor: .21. $osimer naxi!0i admisibiE a di4lo! pe cerol ertedot s-r cor$iderat 0125 m. re..24. . r-- 5t -r*-l . Fig. dc profil 1. 4.batit Crriiuea Drir deDlrere de Drofi! de e etecl: R lia€a uor 'o!i ud disreDle redus ill ui Dmtr oic de aioU tr qe <e evhn iDr.iedtativ dupi tabehr 4. dhtate etc-). dat itr tlbetln 4.l fabri.1 "1 5" -f I nu" r-'" l-ll itr ls' t6o' F[-]- (. + 1" : o.1 S 6. Er.eo.rezisterF maxinn ta p!€sitl.20. $adului de acoPerit.3O s€ Pot alege dh tabelul 4.I . ST " vi . 432. UnsbiuriJe trormde s.z ' < 3ot G -z ) > 6 0 . Vabr e coeficientilor dephsnrilo.i.l E l l : l -E !l :0. sp€cfice de profr gr tr t sidt d.n. usniuile Coniciririle nort'ale s'Dr cupriDse ir t belul 422. Razele de n@rdare ti tetitulile pe ru o. EMde Razele d€ aordde nG?ule ln iffervahl de ls 0'l la 250 t1m * dau ir tabelul Valorile din tabehl 4.24 Du 3e rdern b razele obFoure 4. din pucr de eedereteoretic.t'*l ' i' l' { ' l (30-zJ. Fomele si di''ffiiuile la eierior ri i. d€gaildlo! in cazur rectificirii suprafetelor ciliEdric€ rj Pl.lea de contrct (C). l. \vu)' Pentru valorile E1 t E. se re@Eddn t' : E":9'5 Pdrfu detsFcific (DIN 3994).|i . -zr < 30. Dacn dj! Dotiee tulcdc aate sau reinoticice stur nxegc rze <ie mmrdare o vatori diferite de ele dh tabel' teblici a piesi.taie i! tabel'i 4. cuPlaiei roti @sii sdec cazul 'o ee sc poate aleg€ o.him. a3? se dau la tabelul 4. Valorile di! i'ul I siot preftrare celd dio tl.4. rerea capaciriln portante 9i reduceteq luedrilor de ditrli ai rolilor io angrelfie.ptia filetdor qi ru-lEeDlilor) slm $aldddizate VJ. iff vrlorile di! sirul II rirt ptdsatc celor ditr rirul III.ri se -dpde Refedtor la ldoar€ deplasrrilor specifice.!t. (r1 :J < 30.4 iDpuqcj 6e$eret crpacirnlii porEnle a dsruii..

(. lsd. lr:rolr V.d!.6.28j pi.T-. neto! pat! ctabd* t.. turd. R.t- mrD'r.nLru fo"rma D'.a2) f dau iD reberuj 4.4.ai Dmenarudc detaiiriior at@jeror in veder€a asisuririi mD..lori * l.dtr. r.rc !".Un€hjri pod sntuctir ri.arnd r h2 rcE r.!. spriiia.39) siDr d4e P rabdul 4.lut 4. "h> :\jr ri @licirfti. STAS 40173) I . qecut?i degaiarq pentru re. r dkr. .. Dimo\iunile desajdrilor cu for@ / ni a (6s.14.@..f +] li -t- i Fis.r8. 4.. (. I ". t * ''f-.iului o.3o.4.! d. d.6rilrd fir5 drt d.rifi@R (68. ' Ntlei R.33. a5. s u! .i d blr d. 9. tp.?1i pelrru forD C (frE 4.O)i.tu STAS !t!s-rt) Fit...drd..4.ldfl. a. respcctiv 6s.iii!.E i. Egini. t"" ll. Hb.tu.1. !. Fig.

sidt Drm6siuiL Fia 4/O.rir d. 30 .. dFslor dc rbori.Cric Fnh cnin&i.. 1a pira l.otucitat€ 1:10 sr sd dixmctrul de la 6 la 630 trn ddtinate ieflru fi:area cuplajJor.i suDr.ti@ o4eplEb.t!:r' +F- Jl---1- -lt-L t++++ rr r Ll[Eltj T FiE.el+i rol.36.!. Rueoznar. t slese Ra 5t!fr' Di.rctelor deedieil. Fo|ru B-d*rid PUn I dor'r d@Lte Eddc8H P.- .le r. dd rti6@ d.! b 13 p.lelor.@ 3!r.irctr'iurile cixreior de ub"re lilidd'c.elors mi muhe deeajdti se addite ca a.t !$or.inr e o foro. t d cft bfrlmriv ii mj?ad Ius@ ffi d.26 V.n d a (.Ld oltdbdE . se datr itr tabelul 4.I. 610 lM.tur sTAs 7ilil6-66) 10 pr.t g. aibarac.lort o.se FE.6 .rl6 4rEbrd ti @!$c.i137.azrl pre.ml i! @l pi*ir pielor srlorit din okendc 6 pdli tubtF 6 i 7 N ft rpI" ltr @l usr F's.fut€ dif. ati. {89.rc !&lilor d dimed Cd.4j) o diahetrul inlte o Eq }i de Gea.rc & &Frllilor Dtsarr@n etdi s l@ .r. s$m6ti. ..19.ilor F.. dsdoare pdru 'otilor de lmr etc. ro-tilor de I'nf ctc.. Fl'Dr. caDatele de arbori conici cu .i d. !. F g.esteas.Tab.hll 1.d.lclc.rpcdddrdt lo.4. T(lttui lrfldr. Ra & rud'rc s! i. lor 'sbUrnu ri Tatdrl 1. ro{oi diDtate.L& 6r t titun@ IEh d!r.tr4 B "t >s diD.8'ie Pd 3sor.ea.z.1. 4. hl 1. .eiti marim.31.i{Etirc .nE .rD .olilor de c'r.27 V. rc.434.23 C (. rotilor dbFLe. rotilor fiseq cdpl.ft. F.

32.ara ata corulul corului.r. luasi oi scu're cu fter cxkrior (nc.29 D (.32. 4.ror pi*rd ra rcdd oiqudrii mDbiului o F boFt h .I.esj&i dc . Val.*ra.Val(.ft' FiB.tlic linid i6 di! bl'.r I Tddd 130 ri*ld h gE (.h( ctnrei & @Lrug: 4.g.4t cu dilEerfur dc Ia lO pion h ?5 mo si o prd 6omti oadcl ilterior (fg.t Dll@ddile d.6 ?5 ' Ah@rii.r|mitate{ lusiDii L sI !e le{Ii.df.r.@.t nl "l 0.' f! i. (. sirut la .r todr rn. cotei lfti rt stor rln' shbilir.:.s6-56) 2 la r.$.&q .43. . 4.d.j.g rr. 441. s.ri6€6 iG @h $!6f.#j.iriDdrici * t -.'.r=:]l l L_LJ -F-. <lateh tlbelul 4.14) sa'r o filltrt iderior (69.zc faa!. d.e E eraqd d.6 ibst lrld E@dhhl iLFi.nt6€l STAS 3?2412-?1) 1.l o)EtEra urnrGr. Dl6drieir. ctrdi.rr q rEc! r$GL !. 6 fl'!.42. C!p4 & dtG _.! - t^ -* Fk. DiDcDsiulilor capetelorde dbor. fll_Tr t_lL_Ll L--r . D.hilii rsrfet . .raj. 4.rdn no. 4.-L--l dia. pk-t* nul norEAl pe lxa capdrului de arbore. silr silt date_h_rlbelul4. F()En D .tcror Fiddor. oFxoS rpx0? 1.3.r STAS 7.rEtrsi ciadd : (6+61)nm !i cap€tc ri shtccp€tc ffi9"5"T yl ffiTrr6u-inc'io! Tadrl Dl@d@il.-l Fig.s!j@ Fad .. I 1 aFr.

Frs.Gert F's.47. d6or. S€ r€cooandit &ss VI dc precizic (p€nEu erbori ii buttrci carchli v.aaa. dbori coDici cn conicit tca i:14 sc por €!c la qi firt ol ae paie. Girl dc @tft fod C.ttrre6id. ^l 56 1 -_-l 15 1 Fi9: 4.36). CaDcteic d.. c aluhi de Dad Dt€vizut i! STAS 100+71 (tab.ntue fl)ro A. ai.4 Fi& a.!rI & c.!4.4{d C. !t. A&rritc liDitn tq cDoicitarc s€ ihg (sforB S'I'AS 703)'66. 4.DtEatidiL eFdd ._L: 40 1 Fis.'19.Crplr d d.45. w Fs. GNr! d.blF @i. .L {tod dt l (.iru. l . SIAS lTral+7r) trdad a32 rdrn.b r. C€on .'b. @ic a 6Lr 30l --". 4. pl0!!s 79). cdtu .

tehnologrce u$oare bau Dedii. pretu€tale in cordid. 4.fr.51 fl rabclul 4.t ateild cr!re (.I rr.. c.34 . b[ersle de @Dtacr csala o r/2. Nu * ad$it€ utiliaq uei D€nc de seri. (Ei qi r.trntrEi mict d.52) * dau ir reb€lul 4. degaiarc Perttu trllrsarea irclta.Droa.|dc .tir. q'j d.dacn rezisrcDF pcnei sr€ sufcienu p6tru tiansmirere! Joltului r€spe. 2 . 1 6 . . adiDciEile rr [j t. 448).d. se vor re@lcu6 perlfl a menfine in tiail. aP. fo. a. f}ti con de prorlsri€ (ts. GCurile de cebtiare o dirimea dilnefulEi d iDrfe p6rer4 r eor evi! rt€ ctu poiibil. t. Di!'Esiuil. Pdtru alte tipui de pc*.5o) se dau i! tab€ld 4.u{r .rn" B. foro.tir de m. la €pere de arbore ciliEd'ie (6s. tatdul Mrriq aIlrii d.4.q :1j.. DiDeDsjurite €lalelor pernu peDele patalele shr date in fig'lra 4.. !. SIAS t|6r-z) :l Gns e de cenFde io consuu.. tu ilrt' I'tr!. Cu tidu oriorltie. pror6Fe (fu. Se adnirc udlizrr€a uoci pde de *clilrc peDtru di{DeEUI corspwitor al ubodui-o dclpda eDcrelor dc arbore .3 r. dibeisim a euatcltr sirr dare bi srandud. elcmenrts lo! im-bioad.neid (dldbriY) q63. o.me inai nare dcdr @ itrdi@ri L diametrui resFctiv al {bordui Lu8imile peaelor psnlele srandedizat sitrL d4e ir plart€ 76.j7.36. @ cor d. 4.ie (6s.35. m&ime Aeuii de ce. ulrdioad a pie$lor @trune (Iis.i4.&i 4.r flet.6).Faft d futrcTie de dilmeFul extdior Do el piesei prel@rie esr€ datn iD rrbelul 4.: p*. qiDensjulil9 sauilor d€ @rr&e 6letalc. DiEdsiurile sitrt date lrr tairclul 433. p€lFu pi6e c iDdrice (*bori). & @ rczi (fis.49).oj 1?5.sini slor de o6rru fordc: forD .tre. In ast w.4ni rffi c.4.cir cea iodic{ri rel€ 77 ti 78).

. pr.rq . rugozitst a su.:94)... ln cazul iu qe cste necesa sn se cvite conradul lbtr.ordlt & rDi .21 7. accsr.r.|. Asbb!! T.i6iL n6L.. I p.r'5l.0113 -rl '-rl orl r. . s. prind. d. sru . ra@rdilrii -si capihtlui d.-rinrnd oui dc ito: dsdclc Lo vig@e (STAS 7391/1.G&rt d.5-74. dc 6rsr.t&n a.. f. 4. FiA . racordarc diftrc riin i qpul ruubului 9i nuchia sauii d.' 13 I e | 3.u in tabelul 4. atu Diocosiudle detaliil. yr reri Fis. lra.STAS 3508/I-70j 6latc. sftttl@ d. {bor.6l 6.8e. cdrrarc ctc. itr diDeDsiuil. Etcnore orranilocie slerdardizarc ocee coDsrru4io reduc1(relor s dau h pld$.. ab. .lnl 4-39. - 6lctd.i '.Dilrealiuile g6silor d.rsile dc fornn ri poziric.38.STAS lj6l-73i g{ui de ceoE-.i6tr.. 4.ro | 3.rc pcfiru tlmbui.rc stut date in tab. lcre8l.51 i fis. roleraDled.2 pC$ 22 pibr h 30 t'* 50 dtn b 5a 136 * f.| M Jl rrl r.r | 3. $ec.rafcrclor.u 6ler dclric rfs.0 1 15 I to .i " 1" . rl .nr puJcll d ln@. 8iuii. * srabiles{ de p'oieddr. sup.rl z ?. 76 . o dc ercmDlu ftru si dinen$mil. forEe si de Dozirie.tt DlE6. 1" l-: 1 "^"I""1I ..' | )3 1 4. tt. .tu SrAS lrn) Itltu ".t F (.50.!fu m.L d rE. 4.n6l9re pri..54) se d.L | I *F!r .alc .r{ei d.ndard. l ..3.afrtr d.

- PIESELOR Fis.o..r. 9utul'ui ri tr..in STAS 2l?l-6'4. slnt apri[le Condide in STAS 1097-61 iar adlosuile de prelucrue si abaLerilelimiLa. ircar. Asmbl8F PRELUCRATE Fjs.. .lJ -l aj9 de srezere a liul'!.t.dide g6erale.g-. .i -J.lul 3]35-73) I 33 .c bb.5.3) d di! pitrljg gnw. aiutro.risii d.lor j nlersrc a lmburui ieririi Disdlele pin! l! .ciDe.b.4-4.mea sin.6re. Asnblae PRIN DEFORMARE gererale p€Dt u piesele dir otel..lem€*t.r6iuilo! . Asdbll|j 4.z .ocuriie de pretu@e ri absraile linni sint indicate iD STAS 1299-6?.37 rrmbln. {..:rrd Dildcrrul surdn!e caFrnui rabrnui s'u L.lo. ld. Fis.foMe depird€ de proedeul de fabricarie. For|tD pieselor execuate priE d.ib.. foriate liber.sse ri. Dim.tr€ (. CONSTRUCTIA Flm de Bleac 6lcbt. .tiD. c. PeDrru pidele dio olel rudrat€. STAS fab..TrlNhl R&tn Llng.lr!ll.51. Adi.52. calcrl aL .g di. nhtare Lscloo slprxfe(.r.ji Lusinea lo.ttfl.i 4.

4. Perelii @erlm trebuie !t Docedeo risidiure si subilitate ridicad.5ri €vitarc. defo.arcae 8lemple de aplicare ! suduii penFu rigidizser perefiloc detalici siDt dare in fi!1E 4.60. Ac€alta !e poare obrioc p'ia alcses ud eiosilin coBpl@erouc a peretelui sau.rie nici a peretelui de risidiat cu u! DurDi mee de aeftti. tncli'r'g lielor oervud simple ditr olel rat aS. szd peretilor car6. 4-60. 4. €lecutate pnn tor. 4. w tH . incli@t capet€.ii crp l.. coopderea piesei diD el@cDre w. eviperetlo! piesci la extcrid d r:6. din rabl. Il p€r€tii supuri vibEtiilor. -------1-tJ . ih special in zorcJe iD.Ii pered declpati.d. di! zoM tensiunilor maxime.La foriarea tiberi se !!e iD ved€re: inlocuirca formelor rroffooi.+ F + ll proictarea pieselor Ndate se va ayea in vedere: al Fo. Ia mnstrlctiile utode.60j6).6. a gsuterii cordoan€lor de sudurn pentru a ugura a. ciEpd de odulare poate fi impnrlit pritr Fjc. i) FotosirEa cit Ei Dulr a $du. i.eductoeie ele @i f!€crcdte piele su&te sft cucasele Ei rAile -.J Proiect rea imbirnr d sudrre o acGibilitak sufcienti. r $ 2a)i fixtea "-u.bara libern a el@otelo. la 'bcovoise.) ri -i!F-u siry.util prcduul.4..4. CONSTRUCTIA bhm6l ORGANELOR SI'DATE cdr. 4.. a corIn coustru4ir de carcsse sudare risidia.d nu 6te ('rutd funcioDal. uriliarea uor bele de prir ludtJlde olr o rrei rme (p6z.2b)t ptfillli @tue a circr IndDe se adoo& duDa oiJ ib6 soli.56): rdopteq dc golu.. Evitarea iotd*. colsEucfia dc . erilnioii Feluq{ri . su&tc: Fig. L. schimbnrilcf brtr$e de dnede.. rotuniirea colturilor sau muchiilor gtu.g libcr.59. 4. peoFu a asigua o bul1n drrrilei asdel (a b. tolgsle s-cr€r! dnd sint stdct Deces&e $i ciD4 pir a@sraj qltdioare.irilo. o!. aalaDtatn fluxului cortinu{ af linii]or de ford. cdoUdard ciioperilor * race brin.LdtriiaDoz... monobloc sau dh pr4i asa$blate.ortitrue la cotrstrucri. arbonbr.e poate ailicl o'bor. printr{ grosiEe rer. . ForirF fti o lielo. la decupa!i mari. a cusalurilori . Evitarea cordGneld .-_--_--L. evftind b ttwiou cooceuEatorii de tedsiui ti rsiCs'bd o'racnlcaft sioetric.terea cusntuilor sudar.ll0lat.-zattra$ve$al. Asigutalea trecile treptate de L tablde goase la cle sublid.. Adoptaret unor gcidi miiiE adEisibnc dir puctur de vedere al rezisteotsi. . e.olurn 5ibple (tab. 4. 4. Din purct de ecdtr al prftiziei dibsiorale se recoloddn tokrarre cit Dai |rui dr@cce precizia ridi@td a pielei i dcci a mrtrifei. loryitudinal sau ts ambele direcF simurED iq Iocurne d @ Dai mee snge3t. btaD calirare a cord@ftlori (69. d.u intrmDerea crsiturilor sudatc ir puctul de htelsccrie.ID psedor ti prinderea p. scubpctE i. 4. a.1 . 4.56.fis.J). pentru inlesukea @sqn Datcialului j @it2g eottrrilor . Netui p*!:ld obtinure prin Fig.t.luJare sau Ctluire-a naigiailor libe(e.t5 sint datc ueDple dc roti l. i. pedru a dimirua p&i@l'rl fisudrn 9i a lltora sEtpunserile cu domul etc. iosn cit nai maJi. iDteriode stiSplr!€ td pi6€1. t Sco.lrte si apad i! Eiilooll pies€i (fu. Io plalla 34 ti plaria . ci. / lau tubuide). piaselor cuibate ti toIoclrirca acestora prir piese drepte. con5t cLn ru psed F8.59)r iDonrrire . 1) Plasaie! cusituilor sudat€ itr loeilc unde nu este [ec€sari o Drelucrare mecanicn. bari pcoiru todeFiia@ zonelor poroa3c sau @ alte defecre (69. Sncctsit'I|e @r6ptuet@e Fis.58). Fdj.r la iiterior l:10 p6m a evira bl()@q D€ dom si in roa(riri (fie. destdrui. h mztrila.a boFjcloi Selui iGidt.lor. I. se por erecura separat. subdre. prin portiuai ciliodrice r6s.e se umtueqte: lqlia€ u@ E€@i treptate intr€ sefiui evitarq ti porru a red&€ la mioiEu lunrul Gftuilot sudate.ba cons$uctiv: sn fi.ile dil tabld subtirc.le 3ep5a1lc s nftitelor.io sudu..53. esLe necesdi rigidizarea cu prcfiie G Domeite l'qi de itrstie (profle r. 457.61-_ I-g solicitnri Eici si imclionare lin4tire.a puilor de Iagar si deodrde c€le mi irponaDte .ilo! sau calalelor. o!Dclobtbit Uacliilor ri efecrelc d.loqrirea cusntuilo! scurrc i groase o ruatui lu!8i ri subriri ps$u a dicrora tensiurile darorar. pisdqile ie siprafarr iau de bobdte de irdie treblie inlG oite.F6i.40) oin a t: supraplllllM qi suda@ pe o pLrre sau p" pd'g a ri:ror placi (poz. cordooldor de sudue s.55.l' ' H I. tca sudirii eleBertelor costructive in@sEate la ebele inauste li a nerruilor subfid a..Alegre . .55)i adoptara ror bNje &cple pc o sioguri p3flc to locld c€lor rotunde (68. Pjs.

Pen ru corpEi aie lsgdr grle su o Bai Eulre locuri de rultlufi.:Cs. se foloj_@rDui d.i. iar id fau.. m oor pe. Ii fo{e oari de strlog€re a }uubulilm. 4). J). burucno. Io fg@ a.lI s@pp "&e&e*k *.4-.o!elo . sbiirsete .?rildrrea prin $dua ib peretii @usdor.ep PeDtru .W Rrlrdie . dflFatc (poz: 2). 4.gtu p. . b diameEe Ejci. depinde de ntrim€a lastuurui r6r€€Ev.. 6e gtquPa ""qtir"(pd. ciod se asigur{ o iDbitrarc dndd { 6.fle ca.utat cu o due toron care 'D acela$ tixap serverte ri peDru ss@btar.t.a 4. este indicatn din otel turnai J apoi sudat 6e 'htr-ur sinStr perere {poz. mrpul de lagtu .42..lJ.leqir c 1 2 3 (:si.IlF builo. . Dic5. p€nEu diibetre rnai ffrj sinr sudar. traasm. .-EFrF&e ' _--F D d *&e-e& ts#*c. EdrEl.{r) ri flu$elo.har< (poz. tJ.63 roti di4ate ld cor$truqie sudatd.d hgi|ldui 6r. rofilor ditrtsle ssu po'Iiuoile '6c'rjte din pereli se po' utiliz! itrdiodne dio tabelul 4. i @rpuJor dc b8. l.rF ljgrui d..rc (rab. l.62 este Feeftarn o clEc2sn i! construclie sudrtd pentru o tarsmisi! de purerc tMe. este indi.atft . iEIe dojrc. Fork a. o ruuburi (poz.aEr c.'coi.

3lr &rn.. sc &u diiers.otd peototE 2 a-tutd dt@td pstttu tu pa.6a).dt @*rc d rEr'! Ftt .ponsarelidid i! plst'$te t2.se por obrie ri alr. orgare. ffir= . t3.c Fi!.@tult[ ! tnbihdt tnhtudund dc Fir.roara dio|ata.l.iisr.. 4.j puptalantF b'letd t6dt@E Prih Fi!. ll.elsri oc r.65. SlId d. lrfl j {.62 C@tt id @tutie ffi N w d. l.nltu. Bdrj ln Da. 27..gaf tng.-Hoon ate. 29. 28. a. "ritrcipii Exeopl€ de orgMe deorare pdr sudutn se dau 'E plarra 99 . 32. 23..'dpu. Dupi ac.a. M.o)) etc. planla 10. @ plici dc btzn (fis./&&rr6tit l@.ti dilFE r! si. !l. 30.tlntr. supo4i .

.nuir&ul de ditrti ai rofilor. (dal9: F": 75't ' l€200: 'I ! .5) . .1.cm): m.ltimcs.Eularele 5.4) Raportut de rEnsmitere: nz DDn (5.r+5.! :nazo4r :msnltz (5.u ri de fi. Fdt FdF paifdicr lc c.fo4a notruli pe 6ucul diDtclui. dir€4ia d sesul ioct cnrn p hsaG d€phde de tipd rctn did!.: ro. fo4de de pe arbole (Fp.3) (E/sec): ^Drll 60.ughiul de fteo.'M n. (ia sErenr se neglr'ieazi).u8bid I 5D 8! .Gs 9 : r. F . . F' . F . F* Fta F.L .j1: :-z-:(cP)i P.r000 (5.REIE LA TRTINSMISII CU ROTI DINTATE CU RI'LMENTI Dio argr€orre. a srcililor F lag{r $i a dustei ale cxpl@tm d.rnetrnl mcdiu la rotile coDrce. l.1r. Dt n.CAP ITOLUL J LAGARE CU RTJINTENTT ln construqia reductoeclor sidt foaitc respirdire t gftele c! rulEdfi RolD€rlii fitud tipiz. 5. F.s.rt'oijlor uui arl*r@i d roti dinJe. (rnml.ti. 3' .75"''t O 2 Viteza psiferici GV) (5. 9i Fd s dau lr fgur.semiuubiurire coouiilor la rofile dilFte code.1) Frs.e diDtle flaacuile dindlo.re 6€ DoDreazi. rtimezt p. 5-r. alegeEr lo! sc fie dupS sreld{de ri caErorselc f{bricilor producitoare pe baza diemctlutui fixului rborelui pe c. (5.@ca htre flncrdl€ ditrF.te d se elc ca"i o relat'ilc dste itr fo. -fo4ele rrdiale rczultante dir lagtre Monetrtul de lrallsmi! rdaN. .l (@i plarra m).dricti . . CALCT}LI'L SARCINILOR PE I.unsliul de u8!etqe.F .nr .fdta qisln. 5.IIGA. d .195000..D.). F") ri 6p6tiv incnr@@ ltr hgnre (F. lsg&.forta pcrifqici. D.fo. I de iDdire aI djrtilor la rode cili.1.F radiaEj F4 .se iliF.2\ Put&€a'dc rtatlsmis: Pre . Ede s-a rotat cr: D'D Da . ctod se tine seal!.dialDJtrd de ro6togoliF al lotilor c in&ic eu di.

u Fr=@vi.ei. t*'-@S'&a&.. tuEld.re .trd 6 Dd dlrFt cd.h I \rr& II h+"& v"4"& h'fr-|-vi.#.n rlrft it elor . cit|'c .n=ngffiiaaT @?bt+ '!_F .!d -$o.ttor R..r-.P AiT e def+|2:4 fta ' r + ffi zi Era4fil*4- =&F.Xc *bcdd F LlaEr. d||rdbie o dI4 d!.t 6 tb$ nr!F& drhdrle d t.:i 'ffi4.6 . rdr tonedrnd .- \ E

F.ti.cd. '6&ryi'uL'L .d..DC tn4a@uknta P"E!tr*ffit' \ \ l-=tdu..Fi.o"'dftr. datE /w tl #-fll? - ddlEd llrlgeutadd | I- pe logri. dJrgpJ4yl - F n a kffi . 4a.zrt -a.iit* F lrat €r.brt& e't. a4L '"'6& \*r-h.LCi & qral .l .6 .r .

.a.tr! & o16l .Rdrttl &t rcId rd-o.r'q..l tuid.t cio{c F Ldsb q rcal dlrc.# r.'d rl t . t..t R&ttt & dldl It s'o9 hr.l . d|lldde rl rfuetd.&{d .+ d' rttc a!@.L dr'li' &bo'ii stcht I'h.L -------ffir.6.ea' :F I n .r|.. dddl Lrt'.ry'!F '{48 .h.lF .i o ln rlolt Fctn @ drrd rt.# p+t# .l h it rl tqtu d dirli dtltt tdld ..htf#L rl= =--TiEi6- t! 481€ a&5.! .l@ n ..

6-E "T "L "T "-zL..F. ss "_L E' . zRdjM uian.L turmld.4.Rd./e..itdt R.titit crLuld seci.lltlt t:F.dtu. sitt k e.r. 3+.lmt |-tahil * li@iJtstulrnio@tddul n(er zL . L!&.Ci4w.$ tobt.i.l.T ' t trc si Za : D6 C Zb: DE C Zs . Bt@dIE sr h@dhtl & dhti M.gtFr. cohud ..dtb th.fuc r.rrs.r Eb -''- -1!L.dhde@@fu1 #- & erqt.r! E esbFtLda deesrwrl@drdfrtui..oiddd.!EL lE 6.WLt Fc'F.dnzdtdi tdii iotoi.dihend d.llhldte n sfleldd: e-!.shil de qA.dd.thzith. .ldtd r.i.E 24L z!! -4!- -4L .tt .\ef "T : 'n.i .:lJ.dt@ :E= :s€ i{e 6 . EA conb|N|liol.ttul@ ircdag d Nlt ilbFt! c indde d ..

Fl.Ebdlld dlrd.&ddr& -Lddidaht-.dt & rr.s @.fiIQ+Sf(ffi id.fi1ffi r.r.r.ribd.r.|&.-.lEii. -GdrG dtd|lG rtEdtLd d tud dlllc.R. .nan ftdpc F\-/8!A[=F"*rf@ r.ls o dlf r! v !'rerdd tu$dc F.l F l.dl ib qlrr .6ir.

n'9$i* ht!.kuttt d@rtre -u. ]E}li) 2. {t.tetui.d4utuft EFdto tuptut bdd-Mtd i=ql 14d dbtd ft t..Rchtit de cdcul.EltLt d cdta ots di4r.pqttu drbode tun| dtrtat. Fzto .donfitut .w F. tst -ifE:t#. m.o i:t Mo FDEtflii oqta dlnllu .tutci.r 6rd. u t d .43 car o dneI F6i"FP..dnaa tk. @ F lrStd.d'n.aadana.atlci tutB. eEAn Nttu @u de ndt. sdt? o1.ii. 5t E6' ettu: -..- .uinet thcttnor.l mrddro' rE h!€rclc elrorilor tu. o itild qrti R&lii iL 6tcd .c .u]tu tR tosut dicei t P-insL:] uiat t@a@t) ot netb E t dl' @o de 6b d^n h 6dtut d.eh. stodrd i6.

: .ltdt..nrsunrc D€Mrr Dicir_ri roati.inlattu 5-l ?dd}@!i..E T€Eiuih dh rasula adivn .nrr.i. .ullEtudiiiriGEldid. ac. Fo.s.7n.s& rdrfii s-a ootat cu: -forts Friferici de E rsmis. s.usliul dc i. CAICULUL SARCINIL()R PE LAGARBLE TNANSMISIILOR CU CI'REI.qlee . Vrldile peatru 4" sc aLu h tab€lul 5. -co&cieDfirl dc frc.n!drro. q drlg dfr'd rt d .. gBd.: F. F-96.r.smisij (u curele (l: re !i t rp.2. (s.lah) se derermill c:r| rclatiile: R.. (jllE j c:urghitrl & infr$@. eLi.6) . (po: @€trci€ltul dc ft€@re iotl€ cEea g r@tt.[c altw s.2) la tra. ti psiei E (fi8.h-t rE L*LL rbdild Vtlci. : t!!al&i rrtEl-la -.zoi.5.4indibfrs. F L!F!d.F.L qLd d r. id p: Ersniul canalului rotii).Lle F : +.2.i prin crr.1 24 4rr 4 2"11 Ob'e4i.trEd. G. = 2.d dllFi. d.1.. hf. nat di@qrF ri mri d. 5.{ h curdc t ep€zoi.ckua .-Fr d.bl d. d I rlhiurui TA. .l. . h F' d p Fi& 5.t L c {.an..

ntd pe ebo.ai seu ciftt dc ioci..crlc ..tert! Gh.h P (calcuLtt i! fibcl. Obifauit in @lcule se it S=3Fr.chiElelrtn p 3 la flnn 4i cu bilc ti cu rclc.ncidt Ll ratdli x tt v tEr- r. ionele leadtalte p€ laglre (6s.&ffi i -@&Dl RUI.d. ftfmcatului C (dad & s.tud !c tot ltc d d.lc& ce d.rdiL (5.10) r.rior). ldt lsa dii & !. ct rehtia: (5. *p".b iratii Dominalc in d.3. dc ciji).J x ri Y . P : 3J3 la rull'ni P se elctrte.b.. lrgc di@u c.ri 6 ur.1--- lilor dlF in rabelcle 5.t"l f I -.f.l nteblli !d@!nni 6 .EGEREA F .6*rr4 d.2 + 5.:ft. d rul''Fof 'e^har.r.t€lc 106' l(}7 ti r08' r v.MENTII'R S€ s-ric ci iftre aDacitatet nin'Fi.le .21r unde -r 6t€ scmitmghiul dhtte care se cakureun o relarja: I este distanta inEe ax.u to tabeiul 5. ..r. i. In rab€lul 5.@ dc irclul (arc s rorc$c (Z: jtrelul inr.9) ' @ ldtliile: s--9..d .tcirilc F Leir) in qtaloaeel sucju dinami. IiDd..l@ Z-ldror D-. 4+ D 6.7 tr lab€lui 5.2) s.i. X ti y tEh Er-dtn Eilbe.y$ cu rclapa: I J:-- 2T-r* Itr a@stt r€lade s : l8o .:r ccbieile. Detalir o Euctive pcl.pi'it ttld d.6.pidd d.4 l y r5.iEphr 0dI..d*i (5.lc mfilor. de"t .s -i- 4+b I . lodietii prilird aleaere! du.i se dctermhi s -..ri d btr.rr) 2:t'::' urde: Sacin3 dinuicn . . esr. v.lere liloftI a I"Fnutui + . d€ tdrcJioDrE lad| sc d. 5. AI.r4 P:VXYF6' unde t/ est u @ficiert ce tide s.onuilc Far 6.1 rc s s v.Fcrla rezult.: s4.|u 5. @ltrct'r .co€frcidi Y.N:s. deidnili F.8 r dau relatiilc de @lcur ab fdfclor r*'lc F lr8irc ndid-t'irli din o*s'uc1ia ti dotrrsiul lagrr.le).si durab fuie noninall Lr a rulEondui (d@tc de uliliz{€ ia Eilio.. crrclci 4 Dc:D' Y .a ti dlbrn. riEt rE &t & bi|c ifi@{ tilci' t! @: d. roli dc cE€a ti ldl s &u to Pla. In acele r$. q.7 .9.

1 1F 13 r9 L:7 323t1 392t3 .ldll *6tadd .Y.K d y tEE! Eloadt .drr{rl|I q Et ..qfu tltt:t 1.

lct c.iodlc x. trtoi 29 2p 29 o)4 14 3.!g d rr.t Y Ftu. r6b rlE rdt o.ll&d o $r.6 vdodr. r) 2p r.dcida c .l r.TeLl'l 5.0 132D xtp..r rr !..3 ata .7 r. co. v.!6.r 2211 r.6 LA 22L4 2215 ry 3t 4.1 29 29 2-3 24131) atl4 r.draCt orc|r.

3 nisic ecbiq orn P ti nPortul C/P. sitiD dinmica '--r'tiEind eDacitare!din'mici occ6di.23 22215 222t6 cu nre c.xFinau b n i(E. rccosodali a fi folciti cu Prtrndeei Dumai atutci ciDd. rulocttului Dir tlbdcle 5. 2.-1 ' . . D potru rulloetlti din des l. olcula Fiitrd tu(lsr.20 se alege rulmcrrul pdFivl (>f de capecir. pot uliliz ruln€'li a.. Rclrtii i-l " .+ +) tu:24 22232 zrzi6 . .r adbr 'ulDdtii /r -E . . pot fi utili. iu$tifete t. .."F(+-EL) ^ +"+ 6" .td prioE-uo sc@ Clasa de utiliare .re dinaBicn d. ds* de utiliale (du au Dici u.'snn suplimcrt ! rrgn simbol) pot fi utili4g i! c" ri o totut excePgonal.. se poat.a. biD.. de rot Fi Pot fi dcrc!RlDorrul C/P cit ii dl'labjriale qi.l forFlor o. nu !.nsri I '.elf* +-+8'-h ^&>45) u. if t '- 22m1 .!+ rb>4slt.li di! dssa dc trtilizarc I.te. qe slnt lerecomaDdiri ti por 6 utilizati Du$ai I sau U.5.. = *{' *}.32 o.!rc. @. di! donve O pertru rulbcnri di! clai{ a ll-.10. rulmeDt 6te ildic.ciEi tipo-dieeDtiui siEbolului: care fsuleazl h dre{d.turcj cild ru sc Dot utiliza rurDdti di! clalelc de utilia.cN.-fic in fiDarc de l-d $i aonogla@ di! fuua 5. c:ulos suFioarn caPscitatii diDrejcc cdcul.-"'l+ +. d. 6.Dcltri' ruttlEd dir ilasa a lll+.hDic. Rdmerrii @c ou sirit inearari itr . +->!s h :L. 1| :-| & dlcd lt .

it utibi.ni cu nsqi. si nrcdoner 3 se p.'iE dpui Mreini ru-Tudfrb[Ll rd poorre dhta r drcr I eru de sud . de oo rsi6L. oftjdd m t"bilitu ln iir4iotu: t.rtn dc ftbu.vi. din fir4i@r. std Fmp. 3 or. !.x9lodirii t! acd.a K<K L -e. pob!. p.elnd o nEcjrure pr. r dusbilidlii nmi@1. lomtu t ad patu itif.e. rurnentii r@orn]ld C/P r N bil.i ibrisdr cdrld-i ti d.i ti . d: (rnpllse. . nr.9iri -rcd!@t pEvidt.t aibs o pdh nrri. I i M.tEe po@ sibrn inrFmir. t) c. Nono3ron pmh sbilir.r.. m|rl* . & Ii@.nn! €Edc .nd. Ir .r: I nu f o inldtuli <ur.rr!i.rii r.@Er a(cideiuli lll r 'DrelL@tr rb(lrdr d6*t r.t.5 de nz s. ardc.'- t'. . qi.i rudrd.rnti @ fioqie@ dinul ||m.. mrriri p6d t. qsi. cdcul rl forFlor I. e(ggar! M.n El $i .--\ 'I Ecbipdd *d: bqiml. rrtrat.dtu1 tu b.mdui: (24 oc p. sd sL..: @b@ molffi deje tup6@ dc*idtc .r . ite blrn IN Kre I k ltu Ddabilibts l.r6ie & Foprti. 53. I I I I Fis.T6. flier rrdai a fteddr.rn 5. FEE r.rdie.vt@ 3! fimaon-. dc ei. mmudr. (24 d. rurm.) R.dtll-uisli s 6it l\Lrini pr. scdrer€ aaidstdi el*ie & u. .d o rincti(r|x.tdia rgnslc fiimE. i.l@ oarul: Eaidi-@crE.9 (atiMr.bdi d.

ilir.B (.tut.. t 7.z E eulie 2Rs Exeult 21 EtulbRs Iabet L I a.tutti tttD..r.ct 'ltrtdi.. E dtrll 'ddld 6 hilc rE o td tBt @ c. A 6249 A 62092 O 62092: A 6309-2O 604 a 62U E 62OLzA 2 t2 480 040 62 5@6 tr 6?6 I9 2 8m 15 2 16 622 n 5n2 E 6m7 t1 013 0 6213 t7 6232 O 620e E 6208-2ta 620022 O 621' 2RS a 6012 t) 64t2 0 6A 2 6211 0 6007 0 6207 D 6xl7-z tl @7 22 O 6407 E 3A Ag 631G22 Q 64n O tcr6?R5a D 6rt6 c D5A 6ZA 17 6314 O 6110 a 6.t STAS 30al/!.l -{.tthe. [ K 6l | -lrl al I .48 0 ItO3 z O qlqt285 630J O 6103 0 6M-.^rqtui 6304 n 3 a5 35 6003 fl 6.45+ A 620522 tl 6to5 0 6ao5 t) 2 9 5005 tr i550 13 2200 63122z A . .A' I KI KI KI K. m hm }I al {bl r r r tI+ lbl lDf .Dr lE[ tD lmn Er&di. tr.hl ol .lol Am. .hsion i d.. tqLE E .n!r.-6i) .6r.to | @ht inuorc ) 5ituba1rt s i hS .

tul Sihholul 2 iao0 tB &.t ta l lKI__ TKL "il +l "tf t"l lDtr lDT I t tt I I tt It 5..nsiuni d..tso nh rt fob.tt +t | T Din..5 422 0 2a 3 @21 E 5'24 A &o 85 a30I) t000 A 90 l 52rA E] J 2ro 5A 5 22 6550 t602za 5tra o 51 5 64A E a5 t2000 5 20000 224O0 612r O tr .1o I coatinaoa ) simbhlul tulmchtului rutmcot.at rKL .70.lui o 6020 0 6220 0 ta l1 5200 30 62t5 0 t05 ar5 u 22 6n6 532t a 0 3 2650 2 3900 &17 0 z5 2A 3 t8 3.

..lcu.R O t4 50 tm 22 aadt 2450 622 N ta 3150 63t2 N 62.i' N E E 61|'1N D 5Jt5 1{ Et 5r@ 3J m 5Jt rv o 5tu 5' 5'{n g@ 78 tr50 @12tE E 5'J ]W EI 6z1 NR E 63tiF-Ir 52'5 AR EI 5it5 .tu8 sTrts 7. f l-l ti t .@t.! Edi. q 52OE N D @0a 2 &t E 6A'9 . ftltudr.fd (.r L Nr tt4 sidbclul D m tulm$tului c 52 6305 .50 g 3100 2650 62tt l.V E 5@ia_q 30 35 t2 2@ 2500 2aot. tr 4.tR O 62t' UtR O . c! .l-dirIi d rtr.15rr!-6r) TR: r N_ i o-1".le9l! .Nf.cr6.

.t2l@nti huore ) .fi .rdl *t.rE udndadl c& '.& 63) Cce d b r id l.ucD ."t:" o 1560 II 7203 B O n@B o not ewrwr d 2A 180 t 36 50{) 9t50 25 52 o J 9300 ta600 30 I 35 zn /2 7420 B Uvf 7222 B t20@ 23600 7322 A-Wf 80 t3 J6 3AO0 2350 2450 5 50 O .r iltlid b rabelul 5.m 1 6 d til6 .r!.S TA S301113.rl dtui rar& oFtE rt.ntnl & opri r(.

o "ll'aEl D 2A t320 0500 23 05 t560 12700 32(E 302 .fd Tre -_KK_ ''"1 "r]-- t lrt@grc !.ilhldtti s 6iL. TK_ "lw orc-+-N B dlbh .rcte|ddr.2900 6550 52 214 2600 c i305 o 90 3ZO 397 8300 18 aa00 214 o 3215 t30 tu aao0 9300 3 3 t5 30 3350 42 355e .200 BOA l0 10000 3216 52 :165 42 80 5050 tw ?3t6 B-WB o .C.t200 o a5 O o 150 o tt0 @ 22000 .3 :1250 72 5t 72117 A-t@ 80 342 3300 3204 7204 B4F o 322 m2 a-wa i312 O a n2a0 t0000 .

!l C&. 65.5 N.5 2. .utme^tul ui Simbotut rulnentutui D B \ 73 2 6 z 1550 c 2 /'r.@ o 25 \u 2to o a 2t0 t1 3 \J 2n0 0 t8 t250 430 NJ 206 0 9400 3 311 0 w 2311 .ll. . ]fu fffiffi' 1t+tft "tt+t. .J w 23n El \uP 231t Q 3 2 2 22AO 2. tat d Fl.d.J 207 0 i5 n 23 6A 23 23 x5 \) 2 '2 !l 3 w 23t2 | u 312 E w 2n2 E t2a ?999 NU t13 0 NJ 3t3 0 35 !g_4qq w 209 f] NJ 2(n 17 v r)0 4 ...fu STAS ro{1rt.17.E t cilirdrlc F rn rlrd (.t..id..m rH ls4 lH' S i hbol ut.6-63) .t.ccrt..tX@...nlo.'t"tf]t"l Dinehsiuni d.

i I l"i'' "l I ||-l "ljl I lt l 'i ti.a D i h e n iu n .al lal lffirr K. lffi' 1ffi. I l-F| .1 4 Am n tB . .? 0 . d .sil 'B'' t tI ||t tl l_Ef'lisl- NJ t20 0 2lA 5 2A N J 2} d xl NJ2222 0 NU 322 A M i 2 2 0 2A 98@ 23@0 tm NJ 321 0 w 2aI) 22800 254 5 w 123 0 .

Jlrdiic rt 6'rl. .tu. (.C.rc dtin&ie Simbotut ruh.00 ao 23 t2900 @ ta0 53 F dont tt d!'t o .!ididL rdoogror ndrdr @ r..ntului 1.r.LE.r STAS 6r90/rr'aa) .c.

diit{irri d . cooic.Cllerdtuddl.r.. tuladdrd r.n r STAS r92O1. F 6 rhd (...2jr3 B .-agt t125 322rt ti 38 51 2226 :BA 3D2Ja t) 53 29 2425 342t6 A 125 12200 302t7 A 32217 0 345 26544 325 45 84 i0213 l) r..

K 30 2216 a 39 o 60 2i01 K o o .ilj.!i.63) I3r lj{ IK IK- 1f 11 1r-t l IET ]E- lhr'Lufrz llfa".-i.J!9! 6 q 2219 a 5540 RO IA 22t s Ko 219 t3t5 0 23t5 0 2222 h a .dr3dold|.d'Elilor{di!ro.u.m5 x l7 22As t305 25 2206 d a 1311 t7 23 O 585. 2to5 K d 30 2213 A E) 80 1312 0 3350 2i1A Q 1213 0 6550 url 22A7 0 2 .sTAs6g.!i.l.!d.'i!. cg.t" E 325 'M .3 22L 220A X ll 8DA 25 O o l3nXo o 2217X Q t2a9 x E ..Fdo!.lu'l.'J.dt...tdl...irrfu3{.(.

Ltl cttt!&ic su .u .F43) rab elu t 5.. ) 86 . I z ldn h hr o.onlc l. dl'qrltc ndilrn*ilili .iriturl o ..nRr SIAS 39r3/t--.c.ct rLticit..

lt.@n.nrdlnFd C:. .-64) D 5tt00 51200 D. S rAS 1t21ft.i:lt a ttil.toa o 51m3 1303 51tO3 51109 5t209 Il 0 0 tf tl 3250 2Zn 352 7650 45 20 a? ..fd (.ti.2 t2? t2 0 lf E 51r02 32 5t202 t22A -el! 2A 22@ 2200 2q2 5t205 0 s'J(E E 5t47 0 .. F un rlnd E sibrnr .ft.

STAS t922lt. .d{..{ (cfr...t'd d alblo .4.J-61} .LrtciL 83 .ae.rt ri a !'rb F u .C.4d.

spiiiin tr.lcdate rE brz dhmdrului intoior d sig varo.uonrd de sprijin \d ou adaqe ekltrcnrc ale.5.opuj evitirii colracNlui dibne colivie +i uhon de aPririD.buie s 6e mai mica deir t<ttua i!el. Dinlui d< iprijin sinr dar. vdorile minimc ar.re3..buic .5.jiin penuu rdmrni o biL. arborilor pe carc s notrtc.l) u. 5.n. r. Valor € cota dr sc tor elegc asrf. tnai Dici ddir c.taidril.1.21valo.l itrcit sn Du f. uEoilor de $prijin s ales astf.m nu ste pGibilr * vor peEder rKi d.cir i@irerea tedmii a inetclor. o ajutqul dispottivctq (in @ul iD dc ac6t ll. lor resFfta dimeDsiurile limiti de oootai iodi@tc in 6Fr. varorlc 6iei 4 vd asisrra o suprafala dc sFiiin sufici€lt d. ln cazul u6 scioi axialc fort bri dimcr. .21.sdel ircit -aleasn d D se s spr rj.21 Dlmd.priji! r. s ed respccra dimddunil. Il ocructn b re P'ln: . diancEulrd DD pcunl $ ale umcrilor de lprijin p€niiu in. qr€s.r. la arbo.. lm'peoln Bheed.rcini lYirl.sar rl udtuului d.re .lo! pcnt.. de . ELEMBNTE CONSTRUCTIVE (Extros STAS 6603-75) PENTRU }IONTA]IJL RI.l .21.lrfiorurui de sfuijin si pemicd?cm*are .ulmeoti.t.supEf.lo. intdese in.lclc enedo&e * crlcnleazn pc b6a valorilo! .alculat. noo.l ca: sn fic sutrcienr dc mde p€nt u c prelua tn b!r!e condidi forFlc in mii.ilor ..ries suprafcrei dc spnsPrr. cooice. (fi8 s.iiin p€M rulGnlii S€ t€@tnude nnlt@rd e it litrg wdilor pcnt.u ldtacn+ii a bile sau o role o aleaj cilindric sau corfc.ii.iuliL !h.arc rclariraj .lltld lfubt 4. p€ o liFsc mu md.25 sint date abatcrilc de formn ale supraf.n I Peg Pe (:e s Int$Dilc dective ale .ta de sp. l. dispoziriwlui de . 5.uirul inelului de rulmenr de p6 arborc e.i sr carcase. In taltelele 5. udirului dc . Porru rul''m$ radi. din c. itr vederca asigurlrn ulei dcrnontlri f:rn . d.2].ur nc.4.r'ului clt<rior $i a valorilor /r din tabrlul 5.rnagdca inclului dc pc rbn .dctic).5 Prcd.}LMENTILOR Rrza dc mmrd.behl 5. Fledcnrele oD\nucriee al.iiaLi d rol. I Potru rultrq|ji Edial-.telor de montai al. rcsp.ctiv bntaia fsorali a umerilor dc sD. iimid de molrai indicarc in 6grra orir Yalorilc orclu 4 si da * vor alere asrf(l ircn sd nu dcpa)e&iL Eloritc mxiEe calobr.iio! il 3rEiiin leh F4. Fig. Ir-|ci i.r. spriiin s.4. di! tabelul 5. .tr rulmcntn axiali se fie . in s.ile miliEc rl.ste ir @ rcr dfect cu umnnl arbor€lui eu ull1irului d. F bzz di@.ijh rurm.24 si 5.li d roL ciliDalricc. din r.roa rutdotul.lrul nu . r do dc ap. Uneri dc st. @rc Fstru a Felua itr bue codirn to4clc aiizlc.hnltih. diamcirurui 4 d6pud uor s. Tat lal 5.6 $ tabelul 5.Fins.zn Ntnen$ o bile $u cu iolc cu alezaj cilin&iL ti sl.

) Dt6dridil. milor co rci. cdie at t{rltLFldnlmdlii lr t-.ml 55 3:AB t2211 5a 7a lr .:Ian-Id 5-22 (MtiMr. 75 st 113 .- I . a 5 ?r a7 7t 1b 77 15 71 15 25 a 17 32209 I 3.

In cazul ucarcirilor combilat. rul&e (bilc i! spccizl rolc). se prrfera rulllleo$ di! . Ii ercini lffii se urili?erzrirdmeblj ru oai nLdrF rrdur dr orpui d.crine dc mici. i Tated 5-24 .Trebuie se . 2.cizie a ele'lEreld ooponeffe ri iD primul rind abat. rurm.ile $u d. 5.uprdeteje dt coDr. pdtr liFa lor de precizie.n $ vo. Pdlju rualn ridr@r. 3u!t. ?somot. rdn. IT 4.C s irrit@e idnenli speiari lvind elemeor. I :t_ ------l 19L 1!L Ah. lbcild ri rte €r€et@ FrEu d€z. r Dr Dt Dr D 'D ':D })P .li cu bile. dc l!. O sirreze .15 a pieslo.sti o rolr.4i d. 5.ea t. usae.r.. .6c rulmmr se itrdicn in €tsloase ruEda limild la . utilia rulneDd: Ediali radial-axiali sau dari.ii rrdbti o oL ciliDil'ie j DrDr lD.lE.jt Diddliui . cititralric d iol. jocurile radiale exisrdteJ mitqrca colivi.liodare . p€sre limit. CrIEle @€ 8€n6@n zgoEolul c&e pot cortibui la inensficarea lui si!t: -si . Potr! u gabdir i6pus v folcesc rulDopi cu bile c{e tuporti iora sdLiri Di mici decir ruln.rile gozilate sultr4Letetor dc rulare.L rrrrF h .l.Bihir Fig. ie 6€s cu preciz. ?entru temDeraturi p.1dil. roDpordrii prldopalelor tipui dr tulmctrlt faF dc ccle nui ioportatrt.lo. de formn ti anune *borele o irecizia IT 3. IE tuncle de dne(lir de a. E. t D.lr admisibjlc.i citiDilric I tt:l_1 : pc c*ft $ fllmdEi h_l : F no. cdi.r abarerile dc la c()lr&Urarc a l.nrci 4. Dontri . I . cu d. PR{)IECTAREA 5.ta Cr rotire relcgi.i de fomn.e fid se3lra dc faptd cn u loot executat. ek.nlilor r.rtnarn E su d r. 'IE!i 3. Mod.6rr D(esar ca.ri '-h-. l0O"C.nr 6 pentru cd.le rurn€nlilor lipsa de pr.uzi s lril. 'D . sci.4ii ridi@te se vor folosi !ulradial-axi.!bu ndidi a ..ri pr6. t. p6rru t!. n LAGARELOR CU RULMENTI forlei cae Aiese.lc flnclional€ estc aritatn in tabelul 5-26. oi o inclinarc a lor.le orpon€lt€ €xecudte din . va produce un zgomot exageratr atunci ciod piesele in contaci 9i id primul rind arbolele ri 6@ss q Dodi6e. turafia ii ugerea. codpoDente ale rulnentului su vor prcv@ o deplassle ardaH a inelclor.garelor ii rigiditar€a (otsuucF.rldi 5i @* o.rui cooditiile de zgomot imPusci NodiFile dc mDta.f€t.ru.ccizi. chiar id mod ideal. Asrfri. uul tatit dr eldlalt. ctr F_ l.ct al€ ebo lor si 6€slor sn fic exeorarc cu o foane DsE p.DEr qi in @al in ore predomirn scioile axixle. {olmi rl. chia. turuiilc (ele mai mln le pot supona '16(biuiEdEli cu b c su o rcte crlodice.ste r20. ?n uzul Gci'cnJ o' pu raili.c cilidria.azul rulm. ToDeratur de lum a rulEerriloi este de cca.are poarr fi iolo\ii ir fud< de coodiriile d.ri. PeDru fi. undilor . s iEpu ooditii d.L boDb.putui rulrreDtjlor dcpirde de facroii q: di.ecria 9i nidn€! a4ioodza 6upm lagrruluii tmfiai (dle.6. l.5. forna ide.

.ele de presjuDe.d a duri ).ClEp. ls.durt eu . permiliDd prF li l. . ro.di"r o UL.diat -i"r -L I il | L tncli!.t" " o el.serqal i I doi rulD€lli.q I gEbb{ l tuIff'l tuE I Rldid @ biL p. p'intr-u!sjusLt cu 'rlrbgere.l I 'r6aj 'r6aj R. c! uturiDF. d. lesnn'rui siDr Dei conie ooorati pe.t mortateJ. i.fer.r@ .ger dcpet!9rc v. c*. bii.'a wuilo'.crdisticilm fdctionrl.a mrxi$n admig. cilbdrie i! coDs.r. aliali o bile oe doua ri.c dp N. u rus onjc.r. priD suruburi !a Ecbui sigw*d c. rd.D c rd i f gi teti D ui i 1erul mcnti .1. uritiz€aze $i i.xploararc impu !'dtiri psrru alc lugimii arbordli prov@te dc dilatarea rsmi.:c€sti rosn ncinotlocr ii cazul io care car&sa .ie Rr. o rulmesti cu alczai mDjc.ct D.lct F€buic si riEti fr bonrat si dcDo. p"r .elele t ulnotiim s< deforoozi.ite) etc. c.lirl-si. 3.lrneofi presupuneo coDstruclieriEPlr. P.d e i o c l i !a Ie a d m i . lc6tia Duriod fi DroDtali 6€ dir.l ' i cepedoi i ri ni i uni nne9ral nca!. .re p@i f rcatizat aiir r rlnoti tDeni d. Asdel areaid.di. sc ri. al@idor. l:e ricbuic sn frc @iaic.bon ri:r cdq.. oprioa d.t N mlc oric. .rfiile NU sau N sj I. .a. 2?s c daulr is h i u ri j . DoDlarea'ro 0 esreavaotaioasiatu."lri.lcmoielor dDpooor. cili. ijliniria. d rbd. NU sdtik sd'ik r0.reti d.noDiabifi (rulncnti dp usncro.1e8.obuD nbs5l e. un nod (montali p<rechi.'@tlc N N rr NU I R Radd Radi.Fi sd si producr-saurdbc eid6rd< rl4eDtului 'esemplu la ruiheodj $ de.ri ra d i al i . b .. rap.nrn [b<ri prciau dusai solicjtnri radi.sre formri diD doun CiDsrructia re3zcbdor o rulE. 3. sFilsc. rulEcnli o rck .xial s€u tri corrruri rsDbl.ecti. A5end.broloaic. dt si i. Cirdilia dc uswilF dc noDrur. |a "lo qre exemPli' coaxi'litatc lnt'i suprafEelci! coDrscrcu ruiDslii (supEfaB dbordui ti e ire*it * bt ol"t. Ruldrntul fi: (pe a. ''ll'le!d $ L r:.criv dcDoorai'I. ddontd@ p.ai dliD&i. reL cilia&ic.olc lnia *i* | R... 48 ri 4q * dau difcrne sisiem€de leseruire.1.meDte srandard. I Rdirlo*n R:dnl€:Iat I R:dnl€:ldt nr d d bir. . s qlc & ftlre dtnct - l&tu: s * ^ : i i i s N '' i | I I N cu rclc cn'nd. iD coDslrucda coDskuctiade m1oi. s3u d. lo tabclul luaE de bomenre dc ristuln-are. DePlari deoontnri frcN.tali cilhdrie inpieuir6 o u ruloeor ndirl o bile pr u. tiplli dc rulrocDgi s.$ti! .le ti kebuie sn se poeG dePra* av.bnc. ic utilizeza rulmdu de Pr<.loar. auiod p'aciic foma pic'clor '6 care si. | | i ' cum jiDt ncri s.uLbenlro. Ri'l'r ! ] m ent idbcel. ere poi p'elua irci'rc.. . compusa djdrrun st la cdc bon. Dormalarchla Po) si numai ii wuri smiiale. inutij li Dc. Ca FB .sjouri.*'-_1!j11-'-1 1 l du I d. . r {s i L n t s h L kt/I6 cu rolcranle cu rorcranle k5/ R.zurile io caf.lcl. d role ciliDdrice.i Drincipd. scrodele de r€sLue a ioruiuj .eesi Stolimc prDtru a nu sc Ploduc dilatdri difc. due la delqioruca rapida a lor. NU. .Cu cir Donra.. | A l i .-ud. Nl.i'a' **. rulDcnfi .lu' PClinsl | o(tri radiele ti solicirnri alirlc. torc F dor{ d rd6. it sill tipur.i si uDsdea \a fi us@ri. . doud rinduri ndnri tolc p. @ @ is ca ia ca )I I R:di. @rdifiiJe RurD.izie .nti pre{e. i I !P A -.!li 1 ""'"1* I I 4. i--. h cul rurncgtor naial-uiati.lor Unsl. z.lsl*. P-reizie de Dreciziemerira (P6. In miorl. sirt dete ii plor!€b 4q 50.8nretor dea|d€cdclat edUct oar esedaxdelallicoDr Uliive (trcrwrr. itr ptd-sele 53 qi 54.t-tilor in coonntcBij ta care ibarcrer dc la coadalirare iDnc dbrc diDrre ruln@ti esre mi.td . 5r -si pureareal'zeollr.t I R2dicr.rzi diotr-o sjrsuri DrindeF D< D*iDa-ucajti. t0 r c i i I | I 7.tc dc rul..iind. 6'.rd.s p u .). azn.l dc . u rulmot cu role di6cile. de Erare pe arbo'e a . L.d ia lrlrmel *d l R.a l o ri (ru rn e .. cilin&ie cirin&ia de de dte dE dsddj dsirudi. fci cele de mi suss. 3..a) poat.jorfu.r rirr d .ri52. uu-i abore sini neccsari in.ole si metod.l I a reL mr. -@ Gl d bn. lipu. bqli 'ulndli B-b u { r B-butj ss . I B I s in haitil. Pr.wir multe el.ta rului.r R2dd. u arbor. cu rol. rrllaenti o'rolc "c""j.lui Bre d€lermin4a in primul rird de precizid tulmen_ m'oi.u eu eii eii &. rulneDtii cu ac). fic oc ca'e ire rnontat d uD eiustai aluedror. pri! la rulDofi radial-aiari o bile su . cu adta ripuij. * Dor n6pj $DaE. o.dii tlrucir prir mob.. Fi. cltc doui ttitui d. .sr. hg'i cu ri.x..diic e liurorul bBilor d. d id .r. -sj'b carca* ' o sluti.D uD i uD si ocurrl denl s. .i irrncir irdepnltqzn Leor.$i:fid@. in care caz amb.le rulmoti cu se.ri onbir{c.1.di. @re uEilizea?-i - Rrdi. ... su ldtr€ dul dint.rdrlatr petrtru a fi noitali F arbori oviDd abarfli de torDi n!ti.cTie.obt. ccDtrar.'** R dd r r I & i re. { R dm dd od rel.coDomicsn se prevadi rulneDp de precr?rc.Dtc. radial-siali cu rol' 5. id caie s intodw rulmoilii.le coosuucla _NUP. inelele ritDcDtului li pieq in ". wuilor. r<.{ buiiGls-r' u t if z a' .pri nmi ri re{ ngi di ' i rn@ @ * i s' Goal U ti Ii 7nri i | .nrEca lor (dc d..) b i!.isar. si r.: 1/ 1( 1 uDr ^fix-(coG soli ducird) si ccliilrrr Ub6.l.di.. Risidirere laEnrcb sc asisui Drin Se denrioDeun ct 6iar. Daci'arborele e$e spliiidt pe mai mult de dotr 5.* '.D usctrsd[eddo sialc z E ic ot jc ' r u l x i d ri o r6 tc c o d c e p c d o u . dispfu p.l {borilo. bn . id ca 3. uolr ulne n d o .Ptuizia de lotte t ubor.zare mi Dic dc rcPrrc.. t4). as'8ur5 priD Desuri colsnudiv.oro| eci ri n. dc dc qr@tlc @.ele Dor 6 moorele cu srrilsqr.i cind distrbla 6.lm uirri rebuie'ir. Urilizar€a rulD.ul. 46 47.

Poti d.*jr.i.Nr. R. drri frpF i. d* l | lPbi rr t0 d/' l Pr |!| r . liohd k.10. cirditii dc t@ br taml.dlic b dlpi @ o &ctrlc turhic a! !!etzi.d!. & |di o 06 lh ri lli!i$.a i. vite.lRoi pcirC liF t & a@ Rori dio lfm $ & m 5u til.@ er.tc d.i! !f. (dr$iey. calitatea suprafeFlor pie€€lor.4.li d. poh v6r6@ e. D.--11'6. FF I d@g fdc . p@dn'FE ddne d.l | o.99 (L t <trlccr EiD d: aai.. Roti & EIffi ffir. dlEi..r d.3 0 6 /. mict lckicn fl*c micn do.ld ftdc lnsriiid.rl.IZIA A ANGRENAIEL. t s- h4ni I Prin atr.dElcrr I pulin 0. ti csre defrirl de clasa de ' t! t{bel.. obi I dqi nDcdo-ls hsrld r.rd & dr. F!.l lpd! a. q d @ rdiF lIoqft d. $ 6/! l Pi n r b so n /' r.ft riclid d'@ddlR. Rou din b.t.doM(F D l l E e. h n latiG dupi d fta-m. d tFte pcla prei6d ! o. nni ctut r dnii s ikocbii ld ffi fodc lji d f@.n.njo4.Qd -di"t hd:n+ -dn$ I 10 Eh lP* lP* 6 o d /! tdihd lccl D!i! (M$ict.rli iL tdrq& .ri6@ ci-r fl tui'ii d@ rclnm di! | Dlrffi | pah d.. sbardilc de forda ti p@iii€. orienrrdv. 0.. 9i oniligi c ae e:ploour..u ram!.@ d*bit.99 (d q$51 I Lttc 93 . l*r pF|vi@.!ir ti lteic. rrld @ vi@ pF din dfu.CAP I TOLU L 6 PRECIZIA DE EXECUTIE A ORGAI\ELOR COMFONENTE AI.le 6.| Rol' dint.2.rir.bd. PRE.@tuq griiid |'[i spr.R DE EXE.!io.a. sc dru indi@ti sEncEle piivind alcgere ctaei de p'.9€5) -ni- ? (dlo!) I tu$rd d. nii1le.1 }i 6. d.. :{ berf.k rciLE m & ciclicl dicl roti lRntrtror.dF. rEHr M.tu p. in-lRdiiqE b$ll]si 6F lrc dc lcizie. vi@ lmilen luatad r.i@ #h{d I P.bnotosic dc . hsnjitlai sli naltui n cilir.c npid. npid.e35) !rie. M.ciz.u de plocesul i. !. F aa}ini I Prin !@cE.re d.F I R"c I Roti dill.UTIE Precizb de elecuie a argrcDaielor se rcfera b derstde si ajusrld€ diEsisilor. e. de pB ndc 6.-"r-.lo nd fdc lin ri linirtit.s lozi. o.J d.ee (s | lPror r.t o td& gE rrc s o6' c -tmE s mr.1.lqilor di.rcjdi l*n vi@ Fibi.ti r(c oidii!6F dcbn d. ...t |(tuhie)!.E REDUCTOARELOR 6.yfriE l@ fl h* rcd.

cizie folositi la verificarea drltur o( cil.t"- 2 si n "d ". 'd. Critedul de cofiact dintre dind nu poare 6 d€ dasn mi puliD p..5 sint hdicate exeDple de folosire a complexelor de indici t! difsite ramui ale colstlucliei de ma$iri.rC&tu|6fti peiri.ll .sa dc precizie s€ alege drpn tabelul 6. se crlrulqzZ iocol u.!r: ac. o pri ' n s6 .Drje de rrarqmitdc a purcrii. lia pld n o le di s6lot p6G 6 o lr cinMia Mj sm$tut. Asrf. i rriaiedk.) este j(nl mi. Penuu dgrtu.l jeul lorat @ JC (ajustai lib.3) Iu fucie de codd. se tioireaz. diri: iool oiurre BaDrui i noura).tdul 3-2 ldrim) cviririi unor suprasarcini dibreice mari Pertru acesr caz.2. 5i.leserca altui iG dioEe flrncun Jd STAS 6271. eildl.jbil din iocul muim dhtre flancuri: i'-- i' 6..idd difseta dc r. Ac. o @ r d . .e . La et. 6k bG{.j i 6.uErea jo<ulLi niDi6 dinrre 0aEori. fie u coEplex de irdici de pre.T." 2i'nu csre sBdardizat -. rslir.mirn ioclr dilEe fandri se aleg de funcdon*re ton).ibpdlfu | 8Elcrn | ri $tur i ..ecisn decit clasa de precizie a ditdidui dc fucdotu line a'rorn it ugrcDli (tol.laselc de precizie 5-q @c silr 6l€ nai uurle.toririi jocrhi datorita inctlzirn algre(cind raiului .. Se admitc ombifte.ij ca: p. .2) ri se poate calcula cu fo. Fcntru aeesi drsn de prccinc o $ dasa sitqiulli lndepodot dc class de preizie a algleDajelor cilirdrice este nec€sar a sc stabili fehl i(n]ui dinFe fla!@ri.1.sta asigurn @mpe6are mi. Valorile fimin ri iolereld.itc pentru criteriul de p. Drecizie .eci/ia {joematica a rotli: futrtu.s'e .tdrilor diferitc ale angreDajului $ c!rcasei se derdmtun o relada: (i6.r.*: Jocatr naiin r. pcor:u clasrle de Drccite H si'I dare iD labelcle 6. iar itr tabelul 6.6 .. Fied'e Llard d< pRrile crre erafldizaG de crire. fuctiod*e liDd si de coatact zl dinlilor. roti i.norore lint nu poar. STAS 627160 c. M rredci spei.ranlele elcmcarelor dantulii @e det€.ecizi.ii sl dc D. 6.ccijic.i 6@si).cd) Rori dtlte r.ind"tici. oprind fie u i. Valdile limita ti tolerallele indicild de p'ecizic. sau ori ptrfir precii decir .1l.' ft r m ir -l ftR n ilh htadr di mri itr Elltrl dj?izorl rtrti dotu d.n ansda|e cidetoa'rie si rtrgr.I[fu 6.la*.soria 6odla draDadc€ idudlezd precizia oaDsDisiej.mula: i* =i-^ + Lt:a.1. vi@ ldirdlltori IIEi h' diqrb dia g. Pe ba"a coDditiilor de erploetde disrira.shiuler raRim po. de fmcri()Me rinn 9i dc coDtlcr diDtre din1i penEu .t'se oc p. ia A .ii el.@& ffisr4i.t.60 se mi . slicidli nijlo. Decitc .ecomatrdaurma roa. IDdicii de precizic d.iDdria. !dEU. a.r qid-h.- & A( a '!tt. Crireriile de p. }l d-.im de br?n diatre flscui. @ qjll.&c L d &tu lM fti reri in ld@b'dj gft ud.(lo. IEntru @rcesar de divik normal.rorirde 12 clase de preLizie. In cz gencrat jool ics compe$nrii dil.. Dacn E. :yire. Ia aagre@lele tlar-smisiild de Durerc Du se imou riDne rigide tn c@ c priv€lre erorile cien rjce. r-Chg : clre (6r) itr (:m: ltr sior cftfcidtul dr dilaraff liciAir respectivdelerea tempfiarulir '.ndd |lM cinr..justai alunedtor)j JD iocmioin DicroEr (siustai sdiliber)i nhib Danr (aruraj lde).terior.ecizie cin€eatica. 206 (secunde de urghi) l' @l dieidui qn. cl.dej dneriuj de fuo.u o clasi faln dc Gitoiul d. .r'ie.Dguul de aogKra'e i . sitrr egali pdED ot-ile dinF.mpcEtun .ele iocdri dinhe flucui: J-E.'id $oDUl 94 (6.dietaal2 jltre ay€le rolilo.. Angtemie crrrn.odplqelor de irdii dr pr. . bazn ri omplexelc de ildici de pre&ie siDt echivaLDli intle ei li sc prescriu itr functic d€ d8tiralb msielaiului 9i dc orditiilc exi$€ate de control. J. c. diD prisra @r. tudicilor de ple. itr lool jolului dc ba-a..lq$ rurir.buie liDita|n roruea libcri a rotii.4 se datr domcniile de apliceie a .|.'+t) (6.ete cijirdrie.F:dtu eprdqn . 6. d.dice de baze. ..joc mhir Eul (. siar date in tabelele 6. pedru a5i. aiteriilor d.+ 2uA)1'2 si\ ddr.tiile dr lu6u ole tusrecjului.+7.i ro or dblatrr .d.inemrici.:e adD$e .. erqitor cicticc.6 mi prfrb dccir cu ccl mult dour. au roldablc di! dif. eti in d- tu4i: d.u.10.$ni eE ru inw6. rei@ | . ri . er.4 -iG lD tabrlcle 6.ste dc 25"C faF de erc"s redudolulli coeficidlii de dilatu./.iriE la zsomog vibRrii r. p6m tirr dje nlla ddinr Fd4e @ !.'e lm:r in'aogreoarcr co acrul dDu.r.izie. . Mi fr@vent irttlnit decit cel a..

|is$liE . F.@ Ab@ @ r.erli 5-"1- d.r I Esir.|i. &!uii !i Vri.i iti!@ 'rbt & I E ."i aio.A | .tcd ditur. dibFi t rtu r. r. "l't"t" 2000 | 1000 | 2000 | 5000 | | 5000 5000 ar@ l .h d iF o udi @ dinli Modi ' I a* ai.E r..r. 6r2t $ & tczi F. d. o ti lrrud' dtut rt'. @.lituti&d. *N 95 .D!t 's ilinS teriari .200()l 2000 llooo 50@ i 5000 i - I - pe dG m!.DobafiL & foro:n t coapr.r i' ft@ L o $ boi !obpLd d.q. d. '..d dilFe .i .i ti Atb i Elt & b&d vdi4ir dildFi d ie r .d .Eld & Itdlct d. B@ cldbd l dc pa aa&ir ndidi . .i4n t'4imn !€c dld &bi rrdillt ..ohi psfruhi 6m.tdi!'rn lri .ut di' f r ELod9 . 6 @ L d r rDtii ti EaIE lursidii Veirti. -tAh..dol -.orn ti @ BlEn radialit r d'ntun .tun d u.

h Fd dbFb tc 6 .i rdiliudfi . ci!. lfu D.It cnIil & foh. Fnd dih:ur & FMizi. T' 3 ti 9 L .did & d@.S 5 1 6 : ? | .dbie 9€ 5000 .i *.r h qiE diotu tldcb F!.@ !.r airdiut d..o6hilui & L pinrdisd. @ r-drd Fe€1i@ lilt !tu h &[r@i 1C@fcm STAS 6fiHO.dpI.drt b I'4 I | l 5ooo rom-:o* _ V{ntir Ab. i' eal &!. r c.n.nc or .&lor ri hrgi'G -l 5000 I dneri. i! €znl d.6a@ d. fuq@ lol tn r.@ p6hi potitd riili Ab. p.noo-:o* rffir.srgDi. & tlrim .@ !i itct$ F. Atb ti ut $ rddiE rles@ rlg.it d.l'did .g!@i. $.tc pFdd.dgs B&iL ! Fucli.Ltuii ri . & iEizt rO $ rr. Mi ilitialui r iodienri & rcizi l'.L dtsl t .ntui & h@l su9lic!&t | .1& .li.c! ir.t citi.r'io. ri.'Ie I" dd d .!r.r. & @inc l0 |i .Elc d.lr!C rr.@ A p q & t 'd lini.ri .*rd & pei'& y'.l!ft & divi8 pdc 2o0o llm ri r ctebr .

lF r/6 din cir@fci. s.ra co.rcpit a6d Y3IEra lisft4 dact iofluenta tot U r ac6tor ntr.".Mn & b66li6.cut tc rcd. & @.rca 3!ErfeFi taDcuiJor Du trchit sn dcp6lqlcn vdqiL .ntu *). da!.rtiu clibliur d.-.rc.1.lcs db tabclul 6. d dcpata.rt dor Du htrlE." f* *"-- di.r ri t L: VLt +br -la VIrl YIi+Y.t c. it ati' u! ebui. 1t2 Eifq@ 6kteF . dnC r! v!. trrp|$tui. ** i' v **.t djlrij c@ur.€ zL d!!tu.!. Fld s. bt < rd.3zi dihE.i t@r*ti r.6Dtr. . N .u ublirel..]Dpldul tdliDii Gsii F. (6.4 T.r v.rc 2a 115 6t5 4 tlo 2@ 'T lm t20 I .^. @l@t .14 -In cszul in crle dirmerul .tirts rm (. r'.1 sc crprinl: -ls ecrficarca a @mpl. (6. d.Dupn STAS 6273-60 sc sd8it @ una din driEile dill coEplci ri .ldot p. lo (:E fit cr.Er8: .6) (6.15. Ac.Fi di! yAn < Tclt ..mi nu dcdt r..^^.n -la (64) tsi ltr*bt No&t r.*ea F Tr? Eie *@i64n: rd-blc. ciliDdric.Sidtoluil.E d.xul -la vcriferca cu coDptciul wi.dn ciadiai s F lusi@ Gnrdi .riqi rr.Dd Ett :ilr.Iul 6.iuilc Disut?.Tat lsl 6.ttlndda rc o dinsi tu.6u..am! d.lnc itr rrbclut 6.c Id. L70 T-:t 1. dc prccizic. In fun4i. 5t . ror .4n-VAnr<Tdt mle tr ri . 2 Bteg crdtr:.s) $ Ertl tu ? t.$5 cmd4ic.r2l.t.dict..ptr{.pEEb 54 Geii c.r 7qr-r6ldEF q!. dn.r didlre.-.tal h lr.ci iMrbc N @Epl.ii tolclllt! lui sc vi colsiden ln g€a.7) . sras 6''3-10) - 151) rr5 14 | .rifcalca h&tii hdiGi TyI'-bLdlF -4r d.xul VAd i & . E&ud * .6I. dintrtc. rurozft. h diaeet l c:leriu d rctih( diltrt. & d.nri di Tol€iutcl. lotaliilc datc ln tab.

rnFb ctrlldtre .@i 617.n ld . Obsrdi.lului t6 t4 ni . I rot o! .6 7t.6 Eb..ql.blli 6.-o) ''' aa .. Ttr.prczirrl bl@!.6 o in bb.6.s. so t i|stuitii l4b 6ro. o. conlom Eb. ob.lol 6.lirlac l. dfom _ bS. Trs. nr.: Sidboltrj 93 7/.r. dlod L o @de @DpLd I mlii.p. : 7:ct. Lt.lului 6.r dinli d*pd ir v Dd 6t r dEft j ditu tI . : ' iornc iqld h F n crh. Tt lr. .lul{i 6.Tetdul 6 7 Toreeat eitrtlr rpr4 cl'stici d. dbEc e di€nFr d.nci h dhi . . Tyl'. T. rrcrd. Trr.u r(@ r.lr TI.d'n. 7ttr. 6!110 Sidbohlil. slfof.Drd sr^s trcrb.miitrotic qri.tr.6 25r)t:totl Nl:ml:aolaeo rl ot360 3ool3io1360l33o 3$ i33o l1o0 rt. rVb Ls.610@ 7.finui 6. ab.

nfe Fnuu cir.t ."*.m.'crui r. r pblt | I krb 'b . Pe* . "'.w i ebbs I |&b tp b n ..::: (s indic{nu'itur d.{ rr dirg in v ffi tE". '!b -* ..{ au &?iJe.-F Eidici d.riur d. 6 e rdmi& pc .btdtF d.-.rL-EtG.-Jt*t#Ha"i$:'llj##|: '.& prlr& m@ d*h .'ch.di6oln: Lr d.fr.defr ry.& yrlrE dublt r bhtui. . _ hr.. I .-. flacliotu lint .rd.- . rrEitegi orc. 16 . T." ".&i j !&{ i Fd u @ I b . "* !u 99 .."td*i vro4 . . . ftir. @sc ci:tir.i a ..2 m l D i JL ft..a ToLi. *r ..i " th n .Tab..lul 6.} rd p. '..i I (.: ": : I - Sidloluile s urnliMt. L e I kra I ebLs di.peEr. i dE .'L-.tu STAS 6273l60t |&& rHLr. lotilc cnb&ic rc @ dinF i.l p .j 5 r.!i rd.di'sri tn f& rt i' v f o rtlime ..t w cdi ddic |.i-.

tu F! (c*r. o h g i e d U I i l .!!'i .'l .e'n@hg!*..Fmni i 'i t.cit ."F[*t\l ---'N .fu c$ o stlin .l:i' *F cu ir i!' r dr.cIdi "'''.. D .. d.ro.t.tl 11i i i vn.flito ' !tin F c.i d.e)...i di bti b3u.. sr s 627r-60) t5 lt l3 .Tab'lul 3 9 To l e d i .

z!. ll v.brift. liDila (ssgqint dh & L idie s irf.ri.I'._bl dF6i i !rfl uI!j .z!.t & oi:o-r .ri or'tdcpam}ui d!t. s j m b o b r i I c e u s.4D .le d.. mtiro srn il u drE.) I 6 : 16 r-l 1i -l 52 ObscMtii: r .tut 6. ru Ebde.9 (Mtitut.lA d €c'l c ushiul 3.u_d:rdi i .i FC di4.E ftbuG @i'I tc eI dElr €s. dr!.6 0.lcntuii u. mishr dinc *c l.&tg I:. lreizic 5--4 difddt ditrft p{rn & hsdi . In ezd ln er.A TVAq\ .L b. wi{ir'g ditur.ttter.Td. P6dtr clft.rifi@ unE[illui dc a8r@ e dc anAffi h pl.ca ' ism i6 e ii. diraltei d. 2.Ilm.ti bi dfp. din.ri ri 'i i nf.a d.Ed) s prsuui .i ..d in Eb d 6 ' a b e s.4.

lt ut t6 ^ = . t rm (Gtu. t t 16 cd I[d! er !!d' 50% 70% +x : a 31 A +r7 a l+re l+2r a +4 : 6 32 {{o + :ta IB 5a 109 .xtu Io lusi$ P@ r pi.@ d'ndiol d. . 5T S 62i3-6o) | # ii:" rdl el !dL6al ddbs !6 idtib.tuF *.- r.1 r-. 2A ln i. I^ lugin.Tor. cr putn 6?6 el purir 30% . . i'dd dllh ditrti.

.i Ii ni ._bl mF@i i i di ]i D i i i Inl i ni ei d€c .i del II' & l .' q ' i. _fl.i di nr. . s i d b o l u i I e u u m 5 to fd e *m i6 e lii:.) l"l?l"l -. ' i .'i rorIi rl i j f_st. shbils inidhrcti.2 d _ !6 &.mdi n'i i el i D !i j ''!i r'r.n 6Jo lcdh&.6nhd'7i l . a b arit c rlrL i l c | i mji!r le 9 a !u lu e b ' ijfd todc ]mlucinm F .r n id itcJi .j d. ..rdi rde!. lini.l . .l @'cl e@i i l o!dcl . .i d. _ !n LildaE al p4il ao% 5' 5s : _ - . dhrol @. Ator sol : : t .1 € F Dai cri i .-- Tota.2.r'rendi Ig1i .j . i ddi !'drcp'i ri rri i n9s.& s. .

.kil..18. Djtstnr dinN x. la alcgcr@ toleDleld s umtstte @: a.f .05 z" la clasele de piecitc a dafturn 3. Dacl la verificeri se tine seasB de diame trul efectiv de vi.. oei nj I! D D 9i'o"t. ' s i E b o I u r n .f D. d.JD_j c'oE tj .'rJ. rod| 6b €ft r& d lr.l i! cu€ f.r'-"t. diDre cele indicatc in tabelcle 6..rmid e n U6 . Iu aete formule r06te mnrimile siDr dat€ itr microfletri. v.g. .*^.@d 6 * y r l i .r.ti.*.ranr dup5 onsider. .tia sidbollrir. pealru cazl.niDim Joal iltod A'!b.t @ bszn de mnsuai€.r.s ro I k r.dr.r.12 . t pb (e*rs STAS 6?7rd) E JD JC *lm P€od P.ridri .tr Tr.@ _ JD JC ObsF. a i.1 .*.* .nle fMCdoD2l.buI:JA oi nn'|i l l .r.n r ps6td!i.l .rivn a dianetului siu. tab€lul 6.h. dinE ddEi s lcrh ic 'l:cei d. respe.Ldft''dE.e fi!in .. cind ciliDdrul de virf este folosit @ bun dc ndsurire. Drofldui (ctEpDt & blmoCi '. I I |e ! Lz r | I k 6 bt 35 Fr kt ho i' *o I Ls lF. o t. . Dacn ciin&ul de vi. Tolcralla bftIii frontale penFu o danrwi l-bld (cu dianeriul d€ diliz{e dc lm mn) si se aleagn dupn ebelul 6. sn se alssn dupn tabelul 6..nt mitratic itulF @rd q in bb..tt 6 6e €sdr fl TyA^ d sturn dc Tr.sre atit bazn telDologicn cit ti bszi de mtswue se alege valoder @i mice ftD.s.r te | !6 I | Rr .19. Tor@F .ltu TD. . d.rrntur .. Tolmta bitiii $diale a cilindrului d.isuEle. rehoologicn sau d< m.€bi !md. f o precizie care st !! ducn la o leduqe @i tEe a irn4imn dhtelui deit 0. tolemF acestuia sc al. <o2 nn)t "D. di@!e' d.td reui)_ 6. Tolcrotrlr seDilrbrctuiui rorii dioFrc s ales de proi.@ tk.l'.rufi ri.&d &ntrd d*iurr idi.. -rot./rr! d a d.lDur ptu Pdtu P@d bfr.t1d rcCc o . la clas€le nai groslse (adici < 0.Ie fi6 Etii:Is.ur roii 6te diterit de 100 En].pleltil ru!l.16.18. se se al€agi dup.l r.c_. dirr'. .@i@rl tudle d deorl indi€rt e .ToleranF la diuetlul nomiDal al cilintlndui de vtuf TD. d bm I R l Gel h!r ol Pt* i D l I* @ l Lr@ l Lrb l !'s' I h@ | | hrm bb JE JD JC JA PoEd lr *! ll*e Lm r. unshi).l '*:ai a.fe. .17 $ 6.g'ln fl d prB tuNl ptB d .li .lZ pcdtro qzul in c.!d? ..i. peotru c{zul io 6e a6r cilbdru ere fol6.r-.l i .sc a poziCs .. ftrn a se lin€ se:ta de vaI@ . In @zul itr @e fcrele scmifabr.Du !.r. Dacn di2@t.".€tului *re6c e bz.lorile db rabel cu raponul Ddllooj .va ohm!' 'b{dil. . \itf TbD. _ lRsd PcP 3 Lr o L itr rlE (cft. b bHdi 0mi6. I kk L16 Li ' I I sT I | s 6273-@) k b h.!a fiontale este baza tcbnolosicn ra drrt']raft. cu exceplia diamerrului de divia€ Dd (io militutri) ti a erorii de lGtosolire E/s Go securde d. 7 sru dsit o. cilindrul de vlrf 6t€ folcir c! bzn teb&logici i dupn trbdd 6.4'.

.!h@ hplirs@r -H-n r FoGlEhl. _ * : 36 N '9 s00 54 l@ : ry .*:. h *D l I&dl (.5m 5a : 6 "5 - ut _ lo. STAS 52?3'60) P*al6Eb rubrel rbrLdl dbal edLsl D bLm D dL.m rrd h 3E l !6i heo la ? Pcft 10 dla - Ir 16 -7 5 _ : ry ! 4 54 ry 670 ? t50" ro00 i ? so. Pt4r .D.

r di@ fdei s c.bd .t*i.I jl 1' t: '1 JC '1 75 "oo "?o ry .r 900 .: : '1 r """ ::s3 a '50" a a1a r _ nn 2 d h o!..fi rs* _ JD 2 lc '= T il I l : ry : I ID JC : ': JA i-3..tidnet imdiod' rori d a{b.nn 6_lr. &nr. i.N!r eidr dlt rtu nitre !6h ti o idr dia .Tatetut 6-13 ( coariedr. i..-d.-nihrn o a..! d sdl bilibt t rro6rl !iru.dds p-@ i*. v"t*t 10n . ) -" .ri Fd"!.

* *.. ti TD" dir tabekle 6.Fc rertclte c| baza dc d. w TbD.rt for- I (6.-.17.1'1 6-1s d.6 di'!.qt (6. in cazd rctilor cilirdrice o dini dEpli se olculetzt cu rcl2lE: L": b Im "a tq p d d'ntun imdiN4 rolJ. f. l:e el indicild irainie de soar.) lui c.u*t t raE d. IbD. Drcn di. niriEet L" s€ obti. brcml. Tab.elroloel&.lrk cii.20. * por lu iD @K r.spoctivi 4.e) di! tobelul 6.4-L"di : 0.i Rueo.it ( L.. .f2. dr. . | .18 ti 6.9 fo. (eu iddr! scr L &ir tr l). s-i Tr.c imultiid qc ubel penEu ui vrl@ro ui sc cahurdzn. . 2 TD" \ t.^ | '. di.5 rrt TL": 0. E.rEkr -edi6@q I' fuqt ciliribtc baBuarer dePrasca suPlllrnle .n d' d rotitot dht T.5 * (6.' (bD.19j Tol.uDEr.fu!.rtul in pb . eri D. o romulclc: ei se calcd@e niri.17 b 116 e lg !el !ei ?F id rEl ld !!9 d ! l i !l d .20.t2) (6.16 diIsGN 12& 2@ | 50 I tb 40/J . t . ln crzul ib crre valoareamodulului dereraiului de oiculat de mfl ltr& d6. ' ' er r.{brra I i' 6.dl.r ror or di4rE caitr&i' d dtinn 1.68(Tr.!.rr) 4 (6. )..68I I r'r. b..Tordstc h di. 16.dc L)J i"ii'a". 1o caz'n itr qre dianenul ale lirf ou s mnpeDuu. ' 7'd. diM6 @i.a {i rotcldl2 -f. .dn r @cllrr & vnt tu .A L"d)-!b .8) .it moduvalord.d.Tb. dhcEutu tur sc' .r .*d folori.r3) r40 I r70 teJ | 2io l 2m (6.14) tlEoloeLl.I.ffi r6p.htl 6.c1iv 6.r0) (6.rx. 6..iTiili.orllo..13. ln tlo c c in&te' hirjt ftubl.u bodululii ansraaj' Lundm€a pere r dinri.l + 0. indicarc -b lul h \jm din tabelul 6.: .6l .I.c*. b. .mefful de virl sc Dns@rn irainte de mificare! mulele de recalculaie a tolereFlor sint: .sur|l.%t D !q Ta.: Lunsim€a Z0 pe€te s dinti ai rolii t@rcti@ f:lri deplsde a profldui da'twn se poat alegeCjn tah€lul 6. btt5r.d eid .&ir d Io plE pelrr -"* h3' * @dr. . TbD" Tt*:T\-I'bL irdicnor r.rE Ebr d! d*.

@r 2r JA ID JC JA |1 & la l.. & L 'tuf dtl fob'n{ I i JB ]D JC JA Il ll lii IJL lr ili 7 tl 6 l0 mi mi ro3 2l 15 52 t5 75 t5 rb IC tc JA 2t a l9 35 ID tl HI m.t rl JB ID JC l1l t'tt 16 JA lr d a ]E ID 'l lll 2& 2A 32 3A .ToLd- bldit . aErLi ndr'r. JB ID JC tc in Fn 2r It JD JC J^ t|l dl.

rfuo. precizie cbcnrtic5 a ro!1. sj se aaloDtSdir tabelul 6.bplu stobolul lugimn perte 4 diiF Be nor. .20.riul dc fiDqioue dif6i| a:Ls€ d.t ti nrg -L Eifi@s -la "o. (6.cosEr.e ri fZ.l5 a lui r.trs't$ic .D!i.:Filnn pdr: o @mplcttl .. 2. Drc.156J d€ prEcizie elte dct€f.< ir'. cale sht clete i! rabelul 6.r_. C{itcriul de coDtacr dirm dbti ru Doatc fi d.<ldi 112 vcriicarea c1r complsur V 8n' $ Ets es:?t -la lrl'lID.3.1) se idocuiEte cu nlmirul de dinti dpriB de lupsim.€Jamtrilor rr$ x. rapccdndu* liD. . v.2H.i ale .r.truEitc €rori si ab€tc.raderiat Dritr .n l_--P 'd ! s I (f&t . ffqr. ls ooie. o..! 112 .J cossJ. is .AL" d't-rLn (6.E'ra . ti* Iabad 6-19 *@ rl. h h6elut din daenul ae erecugie.i .15) r{ }i sc al€g p. Tol.e Eu Doatc si .21.zn cu zJ.16) (6. a gt 412 wtifrcarcs cu coDplent fr' Ere.29 se dau crtns€ db STAS 64606r Eivind \aloolc tisita si tolemot le indicilor d€ Drccizic DeDtru ccle trci cdrErii d.rc6a.lcirdici d. Pcdru simdif@a crlculelor.o!i dinFte detalice prelu@re..r mcle rcsuri. b c1zul mfilor ciliodrice o diloti lrdiD4i lugjmea pest.lc rop-lor diltaG codcc d a argrcnajetorl dduitc (xi.1?) ..lcula (u r ! *o L m L.'rrD panea 'uEeagI a rumitului de di-ofi echivaleni 3. . d. f:d a se iftroduce prin aceasta decit ero reslijabileJ lr rle8ercal !6pcctiv calcutrrca l.tifere dccit cu o clrti dc Drecizic tn sus rsu 'b ios fsln dc criteriul & Dftciiic cioematicf. Coadifir $ .. p€ste dtud (spr€ e!.te cootactut dirtrc dirfi Fi. liBit4 dact iliuelta tot lt a acestor mitrimi ru dcpit ttc fcr.cizic.Astfel fiit.22. prcccdca toletaDt€ FtrIiu clas€le de pr€cizie l. coEplcielor dc irdici da pr.hutut d. : l(Lo + nr Lr') . .sEa . 2 sia % (6.4 9i 12.23 sirt date iodicalii de aj€gere a dasci de plecile a rofilor dintlt @ricc rrtiliz:te h Earsmisii dc Drtera Fi-'! . dinli &epfi bclitraF $au trbi avtud diDetrul de divuaie pinn Ia 20oo db ti mdulul €!t€ri6 pcste I piai la i0 t1D.G mr'u.ln tabelot 6.Eizie cdfod STAS 6a6G6i e rdoite e mi ain mitlnitc dir oEDls lli dcp4al! n vrroeft. ferd . Io act crz sc pot uriliza penns deterDiDerer Iugimij L.12.tulde pdtru aDsrdaide ooi(e sldt srabiliie prin 6. p'ccizie.nidtn dc Gireriilc d. yld in erul lobsnn tui d tsri .aroare. folcirc . Antlrmic (sie STAS 646051i ele !€ eplicn l. SiDt prevlate 12 clase de precite.2. 9r. dc oreazie siadarinc si corabbarer tor.valotil' Al-. IDfornrtiv.!t.24 6c dau aloncdile d. fitnctioDarc lhi h a.ToLtulA dim.sn @i DuriD dcdt dsa ale Drccizie r critcriului ae fuircriodrc tid r rorii ir aqf.dn ALnrh \i TLr sc poale muts (codorm STAS 6271-&). ln tabclul 6. hdic.ie r(. . I_/ repreeintl cor€cta lp€cificn a luDginii p6te dinu 'troEu oane{ fiaclioD.vt^. diqfi se va c.cizia folositi h Eiicarta darturilor codce" ial h rabcl€le 6. ae$d totcrantc dir L a"s-.qrc dit€riu de Drecizic 6tc c. d.r8) 109 . (oDsiderst ') ti acdr ' se aregc din rrbelnl 6.

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) "l"lbl!l t1543 l8ta 715 an l3 Lt2 tL3 5126 912 1.*a 1 . rnliDti F.fotAtJ ' 109 !to .t ro -{.l|o .L lLrt ar3t@dc o did --|--.rt --{.?ts -{.(tn rJr0 lF39 | tor'td&tt hri_ii tEc 1J3r I dltn "" dr.telt Dl'ie .-1 - l .lto -4.l7o I --qe l-4&l- I | --4n€O -orr0 2p52 .ll 411 331 2tl IA 1t5 t17 1$ 119 r41 310 152 !1 l'* v.t ditd ti .o.lciL .r3o | --o.20 (dtiate. L: 3.t^- | Trr I -qmo --4.W tIn tlt I ---o.^ l .150 I ^^. r^ | 7 --{.

rr. . conditii d€ fiDqio.30. l:e lsigur. locut ni.lt & I'.@s redocrorolui $i aDgrerai (coetrcieqii de dilatale aj acestorafiiDd esari). oeld . T&dal623 Ar.: ""t"" -a . conp€o!{tea miqoftii dc 5'C idtrc flln{li datoritl ircilzilii aDgletraiului h o difqe4t de tcmFrstud (6. 6.trr coDpcossta . I! EopEl linn&ii rodrn lib$e. (:e j* (6.20) ru 6rc Ir!€sois de stasdar4 se calcl eaze cu rclati. Elorile stui dare b micio&cEl cu elcrt4ia Era.4.baterii lilri$ suFriere dirtre u! . se caldlszi d aiutdd fl'nbl.orru carcalt.si arymojului io&tui dinEe Jo€ul rornar niai4 dirtlc farcui. ln securde de uahi (vei tgb. +!s .luogim€e dintelui. roF sc elcul€ari iocul ulghiuld po€ibil: 2i* rr.i d.)-(dr' Arr-d. iar . 8d.a: = i.cl6E r. r.bpl!: r.d.25).r ubdtul 6. dillar. Ia cazul !ro.Eiushiul iD tD.ocului diotr.rE c. io locul iondui de b{zi JC $i anue: (aiusrai ahEc.le stabilire pri! sr. Rqild tt- O..lor$ '.grdmii.belul 6..t'. dir t. siDt dst ln Bbelut 6..rq) Jocul naxiE.3re difdne de c.i: I-(e 8d.iD ditrtl€ frrc.i. iar I . ale ushiului . D€cessr p€. sr clementelc dartuij . 0{045 ar.andsrdj iocul loiotE.30.ll4] tff Crli. Se adsite ti al€gErq altoi ix dhttc farcori. rodro.itor) JE.4r. dar diametrul dc diviae.e n +birl e q3a.cos a@ 12 vftf al cooului de divizare al rcfn vcrif.2r) Vatdilc rot€rartdor sro6im diltdui poFu roat! t $ 2 se por lua d.I4. rdliblt t .lilatirii diferiie a @c!*i ti s rotilor. hdep€odor de clas de prcizie * stabiletce Si felul .lo care 8dr este s. ioc mioio rnicsat (siustai smilibeo JDr ioc ic ninir! hirim mlrit'lul (riustai larg) J.gt6 d&i d. Elo. o'tE utiti-b la tu d. ri Arr acelea$imrriBi p.Olla.b . DEdr:L .3st + r'.c a1 $i Atl sirt co€fci:Btd de difatare liaiarl ti resp€ctiy detterea remperaturii rotllo. + .. br eic .ltii $ rbrrsile ushiului diDtrc d.28.) cos d@+ 2 (/8) sir c6 (6. fiaoclri prccEm (:F dctermioi ac6t ioc.@r rE6 . h ca. Ar)o 2 sio dor. se nuette ioc de b€zt 3i sc lole{ze o simbol JC (aiustai liber).- rta4.atc.

dc Dic.L bicd veirln d @ id d r r d iL o@el ri E vrnF di@ m e Wie . d. tu d ifr . & tt *! c.t VEi.riLllt6E!16 Br@ Blli $ c@ r dttun r.ri &plds dieLrc . Drtq. .rn nsliurui .dd 300 p$ & @d!dt jcdti . i mpr tr (dE i tt ftesotE Blbn ndllt VELIb dilF 5@ I datun i6dsi di@ d.c.t_ u!6idd r. o.Eh .rivi4 bIld e t& uE 0 tt60 ':Fo .r o d c (oudi Vt V&i. is d E d i c G@i ea@ dild d. o Ebs.tul r.dtr.i !.ir- 6'E ushidd -t$i'hi @rri . t!'giF & el..r.d.:€ AL&g Fa4n d. oLu.tt& dbFb .Qd) hn Ab.r.rt ulhtn ri & oattra ililr &L.L di@ .

oc4rnth cmn @rte d.60 dn d@!ie: r4-bl@F d.I|5 . Si-*r"'iL fl.'d. di't . N hhi. ilcpbaiii Trt -bla TtbrdbF brdn rrdid. 32 | F I b | It.ToruIF tu 4 I .e dr*!bz5b&. " n.ie &diIlIF ' ehi e dlltl mi nr@ra rptuti{ cMn .i qd4i.ilddcI dlldc 6le' h rr& (....i"" P6b 25 L 6 I'Vjn lEnleeic r.ndrrr6 pa.6!. di! @i6aF: -bla!4r at"e-bl@t dd u'|ridrn a .&' tutr @n & rd. lra I I I I P . - rd .. Sc . | 42 | .i Fd.t!l@ iblnE fld je . I : 2lo P@ 2t prnr rr 3r. & l{i r%' rpdi.* rdnl bro p@ r.gpliE... dld dio@ * L o dti. | tm 90 t3 t0 33 | -': lb 90 T. lt."rr. u !r. ditr}) rnr.rn tui..@Ld Mul& r oE.&sF dmrldl & ro F t6 dd EE ('s !. ciiElul tafu r Fdrd rb F.^ | H:'#. . F! bl.I d.9?{ 4llo I ! I rrhl Pqb6pdLlo P€b 10 pd h 16 7 " l'fi.5(t 7!t 24t 55 : 105 un 75 7E i ..tici ushinrui d.i dtnh bLrDe i{Krui d.s .d.rul.o 33 s I 53 I 1.r E9_. r i. ?. I !. SrAS 5444'ar) I l'Elq!l '{rl{. oarod di@ 3. orhroro sta|pbrl'ro I o | td lIi d n- | . dMr d. r.. I n.pdta. nd ie.3 I 32 | ao I 26 |l nt n i l5o I I TE e5 i 75 | 55 I ?o I eo i 55 70 I as I 331.|5 Ilr olt. @i.

P.deie qi@F @i di ddie rodr. rrfS'q r. ore. ial4.cn dtu re It dio E u diG.!t ugliului d. b&.L *fuifotii: r.tci Tyi-rolauF rinid . @ d.ii ushiolui d. rodrd iLFn r. . da'tr&ii sirli . $a (..L .E dlkrrl & fr. Sidbolun o uBlNr.rinb rd ! 59@d 2. .le pci'jc G-? . At-. I.s .t +: lr 17 u t2 t7 2l t2 v u 19 2 4 la ?7t ! 4 :a 52 t6 aa = at lri 7!t ll5 l:I) I 65 $ IVt 5a 75 tlo 90 Ei. rEn .t5 t2 l5 t3 15 I ll l:t rrt l. lu.t. balld dift 6r. S.rddorE r6.ut fid i4.f.Ntui.sbii F.d. t&. .b.r-brdF dn cdie.de finr .ptr..: JI 7 ll .fun ciclic 3.lfu ctG..ie d6nia nlo.thi sr 8 6. bl6ol€i .pnndlG dbn . * d!!a nlda .|511) €.r. d.

e r lini er pqia . 16.r. ?0% et prtio m% . s rflt@E! . ."t Pd r pid tr 16 ln &i4im L lErioc TAi I P..rld. i6!E dn!d. ftidlffr&ii .frde Sinboluil.*r r .mi6etii: ?.ToLrrF tdfu . b td (tu SIAS Ad!6D *l & badm h hr-- rl p4.o% el pqia 50% rr 30 !n 'E ritu dl 9ud! ao% at ltrin l0% tn Hitu Ob.t-&pLCdL li6id.lc vknlbi @d!i .ibiiol & dh.-r!ra <tc sE. r-rr'-blErnl.

dirt &irir. sTAs aitarD-6r) fe4l &t:@ | fudi D .r JB ID JC 36 12 {3 52 lia 4o112 {5 1.a-ii ?:1.!. h gD (. io pE (.l bED l bb rdbbtddbetl rl rLE .rl!.4 t5 I 1{a 155 160 55 30 10o ll0 70 B JD JC SrW€ Dlrlol..TorcElld.1 113 | I I 100 rr5 r50 . . dr4.r STAS 6a6O-6I) btl F ..Iri !ro.tu .

.he 629 tdte) . 'T 00 . r0 lirjr I. 'T 250 I ddbs | !&...TAtd tu&l rlltiu Fd'l ' :. 16 .* I i IitNbd ' . 2 :. l- | *"- l dLa ' --: P6t.

tr. -si lDdep€nddt de clasode F.orii delcrre piad la 20OOmm ri diamerntl de dj!izrre a. . @ r. claselede Drecine J.. a&reMidor melcale d.oDdiriit€ de eiDl@ldc si viieza perif€rici a rctii rclcare. Jc-im Giu*'i JA-id Btbig ft'ra.hr [nbn +r50 l+r3o l+2ro l+2so l+r2o .10.bntai..sd.fr6t'i€brlr it 100 Dr | .. aisrenajelor n. 6.rlnr b go r.3H.cd. dif. l4 tm 6.a preiziei datrtuii.. .lc *mifabri@rului de obiei se prescdu urmntodele toterdle (fs. . h. iDcepurui.sur rr d. d"'p.se merodelede durllEe si raramorul termic al.-nrf-trr: lidid . Ir.A.Tefmirclogia 9i simboluilc tef. didcuut dc disie rr .3.L@ si . . dia bb.32). avind D.cizie .! . 6.!d t hlotoeie d. ts M !re nrori . * unsld d. .!.po6tt T6.elorlrld indici rciodicali iD t.32). 6. mtt bl@tl trrrtii Edrd. ale diametrului dc i'lrf 6..2s s idn'j dnu.Tat'dul 6hri:rrnttE J6or Fdur I d.miliber). c..ij capa(1a9r dc lum a eDJFeruFlur.' e.sn de precizie este d.le delcului ale rod md@te si de ars€ndului (cireDatic $n d. [Erit (aiustai targ)..r.. . JB _ if.l@te pentru ranMite@ puterii. condiriite tehDolosi. urti. cu Eodurd axial peste t pirt la 16 lu si diameurt de diviarc al otii nelere DAae h 5000 m cu itistanta iltre axa rorii melcare si a melcuiui reglabil5 i -aogr. L l-(nl acsrui roc se rnai poare folisi rirmar roarele: Ja-ic.fde distaltei dintle muchia extelioari a codului d. Fieq!6 d. d.l l.-.lE{.Idr .. 6.erenLc de conroi.Mr.33 si opri.!). 6tr tih. aDgrcnaielormelele se srsbilesrefeld.riia das€ de Drecide..abatdile liditt.teroiDti de crireriile de preizie .ile $ abaterile elemeftelor ansEujelor rcl@te. mel@ie pe.w&ar ASq - ^L l+rto dit. . rul {aiustai_dur@iro')i JD *ioL m.]0 6450-6r) bcr'a I +70 l+e5 Atq dr. s.&. -r!. ri fucfioule (tab. * i.n. tidid j lafu -lbed. dc ogrcDaie mdcate: -aDgrenaie Eelare ci@ric.|l .3 sle urlghidui suplimentar. distabp dimte .31). h Fm (...5 $ 6 se rplici angelaicld delcare cinenuriR.bdd 65 d s@d j 7.).r)l (tab. & ortur diG c.tu3 sTAs 6.2. Z 8 J 9. is (laseh 5.-p"r-ii. J./ a b@ei tehiolosic. frondn .s di! t bdr.ir@l d.iniri Bjsrar raiusra- 7 P. de semiushiului conului de rllf (tab. i! \edde.r3'. /t. I Attu . 6.6. Tool tlatrml de bazn dintle flanui * oore{"i cu Jc. precLiede bazi. p@ t!&!{td d . -toc midm ToleraDld€ poEu.isue.. qile linitn r{3.l mclcului piin ls 4oo tm pe. linirn lA alc ldtiEii deturii Indic€le .odulul sxial perte I pld..r.h.rru oric.zE t . DitriD. JD -ic nicronr (riuEi |dnihe). lultrdr d.abaterile limitn . Si valor e limite ale acestor erori ti abateri Fig.'.4.:-i. somar&re perriu teai ctasd.4@. melcare pcmru rrdsDjrdea purerii.e de fabriotie posibiliritil€ eri.uj dul (ljuri .bele ete complexi i d.. A|rgrensie aelet . Se disting doun cateaorii e br EbEi -r-s-ri!i bl..I sr ub.d.-n".. r.ngtenaiele datc in ubelele 6...6.pinde dc modul de reslafe a senifabricaturui pe D$itri ri de for@ coNtructivi a rotii De ace€a nu se pot reG t1Eda tabelc o toleraale pe ru acetti i$dici ci Ii€cale ez tebuie iudecat separ*. h ubelul 6.ne priotr-u 6Dpld dc iddid (rab.putd 4!o 4 Do @ &t to -.4. * abaieril.m.hn 631 rr o t@erE. IDfluoJa .fairrl jGrt Diaio di@ Simb.14) io fscle de desriDrG anirenaiutdi..ii (ftre8bbl) shr .30 me. Dr. 7 Dirtrqel.ocului dinrre pre(:u sr <let'Brele dantuii sj dgleDajului c5le delermitrd acr ioc..!Frf. 6. ltr eo ce priverre tolctut.lB ru &c influe4l asup.L u8udui dbE E.rru ba$miter€a pur.. vilf ii b@ tehrclogicn qifuncfionau.-6.l pioftdd pr6 6. abateritc lirEitl lr. Cot L sidt stabilire prid STAS 6461-61. -!b . 12 clale de Dreciziesubilirc rrab.litode la qo. precuf.lc usbiuhi 'l!fui.lu!ccr6r).ruik ru ur!@ J..

sll'dfui ondu: & divie 70 ml30l.e! **l 6 A6{r..ot50t60tmt30 t-30 50 f^ @Jlui ]t{ GpD.lftt .d timid r 44r4hr d. tdr$t$4 | 25 | b !6 tcbt1'. AL d AIr. i o i ' 6 0 ..T. rirf D&idtc -'* | r-t6 /D.a'4ts--etdF@ 30 | 4{) | | 60 I 160 1?ol30 l95 .^1" * r" A6.5i110 7tt.@ dintriun l@rilusioi.dt. 5 l " lo||ol .tDiot h am m t27 .& limid r !4!iului Ab..dtd.

depl!@ _h tltNlui m. pdifdicr lPqF Obwti.lri@.A'dn + 0'3& TbD&l Ts. mclc) r.hd trtrd! . e. hahn n firlt t d.L rcllLtotlor h vikz.dd rn lllfui@ d (ndiai. c6Dh d.@ticoryr. d.rlaie rngtujolui.i trotrblEi.!'€'@j.i sprd.l@ Iucn It@itL lditrqti Poli@ @ldilui obUsrdn.d. d*r.!udi.se cooforo teb.g E- .o1Frd m.rw Vari.i.M (6:22) (6.d .23) .Drrri Edi.* t lffiiu.lcis.k doi pori e- esr.r.41.'..t! -0. AhdG.bea distcj diftd€ b pr.. dacd c irdnl de v'trf al melcului serle9tc ca b6za d.@Mi led & !.i $i. .lc.rulr ci ri nqi i .irnn prrruld rl !lx@ reiii k pr.l moaq * nllei lu ti6d !i poliat oblierdiu.bd@ dist di'ft & lt pr. di! rerut (d.(od€ d. ddlnftr M. mgr@j.loJlui !refilul lNu * .r &t !@i @ditii |Eeid.b.F. i'.pi. Roir. .tcitor. h mod obuLslbiu ldlptp.164 TD.rEc. Dnsee r arciDii spifei roletanF diametrd!' se alege cooform tabelului 6.dj!tl d. ri rib- |@dr dd* E pr. Mcrcii clrid ldbui.ror 7.r.!tuii.iG dtd lo cea ce prive+te toleraqele scmifabri@rului Delcului qi rorii Dclcate. ilF pr.I. . fcm. renlor m. @iutui.i'rtt a.luF dinE doi p{{i @ . e I frz ndc dindre pGn.rin dru u{.i d. lll4 . bi.l& lud ff itr |. d.& tidsdr.bi rE i G Dif.r c ilu itr @idq. d- P6 d. @ Subliq€ tpiEi clclrli s- SlbiaH spici D- mtdui ilc @.5 Dls Ftuirs. ri.s.cit *ili...tlci r .I d.!i. 44.ln ditu&i fl l s di E@ E d i c dia.'.@.42cn !ela. Eul.tr . dicei d.llrraclm!- Dif.!rid. diiie) H.j3 M. Tabtlut 6 34 m'lcat' ..Subticrcu miDiDn a spirei Delcblui ti tolqang gosimn spnci sc llqlctlezn A'""n.lo.b.P. Elr.livir o.rult ditrG doi p€{t c civi .Ejc d.: E -o.oFrlArsr.Tat lnl 6..lului 6. Elorrelohir6 it.n.rft.i rotii. oDif) atr@ di! bt iditu&ln r4r@i.. EtI'a@dtr.lc 6d(r6ftd lbui. rjls.H P.il lm..c buic fi6d d fra| RodL odstc G prclu|ft m.i' Givi -.t:o|'@. itr rolsarla biriii radialc a ciliodrului sc rl.Icld Dibrdn cigi aimtii. Flhrtu d driE a dlrldr rcdra $b | :brdrl]G er . r&ft dinE'Err..: RMtmibriL gu&li qp&it!9'l d.gzl d ft@ tri6qra Finiffi Fln Fif.tdli aid.Laloi t! ribirt @i @F rr pc elcdu rdtl rusma p.r oFi on8tE'i. F a!@ii. ! Ds't@i!lu.din . . a* At{. folo. s. pr.q. d.lt d..c d L rltir.'Ert@ di.73 mD.r.i 8.thE.rii!-lfdia rici Erd ri ri t gnn lt ..iliE d. u!ruicrd Ddd. e.lo condilii c@dri .orl lprodlrtui d. blsld Vri.did*. ndi.i 6t'i. S@a r eiEi ocknili di.| 6. driq .dDLtld 6culnLdr F srdsid.@. d. *pdr tr lirel P6d d.r ou u dirElFi di'ft d€ lt pc rlllre'dcplr@pldlrli Pobd. tu&l lmicc r D|fun laEoril*p.

irtr dlbta. STAS 5..IN ottdoi d. I rrc I 16 I E -& 1 6 rL +a ur alr o t'. r.blmt b&Iii !.dtdc tiniL! rk pretui uirl j ?!- 123 .tcl rtul sri toii c !n * sbit rrl rbddilc tibid it pertd n .lrt C3J ".t61-51' | & 2!5rdL. cl.td..d. D.L @ d .E @uodti tl !bFs.r d r cd imtE l nc.r 4r4-rh@iL lioid rL ruiri uil d ftlohij &Asr E4pd-cfu .r2Drdbo cdeiol | d. bltuE nii Tt" .oo +s)l*rtl*r. r. *tt tr F6 (.lord . t rrt 1 6 d d L t | lr* +65 | Zr0 dd k . Dr.(x) P6rc r(x) pint L 20o P@ tx) lini L 4@ d l.r .r Dd.Tolcdt rErq! Dcr.tu . Sldboluil prdhlui. 12 pnE L .itot.- P* lr .@i i .rd b bt. I & * 6l i dLro *t. i!ili(* ri .i l oti i mat.l * l * * 1 . 2 . cdo.dirt I oiEi *Ldui.1'rdF|C s!i6qii: /rr.!.P@ !u r 4 Er r .!@Ior& di .

' sTAs 6.i ctEu 1a r bGrd d.61) I' za aa lKt 6 T.5r. rrrdd.' aa lb llo 32 4 6 I 12 * 36 tot 110 4t 4a aa 5a 190 aa . I' pE (. i.!d.lrd@F !F.&r.

U 6.a E tl[.r&.btqrd {. Sialoluit.@iri t zr'rri roln. d@tstnl. & L Drd[m. a'@ d. /fitri .btdd dii @'Elc @dinodi: harti ndid.! -. @ . 126 . ditrd N tr*trn @d d| d. ps p. rol rrnt8 tuntsd dirbbtd dioG e lr o @lt d. @. pbnului E.oldlF n d. pu.a or.q'@nr trdori btr. dlM djl4*rrtu drtut i & dtld Eiqni iEr d @dei flrr!-.b.s dFid elli di .dii tuulrb d.rA |iniit .bieEF plri . 210 dinF .dim sre otn d. rpt llo lll0 .!oi dif@rd l. { orDtlnddc 7t' .tc dituili lidid ar.JG ldi@) 75 zto 55 55 5a 7t a.lift rrrr. pEl'6E . Trr . lt6 dio G t'd& E p. r &tuii: Ud .!Fpd dia bl@t .hra d06! rln.94ad 2.

l.6tbnft *"- | #"r Tatdrl 6. .Dir.@FId erdb (eEd. trctd...i uidd & dinft Ersd d... P.).T.F rrgori. poettl. e uolbrde rr-br@F pLNhi E dnD .-'6 @iEdtiir SiBhorddr.r.6@. i Jff?.rt 6Dl).37 STAS 6'6lr_Cr) r! FE (Gftls .fut etbirl !E![ d.&ii a!. rddtu lr ru8d I I I I I ilield Dioie@ 50% dinidli riiiou 50% I lill--' "_l -' 17 Tt 75 30% diordui oiniru dnarri 6br@ ?e/6 P. t! lid.l ' o P.rt'. Irlllimd diocbi Io rDlsul dioElli DiliN -.!€lEe: d.l r4ii In . @t t-'t. F Eli@ ri -.t . | *t.t'!4. dti'q ln tad +75 +5i I +106 l* " t | +rao | +r3o I !210 l+N l *' .lc -ibeL & (F 4tior i.Mn ra[brui ilinE limig. ! md. di.i-- 6()% 65% b l * i -l -1 .:L limirt 31e I J I t.o |*"0 1 *- I Tt P.

,eur

hrnrq

dift

dss'i

j,(,

r.

pD (.tdt

sT

P._nuu orgae fimate diD fond, otcl ri Dak.iale acfeto3s€ tugozitetea suPtafefci
iczultate estc datl id t beld 6-45. Rusozilaka supralctdd $i cla$ele de preizn in fdctie d. fetul prctuc.rrii si Darerialului pi.!.i se dlu ciorativ
i! Bbelul 6.46.
suFalctcld tuncrioD.i. (iDfolE3riv) fucti.
dc coodjfiile de luou est€
_ Rlg..Eq
d.(I iD rrbclul 6.47. lDdi€Jii penEu .le$fta rusozidF suprafcrdor in fMclie de desrioatie 9i d. nodul
de as@blde siot d.rc 't' tab.lul 6 48
Rwiztar€a sulrafci.lo! de Dontai alc arborild 9i arczaiclor carcaselot p€orru nrtm.nfii
qdiari radigkriNri cu .l@i cili(Lic
;i rurDerti diali estc atat! in tat€tul 6.49.

s 6/|6r-5r)

ft* n'

.tbl ;hl @ l l bi t' ,,ol

o lo l"l

o

9SlrJOtrq,

6.3. TOI.ERANTE
9I TOLERANTE

$I ABATERI
UNGTIIULIXE

DE TORMA

II

DE POZITIE

Pertru roata meLcatt. d.cn buprafaF floDttrn 6ie bsze tehrclogicn rr dartuEle, roteAbatoiL oaciogeomct ice ale forEei pi6€lo!, t{EiDotosi.
trorars id d€i6 sint
Enta Nunii noDrale se alege di! tat€)ul 6.€ sau t beld 6.16, is dacn suDralars dc airt iniiete ln tab.lul 6-50. I2 proiera.ea piesei peolru t@te aeste i abateri
se p!€vnd !€lori
elle baza tehnologic., bAtei, radirld se b dupA' Ebdul 6.t7.
rimftn .dDisisile, ales€ asder cr pis sn--sipona iDdeprbi ft!4ir]!ea,
iar eicd&
sr
Suprafetele d€ virf. cale tru siDt b@e de nEsurire sau reblolosice, sc preend cu roteposib n $i eluobici.
laDle ast{el ibdt iriJfibea didtdui sd ru sed,i o bai mull d. 0,1 u; p@bu claseie fre
Eu r.prez€Drara qi Dorsrea pe d€sene a roleraalelo! de poziti. si,t
3--6 ii cu mai mu.lt de 0,2 b. peDFtl cla*le ?-9.
. Sjmbolurile p@_
indiete in tab.lul 6.51.
Tolfilteie
de forEd $i de pozilic sint presdise ln d@umdtatia ate ben numai dac{
liDirso
ab.roilor r€ p€rtire ere
pi6ei D.c) tn
0.2. CALITATEA
SI]PRAIETEI
ORG,ANEIOR DE MA$IM
"eces",I FErru e $i8ua etilalcr
d6eDele d€ c!@tie Du se &u indietii
prieiDd abarerile d. fo.oa ak pi*tor,
a$teg
pot fi elmrare @ abareri dc forDn barime limirarc de cibDut de tolmr!
al dirc
-cer
Tqnioologia
supmfcFlor orsrn€lor de Darini siDt datc iD Feror lau distaDtetor (ushitrrilor).
}!cn tuDcriudte piei
$ valorile rusotdtn
e lb.rsile de forDA
rabelul 6.44. h indier@ rusozfitn suDraf€rei id dG€trul de e&cuti€ se va tiDe ssDa
se fie D.i Dici dccft cele Fadne losiblc in edrul cimpului de tolelan'n' hebui€ irdide STAS 612-?5cate io &mde
de cxe@tie varorile DI€soisE.

TdaaF

rr.id

.r'n i ?D t

rra (tu

STAAr 6aar-61)

f&4betr &r Ec i g'di s &46di .6fu

Ic

l65

l65

l70

JA

l95

l g s l rml rm

l ot

l ros

3a

l 3a

l 6150

l15

/ri

l50

l5l60

l70

nt

|
l t| o

30

135

loo

l rr5

lt 2o

lr oo

*l o

,.

t.;

Taktu1 6.'n (Mt M.)

slbs.ra -r-iir..eh.i

*i;

& rodt.*.

rn;.#"*.".ffirf*)

r@ri.
220

E!o
l P a.s
l R *r&
r d bol pdbrol r& rLfl

61"

l 3l e

P€r. r !Ir, b 251

l'o

.-1 ," " 1 .*l *

Pd E2 ,5 p lD!h 6 |
lIr 0
Po &6 p h !

I' o

32ol .60l 6dl 35o

Pdc
P@

l0 lbr
16 pld

|
h 16l

-

lr lol

-

3aol,t6ol630l350

T

3$l { 5ol 630l 35o
-l .sl 610l 9oo

,A
4sol dol sm

I rd. 6 ptoar. ro

a8ol670l9d

laolezolm
5dl670l9m

tj ol Trol ' 5o

123

.led!
ninitu
. ipiFi etcduj'
sbFdii
ra d.@id
Gdrric.
rtiFi mLj
o
r. lmir tsF1i..
&: dbli*,
frhoi.
dd ..d
tu'cdo
"t
td
riopul
6
E lr{2*
ds'@iuisi
€st diLn;.L''x@hr

imlui
cn *

buir
Fdur'd

didR nDffi
ry1I.IE

I

T.t.r,t 6 4I
Torddt.

a$rE*'n

d. vrrf .l dlc.ld

lr dhr

aobti'n

rlt .. t ,t &

Tab.ld 15.42
ro|.fut

-i5E.E

blnit

t di.lc

r df-iTtsi

d. r&,t j

F-rdrrr

ir

*ol

tolo.idi

hr ca b.rr

d. dtrEsr..

l Mdl dd.d

r3

IE
ID
IC

JB
JD
lc
JA

:
9

ID
JD
JC

ID

21

IB
JD
JC

lc
JD
tc

JD
JC

t_
JC
'D
Obscflrlii:
Daci Ir folo.je. cilindrului d.
e bur
.a.orn, a diaackrrui rui, rol.rst
s p@i.
s"ttf ti D3,h

JD
JC
de dr6Gdim@iu

s. er tu
c lihd_

tn aBidff

;r@!a

129

6!13

Ted'!
T.l.fut

Udli

hon ll.

r Edr

6dde

L o Isgi6'

np.'fii

I'

did dLotu'

dG rm E!

lh

6.4. ABATERI I-,/TDIMENSruN] FA-RA IADICATII
PRIN A$CEIER,E
OBTINUTE

ra
:

aoldll

bltlii

fmnrdc

t6.I!'
vil.
&

cs

6'11

&.
.r. t M.Eilor
!rd.'dli.r.
I (.*G
dc r,t.
lultdu
ri .1.
STXrr-7t)
STAS

DE TOI,ERANTA

obtilut prir achid. Cirl itrdicsii dc toldaDle intti io caregorn dlmeoDimdiuril.
Pentru crrc
iodiad GhDolosie" prin @r. se 'ul.les acelc drb'sNU
siuilor
-l.di
rtua cror'
dc
execuF'
obqlut€
cnodidnor
scsptrd.t.)d
cstc satiiGaroorc tsjzi!
tui t h@logic. sp.citlc.
p*t^
r$l ildi(aln d. tolcra4E sc prvid tlei clast de abateri: liDiti
aiic""iu"*
tun, Eiilocie ti Fo6oh.n.
d crasndc aba;.ri oD'idd. atrsDblul abatdilor ti.nirn lq di'drensiui lini're' la diDetr'
siEi unehiu.lG qi rbi!.rilc dc forsi ti Pontic.

-LZ'

obktutic,

lr
TolcraDr.l. I. ..dililitar. Tl., t plditale 7fA h to!ru d!6-a.D'olirului lli
fotu dad a supnfflci TFr la ciroldrtat. TF..la ciliodnokle lrr, ts pt3r'r6m rrr'
I rr
l. ErD.ndi.uldit{te IPl ei lE'bclilde rPi' la coaialnre 1'" ra conceD(rctraE.r
um:wta
otca
de
e\ecultcr
prevnd
desenul
sc
la iiodric IPt. si la inlers.crN TPr,
Pe
erc r'
csrc ocGa* pcntiu rrigllfua c&lftiF Pi.sci (fuctioD.arc'i crsctumbabrxtale' dontri
6Ie
respec$va
de
abar'rca
roleraDtc
ac6r.
Po'lpc
lo cazul lo ctc Du s€ PRend
limitarn dc dmpul dc tolcmF la diaeositrni

.!dt

s

'{@

din sbc! bh'niid

*..."
-

#

L r<ailidtatc IFr, L llalilai.
Tol@tele
rFr. b f;rEs dlrI . Eo6lului rFl tita fotrta_datn a suprafclci rFr fuocfic dc clrs &
donindl * al.s dupd
Ddizi. si dilaeltiuq
iabdd 6.52.
rF. d la cilioTolcrdiel. le di4Lritltc
dricir.t. ry/ fuclic d. che de Ptftizic $i de
dineosiuaa Doni$le s alca dupe bb€lul 6-5J.
TolcEnlele ls DaraLlism ?Pr, la perFndiTA fiDclie de
dlIibr.
IPd si 12 inditls
@mi'3E,
cli!{ dc Drecizi!: ri de diEcrsise
se eles dupe rrb.lul 6.54.
7P., la colc.otraTolerdrclc la coriditrt
rPt ti l2 iDt€rsccrare
cnaie TP;, la sictric
rPr tuffti. e de clasa ale precizic ri de di!'nsiunca mdinali se aLg duPn Bbelul 6.55.
batiii ndialc rBl futrc,li. de
Told.dtclc
clas dc Drecii. 9i dc diarcrrtrl Dotairal .r
suprare!.i .espeaive se.lcg duPn tabclul 6.56.
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ot bri & CrlibEe sluilc o biU $u "rtrg- d g4:1 I 1n2 .s"r* I-I|'m Sl"irl* cilindri. d.J! rr4re &.lt 6.lcrl *b.a6 lrtuitudr.r E!id! 63-t4 6"I d.*r -!"" Rdiiqs cilir&i.- I DEliei.Tdtkn tu6r& Stuji€ ir6i!.t l. .) .l N r.rtt & gtrIdtE p.

?:d.6 (dituar. alie dintdc e uci 3uprrf. g!i&.6pl t-2 2--4 I. or'tic.) .* inrlied nso:'ile libirl e * !€i.t o .. pEtucru€ a fdci j pRizL Peom fod! Eprerirrl In 6&lll ftrt 6ucr.rr!.tuMii cu jd !n Flru&zr I. p@nte! retnd d.lnil. pE|. €r.alud.U(j'TE .| gnidrn.a I otr2-4'l'25 o? ..lil. dstl pi.ucdi!:d initidl . d. . sluilor G:uri d buqc d.cizia @@icl d.E Fintsc . 6..

enjde $ ilc l).E. thori EEn!:d @nic fte fnl 3t . rEeiz.i. Grc d 6iEi prs d. $ Ed. tr' . !itu.N/@!. melor r @5itriJoFE*lt t d. 6r@.ai scorle a usghiului con5idda'.m.ri t &tafld drN/@r.6 tdm Peouu Ll€s! f. fi.dtitut. l. a suitui o s. t"lddli bd-ilrc to cidpd de*oului. 0l!|re cEron cd. roo drN/64. !r r.*le de abat.ra.clii !. l: SrgrrGle d.r4.r coocirlb & tuo ftlcrlot h ritce @i ei.@rct r..por.d!r! p@. c){l@ dit &i F.run cehi.Fr. cuin ti k!trii.tr]6.60.mrtie) 6ta 0. lldk ttor.oDd..de tr @iui Uai de tgsrt dd md.r nm la * ra pc detu t abatqilo.!oFt Ja . rt pGiF. (c mpr:r.nrini si @.lc. d.'tiajrure (siberrie) ri a birldn radiale. Dah Poh I' di@itiv.@ din f@ta. Told?trtele la @atialiute tin cml ticseto! cu fo:mn dc revolulieJ. h $blc de mnslre bsiE d. hsIcr.t c! @ditii & P.i did. d.ffi pd6ti@ I' prGiui FLtiv l.Ftd R{!ern*. rl.t d.t l{.lc @ fuui cNiMi.62:int dare aiu\tiirlr recoIo ndrte prefereDriale . vtea ri l.i! $ miilocie fi 2 md ' TolsallelJtltrtii Edialc enc de 0.d*. |re Yft. hnbimi.1t 1!6 ddi ri @t& f()e r. 6!.p.ddia.6 dc bho.bE. 5F recurse ra sirul 2 eu la valorile iimbolNild de uz geGrat din STAS 8102-68p(nrru atborr' respetiv STAS 8103{8 PdtN ale?aie- . d. la . li$ p€izi.Ji fitri Fr. indisli de tolerdrlF ab. 3uprlf. i'allo@ r b.du br paiei aptu Npnn. Pdtru dimersimi linie rau.i Fdire h pie SnDtGF & ltaG de ispd f. L m r. pi. 6sri d.l.0tM io daa miilGie.'hori d. h pFdlD slb di*i6!jlse. L rcirrc. d.iszi digui d. srdioet.i-udG.sasdinaft ri Eiou'e.liile de tuDctio@e tr! sitrt srti5{:cute de }irul prefdenlihl l. s!pF- spd (intsioarc.l.lc €L bi3mF b @0d.ib6 mb'aL fid . *i&i fdG h do|@ EEi.) U2orl Edu.produca ti Hlorile torspuealGre ioEe 3 $i 30. 6!d! EFU r. sPEf.ludE ('c p(th rr'ci ffii. utimi.! Eis!&i ruiftd frna. $ffi. spdfq. prmPc d P':@ DieEibu|rEc ri cilrlild & @ r!Pr.n 'ml . M Cii <L tul.up6f4e miilo<ii.n Delrir o pi6iL aviid diB$iui ic tra o in tabclul 6.|rli. se limi' i*i: orir volcili abatqilo' liDita L dimsiui.t d. Pi* tlnrc fl ondilii d.ri lioiri di! sbelul 6 58 * prescriu sbakri dupa rabelul 659. 6!rr oplio- d.rcpecdr la "j!ne' trie (i-o cjzd pie*lor pr. face Drirtr{ Eota q6*k Exsplu Se recoDaDdaca b t<xsta noLi sri s. Mi.. red@ nlsut b tubin $ rlln dui @. sditui. d scotia tolerrolclor l. @isn. ll $pn6& fdcii. de luosine.. dih.r.!iri h t sir....dtrui d.I r.t d. co. . €'d.!. p(np. dn. lhnLi.rddd lupflf.. liDitS Flttu corelc fen indicad d. . (.. 6.r\le ab3t.Je siskmului dbor< $ alezai sit3r' Daci .. f&l oit€r. cililtd.. (i'ftEratir) ta'?lu! 6-17 PENTRU ALEGERbA AJUSTAJELOR Cu qader de te@t1Hdre io STAS 8104_68li STAS 8l0s-64 sc dru citupurilc de rolesFi $i sjusEiele pKfcreoti.ua p@izia d: lle & cbilrrc d. ti d.i.5. ll4 dc cbgo. . @b!E anidrjc 6r.) * ptfKie l@ din (|.leile dr lb. AjlMi. d. pFcue (.jtie. srosiai.t ai. Penru.ilio&ii.lc M r0O d. fl.nd&i4u. 6.9idi su diiUzut rtdrtt l. d.En{iri (o'pq plub d.br) (Jrui rds dc oe r. ln tabelele6'61 $ 6. .1 mm FnFtr (les lid ri eijl@ie J 0.r diam€tie. *rfui d. Ci&i. & opriffiie. eupnf. .lriuni de mm. Aceqtease dru Polrir dimFDsimi ughiul& ln rur ri. 6'tliin & slicie.t d. exprjmare fie io s. RECOMANDARI d. fti d g:.Gidi 3npnFr.c L rdl'qtii & E&m la rFdc f4e d.Nr@:. hicli@ IrEls I' .gmoii.. e&!nr Slpnftte 6upe &.rl|re 3!pnf.€ d€ mLut Ua$ . ltrF supnf. stltr st. Pftiti. i! eabval$rul lor in proceDr€rmm 100 mm) -srade deibne prio dincnsiuni f. $p. l@n! tuprct ts d.js !Gizi. @itdt r0o d.trtrEg €pid. . din b pd. s* cnlia 'c dined 6r fira !@iei. d rEie cilildd dc po4.'fu. .s h ldnlE d pGiui PEt]l3E ti duia pnEip. D|r{:r|ld. m Eiinilor-uclE pL'-Frd..) sulFf. @ditii d. Etniv d.d orG pt ot d. Uzut{ redui ta vi@ ri aciui slrdlcdus tib fqt sjnc. rsirui etc.. $Pnfer L eletu sdrk qlibnE lr 6@. . . Bp.d@t.r.ie. r. EE{*i uzn .tdk.Elr cilitrdi. di6qS' gllnc G ffic.

et FrroiL .a din!.f. Sr4rf.d!. ldh -rr*Fbr l. iirtu:c m d.1e +4ffi -w I|6 II? tlr I{3 dc @ti. E rL tu&lc -ad. 2 S@r. EitrL d . N Fci !a@ h-ni"-.h*-fr .F funqidr. d.L d & pEit.lii oacrdrdl tolclolrl b birca cilrrldd @ si. t17 tq 3. se|Ee *tiffi incDi- .-Fa. S'q|r. oli hie @ie d. toaeo.t & c@dr ln rr.i L!ft. @tu -! Er@|n: a dd6r. !=:q_.ftdno.L16.r.

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dbi. Sqr. 5.:id. ri rdi6caE f.!. dilre d.dk d. nmr:r.rm . Slpnf.tuii hctrld lz $til.rt rd.!d s*lll@ d.r.lo.qiLo.r.h.In_Ir 6 t:r'.k . .at (@ntirur.rNN4 l _.q sq.ro.f. ri bl.r.f.) .6clc Srmf4. i .) @b.fct.E Slp .t lc & bet p. {.onbl p. SFijinft.r.Ic.rc (.. d.r. {@F itu l. @ ir lnld rirt Mbc e rlt irh$ trprf. n. dinr{.!i N _. firt. t.bftE&bFlF&d SrpFf. mhnclii I 6. piuli.t ab F !a6.__L Nw W pLn. rpriii! rmbl e6aL tt t!. dh!2r.le Fr--ror !. Pi* Sl!..Fle ftrr r r@ 133 tucrctor. d d. €rdr pdtu 6ne d depirlil.

f. tuE d- o pal|' (R".SlpEf.!.t* d. pgcilor d. 10. rrar 9. d.rit'llfulf. sop.re rasIdd .tu a.L 3!r3rtt prr@ d. sup8GFre .L 6*l.) .lc . SupE .F I I pr.t2lat p.. ss) 6t3 (@i@.G an. .l. $.L idbi@ .r. buciti.0r di! dolt Cqti@ aEc (Aq rd) (Ro g!) p:lF4iror 6& d mbi|.

@ lLir s r.!pr.r. lDbi@ @ e @.j.Ddn 6tn t6dnw) u.6t tl* Arbd. Sqr.te) (&.lc S!F.rd crlc roaiLl.o .de iddi.L d.E (& e. & hdn . @.r) a.rd e (m i@hf) c.tc (r.L (gftF.L r. roE!.ln!. sd) (o.T.riffi rtqr r-ll'{r 12.tirc pad | I 0I oi) Q2> & rErE & .rc (lDhi&i F d dih.a) . Sr4-GFL rt @ N tt0 d.6i.L rd) t t itd.

nn prin tulaE di.cli'rli I I I * 1"""*-- | ' cilitr&ie nrille cr. 3cdc spfridc Dirn m LuL mofr.* . prin itiferne pG&e t bmlo3ie iDini trezili Din! frczqi pr:n rulilc trrin !.&:tdfll difldtii DinF Nrtea$ c.t oiLr Pned r ( os r dr o dini d-pi ri i.ft*.ron.z'rr Dilti r.*.D. Ciisi* '[p. mi p.*. B ltri l__: lil iF@s"*eccdc _ A l.Tdbnd 6-4t (coariaurE) ra.ilor d.".I pi..lfc!.lude ."-"* lt l ll-. li i.'"*_"** IL ttt_ 1t\ \L- {% I' s T 6d/u | J dinlilor +-+ W l'll"-"*. pr..br n.@rilui Pria rubF prcSl prid oFi* di$mtilrt nr'F rlfu d.gd) pin G)."".ns.. L SupEht 6Ts. pc'".i* i I FE'c eu rlb pnEdc dc prer*s.En or 6r 0r dinFG ori'&ic ot4imt.os t- l' * - .. " r5.pttc dis Feno*) Ml1 mu d. | tu I t.di6€ti Dinii rcdin@E e a Djlli rciifidi cu pi{d (olit tpccrdc (slir piacn cmic! pi.uI (n u rFdul (Nlct disc (MAAG) ro!.*.

14 lrdi\t 16. merca.pr6 i_ sljru oDja i KS o dinti .ici @itrati Rdl i uaa Rort 1r-l'.f.s !'s6t Rdin4 Fia . S4Erci.te $ tuiiti or.lrEd 'futic - tu d to4.tEpq .lr1 6.lc flrn(Iilor di.k& r.r.Moft5.) .t d..i.L 66cuiktr dinlld : Elcikr M. !i rotiloi &. otrnmq roln tlEtzr u 11 ti LpliE N rZ Sup.!E d eDl ErL df.etl d. Fio ruLr.T.

ljbte I M.at pttds. di4i & .*ti p. C.ro. oaini Rot frctet.are ruaci r. f.r.E @nn. fr. F. rugotd." rla.tie lor eirftuilor snlr.bn.'.i". lrnt dc dc .to.) alc h4inilor-|elG.fct ti furdun@ ti i rciior di4ilm i i dinl3E a.6ld Ecti6e! '!ei.rrF ".lelor pistr cc ' ..i o siia ?i s pr. rvind protrlul Fd6d prin rulaF p. s imSint p. n4ini Roti mcla6 rr.t F b. e.c lrn ruI"r.'rab.& r*.**u*"*^*.pdirt.ari e ri r.!!d. i il 20.dird 19.2 12. 'trp6f. p€ftu Effi wra Sll.5 | lib@ r-"hi* n!ki.i! dc rli@ su d o .r.) ra.*e pishn rcs_Lr dinFE. pffi.E. e l]nbua 3.r". C. ti Lpun nlc pri* rnld proflur dd:rm. ri E ri6@ "'""s n zte prin rubt d ps6|ur .kl 6.bfn mi puiu d. . suduii erbl 1.shi ptri." pao p. c r. -. B -dinji Incli@li.13 .6ti nitui (!arpn.df'tc F4. p. F mtini . sinr v. e $pErrt.oi Roli n*L. li6. slrarrt SrpnfeFl.libile penft bli d:nr.L ) l-diqi 1) Datele d dEpji.lci I aItari pe turiri rpcciil.t .' I ] n r..44 Gon n@.rr .lor din!:tn orndrilc mlqt d3@j. rori dld.

r!g rl bl@Fle ratu r STAS ?laJ-65) srBr. prc. F.:. I er'd ik'u1Tzb.E & rlodC.Itl Rrs.l .tbe.* 'o _.rts ilG lodt t r. *Dldctdd . r ruF rhe'.r b:1 ptn: rs 40 F4._7'l) tt r 3uP'rt 6.!t:.* Told. dei * r. l t2 drfuF&.i lr pLSTAS 3504 bc !e .scieE d pltci @nior vd6. Tol.d.na{!.sz r.ti.t. lr.t 6.thr d A e Proflchl rl L t@ STAS 7j9ll.hll 65t reldrrl 6so StebolE\ Dah !.f.to6.re!. (.rrii Dtndtii .*_Lt * t.t tI. "F* pd9ue o a rupr. . ditinjd. I' d{Id.In @l sup. Fin dimsiu.r.r.r.dmit pr. YoP*r.rc @14 Flh ri tuiEdd .It ri nai.ri b 30 /. pcre d.Lld.udgirde p'. - Tor. fiorM d.nt cirir&i. rokruklor t.*plrg |a la 63 63 rblo. il e4.ttFl STAS 7335-{5) .nsiI k ilFlqe ss l. .ls. llrldt ndid-. Flrrd.".ll X LX I i . etr ..d r $prdetci.l r6N !cn@ bl6td.rl h rd.". I' P6e 6300 I pirr h loooo t3 I I1 2 l= OBSRVATU: bd.tooo z 5 r00 ffii''l'1.ld &dt L d. cl6nlr) r rols4lrl.| rr" I l_l pnnt h .adi. (. ltor c d . lt d l 50 25 d" 100 160 30 250 2S \ @e tu $l rp./.rrfdti l.s.ln @l d. (. li|* Frin lusird -i-i- . tlMilo. no t.oro.*.li.[rr] I' irksl LrlFi lM ritri r slrerd4d drcl mdita I. 6i l 06 io a E ro 5 {. rr." I"pl b r0 F..

rncri'Ir (c*s! sTAs 6. d.cf.* I . poricoeridrc.51 73e1lf. ri b cflt d. d. a spflfetdq r. o tmeff * itrt€lee..do.6il.3 plnt lr 50 200 pi.@ jmirdr Dri R r p'ff.il j bl@rF pdicd( r.ri44 L 6e * rd€r.o.ti.dliadri...!i. . _"i rt5 .Val6. ovrlts. ltr wd in (-m * lr.". sTAs 7391rf7{) Torc.r ffii al. t.tb& (.t.ndcur.t.I ia 10000 poh bl.ft. iibd-"1t obqe. pr.s. sc vo. pcEl€tis.at h D@rdi. l. roreruF pmtrluJuj lolstmdio.rnicibr. .""I .."^: Gdh .N..7r) o. Ddp. 4 e rcfai sd4ir bGrmb 12 paidelu p'. $u r.sic bl@t.l rint rd. dubrr "brne I r2 | 20 .rulde b ciraltil*.bl TolmF lt cn uleit. l. flpd. einF.i.sisi rusiou (d.rrd. e.Tat.i. L fmr 6doi s ildidre ia bb€lls foh.sF fl lr rDlrdde ji blduF h . Frpddidl'dft prio dnd.:_+in trmindr e tn!. t l.ie ObKrIie: indj€b ln bb. Mdii. inrdst tutrsD. L curbs.

rnn al-o d.i fr@Elc- A6.I..'-x I "H'"'"I"r""'-|"tri' f. - Pri' di.u E p|l'e fcr.-Prin di-*tr"= adotd .rylvlslvrlv..i dnifti'e sitrEic .e'i pbl r.rer de. Dd ..'r m l ro 16 I2t ?2 l {o Ito l 30 | t2o l 60 l rm l 160 L * dddib.t(I[*:tFj!ISo.''d mi M 'or'tl cf E dio.cd soi'd F lnt reg. 0o l3 i12 l20 *+'{ ob*F ri..tu |IllD Ia dtad8iui tiniG | .%f*ds pl(si! o@u.n'-''ffiI#i"ffi "J.e dupl dffi.li. 3oo "ry 1 s Obs. ErrrittL o erl\ie Fin dilrrm ri&iin pdfr diM.! 6 pbl b rB -dr*t .&ie .17') ftdbL (.i @idft blnind r r'reres. |trt'ir.autt Tot Er: STAS 7'1. |.ToldeF h odt llEt lt . |"?5i.ididG (.rdoF btttii .r Li"i-n 1r.bt.r * (de El?isP) l' l:r R Rftrr 6nd mprrbl.5 r.6 1 2.flari.ttr. diu.cig.tupnf..io Dr.kat didl€+. ""iiil' r r..!trs SIAS ..t"l. tr @@!'icibE' ('fu ti r' incrscd' l.r9vf7a) . L r0 pr n h 2. ttimhn sldtq. STAS 7r9rL-74) Ph! .-p't dj&.."JLiiiili.r.t2 t3 J. .-l* I"-jA ar'.ll 5 ge:g: ru * iididr' -1TT:" A.

r rblbild L .59 !trgli.bic: Ec|nu&t .l sde Totdml.mului .t.lrl 6.ldfdc aPga) de . r6nr o r. d c!.E.1!rt (.in. I .6 r'rz rlr d.i8r.l.faing r sini lmldrd.ft..1.t.E mitu (.htr STAS F. bldii ndid.ltmlrd Tab.r .!t& eu _roho!. or!: formt d rimbolui Ardj.lc @Edd& ^to.At€rdt g.nd lidlrl & .i. .liua.iE6orui rh.a hdredi & .tr.|lm6. F t ! riErui d.tbb.ol.62 Tat hn 6.6ta . EFllu hngind bNii elei mi fihr6 F d. Aln.: o.iDi wt6 'm prt6dtid.tu sa^s alo -64) .tu STAS 2300-75| p.LE.@ c@. la 6*i. de ?r. (.bF tfr F H6/i5 0.r tum .ei.

19.tiv io caresn. pclfu H6lb5.5s.ld.T.6i ri respeaiv in tabttul 6. 6lnt itdic'te de uz so@l Dentlu dbori si al%te. H.?. in slEi. H10/ lzft. fu. Se 6loss in trrrtr redu dc @brtui tlsi 6r r! ct s @ o lil1id .. 9)int.1. o duri@r redud nduk. (!l{rr Ralip.L eL pooo.b. fbn S-st eiubi.{. d".4 14 'sbhs bu*16 tu qi. r. amhUirile ud. 1?.ri k *e in cdd dEdiuild Asi*ur rirgd pid€lor d. Asburt dc rrsra d.v o 6bE di'&cj@re' o:<. fl m. p.o*bita se dE DoltajDhi lasdrelot cu rulmenF Inelele . Ailei!+ Di p(En€ lor o Fzigll@ DobiL.sEbl&i b . f@.. r" di @ s rlaini@ pulm ud sTtt?. Jffii . & urlliazn pci* ftd ! F inpE. 24 trD.rd ti H7/'6 tDL aprose Iolop'* de li@ile H6/r5. rotilor tu pc {bori n ri e..) ca€*ri3dcl .sp.ri3r. ll died.n cirndrul dtorrd . (tr. tr& 3.de dimeldmile Abaterile de forBn.iubj.gmbllii 71. (!'lrq.c in oFs4 E:€Fplc: @tm (pr. o ltins* drbi.]l* si't rai nui t* derermi. ftg. r1 r. fic.i d.l3 k dh.dnnrcr. toc'.m. sdlns. ]leln.6). in l:'ren4i. t *t & cd. ns.. rddtrti 6 folffir.3. cu ctr sdcn' se momeazi cir aiulai @ srri.s{i werori :bblft !. jo@hi ii lsrizg noDlfe utodt . 7.lor e Aiubie inr....l l.65 (extrss STAS 810L68) ajustaje 9i Dodul de notare pe deseD a Gtaa elemDle de utilizare a difqiteld io pLaqa 7t. Ajauicl_ d. ru. 6s: 5. rcdu*.3. b m. r&/dr0. 6E. 71. cum ar tr owlitatea 9i snicitatea adDisibilii a arborelui $ al'Dri de 50% ditr abaterile diftenaiurui @caseL nu fiebuie sn fie --D s46al -iai siolale ale sc€stora. aviod dibosimile b t2bJd b.D"riti.l.Fr.i @. uffi pics.!h sisurl r piaseld. h ajrsjcL o6lidt o cL ah-:vrlat. Ei@Ft $itiez! io.lr ot4k sedd. S. uloir nr .& ti h @ smbtiri $iosdi p:.fui. 2r).2/h': Au jd't nhim DrL Sint urilid.t d@6!iul d. h thidrri.l@k.rdor bu!. H3/de.biu mi |re A'ubj o 6rul mtr t.dle "oisra-dr ia k rioa -ot eu lnFe ioel ri @@si SEingerea lecedt va deP8de-pe de arla iGt $i dbore. er p* 'sicw Lril:E H7lp6. rmi\e erc.m.. .trs.* de obi-ei l. o-'ti"ior @ak dimosiui fGt ssiole.n Ede !u dur'i' k smbEnk incnr:G daidni.ob:ibiL ipdidtir fo. tt6lf6._ *_pd 6rr$i P lrg$it.ri M' nari declr.iu*aid piek' Se rold. obo.die. prttobilc dr Aiusbj€ iffi.kn 6.mbl'E AiEbie interDedid€. 6s 22. or:iDn d rdtltecg e r dau !d. r [ ?1.dacn este posibil .r 'lmbliri la . m. ?4t!u di.d ftbui. Ezuld. trg. trs.r. 'd.n.bse. 6jci. nE.. s..68. &: 14 n& 15.are aiutaiuluj uebuic dif. 6s.nsa 71.tc dod st!si. 12. S. r5.z! 6r..ic peit ndrio. 2r). !t nsi. re. |le Fd@ * d* u nu{ai d h u' ajusi bcme{tLi 'd dc rulngd miliE$ epmpitt! ffi .dnr ee sigld in 3@.:*r! . 16).ir. 6s. trs.om rc *inrc'. Iroi Aidilr B6lc? * fol6.ftd!. Di ffii.stre ii oo"ibiliEtc. H3/h? rutrg. po* A5'ruI 6tt !.63 (.E'!i"n p. Bzi.r di.Dc hra.& in L dinl@imi 3 nE. s'Dr latabile dac4 (o'Ji duDn lso. 9).sblki ! pielor. @i d€ uriliz . bbnt 71. fu. t€Flor. liu6lln:| tuc p. t1ig. ri ln MbU.te ln @zul rcduct@etor o atafie d.t.rrr iclri nici Atubi. Varorilc abalerilrr liEid colespleitoaJe ciEpuilor de Loleralle rd@iLe simbolstl Pire la 500 Do. €e g !tr iDpiedic ti d. obiai itr . H?/h6.llro'rle lJni ep. i6h o pditi@ 7r. tiili rre fuctionue -le . practc achrs SlJtuasq va 6 ru arit rdat tre. J@r . miDjtuo r. trg. b. Gr.ulmeDiilor nu F€buie sa dutece pe etDre' tespe. !. ']7$6. 6e. qi tiPd rutnertultri pete . *. i& rorr.63. p. ai@i.ri pm .t Fr. elel.oq H7ls ti H7t6 5s k rsdblr. n! $li A$suA o tiqe4 '-!ri dr dt. uriliad pi. 6g.EEd 'iui€i€lor rbrizre Iso sdsEra p. r.'''gi ning.|.calitat€a IT 5 lT 6 A(6re crrit.Lcdie nici. fig.srora strlt tezat. u:D!r s/.El. H6/u5 r.lor .rO. Jdi H7ld3. uiiti& e cN preb.. li sdruni o'i piais. nc. 3)- mici S. Fdu'i (pbtrrt 71. l:t e de o siF (!lbF irt frcdi@ ?r.tr' lr non_ din ncbl. ni.u Ditr! t.melfll dt'orelui trebuie sn se prevade . id penFu alezaiul de*i rulttmrului Frmit aeqle.lor. de oDdn. trs. soiset i. Cancternticile si domoiul de uriliae ale ajutajelor din sistemul ISO siot date iD tabelol 6. a Lolos.:6F de teoPcrarua ce poale $ cPari blrc iri.&r €c 3trnsdi r.clek obirnuiE @r.Eiui tt t dim?nyu. 13. dc $.

toLlutt & u Fndr I'ab dr@.tud phr '2t5 n ! t 5m @' Ai.od .ClEtEi d.

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r ol.3o .5 l.ki 6..1..4 € lt Jo | -.r L -t l-3 I -)2 . r ol.r 5 -24 | -t1 | -1.tuiwau) .16 I . -)t PsE rs P!:t E .. | I . | -51 1 .''l.T.6.42 .6 l{ | .'! l. |.6 .45 (.r ?l.

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' *l- -ffi l-pr".TdtduL 6 -35 (. -2! -:4- - -aL Pbr lr 11 = ^ t -?l -) --1r 1= _163 -4t6 11 I -rl lq 31 5 !) | = ) .ontinur. *'*-".r r.

ruii@rii siDi toiuti lnetFigl.te? de i'caEc di.qnhir.22 s€ d. Itr 6guE 6.rca va fi E"i l" e pnve{re conuactia cbjj d.t rulmenrului.u itrdicarn cu Dri*.E fth. Tab.r ar. rioul si di''u.L irt.i .2 s€ dau sched*ic ditcli(e cioDui de roldurn D€ltru rnolrde. N iEprcut R irchr inr- (.€!t! A Y \ N N Fis.Aiutoicle cu slrinSerc . dio llqo sniaEerii iu fiuciie de s4puee 'ulirelului.re iqului Drm tidrial. s€ srabil. cu adt csr. . Ia $bel.73 ti 6. rulff. rulDo$i si ou s in.ci C/p {rab.. Estc ncctsar q in wuf uo.te 6it8+6. 6. Ajusrajete sbr veGbih i! €z't cind sborn ri c1.lor .66 STAS 6671-6?) . 6.74. rceash n 6 coDrir.. t. o di. t n mtrr.ultejulu. Erepgiite ta afue'i ineviiabilerr'abrile numeie ale clmpuilor de tol€rdtc porru arbori ii (:art:e siot date in tabelele 6. Cdpui d.r.66 si resDecriv6. de ltml'i: arborii !i oicaseh sn Ae dio olel su ditr foob.$e @'rj dc incn!@e a rulnerhnui si riDur sr.t. Cu cir *cdune.6?). oirilca aiaincrrului ceii dc e a !€lor i cupriN irtre Oo_bO. !1Nf nai micd. t. la aleseres a. crut . a irelElui cnsir. precuE si de coDditiiJe de fuctionarc. Hndrrrd.d etariic ts 6s 'irlizie .hn 6. luoclie de $rciE didAmicn etrihtenE ri @pacir.re ajurai. ta atese@ ciDDului de rolemr.ltr de lDolrai a rutnmOor se uDiresrc o tualc aisun si suslrrerea u]'rr9ry4 a inel. (i( ri o dcp-hsrc'aiau ugoar6 a hsnrului lib€r.ul fucFoDirA f6te teDperarua de t00PC.i rurmcDri o u ic Hdial rnli Dr'€. cioii.ajele car@selorsjnr dare in hbelele 6.{ h -.{D de fei'd sciDii d. 50---6000 diD lFilgso ildului exrelior i! carcas{. rulmo.!ra6tit.lor.I@ Rezd6r.'Fa.ir?-"sc6 i! riDi.si de'roorai siEptu. striD8€ri mdi sn sc prflld. bldut.q*le ou $e defo'De. .2.. plor F trbdi !j ln erese.trnlor.-limirele d. p6d |rml.u drcpi oD*cb|a rcduc. prccrm 1i snirysile penrru cm s recomrdn u j{E radid rqd mai mare al rulDeDtului (C3-C4)_ La alcs. penEu r bori ri @crs€ dnlnd s.64 si 6 65 Vatorile jotuilor i srriugotlor rsrdrare din dullrq rutmmrild De sbdi si'b af. Sniogse dibre ilelut irFrior 5i arbore mdttibui.

:iati (.rtt 6.f[ STAS 667r{7t I N oqr .!r! fr d.t tut 6.hl cltuDurlL impr.a!d c (. d.66 (@itu.63 bil. o 6.ri E m@t .'|ab.L dlrorild F c{.rlnddc r: hln 4ii nitirli si fsdr. t ld&!t . srcinj fubcti.67 Trpuri d. ircimgrc rrrElrur ih^dic{ dt'h i. d.dar sT s 667r-6?) iDetul erte '5 T.r-. @ j l h( .) fat. .

Cilitr&ji .' RotcL @toldor tor loriL dint tl. Rlrmo$ Rdtuntr ) unu n'li'! .Praebil (bLtcrr s d.l@ie dhitolc. .i d.L iudobfl. sTAs 6671-6?)' 6'70 'rdi'tl RoliL din f.. niti.la (n ld . & roEsc. tu Fr.r. rraFror ud rnrr_o* *c'Ero'^tn {':ht | d&fur . ffiiii !".I6e I'iL ru .rd drclc si l@lu P.jariEtd dc @tjri. 4!4!q-!rry4 Eici dnd 4 ElclfulIfr r d'd_et d.Ird Rorrod Sdint cirsld! $u tr d.G@ !!. dc ri o'r!ffilor.sd . Mi @ ftrn6F Rol.sd@L -- tol. turi3n prei'd.@inu'r.n * d or.ksftmbit pc ru.r <t Plebil) &b.d. rdm.dqs STAS 6 -70 (.r 61d.i5 . E6!i dir osidctn ld d.r.ri _L _ Rdbr4g lofr Er@tuC @iii'dx.i{irli d bn sdre!.&i di l :td assbl]l ibi c ir l!{. f{rl rcd.ntuhi) de @ric HA aa d Ar d.T. !i @Itn fir! o s incl Edid k Eotr. rqdi. d..t F<rurilo! "tl'7) o lnL tr tjrl- nidi iil Tatd'n Ci6ouril. di! . rt6dFi * DmF r! g'' (. Srcid d fl5ini diolc. h Gine hlsn l{ir.' F qE roL (.i edchc sr'li .t!fi[t rr id.ullc d.1. rd@ rubE . din &s P0 ri P6 J6 v crlitwii pri! tboCiEJ. M circdEri s @ G.bdal d. .na lrilciFl.dl6. ht rutn ' d.b.lodF o . blsstt. CloEiL ln. T. ro fuEd.r. ihrir o nsrrI gft or rD.nti rqilc sim.!rl ctr.fata .or 6!ie. ik PFciza . trEpdbr. {6oiilor .i taii'r{ltlti sFsror rt Pidd d bu. dleF rod.li o i&t 0L i!&rntr cititr&ie.irn radr@ Esjni ile N.6.Lrt oric.!.l lrs .r.li sF STAS 6671-67) 'ul@4ii 'ndl 6'71 . .. Ponp.l rn dicibF RnlG!! u5q &phsbil. & l in&G.

V.b. F rtoi (.cuild ri sdins.ft.r.ntor roulbe itll moirEr r!rn. 50 lidl 4 1g 65 -6t'- I .s STAS 66?l-67) +r 11 + ll Iq P6r. i.4llo.

tr.nt're ir . STAS 667r_67) E8.= s r c l|hnlEl _)|i!&!ni(_)'hn +a -11 +15 +r? +1t .ilo! ri . (.V.{r5.tritrssilor reE !* di! iontr.rsr.r rulD. io.roi .

M 2.1.'xj.6dAdndatd (Mdftd B.il. *u. stopire (ve.ltlc. s. de rqi0-5000 ore de fucjoode (in u/ul in 6ste €ta!$at ti Dleiul este filsat dupn fie@e 2500 ore de fulcfiona8)' care dsrcraiul Porro 6ltre. F.U32t ' i"'li.u ajurorul uDor roti dinlaie Pdazite su a uno.rDi .rtm a uleiutui esr..". vr. ) i' s"unde (s) s.-@w d. in !Fd.l. L€ riteze pesk 15 nise.Sdtbott Urit .50 | de 'ljei suo6i@.tt'im.Sl E.sa69) Eft_ Hf se fotose€c de obiei deiuri miderale cu viszitatq ?entru &eoe potru diferite natddc ti lD sb€lul ?:i se indicn viscozi. iau Denuu ulciui Bai visc@se).. de ulei Pins la inihitra uii djnre iosa ci purjD l0 Dtu i 1116t del'a'qide 6 on modulu. Cu cit viteza peiifsicn crte oar rcdusn.Fird.cati t.educroaresi curn de viiee * ua prio bdborde iD baie d€ ulei lo aie"t soo.e La . l e di o bodo&remhareg viscot'ilii iD drlrite .iif. .Itdnl.Dlci cc rransnne cel mi mare momeor' lo 6gur. 'i E (EJLn!. c..1. urg.rit. vqsel.i pldir luqezS Psiodic.idle uleiuritor reoMdate vitezc Derifedce.frle 1?3 .-fi.Fr.irleme d. detedi!. mai mutre trepL€(cid uele roti ou alus in ball u8l ln qal red(toselor.e t: rc. tire o roat! dhtr-u aDqreMi esic itiFodcn in bai.25--O.!r5 ?j4 3 | >D5 | t?s-a 6 40 E=sfrd. disori eu litr8ui de 69). t t cst 10611'' lnhlli d. aI ege DlDet@. (e€zi plaD.1 udrraE lr 100 dnie c i!. \@oeroi pdd ehie. adr se folosesc ul€iui f'ai visc@s..e al.kreduct@ e| eom : im uhe|t ePt . ut iuilor r.le . ErsLr t t0'c {ltrc)' 90 80 90 a0 800 ?00 Td.cll)N ie utei Fresiunea uleiutui 6rc de obicci de o. rodatc. s Dor folosi 6lEe macneti. i'*i*a" a..dudolFlor (.r i=R.Potruodtru pe cal purere orlo"le volumul bin de ulei se cdDsideii 0.. uDn5ri.dinnts Fis. cu eitcze Unqtrea prii buborsrc \e apuca La angrDaielc (:f Do rteiice Dlnb la 15 b^ec.&t (SUA)ln seonde|s) g@dat DtN 532tt s dirt. ?. luldeUnggese.u re6 se face .i. Atgt. UNGEREAANGRENAJELOR Anlreeiele dit .coziuri r*ot@d{.t---0.. ulejut se-\chimbEdupa 20o-l0o ore de fdcrroDare CAPITOLUL 7 SJ TRANSMISIILOR UNGEREA REDUCTOARELOR CU ROTI DINTATE F Rts cst t c5t E cSt s 7.rdud@. .14) Pelltu t>50. ru rcF ru.H se decuta o rn. !iscozir{.de. sd..(!ara 7.Nl 'onrotu (t httu ld@ri. ul.i. cu cii pr6iures de ontact ti rugo'zitatea sint ui Dari c.. u!s.8 !r..l@e int€..

*"i:Ti. peDrru Eaosnisii prh taoFri. TIN 3OOEP TIN tio Fls Pli!.i.deschne.igin reoin .r2rn.iuitor in sFdc E!!tc t r. mtio.mici (. . " rahrurui 7.r.uctod. La reducrerel€ m. sidr recomrdatc pentru autovchi@le dotlte cu tansmisii cu soticnare Eicn sau r ale_stez belol Du aiulg( in bai€.i:y. Tl40 tip I $i T14O tip 2).emetore cind cuplu de frecm esrcbrooz.).1: liere. rriq-?s-ii. . P'ilciDalele c.3 sO!c). soUdrlrije EEcani( !isi temtue.ut C.TIN NID 4s44-72.2zr.i Erula $cdiului ub'ut.t). .aDrj urrcurNv. iar cele aditivate (tip antioxidet. siEptiid.'.'8tj fats de beie (ceaa c...4. .. UleiuiL .8. cotrrinue.. arunci * bonreazi rF rrborclc Detfliui distui Dod@$. ae d..poidale.l.hl vlrcotr. oricruo..m.T. esah cu iDiltinea sDiEi (dirtetuir. de dodmp sau tempeli T 90 EP 2 priL.1d" coDdiddetllm sidr:frN 25rip.de'ntic' fizi(o-chimi. se tolor€\c adrrrvate.lul 7.r.rai cca-io L. itr baia de ulei..mpercrui remn."d.. e ea. code $u melqte. oGrn cu soliciinri desnice foarte lrai (c.(rab.. .La red.-"1-.iul TIN 2t0 EpC.I-I.::l:11.iuilm rrrn b. ildsrfid€.1.u auroruis.Lilrilor D.n3Ebitl. utei qi imcri..e ale acesLoruleiuri sint indi€tc tu tabelul 7.)j Dtea de a+onare. elicoidrle.e sau merqre) cu use.o.drrivi de dtrem presjuoe. aorispu6alr -*l si perlJu erFebn Dresiue).f.).$iuni extreme) cum sint T 80 EP 2 @8erease effruli prin iorrcd@rca uleiulu. (u pakre peoEu impro$ara uleiduj (ve"i pla$r 69.[re |l ese recominoarpmtru mgreDa. sub prsiue irtre proftut jpnci oetcutrij aurNuioee in fucli. diverut r|triutu.cbridici6'i. vileze t'ri (r..zul .Licd. ud.Giv. PoFu itus.'".ccAiria d.l€re uleerq OriD barbor$.i. * Io .sete de dir€.Gchidie a4 . r uriliuaze uno.ti.-l dc Ds.L. artispumant. Tab.d.lc ui. L.12 EP EP TIN 55 4 tt-L2 TIN 125 P/l|O Ir viteze.2 f&..azu) fucriooini. hiDoidalehiDoi m.rl.tot 5144-?3.jsiile aurovebiculetor (fliin de virezd.re (cuI clrculAEe cncuhrie oe de u'o_ ulei_ sau sau iD baie) baie) 9i ii rdperarua n€didui ubiarr.lc metcare.er (u ur!s@.-i.-AE.t trd.lrEt lc . Reducroarele dc turarie 'bchise (cu roi djrtare ciliDdriccr conix. de ruaFe.!ie. remi@.ticoidate_ Ds.e cu crcDlaFe de utei eu ta baie d._-.tiI PctrFu redlct@r€ de turalie qe fiDcli.t poare fotosr u!8c. dif€rolLle rurDeopr_Du sbr.ip@za Drriaite..orel..i$i! 6A. TrN 200 Ep. rlindirce.ie o ifinp€. Tab. dicoidrte./$.i :: pot ::1".r se utiliza uleini o viscozitnfi mai reduse..ror fotoresc. rcductoee dc poduri rulEie grele sau foarre Srele) se red)mDde deiul TIN ll0 1a wireze perjferice piDi Ie t0 D*c.iin*ii pgnFy1!!{.l4o.r.h. ." {9 <1-2) 1 !!L I I TIN 5 TIN .TrN loo Ep tirN-2io Epe. tipul ri6ut siste.I.4 aurov.0.F (. . Ul. rcsocctv a EP/S 6e c@rine.ureiuri a ciroi compozilii qi @raAe. II/j01.!pri@G .la^y-q:li.ulu. altilnln $u p€nnu p.udc codc. se". Le -fu!<rioD.oDsrskou.l.i j. Ioi'lriEq d.{ uritai. la r.ului . peorru ugcr.tut 7.:"{".u roti {oescDrs roti ditr!fle ditr!fle cilildEice.7. iutwir a met.din @ua pericolului dc 8'ip€re. > tO b. hditE!. roFr Dclur.'TrN 42 ap.redin ir\rararijl. se re@Drndn a $ folosi uleiur € R 10020ii c 5or9-N.. se qgcreriz&zn prin Uuo.rtu induthitL h!'Eirit r *alr t ubr i'.-. cabrui cten2_ l*9"itr obcordott ':!y"..Dt.adrEvare (atrrbB. nd.2.nrE & 7. cilildEice. euD.te e|(. osrructia/.d.b. h @d in dr. * i. o ang'ereje cilindrice. .tl Rtumrtrd. ae angrrtrat ae angrrtrat{oescDrs su iqchrs.1"*_. nue. cu ildieliile dale de'fim. se folcGc uleiui readitivlte ti lditivate.. r25 Ep.u su iqchrs. 111 2ta -15 *"] _20 T90EP2 .. dicoidrte. Crle neadiri\are (T90..

di.'! d./. i' lln.rl eu pru rbcbti.ul fusulvi.6 se alese uleiul cu 7.2 sc di o nomocraEn pcatru aleSer€a viscozftnF uleiului in funcf-ie de ExcDplu: Se dn d: 340 mmr de fMqidare.oDtala in puctul . De aici s.i. u lizqza o 04* ti d bict ri In car lld rurmdfi nrts.ea filn a se dcnonta aMblul. fali de cei oDsisteuti au o se. Itr mbdul 7.l.n etc. . se face in fm.d!.4ilor.5 se dau indi@-tn ' de lubrifaDt. Ca dezalatrtaie se pot aminti: et nt?rea dfic n a bgtrului./r de ude $ duce o p?raldn cu ahcpteL itrclinate pi!! la ht€is€clia @ ordomte de 5o'C (?uclul . . (punct S) de ude se duce o cu &capte c.mperaiuri .tuatia in rot/Ei'). ilter$cteazi tqtc ordonatele d.Srduii ore se Produa iu lagt.juMd @ d. ftvoia urui control permanet. ln sen€ral lubrifiaDfi.iri di6cid. etsqsre mai simdn ti Ia u cosr @i r. S.I h @an ungerii lichjde. dpuun q6s d.tEE . ?.die D. lut'rtt rti fEcqc one rcl de di ' iacb'e ditutl..tc dc 27 cst la 50"C..r.idicn o vdticaln la .rd o ftrm. liti!.{rn car€ intercecteazi or. ageDfilor crteraii pierderi de lubrifmt Eai mici etc. t. Din €belul 7.ctrul raediu al Nlmentului. 6io r pqE 6. lib.u llei a rulbolilor sinr prezentateh Pla. hcru a ruln€Drului.dus.!e corespud. lnciuri d.ive praise ti sensibile).@ndl d si!]le Idd d ln M dtcridd d lrratiua ci sislru 8 s rt nii a m miFis.fl 9. io rostosolirc (ctea ce pcoite fotosnet ld la disposibilitne de pozi.7t' dozrre a ug€. {it ti la temperatui foane i6.4 Yc o cr. N@s@{ 10 tu 60 70 a0 90 fro l|ec t& Ien peratu.rie dc li . duce o orizontau @re ordpuzntoare tdpereturii e indiq un ulei cu viscoir.dn ri Ulciui d. l||rglF sintcEd 'llffi mirersle. tcmpsatud.nl l|mi fiijl de ut4 trG'dui fl. iuefie 9i rcDFntua : 500 ror/min si r : 7ffC.lib6s d ross ibp@ sb prsiu. Picr7Z 73 i 74.2. UNGEREA LAG.idicare aaoarea {oai ut@n a . ?e rbscisn in &eplul r@pentuii de Iucru 70"C sc ridici o v€ni.6arcina valclor de maere. o ulci bin4l S.Sc . rEafici r: orizonratn car.). pGibilitatea udljririi la tu4n 9i t. 3uFqi us fdr. l.ioare a ruldotului lpGimativ ale lagtrelor.1 :34O ffi ptni la idteFecgt ' 500 rorioin.ciddu* d . d.2.In ngura 7.. dei prcdult o liui.!@ dermirc vhdiriii ulcnnui dc usde .L lrdr. fdNflr o u!34 o urd mir. itrl(n.€mP. o dti dc ul. Aleserea tipului de lubrifi.d rn c.. elciu ri sodi! ti F bd d.losi dtd @i rr.r smFiM mid. preaDtci etcderi prin sMg€re h dmp. r. slegerea tipului ?rivild riDuri d. rnlm.i lichizi.ARELOR CU RULMENTI penhu hgnre o rullleni ti stabilirea iDterAlegdea lubrifianfilo! (ulei sau u'$ri) ttutia. . proteiaF @i bun a tulmo' -< rului cotrrr.ttua de 'nlrimea. p6rru rualii nedii ti ndci niveld ureiuiui tebuie si ajuDse la: olstrE n simPle deo€ec coDduce Ungelea cu msoare coDsist€Dtl este avntrtaioasn 1000 Penru piln h cetrtrDl bilei sau rolei ilfe.ur l)j&n orsitrt L-intdie mi!.ie de avanlaie e: stabilitate fizico-chiEici mai n!re. diamct.o!.tele 70.l1l.a detunc!i@are !.or s€ face h tulcti€ de ptods'n d-r (d6 . N! s Mdt r N pc nrodg ?dh d dc visqDi@ s. pi. lczistdtn roi mici opusi corpuilo. Diferire sisteme d€ uogere. t6p@ii Itlsi d8istrtc F b.in €lt hraind o a.

Mrn tidislc.rotlmio la fiecrre 30 de zile se velificn niElul ul.lul de ungere.rtrratia.cbjc. pcdrru a se purer miGora rezisrenF la pomire se pot folcsi uleiui cu viscozia. pe bazn de experiafa. Asdd cird: < 0. I! pracdcn se poate folosi nono81a@ din fgllJa 7-3.@pre3@€ $ .ipu! rulBorului.r/. lor.i consistente. . 6e fijrcliooa.e D€i ruicn.ri supe uui cEft de api. s fd P6d Pod (i .. se completqzn siptnminal cu !ns@e. (7.lui. lD dmele 55 . in mmt B -tiilinea inelului intaior sl rdmentului.r a l. l. ilformari! prcpriedfil€ urc. iar ir tabelul 7-a se indice unsorile @nsistorc fotGire pemru D.n mgerii uDui hgnr cu rulmenli in g6cra1 depinde dc runfia aibo!.9. > q8-spariul din @rqsd rnmire liser-. in e1vald de ug€re. @bFmrE.3e 15' in pls peri@da calcuhln s idmntitette.nsr@F 6e hd&t l. scini mri seu 1. Practic spafiul liber din mlm. ineler apace er€. : 4 { 1 4. lot.ioin. fiuc.lg l1! de jdse Potu mgclc.pmEu tehperatui de hdu peste 7trC5 penfuu fc.e rpjuzi h ltnedtui F*.tulDi fi se proccdera la compleu. 9j . Ix ruln€niii de dimeDsiuri mici. ln rabelul 7.sel. nor@e Di.i.ame).. . -Y.lor rurnoJ or @cl.8-se unple r/3 ditr spotiul dn cd. (in orc). r . s in P6tn uc.t peDtu ungerer rulmertilor.2 din spaigl @esI s Dple completl -iicg ..bdle siti ta mor@ ti de drdld trcl@.&riY mici. tals.m unglEc fllhdtild folod.lr se uple complet sislentn. 68 si 104. se rcemandn utr coDtror periodic la inccpur peltro a s srabiti pracri. ln cond{ii norule de erplodtate pentu urseE * fol()ss u$o. ier rA -turatia rl]. @d uor rr ioliodi EteL.!g@. cir ti p€nnu redrctoare (epace. poate fi caiolat o relalh: e .ea luii la ficcar€ 6lud nleiul se idooi6j. t G: n.iul exrerior al rulmetrhnui.idicare.nt'io. este diame. t .D. ln cazul unor rurad Dai rari acene imcr- Lrltnn tlg! -l!L La rulnenlii de slbsrire Dijbcn tl turi.7 sirt pr€zertar.xioi a rnlmdtLlui datn in etalog). Canrirefta nel:gd c s €lcule{zi @ relatia: El. iar spaliul dir calcasn se umple pa4ial in fuNtie de rspdrur r/'s ('-tu. (iespecriv 2'E). dopuri de aeri- P. !. . udc usoarea asigue si eran 9ar€:.Valorile caie rczukn diD dada (7.je Irchie.hu $gcrea itlndlilo! fun4ion€iC b tdpeEtui Caltitatea de uDsoee Gc€sa. .nt'u tulE.€ Interealele de ungere 5e stabild.lezajului rulne rului. sdni dri 9i unde: . ruln. kgAreb o rxlmen. de obicei. ?c.td J htn tulrlnilor dri rau s. 0.ulBdljld mi usc.tui ?d@ uEq.). rrtov.nh adg@ rulndtilc din mssini m mlicidri gcl. ddiameliul . in mnj t -.D sau diD nonogrami sint ralabile pe ru tempeErui de hm p&oi la 7fC.@ tnri@lnor . .B (s. @ &g8je esird.i dtitrilor- ussea reini . uDsori uriliare frecver.aria afborelui. Itrtdv.tiodnd h rurad .esi./.e leiru x90 rurrudror cr uncd. ti .2) P.o€frci€nl confom rabelului 7. 105 se dau elerenre construcriE potru accesodite Iasnrehr (eta$n.1) ude: io este seicient cae dephde de .r' : 012---0. ia! atuci cind 3c€arta nu €xisti.i la tu4ii . .iscozirareauleiului la tcmp@rm de iesin trebuie $5 fre de miniEun 12 cst.

e.@ &e4oM rinii flfui@r bulci d. orsr@ieic.lii ad .55 h.ta Flh '.@.Ldat| rt tui p. DollEe . id is. r. lmAC 6-n4nn Api (dodr dbriririi).-'PlM d.{inlh 2J% Rebt! L 6MilD.dag . !i|lqr.L @.ntru hicb. roril.ini L6i'*€ r' lermului.Prricip.!h Slpu 6rplq de h!zi.i!s Atcdn fih*.ff. P.rh. !i@. (rn fibcli. de 65"c d.. C-mp6 rp. r.ntru @i rrcsiui GEpdtur i.b$r!iri fiuida cp:.i niDerd m sirtdic Pdh Stpu qnpre! remp. S.btae oItr Bdr SSpu ae brd lr. r[ei min €l Eb'tri@.:he ecini I: lrnEi ri tu. @i M.lr.. Fr@ Dt si d*ine . L 6dc. @.a:ui iorlte. rMfrdI n$pl. itrffi dtrp. redu@. bul ULi !im. 4% Pdrdti. nr.Llc SIpu 5 de bdd. Td!. 0rO% cdnlr.rn tl slidi 6ri & b. reti .ldice Do@€ de p!d. in Fioi iic h4 215. Ul.eiote itrtujv ttu d.atui mri. L 2tc. TdFEdi ln lre ri rMrj.c Pod @!ii S:pu clhpls dc ba"j.orttd nrDad Fift rbml hDI .)fui {i @ri. l. STAS 562-55 R*i*n miL 72 d.!to. @pr.dui 1 .l&ft. bsi. -JO +l?5 F tu E . rd diEcliei h mpqE. p..rfui i.i 3i. sTAs o nri.._t) Tcmp.dci . @pc*re.stc h driat€ a.re. vdil.r! d pulini Sipu d.i nindl AEdsi@zi a $r S:p!d de &rI. r&B-72) bii- M4tui .! @l.ilr d.crarc sdar. to mdEria !@ sd. trgire r b.IrE.{iri '@.l@. B. h.E si . Utei min Er eu 3interi. llLi .. Ul. nrbdc Rrhdli roca t (.zit. pt* pub.

'* ind{Fi.. |dinln t* *s'f.a#/i R!&rl i 1l ll mi!. .*1 6in.ffi.) Tot"tul d. h(i@ r4t@ r@*j. -. Fi&73. oro% Alarii lih@ . {t ltl@ b r.15 PledepiMdbid|rr4tc --- *i.4... 09% dndlrn).ibudor. & Itu.ttndri.'i-*.*-r"ffYi* miL d 6EtuI * rEsc njtlo. tlteYdlr 79 I 6:!cgc ds:. @im@ a"I l*bd. irofc-.*l€Tr*ffi -*%8.5rucide si e..d.! tutc. t! 0?r% arelii rih@.N@osrcttffi liibilnRint F.i.#. Rutmnit .E3ddlll1N Mtir@d I r rulEenlilor' .b6p. 72 @ L rm'C Reiei Rdi$t r'-d-I. d..6tce 'tulMti dion @ bitc. ti @!. pam 255 e drpi sras 562'55 ill 200c. 6iiroci. ff?.. Estln ffi Rlrnat |i @.dtrbd mllEe di l.drt ri @lG & lln DitpLl pdr i@ihit. roci.RI'L 1. .hei' tnh'i sdote o 'itd' inrd dr' r'rat€' in v'6icor' pod tubo Fdrxr.rtui d!p. @ M.!j. 0?% ADi rn bd. cldi( mdff 6"@. tutmfltt radtat -ariolt .Rut. p6m vas6@ de use' in. m Rdbdtid!4itrtt|rddrwti.. 72 c roo"Ck "* RltddE d 3-.. IM 2l!' Eimi t' 2fq P.rutn4li . dlioi Ir@. hi6a de us€! pdh dp@E s@pii ilc apd' b mliL m.@]i osdtorti d tute.fcrabtul V:ldiL & d.lullid..utu'.#.s#.E 2A' 500 250 n'dtoli @ hlte d--Ruttudli tu d'e b.ff*-.. bn in Eimi r-di.tuptsrAs 562-i5 f.e.' 0ro% Abrii |ir.Ep. l' -2fC.. t. p. d.lor ri Eol. f.gi'M *19 aulbi pod in.d'n&l|l@ pr'nt la 12fC Ginlh l{tr. Mqid €rolc.!r i. djiiuno _m trsiDu d.'.i'.' .@ ffi i!d. .hdu'ii . Eini P:naria* h 2fc. oE r?o.-..i p'nh e'7e 6qb''ti' @& h'!uc 'ldn' ?2 @ I' rooPc l'rO'C nidFm Pud dc Di@.nr peod b qld. srAs i62-55 r66"C mibn6 Plffi & rirff.

r j' z Liiog66' Indt'nnd Oryaw .a.. ...d. Nes Yorl. L.l'holrqri'rsr'6' 4. di&dic! Buru€Fi. ttu 1953- BIft. Bdli'.S.rn. B!cu. Bud. Bmr"tt 19?3' 'adla nJioo. ?"Hqt Edi@ atr&dica i p€dilpgic{.Cr.tl n€sc!.t.hb. | ' r SI Ei". cL. Buru. Ktrdri6y!. N.e. v...t''. Orae a.sc!.a.or.DrIBhici. ti p. 1952 Bni@ tclnicl.c-.@.ist. 111- t...btict. ai@nka..l II ls Simp. oldsdt Buor.- sch*i. tcrduj20.nnici' Bdilu relDid' EAitua tbni. tt aiti. TEnnit.toabi. ttgiDrbi B. t"d* t' r . Di' c. S i e fi!. MrriMic. Edirua t. Ri?irbu. 1974 MICI G' Bldr€tri' lac&. 11 .H--Chr. G L..d4!gicl' tL tuati. Aucuttii' &. vdt c..!.aatuMi 2?. Graf Heidelb. Gh. Badrqti' 8. zlt rti. a' 1966... l'iza{v' v. lidnunntu t tutu ffituFd v. MGtYr. M"iffit.fin..le . Af. m i s !.r?rn i.drg Techlit.. Rltnli Orye d.. S. Toleta$.. C o r str n .'g+4 197r.tali'.@i it mi.. r'h.t Iz M. r r r Celq 5r. c6'ni '& ' K i d' tt2tzl l j n"i 't s. 47.a. S.ti Edirh Jmi. 8.. 29. 10. Tcurcn.t!.1o.. nztni i Mdrtu. 1'@hrnb'. gofovitz. tii.EIiMrr.s@. i 22.. 2... flrna4L t'I- rt OdthorAllsffii PECO' & raia. r r r Colz4i4 nadan t. Maft'id*)tu'r.K. P.'-.. .&eN ldtu ditr Gatatt. Be@ 3t. 1976din G'la Univdibr. ltr$itusl Mhrtn ot *tilor t@ B.ita 1vt.. Pt. C r u d u .r 9.ainikt -ati. t. s. ' z cata@ Pnhtui at6eLoi SLF Ha'rthat 52.ntrb. diderid Enidn 19. !O. Pop.ln a zl'. rin'. D. 1967. Fro'i!t.scu .. Vdlrs' 197r. 1979. B. M. R...' Mavhiel&. A tada i da'*i ma I. 19m' elEid Edi|In .a' 1953.. rubli6. 1976. lz. nadn.Dn. t. n-4 wlne 1916. 5a..n. thnica. Mitoiu.2.a r r SKF-laab. I. LjoSEns univdibier L. G rL. osii ortri 1966 H. Prhira:*i eeaiL 1. ualdtu! tmn al ot hhli 3t. cilin*i. H.. 1972..'ii. to6t B-.f5 !e scu .n. din G3lti' r9?9' Utri96i|. tlhnici. r. 1975' L. USOCOME S''''. MrCM. Cdd!4u . T. T. Muhr... t. t M.4: 16.d!6odt. Mrr.'b 15. Jn*. OEatu rt iari. Buot €hnict' B!Ne!o.NAlc.5c!. ia. GI.5cu.e . M i c I o 9 i. FnitM d. vol 1969 l Il 1 .ru. Batn i L tronttd'.t drs. Mctsr... H o o v i t z. A tI6 Sto ltJo vo i. A. L. O.r.. V.Az... lit T 372. r97o Adil@ d. D1 +a. 1972... "itua@i dnrr. R.'na le @i$!I' .. Pste g h i. . . R . Laiosrad. zol. Chiriu.saa i. r r r CdaloE d. .t.96t I DIN 3tm-1974 Zd'ara4*Mte" 274.z.|iMtri'. II- Bnitu rehnicn.n . D..v. Spareinit' e. Auarctri' iehni. n ka. I' 3di@ Orye . ffii'6h Mekv. I" P a n l u r !.zlat lt in rrdidtr. 3. 1965. httifar ' Gzlai. C.Aor. 19?0..!. 1963. Ncrm..i. G- d. T. Bd\tur al.tti.cbni.Atqtr.iBtd. C r u d u . B. ratai.. I-.n u ..t t@. EdiM 3slh. SKF.?-.dwtui 'aildii rtti diattu RAi@ t hni. . f a r c.!. Bun. Cf. 19?5.9.D.zlalrl z@ni. L. Ratntuauea 3. Pri'o& tui. Mrrsht. 1969 l<n4 .r.. Vdlta Spriter L.rr-Tlos.d4osicl.tarn tt tia in 6teFn al.ftift.izcrmsD... i z i. l.nrt€in: 21. Bnlard. t.o. 33 P i t.n !!r !. Fschblch- F. Rot. 19?7 Bhr.b. . Busetri. zda$ie..12 ndt'i.. t *- 'iai'. ak&w' 55. Vrsu.lot ?arulr|.b i @ 16 |En lie t.t'i*.a.odor€scu. rc76'tuh&iddlih t r.tnid 'cm n..iutu' Dn Entuichk e da zahtoil-T.. E li@ did'dict ti !. Bdilid vtLl ld.r t t Sl@eini| r t | ' Cdzloztil Ldi6dLt ts. TrMii B!@9ri' r. Al-. Buruetti. alqaa nh'atilr' g. S. $ !.nii retltc1 19??.d!sosicl. r97o' B@Frd.9ii. n da*.zion privid uitids . I r r Mtualn sfuolz d dtua i . N. EdiM i 1972. . Ed. St. D . CrI. d r9?9' rol i !E '. r!. rn trodlcgc. Spr.rr. 25..t ' ' 5t.r +a. td. t t .!114. Ebnici.e.9!. C.hnJidtuicdr21!'j. lr.4. ' NLatrt' 1957. t6. rs.M39.a 6tei@ ii p.todtt @iL lot. 1969' br'r€rti' !i p... 1?. B{d!'rrir rsfi' Edi@ &tdci' I. T- C. ALsa. @ed 30.A qt@. r.. r9?r' B"t4 !'BB' v. M@in4 rAitun wztt.. $.rLlFeid' Brdr'5ii' 5. t a t MtultI E6. D-. 3t Rrbitrovici.. Srucr. rc?? Buoultd. D r o t i c v i c ! 2. n.td td* i B I B LI O G RA F IE 6. B.ttddAdfi ' ' 55.sc!-SidioD. Edi|rE djddi..a.ndj.hfl Stddddni. St...21 A'tgtMj. 1..1 t6ho.. . P. L.!3. P. B!'ar'id. lntu. FAitur @t I-i. 23.u. t t r Cota a @.a. . nlionrti . P 'l 'd'. 7.oridrtu EdiM t.{ r3.n4r'i. . (rca.. rrdt. 4. Blcefti.in .@i. !. Bdi@ chni.rg. V.r LibsR6. A|EM4. Aust@j. LtzAr..oLnbs.t\rctuta *. 4''ldr 'tz"il8il'aotd@8.navsti rc76' Editu didric. P .vc:idir. i ..i d. !. Mottv.ddi*' srriqq r9Z' VdtaE E d4 196rEnitua tehdct' Blruetti. C r u d u . 1 .i' -.rzt t!.tuie. Daeldop.6ni<!. ro-rt d. Ni. Iitp'js..P' l a d c' V.I'ghi rn. i n tzktdta ttu 1979Ts . Bditu3 '1!dd. o Priwir' .. C. r.m.M . M r tr c a .' t. A. VBA. R. tGboas.ELMr.!n. d.hdct. 12.!*o . Orse d. Anbrt atu Sr. Sch*ebns. v' B orog& O" I.1bt.9. lz. hetnead.r.a-. I . 23.dwL.F pturu trdutor..otii .r!n€scu. .' I . tnoi. Sldlfuic. E$uE ti.d.D.X. SrMta 1963 B!cur..€ocrd..nddezt6 te II.Fr rn i.{' 192. $ t..i. dsa. i. Brorct!.t!i. C r u tt ur Lr S t e f d n e s c u.. S.rt.l! r oFluilor' ncbru'si@. d Tr@nt' de@.. LibFtr: hl@g! 6@k' 1977. DBdil4 Editln Fl. Salit dc uili'c dc @ttri 1969 Bu6r'rii.!& D e r7.

.

pLANSE .

DINTATE CILINDRICE cu ohEEnore interioodi rcat i di nt old -creh ol i*i IIPURI DE AN6RENA)T .A NGRENAJECU ROII.

ANGRENAJE CU ROII DINTAIE CONICE

d dioli .ttqfi
t cu unghiul drep! thtre cxe )

.u dinti

itlinoti

TIH)R] DE ANGREA]r'JE

ANGRENAJF CU ROTI DIN|ATE CONICE

cu diili
( nDshiut dinrn

drcFti
ore noi hic .te goai

EDttu orbqele dA iett.e

;sdu;4tu

ttun d qiit ici te .e.lEtoa I ui,
-,zte& a@tuid tt55w
- tupdul de kdDnEia : t.@,I

aEDUC|oR
CUROn D|NIAlE dUNDRICE
A) Nfl
NdtNql cu o lREAprA

4

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REOUCW CUFOTIDINIA|E I Aon&

ctLtNDRtcE
cu itNlt fN v I

CU O IREAPA

a

.75 20 ".cardc|e ist|d1e reduct.nez 99 2FZ 75 426 REDUCTORCU ROfl OtNl gLINDRICECIJ DINI] fREPTE 7 . ntuJi: - Piltii L'tffit !{t 22 3.^ s n*' i..

if s =*Fi d E= 58 6 Fe a 'iE: .

iliii*.119e: 'MhAtl -Ldgined @tui io doe tiben: L'75 nn Cotucreri*tci le rcd!.Itut uldio.t' -Roport4l ?atdt de ttunsmitere .}.tlv : -Ptt*q: -nnno e/€idohatu tui de ddlahte nt:910mt/mn bsiG: Mtro' h ottnd.€ -9 Corcct risli@ arcutx! .t tulu i : l] . qaada. ir-14p6 i I E m ?5 2 3 446 Wk cu Rolt REDucroR lN DouA TREPTE DNTATECLIN9RICECU DtNl LtMttARE iNCLtMft stc1)Ptal 9E A MOMENIULU|IFANSMIS I Ptansa I | 9I .n..5 de s{te .i.-. de .. i6*. dl oftdtui : D 4e0mm Di@ttut sinei : nn t -tusur ei?i i4 sl!4 rrbsi -2s n'2. 'Diom.

d intr@e-reji.e REOUC|OR cu Rolt ctLtNDRtcE lN fREt IREPTE .:ff i+ ..- 21N A' o sinEu.

@ q) Ca.oct€ist iclIe red u ctorului I -Rapddal btdl de ttunsnitee I a2 4F3 q08l 525 n 6A FeouoARat Rort I ercnso DttIAfE CIL|NDR|CE C1) | DtNil iNcLtNArlts &tPltl qnit @ tREt iRECtE l t 7 " .

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:/aB -dgx \Y itv ..-P z L F -l i\..-: 1.:. '--l - -l /---:>/.:.-+_.. .

Vorio^tp ole constQ4iei rc.zenek-n pntonutut Fhdeotor REoUctoRcu Rolt DtNlAtEcoNlCE TU O IR E A P IA I Pt@so: I ti I 14 .

rid 4pb @!4 . tffi l-:t-r + dtr.EL@ @.

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Caroct s t sti.iontt dr. n a : r t tb.i i. 2 i 4 =4 .tm*tt*: . ctecuti. r .4 rcdlctorutui .. @T@ f f iF 'Y T ' I .lotu lui -rcpota! d. i L redu.

teducttutui ' :ruportul de t.onfr il.-irl: f:=ts {-i F .l r l- cotu rdisricil. 37 REd)qoRMELUI . I Ploo?o cu McIRE FaFufA.e : i. | to cu MELC SUPEptaR I "^ ..

I Ri I lI I .

- ri I iil iili {li [x e ( !1 q ) E R.5o ru nnt suptnpn | 20 .DUC|1Q llELUf I Plo.

t@ototutli & I@fritee -.tutoto.896 u 56 REaUCoR MELUI lPtonld iN ooui TRFPIE | 2l l .coacteiticile Pduda !tui I .b.q$!tl I 1I 2 de oci@orc : 374rct/min i.

Ca@d.ed!.NNran d. t@fliaF : : 25 MELIAI CUMELCI PIAN& REOUC?OR 1L1BaDALtN'fRtaR | 221 .1tuttti .n's| kile .

.

Cq ra ct eri sti.Dut*o | 25 *L/ i4rotio elettuitototului I taA .i Ie re tuct e Iui : .5a.5 -rae.at/nin i. RIDUC|ORTNNUA fREPfE teopto o IIo citi"t+ic6) .rltt totat de t@nit*' 402.

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'ld.d tu tit e e & $ . f u l F d. sqtn dr ldti .Nn qD n4.n tu@aiafr)uuittc!*.| @d.d'ldnid.dc ) tuq4itu t94 s n e a n d e Mp ' b d a r4 w r" i : -rry i l a @ j n 6 e e ry q d .

koxikd de Iuru a deiloi 9t.@ entft 6 c4tdnlsdtar. dJDn M ur@zn: . Lt ornDisea tstd ft@fu.a * w i'trdue a1f dei tu eiwilatp K10 de ni.o@ viEidli 4 w irntd6.et ].ttsioore -81tu pri" ongreruk In tnffiiai terdt! te"]pzntoi .6ei z n fLN!.etr.in .rreaitdua ulei fr la hiEld dopului de de la -ft 10 +lsT.dtd.ulei 1 lenpemlid..opo.l r t&l nond 2 pe dand? & .t ote .4rei gnihii M. d En tEta dc.oa * n at dotitiirpsntu chbete I d taftati * E eqre un r'ot fdo

rea tltd. .s@ le de 6.r _ -rt!i@ td kn6r -rialia Dotetui rualh .xtdtodft J6aab t325nlnin lzu rot/hin 5 tFdekr d aryre.i6.dtu t@fltud .uet Le stAs 741-63 tu dei K90 de la -tC ta -nt..t'dli@ }.i 1 (Mt hldnFo Mttjdn.ain.

c.n.d.a@sa ear ovfu dePusth strct {ctasi@ s.- FEDUCTORPUNEIAR . spitl.IE nnetaLc.ie ffiaic (t.ii(p{ttu onbete .c s! t@ d..coNDllil |EHNICE: nontojului ti tuh4i.hdrii tEptett de onqtnde se w .tu.PM3 de c'toct ole @psrtor d .tft .itudi. etc) int*icindcg gtmitut.q wili@ pri| pata rle utact :t itul nornol ol do.e.

esi FSi EE".i i I i$t .i-r''-5' -t 1li.----===--# -.ffi= G x 5dq EbE ' .i foi I I rri'='==j=li' l. E: .iEi * $t$ri.iI le.ii.r---___ i lic/.

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totett IgiruL>@0nntc-e3A.03 c : or(q546rpd ..::'ji:lf.r d pnd- R{dti cadtudtu.0.f lnffi..4 t .. H e nundd d.Fut acdietzoEt su o.qolA' . Aucoad tErlotte ole @n*nLti. ndtltate turtuD.i.ffii !.d@ lDdubtur(pr.n pehtrr L=O.tru &>r@otuiil. N. bnnu rcli dnhrt :Jli!54) 476 NntN olEti d. r . t =q E 2 5 A t o = o l a 21.t.o.d!phm N.ma nn lis.i M obeni dklotc htjdE.0lA 4 5 t. zrt2t .ea{r+.p'Fz t'ntutdo@t nitd o obdii s.." c.45c i eic43:5.Aali djrtata de dihehsiunj nicitpihixft) D.Et.n6 DFk+!L.b4oht)@hn ti I .<lsA hn Ld wlti hdii nl._?d. a.istdtltt Id tuta. etr€.6d){lld+!ryst4ttt..rnihd dln en litio d..Nm.. .ABH:Cr4 : 5.'-.qoa I b..t. q o 2 A . a=q A j n..1A:l'Lt AIA * id dasm.99:..fl:i :if. a.risa) ru tor tqitot u h nIEu etwdt D:n*i@le dts.duDo slas lve.-2@na(is. urno ptohut4t de rctolie .tuiui r.5n i d.dlDAtatdtct &. ttn6iu@ r.wlt@ft6.". hdltlui 4i <tinlob tu@te d dir : Denttu De 4' e d'rthlohul * er(drit din ir.penn ann i o 4p7a..6A c t.lt odnlnrE t din 6ltur */'t@esrc tdrtN a.l.A5ri a>L id B-n2:Ftd.uhd.. zN * iu : :tu) nn I bt.02d w . kiei e fEzo tntctEI ". si Et.g I sr pc.s6 de. pcntd 2t.fr) hhttu eede @4dtdote * ta.n rshd $grtiunn spilei rcll$ dinldte tunate In hrnd d.r8d . . di4+:s xl..\i!i:l ".@de nrNdulul: a.

coNsfiuqta RolLaR . costtu.. t5 @ bonddi P. l2 22 5 .ni. i.2?^v.!D hh @*ruc|ive 4 d.tud.litq frvd2ut..tBilnirc vo.!:i! e:.1 @ bJt!.:f.aYl"z'. entt tulitc dih hs.rczi fis2 drn e€sr't q5 5 proosd.tuli ch.tqinc @sr^Etiw .a 3 20 22 3 0s r.i @nunbr.eitid din. x?1._:::_.t.ntu ft dinlot2 Nic.jdl.2st 3. .saI Roli ttihlan @ie a\ \l \ \v se {otasgi pa4t4' D.t6c!ti..lt:n.rmina loot.io nta. pt*N dupd lupd rctaliile rdaliile cffittucti. ai\ote anicc c" tudLcinvea L 2A 3 3 2 z3 12 R. pnvdzut.tdte rcniE -to...rzzr.*:.Niuoil. Mi @tq ih connruclto 6r. dpoQEtt ii.<.

ea L<125-jUn i.de la core N 404 c P s! tuhotr.i lntine.tti tut te"t.5:70 ) h.iu oaIN rdsundtun _' lptoiloiti $i @tqtut 66in8pd"l'.d mi hi:. q25tt yatidro frtPi. c P i t!.tut de.Jrcrl N'5{[ L > (2.)L si M lunoine ..u drut Etet.e4tu tr i tu 6 tp! t EaAud. lrtte P-pttt hletuid loodft lLi L-dutd d ituBiuti!.n*ior dl nlna. t. d-.t utubrn I thqti E ..64 ELEMENIELE CANSfRUCN\/E CAACELCRREDUC|OAPELOR .lrtnd ptductirltwirc L.rq? cf*n Fi@? s5.tuhli w Ea^ot4ni h=tt&p.tui LAliM.sin.-*dtucti/ dDdftnI. D nahh di i tE ffi bu c de tn bl noD o. .lndica! ii pnethd canstrucria ercdselu rcdud@tct@ 4i dhtat.bui{ui c. MDutui Nda: <a. DeE r.P!tui c! bek D-dad &nettul . A.a.i d't tsE t.distahto c.a . o @.avtl din c lud blcdti-to p.ft9ntei -l @putut t Dktoddtl Surubatilbr d.i\t dini4 aihaut' biatd 5.l6i ]d tdu4o.Dt tzu't@tuikr@tutJi Gtusiru|lwilotl].tt Etti . 6 xoE o ftl]'rcarut'ri Ftudqt & Eind and@tud2@81 414+2. A i.idintft 4A -a*t& dinte s.'dt|i Mrnt.

E.41sI 6.44 ELEMENfE CANSTRLEIIVE RE IX:IURELORMELCA.616.vezi tobelil 6lJ. orclr.sei edrctaoelar 4l p.h.lndXdtii pttui.ote ole @kri rdudotului.tutui ' : d. 6.E . i @ fiofri:reg.d MstMlio etNl endlor * t@eatdht/ Dl@ltale c.E crftdr{ jpEHelo.

&+1(E 26-un9hi!1 nioin de dptitubft . .Indi@tii ptivhd @ sttucli4 rctilor det@te i ui --T o 24.t"\=#E.

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@ I2a 23?0 l&o t21 23 3t 0115 t21 50 t2i 50 t. @ 50 63 t55 32t)o 3.1 I .850 19 50 {580 62 t395 t37 25 l8 5 .t 6 324 3.foreft.d.eB2-SIASr36t-73 --.dt.--- 5 6 .150 w .t@ 2 zr5t) .Di.(8 -ro'i. E cd|lnt t@ noditidri 50 g jao zagl t i.55 g @ 3200 10 4A a2 m z8?0 @ E g 1ars 3.0 40 60 2 & 12 4 3 I 215 69 25 3AZ 1A 3l 3t 2]50 2.450 31 a.]Msiudle .tutui de 50 164 35 .trdn srAs . 21 3 3 2 2 3.stt4q5 fr 155 t60 pond @.cJsg .68 6150 6100 5570 590' 32 28 2t6A 215 5900 6A0A 6380 23 15oO i200 32@ 52 @ 1060 25 @stucxve 63 nE0 AI|'REN4J tlELCAl Dimensilhi: A= AAn h i A=l AAh n I Ptdoto | /.dDrdrds z d i.6 5.s00 $qw .onotett de cohatutai dc Fnab at*n N9 @naii -folerqrt pcti h &.@1-n .lo tdtlnii .35 i7 50 @ 10 tz 250 23n t8 48 g 3A2a 25 3t-5 .850 @ @ @ ao.0 125 20 5 3 3 2 3 10 10 /.

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5@ 16t00 Et00 lt3OO 1 8 |ANA .ttd*iuD .ao!@r1q ttitidii caatttn <!aFad in a1de xs 6uftfJs9 &inii @aot4tqi & po^i '| '|atsvl/.4)O t.-r3 2@d ffitardn cittue 2dti ra ffi e itoaroceho<riricin @srtuc.3 320 324 5 35400 60 12.1fr 63 2t6t 19 90 'N l@ 15004 QA 14 9 t.91 t:n ZJN 21.2@ 39 t20 2ge.r6 9 t50 321 w 3 t4 20 25 99 2 90 2 2 a0 ta.2.ti de @td @b. 2O O m htA=2sohn | - . .c upal 96 u5 37 333 3J 330 4A 19 ui $tpa q t1@ 3. 10 e 66 11204 t23 20 E 3t.1 120 m 80 ?2 90 ?1.1@.ift D^ [. @ 63 8a 5 63 a686C 62 47t60 62 45964 57 129 t 51 150 t 7 15861 ANARENAJMELCAT lProntd Dinenstuni I La A.e 5 .56 $ .act&sas t#.5 9 3 2 90 2 2 72 6J e @nd.&8@ 350 1 8 2AAX t50 lt.h srAs 1004-7t . 21.

e po.oti'cdttlt a .2 t32 9 g 63 n2 upa fia 575 561 5r0 520 549 5@ 210 210 210 210 5jt5 2t0 210 9. It 99 r7t4 39 5t 63 5t6 $1 -:@cd@.@0 59 2aa 17004 t32 220 noa tu t3t@ ai@o ?t5 rypq nwa m8 725 90 t03@t 536 ?20 726 ..320mm . A.t'e N9 &4iini @ahttoi .i^@*@tlo@ 2.9 64000 .r@n ANGRENAJ I'ELCA|.t/&n SIAS l@crl .nl 7r16iii 585 5@ 570 545 Ndittudn @ast tcu@ 61i 6M n-IMw -n-ffi 2t 25 315 aooo 126 tua . A=a00nh /. 63 t03M t6a@0 . 121 2t0 qe.i2 t2 2 2 I xt 126 686 6€6 220 3.---- 240 .y" .25 3 2o 2 99 99 t2t tt0 t.DitNsi@n @hd.O 4@A t6 3 -i l.5 586 220 63.lbtqonlo !&inii aooloM ae patlE'io d..6 i^ bohrc J* .0.tor C b@td @.

REDUC|URELOR .

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Montn) de.ulhenli paattu @68i vqlidti vqionte *ttudlve vddonte de n@tuj ale nletititt pe losde a tutre^ti de pstetetiti dxial .nt Montok d .uth.

!t .t! oftan lvei ptd.tift titetal Rdlotu i@iti tuici Nnnan inet ojastdbit mqnnt vb topac P.ie. ) oiei utn.. onn )odt j rcdiet tuburitt .ut otre'' $t^tt ti tu vLr 6ni.in intfiediul unui .)Ll. @vtosate ntre .e de dife.rtoli tu1si@re e cturi dispu@ *hidistant @ cction@A d offi.2 8' (@2t donfdst) A) inel elastic .3 pdn P?€nsiuore ..e c! oltrotul'und tusto@ jefi. (tte 5) su o iutitei I rie 6) PrerynnoDteoi reetd@ ) rd.xEnar so! in|€nb.8. Cu inet *ctiotuI an d@6 i odr$rqt i! qFiYll @i ipt de sioumort Deottu ra@/JiAs 56.d@rc ab rL:lhen .it.tdt t1trc io+ Iete in.Juslare na.tENlt PfrEiENS|CNATI Pr*enslahore cu tiele disr@.esiaeotrBtiui didl d ojuto.tot indoit to i"or dtn@*?€ s iorrodus itgqrdr qd?krynlqLn At inel de sioa rotld peln.pp. sJridilattr Melode de fxarc te orbore o indew i4tsi@e ote rdn@lito.te rutnent ISIAS 5816t7 ) s@ cu piutitd obtsnuitolwi Dton:o90-91) tig-l1 Fis. !iIt tunihi : t.o( &lhqttului : lletde dlftnlii . tuhet ri Ntdti dkitt!tut .Iiol itanli tuIMIitd @kiti @ oiutbtuI !rei oionle <b striE* oi*lelt 8egldrya iq 'ti utol-at otu'@t @t Duqe *oote a! t4rub ti Sotbd de siqsdnld -reAZEMEPRTIENSIONAIE -Raxaml LoctLU axaL tN NULMENIIMOIALI-AXIALI RULMEN|ULU] L9 .4 dihi@@ supftt'd?i trntote o ileht4i d celd do.el.te inFa:oitrc si .+os: ) cu giutill .le re9ldre o jodtfui @iel la 6in!l uioli d bile ru rcte Relo@o ieatu Ml pitttr.CANSIRUC|A REAZEI4|LAR CU Rl.MstootiP ineluldt6h.i uidl p.ttsioare ftetensibndre d ioel de .d?Jcutui Fs. pret!1idt-se ptin strinsm rectlticop.

d.ndtr h * i@ .. cilindric. .tt. b1.. t.i r e iou dn SAS $1E. s .:t f. i dt:qu tD . -d4 .L.'6XP-dl: \*lY ti x dt ' nutudrutd.nLndtut de ttt. @ dubtu . z. td.j Nnltut-qz5 d.. z.nsllnile . Rulndt tuditl-uizl d rcL @ie d..A ..tn Oin.H:i slAS 42f6a Nttu ntltn rti @ dnrtu. h-dr+l 2+3li n h2. t nuidNl dc t1.tundd e$t. in dtn sIAs 30t U.L.rt mditlend RukDRt $td Rdasa a bl.@l|c d.D.r urdl .t i o : -k4 de tutc. .te Itnoi F Din. @ dnd Din.t.r ln uh6.D.-71 s4o.D.. .H.t)i .h. ..*DFlD-tt) .q Hj 74s.d iis 55 1i i.ird Dn1q6la'te d.nift td ih. Rn.a-71 dB:43 lD -d ) .RULMENfI Rutn@t tudial @ bll.-16 q.t.B-st. Rilh.0. p. u ttnplu c.iL I d6"qsH I h . pc &tfr tldon Rdtuttt Rdnent Ndlat tu nt.B i | * ieu ._3 @).5Da!!! d r. J!:! . Dinlnsiun e d. a29f f i.e#.l.v bil.d) i 1-ry.158 D .Qtslo -d)...r tsras $2t.I sc hu din SIAS30A4.dr42s(D-d I j s=14.. b.t5/D-d)t .r ti slas 39224 ocnatdoailt u dalu et h' P. A B g r s.lin srAs 74t54.!c.Bldltt.'# t 4 i \ .!+ i R=&..6-6e. z ..nt radiol -aildnt @ ttt.b"t"i t 2i.4s + : dt | D -dt.t*AE lD4 t .'ffi- ftdl"/-cdlo.Rhj!:jq5db i a 4si . I ^qsr RuUnqI Dinensluntl.lul ditrrt.gF. i r * iau din stAs Atn4.u hiL De@ .. t +-90 a.D.6-58 D.D. t+f I s =olstD.tk DiDnsi@it di. I Nnaiut d.. iou din sIAs 6ue . zltf. ^. a tt I s.

15 59 6270 6524 6?60 6f9l ..8 ?55 3]6 39i t 6 3A ee.4.ol 5' .9? 8r 6 e 85 65 072 88J 68 3 99t 69 72 It 3924 55& 5834 N8 .rf'l/-D\ \.l.l. @M N/ha1}: .ealtdtvd peotn s@ki o4@bd Mai la 4 419 35 52 i6 ia 3B 42 13 t.@.dlr.* .t4. R^.t "+ Ytrz "H A'1 2i2 26 a2 ./d.*'!|drE m. rrddhMt rrrbeov.5 705 2850 375 x?30 1.nbd dM R..tirddrrb b t mAl@da ma|erc cdld/t//j tt/EJi/ drr drt @.idie''4 4 la .rrtu dr . st oitd o .aa. .AJ Inel ln dare libeti fbr*Rt<dst65 &! 21 22t ftnrtu d<9 a 2 INELE ELASIICE DE REZEMAREEXCEN\RICEPEN\RU ARAORI (Extns STAS541U2-73) 195 2 tu1rtud>170 a-a 25 4l F ---. t0 do dnN/nr].j.6 5? 7-A I 65 al 56 e2 6A al )@/ 0rc@etl@esl'€ d@td d.'!@in@nfrlwd.tet^{.|&aa.tnat.30 8/.tr1r 2A J 3 4 a9 29 ?q9 at 1l 30 5 lll I w t2 2 36 ru '02s -op 56 15 tLt9 t8 taa i5.a i53 2p .20 ../ dEtun h1t .4 et a7 22 36 a9 vt 63 t8p 2na Jq5 69 t530 1594 206{ .9 2 54.8 a.!!i.{lt k sas I 5g1ut-75 frbrtd&l oLs.5 13 :81i15 3.- 2.458 4?2 56 n5 @ 425 2.au6 73 56 -o92 55 n 6 ?.ff.tsd/rE @titlu tob. de ihlul cosn.sr.n tb 'ffi*.8rlnr iEtur. -apturdo Nei @dd TNELE ELAST|CEOE lPbtEd ^".620 v sqr 42t 62 q9 5 !r.2 A 68€( nsc 7@0 1190 8@ 46s 2. eJL ttE dtu uioleJ^.y!a.tn. ge 72 5! ?3 55 .trit tob.'ly!ll.ei@ta$ia<snflw tElulddtc ai. It ot! . . tn tr @ @6i! 6t 6r{Er €r{tn dmM d ..31 bdF.naa.t ?46 46 ta6 56 tLa 58 a8 n0 6t 6 4A g t5.

DE I INELEELASTICE lFra.hie vie Io Er|lfii.aa.ti@te@tiu! lorftlor d tddtoot?G @ndnti : rf4*!u! d$otot inetut etostic sd corespundi . e w o..!@to aiaeul .rc esl.A 1S .t' 5p 2t q8 w u -ota 12 ..1 1A 4.wlotile ztffiaivin tobet.&ZF!. w adoptd dtt ra@etn.3 .22 ?15 ?59 E 259 6 49 ( *tras SIAS581&&n ) 'IIEL 5 3 INELE ELAS|ICE DE REZEMARE EXCENiRICE PENIRU ALEZ}JE iN S'ARE LIBERA Affi t4 .*"' -e!nt 15 t.tdni.. H 11 rahtq toot? se4en s.5 21 225 2? .5 t3 r55 aft t25 Q9 t5.7 2 33 2 17.^ ..q2l 2590 2650 .q3 2. 162 3.a aa 3 4 13. tndft inatul 6E w t4tliiNru$t llltle l&tle uiote uiole dln ombele oQbele senen 2tn64t .t iDsto? drinsl ln vedafta hondni in otai 3 1220 1lV 79.4.c eteEitufi eteEi too.5 1300 2F 202 ?3.7 2A 2A lQt -!l a 6 12 25 2t h *.ii/i.tdii.e diomdrele.2 212 3A -a.imprt Ce loletuild A 1l " "nl3.11"".2 +o. mftihi telltofirA ad6irdMi sesl.q7 BN na qa 20 10s 22 12 J960 31.^ I rrNiwaczm l Jz .io iiiiildild.5 9A 2) 38 .qrqn te'[tu i^ t2 ast a3: c@oltt.6 Fig_| I.c . I-F '65 178 36 $B 51 74 Ex*utb Ereulie@La ' thetujetostt. 42 262 2.h lo6ahb {ahdi A I I @htN daomarele.y I REZEMARE EXENTRICE I .6 127 1.lindeoj M. Ih. i oibd a nu.5 505 12 3i0 1t5 505 535 n 65 1220 1230 .ooditiitat P@dzute dln . -n@ldiJkll !f' in SIAS il.9 Y( em 155 3 ?3! 32 {-r+ w &r 29 3 t2 9.6 73.nsa oibaRa2>30d'N hmzl de inetul ?todj.?6 55 59AA 6220 5' 59 60ac 56 ?6na 6? 73 7t 73 3 165 2p a2s0 w 3821 n-5 dAn to @ft ad lN nosreE tE lttE ld'€ @ lhertle lnertle ause lorFi .2 49.st t stobitit. oto Di*el M@tj *'" dtltot @nd.? 222 35' 23.9 2 58 09 t2 r036 3 a2 62 N2 32 26t0 i9 lof.i'.tl 59 o2 13 1350 J9 6l 50 51t 65 62 to92 67 qa 5 55 6! 51 @2 622 2 64 ?t 62 25 t.

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. ol.{l 6\ utr 0""^oo.e! t@bn l--T--\ Sdiba dc rcgtore P. o" aaisi'E". l'i. penttupntund*o ultutu! .dn u. 6 4 a 22 'n 62 Dih*itoil. rhqiDrd!.a ksdrutur --' co@tct...1sr to6. -drrtu qEdi t.l. ' tdtetul. iD! et.htl 1. @id. no.CAPACELAIERALE (ARAE s a 2 2 2 23 t5 2t 27 JA 0 3A a 20 32 ."!i1!t!"*|*^* u .idru i^. I Ld ad'6n R6lLd #.tin d@td 66. .a5 .t* cd.nttu . i.lNN@lo.g Faffi'a1iv i2 ln. ddte..t|% f.rodelr \ rll D q q . ftdu.o.aPac. hslPee ti dh.h| Ld ddretui d/@E - -.. . cu erubJ.xgtr*1. c@. D'ttuM s.wr phtp lalgB e tin. | -ti I I *n'd * tiss :i '0.tzi obn:o * B. " d):JsuNbrll-2) Wd "i .d rh totfrl.i: .

vdti@to 811ttu codse so*Jt. @Poce de vizirae 6fte & c 85 tt BA 2@ 60 cr 16 !! 15 ?& t3l t 50 6 80 ql 20 c c 5 g 4A 65 26 t0 60 tu 10 n a t5 25 I 9( q 65 15 t5 55 t6 35 t0 5 6 12 a 2A CAPACEEN iRU12FI FId ILE .CAPACEDE W|TARE CU ORIFICIU DIN S|ICU Wdonto NttN e@ tuhdt.

n? E o^Feo ft@rdd. h tu+rje dc c@dlttite de EtoGopd dihtte .elE!et.eatia$zd f.e dteosa ih fuh+ie de dtomdtut cilindrJtui dstJet . etc Aoryafta 1oD@iuai micl st hutoc4 (gomtt.1tt o eo|atofi ' @td 5i @ s/bddi.cutici sau poelmotk:i . ozbzst.d elosice) ETANTaRt F!XE atonscea tdtresluhi En?@o r. Racddo@ d niptu 5i ddns.i ptdtl din eb@dm i pBiuhi odhisiiile piDd tol51 doM.Ji w onau.tibe.r6 Eltut@ @ddrilq Eeitq dio otet @ o'6iuni dhd la @-m &jM6a/ Cugdmitu..3 6rcsined sothiurii se @nan.d@te @Poele Ie tuthetitor si i r'rynd db rE a.et.1a sd r.tonsare. usc.lltr.tunGe *eb 25-50 75-125 3 5 @d6. .rdalt .z Racotdoft pertN Eoea co di@enu t+t2hh in seoqit p@ttu inst loli Fjg.cnunea .o citiDdritbr hid.Erdnerco bdilar de llei.A.p.@te de ditotafa tenird Etdrto@ e .Asitto erans&i p@ti! pBiuni Diad to 4OOAovcdl Ut1q\ul @:cinnhi de sh:tsere o ronsmuut estp de eo 21" ttg. Et@o@ Gomi.il@ @nddctel$ d. df@eltu cuprihs lntc z5-5M €ldentul de etorsaE este @ iael de caucluc:ahc.n de a!2t oqttu rjiafetre det ord hne 1:.d donul..i de @d!.r de uns* sau de cction@ hidroui. pesoon.t ttq. S. dnontobilti si pdtnite a$tasari uiote hE pol. didmettu Cu ihele de .itor dh corra!. .42 nm.u di^*rE ni.Ltd at. o ezeaodrelo.

rNa b@if C.i liteze pentutt tutd*rte tt>s4 D /s) .@.sdrit tnor sDoniuhle e olei d in @Ddhiile @.ry.poc pnt@s lDsqtdt @ Sht uhhzaE ndrci tn.5 2 2.or@ .r ire[r si@ole cqtdtusoh Et@Jm @ cohole ci@t@ Nht.5 -r.r.5 Io ct4he frt@se.tib {t :t -1 3Hi 1.@1 ero.o!e Eto^toie ihprd cl@loe cu dDor.)'.Efa^6. A@sdn .4Rt SEM|MOA|LE pEMRU ptESE CU qISCARE DE ROTAqE EraNSARtF/!M @NTAC7( Frttus SraS72gi-n J €tahtdri d{onE@d fonE :ie.

ww \ NN I I ' I l t\S{ L!.xistd hjtu.ihete-z- cu bnte at>tE .71) EnalFin d bbirint rodid &o in @ Iabirint sidl Eronli. conLi.4 o l w Emcle dn tobiar tie.\\ \ . . - EronTin @ Iobirint dbl F93 Etpnd.ANSAR|SEM|MAB|UftNIFU pttst cu Mts(ARt DL RotAnE EIANSAR| FARAq)Ntact (Extos stas'747 .i N labin Ltohlotl EtonsR .u lobtnnt @ltol @tiat d olu@t segOenlitu & pistont tio.Milotie ti{r! oxd ir o@:t.|O . I \ wr t E T A N E A RcI U . d..F.u lobi inr d t.1b) % w.dte Eto.r@ e iele N!lo9LS.

a Sai& .nul @tu ol ln l@dr Etonsore tip pEsgdmtari lDeldrttitltgal F.ttu Mddil.gttru hda6a ulzi.rtin $doni UMii ffi4itd*e d tub@ltului pqrltu@ge d dturctt htdttulic nuidti Etdh!.i (ldttru @mse tuNtabile) a@ EItu@ hd de Nt/€ lle tky.@ Io9 zror 4rnndqv SAIAE DISCURI g INELE EtdMea ldod.ie' ^tlnentutul &a&Ior Mttu Nt*ti! I a tulhaDhitti de ikpititil IDel@tdftool .Elor didte .. e 4 ulehn h .lelleckitre de Dde.

d..tugeitote a./.n'$ fol6.t td .r td .. NE!tu dtn .tact Aa6. fttotftd dnntdq dln p&Jd @ viree Fnt*e dnn b 9 nE Io dGt @.l{A .botil afiN di@.atetei . Nu e lol@sc h c@l .ro o.st coz.re t0-jp0 n.IJJJ Hl Etontarc @ daui inet.i. _ t t@ Fnn I.rrci4. @r..tuq@ilotq suptolgei de fe@ o otbordui tu tftboie sd depaseascA Rd in frEd in @E€tDqh)tu 4"$tuss de tun4t@o. .. ''e&t 3.te tu beozi diD pistd(E tlot StAS6n-?Ol LttotFcr-b @ adn. a'ac.ntz de prs. 5.rtto EntN niopot dk ted@Ee cdftose dio tu1it bEiItl Fta&l rc<Iio!.EfANFARISEMIMOBILE ENTRU PIE5ECU MISCARE DE ROTAIIE Etdlt@ cih.atut . lo d. N depds.toud {.te din plsrd penttu arcos. Qopg. dilnnldde O.4..tr!e..:. ' 2. n Ff .El-atr|ln!? dlet.ae. (Eortu d eviht tutlptzo @stpd pnfittrr 5r qE . toltite paEt .Ntun Md4o pdntu d/re . cu@.rte de ptstd nn.te troE o dtbdEkJi N le sd deptt5eoed Rd .to@o eqofEn @ turherl.Se @ht?..tn @ io. ttstti EIANFARICU INELE . 7 nts..rqe p.enune tntrc @t .

52 tu 160 162 ./ 203 tao 72 W:W tla 13 46 5J 94 1t6 95 3 45 l6 a e3 15.-4 tw \Nttr Y.?3 t7a tg .93 4.ae g BENzt EE tzt DE PbLi.9 t2 / / l .1 62 .2 Jl_{5 pl a @ E 6t5 62 6A 665 695 e2 n5 a9 . 82 5 9 10 t8 324 r45 20 35 tq5 z '2 6 l2 2A 29 3t ]J 3A .8 8A .6 TIAN$ARI CU INELE t9.t dtn ptsld Id cat ose dnt.4 9 123 .6/ 17. / / / 208 175 Etohtoft de tip pesgdmitlti \:4!q.q5 ar5 99 05 72 E ?a v a2 fr4 a8 *t.-o sthsu'n bu@Id * r![ "ffi Irlffil *w Fis.9 29 5 30 32 q4 36 33 36 t7 5a 65 !45 20 23 9 52 tq? ' 35 55 !4' 5t 53 56 t30 1C5 tt2 120 125 130 tJ5 t22 t27 132 I tu.65 2N 2m ta2 202 222 2t0 2L2 260 240 242 i@ 302 z3 210 260 246 306 332 N ta. Dihcnlioni le/'tus S'AS65?110) Etontoe cu ih.55 .

1 7l @ tu2 fl.||'l'j@ do eton9.b pui d .SARI^CU- .le dlsld-dlaldk dhplr d @$@ drsiridrni Erddsdd a i.ta tte ND lipl€ pe metotid t lis-1j.rc nind nrot.hsoE @ d@d @ote.'€ .ludrqc Es{urddd.Etoryorc@ihet .onslrc cu d@d i@le @ ptstlt ' ldrt .ete d.te ptdd Etan5dc @ @no&tt itbltitrl EtrtE'e @ @'su. fle Fin tln'rye lng.4t€ fi €lEnF?i sdDDtbf.16t7) i@ret 'j.fi@Eiia.{e qeft i io.et exteior e in.€ morel A.t6. pistd d dEpondft dE o*@rc ' o c@rdchrhi dihte Jbe si pldd INELE EIAN.E15.@ @Ii"ed a @to. llJiogrd d.li.altfi(fis.t5.rutu . b& dnt.l ptdd EtoDdd tu to.l .

t@b i 4=Dt2t dflrub+2 s (to *ist.tul1 dih olonta.. EtaN. :f<n: h-kdl tined uhd^rtut din @ ei tabelul 521 ilnd t>t -Ezi li.. apdi'. niQas's )o: S>H t

D'42F-TOasno: Ruth@ti d u.Ee : n. dt in ! Y-.Idh.t d'h w9**t d.2. tutuurti-fai bn.onntu.. d in.L & . d.t tusc ld .Iic|&tubi n-nnndNt d.ut A.€rio.-+ t3+s1. snaur iod de bile ..9 q!4i plohrdf2 ris. 2 : ai ptdntd 62 ta:tcut 2. E -.t d@sdEo @labitd Dtstd si dls.2.20.n *@w..gtdbihi Cdpd.Dr2F .rRII LAGi&E @ EI)LMENII 64 .tut 2 D..d!o.ai ciEaar. @i btd& 5a tundtut .qt dq*.'.dtd Nhotutuil ot'!in@ @tCLi Pohatutui s.iFft tr . 4at 4 atjn+ 0F j it i d*.ffi|^br to. \v 1r..l tt -E-at' Ditpoife @Nt.tdltul a t ioduod zt@sini I e didaeuoit.E.dine6ihit.s)Rt c1) TNELE DN PI'LA . tdtMs EDIN E tu iD.tqtqd A.EtdDsdE t. dionettul a.l d. ol rulnantului i 4. lbe *ce @tba E. lb.

dif.Dih.vhe.le Exenpl.at a'trc prcdlcdtt.: 'dolic ..AJ INTLEDINHEIE IMPRECNAfA EIAN'ARIRADIALE MERt N6) sAu cauctuc s Nfmc(stM Oid@snDi/!- hontereit de rctotie bkrgt o honFetetor d.e diiat .P*S. paau.E btEd oltllidi hMEJn t*dhtiJt OBSERvAflE.riftlcd nonna o otboldqt Md.Detdliile @sfi)diE iLt iifdnatife.doht@ P:3"^9:. ti beneficld.q5 ddlVcnl.o' | ^I 09 I .@tofti MANSEIEDE ROIAIIEdJ BUZA DE EIANSARE Fin st dtn.(i'ete poscnesint. oBSERVA1E.l4udile NtoE @ .t e$nrdni . B -q blzi & *oh'@ i ftr.7.elc d@l totutt ..26d.bugototii- EIANSAFICUMAN'EIE DEN|AIIE CUBU2A OE EIANSARE '( sinm en.Blunl I E 1ftt sfas ?95a2-72l h.ld qh6t@td. dtitii &ltftdDtur. p.Ehla d. de ?ffiftun dndr.a. 4 r@hoD.oA-tul.in d.o. gt I Plon. .te c. se eiecurd pe b@d Ce o.

q5 22.73 260 30c 270 310 i20 103 280 340 140 320 160 193 340 .t0 210 203 taa . ta4 9o 0.3 €3 OB 95 58 35 30 135 .3 28 t2 24 q3 1q2 28 30 a3 J5 3€ 5A 40 q3 21.a 8qa a5 0.7 tq3 dASERVAIIE.54 125 . 30 tQ2 t2 32 t3 2A OJ 1A 35 qJ tsl 21 20 35 o) 30 30 0.3 E6 22 22 26 4.anftn standdidulti sIAs 79542-72 LOcATttRtPENTFU lPlonro CU | .05 a3 17.l 165 a0 2U 160 210 .EtEDEROTAIE BLEA DF EIANSARE I 'I" .3 52 0! 03 21 30 26 30 50 52 a3 ttu 190 t2a tg 100 03 .a 9Ql 7.3 30 26 30 t5 32 22 q3 6.t0 tl0 D5 0p 5q.4 tq: q3 30 t5a q8 lra.aa t3a .5 q8 qs 1t5 90 22 10 .5 22 32 5t3 0.7 2A 05 63p t@ 0.0 t10 2@ ?30 .60 224 0p 160 220 2?A q3 75s ao Z9 0l 5a 32 45 527 21t 27.5 n6 35 35 40 19 21.IoCASURI PENIT|UM}N$€IE EFfIA E@AUJEEANSEE (E rB SIAS 7954fi) D D 05 90 65 3ql ao 25 ?2F 95 62 50 65 52 ?2 62 @ i8r1 6a 62 4t6 6A 22 28 I 9 4.2 ao 253 t.4t 60 ao a5 9A t6r 55 60 36p 62 62 63 qa 95 t25 a.84 t55 u9 360 i80 ?54 220 264 aoo 2t3 231 264 274 223 r00 26.5 1& 95 q5 658 1N 23! 25 90 D t25 105 1m q8 .9 249 309 319 369 J89 5U 5J0 139 500 55C .1 28 35 ao 6e 292 @ a5 0.4 22 t6 20 0.c haN.40 t25 t95 23 q3 ua t20 e0 ?2 22 130 24 294 t63 230 2A( o.5 6t qa 09_6 zx 95 52 D I6 22 @ .Ldfin@h o monseEi de tulolQcub@a ' de ebnaft behtia d6ori mtdtli.

llalt -TNELE NtLos l..r @ dsltoft stdf_ @tE pct*tw tur.*eti ro.@eft N|L(B t Arede. olunec! Ela.HESI gJ MISCAREDE ROWI E Elootd.i.i d! ih.odiotr Ex@ple de n@toj q tuEte .oin nEhrkt! d.@stft 5t p.tc d.dltlhlg@a d fud&.d .llhartld cu l_ t6tq. Ntnd!.. dc 4'ndr tD.d.li.n tu turnsli .tieol.t @.iot'^.r.t e.(& . sup6 to FvEr('e .o'lclio .! aft Etoo@dbi.l#i e.t@ lotd @ aft .'c clNt. th.road p.i @ &tb.tol Etqg. EroDsrre ingqs.el q &ohnft uldt4ddt .

o'DtN LOCA$UF| PENfRtt l e. FE! .O( E aos srAS .8 {e ..ETANSARI MOBILE ETANSARI dJ INELE. 9s e cE 68 . Ei t { 3 g i i Esi .E.319-n l caucluc Fcmd si dlie6iuni =g EE *E d .E .n i iE SEc€ Ei i sl t[ eE I ER.OlNaf.'e =.

I 1-@alN: 2 .@tduclo de D@i@ ..Enin mcuore.anille@ ul.g:.Dii hoNah de oisoe loqhtd ).. oote.REOI)C|ORCU PIN]ON DE UN6ER€ REDUCTORCU ]NEL OE UNoERE SCITEMAPII|NCIPIALi A UN5ERI| PRIN CIRA)LA|IE ili-' - I v t.o 1 tpopo ru on tAnpn .-----4 injdrtulu. tt' B. 3 -. OEUNGERE EOUC|OR CUARIH DE IMPROSARE PE ARBORfu€ME&IJLUI =N $) n l0"lt tu aintut U"s@ otpgojutti d-disp@itio tnjdt&ttui: =_- . f eJpotd @ *^t uni' j t2-tEztw ite lJ/e.: ll-r ffi unaF@ rctito tote djutotur @ta1oi 69 .|I3 @ddtd de t u@Jl-mbin*i de regt@ it5-@oanetN.ndudA de ps6!a!t .4-t@obd: s wDd de retur:6-@dtEld @at umDleno .itlui Io ahe @ftEretutu1 . nie :10-4odde rddtb tG kru-rkllotti-9 REOUCfu? AJ AS'RI N.

lee penlru dlidehla.Aduceea uleiutui to ruttu@tii tEductocu a)utorut eDatelar practi@te ln Atu6a uleialul lo dlhqtii to o^ redad$ .iuIui Id tuhentii rolji 6et@te ptu let in lldnso @tptllui EdudatulLi uteirtui ta rutne.nllot tuttl het.lii atTtuatJituli &stu tuetcatecd djatqut rcct4itot cu iqhedb .Jgheb Fta drlaa uleiulti 2-Ro.ate 3-cdnol pdtru @nducere al.itiodro Nic aftdelai @duodt r jsh@tuca a|utott unge@ ru/'aeoti/]* rduer@6 nek'te Jgheob de @teloft ! tieiatui 1.eo u utei d Nlhe.

DISfuZI|I'E D€ UNCE4g 7l .

ffi w I ' i J.DISrcZNVE DE UNGERE INDIVIDUALA Di*@ittu de @Ae Dt g@itir .L ut'44 e patln Krc vorioota .le 6odu@ o.dae aa lttge p.r d tEI li.rr b@blorc lo I OsPOZTIVEDEUNGERE 72 .iii ) i]ilr_illt.. .ooetetq ii.lt il.g@ Pnn ba.rli i t - ut!.le o/9* @ Enli'.lelor tublle l4 DtspoaiY.

dlindnie atedlifi2lni d Itaitu@le lta uc * @d d btemntd h9 12 I PieE de Wile .tiiF .A. Aedjide * Miite@6 ii! +i t2 .re 64tzoft s tttgdltJar.e6 -w. .Ms@ile E c"r* pietu.imotiv Nnindli -cooaci|dl.li \.rcffi effi @ rt tl-t! a .trXt@AooE N.c ons t tu c ! ia u?Er totuIui.e Nzille 9 9 9 Unsdt@red nx.t'{ d dhle .o1:Mt61)ih oldoi.-rtrl1 *lf | t tl d uogn(@ uosn(@ UBt UBt -unod@ate tD lui st ua i Di.dtrohJi.l{Ertrcs St S749491 t8 l@6 @ @@gdt@ @sdt@ ' n€. tzo|adto E 6 t s) rc gobrirtl nldh !@r -cato H ftpnnnii p6tru t^dqntra@ @podur op|wat @ g'reW E'.idn:dtie .'8 UAt fl UAtw reotuhtd dErc.o @l@tl intsio.UNGAIOARE CU BILA ( tutms SIAS 1116'67l Fo@ i dinennooite uhsA@EIt rdina i di. .6de .6I. ol .le wirie e intunlre@a ln odt hldtoE cu filek m.0 c! uD96t@rc F-.

G{nituft (ca.t _ redv.gomituni i 2_ddoi3_ftz6j1r-neli5-stub u6n5 DiheBrunib d-tubt . : 1 .if lor E a 50 D q 3 6 g 5 INDICAMR DEULEI fIP VIZOR 90 12 12 INDICA'OR DE ULEI |I. 12 INDICAIORDE ULE dJ ruA E STrcTi 50.ron ed deb)t s-dip6 totet ot3? . b. -.IBULAR t .o -co vtzor netett.I t25 50 a 3 5 t5 5 a .cqp @letgLn) i 2-Axdat@ft I obt oL m.d ier INDICA|OARE DE ULEI CU VIZOR rifldt i I.

.

Ddr.tia Di@nhi SIAS . de notare.lo. cqp.te se...-d .b. Din@siunit ti dbttqile tihitd ot..t frtqnd.@ @ ../.OOS-7! Anclc poElel.t..oteoza cu l.o .{r 4Vl!.n Exe.o t 2hn s i luhaineo t : t 25nht I C L I N AfE 'N tn m6. .i Pe. .{.si@d.tur I DinerstuD ..i pene potulee btu A.pri@!e I sta' t@5 . oplt tdtlN tr @ . Iu.l.oh.forfio c . cdp.k S'AS 1@1_n t_ sihbotot tod. -fotmd a. 5e .PENE PARALELE (&tus..j@ti t' a. h dlttn .peatru pzn sint dat.mo B.tor patutde sint iid.tdlihe . .dpl. ohb.not.@ .inme b. @ 0o6.d':'htob.n dt drqt e PE N € c4 @ r!4t".@ 'bm. p6.t._in6tlih.20 hh.

OO9-71 OBSERVAI| I: Di@nuhite i.tot iD SIAS t@r-?1 Ex.. .as din STA5 t0o9-7tl STIF|URICILINDRICE DineDsilhi (Extms din srAs 1599681 f\ ?/2t / %# Forho pnelor lncr'note c! aos esae ildiLttiL tiwd.c! hAtinE ldthe b=2smn i tuttgia@ t.u nos. . oin@si@il. w qitq pz dt poslbilt e Mdtdd d n dfutdte . Fe@ iocihor.s 1599-6a A h. . Astao St.PE N E IN C L IN AIE C U N A s Di|nensiuni (Ext.5 ah st tu.6dtdt tntr . Dikensifiile ti obdi. @.ilihdri@ a.t indiate iD tobelut l .tin oL 60 stas Saon-6a pEmEiNcLtNArEcu lpronrd $ FtuRt cluNoqlcE 1 77 . .nph de hotoft o uoei. SiAS .te pohi do.lrib lihibi ol.14't0A Et.u nos si.d.ono @. peDdwtEfinole.s6e a" pa@Dcze s.ilihdri.!rd! de @tde o ahui *ift dLindnc.ra.sritntnl.gia@ l.tua nn: tuDa tdcll4dd d Dds 25.46 .iirherul d.adm SJift .

5 6 'gc.! 22 +906 3 al 0 a5 a6 t2 o. cu .notu d. {ond 4@ di@.p titet t't 10.dtl0d tohtnte 6g ii @ toslnN 25 kh . I 9 0 +qoft 3 0 5 ra@ 0 10 'apn 0 sftFtuRt CONTCE 0 6: IPIo6d snnu4 cuaunBLacARE 7q | . S7AS10422-76l ( Ett@s ..u tut tbtocarc q Ex&ptu.3ffa1 Stondollul sao hFre.resduri ru c.tic.ttu| d. @ni.1t Pottil.3ohn Snn &oic BAaO srAS 3. 0 5 .o L.tot d oltabtocoE. Ntarc d unui eitt frt.elor @h'.lim.asiunilc @ @ickdEo l:54 ceel Ftiflj.cu cLP clLlNDRlc DinehsiuniI Extos di.Ahn ti lu"gin.?0 .J6-64 +qza t2 2 tq22 10 t2 t6 2 15 'w1 ..temt@ d inui $tif.Jn.i M10.SIFruRI CU AUIOBLOCARE sftn nLLAf cu cRrstatuRA. sitt Pe .2ssras 10t22-76 stih. &qz E.lin stas 3.Dinensiuoile infrise lotrc p@Dtee se w.

o0c u +q2 t15 aJ6 o2 t02 a2 Q2 23 26 28 36 . de cdElori z . A.sd' | 79 .lict. dionetrut &a. dtohetul irtenor d.t€lt.didne(tuI Din*snni (E t@..ul &ttuc enelcf s-las t7m-64 laxQxQ autuc @netat 8xl2x16 SrAS 'GA-6A BuhE @tuldt 0'12'44 SIAS tf69-6' Fr E€ D a ' i.4.a nondrut de @Dehn 2.I CU PROFIL OREP|IJN6HIULAR serh .Iih Dim$siuni (E t@s din SrAs 1770-681 SiAS t769-68 l E qplu de Ntdre ol u.34 E9 t7a oJ l .Iuri 2=O.2 mn.ui b..42 mh.plu.FFi u si o2 3 20 6 6 t0 12. OREP|UNGHIULAR aR60RI Sl BUfUCt CA ELA|! CIJ PROFIL DREP|UN6HIULAR ARBOR| I AUfUCt CANELA.AREORI 51 BUrud CANELAII CU PRAF]J.ior d. 1.3 26 6 2A 32 6 2 o2 o2 .trr^t a@Niuai (fttm' din srasti6a-68) E eaplu d.02 a2 a2 29 32 5 15 5 230 m0 o3 3t 3 a3 4.r-a mh.rendoc d uDui atnJc conetd sq:o milet d nohitut de c@.tuc coDelot sit s@ .42 AREOR!St BUtUct CANELATI lPtan.t0nn <tianetul inte. o EE{ . dn@ettul i. NtoE a unui butuc @tElor srio upont @ nuhd.3 43 0 2t.

bl@ &e tag 5-8 ( 2t 129 Lunqineo . LUNe:*llDEiN€uRuaARE I Pton{ LOaASUv EMFU SURVAURT I an CUCAPHEXAoONAL I W .ldtaG IZ. oceidi $ffi.l et l4tdb.dre s. a.clfre @nnNcdt. Nfiondd .rintnd flart de @hdtlnl.lnstici si^t pftloise in .i i5 oqs.LUNGIMIDE iNSURUBARE ( Exttos dih stAS 9025-V) lo.ei d.ibe d.teilt -lEtot e dlcm*tuM d.sn:E de ilt!tubda .ttttui mindl 3 . 1't. I nat*. Lu.!f. .Ducni.l. iilpi^td vaidite n:ain.nd M 3.claie OBSERIAI| StAs 27N/?AN@nice @resqod pq2.Idilo.tei osanE.hei SIAS 66AA-72 se w tesl u?r no ew rctunji.i.ohcD.!i@td a Ntsialului esre @ Nidln ?drc fit.tt &td de L.a -P@ad eruD{rr de @tie iv.ne etEaiati etft tit.le . tuDginw I od@told . 'o.ld .e ofl. Etuit. @toct a l@*lui td ri. Aetnini fn tun. ic.le lntutubore I25a tE.a<i'an.tulEe.F.c rtso2ltot.tbttite diohetru^4-sq!4! dlt!9c!:-+.a*e.ne d. t si t siDt c@rdn SfrS 35o&t7o tx) cord b s.t tit.le dtt@ a tulaldlului Dietei lh @tu . @tu. sduni de t@p .aind minini lttfuStdndddul stobil.dhettut gdurii de tu. p. 5i tuttli@de.n Llmita . @odetistid ''.di lftsra d d.it lqtat oBsERvA t : .eto I e w nojoro cu +i1ttu ?ttubot1 6oi nia de M l2. Motuohda nt'e oooproe lutlstht de tnn'tub@ i.t dtq* .tdtti d t] grlpo d. ulp .!bct @ ntitiCi qi dlail.e@la plesei d flt.ulilEa@ stAS $arn ..o stpftLl4i ptan6 d.GAURI DE TRECEREPENfRUoRaANEDE ASAMBLARE FILETATE. tuo4Je de timto de @rga.tutut tdt t. ia e.p6zdn @fth Sfas 27@E-&9 CU CAP LOCASPENIRUSURUBURI HEXAGONAL (Exttlls din slAS 9712-71) 5e ft.e.bffi.. : ocesfti vataore. rormin stAs EEn iaia tin'n -h tuuI ulihdtrii uae: l.d.d5t r rrof adto d. G@.obds* d.t*"w+ta"+"*' t) Cot. dsigurcE suD @put $utubuloi.

bo. ptincipoli 3 4 t slht i.adin.tuhh.div d.te dtftnte. cupla|ce-ho"t@ e utillzE@d Io cutlo@ atb.tife. ndnned dtlojutui @ftjtr!.MAN'ON (Extros din S'IAS&74-n) stdndordlt se rehr6 b aplojele pffiooeE tjxe cu ao6oo . notoft ! .tE .xirt dte o6@ c. lmdhi d.atuplojul tuFon tp CMo.ore i6d car.de E sdeml deiiDde addtii d. onut @ dtfietNt d:mmn.addi. dold exe@ali s6 @t ftdlizd: -lti. in o.tf.rhAd o o6ori@ .leaahen -tipul chA. e pot ditizd ti Io aptoreo orbqitor <llhrit .e Du @ptnd ocetpidsi nd.Ite) oot@d @@Ninde onbetewlqi al.nons@ tip cqu. E 2@ SfAS 568rs oL @ sfAs 540/2-n 2 toDd Nm!4d SIAS 10O5-n oL 50 t sras 500/2-?8 sfAS a272-7O 6tupo A.te .u di@ettut e qedhi tD d@dtipdi @nsrtuctie t Dqpd deninotia br.hoDsoo ttp c Maa.d ex.!oi otbqi d.Mpediv dine6iuniie i pomh'lltll pti"ctpoti lundiaocli oi .dnoE iodoleie.i o. nahton tip CUv:i CMue.soiotptetd Grupo 6.AS 2704n-69 5 Piutild hexosonotd SIAS 40?149 crupo a Sfas 220u1'69 6 Saibd G6@r S!tub h*og@ol MN Sfas ?666-66 Sutub u cop inedt uesldt ' sras 2571-69 ABSERVAI| E : Prin .re 1 Fi 2 slhl indi.Dsi!.i2@tati (fis. netrelo.Nnai docd @sDedh.esdte 3ou diom. pqttu copla@ directi o o.tft da cuptoj. ]n frgutu 2 este indl.ibr *rticoti Uig.i ote ..t .. I io. Bpectt@ iDsiise 1n odine cre*dtodft ti .aft tu @Bpund uEi sihsun hdribi cap.bdi ote EiN @Dere @ .t ) -fiput cuv..dpldj.uptojttuj . I.t@.siabotul riNlul @s?tuc1iv I @ptdtiiui. flguft t es? ihdicotd td ho . qrcr .de : .@ . * i6.nillti tta F@t dprdni o .uptote {in @ut .ll@..CUPLAJE CUPLAJE .destiDot @p6d d doi olbo.se Nteozd: clptoj cMua t3_63/m sias 01oaa.opeb6'r de ohe o.le arboe d did.hot\e. pnot -o .t.ooet4 ou diomde dibrite .lptirii o doi -diohetrul h@inat ol .nlEleoee IDIre tudu.uplojel&hohgoh tip cMO st cHOo.testinot d$tdrit o d. .zdr@ft coDdtutui.t@lnire dptaj.te tunsini. a t.2) cel. .t6pirtia.8 S.tutu.ite cordtuhri de orb'az .. sa MreEd' Atptoj CMO 950 SIAS 8m-73 cuploJlt nohson tip CMuo.oti l6no dptojuti.pre @ Aometre. cdrcr copete ou didh. tt tober.r'e 5i pooneii luo4lonoll aplajela.t .te di^ deioti gtvpd de cuplojltui ota. -@ opdFitoore de 9@teqie (tipc4qi Nobrcd unui cqptoj-tuahson cupti.E de orbre toc po.spud ohei si'siE ad.e4o dlej.Denii.slAs a7a-23 E MDIe d.t.bon ob cdrcr copete o!.Esp.d dpdnirtci de ptuEclie (tip cMOi Cttvt: cMrs .pot dectio li dtn otteben.e.dlor si s.ri....A 5AS 7200/3-69 .in tobpt.ini EI.mdrihe .ihi .i@r @pet. coetpund ot.pehttu cupl. du dhdettul.bti*r @idn ob d@wte ou di@eth da lo t8 mn ld 2oahm..dte notsidtete.

li:iio.a a3 t53 2 oL@ st 5 5w2-74 oL50 sfas 5@/2-74 -Dionetftle ! lunsihile cdpetelor de ort)oft cmfdn SIAS 8724/2-71 .idle.9- 1 4t1 928 I.p$tru d<17o am si situl d. penttu d >1N mm t.t2 22i24 5.cdndlul de p@d c@fom sfAs t004-n (@zi tobelul 1-t6).6 5 t2 4 t8F 2t2 123 11 1@ ur 125 1i5 t35 a.t6 5 5 254 l4l 500 604 fJ j td 2tx 14 a t .28 42 d9 5 30i32 58 20 35 i38 a 32 9 s D F: _4_ 29 t62 80 @ t2 n. @id]plojele e @r e)tgotdd dlrr dlle tu/e.valanLd nfienteltio*ise cu dlohet. z4 lto B( w tq 39 65 2 0a x-x t9. @respu'd e{Etelt d.r# 80i45 90i95 65 05 t9s tp 14 n 106 09 85 v0 ua 9t0 4l a(x 24 720 2A 2500 22 t60 23 4624 1@ 8(n 901 150 115 w 'E B5 6 .A 2 2A 2. de siolie sint cobrlate peattu oJpldiul @nbtot '. otb@ .ul ce! noi no.68 . .Mae ti nfieotul oL@lgaswe-r8 ! 5 aoIP prc&lcdtot rl hininEtes* h4.3 .t76 75 t5! D' eo zto 35 175125 9A 6C un385 9? t72 90 BA 224 I g 50 5 taa 1120 1p 3 13 n9 t4 16 i6 65 94 @a M 9L w 2 24 2A 132 Esa 1 8l 50 83 1320 03 2A 450 t20:125 .Manentete @mihote corfom sfAs 8724B-7ot situl b.e in edtul hdnnii de cudaj Fsp6nte..t5 3f 3t !4 1& 4a 54 a 55 6A to b. gas Qn-74 srAs 27dv3-69 st4s 2700/i-69 cuPLAJEM ANsoN lHon'9' t2) | 82t . tobel..t0 115 6C u5 162 tJ{.

@ton SIAS 572u3-70ttidl b. ntuIui in @o! utinzani @ptojutut p.! ru bu.9 ?500t?30 5 10i32 58 t25 B0 ln tis.l 6 .l4@o ti nofu..lor d.pqrlru d<t70M. pa tu 6i sunn d e plin eE r nn B n i teo h M. pentv d>t.t..adr.or€.tdt rh orboft @ diohetrut cet @i hdre dio ddtul 66. 4 t5 I 80 9o t8 t2 20 t86 q8 22 )5 302 542 423 2) ?24 ftunsdil*o h@cnnrlui iadicatin l6el.L. Ezutdni p.el irdicot d! rdrs/titeft o cuploiului 4 n vdlfl@ fh |o6.lobdul ih hh /.s 85 2t 62.rcspuo. tahcul 4.olul . 50 .hd ti dimensiunile amiinelulai de fitdre si dl..I. rbloril. 3 60 65 72 3 ###BOT_TEXT###249 t2 20 9 1W fi 60 2.5 23 t8n .Diohetrcle tl funglhile cdpet.o tum.l st tirut o.t pond. t5L .fon Sras lwi co.@ploi re*eciiep$ttu dtplq oen&ol i lint inldnotite. co.6 1000 tu40 3 :2:24 t82A tos 80 25. 3 i 4 si in rlbetut 5 siht kdicde fa.@57 135 6 gt 69 0 5 65 95 a9 3 26 It t3 30 30 \o!93 t@ 45tA 10 55. copdnrtui de d6oft peottu dplajch@j.Nm.i" cop.351 loot!-71 d.95 720 115tz aa 600 3Je 260 aa aa 6 85 850 90 1a t320B2A 660 1950 510 1L 8A ?t 1@ 2AC ta2o 5 t0 t4 z4 w 2l 22 50 a a m t3 224 0.2 53 a5 125 731 .i Id. ..80 440 3m 14et6a 1U 452C 28t t30d 400 4D0 56 t2( 5a tta 65 26 144 55 188 204 tt5 z2! 2& 223 tq 90.inii <1. Minole . 2?1 e Mlize2d prin l@@ drn@ abe ti nonrd.hJl de gitptie slnt @tcutor.nttu a.514 63 t57 .in sttlngeo .a tp cltv ti tip cMvd.2 tab'trJt ! 3t) .2 z t2 4 5a 55 12 5 ffi . tuaMtelor i@tis.8 z2 61 t57 58 65 0_i20 3 29 3 20 33 5 6 t26 14s 95 ! 9r5 .2t 6.12 45042254 20 .56 6A 12 63. FEi :$ s*' 5 D1 !if* 50 2C .65 82 462 2914 26t0 t32A t2i{) t5: 80 t8 824 173 tJ2 21e 4@ 1820 500 80 .5 o.omentd. orborc' 6nf@n SiAS 8724/2-7t lv.o cuetar utNsou lqoolo 6J .9 t6 tr. lh.ht hoi moo d.it .b€i ovld cdpdclhte de a tEoshi. tob.

t l .utuburilat o.tat 56a-75 2 sras 5930-m srtS z7@zl-69 2N.I at.dpebloi de o.tipul Cfy.-o nntulti oblioJt -dtoh.dF @ ihsn cetoi dioh.Ie.tip Cm. se hl. tu'.tfedte .ihi . respeciv.dte in frg 2 lh tdbetul 3sint indbote dinebitail.. Nt4zd : Cuptoj CFO.lit€ile ji pti4 utitizond d. .bo.h i .te ou dio4ettul d.bodfu @iotaot. de b B ah lo 250 hh..odo .eie s. alploj. dF ndrni <J!rem.lile.tuaiA d.atohjdt L! ttanse tia ct 0.!.simboltl ti. hatqid.. Dupd d.upldni prin *ni@ptol Aife.mta hte pto&t nle. dllolDe * deetd in c@a riptti -r.4t SIAS 769.ttuL nMihdl dt.bo. Ntofta w dJprii& tmbele ni.ipalii pdtun.&otet.Iih ott.aN apete a! uNt diohetNl d .59 @ d.4tttut. C\PLAJEcU FLANTE lPtohso Iu | 8L.r.ttu cl .t@Ie in fis.t e dahE An cotlt aaldii otb@ilor ole cAtu c@eretu diw*re dif8itz.6 din STAS 769-7ll nte hi? ri dilat csM.CANDtlt tEHNICEDE CALITA|E rano t mdtet ote'e pehta.de uz geaeftl.'e duutut dtom&ul.sttitufi 5 6 s.a dptojelor d. @pere iBa @ftspad ocderrtt du . @nttu dbkijut tip arv 6nt hd.tiklti o o.n ob.nN @pele e didhzte.op.AS 769-7i 2.uptd)ut dp cm <iit in. ehrnla apla).9o1.t18 5a/5 ?666-66 OL fiJ 3 stas w2-?0 :xtub tk Posa t<qqmgatu1| Idnd A SIAS 59lo-m sts 3 sras 568-75 sfas 2m08.Nrlul @nstructiv i cuotd|alui u. peltu tuplo@ . destihdt . insctse i. Stilt fll.. c.L pen'n ddarii o.r I b2n lici@.badlq RdtLolilflC)t uataEo tN' @ptAi cu rtons. plne @[4 CuploEo o. cdrc. m nn i ottut d. mb.!oi o.. p't .nituptoj.iloaale.ii vni' -nAdh.!@a ti$rri de @ptdje.tft ctdoje!. flor$e se uttllze@a lo@ploreo uborila dle. o tiniu!6lih@ut utitizd.?3 -cupldjul @ flonte tip cFvdgtinot opldni odoi ddtei ote.Atu @p.tiam.r5 tu^. cdrct @Fte tu dim. so! dionetn . cuptoje d flaht .l4 dm 5. desn@re dPldrii o .E Stdrdordel s.tE .ras27@/3'@ ' srAs666-6 stAs10n-69 pria.e priot4 lihiv6 abtici )i E flplz dehalare' .ite. petu @ploreo di@rd o orbodlq on@tdtt atio.hi dltul d=50mh se noE@d: 5! OaDloi CFOA/948/50 S.Nto€o wdprtnd4wlori ate diometftIo.ozd : CrDtai cFv t3-?O/7s SIAS 769tj dE ..te saicuptaj.Cgplojul cu ltonse . .stiMtto ts.CUPLAJE CU FLANSE (Ext.dioe crcscdt oE i 4esti1ke priht.n@ptaj. se. i lunctionali di elt . odine ce$da@rc ti desAt4i.tt.arc.. .i4scne tn o.ihi .l ti tdbduL 1 ii hr.t'4gmtu ^i".Brl CFO.inde .trii hinht&t s.

^.Masd st han@tut d! giftli. penttu uphin oenblotl tip C\!F di@. d. .l. Coaolut pindu.ei nti nac din cadrut hArinii dr cuPloj Especlrve . li.t.ntel.nttu Moh. ilbaE u Valoril.#P4hzdtq ihdicdt. . @htom SlAs aD42-n lwi tab L3t ) .bo5ot. pond tq <tAS t@4-n. cesPhd cdPetett d. al.tinesiuhlle ' sint indicate iil lig j F 6peav sdihei d. tirul b r pcnxr d <l7o mm ' ! tttul a p.zatlut . .6iept c. tor.ti'it 1^trc hdzd inl..o d dt.atoryi b.Fotu i .ni @nforh Sfas 8721/rm.tdbel d>1?0 nn.s.hil.) tu l6t catcutdt.l. 3 2 3 l2 t5 t0 25 10 6 8 5 30 t25 ta 2A t2 t2 4 9 21 I 6 3 22 220 82 I t2 cdpetelar de drb'r:. ^Mi^o!e diohettut .in c@ul iD .zoi. Fat6i4o oltar mcod.4 tit@d @ d. 5t tung.d r6€cnm. tabelot 1.arc N se sp6it[6 '. aecst. s. tixdE * (4r p2 n 6 d. cU PL AJE cU FL AN SE l Pto n se t2t | 85 . iohentelar insis.Didnetal. penttu nAin.ta.or.ttet.e&i moi mic diahetru dht.

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ttk ol @htdetq cl: H7.. 'odd .ees.dt Erryd.s ln fu.6dE tu t J'd cuPrA.t*tt4t -e.ot ti @6v tn@t.t41!o adsutii p@lse ale 6uptusorcihitq @re dpd thli. tu&. -dn&t de rdeQntd ot dteajutui ..d tudro€ladd. 8t 6t 4E1Ae 6 4 2 5 3 | .td q.licicdhJtui de sfll.ja\t.!d se toe Dtln Dtu Ddrclale @rtu SrAS loos-rt @ s..Msi .ttu tnstatDiii d .& Mnp tonhoE to.cih de di@atrete dpddq d.al us st hns d tabri^6 -catu .tul ^Nt&ihetd ptio de t@Dnitl.^tut4E -sidud t e..e d botgn p@il @hph3otea lnq d4ox6ri tudial. & nahehtut de cctett h h*lahiiEtN det@l@t u. d 94$hr. tanaet.tubtu wtuil @.rE. sdn|l hr4h.al l o .. 'ttuhsnitereo k@qt.tutut ftto tt au d.4. n*tdtimru decniidt M ma@tut de lue . -Pfitru peh.hir sl/I!)l't:'j@ri mro d tuxirn . ris. sotcitoE dttuht. Lo !kih.iu c.E. ryol1!9..@tfllut deFnd ankrn SIAS INDICAT|I P€NIAU ALEGEREAdJPA]ELOR clptdjete s.€ELAsrtcE cu BoLtuRt I Ptdnld I AZ . dprdj p9ttu cdft se outieozd o@..dt. cdre.miadl t't .tffi celd tndi@te volodle ezaxdn:]d haxih..iitui . o.=ess#gH^ G .inea dqtojutui.Idn .x.lu ' diasrc'el di.n. .ou @ s@n . i" caNl t.le pomlele..lptdletor * race d djltoruI relatiei : M n> M t i.cqie ec si a cuptdjutut.ilk.pd5. pot .stet55{ rd i6tngzd md i mutt de 2r. d6it cet4 indicoE in tobel.gt.tuoctie de na'. c. odhise.tus.se Nt alege:t dt @lotl de co. cd4 e p@te e. in . at.oeficienhrt ce sei.tgll ctptdlete etatti. atbqi pe carc li @d@6 sau ih fihctie da Dohantul da 10tu & Mesor d.6efici@tut de t*i. d'n tututo tatotdde tundlh@ th ..l ln . tututia la @E odsto este utillzot c.dt h -ima c! 22 19 1?15t 3 I7 2t a .iu c@toiii'Ai. veriilereo . lrarshls.ndlhi e tdict | tugd{t t c! si r6e d tconj -.lD . t sl uhchitlare t lcato sqthz&oare unohirtui q1 @.- pnn Eblio : 2 l. tth neiodt in indi@tt tobetut 3 | 'hode.@la!n 9lAS 1010EJ.lud un @l@l dlnohic deditt ol eficl@tutui de ioc sou s.:tuqe --".tr t6di.

.59 Tlt i10.3AO t@ 21 22 tmi40ja50 160.86 na 850 21 56 5a aa 630 2&@ tu 350 tuo040 700 3@ & s m a3 96 1A 2A 2AO x0 wL2Z ttrzc 4(X 374 m)a M.28 55.L2 55 12 295 236 a6 99 .50. t@ BA 7500 t6l t1200 t50l ta W..3 9l' 3& 35i 6t 245 392 242 224 232 282 290 3r5 &a 120 35 3ac 804 330 310 J95 130 a4 30!2 t8 4r2 12 492 1A lq 365392 540 215 5!2 30 2Z?2 5t5 512 565 592 254 610 4e0 685 t8 CUPLAJE EIASTtCE lPtanry cuBoLIuRt I aa. 20 45 115 ta3 12..&t a5 2Z 2t5 tat 48 ?45 28 20.4 t2 go w t00 N .J59 6rd 6@ u 3 .55 A 1r.Jo BA 152 25' 151 a5 t27 1@ @ 2& $a BA 272 .5!) 12 .22:4 5 D1 )td. 224 r54 EO t250a0 .70 n2 u t2 @ 5t 55-..2 .12 5a @-E ..250 ?60 5e 66 32.ttlt 550 520 350.-.180iq 90 e2 32.3 30 110 .85 esa103 88 62 10 I p5 19 28 85 8A 94.-4 @ 3ao 9 55 65 8a:45 90j 95 4 30 6 37 u:35:38 z t & 2a..80040 93 18 qs n6a tia 15 2 205 .t8g qr@ 2s000 6A ?40 58 3A 10 tro t6o @0a0 3 8@ 1250 ..95 95 215 ..60.&9 2ZO a 22 28 a 4 @ 6.m:t80 ?10.0f t!3 2 3 A.324 ta ..

tlnd@ atui atdoJ wdptiitb: (@dojt ! i.w m Clplai CEA gA-C ltUC t20-@ &'3 SIAS 5982-rl siot ln @wn w@ti de exe@tie Z in . lod td deqti. e e Nk@a: atut cEE t?Fc tgr*k ao gAs 802-n E:ni N.t. 3 .IiD d=lto mh.s 12:] t91 31J E tl m 67 2n aa 128 6t2 &2 t9 AA 83208 20 993 963 21 t6l 22 1161 557 e2 472 eEESag@E1g@! .a tutaozi: :i q di'h.dhbd.07 t02 0.$a l33tl 3* ?75 l0 q32fi 357 162 510 522 5A? 632 otaa 20 22J 224 24 264 2t2 291 a2 28 z3 2? n2 52 z2 231 212 p t. @lo a. P oJttoi CEA tSN-P.^11.F-ffitu dk ft N. d snicuple .59 160 192 m3 9 2Q 3512?2 .ut@hdl d.tip N.no M i cabttd u dian. Of @3.02 3 6 0d.botut ddajutui GEa.r d alqqlllui.t mtuin@ g. .tfe diMertukti a uhei 3qi@pL ivd@d 'ooni.tip 8.iaa 6.at .Ie * tu . @ . o liniodd odtLii et:nnbolu! @ldat i d..rtt 1 dlpi .al ?ae*!.0000 CIJPAJE ELASIICE I''-' cu BoLITJRI I 89 - .raaa. * Ddqni: wi 1i0 324 .e.t) Sinbolul vatidt tei de eft.99 a 16 0.utut de ouhi@d on2ontal6i .u.d :@i.t h @ o@ta d a e u @b e te i . . Mifute abldi cEB gB-cno-o @ 3 sras @82-19. in eeanj.tut ndriaw g. lsfruqt d@tiq B I i @ Nd6 dt@dd nai4ot ddotde indi@E l@ *Fa l'randtit s @ iolo o Jalurd ddrit.@74 t2. cnplo. ll.4a simbou e ddojut n&ln./Eltlo.d . 40260 t49 179 .cu aonihcl s14L5902L C.lisn4rul A.in ol @-3. indid|€ la pln.ude .o 4@6lrut .6500 55gO .!.l-@m.0M 521 2& a5 351 3t9 rY @.o153 129 .. utuot .d @idde.c! in udti.ti@ettuI onnfut .r=E h.34.t.liD Or 6o3.!in E 40. t39 B' 192 221 61 208 28 t5 N OTAR E &2 r328@ a6a EgAOO 17..n nn.rte l.t .mtdCa <tituet ul noaiaol . C.tnle de DdE.Fzzn SIAS598279 t892M 7/@. pqttu o tuic1Qld san pqtN oao. c dtdoJ.@n io @ onbet.titJ.edto?e @i@dele .120nn qd6 191 51t Caplajrl qn.ltplafufui : c) SinlDlul tbnui.s'@tdttd d.otubete ih qtu i.. dnsele tn *@{e @ u .5t 5A 8!' 9d . de @rdole a2 78 00 91 .@ . tip{.ei. ti cectdttd in *&$.r dI oLajutui tuot de o lini@hi onituhtdlli t t) t'totai.tat din ere th? . M:dpte ap.tttn tu i @ta d e e e @l i e e to bdt.ee alte @icople ti hlooredianettutui tunihdt . o)Dtuhi@ br$drinq.

35 t02 437 a a a 3 o .436 o 35 35 80 0 24 5 19 150 13 l6a 118 0 '0.-2 .44 u1@.coto conf@h SfAS 5t-62 c! tolerorte u5 @fotu stas 8165-68. EsE !:: 3i< 25 .2 25 5 5 5 5 0 -q52 0 MAL 30 MAL J2 5 0 2A 29 ta a +0. F|letul m.pft l.PIULITE FEN|RU RULU ENII (Extras sTAs 5816-77) Htlil.:rrEctie St4S 6191-n.lcN/hhz D s Dl e EE" ES' P!: is< 28 0 -921 21 5 6 26 l€ : i I 2 0 i$** E{o FSr 5 38 58 0 -030 92 0 D .65 -o& .58 5 5 Exoptu de holore: Plalit4 kM 2l SIAS 5016-77 PIULTIE PENTFU R.x.de.t c! rezisteoto dE N.td/tht@ bcjtn de .r. .tula .le pentN NIneDl s.A hunoi Id dttlit 16 @ titet hetdc kM si XuL.tiune .rio o!. Id fito@ Nra@nbr pe 6!cs. t?. Dotele de aoi j@ se 'e4-rz .r uaitizo. se w . to. Pioli!.i..le dspd destiDatla .52 ri* 3- t35 m zo 2'O 222 s$s$ -'t E tsl 5 12 12 155 0 -1p tln tE..LMENI| l | Ptdn:d gO.e hihikuk 4.ru SIAS si Io .t. .rord de SrAs 5At6-?7 q'.re de sf4hg.0s2 a 436 5 5 t030 2 E D o 79 a5 EI: 25 J 3 12 a t05 -0.

tc s** pe dn@ de strtDg.SA/aE9T SCOAAEPENTRUPIULI{ELE RULMENILOR I ExtmsslAs 5815'n) de tis!@old ssiile MBi UAL' ln dcasr.16 1i &odb|t.xtus slnt dit Ntuqitoibel. @ dldl. tisu.@lA gasin' d6a M tu! din decdpqtd tOA StAs t9d865 .:t6d MB t4 SiAS 5Ai5 n 9AIAE PEN|RU PIULI|ELE I I 91 .t. tuIheDlilt De bttct' lo NouN@ Culllelt Pentn llxw .di la gas-n tobld lhindtd ta tue pcntru stnbutis!rc a2 SIAS E npt{ de not@: s. dw@.te d. .rc sras 5a11-77 so! din tabld s"tettd i4ib.

dkpeidtie l'eie h potuttd *dl8 e Ecjt . dtqins'eod'ddid6c . 0 25 -02 22 25 30 2e J' 0 4. $irub M12xl2OSrAs5ast-r1 stupo Aa 5 t25 1..t8 0 -052 02t 0?4 031 6.ns s-iAs 545t70) &enplu de Ntore a onui glNb q ehi d iitet Mt2.@ IuDstt e l=mna.05 I e dE ird-tbsih.S U R U B C U OC H I (Ext.ite in nwb.@ @tue]. "u o"''.X 6 2-4 27 60 qs4 0.o fnnttlEi zno@ d'aglui irtre ti.52 t2 q65 -o.74 !r.r'6 !q4 q42 0 -0.@in t tol@ra 69.n 50 slAs 3q6-1c @ rPa red0 12 z.m 1e 24 qs6 o:9 10 30 2& 991 t05 q92 0 0. 2e M20 42 (M33) o 6 'o 0 Qts 5 6 ?0t8 0 g 054 .5' 20 t > 200 2A t5) 4 50 2 2 2 2) 3 3 u 60 75 32 05 95 100 ! qsa t-c@f.69n:cin*di@ @nt6n gtupai Oi.os&it. I 92 .

notdre: tnel su. ndicae piltitd Itig2:itabetut 2)

12 'ia E g n m a a 56 2A 2A 95 112 125 ... ln.9 n 93 156 aa ct 180 2& 72 86 s5 t8a 220 2@ 364 i6a 154 ltN Exefrpln .ub U 36 SIAS3146-27 |NEL DE RTD|CARE I o? t-- .I ptuIi d M21SIAS 3lA6-n 735 Esdnptu.l d.le nata.@lut!ffi:fre' 1.t lz5 60 115 a 121 11! 5 I 57 t0t taa40 63 ao 3lt 50 & tz w 2A t60 2@ 2St it5 tua 63 ).J5 I 38 15 5C ?3.l de i.IN E L D E N I D IC A R E (ExtrcsSTAS 3186 77) lh.6 22 2a xx 2A 3a 6t 7 70 80 9 tu ta tt0 t25 .1.licdr6 tutub (fig.26ao t t trts n a5 20 E 6 a 90 t6 9 5 a 2! 3 22 2L128 ?! 361 a t! 5l f.l ! tdbelut 1) t.L t53 t65 te0 t95 3a 5A 6t 9 9 pa 80 95 30 36 a5 75 90 l0l 22 6J a7 1A .

hbsi'@ 160 nn ed .@torh fiq.{e u@ i Mondd@ tiat .25 t60 2@ ! 2-g !zu 320 100 630 60 n5 32@ oEsERVAfu: .le Fts ..D:nasitDtle . ore cap!tui acotn tua<t tll etdt d..i aobet.!.tnua ENrRU FuNoar tE rr93 srASrg-nt $tubsrd.)!ui uprns int? Inii'.a 30 a2 n E9t6 96 2A 60 2d) . t x .@tffi STAS1921-69 qend d . .in tate: td nu e 4r'4. StAs 350g-ib c ..pur in totud . tn lldl.drttl. ffis4vnt@E a-ho..!b pehttu tu^dot1i.ui u.irtm tt r-.tniant | 94 t .t6oa stai2 iii:z'.@ fitet M t6.&lt l - 21 o . rd bno-E Fcntru @rc .t .tsistid e+ioie 6ntffi grupei t 6: Surub M.@I.otorir" iiot aoon t"ti"t ) -' F'nptu de Ntoe o u.ftrite rdn. gobotir.h A aeid cinput de rdnhq ac ji ti @rc.6.

ORULUI -ocuL tDlcaroRuLl Nu.2t2t n en-ti c@tulfu!ffihdlm 42@ n2d .zE si D's6hnn...li@o.Edltutt.tm.be e er6.dtut e didi Lt'dtd *dtutktu Dz.& EffiWfq l*.@ 'd frlote LOCUL IAID]CAfOFULUI r L OC U L tN OtC AfOR U ln.teeE $tn 32.OCUL INDICA.*!I*-m*1M*.ros'd d@dhhd o.pbge*66M)E r ..t 95 .lqr@Nv d@tutii tunor.

aE L OC U LtN OtC AfOR U L U I I . LOCUL INOICAIORULUI L OC U LIN D IC ATAR U L U I ar .:atud.id @di tu 4i.i.

tas dlst- oqCoffi *oilri bdd L OC U L IN D IC AIOR ANG8EI.AEI.I.6MELCATE LREPEZENTANEA 2t NDICAREA ELEMENIELOR OANf URII PE OEs€/V 97r .

td6elo v/v/ PENIRUAR@REPINIAN .fraItu@t ' 5 cmfom orc66.c P Ughiul dearctin@ dedivizore sensul inclihd ri i diotelui Condilii lehhiee tsmie Malizorc .

onbtu sTAs &o-66.ol. ertffi . np.dlre bnndogul l.chsa & .or@net -.l 3N\ .l!! 5 ntlod. p.N c@. d.5. peattu -adaosurjt.duet.tob.4dre a .Rn!.!t!n l. MronehG s. f.ent oL 3? 2 5fA5 500n-78 oL a2 23tAS tur2-N si joful . II dihr6 SraS 76m-66 i Cla5a de p€cizie J& r& l4diial. frr u/lhid .'iina ADlot. ..rct.l. d. ftpenlor mpo.L .frotatunl t@ic: no.accali sras 2300.houzdrc .t.nhl.

nddtaE . odDn '+ .@tpa4iatd) Cohdini . ro 5.dtola.tur.?tue Aihensianile pe <tinb in sqi44 Y-Y Oinensithi:e F d:. S.lhnice : tt torjoQ ct-Ia ae plcizt.rote"lo @ldf..@lotan ^ kdloall nttjtod. .AS 767N6.@t8n SiAS 2t00-75 ' EEdle oe ad@6ea .ttu itq d @f Stas BtttEro6d 791-68.t .hh fssn.nbr&n*taE de Q2-Q1nn -rttitdt ERc.4 de er€culie pertruj ROA|A (NNiCA CANAJSA . . d.tu supmqiete n.Fl. nu @ o.dlD.. <Iio dboreEo iilcdood to di@nsiud$ dlioutd prio tfidft'oslrel epo.*ptuponeri de ndEttal tt tunt ri se odntt d.niwtdd ielot€ N.pnkEfrt.d. Sdtu 2:1 X-X oes. RorL d.te ia *liun.62dE rncn sd nu hi.te tut.core. sirnhJrL r*u.ine .rtuhns..54/. dddor Ei.60t2 -Citift .

b q3-As mn -rrcto.ineo .E io.tegtuddn Fio.in@ de Q'-Qqnfr Du.2 adliE petru niez i @enire j6A @o.nto. i interhr se 6r soteh SiAS A80-66 adlift . -fft*ffi61 E etrtie nijtocie.ie @nlon Sr. Ceeotorc E o.'S 23@-75 c4Ea@ @ adln. e.arN hie d @irc i6dsn doron DEseoe.eune nijto.ildele .e tunitoteHRc=@.itot@ BRc @!2 -La crtnenra€ ..codton SIAS 2300-75 @nic.eca I e Peatle.@ coNarf.lin. I tnic: I aRaoREa) FuNta .ll tEqlllcE -E.otu srAS 79t-6 Wa @entoe tildd nu w p@.t.

.

tilii t.c@. n indi@tcp.sa pr li tt15' PORTSATELIT .ldvi" . p.lMN i .ic.t dun ! prd@nrit.at.nttu stdwd SaAS615@ ptk suaurd e k d.ntin'it.ltryd p. SIAS 23@A5 Ads .' milei.rxt FrJw la @tclc6n cllg. d. .

cdptc .Muchiil.oJ penttu etd6are cuinel din pistd Matqiol! oL 50. tesiOt4t h e i a e o stp. t4/ Motsiat: oL3r_2stas 5l1t!2-7a Obs:Mudliil.u ltd.n'.t stas 5a0/2ra x0 9a4tuEd suptufetelor. g@twoh. ex!"ri@e se @.eft pdlttu de tutie c.2 Stas 5@/2-7a Obs. enehba. se 6 Rtgoz itoEo eprofeletor : LA6AR€cURULMENf] ..or4eior t{ "s Matedol: oL 37..poc Nt'1@ cu Io.

vl 105 t .ia!..2stAS5@2-A Y/.Md'. d--tZ 2 SIAS gOl2-7A 11 | tr @ s-'"er Mdtqitl: r-tuta 'OL3Z2S'4S g/2-n 2-fid ! OL37.

at z pii*i ah tFGolar. --AboEnte testtttil.to t Nhr...Lli. s.A' tuhaE .@tum .!i.5'151 hdxina ddhisd riind 3.2 o. De{httt&dtu msind lieirui P @at e roturt:e* la Rt... dnnsd 2. rsa ftt:od ?10.at. aiet6 a'tb.se de * 4ie n..c5tfbm srdt. CINDIII] TEHNICE -Abdtetite diMsroEL t&J e ddmit Noztdti & s! Deedtilib. .fi1** set .rO-+Nm/kq l.t6d II SIAS t592-?t 1. enrru: .Nh/rg_ *#..tm mdhd od.b.itiia.hiiii. dlh$lohal. qe.nn I ROII DE CUREALATA t { res* d.Abote lile drn#to.

-rzrltuntecw6z45' .

MONTAJULRO'II DECUREA INCARCARI|AR4IRELUI .

fr !I .l {l ll & fl l]i :u llt EI * *t is ti & n t: 5 Ei c ONrN E ELEOROMO/C{? .F.| Pldn$ CUROrtCANtcE.'rI Di E .'|V UFOn AUNDRICtI -. I lnQ REOUCToR RESFE.| e t: tf.

MONIAJ ELEoRoMamR IFIaM REDUOORUtXf htlc Ro/rA | --^ . ..] | 110 "ti^rt s...iii..

-:?E!i-s:l!'*"-*.ci6e bid j o 3 rm loc sls-B_rolio6t .:""..h?..li dbon obid&E d or5--{"% 6f'-ri.

Mult urili4t cste olclul 4l MoC ll (iEbunftngt iD Dr.r3. 1 _ .t id sD6id De.trt-mdule . Culcterilticne mecalie p. . loare oreluile dc iDbEnld$e si..lte. d. acoarc snot bisto6@i.cieLdc . a< r< 20 4 0 < d < I0 0 j 2 0 < '< 300 . C. MatetiaLlc nef. @E {poi Prio carn.t ri.8).te silt indicate io tab.riere cus a' 6: nkhelul. fol()6e iD sDeirl e mterirl de antif. obGala de in@ in shrul $pe!6cirr. s.i . Dofilnid.ic. P6t!u tnlocuirea m€talelor se foloscsc ir ultimul 3.omce duPd recorFoor. siff prezcrt te in rabclul 3.r . rori d.adcrisricitc niradce ni oc .l. Cind sc ctr mndi:rii dc sile. t5 lrl . Ealcabile perlirjce rtabelul 3. IE aos.lit se ililiz.t . M. crooul.i ri rd.E*ntui dit tea.oiere 6 umlrc a tcsiuild Cdn.lrt picfeEr.a loorei' iD\i poarc fi ntuirn ti piiD eldenre de. dc oDpBiuc \..lul J. i! osEuclq coe sc obriic o duiretc de l4{i-3oo H3 si o lMe rezistebtd la tracdur.roa€ se folosec la aEgretajele lnel@te. dc E0-loo"C ri in @Ddilii in @a lipsetrc uojAdit<i Dot fi ut]liz. cd*ii supcrficide es'c ibbunlntitca aPli@rn duPn orclus{dlc dc dcsr$eri.1 .ilor. spe eu ulci.tl io STAS 60G?4 si STAS 1?7!7d. Pot folci folt le .6sii o6is'ujr cu cm6t latrtdar. k rabndo rodlor di4arc slab solicitatc.Ot. Pdtru rorile diDtsle cu modolut t < 3 la 180-200"C). naaryilo! de 55.lK. h ftlcd. l6tI' @r.ictiue l. d..le broizurilot reco@Ddate p€ntru elecuCa rotilor mel€tc sinr indicate iu tabclul 3. sinl D.z)' D' asueia. schiE! 3.10. cu Eichelul sau o ambelc . P'iDcipalclc ca$ctcrttici Ec. DrcDner.@oandate pertru croq! de Broozuilc d stdiu sttr'rccomandat€ pdttu vit.z.Fu roar.tc olelulilor ruMte. rezin. molibdenul' Fcnuu inbit'm..re l| t. otclul OLC 45 (c{il tr ul.tsE iic 5TA5-568-75 siDt daie tui tlbclul 3.d si Drin rsocidq Nlibdcuului o comul. ti iqi nodmce dioeisiunile td urna absorbti. adausid itr $oDul realiz&ii uor Dnpri.azn artiLiciiuc rolilor 6elc. . n {doG. 16< d< 4t.i Dri! inducric aue I! o duritarc .5 s @ui olel fttntlq ca'e modulclc iolilor decutste diD foDri du+i. alulecuc qi preiui @lruct iaici B. mclqla. Preilol 'b.tiottarc svdc !.D hduade sau cu flacnri. .rlilc d. 3.l.lc cu sr.4. cdentale cu Doubdd au @ rqai bud celibilit rc io 6trat (o se dedtinc ridi.re au proPrietiti de ulor' suD6i@e..9).iabil) cu driritates iut'c 54 ei 60 HRC. FoDte. si b clc$.DlE E8!e t coroziue +i 3e tt. a sFatuiui ondc Cltibjliiar€'Eur.lul c@tue iltre 0.incipate .3 ri q7% C Trarffinhn icrDic oDtib aDterio.e.r Drir indwric :3u cu Aacarn @Ddue la o dsilar.2. funcrioeazi ra.dulorde anoniz€R. qsdr Dr. id ueori dr maoSad ti nichcl.zisrentala uum a flar(urilor diltilo! depide ia mde mdsurede tttucru.aaice ate foEtelor c!. co-otirurul de-carbon db sr'!t ritbuic sl te medriDut b limidc q8--o'9%. utilizabn. sau footel. uri d.60 hRc.i adaos de ter. rl 1 d <1 6 @ j r <3 'r n r20-tm lt50-tml rr | 5 .lecordpuddtoec hotc.i d.tlti ti ttr bi.6. dno materiareh Dlasria dc tiDol lcnolirului. suP<rfrciali dc hinimu 50. itse P@1ru lilrze aici sau Ecdii ile alulrecac.arilc . R.t rd.1.gri c&.l.rR rczistcDlci l.61 HRC ' ComDozitia chi$ic{ a ordulilq irdic. !o&a (d) ta (t) ti rdlEailF -odorEr 5 !. cind ot. MAterialc 4sctdtc.7' L secral sc foloo€tte Fc 250 la tapt p€rtt! &e rezistmre ddlciDii ditrclui estc juEntatc din c.tc.utii !ar. Sc fol66c lo gderal broDtui c.1.vrte PeDtlu ifirea Dti. rcmatrenr.oozulile s aluidu s.. Fostele 6int folositc la a!8Emic o fucriooar. rotilor dinlar..l6. Bron. rocuilot cu o buud rezisrenll se folos6c foDrelc cu safi li'dulai (labelur 3. Iisnofolului polie$e.

r.4 aE. Pria adaos de snfit sru bisdturn dc molibdeD se imbuDiirils proprietElile de antifli4iune.i@e o rcli dirFtc db otelud Rotile dintare elecutatc diD t rtolir s?u lig. tr-b .lm oFdd t ! t t l d."- tucor*d'6& |furi . |l@c t chjlc louFl 66re .ll silr orezeDtate DrinciD.t plartic E na'siDea roF s.b dqt fdbld sTAs .. r. l.sc intre.auC rrB 63.t .reh c{Ecteristi.. Dlastice utiliate l. .otd.te elnhc .1.€'re C6cci.1".6Ecbi. se urilizeaze polandda calc are rei$entd Inate la tocuri.q. | m I ffi" t ". ra MocN tt 16 CNlt l0. ^.aicealc unor nlteriale mtfur airpte su io oDsEuclia dc natioi iD sereral.prEci de.l .rd.i meca.d4ld Pth.rr.itoi..""l "l "l .ll L I lc"btu 50-60 ra Mc ro. I-i. Fc xto t% . * ."a.a atlvr" 13. .d*.r l. l5ol53 - | 33 lrln3 2ro-50 | 56 | 6A | 60 5a | 60 | 50 z!ro-2al oESBRVATIB:nd-@G db{ (f|!t aftdi&)+crric+mic d arbuliad + dli€ + ffiia ia{- r. CB5MoO{C) obsti. Rotne diitale diD renolit sau ligDofol se D.. oboF.tsid'iui cresrd din plici fixat€ cu tulubui $u Eituite' cupri.@re. R.tiEs mrilor dir psrru e qcludc dct€dr@ otd ssu fonta se alese @i Dffe deit a rcrilor oemrrli.L c.t. f. I n cf5Mr.tati. ot ru o! br. Ei.!'d "-t'-1"'-t". . 5 CliNr 10 dc qrclr) (d.) - c- I I d:j-. cN 30. o.: l! dli FrDtct e. 15 MoMC l2j 2r TMc 12j 56---60 2r InoMC r2i 23 TMC 12 ta-{j.0 : .& s ddd! .rLd . oFrunor 115-125 | | .ofol pot ugtlD dc inbu[atitne cu durirnli pirn h 250 HB sau o ro$ dir fo a. . elasticitate Darc' coelicieni de frese ldlur. - 5.ltflt ol-c roj or-c lri 15 c 6.Lt!c n. .l cr3o $r r..ltrc 4 & otu "*". lD clnr uror vrteze nran oc arue€c tt ro cazur lulcFooair m Defl PEefDrc earesive.ia. (ATAS iqii la ubelut 3.t ot luilor | *.

..are dirncosiui reduse. Pdn i ** ':Mq I | *'* effi I t I r. l! ctzul arborilor put@ic $Ucitati h @e rint rcce. pr€flIl ti po6ibni.c'rG $iu dh orelud tumale (e€zi tab€lele 36 ti 39) dh fo.igiditzt€ este doDitEt. se execut! iD speciar db fotrtn $eu otd tuDat p!i! tul1ue dia forti dc rezistoF medi€ Fc r50.jfi". rezistdti Dai meie a fi$uilor ierea se pot rupue uui tratam€lt de d.etd.tut 3.irifi.'--: l f f i l "t=Pt rii..d. clon-dcbel cit ii orelui ('oE-marlgln ca: . OLC 60.12.7). supuse tlatal:renhtlui de iEbrttitire. PM"5n3 | p | 32 : In pndrd s to.iriloi de a Frca f durifcara fu sd6al arborn @c Du se riateazl temic se er€snI dh otelEi crrbon obisuir: O! 50. OLC 45. (sTAs 3-9 569-70) t-.k dc idlri sistatt .1a.40 CN rA 35 CN 15.rte iDdte fl cei putdtric $olicitai s secu6 ditr otelui de ceBentee de tipul OLC m. 15 C 07.@selor !c ermtl Fc 2m. Mrtcdrreh dc bdn p6tiu sbori si.2). &toEid faptufui ci citedul de ..bd.4. 36 t 33.6i6 . Fc 25O (wi t belul 3.Tob. elasticitare !oaF. . MAIERIATT UIILIZIITE PENTRU reCUTIA CARCASELON Grcasle. OL 70 TSTAS 5(xF?8) a clrq eractdistici pritrcigale sibr d.r troddr (STAA gtl-tt ctq f "5?= f i i f f i| .t0 C 10. de@ MATERIALE ftdn s&L UTILIZ.arc sup.rncAlii p. 2r TMC 12 erc./\TB PENTRU E:XECUTTA ARB()IIIII)R '2. coofo tr STAS 880-66 (tab€lul 3. * fotos€scoleluri aliate e (:.u iur4ii lualte ii fo.kl Tab.Lr..a Pdn tr." v ss 'iT lffil sd6.si iliate. I[ caz'n uor slicit ri pulemice carcasele se s.r c fte cu @€nfi de i!"Itn ftecvetr€. OL 60.L xd tr@rt fdt lor 6d.- r. 66ele @ddirrd l ..l E .E . Arbgrn pot. B Cr{ 35. darorftn r€zi$errci Si modulului d. PeEtlu dborii o o capacirlte pot tr folcire ofelodle @b@ de @litit€ OLC 35. 13 CN 45. Cnacterisiicile me€nice prircipalc siot atate i! rabelul 3.t ogduilc carbo.--- d|lffiE l"-"E"-t". Pcntru. | . 28 TMC 12 etc..L f@t Ic o i^*tl l.r.l!. Maiorjtatea c.te h tabclul 3.

.' -- |rdtn e.)m.rc rritdr.: -.Eltidr. ndlici @tifi.ld c@dr tu rd d!4.o.@ dG r.i | c" s" e z" l(e6znT) 2 I a ob*mri.r'. . @" 12 T\ * " " t" ^" h" 1l "--:-.6. dt" .t.C..h fom.hrn ..c.r "i' --amae TCldt in foo. o6litdc dj.|itr Ddnt d rtcind .r.r.@ri6ain: F-lrrd i.!! N-trlld. +ta. c- 3? .r.!. siDh. lrc_ it*. da6 STAS 19?-64. r'6 dn@ t@3d.L r. E.ts.

- ita-'i' e'. -ri e-e-l@ n *ix6 i.L oFrrdrc eE jlryLl:lllrl9g _-| I oL 32 lb (4 (6) (6) (6) (6) a l Ij l (5) oL 52 t 1 6 t2 oi"*si.rsre Prr'.r .d.* For difl' F Educ d ri6@ di" stls d' lj* 20 N/@a 5m/'-73' tz d'N/bs) .rFr.dr.L dn.

'Jffi"-'.mparari.m. cu cererurnate.-'forme rocfle sinple (ln @zul Prod(gd se -":ec.?4'o: iuric leTe' de <oordorigrc dEeridc li?..l-"r".'ai.LsLs:*1"..5 | !'l -sli.i@'r@rsi*tic* 31 .. lHii coBpredu. 6 -ra rle -! a . om mr')i d' scrie ft Nbaie .t .aie -"d.ffi8.r2.L:'ff1. : a l 1 * l 6+ ai .Y ru ff. slab ut are)i -din 'lcrtot produ(Ii'.t-r.r?.. .'lib ro-ri ."r | 6t-a.s r{.dc s'ri' rnice' oDsrrucsc s'ritl lr fr cxedtatc pot carca!'l' .Iir"Nln-'! ls4 r I c".n It e .li motfloul' "..ti PcDtru miqors'r G cazul productici n dividuar' sru. !u siot ls obosearn r" reraFle s.d.To*hlj*rt'l** pentru cdcure predinensionarr ohurc apreoxiEse '** -i su rclaF rmelm admisitni di! tabelul313 car('er{ttq11: cu in Labelde irdicar€ '*Ii"iuri."i. .V gr'utlgr ctl..ffi **"_.. o.de 'roduaia MEiF'. . ' e". irme e 0s T"'-T"i"l" Crnslruclile sdare au o qPaotat' de amoit Tcfr& gss 0J .rd I Rui'@lr & ruP.ra.'i 9qt a" crecnor c'lcure aprodmarive'se Pot rob$ -'.: HfrT%ffi"'sxl.fifiiu exteiiMla $i iDterioart s€ Poate ruc J" c"*iii'r d.'dc Flbarir.4.i.i * E. '*i"tolele ^#it*.-*t. 7o!E ADMISIBIIE 3.6 I t2JiF I 10-15 | z\-t" | l.lffiaffi":F. nEZISTENTE tjvc se Ki.i.r5 *#sffi "g*"ffi#ili:r"_*.b.

dr6idd l.n 6d 6-\: oA 6 .22.6r ilil€dE .r5)6.6 .l.o..<to 5A < at <7O | l"'@@d* Rhdc | d .ojo) .45)'.gi '.M.(0._ l ..09 c-r " ( r r ..ol..j r ( 0 .(o.o.0r5 (R.0.irsrbril..brii 3d.r| €itt{t. vrlod t' Scdiua EiniE pdEu ... o{ierbd *tiuG - (o.t rHtu d..?.r r ....t'..o .7 c I .) | (R..t tli oDdc l @..1t.Tatekl 3-15 R.".3)dr I r_r' .dDrdur. obo*.Ll ls|trtc I $ffiic 0'6 d{ 6.1 5 ) c_ 1 (0'r. latiua I. . dJbcn pdd st'l'd drtlt!trshidrtr..0..e ) c.d'i't d' i"'6tt h flaF r' R . o_r : {o5.!br tEfr td d 6 r. .!.. .' r .. r4!E k B.bEtm r. r-! ":a::::!:- .( o .r.r: o.: 6-r:(q35..6 ItItfu oFbn d.i ntE . l !.0 J3 ) d_n .. I 6_r.

DATE DE PROIECTARE PENTRU REDUCTOARE
4.I. DIMENSIUNI

SI ORGANE OOMPONENTE

CONSTRUCTIVE

prciecdrii reducloalelor ca roti cilindric€ !i corice
Did€lsiunile co$riucrive leede
sint ilatc ir figurile 4.1 . . - 4.4 si rabeld 4.1. De neotiolst cn h reducto{rele .tr doun
trepie sc sleg de obicei roli ori ingoste la ptinr t!@ptn Ar - (Op. . . O,4) ,4r tr rcF

Fia. ,!3

D&

@fui*

ldEu

Ed!e.

d

di.F.

dli!dd..

d

do!.l hpt.,

-ti
FiA. 4.r- Dn.

6chcriv.

|,s. 4.2. Dd._-sNhdr.

p.trh

r*rud

p.oh

redlmr

@ sd

dinlae

cili!.lic

d

o Eaprr-

fc:
o

r.d dirtJr. ode

N o reprJ,

a.4

DG

l]l]l)stl@nt

rcddc
ri:t
6
D.ad
@pE
a U-: B Eii

(rapb
dod trqE
dinFr. ctin&ic.).

I d

rcti

dinptc

tat lut 4.2
Dload{rt

Ditut

6 ei ,r

i l-rrirer

tic la rdb

iL

@!*t!diy.

di4.r!

h

rduddt

Al.s€

lor

pdd
a
15 @;
re(tiffi
lui
4:10
(F dcsp fimco. de ptdz.
s. il tui |lr*
dc de&rje ri Dofri
. r.drdulnt

!.der.

butucurui rcNd dEt E

S.
(a

p.
&Gmibi
bur
l4inii
€rd4.
Y!,r)
ti b eocric d. @GEuclia reUi

-

dia
d. dimdui
etqdn
Sc rles. nDqi
e:rci rpEie
dl4rrl
d. Nlhdii
rEh
rulb&ti
d. 3.in E ilos.

i
;

t

DtsbF

rnft

Dcbt
redc

-;-r-r
odid

Dirdtr

inle

rctl]e

Di@t
!i@d

rhoFtui

lrglreL

d

puctl.
elsid

i!€
i!

d. li o.s@L
h tucrd
it
d. b
a @i

F

hrc rcDle dinF. ti
a,t a@.i
rdu@dli

ltuaina
rboElui
(vcl6n
zd
nrd
Ditul!
drdclui

mo@.

drlltc

&
M

in!trni
h
..ducd!u

Ml!

-

ro. . . 15 bfi.

A > 12

/

d. 6rhoriLr)

er@

.

-

t,

md.

(25 . ..,

Rdrld

pii!

Sint

5 d.

.1, 8d.

y.LbiL

i.diedn

es6a

d .*.

FEbrli

coelor dG

ijfDrc

i!

fisud.

.1.

b&gids

iF

m€sn b€lclor a
lm ro dd
l:5...10
P.tu
.lr. Bituc
llci dn b{ir aderuIui.
d. ol]!@d,
d. urec
c n rLgE ia fu'qn
3iffilui
.ls Cn E di.r r' = ro-. 15 m)
dc qDrtucti.

ftrr.In

S. .t*F

epaofti

ri

Dituta d. ta .I@tul
rorfto! Dng b
qprdn hgtrului dh *dsi
pn4ii dir uboE
Lugine
rqzn .Iddtul
& r4i@

p. €rc e M-

rb.
4 @d. d e dib.rd
L: Q.2-r9
GI!i. S. .lcgc in fi.4i. d. runsim po.tiuii
-.ir.

Dnhla

dc l.

DhhF

lnr.

dplij

rciil.

tr eplcrl

bslrului

.

pd.i

ffi

nirii

sF

ri d. Fsi-

di.t @ 9i rbqi
S.

p.

'!

Sc .lcgc nmcri. .re ripul oakidli

d.@bi

p.

t@

d&lor

din

plrr.L

& ilerrtui

itr fucF.

d. .arbtul

d. bnrflitee

N.narul d. tuc.putui ,l

mi lere l. uepr. a dou & . (oJ . . . 0.5),4. A@sra in spe(irl la redudoarele cu
doun Eepre o dou dc aorcrfice" la we At
Ait (ve,i 69. 2.4) i la cde psr.u
a dour, o solude ijmpln este tbrr(ea
Earsmiterea mome.nrlui mai oare de h lispu
B A se neDtile ,cel.si la roare
lifini
rcCq ac.iei trepre. Gleodatn raponul *'
Feplele de twtir
al€ redudoruld ('6deosebi le tipuile de redudoue cu uei aae geoneirict;. roru
aDsrenaicEelcatr date coostructivedupa LM.M. Clrnpira se dau tn
_
b osenaie Delete bumin de inc.putui ale melelui * ia coBform rabdului 4 2
Valori nari se iau pe'ltlu Fa.smiaii de putete. Nu s r<ot'uda EL > 4. NuEerul de
ilc.purEi
zr * po.te alege ii ia tunclie de Domnrur de dinfi !i lotn nelcate:
anSrenaie cine4.rice au{i{.
de pursi Dici (P
20 CP)
z\ : I zz: 30- 50
z. : I zz: 50- 70
I dc purdi ndi (P > m CP)
2\ - 4 z, : 200- 3oo
sp.ci2lc d. rctioiae
- ocerisEe
(ms de @ritri-u.ltc
ctc.)
coNtrucfiz de autoDobile
,1 : 4.--{ (nax 9)
-io
ln tab€ht 4.3 sc dau valdile z, nr tun4ie de n", q ;i A, iod daatua loFi melcate
pot fi
6rc t:ri depla6€resau cu d.pl$ere Diainn ti sr:
I .,. a. Valorilc lui s:a
-

.rtc

di,ffir

llEldrd

al6c dupn tabclul4.4. Cu oc*.re
valcii q, dcate qi ligiditatea melcuhi. Gam, de nodrilc
n.:5-..r2*apt;ce
h D.lcn p..eazuF o .leai p€ntru asmblarca pe arbore s.u
la rorilc Ed@te o u nlonr t're d. dinti. Mnri.ea %lorn a Btc limitatid. deoare.e
sodi tddmtul,
ci6,re vnezr Fiifcrici
ti ere"t"t a
t.b€lul
Rclafia p€lEu @lalut diamcdului de ei.f dc strunine -8r";jut"i.
s dt ln tabelut 4.5,
pa4ii fletate a Eelcului h tabelul 4.7.-si
4.6 ir @ FoEu @rcuh lusibn
IAfimea rcF melete B (pl&ra 38) s desc itr funqie d. diametll1l ce'cului de virf
al melcului, asd.l:
- p€rEu z1 < 3, a < 0,7 Der
per.ru 4r :4
B < 0,67 D"l
ifi D6ln
ozuile
Mehiul .Icei de refe.iDta po.re fi luat di!
cele bai frc(ve.le
tabetur 4.6. In ezur ploiecririi uac argrenaje rDel@te cu aurof,Gare. u.shiul 0o
Febuie ales aploximati! d. dout ori rui mic deit @ghiul de frecare p drt i. hbelul 4.8.
Argrenaiele nclete cilirdrie N leadre de olutreqc aiDl cu autolilnare peDtru 00 t 6",
i{ la henrc o rulmeDri |Etru 0" + 4'30'.
h pE4etc + pine Ia':.r * du dive,* erople de redu.roare cu rofi cifildricc,
(uie
ri ru guub belc de u a6e'al su ru desdMrie speliah (consrrucF Da!€j.,
Eetatugice) irdustrie aliDdt rn, irdustri. chimicn); esemple de boor.j se d.u ib pLaDsde l@ si ll0.

V.ld

(2) I

al

. a ii ,! L fr4tt

i.d,

(4 l

5l

I

15) I 4 l

.t

I

(e)

o.) 116 | O3) |

I

20

t.

,') |
tro I

r Dl e l(rD I e l :r) |

3l

3 I!

cr) |

t2

$

n

5l

12

,o

1\t
tl

ltt

4

t2

lol
51

71

5l

u

tt

tlr

5l

7l
72
79

75

a

72

62

tvt

r) vrtodrr , llnt iodiori€

* * .€ter tr disrF

ift

e

p.l@

r.dtu

d. |lnln

(dtorE

sTAs 61155-6€)'

T.b.hl
V.lodle

r. Ccio@b
2. Co.6ci.niul

diec6.ri
diusl

co.6.rEt!lu

$bliliati
13 l*
4

q tn farcti.

slnt d. I'Ef...r'
d6riM
d.lciLdr

o

u

d. r!

lnc.pr

Tat ti
DI.o

&Dt & .tutl*
ir 6's$e
D.reb

Didjlst

t Zr

{i rc ntotrim

di.:

.tc@t

lfllcrpirs

46

€Ie melcul{i

.

4s

6 ,5

.t Ein
d. zr

eg 21

4.2. DIMENSIUNI

LINIARE

NOR-}iALE

(E:tras

STAS Zl-75)

STAS ?2-75 stabilente s'ruile de diE@inni liniee nolmde de u seeal (didetre,
luqioi, rdldmi etc.) ln jlkre|lul 0,1 .. . l0oo0 tu. Acestq s€ vor tdrizs ori de cite
orilsre posibii ri rational djll puDcr de vedse tehli. ti e@m'nic *'o speci,l penEu
saD ar
importante d;t pmcrul de vcdse tl iot$chimbsbjritltii
stabilr€a dimdsiuiior
tcle
fabricariei d€ serie (cote p.iDcipal€, dc sibdit, de .a6id*e, de mnta; dimdsisi
rate cL sisteDul ISO de toler$te €tc.).
DbosiuiJe
liniare .orode sc aleg ca pric'iDte din $irui de b8zi R, orc;punzr
de prefflirF Rl0, R20, R4O su iD @ de Dd$rtat.
rcare numerelo, Dormale, in orJlq
Dmsler i! ae.a$
dh $ulile R.. oresp@5ioa'e !'lorilor nai rotu.jire ale n'lll]trlor
ordire dr preferjlti (tab. 4.9).

4.3. CONSTRUCTIA

PIESELOR

TIJRNATE

Prb tuode se pot rtulia pres. foane cooplieir i de orice greur.re, scbr prGde
fihd r@rabil in cnrul Dielelor de serie t@e su cild @Dolerilar<r ibDme sesr ptocedeu.
mai nale dectr l, rra..ti@e,
Meraleleri alajele iuflale au o rsi"rul6 li onpBiure
de aceea nerruile, inttuiturile 9i alte elemelte siDiluc ti€buic ampias€te astf€l hcir se
fe solicitate nuDai la compreiute.

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G tori aniute €Rurate Drin uDarc (8e. 4.6 si Dlescle J4 si 35, coroanaii bJtucd
s.
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crr
coroe !ii burlcul
mindtr-ae sau
etr 6suiirdu-se.
trsurindu+e- Pencu
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evita aceaste
acelsta se prer"ede
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mindu-$
eai subli.i pGibil ir discul cit mai gros, su discul cu grosimea mai sare h butuc
d' mai mi.I tr .t)@Da.
cir
suprafelele Friferire lschte (6s 4 7) P€Dtru-aede (planr.le
SupEfe.ide
upEfe.iele
j7) tebuie
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rebuie
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ti 37)
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n
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ln i:arr suprafetelor alstute (fu. 4.8) aestq tlebuie atezate la acelati liYel deoarece
scola de lucru se .egleszA o singlri datn.

n Rrr!, ,-60-'l"**r.[Tl

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6

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It livct
dirqr.!
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dF!!b..o@).

&

Suprafetele iEliEre (6g. 4.9) ftbuie evii.ic deodee pi€ ar uebui preluofln cu
sa !c
dispozitive spc.irt.. Itr geieral se r<omardn e sup€Jelelc @e se pleructe*
situare iD .elasi Dlsn su in plane pelpendiculaE.
rtlrule sd areqe b-ft.oclie de slbeirul ti greuratca piesei rurute
Gro6i-*
Dd.li'
Mrm setatului ii Dodul d€ forloue Perau glosil]g mioiEe a peredc rold Dcind.
tilor
oi6i:ld tu;are * oot adopu vaiorile iodietr in tabelul 4 10.
'
lo'cazut pieetor o oirfisuai'e mbplicati, PereE jDteriori tretuie se aibn o, erosime
minimn de 0,8 di. srosiDs pcrefilor erter,on) diD ca@ oDdrFrror

evita reEsurile c€ se forme zi i! Rsiuoil€ cu aslomereri d€ mareri.l (e:enplo
Peo$!
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ttep$re
intertecTj,' diDne doi p.!efi) se prevad Feri
-si
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bulelir de aer si iDDuitarilor sn se ridie -D Daselote (fis. 4 t. Daci toruti 6te rc.c"
lda o lupraftle ;rizo;ula' aeast, ttebuje sleaLi 'la Pa'ter i qi@i a fomei de turDate.

ru

F s, 4.5. t{ad t|:etl Gbgr*r4it;
drspd€d).

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- l?. 1 o.l6 1.3 l 0.VdciL Faodo .33 oA1 | o.60 l o$ 10.9o oJ4t or .t8 l 0..65 r.r a2t50t6 l5 €r €.0ro I (116 | oA 1o. 10. ls . lE l(.63 1o.4O c r.t6 rt2 0.06 c t I. l o.Eb. cFdd d€ {. DEf. r t 0J3 l0176 0. l q E.r:f.l7 r2r t31 1.6q 0 r5 l on2 l 0r.iciatilo' e.66 | 0ror I o. | 0n? 10.?o.rie . I UG I .?Liiiii cs linibtl d.66 c r)a q?o ot6o UG orr I oi5 zr2 oF6 0.L T 12 d. l 0.zt 0.L2 r. 64 I r .75 l orl l o.op.96 I OrO I 2.e q$ 0.€ loJo I I. 16 lo55 I 0J5 o J r 1 0 53 l 0J3 l oJ7 1o.c. m or3. l ql a onr loJo.r3 I o!5 I r.15 097 2-t5 o.3011. | 0.ar rt5 l.6 Io+4.4t I.33 | 0J0' I r.04 loJo I lJo lojo I r.a3 rr15 ' Mlridd d.42 I I 1 0 3 1 0 tr4 1 o 3 9 0144 | 0/4 ora I o.36 2.c . 7.60 0.| 0.6.13 l.r2 I 2. 0..o3 t.1.5. l € .

/ |uo" .03 (lO -zr. .reuFi relizrea irtre axe .rezisten{n naxiDn h iftovoiere $i esalizarea rc"istenielor di4ilor la Pioion ti matn din aelati suterial (1).t. ln uttima urerne.o@dn: ISO T C 60.. ilt funclie de [mirul ui DorEal (Z': t": qi < 30 coNtruc.DdiDi ude fcepe sr se rermlla a!4re'uq.r6ior (s elcf..-.r de splijiD' $ prcynd odorm fAurii 4-34.fsind. e8eorate Prn aicisre' trebN rGpedate o sre ile standarde in visoare. u8lis nu si"iuraolicri la: ulehiuiie c e sir! legaie Prin relarn de calcul o rlte dil. la-uzud $i 8ripart. s p'rferi codcjuiea X esre de6riG (onform figuiii 4.1 . acestease vor srabili prh dl}:uotaiu Tegiturile pe'|tEu ep€te +i trorsoaDe de arbori (fis. rrducet€a atuaarii dintre flancuile activar 6eFere.l.dr.*.". irterri.tia ansremi 11 - Formele de racordare rle rborilo! i! reptE ln c?al b crre nu ste n4esar sE s€ prevadd ur u$. ugbiffilc "l"loPil f- I "?' I l*t- _t-l=l r 5. Ac€st stardsd c dererminale de conurilor (@Didd!i Dornale). (r1+ "J g.CoDtururilede bl@rc penajt si se repMte tordrtaleavarEtrtelorde argreintre ele {i tr se alqgi wridr" naie po. ale arborilor ln nePle itr ln fsua 435 silt bdieie principalele forbe de r.ficieoqor dephstuilor specfi. prefdetial. cu z1 > lo.192-62) I ":' I | I r.rezieeold.obDotreDre alc redudodelo.03 < 60. -Ittducrate Di6ele.J31 D -d -- i?torile dir -sirul I.a|E.'f. peotru stsbilirea dt Inai corecd o vslcilor co. | 270" 'r*' .arii pieselm.ordee peatru spriiione piqelor (rofi de tue. io cursui opsedn. Pstru ale pieselor 4.i l.mcoodid tebolosice.': 0.rdisc i! tinpu.26. .25 (pla!$a 98.itre in Puctelc .. or ar€rflajdui erc. a n s re @ jz N d epl usat. Ele6eDtc corstiuctiw Fin aF.Roa& cvasill'n! de i.di!tste o g. Ru d.23.2.garele asaEblste plin Pr6de (fi9.ert ""--l *' l-I ll''. egalil:rea aluaer or sp€. plarla l0l Si plalta r02).ibil. Sird I est. rj t' se utiliz@e @Dturu e de bll)qe penFu dilqile petecbi de rori dinrare.tc io tab€lul 4-20 ti corespud critedlor: .21. $osimer naxi!0i admisibiE a di4lo! pe cerol ertedot s-r cor$iderat 0125 m. re..24. . r-- 5t -r*-l . Fig. dc profil 1. 4.batit Crriiuea Drir deDlrere de Drofi! de e etecl: R lia€a uor 'o!i ud disreDle redus ill ui Dmtr oic de aioU tr qe <e evhn iDr.iedtativ dupi tabehr 4. dhtate etc-). dat itr tlbetln 4.l fabri.1 "1 5" -f I nu" r-'" l-ll itr ls' t6o' F[-]- (. + 1" : o.1 S 6. Er.eo.rezisterF maxinn ta p!€sitl.20. $adului de acoPerit.3O s€ Pot alege dh tabelul 4.I . ST " vi . 432. UnsbiuriJe trormde s.z ' < 3ot G -z ) > 6 0 . Vabr e coeficientilor dephsnrilo.i.l E l l : l -E !l :0. sp€cfice de profr gr tr t sidt d.n. usniuile Coniciririle nort'ale s'Dr cupriDse ir t belul 422. Razele de n@rdare ti tetitulile pe ru o. EMde Razele d€ aordde nG?ule ln iffervahl de ls 0'l la 250 t1m * dau ir tabelul Valorile din tabehl 4.24 Du 3e rdern b razele obFoure 4. din pucr de eedereteoretic.t'*l ' i' l' { ' l (30-zJ. Fomele si di''ffiiuile la eierior ri i. d€gaildlo! in cazur rectificirii suprafetelor ciliEdric€ rj Pl.lea de contrct (C). l. \vu)' Pentru valorile E1 t E. se re@Eddn t' : E":9'5 Pdrfu detsFcific (DIN 3994).|i . -zr < 30. Dacn dj! Dotiee tulcdc aate sau reinoticice stur nxegc rze <ie mmrdare o vatori diferite de ele dh tabel' teblici a piesi.taie i! tabel'i 4. cuPlaiei roti @sii sdec cazul 'o ee sc poate aleg€ o.him. a3? se dau la tabelul 4. Valorile di! i'ul I siot preftrare celd dio tl.4. rerea capaciriln portante 9i reduceteq luedrilor de ditrli ai rolilor io angrelfie.ptia filetdor qi ru-lEeDlilor) slm $aldddizate VJ. iff vrlorile di! sirul II rirt ptdsatc celor ditr rirul III.ri se -dpde Refedtor la ldoar€ deplasrrilor specifice.!t. (r1 :J < 30.4 iDpuqcj 6e$eret crpacirnlii porEnle a dsruii..

(. lsd. lr:rolr V.d!.6.28j pi.T-. neto! pat! ctabd* t.. turd. R.t- mrD'r.nLru fo"rma D'.a2) f dau iD reberuj 4.4.ai Dmenarudc detaiiriior at@jeror in veder€a asisuririi mD..lori * l.dtr. r.rc !".Un€hjri pod sntuctir ri.arnd r h2 rcE r.!. spriiia.39) siDr d4e P rabdul 4.lut 4. "h> :\jr ri @licirfti. STAS 40173) I . qecut?i degaiarq pentru re. r dkr. .. Dimo\iunile desajdrilor cu for@ / ni a (6s.14.@..f +] li -t- i Fis.r8. 4.. (. I ". t * ''f-.iului o.3o.4.! d. d.6rilrd fir5 drt d.rifi@R (68. ' Ntlei R.33. a5. s u! .i d blr d. 9. tp.?1i pelrru forD C (frE 4.O)i.tu STAS !t!s-rt) Fit...drd..4.ldfl. a. respcctiv 6s.iii!.E i. Egini. t"" ll. Hb.tu.1. !. Fig.

sidt Drm6siuiL Fia 4/O.rir d. 30 .. dFslor dc rbori.Cric Fnh cnin&i.. 1a pira l.otucitat€ 1:10 sr sd dixmctrul de la 6 la 630 trn ddtinate ieflru fi:area cuplajJor.i suDr.ti@ o4eplEb.t!:r' +F- Jl---1- -lt-L t++++ rr r Ll[Eltj T FiE.el+i rol.36.!. Rueoznar. t slese Ra 5t!fr' Di.rctelor deedieil. Fo|ru B-d*rid PUn I dor'r d@Lte Eddc8H P.- .le r. dd rti6@ d.! b 13 p.lelor.@ 3!r.irctr'iurile cixreior de ub"re lilidd'c.elors mi muhe deeajdti se addite ca a.t !$or.inr e o foro. t d cft bfrlmriv ii mj?ad Ius@ ffi d.26 V.n d a (.Ld oltdbdE . se datr itr tabelul 4.I. 610 lM.tur sTAs 7ilil6-66) 10 pr.t g. aibarac.lort o.se FE.6 .rl6 4rEbrd ti @!$c.i137.azrl pre.ml i! @l pi*ir pielor srlorit din okendc 6 pdli tubtF 6 i 7 N ft rpI" ltr @l usr F's.fut€ dif. ati. {89.rc !&lilor d dimed Cd.4j) o diahetrul inlte o Eq }i de Gea.rc & &Frllilor Dtsarr@n etdi s l@ .r. s$m6ti. ..19.ilor F.. dsdoare pdru 'otilor de lmr etc. ro-tilor de I'nf ctc.. Fl'Dr. caDatele de arbori conici cu .i d. !. F g.esteas.Tab.hll 1.d.lclc.rpcdddrdt lo.4. T(lttui lrfldr. Ra & rud'rc s! i. lor 'sbUrnu ri Tatdrl 1. ro{oi diDtate.L& 6r t titun@ IEh d!r.tr4 B "t >s diD.8'ie Pd 3sor.ea.z.1. 4. hl 1. .eiti marim.31.i{Etirc .nE .rD .olilor de c'r.27 V. rc.434.23 C (. rotilor dbFLe. rotilor fiseq cdpl.ft. F.

32.ara ata corulul corului.r. luasi oi scu're cu fter cxkrior (nc.29 D (.32. 4.ror pi*rd ra rcdd oiqudrii mDbiului o F boFt h .I.esj&i dc . Val.*ra.Val(.ft' FiB.tlic linid i6 di! bl'.r I Tddd 130 ri*ld h gE (.h( ctnrei & @Lrug: 4.g.4t cu dilEerfur dc Ia lO pion h ?5 mo si o prd 6omti oadcl ilterior (fg.t Dll@ddile d.6 ?5 ' Ah@rii.r|mitate{ lusiDii L sI !e le{Ii.df.r.@.t nl "l 0.' f! i. (. sirut la .r todr rn. cotei lfti rt stor rln' shbilir.:.s6-56) 2 la r.$.&q .43. . 4.d.j.g rr. 441. s.ri6€6 iG @h $!6f.#j.iriDdrici * t -.'.r=:]l l L_LJ -F-. <lateh tlbelul 4.14) sa'r o filltrt iderior (69.zc faa!. d.e E eraqd d.6 ibst lrld E@dhhl iLFi.nt6€l STAS 3?2412-?1) 1.l o)EtEra urnrGr. Dl6drieir. ctrdi.rr q rEc! r$GL !. 6 fl'!.42. C!p4 & dtG _.! - t^ -* Fk. DiDcDsiulilor capetelorde dbor. fll_Tr t_lL_Ll L--r . D.hilii rsrfet . .raj. 4.rdn no. 4.-L--l dia. pk-t* nul norEAl pe lxa capdrului de arbore. silr silt date_h_rlbelul4. F()En D .tcror Fiddor. oFxoS rpx0? 1.3.r STAS 7.rEtrsi ciadd : (6+61)nm !i cap€tc ri shtccp€tc ffi9"5"T yl ffiTrr6u-inc'io! Tadrl Dl@d@il.-l Fig.s!j@ Fad .. I 1 aFr.

Frs.Gert F's.47. d6or. S€ r€cooandit &ss VI dc precizic (p€nEu erbori ii buttrci carchli v.aaa. dbori coDici cn conicit tca i:14 sc por €!c la qi firt ol ae paie. Girl dc @tft fod C.ttrre6id. ^l 56 1 -_-l 15 1 Fi9: 4.36). CaDcteic d.. c aluhi de Dad Dt€vizut i! STAS 100+71 (tab.ntue fl)ro A. ai.4 Fi& a.!rI & c.!4.4{d C. !t. A&rritc liDitn tq cDoicitarc s€ ihg (sforB S'I'AS 703)'66. 4.DtEatidiL eFdd ._L: 40 1 Fis.'19.Crplr d d.45. w Fs. GNr! d.blF @i. .L {tod dt l (.iru. l . SIAS lTral+7r) trdad a32 rdrn.b r. C€on .'b. @ic a 6Lr 30l --". 4. pl0!!s 79). cdtu .

tehnologrce u$oare bau Dedii. pretu€tale in cordid. 4.fr.51 fl rabclul 4.t ateild cr!re (.I rr.. c.34 . b[ersle de @Dtacr csala o r/2. Nu * ad$it€ utiliaq uei D€nc de seri. (Ei qi r.trntrEi mict d.52) * dau ir reb€lul 4. degaiarc Perttu trllrsarea irclta.Droa.|dc .tir. q'j d.dacn rezisrcDF pcnei sr€ sufcienu p6tru tiansmirere! Joltului r€spe. 2 . 1 6 . . adiDciEile rr [j t. 448).d. se vor re@lcu6 perlfl a menfine in tiail. aP. fo. a. f}ti con de prorlsri€ (ts. GCurile de cebtiare o dirimea dilnefulEi d iDrfe p6rer4 r eor evi! rt€ ctu poiibil. t. Di!'Esiuil. Pdtru alte tipui de pc*.5o) se dau i! tab€ld 4.u{r .rn" B. foro.tir de m. la €pere de arbore ciliEd'ie (6s. tatdul Mrriq aIlrii d.4.q :1j.. DiDeDsjurite €lalelor pernu peDele patalele shr date in fig'lra 4.. !. SIAS t|6r-z) :l Gns e de cenFde io consuu.. tu ilrt' I'tr!. Cu tidu oriorltie. pror6Fe (fu. Se adnirc udlizrr€a uoci pde de *clilrc peDtru di{DeEUI corspwitor al ubodui-o dclpda eDcrelor dc arbore .3 r. dibeisim a euatcltr sirr dare bi srandud. elcmenrts lo! im-bioad.neid (dldbriY) q63. o.me inai nare dcdr @ itrdi@ri L diametrui resFctiv al {bordui Lu8imile peaelor psnlele srandedizat sitrL d4e ir plart€ 76.j7.36. @ cor d. 4.ie (6s.35. m&ime Aeuii de ce. ulrdioad a pie$lor @trune (Iis.i4.&i 4.r flet.6).Faft d futrcTie de dilmeFul extdior Do el piesei prel@rie esr€ datn iD rrbelul 4.: p*. qiDensjulil9 sauilor d€ @rr&e 6letalc. DiEdsiurile sitrt date lrr tairclul 433. p€lFu pi6e c iDdrice (*bori). & @ rczi (fis.49).oj 1?5.sini slor de o6rru fordc: forD .tre. In ast w.4ni rffi c.4.cir cea iodic{ri rel€ 77 ti 78).

. pr.rq . rugozitst a su.:94)... ln cazul iu qe cste necesa sn se cvite conradul lbtr.ordlt & rDi .21 7. accsr.r.|. Asbb!! T.i6iL n6L.. I p.r'5l.0113 -rl '-rl orl r. . s. prind. d. sru . ra@rdilrii -si capihtlui d.-rinrnd oui dc ito: dsdclc Lo vig@e (STAS 7391/1.G&rt d.5-74. dc 6rsr.t&n a.. f. 4. FiA . racordarc diftrc riin i qpul ruubului 9i nuchia sauii d.' 13 I e | 3.u in tabelul 4. atu Diocosiudle detaliil. yr reri Fis. lra.STAS 3508/I-70j 6latc. sftttl@ d. {bor.6l 6.8e. cdrrarc ctc. itr diDeDsiuil. Etcnore orranilocie slerdardizarc ocee coDsrru4io reduc1(relor s dau h pld$.. ab. .lnl 4-39. - 6lctd.i '.Dilrealiuile g6silor d.rsile dc fornn ri poziric.38.STAS lj6l-73i g{ui de ceoE-.i6tr.. 4.ro | 3.rc pcfiru tlmbui.rc stut date in tab. lcre8l.51 i fis. roleraDled.2 pC$ 22 pibr h 30 t'* 50 dtn b 5a 136 * f.| M Jl rrl r.r | 3. $ec.rafcrclor.u 6ler dclric rfs.0 1 15 I to .i " 1" . rl .nr puJcll d ln@. 8iuii. * srabiles{ de p'oieddr. sup.rl z ?. 76 . o dc ercmDlu ftru si dinen$mil. forEe si de Dozirie.tt DlE6. 1" l-: 1 "^"I""1I ..' | )3 1 4. tt. .tu SrAS lrn) Itltu ".t F (.50.!fu m.L d rE. 4.n6l9re pri..54) se d.L | I *F!r .alc .r{ei d.ndard. l ..3.afrtr d.

- PIESELOR Fis.o..r. 9utul'ui ri tr..in STAS 2l?l-6'4. slnt apri[le Condide in STAS 1097-61 iar adlosuile de prelucrue si abaLerilelimiLa. ircar. Asmbl8F PRELUCRATE Fjs.. .lJ -l aj9 de srezere a liul'!.t.dide g6erale.g-. .i -J.lul 3]35-73) I 33 .c bb.5.3) d di! pitrljg gnw. aiutro.risii d.lor j nlersrc a lmburui ieririi Disdlele pin! l! .ciDe.b.4-4.mea sin.6re. Asnblae PRIN DEFORMARE gererale p€Dt u piesele dir otel..lem€*t.r6iuilo! . Asdbll|j 4.z .ocuriie de pretu@e ri absraile linni sint indicate iD STAS 1299-6?.37 rrmbln. {..:rrd Dildcrrul surdn!e caFrnui rabrnui s'u L.lo. ld. Fis.foMe depird€ de proedeul de fabricarie. For|tD pieselor execuate priE d.ib.. foriate liber.sse ri. Dim.tr€ (. CONSTRUCTIA Flm de Bleac 6lcbt. .tiD. c. PeDrru pidele dio olel rudrat€. STAS fab..TrlNhl R&tn Llng.lr!ll.51. Adi.52. calcrl aL .g di. nhtare Lscloo slprxfe(.r.ji Lusinea lo.ttfl.i 4.

4. Perelii @erlm trebuie !t Docedeo risidiure si subilitate ridicad.5ri €vitarc. defo.arcae 8lemple de aplicare ! suduii penFu rigidizser perefiloc detalici siDt dare in fi!1E 4.60. Ac€alta !e poare obrioc p'ia alcses ud eiosilin coBpl@erouc a peretelui sau.rie nici a peretelui de risidiat cu u! DurDi mee de aeftti. tncli'r'g lielor oervud simple ditr olel rat aS. szd peretilor car6. 4-60. 4. €lecutate pnn tor. 4. w tH . incli@t capet€.ii crp l.. coopderea piesei diD el@cDre w. eviperetlo! piesci la extcrid d r:6. din rabl. Il p€r€tii supuri vibEtiilor. -------1-tJ . ih special in zorcJe iD.Ii pered declpati.d. di! zoM tensiunilor maxime.La foriarea tiberi se !!e iD ved€re: inlocuirca formelor rroffooi.+ F + ll proictarea pieselor Ndate se va ayea in vedere: al Fo. Ia mnstrlctiile utode.60j6).6. a gsuterii cordoan€lor de sudurn pentru a ugura a. ciEpd de odulare poate fi impnrlit pritr Fjc. i) FotosirEa cit Ei Dulr a $du. i.eductoeie ele @i f!€crcdte piele su&te sft cucasele Ei rAile -.J Proiect rea imbirnr d sudrre o acGibilitak sufcienti. r $ 2a)i fixtea "-u.bara libern a el@otelo. la 'bcovoise.) ri -i!F-u siry.util prcduul.4..4. CONSTRUCTIA bhm6l ORGANELOR SI'DATE cdr. 4.. a corIn coustru4ir de carcsse sudare risidia.d nu 6te ('rutd funcioDal. uriliarea uor bele de prir ludtJlde olr o rrei rme (p6z.2b)t ptfillli @tue a circr IndDe se adoo& duDa oiJ ib6 soli.56): rdopteq dc golu.. Evitarea iotd*. colsEucfia dc . erilnioii Feluq{ri . su&tc: Fig. L. schimbnrilcf brtr$e de dnede.. rotuniirea colturilor sau muchiilor gtu.g libcr.59. 4. peoFu a asigua o bul1n drrrilei asdel (a b. tolgsle s-cr€r! dnd sint stdct Deces&e $i ciD4 pir a@sraj qltdioare.irilo. o!. aalaDtatn fluxului cortinu{ af linii]or de ford. cdoUdard ciioperilor * race brin.LdtriiaDoz... monobloc sau dh pr4i asa$blate.ortitrue la cotrstrucri. arbonbr.e poate ailicl o'bor. printr{ grosiEe rer. . ForirF fti o lielo. la decupa!i mari. a cusalurilori . Evitarea cordGneld .-_--_--L. evftind b ttwiou cooceuEatorii de tedsiui ti rsiCs'bd o'racnlcaft sioetric.terea cusntuilor sudar.ll0lat.-zattra$ve$al. Asigutalea trecile treptate de L tablde goase la cle sublid.. Adoptaret unor gcidi miiiE adEisibnc dir puctur de vedere al rezisteotsi. . e.olurn 5ibple (tab. 4. 4. Din purct de ecdtr al prftiziei dibsiorale se recoloddn tokrarre cit Dai |rui dr@cce precizia ridi@td a pielei i dcci a mrtrifei. loryitudinal sau ts ambele direcF simurED iq Iocurne d @ Dai mee snge3t. btaD calirare a cord@ftlori (69. d.u intrmDerea crsiturilor sudatc ir puctul de htelsccrie.ID psedor ti prinderea p. scubpctE i. 4. a.1 . 4.56.fis.J). pentru inlesukea @sqn Datcialului j @it2g eottrrilor . Netui p*!:ld obtinure prin Fig.t.luJare sau Ctluire-a naigiailor libe(e.t5 sint datc ueDple dc roti l. i. pedru a dimirua p&i@l'rl fisudrn 9i a lltora sEtpunserile cu domul etc. iosn cit nai maJi. iDteriode stiSplr!€ td pi6€1. t Sco.lrte si apad i! Eiilooll pies€i (fu. Io plalla 34 ti plaria . ci. / lau tubuide). piaselor cuibate ti toIoclrirca acestora prir piese drepte. con5t cLn ru psed F8.59)r iDonrrire . 1) Plasaie! cusituilor sudat€ itr loeilc unde nu este [ec€sari o Drelucrare mecanicn. bari pcoiru todeFiia@ zonelor poroa3c sau @ alte defecre (69. Sncctsit'I|e @r6ptuet@e Fis.58). Fdj.r la iiterior l:10 p6m a evira bl()@q D€ dom si in roa(riri (fie. destdrui. h mztrila.a boFjcloi Selui iGidt.lor. I. se por erecura separat. subdre. prin portiuai ciliodrice r6s.e se umtueqte: lqlia€ u@ E€@i treptate intr€ sefiui evitarq ti porru a red&€ la mioiEu lunrul Gftuilot sudate.ba cons$uctiv: sn fi.ile dil tabld subtirc.le 3ep5a1lc s nftitelor.io sudu..53. esLe necesdi rigidizarea cu prcfiie G Domeite l'qi de itrstie (profle r. 457.61-_ I-g solicitnri Eici si imclionare lin4tire.a puilor de Iagar si deodrde c€le mi irponaDte .ilo! sau calalelor. o!Dclobtbit Uacliilor ri efecrelc d.loqrirea cusntuilo! scurrc i groase o ruatui lu!8i ri subriri ps$u a dicrora tensiurile darorar. pisdqile ie siprafarr iau de bobdte de irdie treblie inlG oite.F6i.40) oin a t: supraplllllM qi suda@ pe o pLrre sau p" pd'g a ri:ror placi (poz. cordooldor de sudue s.55.l' ' H I. tca sudirii eleBertelor costructive in@sEate la ebele inauste li a nerruilor subfid a..Alegre . .55)i adoptara ror bNje &cple pc o sioguri p3flc to locld c€lor rotunde (68. Pjs.

Pen ru corpEi aie lsgdr grle su o Bai Eulre locuri de rultlufi.:Cs. se foloj_@rDui d.i. iar id fau.. m oor pe. Ii fo{e oari de strlog€re a }uubulilm. 4). J). burucno. Io fg@ a.lI s@pp "&e&e*k *.4-.o!elo . sbiirsete .?rildrrea prin $dua ib peretii @usdor.ep PeDtru .W Rrlrdie . dflFatc (poz: 2). 4.gtu p. . b diameEe Ejci. depinde de ntrim€a lastuurui r6r€€Ev.. 6e gtquPa ""qtir"(pd. ciod se asigur{ o iDbitrarc dndd { 6.fle ca.utat cu o due toron care 'D acela$ tixap serverte ri peDru ss@btar.t.a 4. este indicatn din otel turnai J apoi sudat 6e 'htr-ur sinStr perere {poz. mrpul de lagtu .42..lJ.leqir c 1 2 3 (:si.IlF builo. . Dic5. p€nEu diibetre rnai ffrj sinr sudar. traasm. .-EFrF&e ' _--F D d *&e-e& ts#*c. EdrEl.{r) ri flu$elo.har< (poz. tJ.63 roti di4ate ld cor$truqie sudatd.d hgi|ldui 6r. rofilor ditrtsle ssu po'Iiuoile '6c'rjte din pereli se po' utiliz! itrdiodne dio tabelul 4. i @rpuJor dc b8. l.rF ljgrui d..rc (rab. l.62 este Feeftarn o clEc2sn i! construclie sudrtd pentru o tarsmisi! de purerc tMe. este indi.atft . iEIe dojrc. Fork a. o ruuburi (poz.aEr c.'coi.

3lr &rn.. sc &u diiers.otd peototE 2 a-tutd dt@td pstttu tu pa.6a).dt @*rc d rEr'! Ftt .ponsarelidid i! plst'$te t2.se por obrie ri alr. orgare. ffir= . t3.c Fi!.@tult[ ! tnbihdt tnhtudund dc Fir.roara dio|ata.l.iisr.. 4.j puptalantF b'letd t6dt@E Prih Fi!. ll.elsri oc r.65. SlId d. lrfl j {.62 C@tt id @tutie ffi N w d. l.nltu. Bdrj ln Da. 27..gaf tng.-Hoon ate. 29. 28. a. "ritrcipii Exeopl€ de orgMe deorare pdr sudutn se dau 'E plarra 99 . 32. 23..'dpu. Dupi ac.a. M.o)) etc. planla 10. @ plici dc btzn (fis./&&rr6tit l@.ti dilFE r! si. !l. 30.tlntr. supo4i .

.nuir&ul de ditrti ai rofilor. (dal9: F": 75't ' l€200: 'I ! .5) . .1.cm): m.ltimcs.Eularele 5.4) Raportut de rEnsmitere: nz DDn (5.r+5.! :nazo4r :msnltz (5.u ri de fi. Fdt FdF paifdicr lc c.fo4a notruli pe 6ucul diDtclui. dir€4ia d sesul ioct cnrn p hsaG d€phde de tipd rctn did!.: ro. fo4de de pe arbole (Fp.3) (E/sec): ^Drll 60.ughiul de fteo.'M n. (ia sErenr se neglr'ieazi).u8bid I 5D 8! .Gs 9 : r. F . . F' . F . F* Fta F.L .j1: :-z-:(cP)i P.r000 (5.REIE LA TRTINSMISII CU ROTI DINTATE CU RI'LMENTI Dio argr€orre. a srcililor F lag{r $i a dustei ale cxpl@tm d.rnetrnl mcdiu la rotile coDrce. l.1r. Dt n.CAP ITOLUL J LAGARE CU RTJINTENTT ln construqia reductoeclor sidt foaitc respirdire t gftele c! rulEdfi RolD€rlii fitud tipiz. 5. F.s.rt'oijlor uui arl*r@i d roti dinJe. (rnml.ti. 3' .75"''t O 2 Viteza psiferici GV) (5. 9i Fd s dau lr fgur.semiuubiurire coouiilor la rofile dilFte code.1) Frs.e diDtle flaacuile dindlo.re 6€ DoDreazi. rtimezt p. 5-r. alegeEr lo! sc fie dupS sreld{de ri caErorselc f{bricilor producitoare pe baza diemctlutui fixului rborelui pe c. (5.@ca htre flncrdl€ ditrF.te d se elc ca"i o relat'ilc dste itr fo. -fo4ele rrdiale rczultante dir lagtre Monetrtul de lrallsmi! rdaN. .l (@i plarra m).dricti . . CALCT}LI'L SARCINILOR PE I.unsliul de u8!etqe.F .nr .fdta qisln. 5.IIGA. d .195000..D.). F") ri 6p6tiv incnr@@ ltr hgnre (F. lsg&.forta pcrifqici. D.fo. I de iDdire aI djrtilor la rode cili.1.F radiaEj F4 .se iliF.2\ Put&€a'dc rtatlsmis: Pre . Ede s-a rotat cr: D'D Da . ctod se tine seal!.dialDJtrd de ro6togoliF al lotilor c in&ic eu di.

u Fr=@vi.ei. t*'-@S'&a&.. tuEld.re .trd 6 Dd dlrFt cd.h I \rr& II h+"& v"4"& h'fr-|-vi.#.n rlrft it elor . cit|'c .n=ngffiiaaT @?bt+ '!_F .!d -$o.ttor R..r-.P AiT e def+|2:4 fta ' r + ffi zi Era4fil*4- =&F.Xc *bcdd F LlaEr. d||rdbie o dI4 d!.t 6 tb$ nr!F& drhdrle d t.:i 'ffi4.6 . rdr tonedrnd .- \ E 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